Institute for Biodiversity Science and Sustainability
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Species in the family or subfamily Siluridae: [ 176 ] records


affinis, Silurus (Callichrus) Swainson [W.] 1839:306 [The natural history and classification v. 2; ref. 4303] Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:374 [ref. 29155]. Based on Ham., 152 (duda) -- which is Hamilton 1822:152 [ref. 2031]. Unneeded new name for Silurus duda Hamilton 1822. •Genus Ompok -- (see Kottelat & Lim 1995:240 [ref. 23210]). •Species inquirenda in Ompok -- (Ferraris 2007:374 [ref. 29155]). •Synonym of Ompok bimaculatus (Bloch 1794) -- (Kottelat 2013:235 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Ompok bimaculatus (Bloch 1794). Siluridae. Habitat: freshwater.

afghana, Silurus Günther [A.] 1864:34 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 5; ref. 1974] Assam, India. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1860.3.19.755. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:376 [ref. 29155]. Afghanistan locality in error (see Coad 1981:16 [ref. 22348]). •Valid as Silurus afghana Günther 1864 -- (Kobayakawa 1989:157 [ref. 13476], Talwar & Jhingran 1991:587 [ref. 20764]). •Synonym of Silurus gangeticus [sic for gangelicus] (Peters 1861) -- (Menon 1999:220 [ref. 24904]). •Valid as Pterocryptis afghana (Günther 1864) -- (Bornbusch 1991:1075 [ref. 16547], Ng & Kottelat 1998:393 [ref. 23627], Ng 1999:373 [ref. 24236], Jayaram 2006:98 [ref. 28762]). •Synonym of Pterocryptis gangelica Peters 1861 -- (Ng & Chan 2005:61 [ref. 28371], Ferraris 2007:376 [ref. 29155]). Current status: Synonym of Pterocryptis gangelica Peters 1861. Siluridae. Habitat: freshwater.

amboinensis, Cryptopterus Günther [A.] 1864:40, 429 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 5; ref. 1974] Ambon Island, Molucca Islands, Indonesia [? in error]. Syntypes: (2) BMNH 1855.3.24.14 (1) [specimen on p. 40], BMNH uncat. (1). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:369 [ref. 29155]. Second specimen added on p. 429. •Synonym of Kryptopterus bicirrhis (Valenciennes 1840) -- (Roberts 1989:147 [ref. 6439], Ferraris 2007:369 [ref. 29155], Kottelat 2013:233 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Kryptopterus bicirrhis (Valenciennes 1840). Siluridae. Habitat: freshwater.

anomala, Herklotsella Herre [A. W. C. T.] 1933:179 [Hong Kong Naturalist v. 4 (no. 2); ref. 2107] Market in Hong Kong. Holotype: CAS-SU 26769. Paratypes: CAS-SU 14841 (2). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:42 [ref. 12291], Ferraris 2007:375 [ref. 29155]. Date changed from 1934 to 1933 on 29 Feb. 2013. •Referred to genus Pterocryptis -- (Bornbusch 1991:1075 [ref. 16547], Burgess & Finley 1996:164 [ref. 22901]). •Mention -- (Ng & Kottelat 1998:396 [ref. 23627]). •Valid as Pterocryptis anomala (Herre 1933) -- (Ng & Chan 2005:51 [ref. 28371] dated 1933, Ferraris 2007:375 [ref. 29155], Kottelat 2013:237 [ref. 32989]). •Synonym of Pterocryptis gilberti (Hora 1939) by mistake -- (Zhang et al. 2016:180 [ref. 34477] dated 1934). Current status: Valid as Pterocryptis anomala (Herre 1933). Siluridae. Distribution: Southeastern China. Habitat: freshwater.

anostomus, Silurus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1840:363, Pl. 410 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 14; ref. 4882] Bengal. Syntypes: MNHN A-8949 (2), A-8950 (2). Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1950:21 [ref. 19575], Ferraris 2007:374 [ref. 29155].. •Genus Ompok -- (see Kottelat & Lim 1995:240 [ref. 23210] as anatomus). •Species inquirenda in Ompok -- (Ferraris 2007:374 [ref. 29155]). •Synonym of Ompok bimaculatus (Bloch 1794) -- (Kottelat 2013:235 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Ompok bimaculatus (Bloch 1794). Siluridae. Habitat: freshwater.

apogon, Silurus Bleeker [P.] 1851:67 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 2 (no. 1); ref. 327] Bandjarmasin [Banjarmasin], southern Kalimantan, Borneo, Indonesia. Syntypes: (4) RMNH 6843 (1 or more of 8). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:374 [ref. 29155]. Phalacronus micropogon (Bleeker 1855) is an unneeded replacement name. See van Oijen et al. 2009:268 [ref. 30423]. •Valid as Kryptopterus apogon (Bleeker 1851) -- (Roberts 1989:145 [ref. 6439], Burgess 1989:86 [ref. 12860], Kottelat et al. 1993:68 [ref. 23448], Kottelat & Lim 1995:239 [ref. 23210], Kottelat 1998:101 [ref. 23436], Tan & Ng 1999:283 [ref. 24254], Ng 2002:67 [ref. 26067], Ng et al. 2004:94 [ref. 27647]). •Valid as Micronema apogon (Bleeker 1851) -- (Rainboth 1996:148 [ref. 22772], Kottelat 2001:127 [ref. 25780], Ng 2003:1 [ref. 27568], Kottelat & Widjanarti 2005:161 [ref. 28284], Parenti & Lim 2005:191 [ref. 28285], Kottelat 2015:46 [ref. 33971]). •Valid as Phalacronotus apogon (Bleeker 1851) -- (Ferraris 2007:374 [ref. 29155], Kottelat 2013:236 [ref. 32989], Zhang et al. 2016:179 [ref. 34477]). Current status: Valid as Phalacronotus apogon (Bleeker 1851). Siluridae. Distribution: Mekong and Chao river basins, Malay Peninsula, Sumatra and Borneo and ? China. Habitat: freshwater.

aralensis, Silurus glanis var. Kessler [K. F.] 1872:48 [4] [Izvestiia Imperatorskago Obschchestva Liubitelei Estestvozaniia, Antropologii i Etnografii v. 10 (no. 1); ref. 14134] Amu-Darya, Syr-Darya, and Zeravshan rivers, central Asia. Syntypes: (3) ZIN 2071 (1) Khodzhent. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:379 [ref. 29155]. On p. 4 of separate. •Synonym of Silurus glanis Linnaeus 1758 -- (Berg 1949:904 [ref. 20661], Kottelat 1997:95 [ref. 22952], Ferraris 2007:379 [ref. 29155]). Current status: Synonym of Silurus glanis Linnaeus 1758. Siluridae. Habitat: freshwater.

argestes, Ompok Sudasinghe [H.] & Meegaskumbura [M.] 2016:262, Figs. 1, 2C [Zootaxa 4158 (no. 2); ref. 34695] Bentara River basin, Sri Lanka. Holotype: NMSL 2016.04.01. Paratypes: DZ, NMSL. •Valid as Ompok argestes Sudasinghe & Meegaskumbura 2016. Current status: Valid as Ompok argestes Sudasinghe & Meegaskumbura 2016. Siluridae. Distribution: Southwest Sri Lanka. Habitat: freshwater.

aristotelis, Glanis Agassiz [L.] 1856:333 [Proceedings of the American Academy of Arts and Science v. 3; ref. 72] Acheloüs (Aspro) River, Acarnania, Greece. Syntypes: MCZ 7938 (6), USNM 55895 (1). Type catalog: Ferraris & Vari 1992:40 [ref. 19771], Ferraris 2007:378 [ref. 29155]. Kottelat 1997:94 [ref. 22952] agrees with Garman 1890 that Agassiz' account contained no distinguishing features and is unavailable, but other authors date the species to Agassiz 1856. •Valid as Silurus aristotelis (Agassiz 1857) -- (Kobayakawa 1989:158 [ref. 13476], Burgess 1989:85 [ref. 12860], Ferraris 2007:378 [ref. 29155]). •Valid as Parasilurus aristotelis (Agassiz 1856) -- (Iliadou & Rackham 1990 [ref. 20452]). •In the synonymy of Silurus aristotelis Garman 1890 -- (Kottelat 1997:94 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Silurus aristotelis Garman 1890. Siluridae. Distribution: Greece [if valid]. Habitat: freshwater.

aristotelis, Silurus (Parasilurus) Garman [S.] 1890:56 [8] [Bulletin of the Essex Institute v. 22; ref. 17897] Acheloüs (Aspro) River, Acarnania, Greece. Syntypes: MCZ 7938 (6), USNM 55895 (1). Type catalog: Ferraris & Vari 1992:40 [ref. 19771], Ferraris 2007:378 [ref. 29155]. On p. 8 of separate. Garman regarded Glanis aristotelis Agassiz as unavailable and proposed the name Silurus aristotelis for the same specimens; Kottelat 1997:94 [ref. 22952] agrees with Garman, Ferraris 2007:378 [ref. 29155] does not. •Valid as Silurus aristotelis Garman 1890 -- (Kottelat 1997:94 [ref. 22952], Ferraris 2007:378 [ref. 29155], Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:340 [ref. 29996], Barbieri et al. 2015:78 [ref. 35029]). Current status: Valid as Silurus aristotelis Garman 1890. Siluridae. Distribution: Greece. Habitat: freshwater.

asotus, Silurus Linnaeus [C.] 1758:304 [Systema Naturae, Ed. X v. 1; ref. 2787] Asia. No types known. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:378 [ref. 29155]. Neotype designation by Chen 1977:206, 216 is invalid -- see Ferraris 2007:378 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Parasilurus asotus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Berg 1949:908 [ref. 20661], Okada 1961:569 [ref. 6363], Mai 1978:242 [ref. 13511], Wang 1984:86 [ref. 22951], Zhu 1995:142 [ref. 25213], Bogutskaya & Naseka 1996:52 [ref. 22798], Cheng & Zhou 1997:203 [ref. 26385], Reshetnikov et al. 1997:745 [ref. 24702], Naseka 1998:104 [ref. 23590], Bogutskaya et al. 2001:45 [ref. 26178], Wang et al. 2001:181 [ref. 26566], Sideleva 2001:54 [ref. 26181], Ocock et al. 2006:48 [ref. 28933]). •Valid as Silurus asotus Linnaeus 1758 -- (Sawada in Masuda et al. 1984:59 [ref. 6441], Ni & Wu in Kuang et al. 1986:165 [ref. 26639], Kobayakawa 1989:158 [ref. 13476], Burgess 1989:85 [ref. 12860], Kawanabe & Mizuno 1989:412 [ref. 25598], Zheng et al. 1989:272 [ref. 21202], Liu in Pan et al. 1991:289 [ref. 23876], Kobayakawa 1992:25 [ref. 20430], Li in Ding 1994:445 [ref. 21531], Kim 1997:317 [ref. 24032], Takahashi et al. 1997:44 [ref. 24971], Watanabe 1998:264 [ref. 23491], Yang in Chen 1998:276 [ref. 23556], Sato et al. 1998:38 [ref. 24972], Dai in Chu et al. 1999:83 [ref. 24534], Mizuno et al. 1999:6 [ref. 25311], Nakabo 2000:279 [ref. 25086], Matsuura et al. 2000:183 [ref. 26000], Kottelat 2001:53 [ref. 25482], Pietsch et al. 2001:140 [ref. 25688], Kim & Park 2002:247 [ref. 25913], Nakabo 2002:279 [ref. 26001], Youn 2002:186, 524 [ref. 26218], Sideleva 2003:14 [ref. 27815], Hu et al. 2004:589 [ref. 27904], Bogutskaya & Naseka 2004:121 [ref. 28183], Kottelat 2006:58 [ref. 28831], Ferraris 2007:378 [ref. 29155], Bogutskaya et al. 2008:342 [ref. 30085], Kottelat 2013:238 [ref. 32989], Parin et al. 2014:104 [ref. 33547], Nguyen et al. 2015:73 [ref. 33790], Zhang et al. 2016:180 [ref. 34477], Dyldin & Orlov 2016:671 [ref. 34853]). Current status: Valid as Silurus asotus Linnaeus 1758. Siluridae. Distribution: Eastern Asia: China, Japan, Russia, Taiwan, Vietnam, Korea. Habitat: freshwater.

athu, Silurus Bloch [M. E.] & Schneider [J. G.] 1801:378, Pl. 75 [M. E. Blochii, Systema Ichthyologiae; ref. 471] Malabar, India. Holotype: ZMB 8783 (dry, lost). See Silurus attu. Spelled athu in text and index, as attu on plate, attu is generally used; first reviser not investigated; Ferraris 2007:380 [ref. 29155] states first reviser apparently Bleeker 1862-63:79. •In the synonymy of Wallago attu (Bloch & Schneider 1801). Current status: Synonym of Wallago attu (Bloch & Schneider 1801). Siluridae.

attu, Silurus Bloch [M. E.] & Schneider [J. G.] 1801:378, Pl. 75 [M. E. Blochii, Systema Ichthyologiae; ref. 471] Malabar, India. Holotype (unique): ZMB 8783 (dry, lost). Type catalog: Paepke 1999:139 [ref. 24282], Ferraris 2007:380 [ref. 29155] See also Silurus athu as second original spelling; first reviser perhaps Paepke 1999:139 [ref. 24282] or, as suggested by Ferraris 2007:380 it was Bleeker 1862-63:79. •Valid as Wallago attu (Bloch & Schneider 1801) -- (Shrestha 1978:38 [ref. 15970], Coad 1981:16 [ref. 22348], Burgess 1989:86 [ref. 12860], Ataur Rahman 1989:165 [ref. 24860], Pethiyagoda 1991:139 [ref. 20075], Talwar & Jhingran 1991:590 [ref. 20764], Indra 1991:241 [ref. 24005], Kottelat et al. 1993:71 [ref. 23448], Sen 1995:566 [ref. 23778], Zhu 1995:143 [ref. 25213], Rainboth 1996:151 [ref. 22772], Dai in Chu et al. 1999:91 [ref. 24534], Rema Devi & Raghunathan 1999:157 [ref. 24759], Menon 1999:214 [ref. 24904], Freyhof et al. 2000:96 [ref. 25184], Rafique 2000:326 [ref. 25220], Mirza 2000:356 [ref. 25207], Raju Thomas et al. 2000:444 [ref. 25319], Karmakar 2000:32 [ref. 25662], Kottelat 2001:128 [ref. 25780], Raju Thomas et al. 2002:50 [ref. 26359], Rafique et al. 2003:98 [ref. 27173], Mirza 2003:20 [ref. 27265], Yadav 2003:20 [ref. 27711], Ataur Rahman 2003:185 [ref. 31338], Ng 2004:92 [ref. 27505], Jayaram 2006:112 [ref. 28762], Ferraris 2007:380 [ref. 29155], Shestha 2008:154 [ref. 29923], Patra 2011:1612 [ref. 31232], Kottelat 2013:239 [ref. 32989], Roberts 2014:36 [ref. 33394]). Current status: Valid as Wallago attu (Bloch & Schneider 1801). Siluridae. Distribution: South central and southeastern Asia: Pakistan, India, Sri Lanka, Nepal, Bangladesh, Myanmar, Thailand, Indonesia and East Indies. Habitat: freshwater.

barakensis, Pterocryptis Vishwanath [W.] & Nebeshwar Sharma [K.] in Jayaram 2006:99, Pl. 5 (fig. 2) [Catfishes of India; ref. 28715] Barak River at Vanchengphai village, Tamenglong District, Manipur, India. Holotype: MUMF 4018. Paratypes: MUMF 4000-4017 (18). Redescribed in Vishwanath & Nebeshwar Sharma 2009:425 [ref. 30375]. •Valid as Pterocryptis barakensis Vishwanath & Nebeshwar Sharma 2006 -- (Jayaram 2006:98 [ref. 28762] with genus misspelled Preocryptis, Ferraris 2007:441 [ref. 29155], Vishwanath & Nebeshwar 2009:425 [ref. 30375 with authorship as Vishwanath & Nebeshwar], Gurung et al. 2013:4884 [ref. 32969] as cf. barakensis). Current status: Valid as Pterocryptis barakensis Vishwanath & Nebeshwar Sharma 2006. Siluridae. Distribution: Barak River, Brahmaputra River basin, India. Habitat: freshwater.

baramensis, Kryptopterus Ng [H. H.] 2002:68, Figs. 1-2 [Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 13 (no. 1); ref. 26067] Sungai Akah, above Long Tebangan, 300 meters below confluence with Sungai Pahang, below falls, 3°22'12"N, 114°56'06"E, Sarawak, Malaysia, Borneo. Holotype: ROM 72477. Paratypes: ANSP 101432 (3), ROM 48888 (8). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:369 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Kryptopterus baramensis Ng 2002 -- (Ferraris 2007:369 [ref. 29155]). Current status: Valid as Kryptopterus baramensis Ng 2002. Siluridae. Distribution: Baram River basin, northern Borneo. Habitat: freshwater.

basilewskii, Silurichthys Bleeker [P.] 1858:256 [Acta Societatis Regiae Scientiarum Indo-Neêrlandicae v. 4 (art. 2); ref. 365] Northern China. No types known. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:381 [ref. 29155]. Available as "Silurichthys ? Basilewskii Blkr. = Silurus asotus Basilewski (nec CV.) Hab. China borealis." •Species inquirenda in Siluridae -- (Ferraris 2007:381 [ref. 29155]). •Questionably a synonym of Silurus asotus Linnaeus 1758 -- (Kottelat 2013:239 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Uncertain as Silurus asotus Linnaeus 1758. Siluridae. Habitat: freshwater.

bedfordi, Silurus Regan [C. T.] 1908:61, Pl. 2 (fig. 3) [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1908 (pt 1) (art. 3) (for 4 Feb. 1908); ref. 14334] Kimhoa and Chong-ju, South Korea. Syntypes: BMNH 1907.12.10.66 (1) Kimhoa, BMNH 1907.12.10.67 (1) Chong-ju. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:379 [ref. 29155]. •Synonym of Parasilurus asotus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Berg 1949:908 [ref. 20661], Okada 1961:569 [ref. 6363] as befordi). •Synonym of Silurus asotus Linnaeus 1758 -- (Kobayakawa 1989:160, 178 [ref. 13476], Kottelat 2006:58 [ref. 28831], Ferraris 2007:379 [ref. 29155], Bogutskaya et al. 2008:342 [ref. 30085], Kottelat 2013:239 [ref. 32989], Dyldin & Orlov 2016:672 [ref. 34853]). Current status: Synonym of Silurus asotus Linnaeus 1758. Siluridae. Habitat: freshwater.

beldti, Cryptopterella Fowler [H. W.] 1944:2, Fig. [The Fish Culturist v. 24 (no. 1); ref. 5598] Borneo (aquarium fish). Holotype (unique): ANSP 71571. Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:156 [ref. 13621], Ferraris 2007:371 [ref. 29155]. •Questionably a synonym of Kryptopterus macrocephalus (Bleeker 1858) -- (Roberts 1989:148 [ref. 6439], Kottelat 2013:234 [ref. 32989]). •Species inquirenda in Kryptopterus -- (Ferraris 2007:371 [ref. 29155]). Current status: Uncertain as Kryptopterus macrocephalus (Bleeker 1858). Siluridae. Distribution: Borneo, Indonesia. Habitat: freshwater.

berdmorei, Silurichthys Blyth [E.] 1860:156 [Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal v. 29 (no. 2); ref. 477] Tenasserim provinces, Myanmar. Holotype (unique): ZSI 481 (whereabouts unknown). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:376 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Silurus berdmorei (Blyth 1860) -- (Burgess 1989:85 [ref. 12860], Talwar & Jhingran 1991:588 [ref. 20764], Arunkumar & Tombi Singh 1997:72 [ref. 24944]). •Referred to genus Pterocryptis -- (Bornbusch 1991:1076 [ref. 16547], Burgess & Finley 1996:164 [ref. 22901]). •Valid as Pterocryptis berdmorei (Blyth 1860) -- (Ng & Kottelat 1998:397 [ref. 23627], Ng 1999:371 [ref. 24236], Ng & Chan 2005:54 [ref. 28371] Vishwanath & Sharma 2006:100 [ref. 28715], Jayaram 2006:100 [ref. 28762], Ferraris 2007:376 [ref. 29155], Kottelat 2013:237 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Pterocryptis berdmorei (Blyth 1860). Siluridae. Distribution: Myanmar and possibly western Thailand; India. Habitat: freshwater.

bicirrhis, Silurus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1840:367, Pl. 411 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 14; ref. 4882] Java, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): MNHN A-9932. Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1950:22 [ref. 19575], Ferraris 2007:369 [ref. 29155]. Also spelled bicirrus in early works. See van Oijen et al. 2009:255 [ref. 30423]. •Valid as Kryptopterus bicirrhis (Valenciennes 1840) -- (Roberts 1989:147 [ref. 6439], Burgess 1989:86 [ref. 12860], Kottelat et al. 1993:68 [ref. 23448], Roberts 1993:32 [ref. 21799], Kottelat & Lim 1995:239 [ref. 23210], Rainboth 1996:146 [ref. 22772], Kottelat 1998:104 [ref. 23436], Tan & Ng 1999:284 [ref. 24254], Kottelat 2001:127 [ref. 25780], Ng 2002:67 [ref. 26067], Ng 2003:1 [ref. 27568], Ng et al. 2004:94 [ref. 27647], Kottelat & Widjanarti 2005:160 [ref. 28284], Parenti & Lim 2005:190 [ref. 28285], Ferraris 2007:369 [ref. 29155], Ng & Kottelat 2013:315 [ref. 32548], Kottelat 2013:233 [ref. 32989], Kottelat 2013:233 [ref. 32989], Kottelat 2015:46 [ref. 33971]). Current status: Valid as Kryptopterus bicirrhis (Valenciennes 1840). Siluridae. Distribution: Southeastern Asia. Habitat: freshwater.

