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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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Species in the family or subfamily Pristidae: [ 27 ] records


acutirostris, Pristis Duméril [A. H. A.] 1865:479 [Histoire naturelle des poissons ou ichthyologie générale v. 1; ref. 1150] Antilles, western Atlantic. Holotype (unique): MNHN A-9476 (stuffed). Type catalog: Bertin 1939:78 [ref. 20739], Séret & McEachran 1987:9 [ref. 9312]. •Synonym of Pristis pectinata Latham 1794 -- (Carvalho & McEachran in Reis et al. 2003:18 [ref. 27061], Kottelat 2013:24 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Pristis pectinata Latham 1794. Pristidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

annandalei, Pristis Chaudhuri [B. L.] 1908:391, Fig. [Records of the Indian Museum (Calcutta) v. 2 (pt 4) (art. 37); ref. 14317] Elephant Point, Myanmar coast, northeastern Indian Ocean. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. •Synonym of Pristis pectinata Latham 1794 -- (Kottelat 2013:24 [ref. 32919]). Current status: Synonym of Pristis pectinata Latham 1794. Pristidae. Habitat: marine.

antiquorum, Pristis Latham [J. F.] 1794:277, Pl. 26 (fig. 1) [The Transactions of the Linnean Society of London v. 2 (art. 25); ref. 2727] [In oceano] no specific locality stated (localities include Marseille, France; Italy; Lesbos Island, Greece; Syria, Mediterranean Sea; Brazil, southwestern Atlantic). No types known. Unnecessary replacement name for Squalus pristis Linnaeus 1758. •Synonym of Pristis pristis (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Krefft & Stehmann 1973:51 [ref. 7167], Stehmann 1990:53 [ref. 19316], Carvalho & McEachran in Reis et al. 2003:19 [ref. 27061], Faria et al. 2012:11 [ref. 32356]). Current status: Synonym of Pristis pristis (Linnaeus 1758). Pristidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

brevirostris, Pristobatus Duméril [A. H. A.] 1865:480 [Histoire naturelle des poissons ou ichthyologie générale v. 1; ref. 1150] Réunion, western Mascarenes, southwestern Indian Ocean. Holotype (unique): MNHN (whereabouts unknown). Pristidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

canaliculata, Pristis Bloch [M. E.] & Schneider [J. G.] 1801:351 [M. E. Blochii, Systema Ichthyologiae; ref. 471] No locality stated (localities include Marseille, France; Italy; Lesbos Island, Greece; Syria, Mediterranean Sea; Brazil, southwestern Atlantic). Based on Latham 1794, Pl. 26 (fig. 1), which is Pristis antiquorum Latham 1794. Unnecessary replacement name for Squalus pristis Linnaeus 1758. •Synonym of Pristis pristis (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Krefft & Stehmann 1973:51 [ref. 7167] as caniculata, Carvalho & McEachran in Reis et al. 2003:19 [ref. 27061], Faria et al. 2012:11 [ref. 32356]). Current status: Synonym of Pristis pristis (Linnaeus 1758). Pristidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

clavata, Pristis Garman [S.] 1906:208 [Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology v. 46 (no. 11); ref. 1542] Queensland, Australia, Coral Sea, southwestern Pacific. Holotype (unique): MCZ 733-S. Type catalog: Hartel & Dingerkus 1997:xli [ref. 23119]. •Synonym of Pristis pristis (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Paxton et al. 1989:58 [ref. 12442]). •Mention -- (Stehmann 1990:54 [ref. 19316]). •Valid as Pristis clavata Garman 1906 -- (Last & Stevens 1994:362 [ref. 23873], Compagno & Last 1999:1414 [ref. 24637], Compagno 1999:484 [ref. 25589], Hutchins 2001:15 [ref. 25847], Morgan et al. 2004:151 [ref. 27718], Hoese & Gates 2006:171 [ref. 28997], Thorburn et al. 2007:36 [ref. 29328], Morgan et al. 2011:21 [ref. 31262], Duffy et al. 2011:65 [ref. 31668], Faria et al. 2012:2 [ref. 32356], Larson et al. 2013:16 [ref. 32988], Weigmann 2016:81 [ref. 34211], Last et al. 2016:474 [ref. 34473], Last et al. 2016:61 [ref. 34991], White et al. 2017:194 [ref. 35860], White & Ko'ou 2018:45 [ref. 35922]). Current status: Valid as Pristis clavata Garman 1906. Pristidae. Distribution: Papua New Guinea, Northern Australia and Indo-West Pacific [ref. 34991]. Habitat: brackish, marine.

