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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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Species in the family or subfamily Priacanthidae: [ 54 ] records


alalaua, Priacanthus Jordan [D. S.] & Evermann [B. W.] 1903:181 [Bulletin of the U. S. Fish Commission v. 22 (1902); ref. 2450] Honolulu, Oahu Island, Hawaiian Islands. Holotype: USNM 50643. Paratypes: CAS-SU 7461 (1), USNM 125659 [ex USBF 1223] (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:71 [ref. 12291]. •Valid as Priacanthus alalaua Jordan & Evermann 1903 -- (Starnes 1988:155 [ref. 6978], Allen & Robertson 1994:121 [ref. 22193], Starnes in Fischer et al. 1995:1408 [ref. 22830], Randall et al. 1997:136 [ref. 25919], Starnes 1999:2599 [ref. 24834], Thomson et al. 2000:109 [ref. 25640], Myers & Donaldson 2003:623 [ref. 27495] dated 1904, Nelson et al. 2004:138 [ref. 27807], Mundy 2005:353 [ref. 28379], Randall 2007:210 [ref. 30952], Page et al. 2013:142 [ref. 32708], Fourriére et al. 2016:445 [ref. 34668], Del Moral-Flores et al. 2016:608 [ref. 34923]). Current status: Valid as Priacanthus alalaua Jordan & Evermann 1903. Priacanthidae. Distribution: Pacific: Guam; Johnston Atoll, Hawaiian Islands; Revillagigedo Islands and Baja California (Mexico). Habitat: marine.

alticlarens, Priacanthus Valenciennes [A.] 1862:1168 [4] [Comptes Rendus Hebdomadaires des Séances de l'Académie des Sciences v. 54; ref. 4506] Réunion, western Mascarenes, southwestern Indian Ocean. Holotype (unique): MNHN 0000-2585 (poor condition). Type catalog: Bauchot & Desoutter 1987:84 [ref. 12478]. On p. 4 of separate. •Synonym of Cookeolus japonicus (Cuvier 1829) -- (Starnes 1988:145 [ref. 6978]). •Synonym of Heteropriacanthus cruentatus (Lacepède 1801) -- (Fricke 1999:220 [ref. 24106]). Current status: Synonym of Heteropriacanthus cruentatus (Lacepède 1801). Priacanthidae. Habitat: marine.

altus, Priacanthus Gill [T. N.] 1862:132 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 14; ref. 17565] Cananicut Ferry, Narragansett Bay, Rhode Island, U.S.A. Holotype (unique): ANSP (apparently lost). •Valid as Pristigenys alta (Gill 1862) -- (Matsuura in Uyeno et al. 1983:318 [ref. 14275], Robins & Ray 1986:149 [ref. 23100], Starnes 1988:134 [ref. 6978] as altus, Scott & Scott 1988:366 [ref. 25518], McAllister 1990:139 [ref. 14674], Cervigón 1991:383 [ref. 24472], Boschung 1992:126 [ref. 23239], Cervigón 1992:388 [ref. 23827], Murdy et al. 1997:239 [ref. 23144], Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:222 [ref. 25013], Lopes et al. 2001:4 [ref. 25809], Klein-MacPhee in Collette & Klein-MacPhee 2002:395 [ref. 26158], Coad & Gilhen 2002:633 [ref. 26862], Starnes 2003:1385 [ref. 27084], Moura & Menezes in Menezes et al. 2003:78 [ref. 27192], Bunkley-Williams & Williams 2004:108 [ref. 27795], Nelson et al. 2004:138 [ref. 27807], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:215 [ref. 28815], Iwatsuki et al. 2012:41 [ref. 31809], Page et al. 2013:142 [ref. 32708], Smith-Vaniz & Jelks 2014:45 [ref. 33341], See Fernandez-Silva & Ho 2017:352 [ref. 35348]). Current status: Valid as Pristigenys alta (Gill 1862). Priacanthidae. Distribution: Western Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

arenatus, Priacanthus Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1829:101 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 3; ref. 4879] Brazil and Atlantic. Syntypes: MNHN A-3066 (1, poor condition), A-3085 (1). Type catalog: Bauchot & Desoutter 1987:84 [ref. 12478]. •Valid as Priacanthus arenatus Cuvier 1829 -- (Hureau 1973:364 [ref. 7197], Matsuura in Uyeno et al. 1983:317 [ref. 14275], Hureau in Whitehead et al. 1986:800 [ref. 13676], Robins & Ray 1986:148 [ref. 23100], Starnes 1988:159 [ref. 6978], Scott & Scott 1988:366 [ref. 25518], McAllister 1990:139 [ref. 14674], Hureau 1990:712 [ref. 17267], Randall et al. 1990:136 [ref. 15987], Cervigón 1991:385 [ref. 24472], Boschung 1992:125 [ref. 23239], Cervigón 1992:387 [ref. 23827], Murdy et al. 1997:240 [ref. 23144], Santos et al. 1997:82 [ref. 23531], Arruda 1997:82 [ref. 24952], Aguilera 1998:49 [ref. 24221], Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:221 [ref. 25013], Afonso et al. 1999:84 [ref. 25466], Schmitter-Soto et al. 2000:158 [ref. 27754], Motomura et al. 2001:80 [ref. 25597], Lopes et al. 2001:4 [ref. 25809], Rocha & Rosa 2001:990 [ref. 25909], Coad & Gilhen 2002:633 [ref. 26862], Starnes 2003:1384 [ref. 27084], Moura & Menezes in Menezes et al. 2003:78 [ref. 27192], Nelson et al. 2004:138 [ref. 27807], Randall 2005:185 [ref. 28239], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:214 [ref. 28815], Wirtz et al. 2007:31 [ref. 30263], Randall 2007:210 [ref. 30952], Psomadakis et al. 2012:17 [ref. 33457], Page et al. 2013:142 [ref. 32708], Wirtz et al. 2013:123 [ref. 32972], Smith-Vaniz & Jelks 2014:45 [ref. 33341], Pinheiro et al. 2015:16 [ref. 34324], Starnes in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2422 [ref. 34618], Nión et al. 2016:46 [ref. 35565], Spier et al. 2018:10 [ref. 36103]). Current status: Valid as Priacanthus arenatus Cuvier 1829. Priacanthidae. Distribution: Atlantic; possibly eastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

argenteus, Priacanthus Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1829:109 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 3; ref. 4879] Molucca Islands, Indonesia. No types known. Type catalog: Bauchot & Desoutter 1987:105 [ref. 12478]. Based on preLinnaean Renard 1718: Pl. 12 (fig. 72). •Questionably a synonym of Heteropriacanthus cruentatus (Lacepède 1801) -- (Starnes 1988:150 [ref. 6978]). •Synonym of Heteropriacanthus carolinus (Fernandez & Ho 2017:343 [ref. 35348]). Current status: Synonym of Heteropriacanthus carolinus (Cuvier 1829). Priacanthidae. Habitat: marine.

argyropthalmus, Sparus Shaw [G.] 1803:441 [General zoology or systematic natural history v. 4; ref. 4014] Japan. Syntypes: ZMB 8156 (1, right skin), 8160 (1, stuffed). Unneeded new name for Anthias macropthalmus Bloch 1792. •Synonym of Priacanthus hamrur (Forsskål 1775). Current status: Synonym of Priacanthus hamrur (Forsskål 1775). Priacanthidae. Habitat: marine.

asper, Boops Gronow [L. T.] in Gray 1854:58 [Catalogue of fish collected and described by Laurence Theodore Gronow; ref. 1911] Indian Ocean. No types known. •Synonym of Priacanthus hamrur (Forsskål 1775) -- (Starnes 1988:166 [ref. 6978]). Current status: Synonym of Priacanthus hamrur (Forsskål 1775). Priacanthidae. Habitat: marine.

