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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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Species in the family or subfamily Scyliorhinidae: [ 118 ] records


acanthonotum, Scyllium De Filippi [F.] in De Filippi & Verany 1857:193 [9], Fig. 2 [Memorie / Reale accademia delle scienze di Torino (Ser. 2) v. 18; ref. 1329] Near Albenga, Province of Savona, Liguria, northwestern Italy, Gulf of Genoa, Ligurian Sea, western Mediterranean Sea. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. Appeared first as Scyllium n. sp. in De Filippi 1853:169 [separate p. 7], Fig. 2 [ref. 17378]. On p. 9 of separate. •Questionably a synonym of Scyliorhinus stellaris (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Compagno 1984:366 [ref. 6846]). Current status: Uncertain as Scyliorhinus stellaris (Linnaeus 1758). Scyliorhinidae. Habitat: marine.

acutidens, Scyllium Vaillant [L. L.] 1888:60, Pl. 1 (fig. 4) [Expéditions scientifiques du "Travailleur" et du "Talisman"; ref. 4496] Eastern Atlantic. Holotype: MNHN 1884-0385 (poor condition). Paratypes: MNHN 1884-0384 (1), 1884-0385 (1, poor condition), 1884-0386 (1). Type catalog: Bertin 1939:68 [ref. 20739]. Originally Scyllium ? acutidens. •Questionably a synonym of Scyliorhinus canicula (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Compagno 1984:358 [ref. 6846], Dyldin 2015:50 [ref. 34524], Soares & Carvalho 2019:21 [ref. 36701]). Current status: Uncertain as Scyliorhinus canicula (Linnaeus 1758). Scyliorhinidae. Habitat: marine.

africanus, Squalus Gmelin [J. F.] 1789:1494 [Caroli a Linné ... Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae v. 1 (pt 3); ref. 18139] South Africa. No types known. Neotype designation by Fricke 1999:16-17 [ref. 24106] is invalid; see Fricke 2000:639 [ref. 24537]. •Valid as Poroderma africanum (Gmelin 1789) -- (Compagno 1984:347 [ref. 6846], Bass 1986:94 [ref. 5635], Gubanov & Timoxin 1989:221 [ref. 36138], Compagno 1999:480 [ref. 25589], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:67 [ref. 28072], Human 2006:6 [ref. 28714], Weigmann 2016:42 [ref. 34211], Fricke et al. 2018:10 [ref. 35805]). Current status: Valid as Poroderma africanum (Gmelin 1789). Scyliorhinidae. Distribution: Southeastern Atlantic, southwestern Indian Ocean: South Africa (Algoa Bay to East London), Madagascar, Mauritius (Mascarenes). Habitat: marine.

albipinnum, Cephaloscyllium Last [P. R.], Motomura [H.] & White [W. T.] 2008:148, Figs. 1-2, 3a [CSIRO Marine and Atmospheric Research Paper No. 022; ref. 29683] East of Maria Island, Tasmania, 42°48'S, 148°26'E, depth 445-463 meters. Holotype: CSIRO H 5314-11. Paratypes: 15 specimens at CSIRO. Plus non-type material. •Valid as Cephaloscyllium albipinnum Last, Motomura & White 2008 -- (Weigmann 2016:36 [ref. 34211]). Current status: Valid as Cephaloscyllium albipinnum Last, Motomura & White 2008. Scyliorhinidae. Distribution: Southern Australia. Habitat: marine.

albomaculata, Scyliorhinus canicula var. Pietschmann [V.] 1906:98 [Annalen des Naturhistorischen Museums in Wien v. 21; ref. 15169] West coast of Morocco, eastern Atlantic. No types known. •Synonym of Scyliorhinus canicula (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Compagno 1984:358 [ref. 6846], Dyldin 2015:50 [ref. 34524], Soares & Carvalho 2019:21 [ref. 36701]). Current status: Synonym of Scyliorhinus canicula (Linnaeus 1758). Scyliorhinidae. Habitat: marine.

alcockii, Halaelurus Garman [S.] 1913:87 [Memoirs of the Museum of Comparative Zoology v. 36; ref. 1545] Arabian Sea, off Oman, 23°N, 66°08'E, depth 620-690 fathoms. Holotype: ZSI F68/1 (lost). Based on Scyllium canescens of Alcock 1896:310 [ref. 91]. Reasons for loss of ZSI type specimens during WWII see Chopra 1947:349-350 [ref. 33077]. •Valid as Halaelurus alcockii Garman 1913 -- (Compagno 1984:321 [ref. 6846]). •Questionably valid as Halaelurus alcocki Garman 1913 -- (Compagno 1999:479 [ref. 25589], Last & Stevens 2008:123 [ref. 29681]). •Valid as Bythaelurus alcockii (Garman 1913) -- (White et al. 2007:1 [ref. 29295], McCosker et al. 2012:58 [ref. 31823], Ebert & Clerkin 2015:54 [ref. 33848], Kaschner et al. 2015:120 [ref. 33953] but status uncertain, Weigmann 2016:35 [ref. 34211], Weigmann et al. 2016:428 [ref. 34984], Weigmann & Kaschner 2017:114 [ref. 35311], Weigmann et al. 2018:36 [ref. 36365]). Current status: Valid as Bythaelurus alcockii (Garman 1913). Scyliorhinidae. Distribution: Northwestern Indian Ocean: Arabian Sea. Habitat: marine.

atlanticum, Scyllium De la Pylaie [A. J. M.] 1835:527 [Congrès Scientifique de France v. 2 (Sept. 1834) (art. 5); ref. 1086] Not available, no distinguishing features. From France, ne. Atlantic Ocean. Scyliorhinidae.

bachi, Bythaelurus Weigmann [S.], Ebert [D. A.], Clerkin [P. J.], Stehmann [M. F. W.] & Naylor [G. J. P.] 2016:403, Figs. 2-18 [Zootaxa 4208 (no. 5); ref. 34984] Walters Shoals, southern Madagascar Ridge, southwestern Indian Ocean, 33°01.8'S, 44°23.6'E - 32°59.8'S, 44°24.4'E, depth 910-925 meters. Holotype: ZMH 26160. Paratypes: CAS, SAIAB, USNM, ZMH. •Valid as Bythaelurus bachi Weigmann, Ebert, Clerkin, Stehmann & Naylor 2016 -- (Weigmann & Kaschner 2017:115 [ref. 35311], Weigmann et al. 2018:36 [ref. 36365]). Current status: Valid as Bythaelurus bachi Weigmann, Ebert, Clerkin, Stehmann & Naylor 2016. Scyliorhinidae. Distribution: Southwestern Indian Ocean: Madagascar Ridge. Habitat: marine.

baliensis, Atelomycterus White [W. T.], Last [P. R.] & Dharmadi [no initials] 2005:34, Figs. 1-6 [Cybium v. 29 (no. 1); ref. 28145] Kedonganaan landing site of a fish market, 8°45'S, 115°10'E, Bali, Indonesia. Holotype: CSIRO H 5868-03. Paratypes: MZB 12901 (1), 12902 (1); CSIRO H 5868-01 (1), H 5869-02 (1), H 5868-04 (1), H 5868-05 (1). •Valid as Atelomycterus baliensis White, Last & Dharmadi 2005 -- (Jacobsen & Bennett 2007:35 [ref. 29180], Allen & Erdmann 2012:54 [ref. 31980], Fahmi & White 2015:26 [ref. 33700], Weigmann 2016:34 [ref. 34211], White et al. 2017:97 [ref. 35860]). Current status: Valid as Atelomycterus baliensis White, Last & Dharmadi 2005. Scyliorhinidae. Distribution: Indonesia. Habitat: marine.

besnardi, Scyliorhinus retifer Springer [S.] & Sadowsky [V.] 1970:95, Fig. 2 [Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington v. 83 (no. 7); ref. 7783] Near continental shelf edge, 33°26'S, 51°21'W, northern Uruguay, southwestern Atlantic, R/V Prof. W. Besnard station 419, depth 190 meters. Holotype: USNM 204376. Paratypes: IOSP 81BS (1, dissected), 82BS (1); USNM 204377 (1). Type catalog: Howe & Springer 1993:4 [ref. 21812]. •Valid species as Scyliorhinus besnardi Springer & Sadowsky 1970 -- (Compagno 1984:357 [ref. 6846], Compagno 1999:480 [ref. 25589], Soares et al. 2015:358 [ref. 33716], Weigmann 2016:43 [ref. 34211], Nión et al. 2016:20 [ref. 35565]). •Synonym of Scyliorhinus haeckelii (Miranda Ribeiro 1907) -- (Soares et al. 2016:514 [ref. 34158], Soares & Carvalho 2019:68 [ref. 36701]). Current status: Synonym of Scyliorhinus haeckelii (Miranda Ribeiro 1907). Scyliorhinidae. Distribution: Southern Brazil to Argentina (if valid). Habitat: marine.

bivium, Scyllium Smith [A.] in Müller & Henle 1838:8 [Systematische Beschreibung der Plagiostomen; ref. 3069] Cape of Good Hope, South Africa. Holotype: BMNH 1851.10.26.148 (stuffed). Apparently appeared in Smith 1831, South African Quarterly J., 1831 (no. 5) and Gov't J. of the Cape, 1 Nov. 1828 [not researched]. Appeared as name only and not available in Smith 1838:85 [ref. 4034]. For comments on locality see Springer 1979:118 [ref. 4175]. Evidently Smith alone was responsible for the description, so authorship is regarded as Smith in Müller & Henle, see Jones et al. 2015 [ref. 34086]. •Valid as Schroederichthys bivius (Smith 1838) (often seen as Müller & Henle 1838) -- (Compagno 1984:352 [ref. 6846], Menni 1986:425 [ref. 11487], Pequeño 1989:13 [ref. 14125], López et al. 1996:13 [ref. 23681], Compagno 1999:480 [ref. 25589], Soto 2001:37, 41 [ref. 26636], Soto 2001:63, 68 [ref. 26637], Gadig & Gomes in Menezes et al. 2003:22 [ref. 27192], Mabragaña et al. 2011:table S2 [ref. 31800], Weigmann 2016:42 [ref. 34211], Nión et al. 2016:20 [ref. 35565], Spier et al. 2018:4 [ref. 36103]). Current status: Valid as Schroederichthys bivius (Smith 1838). Scyliorhinidae. Distribution: Southeastern Pacific and southwestern Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

boa, Scylliorhinus Goode [G. B.] & Bean [T. H.] 1896:17 [Special Bulletin U. S. National Museum No. 2; ref. 1848] Off Barbados, West Indies, depth 200 fathoms. Holotype (unique): MCZ 1335-S. Correct spelling of original genus is Scyliorhinus. Proposed conditionally, but treated as available. •Valid as Scyliorhinus boa Goode & Bean 1896 -- (Uyeno & Sasaki in Uyeno et al. 1983:51 [ref. 14275], Compagno 1984:357 [ref. 6846], Cervigón 1992:185 [ref. 23827], Cervigón & Alcalá 1999:94 [ref. 24490], Compagno 1999:480 [ref. 25589], Compagno 2003:454 [ref. 26984], Kiraly et al. 2003:15 [ref. 28226], Castro 2011:336 [ref. 31457], Soares et al. 2015:358 [ref. 33716], Soares et al. 2016:532 [ref. 34158], Weigmann 2016:43 [ref. 34211], Ehemann et al. 2019:[3] [ref. 36861], Soares & Carvalho 2019:8 [ref. 36701]). Current status: Valid as Scyliorhinus boa Goode & Bean 1896. Scyliorhinidae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: Bahamas south to Rio Grande do Norte (Brazil), including Caribbean Sea. Habitat: marine.

boardmani, Pristiurus (Figaro) Whitley [G. P.] 1928:238, Pl. 18 (fig. 3) [Records of the Australian Museum v. 16 (no. 4); ref. 4661] Ten miles northeast of Montague Island, New South Wales, Australia, depth 70-80 fathoms. Holotype: AMS IA.2483. Paratypes: AMS IA.2824-25 (1, 1). •Valid as Galeus boardmani (Whitley 1928) -- (Compagno 1984:310 [ref. 6846], Paxton et al. 1989:73 [ref. 12442], Compagno & Stevens 1993:183 [ref. 20843], Gomon et al. 1994:137 [ref. 22532], Last & Stevens 1994:201 [ref. 23873], Compagno & Niem 1998:1289 [ref. 23787], Compagno 1999:479 [ref. 25589], Hutchins 2001:14 [ref. 25847], Hoese et al. 2006:86 [ref. 28999], Séret & Last 2008:27 [ref. 29702], White 2008:62 [ref. 30617]). •Valid as Figaro boardmani (Whitley 1928) -- (Gledhill et al. 2008:180 [ref. 29686], Naylor et al. 2012:46 [ref. 34345] see remarks, Weigmann 2016:38 [ref. 34211], Rigby et al. 2017:333 [ref. 35469]). Current status: Valid as Figaro boardmani (Whitley 1928). Scyliorhinidae. Distribution: Australia: southern Queensland to southern Australia and to Western Australia. Habitat: marine.

brevicolle, Scyllium Philippi [R. A.] 1887:558 [26], Pl. 7 (fig. 5) [Anales de la Universidad de Chile Sec. 1, v. 71; ref. 3464] Valparaíso, Chile. Syntypes: DBCUCH (2). On p. 26 of separate. •Questionably a synonym of Schroederichthys chilensis (Guichenot 1848) -- (Compagno 1984:352 [ref. 6846]). Current status: Uncertain as Schroederichthys chilensis (Guichenot 1848). Scyliorhinidae. Distribution: Chile. Habitat: marine.

breviculus, Squalis (Scyliorhinus) Blainville [H. de] 1816:121 [Bulletin des Sciences, par la Société Philomathique de Paris v. 8; ref. 306] Not available, name only. Scyliorhinidae.