cuspidatus, Pristis Latham [J. F.] 1794:279, Pl. 26 (fig. 3) [The Transactions of the Linnean Society of London v. 2 (art. 25); ref. 2727] Malabar, India, Indian Ocean. Neotype: MNHN 0000-1250. Type catalog: Séret & McEachran 1987:9 [ref. 9312] with neotype established by reference to Dingerkus in press; neotype questioned by Kottelat 2013:23 [ref. 32989]. •Valid as Pristis cuspidatus Latham 1794 -- (Dor 1984:13 [ref. 29757] as cuspidata, Nakaya in Masuda et al. 1984:12 [ref. 6441], Allen & Swainston 1988:24 [ref. 25477], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:71 [ref. 27969], Morón et al. 1999:154 [ref. 24253]). •Valid as Anoxypristis cuspidata (Latham 1794) -- (Paxton et al. 1989:58 [ref. 12442], Talwar & Jhingran 1991:32 [ref. 20764], Last & Stevens 1994:361 [ref. 23873], Goren & Dor 1994:4 [ref. 25356], Randall 1995:39 [ref. 22896], Allen 1997:44 [ref. 23977], Compagno & Last 1999:1413 [ref. 24637], Vossoughi & Vosoughi 1999:302 [ref. 25467], Compagno 1999:484 [ref. 25589], Compagno in Randall & Lim 2000:581 [ref. 25122], Hutchins 2001:15 [ref. 25847], Carvalho & McEachran in Reis et al. 2003:17 [ref. 27061] but status uncertain, Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S93 [ref. 27377], Bonfil & Abdallah 2004:43 [ref. 27735], Compagno et al. 2005:57 [ref. 29145], Hoese & Gates 2006:170 [ref. 28997], Last el al. 2010:140 [ref. 32461], Duffy et al. 2011:65 [ref. 31668], Faria et al. 2012:2 [ref. 32356], Larson et al. 2013:15 [ref. 32988], Kottelat 2013:23 [ref. 32989], Ebert et al. 2013:345 [ref. 33045], Psomadakis et al. 2015:95 [ref. 34104], Weigmann 2016:81 [ref. 34211], Last et al. 2016:473 [ref. 34473], Last et al. 2016:60 [ref. 34991], White et al. 2017:192 [ref. 35860], Ali et al. 2018:303 [ref. 36183], Golani & Fricke 2018:13 [ref. 36273], Kumar et al. 2018:297 [ref. 36178], White & Ko'ou 2018:45 [ref. 35922]). Current status: Valid as Anoxypristis cuspidata (Latham 1794). Pristidae. Distribution: Red Sea, Indo-West Pacific: East Africa and Persian Gulf east to Philippines and New Guinea, north to southern Japan, south to northern Australia. Habitat: brackish, marine.

dubius, Pristis Bleeker [P.] 1852:56, Pl. 4 (fig. 11) [Verhandelingen van het Bataviaasch Genootschap van Kunsten en Wetenschappen. v. 24 (art. 12); ref. 333] No locality stated (is Indonesia). RMNH D7418. Bleeker specimens: MNHN 0000-1226 (1). Misspelled dubia on Pl. 4, as dubius elsewhere. For type information see van Oijen et al. 2007:37 [ref. 29153]. •Synonym of Pristis zijsron Bleeker 1851 -- (van Oijen et al. 2007:37, 44 [ref. 29153], Last el al. 2010:145 [ref. 32461], Kottelat 2013:24 [ref. 32989] as dubia). Current status: Synonym of Pristis zijsron Bleeker 1851. Pristidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

dubius, Raia (Pristobatus) Blainville [H. de] 1816:121 [Bulletin des Sciences, par la Société Philomathique de Paris v. 8; ref. 306] Not available, name only. Pristidae.

