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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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Species in the family or subfamily Scomberesocidae: [ 22 ] records


adocetus, Cololabis Böhlke [J. E.] 1951:83 [Transactions of the Kansas Academy of Science v. 54 (no. 1); ref. 12884] 160 miles southwest of San Juan, Peru, eastern Pacific, 17°00'S, 76°50'W. Holotype: CAS 20432. Paratypes: CAS 20433 (5, now 3), 47784 [ex CAS 20433] (1 c&s); CAS-SU 16335 (2). Paratypes or additional material: CAS 20434 (4), CAS-SU 37426 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:51 [ref. 12291]. •Valid as Elassichthys adocetus (Böhlke 1951) -- (Hubbs & Wisner 1980:534 [ref. 2267]). •Valid as Cololabis adocetus Böhlke 1951 -- (Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:391 [ref. 24555], Collette 2004:2 [ref. 27582], Mundy 2005:283 [ref. 28379]). •Valid as Cololabis adoceta Böhlke 1951. Current status: Valid as Cololabis adoceta Böhlke 1951. Scomberesocidae. Distribution: Central and eastern Pacific: Hawaiian Islands east to Baja California (Mexico) to northern Chile. Habitat: marine.

bicolor, Grammiconotus Costa [A.] 1862:55, Pl. 1 (fig. 4) [Annuario dell'Museo Zoologico della R. Università di Napoli v. 1; ref. 4852] [Napoli] Naples, Italy, Mediterranean Sea. No types known. •Synonym of Scomberesox saurus (Walbaum 1792) -- (Parin 1973:261 [ref. 7191]). •Synonym of Scomberesox saurus (Walbaum 1792), subspecies saurus (Walbaum 1792) -- (Wisner 1990:601 [ref. 16638], Collette 2004:3-4 [ref. 27582]). Current status: Synonym of Scomberesox saurus (Walbaum 1792). Scomberesocidae. Habitat: marine.

bimaculatus, Sayris Rafinesque [C. S.] 1810:62 [Caratteri di alcuni nuovi generi e nuove specie di animali e piante della Sicilia; ref. 3594] Palermo, Sicily, Italy, Mediterranean Sea. No types known. Also appeared in Rafinesque 1810:35 [ref. 3595] as Sayris maculata. •Synonym of Scomberesox saurus (Walbaum 1792), subspecies saurus (Walbaum 1792) -- (Wisner 1990:599 [ref. 16638], Collette 2004:3-4 [ref. 27582]). •Synonym of Scomberesox saurus (Walbaum 1792) -- (Parin 1973:261 [ref. 7191], Parenti 2019:103 [ref. 37117]). Current status: Synonym of Scomberesox saurus (Walbaum 1792). Scomberesocidae. Habitat: marine.

brasiliensis, Esox Pennant [T.] 1787:145 [Supplement to the Arctic zoology; ref. 16802] Croque Harbor, Newfoundland, 51°03'N, 55°48'W. No types known. Original not seen. Objectively invalid; preoccupied by Esox brasiliensis Linnaeus 1758. •Treated as a forgotten name in the synonymy of Scomberesox saurus (Walbaum 1792). •Synonym of Scomberesox saurus (Walbaum 1792), subspecies saurus (Walbaum 1792) -- (Wisner 1990:599 [ref. 16638], Collette 2004:3-4 [ref. 27582]). Current status: Synonym of Scomberesox saurus (Walbaum 1792). Scomberesocidae. Habitat: marine.

brevirostris, Scombresox Peters [W. (C. H.)] 1866:521 [Monatsberichte der Königlichen Preussischen Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Berlin 1866; ref. 3439] Tomales Bay, California, U.S.A. Syntypes: ZMB 6194 (2). Type catalog: Paepke & Seegers 1986:147 [ref. 19981]. Original genus should have been Scomberesox. •Synonym of Cololabis saira (Brevoort 1856) -- (Collette 2004:2 [ref. 27582], Dyldin & Orlov 2017:55 [ref. 35138]). Current status: Synonym of Cololabis saira (Brevoort 1856). Scomberesocidae. Habitat: marine.