cabofriensis, Scyliorhinus Soares [K. D. A.], Gomes [U. L.] & Carvalho [M. R. de] 2016:503, Figs. 1-7 [Zootaxa 4066 (no. 5); ref. 34158] Off Cabo Frio, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Holotype: MNRJ 40730. Paratypes: MCP, MNRJ, UERJ. Plus additional non-type material. •Valid as Scyliorhinus cabofriensis Soares, Gomes & Carvalho 2016 -- (Soares & Carvalho 2019:18 [ref. 36701]). Current status: Valid as Scyliorhinus cabofriensis Soares, Gomes & Carvalho 2016. Scyliorhinidae. Distribution: Southwestern Atlantic: Rio de Janeiro (Brazil endemic). Habitat: marine.

canescens, Scyllium Günther [A.] 1878:18 [2] [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 5) v. 2 (nos 7/8/9)(art. 2/22/28); ref. 2010] Southwestern coast of South America, Challenger station 310, depth 400 fathoms. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1887.12.7.1. On p. 2 of separate. Also appeared in Günther 1887:1, Pl. 1 (fig. A) [ref. 2013]. •Valid as Halaelurus canescens (Günther 1878) -- (Compagno 1984:323 [ref. 6846], Gubanov & Timoxin 1989:222 [ref. 36138], Pequeño 1989:13 [ref. 14125], Shcherbachev et al. 1989:164 [ref. 36134], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:36 [ref. 24555], Compagno 1999:479 [ref. 25589]). •Valid as Bythaelurus canescens (Günther 1878) -- (White et al. 2007:1 [ref. 29295], Last & Stevens 2008:123 [ref. 29681], McCosker et al. 2012:58 [ref. 31823], Ebert & Clerkin 2015:54 [ref. 33848], Weigmann 2016:35 [ref. 34211], Weigmann et al. 2016:428 [ref. 34984], Weigmann & Kaschner 2017:116 [ref. 35311], Weigmann et al. 2018:36 [ref. 36365]). Current status: Valid as Bythaelurus canescens (Günther 1878). Scyliorhinidae. Distribution: Southeastern Pacific: Peru and Chile to Straits of Magellan. Habitat: marine.

canicula, Squalus Linnaeus [C.] 1758:234 [Systema Naturae, Ed. X v. 1; ref. 2787] Mediterranean Sea and northeastern Atlantic [original: "in Oceano Europe"]; localities include Penzance, Cornwall, England, Northeastern Atlantic; Rome and Venice, Italy; Lesbos Island, Greece; Syria, Mediterranean Sea. Neotype: BMNH 1866.9.12.4. Neotype designated by Fricke 1999:15 [ref. 24101], but withdrawn in Fricke 2000:639 [ref. 24537]. Neotype designated by Soares & Carvalho 2019:31 [ref. 36701] with collection as NHMUK. Originally based on at least 18 pre-Linnaean sources including Artedi 1738:68 [ref. 30578] and Artedi 1738:97 [ref. 30349] as Squalus ex rufo varius; Rondelet 1554:380 [ref. 30354] as Cabicula (Canicula) Aristotelis, Salviani 1558:Pl. (p. 137) [ref. 30229] as Maior Catulus, Jonston 1649:25, Pl. 8 (fig. 1) [ref. 30579] as Catulus maior, Willughby 1686:62 [ref. 30164] and Ray 1713:20 [ref. 30231] as Catulus major vulgaris. •Valid as Scyliorhinus canicula (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Springer 1973:19 [ref. 7162], Quéro in Whitehead et al. 1984:99 [ref. 13675], Compagno 1984:358 [ref. 6846], Springer 1990:93 [ref. 19319], Santos et al. 1997:117 [ref. 23531], Arruda 1997:17 [ref. 24952], Capapé et al. 1999:48 [ref. 25276], Compagno 1999:480 [ref. 25589], Fricke 1999:15 [ref. 24101], Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:11 [ref. 26753], Fricke 2007:25 [ref. 30577], Fricke et al. 2007:13 [ref. 29533], Vasil'eva 2007:15 [ref. 30517], George 2009:55 [ref. 30539], Lipej & Dulčić 2010:7 [ref. 36649], Parin et al. 2014:21 [ref. 33547], Soares et al. 2015:358 [ref. 33716], Dyldin 2015:50 [ref. 34524], Weigmann 2016:43 [ref. 34211], Compagno 2016:1262 [ref. 34544], Gordon et al. 2016:272 [ref. 34661], Soares & Carvalho 2019:20 [ref. 36701]). Current status: Valid as Scyliorhinus canicula (Linnaeus 1758). Scyliorhinidae. Distribution: Western Baltic Sea, North Sea, western Mediterranean Sea, northeastern Atlantic: Shetland Islands and southern Norway south to Senegal. Habitat: marine.

capense, Scyllium Müller [J.] & Henle [F. G. J.] 1838:11 [Systematische Beschreibung der Plagiostomen; ref. 3069] Cape of Good Hope, South Africa. Lectotype: BMNH 1845.7.3.141. Paralectottypes: BMNH 1845.7.3.144 (1), 1953.5.10.2 (1), 1953.5.10.3 (1); RMNH incat. (1, whereabouts unknown); SMNS 4360 [ex UTZI] (1). Lectotype designated by Soares & Carvalho 2019:42 [ref. 36701]. Appeared first as name only and not available in Smith 1838:85 [ref. 4034]. Based on multiple sources, including manuscript name by A. Smith (BMNH). Also based on a specimen and drawing by Wilhelm von Rapp (UTZI), named Scyllium capense, specimen now in SMNS. •Valid as Scyliorhinus capensis (Müller & Henle 1838) -- (Compagno 1984:359 [ref. 6846], Gubanov & Timoxin 1989:221 [ref. 36138], Shirai et al. 1992:13 [ref. 19241], Bianchi & Carpenter in Bianchi et al. 1993:75 [ref. 25472], Compagno 1999:480 [ref. 25589], Soares et al. 2015:358 [ref. 33716], Weigmann 2016:43 [ref. 34211], Soares & Carvalho 2019:32 [ref. 36701]). Current status: Valid as Scyliorhinus capensis (Müller & Henle 1838). Scyliorhinidae. Distribution: Southeastern Atlantic, southwestern Indian Ocean: southern Namibia around Cape of Good Hope to eastern Cape region (South Africa). Habitat: marine.

catulus, Scyllium Müller [J.] & Henle [F. G. J.] 1838:9 [Systematische Beschreibung der Plagiostomen; ref. 3069] [Im mittelländischen Meer und Ocean] Mediterranean Sea, Northeastern Atlantic. No types known. Based on many literature sources; name from Cuvier; not Squalus catulus Linnaeus 1758. •Synonym of Scyliorhinus stellaris (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Springer 1973:19 [ref. 7162], Springer 1990:93 [ref. 19319], Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:12 [ref. 26753], Lipej & Dulčić 2010:8 [ref. 36649], Soares & Carvalho 2019:97 [ref. 36701]). Current status: Synonym of Scyliorhinus stellaris (Linnaeus 1758). Scyliorhinidae. Habitat: marine.

catulus, Squalus Linnaeus [C.] 1758:235 [Systema Naturae, Ed. X v. 1; ref. 2787] European sea. No types known. Neotype designated by Fricke 1999:15 [ref. 24101], but withdrawn in Fricke 2000:639 [ref. 24537]. •Synonym of Scyliorhinus canicula (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Compagno 1984:358 [ref. 6846], Fricke 1999:15 [ref. 24101], Dyldin 2015:50 [ref. 34524], Soares & Carvalho 2019:21 [ref. 36701]). Current status: Synonym of Scyliorhinus canicula (Linnaeus 1758). Scyliorhinidae. Habitat: marine.

catum, Cephaloscyllium IUCN A name appearing in an IUCN listing in 2006; the species was not described under this name. No longer listed by the IUCN. •A premature and unavailable name for Cephaloscyllium variegatum Last & White 2008 (pers. comm. P. Last, 19 Apr. 2011). Current status: Unknown. Scyliorhinidae.

cervigoni, Scylliorhinus Maurin [C.] & Bonnet [M.] 1970:129, Fig. 3 [Revue des Travaux de l'Institut des Pêches Maritimes v. 34 (no. 2); ref. 18878] Fosse de Cayar, off Cap Vert, Senegal, depth 270-430 meters. Neotype: ZMH 102563. Neotype selected by Soares & Carvalho 2019:49 [ref. 36701]. Genus should have been Scyliorhinus. •Valid as Scyliorhinus cervigoni Maurin & Bonnet 1970 -- (Compagno 1984:361 [ref. 6846], Springer 1990:93 [ref. 19319], Compagno 1999:480 [ref. 25589], Soares et al. 2015:358 [ref. 33716], Weigmann 2016:43 [ref. 34211], Compagno 2016:1266 [ref. 34544], Soares & Carvalho 2019:42 [ref. 36701]). Current status: Valid as Scyliorhinus cervigoni Maurin & Bonnet 1970. Scyliorhinidae. Distribution: Eastern Atlantic: Mauritania south to Angola. Habitat: marine.

chilense, Scyllium Guichenot [A.] 1848:362 [Fauna Chilena.... in Gay.; ref. 1939] Southeastern Pacific: Peru and Chile. No types known. •Valid as Schroederichthys chilensis (Guichenot 1848) -- (Compagno 1984:352 [ref. 6846], Pequeño 1989:13 [ref. 14125], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:39 [ref. 24555], Compagno 1999:480 [ref. 25589], Soto 2001:37 [ref. 26636], Weigmann 2016:42 [ref. 34211]). Current status: Valid as Schroederichthys chilensis (Guichenot 1848). Scyliorhinidae. Distribution: Southeastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

circulopullum, Cephaloscyllium Yano [K.], Ahmed [A.] & Gambang [A. C.] in Yano, Ahmed, Gambang, Idris, Solahuddin & Aznan 2005:159, Pls. 102-105 [Sharks and rays of Malaysia and Brunei, Darusalam; ref. 29537] Off Tanjong Sirik, about 5°10'N, 11°00'E, Sarawak, Malaysia, depth about 120-160 meters. Holotype: IK 0002725. Paratypes: IK 0002726 (1). •Synonym of Cephaloscyllium sarawakense Yano, Ahmed & Gambang 2005 -- (Schaaf-Da Silva & Ebert 2008:2 [ref. 29807] as sarawakensis, Nakaya et al. 2013:110 [ref. 33036] as sarawakensis, Dyldin 2015:50 [ref. 34524] as sarawakensis, Weigmann 2016:37 [ref. 34211] as sarawakensis). Current status: Synonym of Cephaloscyllium sarawakense Yano, Ahmed & Gambang 2005. Scyliorhinidae. Distribution: Sarawak, Malaysia (if valid). Habitat: marine.

clevai, Halaelurus Séret [B.] 1987:2, Figs. 1-7 [The J.L.B Smith Institute of Ichthyology Special Publication No. 44; ref. 6267] Off Tulear, 22°S, 43°E, depth 425-500 meters. Holotype: MNHN 1986-0499. Paratypes: BMNH 1987.3.10.1 (1); MNHN 1986-0500 thru 0503 (1, 1, 1, 1), 1986-0504 (1, partially dissected), 1986-0505 thru 0510 (1 ea.); SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 26643 (1); USNM 285633 (1). •Valid as Halaelurus clevai Séret 1987 -- (Compagno 1999:479 [ref. 25589]). •Valid as Bythaelurus clevai (Séret 1987) -- (White et al. 2007:1 [ref. 29295], Last & Stevens 2008:123 [ref. 29681], McCosker et al. 2012:58 [ref. 31823], Ebert & Clerkin 2015:54 [ref. 33848], Kaschner et al. 2015:136 [ref. 33953], Weigmann 2016:35 [ref. 34211], Weigmann et al. 2016:427 [ref. 34984], Weigmann & Kaschner 2017:116 [ref. 35311], Fricke et al. 2018:10 [ref. 35805], Weigmann et al. 2018:36 [ref. 36365]). Current status: Valid as Bythaelurus clevai (Séret 1987). Scyliorhinidae. Distribution: Southwestern Indian Ocean: Madagascar. Habitat: marine.

comoroensis, Scyliorhinus Compagno [L. J. V.] 1988:609, Figs. 1, 3-5, 6A, 7A, 8A-B [Bulletin du Museum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Série 4: Section A: Zoologie, Biologie et Écologie Animales v. 10 (no. 3); ref. 16229] Moroni, Grande Comore, Comoro Islands, 11°40'S, 43°15'E, depth 400 meters. Holotype (unique): MNHN 1984-0701. •Valid as Scyliorhinus comoroensis Compagno 1988 -- (Shirai et al. 1992:13 [ref. 19241], Compagno 1999:480 [ref. 25589], Soares et al. 2015:358 [ref. 33716], Weigmann 2016:43 [ref. 34211], Fricke et al. 2018:11 [ref. 35805], Soares & Carvalho 2019:50 [ref. 36701]). Current status: Valid as Scyliorhinus comoroensis Compagno 1988. Scyliorhinidae. Distribution: Western Indian Ocean: Comoro Islands and Madagascar. Habitat: marine.

cooki, Cephaloscyllium Last [P. R.], Séret [B.] & White [W. T.] 2008:130, Figs. 1-2 [CSIRO Marine and Atmospheric Research Paper No. 022; ref. 29682] Arafura Sea, Northern Teritory, 9°46'S, 130°25"E, depth 225 meters. Holotype: NTM S 13147-022. Paratypes: CSIRO H 6638-02 (1); NTM S 12288-038 (1), 13147-016 (1); MNHN 2007-1927 (1), 2007-1928 (1), 2007-1929 (1). •Valid as Cephaloscyllium cooki Last, Séret & White 2008 -- (Clark & Randall 2011:27 [ref. 31133], Larson et al. 2013:6 [ref. 32988], Weigmann 2016:36 [ref. 34211]). Current status: Valid as Cephaloscyllium cooki Last, Séret & White 2008. Scyliorhinidae. Distribution: Arafura Sea off Australia and eastern Indonesia. Habitat: marine.