granulosa, Pristis Bloch [M. E.] & Schneider [J. G.] (ex Parra) 1801:352 [M. E. Blochii, Systema Ichthyologiae; ref. 471] Havana, Cuba, Gulf of Mexico, western Atlantic. No types known. Based on the 'Pez de Espada' of Parra 1787:75, Pl. 33 [ref. 6840]. •Synonym of Pristis pectinata Latham 1794 -- (Krefft & Stehmann 1973:52 [ref. 7167], Stehmann 1990:52 [ref. 19316], Carvalho & McEachran in Reis et al. 2003:18 [ref. 27061], Kottelat 2013:24 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Pristis pectinata Latham 1794. Pristidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

higginsii, Myriosteon Gray [J. E.] 1864:164, Figs. 1-5 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1864 (pt 2) (art. 2) (for 12 Apr. 1864); ref. 1888] Unknown locality. Described as an echinoderm, but based on a tube from the rostral cartilage of a Pristis (Jordan 1919:332 [ref. 4904]). Pristidae.

leichhardti, Pristiopsis Whitley [G. P.] 1945:44, Fig. 1 [Australian Zoologist v. 11 (pt 1); ref. 13156] Lynd River, northern Queensland, Australia. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. Based on Pristis of Leichardt 1846, Journ. Roy. Geogr. Soc. London v. 16, p. 223. •Synonym of Pristis microdon Latham 1794 -- (Last & Stevens 1994:365 [ref. 23873], Compagno & Last 1999:1415 [ref. 24637], with question). •Synonym of Pristis clavata Garman 1906 -- (Hoese & Gates 2006:171 [ref. 28997]). •Synonym of Pristis microdon Latham 1794 -- (Kottelat 2013:24 [ref. 32989]). •Synonym of Pristis pristis (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Paxton et al. 1989:58 [ref. 12442], Faria et al. 2012:11 [ref. 32356]). Current status: Synonym of Pristis pristis (Linnaeus 1758). Pristidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

leptodon, Pristis Duméril [A. H. A.] 1865:480 [Histoire naturelle des poissons ou ichthyologie générale v. 1; ref. 1150] Red Sea. Syntypes: MNHN 0000-3485 (1, stuffed and mounted), 0000-3486 (1, skin). Type catalog: Bertin 1939:78 [ref. 20739], Séret & McEachran 1987:9 [ref. 9312]. •Synonym of Pristis pectinata Latham 1794 -- (Dor 1984:13 [ref. 29757]). •Synonym of Pristis zijsron Bleeker 1851 -- (Kottelat 2013:24 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Pristis zijsron Bleeker 1851. Pristidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

marginatus, Raia (Pristobatus) Blainville [H. de] 1816:121 [Bulletin des Sciences, par la Société Philomathique de Paris v. 8; ref. 306] Not available, name only. Pristidae.

megalodon, Pristis Duméril [A. H. A.] 1865:476, Pl. 9 (fig. 4) [Histoire naturelle des poissons ou ichthyologie générale v. 1; ref. 1150] No locality stated (is Cayenne, French Guiana). Holotype (unique): MNHN 0000-3483 (rostrum). Type catalog: Bertin 1939:78 [ref. 20739] as MNHN 3484, Séret & McEachran 1987:9 [ref. 9312]. •Synonym of Pristis pectinata Latham 1794 -- (Carvalho & McEachran in Reis et al. 2003:18 [ref. 27061], Kottelat 2013:24 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Pristis pectinata Latham 1794. Pristidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

