Institute for Biodiversity Science and Sustainability
Online Version, Updated 1 March 2017

SEARCH RESULTS FROM THE

Catalog of Fishes
Select the database to search:
GENERA   SPECIES   REFERENCES
Include unavailable names

         Comments:

    Please look in the Catalog of Fishes for authorships of sections, Families of Fishes (all), and related information.

Species in the family or subfamily Scombridae: [ 213 ] records


acervum, Cybium Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1832:186 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 8; ref. 1000] Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic. Lectotype: MNHN A-5781. Paralectotypes: MNHN A.5782 (1) Martinique, B.2508 [ex A.5781] (2). Type catalog: Bauchot & Blanc 1961:369-370 [ref. 20733], Blanc & Bauchot 1964:443, Fig. 1 [ref. 20804], Collette 1966:365-366 [ref. 14641]. Lectotype selected by Collette 1966:365 [ref. 14641]. •Synonym of Scomberomorus cavalla (Cuvier 1829) -- (Collette & Nauen 1983:61 [ref. 5375], Collette & Russo 1985:616 [ref. 5221], Collette 2003:10 [ref. 27312]). Current status: Synonym of Scomberomorus cavalla (Cuvier 1829). Scombridae: Scombrinae. Habitat: marine.

affinis, Thynnus Cantor [T. E.] 1849:1088 [106] [Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal v. 18 (pt 2); ref. 715] Malacca Strait, eastern Indian Ocean. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1860.3.19.214 (skin). On p. 106 of separate. •Valid as Euthynnus affinis (Cantor 1849) -- (Kyushin et al. 1977:308 [ref. 19756], Kyushin et al. 1982:245 [ref. 19754], Collette & Nauen 1983:33 [ref. 5375], Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:271 [ref. 9277], Dor 1984:261 [ref. 29757], Nakamura in Masuda et al. 1984:226 [ref. 6441], Collette 1986:833 [ref. 5647], Allen & Swainston 1988:144 [ref. 25477], Winterbottom et al. 1989:65 [ref. 13251], Randall et al. 1990:443 [ref. 15987], Kuiter 1993:378 [ref. 23929], Goren & Dor 1994:69 [ref. 25356], Collette in Fischer et al. 1995:1543 [ref. 22830], Randall 1995:373 [ref. 22896], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:501 [ref. 27969], De La Cruz Agüero et al. 1997:273 [ref. 24545], Allen 1997:232 [ref. 23977], Carpenter et al. 1997:224 [ref. 23922], Chen et al. 1997:161 [ref. 26476] dated 1850, Randall et al. 1997:443 [ref. 25919], Fricke 1999:563 [ref. 24106], Johnson 1999:751 [ref. 25471], Collette in Randall & Lim 2000:643 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:1348 [ref. 25182], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:481 [ref. 25191], Randall & Earle 2000:20 [ref. 25806], Iwatsuki et al. 2000:104 [ref. 26368], Collette 2001:3732 [ref. 26305], Collette et al. 2001:3 [ref. 25629], Hutchins 2001:45 [ref. 25847], Nakabo 2002:1348 [ref. 26193], Youn 2002:418, 673 [ref. 26218], Collette 2003:4 [ref. 27312], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S121 [ref. 27377], Myers & Donaldson 2003:648 [ref. 27495], Matsuura et al. in Kimura & Matsuura 2003:210 [ref. 27510], Lobel & Lobel 2004:77 [ref. 27576], Randall et al. 2004:30 [ref. 27624], Nelson et al. 2004:176 [ref. 27807], Heemstra et al. 2004:3331 [ref. 27945], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:415 [ref. 28072], Mundy 2005:504 [ref. 28379], Bray et al. 2006:1770 [ref. 29091] dated 1850, Randall 2007:448 [ref. 30952], Fricke et al. 2009:112 [ref. 30213] dated 1850, Kimura 2009:311 [ref. 30426], Motomura et al. 2010:230 [ref. 31256], Allen & Erdmann 2012:1040 [ref. 31980], Page et al. 2013:181 [ref. 32708], Fricke et al. 2013:272 [ref. 32706], Larson et al. 2013:217 [ref. 32988], Delrieu-Trottin et al. 2015:8 [ref. 33988], Psomadakis et al. 2015:314 [ref. 34104], Fourriére et al. 2016:459 [ref. 34668], Del Moral-Flores et al. 2016:611 [ref. 34923]). Current status: Valid as Euthynnus affinis (Cantor 1849). Scombridae: Scombrinae. Distribution: Red Sea, Indo-Pacific: East Africa, South Africa, Mozambique Channel, Seychelles, Madagascar and Mascarenes east to Panama, north to southern Japan and Ogasawara Islands and Hawaiian Islands, south to Western Australia, New South Wales (Australia), New Caledonia and Tonga; Revillagigedo Archipelago (Mexico). Habitat: marine.

alalunga, Scomber Cetti [F.] 1777:191, Pl. (opposite p. 28) [Anfibi e pesci di Sardegna; ref. 18872] Sardinia, Italy, western Mediterranean Sea. No types known. •In the synonymy of Thunnus alalunga (Bonnaterre 1788) -- (Gibbs & Collette 1967:99 [ref. 13640], Collette 2003:21 [ref. 27312]). Current status: Synonym of Thunnus alalunga (Bonnaterre 1788). Scombridae: Scombrinae.

alalunga, Scomber Bonnaterre [J. P.] (ex Cetti) 1788:139 [Tableau encyclopédique et méthodique des trois règnes de la nature... Ichthyologie; ref. 4940] Sardinia, Italy, western Mediterranean Sea. No types known. Based on Cetti 1777:191, pl. (opposite p. 28) [ref. 18872]. Species name misspelled alalonga by Cuvier 1831:146 [ref. 30376]. •Valid as Thunnus alalunga (Bonnaterre 1788) -- (Gibbs & Collette 1967:97 [ref. 13640], Postel 1973:468 [ref. 7208], Lindberg & Krasyukova 1975:270 [ref. 7348], Collette & Nauen 1983:81 [ref. 5375], Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:274 [ref. 9277], Nakamura in Masuda et al. 1984:226 [ref. 6441], Collette in Whitehead et al. 1986:995 [ref. 13676], Collette 1986:837 [ref. 5647], Robins & Ray 1986:262 [ref. 23100], Allen & Swainston 1988:142 [ref. 25477], Scott & Scott 1988:456 [ref. 25518], Pequeño 1989:67 [ref. 14125], Paulin et al. 1989:231 [ref. 24556], Winterbottom et al. 1989:65 [ref. 13251], McAllister 1990:180 [ref. 14674], Randall et al. 1990:448 [ref. 15987], Collette 1990:991 [ref. 19476], Cervigón 1992:418 [ref. 23827], Bianchi & Carpenter in Bianchi et al. 1993:172 [ref. 25472], Cervigón 1994:257 [ref. 24488], Gomon et al. 1994:826 [ref. 22532], Collette in Fischer et al. 1995:1539 [ref. 22830], Khalaf et al. 1996:405 [ref. 23175], Santos et al. 1997:108 [ref. 23531], Allen 1997:230 [ref. 23977], De La Cruz Agüero et al. 1997:274 [ref. 24545], Grove & Lavenberg 1997:587 [ref. 24023], Arruda 1997:101 [ref. 24952], Randall et al. 1997:448 [ref. 25919], Anderson et al. 1998:28 [ref. 23611], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:398 [ref. 24555], Aguilera 1998:53 [ref. 24221], Fricke 1999:566 [ref. 24106], Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:333 [ref. 25013], Collette in Randall & Lim 2000:644 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:1349 [ref. 25182], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:480 [ref. 25191], Sheiko & Fedorov 2000:40 [ref. 25650], Schmitter-Soto et al. 2000:169 [ref. 27754], Collette 2001:3752 [ref. 26305], Collette et al. 2001:3 [ref. 25629], Hutchins 2001:45 [ref. 25847], Bilecenoglu et al. 2002:145 [ref. 26753], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:809 [ref. 25968], Nakabo 2002:1349 [ref. 26193], Youn 2002:418, 675 [ref. 26218], Collette 2003:1853 [ref. 27087], Collette 2003:13 [ref. 27312], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S121 [ref. 27377], Myers & Donaldson 2003:648 [ref. 27495] dated 1789, Menezes in Menezes et al. 2003:103 [ref. 27192], Parin 2003:S30 [ref. 28536], Lobel & Lobel 2004:77 [ref. 27576], Smith et al. 2003:68 [ref. 27621], Randall et al. 2004:30 [ref. 27624], Nelson et al. 2004:176 [ref. 27807], Heemstra et al. 2004:3331 [ref. 27945], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:421 [ref. 28072], Pequeño 2004:96 [ref. 28123], Mundy 2005:507 [ref. 28379], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:784 [ref. 28815], Bray et al. 2006:1777 [ref. 29091], Fricke et al. 2007:111 [ref. 29533], Gomon 2008:788 [ref. 30616], Fricke et al. 2009:112 [ref. 30213], McCosker & Rosenblatt 2010:194 [ref. 30957], Page et al. 2013:182 [ref. 32708], Wirtz et al. 2013:135 [ref. 32972], Larson et al. 2013:219 [ref. 32988], Smith-Vaniz & Jelks 2014:84 [ref. 33341], Wirtz et al. 2014:11 [ref. 33516], Parin et al. 2014:515 [ref. 33547], Fricke et al. 2014:188 [ref. 33932], Roberts 2015:1634 [ref. 34193], Pinheiro et al. 2015:32 [ref. 34324], Collette in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2911 [ref. 34618], Fourriére et al. 2016:459 [ref. 34668], Del Moral-Flores et al. 2016:611 [ref. 34923]). Current status: Valid as Thunnus alalunga (Bonnaterre 1788). Scombridae: Scombrinae. Distribution: Circumglobal in tropical and temperate seas (including Mediterranean Sea, Red Sea, Hawaiian Islands). Habitat: marine.

alatunga, Scomber Gmelin [J. F.] (ex Cetti) 1789:1330 [Caroli a Linné ... Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae v. 1 (pt 3); ref. 18139] Sardinia, Italy, western Mediterranean Sea. No types known. Based on Cetti 1777:191, pl. (opposite p. 28) [ref. 18872], apparently a misprint. Independent of Scomber alalunga Bonnaterre 1788. •Synonymy of Thunnus alalunga (Bonnaterre 1788) -- (Gibbs & Collette 1967:99 [ref. 13640], Collette 2003:21 [ref. 27312]). Current status: Synonym of Thunnus alalunga (Bonnaterre 1788). Scombridae: Scombrinae.

albacares, Scomber Bonnaterre [J. P.] (ex Sloane) 1788:140 [Tableau encyclopédique et méthodique des trois règnes de la nature... Ichthyologie; ref. 4940] Jamaica [Caribbean Sea]. No types known. Based on 'Albicores' of Sloane 1707:11-12, Fig. 1 [ref. 30230]. •Valid as Thynnus albacares (Bonnaterre 1788) -- (Dor 1984:264 [ref. 29757]). •Valid as Thunnus albacares (Bonnaterre 1788) -- (Gibbs & Collette 1967:102 [ref. 13640], Postel 1973:469 [ref. 7208], Lindberg & Krasyukova 1975:273 [ref. 7348], Collette & Nauen 1983:83 [ref. 5375], Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:274 [ref. 9277], Nakamura in Masuda et al. 1984:226 [ref. 6441], Collette in Whitehead et al. 1986:995 [ref. 13676], Collette 1986:837 [ref. 5647], Robins & Ray 1986:262 [ref. 23100], Allen & Swainston 1988:142 [ref. 25477], Scott & Scott 1988:457 [ref. 25518], Pequeño 1989:67 [ref. 14125], Paulin et al. 1989:230 [ref. 24556], Winterbottom et al. 1989:66 [ref. 13251], McAllister 1990:180 [ref. 14674], Randall et al. 1990:448 [ref. 15987], Collette 1990:992 [ref. 19476], Boschung 1992:169 [ref. 23239], Cervigón 1992:418 [ref. 23827], Bianchi & Carpenter in Bianchi et al. 1993:173 [ref. 25472], Cervigón 1994:258 [ref. 24488], Gomon et al. 1994:827 [ref. 22532], Allen & Robertson 1994:277 [ref. 22193], Goren & Dor 1994:70 [ref. 25356], Collette in Fischer et al. 1995:1540 [ref. 22830], Randall 1995:375 [ref. 22896], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:519 [ref. 27969], Santos et al. 1997:108 [ref. 23531], Allen 1997:230 [ref. 23977], De La Cruz Agüero et al. 1997:274 [ref. 24545], Carpenter et al. 1997:226 [ref. 23922], Arruda 1997:101 [ref. 24952], Randall et al. 1997:448 [ref. 25919], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:399 [ref. 24555], Aguilera 1998:53 [ref. 24221], Miyabe & Bayliff 1998:129 [ref. 25507], Fricke 1999:566 [ref. 24106], Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:333 [ref. 25013], Afonso et al. 1999:80 [ref. 25466], Johnson 1999:751 [ref. 25471], Randall 1999:29 [ref. 25829], Collette in Randall & Lim 2000:644 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:1350 [ref. 25182], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:480 [ref. 25191], Schmitter-Soto et al. 2000:169 [ref. 27754], Collette 2001:3753 [ref. 26305], Collette et al. 2001:3 [ref. 25629], Hutchins 2001:45 [ref. 25847], Bilecenoglu et al. 2002:178 [ref. 26753], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:810 [ref. 25968], Nakabo 2002:1350 [ref. 26193], Youn 2002:418, 675 [ref. 26218], Collette et al. 2003:125 [ref. 26784], Collette 2003:1854 [ref. 27087], Collette 2003:14 [ref. 27312], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S121 [ref. 27377], Myers & Donaldson 2003:648 [ref. 27495], Menezes in Menezes et al. 2003:103 [ref. 27192], Parin 2003:S30 [ref. 28536], Lobel & Lobel 2004:77 [ref. 27576], Randall et al. 2004:30 [ref. 27624], Nelson et al. 2004:176 [ref. 27807], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:421 [ref. 28072], Pequeño 2004:96 [ref. 28123], Mundy 2005:507 [ref. 28379], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:785 [ref. 28815], Bray et al. 2006:1777 [ref. 29091], Wirtz et al. 2007:41 [ref. 30263], Randall 2007:450 [ref. 30952], Gomon 2008:789 [ref. 30616], Fricke et al. 2009:112 [ref. 30213], McCosker & Rosenblatt 2010:194 [ref. 30957], Motomura et al. 2010:230 [ref. 31256], Page et al. 2013:182 [ref. 32708], Fricke et al. 2013:272 [ref. 32706], Wirtz et al. 2013:135 [ref. 32972], Larson et al. 2013:219 [ref. 32988], Smith-Vaniz & Jelks 2014:84 [ref. 33341], Wirtz et al. 2014:11 [ref. 33516], Parin et al. 2014:515 [ref. 33547], Psomadakis et al. 2015:317 [ref. 34104], Roberts 2015:1635 [ref. 34193], Pinheiro et al. 2015:33 [ref. 34324], Collette in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2912 [ref. 34618], Fourriére et al. 2016:459 [ref. 34668], Del Moral-Flores et al. 2016:611 [ref. 34923]). Current status: Valid as Thunnus albacares (Bonnaterre 1788). Scombridae: Scombrinae. Distribution: Circumglobal in tropical and subtropical seas, including Red Sea, Hawaiian Islands. Habitat: marine.

albacora, Thynnus Lowe [R. T.] 1839:77 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1839 (pt 7); ref. 2829] Off Madeira. No types known. •Valid as Thunnus albacora Lowe 1839 -- (Chen et al. 1997:160 [ref. 26476]). •Synonym of Thunnus albacares (Bonnaterre 1788) -- (Gibbs & Collette 1967:102 [ref. 13640], Collette & Nauen 1983:83 [ref. 5375], Collette in Whitehead et al. 1986:995 [ref. 13676], Collette 1990:992 [ref. 19476], Collette 2001:3753 [ref. 26305], Collette 2003:1854 [ref. 27087], Collette 2003:14 [ref. 27312], Collette in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2912 [ref. 34618]). Current status: Synonym of Thunnus albacares (Bonnaterre 1788). Scombridae: Scombrinae. Habitat: marine.

albacorus, Scomber Lacepède [B. G. E.] 1800:599 [Histoire naturelle des poissons (Lacepéde) v. 2; ref. 2709] Bassin des Antilles [Jamaica, Caribbean Sea]. Unnecessary replacement name for Scomber albacares Bonnaterre 1788. Also in Lacepède 1801:48 [ref. 2710]. Also appeared in Sonnini 1803:286, 385 (vol. 7) [ref. 30473]. •In the synonymy of Thunnus albacares (Bonnaterre 1788) -- (Gibbs & Collette 1967:102 [ref. 13640], Postel 1973:498 [ref. 7208], Collette & Nauen 1983:83 [ref. 5375], Collette 1990:992 [ref. 19476], Collette 2003:21 [ref. 27312]). Current status: Synonym of Thunnus albacares (Bonnaterre 1788). Scombridae: Scombrinae.

albicans, Scomber Walbaum [J. J.] 1792:216 [Petri Artedi sueci genera piscium Part 3; ref. 4572] Eastern Atlantic off West Africa at 4°40'N; Sardinia, Italy, western Mediterranean Sea. No types known. Based on three sources, 'Albekor' of Osbeck 1765: 90 [ref. 19361], 'Alba coretta Pisonis' of Willughby 1686:App. 5, 16, Pl. M5 (fig. 1) and Pl. 9 (fig. 1) [ref. 30164], and 'Alalunga' of Cetti 1777:191, pl. (opposite p. 28) [ref. 18872]. •Synonym of Thunnus alalunga (Bonnaterre 1788) -- (Collette 2003:13 [ref. 27312]). Current status: Synonym of Thunnus alalunga (Bonnaterre 1788). Scombridae: Scombrinae. Habitat: marine.

alletteratus, Scomber Rafinesque [C. S.] 1810:46, Pl. 2 (fig. 3) [Caratteri di alcuni nuovi generi e nuove specie di animali e piante della Sicilia; ref. 3594] [Palermo] Sicily, Italy, Mediterranean Sea. No types known. Spelled aletteratus on plate. Also appeared in Rafinesque 1810:23 [ref. 3595] as Scomber aletteratus. Spellings alleteratus and alliteratus are regarded as misspellings. •Synonym of Auxis rochei (Risso 1810) -- (Postel 1973:470 [ref. 7208]). •Valid as Euthynnus alletteratus (Rafinesque 1810) -- (Collette & Nauen 1983:34 [ref. 5375], Fujii in Uyeno et al. 1983:421 [ref. 14275], Collette in Whitehead et al. 1986:985 [ref. 13676], Robins & Ray 1986:261 [ref. 23100], Scott & Scott 1988:449 [ref. 25518], McAllister 1990:179 [ref. 14674], Collette 1990:980 [ref. 19476], Boschung 1992:168 [ref. 23239], Cervigón 1992:415 [ref. 23827], Cervigón 1994:244 [ref. 24488], Randall 1995:373 [ref. 22896], Murdy et al. 1997:184 [ref. 23144], Arruda 1997:100 [ref. 24952], Aguilera 1998:52 [ref. 24221], Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:330 [ref. 25013], Afonso et al. 1999:80 [ref. 25466], Collette et al. 2001:3 [ref. 25629], Bilecenoglu et al. 2002:141 [ref. 26753], Collette in Collette & Klein-MacPhee 2002:518 [ref. 26158], Collette 2003:1845 [ref. 27087], Collette 2003:4 [ref. 27312], Menezes in Menezes et al. 2003:102 [ref. 27192] as alleteratus, Parin 2003:S28 [ref. 28536], Nelson et al. 2004:176 [ref. 27807], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:415 [ref. 28072], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:777 [ref. 28815], Fricke 2007:27 [ref. 30577], Fricke et al. 2007:110 [ref. 29533], Vasil'eva 2007:179 [ref. 30517], Randall 2007:448 [ref. 30952], Page et al. 2013:181 [ref. 32708], Wirtz et al. 2013:134 [ref. 32972], Smith-Vaniz & Jelks 2014:83 [ref. 33341], Wirtz et al. 2014:11 [ref. 33516], Parin et al. 2014:511 [ref. 33547], Collette in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2904 [ref. 34618]). Current status: Valid as Euthynnus alletteratus (Rafinesque 1810). Scombridae: Scombrinae. Distribution: Western Baltic Sea, North Sea, Mediterranean Sea, Black Sea, tropical and subtropical Atlantic. Habitat: brackish, marine.

allisoni, Thunnus Mowbray [L. L.] 1920:9, Fig. [Copeia No. 78; ref. 15319] Biscayne Bay, Miami, Florida and in Gulf Stream, U.S.A. Syntypes: (3, whereabouts unknown). •Synonym of Thunnus albacares (Bonnaterre 1788) -- (Gibbs & Collette 1967:102 [ref. 13640], Collette & Nauen 1983:83 [ref. 5375], Collette 1990:992 [ref. 19476], Collette 2003:14 [ref. 27312]). Current status: Synonym of Thunnus albacares (Bonnaterre 1788). Scombridae: Scombrinae. Habitat: marine.

altipinne, Cybium Guichenot [A.] in Duméril 1861:260 [Archives du Muséum d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris v. 10 [for 1858]; ref. 1149] Goreé, Senegal, West Africa. Holotype (unique): MNHN A-5797. Type catalog: Bauchot & Blanc 1961:370 [ref. 20733], Blanc & Bauchot 1964:444, Fig. 2 [ref. 20804] and Collette 1966:370 [ref. 14641] who list holotype as MNHN A.5797. Minimal characterization. •Synonym of Orcynopsis unicolor (Geoffroy St. Hilaire 1817) -- (Postel 1973:474 [ref. 7208], Collette & Chao 1975:593 [ref. 5573], Collette 1990:983 [ref. 19476], Collette 2003:6 [ref. 27312]). Current status: Synonym of Orcynopsis unicolor (Geoffroy St. Hilaire 1817). Scombridae: Scombrinae. Habitat: marine.

amarui, Scomber Curtiss [A.] 1938:58 [A short zoology of Tahiti in the Society islands; ref. 18057] Open sea off Tautira, Tahiti, Society Islands. No types known. •Synonym of Acanthocybium solandri (Cuvier 1832) -- (Collette 2003:2 [ref. 27312]). Current status: Synonym of Acanthocybium solandri (Cuvier 1832). Scombridae: Scombrinae. Habitat: marine.

ambiguus, Parathunnus Mowbray [L. L.] 1935:[1] [Bermuda Gov't Aquarium; ref. 21058] Bermuda. No types known. •Synonym of Thunnus atlanticus (Lesson 1831) -- (Gibbs & Collette 1967:107 [ref. 13640], Collette & Nauen 1983:85 [ref. 5375], Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:333 [ref. 25013], Collette 2003:14 [ref. 27312]). Current status: Synonym of Thunnus atlanticus (Lesson 1831). Scombridae: Scombrinae. Habitat: marine.

antarcticus, Scomber Castelnau [F. L.] 1872:106 [Proceedings of the Zoological and Acclimatisation Society of Victoria, Melbourne v. 1; ref. 757] Melbourne market, Victoria, Australia. Holotype (unique): MNHN B-2125 (dry, mounted, poor condition). Type catalog: Bauchot & Blanc 1961:373 [ref. 20733], Blanc & Bauchot 1964:450, Figs. 22-23 [ref. 20804], Collette 1966:363 [ref. 14641]. •Synonym of Scomber australasicus Cuvier 1832 -- (Collette & Nauen 1983:55 [ref. 5375], Collette 2003:8 [ref. 27312], Bray et al. 2006:1774 [ref. 29091]). Current status: Synonym of Scomber australasicus Cuvier 1832. Scombridae: Scombrinae. Habitat: marine.

argentivittatus, Thynnus Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1832:134 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 8; ref. 1000] Atlantic and Indian oceans. Syntypes: MNHN A-5567 (1, dry, poor condition), A-5572 (1, half skin, poor condition). Type catalog: Bauchot & Blanc 1961:376 [ref. 20733], Blanc & Bauchot 1964:453-454, Figs. 29-30 [ref. 20804], Collette 1966:372 [ref. 14641]; see Collette for information on an erroneous lectotype designation. •Incertae sedis in Scombridae -- (Collette 2003:17 [ref. 27312]). •Synonym of Thunnus albacares (Bonnaterre 1788) -- (Postel 1973:469 [ref. 7208], Collette & Nauen 1983:83 [ref. 5375], Collette 1990:992 [ref. 19476], Collette 2001:3753 [ref. 26305], Collette in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2912 [ref. 34618]). Current status: Synonym of Thunnus albacares (Bonnaterre 1788). Scombridae: Scombrinae. Habitat: marine.

argyreus, Scomberomorus Fowler [H. W.] 1905:764, Pl. 51 (lower fig.) [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 56 (for 1904); ref. 1368] Cape Palmas, Liberia. Holotype (unique): ANSP 11400. Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:152 [ref. 13621]. •Synonym of Scomberomorus tritor (Cuvier 1832) -- (Collette & Nauen 1983:79 [ref. 5375], Collette & Russo 1985:669 [ref. 5221], Collette 1990:989 [ref. 19476], Collette 2003:13 [ref. 27312]). Current status: Synonym of Scomberomorus tritor (Cuvier 1832). Scombridae: Scombrinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

atlanticus, Thynnus Lesson [R. P.] 1831:165 [Voyage autour du monde Zool. v. 2 (pt 1); ref. 2776] Trindade, Martin Vaz Islands, off southeastern Brazil, South Atlantic, 20°31'S, 29°19'W. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. •Valid as Thunnus atlanticus (Lesson 1831) -- (Gibbs & Collette 1967:107 [ref. 13640], Collette & Nauen 1983:85 [ref. 5375], Robins & Ray 1986:262 [ref. 23100], Boschung 1992:169 [ref. 23239], Cervigón 1992:419 [ref. 23827], Aguilera 1998:53 [ref. 24221], Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:333 [ref. 25013], Schmitter-Soto et al. 2000:169 [ref. 27754], Collette et al. 2001:3 [ref. 25629], Collette et al. 2003:125 [ref. 26784], Collette 2003:1855 [ref. 27087], Collette 2003:14 [ref. 27312], Menezes in Menezes et al. 2003:103 [ref. 27192], Smith et al. 2003:68 [ref. 27621], Nelson et al. 2004:176 [ref. 27807], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:786 [ref. 28815], Smith-Vaniz & Jelks 2014:84 [ref. 33341], Pinheiro et al. 2015:33 [ref. 34324]). Current status: Valid as Thunnus atlanticus (Lesson 1831). Scombridae: Scombrinae. Distribution: Western Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

atripinnis, Pelamys Günther [A.] 1860:371 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 2; ref. 1963] Not available, name on specimen mentioned under Cybium guttatum. •Unavailable species-group name -- (Collette 2003:21 [ref. 27312]). Scombridae: Scombrinae.

auratus, Scomber Houttuyn [M.] 1782:331 [Verhandelingen der Hollandsche Maatschappij der Wetenschappen, Haarlem v. 20 (pt 2); ref. 2220] Japan [Nagasaki]. No types known. •See Boeseman 1995:6 [ref. 21811]. •Incertae sedis in Scombridae -- (Collette 2003:21 [ref. 27312]). Scombridae: Scombrinae. Habitat: marine.

aureus, Scomber Lacepède [B. G. E.] 1800:599 [Histoire naturelle des poissons (Lacepéde) v. 2; ref. 2709] No locality [Nagasaki, Japan]. No types known. Unnecessary replacement name for Scomber auratus Houttuyn 1782. Also appeared in Lacepède 1801:46 [ref. 2710]. Also appeared in Sonnini 1803:286, 383 (vol. 7) [ref. 30473]. •Incertae sedis in Scombridae -- (Collette 2003:21 [ref. 27312]). Scombridae: Scombrinae. Habitat: marine.

