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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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Species in the family or subfamily Psychrolutidae: [ 55 ] records


aleuticus, Thecopterus Smith [H. M.] 1904:163, Fig. 1 [Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington v. 17; ref. 4040] 150 miles north of Rat Island, Bering Sea, Albatross station 3785, depth 270 fathoms. Holotype (unique): lost. Footnote on p. 164 mentions the mislaying of the specimen. Mecklenburg et al. (2002:514, 519 [ref. 25968]) give nomenclatural history and updated account listing new material. •Valid as Malacocottus aleuticus (Smith 1904) -- (Sheiko & Fedorov 2000:30 [ref. 25650], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:519 [ref. 25968], Parin et al. 2002:S94 [ref. 28300], Fedorov et al. 2003:86 [ref. 27579], Parin et al. 2014:301 [ref. 33547]). •Synonym of Malacocottus zonurus Bean 1890 -- (Stevenson 2015:24 [ref. 33680]). Current status: Synonym of Malacocottus zonurus Bean 1890. Psychrolutidae. Habitat: marine.

amissus, Cyclopterichthys Vaillant [L. L.] 1888:33 [Mission scientifique du Cap Horn, 1882-83 v. 6 (Zool.) (pt 1) (art. C); ref. 4495] Tilly Bay, Strait of Magellan. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. Based on a drawing. •Valid, questionably in cyclopterid genus Cyclopterichthys -- (Lindberg & Legeza 1955:420 [ref. 2785]). •Probably a psychrolutid -- (Gill 1891:366 [ref. 26641], Stein et al. 1991:370 [ref. 19979]). Psychrolutidae. Distribution: Chile. Habitat: marine.

angustus, Neophrynichthys Nelson [J. S.] 1977:491, Figs. 3, 5 [Journal of the Royal Society of New Zealand v. 7 (no. 4); ref. 7034] 13 kilometers east of White Island, New Zealand, near 37°31'S, 177°20'E, depth 549-629 meters. Holotype: NMNZ P.3652. Paratypes: AIM uncat. (6, 2, 2); NMNZ P.3301 (1), P.3649 (1), P.5194 (1), P.5234 (2), P.5719 (1), P.5807 (1), P.5871 (1). Type catalog: Hardy 1990:10 [ref. 18942]. •Valid as Neophrynichthys angustus Nelson 1977 -- (Paulin et al. 1989:172 [ref. 24556], Yabe in Amaoka et al. 1990:246 [ref. 16024]). •Valid as Ambophthalmos angustus (Nelson 1977) -- (Jackson & Nelson 1998:1355 [ref. 23806], Jackson & Nelson 1999:428 [ref. 23799], Jackson & Nelson 2000:725 [ref. 25146], Stewart 2015:1123 [ref. 34254]). Current status: Valid as Ambophthalmos angustus (Nelson 1977). Psychrolutidae. Distribution: New Zealand region. Habitat: marine.

apus, Bunocottus Kner [R.] 1868:28 [Sitzungsberichte der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften. Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe v. 58 (nos 1-2); ref. 6074] Bordwood Bank at Cape Horn, South America, depth 45 fathoms. Holotype (unique): Whereabouts unknown. Appeared in more detail in Kner 1868:316 [p. 24 of separate], Pl. 3 (fig. 9) [ref. 2646]. •Tentatively the same as Cottunculus granulosus Karrer 1968 -- (Nelson & Nakamura 1980:990 [ref. 26434]). Current status: Synonym of Cottunculus granulosus Karrer 1968. Psychrolutidae. Habitat: marine.

australiae, Ebinania Jackson [K. L.] & Nelson [J. S.] 2006:38, Figs. 1-2 [Records of the Australian Museum v. 58; ref. 28707] Off Cape Sorell, Tasmania, 42°16'S, 144°40'E to 42°22'S, 144°42'E, depth 991-548 meters. Holotype: CSIRO T 412. Paratypes: CSIRO T 502 (1), T 504 (1), T 505 (1), T 536 (1); NMV A1977 (1), A2741 (1), A2758 (1). •Valid as Ebinania australiae Jackson & Nelson 2006 -- (Gomon 2008:523 [ref. 30616]). Current status: Valid as Ebinania australiae Jackson & Nelson 2006. Psychrolutidae. Distribution: Southern Australia: Victoria, Tasmania, South Australia to Western Australia. Habitat: marine.

bassargini, Eurymen Lindberg [G. U.] in Soldatov & Lindberg 1930:286, Fig. 49 [Izvestiia Tikhookeanskogo nauchnogo instituta rybnogo khoziaistva [Bulletins of the Pacific Science Institute] v. 5; ref. 4164] Basargin, Peter the Great Bay, Russia, Japanese Sea. Holotype (unique): not at ZIN. •Synonym of Eurymen gyrinus Gilbert & Burke 1912 -- (Mecklenburg et al. 2002:517 [ref. 25968], Mecklenburg et al. 2016:100 [ref. 34440] needs investigation). •Valid as Eurymen bassargini Lindberg 1930 -- (Watanabe 1960:190 [ref. 11959], Sheiko 1983:18 [ref. 37041], Lindberg & Krasyukova 1987:267 [ref. 15964], Sokolovskaya et al. 1998:10 [ref. 24670], Parin et al. 2002:S93 [ref. 28300], Parin et al. 2014:300 [ref. 33547]). Current status: Valid as Eurymen bassargini Lindberg 1930. Psychrolutidae. Distribution: Northwestern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

beauchampi, Liparoides Lloyd [R. E.] 1909:163, Fig. 4 [Memoirs of the Indian Museum v. 2 (no. 3); ref. 2814] Bay of Bengal, Investigator station 372, depth 643 fathoms. Holotype: ZSI F2372/1 (destroyed). Type catalog: Talwar 1977:637 [ref. 26599]. Figured in Lloyd 1909: Pl. 45 (fig. 3) [ref. 20539]. •Not a cyclopterid but probably a psychrolutid -- (Stein 1978:377 [ref. 26640], Nelson 1982:1500 [ref. 5470]). Psychrolutidae. Habitat: marine.

brephocephalus, Cottunculus Jordan [D. S.] & Starks [E. C.] 1903:689, Fig. [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 26 (no. 1326); ref. 15033] Suruga Bay, Japan, Albatross station 3704, depth 94 fathoms. Holotype (unique): USNM 50591. •Valid as Cottunculus brephocephalus Jordan & Starks 1903 -- (Watanabe 1960:195 [ref. 11959], Nelson 1977:508 [ref. 7034]). •Valid as Ebinania brephocephala (Jordan & Starks 1903) -- (Yabe in Amaoka et al. 1983:157, 214 [ref. 8379], Yabe in Masuda et al. 1984:330 [ref. 6441], Nakabo 2000:652 [ref. 25086], Nakabo 2002:652 [ref. 26001], Shinohara et al. 2005:428 [ref. 28370], Jackson & Nelson 2006:42 [ref. 28707], Meguro & Motomura 2011:27 [ref. 32399], Motomura et al. 2015:19 [ref. 34709]). Current status: Valid as Ebinania brephocephala (Jordan & Starks 1903). Psychrolutidae. Distribution: Western North Pacific. Habitat: marine.