microdon, Pristis Latham [J. F.] 1794:280, Pl. 26 (fig. 4) [The Transactions of the Linnean Society of London v. 2 (art. 25); ref. 2727] No locality stated. Holotype (unique): Museum Parkinson (whereabouts unknown). •Valid as Pristis microdon Latham 1794 -- (Krefft & Stehmann 1973:51 [ref. 7167], Roberts 1978:26 [ref. 8886], Daget 1984:3 [ref. 6170], Compagno 1986:110 [ref. 5648], Allen & Swainston 1988:24 [ref. 25477], Stehmann 1990:51 [ref. 19316], Allen & Coates 1990:51 [ref. 25561], Allen 1991:36 [ref. 21090], Talwar & Jhingran 1991:34 [ref. 20764], Cervigón 1992:204 [ref. 23827], Allen et al. 1992:297 [ref. 21400], Skelton 1993:345 [ref. 24071], Last & Stevens 1994:364 [ref. 23873], Poll & Gosse 1995:24 [ref. 24781], Compagno 1995:110 [ref. 21955], Castro-Aguirre & Espinosa Pérez 1996:16 [ref. 22793], Rainboth 1996:52 [ref. 22772], Allen 1997:44 [ref. 23977], Tan & Lim 1998:427 [ref. 23648], Fricke 1999:28 [ref. 24106], Morón et al. 1999:153 [ref. 24253], Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:55 [ref. 24550], Compagno & Last 1999:1415 [ref. 24637], Compagno 1999:484 [ref. 25589], Nakabo 2000:158 [ref. 25086], Compagno in Randall & Lim 2000:581 [ref. 25122], Rafique 2000:327 [ref. 25220], Kottelat 2001:25 [ref. 25780], Hutchins 2001:15 [ref. 25847], Skelton 2001:345 [ref. 27406], Allen et al. 2002:330 [ref. 25930], Nakabo 2002:158 [ref. 26001], Taniuchi et al. 2003:237 [ref. 27369], Morgan et al. 2004:151 [ref. 27718], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:75 [ref. 28072], Compagno et al. 2005:58 [ref. 29145], Hoese & Gates 2006:171 [ref. 28997], Thorburn et al. 2007:27 [ref. 29328], Allen et al. 2008:25 [ref. 30265], Fricke et al. 2009:11 [ref. 30213], Last el al. 2010:142 [ref. 32461], Morgan et al. 2011:21 [ref. 31262], Duffy et al. 2011:65 [ref. 31668], Marshall 2011:269 [ref. 31755], Larson et al. 2013:16 [ref. 32988], Kottelat 2013:24 [ref. 32989]). •Synonym of Pristis pristis (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Paxton et al. 1989:58 [ref. 12442], Séret in Lévêque et al. 1990:60 [ref. 21589], Kottelat et al. 1993:1 [ref. 23448], Faria et al. 2012:11 [146] [ref. 32356], Palacios-Salgado et al. 2014:236 [ref. 36362], Weigmann 2016:81 [ref. 34211], Séret 2016:1352 [ref. 34545]). Current status: Synonym of Pristis pristis (Linnaeus 1758). Pristidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

mississippiensis, Pristis Rafinesque [C. S.] 1820:86 [Ichthyologia Ohiensis; ref. 3592] Mississippi River, Lake Pontchartrain, Red River, Arkansas River, Mobile River, and Ohio River, U.S.A. See Markle 1997:440 [ref. 23370]. •Probably a synonym of Pristis pristis (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Carvalho & McEachran in Reis et al. 2003:19 [ref. 27061]). Current status: Uncertain as Pristis pristis (Linnaeus 1758). Pristidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

occa, Pristobatus Duméril [A. H. A.] 1865:479 [Histoire naturelle des poissons ou ichthyologie générale v. 1; ref. 1150] Unknown locality. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. •Synonym of Pristis pectinata Latham 1794 -- (Carvalho & McEachran in Reis et al. 2003:18 [ref. 27061] with question, Kottelat 2013:24 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Pristis pectinata Latham 1794. Pristidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