aurolitoralis, Euthynnus alletteratus Fraser-Brunner [A.] 1949:626, Fig. 2b [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 12) v. 2 (no. 20) (art. 50); ref. 13011] Accra, Ghana. Holotype: BMNH 1939.7.12.32. Paratypes: BMNH 1937.2.6.2 (1) Labidi. •Synonym of Euthynnus alletteratus (Rafinesque 1810) -- (Collette & Nauen 1983:34 [ref. 5375], Collette 1990:981 [ref. 19476], Collette 2003:4 [ref. 27312]). Current status: Synonym of Euthynnus alletteratus (Rafinesque 1810). Scombridae: Scombrinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

australasicus, Scomber Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1832:49 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 8; ref. 1000] King George Sound, Western Australia, southeastern Indian Ocean. Holotype (unique): MNHN A-5312 (poor condition). Type catalog: Bauchot & Blanc 1961:373 [ref. 20733], Blanc & Bauchot 1964:450, Fig. 23 [ref. 20804], Collette 1966:364 [ref. 14641]. •Valid as Scomber australasicus Cuvier 1832 -- (Kyushin et al. 1982:246 [ref. 19754], Shirai in Amaoka et al. 1983:131, 204 [ref. 8379], Collette & Nauen 1983:55 [ref. 5375], Nakamura in Masuda et al. 1984:224 [ref. 6441], Machida in Okamura et al. 1985:543, 705 [ref. 8056], Paulin et al. 1989:229 [ref. 24556], Kuiter 1993:377 [ref. 23929], Francis 1993:167 [ref. 25479], Gomon et al. 1994:824 [ref. 22532], Collette in Fischer et al. 1995:1535 [ref. 22830], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:514 [ref. 27969], Carpenter et al. 1997:225 [ref. 23922], Baker & Collette 1998:29 [ref. 23350], Johnson 1999:751 [ref. 25471], Collette in Randall & Lim 2000:643 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:1347 [ref. 25182], Collette 2001:3741 [ref. 26305] dated 1831, Collette et al. 2001:2 [ref. 25629], Hutchins 2001:45 [ref. 25847], Nakabo 2002:1347 [ref. 26193], Youn 2002:418, 673 [ref. 26218], Collette 2003:8 [ref. 27312], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S121 [ref. 27377], Parin 2003:S29 [ref. 28536], Nelson et al. 2004:176 [ref. 27807], Savinykh et al. 2004:658 [ref. 27937], Mundy 2005:506 [ref. 28379], Randall 2007:450 [ref. 30952], Gomon 2008:786 [ref. 30616], Motomura et al. 2010:230 [ref. 31256], Page et al. 2013:181 [ref. 32708], Larson et al. 2013:218 [ref. 32988], Parin et al. 2014:513 [ref. 33547], Psomadakis et al. 2015:315 [ref. 34104], Roberts 2015:1633 [ref. 34193], Fourriére et al. 2016:459 [ref. 34668], Abdussamad et al. 2016:6 [ref. 34790], Del Moral-Flores et al. 2016:611 [ref. 34923]). Current status: Valid as Scomber australasicus Cuvier 1832. Scombridae: Scombrinae. Distribution: Red Sea, Indo-Pacific: Persian Gulf; Japan and Kuril Islands south to Australia and New Zealand, east to Hawaiian Islands; Socorro Island off Mexico (eastern Pacific). Habitat: marine.

australiensis, Scomber Peters [W. (C. H.)] 1877:836 [Monatsberichte der Königlichen Preussischen Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Berlin 1876; ref. 3454] Name and locality, no description; not available; from Ambon I., Moluccas Is., Indonesia. •Unavailable species-group name -- (Collette 2003:21 [ref. 27312]). Scombridae: Scombrinae.

australis, Pelamys Macleay [W.] 1881:557 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 5 (pt 4); ref. 2869] Port Jackson, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia. Holotype (unique): AMS I.16296-001 [ex MAMU F333]. Type catalog: Stanbury 1969:206 [ref. 19518]. •Valid as Sarda australis (Macleay 1881) -- (Collette & Chao 1975:598 [ref. 5573], Collette & Nauen 1983:50 [ref. 5375], Paulin et al. 1989:230 [ref. 24556], Kuiter 1993:377 [ref. 23929], Francis 1993:167 [ref. 25479], Gomon et al. 1994:823 [ref. 22532], Johnson 1999:751 [ref. 25471], Collette et al. 2001:3 [ref. 25629], Collette 2003:7 [ref. 27312], Bray et al. 2006:1774 [ref. 29091], Gomon 2008:786 [ref. 30616], Roberts 2015:1632 [ref. 34193]). Current status: Valid as Sarda australis (Macleay 1881). Scombridae: Scombrinae. Distribution: Southeastern Australia, Norfolk Island, and New Zealand. Habitat: marine.

balteatus, Thynnus Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1832:136 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 8; ref. 1000] By way of Trindade, Martin Vaz Islands, off southeastern Brazil, South Atlantic, 20°31'S, 29°19'W. No types known. Type catalog: Bauchot & Blanc 1961:377 [ref. 20733]. Based on Lesson's unpublished drawing. •Synonym of Thunnus atlanticus (Lesson 1831) -- (Gibbs & Collette 1967:107 [ref. 13640], Collette & Nauen 1983:85 [ref. 5375], Collette 2003:14 [ref. 27312]). Current status: Synonym of Thunnus atlanticus (Lesson 1831). Scombridae: Scombrinae. Habitat: marine.

bicarinatus, Thynnus Quoy [J. R. C.] & Gaimard [J. P.] 1825:357, Pl. 61 (fig. 1) [Voyage autour du monde; ref. 3574] Shark Bay, Western Australia. No types known. See account of Grammatorycnus for genus spelling. •Valid as Grammatorcynus bicarinatus (Quoy & Gaimard 1825) -- (Kyushin et al. 1982:250 [ref. 19754], Collette 1983:716 [ref. 5220], Dor 1984:262 [ref. 29757], Collette & Nauen 1983:38 [ref. 5375], Allen & Swainston 1988:144 [ref. 25477], Randall et al. 1990:443 [ref. 15987], Collette & Gillis 1992:47 [ref. 19794], Goren & Dor 1994:69 [ref. 25356], Allen 1997:232 [ref. 23977], Randall et al. 1997:443 [ref. 25919], Johnson 1999:751 [ref. 25471], Collette 2001:3733 [ref. 26305] dated 1824, Collette et al. 2001:2 [ref. 25629], Hutchins 2001:45 [ref. 25847], Collette 2003:5 [ref. 27312], Bray et al. 2006:1772 [ref. 29091], Larson et al. 2013:217 [ref. 32988]). Current status: Valid as Grammatorcynus bicarinatus (Quoy & Gaimard 1825). Scombridae: Scombrinae. Distribution: Eastern Indian Ocean, western Pacific: northern Australia to Gulf of Papua, Loyalty Islands (New Caledonia). Habitat: marine.

bilineatus, Thynnus Rüppell [W. P. E. S.] 1836:39, Pl. 12 (fig. 2) [Neue Wirbelthiere zu der Fauna von Abyssinien gehörig. Fische des Rothen Meeres; ref. 3844] Massawa, Eritrea, Red Sea. Holotype (unique): SMF 2755 (dry). See remarks under Grammatorycnus for current genus spelling. •Synonym of Grammatorcynus bicarinatus (Quoy & Gaimard 1825) -- (Dor 1984:262 [ref. 29757]). •Valid as Grammatorcynus bilineatus (Rüppell 1836) -- (Collette 1983:715 [ref. 5220], Collette & Nauen 1983:39 [ref. 5375], Nakamura in Masuda et al. 1984:224 [ref. 6441], Allen & Swainston 1988:144 [ref. 25477], Randall et al. 1990:443 [ref. 15987], Collette & Gillis 1992 [ref. 19794], Goren & Dor 1994:69 [ref. 25356] as biliniatus, Allen 1997:232 [ref. 23977], Randall et al. 1997:443 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:277 [ref. 23965] but genus misspelled Grammatorcynos, Collette in Randall & Lim 2000:643 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:1347 [ref. 25182], Allen 2000:123 [ref. 25868], Iwatsuki et al. 2000:104 [ref. 26368], Collette 2001:3734 [ref. 26305], Collette et al. 2001:2 [ref. 25629], Hutchins 2001:45 [ref. 25847], Nakabo 2002:1347 [ref. 26193], Allen & Adrim 2003:63 [ref. 26830], Collette 2003:5 [ref. 27312], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S121 [ref. 27377], Myers & Donaldson 2003:648 [ref. 27495], Matsuura et al. in Kimura & Matsuura 2003:210 [ref. 27510], Randall et al. 2004:30 [ref. 27624], Randall 2005:610 [ref. 28239], Bray et al. 2006:1772 [ref. 29091], Kimura 2009:311 [ref. 30426], Hata et al. 2011:67 [ref. 32401], Allen & Erdmann 2012:1040 [ref. 31980], Larson et al. 2013:217 [ref. 32988], Fricke et al. 2014:187 [ref. 33932]). Current status: Valid as Grammatorcynus bilineatus (Rüppell 1836). Scombridae: Scombrinae. Distribution: Red Sea, Indo-West Pacific: Gulf of Aden east to Kagoshima (Japan), Marshall Islands, Tonga, Fiji and Samoa, south to Scott Reef (Western Australia) and Queensland (Australia) and New Caledonia. Habitat: marine.

bimaculatus, Scomber Bloch [M. E.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1833:later than 49 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 9; ref. 1002] Name in text, not available. •Unavailable species-group name -- (Collette 2003:21 [ref. 27312]). Scombridae: Scombrinae.

bisus, Scomber Rafinesque [C. S.] 1810:45, Pl. 2 (fig. 1) [Caratteri di alcuni nuovi generi e nuove specie di animali e piante della Sicilia; ref. 3594] Sicilia [Sicily, Italy, Mediterranean Sea]. No types known. Also appeared in Rafinesque 1810:20 [ref. 3595]. •Synonym of Auxis rochei (Risso 1810) -- (Postel 1973:470 [ref. 7208], Collette & Nauen 1983:29 [ref. 5375], Collette 1990:979 [ref. 19476], Collette & Aadland 1996:436 [ref. 22199]). •Synonym of Auxis rochei (Risso 1810), subspecies rochei -- (Collette 2003:2 [ref. 27312]). Current status: Synonym of Auxis rochei (Risso 1810). Scombridae: Scombrinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

bonapartii, Cybium Verany [J. B.] 1847:493 [Atti della Società Italiana di Scienze Naturali di Milano No. 8; ref. 17882] [Genova] Genoa, Italy, Gulf of Genoa, Ligurian Sea, northwestern Mediterranean Sea. No types known. Appeared as Pelamys Bonaparte in De Filippi & Verany 1857:194 [ref. 1329]. •Synonym of Orcynopsis unicolor (Geoffroy St. Hilaire 1817) -- (Postel 1973:474 [ref. 7208], Collette & Chao 1975:593 [ref. 5573], Collette & Nauen 1983:44 [ref. 5375], Collette 1990:983 [ref. 19476], Collette 2003:6 [ref. 27312]). Current status: Synonym of Orcynopsis unicolor (Geoffroy St. Hilaire 1817). Scombridae: Scombrinae. Habitat: marine.

boulengeri, Gastrochisma Lahille [F.] 1913:7, Pls. 3-4 [Anales del Museo Nacional de Historia Natural de Buenos Aires v. 24; ref. 2712] Mar de la Plata, Buenos Aires, Argentina. Holotype: MACN [Mus. Nac. Buenos Aires] (skeleton). Original generic name should have been spelled Gasterochisma. •Synonym of Gasterochisma melampus Richardson 1845 -- (Collette 2003:5 [ref. 27312]). Current status: Synonym of Gasterochisma melampus Richardson 1845. Scombridae: Gasterochismatinae. Habitat: marine.

brachydorax, Auxis thazard Collette [B. B.] & Aadland [C. R.] 1996:434, Fig. 9B [Fishery Bulletin v. 94 (no. 3); ref. 22199] Eastern Pacific, Olympia, 7°51'N, 99°51'W. Holotype: USNM 320406. Paratypes: ANSP 89064 (1), 89066 (1); CAS 56979 (2), 56981 (3); LACM 6708-1 (1), 6709-2 (1), 6709-4 (1), 6709-5 (2), 6711-2 (1), 6714-1 (10), 34022-1 (1), 34069-1 (1), 34254-1 (1); SIO 60343 (1), 58-83-43A (2), 61-257 (2), 79-256 (2), 80-172 (1), 91-138 (10); USNM 334062 (3). •Synonym of Auxis thazard (Lacepède 1800), but a valid subspecies brachydorax as described -- (Collette et al. 2001:3 [ref. 25629], Collette 2003:3 [ref. 27312], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:776 [ref. 28815], Randall 2007:448 [ref. 30952], McCosker & Rosenblatt 2010:194 [ref. 30957], Fourriére et al. 2016:459 [ref. 34668]). •Valid as Auxis brachdorax Collette & Aadland 1996 -- (Del Moral-Flores et al. 2016:611 [ref. 34923]). Current status: Valid as Auxis brachydorax Collette & Aadland 1996. Scombridae: Scombrinae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

brachypterus, Thynnus Cuvier [G.] 1829:198 [Le Règne Animal (Edition 2) v. 2; ref. 995] Mediterranean Sea. No types known. Type catalog: Bauchot & Blanc 1961:376 [ref. 20733], Blanc & Bauchot 1964:454-455, Fig. 32 [ref. 20804] with syntypes for 1831 publication; Collette 1966:370-371 [ref. 14641] with no types; Postel 1973:467 [ref. 7208] with lectotype and paralectotypes. In the section Thynnus but as Sc. [= Scomber] brachypterus; based on Rondelet 1554:245 and on Duhamel du Monceau 1769:Pl. 7 (fig. 5). Also appeared as Thynnus brachypterus in Cuvier in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1832:98, Pl. 211 [ref. 1000], and based on specimens which later workers regarded as types. •Synonym of Thunnus thynnus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Postel 1973:476 [ref. 7208]). •Synonym of Sarda sarda (Bloch 1793) -- (Collette & Chao 1975:607 [ref. 5573], Collette & Nauen 1983:53 [ref. 5375], Collette 1990:985 [ref. 19476], Collette 2003:8 [ref. 27312]). Current status: Synonym of Sarda sarda (Bloch 1793). Scombridae: Scombrinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

brachysoma, Scomber Bleeker [P.] 1851:356 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 1 (no. 4); ref. 326] Jakarta, Java, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): RMNH 6040. Type catalog: Boeseman 1964:462, Fig. 1 [ref. 20805]. Also in Bleeker 1852:34 [ref. 332]. •Valid as Rastrelliger brachysoma (Bleeker 1851) -- (Kyushin et al. 1982:247 [ref. 19754], Collette & Nauen 1983:46 [ref. 5375], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:507 [ref. 27969], Mishra et al. 1999:89 [ref. 25315], Collette in Randall & Lim 2000:643 [ref. 25122], Collette 2001:3737 [ref. 26305], Collette et al. 2001:2 [ref. 25629], Collette 2003:6 [ref. 27312], Kimura 2009:312 [ref. 30426], Larson et al. 2013:218 [ref. 32988], Yoshida et al. 2013:204 [ref. 34464], Muto et al. 2016:[1] [ref. 35081]). Current status: Valid as Rastrelliger brachysoma (Bleeker 1851). Scombridae: Scombrinae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Andaman Sea east to Fiji. Habitat: marine.

brasiliensis, Scomberomorus Collette [B. B.], Russo [J. L.] & Zavala-Camin [L. A.] 1978:274, Fig. 2 [United States National Marine Fisheries Service Fishery Bulletin v. 76 (no. 1); ref. 8942] Belém market, Brazil. Holotype: USNM 217550. Paratypes: BMNH (2, 2 lots); MCZ (20, 7 lots); MPIP [Mus. Pesca. Inst. Pesca. Santos] (14, 14 lots); MZUSP (36, 36 lots); NMW (9, 5 lots); CAS-SU (11, 11 lots); USNM 188424 (3), 217550-57 (1 ea.); ZMH 4029 (1). Plus additional non-type material. Type catalog: Wilkens & Dohse 1993:419 [ref. 21161]. •Valid as Scomberomorus brasiliensis Collette, Russo & Zavala-Camin 1978 -- (Collette & Nauen 1983:60 [ref. 5375], Fujii in Uyeno et al. 1983:419 [ref. 14275], Collette & Russo 1985:612 [ref. 5221], Cervigón 1992:417 [ref. 23827], Cervigón 1994:250 [ref. 24488], Aguilera 1998:53 [ref. 24221], Banford et al. 1999:597 [ref. 23912], Collette et al. 2001:2 [ref. 25629], Rocha & Rosa 2001:992 [ref. 25909], Camargo & Isaac 2001:143 [ref. 27639], Collette 2003:1849 [ref. 27087], Collette 2003:10 [ref. 27312], Menezes in Menezes et al. 2003:103 [ref. 27192], Nelson et al. 2004:176 [ref. 27807], Page et al. 2013:182 [ref. 32708]). Current status: Valid as Scomberomorus brasiliensis Collette, Russo & Zavala-Camin 1978. Scombridae: Scombrinae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: Caribbean and Gulf of Mexico coasts of Central America from Belize at least as far south as Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Habitat: marine.

brasiliensis, Thynnus Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1832:110 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 8; ref. 1000] Brazil. Holotype (unique): MNHN A-5571 (dry). Type catalog: Bauchot & Blanc 1961:376 [ref. 20733], Blanc & Bauchot 1964:455, Fig. 34 [ref. 20804], Collette 1966:372 [ref. 14641]. •Synonym of Euthynnus alletteratus (Rafinesque 1810) -- (Collette & Nauen 1983:34 [ref. 5375], Collette 1990:981 [ref. 19476], Collette 2003:4 [ref. 27312]). Current status: Synonym of Euthynnus alletteratus (Rafinesque 1810). Scombridae: Scombrinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

brevipinna, Neothunnus albacora forma Bellón [L.] & Bardán de Bellón [E.] 1949:15, Fig. 1A [Boletín del Instituto Español de Oceanografía No. 19; ref. 19690] Canary Islands. Syntypes: (11, whereabouts unknown). •Synonym of Thunnus albacares (Bonnaterre 1788) -- (Gibbs & Collette 1967:103 [ref. 13640], Collette & Nauen 1983:83 [ref. 5375], Collette 1990:993 [ref. 19476], Collette 2003:14 [ref. 27312]). Current status: Synonym of Thunnus albacares (Bonnaterre 1788). Scombridae: Scombrinae. Habitat: marine.

brevipinnis, Thynnus Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1832:112, Pl. 213 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 8; ref. 1000] Nice, Département des Alpes-Maritimes, France, northwestern Mediterranean Sea. Holotype (unique): MNHN A-5810. Type catalog: Bauchot & Blanc 1961:377 [ref. 20733], Blanc & Bauchot 1964:455-456 [ref. 20804], Collette 1966:372 [ref. 14641]. •Synonym of Scomber quadripunctatus Geoffroy St. Hilaire 1817 -- (Postel 1973:471 [ref. 7208]). •Synonym of Euthynnus alletteratus (Rafinesque 1810) -- (Collette & Nauen 1983:34 [ref. 5375], Collette 2003:4 [ref. 27312]). Current status: Synonym of Euthynnus alletteratus (Rafinesque 1810). Scombridae: Scombrinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

caballa, Cybium Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1832:187 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 8; ref. 1000] Brazil and Antilles. Syntypes: MNHN A-5521 (1, dry) Antilles, A-5567 (1, dry) Brazil, A-5575 (1, dry) Brazil, A-5610 (1, dry) Puerto Rico. Type catalog: Bauchot & Blanc 1961:371 [ref. 20733] and Blanc & Bauchot 1964:445-446, Figs. 8-10 [ref. 20804] for caballa. Appeared first and is available from Cuvier 1829 as Cybium cavalla. •Synonym of Scomberomorus cavalla (Cuvier 1829) -- (Collette & Nauen 1983:61 [ref. 5375], Collette & Russo 1985:616 [ref. 5221], Collette 2003:10 [ref. 27312]). Current status: Synonym of Scomberomorus cavalla (Cuvier 1829). Scombridae: Scombrinae. Habitat: marine.

cambodgiense, Cybium Durand [J.] 1940:37, Pl. 6 [Institut Océanographic de l'Indochine Note 34 [or 36]; ref. 13008] Phnom-Penh, Cambodia. Holotype (unique): apparently lost. •Synonym of Scomberomorus sinensis (Lacepède 1800) -- (Collette & Nauen 1983:78 [ref. 5375], Collette & Russo 1985:666 [ref. 5221], Collette 2001:3751 [ref. 26305], Kottelat 2001:158 [ref. 25780], Collette 2003:12 [ref. 27312], Kottelat 2013:446 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Scomberomorus sinensis (Lacepède 1800). Scombridae: Scombrinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

canagurta, Scomber Cuvier [G.] 1829:197 [Le Règne Animal (Edition 2) v. 2; ref. 995] Vizagapatam, India. No types known. Available from footnote as, "Sc. canagurta, N., Russel, 136" [Kanagurta of Russell, 1803:Pl. 136]; in 1816 Cuvier spelled kanagurta. •Synonym of Rastrelliger kanagurta (Cuvier 1816) -- (Collette & Nauen 1983:48 [ref. 5375], Collette 2003:6 [ref. 27312]). Current status: Synonym of Rastrelliger kanagurta (Cuvier 1816). Scombridae: Scombrinae. Habitat: marine.

capensis, Scomber Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1832:56 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 8; ref. 1000] Cape of Good Hope, South Africa. MNHN (not found). Type catalog: Bauchot & Blanc 1961:374 [ref. 20733], Blanc & Bauchot 1964:450 [ref. 20804], Collette 1966:364 [ref. 14641]. •Synonym of Scomber japonicus Houttuyn 1782 -- (Collette & Nauen 1983:56 [ref. 5375], Collette 1986:835 [ref. 5647], Collette 1990:987 [ref. 19476]). •Synonym of Scomber colias Gmelin 1789 -- (Collette 2003:8 [ref. 27312]). Current status: Synonym of Scomber colias Gmelin 1789. Scombridae: Scombrinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

capensis, Scomber Forster [J. R.] in Bloch & Schneider 1801:35 [M. E. Blochii, Systema Ichthyologiae; ref. 471] Cape of Good Hope, South Africa. No types known. Based on description in manuscript by Forster (Johann Reinhold Forster, 1729-1798, German explorer and naturalist of Cook's second voyage). Needs more study; appeared in the account of Scomber carolinus (Linnaeus 1758); perhaps this is available from Forster 1801 (or Forster and Schlegel), and apparently not the same as Scomber capensis Cuvier 1832. •Incertae sedis in Scombridae -- (Collette 2003:21 [ref. 27312]). Scombridae: Scombrinae. Habitat: marine.

catalinae, Neothunnus Jordan [D. S.] & Evermann [B. W.] 1926:19, Pl. 4 [Occasional Papers California Academy of Sciences v. 12; ref. 15593] Off Santa Catalina Island, southern California, U.S.A. Holotype (unique): CAS 597 (photograph only). Original says type is CAS 597, a photograph. •Synonym of Thunnus albacares (Bonnaterre 1788) -- (Gibbs & Collette 1967:103 [ref. 13640], Collette 1990:993 [ref. 19476], Collette 2003:14 [ref. 27312]). Current status: Synonym of Thunnus albacares (Bonnaterre 1788). Scombridae: Scombrinae. Habitat: marine.

cavalla, Cybium Cuvier [G.] 1829:200 [Le Règne Animal (Edition 2) v. 2; ref. 995] Brazil. No types known. Type catalog: Collette 1966:365 [ref. 14641]. Available from footnote as, "C. cavalla, ou Guarapuca, Margr., 173." Spelled caballa in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1831 [ref. 1000]. •Valid as Scomberomorus cavalla (Cuvier 1829) -- (Collette & Nauen 1983:58 [ref. 5375], Fujii in Uyeno et al. 1983:418 [ref. 14275], Collette & Russo 1985:616 [ref. 5221], Robins & Ray 1986:259 [ref. 23100], Scott & Scott 1988:455 [ref. 25518], McAllister 1990:179 [ref. 14674], Boschung 1992:169 [ref. 23239], Cervigón 1992:417 [ref. 23827], Cervigón 1994:252 [ref. 24488], Murdy et al. 1997:181 [ref. 23144], Aguilera 1998:53 [ref. 24221], Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:332 [ref. 25013], Schmitter-Soto et al. 2000:169 [ref. 27754], Collette et al. 2001:2 [ref. 25629], Gasparini & Floeter 2001:1645 [ref. 25634], Rocha & Rosa 2001:992 [ref. 25909], Camargo & Isaac 2001:143 [ref. 27639], Collette in Collette & Klein-MacPhee 2002:529 [ref. 26158], Alvarez-León 2002:228 [ref. 26373], Collette 2003:1850 [ref. 27087], Collette 2003:10 [ref. 27312], Smith et al. 2003:67 [ref. 27621], Nelson et al. 2004:176 [ref. 27807], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:781 [ref. 28815], Page et al. 2013:182 [ref. 32708], Smith-Vaniz & Jelks 2014:83 [ref. 33341], Pinheiro et al. 2015:32 [ref. 34324]). Current status: Valid as Scomberomorus cavalla (Cuvier 1829). Scombridae: Scombrinae. Distribution: Western Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

chiliensis, Pelamys Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1832:163 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 8; ref. 1000] Valparaíso, Chile. Holotype (unique): MNHN A-5608 (dry). Type catalog: Bauchot & Blanc 1961:373 [ref. 20733], Blanc & Bauchot 1964:449, Fig. 21 [ref. 20804], Collette 1966:370 [ref. 14641]. Spelled chilensis by authors. Two subspecies are treated by Collette 2003:7 [ref. 27312]. •Synonym of Sarda sarda (Bloch 1793), but a valid subspecies -- (Pequeño 1989:67 [ref. 14125]). •Valid as Sarda chilensis (Cuvier 1832), subspecies chilensis (Cuvier 1832) -- (Collette et al. 2001:3 [ref. 25629], Collette 2003:7 [ref. 27312], Collette & Nauen 1983:51 [ref. 5375], Page et al. 2013:181 [ref. 32708]). •Valid as Sarda chiliensis (Cuvier 1832) -- (Collette & Chao 1975:599 [ref. 5573], Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:272 [ref. 9277], McAllister 1990:179 [ref. 14674], Collette in Fischer et al. 1995:1533 [ref. 22830], Grove & Lavenberg 1997:585 [ref. 24023], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:399 [ref. 24555], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:808 [ref. 25968], Nelson et al. 2004:176 [ref. 27807], Randall 2007:449 [ref. 30952], Pietsch & Orr 2015:67 [ref. 34694], Fourriére et al. 2016:459 [ref. 34668]). Current status: Valid as Sarda chiliensis (Cuvier 1832). Scombridae: Scombrinae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific. The subspecies chilensis occurs from the Gulf of Guayaquil, Peru, south to Talcahuano and Valdivia Chile; subspecies lineolata occurs from Alaska south to tip of Baja California and Revillagigedo Islands. Habitat: marine.

chinense, Cybium Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1832:180 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 8; ref. 1000] No locality. No types known. Type catalog: Bauchot & Blanc 1961:373 [ref. 20733], Blanc & Bauchot 1964:449 [ref. 20804]. Based on Scombre chinois of Lacepède. •Synonym of Scomberomorus sinensis (Lacepède 1800) -- (Lindberg & Krasyukova 1975:288 [ref. 7348] with author Schlegel, Collette & Nauen 1983:78 [ref. 5375], Collette & Russo 1985:665 [ref. 5221], Collette 2003:12 [ref. 27312], Kottelat 2013:446 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Scomberomorus sinensis (Lacepède 1800). Scombridae: Scombrinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

chrysozonus, Scomber Rüppell [W. P. E. S.] 1836:37, Pl. 11 (fig. 1) [Neue Wirbelthiere zu der Fauna von Abyssinien gehörig. Fische des Rothen Meeres; ref. 3844] Massawa, Eritrea, Red Sea. Lectotype: SMF 487. Paralectotypes: SMF 6781 (1). Lectotype established (on Klausewitz) by Dor 1984:263 [ref. 29757] if not designated earlier. •Synonym of Rastrelliger kanagurta (Cuvier 1816) -- (Collette & Nauen 1983:48 [ref. 5375], Dor 1984:263 [ref. 29757], Collette in Whitehead et al. 1986:988 [ref. 13676], Collette 2001:3739 [ref. 26305] dated 1817, Collette 2003:6 [ref. 27312]). Current status: Synonym of Rastrelliger kanagurta (Cuvier 1816). Scombridae: Scombrinae. Habitat: marine.