costaecanariae, Cottunculus Cervigón [F.] 1961:125, Figs. 5-7 [Investigación Pesquera (Chile) v. 19; ref. 777] Mauritania, western Africa, 20°45'N, depth 450 meters. Holotype (unique): IIPC 33. Originally as costae-canariae, correction mandatory. •Valid as Ebinania costaecanariae (Cervigón 1961) -- (Nelson 1986:491 [ref. 5698] as costaecanarie, Nelson 1990:687 [ref. 17821] as costacanarie, Quéro & Cendrero 2001:177 [ref. 25567], Jackson & Nelson 2006:42 [ref. 28707], Prokofiev & Kukuev 2009:225 [ref. 30172], Nelson 2016:2292 [ref. 34615]). Current status: Valid as Ebinania costaecanariae (Cervigón 1961). Psychrolutidae. Distribution: Eastern Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

dentatus, Japonopsychrolutes Nojima [S.] 1936:246 [Transactions of the Sapporo Natural History Society v. 14 (pt 4); ref. 3207] Japan. No types known. •Synonym of Eurymen gyrinus Gilbert & Burke 1912 -- (Watanabe 1960:188 [ref. 11959], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:517 [ref. 25968], Parin et al. 2014:301 [ref. 33547]). Current status: Synonym of Eurymen gyrinus Gilbert & Burke 1912. Psychrolutidae. Habitat: marine.

derjugini, Malacocottus Popov [A. M.] 1931:130, Pl. 1 (fig. 3) [Explorations des mers d'U.R.S.S., Leningrad No. 14; ref. 5702] Okhotsk Sea, 56°08'N, 144°54'E, depth 287 m; 56°09'N, 144°30'E, depth 307 meters. Syntypes: (2+ 1) ZIN 38408 [ex St. Petersburg Univ.] (1). Correct spelling of genus is Malacocottus. •Synonym of Malacocottus zonurus Bean 1890 -- (Sheiko & Fedorov 2000:30 [ref. 25650], Parin et al. 2002:S94 [ref. 28300], Parin et al. 2014:302 [ref. 33547], Stevenson 2015:24 [ref. 33680]). Current status: Synonym of Malacocottus zonurus Bean 1890. Psychrolutidae. Habitat: marine.

dolganovi, Gilbertidia Mandrytsa [S. A.] 1993:288, Fig. 1 [Voprosy Ikhtiologii v. 33 (no. 2); ref. 20793] Off Iturup Island, Kuril Islands, 44°37.8'N, 146°55'E, depth 200 meters. Holotype (unique): ZIN 50136. •Valid as Gilbertidia dolganovi Mandrytsa 1993 -- (Parin et al. 2002:S93 [ref. 28300], Nazarkin et al. 2014:177 [ref. 33578], Parin et al. 2014:301 [ref. 33547]). Current status: Valid as Gilbertidia dolganovi Mandrytsa 1993. Psychrolutidae. Distribution: Western North Pacific. Habitat: marine.

eurystigmatephoros, Ambophthalmos Jackson [K. L.] & Nelson [J. S.] 1999:428, Figs. 1-4 [Copeia 1999 (no. 2); ref. 23799] Campbell Island Rise, 51°48.5'S, 169°04.9'E, north of Campbell Island, New Zealand, depth 230-282 meters. Holotype: NMNZ P 24882-1. Paratypes: NMNZ P 24882-2 (1), 24882-3 (1). •Valid as Ambophthalmos eurystigmatephoros Jackson & Nelson 1999 -- (Jackson & Nelson 2000:725 [ref. 25146], Stewart 2015:1124 [ref. 34254]). Current status: Valid as Ambophthalmos eurystigmatephoros Jackson & Nelson 1999. Psychrolutidae. Distribution: Southwestern Pacific: New Zealand region (Campbell Plateau). Habitat: marine.

gibber, Malacocottus Sakamoto [K.] 1930:16, Fig. 2 [Journal of the Imperial Fisheries Institute v. 26; ref. 16327] Toyama Bay, Japan. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. •Valid as Malacocottus gibber Sakamoto 1930 -- (Watanabe 1960:180 [ref. 11959], Yabe in Amaoka et al. 1983:157, 215 [ref. 8379], Yabe in Masuda et al. 1984:330 [ref. 6441], Lindberg & Krasyukova 1987:271 [ref. 15964], Shinohara et al. 1992 [ref. 19776], Nakabo 2000:651 [ref. 25086], Nakabo 2002:651 [ref. 26001], Parin et al. 2002:S94 [ref. 28300], Shinohara et al. 2011:46 [ref. 31715] dated 1832, Shinohara et al. 2014:254 [ref. 33330], Parin et al. 2014:302 [ref. 33547], Stevenson 2015:31 [ref. 33680]). Current status: Valid as Malacocottus gibber Sakamoto 1930. Psychrolutidae. Distribution: Western North Pacific: Sea of Japan. Habitat: marine.

granulosus, Cottunculus Karrer [C.] 1968:560, Fig. 7 [Zoologische Jahrbücher, Abteilung für Systematik, Ökologie und Geographie der Tiere v. 95 (no. 4); ref. 7898] Off southern coast of Argentina, 48°35'S, 60°34'W, depth 390-400 meters. Holotype (unique): ZMB 21717. Type catalog: Paepke & Fricke 1992:285 [ref. 19946]. •Valid as Cottunculus granulosus Karrer 1968 -- (Nelson 1977:508 [ref. 7034], Nelson & Nakamura 1980:982 [ref. 26434], Nakamura in Nakamura et al. 1986:186 [ref. 14235], Nelson 1989:407 [ref. 12546], Pequeño 1989:57 [ref. 14125], Lima & Mincarone 2004:39 [ref. 27821], Byrkjedal & Orlov 2007:67 [ref. 29312], Costa & Mincarone 2010:348 [ref. 37483], Byrkjedal et al. 2014:1 [ref. 33415], Nión et al. 2016:45 [ref. 35565]). Current status: Valid as Cottunculus granulosus Karrer 1968. Psychrolutidae. Distribution: Southwestern Atlantic; southeastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

gyrinoides, Cottunculus Weber [M.] 1913:505, Fig. 106 [Die Fische der Siboga-Expedition; ref. 4602] Flores Sea, 7°24'S, 118°15.2'E, Siboga station 45, depth 794 meters. Syntypes: ZMA 108188-89 (1, 1). Type catalog: Nijssen et al. 1982:81 [ref. 19236]. •Valid as Cottunculus gyrinoides Weber 1913 -- (Nelson 1977:508 [ref. 7034]). •Valid, possibly in Ebinania -- (Byrkjedal & Orlov 2007:67 [ref. 29312] on Nelson 1989). Current status: Valid as Ebinania gyrinoides (Weber 1913). Psychrolutidae. Distribution: Western Pacific. Habitat: marine.

