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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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Species in the family or subfamily Pseudopimelodidae: [ 58 ] records


acanthochiroides, Pseudopimelodus Güntert [H.] 1942:29 [Zoologischer Anzeiger v. 138 (nos 1/2); ref. 12954] Santander, Colombia. Syntypes: NMBA 5277-78 (2). Type catalog: Kottelat & Sutter 1988:54 [ref. 13796], Ferraris 2007:352 [ref. 29155]. •Synonym of Pseudopimelodus raninus (Valenciennes 1840), but a valid subspecies -- (Burgess 1989:276 [ref. 12860], Galvis et al. 1997:68 [ref. 23651]). •Questionably a synonym of Pseudopimelodus raninus (Valenciennes 1840) -- (Grant 1999:44 [ref. 24295]). •Valid as Batrochoglanis acanthochiroides (Güntert 1942) -- (Shibatta in Reis et al. 2003:401 [ref. 27061], Shibatta & Pavanelli 2005:23 [ref. 28557], Ferraris 2007:352 [ref. 29155], DoNascimiento et al. 2017:95 [ref. 35633], Shibatta 2019:260 [ref. 36984]). Current status: Valid as Batrochoglanis acanthochiroides (Güntert 1942). Pseudopimelodidae. Distribution: Catatumbo River basin in Lake Maracaibo drainage: Colombia and Venezuela. Habitat: freshwater.

acanthochirus, Pseudopimelodus Eigenmann [C. H.] & Eigenmann [R. S.] 1888:122 [Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences (Series 2) v. 1 (pt 2); ref. 1249] Brazil. Syntypes: MCZ 8133 (1) Gurupa, 8157 (1) Tajapuru, 7732 (2) Teffé, 7332 (1) Jutahy. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:353 [ref. 29155]. •Synonym of Pseudopimelodus raninus (Valenciennes 1840) -- (Burgess 1989:276 [ref. 12860]). •Questionably a synonym of Pseudopimelodus raninus (Valenciennes 1840) -- (Grant 1999:44 [ref. 24295]). •Synonym of Batrochoglanis raninus (Valenciennes 1840) -- (Shibatta in Reis et al. 2003:401 [ref. 27061], Ferraris 2007:353 [ref. 29155]). Current status: Synonym of Batrochoglanis raninus (Valenciennes 1840). Pseudopimelodidae. Habitat: freshwater.

agassizii, Pseudopimelodus Steindachner [F.] 1880:61 [Denkschriften der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften in Wien, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe. v. 42; ref. 14403] Probably Amazonas, Brazil. Holotype (unique): NMW 46123. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:353 [ref. 29155]. Unneeded replacement name for Lophiosilurus alexandri Steindachner 1876 based on reference and plate provided in text; alexandri not mentioned but the link is clear. As Pseudop. Agassizi. •Synonym of Lophiosilurus alexandri Steindachner 1876 -- (Ferraris 2007:353 [ref. 29155]). Current status: Synonym of Lophiosilurus alexandri Steindachner 1876. Pseudopimelodidae. Habitat: freshwater.

albomarginatus, Pseudopimelodus Eigenmann [C. H.] 1912:153, Pl. 11 (fig. 1) [Memoirs of the Carnegie Museum v. 5 (no. 1); ref. 1227] Tukeit, Guyana. Holotype: FMNH 53221 [ex CM 1680]. Paratypes: (22) BMNH 1911.10.31.60-61 (2); CAS 63725 [ex IU 12057] (4); FMNH 7379 (1), 53222 (8), 53572 (1); MCZ 30081 (1); CAS-SU 21931 (1); USNM 66266 (1); ZMA 104667 (1). Type catalog: Henn 1928:78 [ref. 12305], Böhlke 1953:44 [ref. 12291], Nijssen et al. 1982:61 [ref. 19236], Ibarra & Stewart 1987:71 [ref. 12367], Ferraris & Vari 1992:37 [ref. 19771], Ferraris 2007:353 [ref. 29155]. Appeared first as name only in Eigenmann 1910:384 [ref. 1224]. •Valid as Pseudopimelodus albomarginatus Eigenmann 1912 -- (Grant 1999:49 [ref. 24295], Le Bail et al. 2000:108 [ref. 24549]). •Valid as Cephalosilurus albomarginatus (Eigenmann 1912) -- (Shibatta in Reis et al. 2003:402 [ref. 27061], Ferraris 2007:353 [ref. 29155]). Current status: Valid as Cephalosilurus albomarginatus (Eigenmann 1912). Pseudopimelodidae. Distribution: Tukeit, Guyana. Habitat: freshwater.

alexandri, Lophiosilurus Steindachner [F.] 1876:154 [106], Pl. 15 [Sitzungsberichte der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften. Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe v. 74 (1. Abth.); ref. 4225] Probably Amazonas, Brazil. Holotype (unique): NMW 46123. On p. 106 of separate. •Valid as Lophiosilurus alexandri Steindachner 1876 -- (Burgess 1989:275 [ref. 12860], Ferraris 2007:353 [ref. 29155] dated 1877, Silva et al. 2020:12 [ref. 37809]). Current status: Valid as Lophiosilurus alexandri Steindachner 1876. Pseudopimelodidae. Distribution: South America: São Francisco River basin (Brazil). Habitat: freshwater.

annulatus, Rhyacoglanis Shibatta [O. A.] & Vari [R. P.] 2017:5, Figs. 2, 3a [Neotropical Ichthyology v. 15 (no. 2) e160132; ref. 35359] Raudales de Atures, at Culebra, approximately 7 km S of Puerto Ayacucho, río Orinoco basin, Amazonas, Venezuela, approximately 05°35'N, 67°31'W. Holotype: ANSP 160625. Paratype: ANSP. •Valid as Rhyacoglanis annulatus Shibatta & Vari 2017 -- (DoNascimiento et al. 2017:95 [ref. 35633]). Current status: Valid as Rhyacoglanis annulatus Shibatta & Vari 2017. Pseudopimelodidae. Distribution: Orinoco River basin: Venezuela and Colombia. Habitat: freshwater.

apurensis, Pseudopimelodus Mees [G. F.] 1978:253, Pl. 1 [Zoologische Mededelingen (Leiden) v. 53 (no. 23); ref. 5691] Río Arichuna, near San Pedro, Rincón hondo, Apure, Venezuela. Holotype (unique): RMNH 27644. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:353 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Pseudopimelodus apurensis Mees 1978 -- (Burgess 1989:276 [ref. 12860], Grant 1999:48 [ref. 24295]). •Valid as Cephalosilurus apurensis (Mees 1978) -- (Shibatta in Reis et al. 2003:402 [ref. 27061], Ferraris 2007:353 [ref. 29155], DoNascimiento et al. 2017:95 [ref. 35633], Urbano-Bonilla et al. 2018:80 [ref. 35773]). Current status: Valid as Cephalosilurus apurensis (Mees 1978). Pseudopimelodidae. Distribution: Orinoco River basin: Venezuela and Colombia. Habitat: freshwater.

ater, Microglanis Ahl [E.] 1936:109 [Zoologischer Anzeiger v. 116 (nos 3/4); ref. 13679] Brazil [as Mitttelbrazil]. Holotype (unique): ZMB 20932. Type catalog: Silfvergrip & Paepke 1997:165-166 [ref. 24006], Ferraris 2007:354 [ref. 29155]. Types mentioned: Paepke 1995:92 [ref. 21847]. •Valid as Microglanis ater Ahl 1936 -- (Burgess 1989:276 [ref. 12860], Bizerril & Perez-Neto 1992:97 [ref. 19724], Grant 1999:54 [ref. 24295], Shibatta in Reis et al. 2003:402 [ref. 27061], Shibatta & Benine 2005:580 [ref. 28567], Sarmento-Soares et al. 2006:158 [ref. 28723], Ferraris 2007:354 [ref. 29155], Ruiz & Shibatta 2010:54 [ref. 30984], Ottoni et al. 2010:187 [ref. 31071], Ruiz & Shibatta 2011:697 [ref. 31721], Mattos et al. 2013:153 [ref. 33009]). Current status: Valid as Microglanis ater Ahl 1936. Pseudopimelodidae. Distribution: Brazil. Habitat: freshwater.

atricaudus, Pseudopimelodus Restrepo-Gómez [A. M.], Rangel-Medrano [J. D.], Márquez [E. J.] & Ortega-Lara [A.] 2020:12, Figs. 3B, 4B, 5B, 6B, 9, 10B, 11 [PeerJ v. 8: e9723; ref. 37755] Cauca River in Guaranda, Magdalena River basin, Sucre, Colombia, 8°19'04.6"N, 74°31'56.9"W. Holotype: CIUA 5141. Paratypes: ANDES, CIUA, CP-UCO, CZUT-IC, ICNMHN, IMCN. Plus additional non-type material. •Valid as Pseudopimelodus atricaudus Restrepo-Gómez, Rangel-Medrano, Márquez & Ortega-Lara 2020. Current status: Valid as Pseudopimelodus atricaudus Restrepo-Gómez, Rangel-Medrano, Márquez & Ortega-Lara 2020. Pseudopimelodidae. Distribution: Middle and lower Cauca River basin and Magdalena River basin (below 200 meters elevation from the confluence of the Gualí River), Colombia. Habitat: freshwater.