clupeoideum, Cybium Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1832:178 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 8; ref. 1000] Norfolk Island, southern Pacific [probably in error for western Atlantic]. Holotype (unique): MNHN A-5784. Type catalog: Bauchot & Blanc 1961:370 [ref. 20733], Blanc & Bauchot 1964:444, Fig. 3 [ref. 20804], Collette 1966:369 [ref. 14641], Bauchot 1969:140 [ref. 20807]. •Questionably a synonym of Scomberomorus cavalla (Cuvier 1829) -- (Collette & Russo 1985:616 [ref. 5221]). •Synonym of Scomberomorus cavalla (Cuvier 1829) -- (Collette 2003:10 [ref. 27312]). Current status: Synonym of Scomberomorus cavalla (Cuvier 1829). Scombridae: Scombrinae. Habitat: marine.

colias, Scomber Gmelin [J. F.] 1789:1329 [Caroli a Linné ... Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae v. 1 (pt 3); ref. 18139] Sardinia, Italy, western Mediterranean Sea. No types known. Neotype designated by Fricke 1999:49 [ref. 24101], but withdrawn in Fricke 2000:639 [ref. 24537]. •Synonym of Scomber japonicus Houttuyn 1782 -- (Postel 1973:466 [ref. 7208], Collette & Nauen 1983:56 [ref. 5375], Collette in Whitehead et al. 1986:991 [ref. 13676], Scott & Scott 1988:452 [ref. 25518], Collette 1990:986 [ref. 19476], Collette 2001:3742 [ref. 26305], Bilecenoglu et al. 2002:143 [ref. 26753], Parin 2003:S29 [ref. 28536]). •Valid as Scomber colias Gmelin 1789 -- (Collette 1999:163 [ref. 23936], Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:332 [ref. 25013], Fricke 1999:48 [ref. 24101], Collette et al. 2001:2 [ref. 25629], Collette in Collette & Klein-MacPhee 2002:52 [ref. 26158], Collette 2003:1848 [ref. 27087], Collette 2003:8 [ref. 27312], Nelson et al. 2004:176 [ref. 27807], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:419 [ref. 28072], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:780 [ref. 28815], Fricke et al. 2007:110 [ref. 29533], Vasil'eva 2007:180 [ref. 30517], Wirtz et al. 2007:41 [ref. 30263], Page et al. 2013:181 [ref. 32708], Smith-Vaniz & Jelks 2014:83 [ref. 33341], Parin et al. 2014:513 [ref. 33547], Collette in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2908 [ref. 34618], Abdussamad et al. 2016:6 [ref. 34790]). Current status: Valid as Scomber colias Gmelin 1789. Scombridae: Scombrinae. Distribution: Mediterranean Sea, Black Sea, Atlantic. Habitat: brackish, marine.

commerson, Scomber Lacepède [B. G. E.] (ex Commerson) 1800:598, 600, Pl. 20 (fig. 1) [Histoire naturelle des poissons (Lacepéde) v. 2; ref. 2709] No locality stated. No types known. Type catalog: Bauchot & Blanc 1961 [ref. 20733] and Blanc & Bauchot 1964:444, Figs. 4-7 [ref. 20804] as "neosyntypes"; Collette 1966:369 [ref. 14641] recognized that they were not types. Based on a Commerson drawing. Also appeared in Sonnini 1803:283, 287 (vol. 7) [ref. 30473]. As Scomber commersoni in Bloch & Schneider 1801:545 [ref. 471], Scomber commersonii in Shaw 1803:589, and Cybium commersonii in Cuvier in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1831. •Valid as Scomberomorus commerson (Lacepède 1800) -- (Postel 1973:473 [ref. 7208], Lindberg & Krasyukova 1975:286 [ref. 7348] and Kyushin et al. 1977:316 [ref. 19756] as commersoni, Collette & Russo 1980:249 [ref. 8727], Kyushin et al. 1982:248 [ref. 19754], Collette & Nauen 1983:63 [ref. 5375], Collette & Russo 1985:622 [ref. 5221], Dor 1984:264 [ref. 29757], Nakamura in Masuda et al. 1984:225 [ref. 6441], Collette in Whitehead et al. 1986:992 [ref. 13676], Collette 1986:836 [ref. 5647], Allen & Swainston 1988:144 [ref. 25477], Winterbottom et al. 1989:65 [ref. 13251], Randall et al. 1990:448 [ref. 15987], Gomon et al. 1994:825 [ref. 22532], Goren & Dor 1994:70 [ref. 25356], Randall 1995:375 [ref. 22896], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:515 [ref. 27969], Allen 1997:232 [ref. 23977], Carpenter et al. 1997:225 [ref. 23922], Chen et al. 1997:159 [ref. 26476] as commersoni, Randall et al. 1997:448 [ref. 25919], Golani 1998:97 [ref. 27567], Myers 1999:278 [ref. 23965], Fricke 1999:565 [ref. 24106], Mishra & Srinivasan 1999:252 [ref. 24754], Johnson 1999:751 [ref. 25471], Collette in Randall & Lim 2000:643 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:1351 [ref. 25182], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:447 [ref. 25191], Iwatsuki et al. 2000:104 [ref. 26368], Collette 2001:3743 [ref. 26305] dated 1801, Collette et al. 2001:2 [ref. 25629], Hutchins 2001:45 [ref. 25847], Bilecenoglu et al. 2002:145 [ref. 26753], Nakabo 2002:1351 [ref. 26193], Youn 2002:418, 674 [ref. 26218], Allen & Adrim 2003:63 [ref. 26830], Collette 2003:10 [ref. 27312], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S121 [ref. 27377], Matsuura et al. in Kimura & Matsuura 2003:212 [ref. 27510] dated 1801, Randall et al. 2004:30 [ref. 27624], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:419 [ref. 28072], Randall 2005:611 [ref. 28239], Bray et al. 2006:1775 [ref. 29091], Fricke et al. 2007:111 [ref. 29533], Gomon 2008:787 [ref. 30616], Fricke et al. 2009:112 [ref. 30213], Kimura 2009:312 [ref. 30426], Allen & Erdmann 2012:1041 [ref. 31980], Larson et al. 2013:218 [ref. 32988], Yoshida et al. 2013:204 [ref. 34464], Bogorodsky et al. 2014:430 [ref. 33460], Fricke et al. 2014:188 [ref. 33932], Psomadakis et al. 2015:316 [ref. 34104], Collette in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2915 [ref. 34618]). Current status: Valid as Scomberomorus commerson (Lacepède 1800). Scombridae: Scombrinae. Distribution: Red Sea, Indo-West Pacific: East Africa, South Africa, Seychelles, Madagascar and western Mascarenes east to Palau and Fiji, north to Korea and southern Japan, south to New South Wales (Australia), New Caledonia and Lord Howe Island; Mediterranean Sea (Red Sea immigrant). Habitat: marine.

concolor, Chriomitra Lockington [W. N.] 1879:134 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 31; ref. 2816] San Francisco market; probably from Monterey, California, U.S.A. Holotype (unique): CAS (lost in 1906). Boeseman 1964:468 [ref. 20805] mentions a topotype in Leiden from Lockington. •Valid as Scomberomorus concolor (Lockington 1879) -- (Collette & Nauen 1983:64 [ref. 5375], Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:273 [ref. 9277], Collette & Russo 1985:628 [ref. 5221], Collette in Fischer et al. 1995:1537 [ref. 22830], Banford et al. 1999:597 [ref. 23912], Fuller et al. 1999:466 [ref. 25838], Collette et al. 2001:2 [ref. 25629], Collette 2003:11 [ref. 27312], Nelson et al. 2004:176 [ref. 27807], Page et al. 2013:182 [ref. 32708]). Current status: Valid as Scomberomorus concolor (Lockington 1879). Scombridae: Scombrinae. Distribution: Eastern tropical Pacific, apparently now confined to the Gulf of California. Habitat: brackish, marine.

coretta, Scomber Cuvier [G.] 1829:198 [Le Règne Animal (Edition 2) v. 2; ref. 995] Jamaica. No types known. Cuvier specimen: MNHN A-5380 (1) Martinique. Type catalog: Bauchot & Blanc 1961:377 [ref. 20733], Blanc & Bauchot 1964:456, Fig. 36 [ref. 20804], Collette 1966:372 [ref. 14641] incorrectly as holotype MNHN A-5380 from Martinique/ Usually dated to 1832 but available as Scomber coretta Cuvier 1829 from footnote as, "Sc. coretta, N., Sloane, Jam., I, i, 3." [on Sloane 1701:Pl. 1 (fig. 3)]. Also appeared as Thynnus coretta Cuvier in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1832:102 [ref. 1000] with additional specimen MNHN A-5380 from Martinique, which is Thunnus atlanticus; however, the original description was based only on the figure from Sloane 1701 and is unidentifiable. •Synonym of Thunnus atlanticus (Lesson 1831) -- (Gibbs & Collette 1967:107 [ref. 13640], Collette & Nauen 1983:85 [ref. 5375]). •Incertae sedis in Scombridae -- (Collette 2003:21 [ref. 27312]). Scombridae: Scombrinae. Habitat: marine.

croockewitii, Cybium Bleeker [P.] 1850:161 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 1 (no. 2); ref. 324] Strait near Muntok, Bangka, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): RMNH 6054. Type catalog: Boeseman 1964:467, Fig. 17 [ref. 20805]. Spelled crockewiti by authors, and misspelled crookewitii in the Catalog of Fishes before 21 Aug. 2010. •Synonym of Scomberomorus guttatus (Bloch & Schneider 1801) -- (Collette & Nauen 1983:65 [ref. 5375], Collette & Russo 1985:631 [ref. 5221], Collette 2003:11 [ref. 27312]). Current status: Synonym of Scomberomorus guttatus (Bloch & Schneider 1801). Scombridae: Scombrinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

dekayi, Scomber Storer [D. H.] 1853:130, Pl. 11 (fig. 1) [Memoirs of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences (new series) v. 5 (pt 1, art. 8); ref. 18851] New York, Massachusetts, Connecticut, to Carolina, U.S.A. Syntypes: whereabouts unknown. •Synonym of Scomber japonicus Houttuyn 1782 -- (Collette & Nauen 1983:56 [ref. 5375], Collette 1990:987 [ref. 19476]). •Synonym of Scomber colias Gmelin 1789 -- (Collette 2003:9 [ref. 27312]). Current status: Synonym of Scomber colias Gmelin 1789. Scombridae: Scombrinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

delphinalis, Scomber Cuvier [G.] (ex Commerson) in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1832:53 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 8; ref. 1000] Fort Dauphin, Madagascar. No types known. •Synonym of Rastrelliger kanagurta (Cuvier 1816) -- (Collette 2003:6 [ref. 27312]). Current status: Synonym of Rastrelliger kanagurta (Cuvier 1816). Scombridae: Scombrinae. Habitat: marine.

diego, Scomber Ayres [W. O.] 1856:92 [Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences (Series 1) v. 1 (pt 2); ref. 18922] Santa Barbara Channel area, California, U.S.A. No types known. •Synonym of Scomber japonicus Houttuyn 1782 -- (Collette & Nauen 1983:56 [ref. 5375], Collette 1990:987 [ref. 19476], Collette in Fischer et al. 1995:1536 [ref. 22830], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:806 [ref. 25968], Collette 2003:9 [ref. 27312]). Current status: Synonym of Scomber japonicus Houttuyn 1782. Scombridae: Scombrinae. Habitat: marine.

elegans, Scomberomorus (Cybiosarda) Whitley [G. P.] 1935:236 [Records of the Australian Museum v. 19 (no. 4); ref. 4683] Goat Island, Moreton Bay, Queensland, Australia. Holotype (unique): QM I.5413. Non-type: AMS I.17926-001 (1) Sydney Harbour, QM I.5142 (1) taken with holotype. •Valid as Cybiosarda elegans (Whitley 1935) -- (Collette & Chao 1975:596 [ref. 5573], Collette & Nauen 1983:31 [ref. 5375], Allen & Swainston 1988:144 [ref. 25477], Randall et al. 1990:443 [ref. 15987], Allen 1997:232 [ref. 23977], Randall et al. 1997:443 [ref. 25919], Johnson 1999:751 [ref. 25471], Collette 2001:3731 [ref. 26305], Collette et al. 2001:2 [ref. 25629], Hutchins 2001:45 [ref. 25847], Collette 2003:3 [ref. 27312], Bray et al. 2006:1770 [ref. 29091], Larson et al. 2013:217 [ref. 32988]). Current status: Valid as Cybiosarda elegans (Whitley 1935). Scombridae: Scombrinae. Distribution: Australia and southern coast of Papua New Guinea. Habitat: marine.

eudorax, Auxis rochei Collette [B. B.] & Aadland [C. R.] 1996:438, Fig. 13C [Fishery Bulletin v. 94 (no. 3); ref. 22199] Twenty-three Fathom Bank, California, U.S.A. [eastern Pacific]. Holotype: LACM 6712-1 (1). Paratypes: ANSP 89082 (2); CAS 54921 (1), 56944 (1), 56978 (1); LACM 6708-2 (3), 6709-1 (3), 6711-1 (1), 6711-3 to 7 (1, 1, 1, 1, 3), 6711-10 to 11 (1, 1), 6712-2 (6), 34069-2 (1), 39621-1 (1). See also Santos et al. 1997:107 [ref. 23531] for comments on status. •Synonym of Auxis rochei (Risso 1810), but a valid subspecies eudorax Collette & Aadland 1996 as described -- (Collette et al. 2001:3 [ref. 25629], Collette 2003:1843 [ref. 27087], Collette 2003:3 [ref. 27312], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:775 [ref. 28815], Randall 2007:447 [ref. 30952], McCosker & Rosenblatt 2010:194 [ref. 30957], Fourriére et al. 2016:459 [ref. 34668]). •Valid as Auxis eudorax Collette & Aadland 1996 -- (Del Moral-Flores et al. 2016:611 [ref. 34923]). Current status: Valid as Auxis eudorax Collette & Aadland 1996. Scombridae: Scombrinae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

fallai, Allothunnus Serventy [D. L.] 1948:132, Pls. 28-29 [Records of the Canterbury Museum v. 5 (no. 3); ref. 4008] Timaru, South Island, New Zealand. Holotype: CMC uncat. Paratypes: CMC (2). •Valid as Allothunnus fallai Serventy 1948 -- (Collette & Chao 1975:613 [ref. 5573], Collette & Nauen 1983:26 [ref. 5375], Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:269 [ref. 9277], Collette 1986:832 [ref. 5647], Pequeño 1989:67 [ref. 14125], Paulin et al. 1989:230 [ref. 24556], Nakamura in Amaoka et al. 1990:310 [ref. 16024], Bianchi & Carpenter in Bianchi et al. 1993:171 [ref. 25472], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:399 [ref. 24555], Fricke 1999:562 [ref. 24106], Collette 2001:3728 [ref. 26305], Collette et al. 2001:3 [ref. 25629], Hutchins 2001:45 [ref. 25847], Collette 2003:2 [ref. 27312], Menezes in Menezes et al. 2003:102 [ref. 27192], Nelson et al. 2004:176 [ref. 27807], Heemstra et al. 2004:3331 [ref. 27945], Bray et al. 2006:1769 [ref. 29091], Gomon 2008:783 [ref. 30616], Fricke et al. 2009:111 [ref. 30213], Mabragaña et al. 2011:table S2 [ref. 31800], Page et al. 2013:181 [ref. 32708], Roberts 2015:1627 [ref. 34193]). Current status: Valid as Allothunnus fallai Serventy 1948. Scombridae: Scombrinae. Distribution: Southern circumglobal; North Pacific. Habitat: marine.

faughni, Rastrelliger Matsui [T.] 1967:74, Figs. 1, 5 [Copeia 1967 (no. 1); ref. 7974] Oyster Inlet, Ulugan Bay, Philippines. Holotype: USNM 190018. Paratypes: SIO 65-420 (1), 66-271 (7); USNM 76606 (2), 190019 (1), 195321 (1), 199938 (11), 199940 (3), 201340 (7). Type catalog: Ho & Shao 2011:60 [ref. 31432]. •Valid as Rastrelliger faughni Matsui 1967 -- (Kyushin et al. 1982:247 [ref. 19754], Collette & Nauen 1983:47 [ref. 5375], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:508 [ref. 27969], Collette in Randall & Lim 2000:643 [ref. 25122], Collette 2001:3738 [ref. 26305], Collette et al. 2001:2 [ref. 25629], Collette 2003:6 [ref. 27312], Matsuura et al. in Kimura & Matsuura 2003:211 [ref. 27510], Ho & Shao 2011:60 [ref. 31432], Larson et al. 2013:218 [ref. 32988], Muto et al. 2016:[1] [ref. 35081]). Current status: Valid as Rastrelliger faughni Matsui 1967. Scombridae: Scombrinae. Distribution: Central Indo-West Pacific from India east to Fiji. Habitat: marine.

forbesi, Acanthocybium Seale [A.] 1912:283, Pl. 1 [The Philippine Journal of Science, Section D v. 7 (no. 4); ref. 14870] Leyte coast, Philippines. Holotype (unique): BSMP 7253 (apparently destroyed). •Synonym of Acanthocybium solandri (Cuvier 1832) -- (Collette 2003:2 [ref. 27312]). Current status: Synonym of Acanthocybium solandri (Cuvier 1832). Scombridae: Scombrinae. Habitat: marine.

germo, Scomber Bennett [F. D.] 1840:278 [Narrative of a whaling voyage round the globe v. 2; ref. 260] Pacific. No types known. Based on Scomber germo Commerson, an unavailable name made available first by Lacepède 1801. •Synonym of Thunnus alalunga (Bonnaterre 1788) -- (Gomon et al. 1994:826 [ref. 22532], Collette 2003:14 [ref. 27312]). Current status: Synonym of Thunnus alalunga (Bonnaterre 1788). Scombridae: Scombrinae. Habitat: marine.

germo, Scomber Lacepède [B. G. E.] (ex Commerson) 1801:1 [Histoire naturelle des poissons (Lacepéde) v. 3; ref. 2710] Eastern Pacific at about 27°S, 103°W. No types known. Appeared earlier as Scomber germon in Lacepède 1800:598 [ref. 2709]. The section on "les scombres" was started at the end of Lacepède 1800 (v. 2) and continued at the beginning of Lacepède 1801 (v. 3); therefore, the descriptions of Scomber germon and Scomber germo are in reference to the same species but appeared in separate volumes published in different years with different spellings. See Scomber germon Lacepède 1800. Based on manuscript description by Commerson (Philibert Commerson, 1727-1773, French explorer and naturalist). Also appeared in Sonnini 1803:284, 319 (vol. 7) [ref. 30473] as Scomber germon on p. 284 and as Scomber germo on p. 319. •Synonym of Thunnus alalunga (Bonnaterre 1788) -- (Collette 1990:991 [ref. 19476], Collette 2001:3752 [ref. 26305], Collette 2003:1853 [ref. 27087], Collette 2003:14 [ref. 27312], Collette in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2911 [ref. 34618]). Current status: Synonym of Thunnus alalunga (Bonnaterre 1788). Scombridae: Scombrinae. Habitat: marine.

germon, Scomber Lacepède [B. G. E.] (ex Commerson) 1800:598 [Histoire naturelle des poissons (Lacepéde) v. 2; ref. 2709] Eastern Pacific (27°S, 103°W). No types known. Also in Lacepède 1801:1 [ref. 2710] as Scomber germo. The section on "les scombres" was started at the end of Lacepède 1800 (v. 2) and continued at the beginning of Lacepède 1801 (v. 3); therefore, the descriptions of Scomber germon and Scomber germo are in reference to the same species but appeared in separate volumes published in different years with different spellings; both are treated as independent description. See Scomber germo Lacepède 1801. Based on manuscript description by Commerson (Philibert Commerson, 1727-1773, French explorer and naturalist). Also appeared in Sonnini 1803:284, 319 (vol. 7) [ref. 30473] as Scomber germon on p. 284 and as Scomber germo on p. 319. •Synonym of Thunnus alalunga (Bonnaterre 1788) -- (Gibbs & Collette 1967:99 [ref. 13640], Collette & Nauen 1983:81 [ref. 5375] as germo, Collette 1990:991 [ref. 19476] as germo, Collette 2003:13 [ref. 27312]). Current status: Synonym of Thunnus alalunga (Bonnaterre 1788). Scombridae: Scombrinae. Habitat: marine.

gigas, Scomber Fowler [H. W.] 1935:378, Fig. 16 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 87; ref. 1421] Durban, KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa, southwestern Indian Ocean. Holotype: ANSP 25844 (discarded). Paratypes: ANSP 25872 (1, discarded), 63935-36 (2). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:152 [ref. 13621], ANSP 63935-63936 not called paratypes in publication, but cataloged as such. •Synonym of Scomber japonicus Houttuyn 1782 -- (Collette & Nauen 1983:56 [ref. 5375], Collette 1986:835 [ref. 5647]). •Synonym of Scomber colias Gmelin 1789 -- (Collette 2003:9 [ref. 27312]). Current status: Synonym of Scomber colias Gmelin 1789. Scombridae: Scombrinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

glauciscus, Scomber Pallas [P. S.] 1814:215, Pl. 46 (fig. 1) [Zoographia Rosso-Asiatica v. 3; ref. 3351] Black Sea, Crimea. No types known. •Synonym of Scomber scombrus Linnaeus 1758 -- (Collette 2003:9 [ref. 27312], Parin 2003:S29 [ref. 28536], Parin et al. 2014:514 [ref. 33547]). Current status: Synonym of Scomber scombrus Linnaeus 1758. Scombridae: Scombrinae. Habitat: marine.

gomfudensis, Scomber Boeseman [M.] (ex Rüppell) 1964:464 [Marine Biological Association of India Symposium Series. No. 1 (pt 1); ref. 20805] Not available, presumed unpublished name on specimen in Leiden collection but no description provided and not treated by Boeseman as valid. •Unavailable species-group name -- (Collette 2003:21 [ref. 27312]). Scombridae: Scombrinae.

gracile, Cybium Günther [A.] 1873:378 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 4) v. 12 (no. 71); ref. 18198] Chefoo, Shantung Province, China. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1873.9.23.4. •Synonym of Scomberomorus niphonius (Cuvier 1832) -- (Collette & Nauen 1983:72 [ref. 5375], Collette & Russo 1985:650 [ref. 5221], Collette 2003:11 [ref. 27312]). Current status: Synonym of Scomberomorus niphonius (Cuvier 1832). Scombridae: Scombrinae. Habitat: marine.

gracilis, Scomber Swainson [W.] 1839:238, 410 [The natural history and classification v. 2; ref. 4303] Coasts of Sicily, Italy, Mediterranean Sea. No types known. •Synonym of Scomber japonicus Houttuyn 1782 -- (Collette & Nauen 1983:56 [ref. 5375], Collette 1990:987 [ref. 19476]). •Synonym of Scomber colias Gmelin 1789 -- (Collette 2003:9 [ref. 27312]). Current status: Synonym of Scomber colias Gmelin 1789. Scombridae: Scombrinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

grex, Scomber Mitchill [S. L.] 1814:11 [Report, in part, of Samuel L. Mitchill; ref. 3030] New York, U.S.A. No types known. Also in Mitchill 1815:422 [ref. 13292]. •Synonym of Scomber japonicus Houttuyn 1782 -- (Collette & Nauen 1983:56 [ref. 5375], Collette 1990:987 [ref. 19476]). •Synonym of Scomber colias Gmelin 1789 -- (Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:332 [ref. 25013], Collette 2003:8 [ref. 27312]). Current status: Synonym of Scomber colias Gmelin 1789. Scombridae: Scombrinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

guildi, Semathunnus Fowler [H. W.] 1933:164, Pl. 12 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 85; ref. 1415] Tahiti, Society Islands. Holotype (unique): ANSP 55982 (dry). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:152 [ref. 13621]. •Synonym of Thunnus albacares (Bonnaterre 1788) -- (Gibbs & Collette 1967:103 [ref. 13640], Lindberg & Krasyukova 1975:273 [ref. 7348], Collette & Nauen 1983:83 [ref. 5375], Collette 1990:993 [ref. 19476], Collette 2003:14 [ref. 27312], Mundy 2005:507 [ref. 28379]). Current status: Synonym of Thunnus albacares (Bonnaterre 1788). Scombridae: Scombrinae. Habitat: marine.

guttatus, Scomber Bloch [M. E.] & Schneider [J. G.] 1801:23, Pl. 5 [M. E. Blochii, Systema Ichthyologiae; ref. 471] Tranquebar [Tharangambadi], India. Lectotype: ZMB 8759 (dry). Paralectotypes: ZMB 8758 (1, dry, missing). Type catalog: Paepke 1999:130 [ref. 24282]. Lectotype selected by Paepke 1999:130 [ref. 24282]. •Valid as Scomberomorus guttatus (Bloch & Schneider 1801) -- (Lindberg & Krasyukova 1975:289 [ref. 7348], Kyushin et al. 1977:314 [ref. 19756], Kyushin et al. 1982:248 [ref. 19754], Collette & Nauen 1983:65 [ref. 5375], Collette & Russo 1985:630 [ref. 5221], Nakamura in Masuda et al. 1984:225 [ref. 6441], Randall 1995:375 [ref. 22896], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:517 [ref. 27969], Carpenter et al. 1997:226 [ref. 23922], Chen et al. 1997:159 [ref. 26476], Collette in Randall & Lim 2000:643 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:1351 [ref. 25182], Bijukumar & Sushama 2000:187 [ref. 25703], Collette 2001:3744 [ref. 26305], Collette et al. 2001:2 [ref. 25629], Nakabo 2002:1351 [ref. 26193], Collette 2003:11 [ref. 27312], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S121 [ref. 27377], Psomadakis et al. 2015:316 [ref. 34104]). Current status: Valid as Scomberomorus guttatus (Bloch & Schneider 1801). Scombridae: Scombrinae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific coasts from the Persian Gulf east through the East Indies and north to the Sea of Japan. Habitat: brackish, marine.

hira, Auxis Kishinouye [K.] 1915:23 [13], Pl. 1 (fig. 16) [Suisan Gakkai Ho v. 1 (no. 1); ref. 18416] Japanese and Chinese Seas. No types known. On p. 13 of English translation. •Synonym of Auxis thazard (Lacepède 1800), subspecies thazard -- (Collette 2001:3730 [ref. 26305], Collette 2003:1844 [ref. 27087], Collette 2003:3 [ref. 27312]). •Synonym of Auxis thazard (Lacepède 1800) -- (Collette & Nauen 1983:30 [ref. 5375], Lindberg & Krasyukova 1975:281 [ref. 7348], Collette 1990:980 [ref. 19476], Collette in Fischer et al. 1995:1530 [ref. 22830], Collette & Aadland 1996:432 [ref. 22199], Collette & Aadland 1996:431 [ref. 22199], Collette in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2903 [ref. 34618]). Current status: Synonym of Auxis thazard (Lacepède 1800). Scombridae: Scombrinae. Habitat: marine.

holmbergi, Chenogaster Lahille [F.] 1903:375 [Anales del Museo Nacional de Historia Natural de Buenos Aires (Serie 3) v. 2; ref. 2711] Montevideo, Uruguay. No types known. •Synonym of Gasterochisma melampus Richardson 1845 -- (Collette & Nauen 1983:37 [ref. 5375], Collette 2003:5 [ref. 27312]). Current status: Synonym of Gasterochisma melampus Richardson 1845. Scombridae: Gasterochismatinae. Habitat: marine.

huttonii, Lepidothynnus Günther [A.] 1889:15, Pl. 6 (figs. A-A') [Report on the Scientific Results of the Voyage of H. M. S. Challenger v. 31 (pt 78); ref. 2017] Shore of Lyttelton Harbor, New Zealand. Holotype (unique): CMC [Christchurch Mus.] (skeleton). •Synonym of Gasterochisma melampus Richardson 1845 -- (Collette & Nauen 1983:37 [ref. 5375], Collette 2003:5 [ref. 27312]). Current status: Synonym of Gasterochisma melampus Richardson 1845. Scombridae: Gasterochismatinae. Habitat: marine.