dawsoni, Halaelurus Springer [S.] 1971:236, Fig. 1 [Records of the Dominion Museum (Wellington) v. 7 (no. 18); ref. 7706] West of South Island, New Zealand, 44°32.5'S, 166°41'E, southwestern Pacific, depth 389-420 meters. Holotype: NMNZ P.5188.1. Paratypes: NMNZ P.5523 (5); USNM 205537 (1), 206096 (1); NZOI F89, P. 187 (1). Type catalog: Hardy 1990:6 [ref. 18942], Howe & Springer 1993:6 [ref. 21812]. •Valid as Halaelurus dawsoni Springer 1971 -- (Compagno 1984:324 [ref. 6846], Nakaya in Amaoka et al. 1990:61 [ref. 16024], Compagno 1999:479 [ref. 25589]). •Valid as Bythaelurus dawsoni (Springer 1971) -- (White et al. 2007:1 [ref. 29295], Last & Stevens 2008:123 [ref. 29681], McCosker et al. 2012:58 [ref. 31823], Ebert & Clerkin 2015:54 [ref. 33848], Kaschner et al. 2015:136 [ref. 33953], Nakaya et al. 2015:85 [ref. 34218], Weigmann 2016:35 [ref. 34211], Weigmann et al. 2016:428 [ref. 34984], Weigmann & Kaschner 2017:116 [ref. 35311], Weigmann et al. 2018:36 [ref. 36365]). Current status: Valid as Bythaelurus dawsoni (Springer 1971). Scyliorhinidae. Distribution: Western Pacific: New Zealand. Habitat: marine.

dentoides, Squalus Nardo [G. D.] (ex Chiereghini) 1847:col. 111 [Sinonimia moderna delle specie registrate nell' opera intitolata: ...; ref. 17994] Not available, Chiereghini name mentioned in synonymy. Also in Ninni 1872:10 [ref. 17995] as name in synonymy. Scyliorhinidae.

diana, Asymbolus Sprackland [R. G.] 1999:no page number [Key to the sharks and rays of the world; ref. 25187] Published electronically; listed in Zoological Record for 1999/2000. Not available, electronic publication not acceptable in the 1999 Code. Name provided to a published Asymbolus sp. account in a publication by different authors. Scyliorhinidae.

duhamelii, Catulus Garman [S.] 1913:73 [Memoirs of the Museum of Comparative Zoology v. 36; ref. 1545] Mediterranean Sea (Adriatic Sea and off Nice, France) and Atlantic coasts of Europe. Lectotype: MCZ 63-S. Paralectotype: MCZ 60-S (1). Type catalog: Hartel & Dingerkus 1997:xxxviii [ref. 23119]. Lectotype designated by Soares & Carvalho 2019:65 [ref. 36701]. •Synonym of Scyliorhinus canicula (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Springer 1973:19 [ref. 7162], Compagno 1984:358 [ref. 6846], Springer 1990:93 [ref. 19319], Dyldin 2015:50 [ref. 34524], Soares & Carvalho 2019:20 [ref. 36701]). •Valid as Scyliorhinus duhamelii (Garman 1913) -- (Soares & Carvalho 2019:57 [ref. 36701]). Current status: Valid as Scyliorhinus duhamelii (Garman 1913). Scyliorhinidae. Distribution: Central Mediterranean Sea: eastern Algeria and Tunisia to Adriatic Sea and Ionian Sea (western Greece). Habitat: marine.

edwardii, Catulus Smith [A.] 1838:85 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London (pt. 5) for 12 Sept. 1839 (no. 57); ref. 4034] Not an independent species description, but a misspelling and new genus arrangement for Squalus edwardsii Schinz 1822. •Not an independent species description, but a misspelling and new genus arrangement for Squalus edwardsii Schinz 1822. Current status: Synonym of Haploblepharus edwardsii (Schinz 1822). Scyliorhinidae.

edwardsii, Squalus Schinz [H. R.] 1822:214 [Das Thierreich v. 2; ref. 3926] Millers Point, False Bay, Western Cape, South Africa, 34°14'S, 18°28.6'E. Neotype: SAM 36079. Original spelling of species name was edwartsii; this considered an incorrect original spelling (Opinion 2056). Authorship previously attributed to Voigt 1832:504 [ref. 4948] by authors with original combination of Scyllium edwardsii. Authorship now attributed to Schinz 1822 (Opinion 2056). Also see van Oijen 2001:294 [ref. 26400] for petition on authorship as Schinz 1822. Neotype designated by Human 2007:7 [ref. 29330]. Name spelled edwardii by Smith 1838:85 [ref. 4034]. •Valid as Haploblepharus edwardsii (Schinz 1822) -- (Compagno 1984:332 [ref. 6846], Bass 1986:91 [ref. 5635], Gubanov & Timoxin 1989:222 [ref. 36138] as Haploblephorus edwardsii, Compagno 1999:480 [ref. 25589], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:66 [ref. 28072], Human & Compagno 2006:41 [ref. 28823], Human 2007:7 [ref. 29330], Weigmann 2016:40 [ref. 34211]). Current status: Valid as Haploblepharus edwardsii (Schinz 1822). Scyliorhinidae. Distribution: Southeastern Atlantic and western Indian Ocean: southern Africa. Habitat: marine.

elegans, Squalus Blainville [H. de] 1825:73, Pl. 18 (fig. 1) [Faune Française; ou histoire naturelle Livr. 13 & 14; ref. 4991] Marseille, France, western Mediterranean Sea. No types known. •Synonym of Scyliorhinus canicula (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Compagno 1984:358 [ref. 6846], Dyldin 2015:50 [ref. 34524], Soares & Carvalho 2019:20 [ref. 36701]). Current status: Synonym of Scyliorhinus canicula (Linnaeus 1758). Scyliorhinidae. Habitat: marine.

erdmanni, Atelomycterus Fahmi [no initials] & White [W. T.] 2015:16, Figs. 1-7 [Journal of the Ocean Science Foundation v. 14; ref. 33700] 'Nudi Retreat' dive site, Lembeh Strait, Manado, North Sulawesi, Indonesia, 1°29.19’N, 125°14.46’E, depth 62 meters. Holotype: NCIP 6544. Paratypes: NCIP 6549 (1). •Valid as Atelomycterus erdmanni Fahmi & White 2015 -- (Weigmann 2016:34 [ref. 34211]). Current status: Valid as Atelomycterus erdmanni Fahmi & White 2015. Scyliorhinidae. Distribution: Sulawesi, Indonesia. Habitat: marine.

fasciatum, Cephaloscyllium Chan [W. L.] 1966:232, Figs. 6-7; Pl. 3 [Journal of Zoology (London) v. 148; ref. 806] South China Sea, about 35 miles east-southeast of Cape Bantagan, Vietnam, 15°55.7'N, 109°28.5'E, depth 112-172 fathoms. Holotype: BMNH 1965.8.11.1. Paratypes: BMNH 1965.8.11.2-5 (4). •Valid as Cephaloscyllium fasciatum Chan 1966 -- (Compagno 1984:297 [ref. 6846], Allen & Swainston 1988:20 [ref. 25477] with author as Chen, Paxton et al. 1989:72 [ref. 12442], Last & Stevens 1994:197 [ref. 23873], Allen 1997:40 [ref. 23977], Randall et al. 1997:17 [ref. 25919], Compagno & Niem 1998:1289 [ref. 23787], Compagno 1999:479 [ref. 25589], Compagno in Randall & Lim 2000:579 [ref. 25122], Hutchins 2001:14 [ref. 25847], Inoue & Nakaya 2006:86 [ref. 28852], Hoese et al. 2006:86 [ref. 28999], Schaaf-Da Silva & Ebert 2008:13 [ref. 29807], Shao et al. 2008:236 [ref. 29952], Ebert & Wilms 2013:96 [ref. 33035], Nakaya et al.2013:102 [ref. 33036], Ebert et al. 2013:316 [ref. 33045], Akhilesh et al. 2014:4 [ref. 33217], Weigmann 2016:36 [ref. 34211]). Current status: Valid as Cephaloscyllium fasciatum Chan 1966. Scyliorhinidae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Taiwan, South China Sea, Philippines and Vietnam. Habitat: marine.

fasciatus, Atelomycterus Compagno [L. J. V.] & Stevens [J. D.] 1993:149, Figs. 1-4, 5A-B, 6-8, 10 [Records of the Australian Museum v. 45 (no. 2); ref. 20842] Onslow, Western Australia. Holotype: WAM P.8629-001. Paratypes: CSIRO CA 3289 (1), CA 4518 (1), CA 4523 (1), CA 4524 (1), H 1294-01 (1), H 1295-01 (1), H 1296-01 (1), H 1297-01 (1); WAM P.23838-001 (1). Type catalog: Moore et al. 2008:3 [ref. 30117]. •Valid as Atelomycterus fasciatus Compagno & Stevens 1993 -- (Compagno & Niem 1998:1287 [ref. 23787], Compagno 1999:479 [ref. 25589], Hutchins 2001:14 [ref. 25847], Bor et al. 2003:325 [ref. 27423], White et al. 2005:33 [ref. 28145], Hoese et al. 2006:85 [ref. 28999], Jacobsen & Bennett 2007:35 [ref. 29180], Larson et al. 2013:6 [ref. 32988], Weigmann 2016:34 [ref. 34211]). Current status: Valid as Atelomycterus fasciatus Compagno & Stevens 1993. Scyliorhinidae. Distribution: Eastern Indian Ocean: Northwestern Australia. Habitat: marine.

fernandezi, Scyliorhinus Weibezahn [F. H.] 1953:3, Fig. 1 [Novedades Cientificas, Contribuciones Ocasionales del Museo de Historia Natural La Salle, Serie Zoológica No. 9; ref. 12670] Three miles north of the port of La Guaira, Distrito Federal, Venezuela, depth 20 fathoms. Holotype (unique): MHNLS 3052 [not MHNLS 7717, ex. AFY 149]. Type catalog: Lasso et al. 1997:41 [ref. 23639]. •Synonym of Scyliorhinus haeckelii (Miranda Ribeiro 1907) -- (Compagno 1984:362 [ref. 6846], Soares et al. 2016:513 [ref. 34158]). •Synonym of Scyliorhinus boa (Goode & Bean 1896) -- (Soares & Carvalho 2019:9 [ref. 36701]). Current status: Synonym of Scyliorhinus boa (Goode & Bean 1896). Scyliorhinidae. Habitat: marine.

formosanum, Cephaloscyllium Teng [H.-T.] 1962:48, Fig. 11 [Classification and distribution of the Chondrichthyes of Taiwan; ref. 12623] Off Tungkang [Tongkang], southwestern coast of Taiwan, 22°25'N, 120°25'E, depth about 200 fathoms. Holotype (unique): TFRI 4339 (apparently lost). Type catalog: Ho & Shao 2011:17 [ref. 31432]. A translation of the original description by Nakaya appeared in Nakaya et al. 2013:122 [ref. 33036]. •Questionably a synonym of Cephaloscyllium isabellum (Bonnaterre 1788) -- (Compagno 1984:298 [ref. 6846]). •Synonym of Cephaloscyllium umbratile Jordan & Fowler 1903 -- (Schaaf-Da Silva & Ebert 2008:13 [ref. 29807], Ho & Shao 2011:17 [ref. 31432], Nakaya et al. 2013:116 [ref. 33036]). •Valid as Cephaloscyllium formosanum Teng 1962 -- (Inoue & Nakaya 2006:86 [ref. 28852], Nakaya et al. 2013:122 [ref. 33036], Ebert et al. 2013:316 [ref. 33045], Dyldin 2015:50 [ref. 34524], Weigmann 2016:37 [ref. 34211]). Current status: Valid as Cephaloscyllium formosanum Teng 1962. Scyliorhinidae. Distribution: Western North Pacific: Taiwan. Habitat: marine.

fuscus, Haploblepharus Smith [J. L. B.] 1950:883, Fig. 2 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 12) v. 3 (no. 34) (art. 81); ref. 12975] East London, Eastern Cape, South Africa, about 33°00'S, 27°55'E, western Indian Ocean. Holotype: SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 21. Paratypes: SAIAB [formerly RUSI] (1) apparently lost. •Valid as Haploblepharus fuscus Smith 1950 -- (Compagno 1984:334 [ref. 6846], Bass 1986:92 [ref. 5635], Gubanov & Timoxin 1989:222 [ref. 36138], Compagno 1999:480 [ref. 25589], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S92 [ref. 27377], Human & Compagno 2006:41 [ref. 28823], Human 2007:22 [ref. 29330], Weigmann 2016:40 [ref. 34211]). Current status: Valid as Haploblepharus fuscus Smith 1950. Scyliorhinidae. Distribution: Southeastern Atlantic, southwestern Indian Ocean: southern Africa. Habitat: marine.

garmani, Halaelurus Fowler [H. W.] 1934:235, Fig. 1 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 85 (for 1933); ref. 1416] East Indies [possibly in error]. Holotype (unique): USNM 43749. Type catalog: Howe & Springer 1993:7 [ref. 21812]. •Valid as Scyliorhinus garmani (Fowler 1934) -- (Compagno 1984:362 [ref. 6846], Gubanov & Timoxin 1989:221 [ref. 36138], Compagno & Niem 1998:1292 [ref. 23787], Compagno 1999:480 [ref. 25589], Compagno in Randall & Lim 2000:579 [ref. 25122], Compagno et al. 2005:27 [ref. 29145], Soares et al. 2015:358 [ref. 33716], Weigmann 2016:43 [ref. 34211], Soares & Carvalho 2019:65 [ref. 36701]). Current status: Valid as Scyliorhinus garmani (Fowler 1934). Scyliorhinidae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Philippines Habitat: marine.

gatta, Squalus Nardo [G. D.] (ex Chiereghini) 1847:col. 111 [Sinonimia moderna delle specie registrate nell' opera intitolata: ...; ref. 17994] Not available, Chiereghini name mentioned in synonymy. Scyliorhinidae.

gayi, Scyllium Philippi [R. A.] 1887:86 [Zoologische Garten (Zeitschrift für die gesamte Tiergärtnerei) v. 28; ref. 36059] Chile. No types known. Not in [ref. 3464]. Current status: Uncertain as Schroederichthys chilensis (Guichenot 1848). Scyliorhinidae. Habitat: marine.