berbixae, Microglanis Tobes [I.], Falconí-López [A.], Valdiviezo-Rivera [J.] & Provenzano [F.] 2020:4, Figs. 1, 3-7 [Neotropical Ichthyology v. 18 (no. 2); ref. 37632] Quebrada Sune, a tributary of Pachijal River, Esmeraldas River basin, Pacific slope, Parroquia de Pacto, Pichincha Province, Ecuador, 0°05'28.56"N, 78°53'53.04"W, elevation 960 meters. Holotype: MECN DP-3944. Paratypes: FMNH, MECN, MEPN, MZUSP. Plus additional non-type material. •Valid as Microglanis berbixae Tobes, Falconí-López, Valdiviezo-Rivera & Provenzano 2020. Current status: Valid as Microglanis berbixae Tobes, Falconí-López, Valdiviezo-Rivera & Provenzano 2020. Pseudopimelodidae. Distribution: Esmeraldas River basin, Pacific slope of Ecuador. Habitat: freshwater.

bufonius, Pimelodus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1840:154 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 15; ref. 1008] Cayenne, French Guiana [probably Paramaribo, Suriname]. Holotype (unique): RMNH (lost). Type information: Boeseman 1972:295 [ref. 19698]. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:355 [ref. 29155]. For locality information see Boeseman 1972:295 [ref. 19698]. •Synonym of Pseudopimelodus zungaro (Humboldt 1833), but a valid subspecies -- (Burgess 1989:276 [ref. 12860], Galvis et al. 1997:69 [ref. 23651]). •Valid as Pseudopimelodus bufonius (Valenciennes 1840) -- (Grant 1999:50 [ref. 24295], Le Bail et al. 2000:110 [ref. 24549], Shibatta in Reis et al. 2003:403 [ref. 27061], Ferraris 2007:355 [ref. 29155], DoNascimiento et al. 2017:95 [ref. 35633], Urbano-Bonilla et al. 2018:80 [ref. 35773], Restrepo-Gómez et al. 2020:20 [ref. 37755]). Current status: Valid as Pseudopimelodus bufonius (Valenciennes 1840). Pseudopimelodidae. Distribution: South America: rivers of northeastern South America from Lake Maracaibo basin (Orinoco) to eastern Brazil (Amazon): Brazil, Colombia, French Guiana, Suriname, Venezuela and Guyana. Habitat: freshwater.

butcheri, Pseudopimelodus villosus Schultz [L. P.] 1944:199, Pl. 1 (fig. B) [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 94 (no. 3172); ref. 3959] Río San Juan near bridge south of Mene Grande, tributary to Rio Motatán, Maracaibo basin, Venezuela. Holotype: USNM 121270. Paratypes: G Dahl coll. (3), MBUCV-V-10935 (1), MCZ 36213 (5), and UMMZ 142493 (3) all ex USNM 121273; USNM 121271 (25, now 22), 121272 (2), 121273 (58, now 46), 121274-80 (6, 1, 11, 1, 1, 5, 2); ZMA 102122 (3). Type catalog: Nijssen et al. 1982:61-62 [ref. 19236], Ferraris & Vari 1992:37 [ref. 19771], Provenzano et al. 1998:15 [ref. 24196], Ferraris 2007:352 [ref. 29155]. •Questionably a synonym of Pseudopimelodus raninus (Valenciennes 1840) -- (Grant 1999:44 [ref. 24295]). •Synonym of Batrochoglanis ancathochiroides (Güntert 1942) -- (Shibatta in Reis et al. 2003:401 [ref. 27061], Ferraris 2007:352 [ref. 29155]). Current status: Synonym of Batrochoglanis acanthochiroides (Güntert 1942). Pseudopimelodidae. Habitat: freshwater.

carlae, Microglanis Vera Alcaraz [H. S.], da Graça [W. J.] & Shibatta [O. A.] 2008:426, Figs. 1-2 [Neotropical Ichthyology v. 6 (no. 3); ref. 29849] Ñeembucú, Mburika, arroyo Yacaré, left bank tributary of río Tebicuary, río Paraguay basin, 26°39'S, 58°05'W, Paraguay. Holotype: MNHNP 3667. Paratypes: CZCEN 312 (4 + 1 c&s), 313 (6 + 1 c&s); MNHNP 3668 (5); MZUEL 5021 (5); MZUSP 98255 (5); NUP 5361 (4), 5362 (1 c&s). •Valid as Microglanis carlae Vera Alcaraz, da Graça & Shibatta 2008 -- (Ruiz & Shibatta 2010:54 [ref. 30984], Ottoni et al. 2010:187 [ref. 31071], Ruiz & Shibatta 2011:706 [ref. 31721], Jarduli & Shibatta 2013:511 [ref. 32911], Shibatta 2014:86 [ref. 33231], Shibatta 2016:[6] [ref. 34812], Terán et al. 2016:200 [ref. 34904], Ruiz 2016:230 [ref. 34907], Koerber et al. 2017:4 [ref. 35083], Koerber et al. 2017:50 [ref. 35267], Koerber et al. 2017:5 [ref. 35632], Koerber et al. 2019:5 [ref. 36736], Mirande & Koerber 2020:2 [ref. 37594]). Current status: Valid as Microglanis carlae Vera Alcaraz, da Graça & Shibatta 2008. Pseudopimelodidae. Distribution: South America: Paraguay River basin (Paraguay and Argentina). Habitat: freshwater.

castaneus, Batrochoglanis Shibatta [O. A.] 2019:244, Figs. 1-14 [Zootaxa 4674 (no. 2); ref. 36984] Igarapé do Castanhal, Aripuanã River basin, Mato Grosso, Brazil. Holotype: INPA 8059. Paratypes: INPA, MZUEL. •Valid as Batrochoglanis castaneus Shibatta 2019. Current status: Valid as Batrochoglanis castaneus Shibatta 2019. Pseudopimelodidae. Distribution: Aripuanã River basin, Mato Grosso, Brazil. Habitat: freshwater.

charus, Pimelodus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1840:159 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 15; ref. 1008] Sabara River, Brazil. No types known. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:355 [ref. 29155]. •Synonym of Pseudopimelodus zungaro (Humboldt 1833) subspecies bufonis (Valenciennes 1840) -- (Burgess 1989:276 [ref. 12860], Galvis et al. 1997:69 [ref. 23651]). •Valid as Pseudopimelodus charus (Valenciennes 1840) -- (Grant 1999:51 [ref. 24295], Britski 2001:20 [ref. 26046], Shibatta in Reis et al. 2003:403 [ref. 27061], Ferraris 2007:355 [ref. 29155], Restrepo-Gómez et al. 2020:20 [ref. 37755]). Current status: Valid as Pseudopimelodus charus (Valenciennes 1840). Pseudopimelodidae. Distribution: São Francisco River basin, Brazil. Habitat: freshwater.

cibelae, Microglanis Malabarba [L. R.] & Mahler [J. K. F., Jr.] 1998:249, Figs. 4-5 [Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 9 (no. 3); ref. 23653] Rio Maquiné, between Maquiné and Barra do Ouro, arroio do Ouro, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Holotype: MZUSP 48653. Paratypes: MCP 13636 (1), 14825 (1), 19822 (7, 3 c&s); plus non-type material. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:354 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Microglanis cibelae Malabarba & Mahler 1998 -- (Shibatta in Reis et al. 2003:402 [ref. 27061], Bertaco & Cardoso 2005:65 [ref. 28181], Shibatta & Benine 2005:580 [ref. 28567], Sarmento-Soares et al. 2006:158 [ref. 28723], Mori & Shibatta 2006:32 [ref. 28958], Ferraris 2007:354 [ref. 29155], Ruiz & Shibatta 2010:54 [ref. 30984], Ottoni et al. 2010:187 [ref. 31071], Ruiz & Shibatta 2011:706 [ref. 31721], Jarduli & Shibatta 2013:511 [ref. 32911], Shibatta 2014:86 [ref. 33231], Bertaco et al. 2016:421 [ref. 34561], Shibatta 2016:[6] [ref. 34812], Terán et al. 2016:200 [ref. 34904], Ruiz 2016:230 [ref. 34907]). •Synonym of Microglanis cottoides (Boulenger 1891) -- (Souza-Shibatta et al. 2018:15 [ref. 36010]). Current status: Synonym of Microglanis cottoides (Boulenger 1891). Pseudopimelodidae. Habitat: freshwater.

