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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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Species in the family or subfamily Pseudochromidae: [ 195 ] records


abruptus, Chlidichthys Lubbock [R.] 1977:17, Pls. 5 (C-D) [Ichthyological Bulletin of the J. L. B. Smith Institute of Ichthyology No. 35; ref. 7039] Southwestern side of Raphael Island, Cargados Carajos shoals, western Indian Ocean. Holotype: SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 1903. Paratypes: BMNH 1976.7.13.6-7 (2), USNM 216139 (3). •Valid as Chlidichthys abruptus Lubbock 1977 -- (Heemstra et al. 2004:3319 [ref. 27945], Gill & Edwards 2004:5 [ref. 28143]). Current status: Valid as Chlidichthys abruptus Lubbock 1977. Pseudochromidae: Pseudoplesiopinae. Distribution: Western Indian Ocean: Saint Brandon's Shoals. Habitat: marine.

adustus, Pseudochromis Müller [J.] & Troschel [F. H.] 1849:23 [Horae Ichthyologicae No. 3; ref. 3073] Philippines. Holotype: ZMB 638. •Synonym of Pseudochromis fuscus Müller & Troschel 1849 -- (Gill 2004:114 [ref. 27767]). Current status: Synonym of Pseudochromis fuscus Müller & Troschel 1849. Pseudochromidae: Pseudochrominae. Habitat: marine.

aethiopus, Haliophis Winterbottom [R.] 1985:210, Figs. 1-2 [Canadian Journal of Zoology v. 63 (no. 2); ref. 5241] Off Alit's Beach Bungalows, Sanur, 8°41'S, 115°16'E, Bali, Indonesia, depth 0.7 meters. Holotype: BPBM 20920. Paratypes: ROM 38419 [ex BPBM 20920] (1). •Valid as Haliophis aethiopus Winterbottom 1985 -- (Winterbottom 1986:23 [ref. 5727], Winterbottom & Randall 1994:751 [ref. 22087], Gill 1999:2566 [ref. 24817], Allen & Adrim 2003:33 [ref. 26830], Allen & Erdmann 2012:319 [ref. 31980]). Current status: Valid as Haliophis aethiopus Winterbottom 1985. Pseudochromidae: Congrogadinae. Distribution: Indonesia. Habitat: marine.

aldabraensis, Pseudochromis Bauchot [M.-L.] in Arnoult et al. 1958:80, Fig. 6 [Annales de l'Institut Océanographique, Monaco (Nouvelle Série) v. 34; ref. 12043] Aldabra Island. Holotype (unique): MNHN 1954-0145. Type catalog: Bauchot & Desoutter 1987:86 [ref. 12478]. Author sometimes seen as Bauchot-Boutin [M.-L.]. •Synonym of Pseudochromis dutoiti Smith 1955 -- (Lubbock 1977:4 [ref. 7039]). •Valid as Pseudochromis aldabraensis Bauchot 1958 -- (Gill & Mee 1993:54 [ref. 21008], Gill & Randall 1994:16 [ref. 21600], Heemstra in Smith & Heemstra 1995:x [ref. 21953], Randall 1995:141 [ref. 22896], Carpenter et al. 1997:147 [ref. 23922], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S105 [ref. 27377], Gill 2004:72 [ref. 27767], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:177 [ref. 28072], Gill & Zajonz 2011:19 [ref. 31637], Psomadakis et al. 2015:203 [ref. 34104], Eagderi et al. 2019:98 [ref. 37020]). Current status: Valid as Pseudochromis aldabraensis Bauchot 1958. Pseudochromidae: Pseudochrominae. Distribution: Western Indian Ocean: Aldabra; Oman and Persian Gulf east to Pakistan; Sri Lanka. Habitat: marine.

alleni, Manonichthys Gill [A. C.] 2004:34, Figs. 14-15; Pls. 2 D-E [Smithiana Monographs No. 1; ref. 27767] Edge of reef 3 kilometers north of Manabuan Island, 4°39'N, 118°46'E, Bodgaya Islands, Sabah, northern Borneo. Holotype: WAM P.30415-004. Paratypes: WAM P.30406-009 (1); USNM 290317 (1), 306719 (1, c&s), 339259 (1). Type catalog: Moore et al. 2008:21 [ref. 30117]. •Valid as Manonichthys alleni Gill 2004 -- (Allen & Erdmann 2007:545 [ref. 29403], Gill & Williams 2011:56 [ref. 31698], Allen & Erdmann 2012:325 [ref. 31980]). Current status: Valid as Manonichthys alleni Gill 2004. Pseudochromidae: Pseudochrominae. Distribution: Indonesia. Habitat: marine.

altera, Cichlops melanotaenia var. Bleeker [P.] 1875:8 [Verhandelingen der Koninklijke Akademie van Wetenschappen (Amsterdam) v. 15 (art 5); ref. 444] Toboali, Bangka; Makassar, Sulawesi, Indonesia. Syntypes: whereabouts unknown. •Synonym of Labracinus cyclophthalmus (Müller & Troschel 1849) -- (Gill 2004:27 [ref. 27767]). Current status: Synonym of Labracinus cyclophthalmus (Müller & Troschel 1849). Pseudochromidae: Pseudochrominae. Habitat: marine.

alticaudex, Pseudochromis Gill [A. C.] 2004:76, Figs. 29-30 [Smithiana Monographs No. 1; ref. 27767] Madang Harbour, Bay in Kranket Island, Papua New Guinea, depth 1.5-7.5 meters. Holotype: AMS I.17089-030. Paratypes: AMS I.17089-047 (10, 2 c&s); BMNH 1974.5.25.960-964 (5), 1974.5.25.965 (1); CAS 65799 (1); NSMT-P 23309 (1); RMNH 20723 (1); USNM 290341 (3), 290609 (1), 290971 (2), 296198 (12); WAM P.24915-002 (2), P.29595-016 (1). Type catalog: Moore et al. 2008:21 [ref. 30117]. •Valid as Pseudochromis alticaudex Gill 2004 -- (Allen & Erdmann 2012:331 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2014:66 [ref. 33932]). Current status: Valid as Pseudochromis alticaudex Gill 2004. Pseudochromidae: Pseudochrominae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Eastern Indonesia, Papua New Guinea and the Solomon Islands. Habitat: marine.

ammeri, Pseudochromis Gill [A. C.], Allen [G. R.] & Erdmann [M. V.] 2012:26, Figs. 1-3 [Zootaxa No. 3165; ref. 31768] Pulau Wagmab, 2°00.483'S, 130°38.121'E, Raja Ampat Islands, West Papua, Indonesia, depth 32 meters. Holotype: MZB 20566. Paratypes: AMS I.45650-001 (2, c&s), I.45650-002 (2); WAM P.31444-001 (1), P.31540-001 (2), P.32949-005 (10), P.32963-002 (3). •Valid as Pseudochromis ammeri Gill, Allen & Erdmann 2012 -- (Allen & Erdmann 2012:331 [ref. 31980]). Current status: Valid as Pseudochromis ammeri Gill, Allen & Erdmann 2012. Pseudochromidae: Pseudochrominae. Distribution: West Papua, Indonesia and neighboring islands, including Halmahera Island. Habitat: marine.

amplimaculatus, Congrogadoides Winterbottom [R.] 1980:397, Fig. 1 [Copeia 1980 (no. 3); ref. 8643] 29 kilometers northeast of mouth of Albert River, southern portion of Gulf of Carpentaria, Queensland, Australia. Holotype: AMS IB.6931. Paratypes: AMS IB.6933 (1), IB.7170 (1, c&s), I.15557-215 (1), I.15557-290 (1), I.15557-291 (1); CSIRO C 3383 (1), A 2811 (1), ?A 2433 (1); ROM 34748 (1). •Valid as Congrogadus amplimaculatus (Winterbottom 1980) -- (Winterbottom 1986:9 [ref. 5727], Gill 1999:2566 [ref. 24817], Gill et al. 2000:72 [ref. 25035], Hoese & Gill 2006:1060 [ref. 29083], Larson et al. 2013:105 [ref. 32988]). Current status: Valid as Congrogadus amplimaculatus (Winterbottom 1980). Pseudochromidae: Congrogadinae. Distribution: Australia and southern Indonesia (Aru Islands). Habitat: marine.

andamanensis, Pseudochromis Lubbock [R.] 1980:821, Fig. 1 [Revue Suisse de Zoologie v. 87 (no. 3); ref. 8695] North end of Campbell Bay, Similan Island, Similan Islands, eastern Andaman Sea [eastern Indian Ocean], depth 110 meters. Holotype: BMNH 1979.1.9.2. Paratypes: AMS I.20692-001 (1); BMNH 1979.1.9.3 (1), 1979.1.9.4-10 (7), 1979.1.9.11 (1); BPBM 22522 (1); MHNG 2023.68 (1); USNM 219402 (1). •Valid as Pseudochromis andamanensis Lubbock 1980 -- (Gill 1999:2566 [ref. 24817], Hutchins 2001:30 [ref. 25847], Allen & Adrim 2003:33 [ref. 26830], Gill 2004:78 [ref. 27767], Gill et al. 2006:1067 [ref. 29084], Motomura 2009:96 [ref. 30446], Gill et al. 2012:57 [ref. 31745], Allen & Erdmann 2012:332 [ref. 31980]). Current status: Valid as Pseudochromis andamanensis Lubbock 1980. Pseudochromidae: Pseudochrominae. Distribution: Eastern Indian Ocean: Andaman Sea and western Indonesia south to Western Australia. Habitat: marine.

annae, Nematochromis Weber [M.] 1913:265, Fig. 66 [Die Fische der Siboga-Expedition; ref. 4602] Solor Strait, Indonesia, 8°30'S, 123°30'E, Siboga station 305, depth 113 meters. Lectotype: ZMA 112450. Paralectotypes: ZMA 112451 (1). Type catalog: Nijssen et al. 1982:88 [ref. 19236]. Lectotype selected by Gill et al. 1991:75 [ref. 19722]; the paralectotype is also a paratype of Pseudoplesiops collare Gill et al. 1991. •Valid as Pseudoplesiops annae (Weber 1913) -- (Paxton et al. 1989:521 [ref. 12442], Gill et al. 1991:75 [ref. 19722], Gill 1999:2567 [ref. 24817], Gill in Randall & Lim 2000:611 [ref. 25122], Allen 2000:99 [ref. 25868], Allen & Adrim 2003:33 [ref. 26830], Gill & Edwards 2003:6 [ref. 27432], Allen & Erdmann 2012:321 [ref. 31980]). Current status: Valid as Pseudoplesiops annae (Weber 1913). Pseudochromidae: Pseudoplesiopinae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Eastern Indonesia and Papua New Guinea to the Philippines and Soloman Islands, north to Ryukyu Islands, south to Vanuatu, Great Barrier Reef (Australia) and the Coral Sea. Habitat: marine.

atrofasciatus, Dampieria Herre [A. W. C. T.] 1933:17 [Copeia 1933 (no. 1); ref. 2106] Culion Island, Philippines. Holotype (unique): CAS-SU 25518. Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:69 [ref. 12291]. •Valid as Labracinus atrofasciatus (Herre 1933) -- (Gill 1999:2566 [ref. 24817], Gill in Randall & Lim 2000:611 [ref. 25122], Allen 2000:98 [ref. 25868], Gill 2004:24 [ref. 27767], Allen & Erdmann 2012:326 [ref. 31980]). Current status: Valid as Labracinus atrofasciatus (Herre 1933). Pseudochromidae: Pseudochrominae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Philippines. Habitat: marine.

auratus, Chlidichthys Lubbock [R.] 1975:152, Pl. 3b [Journal of Zoology (London) v. 176 (pt 1); ref. 7439] Port Sudan Harbor, Sudan, Red Sea. Holotype: BMNH 1973.12.20.172. Paratypes: BMNH 1973.12.20.173-179 (7), 1973.12.20.180 (1); BPBM 16411 (1); HUJ 6759 (1); USNM 211778-79 (4, 1). Additional material: 211781-83 (10, 12, 4). Type catalog: Golani 2006:25 [ref. 28840]. •Valid as Chlidichthys auratus Lubbock 1975 -- (Dor 1984:105 [ref. 29757], Goren & Dor 1994:28 [ref. 25356], Gill & Edwards 2004:7 [ref. 28143], DiBattista et al. 2015:21 [ref. 35706], Bogorodsky & Randall 2018:[5] 243 [ref. 36492], Golani & Fricke 2018:67 [ref. 36273]). Current status: Valid as Chlidichthys auratus Lubbock 1975. Pseudochromidae: Pseudoplesiopinae. Distribution: Red Sea, northwestern Indian Ocean: Gulf of Aden. Habitat: marine.

aurea, Pseudochromis Seale [A.] 1910:528 [The Philippine Journal of Science Section A v. 4 (no. 6) (for 1909); ref. 4000] [original locality] Sitanki Island, Jolo Archipelago, Philippines. Neotype. Paratypes: (numerous) AMS I.31423-001 [ex CAS-SU 28507] (1). Neotype designated by Gill 2004:117 [ref. 27767]. Holotype BMNH 4899 apparently destroyed. But apparently paratypes were available. •Synonym of Pseudochromis fuscus Müller & Troschel 1849 -- (Gill 1999:2574 [ref. 24817] as aureus, Gill 2004:114 [ref. 27767], Randall 2005:187 [ref. 28239], Fricke & Kulbicki 2006:329 [ref. 28867]). Current status: Synonym of Pseudochromis fuscus Müller & Troschel 1849. Pseudochromidae: Pseudochrominae. Habitat: marine.

aureolineatus, Pseudochromis Gill [A. C.] 2004:80, Fig. 31; Pl. 4H [Smithiana Monographs No. 1; ref. 27767] Moheli, off northwestern tip of Chissioua Magnougi, 12°23'30"S, 43°38'20"E, Federal Islamic Republic of Comores, depth 21-30 meters. Holotype: ROM 67394. Paratypes: SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 30719 (2). •Valid as Pseudochromis aureolineatus Gill 2004 -- (Gill & Zajonz 2011:21 [ref. 31637], Gill et al. 2012:57 [ref. 31745]). Current status: Valid as Pseudochromis aureolineatus Gill 2004. Pseudochromidae: Pseudochrominae. Distribution: Western Indian Ocean: Comoro Islands. Habitat: marine.

aurifrons, Pseudochromis Lubbock [R.] 1980:824, Fig. 2 [Revue Suisse de Zoologie v. 87 (no. 3); ref. 8695] East side of Basilisk passage, Port Moresby, Papua New Guinea, depth 25 meters. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1979.1.9.12. •Valid as Pseudochromis aurifrons Lubbock 1980 -- (Gill et al. 1996:99 [ref. 22908], Gill 1999:2566 [ref. 24817]). •Valid as "Pictichromis" aurifrons (Lubbock 1980) -- (Allen & Adrim 2003:33 [ref. 26830]). •Valid as Pictichromis aurifrons (Lubbock 1980) -- (Gill 2004:56 [ref. 27767], Allen et al. 2008:151 [ref. 29481], Allen & Erdmann 2012:328 [ref. 31980]). Current status: Valid as Pictichromis aurifrons (Lubbock 1980). Pseudochromidae: Pseudochrominae. Distribution: Papua New Guinea. Habitat: marine.

aurulentus, Pseudochromis Gill [A. C.] & Randall [J. E.] 1998:18, Fig. 1 [Revue française d'Aquariologie Herpétologie v. 25 (no. 1/2); ref. 23409] Off Turo Liu Point, northeast corner of Slawi Bay, Komodo Island, Indonesia, depth 14 meters. Holotype: BPBM 36506. Paratypes: WAM P.30957-001 (2). Type catalog: Moore et al. 2008:21 [ref. 30117]. •Valid as Pseudochromis aurulentus Gill & Randall 1998 -- (Gill 1999:2566 [ref. 24817], Allen & Adrim 2003:33 [ref. 26830], Gill 2004:81 [ref. 27767], Allen & Erdmann 2012:332 [ref. 31980], Gill & Senou 2016:298 [ref. 34801]). Current status: Valid as Pseudochromis aurulentus Gill & Randall 1998. Pseudochromidae: Pseudochrominae. Distribution: Indonesia. Habitat: marine.

bibulus, Wamizichthys Smith [J. L. B.] 1954:205, Fig. 3 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 12) v. 7 (no. 75) (art. 32); ref. 4091] Wamizi Island, East Africa, western Indian Ocean. Holotype: SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 144. Paratypes: SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 3616-19 (1, 1, 1, 3). •Valid as Chlidichthys bibulus (Smith 1954) -- (Lubbock 1977:14 [ref. 7039], Smith 1986:540 [ref. 5712], Gill & Edwards 2004:9 [ref. 28143], Gill & Zajonz 2011:5 [ref. 31637], Zajonz et al. 2019:72 [ref. 36871]). Current status: Valid as Chlidichthys bibulus (Smith 1954). Pseudochromidae: Pseudoplesiopinae. Distribution: Western Indian Ocean: East Africa to Socotra and Aldabra. Habitat: marine.

bicolor, Malacocanthus Tickell [S. R.] in Day 1888:791 [The fishes of India Suppl.; ref. 1082] Saddle Island, off Kyouk, Phool, Arrakan, Myanmar. Accepted as available although Day may not have intended as a valid variety. •Synonym of Pseudochromis coccinicauda (Tickell 1888) -- (Gill 2004:88 [ref. 27767] as bicolour). Current status: Synonym of Pseudochromis coccinicauda (Tickell 1888). Pseudochromidae: Pseudochrominae. Habitat: marine.

bitaeniata, Dampieria Fowler [H. W.] 1931:18, Fig. 4 [Bulletin of the United States National Museum No. 100, v. 11; ref. 1407] Galera Bay, Philippines. Holotype: USNM 89990. Paratypes: USNM 144578 (1). •Valid as Pseudochromis bitaeniatus (Fowler 1931) -- (Paxton et al. 1989:519 [ref. 12442], Randall et al. 1990:126 [ref. 15987], Allen 1997:96 [ref. 23977], Randall et al. 1997:126 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:121 [ref. 23965], Gill 1999:2566 [ref. 24817], Gill in Randall & Lim 2000:611 [ref. 25122], Allen 2000:99 [ref. 25868], Hutchins 2001:30 [ref. 25847], Allen & Adrim 2003:33 [ref. 26830], Gill 2004:83 [ref. 27767], Gill & Allen 2004:5 [ref. 27841], Gill et al. 2006:1067 [ref. 29084], Allen & Erdmann 2012:332 [ref. 31980], Gill et al. 2017:338 [ref. 35650], Fricke et al. 2019:128 [ref. 36673]). Current status: Valid as Pseudochromis bitaeniatus (Fowler 1931). Pseudochromidae: Pseudochrominae. Distribution: Southeastern Indian Ocean, western Pacific: Indonesia and Papua New Guinea to Philippines, Palau, Solomon Islands and Australia. Habitat: marine.

cacatuoides, Chlidichthys Gill [A. C.] & Randall [J. E.] 1994:13, Figs. 2-3 [Revue française d'Aquariologie Herpétologie v. 21 (no. 1/2); ref. 21600] Al Hallaniyah (Kuria Muria) Islands, off southwestern side of Sawda Island, southern Oman, Arabian Sea. Holotype: BPBM 36048. Paratypes: BMNH 1994.4.19.1 (1), BPBM 36314 (1). •Valid as Chlidichthys cacatuoides Gill & Randall 1994 -- (Randall 1995:144 [ref. 22896], Gill & Edwards 2002:23 [ref. 26562], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S105 [ref. 27377], Gill & Edwards 2004:11 [ref. 28143], Gill & Zajonz 2011:6 [ref. 31637], Zajonz et al. 2019:72 [ref. 36871]). Current status: Valid as Chlidichthys cacatuoides Gill & Randall 1994. Pseudochromidae: Pseudoplesiopinae. Distribution: Northwestern Indian Ocean: Socotra, southern Oman. Habitat: marine.

caitlinae, Pictichromis Allen [G. R.], Gill [A. C.] & Erdmann [M. V.] 2008:147, Figs. 2-4 [aqua, International Journal of Ichthyology v. 13 (nos 3-4); ref. 29481] Rumberpon Village, 3°53.757'S, 134°06.738'E, Cenderawasih Bay, Papua Barat Province, Indonesia, elevation 22 meters. Holotype: NCIP 6325. Paratypes: NCIP 6325 (1), USNM 390774 (3), WAM P.32890-001 (3). •Valid as Pictichromis caitlinae Allen, Gill & Erdmann 2008 -- (Allen & Erdmann 2012:329 [ref. 31980]). Current status: Valid as Pictichromis caitlinae Allen, Gill & Erdmann 2008. Pseudochromidae: Pseudochrominae. Distribution: West Papua, Indonesia. Habitat: marine.

capensis, Porogrammus Gilchrist [J. D. F.] & Thompson [W. W.] 1916:57, Fig. [Marine Biological Report South Africa 1914-1918 (pt 3) (art. 5); ref. 5602] Simons Bay and False Bay, South Africa. Syntypes: (3). •Synonym of Halidesmus scapularis Günther 1872 -- (Winterbottom 1986:729 [ref. 5728]). Current status: Synonym of Halidesmus scapularis Günther 1872. Pseudochromidae: Congrogadinae. Habitat: marine.

caudalis, Pseudochromis Boulenger [G. A.] 1898:134 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 7) v. 2 (no. 8) (art. 20); ref. 14680] Karachi, Pakistan. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1898.6.29.75. •Valid as Pseudochromis caudalis Boulenger 1898 -- (Lubbock 1975:126 [ref. 7439], Lubbock 1976:169 [ref. 7350], Gill & Mee 1993:54 [ref. 21008], Gill & Randall 1994:16 [ref. 21600], Randall 1995:141 [ref. 22896], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S105 [ref. 27377], Gill 2004:86 [ref. 27767], Gill & Zajonz 2011:9 [ref. 31637], Allen & Erdmann 2012:333 [ref. 31980], Eagderi et al. 2019:98 [ref. 37020]). Current status: Valid as Pseudochromis caudalis Boulenger 1898. Pseudochromidae: Pseudochrominae. Distribution: Northern Indian Ocean: Oman and Persian Gulf east to Myanmar. Habitat: marine.

cerasina, Pholidochromis Gill [A. C.] & Tanaka [H.] 2004:18, Fig. 1 [Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington v. 117 (no. 1); ref. 27766] Talisei [= Talisse], Sulawesi, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): USNM 136954. •Valid as Pholidochromis cerasina Gill & Tanaka 2004 -- (). Current status: Valid as Pholidochromis cerasina Gill & Tanaka 2004. Pseudochromidae: Pseudochrominae. Distribution: Indonesia and Philippines., Habitat: marine.

chagosensis, Chlidichthys Gill [A. C.] & Edwards [A. J.] 2004:14, Figs. 1B, 2B, 5, Pls. 1F, 2A [Smithiana. Publications in Aquatic Biodiversity Bull. 3; ref. 28143] About 700 meters off jetty near Bamburi (5°25'36"S, 71°45'53"E), Isle Du Coin, Peros Banhos Atoll, Chagos Archipelago [Indian Ocean], depth 25 meters. Holotype: ROM 72506. Paratypes: AMS I.23653-003 ( c&s); BMNH 1908.3.23.96 (1), 1986.2.3.3-8 (6), 1986.2.3.22-30 (9); ROM 857CS (3, c&s), 46322 (2), 72507 (5); USNM 212266 (1), 212268 (1). •Valid as Chlidichthys chagosensis Gill & Edwards 2004. Current status: Valid as Chlidichthys chagosensis Gill & Edwards 2004. Pseudochromidae: Pseudoplesiopinae. Distribution: Indian Ocean: Chagos Archipelago. Habitat: marine.

