Institute for Biodiversity Science and Sustainability
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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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Species in the family or subfamily Trachinidae: [ 24 ] records


araneus, Trachinus Cuvier [G.] (ex Risso) in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1829:248 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 3; ref. 4879] Naples, Italy; Palermo, Sicily; Marseille and France, western Mediterranean Sea. Types: MNHN A-3171 (1) Malta, A-3172 (1), A-3413 (1) Naples, A-5484 (1, dry) Mediterranean. •Valid as Trachinus araneus Cuvier 1829 -- (Wheeler 1973:449 [ref. 7190], Tortonese in Whitehead et al. 1986:952 [ref. 13676], Roux 1990:893 [ref. 18781], Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:118 [ref. 26753], Golani 2005:51 [ref. 37112], Fricke et al. 2007:96 [ref. 29533], Bañon et al. 2010:20 [ref. 31029], Lipej & Dulčić 2010:56 [ref. 36649], Smith in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2773 [ref. 34618], Artüz & Fricke 2019:558 [ref. 36612], Carneiro et al. 2019:292 [ref. 37250], Elbaraasi et al. 2019:99 [ref. 36864], Bariche & Fricke 2020:96 [ref. 37515], Kovačić et al. 2020:43 [ref. 37519]). Current status: Valid as Trachinus araneus Cuvier 1829. Trachinidae. Distribution: Mediterranean Sea; Sea of Marmara; eastern Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

araneus, Trachinus Costa [O. G.] 1846:Trachinus p. 6 [Fauna del regno di Napoli Part 1; ref. 976] [Napoli] Naples, Italy, Mediterranean Sea. No types known. Based in part on Trachinus lineatus Risso. Objectively invalid; preoccupied by and perhaps the same as Trachinus araneus Cuvier 1829. •Preoccupied by Trachinus araneus Cuvier 1829. Current status: Synonym of Trachinus. Trachinidae. Habitat: marine.

armatus, Trachinus Günther [A.] 1860:234 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 2; ref. 1963] Not available, name on specimen mentioned under Trachinus draco. Trachinidae.

armatus, Trachinus Bleeker [P.] (ex Schlegel) 1861:379 [Annales des Sciences Naturelles, Paris (Zoologie) (Sér. 4) v. 16; ref. 384] Arobor and Ashantee, Guinea (eastern Atlantic). Syntypes: (2). Also appeared in Bleeker 1862:117 [ref. 385]. •Valid as Trachinus armatus Bleeker 1861 -- (Roux 1990:893 [ref. 18781], Wirtz et al. 2013:131 [ref. 32972], Smith in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2774 [ref. 34618]). Current status: Valid as Trachinus armatus Bleeker 1861. Trachinidae. Distribution: Eastern Atlantic and Cape Verde Islands. Habitat: marine.

aureovictatus, Trachinus Cocco [A.] 1829:141 [Giornale di Scienze Lettere e Arti per La Sicilia Anno 7, v. 26 (no. 77); ref. 857] Messina, Sicily, Italy, Mediterranean Sea. No types known. Originally as aureo-victatus. Spelled aureo-vittatus in Isis, v. 24, 1831:1341 [Cocco ref. 20711]. Trachinidae. Habitat: marine.

collignoni, Trachinus Roux [C.] in Collignon, Rossignol & Roux 1957:208, Fig. 72 [Office de la recherche scientifique et technique Outre-Mer, Paris; ref. 12111] Pointe-Noire, Republic of the Congo. Holotype (unique): OPN or MNHN. •Valid as Trachinus collignoni Roux 1957 -- (Roux 1990:893 [ref. 18781], Wirtz et al. 2013:131 [ref. 32972] needs confirmation, Smith in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2775 [ref. 34618]). Current status: Valid as Trachinus collignoni Roux 1957. Trachinidae. Distribution: Eastern Atlantic: Cape Verde Islands and Senegal to Angola. Habitat: marine.

cornutus, Trachinus Guichenot [A.] (ex Valenciennes) 1848:162 [Fauna Chilena.... in Gay.; ref. 1939] Coast of Chile (southeastern Pacific). Holotype (unique): MNHN. •Valid as Trachinus cornutus Guichenot 1848 -- (Pequeño 1989:64 [ref. 14125]). Current status: Valid as Trachinus cornutus Guichenot 1848. Trachinidae. Distribution: Southeastern Pacific: Chile. Habitat: marine.