cottoides, Pimelodus (Pseudopimelodus) Boulenger [G. A.] 1891:233, Pl. 25 (fig. 2) [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1891 (pt 2); ref. 17039] Rio Camaquam [Camaquã], Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Syntypes: BMNH 1891.3.16.36-45 and 106, BMNH 1889.8.24.5. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:354 [ref. 29155]. •Synonym of Microglanis parahybae (Steindachner 1880) -- (Burgess 1989:276 [ref. 12860]). •Synonym of Pseudopimelodus parahybae Steindachner 1880 -- (Bizerril & Perez-Neto 1992:99 [ref. 19724]). •Valid as Microglanis cottoides (Boulenger 1891) -- (Malabarba 1989:140 [ref. 14217], Malabarba & Mahler 1998:244 [ref. 23653], Britski et al. 1999:97 [ref. 24147], Shibatta in Reis et al. 2003:402 [ref. 27061], López et al. 2003:63 [ref. 27366], Diogo et al. 2004:262 [ref. 27964], Menni 2004:83 [ref. 28131], Bertaco & Cardoso 2005:65 [ref. 28181], Shibatta & Benine 2005:580 [ref. 28567], Sarmento-Soares et al. 2006:158 [ref. 28723], Mori & Shibatta 2006:32 [ref. 28958], Ferraris 2007:354 [ref. 29155], Ottoni et al. 2010:187 [ref. 31071], Ruiz & Shibatta 2011:706 [ref. 31721], Jarduli & Shibatta 2013:511 [ref. 32911], Litz & Koerber 2014:20 [ref. 33622], Mirande & Koerber 2015:33 [ref. 35117], Bertaco et al. 2016:421 [ref. 34561], Shibatta 2016:[6] [ref. 34812], Terán et al. 2016:200 [ref. 34904], Ruiz 2016:230 [ref. 34907], Nión et al. 2016:32 [ref. 35565], Souza-Shibatta et al. 2018:1 [ref. 36010], Mirande & Koerber 2020:2 [ref. 37594]). Current status: Valid as Microglanis cottoides (Boulenger 1891). Pseudopimelodidae. Distribution: South America: coastal drainages from São Paulo to Rio Grande do Sul States (Brazil). Habitat: freshwater.

epiblepsis, Rhyacoglanis Shibatta [O. A.] & Vari [R. P.] 2017:8, Figs. 3b, 5, 6 [Neotropical Ichthyology v. 15 (no. 2) e160132; ref. 35359] Cachuelo approximately 300 meter above mouth of río Machupo, río Itenez, Beni, Bolivia, approximately 12°29'S, 64°24'W. Holotype: AMNH 266401. Paratypes: AMNH. •Valid as Rhyacoglanis epiblepsis Shibatta & Vari 2017. Current status: Valid as Rhyacoglanis epiblepsis Shibatta & Vari 2017. Pseudopimelodidae. Distribution: Rio Madeira-Mamoré basin, Bolivia. Habitat: freshwater.

eurystoma, Microglanis Malabarba [L. R.] & Mahler [J. K. F., Jr.] 1998:248, Fig. 3 [Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 9 (no. 3); ref. 23653] Itá, Rio Uruguay, Santa Catarina State, Brazil, ca. 27°18'00"S, 52°20'00"W. Holotype: MCP 13405. Paratypes: MCP 5717 (1 c&s), 12698 (12, 1 c&s), 13151 (1); plus non-type material. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:354 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Microglanis eurystoma Malabarba & Mahler 1998 -- (Shibatta in Reis et al. 2003:403 [ref. 27061], Bertaco & Cardoso 2005:64 [ref. 28181], Shibatta & Benine 2005:580 [ref. 28567], Sarmento-Soares et al. 2006:158 [ref. 28723], Mori & Shibatta 2006:39 [ref. 28958], Ferraris 2007:354 [ref. 29155], Ruiz & Shibatta 2010:55 [ref. 30984], Ottoni et al. 2010:187 [ref. 31071], Zarucki et al. 2010:192 [ref. 34811] as aff. eurystoma, Ruiz & Shibatta 2011:706 [ref. 31721], Jarduli & Shibatta 2013:511 [ref. 32911], Shibatta 2014:86 [ref. 33231], Litz & Koerber 2014:20 [ref. 33622], Bertaco et al. 2016:421 [ref. 34561], Shibatta 2016:[6] [ref. 34812], Terán et al. 2016:200 [ref. 34904], Ruiz 2016:230 [ref. 34907]). Current status: Valid as Microglanis eurystoma Malabarba & Mahler 1998. Pseudopimelodidae. Distribution: Upper Uruguay River basin, Brazil and Uruguay. Habitat: freshwater.

fowleri, Cephalosilurus Haseman [J. D.] 1911:317, Pl. 46 [Annals of the Carnegie Museum v. 7 (nos 3-4) (17); ref. 2047] Rio São Francisco, Cidade de Barra, Bahia, Brazil. Holotype (unique): FMNH 54254 [ex CM 2880]. Type catalog: Henn 1928:75 [ref. 12305], Ibarra & Stewart 1987:21 [ref. 12367], Ferraris 2007:353 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Pseudopimelodus fowleri (Haseman 1911) -- (Burgess 1989:276 [ref. 12860], Grant 1999:49 [ref. 24295]). •Valid as Cephalosilurus fowleri Haseman 1911 -- (Shibatta in Reis et al. 2003:402 [ref. 27061], Ferraris 2007:353 [ref. 29155], Silva et al. 2020:12 [ref. 37809]). Current status: Valid as Cephalosilurus fowleri Haseman 1911. Pseudopimelodidae. Distribution: South America: São Francisco River basin (Brazil). Habitat: freshwater.

garavelloi, Microglanis Shibatta [O. A.] & Benine [R. C.] 2005:580, Figs. 1-3 [Neotropical Ichthyology v. 3 (no. 4); ref. 28567] Ribeirão Taquari, 23°12'24"S, 50°56'50"W, Jataizinho, Paraná, Brazil. Holotype: MZUSP 88006. Paratypes: Many lots at ANSP, LIRP, MCP, MNRJ, MZUEL, MZUSP. Plus non-type specimens. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:354 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Microglanis garavelloi Sibatta & Benine 2005 -- (Sarmento-Soares et al. 2006:158 [ref. 28723], Mori & Shibatta 2006:39 [ref. 28958], Ferraris 2007:354 [ref. 29155], Ruiz & Shibatta 2010:55 [ref. 30984], Ottoni et al. 2010:187 [ref. 31071], Ruiz & Shibatta 2011:706 [ref. 31721], Jarduli & Shibatta 2013:511 [ref. 32911], Shibatta 2014:86 [ref. 33231], Shibatta 2016:[6] [ref. 34812], Terán et al. 2016:200 [ref. 34904], Ruiz 2016:230 [ref. 34907], Souza-Shibatta et al. 2018:13 [ref. 36010]). Current status: Valid as Microglanis garavelloi Shibatta & Benine 2005. Pseudopimelodidae. Distribution: Upper Paraná River basin, Brazil. Habitat: freshwater.

iheringi, Microglanis Gomes [A. L.] 1946:9, Pl. 1 [Occasional Papers of the Museum of Zoology University of Michigan No. 494; ref. 13126] Río Turmero, Aragua, Venezuela. Holotype: FMNH 35350. Paratypes: AMNH 8665 (2); FMNH 35347 (1), 35349 (1, now 0), 35351 (1); MCZ 32124 (1); UMMZ 147323 [ex FMNH 35349] (1); USNM 121985 (2). Type catalog: Ibarra & Stewart 1987:57 [ref. 12367], Ferraris & Vari 1992:34 [ref. 19771], Ferraris 2007:354 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Microglanis iheringi Gomes 1946 -- (Burgess 1989:276 [ref. 12860], Bizerril & Perez-Neto 1992:97 [ref. 19724], Grant 1999:53 [ref. 24295], Shibatta in Reis et al. 2003:403 [ref. 27061], Shibatta & Benine 2005:580 [ref. 28567], Sarmento-Soares et al. 2006:157 [ref. 28723], Ferraris 2007:354 [ref. 29155], Ruiz & Shibatta 2010:55 [ref. 30984], Ottoni et al. 2010:187 [ref. 31071], Ruiz & Shibatta 2011:706 [ref. 31721], Jarduli & Shibatta 2013:511 [ref. 32911], Shibatta 2014:86 [ref. 33231], DoNascimiento 2016:534 [ref. 34727], Shibatta 2016:[6] [ref. 34812], Terán et al. 2016:200 [ref. 34904], Ruiz 2016:230 [ref. 34907], DoNascimiento et al. 2017:95 [ref. 35633], Urbano-Bonilla et al. 2018:79 [ref. 35773]). Current status: Valid as Microglanis iheringi Gomes 1946. Pseudopimelodidae. Distribution: Turmero River basin, Orinoco River drainage, Venezuela and Colombia. Habitat: freshwater.

