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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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Species in the family or subfamily Scyliorhinidae: [ 118 ] records


acanthonotum, Scyllium De Filippi [F.] in De Filippi & Verany 1857:193 [9], Fig. 2 [Memorie / Reale accademia delle scienze di Torino (Ser. 2) v. 18; ref. 1329] Near Albenga, Province of Savona, Liguria, northwestern Italy, Gulf of Genoa, Ligurian Sea, western Mediterranean Sea. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. Appeared first as Scyllium n. sp. in De Filippi 1853:169 [separate p. 7], Fig. 2 [ref. 17378]. On p. 9 of separate. •Questionably a synonym of Scyliorhinus stellaris (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Compagno 1984:366 [ref. 6846]). Current status: Uncertain as Scyliorhinus stellaris (Linnaeus 1758). Scyliorhinidae. Habitat: marine.

acutidens, Scyllium Vaillant [L. L.] 1888:60, Pl. 1 (fig. 4) [Expéditions scientifiques du "Travailleur" et du "Talisman"; ref. 4496] Eastern Atlantic. Holotype: MNHN 1884-0385 (poor condition). Paratypes: MNHN 1884-0384 (1), 1884-0385 (1, poor condition), 1884-0386 (1). Type catalog: Bertin 1939:68 [ref. 20739]. Originally Scyllium ? acutidens. •Questionably a synonym of Scyliorhinus canicula (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Compagno 1984:358 [ref. 6846], Dyldin 2015:50 [ref. 34524], Soares & Carvalho 2019:21 [ref. 36701]). Current status: Uncertain as Scyliorhinus canicula (Linnaeus 1758). Scyliorhinidae. Habitat: marine.

africanus, Squalus Gmelin [J. F.] 1789:1494 [Caroli a Linné ... Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae v. 1 (pt 3); ref. 18139] South Africa. No types known. Neotype designation by Fricke 1999:16-17 [ref. 24106] is invalid; see Fricke 2000:639 [ref. 24537]. •Valid as Poroderma africanum (Gmelin 1789) -- (Compagno 1984:347 [ref. 6846], Bass 1986:94 [ref. 5635], Gubanov & Timoxin 1989:221 [ref. 36138], Compagno 1999:480 [ref. 25589], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:67 [ref. 28072], Human 2006:6 [ref. 28714], Weigmann 2016:42 [ref. 34211], Fricke et al. 2018:10 [ref. 35805]). Current status: Valid as Poroderma africanum (Gmelin 1789). Scyliorhinidae. Distribution: Southeastern Atlantic, southwestern Indian Ocean: South Africa (Algoa Bay to East London), Madagascar, Mauritius (Mascarenes). Habitat: marine.

albipinnum, Cephaloscyllium Last [P. R.], Motomura [H.] & White [W. T.] 2008:148, Figs. 1-2, 3a [CSIRO Marine and Atmospheric Research Paper No. 022; ref. 29683] East of Maria Island, Tasmania, 42°48'S, 148°26'E, depth 445-463 meters. Holotype: CSIRO H 5314-11. Paratypes: 15 specimens at CSIRO. Plus non-type material. •Valid as Cephaloscyllium albipinnum Last, Motomura & White 2008 -- (Weigmann 2016:36 [ref. 34211]). Current status: Valid as Cephaloscyllium albipinnum Last, Motomura & White 2008. Scyliorhinidae. Distribution: Southern Australia. Habitat: marine.

albomaculata, Scyliorhinus canicula var. Pietschmann [V.] 1906:98 [Annalen des Naturhistorischen Museums in Wien v. 21; ref. 15169] West coast of Morocco, eastern Atlantic. No types known. •Synonym of Scyliorhinus canicula (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Compagno 1984:358 [ref. 6846], Dyldin 2015:50 [ref. 34524], Soares & Carvalho 2019:21 [ref. 36701]). Current status: Synonym of Scyliorhinus canicula (Linnaeus 1758). Scyliorhinidae. Habitat: marine.

alcockii, Halaelurus Garman [S.] 1913:87 [Memoirs of the Museum of Comparative Zoology v. 36; ref. 1545] Arabian Sea, off Oman, 23°N, 66°08'E, depth 620-690 fathoms. Holotype: ZSI F68/1 (lost). Based on Scyllium canescens of Alcock 1896:310 [ref. 91]. Reasons for loss of ZSI type specimens during WWII see Chopra 1947:349-350 [ref. 33077]. •Valid as Halaelurus alcockii Garman 1913 -- (Compagno 1984:321 [ref. 6846]). •Questionably valid as Halaelurus alcocki Garman 1913 -- (Compagno 1999:479 [ref. 25589], Last & Stevens 2008:123 [ref. 29681]). •Valid as Bythaelurus alcockii (Garman 1913) -- (White et al. 2007:1 [ref. 29295], McCosker et al. 2012:58 [ref. 31823], Ebert & Clerkin 2015:54 [ref. 33848], Kaschner et al. 2015:120 [ref. 33953] but status uncertain, Weigmann 2016:35 [ref. 34211], Weigmann et al. 2016:428 [ref. 34984], Weigmann & Kaschner 2017:114 [ref. 35311], Weigmann et al. 2018:36 [ref. 36365]). Current status: Valid as Bythaelurus alcockii (Garman 1913). Scyliorhinidae. Distribution: Northwestern Indian Ocean: Arabian Sea. Habitat: marine.

atlanticum, Scyllium De la Pylaie [A. J. M.] 1835:527 [Congrès Scientifique de France v. 2 (Sept. 1834) (art. 5); ref. 1086] Not available, no distinguishing features. From France, ne. Atlantic Ocean. Scyliorhinidae.

bachi, Bythaelurus Weigmann [S.], Ebert [D. A.], Clerkin [P. J.], Stehmann [M. F. W.] & Naylor [G. J. P.] 2016:403, Figs. 2-18 [Zootaxa 4208 (no. 5); ref. 34984] Walters Shoals, southern Madagascar Ridge, southwestern Indian Ocean, 33°01.8'S, 44°23.6'E - 32°59.8'S, 44°24.4'E, depth 910-925 meters. Holotype: ZMH 26160. Paratypes: CAS, SAIAB, USNM, ZMH. •Valid as Bythaelurus bachi Weigmann, Ebert, Clerkin, Stehmann & Naylor 2016 -- (Weigmann & Kaschner 2017:115 [ref. 35311], Weigmann et al. 2018:36 [ref. 36365]). Current status: Valid as Bythaelurus bachi Weigmann, Ebert, Clerkin, Stehmann & Naylor 2016. Scyliorhinidae. Distribution: Southwestern Indian Ocean: Madagascar Ridge. Habitat: marine.

baliensis, Atelomycterus White [W. T.], Last [P. R.] & Dharmadi [no initials] 2005:34, Figs. 1-6 [Cybium v. 29 (no. 1); ref. 28145] Kedonganaan landing site of a fish market, 8°45'S, 115°10'E, Bali, Indonesia. Holotype: CSIRO H 5868-03. Paratypes: MZB 12901 (1), 12902 (1); CSIRO H 5868-01 (1), H 5869-02 (1), H 5868-04 (1), H 5868-05 (1). •Valid as Atelomycterus baliensis White, Last & Dharmadi 2005 -- (Jacobsen & Bennett 2007:35 [ref. 29180], Allen & Erdmann 2012:54 [ref. 31980], Fahmi & White 2015:26 [ref. 33700], Weigmann 2016:34 [ref. 34211], White et al. 2017:97 [ref. 35860]). Current status: Valid as Atelomycterus baliensis White, Last & Dharmadi 2005. Scyliorhinidae. Distribution: Indonesia. Habitat: marine.

besnardi, Scyliorhinus retifer Springer [S.] & Sadowsky [V.] 1970:95, Fig. 2 [Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington v. 83 (no. 7); ref. 7783] Near continental shelf edge, 33°26'S, 51°21'W, northern Uruguay, southwestern Atlantic, R/V Prof. W. Besnard station 419, depth 190 meters. Holotype: USNM 204376. Paratypes: IOSP 81BS (1, dissected), 82BS (1); USNM 204377 (1). Type catalog: Howe & Springer 1993:4 [ref. 21812]. •Valid species as Scyliorhinus besnardi Springer & Sadowsky 1970 -- (Compagno 1984:357 [ref. 6846], Compagno 1999:480 [ref. 25589], Soares et al. 2015:358 [ref. 33716], Weigmann 2016:43 [ref. 34211], Nión et al. 2016:20 [ref. 35565]). •Synonym of Scyliorhinus haeckelii (Miranda Ribeiro 1907) -- (Soares et al. 2016:514 [ref. 34158], Soares & Carvalho 2019:68 [ref. 36701]). Current status: Synonym of Scyliorhinus haeckelii (Miranda Ribeiro 1907). Scyliorhinidae. Distribution: Southern Brazil to Argentina (if valid). Habitat: marine.

bivium, Scyllium Müller [J.] & Henle [F. G. J.] (ex Smith) 1838:8 [Systematische Beschreibung der Plagiostomen; ref. 3069] Cape of Good Hope, South Africa. Holotype: BMNH 1851.10.26.148 (stuffed). Apparently appeared in Smith 1831, South African Quarterly J., 1831 (no. 5) and Gov't J. of the Cape, 1 Nov. 1828 [not researched]. Appeared as name only and not available in Smith 1838:85 [ref. 4034]. For comments on locality see Springer 1979:118 [ref. 4175]. Evidently Müller & Henle alone were responsible for the description, so authorship is regarded as Müller & Henle (ex Smith). •Valid as Schroederichthys bivius (Müller & Henle 1838) -- (Compagno 1984:352 [ref. 6846], Menni 1986:425 [ref. 11487], Pequeño 1989:13 [ref. 14125], López et al. 1996:13 [ref. 23681], Compagno 1999:480 [ref. 25589], Soto 2001:37, 41 [ref. 26636], Soto 2001:63, 68 [ref. 26637], Gadig & Gomes in Menezes et al. 2003:22 [ref. 27192], Mabragaña et al. 2011:table S2 [ref. 31800], Weigmann 2016:42 [ref. 34211], Nión et al. 2016:20 [ref. 35565] with arthur as Smith, Spier et al. 2018:4 [ref. 36103]). Current status: Valid as Schroederichthys bivius (Müller & Henle 1838). Scyliorhinidae. Distribution: Southeastern Pacific and southwestern Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

boa, Scylliorhinus Goode [G. B.] & Bean [T. H.] 1896:17 [Special Bulletin U. S. National Museum No. 2; ref. 1848] Off Barbados, West Indies, depth 200 fathoms. Holotype (unique): MCZ 1335-S. Correct spelling of original genus is Scyliorhinus. Proposed conditionally, but treated as available. •Valid as Scyliorhinus boa Goode & Bean 1896 -- (Uyeno & Sasaki in Uyeno et al. 1983:51 [ref. 14275], Compagno 1984:357 [ref. 6846], Cervigón 1992:185 [ref. 23827], Cervigón & Alcalá 1999:94 [ref. 24490], Compagno 1999:480 [ref. 25589], Compagno 2003:454 [ref. 26984], Kiraly et al. 2003:15 [ref. 28226], Castro 2011:336 [ref. 31457], Soares et al. 2015:358 [ref. 33716], Soares et al. 2016:532 [ref. 34158], Weigmann 2016:43 [ref. 34211], Ehemann et al. 2019:[3] [ref. 36861], Soares & Carvalho 2019:8 [ref. 36701]). Current status: Valid as Scyliorhinus boa Goode & Bean 1896. Scyliorhinidae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: Bahamas south to Rio Grande do Norte (Brazil), including Caribbean Sea. Habitat: marine.

boardmani, Pristiurus (Figaro) Whitley [G. P.] 1928:238, Pl. 18 (fig. 3) [Records of the Australian Museum v. 16 (no. 4); ref. 4661] Ten miles northeast of Montague Island, New South Wales, Australia, depth 70-80 fathoms. Holotype: AMS IA.2483. Paratypes: AMS IA.2824-25 (1, 1). •Valid as Galeus boardmani (Whitley 1928) -- (Compagno 1984:310 [ref. 6846], Paxton et al. 1989:73 [ref. 12442], Compagno & Stevens 1993:183 [ref. 20843], Gomon et al. 1994:137 [ref. 22532], Last & Stevens 1994:201 [ref. 23873], Compagno & Niem 1998:1289 [ref. 23787], Compagno 1999:479 [ref. 25589], Hutchins 2001:14 [ref. 25847], Hoese et al. 2006:86 [ref. 28999], Séret & Last 2008:27 [ref. 29702], White 2008:62 [ref. 30617]). •Valid as Figaro boardmani (Whitley 1928) -- (Gledhill et al. 2008:180 [ref. 29686], Naylor et al. 2012:46 [ref. 34345] see remarks, Weigmann 2016:38 [ref. 34211], Rigby et al. 2017:333 [ref. 35469]). Current status: Valid as Figaro boardmani (Whitley 1928). Scyliorhinidae. Distribution: Australia: southern Queensland to southern Australia and to Western Australia. Habitat: marine.

brevicolle, Scyllium Philippi [R. A.] 1887:558 [26], Pl. 7 (fig. 5) [Anales de la Universidad de Chile Sec. 1, v. 71; ref. 3464] Valparaíso, Chile. Syntypes: DBCUCH (2). On p. 26 of separate. •Questionably a synonym of Schroederichthys chilensis (Guichenot 1848) -- (Compagno 1984:352 [ref. 6846]). Current status: Uncertain as Schroederichthys chilensis (Guichenot 1848). Scyliorhinidae. Distribution: Chile. Habitat: marine.

breviculus, Squalis (Scyliorhinus) Blainville [H. de] 1816:121 [Bulletin des Sciences, par la Société Philomathique de Paris v. 8; ref. 306] Not available, name only. Scyliorhinidae.

