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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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Species in the family or subfamily Synanceiidae: [ 81 ] records


adamsii, Minous Richardson [J.] 1848:7, Pl. 2 (figs. 4-5) [The zoology of the voyage of H. M. S. Samarang; ref. 3744] China Sea. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1848.3.16.37. •Synonym of Minous monodactylus (Bloch & Schneider 1801) -- (Eschmeyer et al. 1979:461 [ref. 1277], Matsunuma & Motomura 2018:252 [ref. 36053]). Current status: Synonym of Minous monodactylus (Bloch & Schneider 1801). Synanceiidae: Minoinae. Habitat: marine.

adhaesipinnis, Uranoscopus Blyth [E.] 1860:142 [Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal v. 29 (no. 2); ref. 477] Calcutta fish market, India. Syntypes: ZSI [Asiatic Soc. Bengal 119]. Type catalog: Menon & Yazdani 1968:146 [ref. 20743] as adhesipinnis. •Synonym of Trachicephalus uranoscopus (Bloch & Schneider 1801) -- (Eschmeyer & Rama-Rao 1973:373 [ref. 6391], Kottelat 2013:316 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Trachicephalus uranoscopus (Bloch & Schneider 1801). Synanceiidae: Synanceiinae. Habitat: marine.

alepidota, Scorpaena Bloch [M. E.] 1787:106 [Naturgeschichte der ausländischen Fische v. 3; ref. 468] Not an available name, see Eschmeyer & Rama-Rao 1973:352 [ref. 6391]. •In the synonymy of Synanceia horrida (Linnaeus 1766) -- (Eschmeyer & Rama-Rao 1973:352 [ref. 6391]). Current status: Synonym of Synanceia horrida (Linnaeus 1766). Synanceiidae: Synanceiinae.

alula, Synanceia Eschmeyer [W. N.] & Rama-Rao [K. V.] 1973:348, Figs. 3-4 [Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences (Series 4) v. 39 (no. 18); ref. 6391] Nancouri Island, 8°00'N, 93°40'E, Nicobar Islands, Investigator station 615. Holotype: CAS-SU 14673. Paratypes: ZSI 289/2 (1), USNM 209420-21 (2, 1). Type catalog: Menon & Rama-Rao 1975:43 [ref. 22148]. See Das 2003:378 [ref. 27706] with genus as Synenceja. •Valid as Synanceia alula Eschmeyer & Rama-Rao 1973 -- (Poss 1999:2308 [ref. 24796], Mandrytsa 2001:274 [ref. 25636], Allen & Erdmann 2012:244 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2019:104 [ref. 36673]). Current status: Valid as Synanceia alula Eschmeyer & Rama-Rao 1973. Synanceiidae: Synanceiinae. Distribution: Eastern Indian Ocean, western Pacific: Nicobar Islands, Papua New Guinea (New Britain, New Ireland) and Solomon Islands. Habitat: marine.

andriashevi, Minous Mandrytsa [S. A.] 1990:66, Fig. [Biologiya Morya (Vladivostok) 1990 (no. 6); ref. 19218] Western Indian Ocean, Seychelles EEZ, seamount 160 km south of Farquhar Atoll, 11°41'07"S, 51°23'02"E, depth 55 meters. Holotype (unique): ZIN 49334. •Valid as Minous andriashevi Mandrytsa 1990 -- (Mandrytsa 2001:272 [ref. 25636], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S102 [ref. 27377], Matsunuma & Motomura 2018:251 [ref. 36053]). Current status: Valid as Minous andriashevi Mandrytsa 1990. Synanceiidae: Minoinae. Distribution: Western Indian Ocean: seamount near Farquhar Atoll, Seychelles EEZ and off Somalia. Habitat: marine.

asteroblepa, Synanceia Richardson [J.] 1844:69, Pl. 39 (figs. 1-3) [Ichthyology.--Part 1. The zoology of the voyage of H. M. S. Sulphur; ref. 3739] Coast of New Guinea. No types known. •Valid as Leptosynanceia asteroblepa (Richardson 1844) -- (Eschmeyer & Rama-Rao 1973:375 [ref. 6391], Kottelat et al. 1993:102 [ref. 23448], Kottelat & Lim 1995:245 [ref. 23210], Poss 1999:2318 [ref. 24796], Poss in Randall & Lim 2000:605 [ref. 25122], Mandrytsa 2001:274 [ref. 25636], Kottelat 2013:316 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Leptosynanceia asteroblepa (Richardson 1844). Synanceiidae: Synanceiinae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific. Habitat: brackish, marine.

aurantiacum, Pelor Temminck [C. J.] & Schlegel [H.] 1843:44, Pl. 18 (fig. 1) [Fauna Japonica Parts 2-4; ref. 4371] Bay of Domura, Nagasaki, Japan. Lectotype: RMNH D597 (stuffed). Paralectotypes: RMNH 614 (1). Lectotype selected by Boeseman 1947:54 [ref. 12876]. •Synonym of Inimicus japonicus (Cuvier 1829) -- (Eschmeyer et al. 1979:493 [ref. 6385], Lindberg & Krasyukova 1987:118 [ref. 15964], Inaba & Motomura 2018:75 [ref. 36154]). Current status: Synonym of Inimicus japonicus (Cuvier 1829). Synanceiidae: Choridactylinae. Habitat: marine.

barbatus, Pelor De Vis [C. W.] 1884:547 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 9 (pt 3); ref. 4899] Cape York, Queensland, Australia. Holotype (unique): QM I.374. •Synonym of Inimicus caledonicus (Sauvage 1878) -- (Eschmeyer et al. 1979:488 [ref. 6385], Paxton et al. 1989:442 [ref. 12442], Allen et al. 2006:904 [ref. 29078], Inaba & Motomura 2018:57 [ref. 36154]). Current status: Synonym of Inimicus caledonicus (Sauvage 1878). Synanceiidae: Choridactylinae. Habitat: marine.

biaculeata, Scorpaena Kuhl [H.] & van Hasselt [J. C.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1829:424 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 4; ref. 998] Jakarta, Java, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): MNHN 0000-6748. Type catalog: Blanc & Hureau 1968:26 [ref. 20738] with MNHN 6748 as holotype. Not available, name mentioned in passing in the synonymy of Minous monodactylus (Bloch & Schneider 1801) -- (Eschmeyer et al. 1979:461 [ref. 1277]). Use by Bleeker perhaps validates this name back to this first use. •In the synonymy of Minous monodactylus (Bloch & Schneider 1801) -- (Matsunuma & Motomura 2018:252 [ref. 36053]). Current status: Synonym of Minous monodactylus (Bloch & Schneider 1801). Synanceiidae: Minoinae.

bicapillata, Scorpaena Shaw [G.] 1803:273 [General zoology or systematic natural history v. 4; ref. 4014] Indian seas. Unneeded new name for and objective synonym of Scorpaena bicirrata Lacepède 1801. •Synonym of Synanceia verrucosa Bloch & Schneider 1801 -- (Eschmeyer & Rama-Rao 1973:359 [ref. 6391]). Current status: Synonym of Synanceia verrucosa Bloch & Schneider 1801. Synanceiidae: Synanceiinae. Habitat: marine.

bicirrata, Scorpaena Lacepède [B. G. E.] 1801:258, 270 [Histoire naturelle des poissons (Lacepède) v. 3; ref. 2710] No locality. •Synonym of Synanceia verrucosa Bloch & Schneider 1801 -- (Eschmeyer & Rama-Rao 1973:359 [ref. 6391]). Current status: Synonym of Synanceia verrucosa Bloch & Schneider 1801. Synanceiidae: Synanceiinae. Habitat: marine.

bifilis, Inimicus Fowler [H. W.] 1938:85, Fig. 38 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 85 (no. 3032); ref. 1426] Canmahala Bay, Luzon Island, Philippines. Holotype (unique): USNM 98905. •Synonym of Inimicus didactylus (Pallas 1769) -- (Eschmeyer et al. 1979:490 [ref. 6385], Inaba & Motomura 2018:67 [ref. 36154]). Current status: Synonym of Inimicus didactylus (Pallas 1769). Synanceiidae: Choridactylinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

bimaculata, Scorpaena Kuhl [H.] & van Hasselt [J. C.] in Cuvier 1829 [Le Règne Animal (Edition 2) v. 2; ref. 995] Jakarta, Java, Indonesia. No types known. Still researching, this species not yet located. Apparently name only and unavailable. Synanceiidae: Minoinae.

blochi, Minous Kaup [J. J.] 1859:333 [Archiv für Naturgeschichte v. 24 (pt 1) (for 1858); ref. 2580] Unneeded replacement name for Scorpaena monodactyla Bloch & Schneider 1801. •Synonym of Minous monodactylus (Bloch & Schneider 1801) -- (Eschmeyer et al. 1979:461 [ref. 1277]). Current status: Synonym of Minous monodactylus (Bloch & Schneider 1801). Synanceiidae: Minoinae. Habitat: marine.

brachiata, Scorpaena Shaw [G.] 1803:274 [General zoology or systematic natural history v. 4; ref. 4014] New name for Scorpaena brachion Lacepède 1801. •Synonym of Synanceia verrucosa Bloch & Schneider 1801 -- (Eschmeyer & Rama-Rao 1973:359 [ref. 6391]). Current status: Synonym of Synanceia verrucosa Bloch & Schneider 1801. Synanceiidae: Synanceiinae. Habitat: marine.