leniceae, Microglanis Shibatta [O. A.] 2016:[2], Figs. 1, 2 [Neotropical Ichthyology v. 14 (no. 3) e160031; ref. 34812] Rio Betione, Miranda, upper rio Paraguay basin, Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil, 20°25'25"S, 56°23'57"W. Holotype: ZUFMS 4148. Paratypes: INPA, NUP, ZUFMS. •Valid as Microglanis leniceae Shibatta 2016. Current status: Valid as Microglanis leniceae Shibatta 2016. Pseudopimelodidae. Distribution: Upper rio Paraguay basin, Mato Grosso and Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil. Habitat: freshwater.

leptostriatus, Microglanis Mori [H.] & Shibatta [O. A.] 2006:33, Figs. 1, 2A [Zootaxa No. 1302; ref. 28958] Rio Verde Grande, 16°39'S, 46°11'57.8"W, Montes Claros, Minas Gerais State, Brazil. Holotype: MZUSP 85985. Paratypes: ANSP 172127 (1); MCP 16647 (10); MZUEL 3733 (6); MZUSP 47408 (5), 47456 (2), 86144 (11). •Valid as Microglanis leptostriatus Mori & Shibatta 2006 -- (Ferraris 2007:441 [ref. 29155], Ruiz & Shibatta 2010:55 [ref. 30984], Ottoni et al. 2010:187 [ref. 31071], Ruiz & Shibatta 2011:706 [ref. 31721], Jarduli & Shibatta 2013:511 [ref. 32911], Jarduli & Shibatta 2013:511 [ref. 32911], Shibatta 2014:86 [ref. 33231], Shibatta 2016:[6] [ref. 34812], Terán et al. 2016:200 [ref. 34904], Ruiz 2016:230 [ref. 34907]). Current status: Valid as Microglanis leptostriatus Mori & Shibatta 2006. Pseudopimelodidae. Distribution: São Francisco River basin, Minas Gerais, Brazil. Habitat: freshwater.

lundbergi, Microglanis Jarduli [L. R.] & Shibatta [O. A.] 2013:508, Figs. 1-2 [Neotropical Ichthyology v. 11 (no. 3); ref. 32911] Amazonas Tefé Municipality, Alvarães, Costas das Capivaras, rio Solimões, 3°14.11'S, 64°41.15'W, Brazil. Holotype: INPA 28577. Paratypes: INPA, MZUSP. •Valid as Microglanis lundbergi Jarduli & Shibatta 2013 -- (Shibatta 2016:[6] [ref. 34812], Terán et al. 2016:200 [ref. 34904], Ruiz 2016:230 [ref. 34907]). Current status: Valid as Microglanis lundbergi Jarduli & Shibatta 2013. Pseudopimelodidae. Distribution: Amazonas, Brazil. Habitat: freshwater.

maculatus, Microglanis Shibatta [O. A.] 2014:82, Figs. 1-3 [Neotropical Ichthyology v. 12 (no. 1); ref. 33231] Goiás, município de Barro Alto, upper rio Tocantins basin, ribeirão Pouso Alegre, tributary of rio dos Patos, 15°01’26"S, 8°49’51"W, Brazil. Holotype: INPA 41133. Paratypes: INPA 24044 (2), MZUEL 5925 (1). •Valid as Microglanis maculatus Shibatta 2014 -- (Shibatta 2016:[6] [ref. 34812], Terán et al. 2016:201 [ref. 34904], Ruiz 2016:230 [ref. 34907]). Current status: Valid as Microglanis maculatus Shibatta 2014. Pseudopimelodidae. Distribution: Rio dos Patos basin, Brazil. Habitat: freshwater.

malabarbai, Microglanis Bertaco [V. A.] & Cardoso [A. R.] 2005:62, Fig. 2 [Neotropical Ichthyology v. 3 (no. 1); ref. 28181] Arroio Albino, tributary of rio Ijuí, rio Uruguay drainage, 28°08'10"S, 54°55'28"W, São Pedro do Butiá, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Holotype: MCP 35941. Paratypes: MCP 35339 (1), 35760 (1), 35761 (5), 35762 (1); MZUSP 85812 (2). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:354 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Microglanis malabarbai Bertaco & Cardoso 2005 -- (Shibatta & Benine 2005:580 [ref. 28567], Sarmento-Soares et al. 2006:158 [ref. 28723], Mori & Shibatta 2006:39 [ref. 28958], Ferraris 2007:354 [ref. 29155], Ruiz & Shibatta 2010:55 [ref. 30984], Ottoni et al. 2010:187 [ref. 31071], Ruiz & Shibatta 2011:706 [ref. 31721], Jarduli & Shibatta 2013:511 [ref. 32911], Shibatta 2014:86 [ref. 33231], Bertaco et al. 2016:421 [ref. 34561], Shibatta 2016:[6] [ref. 34812], Terán et al. 2016:201 [ref. 34904], Ruiz 2016:230 [ref. 34907], Souza-Shibatta et al. 2018:15 [ref. 36010]). Current status: Valid as Microglanis malabarbai Bertaco & Cardoso 2005. Pseudopimelodidae. Distribution: Uruguay River basin, Brazil and Uruguay. Habitat: freshwater.

mangurus, Pimelodus Valenciennes [A.] 1835:Pl. 1 (figs. 4-6) [Voyage dans l'Amérique méridionale; ref. 20720] Río de la Plata, Argentina. Holotype (unique): MNHN A-8401. Valenciennes specimen: MNHN A-9417 (1, dry). Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1950:55 [ref. 19575] with syntypes; technically the figured specimen is the holotype; Ferraris 2007:355 [ref. 29155]. Name available from plate, description in Valenciennes 1847:6 [ref. 5010], as Pimelodus manguru. See also Cuvier & Valenciennes 1840:156 [ref. 1008]. Pl. 1 was published in 1835. Figured specimen identified as MNHN A-8401 by Grant 1999:56 [ref. 24295], but he incorrectly named it the lectotype -- it is the holotype. •Valid as Zungaro mangurus (Valenciennes 1836) -- (Grant 1999:56 [ref. 24295]). •Synonym of Pseudopimelodus zungaro (Humboldt 1821), but a valid subspecies -- (Burgess 1989:276 [ref. 12860], López et al. 2003:60 [ref. 27366]). •Valid as Pseudopimelodus mangurus (Valenciennes 1835) -- (Shibatta in Reis et al. 2003:403 [ref. 27061], Ferraris 2007:355 [ref. 29155], Litz & Koerber 2014:20 [ref. 33622], Sarmiento et al. 2014:192 [ref. 35004], Mirande & Koerber 2015:33 [ref. 35117], Bertaco et al. 2016:421 [ref. 34561], Nión et al. 2016:32 [ref. 35565], Vera-Alcaraz et al. 2017:5 [ref. 35082], Koerber et al. 2017:51 [ref. 35267], Restrepo-Gómez et al. 2020:20 [ref. 37755]). Current status: Valid as Pseudopimelodus mangurus (Valenciennes 1835). Pseudopimelodidae. Distribution: Uruguay, Paraná, Paraguay and La Plata River basins: Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Paraguay and Uruguay. Habitat: freshwater.

mathisoni, Zungaro Fernández-Yépez [A.] 1972:22, Pl. 41 [Análisis ictiológico del complejo hidrográfico; ref. 19696] Río Yaracuy drainage, Venezuela. Holotype: no repository stated. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:356 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Pseudopimelodus mathisoni (Fernández-Yépez 1972) -- (Burgess 1989:276 [ref. 12860]). •Questionably a synonym of Pseudopimelodus raninus (Valenciennes 1840) -- (Grant 1999:44 [ref. 24295]). •Species inquirenda in Pseudopimelodus -- (Shibatta in Reis et al. 2003:404 [ref. 27061]). •Species inquirenda in Pseudopimelodidae -- (Ferraris 2007:356 [ref. 29155]). Pseudopimelodidae. Distribution: Venezuela [if valid]. Habitat: freshwater.

melanurus, Batrochoglanis Shibatta [O. A.] & Pavanelli [C. S.] 2005:23, Figs. 1-2 [Zootaxa No. 1092; ref. 28557] Córrego Cancela, affluent of rio Cuiabá, rio Paraguai basin, 14°42.501'S, 56°15.850'W, Nobres, Mato Grosso State, Brazil. Holotype: MZUSP 87240. Paratypes: MZUEL 3669 (1), 3670 (1), 3671 (1); NUP 3430 (1). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:353 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Batrochoglanis melanurus Shibatta & Pavanelli 2005 -- (Ferraris 2007:353 [ref. 29155]). Current status: Valid as Batrochoglanis melanurus Shibatta & Pavanelli 2005. Pseudopimelodidae. Distribution: Cuiabá, Paraguai River basin, Brazil. Habitat: freshwater.