cabofriensis, Scyliorhinus Soares [K. D. A.], Gomes [U. L.] & Carvalho [M. R. de] 2016:503, Figs. 1-7 [Zootaxa 4066 (no. 5); ref. 34158] Off Cabo Frio, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Holotype: MNRJ 40730. Paratypes: MCP, MNRJ, UERJ. Plus additional non-type material. •Valid as Scyliorhinus cabofriensis Soares, Gomes & Carvalho 2016 -- (Soares & Carvalho 2019:18 [ref. 36701]). Current status: Valid as Scyliorhinus cabofriensis Soares, Gomes & Carvalho 2016. Scyliorhinidae. Distribution: Southwestern Atlantic: Rio de Janeiro (Brazil endemic). Habitat: marine.

canescens, Scyllium Günther [A.] 1878:18 [2] [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 5) v. 2 (nos 7/8/9)(art. 2/22/28); ref. 2010] Southwestern coast of South America, Challenger station 310, depth 400 fathoms. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1887.12.7.1. On p. 2 of separate. Also appeared in Günther 1887:1, Pl. 1 (fig. A) [ref. 2013]. •Valid as Halaelurus canescens (Günther 1878) -- (Compagno 1984:323 [ref. 6846], Gubanov & Timoxin 1989:222 [ref. 36138], Pequeño 1989:13 [ref. 14125], Shcherbachev et al. 1989:164 [ref. 36134], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:36 [ref. 24555], Compagno 1999:479 [ref. 25589]). •Valid as Bythaelurus canescens (Günther 1878) -- (White et al. 2007:1 [ref. 29295], Last & Stevens 2008:123 [ref. 29681], McCosker et al. 2012:58 [ref. 31823], Ebert & Clerkin 2015:54 [ref. 33848], Weigmann 2016:35 [ref. 34211], Weigmann et al. 2016:428 [ref. 34984], Weigmann & Kaschner 2017:116 [ref. 35311], Weigmann et al. 2018:36 [ref. 36365]). Current status: Valid as Bythaelurus canescens (Günther 1878). Scyliorhinidae. Distribution: Southeastern Pacific: Peru and Chile to Straits of Magellan. Habitat: marine.

canicula, Squalus Linnaeus [C.] 1758:234 [Systema Naturae, Ed. X v. 1; ref. 2787] Mediterranean Sea and northeastern Atlantic [original: "in Oceano Europe"]; localities include Penzance, Cornwall, England, Northeastern Atlantic; Rome and Venice, Italy; Lesbos Island, Greece; Syria, Mediterranean Sea. Neotype: BMNH 1866.9.12.4. Neotype designated by Fricke 1999:15 [ref. 24101], but withdrawn in Fricke 2000:639 [ref. 24537]. Neotype designated by Soares & Carvalho 2019:31 [ref. 36701] with collection as NHMUK. Originally based on at least 18 pre-Linnaean sources including Artedi 1738:68 [ref. 30578] and Artedi 1738:97 [ref. 30349] as Squalus ex rufo varius; Rondelet 1554:380 [ref. 30354] as Cabicula (Canicula) Aristotelis, Salviani 1558:Pl. (p. 137) [ref. 30229] as Maior Catulus, Jonston 1649:25, Pl. 8 (fig. 1) [ref. 30579] as Catulus maior, Willughby 1686:62 [ref. 30164] and Ray 1713:20 [ref. 30231] as Catulus major vulgaris. •Valid as Scyliorhinus canicula (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Springer 1973:19 [ref. 7162], Quéro in Whitehead et al. 1984:99 [ref. 13675], Compagno 1984:358 [ref. 6846], Springer 1990:93 [ref. 19319], Santos et al. 1997:117 [ref. 23531], Arruda 1997:17 [ref. 24952], Capapé et al. 1999:48 [ref. 25276], Compagno 1999:480 [ref. 25589], Fricke 1999:15 [ref. 24101], Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:11 [ref. 26753], Fricke 2007:25 [ref. 30577], Fricke et al. 2007:13 [ref. 29533], Vasil'eva 2007:15 [ref. 30517], George 2009:55 [ref. 30539], Lipej & Dulčić 2010:7 [ref. 36649], Parin et al. 2014:21 [ref. 33547], Soares et al. 2015:358 [ref. 33716], Dyldin 2015:50 [ref. 34524], Weigmann 2016:43 [ref. 34211], Compagno 2016:1262 [ref. 34544], Gordon et al. 2016:272 [ref. 34661], Soares & Carvalho 2019:20 [ref. 36701]). Current status: Valid as Scyliorhinus canicula (Linnaeus 1758). Scyliorhinidae. Distribution: Western Baltic Sea, North Sea, western Mediterranean Sea, northeastern Atlantic: Shetland Islands and southern Norway south to Senegal. Habitat: marine.

capense, Scyllium Müller [J.] & Henle [F. G. J.] 1838:11 [Systematische Beschreibung der Plagiostomen; ref. 3069] Cape of Good Hope, South Africa. Lectotype: BMNH 1845.7.3.141. Paralectottypes: BMNH 1845.7.3.144 (1), 1953.5.10.2 (1), 1953.5.10.3 (1); RMNH incat. (1, whereabouts unknown); SMNS 4360 [ex UTZI] (1). Lectotype designated by Soares & Carvalho 2019:42 [ref. 36701]. Appeared first as name only and not available in Smith 1838:85 [ref. 4034]. Based on multiple sources, including manuscript name by A. Smith (BMNH). Also based on a specimen and drawing by Wilhelm von Rapp (UTZI), named Scyllium capense, specimen now in SMNS. •Valid as Scyliorhinus capensis (Müller & Henle 1838) -- (Compagno 1984:359 [ref. 6846], Gubanov & Timoxin 1989:221 [ref. 36138], Shirai et al. 1992:13 [ref. 19241], Bianchi & Carpenter in Bianchi et al. 1993:75 [ref. 25472], Compagno 1999:480 [ref. 25589], Soares et al. 2015:358 [ref. 33716], Weigmann 2016:43 [ref. 34211], Soares & Carvalho 2019:32 [ref. 36701]). Current status: Valid as Scyliorhinus capensis (Müller & Henle 1838). Scyliorhinidae. Distribution: Southeastern Atlantic, southwestern Indian Ocean: southern Namibia around Cape of Good Hope to eastern Cape region (South Africa). Habitat: marine.

catulus, Scyllium Müller [J.] & Henle [F. G. J.] 1838:9 [Systematische Beschreibung der Plagiostomen; ref. 3069] [Im mittelländischen Meer und Ocean] Mediterranean Sea, Northeastern Atlantic. No types known. Based on many literature sources; name from Cuvier; not Squalus catulus Linnaeus 1758. •Synonym of Scyliorhinus stellaris (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Springer 1973:19 [ref. 7162], Springer 1990:93 [ref. 19319], Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:12 [ref. 26753], Lipej & Dulčić 2010:8 [ref. 36649], Soares & Carvalho 2019:97 [ref. 36701]). Current status: Synonym of Scyliorhinus stellaris (Linnaeus 1758). Scyliorhinidae. Habitat: marine.

catulus, Squalus Linnaeus [C.] 1758:235 [Systema Naturae, Ed. X v. 1; ref. 2787] European sea. No types known. Neotype designated by Fricke 1999:15 [ref. 24101], but withdrawn in Fricke 2000:639 [ref. 24537]. •Synonym of Scyliorhinus canicula (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Compagno 1984:358 [ref. 6846], Fricke 1999:15 [ref. 24101], Dyldin 2015:50 [ref. 34524], Soares & Carvalho 2019:21 [ref. 36701]). Current status: Synonym of Scyliorhinus canicula (Linnaeus 1758). Scyliorhinidae. Habitat: marine.

catum, Cephaloscyllium IUCN A name appearing in an IUCN listing in 2006; the species was not described under this name. No longer listed by the IUCN. •A premature and unavailable name for Cephaloscyllium variegatum Last & White 2008 (pers. comm. P. Last, 19 Apr. 2011). Current status: Unknown. Scyliorhinidae.

cervigoni, Scylliorhinus Maurin [C.] & Bonnet [M.] 1970:129, Fig. 3 [Revue des Travaux de l'Institut des Pêches Maritimes v. 34 (no. 2); ref. 18878] Fosse de Cayar, off Cap Vert, Senegal, depth 270-430 meters. Neotype: ZMH 102563. Neotype selected by Soares & Carvalho 2019:49 [ref. 36701]. Genus should have been Scyliorhinus. •Valid as Scyliorhinus cervigoni Maurin & Bonnet 1970 -- (Compagno 1984:361 [ref. 6846], Springer 1990:93 [ref. 19319], Compagno 1999:480 [ref. 25589], Soares et al. 2015:358 [ref. 33716], Weigmann 2016:43 [ref. 34211], Compagno 2016:1266 [ref. 34544], Soares & Carvalho 2019:42 [ref. 36701]). Current status: Valid as Scyliorhinus cervigoni Maurin & Bonnet 1970. Scyliorhinidae. Distribution: Eastern Atlantic: Mauritania south to Angola. Habitat: marine.

chilense, Scyllium Guichenot [A.] 1848:362 [Fauna Chilena.... in Gay.; ref. 1939] Southeastern Pacific: Peru and Chile. No types known. •Valid as Schroederichthys chilensis (Guichenot 1848) -- (Compagno 1984:352 [ref. 6846], Pequeño 1989:13 [ref. 14125], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:39 [ref. 24555], Compagno 1999:480 [ref. 25589], Soto 2001:37 [ref. 26636], Weigmann 2016:42 [ref. 34211]). Current status: Valid as Schroederichthys chilensis (Guichenot 1848). Scyliorhinidae. Distribution: Southeastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

circulopullum, Cephaloscyllium Yano [K.], Ahmed [A.] & Gambang [A. C.] in Yano, Ahmed, Gambang, Idris, Solahuddin & Aznan 2005:159, Pls. 102-105 [Sharks and rays of Malaysia and Brunei, Darusalam; ref. 29537] Off Tanjong Sirik, about 5°10'N, 11°00'E, Sarawak, Malaysia, depth about 120-160 meters. Holotype: IK 0002725. Paratypes: IK 0002726 (1). •Synonym of Cephaloscyllium sarawakense Yano, Ahmed & Gambang 2005 -- (Schaaf-Da Silva & Ebert 2008:2 [ref. 29807] as sarawakensis, Nakaya et al. 2013:110 [ref. 33036] as sarawakensis, Dyldin 2015:50 [ref. 34524] as sarawakensis, Weigmann 2016:37 [ref. 34211] as sarawakensis). Current status: Synonym of Cephaloscyllium sarawakense Yano, Ahmed & Gambang 2005. Scyliorhinidae. Distribution: Sarawak, Malaysia (if valid). Habitat: marine.

clevai, Halaelurus Séret [B.] 1987:2, Figs. 1-7 [The J.L.B Smith Institute of Ichthyology Special Publication No. 44; ref. 6267] Off Tulear, 22°S, 43°E, depth 425-500 meters. Holotype: MNHN 1986-0499. Paratypes: BMNH 1987.3.10.1 (1); MNHN 1986-0500 thru 0503 (1, 1, 1, 1), 1986-0504 (1, partially dissected), 1986-0505 thru 0510 (1 ea.); SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 26643 (1); USNM 285633 (1). •Valid as Halaelurus clevai Séret 1987 -- (Compagno 1999:479 [ref. 25589]). •Valid as Bythaelurus clevai (Séret 1987) -- (White et al. 2007:1 [ref. 29295], Last & Stevens 2008:123 [ref. 29681], McCosker et al. 2012:58 [ref. 31823], Ebert & Clerkin 2015:54 [ref. 33848], Kaschner et al. 2015:136 [ref. 33953], Weigmann 2016:35 [ref. 34211], Weigmann et al. 2016:427 [ref. 34984], Weigmann & Kaschner 2017:116 [ref. 35311], Fricke et al. 2018:10 [ref. 35805], Weigmann et al. 2018:36 [ref. 36365]). Current status: Valid as Bythaelurus clevai (Séret 1987). Scyliorhinidae. Distribution: Southwestern Indian Ocean: Madagascar. Habitat: marine.

comoroensis, Scyliorhinus Compagno [L. J. V.] 1988:609, Figs. 1, 3-5, 6A, 7A, 8A-B [Bulletin du Museum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Série 4: Section A: Zoologie, Biologie et Écologie Animales v. 10 (no. 3); ref. 16229] Moroni, Grande Comore, Comoro Islands, 11°40'S, 43°15'E, depth 400 meters. Holotype (unique): MNHN 1984-0701. •Valid as Scyliorhinus comoroensis Compagno 1988 -- (Shirai et al. 1992:13 [ref. 19241], Compagno 1999:480 [ref. 25589], Soares et al. 2015:358 [ref. 33716], Weigmann 2016:43 [ref. 34211], Fricke et al. 2018:11 [ref. 35805], Soares & Carvalho 2019:50 [ref. 36701]). Current status: Valid as Scyliorhinus comoroensis Compagno 1988. Scyliorhinidae. Distribution: Western Indian Ocean: Comoro Islands and Madagascar. Habitat: marine.

cooki, Cephaloscyllium Last [P. R.], Séret [B.] & White [W. T.] 2008:130, Figs. 1-2 [CSIRO Marine and Atmospheric Research Paper No. 022; ref. 29682] Arafura Sea, Northern Teritory, 9°46'S, 130°25"E, depth 225 meters. Holotype: NTM S 13147-022. Paratypes: CSIRO H 6638-02 (1); NTM S 12288-038 (1), 13147-016 (1); MNHN 2007-1927 (1), 2007-1928 (1), 2007-1929 (1). •Valid as Cephaloscyllium cooki Last, Séret & White 2008 -- (Clark & Randall 2011:27 [ref. 31133], Larson et al. 2013:6 [ref. 32988], Weigmann 2016:36 [ref. 34211]). Current status: Valid as Cephaloscyllium cooki Last, Séret & White 2008. Scyliorhinidae. Distribution: Arafura Sea off Australia and eastern Indonesia. Habitat: marine.