pectinatus, Pristis Latham [J. F.] 1794:278, Pl. 26 (fig. 2) [The Transactions of the Linnean Society of London v. 2 (art. 25); ref. 2727] Ocean. No types known. Based on multiple historical authors. •Valid as Pristis pectinatus Latham 1794 -- (Bussing & López S. 1994:24 [ref. 23101]). •Valid as Pristis pectinata Latham 1794 -- (Krefft & Stehmann 1973:51 [ref. 7167], Dor 1984:13 [ref. 29757], Stehmann & Bürkel in Whitehead et al. 1984:154 [ref. 13675], Compagno 1986:111 [ref. 5648], Robins & Ray 1986:35 [ref. 23100], Stehmann 1990:52 [ref. 19316], Talwar & Jhingran 1991:34 [ref. 20764], Boschung 1992:25 [ref. 23239], Cervigón 1992:205 [ref. 23827], Allen & Robertson 1994:31 [ref. 22193], Last & Stevens 1994:365 [ref. 23873], Poll & Gosse 1995:75 [ref. 24781], Goren & Dor 1994:4 [ref. 25356], Compagno 1995:111 [ref. 21955], Castro-Aguirre & Espinosa Pérez 1996:15 [ref. 22793], Murdy et al. 1997:36 [ref. 23144], McEachran & Fechhelm 1998:136 [ref. 23897], Aguilera 1998:45 [ref. 24221], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:62 [ref. 24555], Fricke 1999:28 [ref. 24106], Cervigón & Alcalá 1999:147 [ref. 24490], Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:55 [ref. 24550], Compagno & Last 1999:1416 [ref. 24637], Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:122 [ref. 25013], Compagno 1999:484 [ref. 25589], Compagno in Randall & Lim 2000:581 [ref. 25122], Menni & Stehmann 2000:75 [ref. 24909], Musick et al. 2000:9 [ref. 24959], Camargo & Isaac 2001:144 [ref. 27639], Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:173 [ref. 26753], Carvalho & McEachran in Reis et al. 2003:18 [ref. 27061], Gomes & Gadig in Menezes et al. 2003:27 [ref. 27192], McEachran & Carvalho 2003:526 [ref. 26985], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S93 [ref. 27377], Bonfil & Abdallah 2004:43 [ref. 27735], Nelson et al. 2004:54 [ref. 27807], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:76 [ref. 28072], Compagno et al. 2005:58 [ref. 29145], Miller 2006:80 [ref. 28615], Hoese & Gates 2006:171 [ref. 28997], Carvalho et al. 2007:151 [ref. 30012], Fricke et al. 2009:12 [ref. 30213], Matamoros et al. 2009:7 [ref. 31241], Golani & Bogorodsky 2010:57 [ref. 35264], Lipej & Dulčić 2010:12 [ref. 36649], Faria et al. 2012:2 [ref. 32356], Page et al. 2013:54 [ref. 32708], Kottelat 2013:24 [ref. 32989], Angulo et al. 2013:989 [ref. 33194], Palacios-Salgado et al. 2014:236 [ref. 36362], Del Moral-Flores et al. 2016:104 [ref. 34398], Weigmann 2016:81 [ref. 34211], Last et al. 2016:474 [ref. 34473], Séret 2016:1351 [ref. 34545], Last et al. 2016:62 [ref. 34991], Nión et al. 2016:22 [ref. 35565], Ehemann et al. 2018:26 [ref. 36194], Robins et al. 2018:435 [ref. 35886]). Current status: Valid as Pristis pectinata Latham 1794. Pristidae. Distribution: Mediterranean Sea, Atlantic and southwestern Indian Ocean. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

perotteti, Pristis Müller [J.] & Henle [F. G. J.] (ex Valenciennes) 1841:108, 192 [Systematische Beschreibung der Plagiostomen; ref. 3069] Senegal, West Africa, in fresh water. Holotype (unique): MNHN (1, 107 cm) not found. Non-type: MNHN A-9699 (1, mounted female). Type catalog: Bertin 1939:77-78 [ref. 20739] with A.9699 as paratype, but original description was based on "Ein Exemplar", a dry male specimen. Pristis perrotteti is a misspelling. Misspelled Pristis perroteti by Pellegrin 1921:635 [ref. 30437]. •Synonym of Pristis microdon Latham 1794 -- (Krefft & Stehmann 1973:51 [ref. 7167], Daget 1984:3 [ref. 6170], Bussing 1987:60 [ref. 22927], Stehmann 1990:51 [ref. 19316], Castro-Aguirre & Espinosa Pérez 1996:16 [ref. 22793], Compagno & Last 1999:1415 [ref. 24637]). •Valid as Pristis perotteti Müller & Henle 1841 -- (Allen & Robertson 1994:31 [ref. 22193], Bussing & López S. 1994:24 [ref. 23101], Aguilera 1998:45 [ref. 24221] as perrotteti, Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:62 [ref. 24555], Cervigón & Alcalá 1999:148 [ref. 24490], Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:56 [ref. 24550], Compagno 1999:485 [ref. 25589], Menni & Stehmann 2000:75 [ref. 24909], Musick et al. 2000:9 [ref. 24959], Camargo & Isaac 2001:144 [ref. 27639] as perrotteti, Kottelat 2013:24 [ref. 32989] with question). •Synonym of Pristis pristis (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Séret in Lévêque et al. 1990:60 [ref. 21589], Carvalho & McEachran in Reis et al. 2003:19 [ref. 27061], Faria et al. 2012:11 [146] [ref. 32356], Weigmann 2016:81 [ref. 34211], Séret 2016:1352 [ref. 34545]). Current status: Synonym of Pristis pristis (Linnaeus 1758). Pristidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