minutus, Microglanis Ottoni [F. P.], Mattos [J. L. O.] & Barbosa [M. A.] 2010:189, Figs. 1-2 [Vertebrate Zoology v. 60 (no. 3); ref. 31071] Rio Barra Seca basin, stream at the border of Jaquaré and São Mateua municipalities, 18°34.953'S, 40°26.115'W, Espírito Santo State, Brazil. Holotype: UFRJ 7742. Paratypes: MTD F 31587 (1), 31589 (1); UFRJ 7726 (29), 7743 (5, c&s). •Valid as Microglanis minutus Ottoni, Mattos & Barbosa 2010 -- (Ruiz & Shibatta 2011:697 [ref. 31721], Jarduli & Shibatta 2013:511 [ref. 32911]). Current status: Valid as Microglanis minutus Ottoni, Mattos & Barbosa 2010. Pseudopimelodidae. Distribution: Rio Barra Seca basin, Brazil. Habitat: freshwater.

nigricauda, Pseudopimelodus Mees [G. F.] 1974:218, Figs. 37d, 38d; Pls. 11-12 [Zoologische Verhandelingen (Leiden) No. 132; ref. 2969] Sipaliwini, Suriname. Holotype: RMNH 26739. Paratypes: RMNH 26736-38 (1, 1, 2), 26740-43 (1, 1, 1, 2); ZMA 105948-49 (1, 1), 105951 (1). Type catalog: Nijssen et al. 1982:61 [ref. 19236], Ferraris 2007:353 [ref. 29155]. The spelling nigracauda perhaps is a noun and should not be declined. •Valid as Pseudopimelodus nigricauda Mees 1974 -- (Burgess 1989:276 [ref. 12860], Grant 1999:49 [ref. 24295] as nigracaudus, Le Bail et al. 2000:112 [ref. 24549]). •Valid as Cephalosilurus nigricaudus (Mees 1974) -- (Shibatta in Reis et al. 2003:402 [ref. 27061], Ferraris 2007:353 [ref. 29155]). Current status: Valid as Cephalosilurus nigricaudus (Mees 1974). Pseudopimelodidae. Distribution: Sipaliwini River basin, Suriname. Habitat: freshwater.

nigripinnis, Microglanis Bizerril [C. R. S. F.] & Perez-Neto [P. R.] 1992:97, Figs. 1-2 [Revue française d'Aquariologie Herpétologie v. 18 (no. 4) [for 1991]; ref. 19724] Rio Macacu, Cidade de Papucaia, Município de Cachoeira do Macacu, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Holotype: MZUSP 42308. Paratypes: MNRJ 539 (1), 12170-71 (1, 1); MZUSP 42309 (1). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:354 [ref. 29155]. Authorship of species wrongly lists second author as Peres-Neto. •Valid as Microglanis nigripinnis Bizerril & Perez-Neto 1992 -- (Burgess & Finley 1996:166 [ref. 22901], Grant 1999:54 [ref. 24295], Shibatta in Reis et al. 2003:403 [ref. 27061], Shibatta & Benine 2005:580 [ref. 28567], Sarmento-Soares et al. 2006:158 [ref. 28723], Mori & Shibatta 2006:32 [ref. 28958], Ferraris 2007:354 [ref. 29155], Ruiz & Shibatta 2010:55 [ref. 30984], Ottoni et al. 2010:187 [ref. 31071], Ruiz & Shibatta 2011:706 [ref. 31721], Jarduli & Shibatta 2013:511 [ref. 32911], Mattos et al. 2013:153 [ref. 33009], Shibatta 2014:86 [ref. 33231], Shibatta 2016:[6] [ref. 34812], Terán et al. 2016:201 [ref. 34904], Ruiz 2016:230 [ref. 34907]). Current status: Valid as Microglanis nigripinnis Bizerril & Perez-Neto 1992. Pseudopimelodidae. Distribution: Macacu River basin, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Habitat: freshwater.

nigrolineatus, Microglanis Terán [G. E.], Jarduli [L. R.], Alonso [F.], Mirande [J. M.] & Shibatta [O. A.] 2016:195, Figs. 1-3 [Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 27 (no. 3) for Nov.; ref. 34904] Quebrada Colorada stream at RN50, Bermejo River basin, San Ramón de la Nueva Orán, Salta Province, Argentina, 22°48'12"S, 64°21'10"W. Holotype: CI-FML 6596. Paratypes: CI-FML, MZUEL. •Valid as Microglanis nigrolineatus Terán, Jarduli, Alonso, Mirande & Shibatta 2016 -- (Koerber et al. 2017:5 [ref. 35083], Koerber et al. 2017:5 [ref. 35632], Koerber et al. 2019:5 [ref. 36736], Mirande & Koerber 2020:2 [ref. 37594]). Current status: Valid as Microglanis nigrolineatus Terán, Jarduli, Alonso, Mirande & Shibatta 2016. Pseudopimelodidae. Distribution: South America: Bermejo River basin, Salta Province (Argentina). Habitat: freshwater.

oliveirai, Microglanis Ruiz [W. B. G.] & Shibatta [O. A.] 2011:698, Figs. 1-2 [Neotropical Ichthyology v. 9 (no. 4); ref. 31721] Barra do Garças, Vale dos Sanhos District, BR-158 road, km 750, rio Corrente (right margin tributary of the rio das Mortes), rio Araguaira basin, 15°29'56.3"S, 52°12'10.8"W, Mato Grosso, Brazil. Holotype: INPA 35623. Paratypes: LPB 1852 (4)l;, MZUEL 5175 (11); MZUSP 86222 (10), 86239 (3), 86253 (2), 86260 (2). •Valid as Microglanis oliveirai Ruiz & Shibatta 2011 -- (Mattos et al. 2013:153 [ref. 33009], Shibatta 2016:[6] [ref. 34812], Terán et al. 2016:201 [ref. 34904], Ruiz 2016:230 [ref. 34907]). Current status: Valid as Microglanis oliveirai Ruiz & Shibatta 2011. Pseudopimelodidae. Distribution: Upper-middle rio Araguaia basin, Mato Grosso, Brazil. Habitat: freshwater.

pacifici, Cruciglanis Ortega-Lara [A.] & Lehmann A. [P.] 2006:150, Figs. 1-2, 3a, 4a, 5a [Neotropical Ichthyology v. 4 (no. 2); ref. 28727] Near Buenaventura city, San Cipriano River where it crosses San Cipriano village, confluence of La Sardina stream, about 500 m before confluence with Dagua River, Dagua River basin, 3°50.543'N, 76°54.068'W, Valle del Cauca Dept., Colombia, elevation 85 m. Holotype: IMCN 2359. Paratypes: Many lots at CIRUV, CZUT-IC, ICNMHN, IAvH, IMCN, MCP, MHNUC. Type catalog: DoNascimiento et al. 2016:416 [ref. 34787]. •Valid as Cruciglanis pacifici Ortega-Lara & Lehmann A. 2006 -- (Ferraris 2007:443 [ref. 29155], DoNascimiento et al. 2017:95 [ref. 35633]). Current status: Valid as Cruciglanis pacifici Ortega-Lara & Lehmann A. 2006. Pseudopimelodidae. Distribution: Western slope of the Pacific versant, Valle del Cauca Department, Colombia. Habitat: freshwater.

parahybae, Pseudopimelodus Steindachner [F.] 1880:60 [8], Pl. 1 (figs. 2-2b) [Denkschriften der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften in Wien, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe. v. 42; ref. 14403] Rio Parahyba and Santa Cruz, Brazil. Syntypes: (several) MCZ 8161-62 (25, 6); NMW 44433 (9), 44436 (1). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:354 [ref. 29155]. On p. 8 of separate. •Valid as Microglanis parahybae (Steindachner 1880) -- (Burgess 1989:276 [ref. 12860], Bizerril & Perez-Neto 1992:99 [ref. 19724], Malabarba & Mahler 1998:244 [ref. 23653], Gómez & Chebez 1996:59 [ref. 23791], Grant 1999:53 [ref. 24295], Shibatta in Reis et al. 2003:403 [ref. 27061], Menni 2004:83 [ref. 28131], Shibatta & Benine 2005:580 [ref. 28567], Sarmento-Soares et al. 2006:158 [ref. 28723], Ferraris 2007:354 [ref. 29155], Ruiz & Shibatta 2010:55 [ref. 30984], Ottoni et al. 2010:187 [ref. 31071], Ruiz & Shibatta 2011:706 [ref. 31721], Jarduli & Shibatta 2013:512 [ref. 32911], Mattos et al. 2013:153 [ref. 33009], Shibatta 2014:86 [ref. 33231], Sarmiento et al. 2014:192 [ref. 35004], Shibatta 2016:[6] [ref. 34812], Terán et al. 2016:201 [ref. 34904], Ruiz 2016:230 [ref. 34907], Ottoni 2017:10 [ref. 36421], Souza-Shibatta et al. 2018:12 [ref. 36010]). Current status: Valid as Microglanis parahybae (Steindachner 1880). Pseudopimelodidae. Distribution: Paraíba do Sul River basin, Brazil and Bolivia. Habitat: freshwater.