bimaculatus, Silurus Bloch [M. E.] 1794:24, Pl. 364 [Naturgeschichte der ausländischen Fische v. 8; ref. 463] Tranquebar [Tharangambadi], India. Lectotype: ZMB 2916. Paralectotypes: ZMB 33076 (1). Type catalog: Paepke 1999:139 [ref. 24282], Ferraris 2007:372 [ref. 29155]. On p. 17 of Bloch's Ichthyologie, v. 11 [ref. 21381]. See Jayaram 1977 [ref. 20077] for information on date and type locality. Lectotype selected by Paepke 1999:139 [ref. 24282]. See van Oijen et al. 2009:241 [ref. 30423]. •Valid as Ompok bimaculatus (Bloch 1794) -- (Shrestha 1978:38 [ref. 15970], Coad 1981:16 [ref. 22348], Burgess 1989:86 [ref. 12860], Ataur Rahman 1989:167 [ref. 24860], Pethiyagoda 1991:154 [ref. 20075], Talwar & Jhingran 1991:582 [ref. 20764], Indra 1991:241 [ref. 24005], Kottelat et al. 1993:69 [ref. 23448], Sen 1995:564 [ref. 23778], Kottelat & Lim 1995:240 [ref. 23210], Rainboth 1996:149 [ref. 22772], Rema Devi et al. 1996:138 [ref. 24021], Zacharias et al. 1996:41 [ref. 25526], Vu & Nguyen 1997:27 [ref. 26438], Manimekalan 1998:440 [ref. 24989], Rema Devi & Raghunathan 1999:156 [ref. 24759], Menon 1999:216 [ref. 24904], Tan & Ng 1999:285 [ref. 24254] as cf. bimaculatus, Freyhof et al. 2000:96 [ref. 25184], Rafique 2000:326 [ref. 25220], Mirza 2000:356 [ref. 25207], Raju Thomas et al. 2000:444 [ref. 25319], Karmakar 2000:32 [ref. 25662], Kottelat 2001:128 [ref. 25780], Ng 2002:29 [ref. 26062], Raju Thomas et al. 2002:50 [ref. 26359], Ng & Siebert 2002:171 [ref. 26402], Ng 2003:47 [ref. 26795], Rafique et al. 2003:98 [ref. 27173], Mirza 2003:19 [ref. 27265], Yadav 2003:20 [ref. 27711], Ataur Rahman 2003:186 [ref. 31338], Ng & Tan 2004:9 [ref. 27846], Jayaram 2006:105 [ref. 28762] dated 1797, Ferraris 2007:372 [ref. 29155], Shestha 2008:153 [ref. 29923], Ng & Hadiaty 2009:55 [ref. 30458] with restricted range, Ng 2013:164 [ref. 32814], Kottelat 2013:235 [ref. 32989], Sudasinghe & Meegaskumbura 2016:270 [ref. 34695]). Current status: Valid as Ompok bimaculatus (Bloch 1794). Siluridae. Distribution: Indian sub-continent and Myanmar [on ref. 30458]. Habitat: freshwater.

binotatus, Ompok Ng [H. H.] 2002:26, Fig. 1 [Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 13 (no. 1); ref. 26062] Sungai Mandai Kechil near its confluence with Kapuas mainstream, 18 kilometers west southwest of Putussibau, 0°48'N, 112°47'E, Kalimantan Barat, Borneo, Indonesia. Holotype: FMNH 94243. Paratypes: CMK 6923 (11), 6943 (1), 11588 (6); FMNH 108813 (2, 1 c&s); ZRC 38783 (5), 46250 (1). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:372 [ref. 29155], Ng & Kim 2008:47 [ref. 29920]. •Valid as Ompok binotatus Ng 2002 -- (Ng & Tan 2004:9 [ref. 27846], Kottelat & Widjanarti 2005:161 [ref. 28284], Ferraris 2007:372 [ref. 29155], Kottelat 2013:235 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Ompok binotatus Ng 2002. Siluridae. Distribution: Kapuas River basin, western Borneo. Habitat: freshwater.

binotatus, Silurus van Hasselt [J. C.] in Bleeker 1858:278 [Acta Societatis Regiae Scientiarum Indo-Neêrlandicae v. 4 (art. 2); ref. 365] Not available, manuscript name mentioned in the synonymy of Pseudosilurus bimaculatus. Siluridae.

biwaensis, Parasilurus Tomoda [Y.] 1961:348, Fig. 1 [Memoirs of the College of Science, Kyoto University (Ser. B, Biology) v. 28 (no. 3, art. 5); ref. 9383] Offshore of Onoé, Lake Biwa-ko, Japan. Holotype: MIKU 34407 [now at FAKU]. Paratypes: Mar. Biol. Inst. Kyoto Univ. 34408-10 (1, 1, 1). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:379 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Silurus biwaensis (Tomoda 1961) -- (Sawada in Masuda et al. 1984:59 [ref. 6441], Kobayakawa 1989:160 [ref. 13476], Burgess 1989:86 [ref. 12860], Kawanabe & Mizuno 1989:416 [ref. 25598], Kobayakawa 1992:25 [ref. 20430], Watanabe 1998:264 [ref. 23491], Nakabo 2000:279 [ref. 25086], Matsuura et al. 2000:186 [ref. 26000], Nakabo 2002:279 [ref. 26001], Ferraris 2007:379 [ref. 29155]). Current status: Valid as Silurus biwaensis (Tomoda 1961). Siluridae. Distribution: Lake Biwa, Japan. Habitat: freshwater.

bleekeri, Cryptopterus Günther [A.] 1864:44 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 5; ref. 1974] Thailand. Syntypes: BMNH 1862.11.1.208 (1), 1863.12.4.105 (1). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:374 [ref. 29155]. Original genus should have been Kryptopterus. Predates Micronema bleekeri Bocourt 1866. •Valid as Kryptopterus bleekeri Günther 1864 -- (Burgess 1989:86 [ref. 12860], Zhu 1995:143 [ref. 25213], Dai in Chu et al. 1999:81 [ref. 24534]). •Valid as Micronema bleekeri (Günther 1864) -- (Rainboth 1996:148 [ref. 22772], Freyhof et al. 2000:96 [ref. 25184], Kottelat 2001:128 [ref. 25780], Ng 2003:1 [ref. 27568]). •Valid as Phalacronotus bleekeri (Günther 1864) -- (Ferraris 2007:374 [ref. 29155], Kottelat 2013:236 [ref. 32989], Zhang et al. 2016:179 [ref. 34477]). Current status: Valid as Phalacronotus bleekeri (Günther 1864). Siluridae. Distribution: Mekong and Chao Phraya River basins and Sundaland, southeastern Asia. Habitat: freshwater.

bleekeri, Micronema Bocourt [F.] 1866:17, Pl. 1 (figs. 3, 3a-c) [Nouvelles Archives du Muséum d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris v. 2; ref. 14052] Menam [Chao Phraya] River at Bangkok, Thailand. Syntypes: MNHN 0000-1546 (3). Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1950:22 [ref. 19575], Ferraris 2007:374 [ref. 29155]. Evidently appeared first in Günther 1864:44 [ref. 1974] as Cryptopterus bleekeri with a notation "Micronema bleekeri, Bocourt" but without a Bocourt citation. Subjectively invalid; secondarily preoccupied by and possibly a synonym of Kryptopterus bleekeri Günther 1864, but Günther's nominal species has different types. •Synonym of Micronema bleekeri (Günther 1964) -- (Kottelat 2001:128 [ref. 25780]). •Synonym of Kryptopterus bleekeri (Günther 1864). •Synonym of Phalacronotus bleekeri (Günther 1864) -- (Ferraris 2007:374 [ref. 29155], Kottelat 2013:236 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Phalacronotus bleekeri (Günther 1864). Siluridae. Habitat: freshwater.

boalis, Silurus Hamilton [F.] 1822:154, 375, Pl. 29 (fig. 49) [An account of the fishes found in the river Ganges; ref. 2031] Rivers all over India. Syntypes: BMNH 1858.8.15.76 (2) Ganges. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:381 [ref. 29155]. •Synonym of Wallago attu (Bloch & Schneider 1801) -- (Menon 1999:214 [ref. 24904], Jayaram 2006:112 [ref. 28762], Ataur Rahman 2003:185 [ref. 31338], Ferraris 2007:380-281 [ref. 29155], Kottelat 2013:239 [ref. 32989], Roberts 2014:36 [ref. 33394]). Current status: Synonym of Wallago attu (Bloch & Schneider 1801). Siluridae. Habitat: freshwater.

bokorensis, Penesilurus Pellegrin [J.] & Chevey [P.] 1937:315 [Bulletin de la Société Zoologique de France v. 62; ref. 15296] Bokor, Cambodia, elevation 800-1000 meters. Holotype (unique): MNHN 1936-0167. Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1950:23 [ref. 19575], Ferraris 2007:376 [ref. 29155]. •Referred to genus Pterocryptis -- (Bornbusch 1991:1076 [ref. 16547], Burgess & Finley 1996:164 [ref. 22901]). •Valid as Silurus bokorensis (Pellegrin & Chevey 1937) -- (Rainboth 1996:150 [ref. 22772]). •Valid as Pterocryptis bokorensis (Pellegrin & Chevey 1937) -- (Ng & Kottelat 1998:396 [ref. 23627], Ng 1999:371 [ref. 24236], Ng & Chan 2005:54 [ref. 28371], Ferraris 2007:376 [ref. 29155], Kottelat 2013:237 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Pterocryptis bokorensis (Pellegrin & Chevey 1937). Siluridae. Distribution: Cambodia. Habitat: freshwater.

borneensis, Callichrous (Silurodes) Steindachner [F.] 1901:445, Pl. 18 (fig. 3) [Abhandlungen der Senckenbergischen Naturforschenden Gesellschaft v. 25; ref. 14769] Baram River, Borneo, Sarawak, Malyaysia. No types known. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:372 [ref. 29155]. •Doubtful species as Ompok borneensis (Steindachner 1901) -- (Burgess 1989:86 [ref. 12860]). •Valid as Ompok borneensis (Steindachner 1901) -- (Kottelat et al. 1993:70 [ref. 23448], Kottelat & Lim 1995:241 [ref. 23210], Ng & Tan 2004:9 [ref. 27846], Ferraris 2007:372 [ref. 29155], Ng 2008:60 [ref. 29884], Ng 2013:164 [ref. 32814], Kottelat 2013:235 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Ompok borneensis (Steindachner 1901). Siluridae. Distribution: Borneo, Malaysia. Habitat: freshwater.

brevirictus, Ompok Ng [H. H.] & Hadiaty [R. K.] 2009:51, Figs. 1, 4a [Zootaxa No. 2232; ref. 30458] Lawe Sawah, Lawe Mokap, 3°09'46.0"N, 97°25'03.0"E, Nangore Aceh Darussalam Province, Sumatra, Indonesia. Holotype: MZB 16670. Paratypes: MZB 8709 (1), 16671(2); USNM 390020 (3); ZRC 51516 (1), 51900 (1), 51901 (15). •Valid as Ompok brevirictus Ng & Hadiaty 2009 -- (Kottelat 2013:235 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Ompok brevirictus Ng & Hadiaty 2009. Siluridae. Distribution: Coastal rivers draining western face of Leuser Mountain Range, northern Sumatra, Indonesia. Habitat: freshwater.

buccata, Pterocryptis Ng [H. H.] & Kottelat [M.] 1998:394, Figs. 1, 2a, 3a-b [Ichthyological Research v. 45 (no. 4); ref. 23627] Mae Khlong basin, about 14°15'N, 99°04'E, Amphoe Sai Yok, Kanchanaburi Province, Thailand. Holotype: ZRC 41496. Paratypes: CMK 5993 (1), 12884 (1). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:376 [ref. 29155], Ng & Kim 2008:51 [ref. 29920]. •Valid as Pterocryptis buccata Ng & Kottelat 1998 -- (Ng 1999:371 [ref. 24236], Romero & Paulson 2001:25 [ref. 26040], Trajano et al. 2002:170 [ref. 26082], Ng & Chan 2005:54 [ref. 28371], Proudlove 2006:120 [ref. 28992], Ferraris 2007:376 [ref. 29155], Kottelat 2013:237 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Pterocryptis buccata Ng & Kottelat 1998. Siluridae. Distribution: Mekong River basin, Thailand. Habitat: freshwater.

burmanensis, Silurus Khin Thant [M.] 1967:219, Pls. 1-3 [Journal of the Burma Research Society 49 (Pt. 2); ref. 9078] Inlé Lake, southern Shan State, 23°35'N, 96°57'E, Myanmar, elevation 2915 feet. Holotype: ZMYU Lpi 332 (lost). Paratypes: ZMYU Lpi 333-336 (4) (lost) Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:376 [ref. 29155]. Britz & Win 2010:66 says types destroyed. Date changed to 1967, and author to Khin Thant from Thant on 26 Feb. 2014. •Synonym of Silurus berdmorei (Blyth 1860) -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:588 [ref. 20764] as burmanicus). •Referred to genus Pterocryptis -- (Bornbusch 1991:1076 [ref. 16547], Burgess & Finley 1996:164 [ref. 22901]). •Valid as Pterocryptis burmanensis (Khin Thant 1966) -- (Ng 1999:371 [ref. 24236], Ng & Chan 2005:54 [ref. 28371], Ferraris 2007:376 [ref. 29155] with author as Khin-Thant). •Valid as Silurus burmanensis Khin Thant 1966 -- (Kottelat 2013:239 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Silurus burmanensis Khin Thant 1967. Siluridae. Distribution: Inlé Lake, Myanmar. Habitat: freshwater.

canio, Silurus Hamilton [F.] 1822:151, 374 [An account of the fishes found in the river Ganges; ref. 2031] Bengal, India. No types known. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:373 [ref. 29155]. •Species inquirenda in Ompok -- (Ferraris 2007:373 [ref. 29155]). •Valid as Ompok canio (Hamilton 1822) -- (Coad 1981:16 [ref. 22348], Burgess 1989:86 [ref. 12860], see Kottelat & Lim 1995:240 [ref. 23210], Ng & Hadiaty 2009:55 [ref. 30458], Ng 2013:165 [ref. 32814]). •Synonym of Ompok bimaculatus (Bloch 1794) -- (Menon 1999:216 [ref. 24904], Ataur Rahman 2003:186 [ref. 31338], Kottelat 2013:235 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Ompok canio (Hamilton 1822). Siluridae. Distribution: India (if valid). Habitat: freshwater.

caobangensis, Silurus Nguyen [V. H.], Vu [T. H. N.] & Nguyen [T. D. P.] 2015:66, Fig. 1 [Journal of Science and Development v. 13 (no. 1); ref. 33790] Bang River, Cao Bang Province, Vietnam. Holotype: C.B.09.04.001. Paratype: C.B. •Valid as Silurus caobangensis Nguyen, Vu & Nguyen 2015. Current status: Valid as Silurus caobangensis Nguyen, Vu & Nguyen 2015. Siluridae. Distribution: Northern Vietnam. Habitat: freshwater.

ceylonensis, Callichrous Günther [A.] 1864:46 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 5; ref. 1974] Sri Lanka. Syntypes: BMNH 1852.2.19.107-108 (2), 1853.3.30.60 (1). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:372 [ref. 29155]. •Synonym of Ompok bimaculatus (Bloch 1794) -- (Pethiyagoda 1991:154 [ref. 20075], Menon 1999:217 [ref. 24904], Ferraris 2007:372 [ref. 29155], Kottelat 2013:235 [ef. 32989] with question). •Valid as Ompok ceylonensis (Günther 1864) -- (Ng & Hadiaty 2009:55 [ref. 30458], Sudasinghe & Meegaskumbura 2016:270 [ref. 34695]). Current status: Valid as Ompok ceylonensis (Günther 1864). Siluridae. Distribution: Sri Lanka. Habitat: freshwater.

chantrei, Silurus Sauvage [H.-E.] 1882:163 [Bulletin de la Société philomathique de Paris (7th Série) v. 6; ref. 14297] Koura River, Tiflis [Tbilisi], Georgia, Eurasia. Syntypes: MNHN A-3932 (2). Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1950:21 [ref. 19575], Ferraris 2007:379 [ref. 29155]. Described in more detail in Sauvage 1884:109, Pl. 1 (fig. 1). •Valid as Silurus chantrei Sauvage 1882 -- (Burgess 1989:86 [ref. 12860]). •Questionably a synonym of Silurus glanis Linnaeus 1758 -- (Ferraris 2007:379 [ref. 29155]). Current status: Uncertain as Silurus glanis Linnaeus 1758. Siluridae. Distribution: Asia Minor [if valid]. Habitat: freshwater.

chaperi, Diastatomycter Vaillant [L. L.] 1891:182 [2] [Bulletin de la Société philomathique de Paris (8th Série) v. 3 (no. 4); ref. 4497] Knapei River, near Smitow, Kapuas basin, Borneo. Holotype (unique): MNHN 1891-0458. Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1950:22 [ref. 19575], Ferraris 2007:368 [ref. 29155]. On p. 2 of separate. Species also described as new in Vaillant 1893:61 [ref. 4485]. •Valid as Hemisilurus chaperi (Vaillant 1891) -- (Burgess 1989:85 [ref. 12860]). •Synonym of Hemisilurus heterorhynchus (Bleeker 1854) -- (Bornbusch & Lundberg 1989:434 [ref. 12543], Roberts 1989:145 [ref. 6439], Burgess & Finley 1996:164 [ref. 22901], Ferraris 2007:368 [ref. 29155], Kottelat 2013:233 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Hemisilurus heterorhynchus (Bleeker 1854). Siluridae. Habitat: freshwater.

chechra, Silurus Hamilton [F.] 1822:152, 375 [An account of the fishes found in the river Ganges; ref. 2031] Kusi River, India. No types known. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:374 [ref. 29155]. •Genus Ompok (see Kottelat & Lim 1995:240 [ref. 23210] as chacra). •Species inquirenda in Ompok -- (Ferraris 2007:374 [ref. 29155]). •Synonym of Ompok bimaculatus (Bloch 1794) -- (Menon 1999:216 [ref. 24904], Ataur Rahman 2003:186 [ref. 31338], Kottelat 2013:235 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Ompok bimaculatus (Bloch 1794). Siluridae. Distribution: Kusi River, India (if valid). Habitat: freshwater.

cheveyi, Cryptopterus Durand [J.] 1940:19, Pl. 4 [Institut Océanographic de l'Indochine Note 34 [or 36]; ref. 13008] Kaskos River, Cambodia. Holotype (unique): ION. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:371 [ref. 29155]. Original genus should have been Kryptopterus. •Valid as Kryptopterus cheveyi Durand 1940 -- (Burgess 1989:86 [ref. 12860], Rainboth 1996:146 [ref. 22772], Kottelat 1998:104 [ref. 23436], Freyhof et al. 2000:96 [ref. 25184], Kottelat 2001:127 [ref. 25780], Ng 2003:1 [ref. 27568], Ng 2004:3 [ref. 27356]). •Valid as Micronema cheveyi (Durand 1940) -- (Ferraris 2007:371 [ref. 29155], Kottelat 2013:234 [ref. 32989], Kottelat 2015:46 [ref. 33971]). Current status: Valid as Micronema cheveyi (Durand 1940). Siluridae. Distribution: Xe Bangfai and Mekong River. Habitat: freshwater.

cinereus, Silurus Dabry de Thiersant [P.] 1872:189, Pl. 47 (fig. 1) [La pisciculture et la pêche en Chine; ref. 12507] Chang Jiang [Yangtze River], China. Possibly at MNHN. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:379 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Silurus cinereus Dabry de Thiersant 1872 -- (Burgess 1989:86 [ref. 12860]). •Synonym of Silurus asotus Linnaeus 1758 -- (Kobayakawa 1989:160 [ref. 13476], Kottelat 2006:58 [ref. 28831], Ferraris 2007:379 [ref. 29155], Bogutskaya et al. 2008:342 [ref. 30085], Kottelat 2013:239 [ref. 32989], Dyldin & Orlov 2016:672 [ref. 34853]). Current status: Synonym of Silurus asotus Linnaeus 1758. Siluridae. Habitat: freshwater.

citatus, Silurichthys Ng [H. H.] & Kottelat [M.] 1997:204, Fig. 1 [Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 7 (no. 3); ref. 22742] Kalimantan Barat, Sungai Sekimpai, a small forest stream flowing into Sungai Pinoh, 0°32'S, 111°39.5'E, Borneo. Holotype: MZB 3670. Paratypes: CMK 10578 (1); MZB 3669 (1). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:377 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Silurichthys citatus Ng & Kottelat 1997 -- (Ng & Ng 1998:296 [ref. 23750], Ferraris 2007:377 [ref. 29155], Ng & Tan 2011:56 [ref. 31216], Kottelat 2013:238 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Silurichthys citatus Ng & Kottelat 1997. Siluridae. Distribution: Kapuas River basin, western Borneo. Habitat: freshwater.