benmebari, Priacanthus Temminck [C. J.] & Schlegel [H.] 1843:19, Pl. 7 (fig. 1) [Fauna Japonica Part 1; ref. 4370] Southwestern coast of Japan. Lectotype: RMNH D254 (dry). Paralectotypes: ?BMNH (2); NMW 9464 (1); RMNH D249-253 (5, stuffed), 323 (3); ZMB 8125 [ex RMNH] (1, stuffed, missing) Type catalog: Paepke 2001:331 [ref. 25566] Lectotype selected by Boeseman 1947:35 [ref. 12876]. •Synonym of Priacanthus macracanthus Cuvier 1829 -- (Starnes 1988:169 [ref. 6978]). Current status: Synonym of Priacanthus macracanthus Cuvier 1829. Priacanthidae. Habitat: marine.

bleekeri, Priacanthus Castelnau [F. L.] 1873:100 [Proceedings of the Zoological and Acclimatisation Society of Victoria, Melbourne v. 2; ref. 758] Noble Island, Torres Strait, Queensland, Australia. Holotype (unique): MNHN A-3074. Type catalog: Bauchot & Desoutter 1987:84 [ref. 12478]. •Synonym of Heteropriacanthus cruentatus (Lacepède 1801) -- (Starnes 1988:150 [ref. 6978]). •Valid as Priacanthus bleeker Castelnau 1873 -- (Kuiter 1993:151 [ref. 23929] but dated Lacepède 1801). •Synonym of Priacanthus macracanthus Cuvier 1829 -- (Paxton et al. 1989:543 [ref. 12442], Paxton et al. 2006:1119 [ref. 28995]). •Synonym of Heteropriacanthus carolinus (Cuvier 1829) -- (Fernandez-Silva & Ho 2017:343 [ref. 35348]). Current status: Synonym of Heteropriacanthus carolinus (Cuvier 1829). Priacanthidae. Habitat: marine.

blochii, Priacanthus Bleeker [P.] 1853:456 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 4 (no. 3); ref. 336] Jakarta, Indonesia, Java Sea, eastern Indian Ocean; Sibogha, western Sumatra, Indonesia, eastern Indian Ocean; Ambon Bay, Ambon Island, Molucca Islands, Indonesia. Syntypes: (4) RMNH 30583 [ex 5552] (3 of several), 5552 (now 1). •Synonym of Priacanthus hamrur (Forsskål 1775) -- (Dor 1984:110 [ref. 29757], Randall 1994:262 [ref. 21644]). •Valid as Priacanthus blochii Bleeker 1853 -- (Kyushin et al. 1982:187 [ref. 19754], Starnes 1988:162 [ref. 6978], Randall et al. 1990:136 [ref. 15987], Krishnan & Mishra 1994:281 [ref. 24014], Randall 1995:148 [ref. 22896], Chen et al. 1997:54 [ref. 26476] dated 1851, Iwatsuki et al. 1997:102 [ref. 23356], Kuiter 1997:136 [ref. 25488], Anderson et al. 1998:23 [ref. 23611], Starnes 1999:2599 [ref. 24834], Nakabo 2000:747 [ref. 25086], Krupp et al. 2000:328 [ref. 25117], Starnes in Randall & Lim 2000:612 [ref. 25122], Hutchins 2001:31 [ref. 25847], Nakabo 2002:747 [ref. 26001], Allen & Adrim 2003:34 [ref. 26830], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S105 [ref. 27377], Kimura et al. in Kimura & Matsuura 2003:60 [ref. 27510], Randall 2005:184 [ref. 28239], Paxton et al. 2006:1118 [ref. 28995], Iwatsuki 2009:101 [ref. 30433], Allen & Erdmann 2012:364 [ref. 31980], Motomura et al. 2017:94 [ref. 35490], Golani & Fricke 2018:70 [ref. 36273]). Current status: Valid as Priacanthus blochii Bleeker 1853. Priacanthidae. Distribution: Southern Red Sea, Indo-West Pacific: Gulf of Aden and Seychelles east to Philippines and Samoa, south to Western Australia and Queensland (Australia). Habitat: marine.

bonariensis, Priacanthus Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1829:105 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 3; ref. 4879] Buenos Aires, Argentina. No types known. Type catalog: Bauchot & Desoutter 1987:105 [ref. 12478]. •Synonym of Cookeolus boops (Forster 1801) -- (Hureau 1990:713 [ref. 17267]). •Synonym of Heteropriacanthus cruentatus (Lacepède 1801) -- (Starnes 1988:150 [ref. 6978] with question, Fernandez-Silva & Ho 2017:348 [ref. 35348]). Current status: Synonym of Heteropriacanthus cruentatus (Lacepède 1801). Priacanthidae. Habitat: marine.

boops, Anthias Forster [J. R.] in Bloch & Schneider 1801:308 [M. E. Blochii, Systema Ichthyologiae; ref. 471] Atlantic near St. Helena. No types known. Based on description and drawing (No. 219 in BMNH) of Perca boops in manuscript by Forster (Johann Reinhold Forster, 1729-1798, German explorer and naturalist of Cook's second voyage). •Valid as Priacanthus boops (Forster 1801) -- (Kyushin et al. 1977:242 [ref. 19756], Kyushin et al. 1982:186 [ref. 19754], Mochizuki in Okamura et al. 1982:225, 376 [ref. 8256], Dor 1984:109 [ref. 29757]). •Valid as Cookeolus boops (Forster 1801) -- (Fritzsche 1978 [ref. 21285], Matsuura in Uyeno et al. 1983:316 [ref. 14275], Yoshino in Masuda et al. 1984:143 [ref. 6441], Machida in Okamura et al. 1985:477, 672 [ref. 8056], Heemstra 1986:545 [ref. 5660], Robins & Ray 1986:149 [ref. 23100], Edwards & Glass 1987:637 [ref. 9166], Allen & Swainston 1988:64 [ref. 25477], Scott & Scott 1988:365 [ref. 25518], Paxton et al. 1989:542 [ref. 12442], Pequeño 1989:60 [ref. 14125], McAllister 1990:139 [ref. 14674], Hureau 1990:713 [ref. 17267], Cervigón 1991:384 [ref. 24472], Cervigón 1992:386 [ref. 23827], Goren & Dor 1994:29 [ref. 25356], Allen 1997:100 [ref. 23977], Parin 2003:S4 [ref. 28536]). •Synonym of Priacanthus cruentatus (Lacepède 1801) -- (Heemstra in Smith & Heemstra 1995:x [ref. 21953]). •Synonym of Heteropriacanthus cruentatus (Lacepède 1801) -- (Starnes 1988:150 [ref. 6978], Randall 1995:147 [ref. 22896], Harish Nayak et al. 2002:316 [ref. 27555], Paxton et al. 2006:1117 [ref. 28995], Parin et al. 2014:357 [ref. 33547], Starnes in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2421 [ref. 34618], Fernandez-Silva & Ho 2017:348 [ref. 35348]). Current status: Synonym of Heteropriacanthus cruentatus (Lacepède 1801). Priacanthidae. Habitat: marine.

caroli, Priacanthus Curtiss [A.] 1938:95 [A short zoology of Tahiti in the Society islands; ref. 18057] Near Tautira, Tahiti, Society Islands. No types known. Priacanthidae. Habitat: marine.

carolinus, Priacanthus Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1829:105 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 3; ref. 4879] Oualan, Caroline Islands, western Pacific. Holotype (unique): MNHN A-0168. Type catalog: Bauchot & Desoutter 1987:84 [ref. 12478]. Redescribed in Lesson 1830:224 [ref. 2776]. •Synonym of Priacanthus cruentatus (Lacepède 1801) -- (Hureau 1973:364 [ref. 7197], Hureau 1990:712 [ref. 17267]). •Synonym of Heteropriacanthus cruentatus (Lacepède 1801) -- (Starnes 1988:150 [ref. 6978], Fricke 1999:221 [ref. 24106], Mundy 2005:353 [ref. 28379]). •Valid as Heteropriacanthus carolinus (Cuvier 1829) -- (Fernandez-Silva & Ho 2017:343 [ref. 35348], Fricke et al. 2018:163 [ref. 35805]). Current status: Valid as Heteropriacanthus carolinus (Cuvier 1829). Priacanthidae. Distribution: Indo-Pacific Ocean: South and East Africa, Madagascar and Mascarenes east to Hawaiian Islands; Galapagos Islands, tropical eastern Pacific islands and Panama. Habitat: marine.