paranensis, Rhyacoglanis Shibatta [O. A.] & Vari [R. P.] 2017:11, Figs. 3c, 7, 8 [Neotropical Ichthyology v. 15 (no. 2) e160132; ref. 35359] Rio Piracicaba, São Paulo, Brazil, 22°43'10"S, 47°39'21"W. Holotype: MZUEL 14119. Paratypes: MZUEL, MZUSP, NUP. •Valid as Rhyacoglanis paranensis Shibatta & Vari 2017. Current status: Valid as Rhyacoglanis paranensis Shibatta & Vari 2017. Pseudopimelodidae. Distribution: Upper rio Paraná basin, Brazil. Habitat: freshwater.

pataxo, Microglanis Sarmento-Soares [L. M.], Martins-Pinheiro [R. F.], Aranda [A. T.] & Chamon [C. C.] 2006:158, Figs. 1-8 [Neotropical Ichthyology v. 4 (no. 2); ref. 28723] Itamarajú, Jundiar creek on road BR-101 after joint with road to Jucuruçu, near city of Itamaraju, 17°01'35"S, 39°35'57"W, Bahia, Brazil. Holotype: MNRJ 28397. Paratypes: AMNH 236058 (2); ANSP 180651 (2); AUM 42221 (2); UF 148528 (2); MNRJ 28399 (1) 28400 (1), 28401 (4, 1 c&s), 28402 (2), 28403 (4). •Valid as Microglanis pataxo Sarmento-Soares, Martins-Pinheiro, Aranda & Chamon 2006 -- (Ruiz & Shibatta 2010:55 [ref. 30984], Ottoni et al. 2010:187 [ref. 31071], Ruiz & Shibatta 2011:706 [ref. 31721], Jarduli & Shibatta 2013:512 [ref. 32911], Shibatta 2014:86 [ref. 33231], Shibatta 2016:[6] [ref. 34812], Terán et al. 2016:201 [ref. 34904], Ruiz 2016:230 [ref. 34907], Silva et al. 2020:12 [ref. 37809]). Current status: Valid as Microglanis pataxo Sarmento-Soares, Martins-Pinheiro, Aranda & Chamon 2006. Pseudopimelodidae. Distribution: South America: middle Jacuruçu and Cahy River basins (Bahia State, Brazil). Habitat: freshwater.

pellopterygius, Microglanis Mees [G. F.] 1978:256, Pl. 2 [Zoologische Mededelingen (Leiden) v. 53 (no. 23); ref. 5691] Tributary stream of Río Aguarico at Santa Cecilia, 0°06'N, 76°51'W, Napo, Ecuador. Holotype: ANSP 130437. Paratypes: ANSP 139738 (1), RMNH 27714 [ex ANSP 130437] (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:142 [ref. 13621], Ferraris 2007:354 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Microglanis pellopterygius Mees 1978 -- (Burgess 1989:276 [ref. 12860], Bizerril & Perez-Neto 1992:97 [ref. 19724], Grant 1999:55 [ref. 24295], Shibatta in Reis et al. 2003:403 [ref. 27061], Shibatta & Benine 2005:580 [ref. 28567], Sarmento-Soares et al. 2006:157 [ref. 28723], Mori & Shibatta 2006:38 [ref. 28958], Ferraris 2007:354 [ref. 29155], Ruiz & Shibatta 2010:55 [ref. 30984], Ottoni et al. 2010:187 [ref. 31071], Ruiz & Shibatta 2011:706 [ref. 31721], Jarduli & Shibatta 2013:512 [ref. 32911], Barriga Salazar 2014:113 [ref. 35745], Shibatta 2014:86 [ref. 33231], Ruiz 2016:230 [ref. 34907], Shibatta 2016:[6] [ref. 34812], Terán et al. 2016:201 [ref. 34904]). Current status: Valid as Microglanis pellopterygius Mees 1978. Pseudopimelodidae. Distribution: Aguarico River basin, Ecuador. Habitat: freshwater.

pleriqueater, Microglanis Mattos [J. L. O.], Ottoni [F. P.] & Barbosa [M. A.] 2013:149, Figs. 1-4 [Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 24 (no. 2); ref. 33009] Rio de Janeiro State, Âguas Claris River, tributary of São João River, 29 km northeast from Silva Jardim municipality, 22°31'38.92'S, 42°32'37.82'W, Brazil, elevation 200 meters. Holotype: UFRJ 8183. Misspelled once as pleriquealter on p. 153. •Valid as Microglanis pleriqueater Mattos, Ottoni & Barbosa 2013 -- (Ottoni 2017:10 [ref. 36421]). Current status: Valid as Microglanis pleriqueater Mattos, Ottoni & Barbosa 2013. Pseudopimelodidae. Distribution: São João and Macabu river basins, Rio de Janeiro State, Brazil. Habitat: freshwater.

poecilus, Microglanis Eigenmann [C. H.] 1912:155, Pl. 12 (fig. 2) [Memoirs of the Carnegie Museum v. 5 (no. 1); ref. 1227] Below Packeoo Falls, Guyana. Holotype: FMNH 46365 [ex CM 1676]. Paratypes: (7) CAS 63679 [ex IU 12055] (2), FMNH 59531 (1), USNM 66123 [ex CM 1676] (1). Type catalog: Henn 1928:76 [ref. 12305], Ibarra & Stewart 1987:57 [ref. 12367], Ferraris & Vari 1992:34 [ref. 19771], Ferraris 2007:355 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Microglanis poecilus Eigenmann 1912 -- (Burgess 1989:276 [ref. 12860], Bizerril & Perez-Neto 1992:97 [ref. 19724], Grant 1999:53 [ref. 24295], Le Bail et al. 2000:116 [ref. 24549], Shibatta in Reis et al. 2003:403 [ref. 27061], Shibatta & Benine 2005:580 [ref. 28567], Sarmento-Soares et al. 2006:158 [ref. 28723], Mori & Shibatta 2006:39 [ref. 28958], Ferraris 2007:354 [ref. 29155], Ruiz & Shibatta 2010:55 [ref. 30984], Ottoni et al. 2010:187 [ref. 31071], Ruiz & Shibatta 2011:706 [ref. 31721], Jarduli & Shibatta 2013:512 [ref. 32911], Mattos et al. 2013:153 [ref. 33009], Shibatta 2014:86 [ref. 33231], Sarmiento et al. 2014:192 [ref. 35004], Shibatta 2016:[6] [ref. 34812], Terán et al. 2016:201 [ref. 34904], Ruiz 2016:230 [ref. 34907], DoNascimiento et al. 2017:95 [ref. 35633], Urbano-Bonilla et al. 2018:79 [ref. 35773]). Current status: Valid as Microglanis poecilus Eigenmann 1912. Pseudopimelodidae. Distribution: Amazon and Orinoco river basins: Brazil, Colombia, Bolivia, Guyana and French Guiana. Habitat: freshwater.

pulcher, Pimelodus (Pseudopimelodus) Boulenger [G. A.] 1887:276, Pl. 21 (fig. 1) [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1887 (pt 2) (art. 2) (for 1 Mar. 1887); ref. 532] Canelos, eastern Ecuador. Syntypes: BMNH 1880.12.8.105-107 (3). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:355 [ref. 29155]. •Synonym of Pseudopimelodus zungaro (Humboldt 1833) -- (Burgess 1989:276 [ref. 12860]). •Questionably a synonym of Pseudopimelodus charus (Valenciennes 1840) -- (Grant 1999:51 [ref. 24295]). •Valid as Pseudopimelodus pulcher (Boulenger 1887) -- (Ovchynnyk 1967:35 [ref. 37559], Ortega & Vari 1986:15 [ref. 9708], Shibatta in Reis et al. 2003:404 [ref. 27061], Ferraris 2007:355 [ref. 29155], Barriga Salazar 2014:113 [ref. 35745]). •Valid as Rhyacoglanis pulcher (Boulenger 1887) -- (Shibatta & Vari 2017:14 [ref. 35359]). Current status: Valid as Rhyacoglanis pulcher (Boulenger 1887). Pseudopimelodidae. Distribution: South America: upper Amazon River basin (Brazil and Ecuador). Habitat: freshwater.