brachio, Synanceia Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1829:447 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 4; ref. 998] Mauritius, Mascarenes, southwestern Indian Ocean; Strong Island and Waigiou, Indonesia. Syntypes: MNHN 0267 (1) Strong, 6594 (1, poor condition) Waigiou. Type catalog: Blanc & Hureau 1968:28 [ref. 20738]. •Synonym of Synanceia verrucosa Bloch & Schneider 1801 -- (Eschmeyer & Rama-Rao 1973:359 [ref. 6391]). Current status: Synonym of Synanceia verrucosa Bloch & Schneider 1801. Synanceiidae: Synanceiinae. Habitat: marine.

brachion, Scorpaena Lacepède [B. G. E.] 1801:259, 272, Pl. 12 (fig. 1) [Histoire naturelle des poissons (Lacepède) v. 3; ref. 2710] No locality [= Mauritius, Mascarenes, southwestern Indian Ocean]. No types known. Neotype designation by Fricke 1999:167 [ref. 24106] is invalid; see Fricke 2000:639 [ref. 24537]. •Synonym of Synanceia verrucosa Bloch & Schneider 1801 -- (Eschmeyer & Rama-Rao 1973:359 [ref. 6391], Fricke 1999:166 [ref. 24106]). Current status: Synonym of Synanceia verrucosa Bloch & Schneider 1801. Synanceiidae: Synanceiinae. Habitat: marine.

brachyrhynchus, Pelor Bleeker [P.] 1874:5, Pls. 2 (fig. 4), 3 (fig. 2) [Natuurkundige Verhandelingen van de Hollandsche Maatschappij der Wetenschappen te Haarlem (Ser. 3) v. 2 (no. 3); ref. 439] Singapore. Holotype (unique): RMNH 5907. Type catalog: Inaba & Motomura 2018:56 [ref. 36154]. •Valid as Inimicus brachyrhynchus (Bleeker 1874) -- (Eschmeyer et al. 1979:491 [ref. 6385], Poss 1999:2307 [ref. 24796], Mandrytsa 2001:273 [ref. 25636], Allen & Erdmann 2012:241 [ref. 31980], Inaba & Motomura 2018:56 [ref. 36154]). Current status: Valid as Inimicus brachyrhynchus (Bleeker 1874). Synanceiidae: Choridactylinae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Singapore and Hong Kong (China). Habitat: marine.

breviceps, Synanceia Richardson [J.] 1845:71 [Ichthyology.--Part 2. The zoology of the voyage of H. M. S. Sulphur; ref. 20574] China. Syntypes: (4) BMNH (1), Cambridge Philosophical Soc. (3). •Synonym of Trachicephalus uranoscopus (Bloch & Schneider 1801) -- (Eschmeyer & Rama-Rao 1973:373 [ref. 6391], Kottelat 2013:316 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Trachicephalus uranoscopus (Bloch & Schneider 1801). Synanceiidae: Synanceiinae. Habitat: marine.

caledonicum, Pelor Sauvage [H.-E.] 1878:147, Pl. 2 (fig. 6) [Nouvelles Archives du Muséum d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris (Série 2) v. 1; ref. 3880] Nouméa, Province Sud, Grande Terre, New Caledonia. Holotype (unique): MNHN 0000-1518. Type catalog: Inaba & Motomura 2018:57 [ref. 36154]. •Valid as Inimicus caledonicus (Sauvage 1878) -- (Eschmeyer et al. 1979:488 [ref. 6385], Paxton et al. 1989:442 [ref. 12442], Randall et al. 1990:79 [ref. 15987], Kuiter 1997:92 [ref. 25488], Randall et al. 1997:79 [ref. 25919], Poss 1999:2315 [ref. 24796], Johnson 1999:727 [ref. 25471], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:164 [ref. 25191], Mandrytsa 2001:273 [ref. 25636], Randall 2005:127 [ref. 28239], Allen et al. 2006:904 [ref. 29078], Fricke et al. 2011:380 [ref. 31242], Allen & Erdmann 2012:241 [ref. 31980], Inaba & Motomura 2018:57 [ref. 36154]). Current status: Valid as Inimicus caledonicus (Sauvage 1878). Synanceiidae: Choridactylinae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Andaman and Nicobar islands, Australia (Queensland), New Caledonia and Vanuatu. Habitat: marine.

cirrhosus, Inimicus McKay [R. J.] 1964:8, Fig. 1 [Journal of the Royal Society of Western Australia v. 47 (pt 1) (art. 3); ref. 2448] 9 miles north of Cape Peron Flats, Shark Bay, Western Australia. Holotype: WAM P.4980-001. Paratypes: RMNH 24823 [ex WAM P.4988] (1); WAM P.4981-001 (1), P.4982-001 (1), P.4983-001 (1, missing), P.4984-001 through P.4986-001 (3), P.4988-001 through P. 4995-001 (8). Type catalog: Hutchins & Smith 1991:116 [ref. 19335], Moore et al. 2008:17 [ref. 30117]. •Synonym of Inimicus sinensis (Valenciennes 1833) -- (Eschmeyer et al. 1979:487 [ref. 6385], Paxton et al. 1989:443 [ref. 12442], Inaba & Motomura 2018:80 [ref. 36154]). Current status: Synonym of Inimicus sinensis (Valenciennes 1833). Synanceiidae: Choridactylinae. Habitat: marine.

coccineus, Minous Alcock [A. W.] 1890:428 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 6) v. 6 (no. 36) (art. 52); ref. 86] Off Ganjam coast, 8 miles east-southeast of Kalingapatnam Light, India [Orissa State, India, Bay of Bengal, eastern Indian Ocean], Investigator station 90, depth 28-30 fathoms. Syntypes: ZSI F12924 (2). Type catalog: Menon & Yazdani 1968:154 [ref. 20743], Menon & Rama-Rao 1975:43 [ref. 22148]. •Valid as Minous coccineus Alcock 1890 -- (Eschmeyer et al. 1979:465 [ref. 1277], Dor 1984:87 [ref. 29757], Eschmeyer 1986:465 [ref. 5652], Paxton et al. 1989:443 [ref. 12442], Krishnan & Mishra 1993:219 [ref. 24016], Goren & Dor 1994:21 [ref. 25356], Poss 1999:2307 [ref. 24796], Poss in Randall & Lim 2000:605 [ref. 25122], Mandrytsa 2001:273 [ref. 25636], Hutchins 2001:27 [ref. 25847], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S102 [ref. 27377], Allen et al. 2006:905 [ref. 29078], Motomura 2009:73 [ref. 30446], Allen & Erdmann 2012:243 [ref. 31980], Bogorodsky et al. 2014:416 [ref. 33460], Matsunuma et al. 2017:[4] 1290 [ref. 35795], Golani & Fricke 2018:57 [ref. 36273], Matsunuma & Motomura 2018:251 [ref. 36053], Psomadakis et al. 2020:365 [ref. 37272]). Current status: Valid as Minous coccineus Alcock 1890. Synanceiidae: Minoinae. Distribution: Red Sea, Indo-West Pacific: South Africa east to Philippines, north to Taiwan. Habitat: marine.

cuvieri, Pelors Gray [J. E.] 1835:no page number, Pl. 90 (fig. 2) [Illustrations of Indian zoology; ref. 1878] India. Holotype: BMNH 2007.3.25.1. Type catalog: Inaba & Motomura 2018:61 [ref. 36154]. Published about 20 Feb. 1835. Correct spelling of original genus is Pelor. •Valid as Inimicus cuvieri (Gray 1835) -- (Eschmeyer et al. 1979:486 [ref. 6385], Kyushin et al. 1982:272 [ref. 19754], Chen et al. 1997:169 [ref. 26476], Imamura & Yabe 1998:53 [ref. 23352], Poss 1999:2316 [ref. 24796], Poss in Randall & Lim 2000:605 [ref. 25122], Mandrytsa 2001:273 [ref. 25636], Allen & Adrim 2003:30 [ref. 26830], Motomura 2009:73 [ref. 30446], Allen & Erdmann 2012:241 [ref. 31980], Yoshida et al. 2013:84 [ref. 34464], Inaba & Motomura 2018:61 [ref. 36154], Psomadakis et al. 2020:364 [ref. 37272]). Current status: Valid as Inimicus cuvieri (Gray 1835). Synanceiidae: Choridactylinae. Distribution: Eastern Indian Ocean, western Pacific: Myanmar and Andaman Sea east to Philippines, south to northern Australia. Habitat: marine.

daector, Deleastes Seale [A.] 1906:81, Fig. 22 [Occasional Papers of the Bernice Pauahi Bishop Museum of Polynesian Ethnology and Natural History v. 4 (no. 1); ref. 3999] Tahiti, Society Islands. Holotype (unique): BPBM 1360. •Synonym of Synanceia verrucosa Bloch & Schneider 1801 -- (Eschmeyer & Rama-Rao 1973:359 [ref. 6391]). Current status: Synonym of Synanceia verrucosa Bloch & Schneider 1801. Synanceiidae: Synanceiinae. Habitat: marine.