catalufa, Priacanthus Poey [F.] 1863:182 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 15; ref. 18561] Cuba. Syntypes: ?MCZ 9766 (6). Type catalog: Howell Rivero 1938:195 [ref. 22926] with a holotype. •Synonym of Priacanthus arenatus Cuvier 1829 -- (Hureau 1973:364 [ref. 7197], Starnes 1988:159 [ref. 6978], Hureau 1990:712 [ref. 17267]). Current status: Synonym of Priacanthus arenatus Cuvier 1829. Priacanthidae. Habitat: marine.

cepedianus, Priacanthus Desmarest [A. G.] 1823:169 [9], Pl. 1 (fig. 2) of separate [Mémoires de la Société linnéenne de Paris v. 2; ref. 1120] Havana, Cuba. Holotype: MNHN A-3075. Type catalog: Bauchot & Desoutter 1987:84 [ref. 12478]. On p. 9 of separate, unnumbered Pl. after p. 12. •Synonym of Heteropriacanthus cruentatus (Lacepède 1801) -- (Starnes 1988:150 [ref. 6978], Fernandez-Silva & Ho 2017:348 [ref. 35348]). Current status: Synonym of Heteropriacanthus cruentatus (Lacepède 1801). Priacanthidae. Habitat: marine.

cruentatus, Labrus Lacepède [B. G. E.] (ex Plumier) 1801:452, 522, Pl. 2 (fig. 3) [Histoire naturelle des poissons (Lacepède) v. 3; ref. 2710] General area south of Scotts Head, Dominica, Lesser Antilles [Western Atlantic]. Neotype: USNM 285473. Type catalog: Bauchot 1963:97 [ref. 19171], Bauchot & Desoutter 1987:105 [ref. 12478]. Based on a Plumier drawing. Neotype designated by Starnes 1988:152 [ref. 6978]. •Valid as Priacanthus cruentatus (Lacepède 1801) -- (Hureau 1973:364 [ref. 7197], Yoshino in Masuda et al. 1984:143 [ref. 6441], Hureau in Whitehead et al. 1986:801 [ref. 13676], Heemstra 1986:545 [ref. 5660], Robins & Ray 1986:149 [ref. 23100], Edwards & Glass 1987:638 [ref. 9166], Allen & Swainston 1988:64 [ref. 25477], Pequeño 1989:60 [ref. 14125], Winterbottom et al. 1989:28 [ref. 13251], Hureau 1990:712 [ref. 17267], Cervigón 1991:386 [ref. 24472], Cervigón 1992:387 [ref. 23827], Francis 1993:160 [ref. 25479], Arruda 1997:82 [ref. 24952], Aguilera 1998:49 [ref. 24221]). •Synonym of Cookeolus boops (Forster 1801) -- (Parin 2003:S4 [ref. 28536]). •Valid as Heteropriacanthus cruentatus (Lacepède 1801) -- (Starnes 1988:150 [ref. 6978], Paxton et al. 1989:542 [ref. 12442], Randall et al. 1990:135 [ref. 15987], Boschung 1992:125 [ref. 23239], see Kuiter 1993:151 [ref. 23929], Allen & Robertson 1994:120 [ref. 22193], Starnes in Fischer et al. 1995:1407 [ref. 22830], Grove & Lavenberg 1997:342 [ref. 24023], Allen 1997:100 [ref. 23977], Kuiter 1997:136 [ref. 25488], Randall et al. 1997:135 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:124 [ref. 23965], Fricke 1999:221 [ref. 24106], Starnes 1999:2595 [ref. 24834], Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:221 [ref. 25013], Afonso et al. 1999:73 [ref. 25466], Randall 1999:13 [ref. 25829], Nakabo 2000:748 [ref. 25086], Starnes in Randall & Lim 2000:612 [ref. 25122], Thomson et al. 2000:108 [ref. 25640], Randall & Earle 2000:12 [ref. 25806], Schmitter-Soto et al. 2000:158 [ref. 27754], Gasparini & Floeter 2001:1644 [ref. 25634], Lopes et al. 2001:3 [ref. 25809], Hutchins 2001:31 [ref. 25847], Nakabo 2002:748 [ref. 26001], Coad & Gilhen 2002:632 [ref. 26862], Collette et al. 2003:108 [ref. 26784], Starnes 2003:1383 [ref. 27084], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S105 [ref. 27377], Moura & Menezes in Menezes et al. 2003:78 [ref. 27192], Myers & Donaldson 2003:623 [ref. 27495], Harish Nayak et al. 2002:316 [ref. 27555], Kimura et al. in Kimura & Matsuura 2003:59 [ref. 27510], Lobel & Lobel 2004:70 [ref. 27576], Smith et al. 2003:27 [ref. 27621], Randall et al. 2004:13 [ref. 27624], Nelson et al. 2004:138 [ref. 27807], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:182 [ref. 28072], Randall 2005:184 [ref. 28239], Mundy 2005:353 [ref. 28379], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:213 [ref. 28815], Paxton et al. 2006:1117 [ref. 28995], Wirtz et al. 2007:31 [ref. 30263], Randall 2007:209 [ref. 30952], Gomon 2008:557 [ref. 30616], Fricke et al. 2009:50 [ref. 30213], Iwatsuki 2009:100 [ref. 30433], McCosker & Rosenblatt 2010:191 [ref. 30957], Motomura et al. 2010:104 [ref. 31256], Allen & Erdmann 2012:363 [ref. 31980], Page et al. 2013:142 [ref. 32708], Fricke et al. 2013:257 [ref. 32706], Wirtz et al. 2013:123 [ref. 32972], Smith-Vaniz & Jelks 2014:44 [ref. 33341], Wirtz et al. 2014:6 [ref. 33516], Parin et al. 2014:357 [ref. 33547], Delrieu-Trottin et al. 2015:5 [ref. 33988], Pinheiro et al. 2015:16 [ref. 34324], Gaither et al. 2015:720 [ref. 35422], Starnes in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2421 [ref. 34618], Fourriére et al. 2016:445 [ref. 34668], Del Moral-Flores et al. 2016:608 [ref. 34923], Koeda et al. 2016:31 [ref. 35333], Koeda et al. 2016:4 [ref. 35354], Fernandez-Silva & Ho 2017:348 [ref. 35348], Motomura et al. 2017:94 [ref. 35490], Spier et al. 2018:10 [ref. 36103], Brown et al. 2019:177 [ref. 36444]). Current status: Valid as Heteropriacanthus cruentatus (Lacepède 1801). Priacanthidae. Distribution: Circumglobal in temperate and tropical seas, including Hawaiian Islands. On ref. 35348: western and south-central Atlantic. Western Atlantic to Indo Pacific [ref. 35422]. Habitat: marine.

dubius, Priacanthus Temminck [C. J.] & Schlegel [H.] 1843:19 [Fauna Japonica Part 1; ref. 4370] Japan. Holotype (unique) (?): RMNH 315. Type catalog: Boeseman 1947:35 [ref. 12876]. •Synonym of Priacanthus hamrur (Forsskål 1775) -- (Starnes 1988:166 [ref. 6978]). Current status: Synonym of Priacanthus hamrur (Forsskål 1775). Priacanthidae. Habitat: marine.