gyrinops, Besnardia Lahille [F.] 1913:2, Pl. 1 [Anales del Museo Nacional de Historia Natural de Buenos Aires v. 24; ref. 2712] Mar de la Plata, Buenos Aires Province, Argentina, depth 80 meters. Holotype (unique): MACN 3303 [? 3304]. Type catalog: Braga & Piacentino 1994:101 [ref. 23697] as girinops. •Synonym of Neophrynichthys marmoratus Gill 1889 -- (Nelson 1977:501 [ref. 7034]). •Synonym of Psychrolutes marmoratus (Gill 1889). Current status: Synonym of Psychrolutes marmoratus (Gill 1889). Psychrolutidae. Habitat: marine.

gyrinus, Eurymen Gilbert [C. H.] & Burke [C. V.] 1912:64, Fig. 14 [Bulletin of the Bureau of Fisheries v. 30 (Doc. 754) (for 1910); ref. 1634] Off Avatcha Bay, east coast of Kamchatka, Russia, Albatross station 4795, depth 69 fathoms. Holotype (unique): USNM 74377. •Valid as Eurymen gyrinus Gilbert & Burke 1912 -- (Watanabe 1960:188 [ref. 11959], Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:169 [ref. 9277], Yabe in Masuda et al. 1984:330 [ref. 6441], Lindberg & Krasyukova 1987:265 [ref. 15964], Kim et al. 1993:22 [ref. 22288], Jackson & Nelson 1998:1355 [ref. 23806], Sokolovskaya et al. 1998:10 [ref. 24670], Nakabo 2000:651 [ref. 25086], Sheiko & Fedorov 2000:30 [ref. 25650], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:517 [ref. 25968], Nakabo 2002:651 [ref. 26001], Choi et al. 2003:276, 583 [ref. 26218], Parin et al. 2002:S93 [ref. 28300], Fedorov et al. 2003:86 [ref. 27579], Nelson et al. 2004:123 [ref. 27807], Kharin & Cheblukov 2005:567 [ref. 28367], Page et al. 2013:126 [ref. 32708], Shinohara et al. 2014:254 [ref. 33330], Parin et al. 2014:300 [ref. 33547], Mecklenburg & Steinke 2015:164 [ref. 34033], Mecklenburg et al. 2016:100 [ref. 34440], Kells et al. 2016:208 [ref. 35888], Mecklenburg et al. 2018:241 [ref. 36370]). Current status: Valid as Eurymen gyrinus Gilbert & Burke 1912. Psychrolutidae. Distribution: North Pacific and adjacent Arctic. Habitat: marine.

heterospilos, Neophrynichthys Jackson [K. L.] & Nelson [J. S.] 2000:720, Figs. 1-4 [New Zealand Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research v. 34; ref. 25164] Campbell Rise, New Zealand, 51°57'S, 168°55'E, depth 262-290 meters. Holotype: NMNZ P.12096. Paratypes: NMNZ P.7024 (1), P.7133 (1), P.12015 (1), P.12130 (1), P.22065 (2), P.26798 (1), P.26802 (6), P.34974 (1), P.37144-45 [ex P.12096] (2, 3). •Valid as Neophrynichthys heterospilos Jackson & Nelson 2000 -- (Stewart 2015:1128 [ref. 34254]). Current status: Valid as Neophrynichthys heterospilos Jackson & Nelson 2000. Psychrolutidae. Distribution: Southwestern Pacific: New Zealand region. Habitat: marine.

inermis, Cottunculus Vaillant [L. L.] 1888:365, Pl. 28 (fig. 2) [Expéditions scientifiques du "Travailleur" et du "Talisman"; ref. 4496] Coast of Soudan, 22°57'N, 17°31'W, depth 930 meters depth, or "Banc d'Arguin", 20°44'N, 18°07'W, northwestern Africa, depth 1495 meters. Lectotype: MNHN 1887-0207. Paralectotypes: MNHN 1887-0208 (1) Coast of Sudan, nw. Africa; 1 from Banc d'Arguin lost. Type catalog: Blanc & Hureau 1968:50 [ref. 20738]. Lectotype selected by Eschmeyer 1998:773 [ref. 23416]. •Valid as Cottunculoides inermis (Vaillant 1888) -- (Nelson 1977:508 [ref. 7034]). •Valid as Cottunculus inermis (Vaillant 1888) -- (Yamakawa in Okamura et al. 1982:289, 402 [ref. 8256], Yabe in Masuda et al. 1984:331 [ref. 6441], Yatou in Okamura et al. 1985:603, 731 [ref. 8056], Nelson 1986:492 [ref. 5698], Nelson 1990:688 [ref. 17821], Fricke 1990:407 [ref. 15492], Nelson 1995:69 [ref. 22668]). •Valid as Psychrolutes inermis (Vaillant 1888) -- (Nelson 1999:2428 [ref. 24810], Hutchins 2001:29 [ref. 25847] as cf. inermis, Shinohara et al. 2001:320 [ref. 25995], Nelson 2016:2292 [ref. 34615]). Current status: Valid as Psychrolutes inermis (Vaillant 1888). Psychrolutidae. Distribution: Eastern Atlantic and western Indian Ocean. Habitat: marine.

japonicus, Dasycottus Tanaka [S.] 1914:308, Pl. 83 (fig. 280) [Figures and descriptions of the fishes of Japan v. 18; ref. 14935] Near Niigata, Echigo Province, Japan. Holotype (unique): ZUMT 3916. Plate is in vol. 17 [ref. 14934]. •Valid as Dasycottus japonicus Tanaka 1914 -- (Watanabe 1960:177 [ref. 11959], Lindberg & Krasyukova 1987:270 [ref. 15964]). •Synonym of Dasycottus setiger Bean 1890 -- (Parin et al. 2002:S92 [ref. 28300], Parin et al. 2014:299 [ref. 33547]). Current status: Synonym of Dasycottus setiger Bean 1890. Psychrolutidae. Distribution: North Pacific (if valid). Habitat: marine.

kincaidi, Malacocottus Gilbert [C. H.] & Thompson [J. C.] 1905:979, Fig. 2 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 28 (no. 1414); ref. 1640] Brinnon, Hood's Canal, Washington, U.S.A. Holotype: USNM 53028. Additional material or paratypes: CAS-SU 21406 (10). See Shinohara et al. 1992:422 [ref. 19776]. •Synonym of Malacocottus zonurus Bean 1890 -- (Parin et al. 2002:S94 [ref. 28300]). •Valid as Malacocottus kincaidi Gilbert & Thompson 1905 -- (Watanabe 1960:183 [ref. 11959], Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:175 [ref. 9277], Yabe in Amaoka et al. 1983:157, 215 [ref. 8379], McAllister 1990:202 [ref. 14674], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:521 [ref. 25968], Nelson et al. 2004:123 [ref. 27807], Page et al. 2013:126 [ref. 32708], Stevenson 2015:26 [ref. 33680], Pietsch & Orr 2015:50 [ref. 34694], Kells et al. 2016:208 [ref. 35888]). Current status: Valid as Malacocottus kincaidi Gilbert & Thompson 1905. Psychrolutidae. Distribution: North Pacific: Pudget Sound to Oregon (U.S.A.). Habitat: marine.