daruma, Dampierosa Whitley [G. P.] 1932:346, Pl. 38 (figs. 2-3) [Records of the Australian Museum v. 18 (no. 6); ref. 4674] Off Broome, Western Australia. Holotype (unique): AMS IA.5116. •Valid as Erosa daruma (Whitley 1932) -- (Poss 1999:2307 [ref. 24796], Allen et al. 2006:904 [ref. 29078]). •Valid as Dampierosa daruma Whitley 1932 -- (Eschmeyer & Rama-Rao 1973:367 [ref. 6391], Allen & Swainston 1988:48 [ref. 25477], Paxton et al. 1989:440 [ref. 12442], Allen 1997:76 [ref. 23977], Mandrytsa 2001:274 [ref. 25636], Hutchins 2001:27 [ref. 25847]). Current status: Valid as Dampierosa daruma Whitley 1932. Synanceiidae: Synanceiinae. Distribution: Australia: Western Australia. Habitat: marine.

dempsterae, Minous Eschmeyer [W. N.], Hallacher [L. E.] & Rama-Rao [K. V.] 1979:469, Figs. 1, 2e, 8b, 9 [Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences (Series 4) v. 41 (no. 20); ref. 1277] Off western India, 21°11'-08'N, 69°16'-13'E, depth 70-72 meters. Holotype: USNM 218417. Paratypes: ANSP 136720 (2); BMNH 1978.4.19.1-2 (2); CAS 13883-84 (3, 3), 13886-87 (1, 3), 13891 (3), 13892 (2, c&s), 14508-09 (1, 5); SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 953 (2); USNM 218418-21 (2, 4, 1, 2); ZSI F7401/2 (2). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:153 [ref. 13621]. See Das 2003:378 [ref. 27706]. •Valid as Minous dempsterae Eschmeyer, Hallacher & Rama-Rao 1979 -- (Randall 1995:107 [ref. 22896], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S102 [ref. 27377], Psomadakis et al. 2015:187 [ref. 34104], Matsunuma & Motomura 2018:251 [ref. 36053], Eagderi et al. 2019:129 [ref. 37020]). Current status: Valid as Minous dempsterae Eschmeyer, Hallacher & Rama-Rao 1979. Synanceiidae: Minoinae. Distribution: Northwestern Indian Ocean: Persian Gulf east to India. Habitat: marine.

didactyla, Scorpaena Pallas [P. S.] 1769:26, Pl. 4 (figs. 1-3) [Spicilegia Zoologica v. 1 (fasc. 7); ref. 20848] Indian Ocean [Indonesia]. Holotype (unique): RMNH 669. Type catalog: Inaba & Motomura 2018:67 [ref. 36154]. •Valid as Inimicus didactylus (Pallas 1769) -- (Eschmeyer et al. 1979:489 [ref. 6385], Shimizu in Masuda et al. 1984:318 [ref. 6441], Allen & Swainston 1988:48 [ref. 25477], Paxton et al. 1989:442 [ref. 12442], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:571 [ref. 27969], Allen 1997:76 [ref. 23977], Myers 1999:101 [ref. 23965], Poss 1999:2316 [ref. 24796], Nakabo 2000:596 [ref. 25086], Poss in Randall & Lim 2000:605 [ref. 25122], Mandrytsa 2001:273 [ref. 25636], Hutchins 2001:27 [ref. 25847], Nakabo 2002:596 [ref. 26001], Allen & Adrim 2003:30 [ref. 26830], Kimura et al. in Kimura & Matsuura 2003:38 [ref. 27510], Adrim et al. 2004:119 [ref. 27715], Randall 2005:128 [ref. 28239], Allen et al. 2006:905 [ref. 29078], Fricke et al. 2011:380 [ref. 31242], Allen & Erdmann 2012:242 [ref. 31980], Larson et al. 2013:85 [ref. 32988], Fricke et al. 2014:54 [ref. 33932], Inaba & Motomura 2018:67 [ref. 36154], Fricke et al. 2019:104 [ref. 36673], Kodeeswaran et al. 2020:[2] [ref. 37577], Sonoyama et al. 2020:46 [ref. 37637]). Current status: Valid as Inimicus didactylus (Pallas 1769). Synanceiidae: Choridactylinae. Distribution: Eastern Indian Ocean, western Pacific: southeastern India; Vietnam and Indonesia east to New Ireland (Papua New Guinea) and Solomon Islands, north to southern Sea of Japan, south to northern Australia and New Caledonia. Habitat: brackish, marine.

digitata, Scorpaena Gronow [L. T.] in Gray 1854:117 [Catalogue of fish collected and described by Laurence Theodore Gronow; ref. 1911] Indian Ocean. No types known. •Synonym of Inimicus didactylus (Pallas 1769) -- (Eschmeyer et al. 1979:489 [ref. 6385], Inaba & Motomura 2018:67 [ref. 36154]). Current status: Synonym of Inimicus didactylus (Pallas 1769). Synanceiidae: Choridactylinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

echigonius, Minous Jordan [D. S.] & Starks [E. C.] 1904:153, Fig. 14 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 27 (no. 1351); ref. 2527] Niigata, Echigo, Japan. Holotype (unique): CAS-SU 7370 [not 7380 as published]. •Synonym of Minous monodactylus (Bloch & Schneider 1801) -- (Eschmeyer et al. 1979:461 [ref. 1277], Lindberg & Krasyukova 1987:116 [ref. 15964], Matsunuma & Motomura 2018:252 [ref. 36053]). Current status: Synonym of Minous monodactylus (Bloch & Schneider 1801). Synanceiidae: Minoinae. Habitat: marine.

elongata, Synanceia Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1829:456 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 4; ref. 998] Coromandel coast, southeastern India; Java, Indonesia. Syntypes: MNHN A-0905 (3) Puducherry; A-0980 (1, dry) Puducherry, 6592 (1) Java; SMF 1394 [ex RMNH in 1829] (1) Java. Type catalog: Blanc & Hureau 1968:28-29 [ref. 20738]. •Synonym of Trachicephalus uranoscopus (Bloch & Schneider 1801) -- (Eschmeyer & Rama-Rao 1973:373 [ref. 6391], Kottelat 2013:316 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Trachicephalus uranoscopus (Bloch & Schneider 1801). Synanceiidae: Synanceiinae. Habitat: marine.

erosa, Synanceia Cuvier [G.] (ex Langsdorff) in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1829:459, Pl. 96 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 4; ref. 998] Seas of Japan. Holotype (unique): ZMB 6490 (dry, missing). Type catalog: Paepke & Fricke 1992:275 [ref. 19946]. •Valid as Erosa erosa (Cuvier 1829) [author often seen as Langsdorff] -- (Eschmeyer & Rama-Rao 1973:364 [ref. 6391], Shimizu in Masuda et al. 1984:318 [ref. 6441], Lindberg & Krasyukova 1987:121 [ref. 15964], Allen & Swainston 1988:48 [ref. 25477], Paxton et al. 1989:441 [ref. 12442], Motomura & Iwatsuki 1997:131 [ref. 23963], Allen 1997:76 [ref. 23977], Chen et al. 1997:169 [ref. 26476], Randall et al. 1997:502 [ref. 25919], Poss 1999:2315 [ref. 24796], Johnson 1999:727 [ref. 25471], Nakabo 2000:598 [ref. 25086], Poss in Randall & Lim 2000:605 [ref. 25122], Choi et al. 2003:559 [ref. 26218], Randall 2005:127 [ref. 28239], Allen et al. 2006:904 [ref. 29078], Fricke et al. 2011:379 [ref. 31242], Allen & Erdmann 2012:240 [ref. 31980], Larson et al. 2013:85 [ref. 32988], Sonoyama et al. 2020:46 [ref. 37637]). Current status: Valid as Erosa erosa (Cuvier 1829). Synanceiidae: Synanceiinae. Distribution: Eastern Indian Ocean, western Pacific: Indonesia east to Philippines and Tonga, north to southern Sea of Japan, south to northern Western Australia and New Caledonia. Habitat: marine.

filamentosum, Pelor Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1829:428, Pl. 94 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 4; ref. 998] Mauritius, Mascarenes, southwestern Indian Ocean. Holotype (unique): MNHN 0000-6714. Type catalog: Blanc & Hureau 1968:27 [ref. 20738], Inaba & Motomura 2018:69 [ref. 36154]. •Valid as Inimicus filamentosus (Cuvier 1829) -- (Eschmeyer et al. 1979:484 [ref. 6385], Dor 1984:87 [ref. 29757], Goren & Dor 1994:21 [ref. 25356], Fricke 1999:155 [ref. 24106], Poss 1999:2307 [ref. 24796], Mandrytsa 2001:273 [ref. 25636], Fricke et al. 2009:39 [ref. 30213], Fricke et al. 2018:137 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:56 [ref. 36273], Inaba & Motomura 2018:69 [ref. 36154], Zajonz et al. 2019:69 [ref. 36871]). Current status: Valid as Inimicus filamentosus (Cuvier 1829). Synanceiidae: Choridactylinae. Distribution: Red Sea, western Indian Ocean: East Africa, Socotra, Seychelles and Madagascar east to Mascarenes and Maldives. Habitat: marine.

fratrum, Erosa Ogilby [J. D.] 1910:32 [Proceedings of the Royal Society of Queensland v. 23; ref. 3288] Moreton Bay, Queensland, Australia. Holotype (unique): QM I.1571 [ex AFAQ 4]. •Synonym of Erosa erosa (Cuvier 1829) -- (Eschmeyer & Rama-Rao 1973:364 [ref. 6391], Paxton et al. 1989:441 [ref. 12442]). Current status: Synonym of Erosa erosa (Cuvier 1829). Synanceiidae: Synanceiinae. Habitat: marine.