giddingsi, Bythaelurus McCosker [J. E.], Long [D. J.] & Baldwin [C. C.] 2012:49, Figs. 1-4, Pls. 1-2 [Zootaxa No. 3221; ref. 31823] Darwin Island, 1°42.0'N, 92°00.0'W, Galápagos Islands, depth 428 meters. Holotype: CAS 210091. Paratypes: CAS 86559 (1), 210093 (1); MNHN 2010-0004 [ex CAS 210092] (1); SAM 35042 (1); USNM 364283 (1) •Valid as Bythaelurus giddingsi McCosker, Long & Baldwin 2012 -- (Ebert & Clerkin 2015:54 [ref. 33848], Kaschner et al. 2015:120 [ref. 33953], Weigmann 2016:35 [ref. 34211], Weigmann et al. 2016:427 [ref. 34984], Weigmann & Kaschner 2017:114 [ref. 35311], Weigmann et al. 2018:37 [ref. 36365]). Current status: Valid as Bythaelurus giddingsi McCosker, Long & Baldwin 2012. Scyliorhinidae. Distribution: Southeastern Pacific: Galápagos Islands. Habitat: marine.

griseum, Scyllia van Hasselt [J. C.] 1823:315 [Algemeene Konst- en Letter-bode voor het Jaar I Deel (no. 20); ref. 4513] Not available; name only from Java (see Kottelat 1987:369 [ref. 5962]; see also Alfred 1961:81 [ref. 20553]). Did not appear in van Hasselt 1824 [ref. 5104]. Scyliorhinidae.

haeckelii, Catulus Miranda Ribeiro [A. de] 1907:163, Pl. 8 (figs. 1-2) [Arquivos do Museu Nacional de Rio de Janeiro v. 14; ref. 17763] Near Rio de Janeiro, 25-30 miles east-southeast of ilha Rasa, Brazil, depth 80 meters. Holotype (unique): MNRJ 494. Type catalog: Miranda Ribeiro 1955:406 [ref. 12732], Miranda Ribeiro 1961:4 [ref. 22041 or 22040]. Genus spelled Catulus on plate and in index (p. 214). As Catulos haeckelli on pp. 390 and 391, as Catulus haeckellii on p. 406 in Miranda Ribeiro 1953 [ref. 12732]. •Valid as Scyliorhinus haeckelii (Miranda Ribeiro 1907) -- (Compagno 1984:362 [ref. 6846] as haeckeli, Cervigón 1992:185 [ref. 23827], Compagno 1999:480 [ref. 25589], Soto 2001:63 [ref. 26637], Gadig & Gomes in Menezes et al. 2003:22 [ref. 27192], Compagno 2003:454 [ref. 26984], Soares et al. 2015:358 [ref. 33716], Soares et al. 2016:513 [ref. 34158], Weigmann 2016:43 [ref. 34211], Nión et al. 2016:20 [ref. 35565], Ehemann et al. 2019:[3] [ref. 36861], Soares & Carvalho 2019:68 [ref. 36701]). Current status: Valid as Scyliorhinus haeckelii (Miranda Ribeiro 1907). Scyliorhinidae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: southern Brazil south to Uruguay. Habitat: marine.

hesperius, Scyliorhinus Springer [S.] 1966:603, Figs. 7d, 9a, 15b, 27d [United States Fish and Wildlife Service Fishery Bulletin v. 65 (no. 3) (for 1965); ref. 4174] Eastern coast of Panama, 9°03'N, 81°22'W, Oregon station 3598, Caribbean Sea, depth 360-400 meters. Holotype: USNM 187732. Additional material: (12) USNM. Type catalog: Howe & Springer 1993:7 [ref. 21812]. •Valid as Scyliorhinus hesperius Springer 1966 -- (Compagno 1984:363 [ref. 6846], Shirai et al. 1992:13 [ref. 19241], Cervigón 1992:185 [ref. 23827], Compagno 1999:480 [ref. 25589], Compagno 2003:454 [ref. 26984], Gadig & Gomes in Menezes et al. 2003:22 [ref. 27192], Espinosa Pérez et al. 2004:36 [ref. 27705], Castro 2011:338 [ref. 31457], Soares et al. 2015:358 [ref. 33716], Del Moral-Flores et al. 2016:83 [ref. 34398], Soares et al. 2016:533 [ref. 34158], Weigmann 2016:43 [ref. 34211], Hacohen-Domené et al. 2016:1 [ref. 35107], Ehemann et al. 2018:22 [ref. 36194], Ehemann et al. 2019:[3] [ref. 36861], Soares & Carvalho 2019:70 [ref. 36701]). Current status: Valid as Scyliorhinus hesperius Springer 1966. Scyliorhinidae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: southern Caribbean Sea from Guatemala south to Colombia and Venezuela. Habitat: marine.

hiscosellum, Cephaloscyllium White [W. T.] & Ebert [D. A.] 2008:172, Figs. 1-3 [CSIRO Marine and Atmospheric Research Paper No. 022; ref. 29685] West of Leander Point, Western Australia, 29°15'S, 113°56'E, depth 320-325 meters. Holotype: CSIRO H 2590-07. Paratypes: 18 specimens at CSIRO, WAM. •Valid as Cephaloscyllium hiscosellum White & Ebert 2008 -- (Clark & Randall 2011:27 [ref. 31133], Weigmann 2016:37 [ref. 34211]). Current status: Valid as Cephaloscyllium hiscosellum White & Ebert 2008. Scyliorhinidae. Distribution: Northwestern Australia. Habitat: marine.

hispidum, Scyllium Alcock [A. W.] 1891:21 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 6) v. 8 (no. 43/44); ref. 87] Andaman Sea, 11°31'40"N, 92°46'40"E, Investigator station 115, depth 188-220 fathoms. Holotype (unique): ZSI F13120. Type catalog: Menon & Yazdani 1968:95 [ref. 20743]. Figured in Alcock 1894: Pl. 8 (figs. 3, 3a) [ref. 17304]. •Valid as Halaelurus hispidus (Alcock 1891) -- (Compagno 1984:325 [ref. 6846], Gubanov & Timoxin 1989:222 [ref. 36138], Compagno 1999:479 [ref. 25589], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S91 [ref. 27377]). •Valid as Bythaelurus hispidus (Alcock 1891) -- (White et al. 2007:1 [ref. 29295], Last & Stevens 2008:123 [ref. 29681], McCosker et al. 2012:58 [ref. 31823], Ebert & Clerkin 2015:54 [ref. 33848], Kaschner et al. 2015:136 [ref. 33953], Weigmann 2016:36 [ref. 34211], Weigmann & Kaschner 2017:116 [ref. 35311], Kumar et al. 2018:296 [ref. 36178], Weigmann et al. 2018:37 [ref. 36365]). Current status: Valid as Bythaelurus hispidus (Alcock 1891). Scyliorhinidae. Distribution: Indian Ocean: Kenya to Oman, southern India and Andaman Sea. Habitat: marine.

immaculatus, Halaelorus Chu [Y.-T.] & Meng [Q.-W.] in Chu, Meng, Hu & Li 1982:301 [English p. 309], Fig. 1 [Oceanologia et Limnologia Sinica v. 13 (no. 4); ref. 8492] South China Sea, 19°24.8'N, 114°23.6'E, depth 1020 meters. Holotype: SCSFRI O 0094. Paratypes: SCIFRI O 0033 (1), S 16890 (1). •Valid as Halaelurus immaculatus Chu & Meng 1982 -- (Compagno 1984:326 [ref. 6846], Compagno & Niem 1998:1285 [ref. 23787], Paulin et al. 1989:22 [ref. 24556], Compagno 1999:479 [ref. 25589], Compagno in Randall & Lim 2000:579 [ref. 25122]). •Valid as Bythaelurus immaculatus (Chu & Meng 1982) -- (White et al. 2007:1 [ref. 29295], Last & Stevens 2008:123 [ref. 29681], McCosker et al. 2012:58 [ref. 31823], White & Last 2013:237 [ref. 33042], Ebert & Clerkin 2015:54 [ref. 33848], Kaschner et al. 2015:120 [ref. 33953], Weigmann 2016:36 [ref. 34211], Weigmann et al. 2016:428 [ref. 34984], Weigmann & Kaschner 2017:114 [ref. 35311], Weigmann et al. 2018:37 [ref. 36365]). Current status: Valid as Bythaelurus immaculatus (Chu & Meng 1982). Scyliorhinidae. Distribution: Western central Pacific: South China Sea. Habitat: marine.

incanus, Bythaelurus Last [P. R.] & Stevens [J. D.] 2008:123, Figs. 1-2 [CSIRO Marine and Atmospheric Research Paper No. 022; ref. 29681] South of Roti Island, Ashmore Terrace, Western Australia, 13°06'S, 122°18'E, depth 900-1000 meters. Holotype (unique): CSIRO H 1204-02. •Valid as Bythaelurus incanus Last & Stevens 2008 -- (McCosker et al. 2012:58 [ref. 31823], Ebert & Clerkin 2015:54 [ref. 33848], Kaschner et al. 2015:120 [ref. 33953], Weigmann 2016:36 [ref. 34211], Weigmann et al. 2016:428 [ref. 34984], Weigmann & Kaschner 2017:114 [ref. 35311], Weigmann et al. 2018:38 [ref. 36365]). Current status: Valid as Bythaelurus incanus Last & Stevens 2008. Scyliorhinidae. Distribution: Southeastern Indian Ocean: northwestern Australia. Habitat: marine.

isabella, Squalus Gmelin [J. F.] 1789:1489 [Caroli a Linné ... Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae v. 1 (pt 3); ref. 18139] New Zealand. Objectively invalid, preoccupied by Squalus isabella Bonnaterre 1788. •Synonym of Cephaloscyllium isabella (Bonnaterre 1788) -- (Compagno 1984:298 [ref. 6846] as isabellum"). Current status: Synonym of Cephaloscyllium isabella (Bonnaterre 1788). Scyliorhinidae. Habitat: marine.

isabella, Squalus Bonnaterre [J. P.] (ex Broussonet) 1788:6 [Tableau encyclopédique et méthodique des trois règnes de la nature... Ichthyologie; ref. 4940] Southwestern Pacific. Holotype: apparently lost. Based on 'L'Isabelle' of Broussonet 1780:648 [ref. 20282]. Isabella is treated as a noun in apposition, originally spelled with a capital I (see Kullander 2016:112 [ref. 34147]). •Possible the same as Cephaloscyllium laticeps (Duméril 1853) -- (White 2008:63 [ref. 30617]). •Valid as Cephaloscyllium isabella (Bonnaterre 1788) (spelled isabellum by authors) -- (Compagno 1984:298 [ref. 6846], Paulin et al. 1989:21 [ref. 24556], Nakaya in Amaoka et al. 1990:60 [ref. 16024], Senou & Masuda 1998:5 [ref. 24388], Compagno 1999:479 [ref. 25589], Inoue & Nakaya 2006:86 [ref. 28852], Last et al. 2008:147 [ref. 29683], Schaaf-Da Silva & Ebert 2008:21 [ref. 29807], Nakaya et al. 2015:78 [ref. 34218] as isabellum, Weigmann 2016:37 [ref. 34211] as isabellum). Current status: Valid as Cephaloscyllium isabella (Bonnaterre 1788). Scyliorhinidae. Distribution: Southwestern Pacific: Australia and New Zealand. Limited to New Zealand [ref. 34218]. Habitat: marine.

isabellina, Scylia Billberg [G. J.] 1833:51 [Linnéska Samfundets Handlingar v. 1 (for 1832); ref. 34146] New Zealand. No types known. Unnecessary replacement name for Squalus isabella Gmelin 1789; see Kullander 2016:112 [ref. 34147]. •Synonym of Cephaloscyllium isabella (Bonnaterre 1788) -- (Kullander 2016:112 [ref. 34147]). Current status: Synonym of Cephaloscyllium isabella (Bonnaterre 1788). Scyliorhinidae. Habitat: marine.

kanakorum, Aulohalaelurus Séret [B.] 1990:128, Figs. 1-5 a-b, 6 [Records of the Australian Museum v. 42 (no. 2); ref. 16200] Pass of islet N'Do, southwestern lagoon off New Caledonia, western Pacific. Holotype (unique): MNHN 1988-1860. •Valid as Aulohalaelurus kanakorum Séret 1990 -- (Compagno & Niem 1998:1288 [ref. 23787], Compagno 1999:479 [ref. 25589], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:88 [ref. 25191], Fricke et al. 2011:345 [ref. 31242], Weigmann 2016:34 [ref. 34211]). Current status: Valid as Aulohalaelurus kanakorum Séret 1990. Scyliorhinidae. Distribution: Southwestern Pacific: New Caledonia. Habitat: marine.

kistnasamyi, Haploblepharus Human [B. A.] & Compagno [L. J. V.] 2006:44, Figs. 2-5 [Zootaxa No. 1318; ref. 28823] Landers Reef off Park Rynie, KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa, 30°19'S, 30°47'E, southwestern Indian Ocean. Holotype: SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 39835. Paratypes: SAIAB 6075 (1), 6077 (1). Plus non-type specimens. •Valid as Haploblepharus kistnasamyi Human & Compagno 2006 -- (Human 2007:29 [ref. 29330], Weigmann 2016:40 [ref. 34211]). Current status: Valid as Haploblepharus kistnasamyi Human & Compagno 2006. Scyliorhinidae. Distribution: Southeastern South Africa. Habitat: marine.

labiosus, Catulus Waite [E. R.] 1905:57, Fig. 23 [Records of the Australian Museum v. 6 (no. 2); ref. 4562] [Orig.] Fremantle, Western Australia. "Neotype" with no data. Neotype: WAM P.13253-001. Type catalog: Hutchins & Smith 1991:5 [ref. 19335], Moore et al. 2008:3 [ref. 30117]. Neotype designated by Séret 1990:128 [ref. 16200] but it was not needed as no nomenclatural problem was involved (Moore et al. 2009:3 [ref. 30117]). •Valid as Aulohalaelurus labiosus (Waite 1905) -- (Compagno 1984:295 [ref. 6846], Paxton et al. 1989:72 [ref. 12442], Last & Stevens 1994:191 [ref. 23873], Kuiter 1997:10 [ref. 25488], Compagno 1999:479 [ref. 25589], Hutchins 2001:14 [ref. 25847], Hoese et al. 2006:85 [ref. 28999], Moore et al. 2009:3 [ref. 30117], Weigmann 2016:35 [ref. 34211], Hoschke et al. 2019:153[ref. 36626]). Current status: Valid as Aulohalaelurus labiosus (Waite 1905). Scyliorhinidae. Distribution: Southeastern Indian Ocean: Western Australia. Habitat: marine.