cochinchinensis, Silurus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1840:352 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 14; ref. 4882] Cochinchine [? southern Vietnam]. Syntypes: MNHN 0000-0573 (1), B-0602 (1). Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1950:23 [ref. 19575], Ferraris 2007:376 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Parasilurus cochinchinensis (Valenciennes 1840) -- (Mai 1978:243 [ref. 13511]). •Valid as Silurus cochinchinensis Valenciennes 1840 -- (Ni & Wu in Kuang et al. 1986:162 [ref. 26639] with authors as Cuvier & Valenciennes, date as 1839, Kobayakawa 1989:162 [ref. 13476], Burgess 1989:86 [ref. 12860], Zheng et al. 1989:272 [ref. 21202], Liu in Pan et al. 1991:288 [ref. 23876], Zhu 1995:142 [ref. 25213], Yang in Chen 1998:277 [ref. 23556], Dai in Chu et al. 1999:81 [ref. 24534], Hu et al. 2004:588 [ref. 27904]). •Referred to genus Pterocryptis -- (Bornbusch 1991:1076 [ref. 16547], Burgess & Finley 1996:164 [ref. 22901]). •Valid as Pterocryptis cochinchinensis (Valenciennes 1840) -- (Kottelat 1998:104 [ref. 23436], Ng & Kottelat 1998:393 [ref. 23627], Ng 1999:371 [ref. 24236], Kottelat 2001:53 [ref. 25482], Ng & Freyhof 2001:625 [ref. 25712], Kottelat 2001:128 [ref. 25780], Ng & Chan 2005:51 [ref. 28371] dated 1839, Jayaram 2006:104 [ref. 28762], Ferraris 2007:376 [ref. 29155], Vishwanath & Nebeshwar 2009:428 [ref. 30375], Zhang et al. 2016:180 [ref. 34477]). Current status: Valid as Pterocryptis cochinchinensis (Valenciennes 1840). Siluridae. Distribution: Vietnam, China and Laos. Habitat: freshwater.

crenula, Pterocryptis Ng [H. H.] & Freyhof [J.] 2001:630, Fig. 6 [Journal of Fish Biology v. 59; ref. 25712] Torrent at kilometer 5 on road from Bac Phong Sinh to Mong Cai, 21°35'31"N, 107°43'52"E, Hai Ninh District, Quang Ninh Province, Vietnam. Holotype: ZRC 46317. Paratypes: CMK 14895 (2). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:376 [ref. 29155], Ng & Kim 2008:52 [ref. 29920]. •Valid as Pterocryptis crenula Ng & Freyhof 2001 -- (Ng & Chan 2005:54 [ref. 28371], Ferraris 2007:376 [ref. 29155], Kottelat & Leisher 2012:240 [ref. 32277], Kottelat 2013:237 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Pterocryptis crenula Ng & Freyhof 2001. Siluridae. Distribution: Northern Vietnam. Habitat: freshwater.

cryptopterus, Silurus Bleeker [P.] 1851:270 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 1 (no. 3); ref. 325] Banjarmasin, South Kalimantan, Borneo, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): RMNH 6840 (1 of 16). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:369 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Kryptopterus cryptopterus (Bleeker 1851) -- (Roberts 1989:147 [ref. 6439], Burgess 1989:86 [ref. 12860], Kottelat et al. 1993:69 [ref. 23448], Kottelat & Lim 1995:240 [ref. 23210], Rainboth 1996:146 [ref. 22772], Kottelat 1998:104 [ref. 23436], Tan & Ng 1999:284 [ref. 24254], Kottelat 2001:127 [ref. 25780], Ng 2002:67 [ref. 26067], Ng 2003:6 [ref. 27142], Ng 2003:1 [ref. 27568], Ng et al. 2004:94 [ref. 27647], Kottelat & Widjanarti 2005:160 [ref. 28284], Parenti & Lim 2005:190 [ref. 28285], Ferraris 2007:369 [ref. 29155], Kottelat 2013:233 [ref. 32989], Kottelat 2015:46 [ref. 33971]). Current status: Valid as Kryptopterus cryptopterus (Bleeker 1851). Siluridae. Distribution: Southeast Asia. Habitat: freshwater.

cucphuongensis, Silurus Mai [D. Y.] 1978:245, Fig. 112 [Identification of the fresh-water fishes of North Viet Nam v. 1; ref. 13511] From a cave, Cuc Phuong National Park, foothills of the northern Annamaite Mts., about 100 kilometers southwest of Hanoi, about 20°19'N, 105°22'E, northern Vietnam. Holotype (unique): DVZUT 345. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:376 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Silurus cucphuongensis Mai 1978 -- (Burgess & Finley 1996:164 [ref. 22901]). •Valid as Pterocryptis cucphuongensis (Mai 1978) -- (Ng & Kottelat 1998:393 [ref. 23627], Ng 1999:371 [ref. 24236], Kottelat 2001:53 [ref. 25482], Ng & Freyhof 2001:633 [ref. 25712], Romero & Paulson 2001:25 [ref. 26040], Ng & Chan 2005:54 [ref. 28371], Proudlove 2006:119 [ref. 28992], Ferraris 2007:376 [ref. 29155], Kottelat 2013:237 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Pterocryptis cucphuongensis (Mai 1978). Siluridae. Distribution: Song Luong drainage, northern Vietnam. Habitat: freshwater.

dakrongensis, Silurus Nguyen [V. H.], Vu [T. H. N.] & Nguyen [T. D. P.] 2015:70, Fig. 3 [Journal of Science and Development v. 13 (no. 1); ref. 33790] Dakrong River, Quang Tri Province, Vietnam. Holotype: QT 12.04.0001. Paratypes: QT. •Valid as Silurus dakrongensis Nguyen, Vu & Nguyen 2015. Current status: Valid as Silurus dakrongensis Nguyen, Vu & Nguyen 2015. Siluridae. Distribution: Nothern Vietnam. Habitat: freshwater.

dauuricus, Silurus Pallas [P. S.] 1787:359, Pl. 11 (fig. 11) [Nova Acta Academiae Scientiarum Imperialis Petropolitanae v. 1 (Mém.) (for 1783); ref. 18507] Dauuria (Onon, Ingoda, and Argun drainages) [Mongolia]. No types known. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:378 [ref. 29155], Ferraris 2007:379 [ref. 29155]. •Synonym of Parasilurus asotus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Berg 1949:908 [ref. 20661] as dauuricus, Okada 1961:569 [ref. 6363] as dahvricus, Bogutskaya & Naseka 1996:49 [ref. 22798] as dahuricus, Naseka 1998:104 [ref. 23590] as dahuricus, Sideleva 2001:55 [ref. 26181] as dahuricus, Sideleva 2003:14 [ref. 27815] as danhuricus, Kottelat 2006:58 [ref. 28831] as dauuricus). •Synonym of Silurus asotus Linnaeus 1758 -- (Ferraris 2007:379 [ref. 29155] with species correctly as dauuricus, Kottelat 2013:239 [ref. 32989], Dyldin & Orlov 2016:672 [ref. 34853]). Current status: Synonym of Silurus asotus Linnaeus 1758. Siluridae. Habitat: freshwater.

deignani, Kryptopterus Fowler [H. W.] 1937:136, Figs. 10-12 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 89; ref. 1425] Me Poon, Thailand. Holotype (unique): ANSP 67884. Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:156 [ref. 13621], Ferraris 2007:375 [ref. 29155]. If micronema is a noun, then micronema should be used in masculine genera. •Synonym of Kryptopterus micronema (Bleeker 1846) -- (Roberts 1989:149 [ref. 6439]). •Synonym of Micronema micronema (Bleeker 1846). •Synonym of Phalacronotus micronemus (Bleeker 1846) -- (Ferraris 2007:375 [ref. 29155], Kottelat 2013:237 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Phalacronotus micronemus (Bleeker 1846). Siluridae. Habitat: freshwater.

dinema, Wallago Bleeker [P.] 1851:202 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 2 (no. 2); ref. 329] Bandjarmasin [Banjarmasin], Kalimantan, Borneo, Indonesia. Syntypes: (2) ?BMNH 1863.12.4.54 (1), RMNH 6834 (1 or 2 of 5). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:368 [ref. 29155]. Renamed Belodontichthys macrochir by Bleeker 1858. •Valid as Belodontichthys dinema (Bleeker 1851) -- (Roberts 1989:144 [ref. 6439], Burgess 1989:85 [ref. 12860], Howes & Fumihito 1991:133 [ref. 19078], Kottelat et al. 1993:68 [ref. 23448], Rainboth 1996:145 [ref. 22772], Ng & Rachmatika 1999:180 [ref. 23964], Ng & Tan 1999:357 [ref. 24159], Kottelat & Ng 1999:387 [ref. 24239], Tan & Ng 1999:281 [ref. 24254], Kottelat & Widjanarti 2005:160 [ref. 28284], Ferraris 2007:368 [ref. 29155], Kottelat 2013:232 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Belodontichthys dinema (Bleeker 1851). Siluridae. Distribution: Southeastern Asia. Habitat: freshwater.

dissitus, Kryptopterus Ng [H. H.] 2001:198, Fig. 1 [Folia Zoologica: international journal of vertebrate zoology. v. 50 (no. 3); ref. 25702] Mekong River at Ban Hang Khone, just downstream from Khone falls, Champasak Province, Laos. Holotype: UMMZ 238017. Paratypes: UMMZ 235386 (1), USNM 103171 (1). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:369 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Kryptopterus dissitus Ng 2001 -- (Ng 2002:71 [ref. 26067], Ng 2003:1 [ref. 27568], Ferraris 2007:369 [ref. 29155], Kottelat 2013:233 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Kryptopterus dissitus Ng 2001. Siluridae. Distribution: Southeastern Asia: Chao Phraya and Mekong River basins. Habitat: freshwater.

duanensis, Silurus Hu [X.-Y.], Lan [J.-H.] & Zhang [C.-G.] 2004:586 [Engl. 589], Figs. 1-2 [Acta Zootaxonomica Sinica v. 29 (no. 3); ref. 27904] Underground rivers of Disu Town, 23°34'N, 108°01'E, Hongshui River system, Pearl River basin, Du'an County, Guangxi, China. Holotype: ASIZB [now NZMC] 73176. Paratypes: ASIZB [now NZMC] 73172-73 (2), 73174 (1), 73175 (1), 73317-18 (2), 73319-27 (9). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:379 [ref. 29155], Ye et al. 2015:81 [ref. 33808]. •Valid as Silurus duanensis Hu, Lan & Zhang 2004 -- (Ferraris 2007:379 [ref. 29155], Nguyen et al. 2015:74 [ref. 33790], Ye et al. 2015:81 [ref. 33808], Zhang et al. 2016:180 [ref. 34477]). Current status: Valid as Silurus duanensis Hu, Lan & Zhang 2004. Siluridae. Distribution: Hongushui River basin, Pearl River basin, Guangxi, China. Habitat: freshwater.

duda, Silurus Hamilton [F.] 1822:152, 375 [An account of the fishes found in the river Ganges; ref. 2031] Kusi River, India. No types known. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:374 [ref. 29155]. •Genus Ompok -- (see Kottelat & Lim 1995:240 [ref. 23210]). •Species inquirenda in Ompok -- (Ferraris 2007:374 [ref. 29155]). •Synonym of Ompok bimaculatus (Bloch 1794) -- (Menon 1999:216 [ref. 24904], Ataur Rahman 2003:186 [ref. 31338], Kottelat 2013:235 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Ompok bimaculatus (Bloch 1794). Siluridae. Habitat: freshwater.

dukai, Silurus Day [F.] 1873:239 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1873 (pt 1) (art. 4) (for 4 Mar. 1873); ref. 18824] Darjeeling, India. Syntypes: AMS B.7571 (1); ZSI 1118 (1, lost), 1232 (1, lost). Type catalog: Whitehead & Talwar 1976:157 [ref. 23762], Ferraris et al. 2000:296 [ref. 25110], Ferraris 2007:377 [ref. 29155]. •Synonym of Silurus afghana Günther 1864 -- (Kobayakawa 1989:157 [ref. 13476]). •Synonym of Silurus gangeticus [sic for gangelicus] (Peters 1861) -- (Menon 1999:220 [ref. 24904]). •Referred to genus Pterocryptis -- (Bornbusch 1991:1076 [ref. 16547], Burgess & Finley 1996:164 [ref. 22901]). •Synonym of Pterocryptis gangelicus Peters 1861 -- (Ferraris 2007:377 [ref. 29155]). Current status: Synonym of Pterocryptis gangelica Peters 1861. Siluridae. Habitat: freshwater.

egertonii, Callichrous Day [F.] 1872:710 [8] [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1871 (pt 3) (art. 1) (for 5 Dec. 1871); ref. 1079] Subhimalayan range in the Punjab, India. Syntypes: AMS B.8065 (1). Type catalog: Whitehead & Talwar 1976:157 [ref. 23762], Ferraris et al. 2000:296 [ref. 25110], Ferraris 2007:374 [ref. 29155]. On p. 8 of separate. •Genus Ompok -- (see Kottelat & Lim 1995:240 [ref. 23210]). •Synonym of Ompok pabda (Hamilton 1822) -- (Menon 1999:218 [ref. 24904], Ng & Hadiaty 2009:56 [ref. 30458]). •Species inquirenda in Ompok -- (Ferraris 2007:374 [ref. 29155]). Current status: Synonym of Ompok pabda (Hamilton 1822). Siluridae. Habitat: freshwater.

erythrogaster, Silurus (Callichrus) Swainson [W.] 1839:306 [The natural history and classification v. 2; ref. 4303] Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:373 [ref. 29155]. Based on Ham. pl. 17 f. 48 [apparently Swainson intended fig. 48 which is on Pl. 22] -- Hamilton 1822 [ref. 2031]. Unneeded new name for Silurus pabo Hamilton 1822. •Synonym of Ompok paba (Hamilton 1822) -- (Ferraris 2007:373 [ref. 29155], Kottelat 2013:236 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Ompok pabo (Hamilton 1822). Siluridae. Habitat: freshwater.

eugeneiatus, Callichrous Vaillant [L. L.] 1893:61 [Bulletin de la Société Zoologique de France v. 18; ref. 4485] Knapei River and Sebroeang, near Smitow, Borneo, Indonesia. Syntypes: MNHN 1891-0459 (1), 1891-0460 (1). Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1950:22-23 [ref. 19575], Ferraris 2007:369 [ref. 29155]. See also Rainboth 1996:149 [ref. 22772]. •Valid as Kryptopterus eugeneiatus (Vaillant 1893) -- (Ferraris 2007:369 [ref. 29155]). •Valid as Ompok eugeneiatus (Vaillant 1893) -- (Roberts 1989:150 [ref. 6439], Burgess 1989:86 [ref. 12860], Kottelat et al. 1993:70 [ref. 23448], Tan & Ng 1999:285 [ref. 24254], Ng 2002:29 [ref. 26062], Ng 2003:47 [ref. 26795], Ng & Tan 2004:9 [ref. 27846], Kottelat & Widjanarti 2005:161 [ref. 28284], Kottelat 2013:235 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Ompok eugeneiatus (Vaillant 1893). Siluridae. Distribution: Kapuas River basin, Borneo, Indonesia. Habitat: freshwater.

fumidus, Ompok Tan [T. H. T.] & Ng [P. K. L.] 1996:537, Figs. 3, 4C [Raffles Bulletin of Zoology v. 44 (no. 2); ref. 22755] North Selengor peat swamp forest, 43 kilometers on road from Tanjung Malim to Sungai Besar, Selangor, Malaysia. Holotype: ZRC 15049. Paratypes: ZRC 15050-52 (3). Plus additional material. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:372 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Ompok fumidus Tan & Ng 1996 -- (Tan & Ng 1999:285 [ref. 24254], Ng & Tan 2004:9 [ref. 27846], Ferraris 2007:372 [ref. 29155], Ng 2008:60 [ref. 29884], Ng 2013:164 [ref. 32814], Kottelat 2013:235 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Ompok fumidus Tan & Ng 1996. Siluridae. Distribution: Thailand and Peninsular Malaysia. Habitat: freshwater.

furnessi, Apodoglanis Fowler [H. W.] 1905:463, Fig. 2 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 57; ref. 1370] Baram River, Sarawak state, Borneo, eastern Malaysia. Holotype (unique): ANSP 114894 [ex WIAP 2485]. Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:157 [ref. 13621], Ferraris 2007:376 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Silurus furnessi (Fowler 1905) -- (Burgess 1989:86 [ref. 12860]). •Valid as Pterocryptis furnessi (Fowler 1905) -- (Bornbusch 1991:1070 [ref. 16547], Kottelat et al. 1993:70 [ref. 23448], Kottelat & Lim 1995:241 [ref. 23210], Burgess & Finley 1996:164 [ref. 22901], Ng & Kottelat 1998:396 [ref. 23627], Ng 1999:373 [ref. 24236], Ng & Chan 2005:54 [ref. 28371], Ferraris 2007:376 [ref. 29155], Kottelat 2013:237 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Pterocryptis furnessi (Fowler 1905). Siluridae. Distribution: Niah and Baram river basins, Sarawak, Borneo. eastern Malaysia. Habitat: freshwater.

gangelica, Pterocryptis Peters [W. (C. H.)] 1861:712 [Monatsberichte der Königlichen Preussischen Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Berlin 1861; ref. 3451] Ganges River, India. Holotype: ZMB 4796. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:376 [ref. 29155]. Misspelled gangetica by earlier authors, assuming that the original spelling was in error. •Doubtfully valid -- (Burgess 1989:86 [ref. 12860]). •Valid as Silurus gangeticus (Peters 1961) -- (Arunkumar & Tombi Singh 1997:72 [ref. 24944], Menon 1999:220 [ref. 24904], Ng & Chan 2005:54 [ref. 28371], Jayaram 2006:100 [ref. 28762]). •Valid as Pterocryptis gangelica Peters 1861 -- (Bornbusch 1991:1076 [ref. 16547] as gangetica, Burgess & Finley 1996:164 [ref. 22901] as gangetica, Ng & Kottelat 1998:396 [ref. 23627], Ng 1999:373 [ref. 24236], Ferraris 2007:376 [ref. 29155]). Current status: Valid as Pterocryptis gangelica Peters 1861. Siluridae. Distribution: India and Bangladesh. Habitat: freshwater.

geminus, Kryptopterus Ng [H. H.] 2003:2, Figs. 1, 2a [Zootaxa No. 305; ref. 27142] Stung Treng, Mekong River 2 kilometers downstream from mouth of Tonle San on sandbars, Mekong River drainage, Cambodia, 13°31'N, 105°56'E. Holotype: UMMZ 234664. Paratypes: Numerous. CAS 61912 (11), 94290 (8), 93915 (1), 94760 (1), 96689 (1), 96690 (1), 96745 (1), 97094 (18), 128829 (1); UMMZ 181135 (3), 181258 (1), 186694 (1), 186767 (1), 186777 (2), 186826 (1), 186838 (5), 186843 (1), 214560 (6), 217165 (5), 217169 (1), 217171 (2), 217354 (2), 217365 (1), 224384 (?), 227492 (2), 232390 (2), 232678 (3), 232734 (3), 232754 (6), 235385 (3), 241113 (5); ZRC 40768 (5). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:369 [ref. 29155], Ng & Kim 2008:45 [ref. 29920]. Used as a noun. •Valid as Kryptopterus geminus Ng 2003 -- (Ferraris 2007:369 [ref. 29155], Kottelat 2013:233 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Kryptopterus geminus Ng 2003. Siluridae. Distribution: Mainland southeastern Asia: Cambodia, Laos, Thailand, and Vietnam. Habitat: freshwater.

gibbiceps, Silurichthys Ng [H. H.] & Ng [P. K. L.] 1998:301, Figs. 1B, 1J, 2B, 3B, 6 [Journal of Fish Biology v. 52 (no. 2); ref. 23750] Sungai Paku-merah, 0°35.171'S, 115°11.398'E, Sungai Barito basin, Kalimantan Tengah, Borneo, Indonesia. Holotype: MZB 6101. Paratypes: BMNH 1996.6.12.1-18 (18), ZRC 40328 (5). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:377 [ref. 29155], Ng & Kim 2008:54 [ref. 29920]. •Valid as Silurichthys gibbiceps Ng & Ng 1998 -- (Ferraris 2007:377 [ref. 29155], Ng & Tan 2011:56 [ref. 31216], Kottelat 2013:238 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Silurichthys gibbiceps Ng & Ng 1998. Siluridae. Distribution: Barito River basin, southern Borneo. Habitat: freshwater.

gilberti, Silurus Hora [S. L.] 1938:243 [Records of the Indian Museum (Calcutta) v. 40 (pt 3); ref. 17148] Lunchow, China. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:376 [ref. 29155]. Replacement name for Silurus sinensis Hora 1936, preoccupied by Silurus sinensis Lacepède 1803 and McClelland 1844. See Das 2003:381 [ref. 27706]. •Referred to genus Pterocryptis -- (Bornbusch 1991:1076 [ref. 16547], Burgess & Finley 1996:164 [ref. 22901]). •Synonym of Silurus cochinchinensis Valenciennes 1840 -- (Ni & Wu in Kuang et al. 1986:162 [ref. 26639]). •Valid as Silurus gilberti Hora 1938 -- (Burgess 1989:86 [ref. 12860], Zheng et al. 1989:271 [ref. 21202], Zhu 1995:142 [ref. 25213], Dai in Chu et al. 1999:79 [ref. 24534], Kottelat 2001:53 [ref. 25482], Hu et al. 2004:588 [ref. 27904]). •Valid as Pterocryptis gilberti (Hora 1938) -- (Ng & Kottelat 1998:393 [ref. 23627], Ng 1999:373 [ref. 24236], Zhang et al. 2016:180 [ref. 34477]). •Synonym of Pterocryptis anomala (Herre 1933) -- (Ng & Chan 2005:52 [ref. 28371], Ferraris 2007:376 [ref. 29155], Kottelat 2013:237 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Pterocryptis anomala (Herre 1933). Siluridae. Distribution: Southeastern China (If valid), Habitat: freshwater.