greenmani, Leptosynanceia Fowler [H. W.] 1905:507, Fig. 12 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 57; ref. 1370] Baram River, Sarawak state, Borneo, East Malaysia. Holotype: ANSP 114884 [ex WIAP 2349]. Paratypes: ANSP 114885 [ex WIAP 2381] (1), 114886 [ex WIAP 2509] (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:153 [ref. 13621]. •Synonym of Leptosynanceia asteroblepa (Richardson 1844) -- (Eschmeyer & Rama-Rao 1973:375 [ref. 6391], Kottelat 2013:316 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Leptosynanceia asteroblepa (Richardson 1844). Synanceiidae: Synanceiinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

groeneveldi, Minous Matsunuma [M.] & Motomura [H.] 2018:219, Figs. 11-13A-C, 20A-B, 21F [Zootaxa 4455 (no. 2); ref. 36053] Bali Strait, Indonesia, 08°42'S, 115°05'E, depth 30 meters. Holotype (unique): NTM S.11031-002. •Valid as Minous groeneveldi Matsunuma & Motomura 2018. Current status: Valid as Minous groeneveldi Matsunuma & Motomura 2018. Synanceiidae: Minoinae. Distribution: Bali and Lembeh Strait, Indonesia (possibly wider distribution in the East Indies). Habitat: marine.

grossa, Synanceia Gray [J. E.] 1830:no page number, Pl. 97 [Illustrations of Indian zoology; ref. 1878] Singapore. Published about 30 Mar. 1830. Genus spelled Synanacea in list of plates. •Synonym of Synanceia horrida (Linnaeus 1766) -- (Eschmeyer & Rama-Rao 1973:352 [ref. 6391]). Current status: Synonym of Synanceia horrida (Linnaeus 1766). Synanceiidae: Synanceiinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

gruzovi, Inimicus Mandrytsa [S. A.] 1991:151, Figs. 1, 2b [Zoologicheskii Zhurnal v. 70 (no. 1) (for 12 Dec. 1990); ref. 19170] Coral Sea, 25°14'N, 159°46'E, depth 80 meters. Holotype: ZIN 49181. Paratypes: ZIN 49182 (1). Type catalog: Inaba & Motomura 2018:71 [ref. 36154]. •Valid as Inimicus gruzovi Mandrytsa 1991 -- (Poss 1999:2307 [ref. 24796], Mandrytsa 2001:273 [ref. 25636], Inaba & Motomura 2018:71 [ref. 36154]). Current status: Valid as Inimicus gruzovi Mandrytsa 1991. Synanceiidae: Choridactylinae. Distribution: Southwestern Pacific: Chesterfield Islands and northern Lord Howe Rise (New Caledonia). Habitat: marine.

horrida, Scorpaena Linnaeus [C.] 1766:453 [Systema naturae sive regna tria naturae v. 1 (pt 1); ref. 2786] Ambon Island, Molucca Islands, Indonesia. No types known. Based on multiple sources, including 'Perca alepidota: dorso monopterygio ...' of Gronow 1763:88 [ref. 1910] and 'Ikan sowangi-bezar, De groote toverfisch' of Valentyn 1726:399, fig. 170 [ref. 30358]. St. Helena record probably in error (Edwards & Glass 1987:670 [ref. 9166]). •Valid as Synanceia horrida (Linnaeus 1766) -- (Eschmeyer & Rama-Rao 1973:352 [ref. 6391], Allen & Swainston 1988:48 [ref. 25477], Paxton et al. 1989:452 [ref. 12442], Randall et al. 1990:84 [ref. 15987], Randall 1995:113 [ref. 22896], Yoshino et al. 1997:97 [ref. 23355], Allen 1997:76 [ref. 23977], Larson & Williams 1997:353 [ref. 23967], Randall et al. 1997:84 [ref. 25919], Poss 1999:2348 [ref. 24796], Johnson 1999:728 [ref. 25471], Nakabo 2000:598 [ref. 25086], Poss in Randall & Lim 2000:606 [ref. 25122], Mandrytsa 2001:274 [ref. 25636], Hutchins 2001:28 [ref. 25847], Nakabo 2002:598 [ref. 26001], Allen & Adrim 2003:30 [ref. 26830], Randall 2005:128 [ref. 28239], Allen et al. 2006:906 [ref. 29078], Fricke et al. 2011:380 [ref. 31242], Allen & Erdmann 2012:244 [ref. 31980], Larson et al. 2013:85 [ref. 32988], Fricke et al. 2014:54 [ref. 33932], Brown et al. 2019:185 [ref. 36444]). Current status: Valid as Synanceia horrida (Linnaeus 1766). Synanceiidae: Synanceiinae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: India east to Philippines and New Guinea, north to southern China, south to northern Australia. Habitat: brackish, marine.

indicus, Uranoscopus Kuhl [H.] & van Hasselt [J. C.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1829:456 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 4; ref. 998] Manuscript name mentioned in passing under Synanceia elongata, not available. •In the synonymy of Trachicephalus uranoscopus (Bloch & Schneider 1801) -- (Eschmeyer & Rama-Rao 1973:373 [ref. 6391], Kottelat 2013:316 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Trachicephalus uranoscopus (Bloch & Schneider 1801). Synanceiidae: Synanceiinae.

inermis, Minous Alcock [A. W.] 1889:299, Pl. 22 (fig. 4) [Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal v. 58 (pt 2, no. 3); ref. 84] East of the Sacramento Shoal on the Godavari coast, Bay of Bengal [eastern Indian Ocean], Investigator station 46, depth 70 fathoms. Syntypes: ZSI F12444-45 (2). Type catalog: Menon & Yazdani 1968:154 [ref. 20743]. Figured in Alcock 1898: Pl. 18 (fig. 3) [ref. 20534]. •Valid as Minous inermis Alcock 1889 -- (Eschmeyer et al. 1979:463 [ref. 1277], Krishnan & Mishra 1993:219 [ref. 24016], Goren & Dor 1994:21 [ref. 25356], Randall 1995:107 [ref. 22896], Chen et al. 1997:169 [ref. 26476], Mandrytsa 2001:273 [ref. 25636], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S102 [ref. 27377], Psomadakis et al. 2015:187 [ref. 34104], Matsunuma et al. 2017:[2] 1288 [ref. 35795], Golani & Fricke 2018:57 [ref. 36273], Matsunuma & Motomura 2018:252 [ref. 36053], Psomadakis et al. 2020:365 [ref. 37272]). Current status: Valid as Minous inermis Alcock 1889. Synanceiidae: Minoinae. Distribution: Red Sea, northern Indian Ocean: Somalia and Gulf of Oman east to India, Myanmar and west coast of Thailand. Habitat: marine.

iridea, Erosa Ogilby [J. D.] 1910:113 [On some new fishes from the Queensland coast; ref. 3289] 19 miles N, 30°W, off Double Island Point, Queensland, Australia, depth 33 fathoms. Holotype (unique): AMS E.2943 or QM I.1577. For remarks on types see Imamura & Hoese 2020:[8] [ref. 37793]. •Synonym of Erosa erosa (Cuvier 1829) -- (Eschmeyer & Rama-Rao 1973:364 [ref. 6391], Paxton et al. 1989:441 [ref. 12442]). Current status: Synonym of Erosa erosa (Cuvier 1829). Synanceiidae: Synanceiinae. Habitat: marine.

japonicum, Pelor Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1829:437, Pl. 93 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 4; ref. 998] Coast of China and seas of Japan. Syntypes: not at MNHN. Type catalog: Blanc & Hureau 1968:60 [ref. 20738], Inaba & Motomura 2018:75 [ref. 36154]. •Valid as Inimicus japonicus (Cuvier 1829) -- (Eschmeyer et al. 1979:493 [ref. 6385], Shimizu in Masuda et al. 1984:318 [ref. 6441], Lindberg & Krasyukova 1987:118 [ref. 15964], Cheng & Zhou 1997:418 [ref. 26385], Motomura & Iwatsuki 1997:131 [ref. 23963], Poss 1999:2307 [ref. 24796], Nakabo 2000:596 [ref. 25086], Mandrytsa 2001:273 [ref. 25636], Shimizu 2001:26 [ref. 25799], Wang et al. 2001:289 [ref. 26566] with authors as Cuvier & Valenciennes, Nakabo 2002:596 [ref. 26001], Choi et al. 2003:242, 559 [ref. 26218], Inaba & Motomura 2018:75 [ref. 36154], Sonoyama et al. 2020:46 [ref. 37637]). Current status: Valid as Inimicus japonicus (Cuvier 1829). Synanceiidae: Choridactylinae. Distribution: Western Pacific: northern Vietnam and China east to Korea and southern Sea of Japan. Habitat: marine.

joubini, Chorismopelor Chevey [P.] 1927:222, Fig. [Bulletin du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle (Série 1) v. 33 (no. 3); ref. 829] Haiphong market, Tonkin, northern Vietnam. Holotype (unique): MNHN 1926-0398. Type catalog: Blanc & Hureau 1968:26 [ref. 20738]. •Valid as Inimicus joubini (Chevey 1927) -- (Eschmeyer et al. 1979:492 [ref. 6385], Shimizu in Masuda et al. 1984:318 [ref. 6441], Poss 1999:2307 [ref. 24796], Nakabo 2000:596 [ref. 25086], Poss in Randall & Lim 2000:605 [ref. 25122], Mandrytsa 2001:273 [ref. 25636], Nakabo 2002:596 [ref. 26001]). •Synonym of Inimicus japonicus (Cuvier 1829) -- (Inaba & Motomura 2018:75 [ref. 36154]). Current status: Synonym of Inimicus japonicus (Cuvier 1829). Synanceiidae: Choridactylinae. Habitat: marine.