konstantinovi, Cottunculus Myagkov [N. A.] 1991:37 [Byulleten Moskovskogo Obshchestva Ispytatelei Prirody Otdel Biologicheskii [Bulletin of the Moscow Society of Naturalists Biological Series] v. 96 (no. 3); ref. 20068] Spitzbergen, 80°26'N, 13°03'E, Arctic Ocean, depth 300 meters. Holotype (unique): ZMMU P-16261. Type catalog: Vasil'eva et al. 2001:80 [ref. 25714]. •Questionably a synonym of Cottunculus microps Collett 1875 -- (Parin et al. 2002:S92 [ref. 28300]). •Valid as Cottunculus konstantinovi Myagkov 1991 -- (Byrkjedal & Orlov 2007:67 [ref. 29312], Mecklenburg et al. 2011:124, 125 [ref. 31212] but needing further study). •Synonym of Cottunculus microps Collett 1875 -- (Byrkjedal et al. 2014:14 [ref. 33415], Mecklenburg et al. 2014:137 [ref. 33463], Parin et al. 2014:298 [ref. 33547], Mecklenburg et al. 2016:99 [ref. 34440]). Current status: Synonym of Cottunculus microps Collett 1875. Psychrolutidae. Distribution: Northern Spitzbergen (unique holotype) (if valid). Habitat: marine.

latus, Psychrolutes Hutton [F. W.] 1875:316 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 4) v. 16 (no. 95) (art. 41); ref. 18317] Dunedin Harbor, New Zealand. Lectotype: BMNH 1886.11.18.55. Type catalog: Russell 1996:226 [ref. 22562] with a holotype, but second locality (Bluff Harbour) indicates that additional specimens may have contributed to Hutton's understanding of the species. Lectotype designated by Eschmeyer 1998:881 [ref. 23416]. Also in Hutton 1876:214 [ref. 14210]. Lectotype selected by Eschmeyer 1998:881 [ref. 23416]. •Valid as Neophrynichthys latus (Hutton 1875) -- (Nelson 1977:505 [ref. 7034], Paulin et al. 1989:172 [ref. 24556], Yabe in Amaoka et al. 1990:247 [ref. 16024], Jackson & Nelson 2000:719 [ref. 25146], Stewart 2015:1129 [ref. 34254]). Current status: Valid as Neophrynichthys latus (Hutton 1875). Psychrolutidae. Distribution: New Zealand region. Habitat: marine.

longipinnis, Dasycottus Mori [T.] 1956:16, Fig. 2 [Japanese Journal of Ichthyology v. 5 (nos 1-2); ref. 12213] Off Oki Island, Japan Sea. Holotype (unique): Hyogo Univ. Agric. Psychrolutidae. Habitat: marine.

macquariensis, Ebinania Nelson [J. S.] 1982:1485, Figs. 10-11 [Canadian Journal of Zoology v. 60 (no. 6); ref. 5470] Off northeastern Macquarie Island, south of Tasmania, southern Pacific, midpoint 54°31.5'S, 159°01.5'E, depth 494-714 meters. Holotype (unique): LACM 10984-1. •Valid as Ebinania macquariensis Nelson 1982 -- (, Duhamel et al. 2005:298 [ref. 32059], Jackson & Nelson 2006:42 [ref. 28707], Paxton et al. 2006:954 [ref. 28994]). Current status: Valid as Ebinania macquariensis Nelson 1982. Psychrolutidae. Distribution: Southern Ocean: Macquarie Island and Kerguelen Plateau. Habitat: marine.

macrocephalus, Cottunculus Gilchrist [J. D. F.] 1904:7, Pl. 24 [Marine Investigations in South Africa v. 3; ref. 1646] Off Lion's Head, South Africa, depth 230 and 190 fathoms. Syntypes: ?BMNH 1904.3.4.2 (1), SAM 15323 (1) Pieter Faure station 15149, depth 190 fathoms. •Valid as Cottunculoides macrocephalus (Gilchrist 1904) -- (Nelson 1977:508 [ref. 7034]). •Valid as Psychrolutes macrocephalus (Gilchrist 1904) -- (Nelson 1986:492 [ref. 5698], Nelson 1995:69 [ref. 22668], Nelson 1999:2428 [ref. 24810], Nakabo 2000:653 [ref. 25086], Nakabo 2002:653 [ref. 26001], Shinohara et al. 2005:428 [ref. 28370], Nelson 2016:2291 [ref. 34615]). Current status: Valid as Psychrolutes macrocephalus (Gilchrist 1904). Psychrolutidae. Distribution: South Africa and western Pacific. Habitat: marine.

magnicirrus, Neophrynichthys Nelson [J. S.] 1977:497, Fig. 7 [Journal of the Royal Society of New Zealand v. 7 (no. 4); ref. 7034] 2 kilometers east of the northeastern coast of Macquarie Island, 54°30'-34'S, 158°59'E, south of Tasmania. Holotype: LACM 11440-1. Paratypes: LACM 10983-2 (3). •Valid as Ambophthalmos magnicirrus (Nelson 1977) -- (Jackson & Nelson 1998:1355 [ref. 23806], Jackson & Nelson 1999:428 [ref. 23799], Stewart 2015:1125 [ref. 34254]). Current status: Valid as Ambophthalmos magnicirrus (Nelson 1977). Psychrolutidae. Distribution: New Zealand region. Habitat: marine.

malacocephala, Ebinania Nelson [J. S.] 1982:1485, Figs. 12-13 [Canadian Journal of Zoology v. 60 (no. 6); ref. 5470] About halfway between Pitcairn Island and the South Pole, midpoint of haul 54°49.5'S, 129°47'W, depth maximum 603 meters. Holotype (unique): LACM 10936-2. •Valid as Ebinania malacocephala Nelson 1982 -- (Jackson & Nelson 2006:42 [ref. 28707]). Current status: Valid as Ebinania malacocephala Nelson 1982. Psychrolutidae. Distribution: South Pacific. Habitat: marine.

marcidus, Neophrynichthys McCulloch [A. R.] 1926:215, Pl. 55 (fig. 2) [Biological Results Endeavour v. 5 (pt 4); ref. 2947] Deep water off southern Australia or Tasmania, Australia. Holotype (unique): AMS E.6570. See Paulin et al. 1989:259 [ref. 24556]. •Valid as Neophrynichthys marcidus McCulloch 1926 -- (Nelson 1977:504 [ref. 7034]). •Valid as Psychrolutes marcidus (McCulloch 1926) -- (Paxton et al. 1989:478 [ref. 12442], Fricke 1990:407 [ref. 15492], Yabe in Amaoka et al. 1990:248 [ref. 16024], Gomon et al. 1994:527 [ref. 22532], Nelson 1995:69 [ref. 22668], Nelson 1999:2428 [ref. 24810], Hutchins 2001:29 [ref. 25847] as cf. marcidus, Paxton et al. 2006:954 [ref. 28994], Gomon 2008:524 [ref. 30616]). Current status: Valid as Psychrolutes marcidus (McCulloch 1926). Psychrolutidae. Distribution: Australia: southern Queensland to southern Australia and Western Australia. Habitat: marine.