chrysospilus, Pseudochromis Gill [A. C.] & Zajonz [U.] 2011:7, Figs. 4-5 [Zootaxa No. 3106; ref. 31637] Southwest coast of Socotra Island, Ras Qatanin Bay, Socotra Archipelago, 12°21'17"N, 53°32'39"E, depth 8-11 meters. Holotype: SMF 29234. Paratypes: AMS I.45575-001 (1); NHCY-P 4 (4); SMF 29207 (4), 33400 (3), 33552-57 (1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1). •Valid as Pseudochromis chrysospilus Gill & Zajonz 2011 -- (Zajonz et al. 2019:72 [ref. 36871]). Current status: Valid as Pseudochromis chrysospilus Gill & Zajonz 2011. Pseudochromidae: Pseudochrominae. Distribution: Northwestern Indian Ocean: Socotra Archipelago, Socotra Island. Habitat: marine.

clibanarius, Chlidichthys Gill [A. C.] & Edwards [A. J.] 2004:15, Fig. 4, Pl. 2B [Smithiana. Publications in Aquatic Biodiversity Bull. 3; ref. 28143] 100 meters west of hotel, 50 meters offshore, Andilana Beach (14°43'S, 50°57'E), Nosy Bé, Madagascar, depth 0.3-2.5 meters. Holotype: AMS I.28113-063. Paratypes: ANSP 158208 (1); BMNH 2001.5.2.1-3 (3); ROM 1735CS (2, c&s), 72494 (2), 72508 (1), 72945-46 (1, 4); SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 30717 (12), 34627 (2), 52883 (2), 52936 (8); USNM 264216 (1). •Valid as Chlidichthys clibanarius Gill & Edwards 2004 -- (Fricke et al. 2018:159 [ref. 35805]). Current status: Valid as Chlidichthys clibanarius Gill & Edwards 2004. Pseudochromidae: Pseudoplesiopinae. Distribution: Western Indian Ocean: Comoro Islands, northern Madagascar and Aldabra. Habitat: marine.

coccinicauda, Malacocanthus Tickell [S. R.] in Day 1888:791 [The fishes of India Suppl.; ref. 1082] Saddle Island, off Kyouk, Phool, Myanmar. Accepted as available although Day may not have intended as a valid variety. •Valid as Pseudochromis coccinicauda (Tickell 1888) -- (Gill & Winterbottom 1993:5 [ref. 21256], Gill & Allen 1996:36 [ref. 22220], Gill 1999:2566 [ref. 24817], Allen & Adrim 2003:33 [ref. 26830], Gill 2004:88 [ref. 27767], Allen & Erdmann 2012:333 [ref. 31980]). Current status: Valid as Pseudochromis coccinicauda (Tickell 1888). Pseudochromidae: Pseudochrominae. Distribution: Eastern Indian Ocean from Laccadive Islands to Andaman Sea, southern Sumatra and Java and Bali. Habitat: marine.

coccus, Halidesmus Winterbottom [R.] & Randall [J. E.] 1994:753, Figs. 4-5 [Canadian Journal of Zoology v. 72 (no. 4); ref. 22087] Rocky pools at western side of Rahah Bay, 16°57'N, 54°49'E, south coast, Oman, Jordan, depth 0-2 meters. Holotype: BPBM 35447. Paratypes: BPBM 35734 (7), ROM 66324 (5). •Valid as Halidesmus coccus Winterbottom & Randall 1994 -- (Randall 1995:144 [ref. 22896], Gill & Zajonz 2003:57 [ref. 26796], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S105 [ref. 27377], Gill & Zajonz 2011:22 [ref. 31637]). Current status: Valid as Halidesmus coccus Winterbottom & Randall 1994. Pseudochromidae: Congrogadinae. Distribution: Oman. Habitat: marine.

colei, Pseudochromis Herre [A. W. C. T.] 1933:18 [Copeia 1933 (no. 1); ref. 2106] Culion Island, Philippines. Holotype (unique): CAS-SU 30974. Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:70 [ref. 12291]. •Valid as Pseudochromis colei Herre 1933 -- (Gill & Randall 1992:44 [ref. 19707], Gill 1999:2566 [ref. 24817], Gill in Randall & Lim 2000:611 [ref. 25122], Gill 2004:91 [ref. 27767], Gill & Allen 2011:57 [ref. 31364], Gill et al. 2012:35 [ref. 31768], Allen & Erdmann 2012:333 [ref. 31980]). Current status: Valid as Pseudochromis colei Herre 1933. Pseudochromidae: Pseudochrominae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Philippines. Habitat: marine.

collare, Pseudoplesiops Gill [A. C.], Randall [J. E.] & Edwards [A. J.] 1991:76, Figs. 1-4 [Revue française d'Aquariologie Herpétologie v. 18 (no. 3); ref. 19722] Reef off Pertamina dock, east of Maumere, Flores, Indonesia, depth 33 meters. Holotype: BPBM 34564. Paratypes: ZMA 112451 (1). The paratype also is a paralectotype of Nematochromis annae Weber 1913. •Valid as Pseudoplesiops collare Gill, Randall & Edwards 1991 -- (Gill & Edwards 1999:145 [ref. 24077], Gill 1999:2567 [ref. 24817], Allen & Adrim 2003:33 [ref. 26830], Gill & Edwards 2003:6 [ref. 27432], Allen & Erdmann 2012:321 [ref. 31980]). Current status: Valid as Pseudoplesiops collare Gill, Randall & Edwards 1991. Pseudochromidae: Pseudoplesiopinae. Distribution: Indonesia. Habitat: marine.

cometes, Pseudochromis Gill [A. C.] & Randall [J. E.] 1998:19, Fig. 2 [Revue française d'Aquariologie Herpétologie v. 25 (no. 1/2); ref. 23409] East of Turo Liu Point (8°36'S, 119°31'06"E), Komodo Island, Indonesia, depth 18 meters. Holotype (unique): BPBM 31545. •Valid as Pseudochromis cometes Gill & Randall 1998 -- (Gill 1999:2566 [ref. 24817], Allen & Adrim 2003:33 [ref. 26830], Gill 2004:93 [ref. 27767], Allen & Erdmann 2012:334 [ref. 31980]). Current status: Valid as Pseudochromis cometes Gill & Randall 1998. Pseudochromidae: Pseudochrominae. Distribution: Indonesia [holotype]. Habitat: marine.

coralensis, Pictichromis Gill [A. C.] 2004:59, Fig. 22; Pl. 4A [Smithiana Monographs No. 1; ref. 27767] Lihou Reef, Great Barrier Reef, Australia, depth 2-25 meters. Holotype: AMS I.20779-174. Paratypes: AMNH 211953 (3); AMS I.15684-018 (1), I.17466-019 (1), I.18204-001 (1), I.18277-001 (1), I.20206-036 (2), I.20779-229 (1), 22508-004 (1), I.22580-004 (4), I.22613-008 (3, 1 c&s), I.22620-010 (3), I.22637-015 (1), I.22640-003 (1), I.25107-009 (7), I.25112-021 (2); BMNH 1933.8.12.28 (1), 1983.3.25.192-193 (2), 1983.3.25.194 (1), 1983.3.25.196.(1); NTM S.10552-007 (1); ROM 72057 (16); QM I.16046 (1); WAM P.29638-006 (1). Type catalog: Moore et al. 2008:21 [ref. 30117]. •Valid as Pictichromis coralensis Gill 2004 -- (Randall 2005:186 [ref. 28239], Gill et al. 2006:1066 [ref. 29084], Allen et al. 2008:153 [ref. 29481], Randall & Schultz 2009:170 [ref. 30558]). Current status: Valid as Pictichromis coralensis Gill 2004. Pseudochromidae: Pseudochrominae. Distribution: Southwestern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

cyanotaenia, Pseudochromis Bleeker [P.] 1857:72 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 13 (no. 1); ref. 16866] Kajeli, Buru Island, Molucca Islands, Indonesia. Syntypes: (2) RMNH 5926 (2 of 6). Type information: Gill 1995:245 [ref. 22086]. •Valid as Pseudochromis cyanotaenia Bleeker 1857 -- (Hayashi in Masuda et al. 1984:139 [ref. 6441], Randall et al. 1990:127 [ref. 15987], Gill & Winterbottom 1993:5 [ref. 21256], Gill 1995:245 [ref. 22086], Gill & Allen 1996:36 [ref. 22220], Shibukawa & Iwata 1997:297 [ref. 23223], Allen 1997:94 [ref. 23977], Kuiter 1997:126 [ref. 25488], Randall et al. 1997:127 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:121 [ref. 23965], Gill 1999:2573 [ref. 24817], Johnson 1999:731 [ref. 25471], Nakabo 2000:736 [ref. 25086], Gill in Randall & Lim 2000:611 [ref. 25122], Allen 2000:99 [ref. 25868], Hutchins 2001:30 [ref. 25847], Nakabo 2002:736 [ref. 26001], Allen & Adrim 2003:33 [ref. 26830], Myers & Donaldson 2003:622 [ref. 27495], Shibukawa et al. in Kimura & Matsuura 2003:57 [ref. 27510], Randall et al. 2004:13 [ref. 27624], Gill 2004:94 [ref. 27767], Gill et al. 2006:1067 [ref. 29084], Motomura et al. 2010:101 [ref. 31256], Allen & Erdmann 2012:334 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2014:66 [ref. 33932], Koeda et al. 2016:30 [ref. 35333], Koeda et al. 2016:4 [ref. 35354], Fricke et al. 2019:128 [ref. 36673]). Current status: Valid as Pseudochromis cyanotaenia Bleeker 1857. Pseudochromidae: Pseudochrominae. Distribution: Eastern Indian Ocean, western Pacific: Indonesia east to Kiribati (Gilbert Islands) and Vanuatu, north to Ryukyu Islands (southern Japan), south to Coral Sea and New Caledonia. Habitat: marine.

cyclophthalmus, Cichlops Müller [J.] & Troschel [F. H.] 1849:24, Pl. 4 (fig. 1) [Horae Ichthyologicae No. 3; ref. 3073] Sunda Sea, Indonesia. Syntypes: ZMB 639 (1) Sunda Sea, 31723 (1) Sulawesi. •Valid as Dampieria cyclophthalma (Müller & Troschel 1849) -- (Hayashi in Masuda et al. 1984:140 [ref. 6441]). •Valid as Labracinus cyclophthalmus (Müller & Troschel 1849) -- (Allen 1997:96 [ref. 23977], Gill 1999:2571 [ref. 24817], Nakabo 2000:734 [ref. 25086], Gill in Randall & Lim 2000:611 [ref. 25122], Allen 2000:99 [ref. 25868], Iwatsuki et al. 2000:98 [ref. 26368] as cyclophthalma, Hutchins 2001:30 [ref. 25847], Nakabo 2002:734 [ref. 26001], Allen & Adrim 2003:33 [ref. 26830], Adrim et al. 2004:120 [ref. 27715], Gill 2004:26 [ref. 27767], Gill et al. 2006:1064 [ref. 29084], Motomura et al. 2010:101 [ref. 31256] as cyclophthalma, Ho & Shao 2011:42 [ref. 31432], Allen & Erdmann 2012:324 [ref. 31980], Larson et al. 2013:105 [ref. 32988], Koeda et al. 2016:30 [ref. 35333], Koeda et al. 2016:4 [ref. 35354], Fricke et al. 2019:128 [ref. 36673]). Current status: Valid as Labracinus cyclophthalmus (Müller & Troschel 1849). Pseudochromidae: Pseudochrominae. Distribution: Eastern Indian Ocean, western Pacific: Indonesia east to New Ireland (Papua New Guinea), north to Ryukyu Islands, south to northwestern Australia. Habitat: marine.

desmonotus, Assiculoides Gill [A. C.] & Hutchins [J. B.] 1997:45, Figs. 1-6 [Revue française d'Aquariologie Herpétologie v. 24 (no. 1/2); ref. 22931] Vansittart Bay, reef flat to east of Long Island, 13°59'S, 126°20'E, Western Australia, depth 0.1-0.3 meters. Holotype: WAM P.31085-009. Paratypes: BMNH 1996.10.29.8-11 (4); BPBM 37392 (1); CSIRO H 4427-01 (1); NTM S.14381-001 (1); QM I.30763 (1); ROM 70516 (1); SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 53924 (1); USNM 343601 (1); WAM P.30321-021 (9), P.30898-008 (7), P.30908-003 (1), P.30910-009 (6), P.30916-008 (1), P.30929-008 (10, 2 c&s), P.31078-006 (6), P.31084-003 (2), P.31085-037 (5), P.31097-021 (2). Type catalog: Moore et al. 2008:21 [ref. 30117]. •Valid as Assiculoides desmonotus Gill & Hutchins 1997 -- (Hutchins 2001:30 [ref. 25847], Gill 2004:11 [ref. 27767], Gill et al. 2006:1063 [ref. 29084], Gill 2013:133 [ref. 32907]). Current status: Valid as Assiculoides desmonotus Gill & Hutchins 1997. Pseudochromidae: Assiculoidinae. Distribution: Australia: Western Australia. Habitat: marine.

diadema, Pseudochromis Lubbock [R.] & Randall [J. E.] 1978:37, Fig. 1 [Revue française d'Aquariologie Herpétologie v. 5 (no. 2); ref. 8808] Pulau Tulai, near Pulau Tioman, western Malaysia, depth 15 meters. Holotype: BPBM 20854. Paratypes: BMNH 1978.5.31.1 (1). •Valid as Pseudochromis diadema Lubbock & Randall 1978 -- (Gill et al. 1996:99 [ref. 22908], Allen 1997:96 [ref. 23977], Chen et al. 1997:148 [ref. 24620], Gill 1999:2566 [ref. 24817], Gill in Randall & Lim 2000:611 [ref. 25122], Allen 2000:99 [ref. 25868], Adrim et al. 2004:120 [ref. 27715]). •Valid as "Pictochromis" diadema (Lubbock & Randall 1978) -- (Allen & Adrim 2003:33 [ref. 26830]). •Valid as Pictichromis diadema (Lubbock & Randall 1978) -- (Gill 2004:61 [ref. 27767], Allen et al. 2008:153 [ref. 29481], Allen & Erdmann 2012:329 [ref. 31980]). Current status: Valid as Pictichromis diadema (Lubbock & Randall 1978). Pseudochromidae: Pseudochrominae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Malay Peninsula, Borneo and Philippines. Habitat: marine.

diademus, Haliophis Winterbottom [R.] & Randall [J. E.] 1994:751, Figs. 1-2 [Canadian Journal of Zoology v. 72 (no. 4); ref. 22087] Mhalah, 17°5.7'N, 55°7.4'E, south coast, Oman, Jordan, depth 8 meters. Holotype: BPBM 35448. Paratypes: ROM 67739 (1). •Valid as Haliophis diademus Winterbottom & Randall 1994 -- (Randall 1995:145 [ref. 22896], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S105 [ref. 27377]). Current status: Valid as Haliophis diademus Winterbottom & Randall 1994. Pseudochromidae: Congrogadinae. Distribution: Oman. Habitat: marine.

dilectus, Pseudochromis Lubbock [R.] 1976:172, Fig. 2 [Journal of Natural History v. 10 (no. 2); ref. 7350] Station Reef, Trincomalee, Sri Lanka. Holotype: BMNH 1973.12.20.238. Paratypes: AMS I.18170-001 (1); BMNH 1973.12.20.239-240 (2), 1973.12.20.242-246 (5), 1975.2.12.1 (1); BPBM 18037 (1); SMF 12991 (1); USNM 212215-16 (2, 1). •Valid as Pseudochromis dilectus Lubbock 1976 -- (Gill 2004:97 [ref. 27767]). Current status: Valid as Pseudochromis dilectus Lubbock 1976. Pseudochromidae: Pseudochrominae. Distribution: Sri Lanka. Habitat: marine.

dinar, Pictichromis Randall [J. E.] & Schultz [J. K.] 2009:173, Figs. 4-5 [aqua, International Journal of Ichthyology v. 15 (no. 4); ref. 30558] Western side off Parigi, 0.495°S, 120.10°E, Gulf of Tormini, Sulawesi, Indonesia, 18-25 meters. Holotype: BPBM 40976. Paratypes: AMS I.44801-001 (1); MZB 17173 (1); USNM 395097 (1); WAM P.33078-001 (1). •Similar to and possibly a synonym of P. paccagnellae or valid as Pictichromis dinar Randall & Schultz 2009 -- (Allen & Erdmann 2012:329 [ref. 31980]). Current status: Valid as Pictichromis dinar Randall & Schultz 2009. Pseudochromidae: Pseudochrominae. Distribution: Sulawesi, Indonesia. Habitat: marine.

dixurus, Pseudochromis Lubbock [R.] 1975:130, Pl. 1a [Journal of Zoology (London) v. 176 (pt 1); ref. 7439] Port Sudan harbor, Sudan, Red Sea. Holotype: BMNH 1973.12.20.21. Paratypes: BMNH 1973.12.20.22-26 (5), 1973.12.20.27-28 (2); BPBM 16409 (1); HUJ 6761 (1); USNM 211764 (2). Type catalog: Golani 2006:26 [ref. 28840]. •Valid as Pseudochromis dixurus Lubbock 1975 -- (Dor 1984:106 [ref. 29757], Goren & Dor 1994:28 [ref. 25356], Gill 2004:99 [ref. 27767], Bogorodsky & Randall 2018:[5] 243 [ref. 36492], Golani & Fricke 2018:68 [ref. 36273], Zajonz et al. 2019:72 [ref. 36871]). Current status: Valid as Pseudochromis dixurus Lubbock 1975. Pseudochromidae: Pseudochrominae. Distribution: Red Sea, northwestern Indian Ocean: Gulf of Aden, Socotra. Habitat: marine.

dutoiti, Pseudochromis Smith [J. L. B.] 1955:145, Fig. 1 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 12) v. 8 (no. 86) (art. 18); ref. 12474] North end of Bazaruto Island, 25°30'S, 35°31'E, Mozambique, western Indian Ocean. Holotype: SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 164. Paratypes: SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 795 (7), SMF 9503 (1). •Valid as Pseudochromis dutoiti Smith 1955 -- (Lubbock 1975:142 [ref. 7439], Lubbock 1977:4 [ref. 7039], Smith 1986:540 [ref. 5712], Randall 1995:141 [ref. 22896], Gill 2004:101 [ref. 27767], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:177 [ref. 28072], Gill & Zajonz 2011:19 [ref. 31637], Fricke et al. 2018:160 [ref. 35805]). Current status: Valid as Pseudochromis dutoiti Smith 1955. Pseudochromidae: Pseudochrominae. Distribution: Western Indian Ocean: South and East Africa, Madagascar and Seychelles to Pakistan. Habitat: marine.

eichleri, Pseudochromis Gill [A. C.], Allen [G. R.] & Erdmann [M. V.] 2012:33, Fig. 5 [Zootaxa No. 3165; ref. 31768] Off southeast tip of Galoc Island, 11°57'N, 119°50'E, Calamianes Group, Philippine Islands, depth 10-20 meters. Holotype: WAM P.31398-014. Paratypes: AMS I.45651-001 (1); WAM P.32997-001 (1), P.33003-006 (2). •Valid as Pseudochromis eichleri Gill, Allen & Erdmann 2012 -- (Allen & Erdmann 2012:334 [ref. 31980]). Current status: Valid as Pseudochromis eichleri Gill, Allen & Erdmann 2012. Pseudochromidae: Pseudochrominae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Philippines. Habitat: marine.

elongatus, Pseudochromis Lubbock [R.] 1980:826, Fig. 3 [Revue Suisse de Zoologie v. 87 (no. 3); ref. 8695] Northwestern side of Ambon Island, about 2 kilometers east of Sawa Telu, Molucca Islands, Indonesia, depth 0-7.5 meters. Holotype: USNM 210273. Paratypes: AMS I.20172-001 (1); BMNH 1979.1.9.13 (1); BPBM 22521 (1); MHNG 2023.70 (1); USNM 210020 (3), 210135 (4). •Valid as Pseudochromis elongatus Lubbock 1980 -- (Gill 1999:2566 [ref. 24817], Allen & Adrim 2003:33 [ref. 26830], Shibukawa et al. in Kimura & Matsuura 2003:57 [ref. 27510], Gill 2004:103 [ref. 27767], Gill & Williams 2011:49 [ref. 31698], Allen & Erdmann 2012:335 [ref. 31980]). Current status: Valid as Pseudochromis elongatus Lubbock 1980. Pseudochromidae: Pseudochrominae. Distribution: Eastern Indonesia. Habitat: marine.

encryptes, Hierichthys Jordan [D. S.] & Fowler [H. W.] 1902:744, Fig. 1 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 25 (no. 1303); ref. 2459] Myiako Island, Ryukyu Islands, Japan. Holotype (unique): CAS-SU 7120 [Ishikawa No. 613]. Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:95 [ref. 12291]. •Synonym of Congrogadus subducens (Richardson 1843) -- (Kottelat 2013:328 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Congrogadus subducens (Richardson 1843). Pseudochromidae: Congrogadinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

ephippiatus, Pseudochromis Gill [A. C.], Pyle [R. L.] & Earle [J. L.] 1996:98, Fig. 1 [Revue française d'Aquariologie Herpétologie v. 23 (no. 3/4); ref. 22908] Milne Bay, Papua New Guinea, 10°14'30"S, 150°57'18"E, depth 30 meters. Holotype: BPBM 37006. Paratypes: BPBM 36978 (1). •Valid as Pseudochromis ephippiatus Gill, Pyle & Earle 1996 -- (Gill 1999:2566 [ref. 24817]). •Valid as "Picticrhomis" ephipiata (Gill, Pyle & Earle 1996) -- (Allen & Adrim 2003:33 [ref. 26830]). •Valid as Pictichromis ephippiata (Gill, Pyle & Earle 1996) -- (Gill 2004:62 [ref. 27767], Allen & Erdmann 2012:330 [ref. 31980]). Current status: Valid as Pictichromis ephippiata (Gill, Pyle & Earle 1996). Pseudochromidae: Pseudochrominae. Distribution: Papua New Guinea and Sulawesi (Indonesia). Habitat: marine.

erdmanni, Pseudochromis Gill [A. C.] & Allen [G. R.] 2011:58, Figs. 1-3 [Zootaxa No. 2924; ref. 31364] Fringing reef, Loloda Selatan, Pulau Taunalu, 1°40.4488'N, 127°31.720'E, Halmahera, North Maluku Province, Indonesia, depth 66 meters. Holotype: NCIP 6344. Paratypes: AMS I.45740-001 (1); NCIP 6345 (3); WAM P.32911-002 (2), P.33082-002 (1). Plus photographed specimens. •Valid as Pseudochromis erdmanni Gill & Allen 2011 -- (Gill et al. 2012:31 [ref. 31768], Allen & Erdmann 2012:335 [ref. 31980]). Current status: Valid as Pseudochromis erdmanni Gill & Allen 2011. Pseudochromidae: Pseudochrominae. Distribution: Molucca Islands and West Papua, Indonesia. Habitat: marine.

everetti, Pseudochromis Lange [J.] 1986 Not investigated. •Nomen nudum -- (Gill 2004:62 [ref. 27767]). Pseudochromidae: Pseudochrominae.