lineatus, Choridactylus Poss [S. G.] & Mee [J. K. L.] 1995:2, Fig. 1 [Japanese Journal of Ichthyology v. 42 (no. 1); ref. 21656] South coast of Oman off Salalah, Arabian Sea, 16°52'N, 54°09'E to 16°51'N, 54°11'E, depth 41-42 meters. Holotype: CAS 73230. Paratypes: BPBM 34505 (1). •Valid as Chloridactylus lineatus Poss & Mee 1995 -- (Randall 1995:106 [ref. 22896]). •Synonym of Choridactylus striatus Mandrytsa 1993, a species described just prior to (and unknown to) Poss & Mee -- (W.N.E.). Current status: Synonym of Choridactylus striatus Mandrytsa 1993. Synanceiidae: Choridactylinae. Habitat: marine.

longimanus, Minous Regan [C. T.] 1908:236, Pl. 28 (fig. 2) [The Transactions of the Linnean Society of London. Second Series. Zoology v. 12 (pt 3); ref. 3634] Saya de Malha Bank, Indian Ocean, depth 47 fathoms [circa 86 meters]. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1908.3.23.178. •Synonym of Minous inermis Alcock 1899 -- (Eschmeyer et al. 1979:463 [ref. 1277]). •Valid as Minous longimanus Regan 1908 -- (Amaoka & Kanayama 1981:330 [ref. 5579], Randall 1995:107 [ref. 22896], Mandrytsa 2001:273 [ref. 25636], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S102 [ref. 27377], Matsunuma & Motomura 2018:252 [ref. 36053]). Current status: Valid as Minous longimanus Regan 1908. Synanceiidae: Minoinae. Distribution: Western Indian Ocean: Saya de Malha Bank. Habitat: marine.

longipinnis, Minous Lloyd [R. E.] 1909:162 [Memoirs of the Indian Museum v. 2 (no. 3); ref. 2814] Gulf of Oman,23°47'N, 58°30'30"E, Investigator station 341, depth 230 fathoms. Syntypes: ZSI 1158/1 (1), F1159/1 (1). Type catalog: Menon & Rama Rao 1971:344 [ref. 31198], Menon & Rama-Rao 1975:43 [ref. 22148]. Figured in Lloyd 1909: Pl. 47 (fig. 3) [ref. 20539]. •Synonym of Minous inermis Alcock 1889 -- (Eschmeyer et al. 1979:463 [ref. 1277]). Current status: Synonym of Minous inermis Alcock 1889. Synanceiidae: Minoinae. Habitat: marine.

maculatum, Pelor Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1829:434 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 4; ref. 998] Waigeo Island, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): MNHN 0000-6726. Non-types: SMF 445 [ex MNHN in 1830] (1) New Guinea. Type catalog: Blanc & Hureau 1968:27 [ref. 20738]. •Synonym of Inimicus didactylus (Pallas 1769) -- (Eschmeyer et al. 1979:489 [ref. 6385], Inaba & Motomura 2018:67 [ref. 36154]). Current status: Synonym of Inimicus didactylus (Pallas 1769). Synanceiidae: Choridactylinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

maneae, Barffianus Curtiss [A.] 1944:13 [Further notes on the zoology of Tahiti.; ref. 12574] Lagoon near Tautira, Tahiti, Society Islands. No types known. •Synonym of Synanceia verrucosa Bloch & Schneider 1801. Current status: Synonym of Synanceia verrucosa Bloch & Schneider 1801. Synanceiidae: Synanceiinae. Habitat: marine.

melanostigma, Pseudosynanceia Day [F.] 1875:163, Pl. 55 (fig. 6) [The fishes of India Part 1; ref. 1080] Kurachi, Sind, Pakistan. Holotype (unique): ZSI 1761. Day specimens: AMS B.8183 (1). Type catalog: Whitehead & Talwar 1976:159 [ref. 23762], Ferraris et al. 2000:299 [ref. 25110]. •Valid as Pseudosynanceia melanostigma Day 1875 -- (Eschmeyer & Rama-Rao 1973:369 [ref. 6391], Randall 1995:110 [ref. 22896], Carpenter et al. 1997:136 [ref. 23922], Mandrytsa 2001:274 [ref. 25636], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S102 [ref. 27377], Psomadakis et al. 2015:188 [ref. 34104], Ali et al. 2018:316 [ref. 36183], Eagderi et al. 2019:129 [ref. 37020]). Current status: Valid as Pseudosynanceia melanostigma Day 1875. Synanceiidae: Synanceiinae. Distribution: Northwestern Indian Ocean: Persian Gulf and Gulf of Oman east to India. Habitat: marine.

minous, Apistus Cuvier [G.] 1829:168 [Le Règne Animal (Edition 2) v. 2; ref. 995] India. Appeared in footnote in Cuvier 1829:168 [ref. 995] but as Ap. minous, but Ap. tied to a vernacular "Les Apistes" and not to a Latinized generic name. Named Minous woora by Cuvier in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1829:421 [ref. 998]. Species name misspelled minus by Cuvier 1831:123 [ref. 30376]. Synanceiidae: Minoinae.

monodactyla, Scorpaena Bloch [M. E.] & Schneider [J. G.] 1801:194 [M. E. Blochii, Systema Ichthyologiae; ref. 471] Locality not stated. Holotype (unique): ZMB (apparently lost). Type catalog: Paepke & Fricke 1992:276 [ref. 19946]. •Valid as Minous monodactylus (Bloch & Schneider 1801) -- (Eschmeyer et al. 1979:460 [ref. 1277], Dor 1984:87 [ref. 29757], Shimizu in Masuda et al. 1984:318 [ref. 6441], Lindberg & Krasyukova 1987:116 [ref. 15964], Krishnan & Mishra 1993:219 [ref. 24016], Goren & Dor 1994:21 [ref. 25356], Randall 1995:108 [ref. 22896], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:571 [ref. 27969], Cheng & Zhou 1997:417 [ref. 26385], Motomura & Iwatsuki 1997:131 [ref. 23963], Carpenter et al. 1997:135 [ref. 23922], Fricke 1999:166 [ref. 24106], Poss 1999:2319 [ref. 24796], Nakabo 2000:597 [ref. 25086], Poss in Randall & Lim 2000:605 [ref. 25122], Mandrytsa 2001:273 [ref. 25636], Shimizu 2001:26 [ref. 25799], Shinohara et al. 2001:315 [ref. 25995], Nakabo 2002:597 [ref. 26001], Allen & Adrim 2003:30 [ref. 26830], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S102 [ref. 27377], Mishra & Krishnan 2003:25 [ref. 27712] with author as Bloch, Fricke et al. 2011:380 [ref. 31242], Allen & Erdmann 2012:243 [ref. 31980], Yoshida et al. 2013:84 [ref. 34464], Psomadakis et al. 2015:187 [ref. 34104], Matsunuma et al. 2017:[4] 1290 [ref. 35795], Ali et al. 2018:316 [ref. 36183], Fricke et al. 2018:137 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:57 [ref. 36273], Matsunuma in Kimura et al. 2018:81 [ref. 36460], Matsunuma & Motomura 2018:252 [ref. 36053], Eagderi et al. 2019:129 [ref. 37020], Psomadakis et al. 2020:365 [ref. 37272], Sonoyama et al. 2020:46 [ref. 37637]). Current status: Valid as Minous monodactylus (Bloch & Schneider 1801). Synanceiidae: Minoinae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: East Africa, South Africa, Persian Gulf, Seychelles, Madagascar and Mauritius (Mascarenes) east to Indonesia and Taiwan, north to Japan, south to New Caledonia. Habitat: marine.

monstrosa, Scorpaena Gronow [L. T.] in Gray 1854:117 [Catalogue of fish collected and described by Laurence Theodore Gronow; ref. 1911] Bay of Bengal. No types known. Based on literature sources and specimen(s). •Synonym of Synanceia horrida (Linnaeus 1766) -- (Eschmeyer & Rama-Rao 1973:352 [ref. 6391]). Current status: Synonym of Synanceia horrida (Linnaeus 1766). Synanceiidae: Synanceiinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

multibarbus, Choridactylus Richardson [J.] 1848:8, Pl. 2 (figs. 1-3) [The zoology of the voyage of H. M. S. Samarang; ref. 3744] Sea of China, western North Pacific. Holotype: BMNH 1977.4.22.7. •Valid as Choridactylus multibarbus Richardson 1848 -- (Eschmeyer et al. 1979:479 [ref. 6385], Kyushin et al. 1982:273 [ref. 19754], Dor 1984:86 [ref. 29757], Goren & Dor 1994:21 [ref. 25356], Poss & Mee 1995:1 [ref. 21656], Randall 1995:107 [ref. 22896], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:569 [ref. 27969], Carpenter et al. 1997:135 [ref. 23922], Poss 1999:2311 [ref. 24796], Poss in Randall & Lim 2000:605 [ref. 25122], Mandrytsa 2001:274 [ref. 25636], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S102 [ref. 27377], Mishra & Krishnan 2003:25 [ref. 27712], Shao et al. 2008:245 [ref. 29952], Motomura 2009:72 [ref. 30446], Allen & Erdmann 2012:240 [ref. 31980], Yoshida et al. 2013:83 [ref. 34464], Bogorodsky et al. 2014:415 [ref. 33460], Psomadakis et al. 2015:186 [ref. 34104], Ali et al. 2018:316 [ref. 36183], Golani & Fricke 2018:56 [ref. 36273], Eagderi et al. 2019:129 [ref. 37020]). Current status: Valid as Choridactylus multibarbus Richardson 1848. Synanceiidae: Choridactylinae. Distribution: Red Sea, Indo-West Pacific: Persian Gulf east to Philippines, north to Taiwan. Habitat: marine.