raninus, Pimelodus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1840:157, Pl. 434 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 15; ref. 1008] Rio La Mana; near Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Syntypes: MNHN A-9942 (3, poor condition). Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1950:55 [ref. 19575], Ferraris 2007:353 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Pseudopimelodus raninus (Valenciennes 1840) -- (Ortega & Vari 1986:15 [ref. 9708], Burgess 1989:276 [ref. 12860], Galvis et al. 1997:68 [ref. 23651], Grant 1999:44 [ref. 24295], Le Bail et al. 2000:114 [ref. 24549]). •Valid as Batrochoglanis raninus (Valenciennes 1840) -- (Shibatta in Reis et al. 2003:401 [ref. 27061], Diogo et al. 2004:265 [ref. 27964], Shibatta & Pavanelli 2005:23 [ref. 28557], Ferraris 2007:353 [ref. 29155], Sarmiento et al. 2014:192 [ref. 35004], DoNascimiento et al. 2017:95 [ref. 35633], Shibatta 2019:260 [ref. 36984]). Current status: Valid as Batrochoglanis raninus (Valenciennes 1840). Pseudopimelodidae. Distribution: Amazon River basin: Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, French Guiana, Guyana, Peru and Suriname. Habitat: freshwater.

reikoae, Microglanis Ruiz [W. B. G.] 2016:221, Figs. 3c, 7b, 8-10 [Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 27 (no. 3) for Nov.; ref. 34907] Bahia, São Desidério, rio dos Angicos (middle rio São Francisco basin), Brazil, 13°00'10"S, 44°37'20"W. Holotype: LIRP 11353. Paratypes: DZSJRP, UNT. •Valid as Microglanis reikoae Ruiz 2016. Current status: Valid as Microglanis reikoae Ruiz 2016. Pseudopimelodidae. Distribution: Middle rio São Francisco basin, Brazil. Habitat: freshwater.

robustus, Microglanis Ruiz [W. B. G.] & Shibatta [O. A.] 2010:56, Figs. 1-3 [Zootaxa No. 2632; ref. 30984] Rio Tocantins, in small rapids below the municipal district of Jatobal, Tucurí, Pará, Brazil. Holotype: INPA 8053. Paratypes: INPA 7943 (2), 7957 (3), 32885 (2 c&s + 9). •Valid as Microglanis robustus Ruiz & Shibatta 2010 -- (Ottoni et al. 2010:187 [ref. 31071], Ruiz & Shibatta 2011:706 [ref. 31721], Jarduli & Shibatta 2013:512 [ref. 32911], Shibatta 2014:86 [ref. 33231], Shibatta 2016:[6] [ref. 34812], Terán et al. 2016:201 [ref. 34904], Ruiz 2016:230 [ref. 34907]). Current status: Valid as Microglanis robustus Ruiz & Shibatta 2010. Pseudopimelodidae. Distribution: Rio Tocantins, Pará, Brazil. Habitat: freshwater.

roosevelti, Pseudopimelodus Borodin [N. A.] 1927:1, Fig. 1 [American Museum Novitates No. 266; ref. 12246] Parassununga, São Paulo State, Brazil. Holotype: AMNH 8638. Paratypes: AMNH 26942 [ex 8638a] (1); DZSASP [now MZUSP, ex AMNH 8638b] (1, not found). Type catalog: Britski 1969:200 [ref. 12401], Ferraris 2007:355 [ref. 29155]. •Synonym of Pseudopimelodus zungaro (Humboldt 1833), subspecies mangurus (Valenciennes 1836) -- (Burgess 1989:276 [ref. 12860]). •Questionably a synonym of Pseudopimelodus charus (Valenciennes 1840) -- (Grant 1999:51 [ref. 24295]). •Synonym of Pseudopimelodus mangurus (Valenciennes 1835) -- (Shibatta in Reis et al. 2003:403 [ref. 27061], Ferraris 2007:355 [ref. 29155], Litz & Koerber 2014:20 [ref. 33622], Mirande & Koerber 2015:33 [ref. 35117], Vera-Alcaraz et al. 2017:5 [ref. 35082], Koerber et al. 2017:51 [ref. 35267]). Current status: Synonym of Pseudopimelodus mangurus (Valenciennes 1835). Pseudopimelodidae. Habitat: freshwater.

schultzi, Zungaro zungaro Dahl [G.] 1955:13 [Revista Linneana v. 1 (no. 1); ref. 19186] Cereté, Colombia. Holotype: No types known. Paratypes: not researched. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:355 [ref. 29155]. •Questionably a synonym of Pseudopimelodus charus (Valenciennes 1840) -- (Grant 1999:51 [ref. 24295]). •Valid as Pseudopimelodus schultzi (Dahl 1955) -- (Shibatta in Reis et al. 2003:404 [ref. 27061], Ferraris 2007:355 [ref. 29155], DoNascimiento et al. 2017:95 [ref. 35633], Restrepo-Gómez et al. 2020:20 [ref. 37755]). Current status: Valid as Pseudopimelodus schultzi (Dahl 1955). Pseudopimelodidae. Distribution: Sinú River basin, Colombia. Habitat: freshwater.

secundus, Microglanis Mees [G. F.] 1974:235, Fig. 40e; Pl. 14 [Zoologische Verhandelingen (Leiden) No. 132; ref. 2969] Sipaliwini, Suriname. Holotype: RMNH 26525. Paratypes: FMNH 94259 [ex RMNH] (3); BMNH 1971.7.29.50-57 (8); RMNH 26523-24 (1, 1), 26526 (2), 26529 (3); ZMA 105545 (17), 106002 (20), 106211 (1), 106242-47 (2, 1, 6, 5, 31, 1), 106369 (1). Type catalog: Nijssen et al. 1982:59 [ref. 19236], Ibarra & Stewart 1987:57 [ref. 12367], Ferraris 2007:355 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Microglanis secundus Mees 1974 -- (Burgess 1989:276 [ref. 12860], Bizerril & Perez-Neto 1992:97 [ref. 19724], Galvis et al. 1997:62 [ref. 23651], Grant 1999:55 [ref. 24295], Le Bail et al. 2000:118 [ref. 24549], Shibatta in Reis et al. 2003:403 [ref. 27061], Shibatta & Benine 2005:580 [ref. 28567], Sarmento-Soares et al. 2006:158 [ref. 28723], Mori & Shibatta 2006:39 [ref. 28958], Ferraris 2007:355 [ref. 29155], Ruiz & Shibatta 2010:55 [ref. 30984], Ottoni et al. 2010:187 [ref. 31071], Ruiz & Shibatta 2011:706 [ref. 31721], Jarduli & Shibatta 2013:512 [ref. 32911], Mattos et al. 2013:153 [ref. 33009], Shibatta 2014:86 [ref. 33231], Shibatta 2016:[6] [ref. 34812], Terán et al. 2016:201 [ref. 34904], Ruiz 2016:230 [ref. 34907], DoNascimiento et al. 2017:95 [ref. 35633]). Current status: Valid as Microglanis secundus Mees 1974. Pseudopimelodidae. Distribution: Orinoco River basin: Guyana, Suriname, Venezuela, Colombia and Brazil. Habitat: freshwater.

seminiger, Rhyacoglanis Shibatta [O. A.] & Vari [R. P.] 2017:17, Figs. 3e, 11, 12 [Neotropical Ichthyology v. 15 (no. 2) e160132; ref. 35359] Rio Juruena, Pequena Central Hidrelétrica Cidezal, rio Tapajós basin, Sapezal, Mato Grosso, Brazil, 13°22'39"S, 59°00'57"W. Holotype: LIRP 12466. Paratypes: LIRP, MZUEL, MZUSP. •Valid as Rhyacoglanis seminiger Shibatta & Vari 2017. Current status: Valid as Rhyacoglanis seminiger Shibatta & Vari 2017. Pseudopimelodidae. Distribution: Rio Tapajós basin, Mato Grosso, Brazil. Habitat: freshwater.

sparsus, Microglanis Ruiz [W. B. G.] 2016:213, Figs. 1, 2a [Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 27 (no. 3) for Nov.; ref. 34907] Mato Grosso, Campinápolis, rio Couto de Magalhães (upper rio Xingu basin), near Vila São José do Rio do Couto, Brazil, 13°50'17"S, 53°03'53"W. Holotype: MZUSP 115387. Paratypes: MZUSP. •Valid as Microglanis sparsus Ruiz 2016. Current status: Valid as Microglanis sparsus Ruiz 2016. Pseudopimelodidae. Distribution: Upper rio Xingu basin, Brazil. Habitat: freshwater.