glanis, Silurus Linnaeus [C.] 1758:304 [Systema Naturae, Ed. X v. 1; ref. 2787] Orient, less frequently in European lakes. Syntypes: BMNH 1853.11.12.168 [Gronovius coll.] (1, skin), NRM 59 (1). Type catalog: Wheeler 1958:214 [ref. 13434], Ferraris 2007:379 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Silurus glanis Linnaeus 1758 -- (Berg 1949:904 [ref. 20661], Coad 1981:16 [ref. 22348], Lelek 1987:259 [ref. 22962], Kobayakawa 1989:164 [ref. 13476], Burgess 1989:86 [ref. 12860], Coad 1991:19 [ref. 15702], Coad 1995:24 [ref. 23608], Mrakovcic et al. 1995:184 [ref. 23079], Coad 1996:71 [ref. 25297], Coad 1996:85 [ref. 25304], Kottelat 1997:95 [ref. 22952], Reshetnikov et al. 1997:745 [ref. 24702], Naseka 1998:104 [ref. 23590], Coad 1998:103 [ref. 23869], Coad & Holcík 2000:139 [ref. 25292], Coad & Abdoli 2000:56 [ref. 25296], Gabrielyan 2001:28 [ref. 25867], Bogutskaya et al. 2001:45 [ref. 26178], Bianco & Ketmaier 2001:201 [ref. 26728], Hanel 2003:56 [ref. 27894], Bogutskaya & Naseka 2004:121 [ref. 28183], Vassilev & Pehlivanov 2005:173 [ref. 28369], Hanel & Lusk 2005:295 [ref. 28804], Fricke et al. 2007:54 [ref. 29533], Ferraris 2007:379 [ref. 29155], Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:340 [ref. 29996], Ninua & Japoshvili 2008:168 [ref. 31251], Esmaeili et al. 2010:373 [ref. 33391], Ünlü et al. 2012:119 [ref. 31827], Parin et al. 2014:105 [ref. 33547], Jouladeh-Roudbar et al. 2015:889 [ref. 34062], Barbieri et al. 2015:78 [ref. 35029], Çiçek et al. 2015:149 [ref. 35151], Esmaeili et al. 2017:74 [ref. 35254]). Current status: Valid as Silurus glanis Linnaeus 1758. Siluridae. Distribution: Eastern Europe to central Asia; widely introduced. Habitat: freshwater.

goae, Silurus Haig [J.] 1952:77, Fig. on p. 78 [Records of the Indian Museum (Calcutta) v. 48 (pts 3-4); ref. 12607] Goa, India. Holotype: CAS-SU 41889. Paratypes: ZSI [ex CAS-SU 41888] (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:42 [ref. 12291], Ferraris 2007:374 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Ompok goae (Haig 1952) -- (Kobayakawa 1989:176 [ref. 13476]). •Valid as Silurus goae Haig 1952 -- (Burgess 1989:86 [ref. 12860], Yadav 2000:41 [ref. 25661], Yadav 2003:20 [ref. 27711]). •Synonym of Ompok malabaricus (Valenciennes 1840) -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:583 [ref. 20764], Menon 1999:217 [ref. 24904], Jayaram 2006:107 [ref. 28762], Sudasinghe & Meegaskumbura 2016:269 [ref. 34695]). •Species inquirenda in Ompok -- (Ferraris 2007:374 [ref. 29155]). Current status: Synonym of Ompok malabaricus (Valenciennes 1840). Siluridae. Habitat: freshwater.

grahami, Silurus Regan [C. T.] 1907:64 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 7) v. 19 (no. 109) (art. 5); ref. 15173] Chien Kiung Lake [= Fuxian Lake], 30 miles southeast of Yunnan Fu, China. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1907.5.4.46. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:380 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Silurus grahami Regan 1907 -- (Kobayakawa 1989:165 [ref. 13476], Burgess 1989:86 [ref. 12860], Yang 1991:200 [ref. 13585], Yang & Chen 1995:101 [ref. 23555], Zhu 1995:143 [ref. 25213], Dai in Chu et al. 1999:85 [ref. 24534], Hu et al. 2004:588 [ref. 27904], Ferraris 2007:379-380 [ref. 29155], Nguyen et al. 2015:73 [ref. 33790], Zhang et al. 2016:180 [ref. 34477]). Current status: Valid as Silurus grahami Regan 1907. Siluridae. Distribution: Fuxian Lake, Yunnan Province, China. Habitat: freshwater.

hasseltii, Silurichthys Bleeker [P.] 1858:270 [Acta Societatis Regiae Scientiarum Indo-Neêrlandicae v. 4 (art. 2); ref. 365] Tjisekat, Java, Indonesia. Neotype: RMNH 2992. Type information: Roberts 1993:32-33 [ref. 21799]. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:378 [ref. 29155]. Illustrated as Silur. Pl. 39 (fig. 1) [cumulative Pl. 87], published in Bleeker 1863 [ref. 393]. Specimen figured is the holotype if identifiable; Ng & Ng 1998:304 designated RMNH 2992 (a neotype) as that specimen is not conclusively the figured specimen. See van Oijen et al. 2009:235 [ref. 30423]. •In Silurichthys -- (Bornbusch 1991:1077 [ref. 16547]). •Valid as Silurichthys hasseltii Bleeker 1858 [often as hasselti] -- (Roberts 1989:151 [ref. 6439], Burgess 1989:85 [ref. 12860], Lim et al. 1990:43 [ref. 16753], Kottelat et al. 1993:70 [ref. 23448], Roberts 1993:32 [ref. 21799], Kottelat & Lim 1995:241 [ref. 23210], Rainboth 1996:150 [ref. 22772], Ng & Kottelat 1997:203 [ref. 22742], Ng & Ng 1998:302 [ref. 23750], Ng & Tan 1999:357 [ref. 24159], Ferraris 2007:377 [ref. 29155], Ng & Tan 2011:56 [ref. 31216], Kottelat 2013:238 [ref. 32989], Kottelat 2013:238 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Silurichthys hasseltii Bleeker 1858. Siluridae. Distribution: Southeastern Asia. Habitat: freshwater.

hesperius, Kryptopterus Ng [H. H.] 2002:70, Fig. 3 [Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 13 (no. 1); ref. 26067] Kwae Noi River at Sai Yok, Kanchanaburi Province, Thailand. Holotype: ZMUC P28551. Paratypes: ZMUC P28639 (1). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:370 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Kryptopterus hesperius Ng 2002 -- (Ng 2003:1 [ref. 27568], Ferraris 2007:370 [ref. 29155], Kottelat 2013:233 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Kryptopterus hesperius Ng 2002. Siluridae. Distribution: Mae Khlong River basin, western Thailand. Habitat: freshwater.

heterorhynchus, Wallago Bleeker [P.] 1854:514 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 5 (no. 3); ref. 5965] Moara [Muara] Kompeh, eastern Sumatra, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): RMNH 6849. Bleeker specimens: BMNH 1863.12.4.58 (1). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:368 [ref. 29155]. Appeared as Hemisilurus heterorhynchos in Bleeker 1863:Pl. 93 (fig. 2) [ref. 393] and as Hemisilurus heterorhynchus in Bleeker 1863:94 [ref. 393]; first revisor needs research. See van Oijen et al. 2009:259 [ref. 30423]. •Valid as Hemisilurus heterorhynchus (Bleeker 1854) -- (Burgess 1989:85 [ref. 12860], Bornbusch & Lundberg 1989:434 [ref. 12543], Roberts 1989:145 [ref. 6439], Kottelat et al. 1993:68 [ref. 23448], Zhu 1995:143 [ref. 25213], Dai in Chu et al. 1999:92 [ref. 24534], Tan & Ng 1999:282 [ref. 24254] as heterorhynchos, Kottelat & Widjanarti 2005:160 [ref. 28284] as heterorhynchos, Parenti & Lim 2005:190 [ref. 28285] as heterorhynchos, Ferraris 2007:368 [ref. 29155], Kottelat 2013:233 [ref. 32989], Zhang et al. 2016:179 [ref. 34477] as heterorhynchu). Current status: Valid as Hemisilurus heterorhynchus (Bleeker 1854). Siluridae. Distribution: Southeastern Asia: Sumatra and Borneo. Habitat: freshwater.

hexanema, Silurodon Kner [R.] 1866:546 [4] [Sitzungsberichte der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften. Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe v. 53; ref. 2636] Shanghai, China [probably erroneus, Haig 1952:80]. Holotype: at NMW. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:381 [ref. 29155]. On p. 4 of separate. •Valid as Wallago hexanema (Kner 1866) -- (Burgess 1989:86 [ref. 12860]). •Species inquirenda in Wallago -- (Ferraris 2007:381 [ref. 29155]). •Synonym of Wallago attu (as Schneider 1801) -- (Kottelat 2013:239 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Uncertain as Wallago attu (Bloch & Schneider 1801). Siluridae. Distribution: China. Habitat: freshwater.

hexapterus, Silurus Bleeker [P.] 1851:203 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 2 (no. 2); ref. 329] Bandjarmasin [Banjarmasin], southern Kalimantan, Borneo, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): Whereabouts unknown. Bleeker specimens: BMNH 1863.12.4.73 (1), RMNH 6842 (3), NMV 46511 (1). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:371 [ref. 29155]. See van Oijen et al. 2009:264 [ref. 30423]. •Valid as Kryptopterus hexapterus (Bleeker 1851) -- (Burgess 1989:86 [ref. 12860], Kottelat et al. 1993:69 [ref. 23448], Rainboth 1996:147 [ref. 22772], Tan & Ng 1999:284 [ref. 24254], Ng 2002:67 [ref. 26067], Ng 2004:3 [ref. 27356], Ng et al. 2004:94 [ref. 27647], Parenti & Lim 2005:190 [ref. 28285]). •Valid as Micronema hexapterus (Bleeker 1851) -- (Ferraris 2007:371 [ref. 29155], Kottelat 2013:234 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Micronema hexapterus (Bleeker 1851). Siluridae. Distribution: Southeastern Asia: Thailand to Indonesia. Habitat: freshwater.

hypophthalmus, Silurus Bleeker [P.] 1846:20 [149] [Verhandelingen van het Bataviaasch Genootschap van Kunsten en Wetenschappen. v. 21 (art. 5); ref. 313] Jakarta, Java, Indonesia. Bleeker specimens: NMV A929 (2). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:372 [ref. 29155]. Appeared later in Bleeker 1846:149 [ref. 5872]. •Valid as Ompok hypophthalmus (Bleeker 1846) -- (Roberts 1989:150 [ref. 6439], Burgess 1989:86 [ref. 12860], Roberts 1993:32 [ref. 21799], Kottelat et al. 1993:70 [ref. 23448], Rainboth 1996:149 [ref. 22772], Tan & Ng 1999:285 [ref. 24254], Kottelat 2001:128 [ref. 25780], Ng 2002:29 [ref. 26062], Ng 2003:47 [ref. 26795], Ng 2003:1297 [ref. 27472], Ng & Tan 2004:10 [ref. 27846], Ferraris 2007:372 [ref. 29155], Kottelat 2013:235 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Ompok hypophthalmus (Bleeker 1846). Siluridae. Distribution: Java and Borneo. Habitat: freshwater.

immaculatus, Silurus (Callichrus) Swainson [W.] 1839:306 [The natural history and classification v. 2; ref. 4303] Bengal. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:374 [ref. 29155]. Correct spelling of genus is Callichrous. Based on Ham. 151 (canio) -- which is Hamilton 1822:151 [ref. 2031]. Unneeded new name for Silurus canio Hamilton 1822. •Genus Ompok -- (see Kottelat & Lim 1995:240 [ref. 23210]). •Species inquirenda in Ompok -- (Ferraris 2007:374 [ref. 29155]). •Synonym of Ompok bimaculatus (Bloch 1794) -- (Menon 1999:216 [ref. 24904], Kottelat 2013:235 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Ompok bimaculatus (Bloch 1794). Siluridae. Habitat: freshwater.

indicus, Kryptopterus Datta [A. K.], Barman [R. P.] & Jayaram [K. C.] 1987:29, Fig. 1 [Bulletin of the Zoological Survey of India v. 8 (nos 1-3); ref. 17655] Hornbill Point, Namdapha River, Namdapha Wildlife Sanctuary, Arunachal Pradesh, India. Holotype (unique): ZSI FF1699. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:367 [ref. 29155]. See Das 2003:381 [ref. 27706]. •Valid as Kryptopterus indicus Datta, Barman & Jayaram 1987 -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:580 [ref. 20764], Burgess & Finley 1996:164 [ref. 22901], Karmakar 2000:32 [ref. 25662]). •Valid as Silurus indicus (Datta, Barman & Jayaram 1987) -- (Menon 1999:220 [ref. 24904]). •Valid as Pterocryptis indicus (Datta, Barman & Jayaram 1987) -- (Ng & Kottelat 1998:393 [ref. 23627], Ng 1999:373 [ref. 24236], Ng & Chan 2005:54 [ref. 28371], Jayaram 2006:102 [ref. 28762]). •Incertae sedis in Siluridae -- (Ferraris 2007:367 [ref. 29155]). Current status: Valid as Pterocryptis indicus (Datta, Barman & Jayaram 1987). Siluridae. Distribution: India. Habitat: freshwater.

indicus, Silurus McClelland [J.] 1842:583 [Calcutta Journal of Natural History v. 2 (no. 8); ref. 2926] Loodianah, the Punjab, India, and Kabul River at Jullalabad [Jalalabad], Afghanistan. Syntypes: ? at BMNH. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:374 [ref. 29155]. •Synonym of Ompok canio (Hamilton 1822) -- (Coad 1981:16 [ref. 22348]). •See Kottelat & Lim 1995:240 [ref. 23210]. •Species inquirenda in Ompok -- (Ferraris 2007:374 [ref. 29155]). •Synonym of Ompok bimaculatus (Bloch 1794) -- (Menon 1999:216 [ref. 24904], Kottelat 2013:235 [ref. 32989] with authorship as M'Clelland & Griffith). Current status: Synonym of Ompok bimaculatus (Bloch 1794). Siluridae. Habitat: freshwater.

indragiriensis, Silurichthys Volz [W.] 1904:464 [Revue Suisse de Zoologie v. 12 (no. 2); ref. 15218] Kwantang River, near Djapura (Indragari), Sumatra, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): NMW 44622. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:378 [ref. 29155]. •In Silurichthys -- (Bornbusch 1991:1077 [ref. 16547]). •Valid as Silurichthys indragiriensis Volz 1904 -- (Ng & Kottelat 1997:203 [ref. 22742], Ng & Ng 1998:306 [ref. 23750], Ferraris 2007:378 [ref. 29155], Ng & Tan 2011:56 [ref. 31216], Kottelat 2013:238 [ref. 32989], Kottelat 2013:238 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Silurichthys indragiriensis Volz 1904. Siluridae. Distribution: Indonesia and Malaysia. Habitat: freshwater.

inusitata, Pterocryptis Ng [H. H.] 1999:372, Figs. 1-2 [Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 10 (no. 4); ref. 24236] Nam Theun watershed, Nam Ong at Ban Don, Mekong River basin, Laos. Holotype: ZRC 41455. Paratypes: CMK 12534 (3), 12570 (2), 12656 (1); ZRC 43393 (2). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:377 [ref. 29155].Ng & Kim 2008:53 [ref. 29920]. •Valid as Pterocryptis inusitata Ng 1999 -- (Kottelat 2001:128 [ref. 25780], Ng & Chan 2005:54 [ref. 28371], Ferraris 2007:377 [ref. 29155], Kottelat 2013:238 [ref. 32989], Kottelat 2015:46 [ref. 33971]). Current status: Valid as Pterocryptis inusitata Ng 1999. Siluridae. Distribution: Nam Theun, Laos. Habitat: freshwater.

japonicus, Centranodon Lacepède [B. G. E.] 1803:138, 139 [Histoire naturelle des poissons (Lacepéde) v. 5; ref. 4930] Japan. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:379 [ref. 29155]. Based on Silurus imberbis Houttuyn 1782 and Silurus inermis Linnaeus 1766. •Synonym of Silurus asotus Linnaeus 1758 -- (Ferraris 2007:379 [ref. 29155]). •A nomen oblitum and synonym of Platycephalus japonicus Cuvier 1829 -- (Kottelat 2013:317 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Platycephalus japonicus Cuvier 1829. Siluridae. Habitat: freshwater.

japonicus, Silurus Temminck [C. J.] & Schlegel [H.] 1846:226, Pl. 104 (fig. 1) [Fauna Japonica Parts 10-14; ref. 4374] Nagasaki, Japan. Lectotype: RMNH D675 (stuffed). Paralectotypes: RMNH D1817-1819 (3, stuffed), D2260 (1, stuffed), 2924 (7); ZMB 2919 (1). Type catalog: Paepke 2001:331 [ref. 25566], Ferraris 2007:379 [ref. 29155]. Lectotype selected by Boeseman 1947:169 [ref. 12876]. •Synonym of Silurus asotus Linnaeus 1758 -- (Okada 1961:569 [ref. 6363], Kobayakawa 1989:160 [ref. 13476], Kottelat 2006:58 [ref. 28831], Ferraris 2007:379 [ref. 29155], Kottelat 2013:239 [ref. 32989], Dyldin & Orlov 2016:672 [ref. 34853]). Current status: Synonym of Silurus asotus Linnaeus 1758. Siluridae. Habitat: freshwater.

javanensis, Belodontichthys Hardenberg [J. D. F.] 1938:311 [Treubia, Buitenzorg v. 16 (pt 3); ref. 17147] Fish market, Jakarta, Java, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:381 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Ompok javanensis (Hardenberg 1938) -- (Burgess 1989:86 [ref. 12860]). •Identity doubtful, might be a Wallago or an Ompok -- (Kottelat et al. 1993:68 [ref. 23448]). •Species inquirenda in Siluridae -- (Ferraris 2007:381 [ref. 29155]). •Species inquirenda as Ompox javanensis Hardenberg 1938 -- (Kottelat 2013:235 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Uncertain as Ompok javanensis Hardenberg 1938. Siluridae. Distribution: Java, Indonesia. Habitat: freshwater.

jaynei, Ompok Fowler [H. W.] 1905:466, Fig. 3 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 57; ref. 1370] Baram River, Sarawak state, Borneo, eastern Malaysia. Holotype (unique): ANSP 114890 [ex WIAP 13929]. Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:157 [ref. 13621], Ferraris 2007:372 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Ompok jaynei Fowler 1905 -- (Kottelat & Lim 1995:241 [ref. 23210], Tan & Ng 1996:535 [ref. 22755], Parenti & Lim 2005:191 [ref. 28285], Ferraris 2007:372 [ref. 29155]). •Synonym of Ompok borneensis (Steindachner 1901) -- (Ng & Tan 2004:9 [ref. 27846], Kottelat 2013:235 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Ompok borneensis (Steindachner 1901). Siluridae. Distribution: Baram River basin, northern Borneo (if valid). Habitat: freshwater.

kanpurensis, Pinniwallago Gupta [S. K.], Jayaram [K. C.] & Hajela [K. P.] 1981:290, Fig. 1 [Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society v. 77 (pt 2); ref. 1959] 'Bara Tal' near village of Bhitargaon, Tehsil, Ghatampur, Kanpur, Uttar Pradesh, India. Holotype: ZSI FF1443. Paratypes: ZSI FF1444 (1), Mus. Zool. Dept. D.A.V. Coll., Kanpur (1). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:375 [ref. 29155]. See Das 2003:381 [ref. 27706]. •Synonym of Wallago attu (Bloch & Schneider 1801) -- (Menon 1999:215 [ref. 24904]). •Valid as Pinniwallago kanpurensis Gupta, Jayaram & Hajela 1981 -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:586 [ref. 20764], Jayaram 2006:114 [ref. 28762], Ferraris 2007:375 [ref. 29155]). Current status: Valid as Pinniwallago kanpurensis Gupta, Jayaram & Hajela 1981. Siluridae. Distribution: Uttar Pradesh, India. Habitat: freshwater.

karmouth, Silurus Siniu 1799:251, Pl. 22 (fig. 2) Nile River, Egypt. No types known. Still researching. Siluridae. Habitat: freshwater.

karunkodu, Ompok Ng [M. M.] 2013:162, Fig. 1 [Zootaxa 3694 (no. 2); ref. 32814] Tamil Nadu, Amaravathi River in the vicinity of Amaravathi Dam, 10°24'N, 77°16'E, India. Holotype (unique): UMMZ 249905. •Valid as Ompok karunkodu Ng 2013 -- (Sudasinghe & Meegaskumbura 2016:270 [ref. 34695]). Current status: Valid as Ompok karunkodu Ng 2013. Siluridae. Distribution: Tami Nadu, India. Habitat: marine.

krattensis, Wallago Fowler [H. W.] 1934:335, Fig. 1 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 86; ref. 1418] Kratt [Trat], southeastern Thailand. Holotype (unique): ANSP 60177. Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:157 [ref. 13621], Ferraris 2007:374 [ref. 29155]. •Synonym of Ompok bimaculatus (Bloch 1794) -- (Kottelat 2001:128 [ref. 25780]). •See Kottelat & Lim 1995:240 [ref. 23210]. •Species inquirenda in Ompok -- (Ferraris 2007:374 [ref. 29155]). •Synonym of Ompok siluroides Lacepède 1803 -- (Ng & Hadiaty 2009:56 [ref. 30458], Kottelat 2013:236 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Ompok siluroides Lacepède 1803. Siluridae. Habitat: freshwater.

lais, Silurus Bleeker [P.] 1851:428 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 2 (no. 3); ref. 16897] Sambas, western Borneo, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): RMNH 6839 (largest of 2). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:370 [ref. 29155]. Species originally as laïs. See van Oijen et al. 2009:254 [ref. 30423]. •Valid as Kryptopterus lais (Bleeker 1851) -- (Roberts 1989:147 [ref. 6439], Burgess 1989:86 [ref. 12860], Kottelat et al. 1993:69 [ref. 23448], Ng & Rachmatika 1999:180 [ref. 23964], Ng et al. 2004:94 [ref. 27647], Kottelat & Widjanarti 2005:160 [ref. 28284], Ferraris 2007:370 [ref. 29155], Ng & Kottelat 2013:315 [ref. 32548], Kottelat 2013:233 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Kryptopterus lais (Bleeker 1851). Siluridae. Distribution: Borneo, Indonesia. Habitat: freshwater.