elongatus, Priacanthus Döderlein [L.] in Steindachner & Döderlein 1883:239 [31] [Denkschriften der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften in Wien, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe. v. 47 (pt 1); ref. 4246] On p. 31 of separate. Not available, name mentioned in passing in synonymy of Priacanthus hamrur. Priacanthidae.

fax, Priacanthus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1831:473 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 7; ref. 4881] Mauritius, Mascarenes, southwestern Indian Ocean. Syntypes: MNHN 0000-0737 (4). Type catalog: Bauchot & Desoutter 1987:85 [ref. 12478]. •Synonym of Priacanthus hamrur (Forsskål 1775) -- (Starnes 1988:166 [ref. 6978], Fricke 1999:222 [ref. 24106], Fricke et al. 2018:163 [ref. 35805]). Current status: Synonym of Priacanthus hamrur (Forsskål 1775). Priacanthidae. Habitat: marine.

fitchi, Priacanthus Starnes [W. C.] 1988:164, Pl. 1h; Fig. 3e [Bulletin of Marine Science v. 43 (no. 2); ref. 6978] Sumatra, 0°25'S, 98°40'E, Indonesia, depth 150 meters. Holotype: USNM 263760. Paratypes: AMS I.26843-001 [ex WAM P.25399-012] (1); BMNH 1987.6.1:5 (1); BPBM 31881 (1); CAS 60361 (1); MNHN 1987-0936 (1); USNM 183207 (1), 285044 (1), 285181 (2, 1 c&s); WAM P.25394-003 (1); P.25399-012 (7), P.26291-007 (3). Type catalog: Hutchins & Smith 1991:23 [ref. 19335], Moore et al. 2008:24 [ref. 30117] •Valid as Priacanthus fitchi Starnes 1988 -- (Iwatsuki et al. 1997:104 [ref. 23356], Allen 1997:100 [ref. 23977], Starnes 1999:2600 [ref. 24834], Nakabo 2000:748 [ref. 25086], Starnes in Randall & Lim 2000:612 [ref. 25122], Hutchins 2001:31 [ref. 25847], Shinohara et al. 2001:323 [ref. 25995], Nakabo 2002:748 [ref. 26001], Shinohara et al. 2005:431 [ref. 28370], Paxton et al. 2006:1118 [ref. 28995], Iwatsuki et al. 2012:54 [ref. 31809]). Current status: Valid as Priacanthus fitchi Starnes 1988. Priacanthidae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific. Habitat: marine.

fulgens, Priacanthus Lowe [R. T.] 1838:174 [Transactions of the Zoological Society of London v. 2 (pt 3, art. 14); ref. 2831] Original locality: Off Madeira. Neotype locality: Canary Islands, La Palma. Neotype: CAS 239122 (out of CAS 238003). Also appeared as new in Lowe 1838 [possibly 1836]:196, Pl. 2 [ref. 2828]. Neotype designated by Fernandez-Silva & Ho 2017:348 [ref. 35348]: 352. •Synonym of Priacanthus arenatus Cuvier 1829 -- (Hureau 1973:364 [ref. 7197], Hureau 1990:712 [ref. 17267]). •Synonym of Heteropriacanthus cruentatus (Lacepède 1801) -- (Starnes 1988:150 [ref. 6978]). •Valid as Heteropriacanthus fulgens (Lowe 1838) -- (Fernandez-Silva & Ho 2017:348 [ref. 35348]). Current status: Valid as Heteropriacanthus fulgens (Lowe 1838). Priacanthidae. Distribution: Northeastern Atlantic: Canary Islands, Madeiro and Cape Verde Islands. Habitat: marine.

hamrur, Sciaena Forsskål [P. S.] 1775:xi, 44, 45 [Descriptiones animalium (Forsskål); ref. 1351] Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, Red Sea. Lectotype: ZMUC P4773 (dry skin). Paralectotypes: ZMUC P4774 (dry skin). Type catalog: Nielsen 1974:63 [ref. 9588]. Spelled hamruhr in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1829:104 [ref. 4879]. Types figured in Klausewitz & Nielsen 1965:Pl. 11 [ref. 20847]. Lectotype selected by Klausewitz & Nielsen 1965:18 [ref. 20847]. Named Sciaena abu hamrur on p. 44, but Sciaena hamrur on p. xi and 45. Originally also described from Lohajæ (Al-Luhayya, Yemen, Red Sea). •Valid as Priacanthus hamrur (Forsskål 1775) -- (Kyushin et al. 1977:238 [ref. 19756], Dor 1984:109 [ref. 29757], Yoshino in Masuda et al. 1984:143 [ref. 6441], Machida in Okamura et al. 1985:479, 673 [ref. 8056], Heemstra 1986:545 [ref. 5660], Starnes 1988:166 [ref. 6978], Allen & Swainston 1988:64 [ref. 25477], Paxton et al. 1989:543 [ref. 12442], Randall et al. 1990:136 [ref. 15987], Francis & Randall 1993:120 [ref. 20996], Kuiter 1993:151 [ref. 23929], Francis 1993:160 [ref. 25479], Goren & Dor 1994:29 [ref. 25356], Randall 1995:148 [ref. 22896], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:252 [ref. 27969], Allen 1997:100 [ref. 23977], Carpenter et al. 1997:148 [ref. 23922], Chen et al. 1997:54 [ref. 26476], Kuiter 1997:136 [ref. 25488], Randall et al. 1997:136 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:124 [ref. 23965], Fricke 1999:222 [ref. 24106], Mishra & Srinivasan 1999:243 [ref. 24754], Starnes 1999:2596 [ref. 24834], Johnson 1999:732 [ref. 25471], Nakabo 2000:746 [ref. 25086], Starnes in Randall & Lim 2000:612 [ref. 25122], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:209 [ref. 25191], Randall & Earle 2000:12 [ref. 25806], Allen 2000:99 [ref. 25868], Iwatsuki et al. 2000:99 [ref. 26368], Motomura et al. 2001:80 [ref. 25597], Hutchins 2001:31 [ref. 25847], Nakabo 2002:746 [ref. 26001], Youn 2002:318, 596 [ref. 26218], Allen & Adrim 2003:34 [ref. 26830], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S105 [ref. 27377], Myers & Donaldson 2003:623 [ref. 27495], Kimura et al. in Kimura & Matsuura 2003:60 [ref. 27510], Randall et al. 2004:13 [ref. 27624], Mishra & Krishnan 2003:28 [ref. 27712], Heemstra et al. 2004:3324 [ref. 27945], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:182 [ref. 28072], Randall 2005:185 [ref. 28239], Shinohara et al. 2005:431 [ref. 28370], Paxton et al. 2006:1118 [ref. 28995], Randall 2007:210 [ref. 30952], Fricke et al. 2009:50 [ref. 30213], Iwatsuki 2009:101 [ref. 30433], Motomura et al. 2010:104 [ref. 31256], Allen & Erdmann 2012:364 [ref. 31980], Psomadakis et al. 2012:16 [ref. 33457], Fricke et al. 2013:258 [ref. 32706], Larson 2013:115 [ref. 32988], Fricke et al. 2014:68 [ref. 33932], Delrieu-Trottin et al. 2015:6 [ref. 33988], Psomadakis et al. 2015:205 [ref. 34104], Koeda et al. 2016:31 [ref. 35333], Motomura et al. 2017:95 [ref. 35490], Ergüden et al. 2018:389 [ref. 36408], Fricke et al. 2018:163 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:71 [ref. 36273], Iwatsuki in Kimura et al. 2018:112 [ref. 36460]). Current status: Valid as Priacanthus hamrur (Forsskål 1775). Priacanthidae. Distribution: Red Sea, Indo-West Pacific: East Africa, South Africa, Madagascar and Mascarenes east to Marquesas Islands and Gambier Islands, north to southern Japan, south to Western Australia, Queensland (Australia), Lord Howe Island and Tonga; eastern Mediterranean Sea (Red Sea immigrant). Habitat: marine.