immaculatum, Cybium Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1832:191 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 8; ref. 1000] Martinique Island, West Indies. Lectotype: MNHN A-5720 (poor condition). Paralectotypes: MNHN B-2509 [ex MNHN A-5720] (1, poor condition), A-5780 (1, poor condition). Type catalog: Bauchot & Blanc 1961:371 [ref. 20733], Blanc & Bauchot 1964:446, Fig. 12 [ref. 20804], Collette 1966:366-367 [ref. 14641]. Lectotype selected by Collette 1966:366-367 [ref. 14641]. •Synonym of Scomberomorus cavalla (Cuvier 1829) -- (Collette & Nauen 1983:61 [ref. 5375], Collette 2003:10 [ref. 27312]). Current status: Synonym of Scomberomorus cavalla (Cuvier 1829). Scombridae: Scombrinae. Habitat: marine.

immaculatus, Scomber Commerson [P.] in Lacepède 1801:9 [Histoire naturelle des poissons (Lacepéde) v. 3; ref. 2710] Appeared as "Scomber immaculatus, pinnulis dorsalibus octo, ..." in account of Scomber thazard; regarded as non-binominal and not available. See ICZN Opinion 89. •Unavailable species-group name -- (Collette 2003:21 [ref. 27312]). Scombridae: Scombrinae.

immunis, Apolectus Bennett [E. T.] 1831:146 [Proceedings of the Committee of Science and Correspondence of the Zoological Society of London 1830-31 (pt 1); ref. 5778] Atlantic coast of North Africa. No types known. Apparently predates Cybium tritor Cuvier 1832, but it is suggested that tritor be used based on current usage; see account of Scomberomorus tritor (Cuvier 1832). •Synonym of Scomberomorus tritor (Cuvier 1832) -- (Postel 1973:473 [ref. 7208], Collette & Nauen 1983:79 [ref. 5375], Collette & Russo 1985:669 [ref. 5221], Collette 1990:989 [ref. 19476], Collette 2003:12 [ref. 27312]). Current status: Synonym of Scomberomorus tritor (Cuvier 1832). Scombridae: Scombrinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

indicus, Scomber Abdussamad [E. M.], Sukumaran [S.] & Ratheesh [A. K. O.] in Abdussamad et al. 2016:2, Figs. 1-6 [Indian Journal of Fisheries v. 63 (no. 3); ref. 34790] Off Kochi, India. Holotype: CMFRI GB.31.135.12.7. Paratypes: CMFRI. The second and third authors are Sandhya & Arun in text. •Valid as Scomber indicus Abdussamad, Sukumaran & Ratheesh 2016. •Probably a synonym of Scomber australasicus Cuvier 1832 -- (Collette 2016, 2 Oct., pers. comm.). Current status: Uncertain as Scomber indicus Abdussamad, Sukumaran & Ratheesh 2016. Scombridae: Scombrinae. Distribution: Kochi, India. Habitat: marine.

interruptum, Cybium Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1832:172 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 8; ref. 1000] Puducherry, India. Holotype: MNHN A-5522 (dry, poor condition). Type catalog: Bauchot & Blanc 1961:371 [ref. 20733], Blanc & Bauchot 1964:446-447, Fig. 13 [ref. 20804], Collette 1966:368 [ref. 14641]. •Synonym of Scomberomorus guttatus (Bloch & Schneider 1801) -- (Collette & Nauen 1983:65 [ref. 5375], Collette & Russo 1985:630 [ref. 5221], Collette 2003:11 [ref. 27312]). Current status: Synonym of Scomberomorus guttatus (Bloch & Schneider 1801). Scombridae: Scombrinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

itosibi, Neothunnus Jordan [D. S.] & Evermann [B. W.] 1926:22, Pl. 6 [Occasional Papers California Academy of Sciences v. 12; ref. 15593] Honolulu market, Oahu Island, Hawaiian Islands. Holotype (unique): CAS 598 (photograph only). Original says type is CAS 598, a photograph. •Synonym of Thunnus albacares (Bonnaterre 1788) -- (Gibbs & Collette 1967:103 [ref. 13640], Collette & Nauen 1983:83 [ref. 5375], Collette 1990:993 [ref. 19476], Collette 2003:14 [ref. 27312], Mundy 2005:507 [ref. 28379]). Current status: Synonym of Thunnus albacares (Bonnaterre 1788). Scombridae: Scombrinae. Habitat: marine.

janesaba, Scomber Bleeker [P.] 1854:406 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 6 (no. 2); ref. 13964] Nagasaki, Japan. Syntypes: RMNH 6036 (3). Type catalog: Boeseman 1964:462, Fig. 3 [ref. 20805]. •Synonym of Scomber japonicus Houttuyn 1782 -- (Collette & Nauen 1983:56 [ref. 5375], Dor 1984:263 [ref. 29757], Collette 1990:987 [ref. 19476], Collette 2003:9 [ref. 27312]). Current status: Synonym of Scomber japonicus Houttuyn 1782. Scombridae: Scombrinae. Habitat: marine.

japonicus, Scomber Houttuyn [M.] 1782:331 [Verhandelingen der Hollandsche Maatschappij der Wetenschappen, Haarlem v. 20 (pt 2); ref. 2220] Nagasaki, Nagasaki Prefecture, Japan. No types known. •See Boeseman 1995:6 [ref. 21811]. •Valid as Pneumatophorus japonicus (Houttuyn 1782) -- (Chen et al. 1997:158 [ref. 26476], Cheng & Zhou 1997:349 [ref. 26385], Wang et al. 2001:257 [ref. 26566]). •Valid as Scomber japonicus Houttuyn 1782 -- (Postel 1973:466 [ref. 7208], Lindberg & Krasyukova 1975:283 [ref. 7348], Kyushin et al. 1982:246 [ref. 19754], Shirai in Amaoka et al. 1983:131, 204 [ref. 8379], Collette & Nauen 1983:56 [ref. 5375], Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:273 [ref. 9277], Fujii in Uyeno et al. 1983:417 [ref. 14275], Dor 1984:263 [ref. 29757], Nakamura in Masuda et al. 1984:224 [ref. 6441], Machida in Okamura et al. 1985:543, 705 [ref. 8056], Collette in Whitehead et al. 1986:991 [ref. 13676], Collette 1986:835 [ref. 5647], Nakamura in Nakamura et al. 1986:282 [ref. 14235], Robins & Ray 1986:260 [ref. 23100], Scott & Scott 1988:452 [ref. 25518], Matarese et al. 1989:554 [ref. 26885], McAllister 1990:179 [ref. 14674], Collette 1990:986 [ref. 19476], Perrotta et al. 1990 [ref. 19500], Boschung 1992:169 [ref. 23239], Cervigón 1992:416 [ref. 23827], Bianchi & Carpenter in Bianchi et al. 1993:172 [ref. 25472], Cervigón 1994:248 [ref. 24488], Allen & Robertson 1994:277 [ref. 22193], Bussing & López S. 1994:144 [ref. 23101], Goren & Dor 1994:70 [ref. 25356], Collette in Fischer et al. 1995:1536 [ref. 22830], Randall 1995:374 [ref. 22896], Murdy et al. 1997:179 [ref. 23144], Santos et al. 1997:107 [ref. 23531], Carpenter et al. 1997:225 [ref. 23922], Grove & Lavenberg 1997:585 [ref. 24023], Arruda 1997:100 [ref. 24952], Baker & Collette 1998:29 [ref. 23350], Aguilera 1998:53 [ref. 24221], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:396 [ref. 24555], Sokolovskaya et al. 1998:14 [ref. 24670], Collette 1999:163 [ref. 23936], Uiblein et al. 1999:66 [ref. 24045], Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:332 [ref. 25013], Afonso et al. 1999:86 [ref. 25466], Collette in Randall & Lim 2000:643 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:1347 [ref. 25182], Sheiko & Fedorov 2000:40 [ref. 25650], Collette 2001:3742 [ref. 26305], Kolpakov & Barabanshchikov 2001:422 [ref. 25413], Collette et al. 2001:2 [ref. 25629], Shimizu 2001:42 [ref. 25799], Cousseau & Perrotta 2000:136 [ref. 25942], Bilecenoglu et al. 2002:143 [ref. 26753], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:806 [ref. 25968], Nakabo 2002:1347 [ref. 26193], Youn 2002:418, 674 [ref. 26218], Collette 2003:9 [ref. 27312], Menezes in Menezes et al. 2003:103 [ref. 27192], Parin 2003:S29 [ref. 28536], Nelson et al. 2004:176 [ref. 27807], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:418 [ref. 28072], Shinohara et al. 2005:440 [ref. 28370], Mundy 2005:506 [ref. 28379], Randall 2007:450 [ref. 30952], McCosker & Rosenblatt 2010:194 [ref. 30957], Motomura et al. 2010:230 [ref. 31256], Mabragaña et al. 2011:table S2 [ref. 31800], Page et al. 2013:181 [ref. 32708], Parin et al. 2014:513 [ref. 33547], Pietsch & Orr 2015:67 [ref. 34694], Fourriére et al. 2016:459 [ref. 34668], Abdussamad et al. 2016:6 [ref. 34790], Del Moral-Flores et al. 2016:611 [ref. 34923]). Current status: Valid as Scomber japonicus Houttuyn 1782. Scombridae: Scombrinae. Distribution: Pacific: Philippines and Japan east to eastern Pacific from Alaska to Chile, north to Japan and Hawaiian Islands. Habitat: marine.

japonicus, Scomber pneumatophorus Temminck [C. J.] & Schlegel [H.] 1844:93, Pl. 47 (figs. 1-2) [Fauna Japonica Parts 5-6; ref. 4372] Japan. Syntypes: RMNH D834 (1, dry), D836 (1, dry), D894 (1, dry), 1274 (5). Regarded by Boeseman 1964:462 [ref. 20805] as proposed for a subspecies distinct from Scomber japonicus Houttuyn 1782, and with infra-subspecific names major and minor; Boeseman lists types in the Leiden collection. In any case, the name is objectively invalid; preoccupied by Scomber japonicus Houttuyn. •Incertae sedis in Scombridae -- (Collette 2003:21 [ref. 27312]). Scombridae: Scombrinae. Habitat: marine.

japonicus, Scomber scombrus Temminck [C. J.] & Schlegel [H.] 1844:92 [Fauna Japonica Parts 5-6; ref. 4372] Japan. Holotype (unique): RMNH 1259. Boeseman 1964:463, Fig. 6 [ref. 20805] regards this as an available subspecies, not the same as Scomber japonicus Houttuyn 1782. The name is objectively invalid; preoccupied by Scomber japonicus Houttuyn 1782. •Synonym of Scomber japonicus Houttuyn 1782 -- (Collette 2003:9 [ref. 27312]). Current status: Synonym of Scomber japonicus Houttuyn 1782. Scombridae: Scombrinae. Habitat: marine.

kanagurta, Scomber Cuvier [G.] 1816:313 [Le Règne Animal v. 2; ref. 993] No locality stated [Vizagapatam, India]. No types known. Available as above based on footnote under Sc. [Scomber] ...autres espèces (1)" "(1)...--Aj. le kanagurta, Russ. Corom. 136 [= 1803:28, Pl. 136]." Also appeared in Cuvier 1829 as Canagurta, and in Cuvier in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1832:49 [ref. 1000]. Bauchot & Blanc 1961:374 [ref. 20733] and Blanc & Bauchot 1964:450-545, Figs. 24-26 [ref. 20804] list syntypes for Cuvier 1832:49, but Collette 1966:365 [ref. 14641] indicates that they are not types but he dates the species to Cuvier 1817 (= 1816). Lectotype selected by Fricke 1999:565 [ref. 24106] as the specimen in Russell's Pl. 136 (specimen not in existence). •Valid as Rastrelliger kanagurta (Cuvier 1816) -- (Kyushin et al. 1977:312 [ref. 19756], Kyushin et al. 1982:247 [ref. 19754], Collette & Nauen 1983:48 [ref. 5375], Nakamura in Masuda et al. 1984:224 [ref. 6441], Dor 1984:263 [ref. 29757], Collette in Whitehead et al. 1986:988 [ref. 13676], Collette 1986:834 [ref. 5647], Allen & Swainston 1988:144 [ref. 25477], Randall et al. 1990:448 [ref. 15987], Krishnan & Mishra 1993:233 [ref. 24016], Krishnan & Mishra 1994:299 [ref. 24014], Goren & Dor 1994:70 [ref. 25356], Randall 1995:374 [ref. 22896], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:509 [ref. 27969], Allen 1997:232 [ref. 23977], Chen et al. 1997:158 [ref. 26476], Larson & Williams 1997:373 [ref. 23967], Carpenter et al. 1997:224 [ref. 23922], Randall et al. 1997:448 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:278 [ref. 23965], Fricke 1999:564 [ref. 24106], Mishra & Srinivasan 1999:252 [ref. 24754], Golani 1998:97 [ref. 27567], Mishra et al. 1999:89 [ref. 25315], Johnson 1999:751 [ref. 25471], Collette in Randall & Lim 2000:643 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:1346 [ref. 25182], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:445 [ref. 25191], Bijukumar & Sushama 2000:187 [ref. 25703], Allen 2000:123 [ref. 25868], Iwatsuki et al. 2000:104 [ref. 26368], Collette 2001:3739 [ref. 26305] dated 1817, Collette et al. 2001:2 [ref. 25629], Hutchins 2001:45 [ref. 25847], Bilecenoglu et al. 2002:178 [ref. 26753], Nakabo 2002:1346 [ref. 26193], Allen & Adrim 2003:63 [ref. 26830] dated 1817. Collette 2003:6 [ref. 27312], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S121 [ref. 27377] dated 1817, Matsuura et al. in Kimura & Matsuura 2003:211 [ref. 27510] dated 1817, Randall et al. 2004:30 [ref. 27624], Mishra & Krishnan 2003:45 [ref. 27712], Adrim et al. 2004:127 [ref. 27715], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:416 [ref. 28072], Randall 2005:611 [ref. 28239], Randall et al. 2005:131 [ref. 28745], Bray et al. 2006:1773 [ref. 29091], Fricke et al. 2009:112 [ref. 30213], Kimura 2009:312 [ref. 30426], Motomura et al. 2010:230 [ref. 31256], Allen & Erdmann 2012:1041 [ref. 31980], Larson et al. 2013:218 [ref. 32988], Yoshida et al. 2013:204 [ref. 34464], Bogorodsky et al. 2014:430 [ref. 33460], Fricke et al. 2014:187 [ref. 33932], Kimura in Kimura et al. 2015:87 [ref. 34319], Psomadakis et al. 2015:315 [ref. 34104], Muto et al. 2016:[1] [ref. 35081]). Current status: Valid as Rastrelliger kanagurta (Cuvier 1816). Scombridae: Scombrinae. Distribution: Red Sea, Indo-West Pacific: East Africa, South Africa, Madagscar and western Mascarenes east to Samoa, north to southern Japan and Ryukyu Islands, south to northwestern Australia and New Caledonia; Mediterranean Sea (Red Sea immigrant). Habitat: marine.

kirm, Scomber Forsskål [P. S.] 1775:55 [Descriptiones animalium (Forsskål); ref. 1351] Originally Scomber ignobilis, kirm on p. 55, Scomber ignobilis on p. xii; see account of Scomber ignobilis. •In the synonymy of Caranx ignobilis (Forsskål 1775) -- (Kottelat 2013:333 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Caranx ignobilis (Forsskål 1775). Scombridae: Scombrinae.

konam, Cybium Bleeker [P.] 1851:357 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 1 (no. 4); ref. 326] Jakarta, Java, Indonesia. Lectotype: RMNH 6051. Paralectotypes: (12) RMNH 8471 (5), ?NMV 46404 (1), RMNH 24087 (some of 12), SMNS 10631 (2). Type catalog: Boeseman 1964:467 [ref. 20805], Fricke 1991:18-19 [ref. 13474], Fricke 2005:57 [ref. 29864]. Also in Bleeker 1851:39 [ref. 332]. Lectotype selected by Boeseman 1964:467, Fig. 16 [ref. 20805]. •Synonym of Scomberomorus commerson (Lacepède 1800) -- (Collette & Nauen 1983:63 [ref. 5375], Collette & Russo 1985:623 [ref. 5221], Collette 2003:10 [ref. 27312]). Current status: Synonym of Scomberomorus commerson (Lacepède 1800). Scombridae: Scombrinae. Habitat: marine.

koreanum, Cybium Kishinouye [K.] 1915:11 [6], Pl. 1 (fig. 6) [Suisan Gakkai Ho v. 1 (no. 1); ref. 18416] Yojiro Wakiya, western coast of Korea. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. On p. 6 of English translation. Locality taken from Kishinouye 1923:421 [ref. 2609]. •Valid as Scomberomorus koreanus (Kishinouye 1915) -- (Lindberg & Krasyukova 1975:290 [ref. 7348], Kyushin et al. 1982:249 [ref. 19754], Collette & Nauen 1983:66 [ref. 5375], Collette & Russo 1985:636 [ref. 5221], Nakamura in Masuda et al. 1984:225 [ref. 6441], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:518 [ref. 27969], Cheng & Zhou 1997:351 [ref. 26385] dated 1929, Collette in Randall & Lim 2000:644 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:1351 [ref. 25182], Collette 2001:3745 [ref. 26305], Collette et al. 2001:2 [ref. 25629], Nakabo 2002:1351 [ref. 26193], Youn 2002:418, 674 [ref. 26218], Collette 2003:11 [ref. 27312], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S121 [ref. 27377], Psomadakis et al. 2015:316 [ref. 34104]). Current status: Valid as Scomberomorus koreanus (Kishinouye 1915). Scombridae: Scombrinae. Distribution: Continental Indo-West Pacific from Bombay, India east to Singapore and north to the Sea of Japan. Habitat: marine.

kuhlii, Cybium Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1832:178 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 8; ref. 1000] Java, Indonesia. Lectotype: MNHN A-5771. Paralectotypes: MNHN A-5715 (1) Mumbai; RMNH 1239 (1), 1241 (1). Type catalog: Bauchot & Blanc 1961:372 [ref. 20733], Blanc & Bauchot 1964:447, Fig. 14 [ref. 20804], Boeseman 1964:468, Fig. 18 [ref. 20805], Collette 1966:368-369 [ref. 14641]. Lectotype selected by Collette 1966:368 [ref. 14641]. •Synonym of Scomberomorus guttatus (Bloch & Schneider 1801) -- (Collette & Nauen 1983:65 [ref. 5375], Collette & Russo 1985:630 [ref. 5221], Collette 2003:11 [ref. 27312]). Current status: Synonym of Scomberomorus guttatus (Bloch & Schneider 1801). Scombridae: Scombrinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

lacertus, Scomber scomber var. Walbaum [J. J.] 1792:209 [Petri Artedi sueci genera piscium Part 3; ref. 4572] No locality stated. No types known. •Synonym of Scomber colias Gmelin 1789 -- (Collette 2003:8 [ref. 27312]). Current status: Synonym of Scomber colias Gmelin 1789. Scombridae: Scombrinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

lanzardus, Scomber Nardo [G. D.] (ex Chiereghini) 1847:col. 125 [Sinonimia moderna delle specie registrate nell' opera intitolata: ...; ref. 17994] Not available, Chiereghini name mentioned in synonymy. •Unavailable species-group name -- (Collette 2003:21 [ref. 27312]). Scombridae: Scombrinae.

leachianus, Thynnus Risso [A.] 1827:416 [Histoire naturelle des principales productions de l'Europe méridionale v. 3; ref. 3757] Nice, France, northwestern Mediterranean Sea. No types known. •Synonym of Scomber quadripunctatus Geoffroy St. Hilaire 1817 -- (Postel 1973:471 [ref. 7208]). •Synonym of Euthynnus alletteratus (Rafinesque 1810) -- (Collette & Nauen 1983:34 [ref. 5375], Collette 1990:981 [ref. 19476], Collette 2003:4 [ref. 27312]). Current status: Synonym of Euthynnus alletteratus (Rafinesque 1810). Scombridae: Scombrinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

leopardus, Scomber Shaw [G.] 1803:591 [General zoology or systematic natural history v. 4; ref. 4014] Coromandel coast of India. No types known. Based on Russell 1803, Pl. 134 [ref. 13862]. •Synonym of Scomberomorus guttatus (Bloch & Schneider 1801) -- (Collette & Nauen 1983:65 [ref. 5375], Collette & Russo 1985:630 [ref. 5221], Collette 2003:11 [ref. 27312]). Current status: Synonym of Scomberomorus guttatus (Bloch & Schneider 1801). Scombridae: Scombrinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

lepturus, Scomber Agassiz [L.] 1874:no page number, Pl. 2 [Pisces Celebes. Icones Piscium.; ref. 15837] No locality. No types known. Plate with name, no description. •Synonym of Rastrelliger kanagurta (Cuvier 1816) -- (Collette & Nauen 1983:48 [ref. 5375], Collette 2003:7 [ref. 27312]). Current status: Synonym of Rastrelliger kanagurta (Cuvier 1816). Scombridae: Scombrinae. Habitat: marine.

lineatus, Euthynnus Kishinouye [K.] 1920:113 [Suisan Gakkai Ho v. 3 (no. 2); ref. 18417] Manzanillo, Mexico [eastern Pacific]. No types known. •Valid as Euthynnus lineatus Kishinouye 1920 -- (Collette & Nauen 1983:36 [ref. 5375], Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:272 [ref. 9277], Allen & Robertson 1994:277 [ref. 22193], Collette in Fischer et al. 1995:1531 [ref. 22830], De La Cruz Agüero et al. 1997:273 [ref. 24545], Grove & Lavenberg 1997:583 [ref. 24023], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:397 [ref. 24555], Thomson et al. 2000:292 [ref. 25640], Collette et al. 2001:3 [ref. 25629], Collette 2003:4 [ref. 27312], Nelson et al. 2004:176 [ref. 27807], Mundy 2005:505 [ref. 28379], Randall 2007:449 [ref. 30952], McCosker & Rosenblatt 2010:194 [ref. 30957], Galván-Villa et al. 2016:150 [ref. 34871], Fourriére et al. 2016:459 [ref. 34668], Del Moral-Flores et al. 2016:611 [ref. 34923]). Current status: Valid as Euthynnus lineatus Kishinouye 1920. Scombridae: Scombrinae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific: San Simeon, California (U.S.A.) to northern Peru and the Galápagos Islands; waifs in Hawaiian Islands (Central Pacific). Habitat: marine.

lineolata, Pelamys Girard [C. F.] 1858:106 [General report upon zoology of the several Pacific railroad routes, 1857; ref. 4911] San Diego, California, U.S.A. Holotype (unique): USNM 688. •Synonym of Sarda chilensis (Cuvier 1832) -- (Mecklenburg et al. 2002:808 [ref. 25968]). •Synonym of Sarda chiliensis (Cuvier 1832), but a valid subspecies lineolata (Girard 1858) -- (Collette & Chao 1975:601 [ref. 5573], Collette & Nauen 1983:51 [ref. 5375], McAllister 1990:179 [ref. 14674], Collette et al. 2001:3 [ref. 25629], Collette 2003:7 [ref. 27312], Del Moral-Flores et al. 2016:611 [ref. 34923]). Current status: Synonym of Sarda chiliensis (Cuvier 1832). Scombridae: Scombrinae. Habitat: marine.

lineolatum, Cybium Cuvier [G.] 1829:200 [Le Règne Animal (Edition 2) v. 2; ref. 995] Vizagapatam, India. No types known. Cuvier in Cuvier & Valenciennes specimens: MNHN A-6866 (1) Malabar, 6357 (1, poor condition). Type catalog: Bauchot & Blanc 1961:372 [ref. 20733], Blanc & Bauchot 1964:447, Figs. 15-16 [ref. 20804], Collette 1966:367-368 [ref. 14641], Collette & Russo 1984:638 [ref. 5221]. Available from footnote as, "C. lineolatum, N., Mangelang, Russ., I, vii, 53." Also in Cuvier in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1831:170 [ref. 1000], and Griffith & Smith 1834:Pl. 48 (opp. p. 186) [ref. 1908]. Type catalogs have holotype from Malabar (and paratype from Mahé), but these are not Russell specimens so are not types but were used by Cuvier 1832. •Hybrid between Scomberomorus commerson x S. guttatus -- (Srinivasa Rao & Lakshmi 1993:471 [ref. 20560]). •Valid, not a hybrid -- (Collette 1994:1205 [ref. 21631]). •Valid as Scomberomorus lineolatus (Cuvier 1829) -- (Collette & Nauen 1983:68 [ref. 5375], Collette & Russo 1985:638 [ref. 5221] who date to Cuvier 1831, Collette in Randall & Lim 2000:644 [ref. 25122], Collette 2001:3746 [ref. 26305] dated 1831, Collette et al. 2001:2 [ref. 25629], Collette 2003:11 [ref. 27312], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S121 [ref. 27377], Psomadakis et al. 2015:317 [ref. 34104]). Current status: Valid as Scomberomorus lineolatus (Cuvier 1829). Scombridae: Scombrinae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Pakistan and India east to the Gulf of Thailand and Java (Indonesia). Habitat: marine.

linnei, Thynnus Malm [A. W.] 1877:412 [ ref. 2881] No types known. Original as Linnéi. Tentatively regarded as an unneeded new name for and objective synonym of Scomber thynnus Linnaeus 1758 (to avoid "Strickland tautonomy"). Locality Sweden. •Synonym of Thunnus thynnus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Collette 2003:14 [ref. 27312]). Current status: Synonym of Thunnus thynnus (Linnaeus 1758). Scombridae: Scombrinae. Habitat: marine.

longipinna, Neothunnus albacora forma Bellón [L.] & Bardán de Bellón [E.] 1949:15, Fig. 1B [Boletín del Instituto Español de Oceanografía No. 19; ref. 19690] No types known. Unneeded new name for and objective synonym of Thunnus albacares (Bonnaterre 1788). •Synonym of Thunnus albacares (Bonnaterre 1788) -- (Gibbs & Collette 1967:103 [ref. 13640], Collette & Nauen 1983:83 [ref. 5375], Collette 1990:993 [ref. 19476], Collette 2003:14 [ref. 27312]). Current status: Synonym of Thunnus albacares (Bonnaterre 1788). Scombridae: Scombrinae. Habitat: marine.

loo, Scomber Lesson [R. P.] 1829:277 [Dictionnaire Classique de Histoire Naturelle v. 15-16; ref. 13391] Port Praslin, New Ireland Island, Bismarck Archipelago. Holotype (unique): MNHN 0000-2910 (poor condition). Type catalog: Bauchot & Blanc 1961:374 [ref. 20733], Blanc & Bauchot 1964:451-452, Fig. 27 [ref. 20804], Collette 1966:364 [ref. 14641]. Also appeared in Cuvier in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1832:52 [ref. 1000]. •Synonym of Rastrelliger kanagurta (Cuvier 1816) -- (Collette & Nauen 1983:48 [ref. 5375], Dor 1984:263 [ref. 29757], Collette 2003:6 [ref. 27312]). Current status: Synonym of Rastrelliger kanagurta (Cuvier 1816). Scombridae: Scombrinae. Habitat: marine.

maccoyii, Thynnus Castelnau [F. L.] 1872:104 [Proceedings of the Zoological and Acclimatisation Society of Victoria, Melbourne v. 1; ref. 757] Melbourne market, Victoria, Australia. Holotype: MNHN 0000-0515 (not found). Type catalog: Blanc & Bauchot 1964:456 [ref. 20804]. Original as maccoyü on p. 104, maccoyii on p. 240; the later correctly formed, maccoyü regarded as a printing error. •Valid as Thunnus maccoyii (Castelnau 1872) -- (Gibbs & Collette 1967:115 [ref. 13640], Collette & Smith 1981:166 [ref. 21091], Collette & Nauen 1983:87 [ref. 5375], Collette 1986:837 [ref. 5647], Allen & Swainston 1988:142 [ref. 25477], Paulin et al. 1989:230 [ref. 24556], Randall et al. 1990:449 [ref. 15987], Nakamura 1990:404 [ref. 21700], Gomon et al. 1994:828 [ref. 22532], Allen 1997:230 [ref. 23977], Randall et al. 1997:449 [ref. 25919], Johnson 1999:751 [ref. 25471], Collette 2001:3754 [ref. 26305], Collette et al. 2001:3 [ref. 25629], Hutchins 2001:45 [ref. 25847], Collette 2003:15 [ref. 27312], Matsuura et al. in Kimura & Matsuura 2003:212 [ref. 27510], Bray et al. 2006:1778 [ref. 29091], Gomon 2008:789 [ref. 30616], Roberts 2015:1636 [ref. 34193]). Current status: Valid as Thunnus maccoyii (Castelnau 1872). Scombridae: Scombrinae. Distribution: Southern Ocean south of 30°S. Habitat: marine.