lamghur, Silurus Heckel [J. J.] 1838:82, Pl. 12 (figs. 5-6) [Fische aus Caschmir; ref. 2063] Kashmir. Holotype (unique): NMW 44689. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:373 [ref. 29155]. •Genus Ompok -- (see Kottelat & Lim 1995:240 [ref. 23210]). •Species inquirenda in Ompok -- (Ferraris 2007:373 [ref. 29155]). •Synonym of Ompok pabda (Hamilton 1822) -- (Menon 1999:218 [ref. 24904], Ng & Hadiaty 2009:56 [ref. 30458]). Current status: Synonym of Ompok pabda (Hamilton 1822). Siluridae. Habitat: freshwater.

langsonensis, Silurus Nguyen [V. H.], Vu [T. H. N.] & Nguyen [T. D. P.] 2015:68, Fig. 2 [Journal of Science and Development v. 13 (no. 1); ref. 33790] Ky Cung River, Lang Son Provice, Vietnam. Holotype: L.S.09.04.001. Paratypes: L.S. •Valid as Silurus langsonensis Nguyen, Vu & Nguyen 2015. Current status: Valid as Silurus langsonensis Nguyen, Vu & Nguyen 2015. Siluridae. Distribution: Northern Vietnam. Habitat: freshwater.

lanzhouensis, Silurus Chen [H.-L.] 1977:210, Pl. 2 (fig. 8) [Acta Hydrobiologica Sinica v. 6 (no. 2); ref. 7239] Yellow River system, Lanchow and Inner Mongolia, China. Syntypes: Mus. Inst. Hydrobiol. Acad. Sinica, Hupei LAN (Chinese character) 001-003 (3), NEI (Chinese character) 004-005 (2), NEI 769739-42 (4). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:380 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Silurus lanzhouensis Chen 1977 -- (Kobayakawa 1989:166 [ref. 13476], Wu & Wu 1992:523 [ref. 21205], Dai in Chu et al. 1999:87 [ref. 24534], Hu et al. 2004:588 [ref. 27904], Ferraris 2007:380 [ref. 29155], Nguyen et al. 2015:74 [ref. 33790] as lanzowensis, Zhang et al. 2016:180 [ref. 34477]). Current status: Valid as Silurus lanzhouensis Chen 1977. Siluridae. Distribution: Changjiang [Yangtze] River, Zhujian [Pearl] River, Minjian, China. Habitat: freshwater.

latovittatus, Cryptopterus Playfair [R. L.] 1867:16 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1867 (pt 1) (art. 3) (for 10 Jan. 1867); ref. 14048] Cachar, eastern India. Syntypes: BMNH 1867.2.14.72-73 (2). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:374 [ref. 29155]. •Genus Ompok -- (see Kottelat & Lim 1995:240 [ref. 23210]). •Synonym of Ompok pabda (Hamilton 1822) -- (Menon 1999:218 [ref. 24904], Ng & Hadiaty 2009:56 [ref. 30458]). •Species inquirenda in Ompok -- (Ferraris 2007:374 [ref. 29155]). Current status: Synonym of Ompok pabda (Hamilton 1822). Siluridae. Habitat: freshwater.

leerii, Wallago Bleeker [P.] 1851:427 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 2 (no. 3); ref. 16897] Sambas, western Borneo; Palembang, southern Sumatra, Indonesia. Syntypes: RMNH 6833 (2 of 4). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:381 [ref. 29155]. See van Oijen et al. 2009:229 [ref. 30423]. •Valid as Wallago leerii Bleeker 1851 -- (Roberts 1989:152 [ref. 6439], Burgess 1989:86 [ref. 12860], Lim et al. 1990:44 [ref. 16753], Kottelat et al. 1993:71 [ref. 23448], Kottelat & Lim 1995:241 [ref. 23210], Rainboth 1996:151 [ref. 22772], Ng & Tan 1999:357 [ref. 24159], Tan & Ng 1999:286 [ref. 24254], Kottelat 2001:128 [ref. 25780], Ng 2004:92 [ref. 27505], Kottelat & Widjanarti 2005:161 [ref. 28284] as leeri, Parenti & Lim 2005:191 [ref. 28285], Ferraris 2007:381 [ref. 29155], Kottelat 2013:239 [ref. 32989]). •Possibly a synonym of Wallagonia leerii (Bleeker 1851) -- (Roberts 2014:36 [ref. 33394]). Current status: Valid as Wallagonia leerii (Bleeker 1851). Siluridae. Distribution: Southeastern Asia: Malaya Peninsula, Sumatra and Borneo. Habitat: freshwater.

leiacanthus, Wallago Bleeker [P.] 1853:189 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 5 (no. 1); ref. 16902] Eastern end of Danau Arang Arang, Jambi Province, Sumatra, Indonesia. Neotype: ZRC 38538. Bleeker specimens: BMNH 1863.12.4.85 (1). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:372 [ref. 29155], Ng & Kim 2008:56 [ref. 29920]. Neotype designated by Tan & Ng 1996:532 [ref. 22755]; original locality Marawang, Banka, Indonesia. See van Oijen et al. 2009:244 [ref. 30423]. •Valid as Ompok leiacanthus (Bleeker 1853) -- (Burgess 1989:86 [ref. 12860], Kottelat et al. 1993:70 [ref. 23448], Tan & Ng 1996:532 [ref. 22755], Tan & Ng 1999:286 [ref. 24254], Ng 2002:29 [ref. 26062], Ng & Siebert 2002:171 [ref. 26402], Ng 2003:47 [ref. 26795], Ng & Tan 2004:10 [ref. 27846], Ferraris 2007:372 [ref. 29155], Ng 2008:60 [ref. 29884]. Ng 2013:164 [ref. 32814], Kottelat 2013:235 [ref. 32989], Sudasinghe & Meegaskumbura 2016:270 [ref. 34695]). Current status: Valid as Ompok leiacanthus (Bleeker 1853). Siluridae. Distribution: Indonesia and Malaysia. Habitat: freshwater.

leptonema, Silurus Bleeker [P.] 1852:584 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 3 (no. 4); ref. 334] Palembang, Sumatra, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): ? RMNH. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:374 [ref. 29155]. See van Oijen et al. 2009:267 [ref. 30423]. •Synonym of Kryptopterus apogon (Bleeker 1851) -- (Roberts 1989:145 [ref. 6439]). •Synonym of Phalacronotus apogon (Bleeker 1851) -- (Ferraris 2007:374 [ref. 29155], Kottelat 2013:236 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Phalacronotus apogon (Bleeker 1851). Siluridae. Habitat: freshwater.

leucopodus, Silurichthys Fowler [H. W.] 1939:56, Figs. 4-6 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 91; ref. 17188] Waterfall at Trang, southern Thailand. Holotype (unique): ANSP 68463. Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:157 [ref. 13621], Ferraris 2007:378 [ref. 29155]. •In genus Silurichthys -- (Bornbusch 1991:1077 [ref. 16547]). •Valid as Silurichthys leucopodus Fowler 1939 -- (Burgess 1989:85 [ref. 12860], Ng & Kottelat 1997:203 [ref. 22742]). •Synonym of Silurichthys schneideri Volz 1904 -- (Ng & Ng 1998:319 [ref. 23750], Ferraris 2007:378 [ref. 29155], Kottelat 2013:238 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Silurichthys schneideri Volz 1904. Siluridae. Habitat: freshwater.

ligneolus, Silurichthys Ng [H. H.] & Tan [H. H.] 2011:57, Figs. 1, 3a [Zootaxa No. 2793; ref. 31216] Kahayan River drainage, Rungan River sub-drainage, Sungai Panta, backwater river draining into Rungan River and its confluence, connected to Nyaru Menteng, 2°02'01.0"S, 113°47.5'05.5"E, Kalimantan Tengah, Borneo, Indonesia. Holotype: MZB 17184. Paratypes: CMK 21943 (1), ZRC 52048 (2). •Valid as Silurichthys ligneolus Ng & Tan 2011 -- (Kottelat 2013:238 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Silurichthys ligneolus Ng & Tan 2011. Siluridae. Distribution: Kalimantan Tengah, Borneo, Indonesia. Habitat: freshwater.

limpok, Silurus Bleeker [P.] 1852:583 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 3 (no. 4); ref. 334] Palembang, Sumatra, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1863.12.4.100 (if about 175 mm TL). Bleeker specimens (possible holotype): NMV 46071 (1), RMNH 6836 (1 of 4). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:370 [ref. 29155]. See van Oijen et al. 2009:249 [ref. 30423]. •Valid as Kryptopterus limpok (Bleeker 1852) -- (Roberts 1989:147 [ref. 6439], Burgess 1989:86 [ref. 12860], Kottelat et al. 1993:69 [ref. 23448], Kottelat & Lim 1995:240 [ref. 23210], Rainboth 1996:147 [ref. 22772], Tan & Ng 1999:284 [ref. 24254], Ng 2001:199 [ref. 25702], Kottelat 2001:127 [ref. 25780], Ng 2002:71 [ref. 26067], Ng et al. 2004:94 [ref. 27647], Kottelat & Widjanarti 2005:161 [ref. 28284], Parenti & Lim 2005:190 [ref. 28285], Ferraris 2007:370 [ref. 29155], Kottelat 2013:233 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Kryptopterus limpok (Bleeker 1852). Siluridae. Distribution: Southeastern Asia. Habitat: freshwater.

lithophilus, Parasilurus Tomoda [Y.] 1961:350, Fig. 2 [Memoirs of the College of Science, Kyoto University (Ser. B, Biology) v. 28 (no. 3, art. 5); ref. 9383] Near Onoé, Lake Biwa-ko, Japan. Holotype: MIKU 34411 [now at FAKU]. Paratypes: MIKU 34412-14 (1, 1, 1) [now at Faku]. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:380 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Silurus lithophilus (Tomoda 1961) -- (Sawada in Masuda et al. 1984:59 [ref. 6441], Kobayakawa 1989:166 [ref. 13476], Burgess 1989:86 [ref. 12860], Kawanabe & Mizuno 1989:420 [ref. 25598], Kobayakawa 1992:25 [ref. 20430], Watanabe 1998:264 [ref. 23491], Nakabo 2000:279 [ref. 25086], Nakabo 2002:279 [ref. 26001], Ferraris 2007:380 [ref. 29155]). Current status: Valid as Silurus lithophilus (Tomoda 1961). Siluridae. Distribution: Lake Biwa and Lake Yogo, Japan. Habitat: freshwater.

longus, Parasilurus asotus var. Wu [H.-W.] 1930:255, Fig. 1 [Bulletin du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle (Série 2) v. 2 (no. 3); ref. 16239] Creek at Tian-Tai Mountain, Chekiang [Tchekiang, Zhejiang], China. Syntypes: (2) possibly at MNHN. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:379 [ref. 29155]. •Synonym of Silurus asotus Linnaeus 1758 -- (Kottelat 2006:58 [ref. 28831], Ferraris 2007:379 [ref. 29155] with question, Dyldin & Orlov 2016:672 [ref. 34853]). Current status: Synonym of Silurus asotus Linnaeus 1758. Siluridae. Habitat: freshwater.

lumholtzi, Cryptopterus Rendahl [H.] 1922:200 [Nytt magazin for naturvideenskapen = Meddeleser fra det Zoologiske museum No. 5 v. 60; ref. 26692] Bulungan, northeastern Borneo, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): ZMUO J5310. Type catalog: Pethon 1969:4 [ref. 19268], Ferraris 2007:370 [ref. 29155]. Original genus should have been Kryptopterus. •Valid as Kryptopterus lumholtzi Rendahl 1922 -- (Burgess 1989:86 [ref. 12860], Kottelat et al. 1993:69 [ref. 23448], Ng 2002:71 [ref. 26067], Ferraris 2007:370 [ref. 29155], Kottelat 2013:234 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Kryptopterus lumholtzi Rendahl 1922. Siluridae. Distribution: Northeastern Borneo, Indonesia. Habitat: freshwater.

macrocephalus, Kryptopterichthys Bleeker [P.] 1858:293 [Acta Societatis Regiae Scientiarum Indo-Neêrlandicae v. 4 (art. 2); ref. 365] Padang, Sumatra (?). Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. Bleeker specimens or possible holotype: BMNH 1863.12.4.99 (1) or 1863.12.4.101 (1). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:370 [ref. 29155]. Illustrated as Silur. Pl. 41 (fig. 1 not 2) [cumulative Pl. 89], published in Bleeker 1863 [ref. 393]. See van Oijen et al. 2009:257 [ref. 30423]. •Valid as Kryptopterus macrocephalus (Bleeker 1858) -- (Roberts 1989:147 [ref. 6439], Burgess 1989:86 [ref. 12860], Kottelat et al. 1993:69 [ref. 23448], Kottelat & Lim 1995:240 [ref. 23210], Tan & Ng 1999:284 [ref. 24254], Ng et al. 2004:94 [ref. 27647], Parenti & Lim 2005:191 [ref. 28285], Ferraris 2007:370 [ref. 29155], Ng & Kottelat 2013:315 [ref. 32548], Kottelat 2013:234 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Kryptopterus macrocephalus (Bleeker 1858). Siluridae. Distribution: Thailand, Malay Peninsula, Sumatra and Borneo. Habitat: freshwater.

macrochir, Belodontichthys Bleeker [P.] 1858:266 [Acta Societatis Regiae Scientiarum Indo-Neêrlandicae v. 4 (art. 2); ref. 365] Syntypes: (2) RMNH 6834 (1 or more of 5). Bleeker specimens: NMV 46018 (1). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:368 [ref. 29155]. Illustrated as Silur. Pl. 38 (fig. 2) [cumulative Pl. 86], published in Bleeker 1863 [ref. 393]. Regarded as an unneeded substitute for Wallago dinema Bleeker, with same types and type locality. See van Oijen et al. 2009:23 [ref. 30423]. •Objective synonym of Belodontichthys dinema (Bleeker 1851) -- (Roberts 1989:144 [ref. 6439], Ferraris 2007:368 [ref. 29155], Kottelat 2013:232 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Belodontichthys dinema (Bleeker 1851). Siluridae. Habitat: freshwater.

macronema, Silurus Bleeker [P.] 1851:203 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 2 (no. 2); ref. 329] Bandjarmasin, southern Kalimantan, Borneo, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. Bleeker specimens or Holotype: BMNH 1863.12.11.155 (1). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:372 [ref. 29155]. See van Oijen et al. 2009:238 [ref. 30423]. •Synonym of Ompok hypophthalmus (Bleeker 1846) -- (Roberts 1989:150 [ref. 6439], Ng 2003:1297 [ref. 27472], Ferraris 2007:372 [ref. 29155], Kottelat 2013:235 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Ompok hypophthalmus (Bleeker 1846). Siluridae. Habitat: freshwater.

macropthalmos, Pseudosilurus Blyth [E.] 1860:156 [Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal v. 29 (no. 2); ref. 477] Tenasserim, Myanmar. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:374 [ref. 29155]. •Genus Ompok -- (see Kottelat & Lim 1995:240 [ref. 23210]). •Species inquirenda in Ompok -- (Ferraris 2007:374 [ref. 29155]). •Synonym of Ompok bimaculatus (Bloch 1794) -- (Menon 1999:217 [ref. 24904], Kottelat 2013:235 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Ompok bimaculatus (Bloch 1794). Siluridae. Habitat: freshwater.

macrostomus, Silurus (Callichrus) Swainson [W.] 1839:306 [The natural history and classification v. 2; ref. 4303] Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:381 [ref. 29155]. Based on Ham. 154, pl. 29. f. 49 -- which is Hamilton 1822:154, Pl. 29 (fig. 49) [ref. 2031]. Unneeded new name for Silurus boalis Hamilton 1822. •Synonym of Wallago attu (Bloch & Schneider 1801) -- (Jayaram 2006:113 [ref. 28762], Ferraris 2007:381 [ref. 29155], Kottelat 2013:239 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Wallago attu (Bloch & Schneider 1801). Siluridae. Habitat: freshwater.

maculatus, Wallago Inger [R. F.] & Chin [P. K.] 1959:279 [Fieldiana Zoology v. 39 (no. 27); ref. 11998] Kinabatangan River at Deramakot, Kinabatangan District, Borneo, Malaysia. Holotype: FMNH 68038. Paratypes: BMNH 1958.4.28.3 [ex FMNH 68033] (1); FMNH 44843 (2), 68033-37 (3, 1, 2, 2, 1, 0); Mus. N. Borneo [ex FMNH 68033] (1); RMNH 21690 [or 21600] [ex FMNH 68033] (1). Type catalog: Ibarra & Stewart 1987:85 [ref. 12367], Ferraris 2007:381 [ref. 29155]. •Possible synonym of Wallago leerii Bleeker 1851 -- (Kottelat et al. 1993:71 [ref. 23448]). •Valid as Wallago maculatus Inger & Chin 1959 -- (Burgess 1989:86 [ref. 12860], Martin-Smith & Tan 1998:590 [ref. 23647], Ng 2004:92 [ref. 27505], Ferraris 2007:381 [ref. 29155], Kottelat 2013:240 [ref. 32989]). •Possibly a synonym of Wallagonia leerii (Bleeker 1851) -- (Roberts 2014:36 [ref. 33394]). Current status: Uncertain as Wallagonia leerii (Bleeker 1851). Siluridae. Distribution: Northeastern Borneo (if valid). Habitat: freshwater.

malabaricus, Silurus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1840:353 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 14; ref. 4882] Malabar, India. Syntypes: MNHN B-0607 (2, poor condition). Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1950:21 [ref. 19575], Ferraris 2007:372 [ref. 29155]. •Doubtfully valid as Ompok malabaricus (Valenciennes 1840) -- (Burgess 1989:86 [ref. 12860]). •Valid as Ompok malabaricus (Valenciennes 1840) -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:583 [ref. 20764], Menon 1999:217 [ref. 24904], Raju Thomas et al. 2002:50 [ref. 26359], Jayaram 2006:107 [ref. 28762], Ferraris 2007:372 [ref. 29155] Ng & Hadiaty 2009:56 [ref. 30458], Ng 2013:166 [ref. 32814], Sudasinghe & Meegaskumbura 2016:270 [ref. 34695], Narasimhaiah et al. 2016:69 [ref. 34975]). Current status: Valid as Ompok malabaricus (Valenciennes 1840). Siluridae. Distribution: India. Habitat: freshwater.

marmoratus, Silurichthys Ng [H. H.] & Ng [P. K. L.] 1998:310, Figs. 1E, 1F, 2E, 3E, 11 [Journal of Fish Biology v. 52 (no. 2); ref. 23750] Sungai Sebiris, 13.8 kilometers after Kampung Puteh turnoff towards Lundu on Sematan-Lundu road, 1°41'32"N, 109°47'0.8"E, Sarawak, Malaysia, Borneo. Holotype: ZRC 40293. Paratypes: CMK 8376 (6); ZRC 25939-43 (5), 39479 (2), 39360 (1), 40294-95 (4, 2); plus non-type material. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:378 [ref. 29155], Ng & Kim 2008:55 [ref. 29920]. •Valid as Silurichthys marmoratus Ng & Ng 1998 -- (Ng & Rachmatika 1999:180 [ref. 23964], Tan & Lim 2004:109 [ref. 27716], Grinang & Lim 2004:290 [ref. 28551], Kottelat & Widjanarti 2005:161 [ref. 28284], Parenti & Lim 2005:191 [ref. 28285], Ferraris 2007:378 [ref. 29155], Ng & Tan 2011:56 [ref. 31216], Kottelat 2013:238 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Silurichthys marmoratus Ng & Ng 1998. Siluridae. Distribution: Borneo (Sarawak, Brunei and Kalimantan Barat) and Natuna Island. Habitat: freshwater.

mekongensis, Hemisilurus Bornbusch [A. H.] & Lundberg [J. G.] 1989:435, Figs. 1-4 [Copeia 1989 (no. 2); ref. 12543] Mun River at Ban Dan, Khong Chiam District, Ubon Ratchathani Province, Thailand, 15°18'N, 105°31'E, depth to 4 meters. Holotype: UMMZ 214565. Paratypes: BMNH 1988.4.11.1 (1); KIZ 735031 (1); KUMF 0805 (2); MCZ 51876 (2); RMNH 31190 (1); UMMZ 214009-10 (1, 1), 214012 (1), ?214013 (1, c&s), 214014 (1), 214020 (1), 214566 (1); USNM 293952 (1); ZMA 119961 (1). Additional material deposited at CAS, DU, KUMF, MCZ, NIFI, and UMMZ. Type catalog: Ferraris & Vari 1992:40 [ref. 19771], Ferraris 2007:368 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Hemisilurus mekongensis Bornbusch & Lundberg 1989 -- (Rainboth 1996:145 [ref. 22772], Burgess & Finley 1996:164 [ref. 22901], Kottelat 2001:127 [ref. 25780], Ferraris 2007:368 [ref. 29155], Kottelat 2013:233 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Hemisilurus mekongensis Bornbusch & Lundberg 1989. Siluridae. Distribution: Mekong River basin, southeastern Asia. Habitat: freshwater.

mento, Silurus Regan [C. T.] 1904:192 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 7) v. 13 (no. 75) (art. 20); ref. 15197] Sea of Tien [Tien Chih], Yunnan Fu, China, elevation 6000 feet. Syntypes: BMNH 1904.1.26.40-41 (2). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:380 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Silurus mento Regan 1904 -- (Kobayakawa 1989:167 [ref. 13476], Burgess 1989:86 [ref. 12860], Zhu 1995:142 [ref. 25213], Yang in Chen 1998:277 [ref. 23556], Yue & Chen 1998:212 [ref. 26415], Dai in Chu et al. 1999:84 [ref. 24534], Hu et al. 2004:588 [ref. 27904], Ferraris 2007:380 [ref. 29155], Nguyen et al. 2015:73 [ref. 33790], Zhang et al. 2016:180 [ref. 34477]). Current status: Valid as Silurus mento Regan 1904. Siluridae. Distribution: Lakes of Dianchi and Yilong, Yunnan Province, China. Habitat: freshwater.