camperii, Scomberesox Lacepède [B. G. E.] 1803:344, 345, Pl. 6 (fig. 3) [Histoire naturelle des poissons (Lacepède) v. 5; ref. 4930] No locality. No types known. Type catalog: Collette et al. 1997:25 [ref. 22813]. •Synonym of Scomberesox saurus (Walbaum 1792) -- (Parin 1973:261 [ref. 7191], Paxton et al. 2006:721 [ref. 28996]). •Synonym of Scomberesox saurus (Walbaum 1792), subspecies saurus (Walbaum 1792) -- (Wisner 1990:599 [ref. 16638], Collette 2004:3-4 [ref. 27582]). Current status: Synonym of Scomberesox saurus (Walbaum 1792). Scomberesocidae. Habitat: marine.

equirostrum, Scomberesox Lesueur [C. A.] 1821:132 [Journal of the Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia v. 2 (pt 1); ref. 13274] No locality. Linn. Soc. Boston (dry jaws). Plate illustrating species not included in original, but later found and published by Phillips 1955:4, Pl 1 (fig. 2) [ref. 21818]. •Synonym of Scomberesox saurus (Walbaum 1792) -- (Parin 1973:261 [ref. 7191]). •Synonym of Scomberesox saurus (Walbaum 1792), subspecies saurus (Walbaum 1792) -- (Wisner 1990:599 [ref. 16638], Collette 2004:3-4 [ref. 27582]). Current status: Synonym of Scomberesox saurus (Walbaum 1792). Scomberesocidae. Habitat: marine.

forsteri, Scombresox Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1846:481 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 18; ref. 1011] New Zealand. No types known. Type catalog: Collette et al. 1997:25 [ref. 22813]. •Synonym of Scomberesox saurus (Walbaum 1792) -- (Parin 1973:261 [ref. 7191]). •Synonym of Scomberesox saurus (Walbaum 1792), subspecies scombroides (Richardson 1843) -- (Wisner 1990:601 [ref. 16638], Collette 2004:3-4 [ref. 27582]). Current status: Synonym of Scomberesox saurus (Walbaum 1792). Scomberesocidae. Habitat: marine.

hians, Sayris Rafinesque [C. S.] 1810:61, Pl. 9 (fig. 1) [Caratteri di alcuni nuovi generi e nuove specie di animali e piante della Sicilia; ref. 3594] Palermo, Sicily, Italy, Mediterranean Sea. No types known. Also appeared in Rafinesque 1810:34 [ref. 3595]. •Synonym of Scomberesox saurus (Walbaum 1792), subspecies saurus (Walbaum 1792) -- (Wisner 1990:599 [ref. 16638], Collette 2004:3-4 [ref. 27582]). •Synonym of Scomberesox saurus (Walbaum 1792) -- (Parin 1973:261 [ref. 7191], Parenti 2019:103 [ref. 37117]). Current status: Synonym of Scomberesox saurus (Walbaum 1792). Scomberesocidae. Habitat: marine.

lemuridens, Scombresox Bennett [E. T.] 1832:4 [Proceedings of the Committee of Science and Correspondence of the Zoological Society of London 1832 (pt 2); ref. 16788] Pacific, Chile rivers. No types known. •Incertae sedis in Scomberesocidae -- (Collette 2004:4 [ref. 27582]). Scomberesocidae.

maculata, Sayris Rafinesque [C. S.] 1810:34 [Indice d'ittiologia siciliana; ref. 3595] Not available; an incorrect subsequent spelling of Sayris bimaculatus Rafinesque 1810. Reference was made to "Raf. car. sp. 162.", which was Sayris bimaculatus in earlier work, but original spelling not mentioned. See Collette 2004:4 [ref. 27582]. •In the synonymy of Scomberesox saurus (Walbaum 1792) -- (Collette 2004:4 [ref. 27582]). Current status: Synonym of Scomberesox saurus (Walbaum 1792). Scomberesocidae.

recurvirostra, Sayris Rafinesque [C. S.] 1810:61, Pl. 9 [Caratteri di alcuni nuovi generi e nuove specie di animali e piante della Sicilia; ref. 3594] No locality. Also appeared in Rafinesque 1810:33 [ref. 3595]. Unneeded new name for Scombresox camperii Lacepède 1803. •Synonym of Scomberesox saurus (Walbaum 1792), subspecies saurus (Walbaum 1792) -- (Collette 2004:3-4 [ref. 27582]). •Synonym of Scomberesox saurus (Walbaum 1792) -- (Parin 1973:261 [ref. 7191], Parenti 2019:103 [ref. 37117]). Current status: Synonym of Scomberesox saurus (Walbaum 1792). Scomberesocidae. Habitat: marine.