dawsoni, Halaelurus Springer [S.] 1971:236, Fig. 1 [Records of the Dominion Museum (Wellington) v. 7 (no. 18); ref. 7706] West of South Island, New Zealand, 44°32.5'S, 166°41'E, southwestern Pacific, depth 389-420 meters. Holotype: NMNZ P.5188.1. Paratypes: NMNZ P.5523 (5); USNM 205537 (1), 206096 (1); NZOI F89, P. 187 (1). Type catalog: Hardy 1990:6 [ref. 18942], Howe & Springer 1993:6 [ref. 21812]. •Valid as Halaelurus dawsoni Springer 1971 -- (Compagno 1984:324 [ref. 6846], Nakaya in Amaoka et al. 1990:61 [ref. 16024], Compagno 1999:479 [ref. 25589]). •Valid as Bythaelurus dawsoni (Springer 1971) -- (White et al. 2007:1 [ref. 29295], Last & Stevens 2008:123 [ref. 29681], McCosker et al. 2012:58 [ref. 31823], Ebert & Clerkin 2015:54 [ref. 33848], Kaschner et al. 2015:136 [ref. 33953], Nakaya et al. 2015:85 [ref. 34218], Weigmann 2016:35 [ref. 34211], Weigmann et al. 2016:428 [ref. 34984], Weigmann & Kaschner 2017:116 [ref. 35311], Weigmann et al. 2018:36 [ref. 36365]). Current status: Valid as Bythaelurus dawsoni (Springer 1971). Scyliorhinidae. Distribution: Western Pacific: New Zealand. Habitat: marine.

dentoides, Squalus Nardo [G. D.] (ex Chiereghini) 1847:col. 111 [Sinonimia moderna delle specie registrate nell' opera intitolata: ...; ref. 17994] Not available, Chiereghini name mentioned in synonymy. Also in Ninni 1872:10 [ref. 17995] as name in synonymy. Scyliorhinidae.

diana, Asymbolus Sprackland [R. G.] 1999:no page number [Key to the sharks and rays of the world; ref. 25187] Published electronically; listed in Zoological Record for 1999/2000. Not available, electronic publication not acceptable in the 1999 Code. Name provided to a published Asymbolus sp. account in a publication by different authors. Scyliorhinidae.

duhamelii, Catulus Garman [S.] 1913:73 [Memoirs of the Museum of Comparative Zoology v. 36; ref. 1545] Mediterranean Sea (Adriatic Sea and off Nice, France) and Atlantic coasts of Europe. Lectotype: MCZ 63-S. Paralectotype: MCZ 60-S (1). Type catalog: Hartel & Dingerkus 1997:xxxviii [ref. 23119]. Lectotype designated by Soares & Carvalho 2019:65 [ref. 36701]. •Synonym of Scyliorhinus canicula (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Springer 1973:19 [ref. 7162], Compagno 1984:358 [ref. 6846], Springer 1990:93 [ref. 19319], Dyldin 2015:50 [ref. 34524], Soares & Carvalho 2019:20 [ref. 36701]). •Valid as Scyliorhinus duhamelii (Garman 1913) -- (Soares & Carvalho 2019:57 [ref. 36701]). Current status: Valid as Scyliorhinus duhamelii (Garman 1913). Scyliorhinidae. Distribution: Central Mediterranean Sea: eastern Algeria and Tunisia to Adriatic Sea and Ionian Sea (western Greece). Habitat: marine.

edwardii, Catulus Smith [A.] 1838:85 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London (pt. 5) for 12 Sept. 1839 (no. 57); ref. 4034] Not an independent species description, but a misspelling and new genus arrangement for Squalus edwardsii Schinz 1822. •Not an independent species description, but a misspelling and new genus arrangement for Squalus edwardsii Schinz 1822. Current status: Synonym of Haploblepharus edwardsii (Schinz 1822). Scyliorhinidae.

edwardsii, Squalus Schinz [H. R.] 1822:214 [Das Thierreich v. 2; ref. 3926] Millers Point, False Bay, Western Cape, South Africa, 34°14'S, 18°28.6'E. Neotype: SAM 36079. Original spelling of species name was edwartsii; this considered an incorrect original spelling (Opinion 2056). Authorship previously attributed to Voigt 1832:504 [ref. 4948] by authors with original combination of Scyllium edwardsii. Authorship now attributed to Schinz 1822 (Opinion 2056). Also see van Oijen 2001:294 [ref. 26400] for petition on authorship as Schinz 1822. Neotype designated by Human 2007:7 [ref. 29330]. Name spelled edwardii by Smith 1838:85 [ref. 4034]. •Valid as Haploblepharus edwardsii (Schinz 1822) -- (Compagno 1984:332 [ref. 6846], Bass 1986:91 [ref. 5635], Gubanov & Timoxin 1989:222 [ref. 36138] as Haploblephorus edwardsii, Compagno 1999:480 [ref. 25589], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:66 [ref. 28072], Human & Compagno 2006:41 [ref. 28823], Human 2007:7 [ref. 29330], Weigmann 2016:40 [ref. 34211]). Current status: Valid as Haploblepharus edwardsii (Schinz 1822). Scyliorhinidae. Distribution: Southeastern Atlantic and western Indian Ocean: southern Africa. Habitat: marine.

elegans, Squalus Blainville [H. de] 1825:73, Pl. 18 (fig. 1) [Faune Française; ou histoire naturelle Livr. 13 & 14; ref. 4991] Marseille, France, western Mediterranean Sea. No types known. •Synonym of Scyliorhinus canicula (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Compagno 1984:358 [ref. 6846], Dyldin 2015:50 [ref. 34524], Soares & Carvalho 2019:20 [ref. 36701]). Current status: Synonym of Scyliorhinus canicula (Linnaeus 1758). Scyliorhinidae. Habitat: marine.

erdmanni, Atelomycterus Fahmi [no initials] & White [W. T.] 2015:16, Figs. 1-7 [Journal of the Ocean Science Foundation v. 14; ref. 33700] 'Nudi Retreat' dive site, Lembeh Strait, Manado, North Sulawesi, Indonesia, 1°29.19’N, 125°14.46’E, depth 62 meters. Holotype: NCIP 6544. Paratypes: NCIP 6549 (1). •Valid as Atelomycterus erdmanni Fahmi & White 2015 -- (Weigmann 2016:34 [ref. 34211]). Current status: Valid as Atelomycterus erdmanni Fahmi & White 2015. Scyliorhinidae. Distribution: Sulawesi, Indonesia. Habitat: marine.

fasciatum, Cephaloscyllium Chan [W. L.] 1966:232, Figs. 6-7; Pl. 3 [Journal of Zoology (London) v. 148; ref. 806] South China Sea, about 35 miles east-southeast of Cape Bantagan, Vietnam, 15°55.7'N, 109°28.5'E, depth 112-172 fathoms. Holotype: BMNH 1965.8.11.1. Paratypes: BMNH 1965.8.11.2-5 (4). •Valid as Cephaloscyllium fasciatum Chan 1966 -- (Compagno 1984:297 [ref. 6846], Allen & Swainston 1988:20 [ref. 25477] with author as Chen, Paxton et al. 1989:72 [ref. 12442], Last & Stevens 1994:197 [ref. 23873], Allen 1997:40 [ref. 23977], Randall et al. 1997:17 [ref. 25919], Compagno & Niem 1998:1289 [ref. 23787], Compagno 1999:479 [ref. 25589], Compagno in Randall & Lim 2000:579 [ref. 25122], Hutchins 2001:14 [ref. 25847], Inoue & Nakaya 2006:86 [ref. 28852], Hoese et al. 2006:86 [ref. 28999], Schaaf-Da Silva & Ebert 2008:13 [ref. 29807], Shao et al. 2008:236 [ref. 29952], Ebert & Wilms 2013:96 [ref. 33035], Nakaya et al.2013:102 [ref. 33036], Ebert et al. 2013:316 [ref. 33045], Akhilesh et al. 2014:4 [ref. 33217], Weigmann 2016:36 [ref. 34211]). Current status: Valid as Cephaloscyllium fasciatum Chan 1966. Scyliorhinidae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Taiwan, South China Sea, Philippines and Vietnam. Habitat: marine.

fasciatus, Atelomycterus Compagno [L. J. V.] & Stevens [J. D.] 1993:149, Figs. 1-4, 5A-B, 6-8, 10 [Records of the Australian Museum v. 45 (no. 2); ref. 20842] Onslow, Western Australia. Holotype: WAM P.8629-001. Paratypes: CSIRO CA 3289 (1), CA 4518 (1), CA 4523 (1), CA 4524 (1), H 1294-01 (1), H 1295-01 (1), H 1296-01 (1), H 1297-01 (1); WAM P.23838-001 (1). Type catalog: Moore et al. 2008:3 [ref. 30117]. •Valid as Atelomycterus fasciatus Compagno & Stevens 1993 -- (Compagno & Niem 1998:1287 [ref. 23787], Compagno 1999:479 [ref. 25589], Hutchins 2001:14 [ref. 25847], Bor et al. 2003:325 [ref. 27423], White et al. 2005:33 [ref. 28145], Hoese et al. 2006:85 [ref. 28999], Jacobsen & Bennett 2007:35 [ref. 29180], Larson et al. 2013:6 [ref. 32988], Weigmann 2016:34 [ref. 34211]). Current status: Valid as Atelomycterus fasciatus Compagno & Stevens 1993. Scyliorhinidae. Distribution: Eastern Indian Ocean: Northwestern Australia. Habitat: marine.

fernandezi, Scyliorhinus Weibezahn [F. H.] 1953:3, Fig. 1 [Novedades Cientificas, Contribuciones Ocasionales del Museo de Historia Natural La Salle, Serie Zoológica No. 9; ref. 12670] Three miles north of the port of La Guaira, Distrito Federal, Venezuela, depth 20 fathoms. Holotype (unique): MHNLS 3052 [not MHNLS 7717, ex. AFY 149]. Type catalog: Lasso et al. 1997:41 [ref. 23639]. •Synonym of Scyliorhinus haeckelii (Miranda Ribeiro 1907) -- (Compagno 1984:362 [ref. 6846], Soares et al. 2016:513 [ref. 34158]). •Synonym of Scyliorhinus boa (Goode & Bean 1896) -- (Soares & Carvalho 2019:9 [ref. 36701]). Current status: Synonym of Scyliorhinus boa (Goode & Bean 1896). Scyliorhinidae. Habitat: marine.

formosanum, Cephaloscyllium Teng [H.-T.] 1962:48, Fig. 11 [Classification and distribution of the Chondrichthyes of Taiwan; ref. 12623] Off Tungkang [Tongkang], southwestern coast of Taiwan, 22°25'N, 120°25'E, depth about 200 fathoms. Holotype (unique): TFRI 4339 (apparently lost). Type catalog: Ho & Shao 2011:17 [ref. 31432]. A translation of the original description by Nakaya appeared in Nakaya et al. 2013:122 [ref. 33036]. •Questionably a synonym of Cephaloscyllium isabellum (Bonnaterre 1788) -- (Compagno 1984:298 [ref. 6846]). •Synonym of Cephaloscyllium umbratile Jordan & Fowler 1903 -- (Schaaf-Da Silva & Ebert 2008:13 [ref. 29807], Ho & Shao 2011:17 [ref. 31432], Nakaya et al. 2013:116 [ref. 33036]). •Valid as Cephaloscyllium formosanum Teng 1962 -- (Inoue & Nakaya 2006:86 [ref. 28852], Nakaya et al. 2013:122 [ref. 33036], Ebert et al. 2013:316 [ref. 33045], Dyldin 2015:50 [ref. 34524], Weigmann 2016:37 [ref. 34211]). Current status: Valid as Cephaloscyllium formosanum Teng 1962. Scyliorhinidae. Distribution: Western North Pacific: Taiwan. Habitat: marine.

fuscus, Haploblepharus Smith [J. L. B.] 1950:883, Fig. 2 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 12) v. 3 (no. 34) (art. 81); ref. 12975] East London, Eastern Cape, South Africa, about 33°00'S, 27°55'E, western Indian Ocean. Holotype: SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 21. Paratypes: SAIAB [formerly RUSI] (1) apparently lost. •Valid as Haploblepharus fuscus Smith 1950 -- (Compagno 1984:334 [ref. 6846], Bass 1986:92 [ref. 5635], Gubanov & Timoxin 1989:222 [ref. 36138], Compagno 1999:480 [ref. 25589], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S92 [ref. 27377], Human & Compagno 2006:41 [ref. 28823], Human 2007:22 [ref. 29330], Weigmann 2016:40 [ref. 34211]). Current status: Valid as Haploblepharus fuscus Smith 1950. Scyliorhinidae. Distribution: Southeastern Atlantic, southwestern Indian Ocean: southern Africa. Habitat: marine.

garmani, Halaelurus Fowler [H. W.] 1934:235, Fig. 1 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 85 (for 1933); ref. 1416] East Indies [possibly in error]. Holotype (unique): USNM 43749. Type catalog: Howe & Springer 1993:7 [ref. 21812]. •Valid as Scyliorhinus garmani (Fowler 1934) -- (Compagno 1984:362 [ref. 6846], Gubanov & Timoxin 1989:221 [ref. 36138], Compagno & Niem 1998:1292 [ref. 23787], Compagno 1999:480 [ref. 25589], Compagno in Randall & Lim 2000:579 [ref. 25122], Compagno et al. 2005:27 [ref. 29145], Soares et al. 2015:358 [ref. 33716], Weigmann 2016:43 [ref. 34211], Soares & Carvalho 2019:65 [ref. 36701]). Current status: Valid as Scyliorhinus garmani (Fowler 1934). Scyliorhinidae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Philippines Habitat: marine.

gatta, Squalus Nardo [G. D.] (ex Chiereghini) 1847:col. 111 [Sinonimia moderna delle specie registrate nell' opera intitolata: ...; ref. 17994] Not available, Chiereghini name mentioned in synonymy. Scyliorhinidae.

gayi, Scyllium Philippi [R. A.] 1887:86 [Zoologische Garten (Zeitschrift für die gesamte Tiergärtnerei) v. 28; ref. 36059] Chile. No types known. Not in [ref. 3464]. Current status: Uncertain as Schroederichthys chilensis (Guichenot 1848). Scyliorhinidae. Habitat: marine.