explicitus, Rusichthys Winterbottom [R.] 1996:582, Fig. 1 [Canadian Journal of Zoology v. 74 (no. 3); ref. 22147] Northeast of Hoon's Bay, Caly's Reef, rock cleft, Oman, depth 27 meters. Holotype: BPBM 35886. Paratypes: ROM 1555CS (1, c&s), 68794 (1). •Valid as Rusichthys explicitus Winterbottom 1996 -- (Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S105 [ref. 27377]). Current status: Valid as Rusichthys explicitus Winterbottom 1996. Pseudochromidae: Congrogadinae. Distribution: Oman. Habitat: marine.

filamentosus, Cichlops Macleay [W.] 1881:570 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 5 (pt 4); ref. 2869] Port Darwin, Northern Territory, Australia. Syntypes: (several) AMS I.16326-001 [ex MAMU F497 in part] (7), I.16326-002 [ex MAMU F497 in part] (2), I.18388-001 [ex AMS I.16326-001] (1). Type catalog: Stanbury 1969:207 [ref. 19518]. •Synonym of Pseudochromis punctatus (Richardson 1846) -- (Paxton et al. 1989:520 [ref. 12442]). •Synonym of Assiculus punctatus Richardson 1846 -- (Larson & Williams 1997:355 [ref. 23967], Gill 2004:14 [ref. 27767], Gill et al. 2006:1063 [ref. 29084], Larson et al. 2013:105 [ref. 32988]). Current status: Synonym of Assiculus punctatus Richardson 1846. Pseudochromidae: Pseudochrominae. Habitat: marine.

flammicauda, Pseudochromis Lubbock [R.] & Goldman [B.] 1976:57, Fig. 1 [Journal of Natural History v. 10 (no. 1); ref. 7349] One Tree Island, Capricorn Group, Great Barrier Reef, Australia. Holotype: AMS I.17445-001. Paratypes: AMS I.15486-036 (1), I.17045-002 (1); BMNH 1975.2.12.3 (1); USNM 214108 (1). •Valid as Pseudochromis flammicauda Lubbock & Goldman 1976 -- (Paxton et al. 1989:519 [ref. 12442], Randall et al. 1990:128 [ref. 15987], Gill & Winterbottom 1993:5 [ref. 21256], Kuiter 1997:126 [ref. 25488], Randall et al. 1997:128 [ref. 25919], Gill 1999:2566 [ref. 24817], Gill 2004:104 [ref. 27767], Gill et al. 2006:1067 [ref. 29084], Gill et al. 2009:48 [ref. 30129]). Current status: Valid as Pseudochromis flammicauda Lubbock & Goldman 1976. Pseudochromidae: Pseudochrominae. Distribution: Eastern Australia. Habitat: marine.

flavipinnis, Labracinus Seale [A.] 1910:530 [The Philippine Journal of Science Section A v. 4 (no. 6) (for 1909); ref. 4000] Zamboanga, Mindanao, Philippines. Holotype (unique): BSMP 4410 (apparently destroyed). •Synonym of Pseudochromis tapeinosoma Bleeker 1853 -- (Gill 2004:176 [ref. 27767]). Current status: Synonym of Pseudochromis tapeinosoma Bleeker 1853. Pseudochromidae: Pseudochrominae. Habitat: marine.

flavivertex, Pseudochromis Rüppell [W. P. E. S.] 1835:9, Pl. 2 (fig. 4) [Neue Wirbelthiere zu der Fauna von Abyssinien gehörig. Fische des Rothen Meeres; ref. 3844] Massawa, Eritrea, Red Sea. Lectotype: SMF 1527. Paralectotypes: SMF 8144 (1). Lectotype selected by Lubbock 1975:136 [ref. 7439]. •Valid as Pseudochromis flavivertex Rüppell 1835 -- (Lubbock 1975:134 [ref. 7439], Dor 1984:106 [ref. 29757], Goren & Dor 1994:28 [ref. 25356], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S105 [ref. 27377], Gill 2004:106 [ref. 27767], Bogorodsky & Randall 2018:[16] 254 [ref. 36492], Golani & Fricke 2018:68 [ref. 36273]). Current status: Valid as Pseudochromis flavivertex Rüppell 1835. Pseudochromidae: Pseudochrominae. Distribution: Red Sea endemic. Habitat: marine.

flavopunctatus, Pseudochromis Gill [A. C.] & Randall [J. E.] 1998:20, Fig. 3 [Revue française d'Aquariologie Herpétologie v. 25 (no. 1/2); ref. 23409] Islet at 8°31'42"S, 119°37'50"E, east coast of Komodo Island, Indonesia, depth 15 meters. Holotype: BPBM 31539. Paratypes: AMS I.29534-001 (1, c&s); BPBM 32417 (3), 36507 (3). •Valid as Pseudochromis flavopunctatus Gill & Randall 1998 -- (Gill 1999:2566 [ref. 24817], Allen & Adrim 2003:33 [ref. 26830], Gill 2004:109 [ref. 27767], Gill et al. 2012:57 [ref. 31745], Allen & Erdmann 2012:335 [ref. 31980]). Current status: Valid as Pseudochromis flavopunctatus Gill & Randall 1998. Pseudochromidae: Pseudochrominae. Distribution: Indonesia. Habitat: marine.

foudioides, Chlidichthys Gill [A. C.] & Edwards [A. J.] 2004:17, Fig. 3, Pls. 2C-D [Smithiana. Publications in Aquatic Biodiversity Bull. 3; ref. 28143] Baladirou (19°39'43"S, 63°27'27"E), Rodrigues Island, Mascarenes, southwestern Indian Ocean, depth 20 meters. Holotype: SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 67438. Paratypes: AMS I.43170-001 (1); ASU 18578 (1, c&s); BMNH 2003.6.26.1 (1); ROM 73620 (1); SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 67432 (4), 67440 (6), 67442 (9), 69251 (4); USNM 372275 (1). •Valid as Chlidichthys foudioides Gill & Edwards 2004. Current status: Valid as Chlidichthys foudioides Gill & Edwards 2004. Pseudochromidae: Pseudoplesiopinae. Distribution: Western Indian Ocean: Rodrigues (Mascarenes endemic). Habitat: marine.

fowleri, Pseudochromis Herre [A. W. C. T.] 1934:45 [Notes on fishes in the Zoological Museum of Stanford University. 1. The fishes of the Herre Philippine expedition of 1931.; ref. 2108] Tide pool near Dumaguete, Oriental Negros, Philippines. Holotype (unique): CAS-SU 28510. Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:70 [ref. 12291]. •Valid as Pseudochromis fowleri Herre 1934 -- (Gill 1999:2566 [ref. 24817], Gill in Randall & Lim 2000:611 [ref. 25122], Allen & Adrim 2003:33 [ref. 26830], Gill & Tanaka 2004:21 [ref. 27766], Gill 2004:110 [ref. 27767], Gill et al. 2012:59 [ref. 31745], Allen & Erdmann 2012:336 [ref. 31980]). Current status: Valid as Pseudochromis fowleri Herre 1934. Pseudochromidae: Pseudochrominae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Philippines and Northern Borneo. Habitat: marine.

fridmani, Pseudochromis Klausewitz [W.] 1968:444, Figs. 1-3 [Senckenbergiana Biologica v. 49 (no. 6); ref. 7899] Coral reef south of Eilat, Israel, Gulf of Aqaba, Red Sea. Holotype: SMF 9435. Paratypes: HUJ 4744 (3); SMF 9514 (1), 9515 (1), 9517-18 (2). Type catalog: Golani 2006:26 [ref. 28840]. •Valid as Pseudochromis fridmani Klausewitz 1968 -- (Lubbock 1975:147 [ref. 7439], Dor 1984:106 [ref. 29757], Goren & Dor 1994:28 [ref. 25356], Gill 2004:111 [ref. 27767], DiBattista et al. 2015:19 [ref. 35706], Bogorodsky & Randall 2018:[5] 243 [ref. 36492], Golani & Fricke 2018:68 [ref. 36273]). Current status: Valid as Pseudochromis fridmani Klausewitz 1968. Pseudochromidae: Pseudochrominae. Distribution: Red Sea endemic. Habitat: marine.

frontale, Ophidium Ehrenberg [C. G.] in Rüppell 1829:49 [Atlas zu der Reise im nördlichen Africa. Fische des Rothen Meeres; ref. 3843] Not available, name only. Pseudochromidae: Congrogadinae.

fuligifinis, Pseudochromis Gill [A. C.] & Williams [J. T.] 2011:50, Figs. 1-4 [Zootaxa No. 3140; ref. 31698] Verde Island, easternmost point on southeastern side where rocks emerge from hot water, 13°31.97'N, 121°06.18'E, Mindoro Province, Philippines, depth 27-30 meters. Holotype: PNM 15177. Paratypes: AMS I.40141-002 (1); ASU 19098 (1), 19099 (1, c&s); FMNH 120316 (1), 120317 (3); USNM 382745 (2), 383121 (1), 383122 (1). •Valid as Pseudochromis fuligifinis Gill & Williams 2011 -- (Allen & Erdmann 2012:342 [ref. 31980]). Current status: Valid as Pseudochromis fuligifinis Gill & Williams 2011. Pseudochromidae: Pseudochrominae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Philippines. Habitat: marine.

fuscus, Pseudochromis Müller [J.] & Troschel [F. H.] 1849:23, Pl. 4 (fig. 2) [Horae Ichthyologicae No. 3; ref. 3073] Sulawesi, Indonesia. No types known. •Valid as Pseudochromis fuscus Müller & Troschel 1849 -- (Lubbock 1976:169 [ref. 7350], Allen & Swainston 1988:60 [ref. 25477], Paxton et al. 1989:519 [ref. 12442], Randall et al. 1990:127 [ref. 15987], Shibukawa & Iwata 1997:297 [ref. 23223], Allen 1997:94 [ref. 23977], Kuiter 1997:126 [ref. 25488], Randall et al. 1997:127 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:121 [ref. 23965], Gill 1999:2574 [ref. 24817], Johnson 1999:731 [ref. 25471], Nakabo 2000:734 [ref. 25086], Gill in Randall & Lim 2000:611 [ref. 25122], Allen 2000:99 [ref. 25868], Hutchins 2001:30 [ref. 25847], Nakabo 2002:734 [ref. 26001], Allen & Adrim 2003:33 [ref. 26830], Shibukawa et al. in Kimura & Matsuura 2003:57 [ref. 27510], Adrim et al. 2004:120 [ref. 27715], Gill & Tanaka 2004:21 [ref. 27766], Gill 2004:113 [ref. 27767], Randall 2005:187 [ref. 28239], Gill et al. 2006:1068 [ref. 29084], Allen & Erdmann 2012:336 [ref. 31980], Larson et al. 2013:106 [ref. 32988], Fricke et al. 2014:66 [ref. 33932], Fricke et al. 2019:128 [ref. 36673]). Current status: Valid as Pseudochromis fuscus Müller & Troschel 1849. Pseudochromidae: Pseudochrominae. Distribution: Eastern Indian Ocean, western Pacific: Sri Lanka east to western Caroline Islands and Vanuatu, north to Ryukyu and Ogasawara islands, south to Western Australia, Queensland (Australia) and New Caledonia. Habitat: marine.

guttata, Muraena Forsskål [P. S.] in Niebuhr 1775:x, 22 [Descriptiones animalium (Forsskål); ref. 1351] Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, Red Sea. No types known. Authorship according to Fricke 2008:30 [ref. 30182]. •Valid as Haliophis guttatus (Forsskål 1775) -- (Dor 1984:232 [ref. 29757], Winterbottom 1986:24 [ref. 5727], Winterbottom & Randall 1994:751 [ref. 22087], Goren & Dor 1994:28 [ref. 25356], Randall 1995:145 [ref. 22896], Fricke 1999:215 [ref. 24106], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S105 [ref. 27377], Fricke 2008:30 [ref. 30182], Fricke et al. 2009:49 [ref. 30213], Fricke et al. 2018:160 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:68 [ref. 36273], Arndt & Fricke 2019:27 [ref. 36883], Zajonz et al. 2019:72 [ref. 36871]). Current status: Valid as Haliophis guttatus (Forsskål 1775). Pseudochromidae: Congrogadinae. Distribution: Red Sea; western Indian Ocean: East Africa, Socotra, Comoro Islands, Madagascar, Réunion and Mauritius (western Mascarenes). Habitat: marine.

hellmuthii, Cichlops Bleeker [P.] 1854:329 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 6 (no. 2); ref. 343] Larantuka, Flores Island, Lesser Sunda Islands, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): RMNH 5999. Bleeker specimens: RMNH 31183 (1). Type information: Gill 1995:245 [ref. 22086]. •Synonym of Labracinus cyclophthalmus (Müller & Troschel 1849) -- (Gill 1995:245 [ref. 22086], Gill 1999:2571 [ref. 24817], Gill 2004:27 [ref. 27767]). Current status: Synonym of Labracinus cyclophthalmus (Müller & Troschel 1849). Pseudochromidae: Pseudochrominae. Habitat: marine.

hexagonata, Halimuraena Smith [J. L. B.] 1952:92, Fig. 2A; Pl. 6 (figs. A-C) [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 12) v. 5 (no. 49) (art. 11); ref. 4082] Baixo Pinda, Mozambique, western Indian Ocean. Holotype: SAIAB [formerly RUSI]. Paratypes: BMNH 1952.10.21.9-10 [ex SAIAB [formerly RUSI]] (2), SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 863-870 (35, 17, 21, 3, 1, 1, 10, 23). •Valid as Halimuraena hexagonata Smith 1952 -- (Winterbottom 1986:19 [ref. 5727], Fricke et al. 2018:159 [ref. 35805]). Current status: Valid as Halimuraena hexagonata Smith 1952. Pseudochromidae: Congrogadinae. Distribution: Western Indian Ocean: East Africa to Madagascar. Habitat: marine.

hierichthys, Congrogadus Jordan [D. S.] & Richardson [R. E.] 1908:285, Fig. 11 [Bulletin of the Bureau of Fisheries v. 27(Doc. 640) (for 1907); ref. 2492] Cuyo, Philippines. Holotype: CAS-SU 20208. Paratypes: USNM 61684 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:95 [ref. 12291]. •Valid as Congrogadus hierichthys Jordan & Richardson 1908 -- (Winterbottom 1986:13 [ref. 5727], Gill 1999:2566 [ref. 24817] as heirichthys, Gill et al. 2000:72 [ref. 25035], Gill in Randall & Lim 2000:611 [ref. 25122], Allen & Erdmann 2012:318 [ref. 31980]). Current status: Valid as Congrogadus hierichthys Jordan & Richardson 1908. Pseudochromidae: Congrogadinae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Sulu Sea, Philippines. Habitat: marine.

horsfieldii, Julis Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1839:486 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 13; ref. 1007] Thailand; Java, Indonesia. No types known. Type catalog: Bauchot 1963:74 [ref. 19171]. Original unpublished figure of holotype published in Gill & Randall 1999:95 [ref. 24270]. •Unused senior synonym of Labracinus cyclophthalmus (Müller & Troschel 1849) -- (Gill & Randall 1999:95 [ref. 24270]). •Synonym of Labracinus cyclophthalmus (Müller & Troschel 1849) -- (Parenti & Randall 2000:61 [ref. 24943], Gill 2004:26 [ref. 27767]). Current status: Synonym of Labracinus cyclophthalmus (Müller & Troschel 1849). Pseudochromidae: Pseudochrominae. Habitat: marine.

howensis, Pseudoplesiops Allen [G. R.] 1987:250, Figs. 1-2 [Records of the Western Australian Museum v. 13 (pt 2); ref. 6247] Lord Howe Island, 31°32'S, 159°04'E, depth 20-25 meters. Holotype: AMS I.17358-018. Paratypes: AMS I.17422-010 (1), I.17357-013 (3), I.17358-008 (2), I.17362-027 (1); BPBM 14925 (8), 14944 (4); WAM P.28622-001 (2). Type catalog: Hutchins & Smith 1991:20 [ref. 19335], Moore et al. 2008:21 [ref. 30117]. •Valid as Pseudoplesiops howensis Allen 1987 -- (Paxton et al. 1989:521 [ref. 12442], Francis 1993:160 [ref. 25479], Gill 1999:2567 [ref. 24817], Randall 2005:188 [ref. 28239], Allen et al. 2006:1071 [ref. 29085]). Current status: Valid as Pseudoplesiops howensis Allen 1987. Pseudochromidae: Pseudoplesiopinae. Distribution: Southwestern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

howsoni, Pseudochromis Allen [G. R.] 1995:83, Figs. 1-2 [Revue française d'Aquariologie Herpétologie v. 21 (no. 3/4) [for 1994]; ref. 21615] Base of outer reef dropoff at northeastern corner of Ashmore Reef, Timor Sea, about 12°11'S, 123°07'E, depth 23 meters. Holotype: WAM P.30840-001. Paratypes: WAM P.30840-004 (1). Type catalog: Moore et al. 2008:21 [ref. 30117]. •Valid as Pseudochromis howsoni Allen 1995 -- (Allen 1997:96 [ref. 23977], Gill 1999:2566 [ref. 24817], Hutchins 2001:30 [ref. 25847], Gill 2004:120 [ref. 27767], Gill et al. 2006:1068 [ref. 29084], Gill & Allen 2011:62 [ref. 31364], Gill et al. 2012:31 [ref. 31768]). Current status: Valid as Pseudochromis howsoni Allen 1995. Pseudochromidae: Pseudochrominae. Distribution: Timor Sea and North West Shelf of Australia. Habitat: marine.

ignita, Dampieria Scott [T. D.] 1959:75, Fig. 1 [Transactions Royal Society of South Australia v. 82; ref. 12026] Shark Bay, Western Australia. Holotype (unique): SAMA F2997. Type catalog: Glover 1976:172 [ref. 19449]. •Synonym of Labracinus lineatus (Castelnau 1875) -- (Gill 2004:31 [ref. 27767], Gill et al. 2006:1064 [ref. 29084]). Current status: Synonym of Labracinus lineatus (Castelnau 1875). Pseudochromidae: Pseudochrominae. Habitat: marine.

immaculatus, Pseudoplesiops Gill [A. C.] & Edwards [A. J.] 2002:20, Figs. 1-2 [Bulletin of the Natural History Museum London (Zoology) v. 68 (no. 1); ref. 26562] Coral gutter, western end of Raine Island, Great Barrier Reef, 11°36'S, 144°01'E, depth 2-20 meters. Holotype: AMS I.20757-069. Paratypes: AMS I.17090-043 (1), I.17094-013 to 014 (1 ea.), I.17096-008 (1), I.20756-014 (1, c&s), I.20756-124 (2), I.20757-039 (1), I.20757-091 (3), I.20784-040 (2), I.21972-004 (1), I.22616-044 (1), I.22619-025 (1); ANSP 131727-28 (2, 1), 178041 (1); ASIZT 57016 (1), 56991 (1); BMNH 1974.5.25.973 (1); CAS 58686 (2); MNHN 1994-45 (1); QM I.15527 (2); RMNH 31188 (1); SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 35701 (1); USNM 209591 (3), 209965 (1), 290118 (6), 290327 (5), 290437 (1), 290749 (3), 290791 (1), 290808 (1), 291609 (1), 292031 (1), 322986 (1), 322994 (1), 328198 (1), 356587 (1), 357981 (1), 358382 (1); WAM P.26083-041 (1), P.26085-030 (1), P.26093-015 (1), P.26104-005 (1), P.26107-004 (1), P.26113-003 (2), P.27825-034 (3), P.29626-001 (1), P.29927-004 (1). Type catalog: Moore et al. 2008:21 [ref. 30117], Ho & Shao 2011:43 [ref. 31432]. •Valid as Pseudoplesiops immaculatus Gill & Edwards 2002 -- (Gill & Edwards 2003:6 [ref. 27432], Allen et al. 2006:1071 [ref. 29085], Ho & Shao 2011:43 [ref. 31432], Allen & Erdmann 2012:321 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2014:67 [ref. 33932], Koeda et al. 2017:56 [ref. 36669]). Current status: Valid as Pseudoplesiops immaculatus Gill & Edwards 2002. Pseudochromidae: Pseudoplesiopinae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Maldives and Christmas Island (eastern Indian Ocean) east to Philippines, north to southern Japan, south to Great Barrier Reef (Queensland, Australia). Habitat: marine.

inornatus, Chlidichthys Lubbock [R.] 1976:169, Fig. 1 [Journal of Natural History v. 10 (no. 2); ref. 7350] Lively Rocks, Trincomalee, Sri Lanka [Indian Ocean]. Holotype: BMNH 1973.12.20.247. Paratypes: AMS I.18169-001 (1); BMNH 1908.3.23.96 (1), 1973.12.20.248-251 (4); BPBM 18039 (1); SMF 12990 (1); USNM 212264-68 (2, 1, 1, 1, 1). •Valid as Chlidichthys inornatus Lubbock 1976 -- (Winterbottom et al. 1989:28 [ref. 13251], Gill & Edwards 2004:19 [ref. 28143]). Current status: Valid as Chlidichthys inornatus Lubbock 1976. Pseudochromidae: Pseudoplesiopinae. Distribution: Indian Ocean: Maldives, Sri Lanka. Habitat: marine.

isostigma, Halimuraenoides Maugé [A. L.] & Bardach [J. E.] 1985:382, Fig. 4 [Cybium v. 9 (no. 4); ref. 5162] Toliara barrier reef [Tuléar], southwest coast of Madagascar. Holotype: MNHN 1985-0240. Paratypes: MNHN 1985-0241 (16), ROM 46134 (2), USNM 269769 (1). Type catalog: Bauchot & Desoutter 1987:86 [ref. 12478], Fricke et al. 2018:159 [ref. 35805]. •Valid as Halimuraenoides isostigma Maugé & Bardach 1985 -- (Winterbottom 1986:23 [ref. 5727], Fricke et al. 2018:159 [ref. 35805]). Current status: Valid as Halimuraenoides isostigma Maugé & Bardach 1985. Pseudochromidae: Congrogadinae. Distribution: Western Indian Ocean: southwestern Madagascar endemic. Habitat: marine.

jace, Pseudochromis Allen [G. R.], Gill [A. C.] & Erdmann [M. V.] 2008:156, Figs. 1-2 [aqua, International Journal of Ichthyology v. 13 (nos 3-4); ref. 29482] Northwest entrance to Selat Iris, 3°53.757'S, 134°06.638'E, Triton Bay, Papua Barat Province, Indonesia, depth 52 meters. Holotype: NCIP 6320. Paratypes: USNM 390773 (1), WAM.32891-001 (1). Treated as a noun in apposition. •Valid as Pseudochromis jace Allen, Gill & Erdmann 2008 -- (Allen & Erdmann 2012:337 [ref. 31980], Gill et al. 2017:338 [ref. 35650]). Current status: Valid as Pseudochromis jace Allen, Gill & Erdmann 2008. Pseudochromidae: Pseudochrominae. Distribution: West Papua and Halmahera, Indonesia. Habitat: marine.