laticeps, Scyllium Duméril [A. H. A.] 1853:84, Pl. 3 (figs. 2a-b) [Revue et Magasin de Zoologie (Sér. 2) v. 5; ref. 17425] Tasmania, Australia. Holotype (unique): MNHN A-9378 (stuffed). Type catalog: Bertin 1939:68 [ref. 20739]. •Valid as Cephaloscyllium laticeps (Duméril 1853) -- (Compagno 1984:299 [ref. 6846], Paxton et al. 1989:72 [ref. 12442], Kuiter 1993:9 [ref. 23929], Gomon et al. 1994:135 [ref. 22532], Last & Stevens 1994:198 [ref. 23873], Compagno 1999:479 [ref. 25589], Hutchins 2001:14 [ref. 25847], Inoue & Nakaya 2006:86 [ref. 28852], Hoese et al. 2006:86 [ref. 28999], Last et al. 2008:147 [ref. 29683], White 2008:61 [ref. 30617], Weigmann 2016:37 [ref. 34211]). Current status: Valid as Cephaloscyllium laticeps (Duméril 1853). Scyliorhinidae. Distribution: Southern Australia: southern New South Wales to Western Australia. Habitat: marine.

leopardinum, Scyllium Müller [J.] & Henle [F. G. J.] 1838:13 [Systematische Beschreibung der Plagiostomen; ref. 3069] Not available, name only in the synonymy of Scyllium pantherinum; based on RMNH museum name. •In the synonymy of Poroderma pantherinum (Müller & Henle 1838) -- (Compagno 1984:349 [ref. 6846], Human 2006:13 [ref. 28714]). Current status: Synonym of Poroderma pantherinum (Müller & Henle 1838). Scyliorhinidae.

lima, Scyllium Richardson [J.] 1843:29 [Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science v. 12 (12th meeting [1842]); ref. 12502] Eaheenomauwee, New Zealand. Originally Scyllium ? lima. Based on Squalus isabella Brousonnet and unpublished illustration by Parkinson. •Synonym of Cephaloscyllium isabella (Bonnaterre 1788) -- (Compagno 1984:298 [ref. 6846] as isabellum). Current status: Synonym of Cephaloscyllium isabella (Bonnaterre 1788). Scyliorhinidae. Habitat: marine.

lutarius, Halaelurus Springer [S.] & D'Aubrey [J. D.] 1972:6, Figs. 1A [Investigational Report. Oceanographic Research Institute, Durban No. 29; ref. 17325] Off Delagoa Bay, Mozambique basin, 25°32'S, 33°24'E, South Africa, southwestern Indian Ocean, Anton Bruun cruise 8, station 396B, depth 450-455 meters. Holotype: USNM 205135. Paratypes: USNM 221660 (16). Type catalog: Howe & Springer 1993:9 [ref. 21812]. •Valid as Halaelurus lutarius Springer & D'Aubrey 1972 -- (Compagno 1984:329 [ref. 6846], Bass 1986:90 [ref. 5635], Gubanov & Timoxin 1989:222 [ref. 36138], Compagno 1999:479 [ref. 25589], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S91 [ref. 27377]). •Valid as Bythaelurus lutarius (Springer & D'Aubrey 1972) -- (White et al. 2007:1 [ref. 29295], Last & Stevens 2008:123 [ref. 29681], McCosker et al. 2012:58 [ref. 31823], Ebert & Clerkin 2015:54 [ref. 33848], Kaschner et al. 2015:136 [ref. 33953], Weigmann 2016:36 [ref. 34211], Weigmann et al. 2016:428 [ref. 34984], Weigmann & Kaschner 2017:116 [ref. 35311], Weigmann et al. 2018:38 [ref. 36365]). Current status: Valid as Bythaelurus lutarius (Springer & D'Aubrey 1972). Scyliorhinidae. Distribution: Southwestern Indian Ocean: Mozambique. Habitat: marine.

macleayi, Atelomycterus Whitley [G. P.] 1939:230, Fig. 3 [Australian Zoologist v. 9 (pt 3); ref. 4695] Melville Island, Port Darwin, Northern Territory, Australia. Holotype: AMS I.5269 [orig. IA.7826]. Paratypes: AMS IA.7822-26 (5). •Valid as Atelomycterus macleayi Whitley 1939 -- (Compagno 1984:292 [ref. 6846], Allen & Swainston 1988:20 [ref. 25477], Paxton et al. 1989:72 [ref. 12442], Randall et al. 1990:17 [ref. 15987], Compagno & Stevens 1993:149 [ref. 20842], Last & Stevens 1994:190 [ref. 23873], Allen 1997:40 [ref. 23977], Larson & Williams 1997:343 [ref. 23967], Randall et al. 1997:17 [ref. 25919], Compagno & Niem 1998:1288 [ref. 23787], Compagno 1999:479 [ref. 25589], Hutchins 2001:14 [ref. 25847], Bor et al. 2003:325 [ref. 27423], White et al. 2005:33 [ref. 28145], Hoese et al. 2006:85 [ref. 28999], Jacobsen & Bennett 2007:35 [ref. 29180], Larson et al. 2013:6 [ref. 32988], Weigmann 2016:34 [ref. 34211]). Current status: Valid as Atelomycterus macleayi Whitley 1939. Scyliorhinidae. Distribution: Northern Australia. Habitat: marine.

maculatum, Cephaloscyllium Schaaf-Da Silva [J. A.] & Ebert [D. A.] 2008:7, Figs. 5b, 6, 7b, 10a [Figs. are out of order] [Zootaxa No. 1872; ref. 29807] Su-ao [Suao], eastern coast of Taiwan, 24°35.7'N, 121°50.7'E. Holotype (unique): CAS 224877. Type catalog: Ho & Shao 2011:18 [ref. 31432]. •Valid as Cephaloscyllium maculatum Schaaf-Da Silva & Ebert 2008 -- (Ho & Shao 2011:18 [ref. 31432]). •Synonym of Cephaloscyllium fasciatum Chan 1966 -- (Nakaya et al. 2013:102 [ref. 33036], Weigmann 2016:36 [ref. 34211]). Current status: Synonym of Cephaloscyllium fasciatum Chan 1966. Scyliorhinidae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Taiwan [if valid]. Habitat: marine.

maculatum, Scyllium Gray [J. E.] 1830:no page number, Pl. 98 (fig. 1) [Illustrations of Indian zoology; ref. 1878] India. Holotype: BMNH 1953.5.10.4. Published about 15 July 1830. •Synonym of Atelomycterus marmoratus (Anonymous [Bennett] 1830) -- (Compagno 1984:293 [ref. 6846]). Current status: Synonym of Atelomycterus marmoratus (Anonymous [Bennett] 1830). Scyliorhinidae. Habitat: marine.

maculatus, Schroederichthys Springer [S.] 1966:605, Figs. 4c, 5, 7f, 9c, 16a, 17, 19 [United States Fish and Wildlife Service Fishery Bulletin v. 65 (no. 3) (for 1965); ref. 4174] North-northwest of Cape Gracias a Dios, Honduras, 16°39'N, 82°29'W, Oregon station 1870, Caribbean Sea, depth 225 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 185556. Paratypes: USNM 185557 (1). Type catalog: Howe & Springer 1993:9 [ref. 21812]. •Valid as Schroederichthys maculatus Springer 1966 -- (Compagno 1984:353 [ref. 6846], Compagno 1999:480 [ref. 25589], Compagno 2003:453 [ref. 26984], Castro 2011:334 [ref. 31457], Weigmann 2016:43 [ref. 34211]). Current status: Valid as Schroederichthys maculatus Springer 1966. Scyliorhinidae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: Honduras and Nicaragua. Habitat: marine.

maculatus, Squalus Bloch [M. E.] & Schneider [J. G.] 1801:130 [M. E. Blochii, Systema Ichthyologiae; ref. 471] East India. Holotype (unique): ZMB 7827 (stuffed). Type catalog: Paepke & Schmidt 1988:168 [ref. 21041], Paepke 1999:133 [ref. 24282]. Apparently independent of Squalus maculatus Bonnaterre 1788. Objectively invalid; preoccupied by Squalus maculatus Bonnaterre 1788. •Questionably a synonym of Aulohalaelurus labiosus (Waite 1905) or possibly based on Squalus maculatus Bonnaterre 1788 -- (Compagno 1984:295 [ref. 6846]). •Incorrectly valid as Aulohalaelurus maculatus (Bloch & Schneider 1801) -- (Paepke 1999:133 [ref. 24282]). Current status: Synonym of Aulohalaelurus. Scyliorhinidae. Habitat: marine.

maeandrinum, Scyllium Müller [J.] & Henle [F. G. J.] (ex Rapp) 1838:13 [Systematische Beschreibung der Plagiostomen; ref. 3069] Name only, not available; in the account of Scyllium pantherinum; based on museum name and drawing by W. von Rapp (UTZI). •In the synonymy of Poroderma pantherinum (Müller & Henle 1838) -- (Compagno 1984:349 [ref. 6846], Human 2006:13 [ref. 28714] with author as van Rapp). Current status: Synonym of Poroderma pantherinum (Müller & Henle 1838). Scyliorhinidae.

marleyi, Poroderma Fowler [H. W.] 1934:234 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 85 (for 1933); ref. 1416] KwaZulu-Natal coast, South Africa, southwestern Indian Ocean, depth 20 fathoms. Holotype: ANSP 53427. Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:154 [ref. 13621]. •Valid as Poroderma marleyi Fowler 1934 -- (Compagno 1984:348 [ref. 6846], Bass 1986:94 [ref. 5635], Gubanov & Timoxin 1989:221 [ref. 36138]). •Synonym of Poroderma pantherinum (Müller & Henle 1838) -- (Human 2006:13 [ref. 28714]). Current status: Synonym of Poroderma pantherinum (Müller & Henle 1838). Scyliorhinidae. Habitat: marine.

marmoratum, Scyllium Anonymous [Bennett [E. T.]] 1830:693 [Memoir of the life and public services of Sir Thomas Stamford Raffles; ref. 259] Sumatra, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1953.5.10.5 (skin). On Code recommendation 51D, the anonymous author is listed in square brackets. •Valid as Atelomycterus marmoratus (Anonymous [Bennett] 1830) -- (Compagno 1984:293 [ref. 6846], Compagno & Stevens 1993:149 [ref. 20842], Yamakawa et al. 1995 [ref. 22108], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:59 [ref. 27969], Compagno & Niem 1998:1288 [ref. 23787], Compagno 1999:479 [ref. 25589], Nakabo 2000:127 [ref. 25086], Compagno in Randall & Lim 2000:579 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2002:127 [ref. 26001], Allen & Adrim 2003:21 [ref. 26830], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S91 [ref. 27377], Bor et al. 2003:325 [ref. 27423], Adrim et al. 2004:118 [ref. 27715], White et al. 2005:33 [ref. 28145], Compagno et al. 2005:24 [ref. 29145], Jacobsen & Bennett 2007:35 [ref. 29180], Last el al. 2010:68 [ref. 32461], Allen & Erdmann 2012:54 [ref. 31980], Ebert et al. 2013:316 [ref. 33045], Yoshida et al. 2013:9 [ref. 34464], Fahmi & White 2015:26 [ref. 33700], Psomadakis et al. 2015:77 [ref. 34104], Weigmann 2016:34 [ref. 34211], White et al. 2017:96 [ref. 35860], White & Ko'ou 2018:25 [ref. 35922]). Current status: Valid as Atelomycterus marmoratus (Anonymous [Bennett] 1830). Scyliorhinidae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific, continental; Pakistan and India to the East Indies and north to China and south to Papua New Guinea. Habitat: marine.

marnkalha, Atelomycterus Jacobsen [I. P.] & Bennett [M. B.] 2007:24, Figs. 1-7 [Zootaxa No. 1520; ref. 29180] Torres Strait, 10°36'S, 141°36'E, Queensland, Australia, depth 17 meters. Holotype: CSIRO H 6144-01. Paratypes: AMS I 15557-003 (1), I 21842-001 (1); CSIRO H 1118-01 (1), H 6145-01(1), H 6146-01 (1), H 6147-01(1), H 6148-01(1), H 6149-02 (1); QM I 34022-23 (1, 1), I 38078 (1). Plus non-type material. •Valid as Atelomycterus marnkalha Jacobsen & Bennett 2007 -- (Larson et al. 2013:6 [ref. 32988], Weigmann 2016:34 [ref. 34211], White et al. 2017:98 [ref. 35860], White & Ko'ou 2018:25 [ref. 35922]). Current status: Valid as Atelomycterus marnkalha Jacobsen & Bennett 2007. Scyliorhinidae. Distribution: Eastern Queensland to northern Australia to southern Papua New Guinea. Habitat: marine.

meadi, Scyliorhinus Springer [S.] 1966:600, Fig. 14 [United States Fish and Wildlife Service Fishery Bulletin v. 65 (no. 3) (for 1965); ref. 4174] Off Cape Kennedy, Florida, U.S.A., 28°21'N, 78°51'W, Silver Bay station 3711, depth 329 meters. Holotype (unique): USNM 188049. •Valid as Scyliorhinus meadi Springer 1966 -- (Espinosa Pérez & Huidobro Campos 1995:114 [ref. 22757], Compagno 1999:480 [ref. 25589], Compagno 2003:455 [ref. 26984], Kiraly et al. 2003:15 [ref. 28226], Espinosa Pérez et al. 2004:36 [ref. 27705], McLaughlin & Morrissey 2004:482 [ref. 28052], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:14 [ref. 28815], Castro 2011:340 [ref. 31457], Soares et al. 2015:358 [ref. 33716], Del Moral-Flores et al. 2016:83 [ref. 34398], Soares et al. 2016:533 [ref. 34158], Weigmann 2016:44 [ref. 34211], Ehemann et al. 2018:22 [ref. 36194], Soares & Carvalho 2019:78 [ref. 36701]). Current status: Valid as Scyliorhinus meadi Springer 1966. Scyliorhinidae. Distribution: Northwestern Atlantic: South Carolina and Florida (U.S.A.), Bahamas. Habitat: marine.