macrophthalmus, Scomber Rafinesque [C. S.] 1810:20, 53 [Indice d'ittiologia siciliana; ref. 3595] Sicily, Italy, Mediterranean Sea. No types known. Spelled macrophthalmus on p. 53 and macrophithalmus on p. 20, the latter regarded as a misspelling. •Synonym of Scomber japonicus Houttuyn 1782 -- (Postel 1973:466 [ref. 7208], Collette & Nauen 1983:56 [ref. 5375], Collette 1990:986 [ref. 19476]). •Synonym of Scomber colias Gmelin 1789 -- (Collette 2003:8 [ref. 27312]). Current status: Synonym of Scomber colias Gmelin 1789. Scombridae: Scombrinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

macropterus, Thynnus Temminck [C. J.] & Schlegel [H.] 1844:98, Pl. 51 [Fauna Japonica Parts 5-6; ref. 4372] Southwestern Japan. No types known. Boeseman 1947:93 and 1964:465 considered RMNH 2252 as holotype, but Gibbs & Collette 1967:104 [ref. 13640] point out that it does not match the specimen in the original description. •Synonym of Thunnus albacares (Bonnaterre 1788) -- (Gibbs & Collette 1967:102 [ref. 13640], Lindberg & Krasyukova 1975:273 [ref. 7348], Collette & Nauen 1983:83 [ref. 5375], Dor 1984:264 [ref. 29757], Collette 1990:992 [ref. 19476], Gomon et al. 1994:827 [ref. 22532], Collette 2001:3753 [ref. 26305], Collette 2003:1854 [ref. 27087], Collette 2003:14 [ref. 27312], Mundy 2005:507 [ref. 28379], Collette in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2912 [ref. 34618]). Current status: Synonym of Thunnus albacares (Bonnaterre 1788). Scombridae: Scombrinae. Habitat: marine.

maculatus, Scomber Mitchill [S. L.] 1815:426, Pl. 6 (fig. 8) [Transactions of the Literary and Philosophical Society of New-York v. 1 (art. 5) (for 1814); ref. 13292] New York, U.S.A. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. •Valid as Scomberomorus maculatus (Mitchill 1815) -- (Postel 1973:473 [ref. 7208], Kong 1978 [ref. 21299], Collette & Nauen 1983:65 [ref. 5375], Collette & Russo 1985:641 [ref. 5221], Robins & Ray 1986:260 [ref. 23100], Scott & Scott 1988:456 [ref. 25518], McAllister 1990:180 [ref. 14674], Boschung 1992:169 [ref. 23239], Murdy et al. 1997:182 [ref. 23144], Grove & Lavenberg 1997:587 [ref. 24023], Banford et al. 1999:597 [ref. 23912], Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:463 [ref. 24550], Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:332 [ref. 25013], Collette et al. 2001:2 [ref. 25629], Camargo & Isaac 2001:143 [ref. 27639], Collette in Collette & Klein-MacPhee 2002:530 [ref. 26158], Collette 2003:1851 [ref. 27087], Collette 2003:11 [ref. 27312], Nelson et al. 2004:176 [ref. 27807], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:782 [ref. 28815], Page et al. 2013:182 [ref. 32708]). Current status: Valid as Scomberomorus maculatus (Mitchill 1815). Scombridae: Scombrinae. Distribution: Western Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

maculatus, Scomber Couch [J.] 1832:22, Fig. 8 [Magazine of Natural History and Journal of Zoology, Botany, Minerology, Gelology, and Meterology v. 5 (no. 23, art. 4); ref. 5557] Cornwall, England. No types known. Objectively invalid; preoccupied by Scomber maculatus Mitchill 1815. •Synonym of Scomber japonicus Houttuyn 1782 -- (Postel 1973:466 [ref. 7208], Collette & Nauen 1983:56 [ref. 5375], Gilhen & McAllister 1989 [ref. 14670], Collette 1990:987 [ref. 19476]). •Synonym of Scomber colias Gmelin 1789 -- (Collette 2003:9 [ref. 27312]). Current status: Synonym of Scomber colias Gmelin 1789. Scombridae: Scombrinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

maculosus, Scomber Shaw [G.] 1803:592 [General zoology or systematic natural history v. 4; ref. 4014] Vizagapatam, India. No types known. •Synonym of Scomberomorus commerson (Lacepède 1800) -- (Collette & Nauen 1983:63 [ref. 5375], Collette 2003:10 [ref. 27312]). Current status: Synonym of Scomberomorus commerson (Lacepède 1800). Scombridae: Scombrinae. Habitat: marine.

major, Scomber pneumatophorus japonicus form Temminck [C. J.] & Schlegel [H.] 1844:94, Pl. 47 (fig. 1) [Fauna Japonica Parts 5-6; ref. 4372] Regarded as unavailable, infrasubspecific; for specimen information see Boeseman 1947:88 [ref. 12876], Boeseman 1964:462-463 [ref. 20805]. Boeseman regards the subspecies japonicus as available. •Unavailable species-group name -- (Collette 2003:21 [ref. 27312]). Scombridae: Scombrinae.

maldivicus, Scomber Bloch [M. E.] & Schneider [J. G.] 1801:26 [M. E. Blochii, Systema Ichthyologiae; ref. 471] "Mari Hispanico et Indico circa insulas Maldivicas." No types known. •Incertae sedis in Scombridae -- (Collette 2003:21 [ref. 27312]). Scombridae: Scombrinae. Habitat: marine.

marplatensis, Pneumatophorus japonicus López [R. B.] 1955:25 [Revista de la Asociación Argentina de Dietología: publicación trimestral dedicada al estudio de la nutrición humana v. 13; ref. 19689] Mar del Plata, Argentina. Syntypes: MACN uncat. (10), only 6 found in 1966. Also mentioned as new and illustrated by López 1959:pl. [ref. 31429] •Synonym of Scomber japonicus Houttuyn 1782 -- (Collette & Nauen 1983:56 [ref. 5375], Collette 1990:987 [ref. 19476], Cousseau & Perrotta 2000:136 [ref. 25942]). •Synonym of Scomber colias Gmelin 1789 -- (Collette 2003:9 [ref. 27312]). Current status: Synonym of Scomber colias Gmelin 1789. Scombridae: Scombrinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

maru, Auxis Kishinouye [K.] 1915:24 [14], Pl. 1 (Fig. 19) [Suisan Gakkai Ho v. 1 (no. 1); ref. 18416] Japanese and Chinese seas. No types known. On p. 14 of English translation. •Synonym of Auxis rochei (Risso 1810), subspecies rochei (Risso 1810) -- (Collette 2001:3729 [ref. 26305], Collette 2003:1843 [ref. 27087], Collette 2003:3 [ref. 27312], Parin 2003:S28 [ref. 28536]). •Synonym of Auxis rochei (Risso 1810) -- (Collette & Nauen 1983:29 [ref. 5375], Lindberg & Krasyukova 1975:281 [ref. 7348], Collette 1990:979 [ref. 19476], Collette & Aadland 1996:437 [ref. 22199], Collette in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2902 [ref. 34618]). Current status: Synonym of Auxis rochei (Risso 1810). Scombridae: Scombrinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

mebachi, Thunnus Kishinouye [K.] 1915:19 [11], Pl. 1 (fig. 11) [Suisan Gakkai Ho v. 1 (no. 1); ref. 18416] Ruykyu Islands, Japan; Taiwan. No types known. Type catalog: Ho & Shao 2011:60 [ref. 31432]. On p. 11 of English translation. No type was designated in the original description according to Ho & Shao 2011:60 [ref. 31432]. •Synonym of Thunnus obesus (Lowe 1839) -- (Gibbs & Collette 1967:109 [ref. 13640], Lindberg & Krasyukova 1975:271 [ref. 7348], Collette & Nauen 1983:88 [ref. 5375], Collette 1990:994 [ref. 19476], Collette 2001:3755 [ref. 26305], Collette 2003:1856 [ref. 27087], Collette 2003:15 [ref. 27312], Ho & Shao 2011:60 [ref. 31432], Collette in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2913 [ref. 34618]). Current status: Synonym of Thunnus obesus (Lowe 1839). Scombridae: Scombrinae. Habitat: marine.

mediterraneus, Scomber Bloch [M. E.] & Schneider [J. G.] 1801:23 [M. E. Blochii, Systema Ichthyologiae; ref. 471] Adriatic Sea (Mediterranean Sea). No types known. Replacement name for Scomber pelamis Brünnich 1768, preoccupied by Scomber pelamis Linnaeus 1758. •Synonym of Sarda sarda (Bloch 1793) -- (Postel 1973:475 [ref. 7208], Collette & Chao 1975:607 [ref. 5573], Collette & Nauen 1983:53 [ref. 5375], Collette 1990:985 [ref. 19476], Collette 2003:8 [ref. 27312], Parin 2003:S29 [ref. 28536], Parin et al. 2014:512 [ref. 33547]). Current status: Synonym of Sarda sarda (Bloch 1793). Scombridae: Scombrinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

mediterraneus, Thynnus Risso [A.] 1827:414 [Histoire naturelle des principales productions de l'Europe méridionale v. 3; ref. 3757] Nice, France, northwestern Mediterranean Sea. No types known. •Synonym of Thunnus thynnus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Gibbs & Collette 1967:116 [ref. 13640], Postel 1973:467 [ref. 7208], Collette & Nauen 1983:90 [ref. 5375], Collette 1990:995 [ref. 19476], Collette 2003:14 [ref. 27312]). Current status: Synonym of Thunnus thynnus (Linnaeus 1758). Scombridae: Scombrinae. Habitat: marine.

melampus, Gasterochisma Richardson [J.] 1845:346 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (New Series) v. 15 (no. 99) (art. 52); ref. 3741] Port Nicholson, New Zealand. Holotype: BMNH 1855.9.19.158. •Valid as Gasterochisma melampus Richardson 1845 -- (Collette & Nauen 1983:37 [ref. 5375], Collette 1986:833 [ref. 5647], Pequeño 1989:67 [ref. 14125], Paulin et al. 1989:229 [ref. 24556], Nakamura in Amaoka et al. 1990:311 [ref. 16024], Gomon et al. 1994:821 [ref. 22532], Ito et al. 1994:482 [ref. 22341], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:393 [ref. 24555], Johnson 1999:751 [ref. 25471], Collette et al. 2001:2 [ref. 25629], Hutchins 2001:45 [ref. 25847], Collette 2003:4 [ref. 27312], Menezes in Menezes et al. 2003:102 [ref. 27192], Mundy 2005:505 [ref. 28379], Bray et al. 2006:1771 [ref. 29091], Gomon 2008:784 [ref. 30616], Roberts 2015:1630 [ref. 34193]). Current status: Valid as Gasterochisma melampus Richardson 1845. Scombridae: Gasterochismatinae. Distribution: Circumglobal in Southern Ocean temperate waters, mostly between 30° and 50°S; waifs in northern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

mertensii, Cybium Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1832:179 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 8; ref. 1000] Unknown locality. No types known. Type catalog: Bauchot & Blanc 1961:373 [ref. 20733], Blanc & Bauchot 1964:449 [ref. 20804]. Based on a drawing. •Incertae sedis in Scombridae -- (Collette 2003:21 [ref. 27312]). Scombridae: Scombrinae. Habitat: marine.

microlepidotus, Scomber Rüppell [W. P. E. S.] 1836:38, Pl. 11 (fig. 2) [Neue Wirbelthiere zu der Fauna von Abyssinien gehörig. Fische des Rothen Meeres; ref. 3844] Massawa, Eritrea, Red Sea. Syntypes: SMF 503 (3). •Synonym of Rastrelliger kanagurta (Cuvier 1816) -- (Collette & Nauen 1983:48 [ref. 5375], Dor 1984:263 [ref. 29757], Collette 2003:6 [ref. 27312]). Current status: Synonym of Rastrelliger kanagurta (Cuvier 1816). Scombridae: Scombrinae. Habitat: marine.

minor, Scomber pneumatophorus japonicus form Temminck [C. J.] & Schlegel [H.] 1844:94, Pl. 47 (fig. 2) [Fauna Japonica Parts 5-6; ref. 4372] Regarded as unavailable; infrasubspecific; for specimen information see Boeseman 1947:88 [ref. 12876], Boeseman 1964:462-463, Fig. [ref. 20805]. Boeseman regards the subspecies japonicus as available. •Unavailable species-group name -- (Collette 2003:21 [ref. 27312]). Scombridae: Scombrinae.

moluccensis, Scomber Bleeker [P.] 1856:40 [Acta Societatis Regiae Scientiarum Indo-Neêrlandicae v. 1; ref. 311] Ambon Island, Molucca Islands, Indonesia. Syntypes: (3) RMNH 6038 (2). Type catalog: Boeseman 1964:462, Fig. 2 [ref. 20805]. •Synonym of Rastrelliger kanagurta (Cuvier 1816) -- (Collette & Nauen 1983:48 [ref. 5375], Collette 2003:7 [ref. 27312]). Current status: Synonym of Rastrelliger kanagurta (Cuvier 1816). Scombridae: Scombrinae. Habitat: marine.

multifasciatum, Cybium Kishinouye [K.] 1915:9 [5], Pl. 1 (fig. 3) [Suisan Gakkai Ho v. 1 (no. 1); ref. 18416] Kawajiri, north coast of Yamaguchi Prefecture, Japan. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. On p. 5 of English translation. •Synonym of Scomberomorus commerson (Lacepède 1800) -- (Collette & Nauen 1983:63 [ref. 5375], Collette & Russo 1985:624 [ref. 5221], Collette 2003:10 [ref. 27312]). Current status: Synonym of Scomberomorus commerson (Lacepède 1800). Scombridae: Scombrinae. Habitat: marine.

multiradiatus, Scomberomorus Munro [I. S. R.] 1964:168, Fig. 12 [Papua New Guinea Agricultural Journal v. 16 (no. 4); ref. 3058] Off northern mouth of Fly River, Gulf of Papua, Papua New Guinea. Holotype (unique): CSIRO C 3172. •Valid as Scomberomorus multiradiatus Munro 1964 -- (Collette & Russo 1980:249 [ref. 8727], Collette & Nauen 1983:70 [ref. 5375], Collette & Russo 1985:646 [ref. 5221], Collette 2001:3747 [ref. 26305], Collette et al. 2001:2 [ref. 25629], Collette 2003:11 [ref. 27312], Larson et al. 2013:219 [ref. 32988]). Current status: Valid as Scomberomorus multiradiatus Munro 1964. Scombridae: Scombrinae. Distribution: Gulf of Papua off the mouth of the Fly River, Papua New Guinea to Arafura and Timor seas and northern Australia. Habitat: brackish, marine.

munroi, Scomberomorus Collette [B. B.] & Russo [J. L.] 1980:243, Fig. 1a [Australian Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research v. 31 (no. 2); ref. 8727] Deception Bay, north of Brisbane, Queensland, Australia. Holotype: AMS I.21029-001. Paratypes: AMS I.21030-001 (1); KFRS F.1971 (2); USNM 219372-78 (1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1). •Valid as Scomberomorus munroi Collette & Russo 1980 -- (Collette & Nauen 1983:71 [ref. 5375], Collette & Russo 1985:647 [ref. 5221], Allen & Swainston 1988:144 [ref. 25477], Randall et al. 1990:448 [ref. 15987], Allen 1997:232 [ref. 23977], Randall et al. 1997:448 [ref. 25919], Johnson 1999:751 [ref. 25471], Collette 2001:3748 [ref. 26305], Collette et al. 2001:2 [ref. 25629], Hutchins 2001:45 [ref. 25847], Collette 2003:11 [ref. 27312], Bray et al. 2006:1775 [ref. 29091], Larson et al. 2013:219 [ref. 32988]). Current status: Valid as Scomberomorus munroi Collette & Russo 1980. Scombridae: Scombrinae. Distribution: Australia and southern coast of Papua New Guinea. Habitat: marine.

neglectus, Scomber van Kampen [P. N.] 1907:7, Pl. [Bulletin de Départment de l'agriculture aux Indies néerlandaises v. 8; ref. 15148] Java, Indonesia. No types known. Based in part on literature sources. •Synonym of Rastrelliger brachysoma (Bleeker 1851) -- (Collette & Nauen 1983:46 [ref. 5375], Collette 2001:3737 [ref. 26305], Collette 2003:6 [ref. 27312]). Current status: Synonym of Rastrelliger brachysoma (Bleeker 1851). Scombridae: Scombrinae. Habitat: marine.

nicolsoni, Thunnus Whitley [G. P.] 1936:30, Fig. 2 [Memoirs of the Queensland Museum v. 11 (pt 1); ref. 4687] Between Lindeman and Maher Islands, Cumberland Group, Queensland, Australia, depth 2 fathoms. Holotype (unique): AMS IA.6553 (head). •Synonym of Thunnus tonggol (Bleeker 1851) -- (Collette & Nauen 1983:92 [ref. 5375] as nicholsoni, Collette 2003:15 [ref. 27312], Bray et al. 2006:1778 [ref. 29091]). Current status: Synonym of Thunnus tonggol (Bleeker 1851). Scombridae: Scombrinae. Habitat: marine.

niphonium, Cybium Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1832:180 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 8; ref. 1000] Japan. No types known. Type catalog: Bauchot & Blanc 1961:373 [ref. 20733], Blanc & Bauchot 1964:449 [ref. 20804]. Based on a drawing. •Valid as Sawara niphonia (Cuvier 1832) -- (Wang et al. 2001:258 [ref. 26566] dated 1831, authors as Cuvier & Valenciennes). •Valid as Scomberomorus niphonius (Cuvier 1832) -- (Lindberg & Krasyukova 1975:291 [ref. 7348], Collette & Russo 1980:242 [ref. 8727], Kyushin et al. 1982:249 [ref. 19754], Collette & Nauen 1983:72 [ref. 5375], Collette & Russo 1985:649 [ref. 5221], Nakamura in Masuda et al. 1984:225 [ref. 6441], Machida in Okamura et al. 1985:545, 706 [ref. 8056], Chen et al. 1997:159 [ref. 26476] with author as Valenciennes, Cheng & Zhou 1997:350 [ref. 26385] dated 1831, Sokolovskaya et al. 1998:14 [ref. 24670], Collette in Randall & Lim 2000:644 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:1351 [ref. 25182], Collette et al. 2001:2 [ref. 25629], Nakabo 2002:1351 [ref. 26193], Youn 2002:418, 674 [ref. 26218], Collette 2003:11 [ref. 27312], Parin 2003:S30 [ref. 28536], Shinohara et al. 2005:440 [ref. 28370], Parin et al. 2014:514 [ref. 33547]). Current status: Valid as Scomberomorus niphonius (Cuvier 1832). Scombridae: Scombrinae. Distribution: Subtropical and temperate waters of China, the Yellow Sea, and the Sea of Japan north to Vladivostok. Habitat: marine.

nuda, Pelamys Günther [A.] 1860:368 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 2; ref. 1963] Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, Red Sea. Holotype (unique): SMF 2739 (stuffed). Replacement name for Thynnus unicolor Rüppell 1836, preoccupied by Scomber unicolor Geoffroy St. Hilaire 1817 when both species are placed in Pelamys. •Synonym of Gymnosarda unicolor (Rüppell 1836) -- (Collette & Chao 1975:613 [ref. 5573], Collette & Nauen 1983:37 [ref. 5375], Dor 1984:262 [ref. 29757], Randall 1995:373 [ref. 22896], Collette 2001:3735 [ref. 26305] dated 1838, Collette 2003:5 [ref. 27312], Randall 2005:610 [ref. 28239]). Current status: Synonym of Gymnosarda unicolor (Rüppell 1836). Scombridae: Scombrinae. Habitat: marine.

obesus, Thynnus Lowe [R. T.] 1839:78 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1839 (pt 7); ref. 2829] Madeira, eastern Atlantic. No types known. •Synonym of Thunnus thynnus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Youn 2002:675 [ref. 26218]). •Valid as Thunnus obesus (Lowe 1839) -- (Postel 1973:469 [ref. 7208], Lindberg & Krasyukova 1975:271 [ref. 7348], Collette & Nauen 1983:88 [ref. 5375], Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:274 [ref. 9277], Nakamura in Masuda et al. 1984:226 [ref. 6441], Collette in Whitehead et al. 1986:996 [ref. 13676], Collette 1986:838 [ref. 5647], Robins & Ray 1986:262 [ref. 23100], Allen & Swainston 1988:142 [ref. 25477], Scott & Scott 1988:458 [ref. 25518], Pequeño 1989:67 [ref. 14125], Paulin et al. 1989:231 [ref. 24556], Winterbottom et al. 1989:66 [ref. 13251], McAllister 1990:180 [ref. 14674], Randall et al. 1990:449 [ref. 15987], Collette 1990:994 [ref. 19476], Cervigón 1992:419 [ref. 23827], Bianchi & Carpenter in Bianchi et al. 1993:173 [ref. 25472], Cervigón 1994:261 [ref. 24488], Allen & Robertson 1994:277 [ref. 22193], Collette in Fischer et al. 1995:1540 [ref. 22830], Randall 1995:376 [ref. 22896], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:520 [ref. 27969], Santos et al. 1997:109 [ref. 23531], Allen 1997:230 [ref. 23977], Grove & Lavenberg 1997:589 [ref. 24023], Arruda 1997:102 [ref. 24952], Randall et al. 1997:449 [ref. 25919], Aguilera 1998:53 [ref. 24221], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:398 [ref. 24555], Miyabe & Bayliff 1998:129 [ref. 25507], Fricke 1999:566 [ref. 24106], Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:334 [ref. 25013], Afonso et al. 1999:80 [ref. 25466], Randall 1999:29 [ref. 25829], Collette in Randall & Lim 2000:644 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:1350 [ref. 25182], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:481 [ref. 25191], Schmitter-Soto et al. 2000:169 [ref. 27754], Collette 2001:3755 [ref. 26305], Collette et al. 2001:3 [ref. 25629], Hutchins 2001:45 [ref. 25847], Bilecenoglu et al. 2002:178 [ref. 26753], Nakabo 2002:1350 [ref. 26193], Youn 2002:418, 675 [ref. 26218], Collette et al. 2003:126 [ref. 26784], Collette 2003:1856 [ref. 27087], Collette 2003:15 [ref. 27312], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S121 [ref. 27377], Myers & Donaldson 2003:648 [ref. 27495], Menezes in Menezes et al. 2003:103 [ref. 27192], Parin 2003:S30 [ref. 28536], Lobel & Lobel 2004:77 [ref. 27576], Randall et al. 2004:31 [ref. 27624], Nelson et al. 2004:176 [ref. 27807], Heemstra et al. 2004:3331 [ref. 27945], Mundy 2005:507 [ref. 28379], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:787 [ref. 28815], Bray et al. 2006:1778 [ref. 29091], Wirtz et al. 2007:41 [ref. 30263], Gomon 2008:790 [ref. 30616], Fricke et al. 2009:112 [ref. 30213], McCosker & Rosenblatt 2010:194 [ref. 30957], Motomura et al. 2010:230 [ref. 31256], Ho & Shao 2011:60 [ref. 31432], Page et al. 2013:182 [ref. 32708], Larson et al. 2013:220 [ref. 32988], Smith-Vaniz & Jelks 2014:84 [ref. 33341], Wirtz et al. 2014:11 [ref. 33516], Parin et al. 2014:515 [ref. 33547], Psomadakis et al. 2015:317 [ref. 34104], Roberts 2015:1637 [ref. 34193], Pinheiro et al. 2015:33 [ref. 34324], Collette in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2913 [ref. 34618], Fourriére et al. 2016:459 [ref. 34668], Del Moral-Flores et al. 2016:611 [ref. 34923]). Current status: Valid as Thunnus obesus (Lowe 1839). Scombridae: Scombrinae. Distribution: Circumglobal in tropical and temperate seas, including Hawaiian Islands. Habitat: marine.

oceanicus, Thynnus Plumier [C.] in Lacepède 1801:22 [Histoire naturelle des poissons (Lacepéde) v. 3; ref. 2710] Not available, name only mentioned in the account of Scomber alatunga. •Unavailable species-group name -- (Collette 2003:22 [ref. 27312]). Scombridae: Scombrinae.

ocellatus, Scomber Walbaum [J. J.] 1792:223 [Petri Artedi sueci genera piscium Part 3; ref. 4572] South America. No types known. •Incertae sedis in Scombridae -- (Collette 2003:21 [ref. 27312]). Scombridae: Scombrinae. Habitat: marine.

ocellatus, Scomber Bloch [M. E.] & Schneider [J. G.] 1801:37 [M. E. Blochii, Systema Ichthyologiae; ref. 471] South America. No types known. Objectively invalid; preoccupied by Scomber ocellatus Walbaum 1792 and based on the same literature source. •Incertae sedis in Scombridae -- (Collette 2003:21 [ref. 27312]). Scombridae: Scombrinae. Habitat: marine.

orientalis, Pelamys Temminck [C. J.] & Schlegel [H.] 1844:99, Pl. 52 [Fauna Japonica Parts 5-6; ref. 4372] Nagasaki, Nagasaki Prefecture, Japan. Lectotype: RMNH D2286 (dry). Paralectotypes: RMNH D842 (1, dry), 1244 (1, stuffed but in alcohol). Type catalog: Boeseman 1964:465, Fig. 11 [ref. 20805]. Lectotype selected by Boeseman 1947:95 [ref. 12876]. •Valid as Sarda orientalis (Temminck & Schlegel 1844) -- (Collette & Chao 1975:601 [ref. 5573], Lindberg & Krasyukova 1975:277 [ref. 7348], Collette & Nauen 1983:52 [ref. 5375], Dor 1984:263 [ref. 29757], Nakamura in Masuda et al. 1984:225 [ref. 6441], Machida in Okamura et al. 1985:545, 706 [ref. 8056], Collette 1986:835 [ref. 5647], Allen & Swainston 1988:144 [ref. 25477], Randall et al. 1990:448 [ref. 15987], Kuiter 1993:377 [ref. 23929], Allen & Robertson 1994:277 [ref. 22193], Bussing & López S. 1994:144 [ref. 23101], Goren & Dor 1994:70 [ref. 25356], Collette in Fischer et al. 1995:1534 [ref. 22830], Randall 1995:374 [ref. 22896], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:513 [ref. 27969], Allen 1997:232 [ref. 23977], Carpenter et al. 1997:224 [ref. 23922], Grove & Lavenberg 1997:585 [ref. 24023], Randall et al. 1997:448 [ref. 25919], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:399 [ref. 24555], Sokolovskaya et al. 1998:14 [ref. 24670], Fricke 1999:565 [ref. 24106], Collette in Randall & Lim 2000:643 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:1348 [ref. 25182], Collette 2001:3740 [ref. 26305], Collette et al. 2001:3 [ref. 25629], Hutchins 2001:45 [ref. 25847], Nakabo 2002:1348 [ref. 26193], Youn 2002:418, 673 [ref. 26218], Collette 2003:7 [ref. 27312], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S121 [ref. 27377], Parin 2003:S28 [ref. 28536], Nelson et al. 2004:176 [ref. 27807], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:417 [ref. 28072], Mundy 2005:506 [ref. 28379], Bray et al. 2006:1774 [ref. 29091], Randall 2007:449 [ref. 30952], Gomon 2008:785 [ref. 30616], Fricke et al. 2009:112 [ref. 30213], McCosker & Rosenblatt 2010:194 [ref. 30957], Motomura et al. 2010:230 [ref. 31256], Page et al. 2013:181 [ref. 32708], Larson et al. 2013:218 [ref. 32988], Parin et al. 2014:512 [ref. 33547], Psomadakis et al. 2015:315 [ref. 34104], Fourriére et al. 2016:459 [ref. 34668], Del Moral-Flores et al. 2016:611 [ref. 34923]). Current status: Valid as Sarda orientalis (Temminck & Schlegel 1844). Scombridae: Scombrinae. Distribution: Red Sea, Indo-Pacific: East Africa, South Africa, Seychelles, Madagascar and western Mascarenes east to Panama, north to southern Japan, Ogasawara Islands and Hawaiian Islands; Revillagigedo Archipelago (Mexico). Habitat: marine.