marmoratus, Neophrynichthys Gill [T. N.] 1889:327 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 11 (no. 717); ref. 19995] Coast of Patagonia, 53°31'S, 73°44'W. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1880.7.28.5. Based on Neophrynichthys latus (in part) of Günther 1881:20, pl. 1 [ref. 2012]. •Valid as Neophrynichthys marmoratus Gill 1889 -- (Nelson 1977:501 [ref. 7034], Nakamura in Nakamura et al. 1986:188 [ref. 14235], Pequeño 1989:57 [ref. 14125]). •Valid as Psychrolutes marmoratus (Gill 1889) -- (Nelson 1995:69 [ref. 22668], Mabragaña et al. 2011:table S2 [ref. 31800], Nión et al. 2016:45 [ref. 35565] with author as Gill 1889). Current status: Valid as Psychrolutes marmoratus (Gill 1889). Psychrolutidae. Distribution: Southeastern Pacific and southwestern Atlantic: Chile to Argentina. Habitat: marine.

marmoratus, Neophrynichthys Regan [C. T.] 1913:241 [Transactions of the Royal Society of Edinburgh v. 49 (pt 2, no. 2); ref. 3651] Strait of Magellan or Burdwood Bank, southwestern Atlantic. Syntypes: BMNH 1880.7.28.5 (1), 1883.6.28.1 (1); NMSZ 1921.143.454 (1). Based on specimens and description of Neophrynichthys latus of Günther 1881:20, pl. 1 [ref. 2012]. •Permanently invalid, preoccupied by, and also a synonym of Neophrynichthys marmoratus Gill 1889 -- (Nelson 1977:501 [ref. 7034]). •Synonym of Psychrolutes marmoratus (Gill 1889). Current status: Synonym of Psychrolutes marmoratus (Gill 1889). Psychrolutidae. Distribution: Southwestern Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

microphthalmus, Malacocottus Schmidt [P. Yu.] in Popov 1933:142 [Issledovaniya Morey SSSR, Leningrad No. 19; ref. 6535] Peter the Great Bay, Russia. Holotype (unique). •Synonym of Malacocottus zonurus Bean 1890, but a valid subspecies microphthalmus Schmidt 1933 -- (Sheiko 1983:19 [ref. 37041]). •Synonym of Malacocottus zonurus Bean 1890 -- (Sheiko & Fedorov 2000:30 [ref. 25650]). •Synonym of Malacocottus gibber Sakamoto 1930 -- (Parin et al. 2002:S94 [ref. 28300], Parin et al. 2014:302 [ref. 33547]). Current status: Synonym of Malacocottus gibber Sakamoto 1930. Psychrolutidae. Habitat: marine.

microporos, Psychrolutes Nelson [J. S.] 1995:70, Figs. 1, 2A [Proceedings of the Zoological Society, Calcutta v. 48 (no. 2); ref. 22668] New Zealand. 42°55.1'S, 168°59.0'E, depth 975-986 meters. Holotype: NMNZ 15030. Paratypes: BSKU 23089 (1), 32395 (1); NMNZ 9487 (1), 11348 (1), 11551 (1), 14869 (1), 15029 (1), 15781 (1), 16155 (1), 16157 (1). Plus additional material. •Valid as Psychrolutes microporos Nelson 1995 -- (Nakabo 2000:653 [ref. 25086], Jackson & Nelson 2000:725 [ref. 25146], Nakabo 2002:653 [ref. 26001], Stewart 2015:1130 [ref. 34254]). Current status: Valid as Psychrolutes microporos Nelson 1995. Psychrolutidae. Distribution: New Zealand region. Japan provisional [ref. 34254]. Habitat: marine.

microps, Cottunculus Collett [R.] 1875:20, Pl. 1 (figs. 1-3) [Norges fiske; ref. 884] Hasvig, Sørøy, northern Norway, depth 376 meters. Holotype: ZMUO J4128. Type catalog: Pethon 1969:7 [ref. 19268]. •Valid as Cottunculus microps Collett 1875 -- (Neelov 1973:603 [ref. 7219], Nelson 1977:508 [ref. 7034], Nelson & Nakamura 1980:990 [ref. 26434], Fedorov & Nelson in Whitehead et al. 1986:1262 [ref. 13677], Scott & Scott 1988:492 [ref. 25518], Nelson 1989:407 [ref. 12546], McAllister 1990:202 [ref. 14674], Yabe in Okamura et al. 1995:169 [ref. 22531], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:518 [ref. 25968], Klein-MacPhee in Collette & Klein-MacPhee 2002:357 [ref. 26158], Parin et al. 2002:S92 [ref. 28300], Moore et al. 2003:223 [ref. 27076], Byrkjedal & Orlov 2007:67 [ref. 29312], Møller et al. 2010:54 [ref. 31169], Mecklenburg et al. 2011:125 [ref. 31212], Page et al. 2013:126 [ref. 32708], Dolgov 2013:918 [ref. 33112], Byrkjedal et al. 2014:14 [ref. 33415], Mecklenburg et al. 2014:137 [ref. 33463], Parin et al. 2014:298 [ref. 33547], Mecklenburg & Steinke 2015:164 [ref. 34033], Afonso et al. 2016:55, 138 [ref. 36199], Mecklenburg et al. 2016:98 [ref. 34440], Mecklenburg et al. 2018:237 [ref. 36370]). Current status: Valid as Cottunculus microps Collett 1875. Psychrolutidae. Distribution: North Atlantic and adjacent Arctic Ocean. Habitat: marine.

nudus, Cottunculus Nelson [J. S.] 1989:402, Figs. 1-4 [Copeia 1989 (no. 2); ref. 12546] South Canterbury Bight, New Zealand, 44°55'S, 174°05'E, depth 1090-1123 meters. Holotype: NMNZ P.15787. Paratypes: NMNZ P.9488 (1), P.11819 (1), P.13137 (2), P.14863 (1), P.15065 (1), P.15071 (1), P.15622 (1), P.15797 (1), P.15799 (1), P.15842 (1), P.16041 (1), P.16046 (1), P.16162 (2), P.17388 (1), P.20881 (2), P.20906 (2). Type catalog: Hardy 1990:10 [ref. 18942]. •Valid as Cottunculus nudus Nelson 1989 -- (Paulin et al. 1989:172 [ref. 24556], Yabe in Amaoka et al. 1990:245 [ref. 16024], Jackson & Nelson 2000:725 [ref. 25146], Byrkjedal & Orlov 2007:67 [ref. 29312], Stewart 2015:1126 [ref. 34254]). Current status: Valid as Cottunculus nudus Nelson 1989. Psychrolutidae. Distribution: New Zealand region. Habitat: marine.

occidentalis, Psychrolutes (Cottunculoides) Fricke [R.] 1990:404, Fig. 1 [Japanese Journal of Ichthyology v. 36 (no. 4); ref. 15492] About 35 kilometers east of Rowley Shoals, Western Australia, 17°17'S, 119°57'E, depth 350 meters. Holotype: WAM P.25395-014. Paratypes: AMS I.22809-006 (1), I.22814-003 (3); WAM P.28074-001 (1), P.28133-001 (1). Type catalog: Not treated by Moore et al. 2008 [ref. 30117]. •Valid as Psychrolutes occidentalis Fricke 1990 -- (Nelson 1995:69 [ref. 22668], Nelson 1999:2428 [ref. 24810], Paxton et al. 2006:954 [ref. 28994], Larson et al. 2013:93 [ref. 32988], Fricke et al. 2014:57 [ref. 33932]). Current status: Valid as Psychrolutes occidentalis Fricke 1990. Psychrolutidae. Distribution: Southeastern Indian Ocean, western Pacific: Western Australia and Arafura Sea to Papua New Guinea. Habitat: marine.