meridionalis, Silurus soldatovi Chen [H.-L.] 1977:209, Pl. 2 (fig. 7) [Acta Hydrobiologica Sinica v. 6 (no. 2); ref. 7239] Chang Jiang [Yangtze River] system, China. Syntypes: ?Mus. Inst. Hydrobiol. Acad. Sinica, Hupei 101-102 (2), 0719 (1), 66.5.194-195 (2), 731419 (1), 731494 (1), 746003 (1), 746008-09 (2). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:380 [ref. 29155]. •Synonym of Silurus soldatovi Nikolskii & Soin 1848, but a valid subspecies as described -- (Zhu 1995:143 [ref. 25213], Yang in Chen 1998:277 [ref. 23556]). •Valid as Silurus meridionalis Chen 1977 -- (Kobayakawa 1989:168 [ref. 13476], Li in Ding 1994:446 [ref. 21531], Dai in Chu et al. 1999:86 [ref. 24534], Tang et al. 2001:14 [ref. 25373], Ferraris 2007:380 [ref. 29155], Nguyen et al. 2015:74 [ref. 33790], Zhang et al. 2016:180 [ref. 34477]). Current status: Valid as Silurus meridionalis Chen 1977. Siluridae. Distribution: Yangtze River basin, China. Habitat: freshwater.

microcephalus, Silurus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1840:365 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 14; ref. 4882] Bengal, India. Holotype (unique): MNHN. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:374 [ref. 29155]. •In genus Ompok -- (see Kottelat & Lim 1995:240 [ref. 23210]). •Species inquirenda in Ompok -- (Ferraris 2007:374 [ref. 29155]). •Synonym of Ompok bimaculatus (Bloch 1794) -- (Kottelat 2013:235 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Ompok bimaculatus (Bloch 1794). Siluridae. Habitat: freshwater.

microdorsalis, Parasilurus Mori [T.] 1936:671, Pl. 24 (fig. 1) [Dobutsugaku Zasshi = Zoological Magazine Tokyo v. 48 (nos 8-10); ref. 3044] Rakuto River at Ei-yo, southern Chosen, Korea. Holotype: Preparatory Dept. of Keijo Imp. Univ. Paratypes: (14) NRM 15559 (2). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:380 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Silurus microdorsalis (Mori 1936) -- (Kobayakawa 1989:169 [ref. 13476], Burgess 1989:86 [ref. 12860], Kim 1997:318 [ref. 24032], Zhu 1995:142 [ref. 25213], Dai in Chu et al. 1999:82 [ref. 24534], Kim & Park 2002:249 [ref. 25913], Youn 2002:186, 524 [ref. 26218], Jang et al. 2003:119 [ref. 27681], Hu et al. 2004:588 [ref. 27904], Ferraris 2007:380 [ref. 29155], Nguyen et al. 2015:73 [ref. 33790], Zhang et al. 2016:181 [ref. 34477]). Current status: Valid as Silurus microdorsalis (Mori 1936). Siluridae. Distribution: Northeastern China and Korea. Habitat: freshwater.

micronemus, Silurus Bleeker [P.] 1846:289 [Natuur-en Geneeskundig Archief voor Neȇrlandsch Indië v. 3 (2); ref. 19349] Jakarta, Java, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): RMNH 6841. Bleeker specimens: BMNH 1863.12.4.75 (1), 1863.12.4.95-96 (2). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:375 [ref. 29155]. Micronema typus Bleeker 1858 is an unneeded substitute. Derivation of name uncertain, most authors use micornema; note that Bleeker also named a species Pangasius macronema; if a noun it should remain micronemus. •Valid as Kryptopterus micronema (Bleeker 1846) -- (Roberts 1989:149 [ref. 6439], Burgess 1989:86 [ref. 12860], Kottelat et al. 1993:69 [ref. 23448], Kottelat & Lim 1995:240 [ref. 23210]). •Valid as Micronema micronema (Bleeker 1846) -- (Rainboth 1996:148 [ref. 22772], Kottelat 2001:128 [ref. 25780] as micronemus, Ng 2003:1 [ref. 27568], Kottelat & Widjanarti 2005:161 [ref. 28284]). •Valid as Phalacronotus micronemus (Bleeker 1846) -- (Ferraris 2007:375 [ref. 29155], Kottelat 2013:236 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Phalacronotus micronemus (Bleeker 1846). Siluridae. Distribution: Mekong and Chao Phraya River basins and Sundaland, southeastern Asia. Habitat: freshwater.

micropogon, Silurus Bleeker [P.] 1855:418, 419 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 9 (no. 3); ref. 16849] Bandjarmasin [Banjarmasin], southern Kalimantan, Borneo, Indonesia. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:374 [ref. 29155]. An unneeded new name for Silurus apogon Bleeker 1851, thought by Bleeker to be wrongly characterized. See van Oijen et al. 2009:269 [ref. 30423]. •Objective synonym of Kryptopterus apogon (Bleeker 1851) -- (Roberts 1989:145 [ref. 6439]). •Synonym of Phalacronotus apogon (Bleeker 1851) -- (Ferraris 2007:374 [ref. 29155], Kottelat 2013:236 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Phalacronotus apogon (Bleeker 1851). Siluridae. Habitat: freshwater.

micropogon, Wallago Ng [H. H.] 2004:93, Fig. 1 [Copeia 2004 (no. 1); ref. 27505] Stung Treng morning market, 13°30.0'N, 105°58.0'E, Cambodia. Holotype: UMMZ 232320. Paratypes: UMMZ 186807 (1); USNM 103315 (1), 227965 (5). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:381 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Wallago micropogon Ng 2004 -- (Ferraris 2007:381 [ref. 29155], Kottelat 2013:240 [ref. 32989]). •Possibly a synonym of Wallagonia leerii (Bleeker 1851) -- (Roberts 2014:36 [ref. 33394]). Current status: Uncertain as Wallagonia micropogon (Bleeker 1851). Siluridae. Distribution: Mekong River drainage of Vietnam, Cambodia and Laos; middle Chao Phraya River drainage, central Thailand (if valid). Habitat: freshwater.

micropus, Kryptopterus Bleeker [P.] 1858:284 [Acta Societatis Regiae Scientiarum Indo-Neêrlandicae v. 4 (art. 2); ref. 365] Holotype (unique): RMNH 6840 (1 of 16). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:369 [ref. 29155]. Unneeded replacement name for Silurus cryptopterus Bleeker 1851 to avoid Strickland tautonymy. See van Oijen et al. 2009:247 [ref. 30423]. •Objective synonym of Kryptopterus cryptopterus (Bleeker 1851) -- (Roberts 1989:147 [ref. 6439], Burgess 1989:86 [ref. 12860], Ferraris 2007:369 [ref. 29155] micopus dated 1857, Kottelat 2013:233 [ref. 32989] dated to 1857 and different reference). Current status: Synonym of Kryptopterus cryptopterus (Bleeker 1851). Siluridae. Habitat: freshwater.

micruropterus, Phalacronotus Bleeker [P.] 1857:473 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 14 (no. 2); ref. 6220] Holotype (unique): Whereabouts unknown. TYpe catalog: Ferraris 2007:375 [ref. 29155]. Also appeared in Bleeker 1858:307 [ref. 365]. Unneeded replacement name for Silurus phalacronotus Bleeker 1851, apparently to avoid Strickland tautonymy. See van Oijen et al. 2009:270 [ref. 30423]. •Synonym of Kryptopterus micronema (Bleeker 1846) -- (Roberts 1989:149 [ref. 6439]). •Synonym of Micronema micronema (Bleeker 1846). •Synonym of Phalacronotus micronemus (Bleeker 1846) -- (Ferraris 2007:375 [ref. 29155], Kottelat 2013:237 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Phalacronotus micronemus (Bleeker 1846). Siluridae. Habitat: freshwater.

minor, Kryptopterus Roberts [T. R.] 1989:149, Fig. 115 [Memoirs of the California Academy of Sciences No. 14; ref. 6439] Mainstream of Sungai Pinoh at Nanga Saian, 45 kilometers south of Nangapinoh, Borneo, Indonesia. Holotype: MZB 3638. Paratypes: BMNH 1982.3.29.163-167 (5); CAS 49390 (4); FMNH 94241 (4); MNHN 1982-0707 (4); MZB 3636-37 (13, 1), 3639 (1); RMNH 28892 (4); UMMZ 209865 (4); USNM 230288 (7, not 4, 1 c&s). Other material: CAS 49391 -92 (2, 7). Type catalog: Ferraris & Vari 1992:40 [ref. 19771], Ferraris 2007:370 [ref. 29155] Spelled minimus on p. 146; Ferraris 2007:370 [ref. 29155] acts as first revier selecting minor as the valid name. •Valid as Kryptopterus minor Roberts 1989 -- (Kottelat et al. 1993:69 [ref. 23448], Burgess & Finley 1996:164 [ref. 22901], Ng et al. 2004:94 [ref. 27647], Kottelat & Widjanarti 2005:161 [ref. 28284], Ferraris 2007:370 [ref. 29155], Ng & Kottelat 2013:315 [ref. 32548], Kottelat 2013:234 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Kryptopterus minor Roberts 1989. Siluridae. Distribution: Kapuas River basin, western Borneo, Indonesia. Habitat: freshwater.

miostoma, Wallago Vaillant [L. L.] 1902:44 [Notes from the Leyden Museum v. 24 (note 1); ref. 4490] Tepoe [= Lepo Tepu, 2°01'N, 114°01'E vs. Kottelat's 0°04'10'S, 115°38'40'E], Mahamam River drainage, Borneo, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): RMNH 7811 (205.4 mm SL). Non-types: RMNH 7811 (1 of 2). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:372 [ref. 29155]. The spelling microstoma may be a noun that should not be declined. •Valid as Ompok miostoma (Vaillant 1902) -- (Burgess 1989:86 [ref. 12860]). •See Kottelat & Lim 1995:240 [ref. 23210]. •Valid as Ompok miostomus (Vaillant 1902) -- (Ferraris 2007:372 [ref. 29155], Ng & Hadiaty 2009:56 [ref. 30458], Kottelat 2013:235 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Ompok miostoma (Vaillant 1902). Siluridae. Distribution: Mahamam River basin, central Borneo. Habitat: freshwater.

mononema, Silurus Bleeker [P.] 1846:8 [Verhandelingen van het Bataviaasch Genootschap van Kunsten en Wetenschappen. v. 21 (art. 7); ref. 16879] Surakarta, Solo River, Java, Indonesia. Syntypes: BMNH 1863.12.4.93 (1), ?RMNH 6835 (2). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:370 [ref. 29155]. Also in Bleeker 1847:166 [ref. 314]. See van Oijen et al. 2009:250 [ref. 30423]. •Valid as Kryptopterus mononema (Bleeker 1846) -- (Kottelat et al. 1993:69 [ref. 23448], Ng 2001:199 [ref. 25702], Ng 2002:71 [ref. 26067], Ferraris 2007:370 [ref. 29155], Kottelat 2013:234 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Kryptopterus mononema (Bleeker 1846). Siluridae. Distribution: Java, Indonesia. Habitat: freshwater.

moolenburghi, Hemisilurus Weber [M.] & de Beaufort [L. F.] 1913:212, Figs. 84-85 [Fishes Indo-Australian Archipelago v. 2; ref. 16092] Batang Hari River, Sumatra, Indonesia. Syntypes: (several) ZMA 113564 (2). Type catalog: Nijssen et al. 1982:53 [ref. 19236], Ferraris 2007:369 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Hemisilurus moolenburghi Weber & de Beaufort 1913 -- (Burgess 1989:85 [ref. 12860], Bornbusch & Lundberg 1989:434 [ref. 12543], Roberts 1989:145 [ref. 6439], Kottelat et al. 1993:68 [ref. 23448], Tan & Ng 1999:282 [ref. 24254], Kottelat & Widjanarti 2005:160 [ref. 28284], Ferraris 2007:369 [ref. 29155], Kottelat 2013:233 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Hemisilurus moolenburghi Weber & de Beaufort 1913. Siluridae. Distribution: Indonesia: Sumatra and western Borneo. Habitat: freshwater.

moorei, Kryptopterus Smith [H. M.] 1945:342, Fig. 78 [Bulletin of the United States National Museum No. 188; ref. 4056] Menam Chao Phya, near Paknampo, central Thailand. Holotype: USNM 109787. Paratypes: USNM 109671 (1, missing), 109672 (1, missing), 109786 (1). Type catalog: Ferraris & Vari 1992:40 [ref. 19771], Ferraris 2007:371 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Kryptopterus moorei Smith 1945 -- (Burgess 1989:86 [ref. 12860], Zhu 1995:143 [ref. 25213], Rainboth 1996:147 [ref. 22772], Yue & Chen 1998:215 [ref. 26415], Dai in Chu et al. 1999:89 [ref. 24534]). •Synonym of Kryptopterus cheveyi Durand 1940 -- (Ng 2004:6 [ref. 27356]). •Valid as Micronema moorei (Smith 1945) -- (Ferraris 2007:371 [ref. 29155], Zhang et al. 2016:179 [ref. 34477]). •Questionably a synonym of Micronemus cheveyi (Durand 1940) -- (Kottelat 2001:128 [ref. 25780], Kottelat 2013:234 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Micronema cheveyi (Durand 1940). Siluridae. Distribution: Chao Phraya and lower Mekong River basins, southeastern Asia. Habitat: freshwater.

morehensis, Silurus Arunkumar [L.] & Tombi Singh [H.] 1997:73, Fig. 1 [Journal of Freshwater Biology v. 9 (no. 2); ref. 24944] Moreh Bazar, Moreh, Manipur, India. Holotype: MUMF 2211/1A. Paratypes: MUMF 2212/4A (2?) Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:376 [ref. 29155]. •Synonym of Pterocryptis gangelica (Peters 1861) -- (Jayaram 2006:101 [ref. 28762]). •Valid as Pterocryptus morehensis Arunkumar & Tombi Singh 1997 -- (Vishwanath & Nebeshwar 2009:428 [ref. 30375]). •Synonym of Pterocryptis berdmorei (Blyth 1860) -- (Ferraris 2007:376 [ref. 29155], Kottelat 2013:237 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Pterocryptis berdmorei (Blyth 1860). Siluridae. Habitat: freshwater.

muelleri, Silurus Bleeker [P.] 1846:289 [Natuur-en Geneeskundig Archief voor Neȇrlandsch Indië v. 3 (2); ref. 19349] Jakarta, Java, Indonesia. Syntypes: (4) whereabouts unknown. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:381 [ref. 29155]. Originally as mülleri. •Synonym of Wallago attu (Bloch & Schneider 1801) -- (Menon 1999:214 [ref. 24904], Ferraris 2007:381 [ref. 29155], Kottelat 2013:239 [ref. 32989], Roberts 2014:36 [ref. 33394]). Current status: Synonym of Wallago attu (Bloch & Schneider 1801). Siluridae. Habitat: freshwater.

mysoricus, Silurus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1840:364 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 14; ref. 4882] Mysor, India. Syntypes: MNHN 0000-3107 (2). Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1950:21 [ref. 19575], Ferraris 2007:374 [ref. 29155]. •Genus Ompok -- (see Kottelat & Lim 1995:240 [ref. 23210]). •Species inquirenda in Ompok -- (Ferraris 2007:374 [ref. 29155]). •Synonym of Ompok bimaculatus (Bloch 1794) -- (Menon 1999:216 [ref. 24904], Kottelat 2013:235 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Ompok bimaculatus (Bloch 1794). Siluridae. Habitat: freshwater.

nebulosus, Silurus (Callichrus) Swainson [W.] 1839:306 [The natural history and classification v. 2; ref. 4303] Kusi River, India. No types known. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:374 [ref. 29155]. Based on Hamilton, 152 (Chechra) -- which is Hamilton 1822:152 [ref. 2031]. Unneeded new name for Silurus chechra Hamilton 1822. •Genus Ompok (see Kottelat & Lim 1995:240 [ref. 23210]). •Species inquirenda in Ompok -- (Ferraris 2007:374 [ref. 29155]). •Synonym of Ompok bimaculatus (Bloch 1794) -- (Menon 1999:216 [ref. 24904], Kottelat 2013:235 [ref. 32909]). Current status: Synonym of Ompok bimaculatus (Bloch 1794). Siluridae. Habitat: freshwater.

nebulosus, Wallago Vaillant [L. L.] 1902:46 [Notes from the Leyden Museum v. 24 (note 1); ref. 4490] Tepoe, Mahakam River, Borneo. Holotype (unique): RMNH 7812. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:381 [ref. 29155]. •Synonym of Wallago leerii Bleeker 1851 -- (Roberts 1989:152 [ref. 6439], Ferraris 2007:381 [ref. 29155], Kottelat 2013:239 [ref. 32989]). •Synonym of Wallagonia leerii (Bleeker 1851) -- (Roberts 2014:36 [ref. 33394]). Current status: Synonym of Wallagonia leerii (Bleeker 1851). Siluridae. Habitat: freshwater.

nigrescens, Callichrous Day [F.] 1870:616 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1869 (pt 3) (art. 3) (for 9 Dec. 1869); ref. 14093] Branches of Irrawaddy River; Pegu, and Sittoung rivers, Myanmar. Syntypes: (many) AMS B.7636 (1), ZSI A.500 (2, lost). Type catalog: Whitehead & Talwar 1976:157 [ref. 23762], Ferraris et al. 2000:300 [ref. 25110], Ferraris 2007:374 [ref. 29155]. •Species inquirenda in Ompok -- (Ferraris 2007:374 [ref. 29155]). •Synonym of Ompok pabo (Hamilton 1822) -- (Menon 1999:219 [ref. 24904], Jayaram 2006:110 [ref. 28762], Kottalot 2013:236 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Ompok pabo (Hamilton 1822). Siluridae. Habitat: freshwater.

notatus, Callichrous Day [F.] 1870:616 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1869 (pt 3) (art. 3) (for 9 Dec. 1869); ref. 14093] Rivers of Myanmar. Syntypes and/or Day specimens: (many) AMS B.7982 (2); ZSI 1275 (1), A.499 (2, lost). Type catalog: Whitehead & Talwar 1976:157 [ref. 23762], Ferraris et al. 2000:300 [ref. 25110], Ferraris 2007:374 [ref. 29155]. •Genus Ompok -- (see Kottelat & Lim 1995:240 [ref. 23210]). •Species inquirenda in Ompok -- (Ferraris 2007:374 [ref. 29155]). •Synonym of Ompok bimaculatus (Bloch 1794) -- (Kotteat 2013:235 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Ompok bimaculatus (Bloch 1794). Siluridae. Habitat: freshwater.

pabda, Silurus Hamilton [F.] 1822:150, 374, Pl. 25 (fig. 47) [An account of the fishes found in the river Ganges; ref. 2031] Ponds and rivers of Bengal. No types known. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:372 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Ompok pabda (Hamilton 1822) -- (Coad 1981:16 [ref. 22348], Burgess 1989:86 [ref. 12860], Ataur Rahman 1989:168 [ref. 24860], Talwar & Jhingran 1991:584 [ref. 20764], Sen 1995:564 [ref. 23778], Menon 1999:218 [ref. 24904], Rafique 2000:326 [ref. 25220], Mirza 2000:356 [ref. 25207], Karmakar 2000:32 [ref. 25662], Mirza 2003:20 [ref. 27265], Ataur Rahman 2003:187 [ref. 31338], Jayaram 2006:108 [ref. 28762], Ferraris 2007:372 [ref. 29155], Shestha 2008:153 [ref. 29923], Ng & Hadiaty 2009:56 [ref. 30458], Ng 2013:165 [ref. 32814], Gurung et al. 2013:4883 [ref. 32969], Sudasinghe & Meegaskumbura 2016:270 [ref. 34695]). Current status: Valid as Ompok pabda (Hamilton 1822). Siluridae. Distribution: South central Asia: Afganistan, Pakistan, India, Nepal, Bhutan, Bangladesh and Myanmar. Habitat: freshwater.

pabo, Silurus Hamilton [F.] 1822:153, 375, Pl. 22 (fig. 48) [An account of the fishes found in the river Ganges; ref. 2031] Brahmaputra River towards Assam, India. No types known. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:373 [ref. 29155]. •See Kottelat & Lim 1995:240 [ref. 23210] as Sykes 1838. •Valid as Ompok pabo (Hamilton 1822) -- (Burgess 1989:86 [ref. 12860], Ataur Rahman 1989:169 [ref. 24860], Talwar & Jhingran 1991:585 [ref. 20764], Sen 1995:565 [ref. 23778], Menon 1999:219 [ref. 24904], Karmakar 2000:32 [ref. 25662], Yadav 2003:20 [ref. 27711], Ataur Rahman 2003:188 [ref. 31338], Jayaram 2006:109 [ref. 28762], Ferraris 2007:373 [ref. 29155], Ng & Hadiaty 2009:56 [ref. 30458], Ng 2013:165 [ref. 32814], Kottelat 2013:236 [ref. 32989], Sudasinghe & Meegaskumbura 2016:270 [ref. 34695]). Current status: Valid as Ompok pabo (Hamilton 1822). Siluridae. Distribution: South central Asia: India, Bangladesh and Pakistan. Habitat: freshwater.