orientalis, Thynnus Temminck [C. J.] & Schlegel [H.] 1844:94 [Fauna Japonica Parts 5-6; ref. 4372] Nagasak, Nagasaki, Prefecture, Japan. Holotype (unique): RMNH D794 (dry). Type catalog: Boeseman 1947:91 [ref. 12876], Boeseman 1964:466, Fig. 14 [ref. 20805]. Formerly considered a subspecies until raised to specific status by Collette 1999 [ref. 23936] and Collette et al. 2001 [ref. 25629]. •Synonym of Thunnus thynnus (Linnaeus 1758), but a valid subspecies -- (Gibbs & Collette 1967:117 [ref. 13640], Lindberg & Krasyukova 1975:268 [ref. 7348], Collette & Smith 1981 [ref. 21091], Collette in Whitehead et al. 1986:997 [ref. 13676], Scott & Scott 1988:462 [ref. 25518], McAllister 1990:180 [ref. 14674], Collette in Fischer et al. 1995:1542 [ref. 22830], De La Cruz Agüero et al. 1997:274 [ref. 24545], Parin 2003:S30 [ref. 28536]). •Valid as Thunnus orientalis (Temminck & Schlegel 1844) -- (Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:398 [ref. 24555], Sokolovskaya et al. 1998:14 [ref. 24670], Collette 1999:163 [ref. 23936], Mishra et al. 1999:89 [ref. 25315], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:811 [ref. 25968], Collette et al. 2001:3 [ref. 25629], Collette 2003:1857 [ref. 27087], Collette 2003:15 [ref. 27312], Nelson et al. 2004:176 [ref. 27807], Mundy 2005:508 [ref. 28379], Page et al. 2013:182 [ref. 32708], Parin et al. 2014:515 [ref. 33547], Roberts 2015:1638 [ref. 34193], Collette in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2914 [ref. 34618], Fourriére et al. 2016:459 [ref. 34668]). Current status: Valid as Thunnus orientalis (Temminck & Schlegel 1844). Scombridae: Scombrinae. Distribution: Philippines and southern Okhotsk Sea east to eastern Pacific from Gulf of Alaska to California (U.S.A.) and Revillagigedo Archipelago (Mexico), south to Hawaiian Islands. Habitat: marine.

pacificus, Orcynus Cooper [J. G.] 1863:75, Fig. 19 [Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences (Series 1) v. 3 (sig. 5); ref. 905] Southern coast of California, U.S.A. Holotype (unique): [ex Calif. State Coll. 1033] (whereabouts unknown). Secondarily preoccupied in Thunnus by Thynnus pacificus Cuvier 1832. •Synonym of Thunnus alalunga (Bonnaterre 1788) -- (Gibbs & Collette 1967:100 [ref. 13640], Collette & Nauen 1983:81 [ref. 5375], Collette 1990:991 [ref. 19476], Collette 2003:14 [ref. 27312]). Current status: Synonym of Thunnus alalunga (Bonnaterre 1788). Scombridae: Scombrinae. Habitat: marine.

pacificus, Thynnus Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1832:133 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 8; ref. 1000] Indian Ocean. Syntypes: MNHN A-6862 (1) Indian seas. Type catalog: Bauchot & Blanc 1961:377 [ref. 20733] and Blanc & Bauchot 1964:456, Fig. 37 [ref. 20804] as holotype; Collette 1966:373 [ref. 14641]. Based on Scomber germo Lacepède 1800 (ex Commerson manuscript) and a specimen; not regarded as a replacement name. Collette 1966:373 [ref. 14641] treated as a replacement name. •Synonym of Thunnus alalunga (Bonnaterre 1788) -- (Gibbs & Collette 1967:99 [ref. 13640], Collette 1990:991 [ref. 19476], Collette 2003:14 [ref. 27312]). Current status: Synonym of Thunnus alalunga (Bonnaterre 1788). Scombridae: Scombrinae. Habitat: marine.

paiuy, Scomber Basilewsky [S.] 1855:224 [Nouveaux mémoires de la Société impériale des naturalistes de Moscou v. 10; ref. 200] Oriental Sea. No types at ZIN. Originally as Scomber Pa-iuy. •Incertae sedis in Scombridae -- (Collette 2003:21 [ref. 27312]). Scombridae: Scombrinae. Habitat: marine.

palamitus, Scomber Rafinesque [C. S.] 1810:44, Pl. 2 (fig. 2) [Caratteri di alcuni nuovi generi e nuove specie di animali e piante della Sicilia; ref. 3594] Palermo, Sicily, Italy, Mediterranean Sea. No types known. Also appeared in Rafinesque 1810:20 [ref. 3595]. •Synonym of Sarda sarda (Bloch 1793) -- (Postel 1973:475 [ref. 7208], Collette & Chao 1975:607 [ref. 5573], Collette & Nauen 1983:53 [ref. 5375], Collette 1990:985 [ref. 19476], Collette 2003:8 [ref. 27312], Parin et al. 2014:512 [ref. 33547]). Current status: Synonym of Sarda sarda (Bloch 1793). Scombridae: Scombrinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

pelamides, Scomber Lacepède [B. G. E.] 1801:14 [Histoire naturelle des poissons (Lacepéde) v. 3; ref. 2710] Pacific and Atlantics. No types known. Unnecessary replacement name for Scomber pelamis Linnaeus 1758. Also appeared in Sonnini 1803:284, 335 (vol. 7) [ref. 30473]. •Synonym of Katsuwonus pelamis (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Collette & Nauen 1983:42 [ref. 5375], Collette 1990:982 [ref. 19476], Collette 2003:6 [ref. 27312]). Current status: Synonym of Katsuwonus pelamis (Linnaeus 1758). Scombridae: Scombrinae. Habitat: marine.

pelamis, Scomber Brünnich [M. T.] 1768:68 [Ichthyologia Massiliensis, sistens piscium descriptiones eorumque apud incolas nomina; ref. 17290] Adriatic Sea (Mediterranean Sea). No types known. Perhaps not intended as new as the diagnosis agrees with Scomber pelamis Linnaeus 1758, but counts differ. Objectively invalid; preoccupied by Scomber pelamis Linnaeus 1758 (= Katsuwonus pelamis). •Synonym of Sarda sarda (Bloch 1793) -- (Postel 1973:475 [ref. 7208], Collette & Chao 1975:607 [ref. 5573], Collette 1990:984 [ref. 19476], Collette 2003:8 [ref. 27312]). Current status: Synonym of Sarda sarda (Bloch 1793). Scombridae: Scombrinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

pelamis, Scomber Linnaeus [C.] 1758:297 [Systema Naturae, Ed. X v. 1; ref. 2787] Pelagic, between the tropics. No types known. Spelled pelamys in early literature. •Valid as Euthynnus pelamis (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:272 [ref. 9277], Robins & Ray 1986:262 [ref. 23100]). •Valid as Katsuwonus pelamis (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Postel 1973:471 [ref. 7208], Lindberg & Krasyukova 1975:279 [ref. 7348], Kyushin et al. 1977:310 [ref. 19756], Collette & Nauen 1983:42 [ref. 5375], Dor 1984:262 [ref. 29757], Nakamura in Masuda et al. 1984:226 [ref. 6441], Collette in Whitehead et al. 1986:986 [ref. 13676], Collette 1986:834 [ref. 5647], Allen & Swainston 1988:142 [ref. 25477], Scott & Scott 1988:450 [ref. 25518], Pequeño 1989:67 [ref. 14125], Paulin et al. 1989:230 [ref. 24556], Winterbottom et al. 1989:65 [ref. 13251], McAllister 1990:179 [ref. 14674], Randall et al. 1990:443 [ref. 15987], Collette 1990:982 [ref. 19476], Boschung 1992:168 [ref. 23239], Cervigón 1992:416 [ref. 23827], Kuiter 1993:378 [ref. 23929], Bianchi & Carpenter in Bianchi et al. 1993:172 [ref. 25472], Cervigón 1994:245 [ref. 24488], Gomon et al. 1994:822 [ref. 22532], Allen & Robertson 1994:277 [ref. 22193], Goren & Dor 1994:70 [ref. 25356], Collette in Fischer et al. 1995:1532 [ref. 22830], Randall 1995:373 [ref. 22896], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:505 [ref. 27969], Santos et al. 1997:107 [ref. 23531], Allen 1997:230 [ref. 23977], Chen et al. 1997:161 [ref. 26476], Grove & Lavenberg 1997:584 [ref. 24023], Arruda 1997:100 [ref. 24952], Randall et al. 1997:443 [ref. 25919], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:397 [ref. 24555], Sokolovskaya et al. 1998:14 [ref. 24670], Fricke 1999:564 [ref. 24106], Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:331 [ref. 25013], Afonso et al. 1999:80 [ref. 25466], Johnson 1999:751 [ref. 25471], Randall 1999:29 [ref. 25829], Collette in Randall & Lim 2000:643 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:1348 [ref. 25182], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:482 [ref. 25191], Schmitter-Soto et al. 2000:169 [ref. 27754], Collette 2001:3736 [ref. 26305], Collette et al. 2001:3 [ref. 25629], Hutchins 2001:45 [ref. 25847], Bilecenoglu et al. 2002:142 [ref. 26753], Collette in Collette & Klein-MacPhee 2002:519 [ref. 26158], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:807 [ref. 25968], Nakabo 2002:1348 [ref. 26193], Youn 2002:418, 673 [ref. 26218], Collette et al. 2003:125 [ref. 26784], Collette 2003:1846 [ref. 27087], Collette 2003:5 [ref. 27312], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S121 [ref. 27377], Myers & Donaldson 2003:648 [ref. 27495], Menezes in Menezes et al. 2003:102 [ref. 27192], Matsuura et al. in Kimura & Matsuura 2003:211 [ref. 27510], Parin 2003:S28 [ref. 28536], Lobel & Lobel 2004:77 [ref. 27576], Randall et al. 2004:30 [ref. 27624], Nelson et al. 2004:176 [ref. 27807], Heemstra et al. 2004:3331 [ref. 27945], Mundy 2005:505 [ref. 28379], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:778 [ref. 28815], Bray et al. 2006:1773 [ref. 29091], Fricke et al. 2007:110 [ref. 29533], Wirtz et al. 2007:41 [ref. 30263], Gomon 2008:785 [ref. 30616], Fricke et al. 2009:112 [ref. 30213], McCosker & Rosenblatt 2010:194 [ref. 30957], Motomura et al. 2010:230 [ref. 31256], Page et al. 2013:181 [ref. 32708], Wirtz et al. 2013:134 [ref. 32972], Larson et al. 2013:218 [ref. 32988], Smith-Vaniz & Jelks 2014:83 [ref. 33341], Wirtz et al. 2014:11 [ref. 33516], Parin et al. 2014:512 [ref. 33547], Fricke et al. 2014:187 [ref. 33932], Psomadakis et al. 2015:314 [ref. 34104], Roberts 2015:1631 [ref. 34193], Pinheiro et al. 2015:32 [ref. 34324], Collette in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2905 [ref. 34618], Fourriére et al. 2016:459 [ref. 34668], Del Moral-Flores et al. 2016:611 [ref. 34923]). Current status: Valid as Katsuwonus pelamis (Linnaeus 1758). Scombridae: Scombrinae. Distribution: Circumglobal in tropical through warm temperate seas, including Mediterranean Sea, Red Sea. Habitat: marine.

pelamys, Scomber Cornide [J.] 1788:250 [Ensayo de una historia de los peces y otras producciones marinas de la costa de Galicia; ref. 5057] Not available; a misspelling of Scomber pelamis Linnaeus 1758. •Unavailable species-group name -- (Collette 2003:22 [ref. 27312]). Scombridae: Scombrinae.

pelei, Auxis Griffith [E.] & Smith [C. H.] 1834:opp. 182, Pl. 64 (fig. 3) [The class Pisces, arranged by the Baron Cuvier; ref. 1908] No locality stated. Forgotten but available name. Not used as valid after 1899; therefore reversal of priority (according to ICZN Art. 23.9) in favor of Rastrelliger faughni Matsui 1967. •In the synonymy of Rastrelliger faughni Matsui 1967. Current status: Synonym of Rastrelliger faughni Matsui 1967. Scombridae: Scombrinae. Habitat: marine.

peregrinus, Thynnus Collett [R.] 1879:20, Pl. 1 [Forhandlinger i Videnskabs-selskabet i Christiania (for 1879) No. 1; ref. 21044] Oslo, Norway. Lectotype: ZMUO J4632. Paralectotypes: ZMUO J4631 (1). Lectotype selected by Collette & Chao 1975:595 [ref. 5573]. •Synonym of Orcynopsis unicolor (Geoffroy St. Hilaire 1817) -- (Collette & Chao 1975:593 [ref. 5573], Collette 1990:983 [ref. 19476], Collette 2003:6 [ref. 27312]). Current status: Synonym of Orcynopsis unicolor (Geoffroy St. Hilaire 1817). Scombridae: Scombrinae. Habitat: marine.

peruanus, Pneumatophorus Jordan [D. S.] & Hubbs [C. L.] 1925:211 [Memoirs of the Carnegie Museum v. 10 (no. 2); ref. 2486] Bay of Callao, Peru. Holotype: FMNH 58739 [ex CM 7847]. Paratypes: CAS-SU 6218 (2). Type catalog: Henn 1928:89 [ref. 12305], Böhlke 1953:104-105 [ref. 12291], Ibarra & Stewart 1987:67 [ref. 12367]). •Synonym of Scomber japonicus Houttuyn 1782, but a valid subspecies -- (Pequeño 1989:67 [ref. 14125], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:396 [ref. 24555]). •Synonym of Scomber japonicus Houttuyn 1782 -- (Collette & Nauen 1983:56 [ref. 5375], Collette 1990:987 [ref. 19476], Collette in Fischer et al. 1995:1536 [ref. 22830], Collette 2003:9 [ref. 27312]). Current status: Synonym of Scomber japonicus Houttuyn 1782. Scombridae: Scombrinae. Habitat: marine.

petus, Cybium Poey [F.] 1860:234, Pl. 16 (fig. 1) [Memorias sobre la historia natural de la Isla de Cuba v. 2; ref. 3499] Havana, Cuba. No types known. •Synonym of Acanthocybium solandri (Cuvier 1832) -- (Collette & Nauen 1983:25 [ref. 5375], Collette 1990:978 [ref. 19476], Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:329 [ref. 25013], Collette 2003:2 [ref. 27312]). Current status: Synonym of Acanthocybium solandri (Cuvier 1832). Scombridae: Scombrinae. Habitat: marine.

phillipsi, Thunnus Jordan [D. S.] & Evermann [B. W.] 1926:13, Pl. 2 (fig. 4) [Occasional Papers California Academy of Sciences v. 12; ref. 15593] Bay of Islands, New Zealand. Holotype (unique): CAS 596 (photograph only). Original states that the type is CAS 596, a photograph of a mounted specimen. •Synonym of Thunnus maccoyii (Castelnau 1872) -- (Gibbs & Collette 1967:115 [ref. 13640], Collette & Nauen 1983:87 [ref. 5375], Nakamura 1990:404 [ref. 21700], Collette 2003:15 [ref. 27312]). Current status: Synonym of Thunnus maccoyii (Castelnau 1872). Scombridae: Scombrinae. Habitat: marine.

piersoni, Nesogrammus Evermann [B. W.] & Seale [A.] 1907:61, Fig. 3 [Bulletin of the Bureau of Fisheries v. 26 (Doc. 607) (for 1906); ref. 1285] Bulan, Sorsogon Province, Philippines. Holotype (unique): USNM 55899. •Synonym of Grammatorcynus bilineatus (Rüppell 1836) -- (Collette 1983:715 [ref. 5220], Collette & Nauen 1983:37 [ref. 5375], Collette & Gillis 1992 [ref. 19794], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:505 [ref. 27969], Collette 2001:37334 [ref. 26305], Collette 2003:5 [ref. 27312]). Current status: Synonym of Grammatorcynus bilineatus (Rüppell 1836). Scombridae: Scombrinae. Habitat: marine.

plumierii, Scomberomorus Lacepède [B. G. E.] 1801:292, 293 [Histoire naturelle des poissons (Lacepéde) v. 3; ref. 2710] Martinique Island, West Indies. No types known. •Synonym of Scomberomorus regalis (Bloch 1793) -- (Collette & Nauen 1983:75 [ref. 5375], Collette 2003:12 [ref. 27312]). Current status: Synonym of Scomberomorus regalis (Bloch 1793). Scombridae: Scombrinae. Habitat: marine.

plurilineatus, Scomberomorus Fourmanoir [P.] 1966:223, Fig. 1 [Bulletin du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle (Série 2) v. 38 (no. 3); ref. 9030] Near Nosy Be [Nossi-Bé], Madagascar. Holotype (unique): apparently discarded. •Valid as Scomberomorus plurilineatus Fourmanoir 1966 -- (van der Elst & Collette 1984 [ref. 21057], Collette & Nauen 1983:73 [ref. 5375], Collette & Russo 1985:652 [ref. 5221], Collette 1986:836 [ref. 5647], Collette et al. 2001:2 [ref. 25629], Collette 2003:12 [ref. 27312], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:420 [ref. 28072]). Current status: Valid as Scomberomorus plurilineatus Fourmanoir 1966. Scombridae: Scombrinae. Distribution: Western Indian Ocean from Kenya and Zanzibar, the west coast of Madagascar, and the Seychelle Islands south to South Africa. Habitat: marine.

pneumatophorus, Scomber Delaroche [F. E.] 1809:334 [48] [Annales du Muséum d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris v. 13; ref. 17380] [Iviça] Ibiza, Baleares Islands, Spain, western Mediterranean Sea. Holotype (unique): MNHN A-5284. Type catalog: Bauchot & Blanc 1961:375 [ref. 20733], Blanc & Bauchot 1964:452, Fig. 28 [ref. 20804], Collette 1966:364 [ref. 14641]. On p. 48 of separate. •Synonym of Scomber japonicus Houttuyn 1782 -- (Postel 1973:466 [ref. 7208], Collette & Nauen 1983:56 [ref. 5375], Collette 1990:986 [ref. 19476]). •Synonym of Scomber colias Gmelin 1789 -- (Collette 2003:8 [ref. 27312]). Current status: Synonym of Scomber colias Gmelin 1789. Scombridae: Scombrinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

ponticus, Scomber Pallas [P. S.] 1814:217 [Zoographia Rosso-Asiatica v. 3; ref. 3351] Black Sea, Crimea. No types known. •Synonym of Sarda sarda (Bloch 1793) -- (Collette & Chao 1975:607 [ref. 5573], Collette & Nauen 1983:53 [ref. 5375], Collette 1990:985 [ref. 19476], Collette 2003:8 [ref. 27312], Parin 2003:S29 [ref. 28536]). Current status: Synonym of Sarda sarda (Bloch 1793). Scombridae: Scombrinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

punctatus, Scomber Couch [J.] 1849:xxix, Fig. [The Zoologist: a Popular Miscellany of Natural History. v. 7 (Appendix, art. 4); ref. 18051] Looe, Cornish coast, England. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. Also in Trans. Nat. Hist. Soc. Penzance, v. 1:352-355, Pl. 3 (fig. 1). •Synonym of Scomber scombrus Linnaeus 1758 -- (Postel 1973:465 [ref. 7208] with 1867 date, Collette 1990:988 [ref. 19476], Collette 2003:9 [ref. 27312]). Current status: Synonym of Scomber scombrus Linnaeus 1758. Scombridae: Scombrinae. Habitat: marine.

quadripunctatus, Scomber Geoffroy St. Hilaire [E.] 1817:no page number, Pl. 24 (fig. 5) [Poissons du Nil v. 1 (part 1); ref. 4184] Red Sea. No types known. •Valid as Euthynnus quadripunctatus (Geoffroy St. Hilaire 1817) -- (Postel 1973:471 [ref. 7208]). •Synonym of Euthynnus alletteratus (Rafinesque 1810) -- (Collette & Nauen 1983:34 [ref. 5375], Collette 1990:981 [ref. 19476], Bilecenoglu et al. 2002:141 [ref. 26753], Collette 2003:4 [ref. 27312], Collette in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2904 [ref. 34618]). Current status: Synonym of Euthynnus alletteratus (Rafinesque 1810). Scombridae: Scombrinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

queenslandicus, Scomberomorus (Cybium) Munro [I. S. R.] 1943:82, Pls. 7 (fig. B), 8 (fig. 1) [Memoirs of the Queensland Museum v. 12 (pt 2); ref. 3056] Cape Cleveland, northern Queensland, Australia. Holotype (unique): QM I.6588. •Valid as Scomberomorus queenslandicus Munro 1943 -- (Collette & Russo 1980:249 [ref. 8727], Collette & Nauen 1983:74 [ref. 5375], Collette & Russo 1985:654 [ref. 5221], Allen & Swainston 1988:144 [ref. 25477], Randall et al. 1990:448 [ref. 15987], Allen 1997:232 [ref. 23977], Larson & Williams 1997:373 [ref. 23967], Randall et al. 1997:448 [ref. 25919], Johnson 1999:751 [ref. 25471], Collette 2001:3749 [ref. 26305], Collette et al. 2001:2 [ref. 25629], Hutchins 2001:45 [ref. 25847], Collette 2003:12 [ref. 27312], Bray et al. 2006:1776 [ref. 29091], Larson et al. 2013:219 [ref. 32988]). Current status: Valid as Scomberomorus queenslandicus Munro 1943. Scombridae: Scombrinae. Distribution: Australia and southern Papua New Guinea. Habitat: brackish, marine.

ramsayi, Auxis Castelnau [F. L.] 1879:382 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 3 (pt 4); ref. 764] Sydney market, New South Wales, Australia. Holotype (unique): MNHN A-1241. Type catalog: Bauchot & Blanc 1961:375 [ref. 20733], Blanc & Bauchot 1964:453 [ref. 20804] as ramsezi, Collette 1966:371 [ref. 14641]. •Synonym of Auxis rochei (Risso 1810) -- (Collette & Aadland 1996:437 [ref. 22199], Bray et al. 2006:1769 [ref. 29091]). •Synonym of Auxis rochei (Risso 1810), subspecies rochei -- (Collette 2003:3 [ref. 27312]). Current status: Synonym of Auxis rochei (Risso 1810). Scombridae: Scombrinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

rarus, Thunnus Kishinouye [K.] 1915:28 [12], Pl. 1 (fig. 13) [Suisan Gakkai Ho v. 1 (no. 1); ref. 18416] Tokyo market, Japan. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. On p. 12 of English translation. Also appeared in Kishinouye 1923:448, figs. 24, 48 and 64 [ref. 2609]. •Synonym of Thunnus tonggol (Bleeker 1851) -- (Gibbs & Collette 1967:120 [ref. 13640], Lindberg & Krasyukova 1975:274 [ref. 7348], Collette & Nauen 1983:92 [ref. 5375], Collette 2003:15 [ref. 27312]). Current status: Synonym of Thunnus tonggol (Bleeker 1851). Scombridae: Scombrinae. Habitat: marine.

reani, Scomber Day [F.] 1871:690 [14] [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1870 (pt 3); ref. 1078] Andaman Islands, east of Bay of Bengal. Syntypes: AMS B.8140 (1); ZSI 1841 (1), B.109 (1). Type catalog: Whitehead & Talwar 1976:162 [ref. 23762], Ferraris et al. 2000:301 [ref. 25110]. On p. 14 of separate. •Synonym of Rastrelliger kanagurta (Cuvier 1816) -- (Collette & Nauen 1983:48 [ref. 5375], Collette 2003:7 [ref. 27312]). Current status: Synonym of Rastrelliger kanagurta (Cuvier 1816). Scombridae: Scombrinae. Habitat: marine.

regalis, Scomber Bloch [M. E.] 1793:38, Pl. 333 [Naturgeschichte der ausländischen Fische v. 7; ref. 4868] Martinique, West Indies. No types known. On p. 31 of Bloch's Ichthyologie, v. 10 [ref. 21381]. Bauchot & Blanc 1961:372 [ref. 20733] list "neosyntypes" based on treatment by Cuvier in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1831:184 [ref. 1000]; Bloch's holotype destroyed; Collette 1966:367 [ref. 14641] correctly recognized them as non-types. •Valid as Scomberomorus regalis (Bloch 1793) -- (Collette & Nauen 1983:75 [ref. 5375], Collette & Russo 1985:657 [ref. 5221], Robins & Ray 1986:260 [ref. 23100], Cervigón 1992:417 [ref. 23827], Cervigón 1994:254 [ref. 24488], Banford et al. 1999:597 [ref. 23912], Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:463 [ref. 24550], Schmitter-Soto et al. 2000:169 [ref. 27754], Collette et al. 2001:2 [ref. 25629], Camargo & Isaac 2001:143 [ref. 27639], Collette in Collette & Klein-MacPhee 2002:531 [ref. 26158], Collette 2003:1852 [ref. 27087], Collette 2003:12 [ref. 27312], Menezes in Menezes et al. 2003:103 [ref. 27192], Smith et al. 2003:67 [ref. 27621], Nelson et al. 2004:176 [ref. 27807], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:783 [ref. 28815], Page et al. 2013:182 [ref. 32708], Smith-Vaniz & Jelks 2014:83 [ref. 33341]). Current status: Valid as Scomberomorus regalis (Bloch 1793). Scombridae: Scombrinae. Distribution: Western Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

rocheanus, Thynnus Risso [A.] 1827:417 [Histoire naturelle des principales productions de l'Europe méridionale v. 3; ref. 3757] Nice, France, northwestern Mediterranean Sea. Holotype: MNHN A-5808. An unneeded new name for and objective synonym of Scomber rochei Risso 1810 because of reference to "Riss., Ichthyol., 165, 3." following the description. •Synonym of Auxis rochei (Risso 1810) -- (Postel 1973:470 [ref. 7208], Collette & Nauen 1983:29 [ref. 5375], Collette & Aadland 1996:436 [ref. 22199]). •Synonym of Auxis rochei (Risso 1810), subspecies rochei -- (Collette 2003:3 [ref. 27312]). Current status: Synonym of Auxis rochei (Risso 1810). Scombridae: Scombrinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

rochei, Scomber Risso [A.] 1810:165 [Ichthyologie de Nice; ref. 3755] Nice, France, northwestern Mediterranean Sea. Holotype: MNHN A-5808. Motomura et al. 2010:230 [ref. 31256] Spelled rocheanus in Risso 1827:417 [ref. 3757]. Two subspecies: rochei and eudorax. •Valid as Auxis rochei (Risso 1810), subspecies rochei (Risso 1810) -- (Collette in Randall & Lim 2000:643 [ref. 25122], Collette 2001:3729 [ref. 26305], Collette et al. 2001:3 [ref. 25629], Collette in Collette & Klein-MacPhee 2002:517 [ref. 26158], Collette 2003:1843 [ref. 27087], Collette 2003:2-3 [ref. 27312], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S121 [ref. 27377], Parin 2003:S28 [ref. 28536], Mundy 2005:504 [ref. 28379], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:775 [ref. 28815], Randall 2007:447 [ref. 30952], Gomon 2008:783 [ref. 30616], Fricke et al. 2009:111 [ref. 30213], Motomura et al. 2010:230 [ref. 31256], Page et al. 2013:181 [ref. 32708], Wirtz et al. 2013:134 [ref. 32972], Wirtz et al. 2014:10 [ref. 33516], Parin et al. 2014:511 [ref. 33547], Roberts 2015:1628 [ref. 34193]). •Valid as Auxis rochei (Risso 1810) -- (Postel 1973:470 [ref. 7208], Collette & Nauen 1983:29 [ref. 5375], Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:271 [ref. 9277], Nakamura in Masuda et al. 1984:225 [ref. 6441], Collette in Whitehead et al. 1986:984 [ref. 13676], Collette 1986:833 [ref. 5647], Robins & Ray 1986:261 [ref. 23100], Allen & Swainston 1988:144 [ref. 25477], Scott & Scott 1988:448 [ref. 25518], McAllister 1990:179 [ref. 14674], Randall et al. 1990:443 [ref. 15987], Collette 1990:979 [ref. 19476], Boschung 1992:168 [ref. 23239], Cervigón 1992:415 [ref. 23827], Cervigón 1994:242 [ref. 24488], Allen & Robertson 1994:277 [ref. 22193], Collette in Fischer et al. 1995:1529 [ref. 22830], Randall 1995:372 [ref. 22896], Collette & Aadland 1996:435 [ref. 22199], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:499 [ref. 27969], Santos et al. 1997:106 [ref. 23531], Pequeño 1997:84 [ref. 23536], Allen 1997:232 [ref. 23977], Carpenter et al. 1997:223 [ref. 23922], De La Cruz Agüero et al. 1997:271 [ref. 24545], Grove & Lavenberg 1997:581 [ref. 24023], Arruda 1997:99 [ref. 24952], Randall et al. 1997:443 [ref. 25919], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:396 [ref. 24555], Fricke 1999:563 [ref. 24106], Nakabo 2000:1347 [ref. 25182], Schmitter-Soto et al. 2000:169 [ref. 27754], Hutchins 2001:45 [ref. 25847], Bilecenoglu et al. 2002:141 [ref. 26753], Nakabo 2002:1347 [ref. 26193], Youn 2002:418, 672 [ref. 26218], Menezes in Menezes et al. 2003:102 [ref. 27192], Matsuura et al. in Kimura & Matsuura 2003:210 [ref. 27510], Nelson et al. 2004:176 [ref. 27807], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:416 [ref. 28072], Bray et al. 2006:1769 [ref. 29091], Fricke 2007:27 [ref. 30577], Fricke et al. 2007:110 [ref. 29533], Vasil'eva 2007:179 [ref. 30517], Larson et al. 2013:217 [ref. 32988], Psomadakis et al. 2015:313 [ref. 34104], Collette in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2902 [ref. 34618]). Current status: Valid as Auxis rochei (Risso 1810). Scombridae: Scombrinae. Distribution: Cosmopolitan in tropical through temperate seas (including western Baltic Sea, North Sea, Mediterranean Sea, Black Sea, Hawaiian Islands), but not eastern Pacific. Habitat: brackish, marine.