draco, Trachinus Linnaeus [C.] 1758:250 [Systema Naturae, Ed. X v. 1; ref. 2787] Northern Ocean. Syntypes: BMNH 1853.11.12.7 (1, skin); LS 7 (left half-skin), 9-10 (2, right half-skin and parts); MNHN A-3150 (4). Type catalog: Wheeler 1958:230 [ref. 13434], Wheeler 1985:66-67 [ref. 20705]. See also Trachinus vividus Lacepède 1800. •Valid as Trachinus draco Linnaeus 1758 -- (Wheeler 1973:449 [ref. 7190], Tortonese in Whitehead et al. 1986:953 [ref. 13676], Roux 1990:894 [ref. 18781], Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:118 [ref. 26753], Parin 2003:S21 [ref. 28536], Golani 2005:52 [ref. 37112], Vassilev & Pehlivanov 2005:180 [ref. 28369], Fricke 2007:29 [ref. 30577], Fricke et al. 2007:96 [ref. 29533], Vasil'eva 2007:121 [ref. 30517], Ninua & Japoshvili 2008:171 [ref. 31251], Lipej & Dulčić 2010:56 [ref. 36649], Parin et al. 2014:466 [ref. 33547], Smith in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2776 [ref. 34618], Artüz & Fricke 2019:558 [ref. 36612], Carneiro et al. 2019:292 [ref. 37250], Elbaraasi et al. 2019:99 [ref. 36864], Bariche & Fricke 2020:96 [ref. 37515], Kovačić et al. 2020:43 [ref. 37519]). Current status: Valid as Trachinus draco Linnaeus 1758. Trachinidae. Distribution: Western Baltic Sea; North Sea; Mediterranean Sea; Sea of Marmara; Black Sea; eastern Atlantic: Norway south to Morocco, including Madeira and Canary Islands. Habitat: marine.

horridus, Trachinus Gronow [L. T.] in Gray 1854:46 [Catalogue of fish collected and described by Laurence Theodore Gronow; ref. 1911] Atlantic and Mediterranean Sea. Syntypes: BMNH 1853.11.12.6 [Gronovius coll.] (1, skin). Type catalog: Wheeler 1958:230 [ref. 13434] but as holotype. •Synonym of Trachinus vipera Cuvier 1829 -- (Wheeler 1958:230 [ref. 13434]). •Synonym of Echiichthys vipera (Cuvier 1829) -- (Smith in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2772 [ref. 34618]). Current status: Synonym of Echiichthys vipera (Cuvier 1829). Trachinidae. Habitat: marine.

lineatus, Trachinus Bloch [M. E.] & Schneider [J. G.] 1801:55, Pl. 10 [M. E. Blochii, Systema Ichthyologiae; ref. 471] Mediterranean Sea. No types known. •Synonym of Trachinus draco Linnaeus 1758 -- (Wheeler 1973:449 [ref. 7190], Roux 1990:894 [ref. 18781], Smith in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2776 [ref. 34618]). Current status: Synonym of Trachinus draco Linnaeus 1758. Trachinidae. Habitat: marine.

lineolatus, Trachinus Fischer [J. G.] 1885:67, Pl. 2 (fig. 10) [Jahrbuch der Hamburgischen Wissenschaftlichen Anstalten v. 2; ref. 18083] São Tomé Island, Gulf of Guinea, Africa (eastern Atlantic). Holotype (unique): ZMH 119. •Valid as Trachinus lineolatus Fischer 1885 -- (Roux 1990:894 [ref. 18781], Afonso et al. 1999:86 [ref. 25466], Wirtz et al. 2007:38 [ref. 30263], Smith in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2777 [ref. 34618]). Current status: Valid as Trachinus lineolatus Fischer 1885. Trachinidae. Distribution: Eastern Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

major, Trachinus Donovan [E.] 1808:4 unnum. pp., Pl. 107 [The natural history of British fishes, including scientific and general descriptions of the most interesting species, and an extensive selection of accurately finished coloured plates.; ref. 17408] England. Syntypes: (2 preserved) whereabouts unknown. Trachinidae. Habitat: marine.