pachynema, Ceratoglanis Ng [H. H.] 1999:390, Figs. 3, 5, 6 [Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences v. 51 (no. 9); ref. 24038] Prachinburi Market, Thailand. Holotype: CAS 96577. Paratypes: CAS 92882 (1), 94185 (1), 96576 (2). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:368 [ref. 29155]. If pachynema is treated as a noun, then the correct spelling is pachynema. •Valid as Ceratoglanis pachynema Ng 1999 -- (Kottelat 2001:125 [ref. 25780]). •Valid as Ceratoglanis pachynemus Ng 1999 -- (Ferraris 2007:368 [ref. 29155], Kottelat 2013:233 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Ceratoglanis pachynema Ng 1999. Siluridae. Distribution: Southeastern Asia: Chao Phraya and Mekong River basins. Habitat: freshwater.

palavanensis, Penesilurus Herre [A. W. C. T.] 1924:704 [Philippine Journal of Science v. 24 (no. 6); ref. 2119] Lake Manguao, Palawan, Philippines. Holotype (unique): BSMP (presumed destroyed). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:377 [ref. 29155]. Also in Herre 1924:1570 [ref. 2120], earliest not established. First revisor (Haig 1952:102) gave precedence to H. taytayensis •Synonym of Pterocryptis taytayensis (Herre 1924) -- (Ferraris 2007:377 [ref. 29155], Kottelat 2013:238 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Pterocryptis taytayensis (Herre 1924). Siluridae. Habitat: freshwater.

palembangensis, Silurus Bleeker [P.] 1852:584 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 3 (no. 4); ref. 334] Palembang, Sumatra, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. Bleeker specimens: BMNH 1863.12.4.101 (1), NMV 46072 (1). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:370 [ref. 29155]. See van Oijen et al. 2009:253 [ref. 30423]. •Synonym of Kryptopterus bicirrhis (Valenciennes 1840) -- (Roberts 1989:147 [ref. 6439]). •Valid as Krypterus palembangensis (Bleeker 1852) -- (Kottelat et al. 1993:69 [ref. 23448], Tan & Ng 1999:284 [ref. 24254], Ng et al. 2004:94 [ref. 27647], Ferraris 2007:370 [ref. 29155], Ng & Kottelat 2013:315 [ref. 32548]). Current status: Valid as Kryptopterus palembangensis (Bleeker 1852). Siluridae. Distribution: Sumatra. Habitat: freshwater.

paraschilbeides, Kryptopterus Ng [H. H.] 2003:3, Figs. 1a, 3 [The Natural History Journal of Chulalongkorn University v. 3; ref. 27568] Tonle Sap River, 17 kilometers upstream from Kompong Chhnang, Kompong Chhnang, Cambodia. Holotype: UMMZ 238788. Paratypes: UMMZ 218561 (2), 231986 (2), 231988 (1), 232316 (2), 232756 (9, 1 c&s), 234492 (1), 238523 (2). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:370 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Kryptopterus paraschilbeides Ng 2003 -- (Ferraris 2007:370 [ref. 29155], Kottelat 2013:234 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Kryptopterus paraschilbeides Ng 2003. Siluridae. Distribution: Mekong River drainage, southeastern Asia. Habitat: freshwater.

parvanalis, Kryptopterus Inger [R. F.] & Chin [P. K.] 1959:284, Fig. 46 [Fieldiana Zoology v. 39 (no. 27); ref. 11998] Kinabatangan River at Deramakot, Kinabatangan District, Borneo, Malaysia. Holotype: FMNH 68014. Paratypes:BMNH 1958.4.28.1 [ex FMNH] (1), FMNH 68015-22 (3, 1, 1, 2, 1, 3, 1, 1), 44840-42 (5, 1, 2), 44837-38 (1, 2), 44839 (1); RMNH 21599 [ex FMNH] (1). Type catalog: Ibarra & Stewart 1987:50 [ref. 12367], Ferraris 2007:375 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Kryptopterus parvanalis Inger & Chin 1959 -- (Burgess 1989:86 [ref. 12860], Kottelat et al. 1993:69 [ref. 23448], Martin-Smith & Tan 1998:590 [ref. 23647]). •Valid as Phalacronotus parvanalis (Inger & Chin 1959) -- (Ferraris 2007:375 [ref. 29155], Kottelat 2013:237 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Phalacronotus parvanalis (Inger & Chin 1959). Siluridae. Distribution: Northeastern Borneo, Malaysia. Habitat: freshwater.

phaiosoma, Silurus Bleeker [P.] 1851:428 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 2 (no. 3); ref. 16897] Sambas, western Borneo, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): RMNH 6831. Bleeker specimens: BMNH 1863.12.4.109 (1), 1864.5.15.5 (1). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:378 [ref. 29155]. See van Oijen et al. 2009:234 [ref. 30423] as phaisoma. •In Silurichthys -- (Bornbusch 1991:1077 [ref. 16547]). •Valid as Silurichthys phaiosoma (Bleeker 1851) -- (Roberts 1989:151 [ref. 6439], Burgess 1989:85 [ref. 12860], Kottelat et al. 1993:71 [ref. 23448], Kottelat & Lim 1995:241 [ref. 23210], Rainboth 1996:150 [ref. 22772], Ng & Kottelat 1997:203 [ref. 22742], Ng & Ng 1998:312 [ref. 23750], Kottelat & Widjanarti 2005:161 [ref. 28284], Parenti & Lim 2005:191 [ref. 28285], Ferraris 2007:378 [ref. 29155], Ng & Tan 2011:56 [ref. 31216], Kottelat 2013:238 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Silurichthys phaiosoma (Bleeker 1851). Siluridae. Distribution: Northwestern Borneo. Habitat: freshwater.

phalacronotus, Silurus Bleeker [P.] 1851:429 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 2 (no. 3); ref. 16897] Sambas, western Borneo, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:375 [ref. 29155]. •Synonym of Kryptopterus micronema (Bleeker 1846) -- (Roberts 1989:149 [ref. 6439]). •Synonym of Micronema micronema (Bleeker 1846). •Synonymy of Phalacronotus micronema (Bleeker 1846) -- (Kottelat 2013:237 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Phalacronotus micronema (Bleeker 1846). Siluridae. Habitat: freshwater.

pinnatus, Ompok Ng [H. H.] 2003:48, Fig. 1 [Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington v. 116 (no. 1); ref. 26795] Fishing lot 9 in second channel east of town, Tonle Sap at Kompong Chhnang, Cambodia. Holotype: UMMZ 232679. Paratypes: UMMZ 186749 (1), 232375 (2). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:373 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Ompok pinnatus Ng 2003 -- (Ng & Tan 2004:10 [ref. 27846], Ferraris 2007:373 [ref. 29155], Kottelat 2013:236 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Ompok pinnatus Ng 2003. Siluridae. Distribution: Chai Phraya River, Thailand and Mekong River basin, Cambodia. Habitat: freshwater.

piperatus, Kryptopterus Ng [H. H.], Wirjoatmodjo [S.] & Hadiaty [R. K.] 2004:92, Figs. 1, 2a [Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 15 (no. 1); ref. 27647] Sungai Lembang in front of camp, Suag Balimbing Research Station, Gunung Leuser National Park, Aceh Selatan, Sumatra, Indonesia. Holotype: MZB 8717. Paratypes: MZB 8711 (1), 8716 (1); ZRC 46419 (1). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:370 [ref. 29155], Ng & Kim 2008:46 [ref. 29920]. •Valid as Kryptopterus piperatus Ng, Wirjoatmodjo & Hadiaty 2004 -- (Ferraris 2007:370 [ref. 29155], Ng & Kottelat 2013:315 [ref. 32548], Kottelat 2013:234 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Kryptopterus piperatus Ng, Wirjoatmodjo & Hadiaty 2004. Siluridae. Distribution: Sumatra, Indonesia. Habitat: freshwater.

platypogon, Kryptopterus Ng [H. H.] 2004:2, Figs. 1-2a [Zootaxa No. 398; ref. 27356] Market at Sibu, 2°17'18.6"N, 111°49'49.2"E, Rajang River drainage, Sarawak, Malaysia, Borneo. Holotype (unique): ZRC 45838. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:371 [ref. 29155], Ng & Kim 2008:46 [ref. 29920]. •Valid as Kryptopterus platypogon Ng 2004 -- (Parenti & Lim 2005:191 [ref. 28285]). •Valid as Micronema platypogon (Ng 2004) -- (Ferraris 2007:371 [ref. 29155], Kottelat 2013:234 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Micronema platypogon (Ng 2004). Siluridae. Distribution: Rajang River basin, northern Borneo. Habitat: freshwater.

platyrhynchus, Ompok Ng [H. H.] & Tan [H. H.] 2004:2, Figs. 1, 2a [Zootaxa No. 580; ref. 27846] Sungai Esu, about 15 minutes upstream of Kuala Belalong Field Studies Centre, 4°32'17.9"N, 115°09'35.2"E, Belalong sub-basin, Temburong basin, Temburong District., Brunei Darussalam, Borneo. Holotype: ZRC 48678. Paratypes: ZRC 31807 (1 c&s). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:373 [ref. 29155], Ng & Kim 2008:48 [ref. 29920]. •Valid as Ompok platyrhynchus Ng & Tan 2004 -- (Ferraris 2007:373 [ref. 29155], Kottelat 2013:236 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Ompok platyrhynchus Ng & Tan 2004. Siluridae. Distribution: Temburong River drainage, northern Borneo. Habitat: freshwater.

pluriradiatus, Ompok Ng [H. H.] 2002:28, Fig. 3 [Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 13 (no. 1); ref. 26062] Makakam River drainage, 0°14'S, 116°07'E, Kalimantan Timur, Borneo, Indonesia. Holotype: MZB 5951. Paratypes: CMK 7723 (5), 7743 (11), 7753 (2), 7774 (4), 7797 (15). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:373 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Ompok pluriradiatus Ng 2002 -- (Ng & Tan 2004:10 [ref. 27846], Ferraris 2007:373 [ref. 29155] Kottelat 2013:236 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Ompok pluriradiatus Ng 2002. Siluridae. Distribution: Mahakam River basin, eastern Borneo. Habitat: freshwater.

punctatus, Silurus Cantor [T. E.] 1842:485 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (New Series) v. 9 (nos 58, 59, 60); ref. 17344] Chusan Island, China. Syntypes: BMNH 1968.3.11.29 (3). Possible syntypes: BMNH 1843.7.21.6 (1), 1843.7.21.24 (1), 1843.7.21.25 (1, not found), 1860.3.19.736-737 (2), 1860.3.19.785-786 (2). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:379 [ref. 29155]. Objectively invalid; preoccupied by Silurus punctatus Rafinesque 1818. •Synonym of Silurus asotus Linnaeus 1758 -- (Okada 1961:569 [ref. 6363], Kobayakawa 1989:158 [ref. 13476], Kottelat 2006:58 [ref. 28831], Ferraris 2007:379 [ref. 29155], Kottelat 2013:239 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Silurus asotus Linnaeus 1758. Siluridae. Habitat: marine.

punctatus, Silurus Day [F.] 1868:155 [7] [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1868 (pt 1); ref. 14070] Stream in Wynaad, India, elevation 3000 feet. Syntypes and/or Day specimens: AMS B.7990 (1, syntype) Wynaad; BMNH 1868.5.14.6-7 (2), 1889.2.1.2521-2522 (2) Madras; NMW 77251 (1); ZMB 11221 (1); ZSI 461 (1), 1233 (1), A.480 (1). Type catalog: Whitehead & Talwar 1976:157 [ref. 23762], Ferraris et al. 2000:301 [ref. 25110], Ferraris 2007:377 [ref. 29155]. Objectively invalid; preoccupied by Silurus punctatus Rafinesque 1818 and Silurus punctatus Cantor 1842, replaced by Silurus wynaadensis Day 1873. •Referred to genus Pterocryptis -- (Bornbusch 1991:1076 [ref. 16547]). •In the synonymy of Pterocryptis wynaadensis (Day 1873) -- (Jayaram 2006:103 [ref. 28762], Ferraris 2007:377 [ref. 29155]). Current status: Synonym of Pterocryptis wynaadensis (Day 1873). Siluridae. Habitat: freshwater.

rhadinurus, Ompok Ng [H. H.] 2003:1299, Figs. 3, 5b [Journal of Fish Biology v. 62 (no. 6); ref. 27472] Irrigation canal on western boundary, North Selangor pat swamp forest, Selangor, Peninsular Malaysia. Holotype: ZRC 14897. Paratypes: CMK 4726 (3), 10126 (1), 10233 (1), 10351 (1), 10364 (2), 10411 (1), 10466 (1), 11222 (2), 11636 (1), 11658 (1); UMMZ 155678-79 (1, 2); ZRC 14898 (1), 15073-74 (1, 1), 23293 (1), 24581-83 (3), 38665 (2), 38990 (8), 39006 (4), 39033 (3), 39149 (1), 41718 (2), 42755 (1). Plus non-type material. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:373 [ref. 29155], Ng & Kim 2008:49 [ref. 29920]. •Valid as Ompok rhadinurus Ng 2003 -- (Ng & Tan 2004:10 [ref. 27846], Kottelat & Widjanarti 2005:161 [ref. 28284], Ferraris 2007:373 [ref. 29155], Kottelat 2013:236 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Ompok rhadinurus Ng 2003. Siluridae. Distribution: Western Borneo, Sumatra and Malaysia. Habitat: freshwater.

russellii, Wallago Bleeker [P.] 1853:108 [Verhandelingen van het Bataviaasch Genootschap van Kunsten en Wetenschappen. v. 25 (art. 8); ref. 341] Hooghly River, Calcutta, India; Jakarta, Java, Indonesia. Syntypes: (4). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:381 [ref. 29155]. See van Oijen et al. 2009:226 [ref. 30423]. •Synonym of Wallago attu (Bloch & Schneider 1801) -- (Menon 1999:214 [ref. 24904], Ferraris 2007:381 [ref. 29155], Kottelat 2013:239 [ref. 32989], Roberts 2014:36 [ref. 33394]). Current status: Synonym of Wallago attu (Bloch & Schneider 1801). Siluridae. Habitat: freshwater.

sabanus, Ompok Inger [R. F.] & Chin [P. K.] 1959:282 [Fieldiana Zoology v. 39 (no. 27); ref. 11998] Segama River near Lahad Datu, East Coast Residency, northern Borneo, Malaysia. Holotype: FMNH 44828. Paratypes: BMNH 1958.4.28.6 [ex FMNH] (1); CAS 49745 [ex FMNH 68024] (4); FMNH 44829 (11), 44830-35 (6, 9, 4, 5, 3, 4), 68024-29 (15, 6, 17, 1, 16, 3), 68030-31 (1, 1), 68039 (1); N. Borneo Mus. [ex FMNH 68028] (1); RMNH 21601 [ex FMNH] (1). Type catalog: Ibarra & Stewart 1987:62 [ref. 12367], Ferraris 2007:371 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Kryptopterus sabanus (Inger & Chin 1959) -- (Ferraris 2007:370 [ref. 29155]). •Valid as Ompok sabanus Inger & Chin 1959 -- (Roberts 1989:151 [ref. 6439], Burgess 1989:86 [ref. 12860], Kottelat et al. 1993:70 [ref. 23448], Martin-Smith & Tan 1998:590 [ref. 23647], Ng 2002:29 [ref. 26062], Ng 2003:47 [ref. 26795], Ng & Tan 2004:10 [ref. 27846], Kottelat 2013:236 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Ompok sabanus Inger & Chin 1959. Siluridae. Distribution: Northern Borneo. Habitat: freshwater.

sanguineus, Silurichthys Roberts [T. R.] 1989:151, Fig. 119 [Memoirs of the California Academy of Sciences No. 14; ref. 6439] Sungai Tekam, small forest stream where it enters Kapuas mainstream, about 5-6 kilometers upstream from Sanggau, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): MZB 3673. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:378 [ref. 29155]. •In Silurichthys -- (Bornbusch 1991:1077 [ref. 16547]). •Valid as Silurichthys sanguineus Roberts 1989 -- (Kottelat et al. 1993:71 [ref. 23448], Burgess & Finley 1996:164 [ref. 22901], Ng & Kottelat 1997:203 [ref. 22742], Ng & Ng 1998:314 [ref. 23750], Ferraris 2007:378 [ref. 29155], Ng & Tan 2011:56 [ref. 31216], Kottelat 2013:238 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Silurichthys sanguineus Roberts 1989. Siluridae. Distribution: Kapuas River basin, western Borneo, Indonesia. Habitat: freshwater.

schilbeides, Hemisilurus Bleeker [P.] 1858:297 [Acta Societatis Regiae Scientiarum Indo-Neêrlandicae v. 4 (art. 2); ref. 365] Palembang, Sumatra; Bandjermassin, Kalimantan; Borneo, Indonesia. Syntypes: (2) ?BMNH 1863.12.4.157 (1), ?1864.5.15.6 (1 skeleton). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:371 [ref. 29155]. Illustrated as Silur. Pl. 42 (fig. 4) [cumulative Pl. 90], published in Bleeker 1863 [ref. 393]. See van Oijen et al. 2009:260 [ref. 30423]. •Valid as Kryptopterus schilbeides (Bleeker 1858) -- (Roberts 1989:150 [ref. 6439], Burgess 1989:86 [ref. 12860], Kottelat et al. 1993:69 [ref. 23448], Kottelat & Lim 1995:240 [ref. 23210], Rainboth 1996:147 [ref. 22772], Tan & Ng 1999:285 [ref. 24254], Ng 2002:67 [ref. 26067], Ng 2003:1 [ref. 27568], Ng 2004:3 [ref. 27356], Ng et al. 2004:94 [ref. 27647], Kottelat & Widjanarti 2005:161 [ref. 28284], Ferraris 2007:371 [ref. 29155], Kottelat 2013:234 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Kryptopterus schilbeides (Bleeker 1858). Siluridae. Distribution: Lower Mekong River to Indoneia, southeastern Asia. Habitat: freshwater.

schneideri, Silurichthys Volz [W.] 1904:463 [Revue Suisse de Zoologie v. 12 (no. 2); ref. 15218] Danau near Sukaranda, Upper Langkat, Sumatra, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): NMW 44623. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:378 [ref. 29155]. •In Silurichthys -- (Bornbusch 1991:1077 [ref. 16547]). •Valid as Silurichthys schneideri Volz 1904 -- (Burgess 1989:85 [ref. 12860], Kottelat et al. 1993:71 [ref. 23448], Kottelat & Lim 1995:241 [ref. 23210], Ng & Kottelat 1997:203 [ref. 22742], Ferraris 2007:378 [ref. 29155], Ng & Tan 2011:56 [ref. 31216], Kottelat 2013:238 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Silurichthys schneideri Volz 1904. Siluridae. Distribution: Southeastern Asia. Habitat: freshwater.

scleronema, Hemisilurus Bleeker [P.] 1863:93, Pl. 101 (Silur. Pl. 53) [Atlas ichthyologique des Indes Orientales Néêrlandaises; ref. 393] Krawang, Java, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): ?RMNH 2918. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:368 [ref. 29155]. Text was published 3 Apr. 1863; also appeared in Bleeker 1863:74 [ref. 17010]; earliest not established. If scleronema is treated as a noun, then the correct spelling is scleronema. •Valid as Ceratoglanis scleronema (Bleeker 1862) -- (Burgess 1989:85 [ref. 12860], Bornbusch & Lundberg 1989:441 [ref. 12543], Roberts 1989:144 [ref. 6439], Kottelat et al. 1993:68 [ref. 23448], Kottelat & Lim 1995:239 [ref. 23210], Hee 1999:387 [ref. 24038], Tan & Ng 1999:281 [ref. 24254], Kottelat & Widjanarti 2005:160 [ref. 28284], Parenti & Lim 2005:190 [ref. 28285], Kottelat 2013:233 [ref. 32989]). •Valid as Ceratoglanis scleronemus (Bleeker 1863) -- (Ferraris 2007:368 [ref. 29155]). Current status: Valid as Ceratoglanis scleronema (Bleeker 1863). Siluridae. Distribution: Southeastern Asia. Habitat: freshwater.

siluroides, Ompok Lacepède [B. G. E.] 1803:49, 50, Pl. 1 (fig. 2) [Histoire naturelle des poissons (Lacepéde) v. 5; ref. 4930] Java, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): MNHN A-8669 (dry). Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1950:21 [ref. 19575], Ferraris 2007:373 [ref. 29155]. Ng & Hadiaty 2009:56 [ref. 30458] suggest that the type locality is Java. •In genus Ompok -- (see Kottelat & Lim 1995:240 [ref. 23210]). •Synonym of Ompok bimaculatus (Bloch 1794) -- (Menon 1999:216 [ref. 24904]). •Species inquirenda in Ompok -- (Ferraris 2007:373 [ref. 29155]). •Valid as Ompok siluroides Lacepède 1803 -- (Ng & Hadiaty 2009:56 [ref. 30458], Kottelat 2013:236 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Ompok siluroides Lacepède 1803. Siluridae. Distribution: ? Java, Indonesia. Habitat: freshwater.

silurus, Silurus Wulff [J. C.] 1765:33 [Ichthyologia, cum amphibiis regni Borussici. Methodo Linnaena disposita.; ref. 17844] Borussia [Prussia], Germany. No types known. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:379 [ref. 29155]. Unneeded replacement name for Silurus glanis Linnaeus 1758. •Synonym of Silurus glanis Linnaeus 1758 -- (Kottelat 1997:95 [ref. 22952], Naseka 1998:104 [ref. 23590], Ferraris 2007:379 [ref. 29155]). Current status: Synonym of Silurus glanis Linnaeus 1758. Siluridae. Habitat: freshwater.