rosengarteni, Parathunnus Fowler [H. W.] 1934:354, Figs. 3-5 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 86; ref. 16421] Key Largo, Florida, U.S.A. Holotype (unique): ANSP 60174 (dry, mounted). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:152 [ref. 13621]. •Synonym of Thunnus atlanticus (Lesson 1831) -- (Gibbs & Collette 1967:107 [ref. 13640], Collette & Nauen 1983:85 [ref. 5375], Collette 2003:14 [ref. 27312]). Current status: Synonym of Thunnus atlanticus (Lesson 1831). Scombridae: Scombrinae. Habitat: marine.

saba, Scomber Bleeker [P.] 1854:405 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 6 (no. 2); ref. 13964] Nagasaki, Japan. Syntypes: RMNH 6035 (2). Type catalog: Boeseman 1964:463-464, Fig. 7 [ref. 20805]. •Synonym of Scomber japonicus Houttuyn 1782 -- (Collette & Nauen 1983:56 [ref. 5375], Collette 1990:987 [ref. 19476], Collette 2003:9 [ref. 27312]). Current status: Synonym of Scomber japonicus Houttuyn 1782. Scombridae: Scombrinae. Habitat: marine.

saliens, Thunnus Jordan [D. S.] & Evermann [B. W.] 1926:10, Pls. 1, 2 (figs. 1-3) [Occasional Papers California Academy of Sciences v. 12; ref. 15593] Off Santa Catalina Island, California, U.S.A. Holotype (unique): CAS 595 (photograph only). Original states that type is CAS 595, a photograph. •Synonym of Thunnus thynnus (Linnaeus 1758), subspecies orientalis (Temminck & Schlegel 1844) -- (Gibbs & Collette 1967:118 [ref. 13640], Collette & Nauen 1983:90 [ref. 5375]). •Synonym of Thunnus orientalis (Temminck & Schlegel 1844) -- (Mecklenburg et al. 2002:811 [ref. 25968], Collette 2003:15 [ref. 27312]). Current status: Synonym of Thunnus orientalis (Temminck & Schlegel 1844). Scombridae: Scombrinae. Habitat: marine.

sara, Cybium Lay [G. T.] & Bennett [E. T.] 1839:63, Pl. 20 (fig. 2) [The zoology of Captain Beechey's voyage; ref. 2730] Ryukyu Islands, Japan. Syntypes (2): not preserved. Based on a description and a sketch by Mr. Collie, and notes by Mr. Lay. •Synonym of Acanthocybium solandri (Cuvier 1832) -- (Collette & Nauen 1983:25 [ref. 5375], Collette 1990:978 [ref. 19476], Collette 2003:2 [ref. 27312], Bray et al. 2006:1768 [ref. 29091]). Current status: Synonym of Acanthocybium solandri (Cuvier 1832). Scombridae: Scombrinae. Habitat: marine.

sarda, Scomber Bloch [M. E.] 1793:44, Pl. 334 [Naturgeschichte der ausländischen Fische v. 7; ref. 4868] Europe. Lectotype: whereabouts unknown. Lectotype selected by Fricke 1999:48 [ref. 24101] as [the specimen illustrated in] Pl. 334 in the original description [specimen not in existence]. On p. 35 of Bloch's Ichthyologie, v. 10 [ref. 21381]. •Valid as Sarda sarda (Bloch 1793) -- (Postel 1973:475 [ref. 7208], Collette & Chao 1975:604 [ref. 5573], Collette & Nauen 1983:53 [ref. 5375], Collette in Whitehead et al. 1986:989 [ref. 13676], Collette 1986:835 [ref. 5647], Robins & Ray 1986:260 [ref. 23100], Scott & Scott 1988:451 [ref. 25518], McAllister 1990:179 [ref. 14674], Collette 1990:984 [ref. 19476], Boschung 1992:169 [ref. 23239], Cervigón 1992:416 [ref. 23827], Bianchi & Carpenter in Bianchi et al. 1993:172 [ref. 25472], Cervigón 1994:246 [ref. 24488], Murdy et al. 1997:183 [ref. 23144], Santos et al. 1997:107 [ref. 23531], Arruda 1997:100 [ref. 24952], Aguilera 1998:53 [ref. 24221], Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:331 [ref. 25013], Fricke 1999:48 [ref. 24101], Cousseau & Perrotta 2000:138 [ref. 25942], Collette et al. 2001:3 [ref. 25629], Bilecenoglu et al. 2002:142 [ref. 26753], Collette in Collette & Klein-MacPhee 2002:520 [ref. 26158], Collette 2003:1847 [ref. 27087], Collette 2003:8 [ref. 27312], Menezes in Menezes et al. 2003:103 [ref. 27192], Parin 2003:S29 [ref. 28536], Nelson et al. 2004:176 [ref. 27807], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:418 [ref. 28072], Vassilev & Pehlivanov 2005:181 [ref. 28369], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:779 [ref. 28815], Fricke et al. 2007:110 [ref. 29533], Vasil'eva 2007:180 [ref. 30517], Ninua & Japoshvili 2008:173 [ref. 31251] as sadra, Page et al. 2013:181 [ref. 32708], Wirtz et al. 2013:134 [ref. 32972], Parin et al. 2014:512 [ref. 33547], Collette in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2907 [ref. 34618]). Current status: Valid as Sarda sarda (Bloch 1793). Scombridae: Scombrinae. Distribution: Mediterranean Sea, Black Sea, Atlantic and southwestern Indian Ocean. Habitat: brackish, marine.

schlegeli, Pelamys McCoy [F.] 1888:207, Pl. 155 [Prodromus of the zoology of Victoria; figures and descriptions of the living species of all classes of the Victorial indigenous animals.; ref. 17756] Port Phillip, Victoria, Australia. Holotype (unique): NMV 52626 (dry, right side). •Synonym of Sarda australis (Macleay 1881) -- (Collette & Chao 1975:598 [ref. 5573], Collette & Nauen 1983:50 [ref. 5375], Collette 2003:7 [ref. 27312], Bray et al. 2006:1774 [ref. 29091]). Current status: Synonym of Sarda australis (Macleay 1881). Scombridae: Scombrinae. Habitat: marine.

schlegelii, Orcynus Steindachner [F.] in Steindachner & Döderlein 1884:178 [10], Pl. 3 (fig. 1) [Denkschriften der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften in Wien, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe. v. 49 (1. Abth.); ref. 4248] Tokyo, Japan. Holotype (unique): NMW (not found). Genus misspelled as Orcinus on figure-caption page (p. 212 [44]). •Synonym of Thunnus thynnus (Linnaeus 1758), subspecies orientalis Temminck & Schlegel 1844 -- (Gibbs & Collette 1967:117 [ref. 13640], Lindberg & Krasyukova 1975:268 [ref. 7348], Collette & Nauen 1983:90 [ref. 5375]). •Synonym of Thunnus orientalis (Temminck & Schlegel 1844) -- (Collette 2003:15 [ref. 27312]). Current status: Synonym of Thunnus orientalis (Temminck & Schlegel 1844). Scombridae: Scombrinae. Habitat: marine.

scomber, Scomber See account of Scomber scombrus Linnaeus 1758. Scombridae: Scombrinae.

scombrus, Scomber Linnaeus [C.] 1758:297 [Systema Naturae, Ed. X v. 1; ref. 2787] Atlantic. Lectotype: ZMUU Linn. Coll. 94. Paralectotypes: BMNH 1853.11.12.28 [Gronovius coll.] (1, skin). Type catalog: Lönnberg 1896:44 [ref. 23530], Wheeler 1958:232 [ref. 13434]. The spelling "Scomber scomber" in Linnaeus 1766:492 [ref. 2786] and by other authors is a misspelling or unjustified emendation. Lectotype established in Postel 1973:465 [ref. 7208] by use of "Type: ZMU no. 94..." •Valid as Scomber scombrus Linnaeus 1758 -- (Collette & Nauen 1983:58 [ref. 5375], Smith 1986:445 [ref. 22186], Collette in Whitehead et al. 1986:991 [ref. 13676], Robins & Ray 1986:260 [ref. 23100], Scott & Scott 1988:452 [ref. 25518], McAllister 1990:179 [ref. 14674], Collette 1990:988 [ref. 19476], Murdy et al. 1997:180 [ref. 23144], Arruda 1997:101 [ref. 24952], Baker & Collette 1998:29 [ref. 23350], Collette et al. 2001:2 [ref. 25629], Bilecenoglu et al. 2002:144 [ref. 26753], Collette in Collette & Klein-MacPhee 2002:523 [ref. 26158], Roe et al. 2002:903 [ref. 26504], Collette 2003:9 [ref. 27312], Parin 2003:S29 [ref. 28536], Nelson et al. 2004:176 [ref. 27807], Fricke 2007:27 [ref. 30577], Fricke et al. 2007:111 [ref. 29533], Vasil'eva 2007:181 [ref. 30517], Ninua & Japoshvili 2008:173 [ref. 31251], Mecklenburg et al. 2011:131 [ref. 31212], Page et al. 2013:182 [ref. 32708], Parin et al. 2014:514 [ref. 33547], Collette in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2909 [ref. 34618], Abdussamad et al. 2016:8 [ref. 34790]). Current status: Valid as Scomber scombrus Linnaeus 1758. Scombridae: Scombrinae. Distribution: Arctic, Baltic Sea, North Sea, Mediterranean Sea, Black Sea, temperate waters of the North Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

scriptus, Scomber Couch [J.] 1863:84, Pl. 81 (fig. 2) [The history of the fishes of the British islands v. 2; ref. 18053] Great Britain. Syntypes: (3) whereabouts unknown. •Synonym of Scomber scombrus Linnaeus 1758 -- (Postel 1973:465 [ref. 7208], Collette & Nauen 1983:58 [ref. 5375], Collette 1990:988 [ref. 19476], Collette 2003:9 [ref. 27312]). Current status: Synonym of Scomber scombrus Linnaeus 1758. Scombridae: Scombrinae. Habitat: marine.

scutatus, Centrogaster Cabrera [A.], Pérez [L.] & Haenseler [F.] 1817:8 [Lista de los peces del mar de Andalucía; ref. 17319] Western Andalusia, near Cádiz, Spain, eastern Atlantic. Name only, not available. Possibly an unpublished work. See also Centrogaster scutatus Cabrera, Pérez & Haenseler in Graells 1887:182 [ref. 30438]. •In genus Auxis Cuvier 1829. Scombridae: Scombrinae.

scutatus, Centrogaster Cabrera, Pérez [A.] & Haenseler [F.] in Graells 1887:182 [Revista de los Progresos de las Ciencias Exactas, Fisicas y Naturales, Madrid v. 22 (no. 3); ref. 30438] Western Andalusia, near Cádiz, Spain, eastern Atlantic. Name only; not available. Name from Cabrera, Pérez & Haenseler 1817:8 [ref. 17319], possibly an unpublished work. •In genus Auxis Cuvier 1829. Scombridae: Scombrinae.

secundodorsalis, Thynnus Storer [D. H.] 1853:143, Pl. 12 (fig. 4) [Memoirs of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences (new series) v. 5 (pt 1, art. 8); ref. 18851] Cape Ann and Provincetown, Massachusetts, U.S.A. Syntypes: (2) whereabouts unknown. Originally as secundo-dorsalis. •Synonym of Thunnus thynnus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Gibbs & Collette 1967:117 [ref. 13640], Collette & Nauen 1983:90 [ref. 5375], Collette 1990:995 [ref. 19476], Collette 2003:14 [ref. 27312]). Current status: Synonym of Thunnus thynnus (Linnaeus 1758). Scombridae: Scombrinae. Habitat: marine.

semifasciatum, Cybium Macleay [W.] 1883:205 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 8 (pt 2); ref. 14342] Lower Burdekin River, Queensland, Australia. Holotype (unique): AMS I.18288. •Valid as Scomberomorus semifasciatus (Macleay 1883) -- (Collette & Russo 1980:249 [ref. 8727], Collette & Nauen 1983:76 [ref. 5375], Collette & Russo 1985:659 [ref. 5221], Allen & Swainston 1988:144 [ref. 25477], Randall et al. 1990:448 [ref. 15987], Allen 1997:232 [ref. 23977], Larson & Williams 1997:373 [ref. 23967], Randall et al. 1997:448 [ref. 25919], Johnson 1999:751 [ref. 25471], Collette 2001:3750 [ref. 26305] dated 1884, Collette et al. 2001:2 [ref. 25629], Hutchins 2001:45 [ref. 25847], Collette 2003:12 [ref. 27312], Bray et al. 2006:1776 [ref. 29091], Larson et al. 2013:219 [ref. 32988]). Current status: Valid as Scomberomorus semifasciatus (Macleay 1883). Scombridae: Scombrinae. Distribution: Australia and southern Papua New Guinea. Habitat: brackish, marine.

serventyi, Rastrelliger Whitley [G. P.] 1944:268 [Australian Zoologist v. 10 (pt 3); ref. 4705] Port Hedland, Western Australia. Holotype (unique): WAM P.181-001 [not P.18]. Type catalog: Hutchins & Smith 1991:43 [ref. 19335], Moore et al. 2008:50 [ref. 30117]. •Synonym of Rastrelliger kanagurta (Cuvier 1816) -- (Collette & Nauen 1983:48 [ref. 5375], Collette 2003:7 [ref. 27312], Bray et al. 2006:1773 [ref. 29091]). Current status: Synonym of Rastrelliger kanagurta (Cuvier 1816). Scombridae: Scombrinae. Habitat: marine.

serventyi, Sarda orientalis Whitley [G. P.] 1945:41 [Australian Zoologist v. 11 (pt 1); ref. 4707] Albany, Western Australia. Holotype: WAM P.3512. Paratypes: WAM P.2568 (1). Holotype figured in Whitley 1947:Pl. 11 (fig. 4) [ref. 4708]. •Synonym of Sarda orientalis (Temminck & Schlegel 1844) -- (Collette & Chao 1975:604 [ref. 5573], Collette & Nauen 1983:52 [ref. 5375], Collette 2003:8 [ref. 27312], Bray et al. 2006:1774 [ref. 29091]). Current status: Synonym of Sarda orientalis (Temminck & Schlegel 1844). Scombridae: Scombrinae. Habitat: marine.

sibi, Thynnus Temminck [C. J.] & Schlegel [H.] 1844:97, Pl. 50 [Fauna Japonica Parts 5-6; ref. 4372] Japan. Lectotype: RMNH D2327 (dry). Paralectotypes: RMNH D799 (1, dry). Type catalog: Boeseman 1964:465-466, Fig. 13 [ref. 20805]. Spelled sibi in main account (p. 97); as sibu in index (p. 318) and on plate 50. Lectotype selected by Boeseman 1947:93 [ref. 12876]. •Synonym of Thunnus obesus (Lowe 1839) -- (Gibbs & Collette 1967:109 [ref. 13640], Lindberg & Krasyukova 1975:271 [ref. 7348], Collette & Nauen 1983:88 [ref. 5375], Collette 1990:994 [ref. 19476], Collette 2001:3755 [ref. 26305], Collette 2003:1856 [ref. 27087], Collette 2003:15 [ref. 27312], Parin 2003:S30 [ref. 28536], Mundy 2005:507 [ref. 28379], Parin et al. 2014:515 [ref. 33547], Collette in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2913 [ref. 34618]). Current status: Synonym of Thunnus obesus (Lowe 1839). Scombridae: Scombrinae. Habitat: marine.

sierra, Scomberomorus Jordan [D. S.] & Starks [E. C.] in Jordan 1895:428 [Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences (Series 2) v. 5; ref. 2394] Mazatlán, Sinaloa, western Mexico. Lectotype: CAS-SU 1720. Paralectotypes: BMNH 1895.5.27.104 [from Jordan] (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:105 [ref. 12291]. Lectotype selected by Collette & Russo 1984:659 [ref. 5221]. •Valid as Scomberomorus sierra Jordan & Starks 1895 -- (Collette & Nauen 1983:77 [ref. 5375], Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:274 [ref. 9277], Collette & Russo 1985:662 [ref. 5221], Pequeño 1989:67 [ref. 14125], Allen & Robertson 1994:277 [ref. 22193], Bussing & López S. 1994:144 [ref. 23101], Collette in Fischer et al. 1995:1538 [ref. 22830], Banford et al. 1999:597 [ref. 23912], Grove & Lavenberg 1997:586 [ref. 24023], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:399 [ref. 24555], Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:463 [ref. 24550], Thomson et al. 2000:291 [ref. 25640], Collette et al. 2001:2 [ref. 25629], Collette 2003:1851 [ref. 27087], Collette 2003:12 [ref. 27312], Nelson et al. 2004:176 [ref. 27807], McCosker & Rosenblatt 2010:194 [ref. 30957], Page et al. 2013:182 [ref. 32708]). Current status: Valid as Scomberomorus sierra Jordan & Starks 1895. Scombridae: Scombrinae. Distribution: Eastern tropical Pacific from southern California to northern Chile and the Galápagos Islands. Habitat: marine.

sinensis, Scomber Lacepède [B. G. E.] 1800:599 [Histoire naturelle des poissons (Lacepéde) v. 2; ref. 2709] No locality stated [China]. No types known. Based on a Chinese drawing. Also in Lacepède 1801:23 [ref. 2710]. Also appeared in Sonnini 1803:285, 349 (vol. 7) [ref. 30473]. •Valid as Scomberomorus sinensis (Lacepède 1800) -- (Lindberg & Krasyukova 1975:288 [ref. 7348], Collette & Nauen 1983:78 [ref. 5375], Collette & Russo 1985:665 [ref. 5221], Nakamura in Masuda et al. 1984:225 [ref. 6441], Rainboth 1996:214 [ref. 22772], Cheng & Zhou 1997:352 [ref. 26385], Collette in Randall & Lim 2000:644 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:1351 [ref. 25182], Collette 2001:3751 [ref. 26305], Collette et al. 2001:2 [ref. 25629], Kottelat 2001:158 [ref. 25780], Nakabo 2002:1351 [ref. 26193], Youn 2002:418, 674 [ref. 26218], Collette 2003:12 [ref. 27312], Kottelat 2013:446 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Scomberomorus sinensis (Lacepède 1800). Scombridae: Scombrinae. Distribution: Western Pacific from Japan and China south to Vietnam and Cambodia where it enters the Mekong River. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

sloanei, Scomber Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1832:148 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 8; ref. 1000] Jamaica. No types known. Type catalog: Bauchot & Blanc 1961:375 [ref. 20733]. Based on preLinnaean Sloane 1707:11-12. Fig. 1. •Synonym of Thunnus albacares (Bonnaterre 1788) -- (Gibbs & Collette 1967:102 [ref. 13640], Collette & Nauen 1983:83 [ref. 5375], Collette 1990:992 [ref. 19476], Collette 2003:14 [ref. 27312]). Current status: Synonym of Thunnus albacares (Bonnaterre 1788). Scombridae: Scombrinae. Habitat: marine.

solandri, Cybium Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1832:192 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 8; ref. 1000] No locality stated. No types known. Type catalog: Bauchot & Blanc 1961:373 [ref. 20733], Blanc & Bauchot 1964:449 [ref. 20804]. Based on a drawing and description of Scomber lanceolatus in manuscript by Solander (Daniel Carlsson Solander, 1733-1782, Swedish botanist.). •Valid as Acanthocybium solandri (Cuvier 1832) -- (Postel 1973:474 [ref. 7208], Lindberg & Krasyukova 1975:293 [ref. 7348], Kyushin et al. 1977:318 [ref. 19756], Collette & Nauen 1983:25 [ref. 5375], Nakamura in Masuda et al. 1984:225 [ref. 6441], Collette in Whitehead et al. 1986:983 [ref. 13676], Collette 1986:832 [ref. 5647], Robins & Ray 1986:259 [ref. 23100] as solanderi, Allen & Swainston 1988:144 [ref. 25477], Pequeño 1989:67 [ref. 14125], Randall et al. 1990:443 [ref. 15987], Collette 1990:978 [ref. 19476], Boschung 1992:168 [ref. 23239], Cervigón 1992:414 [ref. 23827], Cervigón 1994:241 [ref. 24488], Allen & Robertson 1994:276 [ref. 22193], Azevedo & Heemstra 1995:3 [ref. 22269], Collette in Fischer et al. 1995:1528 [ref. 22830], Randall 1995:372 [ref. 22896], Allen 1997:232 [ref. 23977], Santos et al. 1997:106 [ref. 23531], Grove & Lavenberg 1997:580 [ref. 24023], Arruda 1997:99 [ref. 24952], Randall et al. 1997:443 [ref. 25919], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:397 [ref. 24555], Fricke 1999:562 [ref. 24106], Francis et al. 1999:578 [ref. 24249], Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:329 [ref. 25013], Afonso et al. 1999:79 [ref. 25466], Johnson 1999:751 [ref. 25471], Randall 1999:29 [ref. 25829], Collette in Randall & Lim 2000:643 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:1350 [ref. 25182], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:479 [ref. 25191], Randall & Earle 2000:20 [ref. 25806], Schmitter-Soto et al. 2000:168 [ref. 27754], Collette et al. 2001:2 [ref. 25629], Hutchins 2001:45 [ref. 25847], Collette 2001:3727 [ref. 26305], Camargo & Isaac 2001:143 [ref. 27639], Nakabo 2002:1350 [ref. 26193], Youn 2002:418, 672 [ref. 26218], Collette et al. 2003:125 [ref. 26784], Collette 2003:1842 [ref. 27087], Collette 2003:2 [ref. 27312], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S121 [ref. 27377], Myers & Donaldson 2003:648 [ref. 27495] dated 1831, Menezes in Menezes et al. 2003:102 [ref. 27192], Parin 2003:S28 [ref. 28536], Lobel & Lobel 2004:77 [ref. 27576] as solanderi dating to 1831, Randall et al. 2004:30 [ref. 27624] as Cuvier 1831, Nelson et al. 2004:176 [ref. 27807], Heemstra et al. 2004:3331 [ref. 27945], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:414 [ref. 28072], Pequeño 2004:96 [ref. 28123] dated 1831, Mundy 2005:504 [ref. 28379], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:774 [ref. 28815], Bray et al. 2006:1768 [ref. 29091], Wirtz et al. 2007:40 [ref. 30263], Randall 2007:446 [ref. 30952], Fricke et al. 2009:111 [ref. 30213], McCosker & Rosenblatt 2010:194 [ref. 30957] dated 1831, Motomura et al. 2010:230 [ref. 31256], Page et al. 2013:181 [ref. 32708], Wirtz et al. 2013:134 [ref. 32972] Larson et al. 2013:216 [ref. 32988], Smith-Vaniz & Jelks 2014:83 [ref. 33341], Wirtz et al. 2014:10 [ref. 33516], Parin et al. 2014:511 [ref. 33547], Delrieu-Trottin et al. 2015:8 [ref. 33988] dated 1831, Psomadakis et al. 2015:313 [ref. 34104], Roberts 2015:1626 [ref. 34193], Pinheiro et al. 2015:32 [ref. 34324], Collette in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2901 [ref. 34618], Fourriére et al. 2016:459 [ref. 34668], Del Moral-Flores et al. 2016:611 [ref. 34923]). Current status: Valid as Acanthocybium solandri (Cuvier 1832). Scombridae: Scombrinae. Distribution: Almost circumglobal in tropical through warm temperate seas, including Hawaiian Islands, straying to Mediterranean Sea. Habitat: marine.

steadi, Germo germon Whitley [G. P.] 1933:81, Pl. 11 (fig. 1) [Records of the Australian Museum v. 19 (no. 1); ref. 4677] New South Wales, Australia. Holotype: AMS IA.2457. Paratypes: AMS IA.47 (1, head & fins). •Synonym of Thunnus alalunga (Bonnaterre 1788) -- (Gibbs & Collette 1967:100 [ref. 13640], Collette & Nauen 1983:81 [ref. 5375], Collette 2003:14 [ref. 27312], Bray et al. 2006:1777 [ref. 29091]). Current status: Synonym of Thunnus alalunga (Bonnaterre 1788). Scombridae: Scombrinae. Habitat: marine.

subulatus, Orcynus Poey [F.] 1875:145 [71], Pl. 7 [3] (figs. 4-5) [Anales de la Sociedad Española de Historia Natural, Madrid v. 4 (for 13 Jan. 1875); ref. 3509] Cuba. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. On p. 71 of separate. •Synonym of Thunnus albacares (Bonnaterre 1788) -- (Gibbs & Collette 1967:102 [ref. 13640], Collette & Nauen 1983:83 [ref. 5375], Collette 1990:992 [ref. 19476], Collette 2003:14 [ref. 27312]). Current status: Synonym of Thunnus albacares (Bonnaterre 1788). Scombridae: Scombrinae. Habitat: marine.

talling, Scomber Walbaum [J. J.] 1792:222 [Petri Artedi sueci genera piscium Part 3; ref. 4572] Spanish Sea and Maldives. No types known. •Incertae sedis in Scombridae -- (Collette 2003:21 [ref. 27312]). Scombridae: Scombrinae. Habitat: marine.

tapeinocephalus, Scomber Bleeker [P.] 1854:407 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 6 (no. 2); ref. 13964] Nagasaki, Japan. Holotype (unique): RMNH 6041. Type catalog: Boeseman 1964:464, Fig. 8 [ref. 20805]. •Valid as Scomber tapeinocephalus Bleeker 1854 -- (Lindberg & Krasyukova 1975:284 [ref. 7348]). •Synonym of Scomber australasicus Cuvier 1832 -- (Collette & Nauen 1983:55 [ref. 5375], Youn 2002:673 [ref. 26218], Collette 2003:8 [ref. 27312], Parin 2003:S29 [ref. 28536], Parin et al. 2014:513 [ref. 33547]). Current status: Synonym of Scomber australasicus Cuvier 1832. Scombridae: Scombrinae. Habitat: marine.

tapeinosoma, Auxis Bleeker [P.] 1854:408 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 6 (no. 2); ref. 13964] Nagasaki, Japan. Holotype (unique): RMNH 6050. Type catalog: Boeseman 1964:465, Fig. 10 [ref. 20805]. •Valid as Auxis tapeinosoma Bleeker 1854 -- (Cheng & Zhou 1997:356 [ref. 26385]). •Synonym of Auxis thazard (Lacepède 1800), subspecies thazard -- (Collette 2001:3730 [ref. 26305], Collette 2003:1844 [ref. 27087], Collette 2003:3 [ref. 27312]). •Synonym of Auxis thazard (Lacepède 1800) -- (Collette & Nauen 1983:30 [ref. 5375], Collette 1990:980 [ref. 19476], Collette in Fischer et al. 1995:1530 [ref. 22830], Collette & Aadland 1996:431 [ref. 22199], Collette in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2903 [ref. 34618]). Current status: Synonym of Auxis thazard (Lacepède 1800). Scombridae: Scombrinae. Habitat: marine.