giddingsi, Bythaelurus McCosker [J. E.], Long [D. J.] & Baldwin [C. C.] 2012:49, Figs. 1-4, Pls. 1-2 [Zootaxa No. 3221; ref. 31823] Darwin Island, 1°42.0'N, 92°00.0'W, Galápagos Islands, depth 428 meters. Holotype: CAS 210091. Paratypes: CAS 86559 (1), 210093 (1); MNHN 2010-0004 [ex CAS 210092] (1); SAM 35042 (1); USNM 364283 (1) •Valid as Bythaelurus giddingsi McCosker, Long & Baldwin 2012 -- (Ebert & Clerkin 2015:54 [ref. 33848], Kaschner et al. 2015:120 [ref. 33953], Weigmann 2016:35 [ref. 34211], Weigmann et al. 2016:427 [ref. 34984], Weigmann & Kaschner 2017:114 [ref. 35311], Weigmann et al. 2018:37 [ref. 36365]). Current status: Valid as Bythaelurus giddingsi McCosker, Long & Baldwin 2012. Scyliorhinidae. Distribution: Southeastern Pacific: Galápagos Islands. Habitat: marine.

griseum, Scyllia van Hasselt [J. C.] 1823:315 [Algemeene Konst- en Letter-bode voor het Jaar I Deel (no. 20); ref. 4513] Not available; name only from Java (see Kottelat 1987:369 [ref. 5962]; see also Alfred 1961:81 [ref. 20553]). Did not appear in van Hasselt 1824 [ref. 5104]. Scyliorhinidae.

haeckelii, Catulus Miranda Ribeiro [A. de] 1907:163, Pl. 8 (figs. 1-2) [Arquivos do Museu Nacional de Rio de Janeiro v. 14; ref. 17763] Near Rio de Janeiro, 25-30 miles east-southeast of ilha Rasa, Brazil, depth 80 meters. Holotype (unique): MNRJ 494. Type catalog: Miranda Ribeiro 1953:406 [ref. 12732], Miranda Ribeiro 1961:4 [ref. 22041 or 22040]. Genus spelled Catulus on plate and in index (p. 214). As Catulos haeckelli on pp. 390 and 391, as Catulus haeckellii on p. 406 in Miranda Ribeiro 1953 [ref. 12732]. •Valid as Scyliorhinus haeckelii (Miranda Ribeiro 1907) -- (Compagno 1984:362 [ref. 6846] as haeckeli, Cervigón 1992:185 [ref. 23827], Compagno 1999:480 [ref. 25589], Soto 2001:63 [ref. 26637], Gadig & Gomes in Menezes et al. 2003:22 [ref. 27192], Compagno 2003:454 [ref. 26984], Soares et al. 2015:358 [ref. 33716], Soares et al. 2016:513 [ref. 34158], Weigmann 2016:43 [ref. 34211], Nión et al. 2016:20 [ref. 35565], Ehemann et al. 2019:[3] [ref. 36861], Soares & Carvalho 2019:68 [ref. 36701]). Current status: Valid as Scyliorhinus haeckelii (Miranda Ribeiro 1907). Scyliorhinidae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: southern Brazil south to Uruguay. Habitat: marine.

hesperius, Scyliorhinus Springer [S.] 1966:603, Figs. 7d, 9a, 15b, 27d [United States Fish and Wildlife Service Fishery Bulletin v. 65 (no. 3) (for 1965); ref. 4174] Eastern coast of Panama, 9°03'N, 81°22'W, Oregon station 3598, Caribbean Sea, depth 360-400 meters. Holotype: USNM 187732. Additional material: (12) USNM. Type catalog: Howe & Springer 1993:7 [ref. 21812]. •Valid as Scyliorhinus hesperius Springer 1966 -- (Compagno 1984:363 [ref. 6846], Shirai et al. 1992:13 [ref. 19241], Cervigón 1992:185 [ref. 23827], Compagno 1999:480 [ref. 25589], Compagno 2003:454 [ref. 26984], Gadig & Gomes in Menezes et al. 2003:22 [ref. 27192], Espinosa Pérez et al. 2004:36 [ref. 27705], Castro 2011:338 [ref. 31457], Soares et al. 2015:358 [ref. 33716], Del Moral-Flores et al. 2016:83 [ref. 34398], Soares et al. 2016:533 [ref. 34158], Weigmann 2016:43 [ref. 34211], Hacohen-Domené et al. 2016:1 [ref. 35107], Ehemann et al. 2018:22 [ref. 36194], Ehemann et al. 2019:[3] [ref. 36861], Soares & Carvalho 2019:70 [ref. 36701]). Current status: Valid as Scyliorhinus hesperius Springer 1966. Scyliorhinidae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: southern Caribbean Sea from Guatemala south to Colombia and Venezuela. Habitat: marine.

hiscosellum, Cephaloscyllium White [W. T.] & Ebert [D. A.] 2008:172, Figs. 1-3 [CSIRO Marine and Atmospheric Research Paper No. 022; ref. 29685] West of Leander Point, Western Australia, 29°15'S, 113°56'E, depth 320-325 meters. Holotype: CSIRO H 2590-07. Paratypes: 18 specimens at CSIRO, WAM. •Valid as Cephaloscyllium hiscosellum White & Ebert 2008 -- (Clark & Randall 2011:27 [ref. 31133], Weigmann 2016:37 [ref. 34211]). Current status: Valid as Cephaloscyllium hiscosellum White & Ebert 2008. Scyliorhinidae. Distribution: Northwestern Australia. Habitat: marine.

hispidum, Scyllium Alcock [A. W.] 1891:21 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 6) v. 8 (no. 43/44); ref. 87] Andaman Sea, 11°31'40"N, 92°46'40"E, Investigator station 115, depth 188-220 fathoms. Holotype (unique): ZSI F13120. Type catalog: Menon & Yazdani 1968:95 [ref. 20743]. Figured in Alcock 1894: Pl. 8 (figs. 3, 3a) [ref. 17304]. •Valid as Halaelurus hispidus (Alcock 1891) -- (Compagno 1984:325 [ref. 6846], Gubanov & Timoxin 1989:222 [ref. 36138], Compagno 1999:479 [ref. 25589], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S91 [ref. 27377]). •Valid as Bythaelurus hispidus (Alcock 1891) -- (White et al. 2007:1 [ref. 29295], Last & Stevens 2008:123 [ref. 29681], McCosker et al. 2012:58 [ref. 31823], Ebert & Clerkin 2015:54 [ref. 33848], Kaschner et al. 2015:136 [ref. 33953], Weigmann 2016:36 [ref. 34211], Weigmann & Kaschner 2017:116 [ref. 35311], Kumar et al. 2018:296 [ref. 36178], Weigmann et al. 2018:37 [ref. 36365]). Current status: Valid as Bythaelurus hispidus (Alcock 1891). Scyliorhinidae. Distribution: Indian Ocean: Kenya to Oman, southern India and Andaman Sea. Habitat: marine.

immaculatus, Halaelorus Chu [Y.-T.] & Meng [Q.-W.] in Chu, Meng, Hu & Li 1982:301 [English p. 309], Fig. 1 [Oceanologia et Limnologia Sinica v. 13 (no. 4); ref. 8492] South China Sea, 19°24.8'N, 114°23.6'E, depth 1020 meters. Holotype: SCSFRI O 0094. Paratypes: SCIFRI O 0033 (1), S 16890 (1). •Valid as Halaelurus immaculatus Chu & Meng 1982 -- (Compagno 1984:326 [ref. 6846], Compagno & Niem 1998:1285 [ref. 23787], Paulin et al. 1989:22 [ref. 24556], Compagno 1999:479 [ref. 25589], Compagno in Randall & Lim 2000:579 [ref. 25122]). •Valid as Bythaelurus immaculatus (Chu & Meng 1982) -- (White et al. 2007:1 [ref. 29295], Last & Stevens 2008:123 [ref. 29681], McCosker et al. 2012:58 [ref. 31823], White & Last 2013:237 [ref. 33042], Ebert & Clerkin 2015:54 [ref. 33848], Kaschner et al. 2015:120 [ref. 33953], Weigmann 2016:36 [ref. 34211], Weigmann et al. 2016:428 [ref. 34984], Weigmann & Kaschner 2017:114 [ref. 35311], Weigmann et al. 2018:37 [ref. 36365]). Current status: Valid as Bythaelurus immaculatus (Chu & Meng 1982). Scyliorhinidae. Distribution: Western central Pacific: South China Sea. Habitat: marine.

incanus, Bythaelurus Last [P. R.] & Stevens [J. D.] 2008:123, Figs. 1-2 [CSIRO Marine and Atmospheric Research Paper No. 022; ref. 29681] South of Roti Island, Ashmore Terrace, Western Australia, 13°06'S, 122°18'E, depth 900-1000 meters. Holotype (unique): CSIRO H 1204-02. •Valid as Bythaelurus incanus Last & Stevens 2008 -- (McCosker et al. 2012:58 [ref. 31823], Ebert & Clerkin 2015:54 [ref. 33848], Kaschner et al. 2015:120 [ref. 33953], Weigmann 2016:36 [ref. 34211], Weigmann et al. 2016:428 [ref. 34984], Weigmann & Kaschner 2017:114 [ref. 35311], Weigmann et al. 2018:38 [ref. 36365]). Current status: Valid as Bythaelurus incanus Last & Stevens 2008. Scyliorhinidae. Distribution: Southeastern Indian Ocean: northwestern Australia. Habitat: marine.

isabella, Squalus Gmelin [J. F.] 1789:1489 [Caroli a Linné ... Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae v. 1 (pt 3); ref. 18139] New Zealand. Objectively invalid, preoccupied by Squalus isabella Bonnaterre 1788. •Synonym of Cephaloscyllium isabella (Bonnaterre 1788) -- (Compagno 1984:298 [ref. 6846] as isabellum"). Current status: Synonym of Cephaloscyllium isabella (Bonnaterre 1788). Scyliorhinidae. Habitat: marine.

isabella, Squalus Bonnaterre [J. P.] (ex Broussonet) 1788:6 [Tableau encyclopédique et méthodique des trois règnes de la nature... Ichthyologie; ref. 4940] Southwestern Pacific. Holotype: apparently lost. Based on 'L'Isabelle' of Broussonet 1780:648 [ref. 20282]. Isabella is treated as a noun in apposition, originally spelled with a capital I (see Kullander 2016:112 [ref. 34147]). •Possible the same as Cephaloscyllium laticeps (Duméril 1853) -- (White 2008:63 [ref. 30617]). •Valid as Cephaloscyllium isabella (Bonnaterre 1788) (spelled isabellum by authors) -- (Compagno 1984:298 [ref. 6846], Paulin et al. 1989:21 [ref. 24556], Nakaya in Amaoka et al. 1990:60 [ref. 16024], Senou & Masuda 1998:5 [ref. 24388], Compagno 1999:479 [ref. 25589], Inoue & Nakaya 2006:86 [ref. 28852], Last et al. 2008:147 [ref. 29683], Schaaf-Da Silva & Ebert 2008:21 [ref. 29807], Nakaya et al. 2015:78 [ref. 34218] as isabellum, Weigmann 2016:37 [ref. 34211] as isabellum). Current status: Valid as Cephaloscyllium isabella (Bonnaterre 1788). Scyliorhinidae. Distribution: Southwestern Pacific: Australia and New Zealand. Limited to New Zealand [ref. 34218]. Habitat: marine.

isabellina, Scylia Billberg [G. J.] 1833:51 [Linnéska Samfundets Handlingar v. 1 (for 1832); ref. 34146] New Zealand. No types known. Unnecessary replacement name for Squalus isabella Gmelin 1789; see Kullander 2016:112 [ref. 34147]. •Synonym of Cephaloscyllium isabella (Bonnaterre 1788) -- (Kullander 2016:112 [ref. 34147]). Current status: Synonym of Cephaloscyllium isabella (Bonnaterre 1788). Scyliorhinidae. Habitat: marine.

kanakorum, Aulohalaelurus Séret [B.] 1990:128, Figs. 1-5 a-b, 6 [Records of the Australian Museum v. 42 (no. 2); ref. 16200] Pass of islet N'Do, southwestern lagoon off New Caledonia, western Pacific. Holotype (unique): MNHN 1988-1860. •Valid as Aulohalaelurus kanakorum Séret 1990 -- (Compagno & Niem 1998:1288 [ref. 23787], Compagno 1999:479 [ref. 25589], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:88 [ref. 25191], Fricke et al. 2011:345 [ref. 31242], Weigmann 2016:34 [ref. 34211]). Current status: Valid as Aulohalaelurus kanakorum Séret 1990. Scyliorhinidae. Distribution: Southwestern Pacific: New Caledonia. Habitat: marine.

kistnasamyi, Haploblepharus Human [B. A.] & Compagno [L. J. V.] 2006:44, Figs. 2-5 [Zootaxa No. 1318; ref. 28823] Landers Reef off Park Rynie, KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa, 30°19'S, 30°47'E, southwestern Indian Ocean. Holotype: SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 39835. Paratypes: SAIAB 6075 (1), 6077 (1). Plus non-type specimens. •Valid as Haploblepharus kistnasamyi Human & Compagno 2006 -- (Human 2007:29 [ref. 29330], Weigmann 2016:40 [ref. 34211]). Current status: Valid as Haploblepharus kistnasamyi Human & Compagno 2006. Scyliorhinidae. Distribution: Southeastern South Africa. Habitat: marine.

labiosus, Catulus Waite [E. R.] 1905:57, Fig. 23 [Records of the Australian Museum v. 6 (no. 2); ref. 4562] [Orig.] Fremantle, Western Australia. "Neotype" with no data. Neotype: WAM P.13253-001. Type catalog: Hutchins & Smith 1991:5 [ref. 19335], Moore et al. 2008:3 [ref. 30117]. Neotype designated by Séret 1990:128 [ref. 16200] but it was not needed as no nomenclatural problem was involved (Moore et al. 2009:3 [ref. 30117]). •Valid as Aulohalaelurus labiosus (Waite 1905) -- (Compagno 1984:295 [ref. 6846], Paxton et al. 1989:72 [ref. 12442], Last & Stevens 1994:191 [ref. 23873], Kuiter 1997:10 [ref. 25488], Compagno 1999:479 [ref. 25589], Hutchins 2001:14 [ref. 25847], Hoese et al. 2006:85 [ref. 28999], Moore et al. 2009:3 [ref. 30117], Weigmann 2016:35 [ref. 34211], Hoschke et al. 2019:153[ref. 36626]). Current status: Valid as Aulohalaelurus labiosus (Waite 1905). Scyliorhinidae. Distribution: Southeastern Indian Ocean: Western Australia. Habitat: marine.