ochotensis, Gilbertidia Schmidt [P. Yu.] 1916:625, Fig. 6 [Ezhegodnik, Zoologicheskago Muzeya Imperatorskoi Akademii Nauk v. 20 (for 1915); ref. 3935] Aniva Bay, southern Sakhalin Island, Russia. Holotype (unique): ZIN 19105. •Valid as Gilbertidia ochotensis Schmidt 1916 -- (Watanabe 1960:193 [ref. 11959]). •Synonym of Eurymen gyrinus Gilbert & Burke 1912 -- (Lindberg & Krasyukova 1987:265 [ref. 15964], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:517 [ref. 25968], Parin et al. 2002:S93 [ref. 28300], Nazarkin et al. 2014:177 [ref. 33578], Parin et al. 2014:301 [ref. 33547]). Current status: Synonym of Eurymen gyrinus Gilbert & Burke 1912. Psychrolutidae. Habitat: marine.

paradoxus, Psychrolutes Günther [A.] 1861:516 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 3; ref. 1964] Gulf of Georgia, Vancouver Island, British Columbia, Canada. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1860.8.24.18. •Valid as Psychrolutes paradoxus Günther 1861 -- (Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:180 [ref. 9277], Yabe in Masuda et al. 1984:330 [ref. 6441], Lindberg & Krasyukova 1987:263 [ref. 15964], Matarese et al. 1989:436 [ref. 26885], McAllister 1990:204 [ref. 14674], Fricke 1990:407 [ref. 15492], Sokolovskaya et al. 1998:10 [ref. 24670], Nakabo 2000:653 [ref. 25086], Sheiko & Fedorov 2000:30 [ref. 25650], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:524 [ref. 25968], Sokolovsky & Sokolovskaya 2001:425 [ref. 25414], Nakabo 2002:653 [ref. 26001], Choi et al. 2003:276, 5846 [ref. 26218], Parin et al. 2002:S94 [ref. 28300], Fedorov et al. 2003:87 [ref. 27579], Nelson et al. 2004:123 [ref. 27807], Shinohara et al. 2011:46 [ref. 31715], Page et al. 2013:126 [ref. 32708], Shinohara et al. 2014:254 [ref. 33330], Mecklenburg & Steinke 2015:164 [ref. 34033], Pietsch & Orr 2015:51 [ref. 34694], Kells et al. 2016:208 [ref. 35888]). Current status: Valid as Psychrolutes paradoxus Günther 1861. Psychrolutidae. Distribution: North Pacific to northern Bering Sea. Habitat: marine.

phrictus, Psychrolutes Stein [D. L.] & Bond [C. E.] 1978:3, Figs. 1-2 [Contributions in Science (Los Angeles) No. 296; ref. 8873] North Pacific, 44°44'18"N, 125°41'18"W, depth 2800 meters. Holotype: USNM 216253. Paratypes: CAS 32580 (1); LACM 30807-4 (1), 34185-1 (2), 34338-1 (1), 35230-1 (3), 35232-1 (1), 35234-1 (1), 35561-1 (1); OSUO 1524 (1), 2020 (1), 2021 (1), 2040 (1, c&s), 2029 (1), 2057 (1), 2221 (1). Additional material (3). •Valid as Psychrolutes phrictus Stein & Bond 1978 -- (Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:180 [ref. 9277], Yabe in Amaoka et al. 1983:159, 215, 289, 340 [ref. 8379], Yabe in Masuda et al. 1984:331 [ref. 6441], McAllister 1990:204 [ref. 14674], Fricke 1990:407 [ref. 15492], Nelson 1995:69 [ref. 22668], Shinohara et al. 1996:177 [ref. 26605], Nakabo 2000:653 [ref. 25086], Sheiko & Fedorov 2000:30 [ref. 25650], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:523 [ref. 25968], Nakabo 2002:653 [ref. 26001], Parin et al. 2002:S95 [ref. 28300], Shinohara et al. 2005:428 [ref. 28370], Parin et al. 2014:303 [ref. 33547], Afonso et al. 2016:56, 258 [ref. 36199], Burton & Lea 2019:70 [ref. 37205]). Current status: Valid as Psychrolutes phrictus Stein & Bond 1978. Psychrolutidae. Distribution: North Pacific. Habitat: marine.

pustulosa, Gilbertidia Schmidt [P. Yu.] 1937:280 [Doklady Akademii Nauk SSSR v. 15 (no. 5); ref. 21497] Okhotsk Sea, 55°31'N, 149°10'N. Syntypes: ZIN 24462 (1), 24830 (1). Could be described earlier as Platycottus pustulosus Schmidt 1935, reference not found. •Valid as Psychrolutes pustulosus (Schmidt 1937) -- (Yabe et al. 1995 [ref. 22110], Park et al. 2015:239 [ref. 36311]). •Valid as Gilbertidia pustulosa Schmidt 1937 -- (Lindberg & Krasyukova 1987:264 [ref. 15964], Nakabo 2000:652 [ref. 25086], Sheiko & Fedorov 2000:30 [ref. 25650], Nakabo 2002:652 [ref. 26001], Parin et al. 2002:S93 [ref. 28300], Nazarkin et al. 2014:178 [ref. 33578], Parin et al. 2014:301 [ref. 33547]). Current status: Valid as Gilbertidia pustulosa Schmidt 1937. Psychrolutidae. Distribution: Northwestern Pacific: Sea of Japan (Korea and Russia) north to Okhotsk Sea. Habitat: marine.

sadko, Cottunculus Essipov [V. K.] 1937:90, Fig. 2 [Problemy Arktiki: sbornik statej, Arkticeskij i Antarkticeskij Naucno-Issledovatel'skij Institut, Glavnogo Uprevlemija Severnogo Morskogo Puti, Ministerstva Morskogo Flota SSSR. 1937 (no. 4); ref. 20998] Northern Kara Sea, between 78°07.2'-82°09'N, 65°50'-83°08'E, depth 300-690 meters. Syntypes: ZIN 30588-90 (1, 1, 1), 32170 (1, lost). •Valid as Cottunculus sadko Essipov 1937 -- (Neelov 1973:603 [ref. 7219], Nelson 1977:508 [ref. 7034], Nelson & Nakamura 1980:990 [ref. 26434], Fedorov & Nelson in Whitehead et al. 1986:1263 [ref. 13677], Nelson 1989:407 [ref. 12546], Yabe in Okamura et al. 1995:169 [ref. 22531], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:518 [ref. 25968], Parin et al. 2002:S92 [ref. 28300], Byrkjedal & Orlov 2007:67 [ref. 29312], Mecklenburg et al. 2011:125 [ref. 31212], Dolgov 2013:918 [ref. 33112]). •Synonym of Cottunculus microps Collett 1875 -- (Byrkjedal et al. 2014:14 [ref. 33415], Mecklenburg et al. 2014:137 [ref. 33463], Mecklenburg et al. 2016:99 [ref. 34440]). Current status: Synonym of Cottunculus microps Collett 1875. Psychrolutidae. Distribution: Arctic and North Atlantic (if valid). Habitat: marine.