myops, Squalis (Scyliorhinus) Blainville [H. de] 1816:121 [Bulletin des Sciences, par la Société Philomathique de Paris v. 8; ref. 306] Not available, name only. Scyliorhinidae.

nascione, Cephaloscyllium isabella forma Whitley [G. P.] 1932:324, Fig. 2 (no. 2) [Records of the Australian Museum v. 18 (no. 6); ref. 4674] 24 miles north-northeast of Montague Island, New South Wales, Australia, depth 90 fathoms. Holotype (unique): AMS IA.2829. Proposed as a forma, but because nascione was subsequently used as a valid species name prior to 1985, it is to be treated as subspecific when proposed by Whitley. •Valid as Cephaloscyllium nascione Whitley 1932 -- (Compagno 1984:300 [ref. 6846], Paxton et al. 1989:72 [ref. 12442], Gomon et al. 1994:136 [ref. 22532], Inoue & Nakaya 2006:86 [ref. 28852]). •Synonym of Cephaloscyllium laticeps (Duméril 1853) -- (Last & Stevens 1994:198 [ref. 23873], Hoese et al. 2006:86 [ref. 28999], Last et al. 2008:147 [ref. 29683]). Current status: Synonym of Cephaloscyllium laticeps (Duméril 1853). Scyliorhinidae. Habitat: marine.

naylori, Bythaelurus Ebert [D. A.] & Clerkin [P. J.] 2015:55, Figs. 1-5 [Journal of the Ocean Science Foundation v. 15; ref. 33848] Southwest Indian Ridge, 35°10'S, 53°40'E, depth 800-1300 meters. Holotype: CAS 237869. Paratypes: CAS, SAIAB, iSAM MB, USNM. •Valid as Bythaelurus naylori Ebert & Clerkin 2015 -- (Weigmann 2016:36 [ref. 34211], Weigmann et al. 2016:428 [ref. 34984], Weigmann & Kaschner 2017:116 [ref. 35311], Weigmann et al. 2018:38 [ref. 36365]). Current status: Valid as Bythaelurus naylori Ebert & Clerkin 2015. Scyliorhinidae. Distribution: Southwestern Indian Ocean: Southwest Indian Ridge. Habitat: marine.

nigripalatum, Parmaturus Fahmi [no initials] & Ebert [D. A.] 2018:533, Figs. 2-6 [Zootaxa 4413 (no. 3); ref. 35910] South of Sumbawa, Indonesia, 9.04°S, 117.92°E; depth 170-190 meters. Holotype (unique): NCIP 6567. •Valid as Parmaturus nigripalatum Fahmi & Ebert 2018. Current status: Valid as Parmaturus nigripalatum Fahmi & Ebert 2018. Scyliorhinidae. Distribution: Indonesia. Habitat: marine.

ocellaris, Squalus Cabrera y Corro [A.], Pérez [L.] & Hänseler [F.] 1817:11 [Lista de los peces del mar de Andalucía; ref. 17319] Western Andalusia, near Cádiz, Spain, eastern Atlantic. Name only, not available. Possibly an unpublished work. See also Squalus ocellaris Cabrera y Corro, Pérez & Hänseler in Graells 1887:185 [ref. 30438]. Author erroneously given as 'Lin.' (Linnaeus). •In the synonymy of Scyliorhinus stellaris (Linnaeus 1758). Current status: Synonym of Scyliorhinus stellaris (Linnaeus 1758). Scyliorhinidae.

ocellaris, Squalus Cabrera y Corro [A.], Pérez [L.] & Hänseler [F.] in Graells 1887:185 [Revista de los Progresos de las Ciencias Exactas, Fisicas y Naturales, Madrid v. 22 (no. 3); ref. 30438] Western Andalusia, near Cádiz, Spain, eastern Atlantic. Name only; not available. Name from Cabrera y Corro, Pérez & Hänseler 1817:11 [ref. 17319], possibly an unpublished work. •In the synonymy of Scyliorhinus stellaris (Linnaeus 1758). Current status: Synonym of Scyliorhinus stellaris (Linnaeus 1758). Scyliorhinidae.

pantherinum, Scyllium Müller [J.] & Henle [F. G. J.] (ex Smith) 1845:no pagination, Pl. 25 (fig. 3) [Illustrations of the zoology of South Africa v. 4; ref. 4035] Near Algoa Bay, South Africa, southwestern Indian Ocean. No types known. Apparently independent of Scyllium pantherinum Müller & Henle (ex Smith) 1838. Objectively invalid; preoccupied by Scyllium pantherinum Müller & Henle (ex Smith) 1838. •Synonym of Poroderma pantherinum (Müller & Henle 1838). Current status: Synonym of Poroderma pantherinum (Müller & Henle 1838). Scyliorhinidae. Habitat: marine.

pantherinum, Scyllium Smith [A.] in Müller & Henle 1838:13 [Systematische Beschreibung der Plagiostomen; ref. 3069] Cape of Good Hope, South Africa, southeastern Atlantic. Syntypes: BMNH 1845.7.3.145 (stuffed); RMNH uncat. (1, whereabouts unknown); UTZI uncat. (1, whereabouts unknown). Appeared first as name only in Smith 1838:85 [ref. 4034]. Some authors regard Smith alone responsible for the description. Based on multiple sources including manuscript name by A. Smith (BMNH), specimen in RMNH, and drawing by W. von Rapp (UTZI), so could date to all three authors. •Valid as Poroderma pantherinum (Smith 1838) (often seen as Müller & Henle 1838) -- (Compagno 1984:349 [ref. 6846], Bass 1986:95 [ref. 5635], Gubanov & Timoxin 1989:221 [ref. 36138], Fricke 1999:17 [ref. 24106], Compagno 1999:480 [ref. 25589], Human 2006:13 [ref. 28714], Weigmann 2016:42 [ref. 34211], Fricke et al. 2018:10 [ref. 35805]). Current status: Valid as Poroderma pantherinum (Smith 1838). Scyliorhinidae. Distribution: Southeastern Atlantic, southwestern Indian Ocean: South Africa (Algoa Bay to KwaZulu-Natal), Madagascar, Mauritius (Mascarenes). Habitat: marine.

pardelotum, Cephaloscyllium Schaaf-Da Silva [J. A.] & Ebert [D. A.] 2008:3, Figs. 1, 5a, 7a [Zootaxa No. 1872; ref. 29807] Tungkang [Tongkang], off southern Taiwan, 22°27.6'N, 120°26.4'E. Holotype (unique): CAS 224876. Type catalog: Ho & Shao 2011:18 [ref. 31432]. •Valid as Cephaloscyllium pardelotum Schaaf-Da Silva & Ebert 2008 -- (Ho & Shao 2011:18 [ref. 31432]). •Synonym of Cephaloscyllium fasciatum Chan 1966 -- (Nakaya et al. 2013:102 [ref. 33036], Weigmann 2016:36 [ref. 34211]). Current status: Synonym of Cephaloscyllium fasciatum Chan 1966. Scyliorhinidae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Taiwan [if valid]. Habitat: marine.

pardus, Scyllium Temminck [C. J.] in Müller & Henle 1838:5 [Systematische Beschreibung der Plagiostomen; ref. 3069] Museum name mentioned in passing. •In the synonymy of Atelomycterus marmoratus (Anonymous [Bennett] 1830) -- (Compagno 1984:293 [ref. 6846]). Current status: Synonym of Atelomycterus marmoratus (Anonymous [Bennett] 1830). Scyliorhinidae.

parvum, Cephaloscyllium Inoue [S.] & Nakaya [K. (1)] 2006:78, Figs. 1-3, 6A [Species Diversity v. 11; ref. 28852] Off Sarawak, Borneo, Malaysia. Holotype: HUMZ 109126. Paratypes: HUMZ 109124 (1), 109125 (1), 109127 (1), 170770 (1). Plus non-type material. Type catalog: Ho & Shao 2011:17 [ref. 31432]. •Synonym of Cephaloscyllium sarawakense Yano, Ahmed & Gambang 2005 (often as sarawakensis) -- (Schaaf-Da Silva & Ebert 2008:25 [ref. 29807], Last el al. 2010:36 [ref. 32461], Clark & Randall 2011:27 [ref. 31133], Ho & Shao 2011:17 [ref. 31432], Nakaya et al. 2013:110 [ref. 33036], Dyldin 2015:50 [ref. 34524], Weigmann 2016:37 [ref. 34211]). Current status: Synonym of Cephaloscyllium sarawakense Yano, Ahmed & Gambang 2005. Scyliorhinidae. Habitat: marine.

pictum, Cephaloscyllium Last [P. R.], Séret [B.] & White [W. T.] 2008:134, Figs. 3-4 [CSIRO Marine and Atmospheric Research Paper No. 022; ref. 29682] Tanjung Luar fish landing site, Lombok, Indonesia, 8°45'S, 116°35'E. Holotype: MZB 15502. Paratypes: CSIRO H 5875-01 (1), 5875-02 (1), 5889-01 (1), 6128-07 (1). •Valid as Cephaloscyllium pictum Last, Séret & White 2008 -- (Clark & Randall 2011:27 [ref. 31133], Weigmann 2016:37 [ref. 34211]). Current status: Valid as Cephaloscyllium pictum Last, Séret & White 2008. Scyliorhinidae. Distribution: Eastern Indonesia. Habitat: marine.

pictum, Scyllium Müller [J.] & Henle [F. G. J.] 1838:4 [Systematische Beschreibung der Plagiostomen; ref. 3069] Cape of Good Hope, South Africa. Syntypes: (several) BMNH (6, dry, not found); ?NMW 78529 (2), RMNH 4161-4164 (2 dry, 1, 1, 1). See van Oijen 2001:294 [ref. 26400] for type information. •Valid as Haploblepharus pictus (Müller & Henle 1838) -- (Compagno 1984:335 [ref. 6846], Bass 1986:92 [ref. 5635], Springer 1990:92 [ref. 19319], Bianchi & Carpenter in Bianchi et al. 1993:75 [ref. 25472], Compagno 1999:480 [ref. 25589], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:67 [ref. 28072], Human & Compagno 2006:41 [ref. 28823], Human 2007:14 [ref. 29330], Weigmann 2016:41 [ref. 34211], Compagno 2016:1266 [ref. 34544]). Current status: Valid as Haploblepharus pictus (Müller & Henle 1838). Scyliorhinidae. Distribution: Southeastern Atlantic and southwestern Indian Ocean: Namibia and South Africa. Habitat: marine.

punctata, Scyllium africanum var. Lampe [M.] 1914:209 [Deutsche Südpolar-Expedition 1901-1903 v. 15 (pt 2); ref. 13334] Nr. 20. •In the synonymy of Poroderma pantherinum (Müller & Henle 1838) -- (Human 2006:13 [ref. 28714]). Current status: Synonym of Poroderma pantherinum (Müller & henle 1838). Scyliorhinidae. Habitat: marine.

retiferum, Scyllium Garman [S.] 1881:233 [Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology v. 8 (no. 11); ref. 14294] Off Delaware, U.S.A., 38°22'35"N, 73°33'40"W, depth 89 fathoms. Holotype (unique): MCZ 825-S. Type catalog: Hartel & Dingerkus 1997:xxxviii [ref. 23119]. •Valid as Scyliorhinus retifer (Garman 1881) -- (Compagno 1984:365 [ref. 6846], Robins & Ray 1986:22 [ref. 23100], Able & Flescher 1991:231 [ref. 22443], Boschung 1992:20 [ref. 23239], McEachran & Fechhelm 1998:67 [ref. 23897], Compagno 1999:480 [ref. 25589], Branstetter in Collette & Klein-MacPhee 2002:36 [ref. 26158], Compagno 2003:455 [ref. 26984], Moore et al. 2003:167 [ref. 27076], Kiraly et al. 2003:16 [ref. 28226], Espinosa Pérez et al. 2004:36 [ref. 27705], Nelson et al. 2004:52 [ref. 27807], Castro 2011:342 [ref. 31457], Page et al. 2013:50 [ref. 32708], Soares et al. 2015:358 [ref. 33716], Del Moral-Flores et al. 2016:83 [ref. 34398], Weigmann 2016:44 [ref. 34211], Moral-Flores & Paleo-Delgado 2018:97 [ref. 36431], Ehemann et al. 2018:22 [ref. 36194], Ehemann et al. 2019:[3] [ref. 36861], Soares & Carvalho 2019:87 [ref. 36701]). Current status: Valid as Scyliorhinus retifer (Garman 1881). Scyliorhinidae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: Connecticut south to Florida (U.S.A.), and Gulf of Mexico (Mexico, U.S.A.); Caribbean Sea off Venezuela. Habitat: marine.

rudis, Scyliorhinus Pietschmann [V.] 1908:133 [2] [Anzeiger der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Wien, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe v. 45 (no. 10); ref. 18555] Japan. Syntypes: (6) NMW 76980-81 (1, 2), 78638 (1). On p. 2 of separate. Apparently appeared first as above, and later illustrated and described in more detail in Pietschmann 1908:699, Figs. 9-14, Pl. 1 (fig. 3) [ref. 14332]. •Synonym of Scyliorhinus torazame (Tanaka 1908) -- (Compagno 1984:367 [ref. 6846], Dyldin 2015:50 [ref. 34524], Soares & Carvalho 2019:106 [ref. 36701]). Current status: Synonym of Scyliorhinus torazame (Tanaka 1908). Scyliorhinidae. Habitat: marine.