laticeps, Scyllium Duméril [A. H. A.] 1853:84, Pl. 3 (figs. 2a-b) [Revue et Magasin de Zoologie (Sér. 2) v. 5; ref. 17425] Tasmania, Australia. Holotype (unique): MNHN A-9378 (stuffed). Type catalog: Bertin 1939:68 [ref. 20739]. •Valid as Cephaloscyllium laticeps (Duméril 1853) -- (Compagno 1984:299 [ref. 6846], Paxton et al. 1989:72 [ref. 12442], Kuiter 1993:9 [ref. 23929], Gomon et al. 1994:135 [ref. 22532], Last & Stevens 1994:198 [ref. 23873], Compagno 1999:479 [ref. 25589], Hutchins 2001:14 [ref. 25847], Inoue & Nakaya 2006:86 [ref. 28852], Hoese et al. 2006:86 [ref. 28999], Last et al. 2008:147 [ref. 29683], White 2008:61 [ref. 30617], Weigmann 2016:37 [ref. 34211]). Current status: Valid as Cephaloscyllium laticeps (Duméril 1853). Scyliorhinidae. Distribution: Southern Australia: southern New South Wales to Western Australia. Habitat: marine.

leopardinum, Scyllium Müller [J.] & Henle [F. G. J.] 1838:13 [Systematische Beschreibung der Plagiostomen; ref. 3069] Not available, name only in the synonymy of Scyllium pantherinum; based on RMNH museum name. •In the synonymy of Poroderma pantherinum (Müller & Henle 1838) -- (Compagno 1984:349 [ref. 6846], Human 2006:13 [ref. 28714]). Current status: Synonym of Poroderma pantherinum (Müller & Henle 1838). Scyliorhinidae.

lima, Scyllium Richardson [J.] 1843:29 [Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science v. 12 (12th meeting [1842]); ref. 12502] Eaheenomauwee, New Zealand. Originally Scyllium ? lima. Based on Squalus isabella Brousonnet and unpublished illustration by Parkinson. •Synonym of Cephaloscyllium isabella (Bonnaterre 1788) -- (Compagno 1984:298 [ref. 6846] as isabellum). Current status: Synonym of Cephaloscyllium isabella (Bonnaterre 1788). Scyliorhinidae. Habitat: marine.

lutarius, Halaelurus Springer [S.] & D'Aubrey [J. D.] 1972:6, Figs. 1A [Investigational Report. Oceanographic Research Institute, Durban No. 29; ref. 17325] Off Delagoa Bay, Mozambique basin, 25°32'S, 33°24'E, South Africa, southwestern Indian Ocean, Anton Bruun cruise 8, station 396B, depth 450-455 meters. Holotype: USNM 205135. Paratypes: USNM 221660 (16). Type catalog: Howe & Springer 1993:9 [ref. 21812]. •Valid as Halaelurus lutarius Springer & D'Aubrey 1972 -- (Compagno 1984:329 [ref. 6846], Bass 1986:90 [ref. 5635], Gubanov & Timoxin 1989:222 [ref. 36138], Compagno 1999:479 [ref. 25589], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S91 [ref. 27377]). •Valid as Bythaelurus lutarius (Springer & D'Aubrey 1972) -- (White et al. 2007:1 [ref. 29295], Last & Stevens 2008:123 [ref. 29681], McCosker et al. 2012:58 [ref. 31823], Ebert & Clerkin 2015:54 [ref. 33848], Kaschner et al. 2015:136 [ref. 33953], Weigmann 2016:36 [ref. 34211], Weigmann et al. 2016:428 [ref. 34984], Weigmann & Kaschner 2017:116 [ref. 35311], Weigmann et al. 2018:38 [ref. 36365]). Current status: Valid as Bythaelurus lutarius (Springer & D'Aubrey 1972). Scyliorhinidae. Distribution: Southwestern Indian Ocean: Mozambique. Habitat: marine.

macleayi, Atelomycterus Whitley [G. P.] 1939:230, Fig. 3 [Australian Zoologist v. 9 (pt 3); ref. 4695] Melville Island, Port Darwin, Northern Territory, Australia. Holotype: AMS I.5269 [orig. IA.7826]. Paratypes: AMS IA.7822-26 (5). •Valid as Atelomycterus macleayi Whitley 1939 -- (Compagno 1984:292 [ref. 6846], Allen & Swainston 1988:20 [ref. 25477], Paxton et al. 1989:72 [ref. 12442], Randall et al. 1990:17 [ref. 15987], Compagno & Stevens 1993:149 [ref. 20842], Last & Stevens 1994:190 [ref. 23873], Allen 1997:40 [ref. 23977], Larson & Williams 1997:343 [ref. 23967], Randall et al. 1997:17 [ref. 25919], Compagno & Niem 1998:1288 [ref. 23787], Compagno 1999:479 [ref. 25589], Hutchins 2001:14 [ref. 25847], Bor et al. 2003:325 [ref. 27423], White et al. 2005:33 [ref. 28145], Hoese et al. 2006:85 [ref. 28999], Jacobsen & Bennett 2007:35 [ref. 29180], Larson et al. 2013:6 [ref. 32988], Weigmann 2016:34 [ref. 34211]). Current status: Valid as Atelomycterus macleayi Whitley 1939. Scyliorhinidae. Distribution: Northern Australia. Habitat: marine.

maculatum, Cephaloscyllium Schaaf-Da Silva [J. A.] & Ebert [D. A.] 2008:7, Figs. 5b, 6, 7b, 10a [Figs. are out of order] [Zootaxa No. 1872; ref. 29807] Su-ao [Suao], eastern coast of Taiwan, 24°35.7'N, 121°50.7'E. Holotype (unique): CAS 224877. Type catalog: Ho & Shao 2011:18 [ref. 31432]. •Valid as Cephaloscyllium maculatum Schaaf-Da Silva & Ebert 2008 -- (Ho & Shao 2011:18 [ref. 31432]). •Synonym of Cephaloscyllium fasciatum Chan 1966 -- (Nakaya et al. 2013:102 [ref. 33036], Weigmann 2016:36 [ref. 34211]). Current status: Synonym of Cephaloscyllium fasciatum Chan 1966. Scyliorhinidae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Taiwan [if valid]. Habitat: marine.

maculatum, Scyllium Gray [J. E.] 1830:no page number, Pl. 98 (fig. 1) [Illustrations of Indian zoology; ref. 1878] India. Holotype: BMNH 1953.5.10.4. Published about 15 July 1830. •Synonym of Atelomycterus marmoratus (Anonymous [Bennett] 1830) -- (Compagno 1984:293 [ref. 6846]). Current status: Synonym of Atelomycterus marmoratus (Anonymous [Bennett] 1830). Scyliorhinidae. Habitat: marine.

maculatus, Schroederichthys Springer [S.] 1966:605, Figs. 4c, 5, 7f, 9c, 16a, 17, 19 [United States Fish and Wildlife Service Fishery Bulletin v. 65 (no. 3) (for 1965); ref. 4174] North-northwest of Cape Gracias a Dios, Honduras, 16°39'N, 82°29'W, Oregon station 1870, Caribbean Sea, depth 225 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 185556. Paratypes: USNM 185557 (1). Type catalog: Howe & Springer 1993:9 [ref. 21812]. •Valid as Schroederichthys maculatus Springer 1966 -- (Compagno 1984:353 [ref. 6846], Compagno 1999:480 [ref. 25589], Compagno 2003:453 [ref. 26984], Castro 2011:334 [ref. 31457], Weigmann 2016:43 [ref. 34211]). Current status: Valid as Schroederichthys maculatus Springer 1966. Scyliorhinidae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: Honduras and Nicaragua. Habitat: marine.

maculatus, Squalus Bloch [M. E.] & Schneider [J. G.] 1801:130 [M. E. Blochii, Systema Ichthyologiae; ref. 471] East India. Holotype (unique): ZMB 7827 (stuffed). Type catalog: Paepke & Schmidt 1988:168 [ref. 21041], Paepke 1999:133 [ref. 24282]. Apparently independent of Squalus maculatus Bonnaterre 1788. Objectively invalid; preoccupied by Squalus maculatus Bonnaterre 1788. •Questionably a synonym of Aulohalaelurus labiosus (Waite 1905) or possibly based on Squalus maculatus Bonnaterre 1788 -- (Compagno 1984:295 [ref. 6846]). •Incorrectly valid as Aulohalaelurus maculatus (Bloch & Schneider 1801) -- (Paepke 1999:133 [ref. 24282]). Current status: Synonym of Aulohalaelurus. Scyliorhinidae. Habitat: marine.

maeandrinum, Scyllium Müller [J.] & Henle [F. G. J.] (ex Rapp) 1838:13 [Systematische Beschreibung der Plagiostomen; ref. 3069] Name only, not available; in the account of Scyllium pantherinum; based on museum name and drawing by W. von Rapp (UTZI). •In the synonymy of Poroderma pantherinum (Müller & Henle 1838) -- (Compagno 1984:349 [ref. 6846], Human 2006:13 [ref. 28714] with author as van Rapp). Current status: Synonym of Poroderma pantherinum (Müller & Henle 1838). Scyliorhinidae.

marleyi, Poroderma Fowler [H. W.] 1934:234 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 85 (for 1933); ref. 1416] KwaZulu-Natal coast, South Africa, southwestern Indian Ocean, depth 20 fathoms. Holotype: ANSP 53427. Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:154 [ref. 13621]. •Valid as Poroderma marleyi Fowler 1934 -- (Compagno 1984:348 [ref. 6846], Bass 1986:94 [ref. 5635], Gubanov & Timoxin 1989:221 [ref. 36138]). •Synonym of Poroderma pantherinum (Müller & Henle 1838) -- (Human 2006:13 [ref. 28714]). Current status: Synonym of Poroderma pantherinum (Müller & Henle 1838). Scyliorhinidae. Habitat: marine.

marmoratum, Scyllium Anonymous [Bennett [E. T.]] 1830:693 [Memoir of the life and public services of Sir Thomas Stamford Raffles; ref. 259] Sumatra, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1953.5.10.5 (skin). On Code recommendation 51D, the anonymous author is listed in square brackets. •Valid as Atelomycterus marmoratus (Anonymous [Bennett] 1830) -- (Compagno 1984:293 [ref. 6846], Compagno & Stevens 1993:149 [ref. 20842], Yamakawa et al. 1995 [ref. 22108], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:59 [ref. 27969], Compagno & Niem 1998:1288 [ref. 23787], Compagno 1999:479 [ref. 25589], Nakabo 2000:127 [ref. 25086], Compagno in Randall & Lim 2000:579 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2002:127 [ref. 26001], Allen & Adrim 2003:21 [ref. 26830], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S91 [ref. 27377], Bor et al. 2003:325 [ref. 27423], Adrim et al. 2004:118 [ref. 27715], White et al. 2005:33 [ref. 28145], Compagno et al. 2005:24 [ref. 29145], Jacobsen & Bennett 2007:35 [ref. 29180], Last el al. 2010:68 [ref. 32461], Allen & Erdmann 2012:54 [ref. 31980], Ebert et al. 2013:316 [ref. 33045], Yoshida et al. 2013:9 [ref. 34464], Fahmi & White 2015:26 [ref. 33700], Psomadakis et al. 2015:77 [ref. 34104], Weigmann 2016:34 [ref. 34211], White et al. 2017:96 [ref. 35860], White & Ko'ou 2018:25 [ref. 35922]). Current status: Valid as Atelomycterus marmoratus (Anonymous [Bennett] 1830). Scyliorhinidae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific, continental; Pakistan and India to the East Indies and north to China and south to Papua New Guinea. Habitat: marine.

marnkalha, Atelomycterus Jacobsen [I. P.] & Bennett [M. B.] 2007:24, Figs. 1-7 [Zootaxa No. 1520; ref. 29180] Torres Strait, 10°36'S, 141°36'E, Queensland, Australia, depth 17 meters. Holotype: CSIRO H 6144-01. Paratypes: AMS I 15557-003 (1), I 21842-001 (1); CSIRO H 1118-01 (1), H 6145-01(1), H 6146-01 (1), H 6147-01(1), H 6148-01(1), H 6149-02 (1); QM I 34022-23 (1, 1), I 38078 (1). Plus non-type material. •Valid as Atelomycterus marnkalha Jacobsen & Bennett 2007 -- (Larson et al. 2013:6 [ref. 32988], Weigmann 2016:34 [ref. 34211], White et al. 2017:98 [ref. 35860], White & Ko'ou 2018:25 [ref. 35922]). Current status: Valid as Atelomycterus marnkalha Jacobsen & Bennett 2007. Scyliorhinidae. Distribution: Eastern Queensland to northern Australia to southern Papua New Guinea. Habitat: marine.

meadi, Scyliorhinus Springer [S.] 1966:600, Fig. 14 [United States Fish and Wildlife Service Fishery Bulletin v. 65 (no. 3) (for 1965); ref. 4174] Off Cape Kennedy, Florida, U.S.A., 28°21'N, 78°51'W, Silver Bay station 3711, depth 329 meters. Holotype (unique): USNM 188049. •Valid as Scyliorhinus meadi Springer 1966 -- (Espinosa Pérez & Huidobro Campos 1995:114 [ref. 22757], Compagno 1999:480 [ref. 25589], Compagno 2003:455 [ref. 26984], Kiraly et al. 2003:15 [ref. 28226], Espinosa Pérez et al. 2004:36 [ref. 27705], McLaughlin & Morrissey 2004:482 [ref. 28052], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:14 [ref. 28815], Castro 2011:340 [ref. 31457], Soares et al. 2015:358 [ref. 33716], Del Moral-Flores et al. 2016:83 [ref. 34398], Soares et al. 2016:533 [ref. 34158], Weigmann 2016:44 [ref. 34211], Ehemann et al. 2018:22 [ref. 36194], Soares & Carvalho 2019:78 [ref. 36701]). Current status: Valid as Scyliorhinus meadi Springer 1966. Scyliorhinidae. Distribution: Northwestern Atlantic: South Carolina and Florida (U.S.A.), Bahamas. Habitat: marine.