rondeletii, Scombresox Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1846:473 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 18; ref. 1011] Mediterranean Sea. Syntypes: MNHN B-1086 to B-1091 (2, 4, 3, 5, 3, 4), 5431 (2). Type catalog: Collette et al. 1997:20 [ref. 22813]. •Synonym of Scomberesox saurus (Walbaum 1792) -- (Parin 1973:261 [ref. 7191], Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:59 [ref. 26753], Lipej & Dulčić 2010:34 [ref. 36649]). •Synonym of Scomberesox saurus (Walbaum 1792), subspecies saurus -- (Wisner 1990:601 [ref. 16638], Collette 2004:3-4 [ref. 27582]). Current status: Synonym of Scomberesox saurus (Walbaum 1792). Scomberesocidae. Habitat: marine.

saira, Scomberesox Brevoort [J. C.] 1856:281 [29], Pl. 7 (fig. 1) [Notes on some figures of Japanese fish taken from recent specimens by the artists of the U. S. Japan Expedition. Pp. 253-288, Pls. 3-12 (color) In: M. C. Perry, Narrative of the Expedition of an American Squadron to the China Seas and Japan.; ref. 17284] Simoda, Japan. No types known. On p. 29 of separate. Original genus misspelled Scomberescox in text, correct on plate. Based on a drawing. •Valid as Cololabis saira (Brevoort 1856) -- (Hubbs & Wisner 1980:522 [ref. 2267], Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:116 [ref. 9277], Yoshino in Masuda et al. 1984:79 [ref. 6441], Peden et al. 1985:11 [ref. 24081], Matarese et al. 1989:236 [ref. 26885], McAllister 1990:127 [ref. 14674], Sommer in Fischer et al. 1995:1520 [ref. 22830], Cheng & Zhou 1997:220 [ref. 26385], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:383 [ref. 24555], Sokolovskaya et al. 1998:9 [ref. 24670], Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:168 [ref. 25013], Nakabo 2000:564 [ref. 25086], Sheiko & Fedorov 2000:24 [ref. 25650], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:315 [ref. 25968], Nakabo 2002:564 [ref. 26001], Choi et al. 2003:220, 546 [ref. 26218], Collette 2004:2 [ref. 27582], Nelson et al. 2004:99 [ref. 27807], Mundy 2005:283 [ref. 28379], Motomura et al. 2010:83 [ref. 31256], Page et al. 2013:103 [ref. 32708], Parin et al. 2014:197 [ref. 33547], Pietsch & Orr 2015:27 [ref. 34694], Fourriére et al. 2016:456 [ref. 34668], Del Moral-Flores et al. 2016:608 [ref. 34923], Kells et al. 2016:120 [ref. 35888], Dyldin & Orlov 2017:55 [ref. 35138], Burton & Lea 2019:54 [ref. 37205], Fricke et al. 2019:81 [ref. 36673]). Current status: Valid as Cololabis saira (Brevoort 1856). Scomberesocidae. Distribution: North Pacific: Taiwan and southern Japan north to Aleutians and Kamchatka; Hawaiian Islands; eastern Pacific south to Baja California (Mexico). Habitat: brackish, marine.

saurus, Esox Bloch [M. E.] & Schneider [J. G.] 1801:394 [M. E. Blochii, Systema Ichthyologiae; ref. 471] Objectively invalid; preoccupied by Esox saurus Walbaum 1792. •Incertae sedis in Scomberesocidae -- (Collette 2004:4 [ref. 27582]). Current status: Synonym of Scomberesox. Scomberesocidae. Habitat: marine.