taso, Scomber Cuvier [G.] (ex Commerson) in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1832:146 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 8; ref. 1000] Near coasts of New Guinea at 6-7°S, western Pacific. No types known. •Synonym of Auxis thazard (Lacepède 1800) -- (Collette & Nauen 1983:30 [ref. 5375], Collette 1990:980 [ref. 19476], Collette & Aadland 1996:431 [ref. 22199]). •Synonym of Auxis thazard (Lacepède 1800), subspecies thazard -- (Collette 2003:3 [ref. 27312]). Current status: Synonym of Auxis thazard (Lacepède 1800). Scombridae: Scombrinae. Habitat: marine.

thazard, Scomber Lacepède [B. G. E.] (ex Commerson) 1800:599 [Histoire naturelle des poissons (Lacepéde) v. 2; ref. 2709] Kampung Loleba, Wasile District, Halmahera Island, Molucca Islands, Indonesia [Teluk Kaoe/Gulf of Kaoe, Halmahera Sea, western Pacific], 0°58'N, 127°56'E. Neotype: USNM 265418. Also in Lacepède 1801:9 [ref. 2710]. Neotype designated by Collette & Aadland 1996:432 [ref. 22199]. Two subspecies are recognized. Based on manuscript description by Commerson (Philibert Commerson, 1727-1773, French explorer and naturalist). Original type locality Nouvelle-Guinée (New Guinea). Also appeared in Sonnini 1803:284, 329 (vol. 7) [ref. 30473] •Valid as Auxis thazard (Lacepède 1800), subspecies thazard (Lacepède 1800) -- (Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:330 [ref. 25013], Collette in Randall & Lim 2000:643 [ref. 25122], Collette 2001:3730 [ref. 26305], Collette et al. 2001:3 [ref. 25629], Collette 2003:1844 [ref. 27087], Collette 2003:3 [ref. 27312], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S121 [ref. 27377], Myers & Donaldson 2003:648 [ref. 27495] dated 1831, Randall et al. 2004:30 [ref. 27624], Mundy 2005:504 [ref. 28379], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:776 [ref. 28815], Wirtz et al. 2007:40 [ref. 30263], Randall 2007:448 [ref. 30952], Fricke et al. 2009:111 [ref. 30213], Gomon 2008:784 [ref. 30616], Motomura et al. 2010:230 [ref. 31256], Page et al. 2013:181 [ref. 32708], Wirtz et al. 2013:134 [ref. 32972], Yoshida et al. 2013:203 [ref. 34464], Wirtz et al. 2014:11 [ref. 33516], Parin et al. 2014:511 [ref. 33547], Roberts 2015:1629 [ref. 34193]). •Valid as Auxis thazard (Lacepède 1800) -- (Lindberg & Krasyukova 1975:281 [ref. 7348], Collette & Nauen 1983:90 [ref. 5375], Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:271 [ref. 9277], Fujii in Uyeno et al. 1983:420 [ref. 14275], Dor 1984:261 [ref. 29757], Nakamura in Masuda et al. 1984:225 [ref. 6441], Robins & Ray 1986:261 [ref. 23100], Allen & Swainston 1988:144 [ref. 25477], Scott & Scott 1988:448 [ref. 25518], Pequeño 1989:67 [ref. 14125], Paulin et al. 1989:230 [ref. 24556], Randall et al. 1990:443 [ref. 15987], Collette 1990:980 [ref. 19476], Boschung 1992:168 [ref. 23239], Cervigón 1992:415 [ref. 23827], Cervigón 1994:242 [ref. 24488], Bussing & López S. 1994:144 [ref. 23101], Gomon et al. 1994:820 [ref. 22532], Allen & Robertson 1994:277 [ref. 22193], Goren & Dor 1994:69 [ref. 25356], Collette in Fischer et al. 1995:1530 [ref. 22830], Randall 1995:372 [ref. 22896], Collette & Aadland 1996:427 [ref. 22199], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:500 [ref. 27969], Allen 1997:232 [ref. 23977], Carpenter et al. 1997:223 [ref. 23922], De La Cruz Agüero et al. 1997:272 [ref. 24545], Chen et al. 1997:160 [ref. 26476] dated 1802, Grove & Lavenberg 1997:582 [ref. 24023], Randall et al. 1997:443 [ref. 25919], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:396 [ref. 24555], Sokolovskaya et al. 1998:14 [ref. 24670], Fricke 1999:563 [ref. 24106], Aguilera 1998:52 [ref. 24221], Afonso et al. 1999:79 [ref. 25466], Johnson 1999:751 [ref. 25471], Nakabo 2000:1347 [ref. 25182], Iwatsuki et al. 2000:104 [ref. 26368], Schmitter-Soto et al. 2000:169 [ref. 27754], Hutchins 2001:45 [ref. 25847], Nakabo 2002:1347 [ref. 26193], Youn 2002:418, 672 [ref. 26218], Menezes in Menezes et al. 2003:102 [ref. 27192], Nelson et al. 2004:176 [ref. 27807], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:415 [ref. 28072], Bray et al. 2006:1770 [ref. 29091], Zemnukhov & Epur 2011:508 [ref. 32457], Larson et al. 2013:217 [ref. 32988], Smith-Vaniz & Jelks 2014:83 [ref. 33341] as cf. thazard, Psomadakis et al. 2015:314 [ref. 34104], Collette in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2903 [ref. 34618]). Current status: Valid as Auxis thazard (Lacepède 1800). Scombridae: Scombrinae. Distribution: Circumglobal in tropical through temperate seas, including Red Sea and Hawaiian Islands, but not eastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

thonus, Scomber Nardo [G. D.] (ex Chiereghini) 1847:col. 125 [Sinonimia moderna delle specie registrate nell' opera intitolata: ...; ref. 17994] Not available, Chiereghini name mentioned in synonymy. •Unavailable species-group name -- (Collette 2003:22 [ref. 27312]). Scombridae: Scombrinae.

thunina, Thynnus Cuvier [G.] 1829:198 [Le Règne Animal (Edition 2) v. 2; ref. 995] Mediterranean Sea. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. Valenciennes specimen: MNHN A-5605 (dry). Type catalog: Bauchot & Blanc 1961:377 [ref. 20733] and Blanc & Bauchot 1964:456, Fig. 38 [ref. 20804] but incorrectly with a holotype; Collette 1966:371 [ref. 14641]. Available as above based on literature citations (see Collette 2003:4 [ref. 27312]); in the section Thynnus as Sc. thunina. Also in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1832:104, Pl. 212 [ref. 1000] as Thynnus thunnina. •Synonym of Euthynnus alletteratus (Rafinesque 1810) -- (Collette & Nauen 1983:34 [ref. 5375], Collette 1990:981 [ref. 19476], Bilecenoglu et al. 2002:141 [ref. 26753] as thunnina, Collette 2003:4 [ref. 27312]). Current status: Synonym of Euthynnus alletteratus (Rafinesque 1810). Scombridae: Scombrinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

thynnoides, Auxis Bleeker [P.] 1855:301 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 8 (no. 2); ref. 16839] Ternate, Molucca Islands, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): RMNH 6049. Type catalog: Boeseman 1964:464, Fig. 9 [ref. 20805]. Original as thynnoïdes. •Synonym of Auxis rochei (Risso 1810), subspecies rochei (Risso 1810) -- (Collette 2001:3729 [ref. 26305], Collette 2003:1843 [ref. 27087], Collette 2003:3 [ref. 27312], Randall 2007:447 [ref. 30952]). •Synonym of Auxis rochei (Risso 1810) -- (Collette & Nauen 1983:29 [ref. 5375], Collette 1990:979 [ref. 19476], Collette & Aadland 1996:436 [ref. 22199], Collette in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2902 [ref. 34618]). Current status: Synonym of Auxis rochei (Risso 1810). Scombridae: Scombrinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

thynnus, Scomber Linnaeus [C.] 1758:297 [Systema Naturae, Ed. X v. 1; ref. 2787] Pelagic, between the tropics. No types known. Misspelled thinnus in early literature. Neotype designated by Fricke 1999:49 [ref. 24101], but withdrawn in Fricke 2000:639 [ref. 24537]. •Valid as Thunnus thynnus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Postel 1973:467 [ref. 7208], Gibbs & Collette 1967:116 [ref. 13640], Collette & Nauen 1983:88 [ref. 5375], Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:275 [ref. 9277], Nakamura in Masuda et al. 1984:226 [ref. 6441], Collette in Whitehead et al. 1986:997 [ref. 13676], Collette 1986:838 [ref. 5647], Robins & Ray 1986:263 [ref. 23100], Scott & Scott 1988:459 [ref. 25518], Pequeño 1989:67 [ref. 14125], McAllister 1990:180 [ref. 14674], Collette 1990:995 [ref. 19476], Cervigón 1992:419 [ref. 23827], Allen & Robertson 1994:278 [ref. 22193], De La Cruz Agüero et al. 1997:274 [ref. 24545], Santos et al. 1997:109 [ref. 23531], Arruda 1997:102 [ref. 24952], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:398 [ref. 24555], Collette 1999:163 [ref. 23936], Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:334 [ref. 25013], Johnson 1999:751 [ref. 25471], Fricke 1999:49 [ref. 24101], Nakabo 2000:1349 [ref. 25182], Sheiko & Fedorov 2000:40 [ref. 25650], Schmitter-Soto et al. 2000:169 [ref. 27754], Kolpakov & Barabanshchikov 2001:423 [ref. 25413], Collette et al. 2001:3 [ref. 25629], Hutchins 2001:45 [ref. 25847], Collette in Collette & Klein-MacPhee 2002:531 [ref. 26158], Nakabo 2002:1349 [ref. 26193], Youn 2002:418, 675 [ref. 26218], Alvarez-León 2002:228 [ref. 26373], Bilecenoglu et al. 2002:145 [ref. 26753], Roe et al. 2002:903 [ref. 26504], Collette 2003:1857 [ref. 27087], Collette 2003:14 [ref. 27312], Menezes in Menezes et al. 2003:103 [ref. 27192], Parin 2003:S30 [ref. 28536] with subspecies, Nelson et al. 2004:176 [ref. 27807], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:788 [ref. 28815], Fricke 2007:25 [ref. 30577], Fricke et al. 2007:111 [ref. 29533], Vasil'eva 2007:182 [ref. 30517], Ninua & Japoshvili 2008:173 [ref. 31251], Møller et al. 2010:68 [ref. 31169], Page et al. 2013:182 [ref. 32708], Smith-Vaniz & Collette 2013:182 [ref. 32953], Wirtz et al. 2014:11 [ref. 33516], Parin et al. 2014:516 [ref. 33547], Collette in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2914 [ref. 34618]). Current status: Valid as Thunnus thynnus (Linnaeus 1758). Scombridae: Scombrinae. Distribution: Western Baltic Sea, North Sea, Mediterranean Sea, Black Sea, temperate waters of the North Atlantic; southeastern Atlantic: South Africa. Habitat: marine.

tigris, Cybium De Vis [C. W.] 1884:545 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 9 (pt 3); ref. 4899] Cape York, Queensland, Australia. Holotype (unique): QM I.119. •Synonym of Scomberomorus semifasciatus (Macleay 1883) -- (Collette & Nauen 1983:76 [ref. 5375], Collette & Russo 1985:659 [ref. 5221], Collette 2003:12 [ref. 27312], Bray et al. 2006:1776 [ref. 29091]). Current status: Synonym of Scomberomorus semifasciatus (Macleay 1883). Scombridae: Scombrinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

tonggol, Thynnus Bleeker [P.] 1851:356 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 1 (no. 4); ref. 326] Jakarta, Java, Indonesia. Neotype: RMNH 6406. Neotype designated by Boeseman 1964:466, Fig. 15 [ref. 20805]. •Valid as Thunnus tonggol (Bleeker 1851) -- (Gibbs & Collette 1967:120 [ref. 13640], Lindberg & Krasyukova 1975:274 [ref. 7348], Collette & Nauen 1983:92 [ref. 5375], Dor 1984:264 [ref. 29757], Nakamura in Masuda et al. 1984:226 [ref. 6441], Allen & Swainston 1988:142 [ref. 25477], Randall et al. 1990:449 [ref. 15987], Goren & Dor 1994:70 [ref. 25356], Randall 1995:376 [ref. 22896], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:521 [ref. 27969], Allen 1997:230 [ref. 23977], Carpenter et al. 1997:226 [ref. 23922], Randall et al. 1997:449 [ref. 25919], Anderson et al. 1998:28 [ref. 23611], Johnson 1999:751 [ref. 25471], Collette in Randall & Lim 2000:644 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:1349 [ref. 25182], Iwatsuki et al. 2000:104 [ref. 26368], Collette 2001:3756 [ref. 26305], Collette et al. 2001:3 [ref. 25629], Hutchins 2001:45 [ref. 25847], Nakabo 2002:1349 [ref. 26193], Youn 2002:418, 676 [ref. 26218] dated 1852, Collette 2003:14 [ref. 27312], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S121 [ref. 27377], Bray et al. 2006:1778 [ref. 29091], Larson et al. 2013:220 [ref. 32988], Psomadakis et al. 2015:318 [ref. 34104]). Current status: Valid as Thunnus tonggol (Bleeker 1851). Scombridae: Scombrinae. Distribution: Red Sea, Indo-West Pacific: East Africa east to New Guinea, north to southern Japan, south to northern Australia. Habitat: marine.

tritor, Cybium Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1832:176, Pl. 218 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 8; ref. 1000] Gorée, Senegal. Lectotype: MNHN A-6871. Paralectotypes: MNHN A-6868 (1), plus one missing. Type catalog: Bauchot & Blanc 1961:372-373 [ref. 20733], Blanc & Bauchot 1964:448, Fig. 18 [ref. 20804], Collette & Russo 1984:669 [ref. 5221], and Collette 1966:367 [ref. 14641] as holotype and paratype. Technicially there were syntypes although the primary description was based mostly on A.6871 (which was designated lectotype by Eschmeyer 1998:1704 [ref. 23416]). Evidently predated by Apolectus immunis Bennett 1831, but believing that Cybium tritor and Apolectus immunis were both described in 1831, Collette & Russo 1985 [ref. 5221] followed common usage and selected Scomberomorus tritor for this species, and current usage should be maintained. •Valid as Scomberomorus tritor (Cuvier 1832) -- (Postel 1973:473 [ref. 7208], Collette & Nauen 1983:78 [ref. 5375], Collette & Russo 1985:668 [ref. 5221], Collette in Whitehead et al. 1986:993 [ref. 13676], Collette 1990:989 [ref. 19476], Banford et al. 1999:597 [ref. 23912], Afonso et al. 1999:80 [ref. 25466], Collette et al. 2001:2 [ref. 25629], Collette 2003:1851 [ref. 27087], Collette 2003:12 [ref. 27312], Wirtz et al. 2007:41 [ref. 30263], Wirtz et al. 2013:135 [ref. 32972], Collette in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2910 [ref. 34618]). Current status: Valid as Scomberomorus tritor (Cuvier 1832). Scombridae: Scombrinae. Distribution: Eastern Atlantic, concentrated in the Gulf of Guinea from the Canary Islands south to southern Angola; western Mediterranean Sea (rare). Habitat: brackish, marine.

uam, Scomber Montrouzier [X.] 1857:449 [171] [Annales de la Société d'Agriculture, Histoire Naturelle et Arts Utiles de Lyon (sér. 2) v. 8 (1856); ref. 17789] Woodlark Island, South Pacific. No types known. On p. 171 of reprint. •Synonym of Rastrelliger kanagurta (Cuvier 1816) -- (Collette 2003:7 [ref. 27312]). Current status: Synonym of Rastrelliger kanagurta (Cuvier 1816). Scombridae: Scombrinae. Habitat: marine.

undulatus, Scomber Swainson [W.] 1839:409 [The natural history and classification v. 2; ref. 4303] Coasts of Sicily, Italy, Mediterranean Sea. No types known. •Synonym of Scomber japonicus Houttuyn 1782 -- (Collette & Nauen 1983:56 [ref. 5375], Collette 1990:987 [ref. 19476]). •Synonym of Scomber colias Gmelin 1789 -- (Collette 2003:9 [ref. 27312]). Current status: Synonym of Scomber colias Gmelin 1789. Scombridae: Scombrinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

unicolor, Scomber Geoffroy St. Hilaire [E.] 1817:no page number, Pl. 24 (fig. 6) [Poissons du Nil v. 1 (part 1); ref. 4184] Alexandria, Egypt, eastern Mediterranean Sea. No types known. •Valid as Orcynopsis unicolor (Geoffroy St. Hilaire 1817) -- (Postel 1973:474 [ref. 7208], Collette & Chao 1975:593 [ref. 5573], Collette & Nauen 1983:44 [ref. 5375], Collette in Whitehead et al. 1986:987 [ref. 13676], Collette 1990:983 [ref. 19476], Collette et al. 2001:2 [ref. 25629], Bilecenoglu et al. 2002:142 [ref. 26753], Collette 2003:6 [ref. 27312], Fricke 2007:27 [ref. 30577], Fricke et al. 2007:110 [ref. 29533], Collette in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2906 [ref. 34618]). Current status: Valid as Orcynopsis unicolor (Geoffroy St. Hilaire 1817). Scombridae: Scombrinae. Distribution: Western Baltic Sea, North Sea, Mediterranean Sea, eastern Atlantic: southern Norway to Senegal. Habitat: marine.

unicolor, Thynnus (Pelamis) Rüppell [W. P. E. S.] 1836:40, Pl. 12 (fig. 1) [Neue Wirbelthiere zu der Fauna von Abyssinien gehörig. Fische des Rothen Meeres; ref. 3844] Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, Red Sea. Holotype (unique): SMF 2739 (stuffed). •Valid as Gymnosarda unicolor (Rüppell 1836) -- (Collette & Chao 1975:613 [ref. 5573], Kyushin et al. 1977:306 [ref. 19756], Kyushin et al. 1982:244 [ref. 19754], Collette & Nauen 1983:40 [ref. 5375], Dor 1984:262 [ref. 29757], Allen & Swainston 1988:144 [ref. 25477], Winterbottom et al. 1989:65 [ref. 13251], Randall et al. 1990:443 [ref. 15987], Nakamura in Masuda et al. 1984:225 [ref. 6441], Collette 1986:834 [ref. 5647], Goren & Dor 1994:70 [ref. 25356], Randall 1995:373 [ref. 22896], Allen 1997:232 [ref. 23977], Randall et al. 1997:443 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:278 [ref. 23965], Fricke 1999:564 [ref. 24106], Randall 1999:29 [ref. 25829], Collette in Randall & Lim 2000:643 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:1348 [ref. 25182], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:447 [ref. 25191], Randall & Earle 2000:20 [ref. 25806], Collette 2001:3735 [ref. 26305] dated 1838, Collette et al. 2001:2 [ref. 25629], Hutchins 2001:45 [ref. 25847], Nakabo 2002:1348 [ref. 26193], Allen & Adrim 2003:63 [ref. 26830] dated 1838, Collette 2003:5 [ref. 27312], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S121 [ref. 27377], Myers & Donaldson 2003:648 [ref. 27495], Matsuura et al. in Kimura & Matsuura 2003:210 [ref. 27510] dated 1838, Randall et al. 2004:30 [ref. 27624], Heemstra et al. 2004:3331 [ref. 27945], Randall 2005:610 [ref. 28239], Bray et al. 2006:1772 [ref. 29091], Fricke et al. 2009:112 [ref. 30213], Motomura et al. 2010:230 [ref. 31256], Allen & Erdmann 2012:1041 [ref. 31980], Larson et al. 2013:217 [ref. 32988], Delrieu-Trottin et al. 2015:8 [ref. 33988] dated 1838). Current status: Valid as Gymnosarda unicolor (Rüppell 1836). Scombridae: Scombrinae. Distribution: Red Sea, Indo-West Pacific: East Africa, South Africa, Comores and Mascarenes east to French Polynesia and Marquesas Islands, north to southern Japan and Ogasawara Islands, south to New Caledonia and Rapa. Habitat: marine.

vagans, Thynnus Lesson [R. P.] 1829:279 [Dictionnaire Classique de Histoire Naturelle v. 15-16; ref. 13391] Tahiti, Society Islands. No types known. •Synonym of Katsuwonus pelamis (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Postel 1973:472 [ref. 7208], Collette & Nauen 1983:42 [ref. 5375], Collette 1990:982 [ref. 19476], Collette 2003:6 [ref. 27312], Mundy 2005:505 [ref. 28379]). Current status: Synonym of Katsuwonus pelamis (Linnaeus 1758). Scombridae: Scombrinae. Habitat: marine.

vau, Scomber Curtiss [A.] 1938:57 [A short zoology of Tahiti in the Society islands; ref. 18057] Ocean outside reef, off Tautira, Society Islands. No types known. •Synonym of Gymnosarda unicolor (Rüppell 1836) -- (Collette 2003:5 [ref. 27312]). Current status: Synonym of Gymnosarda unicolor (Rüppell 1836). Scombridae: Scombrinae. Habitat: marine.

velox, Sarda Meek [S. E.] & Hildebrand [S. F.] 1923:320, Pl. 24 [Field Museum of Natural History, Publications, Zoölogical Series v. 15 (publ. 215); ref. 2963] Market, Panama City, (Pacific) Panama. Holotype (unique): USNM 81060. •Synonym of Sarda orientalis (Temminck & Schlegel 1844) -- (Collette & Chao 1975:604 [ref. 5573], Collette & Nauen 1983:52 [ref. 5375], Collette 2003:7 [ref. 27312]). Current status: Synonym of Sarda orientalis (Temminck & Schlegel 1844). Scombridae: Scombrinae. Habitat: marine.

verany, Cybium Döderlein [P.] 1872:126, Pl. 4 (fig. 2) [Giornale di scienze naturali ed economiche, Palermo.. v. 8 (pt 1); ref. 17412] Sicily, Italy, Mediterranean Sea. Holotype (unique): MZUP. •Synonym of Acanthocybium solandri (Cuvier 1832) -- (Postel 1973:474 [ref. 7208], Collette & Nauen 1983:25 [ref. 5375], Collette 1990:978 [ref. 19476], Collette 2003:2 [ref. 27312]). Current status: Synonym of Acanthocybium solandri (Cuvier 1832). Scombridae: Scombrinae. Habitat: marine.

vernalis, Scomber Mitchill [S. L.] 1815:423 [Transactions of the Literary and Philosophical Society of New-York v. 1 (art. 5) (for 1814); ref. 13292] Sandy Hook, New Jersey, U.S.A. No types known. •Synonym of Scomber scombrus Linnaeus 1758 -- (Postel 1973:465 [ref. 7208], Collette & Nauen 1983:58 [ref. 5375], Smith 1986:445 [ref. 22186], Collette 1990:988 [ref. 19476], Collette 2003:9 [ref. 27312]). Current status: Synonym of Scomber scombrus Linnaeus 1758. Scombridae: Scombrinae. Habitat: marine.

vulgaris, Auxis Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1832:139, Pl. 216 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 8; ref. 1000] Nice, France, northwestern Mediterranean Sea. Lectotype: MNHN A-5808. Paralectotypes: MNHN A-5815 (1) Morée, A-5792 (1) Martinique. Type catalog: Bauchot & Blanc 1961:375 [ref. 20733], Blanc & Bauchot 1964:453 [ref. 20804], Collette 1966:371 [ref. 14641]. Lectotype selected by Collette & Aadland 1996:437 [ref. 22199]. Record of Auxides vulgaris Cuvier 1833 in Eschmeyer 1998:1777 [ref. 23416] was an error for this species. The specimen, MNHN A-5808, is the holotype of Scomber rochei Risso 1810. •Synonym of Auxis rochei (Risso 1810) -- (Postel 1973:470 [ref. 7208], Collette & Nauen 1983:29 [ref. 5375], Collette 1990:979 [ref. 19476], Collette & Aadland 1996:436 [ref. 22199]). •Synonym of Auxis rochei (Risso 1810), subspecies rochei -- (Collette 2003:3 [ref. 27312], Randall 2007:447 [ref. 30952]). Current status: Synonym of Auxis rochei (Risso 1810). Scombridae: Scombrinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

vulgaris, Scomber Fleming [J.] 1828:217 [A history of British animals; ref. 1339] British seas. No types known. •Synonym of Scomber scombrus Linnaeus 1758 -- (Collette 2003:9 [ref. 27312]). Current status: Synonym of Scomber scombrus Linnaeus 1758. Scombridae: Scombrinae. Habitat: marine.

vulgaris, Scomber Wood [S. D.] 1837:208 [The Analyst; a Quarterly Journal of Science, Literature, Natural History, and the Fine Arts (London) v. 5 (no. 18); ref. 12605] No types known. Not available, name only; in footnote is statement "This is named by Jenyns "Scomber scomber!" Inadequate information for this name to be available by indication. •In the synonymy of Scomber scombrus Linnaeus 1758 -- (Collette & Nauen 1983:58 [ref. 5375], Collette 2003:21 [ref. 27312]). Current status: Synonym of Scomber scombrus Linnaeus 1758. Scombridae: Scombrinae.

vulgaris, Thynnus Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1832:58, Pl. 210 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 8; ref. 1000] Europe. No types known. Unneeded new name for and objective synonym of Scomber thynnus Linnaeus 1758 (probably to avoid Strickland tautonymy). •Synonym of Thunnus thynnus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Gibbs & Collette 1967:116 [ref. 13640], Postel 1973:467 [ref. 7208], Collette & Nauen 1983:90 [ref. 5375], Collette 1990:995 [ref. 19476], Collette 2003:14 [ref. 27312]). Current status: Synonym of Thunnus thynnus (Linnaeus 1758). Scombridae: Scombrinae. Habitat: marine.

wallisi, Wanderer Whitley [G. P.] 1937:230, Pl. 14 (fig. 3) [Australian Zoologist v. 8 (pt 4); ref. 4690] Sydney fish market, New South Wales, Australia. Holotype: AMS IA.3474. Paratypes: AMS IA.6870 (head). •Synonym of Euthynnus affinis (Cantor 1849) -- (Collette & Nauen 1983:33 [ref. 5375], Collette 2003:4 [ref. 27312], Mundy 2005:505 [ref. 28379], Bray et al. 2006:1771 [ref. 29091]). Current status: Synonym of Euthynnus affinis (Cantor 1849). Scombridae: Scombrinae. Habitat: marine.

wingeram, Scomber Russell [P.] 1803:26, Pl. 83 [Descriptions and figures of two hundred fishes; collected at Vizagapatam on the coast of Coromandel. v. 1-2; ref. 13862] Not available from Russell; a native common name. •Unavailable species-group name -- (Collette 2003:22 [ref. 27312]). Scombridae: Scombrinae.

yaito, Euthynnus Kishinouye [K.] 1915:22 [13], Pl. 1 (fig. 15) [Suisan Gakkai Ho v. 1 (no. 1); ref. 18416] "Southern waters" of Japan (not in the Japan Sea). No types known. On p. 13 of English translation. •Synonym of Euthynnus affinis (Cantor 1849), but a valid subspecies -- (Lindberg & Krasyukova 1975:278 [ref. 7348]). •Synonym of Euthynnus affinis (Cantor 1849) -- (Collette & Nauen 1983:33 [ref. 5375], Collette 2001:3732 [ref. 26305], Youn 2002:673 [ref. 26218], Collette 2003:4 [ref. 27312], Mundy 2005:505 [ref. 28379], Randall 2007:448 [ref. 30952]). Current status: Synonym of Euthynnus affinis (Cantor 1849). Scombridae: Scombrinae. Habitat: marine.

zacalles, Kishinoella Jordan [D. S.] & Evermann [B. W.] 1926:27, Pl. 7 [Occasional Papers California Academy of Sciences v. 12; ref. 15593] Honolulu market, Oahu Island, Hawaiian Islands. Holotype: CAS 599 (photograph only). Original states that type is CAS 599, a photograph. •Synonym of Thunnus albacares (Bonnaterre 1788) -- (Gibbs & Collette 1967:103 [ref. 13640], Collette & Nauen 1983:83 [ref. 5375], Collette 1990:993 [ref. 19476], Collette 2003:14 [ref. 27312], Mundy 2005:507 [ref. 28379]). Current status: Synonym of Thunnus albacares (Bonnaterre 1788). Scombridae: Scombrinae. Habitat: marine.