setiger, Dasycottus Bean [T. H.] 1890:42 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 13 (no. 795); ref. 229] Off Sitkalidak Island, Alaska, U.S.A., 57°N, 153°18'W, Albatross station 2855, depth 69 fathoms. Syntypes: (4) MCZ 35983 [ex USNM 45370] (1), USNM 45370 (3). •Valid as Dasycottus setiger Bean 1890 -- (Watanabe 1960:175 [ref. 11959], Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:167 [ref. 9277], Sheiko 1983:18 [ref. 37041], Yabe in Amaoka et al. 1983:155, 214, 287, 339 [ref. 8379], Yabe in Masuda et al. 1984:330 [ref. 6441], Lindberg & Krasyukova 1987:268 [ref. 15964], Matarese et al. 1989:440 [ref. 26885], McAllister 1990:202 [ref. 14674], Shinohara et al. 1996:176 [ref. 26605], Jackson & Nelson 1998:1354 [ref. 23806], Sokolovskaya et al. 1998:10 [ref. 24670], Nakabo 2000:651 [ref. 25086], Sheiko & Fedorov 2000:30 [ref. 25650], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:516 [ref. 25968], Nakabo 2002:651 [ref. 26001], Choi et al. 2003:276, 583 [ref. 26218], Parin et al. 2002:S92 [ref. 28300], Fedorov et al. 2003:85 [ref. 27579], Shinohara et al. 2011:46 [ref. 31715], Page et al. 2013:126 [ref. 32708], Shinohara et al. 2014:254 [ref. 33330], Parin et al. 2014:298 [ref. 33547], Pietsch & Orr 2015:50 [ref. 34694], Tohkairin et al. 2015:8 [ref. 35331], Kells et al. 2016:208 [ref. 35888]). Current status: Valid as Dasycottus setiger Bean 1890. Psychrolutidae. Distribution: North Pacific. Habitat: marine.

sigalutes, Gilbertina Jordan [D. S.] & Starks [E. C.] 1895:811, Pl. 86 [Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences (Series 2) v. 5; ref. 2522] Puget Sound near Port Orchard, Washington, U.S.A. Holotype (unique): CAS-SU 3129. Spelled sigolutes in Jordan & Evermann 1898:2028. •Valid as Gilbertidia sigalutes (Jordan & Starks 1895) -- (Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:169 [ref. 9277], Matarese et al. 1989:434 [ref. 26885], Sheiko & Fedorov 2000:30 [ref. 25650], Parin et al. 2002:S93 [ref. 28300]). •Valid as Psychrolutes sigalutes (Jordan & Starks 1895) -- (McAllister 1990:204 [ref. 14674], Fricke 1990:407 [ref. 15492], Nelson 1995:69 [ref. 22668], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:522 [ref. 25968], Nelson et al. 2004:123 [ref. 27807], Page et al. 2013:126 [ref. 32708], Nazarkin et al. 2014:177 [ref. 33578]. Parin et al. 2014:301 [ref. 33547], Pietsch & Orr 2015:51 [ref. 34694], Kells et al. 2016:210 [ref. 35888]). Current status: Valid as Psychrolutes sigalutes (Jordan & Starks 1895). Psychrolutidae. Distribution: Bering Sea to eastern North Pacific. Habitat: marine.

sio, Psychrolutes Nelson [J. S.] 1980:444, Figs. 1 A-C [Canadian Journal of Zoology v. 58 (no. 3); ref. 8682] Off Arica, Chile, midpoint 18°36.4'S, 70°32.9'W, depth 768-967 meters. Holotype: SIO 72-184. Paratypes: SIO 72-183 (1). •Valid as Psychrolutes sio Nelson 1980 -- (Pequeño 1989:57 [ref. 14125], Fricke 1990:407 [ref. 15492], Nelson 1995:69 [ref. 22668], Robertson et al. 2017:82 [ref. 35676] as cf. sio). Current status: Valid as Psychrolutes sio Nelson 1980. Psychrolutidae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific: El Salvador to Chile. Habitat: marine.

spinosus, Cottunculus Gilchrist [J. D. F.] 1906:149, Pl. 38 [Marine Investigations in South Africa v. 4; ref. 1647] Cape Point bearing N 70°E distance 40 miles, South Africa, depth about 800 fathoms. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. •Valid as Cottunculoides spinosus (Gilchrist 1906) -- (Nelson 1977:508 [ref. 7034]). •Valid as Cottunculus spinosus Gilchrist 1906 -- (Nelson 1986:491 [ref. 5698], Byrkjedal & Orlov 2007:67 [ref. 29312], Nelson 2016:2291 [ref. 34615]). Current status: Valid as Cottunculus spinosus Gilchrist 1906. Psychrolutidae. Distribution: South Africa. Habitat: marine.

subspinosus, Cottunculus Jensen [A. S.] 1902:214 [Videnskabelige Meddelelser fra den Naturhistoriske Forening i Kjøbenhavn, Aaret 1901; ref. 14758] Off Iceland, depth 750-957 fathoms. Syntypes: ZMUC uncat. Type catalog: Nielsen 1974:81 [ref. 9588]. •Valid as Psychrolutes subspinosus (Jensen 1902) -- (Nelson 1977:508 [ref. 7034], Fedorov & Nelson in Whitehead et al. 1986:1264 [ref. 13677], Nelson 1995:67 [ref. 22668], Møller et al. 2010:54 [ref. 31169], Mecklenburg et al. 2011:125 [ref. 31212]). •Valid as Cottunculus subspinosus Jensen 1902 -- (Neelov 1973:604 [ref. 7219], Parin et al. 2002:S92 [ref. 28300], Parin et al. 2014:299 [ref. 33547], Byrkjedal et al. 2018:14 [ref. 35896], Mecklenburg et al. 2018:239 [ref. 36370]). Current status: Valid as Cottunculus subspinosus Jensen 1902. Psychrolutidae. Distribution: North Atlantic and Arctic Ocean: off eastern Greenland and off northeastern Iceland to off western Norway. Habitat: marine.

tenuicaudalis, Malacocottus Watanabe [M.] 1958:427, Figs. 209-210, Pl. 46 [Studies of Japanese cottid fishes; ref. 21357] Abashiri, Hokkaido, Japan, depth 70 fathoms. Syntypes: (5). Also described as new in Watanabe 1960:185, Pl. 39 (fig. 2) [ref. 11959]. Spelled tenuicaudaris in classification (p. 17), on plate caption, and on table 113 caption; tenuicaudalis on p. 427, 432, and twice in list of plates (p. 458, 460). Correct spelling of original genus is Malacocottus. •Valid as Malacottus tenuicaudalis Watanabe 1958 -- (Watanabe 1960:185 [ref. 11959], Lindberg & Krasyukova 1987:273 [ref. 15964]). •Status uncertain -- (Shinohara et al. 1992:422 [ref. 19776]). •Synonym of Malacocottus zonurus Bean 1890 -- (Parin et al. 2002:S94 [ref. 28300], Parin et al. 2014:302 [ref. 33547], Stevenson 2015:24 [ref. 33680]). Current status: Synonym of Malacocottus zonurus Bean 1890. Psychrolutidae. Habitat: marine.