saurus, Esox Walbaum [J. J.] 1792:93 [Petri Artedi sueci genera piscium Part 3; ref. 4572] Cornwall and British seas. No types known. Neotype designated by Fricke 1999:36 [ref. 24101], but withdrawn in Fricke 2000:639 [ref. 24537]. •Valid as Scomberesox saurus (Walbaum 1792) [often as a valid subspecies] -- (Parin 1973:261 [ref. 7191], Hubbs & Wisner 1980:535 [ref. 2267], Dor 1984:66 [ref. 29757], Parin in Whitehead et al. 1986:611 [ref. 13676], Nakamura in Nakamura et al. 1986:159 [ref. 14235], Robins & Ray 1986:107 [ref. 23100], Scott & Scott 1988:310 [ref. 25518], Paxton et al. 1989:345 [ref. 12442], Paulin et al. 1989:145 [ref. 24556], McAllister 1990:127 [ref. 14674], Wisner 1990:599 [ref. 16638], Gomon et al. 1994:391 [ref. 22532], Goren & Dor 1994:16 [ref. 25356], Santos et al. 1997:68 [ref. 23531], Arruda 1997:62 [ref. 24952], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:104, 391 [ref. 24555], Porteiro et al. 1999:41 [ref. 24203], Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:168 [ref. 25013], Fricke 1999:35 [ref. 24101], Lovejoy & Collette 2001:329 [ref. 25232], Hutchins 2001:24 [ref. 25847], subspecies saurus, Collette in Collette & Klein-MacPhee 2002:285 [ref. 26158], Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:59 [ref. 26753], Collette 2003:1114 [ref. 26981] as a valid subspecies, Menezes in Menezes et al. 2003:67 [ref. 27192], Collette 2004:2, 4 [ref. 27582] as a valid subspecies, Nelson et al. 2004:99 [ref. 27807], Golani 2005:28 [ref. 37112], Paxton et al. 2006:721 [ref. 28996], Fricke 2007:28 [ref. 30577], Fricke et al. 2007:70 [ref. 29533], Gomon 2008:409 [ref. 30616], Lipej & Dulčić 2010:34 [ref. 36649], Page et al. 2013:103 [ref. 32708], Wirtz et al. 2014:4 [ref. 33516], Parin et al. 2014:198 [ref. 33547], Struthers 2015:953 [ref. 34261], Collette 2016:2130 [ref. 34601] and as S. s. saurus, Mecklenburg et al. 2018:169 [ref. 36370], Martins & Carneiro 2018:96 [ref. 36550], Elbaraasi et al. 2019:95 [ref. 36864], Hoschke et al. 2019:154 [ref. 36626]). Current status: Valid as Scomberesox saurus (Walbaum 1792). Scomberesocidae. Distribution: Antitropical: western Baltic Sea, North Sea, Mediterranean Sea, North Atlantic; Southern Hemisphere. Habitat: brackish, marine.

scombroides, Sairis Richardson [J.] 1843:26 [Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science v. 12 (12th meeting [1842]); ref. 12502] Dusky Bay, New Zealand. No types known. Based on Solander manuscript and various illustrations; authorship regarded as Richardson. Neotype designation by Fricke 1999:115 [ref. 24106] is invalid; see Fricke 2000:639 [ref. 24537]. Original genus should have been Sayris. •Synonym of Scomberesox saurus (Walbaum 1792) -- (Parin 1973:261 [ref. 7191]). •Synonym of Scomberesox saurus (Walbaum 1792), but a valid subspecies scombroides (Richardson 1843) -- (Hubbs & Wisner 1980:535 [ref. 2267], Parin in Whitehead et al. 1986:611 [ref. 13676], Pequeño 1989:50 [ref. 14125], Wisner 1990:601 [ref. 16638], Smith 1986:388 [ref. 5712], Bianchi & Carpenter in Bianchi et al. 1993:147 [ref. 25472], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:104, 391 [ref. 24555], Fricke 1999:115 [ref. 24106], Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:168 [ref. 25013], Collette 2004:3-4 [ref. 27582], Collette 2016:2130 [ref. 34601], Nión et al. 2016:42 [ref. 35565] dated 1842). •Valid as Scomberesox scombroides (Richardson 1843) -- (Menezes in Menezes et al. 2003:67 [ref. 27192]). Current status: Valid as Scomberesox scombroides (Richardson 1843). Scomberesocidae. Distribution: Circumglobal in Southern Hemisphere (including South Africa, Mascarenes). Habitat: marine.

scutellatum, Scomberesox Lesueur [C. A.] 1821:132 [Journal of the Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia v. 2 (pt 1); ref. 13274] Banks of Newfoundland, Canada (stomach content). Plate illustrating species not included in original, but later found and published by Phillips 1955:4, Pl 1 (fig. 3) [ref. 21818]. •Synonym of Scomberesox saurus (Walbaum 1792) -- (Parin 1973:261 [ref. 7191]). •Synonym of Scomberesox saurus (Walbaum 1792), subspecies saurus (Walbaum 1792) -- (Wisner 1990:599 [ref. 16638], Collette 2004:3-4 [ref. 27582]). Current status: Synonym of Scomberesox saurus (Walbaum 1792). Scomberesocidae. Habitat: marine.