myops, Squalis (Scyliorhinus) Blainville [H. de] 1816:121 [Bulletin des Sciences, par la Société Philomathique de Paris v. 8; ref. 306] Not available, name only. Scyliorhinidae.

nascione, Cephaloscyllium isabella forma Whitley [G. P.] 1932:324, Fig. 2 (no. 2) [Records of the Australian Museum v. 18 (no. 6); ref. 4674] 24 miles north-northeast of Montague Island, New South Wales, Australia, depth 90 fathoms. Holotype (unique): AMS IA.2829. Proposed as a forma, but because nascione was subsequently used as a valid species name prior to 1985, it is to be treated as subspecific when proposed by Whitley. •Valid as Cephaloscyllium nascione Whitley 1932 -- (Compagno 1984:300 [ref. 6846], Paxton et al. 1989:72 [ref. 12442], Gomon et al. 1994:136 [ref. 22532], Inoue & Nakaya 2006:86 [ref. 28852]). •Synonym of Cephaloscyllium laticeps (Duméril 1853) -- (Last & Stevens 1994:198 [ref. 23873], Hoese et al. 2006:86 [ref. 28999], Last et al. 2008:147 [ref. 29683]). Current status: Synonym of Cephaloscyllium laticeps (Duméril 1853). Scyliorhinidae. Habitat: marine.

naylori, Bythaelurus Ebert [D. A.] & Clerkin [P. J.] 2015:55, Figs. 1-5 [Journal of the Ocean Science Foundation v. 15; ref. 33848] Southwest Indian Ridge, 35°10'S, 53°40'E, depth 800-1300 meters. Holotype: CAS 237869. Paratypes: CAS, SAIAB, iSAM MB, USNM. •Valid as Bythaelurus naylori Ebert & Clerkin 2015 -- (Weigmann 2016:36 [ref. 34211], Weigmann et al. 2016:428 [ref. 34984], Weigmann & Kaschner 2017:116 [ref. 35311], Weigmann et al. 2018:38 [ref. 36365]). Current status: Valid as Bythaelurus naylori Ebert & Clerkin 2015. Scyliorhinidae. Distribution: Southwestern Indian Ocean: Southwest Indian Ridge. Habitat: marine.

nigripalatum, Parmaturus Fahmi [no initials] & Ebert [D. A.] 2018:533, Figs. 2-6 [Zootaxa 4413 (no. 3); ref. 35910] South of Sumbawa, Indonesia, 9.04°S, 117.92°E; depth 170-190 meters. Holotype (unique): NCIP 6567. •Valid as Parmaturus nigripalatum Fahmi & Ebert 2018. Current status: Valid as Parmaturus nigripalatum Fahmi & Ebert 2018. Scyliorhinidae. Distribution: Indonesia. Habitat: marine.

ocellaris, Squalus Cabrera y Corro [A.], Pérez [L.] & Hänseler [F.] in Graells 1887:185 [Revista de los Progresos de las Ciencias Exactas, Fisicas y Naturales, Madrid v. 22 (no. 3); ref. 30438] Western Andalusia, near Cádiz, Spain, eastern Atlantic. Name only; not available. Name from Cabrera y Corro, Pérez & Hänseler 1817:11 [ref. 17319], possibly an unpublished work. •In the synonymy of Scyliorhinus stellaris (Linnaeus 1758). Current status: Synonym of Scyliorhinus stellaris (Linnaeus 1758). Scyliorhinidae.

ocellaris, Squalus Cabrera y Corro [A.], Pérez [L.] & Hänseler [F.] 1817:11 [Lista de los peces del mar de Andalucía; ref. 17319] Western Andalusia, near Cádiz, Spain, eastern Atlantic. Name only, not available. Possibly an unpublished work. See also Squalus ocellaris Cabrera y Corro, Pérez & Hänseler in Graells 1887:185 [ref. 30438]. Author erroneously given as 'Lin.' (Linnaeus). •In the synonymy of Scyliorhinus stellaris (Linnaeus 1758). Current status: Synonym of Scyliorhinus stellaris (Linnaeus 1758). Scyliorhinidae.

pantherinum, Scyllium Müller [J.] & Henle [F. G. J.] (ex Smith) 1845:no pagination, Pl. 25 (fig. 3) [Illustrations of the zoology of South Africa v. 4; ref. 4035] Near Algoa Bay, South Africa, southwestern Indian Ocean. No types known. Apparently independent of Scyllium pantherinum Müller & Henle (ex Smith) 1838. Objectively invalid; preoccupied by Scyllium pantherinum Müller & Henle (ex Smith) 1838. •Synonym of Poroderma pantherinum (Müller & Henle 1838). Current status: Synonym of Poroderma pantherinum (Müller & Henle 1838). Scyliorhinidae. Habitat: marine.

pantherinum, Scyllium Müller [J.] & Henle [F. G. J.] (ex Smith) 1838:13 [Systematische Beschreibung der Plagiostomen; ref. 3069] Cape of Good Hope, South Africa, southeastern Atlantic. Syntypes: BMNH 1845.7.3.145 (stuffed); RMNH uncat. (1, whereabouts unknown); UTZI uncat. (1, whereabouts unknown). Appeared first as name only in Smith 1838:85 [ref. 4034]. Evidently Müller & Henle alone were responsible for the description, so authorship is regarded as Müller & Henle (ex Smith). Based on multiple sources including manuscript name by A. Smith (BMNH), specimen in RMNH, and drawing by W. von Rapp (UTZI). •Valid as Poroderma pantherinum (Müller & Henle 1838) -- (Compagno 1984:349 [ref. 6846], Bass 1986:95 [ref. 5635], Gubanov & Timoxin 1989:221 [ref. 36138], Fricke 1999:17 [ref. 24106], Compagno 1999:480 [ref. 25589], Human 2006:13 [ref. 28714] with author as Smith, Weigmann 2016:42 [ref. 34211], Fricke et al. 2018:10 [ref. 35805]). Current status: Valid as Poroderma pantherinum (Müller & Henle 1838). Scyliorhinidae. Distribution: Southeastern Atlantic, southwestern Indian Ocean: South Africa (Algoa Bay to KwaZulu-Natal), Madagascar, Mauritius (Mascarenes). Habitat: marine.

pardelotum, Cephaloscyllium Schaaf-Da Silva [J. A.] & Ebert [D. A.] 2008:3, Figs. 1, 5a, 7a [Zootaxa No. 1872; ref. 29807] Tungkang [Tongkang], off southern Taiwan, 22°27.6'N, 120°26.4'E. Holotype (unique): CAS 224876. Type catalog: Ho & Shao 2011:18 [ref. 31432]. •Valid as Cephaloscyllium pardelotum Schaaf-Da Silva & Ebert 2008 -- (Ho & Shao 2011:18 [ref. 31432]). •Synonym of Cephaloscyllium fasciatum Chan 1966 -- (Nakaya et al. 2013:102 [ref. 33036], Weigmann 2016:36 [ref. 34211]). Current status: Synonym of Cephaloscyllium fasciatum Chan 1966. Scyliorhinidae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Taiwan [if valid]. Habitat: marine.

pardus, Scyllium Temminck [C. J.] in Müller & Henle 1838:5 [Systematische Beschreibung der Plagiostomen; ref. 3069] Museum name mentioned in passing. •In the synonymy of Atelomycterus marmoratus (Anonymous [Bennett] 1830) -- (Compagno 1984:293 [ref. 6846]). Current status: Synonym of Atelomycterus marmoratus (Anonymous [Bennett] 1830). Scyliorhinidae.

parvum, Cephaloscyllium Inoue [S.] & Nakaya [K. (1)] 2006:78, Figs. 1-3, 6A [Species Diversity v. 11; ref. 28852] Off Sarawak, Borneo, Malaysia. Holotype: HUMZ 109126. Paratypes: HUMZ 109124 (1), 109125 (1), 109127 (1), 170770 (1). Plus non-type material. Type catalog: Ho & Shao 2011:17 [ref. 31432]. •Synonym of Cephaloscyllium sarawakense Yano, Ahmed & Gambang 2005 (often as sarawakensis) -- (Schaaf-Da Silva & Ebert 2008:25 [ref. 29807], Last el al. 2010:36 [ref. 32461], Clark & Randall 2011:27 [ref. 31133], Ho & Shao 2011:17 [ref. 31432], Nakaya et al. 2013:110 [ref. 33036], Dyldin 2015:50 [ref. 34524], Weigmann 2016:37 [ref. 34211]). Current status: Synonym of Cephaloscyllium sarawakense Yano, Ahmed & Gambang 2005. Scyliorhinidae. Habitat: marine.

pictum, Cephaloscyllium Last [P. R.], Séret [B.] & White [W. T.] 2008:134, Figs. 3-4 [CSIRO Marine and Atmospheric Research Paper No. 022; ref. 29682] Tanjung Luar fish landing site, Lombok, Indonesia, 8°45'S, 116°35'E. Holotype: MZB 15502. Paratypes: CSIRO H 5875-01 (1), 5875-02 (1), 5889-01 (1), 6128-07 (1). •Valid as Cephaloscyllium pictum Last, Séret & White 2008 -- (Clark & Randall 2011:27 [ref. 31133], Weigmann 2016:37 [ref. 34211]). Current status: Valid as Cephaloscyllium pictum Last, Séret & White 2008. Scyliorhinidae. Distribution: Eastern Indonesia. Habitat: marine.

pictum, Scyllium Müller [J.] & Henle [F. G. J.] 1838:4 [Systematische Beschreibung der Plagiostomen; ref. 3069] Cape of Good Hope, South Africa. Syntypes: (several) BMNH (6, dry, not found); ?NMW 78529 (2), RMNH 4161-4164 (2 dry, 1, 1, 1). See van Oijen 2001:294 [ref. 26400] for type information. •Valid as Haploblepharus pictus (Müller & Henle 1838) -- (Compagno 1984:335 [ref. 6846], Bass 1986:92 [ref. 5635], Springer 1990:92 [ref. 19319], Bianchi & Carpenter in Bianchi et al. 1993:75 [ref. 25472], Compagno 1999:480 [ref. 25589], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:67 [ref. 28072], Human & Compagno 2006:41 [ref. 28823], Human 2007:14 [ref. 29330], Weigmann 2016:41 [ref. 34211], Compagno 2016:1266 [ref. 34544]). Current status: Valid as Haploblepharus pictus (Müller & Henle 1838). Scyliorhinidae. Distribution: Southeastern Atlantic and southwestern Indian Ocean: Namibia and South Africa. Habitat: marine.

punctata, Scyllium africanum var. Lampe [M.] 1914:209 [Deutsche Südpolar-Expedition 1901-1903 v. 15 (pt 2); ref. 13334] Nr. 20. •In the synonymy of Poroderma pantherinum (Müller & Henle 1838) -- (Human 2006:13 [ref. 28714]). Current status: Synonym of Poroderma pantherinum (Müller & henle 1838). Scyliorhinidae. Habitat: marine.

retiferum, Scyllium Garman [S.] 1881:233 [Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology v. 8 (no. 11); ref. 14294] Off Delaware, U.S.A., 38°22'35"N, 73°33'40"W, depth 89 fathoms. Holotype (unique): MCZ 825-S. Type catalog: Hartel & Dingerkus 1997:xxxviii [ref. 23119]. •Valid as Scyliorhinus retifer (Garman 1881) -- (Compagno 1984:365 [ref. 6846], Robins & Ray 1986:22 [ref. 23100], Able & Flescher 1991:231 [ref. 22443], Boschung 1992:20 [ref. 23239], McEachran & Fechhelm 1998:67 [ref. 23897], Compagno 1999:480 [ref. 25589], Branstetter in Collette & Klein-MacPhee 2002:36 [ref. 26158], Compagno 2003:455 [ref. 26984], Moore et al. 2003:167 [ref. 27076], Kiraly et al. 2003:16 [ref. 28226], Espinosa Pérez et al. 2004:36 [ref. 27705], Nelson et al. 2004:52 [ref. 27807], Castro 2011:342 [ref. 31457], Page et al. 2013:50 [ref. 32708], Soares et al. 2015:358 [ref. 33716], Del Moral-Flores et al. 2016:83 [ref. 34398], Weigmann 2016:44 [ref. 34211], Moral-Flores & Paleo-Delgado 2018:97 [ref. 36431], Ehemann et al. 2018:22 [ref. 36194], Ehemann et al. 2019:[3] [ref. 36861], Soares & Carvalho 2019:87 [ref. 36701]). Current status: Valid as Scyliorhinus retifer (Garman 1881). Scyliorhinidae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: Connecticut south to Florida (U.S.A.), and Gulf of Mexico (Mexico, U.S.A.); Caribbean Sea off Venezuela. Habitat: marine.

rudis, Scyliorhinus Pietschmann [V.] 1908:133 [2] [Anzeiger der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Wien, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe v. 45 (no. 10); ref. 18555] Japan. Syntypes: (6) NMW 76980-81 (1, 2), 78638 (1). On p. 2 of separate. Apparently appeared first as above, and later illustrated and described in more detail in Pietschmann 1908:699, Figs. 9-14, Pl. 1 (fig. 3) [ref. 14332]. •Synonym of Scyliorhinus torazame (Tanaka 1908) -- (Compagno 1984:367 [ref. 6846], Dyldin 2015:50 [ref. 34524], Soares & Carvalho 2019:106 [ref. 36701]). Current status: Synonym of Scyliorhinus torazame (Tanaka 1908). Scyliorhinidae. Habitat: marine.