sindensis, Callichrous Day [F.] 1877:476, Pl. 110 (fig. 1) [The fishes of India Part 3; ref. 4886] Sind, from the Indus, Pakistan. Holotype (unique): ZSI 505. Type catalog: Whitehead & Talwar 1976:157 [ref. 23762], Ferraris 2007:373 [ref. 29155]. •See Kottelat & Lim 1995:240 [ref. 23210]. •Valid as Ompok sindensis (Day 1877) -- (Burgess 1989:86 [ref. 12860], Rafique 2000:326 [ref. 25220], Mirza 2003:20 [ref. 27265], Jayaram 2006:110 [ref. 28762], Ferraris 2007:373 [ref. 29155]). •Likely a synonym of Ompok bimaculatus (Bloch 1794) with damaged caudal region -- (Ng & Hadiaty 2009:55 [ref. 30458]), •Synonym of Ompok bimaculatus (Bloch 1794) -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:582 [ref. 20764], Menon 1999:217 [ref. 24904], Kottelat 2013:235 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Ompok bimaculatus (Bloch 1794). Siluridae. Distribution: Indus river system, Pakistan (if valid). Habitat: freshwater.

sinensis, Silurus Lacepède [B. G. E.] 1803:58, 82, Pl. 2 (fig. 1) [Histoire naturelle des poissons (Lacepéde) v. 5; ref. 4930] China. No types known. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:381 [ref. 29155]. Based on an unpulbished drawing. •Species inquirenda in Siluridae -- (Ferraris 2007:381 [ref. 29155]). Siluridae.

sinensis, Silurus McClelland [J.] 1843:402 [Calcutta Journal of Natural History v. 4 (no. 4); ref. 2927] China. No types known. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:381 [ref. 29155]. Objectively invalid; preoccupied by Silurus sinensis Lacepède 1803. •Species inquirenda in Siluridae -- (Ferraris 2007:381 [ref. 29155]). Siluridae.

sinensis, Silurus Hora [S. L.] 1937:343, Figs. 8 (c-d) [Records of the Indian Museum (Calcutta) v. 39 (pt 4); ref. 18629] Lunchow, China. Holotype: ZMFMIB (now ASIZB) 13692. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:375 [ref. 29155]. Name proposed for S. wynaadensis of Tchang 1936:35 [ref. 24243]. Silurus sinensis Hora is objectivly invalid; preoccupied, replaced by S. gilberti Hora 1938 [ref. 17148]. See Das 2003:381 [ref. 27706]. •Synonym of Silurus cochinchinensis Valenciennes 1840 -- (Ni & Wu in Kuang et al. 1986:162 [ref. 26639]). •Objective synonym of Silurus gilberti Hora 1938 -- (Zheng et al. 1989:271 [ref. 21202], Dai in Chu et al. 1999:79 [ref. 24534]). •Referred to genus Pterocryptis -- (Bornbusch 1991:1076 [ref. 16547], Burgess & Finley 1996:164 [ref. 22901]). •Synonym of Pterocryptis anomala (Herre 1933) -- (Ng & Chan 2005:51 [ref. 28371], Ferraris 2007:375 [ref. 29155] dated 1833, Kottelat 2013:237 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Pterocryptis anomala (Herre 1933). Siluridae. Habitat: freshwater.

soldatovi, Silurus Nikolskii [G. V.] & Soin [S. G.] 1948:1359, Fig. 1 [C. R. Acad. Sci. Moscow v. 59; ref. 13065] Amar River, Lake Kabar at Elabuga, 90 kilometers downstram from Khabarovskyi Krai, Russia. Holotype: ZMMU P-6505. Paratypes: (11) ?ZIN 31168 (1). Type catalog: Svetovidova 1978:259 [ref. 9011], Vasil'eva et al. 2001:29-30 [ref. 25714], Ferraris 2007:380 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Silurus soldatovi Nikolskii & Soin 1948 -- (Berg 1949:907 [ref. 20661], Kobayakawa 1989:171 [ref. 13476], Burgess 1989:86 [ref. 12860], Zhu 1995:142 [ref. 25213], Bogutskaya & Naseka 1996:53 [ref. 22798], Reshetnikov et al. 1997:745 [ref. 24702], Yang in Chen 1998:277 [ref. 23556], Naseka 1998:104 [ref. 23590], Yue & Chen 1998:209 [ref. 26415], Dai in Chu et al. 1999:80 [ref. 24534], Bogutskaya et al. 2001:45 [ref. 26178], Bogutskaya & Naseka 2004:122 [ref. 28183], Kottelat 2006:90 [ref. 28831], Ferraris 2007:380 [ref. 29155], Bogutskaya et al. 2008:342 [ref. 30085], Parin et al. 2014:105 [ref. 33547], Nguyen et al. 2015:73 [ref. 33790], Zhang et al. 2016:181 [ref. 34477], Dyldin & Orlov 2016:672 [ref. 34853]). Current status: Valid as Silurus soldatovi Nikolskii & Soin 1948. Siluridae. Distribution: Southeastern Russia, China and Vietnam. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

supernus, Ompok Ng [H. H.] 2008:60, Figs. 1-2, 3a, 4 [Zootaxa No. 1877; ref. 29884] Rungan River drainage in the viciniy of Tangkiling, Kalimantan Tengah, Borneo, Indonesia. Holotype: MZB 10983. Paratypes: UMMZ 248564 (1); ZRC 51403 (2), 51404 (9), 51405 (3), 51406 (1). •Valid as Ompok supernus Ng 2008 -- (Ng 2013:164 [ref. 32814], Kottelat 2013:236 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Ompok supernus Ng 2008. Siluridae. Distribution: Rungan River drainage, tributary of the Kahayan River drainage, southern Borneo. Habitat: freshwater.

taytayensis, Hito Herre [A. W. C. T.] 1924:703 [Philippine Journal of Science v. 24 (no. 6); ref. 2119] Small fresh-water creek, near Taytay, Palawan, Philippines. Holotype: BSMP 9357 (presumed destroyed). Paratypes: BSMP (17) presumed destroyed. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:377 [ref. 29155]. Also appeared as Hitoichthys taytayensis Herre 1924:1570 [ref. 2120]; Haig 1952:82 [ref. 12607] was unable to determine which was first, and at the generic level she selected Hito over Hitoichthys. •Valid as Hito taytayensis Herre 1924 -- (Burgess 1989:86 [ref. 12860]). •Valid as Pterocryptis taytayensis (Herre 1924) -- (Ferraris 2007:377 [ref. 29155], Kottelat 2013:238 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Pterocryptis taytayensis (Herre 1924). Siluridae. Distribution: Philippines. Habitat: freshwater.

taytayensis, Hitoichthys Herre [A. W. C. T.] 1924:1570 [Proceedings of the Pan-Pacific Science Congress / Pacific Science Association. v. 2 (1923); ref. 2120] Small fresh-water creek, near Taytay, Palawan, Philippines. Holotype: BSMP 9357 (presumed destroyed). Paratypes: BSMP (17) presumed destroyed. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:377 [ref. 29155]. See discussion under Hito taytayensis Herre 1924:703 [ref. 2119]. •Synonym of Pterocryptis taytayensis (Herre 1924) -- (Ferraris 2007:377 [ref. 29155]). Current status: Synonym of Pterocryptis taytayensis (Herre 1924). Siluridae. Habitat: freshwater.

torrentis, Silurus Kobayakawa [M.] 1989:171, Fig. 33 [Japanese Journal of Ichthyology v. 36 (no. 2); ref. 13476] Lampae stream, Khaoluk village, Trang Province, Thailand. Holotype: NSMT-P 50234. Paratypes: NSMT 50235-50239 (5). Additional material: FBKU uncat. (2), FBKU uncat. (2), NRM 28548 (7), NRM 28852 (3); NIFI 00414 (3), NIFI uncat. (2). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:377 [ref. 29155]. •Referred to genus Pterocryptis (Bornbusch 1991:1076 [ref. 16547], Burgess & Finley 1996:164 [ref. 22901]). •Valid as Silurus torrentis Kobayakawa 1989 -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:588 [ref. 20764], Rainboth 1996:151 [ref. 22772], Arunkumar & Tombi Singh 1997:72 [ref. 24944], Sen 1999:201 [ref. 24750]). •Valid as Pterocryptis torrentis (Kobayakawa 1989) -- (Ng & Kottelat 1998:393 [ref. 23627], Ng 1999:371 [ref. 24236], Ferraris 2007:377 [ref. 29155], Vishwanath & Nebeshwar 2009:428 [ref. 30375]). •Synonym of Pterocryptis berdmorei (Blyth 1860) -- (Kottelat 2013:237 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Pterocryptis berdmorei (Blyth 1860). Siluridae. Distribution: Thailand and Myanmar (if valid). Habitat: freshwater.

triostegus, Silurus Heckel [J. J.] 1843:1090 [100] [Ichthyologie [von Syrien]. In Russegger v. 1 (pt 2); ref. 2066] Tigris River, near Mosul, Iraq. Syntypes: (4) NMW, SMF 2623 [ex NMW in 1844] (1, dry). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:380 [ref. 29155]. Illustrated by Heckel 1843, Pl. 13 (fig. 1) [ref. 2067]. On p. 100 of separate [ref. 2067]. •Probably a synonym of Silurus glanis Linnaeus 1758 -- (Coad 1991:19 [ref. 15702]). •Valid as Silurus triostegus Heckel 1843 -- (Kobayakawa 1989:174 [ref. 13476], Coad 1995:24 [ref. 23608] but possibly a synonym of S. glanis, Ünlü & Bozkurt 1996:315 [ref. 22595], Coad 1998:103 [ref. 23869], Coad & Holcík 2000:139 [ref. 25292], Ferraris 2007:380 [ref. 29155], Fricke et al. 2007:54 [ref. 29533], Esmaeili et al. 2010:373 [ref. 33391], Ünlü et al. 2012:119 [ref. 31827], Jouladeh-Roudbar et al. 2015:890 [ref. 34062], Çiçek et al. 2015:149 [ref. 35151]). Current status: Valid as Silurus triostegus Heckel 1843. Siluridae. Distribution: Iraq, Iran and Turkey. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

truncatus, Belodontichthys Kottelat [M.] & Ng [H. H.] 1999:388, Fig. 1 [Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 10 (no. 4); ref. 24239] Chao Phraya River, flood-waters 17.5 kilometers north of Ayuthya, Maharaj Province, Thailand. Holotype: UMMZ 235105. Paratypes: ANSP 60623 (1), 89437 (2); CAS 61910 (3), 93930 (4), 94568 (9); CMK 5089 (1), 12245 (1), 13483 (1); UMMZ 186722 (3), 186737 (5), 186750 (1), 186761 (1), 217153 (2), 217752 (1), 232313 (2), 234589 (1); USNM 227924 (1), 227964 (1), 227966 (2), ZRC 43592 (1). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:368 [ref. 29155], Ng & Kim 2008:45 [ref. 29920]. •Valid as Belodontichthys truncatus Kottelat & Ng 1999 -- (Kottelat 2001:125 [ref. 25780], Ferraris 2007:368 [ref. 29155], Kottelat 2013:232 [ref. 32989], Kottelat 2015:46 [ref. 33971]). Current status: Valid as Belodontichthys truncatus Kottelat & Ng 1999. Siluridae. Distribution: Southeastern Asia: Mekong and Chao Phraya River basins. Habitat: freshwater.

tweediei, Wallagonia Hora [S. L.] & Misra [K. S.] in Hora & Gupta 1941:18, Figs. 2-3 [Bulletin of the Raffles Museum No. 17; ref. 13242] Kuala Tahan, Pahang, Malaysia. Holotype: ZRC 350 (plaster cast with head and fins built in). ZSI F13365/1 (right anterior gill arch of holotype). Type catalog: Menon & Yazdani 1968:125 [ref. 20743], Alfred 1970:68 [ref. 23931], Ferraris 2007:381 [ref. 29155], Ng & Kim 2008:57 [ref. 29920]. See Das 2003:381 [ref. 27706] as tweedei. •Valid as Wallago tweediei (Hora & Misra 1941) -- (Burgess 1989:86 [ref. 12860]). •Questionably a synonym of Wallago leerii Bleeker 1851 -- (Roberts 1989:152 [ref. 6439], Kottelat 2013:239 [ref. 32989]). •Synonym of Wallago leerii Bleeker 1851 -- (Lim et al. 1990:44 [ref. 16753], Burgess & Finley 1996:164 [ref. 22901], Ferraris 2007:381 [ref. 29155]). •Synonym of Wallagonia leerii (Bleeker 1851) -- (Roberts 2014:36 [ref. 33394]). Current status: Synonym of Wallagonia leerii (Bleeker 1851). Siluridae. Distribution: Malay Peninsula, Sumatra and Borneo (if valid). Habitat: freshwater.

typus, Micronema Bleeker [P.] 1858:300 [Acta Societatis Regiae Scientiarum Indo-Neêrlandicae v. 4 (art. 2); ref. 365] Jakarta, Java, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): RMNH 6841. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:375 [ref. 29155]. Unneeded substitute for Silurus micronemus Bleeker 1846. See van Oijen et al. 2009:263 [ref. 30423]. If micronema is a noun, then micronema should be used in masculine genera. •Objective synonym of Kryptopterus micronema (Bleeker 1846) -- (Roberts 1989:149 [ref. 6439]). •Synonym of Micronema micronema (Bleeker 1846). •Synonym of Phalacronotus micronemus (Bleeker 1846) -- (Ferraris 2007:375 [ref. 29155]). •Synonym of Phalacronotus micronemus (Bleeker 1846) -- (Kottelat 2013:237 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Phalacronotus micronemus (Bleeker 1846). Siluridae. Habitat: freshwater.

undecimalis, Silurus Linnaeus [C.] 1758:305 [Systema Naturae, Ed. X v. 1; ref. 2787] No locality. No types known. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:431 [ref. 22155]. •Species inquirenda in Siluriformes -- (Ferraris 2007:431 [ref. 29155]). Siluridae.

urbaini, Cryptopterus Fang [P.-W.] & Chaux [J.] in Chaux & Fang 1949:197, Fig. 2 [Bulletin du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle (Série 2) v. 21 (no. 2); ref. 13004] Cambodia. Holotype: MNHN 1966-0706. Paratypes: MNHN 1966-0707 to 0708 (1, 1). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:373 [ref. 29155]. Holotype established by, "Longueur standard du type: 165 mm" and 1966-0706 taken from MNHN type cards. •Synonym of Ompok hypophthalmus (Bleeker 1846) -- (Rainboth 1996:149 [ref. 22772], Kottelat 2001:128 [ref. 25780]). •Valid as Ompok urbaini (Fang & Chaux 1949) -- (Ng 2003:1304 [ref. 27472], Ng & Tan 2004:10 [ref. 27846], Ferraris 2007:373 [ref. 29155], Kottelat 2013:236 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Ompok urbaini (Fang & Chaux 1949). Siluridae. Distribution: Mekong, Chao Phraya and Pasak River draingages, southeastern Asia. Habitat: freshwater.

valeya, Wallago attu Deraniyagala [P. E. P.] 1953:45 [Spolia Zeylanica v. 27 (pt 1); ref. 12691] Yakvala, Western Province, Sri Lanka. Holotype: NMSL FF187. Type information: Pethiyagoda 1991:336 [ref. 20075]. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:381 [ref. 29155]. Described as a race, but in main heading author used "ssp. nov." so it is regarded as an available name. •Synonym of Silurus attu Bloch & Schneider 1801 -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:590 [ref. 20764]). •Synonym of Wallago attu (Bloch & Schneider 1801) -- (Ferraris 2007:381 [ref. 29155], Kottelat 2013:239 [ref. 32989], Roberts 2014:36 [ref. 33394]). Current status: Synonym of Wallago attu (Bloch & Schneider 1801). Siluridae. Habitat: freshwater.

verecunda, Pterocryptis Ng [H. H.] & Freyhof [J.] 2001:636, Fig. 9 [Journal of Fish Biology v. 59; ref. 25712] Stream near entrance of Trung Trang cave, 20°47'17"N, 107°00'04"E, Cat Ba Island, Hai Phong Province, Vietnam. Holotype: ZRC 46316. Paratypes: CMK 14821 (2). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:377 [ref. 29155], Ng & Kim 2008:54 [ref. 29920]. •Valid as Pterocryptis verecunda Ng & Freyhof 2001 -- (Ng & Chan 2005:54 [ref. 28371], Ferraris 2007:377 [ref. 29155], Kottelat 2013:238 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Pterocryptis verecunda Ng & Freyhof 2001. Siluridae. Distribution: Cat Ba Island, northeastern Vietnam. Habitat: freshwater.

vitreolus, Kryptopterus Ng [H. H.] & Kottelat [M.] 2013:309, Figs. 1-2 [Biogeographical Society of Japan (Tokyo); ref. 32647] Amphoe Khao Saming, That Province, Thailand. Holotype: UMMZ 249801. Paratypes: CMK 10731 (10), 12193 (12), 18688 (18); UMMZ 249802 (12), 249803 (12); 249803; ZRC 35718-35724 (6), 37586 (2), 39288 (8). Ng & Kottelat 2013:299 [ref. 32667] described the species a second time; with the addition of "new species" in compliance with Art. 16.1 of the code. •Valid as Kryptopterus vitreolus Ng & Kottelat 2013 (originally ref. 32647). Current status: Valid as Kryptopterus vitreolus Ng & Kottelat 2013. Siluridae. Distribution: Malay Peninsula and southern Thailand. Habitat: freshwater.

vittatus, Silurus (Callichrus) Swainson [W.] 1839:306 [The natural history and classification v. 2; ref. 4303] Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:372 [ref. 29155]. Based on Ham. pl. 25. fig. 47 -- which is Hamilton 1822:Pl. 25 (fig. 47). ▌Unneeded new name for Silurus pabda Hamilton 1822. •Synonym of Ompok pabda (Hamilton 1822) -- (Menon 1999:218 [ref. 24904], Ferraris 2007:372 [ref. 29155]). Current status: Synonym of Ompok pabda (Hamilton 1822). Siluridae. Habitat: freshwater.

wallagoo, Silurus Valenciennes [A.] (ex Russell) in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1840:354 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 14; ref. 4882] Coromandel, Calcutta, Vizagatam, India; Myanmar. No types known. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:381 [ref. 29155]. •Synonym of Wallago attu (Bloch & Schneider 1801) -- (Menon 1999:214 [ref. 24904], Jayaram 2006:113 [ref. 28762], Ferraris 2007:381 [ref. 29155], Kottelat 2013:239 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Wallago attu (Bloch & Schneider 1801). Siluridae. Habitat: freshwater.

weberi, Callichrous Hardenberg [J. D. F.] 1936:232 [Treubia, Buitenzorg v. 15 (pt 3); ref. 13698] Padang Tikarbay, Kapuas River, Borneo. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:373 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Ompok weberi (Hardenberg 1936) -- (Roberts 1989:151 [ref. 6439], Burgess 1989:86 [ref. 12860], Kottelat et al. 1993:70 [ref. 23448], Ng & Siebert 2002:169 [ref. 26402], Ng & Tan 2004:11 [ref. 27846], Ferraris 2007:373 [ref. 29155], Kottelat 2013:236 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Ompok weberi (Hardenberg 1936). Siluridae. Distribution: Bapuas River basin, Borneo. Habitat: freshwater.

wynaadensis, Silurus Day [F.] 1873:237 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1873 (pt 1) (art. 4) (for 4 Mar. 1873); ref. 18824] Wynaad, India, elevation 3000 feet. Syntypes and/or Day specimens: AMS B.7990 (1, syntype) Wynaad; BMNH 1868.5.14.6-7 (2), 1889.2.1.2521-2522 (2) Madras; NMW 77251 (1); RMNH 8772 (1); ZMB 11221 (1); ZSI 461 (1), 1233 (1), A.480 (1). Type catalog: Whitehead & Talwar 1976:156 [ref. 23762], Ferraris et al. 2000:303 [ref. 25110], Ferraris 2007:377 [ref. 29155]. Replacement name for Silurus punctatus Day 1868, preoccupied by Silurus punctatus Cantor 1842. •Synonym of Silurus berdmorei (Blyth 1860) -- (Burgess 1989:85 [ref. 12860]). •Valid as Silurus wynaadensis Day 1873 -- (Mai 1978:244 [ref. 13511], Kobayakawa 1989:174 [ref. 13476], Talwar & Jhingran 1991:589 [ref. 20764], Gopi 1996:592 [ref. 24974], Arunkumar & Tombi Singh 1997:73 [ref. 24944], Rema Devi & Raghunathan 1999:156 [ref. 24759], Menon 1999:220 [ref. 24904], Arunachalam et al. 2000:292 [ref. 25165]). •Valid as Pterocryptis wynaadensis (Day 1873) -- (Burgess & Finley 1996:164 [ref. 22901], Ng & Kottelat 1998:393 [ref. 23627], Ng 1999:373 [ref. 24236], Kottelat 2001:53 [ref. 25482], Ng & Chan 2005:54 [ref. 28371], Jayaram 2006:103 [ref. 28762], Ferraris 2007:377 [ref. 29155]). Current status: Valid as Pterocryptis wynaadensis (Day 1873). Siluridae. Distribution: India. Habitat: freshwater.

xanthosteus, Silurus Richardson [J.] 1845:133, Pl. 56 (figs. 12-14) [Ichthyology.--Part 3. The zoology of the voyage of H. M. S. Sulphur.; ref. 20575] Chusan and Canton, China. Syntypes: (3) BMNH 1868.3.11.29 (1). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:379 [ref. 29155]. •Synonym of Parasilurus asotus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Okada 1961:569 [ref. 6363]). •Synonym of Silurus asotus Linnaeus 1758 -- (Kottelat 2006:58 [ref. 28831], Ferraris 2007:379 [ref. 29155], Kottelat 2013:239 [ref. 32989], Dyldin & Orlov 2016:672 [ref. 34853]). Current status: Synonym of Silurus asotus Linnaeus 1758. Siluridae. Habitat: freshwater.