nana, Synanceia Eschmeyer [W. N.] & Rama-Rao [K. V.] 1973:343, Figs. 1-2 [Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences (Series 4) v. 39 (no. 18); ref. 6391] Bay at El Himeira, Sinai, Egypt, Gulf of Aqaba, Red Sea, depth 18 meters. Holotype: USNM 209417. Paratypes: AMNH 18385 (1); CAS 14991-93 (1, 2, 1); HUJ 6757 (1); USNM 209418-19 (1, 1). Type catalog: Golani 2006:24 [ref. 28840]. •Valid as Synanceia nana Eschmeyer & Rama-Rao 1973 -- (Dor 1984:88 [ref. 29757], Goren & Dor 1994:22 [ref. 25356], Randall 1995:112 [ref. 22896], Carpenter et al. 1997:138 [ref. 23922], Mandrytsa 2001:274 [ref. 25636], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S102 [ref. 27377], Golani & Fricke 2018:57 [ref. 36273], Eagderi et al. 2019:129 [ref. 37020]). Current status: Valid as Synanceia nana Eschmeyer & Rama-Rao 1973. Synanceiidae: Synanceiinae. Distribution: Red Sea, northwestern Indian Ocean: Persian Gulf. Habitat: marine.

natalensis, Choridactylodes Gilchrist [J. D. F.] 1902:102, Pl. 5 [Marine Investigations in South Africa v. 2; ref. 1644] Off Umhlanga River mouth, South Africa, 23-26 fathoms off Cape Natal Light, South Africa, southwestern Indian Ocean, depth 22 fathoms. Syntypes: BMNH 1901.9.24.2 (1); SAM 11861-62 (2, 5) •Valid as Choridactylus natalensis (Gilchrist 1902) -- (Eschmeyer et al. 1979:482 [ref. 6385], Kyushin et al. 1982:273 [ref. 19754], Eschmeyer 1986:464 [ref. 5652], Mandrytsa 2001:274 [ref. 25636]). Current status: Valid as Choridactylus natalensis (Gilchrist 1902). Synanceiidae: Choridactylinae. Distribution: Western Indian Ocean. Habitat: marine.

obscurum, Pelor Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1829:436 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 4; ref. 998] Port Praslin, New Ireland Island, Bismarck Archipelago. Holotype (unique): MNHN 0000-6725. Type catalog: Blanc & Hureau 1968:28 [ref. 20738]. •Synonym of Inimicus didactylus (Pallas 1769) -- (Eschmeyer et al. 1979:489 [ref. 6385], Inaba & Motomura 2018:67 [ref. 36154]). Current status: Synonym of Inimicus didactylus (Pallas 1769). Synanceiidae: Choridactylinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

oxycephalus, Minous Bleeker [P.] 1876:65, Pl. 1 (fig. 2) [Verhandelingen der Koninklijke Akademie van Wetenschappen, Afdeeling Natuurkunde (Amsterdam) v. 16 (art. 2); ref. 12248] Padang and Priaman, Sumatra, Indonesia; Ambon Island, Molucca Islands, Indonesia. Syntypes: (5) RMNH 5920 (3). Based on literature sources and specimens. Spelled oxyrhynchus by Bleeker 1879: fig. 4 on Pl. 417. •Synonym of Minous monodactylus (Bloch & Schneider 1801) -- (Eschmeyer et al. 1979:461 [ref. 1277], Matsunuma & Motomura 2018:252 [ref. 36053]). Current status: Synonym of Minous monodactylus (Bloch & Schneider 1801). Synanceiidae: Minoinae. Habitat: marine.

pictus, Minous Günther [A.] 1880:41, Pl. 18 (fig. D) [Report on the shore fishes procured during the voyage of H. M. S. Challenger in the years 1873-1876 v. 1 (pt 6); ref. 2011] Arafura Sea, south of New Guinea, eastern Indian Ocean, 9°59'S, 139°42'E, Challenger station 188, depth 56 meters. Lectotype: BMNH 1879.5.14.371. Paralectotype: BMNH 1879.5.14.372 (= Minous trachycephalus). Lectotype selected by Matsunuma & Motomura 2018:244 [ref. 36053]. •Valid as Minous pictus Günther 1880 -- (Eschmeyer et al. 1979:467 [ref. 1277], Dor 1984:87 [ref. 29757], Goren & Dor 1994:21 [ref. 25356], Poss 1999:2307 [ref. 24796], Poss in Randall & Lim 2000:605 [ref. 25122], Mandrytsa 2001:273 [ref. 25636], Hutchins 2001:27 [ref. 25847], Allen & Adrim 2003:30 [ref. 26830] dated 1860, Larson et al. 2013:85 [ref. 32988], Yoshida et al. 2013:85 [ref. 34464], Matsunuma & Motomura 2018:241 [ref. 36053]). Current status: Valid as Minous pictus Günther 1880. Synanceiidae: Minoinae. Distribution: Off northern and northwestern Australia and south of New Guinea. Habitat: marine.

platyrhynchus, Synanceia Bleeker [P.] 1874:14, Pl. 1 (fig. 2) [Natuurkundige Verhandelingen van de Hollandsche Maatschappij der Wetenschappen te Haarlem (Ser. 3) v. 2 (no. 3); ref. 439] Ambon Island, Molucca Islands, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): RMNH 5898. Specific name platyrhynchus is a noun. •Status uncertain -- (Eschmeyer & Rama-Rao 1973:357 [ref. 6391]). •Valid as Synanceia platyrhynchus Bleeker 1874 -- (Mandrytsa 2001:274 [ref. 25636] as platyrhyncha). Current status: Valid as Synanceia platyrhynchus Bleeker 1874. Synanceiidae: Synanceiinae. Distribution: Indonesia. Habitat: marine.

pusillus, Minous Temminck [C. J.] & Schlegel [H.] 1843:50 [Fauna Japonica Parts 2-4; ref. 4371] Sea of Japan. Lectotype: RMNH.PISC 713a. Paralectotypes: RMNH 713 (11). Lectotype selected by Boeseman 1947:60 [ref. 12876]. •Valid as Minous pusillus Temminck & Schlegel 1843 -- (Eschmeyer et al. 1979:462 [ref. 1277], Shimizu in Masuda et al. 1984:318 [ref. 6441], Lindberg & Krasyukova 1987:117 [ref. 15964], Motomura & Iwatsuki 1997:131 [ref. 23963], Poss 1999:2320 [ref. 24796], Nakabo 2000:597 [ref. 25086], Poss in Randall & Lim 2000:605 [ref. 25122], Mandrytsa 2001:273 [ref. 25636], Shinohara et al. 2001:315 [ref. 25995], Nakabo 2002:597 [ref. 26001], Choi et al. 2003:242, 559 [ref. 26218], Fricke et al. 2011:380 [ref. 31242], Matsunuma & Motomura 2018:253 [ref. 36053], Sonoyama et al. 2020:47 [ref. 37637]). Current status: Valid as Minous pusillus Temminck & Schlegel 1843. Synanceiidae: Minoinae. Distribution: Western Pacific: China and Taiwan to Japan. Habitat: marine.

quincarinatus, Paraminous Fowler [H. W.] 1943:68, Fig. 13 [Bulletin of the United States National Museum No. 100, v. 14 (pt 2); ref. 1441] Off northeastern point Yaku Shima, Japan, Albatross station D.4930, 30°12'N, 130°44'E, depth 84 fathoms. Holotype (unique): USNM 99515. •Valid as Minous quincarinatus (Fowler 1943) -- (Eschmeyer et al. 1979:458 [ref. 1277], Shimizu in Masuda et al. 1984:318 [ref. 6441], Suzuki & Hosokawa 1994:3 [ref. 24339], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:572 [ref. 27969], Motomura & Iwatsuki 1997:132 [ref. 23963], Poss 1999:2307 [ref. 24796], Nakabo 2000:597 [ref. 25086], Poss in Randall & Lim 2000:605 [ref. 25122], Mandrytsa 2001:272 [ref. 25636], Nakabo 2002:597 [ref. 26001], Choi et al. 2003:242, 559 [ref. 26218], Shinohara et al. 2005:424 [ref. 28370], Motomura et al. 2010:93 [ref. 31256], Matsunuma & Motomura 2018:253 [ref. 36053]). Current status: Valid as Minous quincarinatus (Fowler 1943). Synanceiidae: Minoinae. Distribution: Western North Pacific: Japan, East China Sea, Taiwan, Philippines and Australia. Habitat: marine.