sarawakensis, Cephaloscyllium Yano [K.], Ahmed [A.] & Gambang [A. C.] in Yano, Ahmed, Gambang, Idris, Solahuddin & Aznan 2005:147, Pls. 92-101 [Sharks and rays of Malaysia and Brunei, Darusalam; ref. 29537] Off Tanjong Sirik, Sarawak, Malaysia, 4°48'N, 109°56'E to 5°19'N, 111°16'E, depth 118-165 meters. Holotype: IK-0002723. Paratypes: IK-0002724 (1), NSMT-P 67617 (1). Plus 2 paratypes and many non-type specimens. Cephaloscyllium is neuter, therefore mandatory change to sarawakense. •Valid as Cephaloscyllium sarawakense Yano, Ahmed & Gambang 2005 (often as sarawakensis) -- (Schaaf-Da Silva & Ebert 2008:25 [ref. 29807], Last el al. 2010:70 [ref. 32461], Clark & Randall 2011:27 [ref. 31133], Ho & Shao 2011:17 [ref. 31432], Nakaya et al. 2013:110 [ref. 33036], Ebert et al. 2013:317 [ref. 33045], Akhilesh et al. 2014:4 [ref. 33217], Dyldin 2015:50 [ref. 34524] as sarawakensis, Weigmann 2016:37 [ref. 34211]). Current status: Valid as Cephaloscyllium sarawakense Yano, Ahmed & Gambang 2005. Scyliorhinidae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Malaysia, Taiwan, southern China. Habitat: marine.

saurisqualus, Schroederichthys Soto [J. M. R.] 2001:38, Figs. 1-10 [Mare Magnum v. 1 (no. 1); ref. 26636] Off Santa Catarina State, Brazil, 27°30'16"S, 47°36'03"W, depth 122-130 meters. Holotype: MOVI 05949. Paratypes: MCP 21788 [ex MOVI 00096] (1); MOVI 00095 (1), 00098 (1), 00099 (1), 00160 (1), 10199 (1); MZUSP 52903 [ex MOVI 00094] (1). •Valid as Schroederichthys saurisqualus Soto 2001 -- (Soto 2001:63, 68 [ref. 26637], Gadig & Gomes in Menezes et al. 2003:22 [ref. 27192], Weigmann 2016:43 [ref. 34211]). Current status: Valid as Schroederichthys saurisqualus Soto 2001. Scyliorhinidae. Distribution: Western South Atlantic, from Paraná to Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Habitat: marine.

signourum, Cephaloscyllium Last [P. R.], Séret [B.] & White [W. T.] 2008:137, Figs. 5-7 [CSIRO Marine and Atmospheric Research Paper No. 022; ref. 29682] Off Lihou Reefs, Queensland, Australia, 17°20'S, 152°00'E, depth 600-700 meters. Holotype: QM I 25956. Paratypes: QM I 20641 (1). Plus non-type material. •Valid as Cephaloscyllium signourum Last, Séret & White 2008 -- (Clark & Randall 2011:27 [ref. 31133], Weigmann 2016:38 [ref. 34211], White et al. 2017:101 [ref. 35860]). Current status: Valid as Cephaloscyllium signourum Last, Séret & White 2008. Scyliorhinidae. Distribution: Northeastern Australia (also possibly New Caledonia, Fiji and Vanuatu). Habitat: marine.

silasi, Scyliorhinus (Halealurus) Talwar [P. K.] 1974:779, Fig. 1 [Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India v. 14 (no. 2) [1972]; ref. 19703] Arabian Sea off Quilon, Kerala, India, 9°N, 76°E, depth 300 meters. Holotype: ZSI F6562/2. Paratypes: ZSI F6563/2 (1), F6564/2 (1), F6566/2 (1). See Das 2003:370 [ref. 27706]. •Valid as Cephaloscyllium silasi (Talwar 1974) -- (Compagno 1984:301 [ref. 6846], Compagno 1999:479 [ref. 25589], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S91 [ref. 27377], Inoue & Nakaya 2006:86 [ref. 28852], Akhilesh et al. 2014:2 [ref. 33217], Weigmann 2016:38 [ref. 34211], Kumar et al. 2018:296 [ref. 36178]). Current status: Valid as Cephaloscyllium silasi (Talwar 1974). Scyliorhinidae. Distribution: Indian Ocean: India, possibly elsewhere. Habitat: marine.

socius, Figaro boardmani Whitley [G. P.] 1939:230 [Australian Zoologist v. 9 (pt 3); ref. 4695] Great Australian Bight, South Australia; Western Australia. Syntypes: AMS E.2340 (1), E.3262-3264 (3), E.4278 (1). •Synonym of Galeus boardmani (Whitley 1928) -- (Compagno 1984:310 [ref. 6846], Paxton et al. 1989:73 [ref. 12442], Last & Stevens 1994:201 [ref. 23873], Hoese et al. 2006:86 [ref. 28999]). •Synonym of Figaro boardmani (Whitley 1928) on status of Figaro boardmani (Whitley 1928) -- (see Gledhill et al. 2008:180 [ref. 29686]). Current status: Synonym of Figaro boardmani (Whitley 1928). Scyliorhinidae. Habitat: marine.

speccum, Cephaloscyllium Last [P. R.], Séret [B.] & White [W. T.] 2008:140, Figs. 8-9 [CSIRO Marine and Atmospheric Research Paper No. 022; ref. 29682] Rowley Shoals, Western Australia, 17°35'S, 118°55'E, depth 150 meters. Holotype: WAM P 31317-001. Paratypes: CSIRO CA 4109 (1), H 1210-01 (1), 1634-01 (1), 1636-01 (1), 2027-01 (1); WAM P 28272-001 (1). •Valid as Cephaloscyllium speccum Last, Séret & White 2008 -- (Clark & Randall 2011:27 [ref. 31133], Weigmann 2016:38 [ref. 34211]). Current status: Valid as Cephaloscyllium speccum Last, Séret & White 2008. Scyliorhinidae. Distribution: Northwestern Australia. Habitat: marine.

stellaris, Squalus Linnaeus [C.] 1758:235 [Systema Naturae, Ed. X v. 1; ref. 2787] Mediterranean Sea and North Sea [original: "in Mari Europæo"]; localities include North Sea; Marseille, France, Mediterranean Sea. Neotype: BMNH 1976.7.30.10. Neotype designated by Fricke 1999:16 [ref. 24101], but withdrawn in Fricke 2000:639 [ref. 24537]. Neotype designated by Soares & Carvalho 2019:106 [ref. 36701]. Originally based on at least 12 pre-Linnaean sources including Artedi 1738:69 [ref. 30578] and Artedi 1738:97 [ref. 30349] as Squalus cinereus, pinnis ventralibus discretis; Rondelet 1554:383 [ref. 30354] and Gesner 1558:199 [ref. 30350] as Canicula saxatil(is), Willughby 1686:63 [ref. 30164] and Ray 1713:22 [ref. 30231] as Catulus maximus, Gronovius 1756:45 (v. 2) [ref. 20783] as Squalus dorso vario inermi, pinnis ventralibus discretis. •Valid as Scyliorhinus stellaris (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Springer 1973:19 [ref. 7162], Quéro in Whitehead et al. 1984:100 [ref. 13675], Compagno 1984:366 [ref. 6846], Springer 1990:93 [ref. 19319], Arruda 1997:17 [ref. 24952], Compagno 1999:480 [ref. 25589], Fricke 1999:15 [ref. 24101], Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:12 [ref. 26753], Fricke et al. 2007:13 [ref. 29533], George 2009:55 [ref. 30539], Lipej & Dulčić 2010:8 [ref. 36649], Wirtz et al. 2013:115 [ref. 32972] needs confirmation, Soares et al. 2015:358 [ref. 33716], Weigmann 2016:44 [ref. 34211], Compagno 2016:1263 [ref. 34544], Gordon et al. 2016:272 [ref. 34661], Soares & Carvalho 2019:97 [ref. 36701]). Current status: Valid as Scyliorhinus stellaris (Linnaeus 1758). Scyliorhinidae. Distribution: North Sea, Mediterranean Sea, eastern North Atlantic: Shetland Islands and southern Norway to Morocco. Habitat: marine.

stevensi, Cephaloscyllium Clark [E.] & Randall [J. E.] 2011:25, Figs. 2-7 [aqua, International Journal of Ichthyology v. 17 (no. 1); ref. 31133] East coast of Papua New Guinea, northwest of Mt. Koia, 10°15'S, 150°46.48'E, depth 244 meters. Holotype: USNM 359091. Paratypes: CSIRO H6820-01 (1); USNM 329583 (1), 358812 (1), 358814 (head only). •Valid as Cephaloscyllium stevensi Clark & Randall 2011 -- (Weigmann 2016:38 [ref. 34211], White et al. 2017:100 [ref. 35860], White & Ko'ou 2018:25 [ref. 35922], Fricke et al. 2019:38 [ref. 36673]). Current status: Valid as Cephaloscyllium stevensi Clark & Randall 2011. Scyliorhinidae. Distribution: Western Pacific: New Britain and New Ireland (Papua New Guinea) endemic. Habitat: marine.

stewarti, Bythaelurus Weigmann [S.], Kaschner [C. J.] & Thiel [R.] 2018:4, Figs. 1-12, 15 [PLoS ONE v. 13 (no. 12): e0207887; ref. 36365] Error Seamount (Mount Error Guyot), 10°19'30"N, 56°08'48"E - 10°18'54"N, 56°06'42"E, depth 395-420 meters. Holotype: ZMH 26251. Paratypes: ZMH. •Valid as Bythaelurus stewarti Weigmann, Kaschner & Thiel 2018. Current status: Valid as Bythaelurus stewarti Weigmann, Kaschner & Thiel 2018. Scyliorhinidae. Distribution: Error Seamount (Mount Error Guyot), northwestern Indian Ocean. Habitat: marine.

striatus, Figaro Gledhill [D. C.], Last [P. R.] & White [W. T.] 2008:181, Figs. 1-3 [CSIRO Marine and Atmospheric Research Paper No. 022; ref. 29686] South of Saumarez Reef, Saumarez Plateau, Queensland, Australia, 22°42'S, 154°05'E, depth 416-419 meters. Holotype: CSIRO H 1312-01. Paratypes: 10 specimens at CSIRO. •Valid as Figaro striatus Gledhill, Last & White 2008 -- (Weigmann 2016:38 [ref. 34211]). Current status: Valid as Figaro striatus Gledhill, Last & White 2008. Scyliorhinidae. Distribution: Northeastern Australia. Habitat: marine.

striatus, Squalus Forster [J. R.] in Lichtenstein 1844:407 [Descriptiones animalium quae in itinere ad Maris Australis; ref. 17531] False Bay, Western Cape Province, South Africa. No types known. Lichtenstein (editor, p. 407, footnote) treats as a synonym of "Squalus africanus Bl. S. p. 129". Name also mentioned in passing (in synonymy) as manuscript name by Forster of in Müller & Henle 1838:12 [ref. 3069]; not available from that source. •Synonym of Poroderma africanum (Gmelin 1789) -- (Compagno 1984:347 [ref. 6846], Human 2006:6 [ref. 28714]). Current status: Synonym of Poroderma africanum (Gmelin 1789). Scyliorhinidae. Habitat: marine.

submaculatum, Poroderma Smith [A.] 1838:85 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London (pt. 5) for 12 Sept. 1839 (no. 57); ref. 4034] Not available, name only. •Questionably in the synonymy of Poroderma pantherinum (Müller & Henle 1838) -- (Compagno 1984:349 [ref. 6846]). •In the synonymy of Poroderma pantherinum (Müller & Henle 1838) -- (Human 2006:13 [ref. 28714]). Current status: Synonym of Poroderma pantherinum (Müller & Henle 1838). Scyliorhinidae.

sufflans, Scyliorhinus (Cephaloscyllium) Regan [C. T.] 1921:413 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 9) v. 7 (no. 41); ref. 3672] About 24-35 kilometers off Umvoti River, KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa, southwestern Indian Ocean, depth 220-238 meters. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1921.3.1.2. •Valid as Cephaloscyllium sufflans (Regan 1921) -- (Compagno 1984:302 [ref. 6846], Bass 1986:89 [ref. 5635], Gubanov & Timoxin 1989:221 [ref. 36138], Compagno 1999:479 [ref. 25589], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S91 [ref. 27377], Inoue & Nakaya 2006:86 [ref. 28852], Akhilesh et al. 2014:4 [ref. 33217], Weigmann 2016:38 [ref. 34211], Fricke et al. 2018:10 [ref. 35805]). Current status: Valid as Cephaloscyllium sufflans (Regan 1921). Scyliorhinidae. Distribution: Western Indian Ocean: South Africa to Madagascar. Habitat: marine.

tenuicephalus, Bythaelurus Kaschner [C. J.], Weigmann [S.] & Thiel [R.] 2015:121, Figs. 1, 3-11 [Zootaxa 4013 (no. 1); ref. 33953] Off northern Tanzania, 5°27'9"S, 39°18'8"E, depth 463 meters. Holotype: ZMH 10163. Paratypes: ZMH 26070 (1). •Valid as Bythaelurus tenuicephalus Kaschner, Weigmann & Thiel 2015 -- (Weigmann 2016:36 [ref. 34211], Weigmann et al. 2016:428 [ref. 34984], Weigmann & Kaschner 2017:117 [ref. 35311], Weigmann et al. 2018:39 [ref. 36365]). Current status: Valid as Bythaelurus tenuicephalus Kaschner, Weigmann & Thiel 2015. Scyliorhinidae. Distribution: Western Indian Ocean: Tanzania and Mozambique. Habitat: marine.

tenuis, Schroederichthys Springer [S.] 1966:606, Figs. 16b, 18 [United States Fish and Wildlife Service Fishery Bulletin v. 65 (no. 3) (for 1965); ref. 4174] Off mouth of Amazon, Brazil, Oregon station 2083, 1°49'N, 46°48'W, depth about 410 meters. Holotype: USNM 188052. Paratypes: USNM 188053 (1). Type catalog: Howe & Springer 1993:14 [ref. 21812]. •Valid as Schroederichthys tenuis Springer 1966 -- (Uyeno & Sasaki in Uyeno et al. 1983:52 [ref. 14275], Compagno 1984:354 [ref. 6846], Cervigón 1992:184 [ref. 23827], Gadig et al. 1996:51 [ref. 24142], Compagno 1999:480 [ref. 25589], Soto 2001:37 [ref. 26636], Soto 2001:63, 68 [ref. 26637], Compagno 2003:453 [ref. 26984], Gadig & Gomes in Menezes et al. 2003:22 [ref. 27192], Weigmann 2016:43 [ref. 34211]). Current status: Valid as Schroederichthys tenuis Springer 1966. Scyliorhinidae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: Suriname to northern Brazil. Habitat: marine.