jamali, Manonichthys Allen [G. R.] & Erdmann [M. V.] 2007:542, Figs. 1-3 [Zoological Studies v. 46 (no. 5); ref. 29403] Northwestern side of Pulau Tumbu Tumbu, 4°19.386'S, 133°30.026'E, Irian Jaya Barat Province, Indonesia, depth 8-12 meters. Holotype: NCIP 6318. Paratypes: BPBM 40507 (2), CAS 224635 (2), NICP 6319 (2), USNM 389145 (2), WAM P.32854-001. •Valid as Manonichthys jamali Allen & Erdmann 2007 -- (Gill & Williams 2011:56 [ref. 31698], Allen & Erdmann 2012:325 [ref. 31980]). Current status: Valid as Manonichthys jamali Allen & Erdmann 2007. Pseudochromidae: Pseudochrominae. Distribution: West Papua, Indonesia. Habitat: marine.

jamesi, Pseudochromis Schultz [L. P.] 1943:116, Fig. 10 [Bulletin of the United States National Museum No. 180; ref. 3957] Reef of Rose Island, American Samoa. Holotype: USNM 115704. Paratypes: MCZ 37274 [ex USNM 115705] (1); USNM 115705 (orig. 2, now 1), 115743 (1). •Valid as Pseudochromis jamesi Schultz 1943 -- (Paxton et al. 1989:519 [ref. 12442], Randall et al. 1990:128 [ref. 15987], Gill & Winterbottom 1993:5 [ref. 21256], Randall et al. 1997:128 [ref. 25919], Randall et al. 2004:13 [ref. 27624], Gill 2004:122 [ref. 27767], Randall 2005:187 [ref. 28239], Gill et al. 2006:1068 [ref. 29084], Gill et al. 2009:48 [ref. 30129], Allen & Erdmann 2012:337 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2019:129 [ref. 36673]). Current status: Valid as Pseudochromis jamesi Schultz 1943. Pseudochromidae: Pseudochrominae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Great Barrier Reef (Australia), Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands to New Caledonia, Fiji, Tonga and Samoa. Habitat: marine.

japonicus, Cichlops Gill [T. N.] 1859:147 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 11; ref. 1762] Japan. Holotype (unique): USNM 135673. •Synonym of Labracinus cyclophthalmus (Müller & Troschel 1849) -- (Gill 1999:2571 [ref. 24817], Gill 2004:27 [ref. 27767]). Current status: Synonym of Labracinus cyclophthalmus (Müller & Troschel 1849). Pseudochromidae: Pseudochrominae. Habitat: marine.

johnvoelckeri, Chlidichthys Smith [J. L. B.] 1953:518, Pl. 107 (fig. 408a) [The sea fishes of southern Africa. Revised enlarged edition; ref. 19760] Pemba Island, Tanzania, western Indian Ocean, depth about 30-40 fathoms. Lectotype: SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 163. Paralectotypes: (2) SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 797 (1). Also appeared in more detail in Smith 1954:203, Fig. 2 [ref. 4091]. Lectotype established by Smith 1954:203 (see Gill & Edwards 2004:22 [ref. 28143]). •Valid as Chlidichthys johnvoelckeri Smith 1953 -- (Lubbock 1977:13 [ref. 7039], Dor 1984:105 [ref. 29757], Smith 1986:540 [ref. 5712], Goren & Dor 1994:28 [ref. 25356], Gill & Edwards 2004:20 [ref. 28143]). Current status: Valid as Chlidichthys johnvoelckeri Smith 1953. Pseudochromidae: Pseudoplesiopinae. Distribution: Western Indian Ocean: East Africa (Tanzania, Mozambique) and Comoro Islands. Habitat: marine.

kenyae, Anisochromis Smith [J. L. B.] 1954:300, Fig. 1; Pl. 6 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 12) v. 7 (no. 76) (art. 42); ref. 4092] Malindi, Kenya, western Indian Ocean. Holotype: SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 149. Paratypes: SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 148 (1), 854-857 (68, 3, 2, 2); USNM 216415 [ex RUSI 854] (6). •Valid as Anisochromis kenyae Smith 1954 -- (Smith 1986:539 [ref. 5712], Fricke 1999:214 [ref. 24106] [but not this species], Gill & Fricke 2001:195 [ref. 25684], Fricke et al. 2018:159 [ref. 35805]). Current status: Valid as Anisochromis kenyae Smith 1954. Pseudochromidae: Anisochrominae. Distribution: Western Indian Ocean: East Africa to Comoros and northern Madagascar. Habitat: marine.

kikaii, Pseudochromis Aoyagi [H.] 1941:44, Fig. 2 [Annotationes Zoologicae Japonenses v. 20 (no. 1); ref. 12996] Kikai Island, Oshima County, Kagoshima Prefecture, Japan. Holotype: YCM-P 6886 [ex Okada sp. no. 4000]. Paratypes: (9). Type catalog: Shibata et al. 2011:13 [ref. 31469]. Type information: Hayashi 1995:13 [ref. 22717]. Use of "type" regarded as holotype designation. •Synonym of Pseudochromis cyanotaenia Bleeker 1857 -- (Gill 1999:2573 [ref. 24817], Gill 2004:95 [ref. 27767]). Current status: Synonym of Pseudochromis cyanotaenia Bleeker 1857. Pseudochromidae: Pseudochrominae. Habitat: marine.

knighti, Pseudoplesiops Allen [G. R.] 1987:253, Figs. 3-4 [Records of the Western Australian Museum v. 13 (pt 2); ref. 6247] Number 8 Ribbon Reef, Great Barrier Reef, Queensland, Australia, 14°58'S, 145°44'E, depth 25-40 meters. Holotype: WAM P.28534-001. Paratypes: AMS I.18739-063 (7), I.18740-070 (2), I.19454-034 (1), I.19472-119 (11), I.19472-126 (1), I.20775-008 (2), I.21316-018 (1), I.22640-002 (1); BPBM 30930 (2); QM I.22340 (2); ROM 40459 (2), 40479 (2), 45993 (2); USNM 278457 (1); WAM P.25322-004 (1), P.27826-067 (5), P.28531-004 (3), P.28533-013 (3), P.28534-002 (3), P.28535-015 (2). Type catalog: Hutchins & Smith 1991:20 [ref. 19335], Moore et al. 2008:22 [ref. 30117]. •Valid as Pseudoplesiops knighti Allen 1987 -- (Paxton et al. 1989:521 [ref. 12442], Randall et al. 1990:130 [ref. 15987], Randall et al. 1997:130 [ref. 25919], Gill 1999:2567 [ref. 24817], Gill in Randall & Lim 2000:611 [ref. 25122], Allen 2000:99 [ref. 25868]). •Valid as Amsichthys knighti (Allen 1987) -- (Gill & Edwards 1999:146 [ref. 24077], Hutchins 2001:30 [ref. 25847], Allen & Adrim 2003:33 [ref. 26830], Allen et al. 2006:1070 [ref. 29085] Allen & Erdmann 2012:319 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2014:66 [ref. 33932], Koeda et al. 2016:30 [ref. 35333], Fricke et al. 2019:127 [ref. 36673]). Current status: Valid as Amsichthys knighti (Allen 1987). Pseudochromidae: Pseudoplesiopinae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Eastern Indonesia and Papua New Guinea to the Philippines and Solomon Islands; Great Barrier Reef (Australia) and Coral Sea. Habitat: marine.

kolythrus, Pseudochromis Gill [A. C.] & Winterbottom [R.] 1993:2, Fig. 1 [American Museum Novitates No. 3082; ref. 21256] Cave in Récif Mbere, north of Passe de Dumbéa, 22°19'10"S, 167°12'45"E, New Caledonia, depth 18.3-30.5 meters. Holotype: ROM 65061. •Valid as Pseudochromis kolythrus Gill & Winterbottom 1993 -- (Gill 1999:2566 [ref. 24817], Gill 2004:125 [ref. 27767], Gill et al. 2009:48 [ref. 30129]). Current status: Valid as Pseudochromis kolythrus Gill & Winterbottom 1993. Pseudochromidae: Pseudochrominae. Distribution: New Caledonia. Habitat: marine.

kristinae, Pseudochromis Gill [A. C.] 2004:126, Fig. 47; Pl. 8E [Smithiana Monographs No. 1; ref. 27767] Fort Jesus, Mombasa, Kenya, depth 12-25 meters. Holotype: BMNH 1975.2.12.19. Paratypes: AMS I.28113-074 (1); BMNH 1975.2.12.14-15 (2), 1975.2.12.16-18 (3), 975.2.12.20-24 (5); BPBM 27335 (1); LACM 31005-45 (4, 1 c&s); MNHN B.2692 (1); ROM 72058 (2), 72059 (2); SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 3610 (1), 7610 (2), 9806 (1), 9933 (1), 46567 (2); SMF 12659 (2); USNM 212281 (6). Plus non-type material. •Valid as Pseudochromis kristinae Gill 2004 -- (Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:177 [ref. 28072], Gill et al. 2009:48 [ref. 30129], Fricke et al. 2018:160 [ref. 35805]). Current status: Valid as Pseudochromis kristinae Gill 2004. Pseudochromidae: Pseudochrominae. Distribution: Western Indian Ocean: South and East Africa to Comoros and northern Madagascar. Habitat: marine.

lepopareia, Halimuraena Winterbottom [R.] 1980:400, Fig. 2 [Copeia 1980 (no. 3); ref. 8643] Southwestern end of Pamanzi Island, Comoro Islands, Indian Ocean, 12°48'24"S, 45°17'42"E. Holotype: USNM 218850. Paratypes: BMNH 1978.10.20.1-2 (2), CAS 41792 (2), ROM 34749 (1), USNM 218851 (13, 2 c&s). •Valid as Halimuraena lepopareia Winterbottom 1980 -- (Winterbottom 1986:21 [ref. 5727], Fricke et al. 2018:159 [ref. 35805]). Current status: Valid as Halimuraena lepopareia Winterbottom 1980. Pseudochromidae: Congrogadinae. Distribution: Western Indian Ocean: Mozambique, Comoros and Madagascar to Mauritius (western Mascarenes). Habitat: marine.

leptus, Natalichthys Winterbottom [R.] 1980:8, Fig. 3 [Annals of the South African Museum v. 83 (pt 1); ref. 4756] Umhlangankulu River, KwaZulu-Natal, 30°04'10"S, 30°21'47"E, South Africa, southwestern Indian Ocean. Holotype: SAM 28938. Paratypes: SAM 28939 (1). •Valid as Natalichthys leptus Winterbottom 1980 -- (Winterbottom 1986:25 [ref. 5727], Winterbottom 1986:730 [ref. 5728], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:178 [ref. 28072]). Current status: Valid as Natalichthys leptus Winterbottom 1980. Pseudochromidae: Congrogadinae. Distribution: Western Indian Ocean: southern Africa. Habitat: brackish, marine.

leucorhynchus, Pseudochromis Lubbock [R.] 1977:6, Pls. 2B, 3B [Ichthyological Bulletin of the J. L. B. Smith Institute of Ichthyology No. 35; ref. 7039] Shela, Lamu, Kenya, depth 2-8 meters. Holotype: BMNH 1975.2.12.7. Paratypes: BMNH 1975.2.12.8-9 (2), BPBM 18038 (1), SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 3703 (1), SMF 12989 (1), USNM 214105 (1). •Valid as Pseudochromis leucorhynchus Lubbock 1977 -- (Gill & Mee 1993:55 [ref. 21008], Gill & Randall 1994:16 [ref. 21600], Randall 1995:141 [ref. 22896], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S105 [ref. 27377], Gill 2004:128 [ref. 27767], Gill & Zajonz 2011:11 [ref. 31637], Zajonz et al. 2019:72 [ref. 36871]). Current status: Valid as Pseudochromis leucorhynchus Lubbock 1977. Pseudochromidae: Pseudochrominae. Distribution: Western Indian Ocean. Habitat: marine.

linda, Pseudochromis Randall [J. E.] & Stanaland [B. E.] 1989:107, Figs. 1-4 [Revue française d'Aquariologie Herpétologie v. 15 (no. 4) [for 1988]; ref. 12853] Eastern side of Jana Island, Saudi Arabia, Persian Gulf, depth 2 meters. Holotype: BPBM 30487. Paratypes: AMS I.26715-001 (4); BMNH 1973.12.20.29-42 (14), 1973.12.20.44-55 (12); BPBM 30294 (2), 30296 (1), 30299 (1), 31031-33 (8, 5, 10); ROM 40003 (2), 40008 (3), 40016 (1); USNM 285460 (3). •Valid as Pseudochromis linda Randall & Stanaland 1989 -- (Gill & Mee 1993:56 [ref. 21008], Gill & Randall 1994:16 [ref. 21600], Randall 1995:142 [ref. 22896], Carpenter et al. 1997:147 [ref. 23922], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S105 [ref. 27377], Gill 2004:130 [ref. 27767], Gill & Zajonz 2011:12 [ref. 31637], Eagderi et al. 2019:98 [ref. 37020], Zajonz et al. 2019:72 [ref. 36871]). Current status: Valid as Pseudochromis linda Randall & Stanaland 1989. Pseudochromidae: Pseudochrominae. Distribution: Northwestern Indian Ocean: Gulf of Aden, Socotra Archipelago and Persian Gulf east to Pakistan. Habitat: marine.

lineata, Dampieria Castelnau [F. L.] 1875:30 [Official Record, containing Introduction, Catalogues, Official Awards of the Commissioners, Report and Recommendations of the Experts, and Essays and Statistics on the Social and Economic Resources of the Colony of Victoria.; ref. 768] Dampier Archipelago, Western Australia. Holotype (unique): MNHN B-2361 (dry). Type catalog: Bauchot & Desoutter 1987:86 [ref. 12478]. •Valid as Labracinus lineatus (Castelnau 1875) -- (Allen & Swainston 1988:60 [ref. 25477], Paxton et al. 1989:518 [ref. 12442], Allen 1997:94 [ref. 23977], Hutchins 2001:30 [ref. 25847], Gill 2004:31 [ref. 27767], Gill et al. 2006:1064 [ref. 29084]). Current status: Valid as Labracinus lineatus (Castelnau 1875). Pseudochromidae: Pseudochrominae. Distribution: Australia: Western Australia. Habitat: marine.

litus, Pseudochromis Gill [A. C.] & Randall [J. E.] 1998:22, Figs. 5-6 [Revue française d'Aquariologie Herpétologie v. 25 (no. 1/2); ref. 23409] Komodo Island, just east of Turo Liu Point (8°36'S, 119°31'06"E), Indonesia, depth 15-17 meters. Holotype: BPBM 35015. Paratypes: BPBM 32345 (1), 34078 (1), 34562 (1), 37379 (1); CAS 62176 (1). •Valid as Pseudochromis litus Gill & Randall 1998 -- (Gill 1999:2566 [ref. 24817], Allen & Adrim 2003:33 [ref. 26830], Gill 2004:132 [ref. 27767], Gill et al. 2012:57 [ref. 31745], Allen & Erdmann 2012:337 [ref. 31980], Gill & Senou 2016:298 [ref. 34801]). Current status: Valid as Pseudochromis litus Gill & Randall 1998. Pseudochromidae: Pseudochrominae. Distribution: Indonesia. Habitat: marine.

longipinnis, Dampieria Ogilby [J. D.] 1908:34 [Annals of the Queensland Museum No. 9 (pt 1); ref. 3285] Bowen, Queensland, Australia. Holotype: QM I.781. •Synonym of Pseudochromis queenslandiae (Saville-Kent 1893) -- (Paxton et al. 1989:520 [ref. 12442]). •Synonym of Ogilbyina queenslandiae (Saville-Kent 1893) -- (authors). •Synonym of Ogilbyina novaehollandiae (Steindachner 1879) -- (Gill 2004:44 [ref. 27767], Gill et al. 2006:1065 [ref. 29084]). Current status: Synonym of Ogilbyina novaehollandiae (Steindachner 1879). Pseudochromidae: Pseudochrominae. Habitat: marine.

lubbocki, Pseudoplesiops Edwards [A. J.] & Randall [J. E.] 1983:112, Fig. 1 [Revue française d'Aquariologie Herpétologie v. 9 (no. 4) [for 1982]; ref. 8353] Ras Abu-Galum, eastern side of Sinai Peninsula, Egypt, Gulf of Aqaba, Red Sea, depth 52-55 meters. Holotype: BPBM 28114. Paratypes: BMNH 1982.6.9.1-4 (4); BPBM 19699 (2), 28118-19 (1, 2); USNM 233899 (4). •Valid as Pseudoplesiops lubbocki Edwards & Randall 1983 -- (Goren & Dor 1994:29 [ref. 2356]). •Valid as Pectinochromis lubbocki (Edwards & Randall 1983) -- (Gill & Edwards 1999:147 [ref. 24077], Gill & Edwards 2004:29 [ref. 28143], Bogorodsky & Randall 2018:[5] 243 [ref. 36492], Golani & Fricke 2018:68 [ref. 36273]). Current status: Valid as Pectinochromis lubbocki (Edwards & Randall 1983). Pseudochromidae: Pseudoplesiopinae. Distribution: Red Sea endemic. Habitat: marine.

lugubris, Pseudochromis Gill [A. C.] & Allen [G. R.] 2004:2, Fig. 1 [Zootaxa No. 604; ref. 27841] Milne Bay, west of Wahawe Point, 10°16'S, 150°42'42"E, Papua New Guinea, cave in 6 meters. Holotype: BPBM 36253. Paratypes: AMS I.40685-001 (1), BMNH 2001.3.8.1 (1), USNM 364533 (1), WAM P.31355-015 (3 or 7). •Valid as Pseudochromis lugubris Gill & Allen 2004 -- (Allen & Erdmann 2012:338 [ref. 31980], Gill et al. 2017:338 [ref. 35650]). Current status: Valid as Pseudochromis lugubris Gill & Allen 2004. Pseudochromidae: Pseudochrominae. Distribution: Papua New Guinea. Habitat: marine.

luteus, Pseudochromis Aoyagi [H.] 1943:103, Pl. 25 (fig. 1) [Coral fishes. Part 1; ref. 17936] Kikai Island, Ryukyu Islands. Holotype (unique): not at YCM, apparently lost. Type information: Hayashi 1995:7 [ref. 22717]. •Valid as Pseudochromis luteus Aoyagi 1943 -- (Gill & Winterbottom 1993:5 [ref. 21256], Gill 1999:2566 [ref. 24817], Gill in Randall & Lim 2000:611 [ref. 25122], Gill 2004:134 [ref. 27767], Gill et al. 2009:48 [ref. 30129], Motomura et al. 2010:102 [ref. 31256], Allen & Erdmann 2012:338 [ref. 31980], Koeda et al. 2016:31 [ref. 35333]). Current status: Valid as Pseudochromis luteus Aoyagi 1943. Pseudochromidae: Pseudochrominae. Distribution: Western North Pacific: Philippines, Taiwan and Ryukyu Islands (southern Japan). Habitat: marine.

maculata, Muraena Lacepède [B. G. E.] 1800:265 [Histoire naturelle des poissons (Lacepède) v. 2; ref. 2709] Arabia. Unnecessary replacement name for Muraena guttata Forsskål 1775. Also appeared in Sonnini 1803:124 (vol. 6) [ref. 30473]. •Synonym of Haliophis guttatus (Forsskål 1775) based on status of guttatus. Current status: Synonym of Haliophis guttatus (Forsskål 1775). Pseudochromidae: Congrogadinae. Habitat: marine.

madagascariensis, Pseudochromis Gill [A. C.] 2004:136, Figs. 50 [Smithiana Monographs No. 1; ref. 27767] Antsiranana [Diego Suarez], Madagascar. Holotype: MNHN 1966-0066. Paratypes: MNHN 2000-1690 (4). Type catalog: Fricke et al. 2018:160 [ref. 35805]. •Valid as Pseudochromis madagascariensis Gill 2004 -- (Fricke et al. 2018:160 [ref. 35805]). Current status: Valid as Pseudochromis madagascariensis Gill 2004. Pseudochromidae: Pseudochrominae. Distribution: Western Indian Ocean: northern Madagascar endemic. Habitat: marine.

magnificus, Pseudochromis Lubbock [R.] 1977:3, Pls. 1 (A-B), 5 (A-B) [Ichthyological Bulletin of the J. L. B. Smith Institute of Ichthyology No. 35; ref. 7039] Southwestern side of Raphael Island, Cargados Carajos shoals, western Indian Ocean. Holotype: SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 1901. Paratypes: BMNH 1975.2.12.6 (1); BPBM 18036 (1); SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 1902 (1); USNM 214109 (1), 216137 (6). •Valid as Pseudochromis magnificus Lubbock 1977 -- (Gill 2004:137 [ref. 27767]). Current status: Valid as Pseudochromis magnificus Lubbock 1977. Pseudochromidae: Pseudochrominae. Distribution: Western Indian Ocean. Habitat: marine.

malayanus, Haliophis Weber [M.] 1909:145 [Notes from the Leyden Museum v. 31 (note 4); ref. 4600] Jedan Island, Aru Islands, Arafura Sea, Indonesia, depth 13 meters. Syntypes: ZMA 112577 (8). Type catalog: Nijssen et al. 1982:94 [ref. 19236]. •Valid as Congrogadus malayanus (Weber 1909) -- (Winterbottom 1986:9 [ref. 5727], Gill 1999:2566 [ref. 24817], Gill et al. 2000:72 [ref. 25035], Allen & Adrim 2003:33 [ref. 26830], Hoese & Gill 2006:1060 [ref. 29083], Allen & Erdmann 2012:318 [ref. 31980]). Current status: Valid as Congrogadus malayanus (Weber 1909). Pseudochromidae: Congrogadinae. Distribution: TorresStrait (Australia) and southern Indonesia (Aru Islands). Habitat: marine.

marginatus, Pseudochromis Lubbock [R.] 1980:829, Fig. 4 [Revue Suisse de Zoologie v. 87 (no. 3); ref. 8695] Madang harbour, Massas Island, opposite end of Sek Island, Papua New Guinea. Holotype: AMS I.17087-009. Paratypes: AMS I.16671-043 (1), BMNH 1979.1.9.14 (1), BPBM 15762 (1). •Valid as Pseudochromis marginatus Lubbock 1980 -- (Gill 1999:2566 [ref. 24817], Gill & Tanaka 2004:17 [ref. 27766]). •Valid as Pholidochromis marginata (Lubbock 1980) -- (Gill 2004:53 [ref. 27767], Allen & Erdmann 2012:328 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2014:66 [ref. 33932]). Current status: Valid as Pholidochromis marginata (Lubbock 1980). Pseudochromidae: Pseudochrominae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Northern Sulawesi (Indonesia); Madang and Bougainville (Papua New Guinea). Habitat: marine.