helvolus, Priacanthus Jordan [D. S.], Evermann [B. W.] & Tanaka [S.] 1927:664, Pl. 23 (fig. 2) [Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences (Series 4) v. 16 (no. 20); ref. 2454] Honolulu market, Oahu Island, Hawaiian Islands. Holotype: CAS 345. •Synonym of Priacanthus meeki Jenkins 1903 -- (Starnes 1988:172 [ref. 6978]). Current status: Synonym of Priacanthus meeki Jenkins 1903. Priacanthidae. Habitat: marine.

holocentrum, Priacanthus Bleeker [P.] 1849:48 [Verhandelingen van het Bataviaasch Genootschap van Kunsten en Wetenschappen. v. 22 [13]; ref. 318] Jakarta, Java, Indonesia. No types known. Bleeker specimens: AMS B.7726 (1) Madras, B.8315-18 (4). •Synonym of Priacanthus tayenus Richardson 1846 -- (Starnes 1988:180 [ref. 6978]). Current status: Synonym of Priacanthus tayenus Richardson 1846. Priacanthidae. Habitat: marine.

insularum, Priacanthus Johnson [J. Y.] 1862:179 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1862 (pt 2) (art. 2) (for 10 June 1862); ref. 2357] Madeira. Holotype (unique): BMNH (apparently lost). •Synonym of Priacanthus arenatus Cuvier 1829 -- (Starnes 1988:159 [ref. 6978]). Current status: Synonym of Priacanthus arenatus Cuvier 1829. Priacanthidae. Habitat: marine.

japonicus, Polyprion Langsdorff [G. H. von] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1829:107 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 3; ref. 4879] Not available, manuscript name mentioned in account of Priacanthus niphonius Cuvier 1829. •In the synonymy of Pristigenys niphonia (Cuvier 1829) -- (Iwatsuki et al. 2012:50 [ref. 31809]). Current status: Synonym of Pristigenys niphonia (Cuvier 1829). Priacanthidae.

japonicus, Priacanthus Cuvier [G.] (ex Langsdorff) in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1829:106, Pl. 50 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 3; ref. 4879] Japan. Holotype (unique): ZMB 427. Type catalog: Bauchot & Desoutter 1987:105 [ref. 12478]. Based on manuscript description by 'Langsdorf' [Georg Heinrich Freiherr von Langsdorff, 1774-1852, German explorer and naturalist], with an underlying specimen at ZMB. •Valid as Cookeolus japonicus (Cuvier 1829) -- (Starnes 1988:145 [ref. 6978], Randall et al. 1990:135 [ref. 15987], Allen & Robertson 1994:120 [ref. 22193], Heemstra in Smith & Heemstra 1995:x [ref. 21953], Azevedo & Heemstra 1995:2 [ref. 22269], Starnes in Fischer et al. 1995:1407 [ref. 22830], Randall 1995:147 [ref. 22896], Garrison 1996:861 [ref. 21337], Santos et al. 1997:82 [ref. 23531], De La Cruz Agüero et al. 1997:258 [ref. 24545], Grove & Lavenberg 1997:341 [ref. 24023], Arruda 1997:81 [ref. 24952], Randall et al. 1997:507 [ref. 25919], Anderson et al. 1998:23 [ref. 23611], De La Cruz-Agüero 1998:63 [ref. 24504], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:348 [ref. 24555], Starnes 1999:2599 [ref. 24834], Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:221 [ref. 25013], Nakabo 2000:746 [ref. 25086], Starnes in Randall & Lim 2000:612 [ref. 25122], Thomson et al. 2000:109 [ref. 25640], López et al. 2001:3 [ref. 25809], Hutchins 2001:31 [ref. 25847], Shinohara et al. 2001:323 [ref. 25995], Nakabo 2002:746 [ref. 26001], Youn 2002:318, 596 [ref. 26218], Coad & Gilhen 2002:634 [ref. 26862], Allen & Adrim 2003:34 [ref. 26830], Starnes 2003:1385 [ref. 27084], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S105 [ref. 27377], Moura & Menezes in Menezes et al. 2003:78 [ref. 27192], Myers & Donaldson 2003:623 [ref. 27495], Randall et al. 2004:13 [ref. 27624], Bunkley-Williams & Williams 2004:107 [ref. 27795], Nelson et al. 2004:138 [ref. 27807], Shinohara et al. 2005:431 [ref. 28370], Mundy 2005:353 [ref. 28379], Paxton et al. 2006:1117 [ref. 28995], Randall 2007:208 [ref. 30952], Fricke et al. 2009:50 [ref. 30213], McCosker & Rosenblatt 2010:191 [ref. 30957], Motomura et al. 2010:104 [ref. 31256], Shinohara et al. 2011:49 [ref. 31715], Allen & Erdmann 2012:363 [ref. 31980], Page et al. 2013:142 [ref. 32708], Shinohara et al. 2014:260 [ref. 33330], Smith-Vaniz & Jelks 2014:44 [ref. 33341], Wirtz et al. 2014:6 [ref. 33516], Psomadakis et al. 2015:204 [ref. 34104], Starnes in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2423 [ref. 34618], Fourriére et al. 2016:445 [ref. 34668], Del Moral-Flores et al. 2016:608 [ref. 34923], Nión et al. 2016:46 [ref. 35565], Motomura et al. 2017:94 [ref. 35490], Fricke et al. 2018:163 [ref. 35805], Sánchez-Jiménez et al. 2018:7 [ref. 36248], Brown et al. 2019:177 [ref. 36444]). Current status: Valid as Cookeolus japonicus (Cuvier 1829). Priacanthidae. Distribution: Circumglobal in tropical and subtropical seas. Habitat: marine.

junonis, Priacanthus De Vis [C. W.] 1884:392 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 9 (pt 2); ref. 1090] Queensland coast, Australia. •Synonym of Priacanthus macracanthus Cuvier 1829 -- (Starnes 1988:169 [ref. 6978]). Current status: Synonym of Priacanthus macracanthus Cuvier 1829. Priacanthidae. Habitat: marine.

longipinnis, Priacanthus Borodin [N. A.] 1932:81 [Bulletin Vanderbilt Marine Museum v. 1 (art. 3); ref. 16361] Nouméa, New Caledonia. Holotype (unique): VMM 1124 (now at AMNH). •Synonym of Priacanthus hamrur (Forsskål 1775) -- (Starnes 1988:166 [ref. 6978], Fricke & Kulbicki 2006:329 [ref. 28867]). Current status: Synonym of Priacanthus hamrur (Forsskål 1775). Priacanthidae. Habitat: marine.

lucasanus, Pseudopriacanthus Clark [H. W.] 1936:388 [Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences (Series 4) v. 21 (no. 29); ref. 839] Off Cape San Lucas, Baja California, Mexico. Holotype (unique): CAS 2708. •Synonym of Pristigenys serrula (Gilbert 1891) -- (Starnes 1988:141 [ref. 6978]). Current status: Synonym of Pristigenys serrula (Gilbert 1891). Priacanthidae. Habitat: marine.