transmontanus, Pseudopimelodus Regan [C. T.] 1913:467 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 8) v. 12 (no. 71); ref. 3656] Río San Juan, Colombia. Syntypes: (9) BMNH 1910.7.11.105 (1) Rio San Juan, 1910.7.11.104 (2), 1913.10.1.36 (1) Rio Condoto, 1902.5.27.37-40 (4) Durango. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:353 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Pseudopimelodus transmontanus Regan 1913 -- (Ovchynnyk 1967:35 [ref. 37559], Burgess 1989:276 [ref. 12860], Grant 1999:46 [ref. 24295]). •Valid as Batrochoglanis transmontanus (Regan 1913) -- (Shibatta in Reis et al. 2003:402 [ref. 27061], Shibatta & Pavanelli 2005:23 [ref. 28557], Ferraris 2007:353 [ref. 29155], Barriga Salazar 2014:113 [ref. 35745], Jiménez-Prado et al. 2015:174 [ref. 34894], DoNascimiento et al. 2017:95 [ref. 35633], Shibatta 2019:260 [ref. 36984]). Current status: Valid as Batrochoglanis transmontanus (Regan 1913). Pseudopimelodidae. Distribution: South America: Colombia and Ecuador. Habitat: freshwater.

variegatus, Microglanis Eigenmann [C. H.] & Henn [A. W.] in Eigenmann, Henn & Wilson 1914:14 [Indiana University Studies No. 19; ref. 1259] Forest pool near Vinces, Ecuador. Holotype: CAS 17971 [ex IU 13106]. Paratypes: CAS 63688 [ex IU 13106] (2), FMNH 56602 (1), USNM 83653 [ex IU] (1). Type catalog: Ibarra & Stewart 1987:57 [ref. 12367], Ferraris & Vari 1992:34 [ref. 19771], Ferraris 2007:355 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Microglanis variegatus Eigenmann & Henn 1914 -- (Ovchynnyk 1967:34 [ref. 37559], Burgess 1989:276 [ref. 12860], Bizerril & Perez-Neto 1992:97 [ref. 19724], Grant 1999:55 [ref. 24295], Shibatta in Reis et al. 2003:403 [ref. 27061], Shibatta & Benine 2005:580 [ref. 28567], Sarmento-Soares et al. 2006:158 [ref. 28723], Mori & Shibatta 2006:39 [ref. 28958], Ferraris 2007:355 [ref. 29155], Ruiz & Shibatta 2010:55 [ref. 30984], Ottoni et al. 2010:187 [ref. 31071], Ruiz & Shibatta 2011:706 [ref. 31721], Jarduli & Shibatta 2013:512 [ref. 32911], Barriga Salazar 2014:113 [ref. 35745] as cf. variegatus, Shibatta 2014:86 [ref. 33231], Jiménez-Prado et al. 2015:176 [ref. 34894], Ruiz 2016:230 [ref. 34907], Shibatta 2016:[6] [ref. 34812], Terán et al. 2016:201 [ref. 34904], Tobes et al. 2020:15 [ref. 37632]). Current status: Valid as Microglanis variegatus Eigenmann & Henn 1914. Pseudopimelodidae. Distribution: Guayas River basin, Pacific slope of Ecuador. Habitat: freshwater.

variolosus, Pseudopimelodus Miranda Ribeiro [A. de] 1914:4, Pls. 1 (fig. 2), 2 (figs. 1-2) [Pimelodidae, Trachycorystidae, Cetopsidae, Bunocephalidae, Auchenipteridae, e Hypophthalmidae. Annexo no. 5; ref. 17771] Coxim, Rio Taquary, Mato Grosso State, Brazil. Lectotype: MNRJ 818. Paralectotypes: (6) MNRJ 818 (2), MNRJ 16245 (1). Type catalog: Miranda Ribeiro 1955:404 [ref. 12732], Ferraris 2007:355 [ref. 29155]. Lectotype selected by Miranda Ribeiro 1953:404 [ref. 12732]. •Synonym of Pseudopimelodus zungaro (Humboldt 1833) -- (Burgess 1989:276 [ref. 12860]). •Questionably a synonym of Pseudopimelodus charus (Valenciennes 1840) -- (Grant 1999:51 [ref. 24295]). •Synonym of Pseudopimelodus pulcher (Boulenger 1887) -- (Shibatta in Reis et al. 2003:404 [ref. 27061], Ferraris 2007:355 [ref. 29155]). •Valid as Rhyacoglanis variolosus (Miranda Ribeiro 1914) -- (Shibatta & Vari 2017:17 [ref. 35359] with question). Current status: Valid as Rhyacoglanis variolosus (Miranda Ribeiro 1914). Pseudopimelodidae. Distribution: Rio Taquary, Mato Grosso, Brazil. Habitat: freshwater.

villosus, Pseudopimelodus Eigenmann [C. H.] 1912:152, Fig. 32, Pl. 10 (fig. 1) [Memoirs of the Carnegie Museum v. 5 (no. 1); ref. 1227] Potaro Landing, Guyana. Holotype: FMNH 53219 [ex CM 1677]. Paratypes: BMNH 1911.10.31.59 (1); CAS 63726 [ex IU 12056] (1); FMNH 53220 (1), 53571 (1). Type catalog: Henn 1928:78 [ref. 12305], Ibarra & Stewart 1987:71 [ref. 12367], Ferraris 2007:353 [ref. 29155]. Appeared first as name only in Eigenmann 1910:384 [ref. 1224]. •Valid as Pseudopimelodus villosus Eigenmann 1912 -- (Burgess 1989:276 [ref. 12860], Grant 1999:47 [ref. 24295]). •Synonym of Pseudopimelodus raninus (Valenciennes 1840), but a valid subspecies -- (Le Bail et al. 2000:114 [ref. 24549]). •Valid as Batrochoglanis villosus (Eigenmann 1912) -- (Shibatta in Reis et al. 2003:402 [ref. 27061], Ferraris 2007:353 [ref. 29155], Barriga Salazar 2014:113 [ref. 35745], DoNascimiento et al. 2017:95 [ref. 35633], Shibatta 2019:260 [ref. 36984]). Current status: Valid as Batrochoglanis villosus (Eigenmann 1912). Pseudopimelodidae. Distribution: Demerara, Essequibo, Orinoco and Amazon River basins: Brazil, Ecuador, Colombia, Guyana, Suriname and Venezuela. Habitat: freshwater.

xerente, Microglanis Ruiz [W. B. G.] 2016:216, Figs. 2b, 5a, 6, 7a [Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 27 (no. 3) for Nov.; ref. 34907] Tocantins, Aurora do Tocantins, córrego Cana Brava (upper-middle rio Tocantins basin), Brazil, 12°42'59"S, 46°25'08"W. Holotype: LIRP 11351. Paratypes: DZSJRP, LIRP, UNT. •Valid as Microglanis xerente Ruiz 2016. Current status: Valid as Microglanis xerente Ruiz 2016. Pseudopimelodidae. Distribution: Rio Tocantins basin, Brazil. Habitat: freshwater.

xylographicus, Microglanis Ruiz [W. B. G.] & Shibatta [O. A.] 2011:701, Figs. 5-6 [Neotropical Ichthyology v. 9 (no. 4); ref. 31721] Córrego Jaraguá (tirbutary of rio Araguaía), road to Torixoréu, 15°56'26.9"S, 52°15'18.2"W, Aragarças, Goiás State, Brazil. Holotype: INPA 35624. Paratypes: LPB 1852 (2), 1684 (1), 11521 (10, 1 c&s); MZUEL 5173 (4, 1 c&s), 5174 (2); UFRGS 13166 (1). •Valid as Microglanis xylographicus Ruiz & Shibatta 2011 -- (Mattos et al. 2013:153 [ref. 33009], Shibatta 2016:[5] [ref. 34812], Terán et al. 2016:201 [ref. 34904], Ruiz 2016:230 [ref. 34907]). Current status: Valid as Microglanis xylographicus Ruiz & Shibatta 2011. Pseudopimelodidae. Distribution: Tributaries of upper-middle rio Araguaia basin, Brazil. Habitat: freshwater.

zonatus, Microglanis Eigenmann [C. H.] & Allen [W. R.] 1942:89, Pl. 3 (figs. 1-2) [Fishes of western South America; ref. 1246] Río Morona, upper Amazon River system, Peru. Holotype (unique): CAS 17970 [ex 15890]. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:355 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Microglanis zonatus Eigenmann & Allen 1942 -- (Ortega & Vari 1986:14 [ref. 9708], Burgess 1989:276 [ref. 12860], Bizerril & Perez-Neto 1992:97 [ref. 19724], Grant 1999:55 [ref. 24295], Shibatta in Reis et al. 2003:403 [ref. 27061], Shibatta & Benine 2005:580 [ref. 28567], Sarmento-Soares et al. 2006:158 [ref. 28723], Mori & Shibatta 2006:39 [ref. 28958], Ferraris 2007:355 [ref. 29155], Ottoni et al. 2010:187 [ref. 31071], Ruiz & Shibatta 2011:706 [ref. 31721], Barriga Salazar 2014:113 [ref. 35745], Sarmiento et al. 2014:192 [ref. 35004]). Current status: Valid as Microglanis zonatus Eigenmann & Allen 1942. Pseudopimelodidae. Distribution: Upper Amazon River basin: Ecuador, Peru and Bolivia. Habitat: freshwater.