mustazola, Corystion Rafinesque [C. S.] 1810:24 [Caratteri di alcuni nuovi generi e nuove specie di animali e piante della Sicilia; ref. 3594] Sicily, Italy, Mediterranean Sea. Also appeared in Rafinesque 1810:13 [ref. 3595] in account of Corystion striatus. •Synonym of Trachinus draco Linnaeus 1758 -- (Parenti 2019:109 [ref. 37117]). Current status: Synonym of Trachinus draco Linnaeus 1758. Trachinidae. Habitat: marine.

paganus, Trachinus Nardo [G. D.] (ex Chiereghini) 1847:col. 117 [Sinonimia moderna delle specie registrate nell' opera intitolata: ...; ref. 17994] Not available, Chiereghini name mentioned in synonymy of Trachinus radiatus Cuvier 1829. Trachinidae.

pardalis, Pseudotrachinus Bleeker [P.] 1861:380 [Annales des Sciences Naturelles, Paris (Zoologie) (Sér. 4) v. 16; ref. 384] Arobor and Ashantee, Guinea (eastern Atlantic). Syntypes: RMNH 411 (2). Also appeared in Bleeker 1862:120 [ref. 385] and 1863 (or 1862):95, Pl. 20 [ref. 395]. •Synonym of Trachinus radiatus Cuvier 1829 -- (Roux 1990:895 [ref. 18781], Smith in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2779 [ref. 34618]). Current status: Synonym of Trachinus radiatus Cuvier 1829. Trachinidae. Habitat: marine.

pellegrini, Trachinus Cadenat [J.] 1937:505, Figs. 43-44 [Revue des Travaux de l'Institut des Pêches Maritimes v. 10 (fasc. 4, no. 40); ref. 17134] West Africa (eastern Atlantic). Syntypes: (3) MHNLR P.405 (1), MNHN 1938-0003 (1). Type catalog: Aloncle 1968:688 [ref. 20713]. Also in Cadenat 1838:262 [ref. 17960]. •Valid as Trachinus pellegrini Cadenat 1937 -- (Roux 1990:894 [ref. 18781], Wirtz et al. 2013:131 [ref. 32972], Smith in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2778 [ref. 34618], González et al. 2016:173 [ref. 34824], Carneiro et al. 2019:292 [ref. 37250]). Current status: Valid as Trachinus pellegrini Cadenat 1937. Trachinidae. Distribution: Eastern Atlantic: Senegal south to Cameroon, including Madeira, Canary Islands and Cape Verde Islands. Habitat: marine.

radiatus, Trachinus Cuvier [G.] 1829:152 [Le Règne Animal (Edition 2) v. 2; ref. 995] Nice; Naples; Messina, Sicily, Italy, Mediterranean Sea. Syntypes: MNHN A-3165 to 3168 (1, 1, 1, 1). See also Cuvier & Valenciennes 1829:250, Pl. 61 [ref. 4879]. •Valid as Trachinus radiatus Cuvier 1829 -- (Wheeler 1973:449 [ref. 7190], Tortonese in Whitehead et al. 1986:953 [ref. 13676], Roux 1990:895 [ref. 18781], Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:119 [ref. 26753], Golani 2005:52 [ref. 37112], Fricke et al. 2007:96 [ref. 29533], Lipej & Dulčić 2010:56 [ref. 36649], Smith in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2779 [ref. 34618], Artüz & Fricke 2019:558 [ref. 36612], Carneiro et al. 2019:292 [ref. 37250], Elbaraasi et al. 2019:99 [ref. 36864], Bariche & Fricke 2020:97 [ref. 37515], Kovačić et al. 2020:43 [ref. 37519]). Current status: Valid as Trachinus radiatus Cuvier 1829. Trachinidae. Distribution: Mediterranean Sea; Sea of Marmara; eastern Atlantic: Portugal south to Angola, including Madeira. Habitat: marine.

striatus, Corystion Rafinesque [C. S.] 1810:13 [Indice d'ittiologia siciliana; ref. 3595] Sicily, Italy, Mediterranean Sea. No types known. Unneeded new name for Corystion mustazola Rafinesque 1810. •Synonym of Trachinus draco Linnaeus 1758 -- (Parenti 2019:109 [ref. 37117]). Current status: Synonym of Trachinus draco Linnaeus 1758. Trachinidae. Habitat: marine.