macracanthus, Priacanthus Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1829:108 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 3; ref. 4879] Ambon Island, Molucca Islands, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): MNHN A-0174. Type catalog: Bauchot & Desoutter 1987:85 [ref. 12478]. •Valid as Priacanthus macracanthus Cuvier 1829 -- (Kyushin et al. 1982:184 [ref. 19754], Yoshino in Masuda et al. 1984:143 [ref. 6441], Machida in Okamura et al. 1985:479, 673 [ref. 8056], Starnes 1988:169 [ref. 6978], Allen & Swainston 1988:64 [ref. 25477], Paxton et al. 1989:543 [ref. 12442], Kuiter 1993:150 [ref. 23929], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:252 [ref. 27969], Allen 1997:100 [ref. 23977], Chen et al. 1997:55 [ref. 26476], Sokolovskaya et al. 1998:11 [ref. 24670], Starnes 1999:2597 [ref. 24834], Johnson 1999:732 [ref. 25471], Nakabo 2000:748 [ref. 25086], Starnes in Randall & Lim 2000:612 [ref. 25122], Sadovy & Cornish 2000:92 [ref. 25480], Hutchins 2001:31 [ref. 25847], Shinohara et al. 2001:323 [ref. 25995], Nakabo 2002:748 [ref. 26001], Youn 2002:318, 597 [ref. 26218], Allen & Adrim 2003:34 [ref. 26830], Parin 2003:S5 [ref. 28536], Shinohara et al. 2005:431 [ref. 28370], Paxton et al. 2006:1119 [ref. 28995], Iwatsuki 2009:101 [ref. 30433], Shinohara et al. 2011:49 [ref. 31715], Iwatsuki et al. 2012:54 [ref. 31809], Allen & Erdmann 2012:364 [ref. 31980], Larson et al. 2013:115 [ref. 32988], Yoshida et al. 2013:103 [ref. 34464], Shinohara et al. 2014:260 [ref. 33330], Parin et al. 2014:357 [ref. 33547], Trnski 2015:1233 [ref. 34198], Motomura et al. 2017:95 [ref. 35490], Iwatsuki in Kimura et al. 2018:112 [ref. 36460]). Current status: Valid as Priacanthus macracanthus Cuvier 1829. Priacanthidae. Distribution: Eastern Indian Ocean, western Pacific: Andaman Sea and Arafura Sea east to Philippines and New Guinea, north to southern Japan, south to Western Australia, New South Wales (Australia), Middleton Reef and New Caledonia. Habitat: marine.

macrophthalmus, Anthias Bloch [M. E.] 1792:115, Pl. 319 [Naturgeschichte der ausländischen Fische v. 6; ref. 470] Japan. Syntypes: ZMB 8156 (1, right skin), ?8160 (1, stuffed). Type catalog: Paepke 1999:120 [ref. 24282]. On p. 99 of Bloch's Ichthyologie, v. 9 [ref. 21381]. •Synonym of Priacanthus hamrur (Forsskål 1775) -- (Starnes 1988:166 [ref. 6978], Paxton et al. 2006:1118 [ref. 28995]). Current status: Synonym of Priacanthus hamrur (Forsskål 1775). Priacanthidae. Habitat: marine.

macrophthalmus, Priacanthus Gill [T. N.] 1873:807 [29] [United States Commission of Fish and Fisheries, Report of the Commissioner 1873 [v. 1]; ref. 17631] On p. 29 of separate. Not available; appeared as "Priacanthus macrophthalmus Cuv..." but not tied to a reference, no distinguishing features; apparently same as Anthias macrophthalmus Bloch 1792. Priacanthidae.

macropterus, Priacanthus Valenciennes [A.] (ex Quoy & Gaimard) in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1831:471 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 7; ref. 4881] No locality [St. Helena Island]. Holotype: MNHN 0000-0985. Type catalog: Bauchot & Desoutter 1987:85 [ref. 12478]. •Synonym of Cookeolus boops (Forster 1801) -- (Edwards & Glass 1987:638 [ref. 9166], Hureau 1990:713 [ref. 17267]). •Synonym of Cookeolus japonicus (Cuvier 1829) -- (Starnes 1988:145 [ref. 6978]). Current status: Synonym of Cookeolus japonicus (Cuvier 1829). Priacanthidae. Habitat: marine.

macropus, Priacanthus Valenciennes [A.] (ex Quoy & Gaimard) in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1831:469 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 7; ref. 4881] St. Helena Island, South Atlantic. Holotype (unique): MNHN A-3562. Type catalog: Bauchot & Desoutter 1987:85 [ref. 12478]. •Synonym of Cookeolus boops (Forster 1801) -- (Edwards & Glass 1987:637 [ref. 9166], Hureau 1990:713 [ref. 17267]). •Synonym of Cookeolus japonicus (Cuvier 1829) -- (Starnes 1988:145 [ref. 6978]). Current status: Synonym of Cookeolus japonicus (Cuvier 1829). Priacanthidae. Habitat: marine.

meeki, Priacanthus Jenkins [O. P.] 1903:450, Fig. 20 (2nd of 2 Fig. 20's) [Bulletin of the U. S. Fish Commission v. 22 (1902); ref. 2341] Honolulu, Oahu Island, Hawaiian Islands Holotype: USNM 50847 (not found in 1980). Paratypes: USNM 126123 (2), 126133 (2, not found in 1980). •Valid as Priacanthus meeki Jenkins 1903 -- (Starnes 1988:172 [ref. 6978], Randall et al. 1990:136 [ref. 15987], Randall 1995:148 [ref. 22896], Motomura et al. 2001:80 [ref. 25597], Randall 2005:185 [ref. 28239], Mundy 2005:354 [ref. 28379], Randall 2007:210 [ref. 30952], McCosker & Rosenblatt 2010:191 [ref. 30957] as cf. meeki). •See Grove & Lavenberg 1997:344 [ref. 24023]. Current status: Valid as Priacanthus meeki Jenkins 1903. Priacanthidae. Distribution: Central Pacific: Johnston Atoll and Hawaiian Islands: waif from Galápagos Islands (eastern Pacific). Habitat: marine.

meyeri, Priacanthus Günther [A.] 1872:656, Pl. 57 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1871 (pt 3) (art. 1) (for 21 Nov. 1871); ref. 1997] Manado, Sulawesi, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1871.7.20.46. •Synonym of Pristigenys niphonia (Cuvier & Valenciennes 1829) -- (Nair & Geetha 2006:263 [ref. 29275]). •Valid as Pristigenys meyeri (Günther 1872) -- (Starnes 1988:138 [ref. 6978], Starnes 1999:2601 [ref. 24834], Nakabo 2000:749 [ref. 25086], Starnes in Randall & Lim 2000:612 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2002:749 [ref. 26001], Myers & Donaldson 2003:623 [ref. 27495] dated 1871, Shinohara et al. 2005:431 [ref. 28370], Iwatsuki et al. 2012:41 [ref. 31809]). Current status: Valid as Pristigenys meyeri (Günther 1872). Priacanthidae. Distribution: Western Pacific. Habitat: marine.

multifasciata, Pristigenys Yoshino [T.] & Iwai [T.] 1973:61, Fig. 1 [Japanese Journal of Ichthyology v. 20 (no. 2); ref. 7597] Hozan-Sone, northeast of Miyako Island, Ryukyu Islands, Japan, depth about 200 meters. Holotype: FAKU 44569. Paratypes: FAKU 44570-76 (7). •Valid as Pristigenys multifasciata Yoshino & Iwai 1973 -- (Kyushin et al. 1982:189 [ref. 19754], Yoshino in Masuda et al. 1984:143 [ref. 6441]). •Synonym of Pristigenys meyeri (Günther 1872) -- (Starnes 1988:138 [ref. 6978]). Current status: Synonym of Pristigenys meyeri (Günther 1872). Priacanthidae. Habitat: marine.