marmoratus, Stenophus Castelnau [F. L.] 1875:27 [Official Record, containing Introduction, Catalogues, Official Awards of the Commissioners, Report and Recommendations of the Experts, and Essays and Statistics on the Social and Economic Resources of the Colony of Victoria.; ref. 768] Gulf of Carpentaria, Queensland, Australia. Holotype (unique): MNHN A-6717. Type catalog: Bauchot 1967:40 [ref. 20734], Bauchot & Desoutter 1987:87 [ref. 12478]. •Synonym of Congrogadus subducens (Richardson 1843) -- (Kottelat 2013:328 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Congrogadus subducens (Richardson 1843). Pseudochromidae: Congrogadinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

marshallensis, Pseudochromis aurea Schultz [L. P.] in Schultz et al. 1953:392, Fig. 63 [Bulletin of the United States National Museum No. 202, v. 1; ref. 3975] Lagoon coral head off Rongelap Island, Rongelap Atoll, western Pacific. Holotype: USNM 140629. Paratypes: FMNH 62619-20 [ex USNM] (1, 1); USNM 140626-28 (2, 5, 3), 140630-38 (18, 1, 3, 1, 3, 2, 6, 4, 7), 140639 (orig. 21, now 20), 140640 (3), 142278 (1). Type catalog: Ibarra & Stewart 1987:71 [ref. 12367]. •Valid as Pseudochromis marshallensis Schultz 1953 -- (Allen & Swainston 1988:60 [ref. 25477], Paxton et al. 1989:519 [ref. 12442], Randall & McCosker 1989:10 [ref. 14263], Shibukawa & Iwata 1997:297 [ref. 23223], Allen 1997:94 [ref. 23977], Myers 1999:121 [ref. 23965], Gill 1999:2566 [ref. 24817], Nakabo 2000:735 [ref. 25086], Gill in Randall & Lim 2000:611 [ref. 25122], Hutchins 2001:30 [ref. 25847], Nakabo 2002:735 [ref. 26001], Allen & Adrim 2003:33 [ref. 26830], Gill 2004:139 [ref. 27767], Randall 2005:188 [ref. 28239], Gill et al. 2006:1068 [ref. 29084], Motomura et al. 2010:102 [ref. 31256], Gill et al. 2012:57 [ref. 31745], Allen & Erdmann 2012:338 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2014:66 [ref. 33932], Motomura et al. 2015:20 [ref. 34709], Gill & Senou 2016:300 [ref. 34801], Koeda et al. 2016:4 [ref. 35354], Fricke et al. 2019:129 [ref. 36673]). Current status: Valid as Pseudochromis marshallensis Schultz 1953. Pseudochromidae: Pseudochrominae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Vietnam east to Marshall Islands, north to southern Japan, south to Indonesia, Australia and New Caledonia. Habitat: marine.

mascarenensis, Anisochromis Gill [A. C.] & Fricke [R.] 2001:197, Figs. 1, 9-11 [Bulletin of the Natural History Museum London (Zoology) v. 67 (no. 2); ref. 25684] Reef lagoon, 11 kilometers southwest of Saint-Paul [21°04'40"S, 55°13'16"E], L'Hermitage-les-Bains, Les Filaos, Réunion, western Mascarenes, southwestern Indian Ocean, depth 0-0.5 meters. Holotype: SMNS 23037. Paratypes: BMNH 2001.3.8.2 (1); BPBM 16277 (1); MNHN 2000-0494 (1); SMNS 20933 (2), 21025 (4); USNM 364534 (1). Type catalog: Fricke 2005:55 [ref. 29864]. •Valid as Anisochromis mascarenensis Gill & Fricke 2001 -- (Fricke et al. 2009:49 [ref. 30213]). Current status: Valid as Anisochromis mascarenensis Gill & Fricke 2001. Pseudochromidae: Anisochrominae. Distribution: Western Indian Ocean: Réunion, Mauritius (western Mascarenes endemic). Habitat: marine.

matahari, Pseudochromis Gill [A. C.], Erdmann [M. V.] & Allen [G. R.] 2009:46, Fig. 1 [aqua, International Journal of Ichthyology v. 15 (no. 1); ref. 30129] North Tanjung Bobo, 1°02.641'N, 127°23.918'E, Halmahera, Indonesia, depth 35 meters. Holotype (unique): NCIP 6343. Name is a noun in apposition; the Indonesian word for sun. •Valid as Pseudochromis matahari Gill, Erdmann & Allen 2009 -- (Allen & Erdmann 2012:339 [ref. 31980]). Current status: Valid as Pseudochromis matahari Gill, Erdmann & Allen 2009. Pseudochromidae: Pseudochrominae. Distribution: West Papua, Indonesia. Habitat: marine.

mccullochi, Pseudochromis Myers [G. S.] 1932:30 [Copeia 1932 (no. 1); ref. 16383] Vanuatu. Holotype (unique): AMS IA.798. Based on Nesiotes purpurascens of McCulloch 1926:185, 188, Pl. 49. [ref. 2947] (not of De Vis). •Synonym of Cypho purpurascens (De Vis 1884) -- (Gill 1999:2570 [ref. 24817], Gill 2004:17 [ref. 27767], Randall 2005:186 [ref. 28239], Gill et al. 2006:1064 [ref. 29084], Fricke et al. 2011:387 [ref. 31242]). Current status: Synonym of Cypho purpurascens (De Vis 1884). Pseudochromidae: Pseudochrominae. Habitat: marine.

melanostigma, Dampieria Fowler [H. W.] 1931:16, Figs. 2-3 [Bulletin of the United States National Museum No. 100, v. 11; ref. 1407] Langao Point, Luzon Island, Philippines. Holotype: USNM 89989. Paratypes: ANSP 101790 (1), USNM 146416-23 (4, 1, 1, 2, 1, 1, 2, 1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:148 [ref. 13621], Ho & Shao 2011:42 [ref. 31432]. •Synonym of Labracinus cyclophthalmus (Müller & Troschel 1849) -- (Gill & Randall 1999:96 [ref. 24270], Gill 1999:2571 [ref. 24817], Gill 2004:27 [ref. 27767], Ho & Shao 2011:42 [ref. 31432]). Current status: Synonym of Labracinus cyclophthalmus (Müller & Troschel 1849). Pseudochromidae: Pseudochrominae. Habitat: marine.

melanotaenia, Cichlops Bleeker [P.] 1853:765 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 3 (no. 5); ref. 335] Makassar, Sulawesi, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): RMNH 5967. Bleeker specimens: BMNH 1880.4.21.139 (1); MNHN 0000-2360 (1), A-8848 (1); RMNH 31187. Type information: Gill 1995:243 [ref. 22086]. •Valid as Dampieria melanotaenia (Bleeker 1853) -- (Chen et al. 1997:53 [ref. 26476]). •Synonym of Labracinus cyclophthalmus (Müller & Troschel 1849) -- (Gill 1995:243 [ref. 22086], Gill & Randall 1999:96 [ref. 24270], Gill 1999:2571 [ref. 24817], Gill 2004:27 [ref. 27767]). •Valid as Labracinus melanotaenia (Bleeker 1853) -- (Allen & Adrim 2003:33 [ref. 26830]). Current status: Synonym of Labracinus cyclophthalmus (Müller & Troschel 1849). Pseudochromidae: Pseudochrominae. Habitat: marine.

melanotaenia, Pseudochromis Bleeker [P.] 1863:273 [Nederlandsch Tijdschrift voor de Dierkunde v. 1; ref. 399] Atapupu (Atupupu), Timor, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): RMNH 5963. Bleeker non-types: RMNH 31182 (1). Type information: Gill 1995:246 [ref. 22086]. •Valid as Pseudochromis melanotaenia Bleeker 1863 -- (Hayashi in Masuda et al. 1984:140 [ref. 6441]). •Synonym of Pseudochromis tapeinosoma Bleeker 1853 -- (Gill 1995:246 [ref. 22086], Gill 2004:176 [ref. 27767]). Current status: Synonym of Pseudochromis tapeinosoma Bleeker 1853. Pseudochromidae: Pseudochrominae. Habitat: marine.

melanotus, Pseudochromis Lubbock [R.] 1975:157 [Journal of Zoology (London) v. 176 (pt 1); ref. 7439] Coast of Somalia, Indian Ocean, 6°06'N, 49°05'E to 6°03'N, 49°02.8'E, Meteor station 123, depth 55-65 meters. Holotype (unique): ZMH 5025 [ex IOES 113]. Replacement name for Pseudochromis punctatus Kotthaus 1970, secondarily preoccupied in Pseudochromis by Assiculus punctatus Richardson 1846; but replacement name considered unnecessary (Art. 59.4). •Valid as Pseudochromis melanotus Lubbock 1975 -- (Lubbock 1977:7 [ref. 7039]). •Synonym of Pseudochromis punctatus Kotthaus 1970 -- (Gill 2004:162 [ref. 27767]). Current status: Synonym of Pseudochromis punctatus Kotthaus 1970. Pseudochromidae: Pseudochrominae. Habitat: marine.

melanurus, Pseudochromis Gill [A. C.] 2004:143, Fig. 34; Pls. 9F-G [Smithiana Monographs No. 1; ref. 27767] Southwest corner of Malolo Lailai, 17°47'S, 177°13'E, Fiji, depth 0.3 meters. Holotype: USNM 257165. Paratypes: AMS I.18361-019 (3); BMNH 1897.8.23.214 (1); ROM 1371CS (3, c&s), 46833 (2); USNM 257167 (13), 329737 (3), 333192 (2), 333894 (1), 334192 (3), 334246 (1), 359488 (7); WAM P.30792-001 (2). Plus non-type material. Type catalog: Moore et al. 2008:21 [ref. 30117]. •Valid as Pseudochromis melanurus Gill 2004. Current status: Valid as Pseudochromis melanurus Gill 2004. Pseudochromidae: Pseudochrominae. Distribution: Fiji and Tonga. Habitat: marine.

melas, Pseudochromis Lubbock [R.] 1977:8, Pls. 1D, 3A [Ichthyological Bulletin of the J. L. B. Smith Institute of Ichthyology No. 35; ref. 7039] Bottom of reef slope, eastern side of Wasin Island, Shimoni, Kenya, depth 15 meters. Holotype: BMNH 1975.2.12.5. Paratypes: USNM 214106 (1). •Valid as Pseudochromis melas Lubbock 1977 -- (Smith 1986:540 [ref. 5712], Randall 1995:143 [ref. 22896], Gill 2004:145 [ref. 27767], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:177 [ref. 28072], Gill & Zajonz 2011:21 [ref. 31637]). Current status: Valid as Pseudochromis melas Lubbock 1977. Pseudochromidae: Pseudochrominae. Distribution: Western Indian Ocean. Habitat: marine.

mooii, Pseudochromis Gill [A. C.] 2004:146, Figs. 52 [Smithiana Monographs No. 1; ref. 27767] Coral reef at Telak Slawi, Komodo Island, Indonesia, depth 0-1.2 meters. Holotype (unique): UF 110839. •Valid as Pseudochromis mooii Gill 2004 -- (Allen & Erdmann 2012:339 [ref. 31980]). Current status: Valid as Pseudochromis mooii Gill 2004. Pseudochromidae: Pseudochrominae. Distribution: Indonesia. Habitat: marine.

moorei, Pseudochromis Fowler [H. W.] 1931:39, Fig. 6 [Bulletin of the United States National Museum No. 100, v. 11; ref. 1407] Sulade Island, Philippines. Holotype: USNM 89993. Paratypes: USNM 144576-77 (1, 1). Appeared as mooii in Zoological Record for 2006. •Valid as Pseudochromis moorei Fowler 1931 -- (Gill & Randall 1992:44 [ref. 19707], Allen 1997:96 [ref. 23977], Gill 1999:2566 [ref. 24817], Allen 2000:99 [ref. 25868], Gill 2004:148 [ref. 27767], Gill & Allen 2011:62 [ref. 31364], Gill et al. 2012:31 [ref. 31768], Allen & Erdmann 2012:339 [ref. 31980]). Current status: Valid as Pseudochromis moorei Fowler 1931. Pseudochromidae: Pseudochrominae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Philippines. Habitat: marine.

muelleri, Pseudochromis Klunzinger [C. B.] 1879:256 [Anzeiger der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Wien, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe v. 16 (no. 22); ref. 18913] [Original holotype: SMNS 2579 -- Port Darwin, Northern Territory, Australia, lost.] Neotype: see Gill 2004. Type catalog: Fricke 1992:16 [ref. 20296], Fricke 2005:55-56 [ref. 29864] dated 1880. Name appeared as Mülleri in original. Also appeared in Klunzinger 1880:370 [46 of separate] [ref. 2624]. Neotype designated by Gill 2004:16 [ref. 27767]; holotype SMNS 2579 apparently lost. •Synonym of Pseudochromis punctatus (Richardson 1846) -- (Paxton et al. 1989:520 [ref. 12442]). •Synonym of Assiculus punctatus Richardson 1846 -- (Larson & Williams 1997:355 [ref. 23967] as mulleri, Gill 2004:14 [ref. 27767] as mülleri, Gill et al. 2006:1063 [ref. 29084], Larson et al. 2013:105 [ref. 32988]). Current status: Synonym of Assiculus punctatus Richardson 1846. Pseudochromidae: Pseudochrominae. Habitat: marine.

multisquamatus, Pseudoplesiops Allen [G. R.] 1987:257, Figs. 5-6 [Records of the Western Australian Museum v. 13 (pt 2); ref. 6247] Escape Reef, Great Barrier Reef, outside of northern passage, Queensland, Australia, 15°50'S, 145°50'E, depth 40 meters. Holotype: WAM P.27470-002. Paratypes: AMS I.20775-007 (4), I.22627-012 (1); ANSP 137860-61 (3, 3); BPBM 30929 (2); ROM 50734 (4); USNM 278458 (2); WAM P.26082-019 (1), P.26087-012 (2), P.26097-010 (1), P.26099-011 (2), P.26116-010 (1), P.26121-003 (1), P.27476-001 (1), P.27659-025 (1), P.27826-041 (3), P.28170-010 (3), P.28172-007 (4), P.28174-028 (1), P.28541-030 (3). Type catalog: Hutchins & Smith 1991:20 [ref. 19335], Moore et al. 2008:22 [ref. 30117]. •Valid as Pseudoplesiops multisquamatus Allen 1987 -- (Paxton et al. 1989:521 [ref. 12442], Randall et al. 1990:131 [ref. 15987], Kuiter 1997:126 [ref. 25488], Randall et al. 1997:131 [ref. 25919], Gill 1999:2567 [ref. 24817], Allen 2000:87 [ref. 37268]). •Valid as Lubbockichthys multisquamatus (Allen 1987) -- (Gill & Edwards 1999:145 [ref. 24077], Hutchins 2001:30 [ref. 25847], Gill & Senou 2002:2 [ref. 26520], Allen & Adrim 2003:33 [ref. 26830], Myers & Donaldson 2003:622 [ref. 27495] as cf. multisquamatus, Allen et al. 2006:1071 [ref. 29085], Allen & Erdmann 2012:320 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2014:66 [ref. 33932] with author as Müller & Troschel 1849, Fricke et al. 2019:128 [ref. 36673]). Current status: Valid as Lubbockichthys multisquamatus (Allen 1987). Pseudochromidae: Pseudoplesiopinae. Distribution: Eastern Indian Ocean, western Pacific: Christmas Island, Cocos-Keeling Islands and Indonesia east to Philippines and New Ireland (Papua New Guinea), north to Ryukyu Islands, south to Great Barrier Reef (Australia) and Solomon Islands. Habitat: marine.

myersi, Lubbockichthys Gill [A. C.] & Edwards [A. J.] 2006:44, Fig. 1 [Zootaxa No. 1320; ref. 28822] Off Orote Peninsula, inside Blue Hole, Guam, Mariana Islands, western Pacific, depth 29 meters. Holotype (unique): BMNH 2001.5.24.1. •Valid as Lubbockichthys myersi Gill & Edwards 2006. Current status: Valid as Lubbockichthys myersi Gill & Edwards 2006. Pseudochromidae: Pseudoplesiopinae. Distribution: Guam, Mariana Islands, western Pacific. Habitat: marine.

natalensis, Pseudochromis Regan [C. T.] 1916:167 [Annals of the Durban Museum v. 1 (pt 3); ref. 12509] Durban, KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa, southwestern Indian Ocean. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1915.7.6.5. Current status: Valid as Pseudochromis natalensis Regan 1916. Pseudochromidae: Pseudochrominae. Distribution: Western Indian Ocean. Habitat: marine.

nebulatum, Machaerium Bleeker [P.] 1852:76 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 3 (no. 1); ref. 16832] Singapore. Holotype (unique): RMNH 6721. •Synonym of Congrogadus subducens (Richardson 1843) -- (Kottelat 2013:328 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Congrogadus subducens (Richardson 1843). Pseudochromidae: Congrogadinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

nebulosum, Onar De Vis [C. W.] 1885:875 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 9 (pt 4); ref. 1091] Murray Island, Torres Strait, Queensland, Australia. Syntypes: AMS I.461 (1), QM I.100. •Synonym of Pseudochromis fuscus Müller & Troschel 1849 -- (Paxton et al. 1989:519 [ref. 12442], Gill 2004:114 [ref. 27767], Gill et al. 2006:1068 [ref. 29084]). Current status: Synonym of Pseudochromis fuscus Müller & Troschel 1849. Pseudochromidae: Pseudochrominae. Habitat: marine.

nigrovittatus, Pseudochromis Boulenger [G. A.] 1897:421 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 6) v. 20 (no. 119) (art. 49); ref. 14628] Mekran coast, Iran, Arabian Sea, northwestern Indian Ocean. Lectotype: BMNH 1898.9.22.2. Paralectotypes: BMNH 1897.9.22.3 (1). Lectotype selected by Lubbock 1975:142 [ref. 7439]. •Valid as Pseudochromis nigrovittatus Boulenger 1897 -- (Lubbock 1975:141 [ref. 7439], Gill & Mee 1993:56 [ref. 21008], Gill & Randall 1994:16 [ref. 21600], Randall 1995:142 [ref. 22896], Carpenter et al. 1997:147 [ref. 23922], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S105 [ref. 27377], Gill 2004:151 [ref. 27767], Gill & Zajonz 2011:13 [ref. 31637], Golani & Fricke 2018:68 [ref. 36273], Eagderi et al. 2019:98 [ref. 37020], Zajonz et al. 2019:72 [ref. 36871]). Current status: Valid as Pseudochromis nigrovittatus Boulenger 1897. Pseudochromidae: Pseudochrominae. Distribution: Red Sea, northwestern Indian Ocean: Gulf of Aden, Socotra, Gulf of Oman and Persian Gulf to southern Iran. Habitat: marine.

novaehollandiae, Pseudochromis Steindachner [F.] 1879:160 [42] [Sitzungsberichte der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften. Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe v. 80 (nos 1-2); ref. 4229] Port Davis (Port Denison), 20°15'S, 148°25'E, Queensland, Australia. Holotype (unique): SMNS 1859. Type catalog: Fricke 1995:18 [ref. 28100], Fricke 2005:55 [ref. 29864] dated 1880. Originally as novae-Hollandiae, correction mandatory. On p. 42 of separate. •Valid as Pseudochromis novaehollandiae Steindachner 1879 -- (Paxton et al. 1989:519 [ref. 12442]). •Valid as Ogilbyina novaehollandiae (Steindachner 1879) -- (Randall et al. 1990:125 [ref. 15987], Allen 1997:96 [ref. 23977], Kuiter 1997:124 [ref. 25488], Randall et al. 1997:125 [ref. 25919], Gill 1999:2566 [ref. 24817], Johnson 1999:731 [ref. 25471], Gill 2004:44 [ref. 27767] dating to 1880, Gill et al. 2006:1065 [ref. 29084]). Current status: Valid as Ogilbyina novaehollandiae (Steindachner 1879). Pseudochromidae: Pseudochrominae. Distribution: Australia. Habitat: marine.

obscurus, Stenophus Castelnau [F. L.] 1875:27 [Official Record, containing Introduction, Catalogues, Official Awards of the Commissioners, Report and Recommendations of the Experts, and Essays and Statistics on the Social and Economic Resources of the Colony of Victoria.; ref. 768] Gulf of Carpentaria, Queensland, Australia. Holotype (unique): MNHN A-6716. Type catalog: Bauchot 1967:40 [ref. 20734], Bauchot & Desoutter 1987:87 [ref. 12478]. •Synonym of Congrogadus subducens (Richardson 1843) -- (Kottelat 2013:328 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Congrogadus subducens (Richardson 1843). Pseudochromidae: Congrogadinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

occidentalis, Pseudoplesiops Gill [A. C.] & Edwards [A. J.] 2002:23, Figs. 3-4 [Bulletin of the Natural History Museum London (Zoology) v. 68 (no. 1); ref. 26562] Reef, Maaniyafushi Island, South Malé Atoll, Maldive Islands, depth 25-30 meters. Holotype: BPBM 32926. Paratypes: AMS I.41004-001 (1, c&s), BMNH 1901.12.31.77 (1); BPBM 32871 (2). •Valid as Pseudoplesiops occidentalis Gill & Edwards 2002. Current status: Valid as Pseudoplesiops occidentalis Gill & Edwards 2002. Pseudochromidae: Pseudoplesiopinae. Distribution: Maldive Islands. Habitat: marine.

ocellifera, Dampieria Fowler [H. W.] 1946:130, Fig. 4 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 98; ref. 1456] Aguni Shima, Ryukyu Islands, Japan. Holotype: ANSP 72005. Paratypes: ANSP 72006-07 (2). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:149 [ref. 13621]. •Synonym of Labrisomus lineatus (Castelnau 1875) -- (authors). •Synonym of Labracinus cyclophthalmus (Müller & Troschel 1849) -- (Gill 1999:2571 [ref. 24817], Gill 2004:27 [ref. 27767]). Current status: Synonym of Labracinus cyclophthalmus (Müller & Troschel 1849). Pseudochromidae: Pseudochrominae. Habitat: marine.

oligochrysus, Pseudochromis Gill [A. C.], Allen [G. R.] & Erdmann [M. V.] 2012:53, Figs. 1-3 [Zootaxa No. 3161; ref. 31745] Nusa Penida, Mangrove Point, Indonesia, 8°40'S, 115°28'E, depth 45-50 meters. Holotype: MZB 20567. Paratypes: AMS I.45680-001 (1); WAM P.33099-003 (2), P.33101-002 (2), P.33016-001 (1), P.33399-001 (2) •Valid as Pseudochromis oligochrysus Gill, Allen & Erdmann 2012 -- (Allen & Erdmann 2012:340 [ref. 31980]). Current status: Valid as Pseudochromis oligochrysus Gill, Allen & Erdmann 2012. Pseudochromidae: Pseudochrominae. Distribution: Southern Indonesia. Habitat: marine.

olivaceus, Pseudochromis Rüppell [W. P. E. S.] 1835:8, Pl. 2 (fig. 3) [Neue Wirbelthiere zu der Fauna von Abyssinien gehörig. Fische des Rothen Meeres; ref. 3844] Red Sea. Lectotype: SMF 436. Paralectotypes: NMW 59957 (1), SMF 9504-06 (3). Lectotype selected by Lubbock 1975:136 [ref. 7439]. •Valid as Pseudochromis olivaceus Rüppell 1835 -- (Lubbock 1975:131 [ref. 7439], Dor 1984:106 [ref. 29757], Randall & Stanaland 1989:108 [ref. 12853], Goren & Dor 1994:28 [ref. 25356], Randall 1995:142 [ref. 22896], Gill 2004:152 [ref. 27767], Gill & Zajonz 2011:12 [ref. 31637], Bogorodsky & Randall 2018:[5] 243 [ref. 36492], Golani & Fricke 2018:68 [ref. 36273]). Current status: Valid as Pseudochromis olivaceus Rüppell 1835. Pseudochromidae: Pseudochrominae. Distribution: Red Sea, northwestern Indian Ocean: Gulf of Aden. Habitat: marine.

omanensis, Pseudochromis Gill [A. C.] & Mee [J. K. L.] 1993:57, Fig. 8 [Revue française d'Aquariologie Herpétologie v. 20 (no. 2); ref. 21008] Barr al Hikman, Oman, depth 2 meters. Holotype: USNM 324630. Paratypes: CAS 66901 (1), ROM 65741 (1, c&s). •Valid as Pseudochromis omanensis Gill & Mee 1993 -- (Gill & Randall 1994:16 [ref. 21600], Randall 1995:142 [ref. 22896], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S105 [ref. 27377], Gill 2004:154 [ref. 27767], Zajonz et al. 2019:72 [ref. 36871] as cf. omanensis). Current status: Valid as Pseudochromis omanensis Gill & Mee 1993. Pseudochromidae: Pseudochrominae. Distribution: Northwestern Indian Ocean. Habitat: marine.