tokubee, Scyliorhinus Shirai [S.], Hagiwara [S.] & Nakaya [K.] 1992:9, Figs. 1-3 [Japanese Journal of Ichthyology v. 39 (no. 1); ref. 19241] Off Shirahama, Izu Peninsula, Shizuoka Prefecture, Japan. Holotype: HUMZ 107358. Paratypes: HUMZ 113574 (1), 113578 (1), 117472 (1), 117496 (1); NSMT-P 34976 (1). Additional material: HUMZ 111034 (1, poor condition). •Valid as Scyliorhinus tokubee Shirai, Hagiwara & Nakaya 1992 -- (Compagno 1999:480 [ref. 25589], Nakabo 2000:129 [ref. 25086], Nakabo 2002:129 [ref. 26001], Ebert et al. 2013:320 [ref. 33045], Soares et al. 2015:358 [ref. 33716], Weigmann 2016:44 [ref. 34211]). Current status: Valid as Scyliorhinus tokubee Shirai, Hagiwara & Nakaya 1992. Scyliorhinidae. Distribution: Western North Pacific: Japan and Taiwan. Habitat: marine.

torazame, Catulus Tanaka [S.] 1908:6, Pl. 2 (fig. 2) [Journal of the College of Science. Imperial University, Tokyo v. 23 (art. 7); ref. 6032] Misaki, Sagami Sea, Japan. Holotype: ZUMT 953 (lost). Paratypes: ZUMT (1, lost). •Valid as Scyliorhinus torazame (Tanaka 1908) -- (Compagno 1984:367 [ref. 6846], Nakaya in Masuda et al. 1984:4 [ref. 6441], Nakaya in Okamura & Kitajima 1984:41, 295 [ref. 8057], Shirai et al. 1992:13 [ref. 19241], Compagno & Niem 1998:1292 [ref. 23787], Compagno 1999:480 [ref. 25589], Nakabo 2000:129 [ref. 25086], Compagno in Randall & Lim 2000:579 [ref. 25122], Shinohara et al. 2001:287 [ref. 25995], Nakabo 2002:129 [ref. 26001], Youn 2002:51, 470 [ref. 26218], Shinohara et al. 2005:393 [ref. 28370], Compagno et al. 2005:28 [ref. 29145] with question, Shinohara et al. 2011:38 [ref. 31715], Yamashita et al. 2012:122 [ref. 32408], Shinohara et al. 2014:232 [ref. 33330], Soares et al. 2015:358 [ref. 33716], Dyldin 2015:50 [ref. 34524], Motomura et al. 2015:12 [ref. 34709], Weigmann 2016:44 [ref. 34211], Soares & Carvalho 2019:106 [ref. 36701]). Current status: Valid as Scyliorhinus torazame (Tanaka 1908). Scyliorhinidae. Distribution: Northwestern Pacific: Taiwan north to southern Korea and Japan. Habitat: marine.

torrei, Scylliorhinus Howell Rivero [L.] 1936:43, Pl. 9 [Proceedings of the Boston Society of Natural History v. 41 (no. 4); ref. 12257] Off Havana, Cuba. Holotype (unique): MCZ 1457-S. Type catalog: Gutiérrez de los Reyes et al. 2015:44 [ref. 36079]. Original genus should have been spelled Scyliorhinus. •Valid as Scyliorhinus torrei Howell Rivero 1936 -- (Compagno 1984:368 [ref. 6846], Shirai et al. 1992:13 [ref. 19241], Compagno 1999:480 [ref. 25589], Compagno 2003:455 [ref. 26984], Kiraly et al. 2003:16 [ref. 28226], Bunkley-Williams & Williams 2004:95 [ref. 27795], Soares et al. 2015:358 [ref. 33716], Weigmann 2016:44 [ref. 34211], Soares & Carvalho 2019:118 [ref. 36701]). Current status: Valid as Scyliorhinus torrei Howell Rivero 1936. Scyliorhinidae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: Bahamas and Cuba south to Porto Rico. Habitat: marine.

ugoi, Scyliorhinus Soares [K. D. A.], Gadig [O. B. F.] & Gomes [U. L.] 2015:348, Figs. 1-8 [Zootaxa 3937 (no. 2); ref. 33716] Southern Bahia, central Brazilian coast. Holotype: MNRJ 42619. Paratypes: MZUSP, UERJ. •Valid as Scyliorhinus ugoi Soares, Gadig & Gomes 2015 -- (Soares et al. 2016:530 [ref. 34158], Weigmann 2016:44 [ref. 34211], Soares & Carvalho 2019:126 [ref. 36701]). Current status: Valid as Scyliorhinus ugoi Soares, Gadig & Gomes 2015. Scyliorhinidae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: Puerto Rico south to central Brazil. Habitat: marine.

umbratile, Cephaloscyllium Jordan [D. S.] & Fowler [H. W.] 1903:602, Fig. 1 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 26 (no. 1324); ref. 2460] Nagasaki, Japan, 32°43'N, 129°50'E. Holotype (unique): CAS-SU 12693 (stuffed dry skin). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:8-9 [ref. 12291]. •Questionably a synonym of Cephaloscyllium isabellum (Bonnaterre 1788) -- (Compagno 1984:298 [ref. 6846]). •Valid as Cephaloscyllium umbratile Jordan & Fowler 1903 -- (Nakaya in Masuda et al. 1984:4 [ref. 6441], Nakaya in Okamura & Kitajima 1984:39, 294 [ref. 8057], Chen et al. 1997:2 [ref. 26476], Cheng & Zhou 1997:26 [ref. 26385], Compagno 1999:479 [ref. 25589], Nakabo 2000:129 [ref. 25086], Compagno in Randall & Lim 2000:579 [ref. 25122], Shinohara et al. 2001:287 [ref. 25995], Nakabo 2002:129 [ref. 26001], Youn 2002:51, 470 [ref. 26218], Shinohara et al. 2005:392 [ref. 28370], Inoue & Nakaya 2006:86 [ref. 28852], Schaaf-Da Silva & Ebert 2008:13 [ref. 29807], Ho & Shao 2011:17 [ref. 31432], Shinohara et al. 2011:38 [ref. 31715], Yamashita et al. 2012:121 [ref. 32408], Naylor et al. 2012:49 [ref. 34345] see remarks, Ebert et al. 2013:317 [ref. 33045], Akhilesh et al. 2014:4 [ref. 33217], Shinohara et al. 2014:232 [ref. 33330], Dyldin 2015:49 [ref. 34524], Weigmann 2016:37-38 [ref. 34211]). Current status: Valid as Cephaloscyllium umbratile Jordan & Fowler 1903. Scyliorhinidae. Distribution: Western North Pacific: Taiwan, Hong Kong, Gulf of Tongking, Vietnam, Malaysia. Habitat: marine.

uter, Catulus Jordan [D. S.] & Gilbert [C. H.] in Jordan & Evermann 1896:25 [Bulletin of the United States National Museum No. 47; ref. 2443] Coast of California, U.S.A. No types known. •Synonym of Cephaloscyllium ventriosum (Garman 1880) -- (Compagno 1984:303 [ref. 6846], Espinosa Pérez et al. 2004:31 [ref. 27705], Schaaf-Da Silva & Ebert 2008:62 [ref. 29808], Castro 2011:318 [ref. 31457], Del Moral-Flores et al. 2016:81 [ref. 34398]). Current status: Synonym of Cephaloscyllium ventriosum (Garman 1880). Scyliorhinidae. Habitat: marine.

variegatum, Cephaloscyllium Last [P. R.] & White [W. T.] 2008:160, Figs. 1-4 [CSIRO Marine and Atmospheric Research Paper No. 022; ref. 29684] East of Newcastle, New South Wales, Australia, 32°58'S, 152°13'E, depth 132-134 meters. Holotype: CSIRO H 3714-01. Paratypes: 10 specimens at AMS, CSIRO, QM. Plus non-type specimens. •Valid as Cephaloscyllium variegatum Last & White 2008 -- (Nakaya et al. 2015:87 [ref. 34218] as cf. variegatum, Weigmann 2016:38 [ref. 34211]). Current status: Valid as Cephaloscyllium variegatum Last & White 2008. Scyliorhinidae. Distribution: Australia and New Zealand region. Habitat: marine.

variegatum, Scyllium Müller [J.] & Henle [F. G. J.] (ex Smith) 1838:14 [Systematische Beschreibung der Plagiostomen; ref. 3069] Cape of Good Hope, South Africa. Holotype (unique): ?BMNH 1845.7.3.130 (dry). Appeared first as name only and not available in Smith 1837:85 [ref. 4034]. Evidently Müller & Henle alone were responsible for the description, so authorship is regarded as Müller & Henle (ex Smith). •Synonym of Poroderma pantherinum (Müller & Henle 1838) -- (Compagno 1984:349 [ref. 6846], Human 2006:13 [ref. 28714] with author as Smith). Current status: Synonym of Poroderma pantherinum (Müller & Henle 1838). Scyliorhinidae. Habitat: marine.

variegatum, Scyllium Smith [A.] 1845:unnumbered pp., Pl. 25 (fig. 2) [Illustrations of the zoology of South Africa v. 4; ref. 4035] Algoa Bay, South Africa, southwestern Indian Ocean. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1845.7.3.130 (dry). Published earlier, and preoccupied by Scyllium variegatum Müller & Henle 1838; objective synonym of Poroderma variegatum (Müller & Henle 1838). •Objective synonym of Poroderma variegatum (Müller & Henle 1838). •Synonym of Poroderma pantherinum (Müller & Henle 1838) -- (Human 2006:13 [ref. 28714]). Current status: Synonym of Poroderma pantherinum (Müller & Henle 1838). Scyliorhinidae. Habitat: marine.

ventriosum, Scyllium Garman [S.] 1880:167 [Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology v. 6 (no. 11); ref. 17881] Off Valparaíso, Chile, 33°05'S, 71°40'W. Holotype (unique): MCZ 496-S. Type catalog: Hartel & Dingerkus 1997:xxxviii [ref. 23119]. •Valid as Cephaloscyllium ventriosum (Garman 1880) -- (Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:32 [ref. 9277], Compagno 1984:303 [ref. 6846], Pequeño 1989:13 [ref. 14125], Allen & Robertson 1994:20 [ref. 22193], Compagno et al. in Fischer et al. 1995:928 [ref. 22829], De La Cruz Agüero et al. 1997:31 [ref. 24545], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:36 [ref. 24555], Compagno 1999:479 [ref. 25589], Espinosa Pérez et al. 2004:31 [ref. 27705], Nelson et al. 2004:52 [ref. 27807], Inoue & Nakaya 2006:86 [ref. 28852], Schaaf-Da Silva & Ebert 2008:62 [ref. 29808], Castro 2011:318 [ref. 31457], Page et al. 2013:50 [ref. 32708], Del Moral-Flores et al. 2016:81 [ref. 34398], Kells et al. 2016:66 [ref. 35888], Ebert et al. 2017:54 [ref. 35618], Ehemann et al. 2018:22 [ref. 36194]). Current status: Valid as Cephaloscyllium ventriosum (Garman 1880). Scyliorhinidae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific: Monterey Bay, California (U.S.A.) to southern Mexico; also Chile. Habitat: marine.

vittatus, Squalus Shaw [G.] in Shaw & Nodder 1798:no page number, Pl. 346 [The Naturalist's Miscellany; ref. 4013] African coast. Holotype (unique): BMNH. Apparently preoccupied by Squalus vittatus Walbaum 1792. •Synonym of Poroderma africanum (Gmelin 1789) -- (Compagno 1984:347 [ref. 6846], Human 2006:6 [ref. 28714]). Current status: Synonym of Poroderma africanum (Gmelin 1789). Scyliorhinidae. Habitat: marine.

vittatus, Squalus Walbaum [J. J.] 1792:516 [Petri Artedi sueci genera piscium Part 3; ref. 4572] Cape of Good Hope, South Africa. No types known. Based on literature sources. Apparently predates Squalus vittatus Shaw 1798. •Synonym of Poroderma africanum (Gmelin 1789) -- (Human 2006:6 [ref. 28714]). Current status: Synonym of Poroderma africanum (Gmelin 1789). Scyliorhinidae. Habitat: marine.

vivaldii, Bythaelurus Weigmann [S.] & Kaschner [C. J.] 2017:98, Figs. 2-10 [Zootaxa 4263 (no. 1); ref. 35311] Off Somalia, 6°24'1"N, 49°31'6"E, depth 628 meters. Holotype: ZMB 17410. Paratypes: ZMB. •Valid as Bythaelurus vivaldii Weigmann & Kaschner 2017 -- (Weigmann et al. 2018:40 [ref. 36365]). Current status: Valid as Bythaelurus vivaldii Weigmann & Kaschner 2017. Scyliorhinidae. Distribution: Northwestern Indian Ocean: Somalia. Habitat: marine.

vulgaris, Catulus Valmont de Bomare [J. C.] 1764:? [Dictionnaire raisonné universel d'histoire naturelle, ...; ref. 4507] Published in a rejected work (Opinion 89). Scyliorhinidae.

zebrum, Cephaloscyllium Last [P. R.] & White [W. T.] 2008:165, Figs. 7-8 [CSIRO Marine and Atmospheric Research Paper No. 022; ref. 29684] East of Flinders Reef, Queensland, Australia, 17°32'S, 149°343'E, 444-454 meters. Holotype: CSIRO H 1323-02. Paratypes: CSIRO H 1323-03 (1). •Valid as Cephaloscyllium zebrum Last & White 2008 -- (Weigmann 2016:38 [ref. 34211]). Current status: Valid as Cephaloscyllium zebrum Last & White 2008. Scyliorhinidae. Distribution: Queensland, Australia. Habitat: marine.