nasca, Priacanthus Starnes [W. C.] 1988:173, Pl. 3a [Bulletin of Marine Science v. 43 (no. 2); ref. 6978] Hanga Roa, Easter Island, southeastern Pacific, depth 130 fathoms. Holotype: BPBM 30544. Paratypes: BPBM 30924 (1), CAS 60363 (1), MNHN 1987-0934 (1), USNM 284066-67 (2). •Valid as Priacanthus nasca Starnes 1988. Current status: Valid as Priacanthus nasca Starnes 1988. Priacanthidae. Distribution: Easter Island, southeastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

niphonius, Priacanthus Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1829:107 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 3; ref. 4879] [Original locality: Nagasaki, Japan.] Southwest region of Nagasaki Bay, 31°55'N, 128°11'E, Kyushu Island, Japan, depth 208 meters. Neotype: MUFS 36263. Type catalog: Bauchot & Desoutter 1987:105 [ref. 12478]. Neotype selected by Iwatsuki et al. 2012:51 [ref. 31809]. •Valid as Pseudopriacanthus niphonia (Cuvier 1829) -- (Chen et al. 1997:54 [ref. 26476]). •Valid as Pristigenys niphonia (Cuvier 1829) -- (Kyushin et al. 1982:188 [ref. 19754], Dor 1984:110 [ref. 29757] as niphonius, Yoshino in Masuda et al. 1984:143 [ref. 6441], Machida in Okamura et al. 1985:483, 675 [ref. 8056], Heemstra 1986:546 [ref. 5660], Starnes 1988:140 [ref. 6978], Allen & Swainston 1988:64 [ref. 25477], Paxton et al. 1989:543 [ref. 12442], Baranes & Golani 1993:307 [ref. 22372], Goren & Dor 1994:29 [ref. 25356], Evseenko 1996:727 [ref. 24666], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:255 [ref. 27969], Allen 1997:100 [ref. 23977], Fricke 1999:223 [ref. 24106], Starnes 1999:2601 [ref. 24834], Nakabo 2000:749 [ref. 25086], Starnes in Randall & Lim 2000:612 [ref. 25122], Hutchins 2001:31 [ref. 25847], Shinohara et al. 2001:323 [ref. 25995], Nakabo 2002:749 [ref. 26001], Youn 2002:318, 597 [ref. 26218] as niphonius, Myers & Donaldson 2003:623 [ref. 27495], Shinohara et al. 2005:432 [ref. 28370], Paxton et al. 2006:1119 [ref. 28995], Nair & Geetha 2006:263 [ref. 29275], Fricke et al. 2009:51 [ref. 30213], Iwatsuki 2009:102 [ref. 30433], Iwatsuki et al. 2012:50 [ref. 31809], Larson et al. 2013:115 [ref. 32988], Yoshida et al. 2013:104 [ref. 34464], Shinohara et al. 2014:260 [ref. 33330], Motomura et al. 2017:96 [ref. 35490]). Current status: Valid as Pristigenys niphonia (Cuvier 1829). Priacanthidae. Distribution: West Pacific and southeastern Indian Ocean: Japan south to Australia (Northern Territory, Western Australia and Queensland) and one questionable record from Samoa. Habitat: marine.

poecilopterus, Priacanthus Günther [A.] 1859:220 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 1; ref. 1961] Not available, name on specimen from Sumata mentioned under Priacanthus holocentrum. Priacanthidae.

prolixus, Priacanthus Starnes [W. C.] 1988:175, Figs 23a-b [Bulletin of Marine Science v. 43 (no. 2); ref. 6978] Off Somalia, 11°21'06"N, 51°09'06"E, Indian Ocean, depth 37 meters. Holotype: USNM 290660. Paratypes: ANSP 53131 (1); BPBM 27730 (5); USNM 284068 (1), 285474 (1), 290661-62 (2), 291682 (1). Non-type material: USNM 6534 (1). •Valid as Priacanthus prolixus Starnes 1988 -- (Starnes in Randall & Lim 2000:612 [ref. 25122], Motomura et al. 2001:77 [ref. 25597], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S105 [ref. 27377], Psomadakis et al. 2015:205 [ref. 34104], Golani & Fricke 2018:71 [ref. 36273] as Riacanthus p.). Current status: Valid as Priacanthus prolixus Starnes 1988. Priacanthidae. Distribution: [Red Sea], Northwestern Indian Ocean: Somalia east to Pakistan; Mediterranean Sea (Red Sea immigrant). Habitat: marine.

refulgens, Myripristis Valenciennes [A.] 1862:1169 [5] [Comptes Rendus Hebdomadaires des Séances de l'Académie des Sciences v. 54; ref. 4506] Réunion, western Mascarenes, southwestern Indian Ocean. Holotype (unique): MNHN 0000-2590. Type catalog: Bauchot 1970:47 [ref. 20740], Bauchot & Desoutter 1987:83 [ref. 12478]. On p. 5 of separate. •Synonym of Pristigenys niphonia (Cuvier 1829) -- (Starnes 1988:140 [ref. 6978], Fricke 1999:223 [ref. 24106], Nair & Geetha 2006:263 [ref. 29275]). •Valid as Pristigenys refulgens (Valenciennes 1862) -- (Iwatsuki et al. 2012:43 [ref. 31809] with type locality Seychelles, Fricke et al. 2018:164 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:71 [ref. 36273]). Current status: Valid as Pristigenys refulgens (Valenciennes 1862). Priacanthidae. Distribution: Red Sea; Indo-West Pacific: East and South Africa, Seychelles, Madagascar and Mascarenes east to Indonesia, north to southern Japan. Habitat: marine.

rufus, Serranus Bowdich [S. L.] 1825:122 [Fishes of Madeira; ref. 590] Madeira. •Synonym of Priacanthus cruentatus (Lacepède 1801) -- (Hureau 1973:364 [ref. 7197], Hureau 1990:712 [ref. 17267]). •Synonym of Heteropriacanthus cruentatus (Lacepède 1801). Current status: Synonym of Heteropriacanthus cruentatus (Lacepède 1801). Priacanthidae. Habitat: marine.

sagittarius, Priacanthus Starnes [W. C.] 1988:178, Pl. 3 e-g; Figs. 3, 5, 8, 12, 18 [Bulletin of Marine Science v. 43 (no. 2); ref. 6978] South coast of Sumatra, Indonesia, eastern Indian Ocean, 6°13'00"S, 104°38'45"E, depth 42 meters. Holotype: USNM 285042. Paratypes: AMNH 77349 (2); AMS I.26840-001 (2); ANSP 151675-77 (2, 1, 3), 159039 (3); BMNH 1987.6.1:1-3 (3); BPBM 19473 (1), 31882 (3); CAS 54998 (1), 60360 (3); CSIRO CA 1286 (1), CA 1498 (1); FMNH 97122 (1); FRLM 2469 (1); HUJ 11152 (1); LACM 44286-1 (2); MNHN 0000-4095 (1), 1987-933 (1); NTM S.10996.005 (2), S.11021-001 (1); QM I.22744 (3); RMNH 30584 (2); NSMT-P 29838 [ex TMBS 851103-1]; USNM 236936 (1), 263757 (1), 283767-69 (2, 1, 5), 285043 (1), 285045 (1); WAM P.29373 (1); Type catalog: Hutchins & Smith 1991:23 [ref. 19335], Moyer & Matsuura 1991:82 [ref. 19927], Golani 2006:26 [ref. 28840], Moore et al. 2008:24 [ref. 30117]. ZMA 116604 (1). •Valid as Priacanthus sagittarius Starnes 1988 -- (Baranes & Golani 1993:307 [ref. 22372], Evseenko 1996:727 [ref. 24666], Allen 1997:100 [ref. 23977], Fricke 1999:223 [ref. 24106], Starnes 1999:2600 [ref. 24834], Nakabo 2000:747 [ref. 25086], Starnes in Randall & Lim 2000:612 [ref. 25122], Hutchins 2001:31 [ref. 25847], Nakabo 2002:747 [ref. 26001], Allen & Adrim 2003:34 [ref. 26830], Kimura et al. in Kimura & Matsuura 2003:60 [ref. 27510], Paxton et al. 2006:1119 [ref. 28995], Fricke et al. 2009:51 [ref. 30213], Allen & Erdmann 2012:365 [ref. 31980], Larson et al. 2013:115 [ref. 32988], Bogorodsky et al. 2014:418 [ref. 33460], Psomadakis et al. 2015:205 [ref. 34104], Farrag et al. 2016:[1] [ref. 34683], Motomura et al. 2017:95 [ref. 35490], Bogorodsky & Randall 2018:[20] 258 [ref. 36492], Golani & Fricke 2018:71 [ref. 36273]). Current status: Valid as Priacanthus sagittarius Starnes 1988. Priacanthidae. Distribution: Red Sea, Indo-West Pacific: Réunion (Mascarenes) east to Philippines and Samoa, north to southern Japan, south to Western Australia and New Caledonia. Habitat: marine.