radiatus, Minous Matsunuma [M.] & Motomura [H.] 2018:237, Figs. 22A-C, 23, 25A-C [Zootaxa 4455 (no. 2); ref. 36053] Off Da-xi, Yilan, northeastern Taiwan. Holotype: KAUM-I 39286. Paratypes: BSKU, FAKU, KAUM, NMMBP, NMST, SAIAB, USNM, ZRC. •Valid as Minous radiatus Matsunuma & Motomura 2018 -- (Motomura in Kimura et al. 2018:81 [ref. 36460], Psomadakis et al. 2020:366 [ref. 37272]). Current status: Valid as Minous radiatus Matsunuma & Motomura 2018. Synanceiidae: Minoinae. Distribution: Eastern Indian Ocean, western Pacific: Myanmar; eastern Malaya (Malaysia), Gulf of Thailand, Vietnam, southern and northeastern Taiwan, northeastern Borneo and the Philippines. Habitat: marine.

roseus, Minous Matsunuma [M.] & Motomura [H.] 2018:205, Figs. 6-8, 9A-C, 20C-F, 21A-D [Zootaxa 4455 (no. 2); ref. 36053] North of Cape Lambert, Western Australia, Australia, 19°35'-39'S, 117°10'-13'E, depth 76 meters. Holotype: CSIRO CA1844. Paratypes: AMS, BSKU, CSIRO, KAUM, NMV. Plus additional non-type material. •Valid as Minous roseus Matsunuma & Motomura 2018. Current status: Valid as Minous roseus Matsunuma & Motomura 2018. Synanceiidae: Minoinae. Distribution: Northwestern Australia, the Maldives and Lembeh Strait, North Sulawesi, Indonesia. Habitat: marine.

rubicunda, Trigla Hornstedt [C. F.] 1788:49, Pl. 3 [Kongliga Svenska Vetenskaps Akademiens Nya Handlingar v. 9; ref. 23207] Ambon Island, Molucca Islands, Indonesia. Holotype: UUZM 2400. Also described by Hornstedt 1789:45, pl. 3 [ref. 30159]. •Synonym of Inimicus didactylus (Pallas 1769) -- (Eschmeyer et al. 1979:489 [ref. 6385], Inaba & Motomura 2018:67 [ref. 36154]). Current status: Synonym of Inimicus didactylus (Pallas 1769). Synanceiidae: Choridactylinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

russellii, Apistes Swainson [W.] 1839:265 [The natural history and classification v. 2; ref. 4303] Based on Russ. pl. 160a -- which is Russell 1803:Pl. 160 [ref. 13862]. •Synonym of Minous monodactylus (Bloch & Schneider 1801) -- (Eschmeyer et al. 1979:461 [ref. 1277]). Current status: Synonym of Minous monodactylus (Bloch & Schneider 1801). Synanceiidae: Minoinae. Habitat: marine.

sanguinolenta, Synanceia Cuvier [G.] (ex Ehrenberg) in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1829:447, 453 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 4; ref. 998] Red Sea. Type catalog: Paepke & Fricke 1992:275 [ref. 19946] with holotype as ZMB 822. Regarded as not available; appeared above without distinguishing features and in synonymy; also appeared as name in synonymy of Synanceia verrucosa in Hemprich & Ehrenberg 1899: 7, Pl. 3 and second Pl. 10 [ref. 4977]. •In the synonymy of Synanceia verrucosa Bloch & Schneider 1801 -- (Eschmeyer & Rama-Rao 1973:359 [ref. 6391], Dor 1984:88 [ref. 29757]). Current status: Synonym of Synanceia verrucosa Bloch & Schneider 1801. Synanceiidae: Synanceiinae.

satsumae, Lysodermus Smith [H. M.] & Pope [T. E. B.] 1906:484, Fig. 7 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 31 (no. 1489); ref. 4058] Kagoshima, Japan. Holotype (unique): USNM 55615. •Synonym of Minous monodactylus (Bloch & Schneider 1801) -- (Eschmeyer et al. 1979:461 [ref. 1277], Matsunuma & Motomura 2018:252 [ref. 36053]). Current status: Synonym of Minous monodactylus (Bloch & Schneider 1801). Synanceiidae: Minoinae. Habitat: marine.

sinense, Pelor Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1833:468 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 9; ref. 1002] Canton, China. Holotype (unique): MNHN 0000-6374. Type catalog: Blanc & Hureau 1968:28 [ref. 20738], Inaba & Motomura 2018:80 [ref. 36154]. •Valid as Inimicus sinensis (Valenciennes 1833) -- (Eschmeyer et al. 1979:487 [ref. 6385], Allen & Swainston 1988:48 [ref. 25477], Paxton et al. 1989:443 [ref. 12442], Allen 1997:76 [ref. 23977], Poss 1999:2317 [ref. 24796], Poss in Randall & Lim 2000:605 [ref. 25122], Mandrytsa 2001:273 [ref. 25636], Hutchins 2001:27 [ref. 25847], Allen & Adrim 2003:30 [ref. 26830], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S102 [ref. 27377], Allen et al. 2006:905 [ref. 29078], Allen & Erdmann 2012:242 [ref. 31980], Motomura et al. 2017:69 [ref. 35490], Inaba & Motomura 2018:80 [ref. 36154], Psomadakis et al. 2020:364 [ref. 37272]). Current status: Valid as Inimicus sinensis (Valenciennes 1833). Synanceiidae: Choridactylinae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: India and Sri Lanka east to Indonesia and Philippines, north to Taiwan, south to Northern Territory (Australia) and Western Australia. Habitat: marine.

smirnovi, Inimicus Mandrytsa [S. A.] 1990:72, Fig. [Vestnik Zoologii 1990 (no. 4); ref. 20195] Western Pacific, 25°18'05"S, 159°33'03"W, depth 100-190 meters. Holotype (unique): ZIN 49183. Type catalog: Inaba & Motomura 2018:87 [ref. 36154]. •Valid as Inimicus smirnovi Mandrytsa 1990 -- (Poss 1999:2307 [ref. 24796], Mandrytsa 2001:273 [ref. 25636], Inaba & Motomura 2018:87 [ref. 36154]). Current status: Valid as Inimicus smirnovi Mandrytsa 1990. Synanceiidae: Choridactylinae. Distribution: Southwestern Pacific: Coral Sea (Queensland, Australia); Wallis and Futuna. Habitat: marine.

striatus, Choridactylus Mandrytsa [S. A.] 1993:137 [136], Fig. 1 [Voprosy Ikhtiologii v. 33 (no. 1); ref. 20791] Gulf of Aden, 15°17'N, 51°04'E, depth 33-26 meters. Holotype: ZIN 50133. Paratypes: ZIN 50134-35 (1, 1). On p. 136 of English translation. •Valid as Choridactylus striatus Mandrytsa 1993 -- (Mandrytsa 2001:274 [ref. 25636], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S102 [ref. 27377]). Current status: Valid as Choridactylus striatus Mandrytsa 1993. Synanceiidae: Choridactylinae. Distribution: Western Indian Ocean. Habitat: marine.

superciliosus, Minous Gilchrist [J. D. F.] & Thompson [W. W.] 1908:177 [Annals of the South African Museum v. 6 (pt 2); ref. 14320] Amatikulu Conical Hill, northwest 7.5 miles, South Africa, depth 26 fathoms. Holotype (unique): SAM 11858. •Synonym of Minous coccineus Alcock 1890 -- (Eschmeyer et al. 1979:465 [ref. 1277], Dor 1984:87 [ref. 29757], Eschmeyer 1986:465 [ref. 5652], Golani & Fricke 2018:57 [ref. 36273], Matsunuma & Motomura 2018:251 [ref. 36053]). Current status: Synonym of Minous coccineus Alcock 1890. Synanceiidae: Minoinae. Habitat: marine.

thersites, Synanceia Seale [A.] 1901:121 [Occasional Papers of the Bernice Pauahi Bishop Museum of Polynesian Ethnology and Natural History v. 1 (no. 3); ref. 14357] Guam, Mariana Islands, western Pacific. Holotype: BPBM 256. Paratypes: ANSP 71926 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:153 [ref. 13621]. •Synonym of Synanceia verrucosa Bloch & Schneider 1801 -- (Eschmeyer & Rama-Rao 1973:359 [ref. 6391], Myers & Donaldson 2003:619 [ref. 27495]). Current status: Synonym of Synanceia verrucosa Bloch & Schneider 1801. Synanceiidae: Synanceiinae. Habitat: marine.

tigrinum, Pelor Richardson [J.] 1846:212 [Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science 15th meeting [1845]; ref. 3742] Canton, China. Holotype (unique): UMZC F.2755. Type information: Whitehead & Joysey 1967:154 [ref. 19798], Whitehead 1970:211 [ref. 11606]. •Synonym of Inimicus japonicus (Cuvier 1829) -- (Eschmeyer et al. 1979:493 [ref. 6385], Inaba & Motomura 2018:75 [ref. 36154]). Current status: Synonym of Inimicus japonicus (Cuvier 1829). Synanceiidae: Choridactylinae. Habitat: marine.