thomsonii, Cottus Günther [A.] 1882:679 [Proceedings of the Royal Society of Edinburgh v. 11; ref. 18204] North Atlantic, 59°33'N, 7°14'W, depth 555 fathoms. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1887.12.9.10. •Valid as Cottunculus thomsonii (Günther 1882) -- (Neelov 1973:603 [ref. 7219] as thomsoni, Nelson 1977:508 [ref. 7034] as thompsoni, Nelson & Nakamura 1980:990 [ref. 26434] as thompsoni, Fedorov & Nelson in Whitehead et al. 1986:1263 [ref. 13677], Nelson 1989:407 [ref. 12546], Scott & Scott 1988:494 [ref. 25518] as thomsoni, McAllister 1990:202 [ref. 14674] as thompsoni, Nelson 1990:687 [ref. 17821], Yabe in Okamura et al. 1995:170 [ref. 22531], Quéro & Cendrero 2001:178 [ref. 25567], Moore et al. 2003:223 [ref. 27076], Byrkjedal & Orlov 2007:67 [ref. 29312], Møller et al. 2010:54 [ref. 31169], Page et al. 2013:126 [ref. 32708], Byrkjedal et al. 2014:1 [ref. 33415], Afonso et al. 2016:55, 139 [ref. 36199], Nelson 2016:2292 [ref. 34615]). Current status: Valid as Cottunculus thomsonii (Günther 1882). Psychrolutidae. Distribution: North Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

torvus, Cottunculus Goode [G. B.] & Bean [T. H.] 1883:212 [Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology v. 10 (no. 5); ref. 1838] Atlantic, 33°42'15"-41°32'50"N, 65°55'-76°00'50"W, depth 464-732 fathoms. Syntypes: MCZ 25867 (3), 25868 (1), 25968 (1). Appeared first as name only in Goode 1880:479 [ref. 1833]. •Synonym of Cottunculus thomsonii (Günther 1882) -- (Neelov 1973:603 [ref. 7219] as thomsoni, Fedorov & Nelson in Whitehead et al. 1986:1263 [ref. 13677], Nelson 1990:687 [ref. 17821]). Current status: Synonym of Cottunculus thomsonii (Günther 1882). Psychrolutidae. Habitat: marine.

tubulosus, Cottunculus Byrkjedal [I.] & Orlov [A. M.] 2007:65, Figs. 2-3 [Zootaxa No. 1580; ref. 29312] North Atlantic, 51°45'N, 29°33'E, depth 1950-1872 meters. Holotype (unique): ZMUB 16361. •Valid as Cottunculus tubulosus Byrkjedal & Orlov 2007. Current status: Valid as Cottunculus tubulosus Byrkjedal & Orlov 2007. Psychrolutidae. Distribution: North Atlantic, Mid-Atlantic Ridge. Habitat: marine.

uchidai, Dasycottus Mori [T.] 1955:1, Fig. 1 [Science Reports of the Hyogo University of Agriculture Series Natural Science v. 2 (no. 1); ref. 7766] Coast of Kyogasaki, Kyoto Prefecture, southern Sea of Japan, depth 300-500 meters. Holotype: Hyogo Univ. Agric. Paratypes: (1). Psychrolutidae. Habitat: marine.

vermiculata, Ebinania Sakamoto [K.] 1932:2, Fig. 1 [Journal of the Imperial Fisheries Institute v. 27 (no. 1); ref. 3860] Iwate Prefecture, Japan. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. •Valid as Ebinania vermiculata Sakamoto 1932 -- (Watanabe 1960:198 [ref. 11959], Yabe in Amaoka et al. 1983:157, 214 [ref. 8379], Yabe in Masuda et al. 1984:330 [ref. 6441], Shinohara et al. 1996:176 [ref. 26605], Nakabo 2000:652 [ref. 25086], Nakabo 2002:652 [ref. 26001], Parin et al. 2002:S92 [ref. 28300], Jackson & Nelson 2006:42 [ref. 28707], Meguro & Motomura 2011:27 [ref. 32399], Parin et al. 2014:300 [ref. 33547]). Current status: Valid as Ebinania vermiculata Sakamoto 1932. Psychrolutidae. Distribution: Western North Pacific. Habitat: marine.

zebra, Psychrolutes Bean [T. H.] 1890:43 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 13 (no. 795); ref. 229] Between Unga Island and Nagai Island, Alaska, U.S.A., 55°10'N, 160°18'W, Albatross station 2848, depth 110 fathoms. Syntypes: MCZ 27914 (1), USNM 45364 (24). •Synonym of Psychrolutes paradoxus Günther 1861 -- (Mecklenburg et al. 2002:524 [ref. 25968], Parin et al. 2002:S94 [ref. 28300], Parin et al. 2014:303 [ref. 33547]). Current status: Synonym of Psychrolutes paradoxus Günther 1861. Psychrolutidae. Habitat: marine.

zonurus, Malacocottus Bean [T. H.] 1890:43 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 13 (no. 795); ref. 229] Off Trinity Island, Alaska, U.S.A., 56°00'N, 154°20'W, Albatross station 2853, depth 159 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 44643. Paratypes: USNM 363488 (6). Author says, "The type of the description and figure is 4 3/4 inches long." That is probably not sufficient to establish a holotype, but the 4 3/4-in. specimen if identifiable and is regarded as the described syntype; it would make the best lectotype [others may regard that specimen as the type]. •Valid as Malacocottus zonurus Bean 1890 -- (Yabe in Amaoka et al. 1983:157, 215, 289, 339 [ref. 8379], Yabe in Masuda et al. 1984:330 [ref. 6441], Lindberg & Krasyukova 1987:271 [ref. 15964], Matarese et al. 1989:442 [ref. 26885], McAllister 1990:204 [ref. 14674] as Malacottus, Shinohara et al. 1992:422 [ref. 19776], Kim et al. 1993:21 [ref. 22288], Shinohara et al. 1996:177 [ref. 26605], Sokolovskaya et al. 1998:10 [ref. 24670], Nakabo 2000:651 [ref. 25086], Sheiko & Fedorov 2000:30 [ref. 25650], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:520 [ref. 25968], Nakabo 2002:651 [ref. 26001], Choi et al. 2003:276, 583 [ref. 26218], Parin et al. 2002:S94 [ref. 28300], Fedorov et al. 2003:87 [ref. 27579], Nelson et al. 2004:123 [ref. 27807], Page et al. 2013:126 [ref. 32708], Shinohara et al. 2014:254 [ref. 33330], Parin et al. 2014:302 [ref. 33547], Stevenson 2015:23 [ref. 33680], Tohkairin et al. 2015:8 [ref. 35331], Kells et al. 2016:208 [ref. 35888]). Current status: Valid as Malacocottus zonurus Bean 1890. Psychrolutidae. Distribution: North Pacific. Habitat: marine.