sarawakensis, Cephaloscyllium Yano [K.], Ahmed [A.] & Gambang [A. C.] in Yano, Ahmed, Gambang, Idris, Solahuddin & Aznan 2005:147, Pls. 92-101 [Sharks and rays of Malaysia and Brunei, Darusalam; ref. 29537] Off Tanjong Sirik, Sarawak, Malaysia, 4°48'N, 109°56'E to 5°19'N, 111°16'E, depth 118-165 meters. Holotype: IK-0002723. Paratypes: IK-0002724 (1), NSMT-P 67617 (1). Plus 2 paratypes and many non-type specimens. Cephaloscyllium is neuter, therefore mandatory change to sarawakense. •Valid as Cephaloscyllium sarawakense Yano, Ahmed & Gambang 2005 (often as sarawakensis) -- (Schaaf-Da Silva & Ebert 2008:25 [ref. 29807], Last el al. 2010:70 [ref. 32461], Clark & Randall 2011:27 [ref. 31133], Ho & Shao 2011:17 [ref. 31432], Nakaya et al. 2013:110 [ref. 33036], Ebert et al. 2013:317 [ref. 33045], Akhilesh et al. 2014:4 [ref. 33217], Dyldin 2015:50 [ref. 34524] as sarawakensis, Weigmann 2016:37 [ref. 34211]). Current status: Valid as Cephaloscyllium sarawakense Yano, Ahmed & Gambang 2005. Scyliorhinidae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Malaysia, Taiwan, southern China. Habitat: marine.

saurisqualus, Schroederichthys Soto [J. M. R.] 2001:38, Figs. 1-10 [Mare Magnum v. 1 (no. 1); ref. 26636] Off Santa Catarina State, Brazil, 27°30'16"S, 47°36'03"W, depth 122-130 meters. Holotype: MOVI 05949. Paratypes: MCP 21788 [ex MOVI 00096] (1); MOVI 00095 (1), 00098 (1), 00099 (1), 00160 (1), 10199 (1); MZUSP 52903 [ex MOVI 00094] (1). •Valid as Schroederichthys saurisqualus Soto 2001 -- (Soto 2001:63, 68 [ref. 26637], Gadig & Gomes in Menezes et al. 2003:22 [ref. 27192], Weigmann 2016:43 [ref. 34211]). Current status: Valid as Schroederichthys saurisqualus Soto 2001. Scyliorhinidae. Distribution: Western South Atlantic, from Paraná to Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Habitat: marine.

signourum, Cephaloscyllium Last [P. R.], Séret [B.] & White [W. T.] 2008:137, Figs. 5-7 [CSIRO Marine and Atmospheric Research Paper No. 022; ref. 29682] Off Lihou Reefs, Queensland, Australia, 17°20'S, 152°00'E, depth 600-700 meters. Holotype: QM I 25956. Paratypes: QM I 20641 (1). Plus non-type material. •Valid as Cephaloscyllium signourum Last, Séret & White 2008 -- (Clark & Randall 2011:27 [ref. 31133], Weigmann 2016:38 [ref. 34211], White et al. 2017:101 [ref. 35860]). Current status: Valid as Cephaloscyllium signourum Last, Séret & White 2008. Scyliorhinidae. Distribution: Northeastern Australia (also possibly New Caledonia, Fiji and Vanuatu). Habitat: marine.

silasi, Scyliorhinus (Halealurus) Talwar [P. K.] 1974:779, Fig. 1 [Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India v. 14 (no. 2) [1972]; ref. 19703] Arabian Sea off Quilon, Kerala, India, 9°N, 76°E, depth 300 meters. Holotype: ZSI F6562/2. Paratypes: ZSI F6563/2 (1), F6564/2 (1), F6566/2 (1). See Das 2003:370 [ref. 27706]. •Valid as Cephaloscyllium silasi (Talwar 1974) -- (Compagno 1984:301 [ref. 6846], Compagno 1999:479 [ref. 25589], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S91 [ref. 27377], Inoue & Nakaya 2006:86 [ref. 28852], Akhilesh et al. 2014:2 [ref. 33217], Weigmann 2016:38 [ref. 34211], Kumar et al. 2018:296 [ref. 36178]). Current status: Valid as Cephaloscyllium silasi (Talwar 1974). Scyliorhinidae. Distribution: Indian Ocean: India, possibly elsewhere. Habitat: marine.

socius, Figaro boardmani Whitley [G. P.] 1939:230 [Australian Zoologist v. 9 (pt 3); ref. 4695] Great Australian Bight, South Australia; Western Australia. Syntypes: AMS E.2340 (1), E.3262-3264 (3), E.4278 (1). •Synonym of Galeus boardmani (Whitley 1928) -- (Compagno 1984:310 [ref. 6846], Paxton et al. 1989:73 [ref. 12442], Last & Stevens 1994:201 [ref. 23873], Hoese et al. 2006:86 [ref. 28999]). •Synonym of Figaro boardmani (Whitley 1928) on status of Figaro boardmani (Whitley 1928) -- (see Gledhill et al. 2008:180 [ref. 29686]). Current status: Synonym of Figaro boardmani (Whitley 1928). Scyliorhinidae. Habitat: marine.

speccum, Cephaloscyllium Last [P. R.], Séret [B.] & White [W. T.] 2008:140, Figs. 8-9 [CSIRO Marine and Atmospheric Research Paper No. 022; ref. 29682] Rowley Shoals, Western Australia, 17°35'S, 118°55'E, depth 150 meters. Holotype: WAM P 31317-001. Paratypes: CSIRO CA 4109 (1), H 1210-01 (1), 1634-01 (1), 1636-01 (1), 2027-01 (1); WAM P 28272-001 (1). •Valid as Cephaloscyllium speccum Last, Séret & White 2008 -- (Clark & Randall 2011:27 [ref. 31133], Weigmann 2016:38 [ref. 34211]). Current status: Valid as Cephaloscyllium speccum Last, Séret & White 2008. Scyliorhinidae. Distribution: Northwestern Australia. Habitat: marine.

stellaris, Squalus Linnaeus [C.] 1758:235 [Systema Naturae, Ed. X v. 1; ref. 2787] Mediterranean Sea and North Sea [original: "in Mari Europæo"]; localities include North Sea; Marseille, France, Mediterranean Sea. Neotype: BMNH 1976.7.30.10. Neotype designated by Fricke 1999:16 [ref. 24101], but withdrawn in Fricke 2000:639 [ref. 24537]. Neotype designated by Soares & Carvalho 2019:106 [ref. 36701]. Originally based on at least 12 pre-Linnaean sources including Artedi 1738:69 [ref. 30578] and Artedi 1738:97 [ref. 30349] as Squalus cinereus, pinnis ventralibus discretis; Rondelet 1554:383 [ref. 30354] and Gesner 1558:199 [ref. 30350] as Canicula saxatil(is), Willughby 1686:63 [ref. 30164] and Ray 1713:22 [ref. 30231] as Catulus maximus, Gronovius 1756:45 (v. 2) [ref. 20783] as Squalus dorso vario inermi, pinnis ventralibus discretis. •Valid as Scyliorhinus stellaris (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Springer 1973:19 [ref. 7162], Quéro in Whitehead et al. 1984:100 [ref. 13675], Compagno 1984:366 [ref. 6846], Springer 1990:93 [ref. 19319], Arruda 1997:17 [ref. 24952], Compagno 1999:480 [ref. 25589], Fricke 1999:15 [ref. 24101], Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:12 [ref. 26753], Fricke et al. 2007:13 [ref. 29533], George 2009:55 [ref. 30539], Lipej & Dulčić 2010:8 [ref. 36649], Wirtz et al. 2013:115 [ref. 32972] needs confirmation, Soares et al. 2015:358 [ref. 33716], Weigmann 2016:44 [ref. 34211], Compagno 2016:1263 [ref. 34544], Gordon et al. 2016:272 [ref. 34661], Soares & Carvalho 2019:97 [ref. 36701]). Current status: Valid as Scyliorhinus stellaris (Linnaeus 1758). Scyliorhinidae. Distribution: North Sea, Mediterranean Sea, eastern North Atlantic: Shetland Islands and southern Norway to Morocco. Habitat: marine.

stevensi, Cephaloscyllium Clark [E.] & Randall [J. E.] 2011:25, Figs. 2-7 [aqua, International Journal of Ichthyology v. 17 (no. 1); ref. 31133] East coast of Papua New Guinea, northwest of Mt. Koia, 10°15'S, 150°46.48'E, depth 244 meters. Holotype: USNM 359091. Paratypes: CSIRO H6820-01 (1); USNM 329583 (1), 358812 (1), 358814 (head only). •Valid as Cephaloscyllium stevensi Clark & Randall 2011 -- (Weigmann 2016:38 [ref. 34211], White et al. 2017:100 [ref. 35860], White & Ko'ou 2018:25 [ref. 35922], Fricke et al. 2019:38 [ref. 36673]). Current status: Valid as Cephaloscyllium stevensi Clark & Randall 2011. Scyliorhinidae. Distribution: Western Pacific: New Britain and New Ireland (Papua New Guinea) endemic. Habitat: marine.

stewarti, Bythaelurus Weigmann [S.], Kaschner [C. J.] & Thiel [R.] 2018:4, Figs. 1-12, 15 [PLoS ONE v. 13 (no. 12): e0207887; ref. 36365] Error Seamount (Mount Error Guyot), 10°19'30"N, 56°08'48"E - 10°18'54"N, 56°06'42"E, depth 395-420 meters. Holotype: ZMH 26251. Paratypes: ZMH. •Valid as Bythaelurus stewarti Weigmann, Kaschner & Thiel 2018. Current status: Valid as Bythaelurus stewarti Weigmann, Kaschner & Thiel 2018. Scyliorhinidae. Distribution: Error Seamount (Mount Error Guyot), northwestern Indian Ocean. Habitat: marine.

striatus, Figaro Gledhill [D. C.], Last [P. R.] & White [W. T.] 2008:181, Figs. 1-3 [CSIRO Marine and Atmospheric Research Paper No. 022; ref. 29686] South of Saumarez Reef, Saumarez Plateau, Queensland, Australia, 22°42'S, 154°05'E, depth 416-419 meters. Holotype: CSIRO H 1312-01. Paratypes: 10 specimens at CSIRO. •Valid as Figaro striatus Gledhill, Last & White 2008 -- (Weigmann 2016:38 [ref. 34211]). Current status: Valid as Figaro striatus Gledhill, Last & White 2008. Scyliorhinidae. Distribution: Northeastern Australia. Habitat: marine.

striatus, Squalus Forster [J. R.] in Lichtenstein 1844:407 [Descriptiones animalium quae in itinere ad Maris Australis; ref. 17531] False Bay, Western Cape Province, South Africa. No types known. Lichtenstein (editor, p. 407, footnote) treats as a synonym of "Squalus africanus Bl. S. p. 129". Name also mentioned in passing (in synonymy) as manuscript name by Forster of in Müller & Henle 1838:12 [ref. 3069]; not available from that source. •Synonym of Poroderma africanum (Gmelin 1789) -- (Compagno 1984:347 [ref. 6846], Human 2006:6 [ref. 28714]). Current status: Synonym of Poroderma africanum (Gmelin 1789). Scyliorhinidae. Habitat: marine.

submaculatum, Poroderma Smith [A.] 1838:85 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London (pt. 5) for 12 Sept. 1839 (no. 57); ref. 4034] Not available, name only. •Questionably in the synonymy of Poroderma pantherinum (Müller & Henle 1838) -- (Compagno 1984:349 [ref. 6846]). •In the synonymy of Poroderma pantherinum (Müller & Henle 1838) -- (Human 2006:13 [ref. 28714]). Current status: Synonym of Poroderma pantherinum (Müller & Henle 1838). Scyliorhinidae.

sufflans, Scyliorhinus (Cephaloscyllium) Regan [C. T.] 1921:413 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 9) v. 7 (no. 41); ref. 3672] About 24-35 kilometers off Umvoti River, KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa, southwestern Indian Ocean, depth 220-238 meters. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1921.3.1.2. •Valid as Cephaloscyllium sufflans (Regan 1921) -- (Compagno 1984:302 [ref. 6846], Bass 1986:89 [ref. 5635], Gubanov & Timoxin 1989:221 [ref. 36138], Compagno 1999:479 [ref. 25589], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S91 [ref. 27377], Inoue & Nakaya 2006:86 [ref. 28852], Akhilesh et al. 2014:4 [ref. 33217], Weigmann 2016:38 [ref. 34211], Fricke et al. 2018:10 [ref. 35805]). Current status: Valid as Cephaloscyllium sufflans (Regan 1921). Scyliorhinidae. Distribution: Western Indian Ocean: South Africa to Madagascar. Habitat: marine.

tenuicephalus, Bythaelurus Kaschner [C. J.], Weigmann [S.] & Thiel [R.] 2015:121, Figs. 1, 3-11 [Zootaxa 4013 (no. 1); ref. 33953] Off northern Tanzania, 5°27'9"S, 39°18'8"E, depth 463 meters. Holotype: ZMH 10163. Paratypes: ZMH 26070 (1). •Valid as Bythaelurus tenuicephalus Kaschner, Weigmann & Thiel 2015 -- (Weigmann 2016:36 [ref. 34211], Weigmann et al. 2016:428 [ref. 34984], Weigmann & Kaschner 2017:117 [ref. 35311], Weigmann et al. 2018:39 [ref. 36365]). Current status: Valid as Bythaelurus tenuicephalus Kaschner, Weigmann & Thiel 2015. Scyliorhinidae. Distribution: Western Indian Ocean: Tanzania and Mozambique. Habitat: marine.

tenuis, Schroederichthys Springer [S.] 1966:606, Figs. 16b, 18 [United States Fish and Wildlife Service Fishery Bulletin v. 65 (no. 3) (for 1965); ref. 4174] Off mouth of Amazon, Brazil, Oregon station 2083, 1°49'N, 46°48'W, depth about 410 meters. Holotype: USNM 188052. Paratypes: USNM 188053 (1). Type catalog: Howe & Springer 1993:14 [ref. 21812]. •Valid as Schroederichthys tenuis Springer 1966 -- (Uyeno & Sasaki in Uyeno et al. 1983:52 [ref. 14275], Compagno 1984:354 [ref. 6846], Cervigón 1992:184 [ref. 23827], Gadig et al. 1996:51 [ref. 24142], Compagno 1999:480 [ref. 25589], Soto 2001:37 [ref. 26636], Soto 2001:63, 68 [ref. 26637], Compagno 2003:453 [ref. 26984], Gadig & Gomes in Menezes et al. 2003:22 [ref. 27192], Weigmann 2016:43 [ref. 34211]). Current status: Valid as Schroederichthys tenuis Springer 1966. Scyliorhinidae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: Suriname to northern Brazil. Habitat: marine.