trachycephalus, Aploactis Bleeker [P.] 1855:451 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 7 (no. 3); ref. 16942] Manado, Sulawesi, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): RMNH.PISC 5901. •Valid as Minous trachycephalus (Bleeker 1855) -- (Eschmeyer et al. 1979:464 [ref. 1277], Dor 1984:87 [ref. 29757], Paxton et al. 1989:444 [ref. 12442], Goren & Dor 1994:21 [ref. 25356], Poss 1999:2320 [ref. 24796], Mishra et al. 1999:85 [ref. 25315], Poss in Randall & Lim 2000:605 [ref. 25122], Mandrytsa 2001:273 [ref. 25636], Hutchins 2001:27 [ref. 25847], Allen & Adrim 2003:30 [ref. 26830], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S102 [ref. 27377], Adrim et al. 2004:119 [ref. 27715], Allen et al. 2006:905 [ref. 29078], Fricke et al. 2011:380 [ref. 31242], Allen & Erdmann 2012:243 [ref. 31980], Larson et al. 2013:85 [ref. 32988], Yoshida et al. 2013:85 [ref. 34464], Matsunuma et al. 2017:[3] 1289 [ref. 35795], Golani & Fricke 2018:57 [ref. 36273], Matsunuma & Motomura 2018:225 [ref. 36053]). Current status: Valid as Minous trachycephalus (Bleeker 1855). Synanceiidae: Minoinae. Distribution: Red Sea, Indo-West Pacific: Madagascar east to Vanuatu and New Caledonia, north to Gulf of Thailand, south to northern Australia. Habitat: marine.

trachynis, Synanceia Richardson [J.] 1842:385 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (New Series) v. 9 (no. 59) (art. 42); ref. 21247] Port Essington, Northern Territory, Australia. Holotype: BMNH 1853.1.4.2 (skin). •Synonym of Synanceia horrida (Linnaeus 1766) -- (Eschmeyer & Rama-Rao 1973:352 [ref. 6391], Paxton et al. 1989:452 [ref. 12442], Larson & Williams 1997:353 [ref. 23967], Allen et al. 2006:906 [ref. 29078], Larson et al. 2013:85 [ref. 32988]). Current status: Synonym of Synanceia horrida (Linnaeus 1766). Synanceiidae: Synanceiinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

uranoscopa, Synanceia Bloch [M. E.] & Schneider [J. G.] 1801:195 [M. E. Blochii, Systema Ichthyologiae; ref. 471] Tranquebar [Tharangambadi], India. Syntypes: ZMB 824 (2). Type catalog: Paepke & Fricke 1992:275 [ref. 19946], Paepke 1999:145 [ref. 24282]. Genus as Synanceja on p. 195 but corrected in Corrigenda. •Valid as Trachicephalus uranoscopus (Bloch & Schneider 1801) -- (Eschmeyer & Rama-Rao 1973:372 [ref. 6391], Poss 1999:2351 [ref. 24796], Poss in Randall & Lim 2000:606 [ref. 25122], Mandrytsa 2001:274 [ref. 25636], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S103 [ref. 27377], Motomura 2009:69 [ref. 30463], Allen & Erdmann 2012:245 [ref. 31980], Kottelat 2013:316 [ref. 32989], Motomura in Kimura et al. 2015:30 [ref. 34319], Yoshida et al. 2013:86 [ref. 34464], Motomura in Kimura et al. 2018:82 [ref. 36460], Suresh et al. 2018:175 [ref. 36495]). Current status: Valid as Trachicephalus uranoscopus (Bloch & Schneider 1801). Synanceiidae: Synanceiinae. Distribution: Eastern Indian Ocean, western Pacific: India east to Vietnam and southern China, south to northern Australia. Habitat: brackish, marine.

usachevi, Minous Mandrytsa [S. A.] 1993:139 [140], Fig. 2 [Voprosy Ikhtiologii v. 33 (no. 1); ref. 20791] Gulf of Aden. Holotype: ZIN 50131. Paratype: ZIN 50132 (1). On p. 140 or English translation. •Valid as Minous usachevi Mandrytsa 1993 -- (Mandrytsa 2001:273 [ref. 25636], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S102 [ref. 27377], Matsunuma & Motomura 2018:254 [ref. 36053]). Current status: Valid as Minous usachevi Mandrytsa 1993. Synanceiidae: Minoinae. Distribution: Northwestern Indian Ocean: Gulf of Aden. Habitat: marine.

verrucosa, Synanceia Bloch [M. E.] & Schneider [J. G.] 1801:195, Pl. 45 [M. E. Blochii, Systema Ichthyologiae; ref. 471] India. Holotype (unique): ZMB 821. Type catalog: Paepke & Fricke 1992:276 [ref. 19946], Paepke 1999:145 [ref. 24282]. Genus as Synanceja on p. 195, but as Synanceia in index (p. xxxvii), and corrected in Corrigenda (p. 573). •Valid as Synanceia verrucosa Bloch & Schneider 1801 -- (Eschmeyer & Rama-Rao 1973:357 [ref. 6391], Dor 1984:88 [ref. 29757], Shimizu in Masuda et al. 1984:318 [ref. 6441], Eschmeyer 1986:478 [ref. 5652], Paxton et al. 1989:452 [ref. 12442], Winterbottom et al. 1989:21 [ref. 13251], Randall et al. 1990:85 [ref. 15987], Goren & Dor 1994:22 [ref. 25356], Randall 1995:113 [ref. 22896], Allen 1997:74 [ref. 23977], Carpenter et al. 1997:138 [ref. 23922], Kuiter 1997:92 [ref. 25488], Randall et al. 1997:85 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:101 [ref. 23965], Fricke 1999:166 [ref. 24106], Poss 1999:2349 [ref. 24796], Allen 2000:86 [ref. 37268], Nakabo 2000:598 [ref. 25086], Poss in Randall & Lim 2000:606 [ref. 25122], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:170 [ref. 25191], Allen 2000:97 [ref. 25868] as Synanceja, Mandrytsa 2001:274 [ref. 25636], Motomura et al. 2001:6 [ref. 25229], Nakabo 2002:598 [ref. 26001], Allen & Adrim 2003:30 [ref. 26830], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S102 [ref. 27377], Myers & Donaldson 2003:619 [ref. 27495], Randall et al. 2004:11 [ref. 27624], Adrim et al. 2004:119 [ref. 27715], Heemstra et al. 2004:3318 [ref. 27945], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:146 [ref. 28072], Randall 2005:128 [ref. 28239], Allen et al. 2006:906 [ref. 29078], Fricke et al. 2009:41 [ref. 30213], Motomura et al. 2010:93 [ref. 31256], Fricke et al. 2011:380 [ref. 31242], Allen & Erdmann 2012:244 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2014:55 [ref. 33932], Koeda et al. 2016:23 [ref. 35333], Koeda et al. 2016:3 [ref. 35354], Bogorodsky & Randall 2018:[20] 258 [ref. 36492], Fricke et al. 2018:138 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:57 [ref. 36273], Arndt & Fricke 2019:30 [ref. 36883], Eagderi et al. 2019:129 [ref. 37020], Fricke et al. 2019:104 [ref. 36673], Zajonz et al. 2019:69 [ref. 36871], Bariche & Fricke 2020:144 [ref. 37515], Sonoyama et al. 2020:47 [ref. 37637]). Current status: Valid as Synanceia verrucosa Bloch & Schneider 1801. Synanceiidae: Synanceiinae. Distribution: Red Sea; Indo-West Pacific: East Africa, Persian Gulf, Socotra, Seychelles, Madagascar and Mascarenes east to Marshall, Tuamotu and Gambier islands, north to southern Sea of Japan, south to Western Australia, Queensland (Australia), Middleton Reef, New Caledonia, Tonga and Austral Islands. Habitat: marine.

versicolor, Minous Ogilby [J. D.] 1910:111 [On some new fishes from the Queensland coast; ref. 3289] Off Cape Gloucester, 7 miles north-northeast of Bowen, southern Queensland, Australia, depth 26 fathoms. Syntypes: (4 or more) AMS E.2736 (1), E.2738 (1), I.13603-04 (1, 1). For remarks on types see Imamura & Hoese 2020:[8] [ref. 37793]. •Valid as Minous versicolor Ogilby 1910 -- (Eschmeyer et al. 1979:460 [ref. 1277], Allen & Swainston 1988:48 [ref. 25477], Paxton et al. 1989:444 [ref. 12442], Allen 1997:76 [ref. 23977], Poss 1999:2321 [ref. 24796], Johnson 1999:727 [ref. 25471], Mandrytsa 2001:272 [ref. 25636], Hutchins 2001:27 [ref. 25847], Allen et al. 2006:906 [ref. 29078], Matsunuma & Motomura 2018:254 [ref. 36053]). Current status: Valid as Minous versicolor Ogilby 1910. Synanceiidae: Minoinae. Distribution: Australia and Papua New Guinea. Habitat: marine.

vulcanus, Emmydrichthys Jordan [D. S.] & Rutter [C. L.] in Jordan 1896:221, Pl. 26 [Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences (Series 2) v. 6; ref. 2395] Society Islands [not Hawaiian Islands]. Holotype (unique): CAS-SU 5357. •Synonym of Synanceia verrucosa Bloch & Schneider 1801 -- (Eschmeyer & Rama-Rao 1973:359 [ref. 6391]). Current status: Synonym of Synanceia verrucosa Bloch & Schneider 1801. Synanceiidae: Synanceiinae. Habitat: marine.

woora, Minous Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1829:421 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 4; ref. 998] Mauritius, Mascarenes, southwestern Indian Ocean; Vizagapatam, India. No types known. Type catalog: Blanc & Hureau 1968:60 [ref. 20738]. •Synonym of Minous monodactylus (Bloch & Schneider 1801) -- (Eschmeyer et al. 1979:461 [ref. 1277], Fricke 1999:166 [ref. 24106]). Current status: Synonym of Minous monodactylus (Bloch & Schneider 1801). Synanceiidae: Minoinae. Habitat: marine.