schlegelii, Priacanthus Hilgendorf [F. M.] 1879:79 [Sitzungsberichte der Gesellschaft Naturforschender Freunde zu Berlin 1879; ref. 18288] Enoshima, Japan. Holotype (unique): ZMB 10599. •Synonym of Priacanthus hamrur (Forsskål 1775) -- (Starnes 1988:166 [ref. 6978]). Current status: Synonym of Priacanthus hamrur (Forsskål 1775). Priacanthidae. Habitat: marine.

schmittii, Priacanthus Bleeker [P.] 1852:572 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 3 (no. 4); ref. 334] Padang, Sumatra, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): RMNH 30588 [ex RMNH 5554]. •Synonym of Priacanthus tayenus Richardson 1846 -- (Starnes 1988:180 [ref. 6978]). Current status: Synonym of Priacanthus tayenus Richardson 1846. Priacanthidae. Habitat: marine.

serrula, Priacanthus Gilbert [C. H.] 1891:450 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 13 (no. 840); ref. 1624] Off western coast of Colombia, 8°06'30"N, 78°51'W, Albatross station 2797, depth 33 fathoms. Holotype (unique): USNM 43407. •Valid as Pseudopriacanthus serrula (Gilbert 1891) -- (Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:201 [ref. 9277]). •Valid as Pristigenys serrula (Gilbert 1891) -- (Starnes 1988:141 [ref. 6978], Pequeño 1989:60 [ref. 14125], Allen & Robertson 1994:121 [ref. 22193], Bussing & López S. 1994:98 [ref. 23101], Starnes in Fischer et al. 1995:1408 [ref. 22830], Grove & Lavenberg 1997:343 [ref. 24023], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:348 [ref. 24555], Thomson et al. 2000:108 [ref. 25640], Nelson et al. 2004:138 [ref. 27807], McCosker & Rosenblatt 2010:191 [ref. 30957], Iwatsuki et al. 2012:54 [ref. 31809], Page et al. 2013:142 [ref. 32708], Fourriére et al. 2016:445 [ref. 34668], Del Moral-Flores et al. 2016:609 [ref. 34923], Kells et al. 2016:228 [ref. 35888], Sánchez-Jiménez et al. 2018:7 [ref. 36248], González-Murcia et al. 2019:305 [ref. 36544]). Current status: Valid as Pristigenys serrula (Gilbert 1891). Priacanthidae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

speculum, Priacanthus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1831:471 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 7; ref. 4881] Mahé, Seychelles. Holotype: ?MNHN A-0164. Type catalog: Bauchot & Desoutter 1987:85 [ref. 12478]. •Synonym of Priacanthus hamrur (Forsskål 1775) -- (Starnes 1988:166 [ref. 6978], Fricke 1999:222 [ref. 24106], Fricke et al. 2018:163 [ref. 35805]). Current status: Synonym of Priacanthus hamrur (Forsskål 1775). Priacanthidae. Habitat: marine.

supraarmatus, Priacanthus Hilgendorf [F. M.] 1879:79 [Sitzungsberichte der Gesellschaft Naturforschender Freunde zu Berlin 1879; ref. 18288] Enoshima, Japan. Holotype (unique): ZMB 10598. •Synonym of Cookeolus japonicus (Cuvier 1829) -- (Starnes 1988:145 [ref. 6978]). Current status: Synonym of Cookeolus japonicus (Cuvier 1829). Priacanthidae. Habitat: marine.

tayenus, Priacanthus Richardson [J.] 1846:237 [Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science 15th meeting [1845]; ref. 3742] Canton, China. Syntypes: BMNH 1865.8.12.50 (1). Type information: Whitehead 1970:212 [ref. 11606]. •Valid as Priacanthus tayenus Richardson 1846 -- (Kyushin et al. 1982:185 [ref. 19754], Starnes 1988:180 [ref. 6978], Allen & Swainston 1988:64 [ref. 25477], Paxton et al. 1989:543 [ref. 12442], Krishnan & Mishra 1993:221 [ref. 24016], Randall 1995:148 [ref. 22896], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:253 [ref. 27969], Allen 1997:100 [ref. 23977], Carpenter et al. 1997:148 [ref. 23922], Chen et al. 1997:55 [ref. 26476], Starnes 1999:2598 [ref. 24834], Starnes in Randall & Lim 2000:612 [ref. 25122], Iwatsuki et al. 2000:99 [ref. 26368], Motomura et al. 2001:80 [ref. 25597], Hutchins 2001:31 [ref. 25847], Allen & Adrim 2003:34 [ref. 26830], Adrim et al. 2004:120 [ref. 27715], Paxton et al. 2006:1119 [ref. 28995], Iwatsuki 2009:102 [ref. 30433], Larson et al. 2013:115 [ref. 32988], Yoshida et al. 2013:104 [ref. 34464], Motomura et al. 2017:96 [ref. 35490], Ali et al. 2018:320 [ref. 36183], Iwatsuki in Kimura et al. 2018:112 [ref. 36460]). Current status: Valid as Priacanthus tayenus Richardson 1846. Priacanthidae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific. Habitat: marine.

velabundus, Priacanthus McCulloch [A. R.] 1915:114, Pl. 19 [Biological Results Endeavour v. 3 (pt 3); ref. 2941] Off Burrewarra Point, near Bateman's Bay, 35°50'S, New South Wales, Australia, depth 60 fathoms. Holotype: AMS E.5245. Paratypes: AMS I.12490 (1). •Synonym of Cookeolus boops (Forster 1801) -- (Paxton et al. 1989:542 [ref. 12442]). •Synonym of Cookeolus japonicus (Cuvier 1829) -- (Starnes 1988:145 [ref. 6978], Paxton et al. 2006:1117 [ref. 28995]). Current status: Synonym of Cookeolus japonicus (Cuvier 1829). Priacanthidae. Habitat: marine.

zaiserae, Priacanthus Starnes [W. C.] & Moyer [J. T.] in Starnes 1988:183, Pl. 3h; Fig. 3d [Bulletin of Marine Science v. 43 (no. 2); ref. 6978] Ako, Miyake-Jima, Japan, depth 28 meters. Holotype: USNM 284063. Paratypes: AMNH 77359 (1); AMS I.26841-001 (1); ANSP 159040 (1); BMNH 1987.6.1:4 (1); BPBM 31883 (1); CAS 60362 (1); FRLM 1892 (1), 2470 (1); MNHN 1987-0935 (1); NSMT-P 29839 (1), 41955 (1) [ex TMBS 851107-3]; URM 1086 (1), 8249 (1), 8251 (1); USNM 284064-65 (1, 2), 289282 (1). Type catalog: Moyer & Matsuura 1991:82 [ref. 19927]. •Valid as Priacanthus zaiserae Starnes & Moyer 1988 -- (Starnes 1999:2600 [ref. 24834], Nakabo 2000:747 [ref. 25086], Starnes in Randall & Lim 2000:612 [ref. 25122], Motomura et al. 2001:80 [ref. 25597], Shinohara et al. 2001:323 [ref. 25995], Nakabo 2002:747 [ref. 26001], Shinohara et al. 2005:431 [ref. 28370], Allen & Erdmann 2012:365 [ref. 31980]). Current status: Valid as Priacanthus zaiserae Starnes & Moyer 1988. Priacanthidae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Philippines, Ryukyu Islands, southern Japan and Izu Islands. Habitat: marine.