pristis, Squalus Linnaeus [C.] 1758:235 [Systema Naturae, Ed. X v. 1; ref. 2787] Mediterranean Sea, Indian Ocean, western Atlantic [original: "in Europa"]; localities include Marseille, France; Italy; Lesbos Island, Greece; Syria; Brazil. No types known. Lectotype or neotype fixation needed. Originally based on multiple species and at least 32 pre-Linnaean sources including Artedi 1738:66 [ref. 30578] and Artedi 1738:93 [ref. 30349] as Squalus rostro longo cuspidato osseo plano utrinque dentato; Rondelet 1554:487 [ref. 30354] as Prist(is), L'Écluse & Belon 1605:135 [ref. 30583] as Pristis sive serra, Jonston 1649:217 [ref. 30579] as Pust(is), Charleton 1668:168 [ref. 30580] as Pristis, serra, Willughby 1686:61 [ref. 30164] and Ray 1713:23 [ref. 30231] as Pristis sive serra piscis. •Valid as Pristis pristis (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Krefft & Stehmann 1973:51 [ref. 7167], Stehmann & Bürkel in Whitehead et al. 1984:154 [ref. 13675], Robins & Ray 1986:35 [ref. 23100], Paxton et al. 1989:58 [ref. 12442], Stehmann 1990:53 [ref. 19316], Séret in Lévêque et al. 1990:60 [ref. 21589], Boschung 1992:25 [ref. 23239], Kottelat et al. 1993:1 [ref. 23448], Poll & Gosse 1995:75 [ref. 24781], McEachran & Notarbartolo-di-Sciara in Fischer et al. 1995:772 [ref. 22829], McEachran & Fechhelm 1998:137 [ref. 23897], Bussing 1998:53 [ref. 24179], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:62 [ref. 24555], Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:173 [ref. 26753], Carvalho & McEachran in Reis et al. 2003:19 [ref. 27061], Gomes & Gadig in Menezes et al. 2003:27 [ref. 27192], McEachran & Carvalho 2003:526 [ref. 26985], Nelson et al. 2004:54 [ref. 27807], Miller 2006:81 [ref. 28615], Carvalho et al. 2007:151 [ref. 30012], Faria et al. 2012:11 [ref. 32356], Angulo et al. 2013:989 [ref. 33194], Page et al. 2013:54 [ref. 32708], Barriga S. 2014:104 [ref. 35745], Morgan et al. 2014:35 [ref. 36567], Palacios-Salgado et al. 2014:236 [ref. 36362], Psomadakis et al. 2015:95 [ref. 34104], Del Moral-Flores et al. 2016:104 [ref. 34398], Last et al. 2016:474 [ref. 34473], Last et al. 2016:63 [ref. 34991], Miesen et al. 2016:80 [ref. 34492], Séret 2016:1352 [ref. 34545], Weigmann 2016:81 [ref. 34211], White et al. 2017:196 [ref. 35860], Ehemann et al. 2018:26 [ref. 36194], Fricke et al. 2018:22 [ref. 35805], Kumar et al. 2018:297 [ref. 36178], White & Ko'ou 2018:45 [ref. 35922]). Current status: Valid as Pristis pristis (Linnaeus 1758). Pristidae. Distribution: Circumglobal in tropical and warm temperate seas. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

semisagittatus, Squalus Shaw [G.] 1804:361 [General zoology or systematic natural history; ref. 4015] Vizagapatam, India. No types known. Based on Russell 1803:Pl. 13. Pristidae.

serra, Pristis Bloch [M. E.] & Schneider [J. G.] 1801:[351], Pl. 70 (upper fig.) [M. E. Blochii, Systema Ichthyologiae; ref. 471] As Pristis pectinata Latham, Pl. 70 (fig. 1) on p. 351; evidently the name serra on plate was not intended. •Synonym of Pristis pectinata Latham 1794 -- (Carvalho & McEachran in Reis et al. 2003:18 [ref. 27061] with question, Kottelat 2013:24 [ref. 32919]). Current status: Synonym of Pristis pectinata Latham 1794. Pristidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