trachinus, Trigla Bloch [M. E.] & Schneider [J. G.] 1801:17 [M. E. Blochii, Systema Ichthyologiae; ref. 471] Spain. No types known. Based on the "Trachinus Trigloides" of Osbeck 1770:102 [ref. 18497]. Unused senior synonym of Trachinus vipera Cuvier 1829; here treated as a nomen oblitum. •Synonym of Echiichthys vipera (Cuvier 1829). Current status: Synonym of Echiichthys vipera (Cuvier 1829). Trachinidae. Habitat: marine.

trigloides, Trachinus Osbeck [P.] 1770:102 [Nova Acta Physico-Medica Academiae Caesareae Leopoldina-Carolinae Naturae Curiosorum v. 4; ref. 18497] Spain. No types known. Trachinidae. Habitat: marine.

vainus, Trachinus Rafinesque [C. S.] 1810:24 [Caratteri di alcuni nuovi generi e nuove specie di animali e piante della Sicilia; ref. 3594] Sicily, Italy, Mediterranean Sea. Also appeared in Rafinesque 1810:13 [ref. 3595]. •Synonym of Trachinus radiatus Cuvier 1829 -- (Roux 1990:895 [ref. 18781], Smith in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2779 [ref. 34618], Parenti 2019:104 [ref. 37117]). Current status: Synonym of Trachinus radiatus Cuvier 1829. Trachinidae. Habitat: marine.

varagnola, Trachinus Nardo [G. D.] (ex Chiereghini) 1847:col. 117 [Sinonimia moderna delle specie registrate nell' opera intitolata: ...; ref. 17994] Not available, Chiereghini name mentioned in synonymy of Trachinus vipera Cuvier 1829 with question. Trachinidae.

vipera, Trachinus Cuvier [G.] 1829:152 [Le Règne Animal (Edition 2) v. 2; ref. 995] Northern England. No types known. See also Cuvier & Valenciennes 1829:254 [ref. 4879]. Neotype designated by Fricke 1999:45 [ref. 24101], but withdrawn in Fricke 2000:639 [ref. 24537]. •Valid as Trachinus vipera Cuvier 1829 -- (Wheeler 1973:450 [ref. 7190], Roux 1990:895 [ref. 18781]). •Valid as Echiichthys vipera (Cuvier 1829) -- (Tortonese in Whitehead et al. 1986:951 [ref. 13676], Nash & Santos 1993:317 [ref. 36602], Santos et al. 1997:98 [ref. 23531], Arruda 1997:97 [ref. 24952], Fricke 1999:44 [ref. 24101], Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:117 [ref. 26753], Golani 2005:51 [ref. 37112], Fricke 2007:27 [ref. 30577], Fricke et al. 2007:95 [ref. 29533], Lipej & Dulčić 2010:56 [ref. 36649], Smith in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2772 [ref. 34618], Artüz & Fricke 2019:558 [ref. 36612], Carneiro et al. 2019:291 [ref. 37250], Elbaraasi et al. 2019:99 [ref. 36864], Bariche & Fricke 2020:96 [ref. 37515], Kovačić et al. 2020:43 [ref. 37519]). Current status: Valid as Echiichthys vipera (Cuvier 1829). Trachinidae. Distribution: Western Baltic Sea; North Sea; Mediterranean Sea; Sea of Marmara; eastern Atlantic: British Isles south to Morocco, including Azores, Madeira and Canary Islands. Habitat: marine.

vividus, Trachinus Lacepède [B. G. E.] 1800:353, 354, Pl. 11 (fig. 2) [Histoire naturelle des poissons (Lacepède) v. 2; ref. 2709] Mediterranean Sea. No types known. Syntypes: BMNH 1853.11.12.7 (1, skin); LS 7 (left half-skin), 9-10 (2, right half-skin and parts); MNHN A-3150 (4). Unnecessary replacement name for Trachinus draco Linnaeus 1758. Also appeared in Sonnini 1803:247, 248 [ref. 30473]. •Synonym of Trachinus draco Linnaeus 1758. Current status: Synonym of Trachinus draco Linnaeus 1758. Trachinidae. Habitat: marine.