serrata, Sayris Rafinesque [C. S.] 1810:61 [Caratteri di alcuni nuovi generi e nuove specie di animali e piante della Sicilia; ref. 3594] Sicily, Italy, Mediterranean Sea. No types known. Also appeared in Rafinesque 1810:34 [ref. 3595]. •Synonym of Scomberesox saurus (Walbaum 1792), subspecies saurus (Walbaum 1792) -- (Wisner 1990:599 [ref. 16638], Collette 2004:3-4 [ref. 27582]). •Synonym of Scomberesox saurus (Walbaum 1792) -- (Parin 1973:261 [ref. 7191], Parenti 2019:103 [ref. 37117]). Current status: Synonym of Scomberesox saurus (Walbaum 1792). Scomberesocidae. Habitat: marine.

simulans, Nanichthys Hubbs [C. L.] & Wisner [R. L.] 1980:531, Fig. 5 [United States National Marine Fisheries Service Fishery Bulletin v. 77 (no. 3) (for 1979); ref. 2267] Central South Atlantic, 24°02.5'S, 15°32'W. Holotype: SIO 63-546. Paratypes: ANSP 144095 [ex SIO 63-555] (5); BMNH [ex SIO 63-549] (4); CAS 47409 [ex SIO 63-569] (1); MCZ [ex SIO 63-555] (5); SIO 63-546 (17, now 16), 63-548 (16), 63-549 (6, now 2), 63-550 (7), 63-553 (4), 63-555 (orig. 11, now 1), 63-571 (2, now 0); USNM 204257-58 (2, 4), 222664 [ex SIO 63-545] (8). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:152 [ref. 13621], Collette et al. 1992:12 [ref. 19410]. •Valid as Nanichthys simulans Hubbs & Wisner 1980 -- (Parin in Whitehead et al. 1986:610 [ref. 13676], Smith 1986:387 [ref. 5712], Wisner 1990:598 [ref. 16638], Cervigón 1992:414 [ref. 23827], Bianchi & Carpenter in Bianchi et al. 1993:147 [ref. 25472], Santos et al. 1997:67 [ref. 23531], Arruda 1997:62 [ref. 24952], Porteiro et al. 1999:41 [ref. 24203], Menezes in Menezes et al. 2003:67 [ref. 27192]). •Valid as Scomberesox simulans (Hubbs & Wisner 1980) -- (Collette 2004:3 [ref. 27582], Collette 2016:2131 [ref. 34601], Brown et al. 2019:166 [ref. 36444] as Scomberescox s.). Current status: Valid as Scomberesox simulans (Hubbs & Wisner 1980). Scomberesocidae. Distribution: Warm-temperate waters of the Atlantic and Indian Oceans. Habitat: marine.

stolatus, Scomberesox de Buen [F.] 1959:262 [Revista de Biologia Marina, Valparaiso v. 9 (nos 1-3); ref. 11964] Chile, 35°20'S, 75°23'W. Holotype: MNHNC P.5906 [ex EBMC 10196]. Paratypes: (3) whereabouts unknown. Type catalog: Meléndez C. et al. 1993:110 [ref. 24124]. Based on literature sources and specimens. •Synonym of Scomberesox saurus (Walbaum 1792) -- (Parin 1973:261 [ref. 7191]). •Synonym of Scomberesox saurus (Walbaum 1792), but a valid subspecies scombroides (Richardson 1843) -- (Wisner 1990:602 [ref. 16638], Collette 2004:3-4 [ref. 27582]). Current status: Synonym of Scomberesox saurus (Walbaum 1792). Scomberesocidae. Habitat: marine.

storeri, Scomberesox DeKay [J. E.] 1842:229, Pl. 35 (fig. 111) [Zoology of New-York; ref. 1098] No locality. No types known. Unneeded new name for Scomberesox equirostrum Lesueur 1821, which was regarded by DeKay as inppropriate. •Synonym of Scomberesox saurus (Walbaum 1792). Current status: Synonym of Scomberesox saurus (Walbaum 1792). Scomberesocidae. Habitat: marine.