ori, Natalichthys Winterbottom [R.] 1980:3, Fig. 1 [Annals of the South African Museum v. 83 (pt 1); ref. 4756] Off Umhlangankulu River, KwaZulu-Natal, 30°04'10"S, 30°21'47"E, South Africa, southwestern Indian Ocean. Holotype: SAM 17340. Paratypes: SAM 28993 (1). •Valid as Natalichthys ori Winterbottom 1980 -- (Winterbottom 1986:26 [ref. 5727], Winterbottom 1986:730 [ref. 5728], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:178 [ref. 28072]). Current status: Valid as Natalichthys ori Winterbottom 1980. Pseudochromidae: Congrogadinae. Distribution: Western Indian Ocean: southern Africa. Habitat: brackish, marine.

paccagnellae, Pseudochromis Axelrod [H. R.] 1973:5, Figs. [Tropical Fish Hobbyist v. 21 (no. 8); ref. 53] Indonesia (aquarium specimens without specific locality). Holotype: USNM 208481. Paratypes: USNM 208482 (6). Mandatory correction to paccagnellorum as the species was named after the Paccagnella family. •Valid as Pseudochromis paccagnellae Axelrod 1973 -- (Paxton et al. 1989:520 [ref. 12442], Randall et al. 1990:129 [ref. 15987], Gill et al. 1996:99 [ref. 22908], Allen 1997:96 [ref. 23977], Kuiter 1997:124 [ref. 25488], Randall et al. 1997:129 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:121 [ref. 23965], Gill 1999:2566 [ref. 24817], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:205 [ref. 25191], Hutchins 2001:30 [ref. 25847]). •Valid as "Pictichromis" paccagnellae (Axelrod 1973) -- (Allen & Adrim 2003:33 [ref. 26830]). •Valid as Pictichromis paccagnellae (Axelrod 1973) -- (Gill 2004:64 [ref. 27767], Randall 2005:186 [ref. 28239], Gill et al. 2006:1066 [ref. 29084], Allen et al. 2008:153 [ref. 29481]). •Valid as Pictichromis paccagnellae (Axelrod 1973) -- (Randall & Schultz 2009:170 [ref. 30558], Allen & Erdmann 2012:330 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2014:66 [ref. 33932]). •Valid as Pictichromis paccagnellorum (Axelrod 1973) -- (Fricke et al. 2019:128 [ref. 36673]). Current status: Valid as Pictichromis paccagnellorum (Axelrod 1973). Pseudochromidae: Pseudochrominae. Distribution: Southeastern Indian Ocean, western Pacific: eastern Indonesia, Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands and Western Australia. Habitat: marine.

paranox, Pseudochromis Lubbock [R.] & Goldman [B.] 1976:60, Fig. 2 [Journal of Natural History v. 10 (no. 1); ref. 7349] Sandfly Passage, south side of Biki Island, near northwestern end of Florida Island, British Solomon Islands, depth 20 meters. Holotype: AMS I.18244-001. Paratypes: AMS I.18244-002 (1), BMNH 1975.2.12.4 [1, ex AMS]. •Valid as Pseudochromis paranox Lubbock & Goldman 1976 -- (Paxton et al. 1989:520 [ref. 12442], Randall et al. 1990:129 [ref. 15987], Randall et al. 1997:129 [ref. 25919], Gill 1999:2566 [ref. 24817]). •Valid as Manonichthys paranox (Lubbock & Goldman 1976) -- (Gill 2004:37 [ref. 27767], Gill et al. 2006:1065 [ref. 29084], Allen & Erdmann 2007:545 [ref. 29403], Gill & Williams 2011:56 [ref. 31698], Allen & Erdmann 2012:326 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2019:128 [ref. 36673]). Current status: Valid as Manonichthys paranox (Lubbock & Goldman 1976). Pseudochromidae: Pseudochrominae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Papua New Guinea, northern Great Barrier Reef (Australia) and Solomon Islands. Habitat: marine.

pembae, Chlidichthys Smith [J. L. B.] 1954:200, Fig. 1 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 12) v. 7 (no. 75) (art. 32); ref. 4091] Pemba Island, Tanzania, western Indian Ocean. Holotype: SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 142. Paratypes: (orig. 2) SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 3621 (1) Matemo Island, ?3622 (1) Pemba, 3623 (1) Pemba. •Valid as Chlidichthys pembae Smith 1954 -- (Lubbock 1977:17 [ref. 7039], Heemstra in Smith & Heemstra 1995:x [ref. 21953], Gill & Edwards 2004:22 [ref. 28143]). Current status: Valid as Chlidichthys pembae Smith 1954. Pseudochromidae: Pseudoplesiopinae. Distribution: Western Indian Ocean: Tanzania to Natal (South Africa), Comoro Islands. Habitat: marine.

perpulcher, Pseudochromis mccullochi Whitley [G. P.] 1959:313 [Australian Zoologist v. 12 (pt 4); ref. 4729] Heron Island, Capricorn Group, Queensland, Australia. Holotype: AMS IB.3996 (lost). •Synonym of Pseudochromis purpurascens (De Vis 1884) -- (Paxton et al. 1989:520 [ref. 12442]). •Synonym of Cypho purpurascens (De Vis 1884) -- (Gill 1999:2570 [ref. 24817], Gill 2004:17 [ref. 27767], Gill et al. 2006:1064 [ref. 29084]). Current status: Synonym of Cypho purpurascens (De Vis 1884). Pseudochromidae: Pseudochrominae. Habitat: marine.

persicus, Pseudochromis Murray [J. A.] 1887:49 [Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society v. 2 (pt 1); ref. 22438] Persian Gulf. Lectotype: BMNH 1887.9.22.45. Paralectotypes: BMNH 1887.9.22.46-48 (3), 1974.2.12.1-3 (3). Genus spelled Pseudochromes in original. Lectotype selected by Lubbock 1975:126 [ref. 7439]. •Valid as Pseudochromis persicus Murray 1887 -- (Lubbock 1975:121 [ref. 7439], Gill & Mee 1993:58 [ref. 21008], Gill & Randall 1994:16 [ref. 21600], Randall 1995:143 [ref. 22896], Carpenter et al. 1997:148 [ref. 23922], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S105 [ref. 27377], Gill 2004:156 [ref. 27767], Jawad et al. 2018:103 [ref. 36262], Eagderi et al. 2019:99 [ref. 37020]). Current status: Valid as Pseudochromis persicus Murray 1887. Pseudochromidae: Pseudochrominae. Distribution: Northwestern Indian Ocean: Persian Gulf east to Pakistan. Habitat: marine.

perspicillatus, Pseudochromis Günther [A.] 1862:193 [6], Pl. 27 (fig. C) [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1862 (pt 2) (art. 2) (for 24 June 1862); ref. 1970] China [probably in error]. Neotype: ADD. Syntypes: (several) BMNH 1848.3.16.96 (1), 1855.9.19.1500 (4). On p. 6 of separate. Neotype designated by Gill 2004:159 [ref. 27767] •Valid as Pseudochromis perspicillatus Günther 1862 -- (Gill & Randall 1992:44 [ref. 19707], Allen 1997:96 [ref. 23977], Gill 1999:2567 [ref. 24817], Gill in Randall & Lim 2000:611 [ref. 25122], Allen 2000:99 [ref. 25868], Allen & Adrim 2003:33 [ref. 26830], Gill 2004:158 [ref. 27767], Allen et al. 2008:161 [ref. 29482], Gill & Allen 2011:57 [ref. 31364], Gill et al. 2012:31 [ref. 31768], Allen & Erdmann 2012:340 [ref. 31980]). Current status: Valid as Pseudochromis perspicillatus Günther 1862. Pseudochromidae: Pseudochrominae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Indo-Malay Archipelago and Philippines to Papua New Guinea. Habitat: marine.

pesi, Pseudochromis Lubbock [R.] 1975:136, Pl. 1d [Journal of Zoology (London) v. 176 (pt 1); ref. 7439] Jordan-Saudi Arabia border, Gulf of Aqaba, Red Sea, depth 30 meters. Holotype: BMNH 1973.12.20.94. Paratypes: BMNH 1973.12.20.95 (1), BPBM 13402 (2), HUJ 6760 (2), USNM 211771 (11). Type catalog: Golani 2006:26 [ref. 28840]. •Valid as Pseudochromis pesi Lubbock 1975 -- (Dor 1984:106 [ref. 29757], Smith 1986:541 [ref. 5712], Goren & Dor 1994:28 [ref. 25356], Heemstra in Smith & Heemstra 1995:x [ref. 21953], Randall 1995:143 [ref. 22896], Gill 2004:160 [ref. 27767], Gill & Zajonz 2011:21 [ref. 31637], DiBattista et al. 2015:19 [ref. 35706], Bogorodsky & Randall 2018:[5] 243 [ref. 36492], Golani & Fricke 2018:69 [ref. 36273]). Current status: Valid as Pseudochromis pesi Lubbock 1975. Pseudochromidae: Pseudochrominae. Distribution: Northern Red Sea endemic: Gulf of Aqaba. Habitat: marine.

pictus, Pseudochromis Gill [A. C.] & Randall [J. E.] 1998:24, Figs. 8-9 [Revue française d'Aquariologie Herpétologie v. 25 (no. 1/2); ref. 23409] Alor Island, Kebola Bay, 8°16.5'S, 124°26'E, Indonesia, depth 28 meters. Holotype: BPBM 37349. Paratypes: BPBM 37351 (1). •Valid as Pseudochromis pictus Gill & Randall 1998 -- (Gill 1999:2567 [ref. 24817], Allen & Adrim 2003:33 [ref. 26830], Gill 2004:161 [ref. 27767], Gill & Allen 2004:11 [ref. 27841], Allen et al. 2008:160 [ref. 29482], Allen & Erdmann 2012:341 [ref. 31980], Gill et al. 2017:338 [ref. 35650]). Current status: Valid as Pseudochromis pictus Gill & Randall 1998. Pseudochromidae: Pseudochrominae. Distribution: Indonesia [2 specimens]. Habitat: marine.

plesiomorphus, Rusichthys Winterbottom [R.] 1979:299, Figs. 1-2 [Bulletin of Marine Science v. 29 (no. 3); ref. 4754] Off Kenya, 2°42'S, 40°53'E, southwestern Indian Ocean, Anton Bruun cruise 8, station 420a, depth 140 meters. Holotype: USNM 218163. Paratypes: USNM 218164 (1, c&s). •Valid as Rusichthys plesiomorphus Winterbottom 1979 -- (Winterbottom 1986:27 [ref. 5727], Winterbottom 1996:581 [ref. 22147]). Current status: Valid as Rusichthys plesiomorphus Winterbottom 1979. Pseudochromidae: Congrogadinae. Distribution: Western Indian Ocean: off Kenya. Habitat: marine.

polynemus, Pseudochromis Fowler [H. W.] 1931:38, Fig. 5 [Bulletin of the United States National Museum No. 100, v. 11; ref. 1407] Limbe Strait, north of Sulawesi, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): USNM 89992. •Valid as Pseudochromis polynemus Fowler 1931 -- (Allen 1997:96 [ref. 23977], Myers 1999:121 [ref. 23965], Gill 1999:2575 [ref. 24817]). •Valid as "Manonichthys" polynemus (Fowler 1931) -- (Allen & Adrim 2003:33 [ref. 26830]). •Valid as Manonichthys polynemus (Fowler 1931) -- (Gill 2004:39 [ref. 27767], Gill & Williams 2011:56 [ref. 31698], Allen & Erdmann 2012:326 [ref. 31980]). Current status: Valid as Manonichthys polynemus (Fowler 1931). Pseudochromidae: Pseudochrominae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Indonesia and Palau, unconfirmed from Philippines. Habitat: marine.

polytretus, Halidesmus Winterbottom [R.] 1982:755, Figs. 2B, 3, 6 [Canadian Journal of Zoology v. 60 (no. 5); ref. 5436] 22.5 kilometers north of Malindi, Kenya. Holotype: LACM 30695-13. Paratypes: LACM 30695-29 (1, c&s and dissected). •Valid as Halidesmus polytretus Winterbottom 1982 -- (Winterbottom 1986:17 [ref. 5727], Winterbottom & Randall 1994:753 [ref. 22087], Gill & Zajonz 2003:57 [ref. 26796], Gill & Zajonz 2011:22 [ref. 31637]). Current status: Valid as Halidesmus polytretus Winterbottom 1982. Pseudochromidae: Congrogadinae. Distribution: Western Indian Ocean: off Kenya. Habitat: marine.

porphyreus, Pseudochromis Lubbock [R.] & Goldman [B.] 1974:107, Pl. 1 [Journal of Fish Biology v. 6 (no. 2); ref. 21401] Ishigaki Island, Yaeyama Islands, southern Ryukyu Islands, Japan, depth 6-20 meters. Holotype: BPBM 8737. Paratypes: AMS I.17191-001 (1); BMNH 1973.5.15.1 (1); BPBM 9919 (2), 9928 (13), 11317 (3); ?USNM 50705 (1, not in original), USNM 210325 (1). •Valid as Pseudochromis porphyreus Lubbock & Goldman 1974 -- (Hayashi in Masuda et al. 1984:140 [ref. 6441], Gill et al. 1996:99 [ref. 22908], Shibukawa & Iwata 1997:297 [ref. 23223], Allen 1997:96 [ref. 23977], Myers 1999:121 [ref. 23965], Gill 1999:2576 [ref. 24817], Nakabo 2000:735 [ref. 25086], Nakabo 2002:735 [ref. 26001], Randall et al. 2004:13 [ref. 27624]). •Valid as "Pictichromis" porphyreus (Lubbock & Goldman 1974) -- (Allen & Adrim 2003:33 [ref. 26830]). •Valid as Pictichromis porphyreus (Lubbock & Goldman 1974) -- (Gill 2004:65 [ref. 27767], Randall 2005:187 [ref. 28239], Randall et al. 2005:121 [ref. 28745]). •Valid as Pictichromis porphyrea (Lubbock & Goldman 1974) -- (Allen et al. 2008:153 [ref. 29481], Randall & Schultz 2009:170 [ref. 30558], Motomura et al. 2010:101 [ref. 31256], Allen & Erdmann 2012:330 [ref. 31980]). Current status: Valid as Pictichromis porphyrea (Lubbock & Goldman 1974). Pseudochromidae: Pseudochrominae. Distribution: Western Pacific: eastern Indonesia to Philippines, east to Micronesia and Samoa, north to the Ryukyu Islands. Habitat: marine.

punctatus, Assiculus Richardson [J.] 1846:494, Pl. 2 (fig. 1) [Discoveries in Australia; ref. 3743] Coasts of Australia. Holotype (unique): HMG or BMNH uncat. (whereabouts unknown). •Valid as Pseudochromis punctatus (Richardson 1846) -- (Allen & Swainston 1988:60 [ref. 25477], Paxton et al. 1989:520 [ref. 12442], Gill & Hutchins 1997:44 [ref. 22931]). •Valid as Assiculus punctatus Richardson 1846 -- (Larson & Williams 1997:355 [ref. 23967], Allen 1997:94 [ref. 23977], Gill 1999:2568 [ref. 24817], Hutchins 2001:30 [ref. 25847], Gill 2004:13 [ref. 27767], Gill et al. 2006:1063 [ref. 29084], Gill 2013:130 [ref. 32907], Larson et al. 2013:105 [ref. 32988]). Current status: Valid as Assiculus punctatus Richardson 1846. Pseudochromidae: Assiculinae. Distribution: Australia. Habitat: marine.

punctatus, Pseudochromis Kotthaus [A.] 1970:52, Fig. 225 [Meteor Forschungsergebnisse. Reihe D, Biologie No. 6; ref. 7753] Coast of Somalia, Indian Ocean, 6°06'N, 49°05'E to 6°03'N, 49°02.8'E, Meteor station 123, depth 55-65 meters. Holotype (unique): ZMH 5025 [ex IOES 113]. Type catalog: Wilkens & Dohse 1993:417 [ref. 21161]. Subjectively invalid; secondarily preoccupied in Pseudochromis by Assiculus punctatus Richardson 1846, replaced by Pseudochromis melanotus Lubbock 1975; but under Art. 59.4, punctatus is maintained. •Pseudochromis melanotus regarded as unnecessary -- (Gill & Randall 1994:17 [ref. 21600]). •Valid as Pseudochromis punctatus Kotthaus 1970 -- (Gill & Randall 1994:15 [ref. 21600], Randall 1995:143 [ref. 22896], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S105 [ref. 27377], Gill 2004:162 [ref. 27767], Gill & Zajonz 2011:21 [ref. 31637], Zajonz et al. 2019:72 [ref. 36871] as cf. punctatus). Current status: Valid as Pseudochromis punctatus Kotthaus 1970. Pseudochromidae: Pseudochrominae. Distribution: Northwestern Indian Ocean. Habitat: marine.

purpurascens, Nesiotes De Vis [C. W.] 1884:453 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 8 (pt 4); ref. 1089] Vila, Vanuatu. Neotype: FMNH 17340. Possible holotype: QM I.1351 (1 of 2). Type catalog: Ibarra & Stewart 1987:60 [ref. 12367]. Neotype designated by Herre 1936:165 [ref. 22183] as FMNH 17340 from Vila, New Hebrides, but de Vis' possible type might be in the Queensland Museum and needs investigation; if the holotype then the case should be submitted to the ICZN. •Valid as Pseudochromis purpurascens (De Vis 1884) -- (Paxton et al. 1989:520 [ref. 12442]). •Valid as Cypho purpurascens (De Vis 1884) -- (Randall et al. 1990:124 [ref. 15987], Allen 1997:96 [ref. 23977] as purpurescens, Kuiter 1997:124 [ref. 25488], Randall et al. 1997:124 [ref. 25919], Gill 1999:2570 [ref. 24817], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:204 [ref. 25191], Randall et al. 2004:13 [ref. 27624], Gill 2004:17 [ref. 27767], Randall 2005:186 [ref. 28239], Gill et al. 2006:1064 [ref. 29084], Fricke et al. 2011:387 [ref. 31242], Allen & Erdmann 2012:323 [ref. 31980], Yoshida et al. 2016:171 [ref. 35076]). Current status: Valid as Cypho purpurascens (De Vis 1884). Pseudochromidae: Pseudochrominae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Papua New Guinea, Great Barrier Reef (Australia), Coral Sea, Solomon Islands to New Caledonia, Fiji and Tonga. Habitat: marine.

pylei, Pseudochromis Randall [J. E.] & McCosker [J. E.] 1989:8, Figs. 1-3 [Revue française d'Aquariologie Herpétologie v. 16 (no. 1); ref. 14263] Northeastern side of Kadola Island, 5°21'42"S, 123°46'E, Pulau Pulau Penyu Group, Lucipara Islands, Banda Sea, Indonesia, depth 40 meters. Holotype: BPBM 31485. Paratypes: AMS I.28496-001 (1), BMNH 1989.1.12.1 (1), BPBM 32337 (2), CAS 64525 (1), USNM 292810 (1). •Valid as Pseudochromis pylei Randall & McCosker 1989 -- (Myers 1999:121 [ref. 23965], Gill 1999:2567 [ref. 24817], Allen & Adrim 2003:33 [ref. 26830], Gill 2004:164 [ref. 27767], Gill et al. 2012:57 [ref. 31745], Allen & Erdmann 2012:341 [ref. 31980], Gill & Senou 2016:298 [ref. 34801]). Current status: Valid as Pseudochromis pylei Randall & McCosker 1989. Pseudochromidae: Pseudochrominae. Distribution: Indonesia and Papua New Guinea (New Britain). Habitat: marine.

queenslandiae, Polyacanthus Saville-Kent [W.] 1893:308, Color Pl. 16 (fig. 8) [The Great Barrier Reef of Australia; its products and potentialities; ref. 13269] [Original: Adolphus Island, Torres Strait, Cape York, Australia.] Neotype: AMS I.20770-119. Neotype designated by Gill 2004:49 [ref. 27767]. •Valid as Pseudochromis queenslandiae (Saville-Kent 1893) -- (Paxton et al. 1989:520 [ref. 12442]). •Valid as Ogilbyina queenslandiae (Saville-Kent 1893) -- (Randall et al. 1990:125 [ref. 15987], Allen 1997:96 [ref. 23977], Randall et al. 1997:125 [ref. 25919], Gill 1999:2572 [ref. 24817], Gill 2004:47 [ref. 27767], Gill et al. 2006:1065 [ref. 29084]). Current status: Valid as Ogilbyina queenslandiae (Saville-Kent 1893). Pseudochromidae: Pseudochrominae. Distribution: Australia. Habitat: marine.

quinquedentatus, Pseudochromis (Leptochromis) McCulloch [A. R.] 1926:190, Pl. 50 [Biological Results Endeavour v. 5 (pt 4); ref. 2947] Off Cape Capricorn, Queensland, Australia, depth 12 fathoms. Holotype: AMS E.6712. Paratypes: AMS IA.1731-33 (1, 1, 1), IA.3238 (1), E.6713 (1). •Valid as Pseudochromis quinquedentatus McCulloch 1926 -- (Allen & Swainston 1988:60 [ref. 25477], Paxton et al. 1989:520 [ref. 12442], Randall et al. 1990:129 [ref. 15987], Gill & Randall 1992:44 [ref. 19707], Allen 1995:85 [ref. 21615], Allen 1997:94 [ref. 23977], Randall et al. 1997:129 [ref. 25919], Gill 1999:2567 [ref. 24817], Hutchins 2001:30 [ref. 25847], Gill 2004:165 [ref. 27767], Gill et al. 2006:1068 [ref. 29084], Gill & Allen 2011:62 [ref. 31364], Gill et al. 2012:31 [ref. 31768], Larson et al. 2013:106 [ref. 32988]). Current status: Valid as Pseudochromis quinquedentatus McCulloch 1926. Pseudochromidae: Pseudochrominae. Distribution: Northern Australia. Habitat: marine.

randalli, Chlidichthys Lubbock [R.] 1977:18, Pls. 2C, 3H (upper) [Ichthyological Bulletin of the J. L. B. Smith Institute of Ichthyology No. 35; ref. 7039] Lagoon side of Flamand Islet, Mauritius, Mascarenes, southwestern Indian Ocean, depth 7-18 meters. Holotype: BPBM 16299. Paratypes: BMNH 1975.2.12.25 (1). •Valid as Chlidichthys randalli Lubbock 1977 -- (Fricke 1999:215 [ref. 24106], Gill & Edwards 2004:25 [ref. 28143]). Current status: Valid as Chlidichthys randalli Lubbock 1977. Pseudochromidae: Pseudoplesiopinae. Distribution: Southwestern Indian Ocean: Mauritius (Mascarenes endemic). Habitat: marine.

ranjhai, Pseudochromis Klausewitz [W.] 1961:427, Fig. 1 [Senckenbergiana Biologica v. 42 (nos 5/6); ref. 9359] Coast near Karachi, Pakistan. Holotype: SMF 5426. Paratypes: SMF 5427 (3). •Synonym of Pseudochromis caudalis Boulenger 1898 -- (Lubbock 1975:126 [ref. 7439], Gill & Mee 1993:54 [ref. 21008], Gill 2004:86 [ref. 27767]). Current status: Synonym of Pseudochromis caudalis Boulenger 1898. Pseudochromidae: Pseudochrominae. Habitat: marine.