typica, Pristis Poey [F.] 1861:360 [Memorias sobre la historia natural de la Isla de Cuba v. 2; ref. 3499] Unneeded replacement name for Squalis pristis Linnaeus 1758. •Objective synonym of Pristis pristis (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Carvalho & McEachran in Reis et al. 2003:19 [ref. 27061]). Current status: Synonym of Pristis pristis (Linnaeus 1758). Pristidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

woermanni, Pristis Fischer [J. G.] 1884:39 [Jahrbuch der Hamburgischen Wissenschaftlichen Anstalten v. 1; ref. 14381] Cameroon, West Africa. Holotype: ZMH 6278. Type catalog: Wilkens & Dohse 1993:410 [ref. 21161], Thiel et al. 2009:16 [ref. 30918]. Still researching. Carvalho & McEachran in Reis et al. 2003:18 [ref. 27061] place with question under two species as noted above. •Synonym of Pristis pectinata Latham 1794 -- (Carvalho & McEachran in Reis et al. 2003:18 [ref. 27061] with question), •Synonym of Pristis pectinata Latham 1794 -- (Carvalho & McEachran in Reis et al. 2003:18 [ref. 27061] with question, Kottelat 2013:24 [ref. 32919] with question). Current status: Synonym of Pristis pectinata Latham 1794. Pristidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

zephyreus, Pristis Jordan [D. S.] & Starks [E. C.] in Jordan 1895:383 [Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences (Series 2) v. 5; ref. 2394] Mouth of Río Presidio, Sinaloa, Mexico. Holotype (unique): CAS-SU 12670 (skin). •Synonym of Pristis perotteti Müller & Henle 1841 -- (Allen & Robertson 1994:31 [ref. 22193], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:62 [ref. 24555]). •Synonym of Pristis microdon Latham 1794 -- (Castro-Aguirre & Espinosa Pérez 1996:16 [ref. 22793], Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:56 [ref. 24550], Compagno & Last 1999:1415 [ref. 24637], with question). •Synonym of Pristis pristis (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Carvalho & McEachran in Reis et al. 2003:19 [ref. 27061], Faria et al. 2012:11 [ref. 32356], Del Moral-Flores et al. 2016:104 [ref. 34398]). Current status: Synonym of Pristis pristis (Linnaeus 1758). Pristidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

zijsron, Pristis Bleeker [P.] 1851:442 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 2 (no. 3); ref. 16897] Bandjarmasin, Borneo, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): RMNH 7418 (saw only). •Valid as Pristis zijsron Bleeker 1851-- (Compagno 1986:111 [ref. 5648], Allen & Swainston 1988:24 [ref. 25477], Allen & Swainston 1988:24 [ref. 25477], Paxton et al. 1989:59 [ref. 12442], Last & Stevens 1994:366 [ref. 23873], Compagno 1995:111 [ref. 21955], Randall 1995:40 [ref. 22896], Allen 1997:44 [ref. 23977], Fricke 1999:28 [ref. 24106], Morón et al. 1999:154 [ref. 24253], Compagno & Last 1999:1417 [ref. 24637], Johnson 1999:718 [ref. 25471], Compagno in Randall & Lim 2000:581 [ref. 25122], Hutchins 2001:15 [ref. 25847], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S93 [ref. 27377], Bonfil & Abdallah 2004:43 [ref. 27735], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:76 [ref. 28072], Compagno et al. 2005:58 [ref. 29145], Hoese & Gates 2006:172 [ref. 28997], Last el al. 2010:144 [ref. 32461], Duffy et al. 2011:65 [ref. 31668], Faria et al. 2012:2 [ref. 32356], Larson et al. 2013:16 [ref. 32988], Kottelat 2013:24 [ref. 32989], Psomadakis et al. 2015:95 [ref. 34104], Weigmann 2016:82 [ref. 34211], Last et al. 2016:474 [ref. 34473], Last et al. 2016:64 [ref. 34991], White et al. 2017:198 [ref. 35860], Kumar et al. 2018:297 [ref. 36178], Golani & Fricke 2018:14 [ref. 36273], White & Ko'ou 2018:46 [ref. 35922]). Current status: Valid as Pristis zijsron Bleeker 1851. Pristidae. Distribution: Red Sea, Indo-West Pacific: South and East Africa and Persian Gulf east to Philippines and New Guinea, north to southern China, south to New South Wales (Australia). Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.