tokubee, Scyliorhinus Shirai [S.], Hagiwara [S.] & Nakaya [K.] 1992:9, Figs. 1-3 [Japanese Journal of Ichthyology v. 39 (no. 1); ref. 19241] Off Shirahama, Izu Peninsula, Shizuoka Prefecture, Japan. Holotype: HUMZ 107358. Paratypes: HUMZ 113574 (1), 113578 (1), 117472 (1), 117496 (1); NSMT-P 34976 (1). Additional material: HUMZ 111034 (1, poor condition). •Valid as Scyliorhinus tokubee Shirai, Hagiwara & Nakaya 1992 -- (Compagno 1999:480 [ref. 25589], Nakabo 2000:129 [ref. 25086], Nakabo 2002:129 [ref. 26001], Ebert et al. 2013:320 [ref. 33045], Soares et al. 2015:358 [ref. 33716], Weigmann 2016:44 [ref. 34211]). Current status: Valid as Scyliorhinus tokubee Shirai, Hagiwara & Nakaya 1992. Scyliorhinidae. Distribution: Western North Pacific: Japan and Taiwan. Habitat: marine.

torazame, Catulus Tanaka [S.] 1908:6, Pl. 2 (fig. 2) [Journal of the College of Science. Imperial University, Tokyo v. 23 (art. 7); ref. 6032] Misaki, Sagami Sea, Japan. Holotype: ZUMT 953 (lost). Paratypes: ZUMT (1, lost). •Valid as Scyliorhinus torazame (Tanaka 1908) -- (Compagno 1984:367 [ref. 6846], Nakaya in Masuda et al. 1984:4 [ref. 6441], Nakaya in Okamura & Kitajima 1984:41, 295 [ref. 8057], Shirai et al. 1992:13 [ref. 19241], Compagno & Niem 1998:1292 [ref. 23787], Compagno 1999:480 [ref. 25589], Nakabo 2000:129 [ref. 25086], Compagno in Randall & Lim 2000:579 [ref. 25122], Shinohara et al. 2001:287 [ref. 25995], Nakabo 2002:129 [ref. 26001], Youn 2002:51, 470 [ref. 26218], Shinohara et al. 2005:393 [ref. 28370], Compagno et al. 2005:28 [ref. 29145] with question, Shinohara et al. 2011:38 [ref. 31715], Yamashita et al. 2012:122 [ref. 32408], Shinohara et al. 2014:232 [ref. 33330], Soares et al. 2015:358 [ref. 33716], Dyldin 2015:50 [ref. 34524], Motomura et al. 2015:12 [ref. 34709], Weigmann 2016:44 [ref. 34211], Soares & Carvalho 2019:106 [ref. 36701]). Current status: Valid as Scyliorhinus torazame (Tanaka 1908). Scyliorhinidae. Distribution: Northwestern Pacific: Taiwan north to southern Korea and Japan. Habitat: marine.

torrei, Scylliorhinus Howell Rivero [L.] 1936:43, Pl. 9 [Proceedings of the Boston Society of Natural History v. 41 (no. 4); ref. 12257] Off Havana, Cuba. Holotype (unique): MCZ 1457-S. Type catalog: Gutiérrez de los Reyes et al. 2015:44 [ref. 36079]. Original genus should have been spelled Scyliorhinus. •Valid as Scyliorhinus torrei Howell Rivero 1936 -- (Compagno 1984:368 [ref. 6846], Shirai et al. 1992:13 [ref. 19241], Compagno 1999:480 [ref. 25589], Compagno 2003:455 [ref. 26984], Kiraly et al. 2003:16 [ref. 28226], Bunkley-Williams & Williams 2004:95 [ref. 27795], Soares et al. 2015:358 [ref. 33716], Weigmann 2016:44 [ref. 34211], Soares & Carvalho 2019:118 [ref. 36701]). Current status: Valid as Scyliorhinus torrei Howell Rivero 1936. Scyliorhinidae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: Bahamas and Cuba south to Porto Rico. Habitat: marine.

ugoi, Scyliorhinus Soares [K. D. A.], Gadig [O. B. F.] & Gomes [U. L.] 2015:348, Figs. 1-8 [Zootaxa 3937 (no. 2); ref. 33716] Southern Bahia, central Brazilian coast. Holotype: MNRJ 42619. Paratypes: MZUSP, UERJ. •Valid as Scyliorhinus ugoi Soares, Gadig & Gomes 2015 -- (Soares et al. 2016:530 [ref. 34158], Weigmann 2016:44 [ref. 34211], Soares & Carvalho 2019:126 [ref. 36701]). Current status: Valid as Scyliorhinus ugoi Soares, Gadig & Gomes 2015. Scyliorhinidae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: Puerto Rico south to central Brazil. Habitat: marine.

umbratile, Cephaloscyllium Jordan [D. S.] & Fowler [H. W.] 1903:602, Fig. 1 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 26 (no. 1324); ref. 2460] Nagasaki, Japan, 32°43'N, 129°50'E. Holotype (unique): CAS-SU 12693 (stuffed dry skin). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:8-9 [ref. 12291]. •Questionably a synonym of Cephaloscyllium isabellum (Bonnaterre 1788) -- (Compagno 1984:298 [ref. 6846]). •Valid as Cephaloscyllium umbratile Jordan & Fowler 1903 -- (Nakaya in Masuda et al. 1984:4 [ref. 6441], Nakaya in Okamura & Kitajima 1984:39, 294 [ref. 8057], Chen et al. 1997:2 [ref. 26476], Cheng & Zhou 1997:26 [ref. 26385], Compagno 1999:479 [ref. 25589], Nakabo 2000:129 [ref. 25086], Compagno in Randall & Lim 2000:579 [ref. 25122], Shinohara et al. 2001:287 [ref. 25995], Nakabo 2002:129 [ref. 26001], Youn 2002:51, 470 [ref. 26218], Shinohara et al. 2005:392 [ref. 28370], Inoue & Nakaya 2006:86 [ref. 28852], Schaaf-Da Silva & Ebert 2008:13 [ref. 29807], Ho & Shao 2011:17 [ref. 31432], Shinohara et al. 2011:38 [ref. 31715], Yamashita et al. 2012:121 [ref. 32408], Naylor et al. 2012:49 [ref. 34345] see remarks, Ebert et al. 2013:317 [ref. 33045], Akhilesh et al. 2014:4 [ref. 33217], Shinohara et al. 2014:232 [ref. 33330], Dyldin 2015:49 [ref. 34524], Weigmann 2016:37-38 [ref. 34211]). Current status: Valid as Cephaloscyllium umbratile Jordan & Fowler 1903. Scyliorhinidae. Distribution: Western North Pacific: Taiwan, Hong Kong, Gulf of Tongking, Vietnam, Malaysia. Habitat: marine.

uter, Catulus Jordan [D. S.] & Gilbert [C. H.] in Jordan & Evermann 1896:25 [Bulletin of the United States National Museum No. 47; ref. 2443] Coast of California, U.S.A. No types known. •Synonym of Cephaloscyllium ventriosum (Garman 1880) -- (Compagno 1984:303 [ref. 6846], Espinosa Pérez et al. 2004:31 [ref. 27705], Schaaf-Da Silva & Ebert 2008:62 [ref. 29808], Castro 2011:318 [ref. 31457], Del Moral-Flores et al. 2016:81 [ref. 34398]). Current status: Synonym of Cephaloscyllium ventriosum (Garman 1880). Scyliorhinidae. Habitat: marine.

variegatum, Cephaloscyllium Last [P. R.] & White [W. T.] 2008:160, Figs. 1-4 [CSIRO Marine and Atmospheric Research Paper No. 022; ref. 29684] East of Newcastle, New South Wales, Australia, 32°58'S, 152°13'E, depth 132-134 meters. Holotype: CSIRO H 3714-01. Paratypes: 10 specimens at AMS, CSIRO, QM. Plus non-type specimens. •Valid as Cephaloscyllium variegatum Last & White 2008 -- (Nakaya et al. 2015:87 [ref. 34218] as cf. variegatum, Weigmann 2016:38 [ref. 34211]). Current status: Valid as Cephaloscyllium variegatum Last & White 2008. Scyliorhinidae. Distribution: Australia and New Zealand region. Habitat: marine.

variegatum, Scyllium Smith [A.] 1845:unnumbered pp., Pl. 25 (fig. 2) [Illustrations of the zoology of South Africa v. 4; ref. 4035] Algoa Bay, South Africa, southwestern Indian Ocean. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1845.7.3.130 (dry). Published earlier, and preoccupied by Scyllium variegatum Müller & Henle 1838; objective synonym of Poroderma variegatum (Müller & Henle 1838). •Objective synonym of Poroderma variegatum (Müller & Henle 1838). •Synonym of Poroderma pantherinum (Müller & Henle 1838) -- (Human 2006:13 [ref. 28714]). Current status: Synonym of Poroderma pantherinum (Müller & Henle 1838). Scyliorhinidae. Habitat: marine.

variegatum, Scyllium Smith [A.] in Müller & Henle 1838:14 [Systematische Beschreibung der Plagiostomen; ref. 3069] Cape of Good Hope, South Africa. Holotype (unique): ?BMNH 1845.7.3.130 (dry). Appeared first as name only and not available in Smith 1837:85 [ref. 4034]. Evidently Smith alone is responsible for the description, so authorship is regarded as Smith in Müller & Henle, see Jones et al. 2015 [ref. 34086]. •Synonym of Poroderma pantherinum (Smith 1838) -- (Compagno 1984:349 [ref. 6846], Human 2006:13 [ref. 28714]). Current status: Synonym of Poroderma pantherinum (Smith 1838). Scyliorhinidae. Habitat: marine.

ventriosum, Scyllium Garman [S.] 1880:167 [Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology v. 6 (no. 11); ref. 17881] Off Valparaíso, Chile, 33°05'S, 71°40'W. Holotype (unique): MCZ 496-S. Type catalog: Hartel & Dingerkus 1997:xxxviii [ref. 23119]. •Valid as Cephaloscyllium ventriosum (Garman 1880) -- (Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:32 [ref. 9277], Compagno 1984:303 [ref. 6846], Pequeño 1989:13 [ref. 14125], Allen & Robertson 1994:20 [ref. 22193], Compagno et al. in Fischer et al. 1995:928 [ref. 22829], De La Cruz Agüero et al. 1997:31 [ref. 24545], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:36 [ref. 24555], Compagno 1999:479 [ref. 25589], Espinosa Pérez et al. 2004:31 [ref. 27705], Nelson et al. 2004:52 [ref. 27807], Inoue & Nakaya 2006:86 [ref. 28852], Schaaf-Da Silva & Ebert 2008:62 [ref. 29808], Castro 2011:318 [ref. 31457], Page et al. 2013:50 [ref. 32708], Del Moral-Flores et al. 2016:81 [ref. 34398], Kells et al. 2016:66 [ref. 35888], Ebert et al. 2017:54 [ref. 35618], Ehemann et al. 2018:22 [ref. 36194]). Current status: Valid as Cephaloscyllium ventriosum (Garman 1880). Scyliorhinidae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific: Monterey Bay, California (U.S.A.) to southern Mexico; also Chile. Habitat: marine.

vittatus, Squalus Shaw [G.] in Shaw & Nodder 1798:no page number, Pl. 346 [The Naturalist's Miscellany; ref. 4013] African coast. Holotype (unique): BMNH. Apparently preoccupied by Squalus vittatus Walbaum 1792. •Synonym of Poroderma africanum (Gmelin 1789) -- (Compagno 1984:347 [ref. 6846], Human 2006:6 [ref. 28714]). Current status: Synonym of Poroderma africanum (Gmelin 1789). Scyliorhinidae. Habitat: marine.

vittatus, Squalus Walbaum [J. J.] 1792:516 [Petri Artedi sueci genera piscium Part 3; ref. 4572] Cape of Good Hope, South Africa. No types known. Based on literature sources. Apparently predates Squalus vittatus Shaw 1798. •Synonym of Poroderma africanum (Gmelin 1789) -- (Human 2006:6 [ref. 28714]). Current status: Synonym of Poroderma africanum (Gmelin 1789). Scyliorhinidae. Habitat: marine.

vivaldii, Bythaelurus Weigmann [S.] & Kaschner [C. J.] 2017:98, Figs. 2-10 [Zootaxa 4263 (no. 1); ref. 35311] Off Somalia, 6°24'1"N, 49°31'6"E, depth 628 meters. Holotype: ZMB 17410. Paratypes: ZMB. •Valid as Bythaelurus vivaldii Weigmann & Kaschner 2017 -- (Weigmann et al. 2018:40 [ref. 36365]). Current status: Valid as Bythaelurus vivaldii Weigmann & Kaschner 2017. Scyliorhinidae. Distribution: Northwestern Indian Ocean: Somalia. Habitat: marine.

vulgaris, Catulus Valmont de Bomare [J. C.] 1764:? [Dictionnaire raisonné universel d'histoire naturelle, ...; ref. 4507] Published in a rejected work (Opinion 89). Scyliorhinidae.

zebrum, Cephaloscyllium Last [P. R.] & White [W. T.] 2008:165, Figs. 7-8 [CSIRO Marine and Atmospheric Research Paper No. 022; ref. 29684] East of Flinders Reef, Queensland, Australia, 17°32'S, 149°343'E, 444-454 meters. Holotype: CSIRO H 1323-02. Paratypes: CSIRO H 1323-03 (1). •Valid as Cephaloscyllium zebrum Last & White 2008 -- (Weigmann 2016:38 [ref. 34211]). Current status: Valid as Cephaloscyllium zebrum Last & White 2008. Scyliorhinidae. Distribution: Queensland, Australia. Habitat: marine.