ransonneti, Pseudochromis Steindachner [F.] 1870:562 [Sitzungsberichte der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften. Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe v. 60 (1. Abth.) (no. 3); ref. 18770] Singapore. Syntypes: (several) NMW 60677 (2), 76581 (5). •Valid as Pseudochromis ransonneti Steindachner 1870 -- (Gill 1999:2567 [ref. 24817], Allen 2000:99 [ref. 25868], Allen & Adrim 2003:33 [ref. 26830], Gill 2004:167 [ref. 27767], Allen & Erdmann 2012:341 [ref. 31980]). Current status: Valid as Pseudochromis ransonneti Steindachner 1870. Pseudochromidae: Pseudochrominae. Distribution: Western Pacific: East Indian Region: Sumatra, Singapore, Malay Peninsula, Brunei and Philippines. Habitat: marine.

reticulatum, Machaerium Bleeker [P.] 1853:734 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 3 (no. 5); ref. 16829] Marawang (in fresh water); Lepar Island, Indonesia (in sea). Syntypes: (2) RMNH 6720 (1). •Synonym of Congrogadus subducens (Richardson 1843) -- (Kottelat 2013:328 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Congrogadus subducens (Richardson 1843). Pseudochromidae: Congrogadinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

reticulatus, Pseudochromis Gill [A. C.] & Woodland [D. J.] 1992:248, Figs. 1-2 [Records of the Australian Museum v. 44 (no. 3); ref. 20325] Glomar Shoal, 19°32'S, 116°48'E, Western Australia, depth 80 meters. Holotype (unique): NTM S.10821-004. •Valid as Pseudochromis reticulatus Gill & Woodland 1992 -- (Gill 1999:2567 [ref. 24817], Hutchins 2001:30 [ref. 25847], Gill 2004:168 [ref. 27767], Gill & Allen 2004:11 [ref. 27841], Gill et al. 2006:1069 [ref. 29084], Allen et al. 2008:160 [ref. 29482], Gill et al. 2012:57 [ref. 31745], Larson et al. 2013:106 [ref. 32988], Gill et al. 2017:338 [ref. 35650]). Current status: Valid as Pseudochromis reticulatus Gill & Woodland 1992. Pseudochromidae: Pseudochrominae. Distribution: Northwestern Australia. Habitat: marine.

revellei, Pseudoplesiops Schultz [L. P.] in Schultz et al. 1953:404, Fig. 66 [Bulletin of the United States National Museum No. 202, v. 1; ref. 3975] Western end at channel and lagoon reef, Eman Island, Bikini Atoll, western Pacific. Holotype: USNM 140696. Paratypes: USNM 140695 (1), 152979 [ex UW] (1), 202528 [ex UW] (1). •Valid as Pseudoplesiops revellei Schultz 1953 -- (Paxton et al. 1989:521 [ref. 12442], Randall et al. 1990:131 [ref. 15987], Myers 1999:122 [ref. 23965], Gill 1999:2567 [ref. 24817], Randall 1999:13 [ref. 25829], Allen 2000:87 [ref. 37268], Gill & Edwards 2002:23 [ref. 26562], Gill & Edwards 2003:6 [ref. 27432], Myers & Donaldson 2003:622 [ref. 27495], Randall 2005:188 [ref. 28239], Fricke et al. 2014:67 [ref. 33932]). Current status: Valid as Pseudoplesiops revellei Schultz 1953. Pseudochromidae: Pseudoplesiopinae. Distribution: Eastern Indian Ocean, western Pacific: Christmas Island (Indian Ocean); Caroline Islands and Papua New Guinea east to Pitcairn Group. Habitat: marine.

rex, Pseudochromis Seale [A.] 1910:529 [The Philippine Journal of Science Section A v. 4 (no. 6) (for 1909); ref. 4000] Sitanki Island, Jolo Archipelago, Philippines. Holotype: BSMP 4631 (apparently destroyed). Paratypes: (numerous) BSMP (apparently destroyed). •Synonym of Pseudochromis perspicillatus Günther 1862 -- (Gill 2004:158 [ref. 27767]). Current status: Synonym of Pseudochromis perspicillatus Günther 1862. Pseudochromidae: Pseudochrominae. Habitat: marine.

rosae, Pseudoplesiops Schultz [L. P.] 1943:117, Fig. 11 [Bulletin of the United States National Museum No. 180; ref. 3957] Reef of Rose Island, American Samoa. Holotype: USNM 116178. Paratypes: MCZ 37297 [ex USNM 116179]. •Valid as Pseudoplesiops rosae Schultz 1943 -- (Kishimoto in Masuda et al. 1984:141 [ref. 6441], Allen & Swainston 1988:60 [ref. 25477], Paxton et al. 1989:522 [ref. 12442], Randall et al. 1990:131 [ref. 15987], Allen 1997:94 [ref. 23977], Kuiter 1997:126 [ref. 25488], Randall et al. 1997:131 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:122 [ref. 23965], Fricke 1999:214 [ref. 24106], Gill 1999:2567 [ref. 24817], Nakabo 2000:737 [ref. 25086], Gill in Randall & Lim 2000:611 [ref. 25122], Hutchins 2001:31 [ref. 25847], Nakabo 2002:737 [ref. 26001], Gill & Edwards 2002:25 [ref. 26562], Allen & Adrim 2003:33 [ref. 26830], Myers & Donaldson 2003:622 [ref. 27495], Shibukawa et al. in Kimura & Matsuura 2003:58 [ref. 27510], Randall et al. 2004:13 [ref. 27624], Adrim et al. 2004:120 [ref. 27715], Randall 2005:189 [ref. 28239], Allen et al. 2006:1072 [ref. 29085], Allen & Erdmann 2012:322 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2014:67 [ref. 33932]). Current status: Valid as Pseudoplesiops rosae Schultz 1943. Pseudochromidae: Pseudoplesiopinae. Distribution: Eastern Indian Ocean, western Pacific: Andaman Sea and Western Australia east to Marshall Islands, Samoa and Tonga, north to Ryukyu Islands, south to Western Australia, Queensland (Australia), Chesterfield and Loyalty islands (New Caledonia). Habitat: marine.

rubiceps, Chlidichthys Lubbock [R.] 1975:150, Pl. 3a [Journal of Zoology (London) v. 176 (pt 1); ref. 7439] Al Korae, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, Red Sea, depth 30 meters. Holotype: BMNH 1973.12.20.166. Paratypes: BMNH 1973.12.20.167 (1), 1973.12.20.170 (1), 1973.12.20.171 (1); BPBM 13383 (1); HUJ 6762 (2); USNM 211776 (12) Type catalog: Golani 2006:26 [ref. 28840]. •Valid as Chlidichthys rubiceps Lubbock 1975 -- (Dor 1984:105 [ref. 29757], Goren & Dor 1994:28 [ref. 25356], Gill & Edwards 2004:26 [ref. 28143], Bogorodsky & Randall 2018:[5] 243 [ref. 36492], Golani & Fricke 2018:68 [ref. 36273]). Current status: Valid as Chlidichthys rubiceps Lubbock 1975. Pseudochromidae: Pseudoplesiopinae. Distribution: Red Sea endemic. Habitat: marine.

rutilus, Pseudochromis Gill [A. C.], Allen [G. R.] & Erdmann [M. V.] 2012:58, Fig. 4 [Zootaxa No. 3161; ref. 31745] Nusa Penida, Buyuk (8°40'S, 115°33'E), Indonesia, depth 65-70 meters. Holotype (unique): MZB 20568. •Valid as Pseudochromis rutilus Gill, Allen & Erdmann 2012 -- (Allen & Erdmann 2012:341 [ref. 31980]). Current status: Valid as Pseudochromis rutilus Gill, Allen & Erdmann 2012. Pseudochromidae: Pseudochrominae. Distribution: Nusa Penida Island, in the Lombok Strait off Bali [holotype]. Habitat: marine.

salvati, Pseudochromis Plessis [Y. B.] & Fourmanoir [P.] 1966:227, Fig. [Bulletin du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle (Série 2) v. 38 (no. 3); ref. 9051] Maître islet, Nouméa, New Caledonia. Holotype (unique): MNHN 1966-0736. Type catalog: Bauchot & Desoutter 1987:87 [ref. 12478]. •Valid as Ogilbyina salvati (Plessis & Fourmanoir 1966) -- (Gill 1999:2566 [ref. 24817], Gill 2004:50 [ref. 27767], Randall 2005:186 [ref. 28239]). Current status: Valid as Ogilbyina salvati (Plessis & Fourmanoir 1966). Pseudochromidae: Pseudochrominae. Distribution: Western Pacific. Habitat: marine.

sam, Natalichthys Winterbottom [R.] 1980:6, Fig. 2 [Annals of the South African Museum v. 83 (pt 1); ref. 4756] Off Port Shepstone, southern coast of KwaZulu-Natal, 30°47'06"S, 30°29'06"E, South Africa, southwestern Indian Ocean, depth 44 meters. Holotype: SAM 21915. Paratypes: SAM 28940 (1). •Valid as Natalichthys sam Winterbottom 1980 -- (Winterbottom 1986:26 [ref. 5727], Winterbottom 1986:730 [ref. 5728], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:178 [ref. 28072]). Current status: Valid as Natalichthys sam Winterbottom 1980. Pseudochromidae: Congrogadinae. Distribution: Western Indian Ocean: southern Africa. Habitat: marine.

sankeyi, Pseudochromis Lubbock [R.] 1975:145, Pl. 2d [Journal of Zoology (London) v. 176 (pt 1); ref. 7439] Massawa, Eritrea, Red Sea. Holotype: BMNH 1973.12.20.104. Paratypes: HUJ 6990 (2); USNM 211772-73 (1, 3), 211774 (now 28). Type catalog: Golani 2006:26 [ref. 28840]. •Valid as Pseudochromis sankeyi Lubbock 1975 -- (Dor 1984:106 [ref. 29757], Goren & Dor 1994:28 [ref. 25356], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S105 [ref. 27377], Gill 2004:169 [ref. 27767], Gill & Zajonz 2011:14 [ref. 31637], DiBattista et al. 2015:21 [ref. 35706], Bogorodsky & Randall 2018:[16] 254 [ref. 36492], Golani & Fricke 2018:69 [ref. 36273], Zajonz et al. 2019:72 [ref. 36871]). Current status: Valid as Pseudochromis sankeyi Lubbock 1975. Pseudochromidae: Pseudochrominae. Distribution: Red Sea, western Indian Ocean: Gulf of Aden and Socotra to East Africa. Habitat: marine.

sargenti, Pseudoplesiops Schultz [L. P.] in Schultz et al. 1953:405, Fig. 67 [Bulletin of the United States National Museum No. 202, v. 1; ref. 3975] Coral heads at eastern end of lagoon, Bikini Atoll, western Pacific. Holotype: USNM 140683. Paratypes: FMNH 62621 (1); SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 805 (1); USNM 140684 (1), 146515 (2), 146517-19 (2, 2, 1), 146521 (2), 202529 [ex UW 9599] (1). Type catalog: Ibarra & Stewart 1987:71 [ref. 12367]. •Synonym of Pseudoplesiops typus Bleeker 1858 -- (Gill et al. 1991:78 [ref. 19722], Gill 1999:2575 [ref. 24817]). Current status: Synonym of Pseudoplesiops typus Bleeker 1858. Pseudochromidae: Pseudoplesiopinae. Habitat: marine.

scapularis, Blennodesmus Günther [A.] 1872:667, Pl. 67 (fig. A) [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1871 (pt 3) (art. 1) (for 21 Nov. 1871); ref. 1997] Port Mackay, Queensland, Australia [Coral Sea, southwestern Pacific]. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1871.9.13.222. •Valid as Blennodesmus scapularis Günther 1872 -- (Winterbottom 1986:5 [ref. 5727], Allen 1997:174 [ref. 23977], Allen & Swainston 1988:108 [ref. 25477], Gill 1999:2566 [ref. 24817], Hutchins 2001:30 [ref. 25847], Hoese & Gill 2006:1059 [ref. 29083], Larson et al. 2013:105 [ref. 32988]). Current status: Valid as Blennodesmus scapularis Günther 1872. Pseudochromidae: Congrogadinae. Distribution: Eastern Indian Ocean, western Pacific: Andaman Sea, northern Western Australia to Queensland (Australia). Habitat: marine.

scapularis, Halidesmus Günther [A.] 1872:668, Pl. 67 (fig B) [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1871 (pt 3) (art. 1) (for 21 Nov. 1871); ref. 1997] Port Elizabeth, South Africa (purchased), southwestern Indian Ocean. Syntypes: BMNH 1871.4.21.26-27 (2). •Valid as Halidesmus scapularis Günther 1872 -- (Winterbottom 1986:17 [ref. 5727], Winterbottom 1986:729 [ref. 5728], Winterbottom & Randall 1994:753 [ref. 22087], Gill & Zajonz 2003:57 [ref. 26796], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:178 [ref. 28072], Gill & Zajonz 2011:22 [ref. 31637]). Current status: Valid as Halidesmus scapularis Günther 1872. Pseudochromidae: Congrogadinae. Distribution: South Africa. Habitat: marine.

scintilla, Manonichthys Gill [A. C.] & Williams [J. T.] 2011:54, Figs. 5-6 [Zootaxa No. 3140; ref. 31698] Apo Reef, southern tip on outer reef, Mindoro Province, Philippines, depth 5-33 meters. Holotype: PNM 15176 [ex USNM 382743]. Paratypes: ASU 19100 (1, c&s), FMNH 120315 (2), USNM 382744 (1). •Valid as Manonichthys scintilla Gill & Williams 2011 -- (Allen & Erdmann 2012:327 [ref. 31980]). Current status: Valid as Manonichthys scintilla Gill & Williams 2011. Pseudochromidae: Pseudochrominae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Philippines. Habitat: marine.

shakai, Halimuraena Winterbottom [R.] 1978:49, Figs. 1-2 [Zoologica Africana v. 13 (no. 1); ref. 8859] Off Sodwana Bay, KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa, sothwestern Indian Ocean, 27°31'S, 32°41'E, depth 12.8 meters. Holotype: SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 904. Paratypes: BMNH 1977.1.10.1 (1); SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 905 (6), 906 (5), 907 (2, c&s), 908 (3), 909 (3), 910 (1); USNM 216604 (1). •Valid as Halimuraena shakai Winterbottom 1978 -- (Winterbottom 1986:17 [ref. 5727], Winterbottom 1986:729 [ref. 5728], Fricke 1999:215 [ref. 24106], Heemstra et al. 2004:3319 [ref. 27945], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:178 [ref. 28072]). Current status: Valid as Halimuraena shakai Winterbottom 1978. Pseudochromidae: Congrogadinae. Distribution: Western Indian Ocean: KwaZulu-Natal (South Africa) and East Africa to Comoro Islands and Mauritius (Mascarenes), southwestern Indian Ocean. (Mascarenes). Habitat: marine.

similimus, Pseudochromis Herre [A. W. C. T.] 1933:19 [Copeia 1933 (no. 1); ref. 2106] Culion Island, Philippines. Holotype (unique): CAS-SU 25517. Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:70 [ref. 12291]. •Synonym of Pseudochromis perspicillatus Günther 1862 -- (Gill 2004:158 [ref. 27767]). Current status: Synonym of Pseudochromis perspicillatus Günther 1862. Pseudochromidae: Pseudochrominae. Habitat: marine.

smithae, Chlidichthys Lubbock [R.] 1977:16, Pls. 2D, 3(G-H) [Ichthyological Bulletin of the J. L. B. Smith Institute of Ichthyology No. 35; ref. 7039] Coral slope to silt bottom, Trou d'Eau Douce, Mauritius, Mascarenes, southwestern Indian Ocean, depth 6-7 meters. Holotype: BPBM 16295. Paratypes: BMNH 1975.2.12.26 (1). •Valid as Chlidichthys smithae Lubbock 1977 -- (Fricke 1999:215 [ref. 24106], Gill & Edwards 2004:27 [ref. 28143]). Current status: Valid as Chlidichthys smithae Lubbock 1977. Pseudochromidae: Pseudoplesiopinae. Distribution: Southwestern Indian Ocean: Mauritius (Mascarenes endemic). Habitat: marine.

socotraensis, Halidesmus Gill [A. C.] & Zajonz [U.] 2003:54, Figs. 2-4 [Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington v. 116 (no. 1); ref. 26796] Southwestern coast of Abd al-Kuri Island, about 12°13'N, 52°04'E, Socotra Archipelago, depth 6-15 meters. Holotype: SMF 29223. Paratypes: BMNH 2002.1.19.3 (1), ROM 72697 (1), SMF 29293 (3). •Valid as Halidesmus socotraensis Gill & Zajonz 2003 -- (Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S105 [ref. 27377], Gill & Zajonz 2011:22 [ref. 31637], Zajonz et al. 2019:72 [ref. 36871]). Current status: Valid as Halidesmus socotraensis Gill & Zajonz 2003. Pseudochromidae: Congrogadinae. Distribution: Northwestern Indian Ocean: Socotra Archipelago. Habitat: marine.

socotraensis, Pseudochromis Gill [A. C.] & Zajonz [U.] 2011:14, Figs. 10-12 [Zootaxa No. 3106; ref. 31637] North coast of Abd al-Kuri Island, Socotra Archipelago, depth 5-7 meters. Holotype: SMF 29200. Paratypes: AMS I.45576-001 (2); BMNH 2011.9.27.1 (1); NHCY-P 5 (10); SMF 29201 (5), 29204 (9), 29226 (3), 29230 (4), 29237 (3), 33401 (3), 33550 (1), 33551 (1); USNM 402766 (4). Plus non-type specimens. •Valid as Pseudochromis socotraensis Gill & Zajonz 2011 -- (Zajonz et al. 2019:72 [ref. 36871]). Current status: Valid as Pseudochromis socotraensis Gill & Zajonz 2011. Pseudochromidae: Pseudochrominae. Distribution: Northwestern Indian Ocean: Socotra Archipelago. Habitat: marine.

spencei, Pseudochromis Fowler [H. W.] 1928:112, Pl. 1 [Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society v. 33 (pt 1); ref. 15895] Pools in Back Bay, Mumbai, India. Holotype: ANSP 53937. Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:149 [ref. 13621]. •Synonym of Pseudochromis caudalis Boulenger 1898 -- (Lubbock 1975:126 [ref. 7439], Gill & Mee 1993:54 [ref. 21008], Gill 2004:86 [ref. 27767]). Current status: Synonym of Pseudochromis caudalis Boulenger 1898. Pseudochromidae: Pseudochrominae. Habitat: marine.

spilopterus, Cichlops Bleeker [P.] 1853:168 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 5 (no. 1); ref. 16912] Makassar, Sulawesi, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): RMNH 5966. Bleeker specimens: BMNH 1880.4.21.138 (1), RMNH 31185 (5). Type information: Gill 1995:244 [ref. 22086]. •Synonym of Labracinus cyclophthalmus (Müller & Troschel 1849) -- (Gill 1995:244 [ref. 22086], Gill & Randall 1999:96 [ref. 24270], Gill 1999:2571 [ref. 24817], Gill 2004:27 [ref. 27767]). Current status: Synonym of Labracinus cyclophthalmus (Müller & Troschel 1849). Pseudochromidae: Pseudochrominae. Habitat: marine.

spinifer, Congrogadoides Borodin [N. A.] 1933:141 [Copeia 1933 (no. 3); ref. 528] Broome, Western Australia. Holotype (unique): MCZ 33106. •Valid as Congrogadus spinifer (Borodin 1933) -- (Winterbottom 1986:11 [ref. 5727], Allen & Swainston 1988:108 [ref. 25477], Allen 1997:174 [ref. 23977], Larson & Williams 1997:355 [ref. 23967], Gill 1999:2566 [ref. 24817], Gill et al. 2000:72 [ref. 25035], Hutchins 2001:30 [ref. 25847], Hoese & Gill 2006:1060 [ref. 29083], Larson et al. 2013:105 [ref. 32988]). Current status: Valid as Congrogadus spinifer (Borodin 1933). Pseudochromidae: Congrogadinae. Distribution: Australia. Habitat: marine.

splendens, Pseudochromis Fowler [H. W.] 1931:35 [Bulletin of the United States National Museum No. 100, v. 11; ref. 1407] Doworra Island, Indonesia. Holotype: USNM 89991. •Valid as Pseudochromis splendens Fowler 1931 -- (Paxton et al. 1989:520 [ref. 12442], Allen 1997:96 [ref. 23977], Gill 1999:2567 [ref. 24817]). •Valid as "Manonichthys" splendens (Fowler 1931) -- (Allen & Adrim 2003:33 [ref. 26830]). •Valid as Manonichthys splendens (Fowler 1931) -- (Gill 2004:40 [ref. 27767], Gill et al. 2006:1065 [ref. 29084], Gill & Williams 2011:56 [ref. 31698], Allen & Erdmann 2012:327 [ref. 31980]). Current status: Valid as Manonichthys splendens (Fowler 1931). Pseudochromidae: Pseudochrominae. Distribution: Indonesia. Habitat: marine.

springeri, Pseudochromis Lubbock [R.] 1975:128, Pl. 2a [Journal of Zoology (London) v. 176 (pt 1); ref. 7439] Bay at El Himeira, Sinai, Egypt, Gulf of Aqaba, Red Sea. Holotype: USNM 211761. Paratypes: BMNH 1973.12.20.17-19 (3), 1937.12.20.20 (1); BPBM 13365 (1); HUJ 6758 (2); USNM 211762 (12). Type catalog: Golani 2006:26 [ref. 28840]. •Valid as Pseudochromis springeri Lubbock 1975 -- (Dor 1984:106 [ref. 29757], Goren & Dor 1994:28 [ref. 25356], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S105 [ref. 27377], Gill 2004:171 [ref. 27767], Gill & Zajonz 2011:19 [ref. 31637], Bogorodsky & Randall 2018:[5] 243 [ref. 36492], Golani & Fricke 2018:69 [ref. 36273]). Current status: Valid as Pseudochromis springeri Lubbock 1975. Pseudochromidae: Pseudochrominae. Distribution: Red Sea endemic. Habitat: marine.

steenei, Pseudochromis Gill [A. C.] & Randall [J. E.] 1992:42, Figs. 1-4 [Revue française d'Aquariologie Herpétologie v. 19 (no. 1/2); ref. 19707] Off Tulamben, Bali, Indonesia, depth 33 meters. Holotype: BPBM 34566. Paratypes: BPBM 31982 (1); NTM S.11035-001 (1), S.11336-002 (1); USNM 321933 [ex BPBM 34566] (1). •Valid as Pseudochromis steenei Gill & Randall 1992 -- (Allen 1997:96 [ref. 23977], Gill 1999:2567 [ref. 24817], Allen & Adrim 2003:33 [ref. 26830], Gill 2004:172 [ref. 27767], Gill & Allen 2011:62 [ref. 31364], Gill et al. 2012:31 [ref. 31768], Allen & Erdmann 2012:343 [ref. 31980]). Current status: Valid as Pseudochromis steenei Gill & Randall 1992. Pseudochromidae: Pseudochrominae. Distribution: Lesser Sundra Islands and Indonesia. Habitat: marine.

stellatus, Pseudochromis Gill [A. C.], Allen [G. R.] & Erdmann [M. V.] 2017:333, Figs. 1-3 [Zootaxa 4338 (no. 2); ref. 35650] Indonesia, West Papua Province, Raja Ampat Islands, Batanta, Dayan Channel, 0°48'29"S, 130°27'47"E, depth 55 meters. Holotype: MZB 23884. Paratypes: AMS, WAM. •Valid as Pseudochromis stellatus Gill, Allen & Erdmann 2017. Current status: Valid as Pseudochromis stellatus Gill, Allen & Erdmann 2017. Pseudochromidae: Pseudochrominae. Distribution: Raja Ampat Islands, West Papua Province, Indonesia. Habitat: marine.

straussi, Anisochromis Springer [V. G.], Smith [C. L.] & Fraser [T. H.] 1977:2, Figs. 1-2 [Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology No. 252; ref. 5510] Holotype: USNM 216462. Paratypes: AMNH 35892 (6); BMNH 1976.8.24.1-10 (10); CAS 37640 (15); SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 862 (2); USNM 215859 (25, 1 c&s), 216463-66 (19, 1, 3, 2). •Valid as Anisochromis straussi Springer, Smith & Fraser 1977 -- (Gill & Fricke 2001:200 [ref. 25684]). Current status: Valid as Anisochromis straussi Springer, Smith & Fraser 1977. Pseudochromidae: Anisochrominae. Distribution: Western Indian Ocean. Habitat: marine.

striatus, Pseudochromis Gill [A. C.], Shao [K.-T.] & Chen [J.-P.] 1995:79, Fig. 1 [Revue française d'Aquariologie Herpétologie v. 21 (no. 3/4) [for 1994]; ref. 21614] White Beach, 20°24'45"N, 121°55'00"E, Batan Island, Philippines, depth 15-21 meters. Holotype: USNM 291616. Paratypes: ASIZT P.057128 (1), USNM 304579 (1). Type catalog: Ho & Shao 2011:43 [ref. 31432]. •Valid as Pseudochromis striatus Gill, Shao & Chen 1995 -- (Shibukawa & Iwata 1997:297 [ref. 23223], Gill 1999:2567 [ref. 24817], Nakabo 2000:736 [ref. 25086], Gill in Randall & Lim 2000:611 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2002:736 [ref. 26001], Gill 2004:174 [ref. 27767], Ho & Shao 2011:43 [ref. 31432], Gill & Williams 2011:49 [ref. 31698], Allen & Erdmann 2012:343 [ref. 31980]). Current status: Valid as Pseudochromis striatus Gill, Shao & Chen 1995. Pseudochromidae: Pseudochrominae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Batanes Islands (Philippines), Taiwan and Ryukyu Islands. Habitat: marine.

subducens, Machaerium Richardson [J.] 1843:176, Pl. 6 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (New Series) v. 12 (no. 76) (art. 23); ref. 3735] Port Essington, Northern Territory, Australia. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1843.6.15.45 (stuffed). •Valid as Congrogadus subducens (Richardson 1843) -- (Amaoka in Masuda et al. 1984:293 [ref. 6441], Winterbottom 1986:15 [ref. 5727], Allen & Swainston 1988:108 [ref. 25477], Randall et al. 1990:124 [ref. 15987], Kottelat et al. 1993:107 [ref. 23448], Allen 1997:174 [ref. 23977], Larson & Williams 1997:355 [ref. 23967], Randall et al. 1997:124 [ref. 25919], Gill 1999:2569 [ref. 24817], Gill et al. 2000:77 [ref. 25035], Nakabo 2000:737 [ref. 25086], Gill in Randall & Lim 2000:611 [ref. 25122], Hutchins 2001:30 [ref. 25847], Nakabo 2002:737 [ref. 26001], Allen & Adrim 2003:33 [ref. 26830], Hoese & Gill 2006:1060 [ref. 29083], Allen & Erdmann 2012:318 [ref. 31980], Larson et al. 2013:105 [ref. 32988], Kottelat 2013:328 [ref. 32989], Nakae in Kimura et al. 2018:106 [ref. 36460]). Current status: Valid as Congrogadus subducens (Richardson 1843). Pseudochromidae: Congrogadinae. Distribution: Eastern Indian Ocean, western Pacific: Andaman Sea east to Philippines, north to Ryukyu Islands, south to northern Australia. Habitat: brackish, marine.

swaini, Pseudochromis Herre [A. W. C. T.] 1934:46 [Notes on fishes in the Zoological Museum of Stanford University. 1. The fishes of the Herre Philippine expedition of 1931.; ref. 2108] Reef in Culion Harbor, Culion Island, Philippines. Holotype (unique): CAS-SU 26772. Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:70 [ref. 12291]. •Synonym of Pseudochromis fowleri Herre 1934 -- (Gill 2004:110 [ref. 27767]). Current status: Synonym of Pseudochromis fowleri Herre 1934. Pseudochromidae: Pseudochrominae. Habitat: marine.

tanakai, Lubbockichthys Gill [A. C.] & Senou [H.] 2002:2, Fig. 1 [aqua, Journal of Ichthyology and Aquatic Biology v. 6 (no. 1); ref. 26520] Ie-shima Island, Ryukyu Islands, Japan, depth 28 meters. Holotype: KPM-NI 2522. Paratypes: BMNH 2000.5.24.1 (1). •Valid as Lubbockichthys tanakai Gill & Senou 2002 -- (Allen & Erdmann 2012:320 [ref. 31980]). Current status: Valid as Lubbockichthys tanakai Gill & Senou 2002. Pseudochromidae: Pseudoplesiopinae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Ryukyu Islands, possibly Philippines and West Papua (Indonesia) Habitat: marine.

tapeinosoma, Pseudochromis Bleeker [P.] 1853:115 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 4 (no. 1); ref. 16900] Ambon Island, Molucca Islands, Indonesia. Lectotype: RMNH 5960. Paralectotypes: RMNH 32434 (1). Lectotype selected by Gill 1995:244 [ref. 22086]. •Valid as Pseudochromis tapeinosoma Bleeker 1853 -- (Lubbock 1976:169 [ref. 7350], Hayashi in Masuda et al. 1984:139 [ref. 6441], Allen & Swainston 1988:60 [ref. 25477], Paxton et al. 1989:521 [ref. 12442], Gill & Winterbottom 1993:5 [ref. 21256], Gill 1995:244 [ref. 22086], Gill & Allen 1996:36 [ref. 22220], Shibukawa & Iwata 1997:297 [ref. 23223], Myers 1999:121 [ref. 23965], Gill 1999:2567 [ref. 24817], Nakabo 2000:736 [ref. 25086], Gill in Randall & Lim 2000:611 [ref. 25122], Allen 2000:99 [ref. 25868], Allen 2000:87 [ref. 37268], Hutchins 2001:31 [ref. 25847], Nakabo 2002:736 [ref. 26001], Allen & Adrim 2003:33 [ref. 26830], Gill 2004:176 [ref. 27767], Randall 2005:188 [ref. 28239], Mundy 2005:351 [ref. 28379], Gill et al. 2006:1069 [ref. 29084], Gill et al. 2009:48 [ref. 30129], Allen & Erdmann 2012:343 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2014:67 [ref. 33932]). Current status: Valid as Pseudochromis tapeinosoma Bleeker 1853. Pseudochromidae: Pseudochrominae. Distribution: Eastern Indian Ocean, western Pacific: Christmas Island (Indian Ocean) and Indonesia east to Solomon Islands, north to southern Japan. Habitat: marine.

tauberae, Pseudochromis Lubbock [R.] 1977:9, Pls. 2A, 3(C-D) [Ichthyological Bulletin of the J. L. B. Smith Institute of Ichthyology No. 35; ref. 7039] Inside fringing reef, Shanzu, Kenya, depth 3 meters. Holotype: BMNH 1975.2.12.10. Paratypes: BMNH 1975.2.12.11-12 (2); BPBM 18035 (1); MNHN 1965-0382 (5); SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 3605 (1), 3614 (1); SMF 12660 (1), 12987 (1); USNM 212217 (1), 212277 (1). Type catalog: Bauchot & Desoutter 1987:86 [ref. 12478]. •Valid as Pseudochromis tauberae Lubbock 1977 -- (Smith 1986:541 [ref. 5712], Gill 2004:179 [ref. 27767], Fricke et al. 2018:160 [ref. 35805]). Current status: Valid as Pseudochromis tauberae Lubbock 1977. Pseudochromidae: Pseudochrominae. Distribution: Western Indian Ocean: South and East Africa to Madagascar. Habitat: marine.

thomaseni, Pholioides Nielsen [J. G.] 1961:253, Fig. 1 [Videnskabelige Meddelelser fra Dansk Naturhistorisk Forening, Kjøbenhavn. v. 123; ref. 3193] Rockpools, Karachi, Pakistan. Holotype: ZMUC P75394. Paratypes: ZMUC P75395-98 (4). Type catalog: Nielsen 1974:74 [ref. 9588]. •Valid as Halidesmus thomaseni (Nielsen 1961) -- (Winterbottom 1986:18 [ref. 5727], Winterbottom & Randall 1994:753 [ref. 22087], Randall 1995:144 [ref. 22896], Gill & Zajonz 2003:57 [ref. 26796], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S105 [ref. 27377], Gill & Zajonz 2011:22 [ref. 31637]). Current status: Valid as Halidesmus thomaseni (Nielsen 1961). Pseudochromidae: Congrogadinae. Distribution: Northern Indian Ocean: Oman to Bay of Bengal. Habitat: marine.

tigrinus, Pseudochromis Allen [G. R.] & Erdmann [M. V.] 2012:1110, Figs. 1-4 [Reef fishes of the East Indies.; ref. 31980] Southeastern tip of Narcondam Island, 13°25.277'S, 94°17.399'E, Andaman Islands, depth 42-50 meters. Holotype: WAM P.33250-001. Paratypes: USNM 404320 (5), WAM P.33249-001 (5). •Valid as Pseudochromis tigrinus Allen & Erdmann 2012 -- (Allen & Erdmann 2012:344 [ref. 31980]). Current status: Valid as Pseudochromis tigrinus Allen & Erdmann 2012. Pseudochromidae: Pseudochrominae. Distribution: Narcondom Island (Andaman Islands). Habitat: marine.

tonozukai, Pseudochromis Gill [A. C.] & Allen [G. R.] 2004:7, Figs. 4-5 [Zootaxa No. 604; ref. 27841] Weh Island, near Point Seukundo, 5°52'N, 95°17'51"E, Aceh, northern Sumatra, Indonesia, depth 36 meters. Holotype: NCIP 6187. Paratypes: WAM P.31526-001 (1). Type catalog: Not treated by Moore et al. 2008 [ref. 30117]. •Valid as Pseudochromis tonozukai Gill & Allen 2004 -- (Allen & Erdmann 2012:344 [ref. 31980], Gill et al. 2017:338 [ref. 35650]). Current status: Valid as Pseudochromis tonozukai Gill & Allen 2004. Pseudochromidae: Pseudochrominae. Distribution: Weh Island, off northern Sumatra, Indonesia. Habitat: marine.

trispilos, Cichlops Bleeker [P.] 1855:110 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 9 (no. 1); ref. 16843] Sahu, Halmahera Island, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): MNHN A-8849. Bleeker non-types: RMNH 5964 (4). Type information: Gill 1995:245 [ref. 22086]. •Synonym of Labracinus cyclophthalmus (Müller & Troschel 1849) -- (Gill 1995:245 [ref. 22086], Gill & Randall 1999:96 [ref. 24270], Gill 1999:2571 [ref. 24817], Gill 2004:27 [ref. 27767]). Current status: Synonym of Labracinus cyclophthalmus (Müller & Troschel 1849). Pseudochromidae: Pseudochrominae. Habitat: marine.

typus, Pseudoplesiops Bleeker [P.] 1858:217 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 15 (no. 1); ref. 362] Goram-Archipel [Pulau-Pulau Gorong, Molucca Islands]. Holotype (unique): RMNH 5969. Non-types: RMNH 31188 [ex RMNH 5969] (?). •Valid as Pseudoplesiops typus Bleeker 1858 -- (Paxton et al. 1989:522 [ref. 12442], Randall et al. 1990:132 [ref. 15987], Gill et al. 1991:78 [ref. 19722], Randall et al. 1997:132 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:122 [ref. 23965], Gill 1999:2577 [ref. 24817], Gill in Randall & Lim 2000:611 [ref. 25122], Hutchins 2001:31 [ref. 25847], Gill & Edwards 2002:25 [ref. 26562], Allen & Adrim 2003:33 [ref. 26830], Shibukawa et al. in Kimura & Matsuura 2003:58 [ref. 27510], Allen et al. 2006:1072 [ref. 29085], Allen & Erdmann 2012:322 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2014:67 [ref. 33932]). Current status: Valid as Pseudoplesiops typus Bleeker 1858. Pseudochromidae: Pseudoplesiopinae. Distribution: Western Pacific and eastern Indian Ocean: Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, Papua New Guinea, and Solomon Islands to Australia, Coral Sea and Micronesia. Habitat: marine.

veliferus, Pseudochromis Lubbock [R.] 1980:831, Fig. 5 [Revue Suisse de Zoologie v. 87 (no. 3); ref. 8695] North Point, Lizard Island, Great Barrier Reef, Queensland, Australia, depth 15 meters. Holotype: BMNH 1979.1.9.36. Paratypes: AMS I.15682-022 (1); BMNH 1979.1.9.37-38 (2), 1979.1.9.39-40 (2); BPBM 22523 (1); MHNG 2023.69 (1); USNM 219403 (1). •Valid as Pseudochromis veliferus Lubbock 1980 -- (Paxton et al. 1989:521 [ref. 12442], Gill 1999:2567 [ref. 24817]). •Valid as Ogilbyina velifera (Lubbock 1980) -- (Randall et al. 1990:126 [ref. 15987], Allen 1997:96 [ref. 23977], Kuiter 1997:124 [ref. 25488], Randall et al. 1997:126 [ref. 25919]). •Valid as Oxycercichthys veliferus (Lubbock 1980) -- (Gill 2004:52 [ref. 27767], Gill et al. 2006:1066 [ref. 29084]). Current status: Valid as Oxycercichthys veliferus (Lubbock 1980). Pseudochromidae: Pseudochrominae. Distribution: Eastern Australia. Habitat: marine.

viridis, Pseudochromis Gill [A. C.] & Allen [G. R.] 1996:34, Fig. 1 [Revue française d'Aquariologie Herpétologie v. 23 (no. 1/2); ref. 22220] South of North East Point, Christmas Island, Indian Ocean, 10°27'S, 105°42'E, depth 0.1-3 meters. Holotype: WAM P.29331-013. Paratypes: BMNH 1995.11.13.25 (1); WAM P.20120-008 (1), P.26122-004 (1). Type catalog: Moore et al. 2008:21 [ref. 30117]. •Valid as Pseudochromis viridis Gill & Allen 1996 -- (Allen 2000:87 [ref. 37268], Gill 2004:180 [ref. 27767], Allen & Erdmann 2012:344 [ref. 31980]). Current status: Valid as Pseudochromis viridis Gill & Allen 1996. Pseudochromidae: Pseudochrominae. Distribution: Eastern Indian Ocean: Christmas Island endemic. Habitat: marine.

waltairiensis, Tentaculus Rao [V. V.] & Dutt [S.] 1966:455, Figs. 1-2 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 13) v. 8 (no. 92) (for 1965); ref. 3607] Rock pool at Waltair, Bay of Bengal, eastern coast of India, 17°45'N, 83°22'E. Holotype: ZMAU. Paratypes: ZMAU (3). •?Valid as Halidesmus waltairiensis (Rao & Dutt 1966). Current status: Uncertain as Halidesmus waltairiensis (Rao & Dutt 1966). Pseudochromidae: Congrogadinae. Distribution: India. Habitat: marine.

wassi, Pseudoplesiops Gill [A. C.] & Edwards [A. J.] 2003:2, Figs. 1-2 [Zootaxa No. 291; ref. 27432] Milli Bay, 13°40'19"S, 167°39'04"E, Mota Lava Island, Banks Islands, Vanuatu. Holotype: USNM 363283. Paratypes: AMS I.22584-032 (1), I.25107-066 (1), I.125112-001 (1), I.33731-084 (3); BMNH 1999.1.4.17 (1), 2003.1.22.10-14, 15, 16, and 17 (5, 1, 1, 1); BPBM 38969 (1); USNM 223334 (3), 242110 (2), 259385 (4), 283437 (3), 287661 (1), 290446 (1), 292059 (2), 338527 (1). •Valid as Pseudoplesiops wassi Gill & Edwards 2003 -- (Randall 2005:189 [ref. 28239], Allen et al. 2006:1072 [ref. 29085], Allen & Erdmann 2012:322 [ref. 31980]). Current status: Valid as Pseudoplesiops wassi Gill & Edwards 2003. Pseudochromidae: Pseudoplesiopinae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Australia and Coral Sea, Papua New Guinea, east to Tonga, Samoa and Caroline Islands Habitat: marine.

wildii, Pseudochromis Ogilby [J. D.] 1908:34 [Annals of the Queensland Museum No. 9 (pt 1); ref. 3285] Moreton Bay, Queensland, Australia. Holotype (unique): QM I.784. •Synonym of Pseudochromis fuscus Müller & Troschel 1849 -- (Paxton et al. 1989:519 [ref. 12442], Johnson 1999:731 [ref. 25471], Gill 2004:114 [ref. 27767], Gill et al. 2006:1068 [ref. 29084]). Current status: Synonym of Pseudochromis fuscus Müller & Troschel 1849. Pseudochromidae: Pseudochrominae. Habitat: marine.

wilsoni, Leptochromis tapeinosoma Whitley [G. P.] 1929:113 [Records of the Australian Museum v. 17 (no. 3); ref. 4665] Port Darwin, Northern Territory, Australia. Holotype: AMS IA.3873. Paratypes: AMS IA.3874 (1). •Valid as Pseudochromis wilsoni (Whitley 1929) -- (Allen & Swainston 1988:60 [ref. 25477], Paxton et al. 1989:521 [ref. 12442], Randall et al. 1990:130 [ref. 15987], Gill & Winterbottom 1993:5 [ref. 21256], Allen 1997:94 [ref. 23977], Larson & Williams 1997:356 [ref. 23967], Randall et al. 1997:130 [ref. 25919], Gill 1999:2567 [ref. 24817], Hutchins 2001:31 [ref. 25847], Gill 2004:181 [ref. 27767], Gill et al. 2006:1069 [ref. 29084], Gill et al. 2009:48 [ref. 30129], Larson et al. 2013:106 [ref. 32988]). Current status: Valid as Pseudochromis wilsoni (Whitley 1929). Pseudochromidae: Pseudochrominae. Distribution: Northern Australia. Habitat: marine.

winterbottomi, Congrogadus (Pilbaraichthys) Gill [A. C.], Mooi [R. D.] & Hutchins [J. B.] 2000:74, Figs. 1-6 [Records of the Western Australian Museum v. 20 (pt 1); ref. 25035] Tidal pool, Middle Mangrove Island, 21°29.260'S, 115°21.955'E, Western Australia, depth 0-0.4 meters. Holotype: WAM P.31582-001. Paratypes: AMS I.38770-001 (2); BMNH 1999.9.21.1-3 (3), 1999.9.21.4-5 (2, c&s); CSIRO H 5237-01 (1); MPM 32574 (5); NTM S.14970-001 (1); QM I.31415 (1); ROM 71992 (2); SAMA F9302 (1); USNM 358035 (1); WAM P.31013-046 (2), P.31017-022 (3), P.31018-012 (4), P.31582-002 (2). Type catalog: Moore et al. 2008:21 [ref. 30117]. •Valid as Congrogadus winterbottomi Gill, Mooi & Hutchins 2000 -- (Hoese & Gill 2006:1060 [ref. 29083]). Current status: Valid as Congrogadus winterbottomi Gill, Mooi & Hutchins 2000. Pseudochromidae: Congrogadinae. Distribution: Australia: Western Australia. Habitat: marine.

winterbottomi, Manonichthys Gill [A. C.] 2004:42, Figs. 14-15, 17 [Smithiana Monographs No. 1; ref. 27767] North side of North Baio Bay near main channel, Cebu Strait, Philippines, depth 18-35 meters. Holotype: ROM 52857. Paratypes: BMNH 1979.1.9.32-35 (4, 1 c&s). •Valid as Manonichthys winterbottomi Gill 2004 -- (Gill & Williams 2011:56 [ref. 31698], Allen & Erdmann 2012:327 [ref. 31980]). Current status: Valid as Manonichthys winterbottomi Gill 2004. Pseudochromidae: Pseudochrominae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Philippines. Habitat: marine.

xanthochir, Pseudochromis Bleeker [P.] 1855:443 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 8 (no. 3); ref. 16840] Manado, Sulawesi, Indonesia. Lectotype: RMNH 5959 (58.2 mm). Paralectotypes: (1). Bleeker non-types: AMS I.90 (1), RMNH 32435 (9 of 10). Type information: Gill 1995:245 [ref. 22086]. •Valid as Pseudochromis xanthochir Bleeker 1855 -- (Dor 1984:107 [ref. 29757], Hayashi in Masuda et al. 1984:139 [ref. 6441], Goren & Dor 1994:29 [ref. 25356]). •Synonym of Pseudochromis fuscus Müller & Troschel 1849 -- (Gill 1995:245 [ref. 22086], Gill 1999:2574 [ref. 24817], Gill 2004:114 [ref. 27767]). Current status: Synonym of Pseudochromis fuscus Müller & Troschel 1849. Pseudochromidae: Pseudochrominae. Habitat: marine.

yamasakii, Pseudochromis Gill [A. C.] & Senou [H.] 2016:296, Figs. 1-4 [Zootaxa 4173 (no. 3); ref. 34801] Honshu, Kii Peninsula, Kushimoto, Japan, depth 23 meters. Holotype (unique): KPM-NI 17772. •Valid as Pseudochromis yamasakii Gill & Senou 2016. Current status: Valid as Pseudochromis yamasakii Gill & Senou 2016. Pseudochromidae: Pseudochrominae. Distribution: Japan. Habitat: marine.

zaps, Cypho Gill [A. C.] 2004:20, Figs. 8-10; Pl. 1G [Smithiana Monographs No. 1; ref. 27767] White Beach, Batan Island, Batan Islands, Philippines, depth 15-21 meters. Holotype: USNM 291625. Paratypes: AMS I.39543-001 (4); ANSP 163457 (6); ASIZT P.057275 (1), P.057276 (2); BMNH 1999.12.30.1 (1), 1999.12.30.2 (1); BPBM 34228 (1); NSMT-P 46416 (1); SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 34979 (1); USNM 290945 (1), 291601 (9), 291602 (3), 291626 (2), 291627 (3), 293355 (1), 304577 (7), 339204 (1). Type catalog: Ho & Shao 2011:42 [ref. 31432]. •Valid as Cypho zaps Gill 2004 -- (Ho & Shao 2011:42 [ref. 31432], Allen & Erdmann 2012:323 [ref. 31980], Yoshida et al. 2016:171 [ref. 35076], Koeda et al. 2016:30 [ref. 35333]). Current status: Valid as Cypho zaps Gill 2004. Pseudochromidae: Pseudochrominae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Indonesia, north to Philippines, southern Taiwan and Ryukyu Islands (southern Japan). Habitat: marine.