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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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Species in the family or subfamily Trichiuridae: [ 90 ] records


acus, Aphanopus Maul [G. E.] 1948:47, Fig. 18 [Boletim do Museu Municipal do Funchal No. 3 (art. 6); ref. 2916] Off Madeira, eastern Atlantic (stomach content). Holotype (unique): MMF. •Synonym of Aphanopus carbo Lowe 1839 -- (Parin & Bekker 1973:463 [ref. 7206], Parin in Whitehead et al. 1986:977 [ref. 13676], Nakamura & Parin 1993:65 [ref. 21769], Biscoito et al. 2011:19 [ref. 31349]). Current status: Synonym of Aphanopus carbo Lowe 1839. Trichiuridae: Aphanopodinae. Habitat: marine.

acutirostris, Trichiurus Günther [A.] 1860:348 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 2; ref. 1963] Not available, name on specimen mentioned under Trachiurus muticus. Trichiuridae: Trichiurinae.

alexanderi, Assurger Whitley [G. P.] 1933:84 [Records of the Australian Museum v. 19 (no. 1); ref. 4677] North Fremantle, Western Australia. Holotype: WAM P.352-001. Unneeded replacement name for Evoxymetopon anzac Alexander 1917, anzac felt not permissible by Whitley. •Objective synonym of Assurger anzac (Alexander 1917) -- (Lindberg & Krasyukova 1975:255 [ref. 7348], Nakamura & Parin 1993:69 [ref. 21769], Parin & Nakamura 2003:1830 [ref. 27115], Bray et al. 2006:1762 [ref. 29091]). Current status: Synonym of Assurger anzac (Alexander 1917). Trichiuridae: Lepidopodinae. Habitat: marine.

altifrons, Lepidopus Parin [N. V.] & Collette [B. B.] 1993:189, Fig. 1 [Archiv für Fischereiwissenschaft v. 41 (no. 3); ref. 20649] Gulf of Mexico, 28°49'N, 86°38'W, depth 443 meters. Holotype: USNM 317977. Paratypes: FMNH 64102 (1), 64490 (1), 64493 (1); ISH 30-1970 (2), 1015-1966 (1), 1733-1968 (4), 1882-1968 (2). 1925-1968, 1947-1968 (2), 2022-1968 (1); MCZ 41518 (1), 57374 (2), 63115 (1), 64835-36 (1, 1), 75996 (3), 99449 (4); ROM 64548 (1); SIO 92-16 (1); USNM 150381 (1), 159241 (1), 265891 (1), 317978-82 (1, 2, 1, 1, 4), 320001-05 (1, 1, 1, 1, 1); ZMUC P73196-98 (3). •Valid as Lepidopus altifrons Parin & Collette 1993 -- (Nakamura & Parin 1993:92 [ref. 21769] as Lepidopus sp. pending description, Gago 1998:10 [ref. 25565], Moore et al. 2003:230 [ref. 27076], Parin & Nakamura 2003:1834 [ref. 27115], Menezes in Menezes et al. 2003:102 [ref. 27192], Nelson et al. 2004:175 [ref. 27807], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:769 [ref. 28815], Page et al. 2013:181 [ref. 32708], Nión et al. 2016:53 [ref. 35565] with authors as (Parin & Collette 1993)). Current status: Valid as Lepidopus altifrons Parin & Collette 1993. Trichiuridae: Lepidopodinae. Distribution: Western Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

anzac, Evoxymetopon Alexander [W. B.] 1917:104, Pl. 7 [Journal and Proceedings of the Royal Society, Western Australia, Perth v. 2; ref. 15232] North Fremantle, Western Australia. Holotype (unique): WAM P.352-001. Type catalog: Hutchins & Smith 1991:43 [ref. 19335], Moore et al. 2008:50 [ref. 30117]. •Valid as Assurger anzac (Alexander 1917) -- (Lindberg & Krasyukova 1975:255 [ref. 7348], Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:266 [ref. 9277], Nakamura in Masuda et al. 1984:228 [ref. 6441], Nakamura & Parin 1993:69 [ref. 21769], Nakamura in Fischer et al. 1995:1642 [ref. 22830], De La Cruz Agüero et al. 1997:299 [ref. 24545], Nakabo 2000:1343 [ref. 25182], Hutchins 2001:45 [ref. 25847], Nakamura & Parin 2001:3716 [ref. 26304] dated 1916, Shinohara et al. 2001:332 [ref. 25995], Nakabo 2002:1343 [ref. 26193], Youn 2002:417, 671 [ref. 26218], Parin & Nakamura 2003:1830 [ref. 27115], Nelson et al. 2004:175 [ref. 27807], Mundy 2005:502 [ref. 28379], Bray et al. 2006:1762 [ref. 29091], Page et al. 2013:181 [ref. 32708], Shinohara et al. 2014:272 [ref. 33330], Parin & Nakamura in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2890 [ref. 34618], Nión et al. 2016:53 [ref. 35565], Kells et al. 2016:312 [ref. 35888]). Current status: Valid as Assurger anzac (Alexander 1917). Trichiuridae: Lepidopodinae. Distribution: Probably circumglobal in tropical through warm temperate seas. Habitat: marine.

aomori, Lepidopus Jordan [D. S.] & Snyder [J. O.] 1901:303 [Journal of the College of Science. Imperial University, Tokyo v. 15 (pt 2); ref. 2506] Aomori Bay, Aomori, Japan. Holotype (unique): APM (dry). •Synonym of Benthodesmus tenuis (Günther 1877) -- (Lindberg & Krasyukova 1975:253 [ref. 7348], Parin 1990:974 [ref. 19382], Nakamura & Parin 1993:82 [ref. 21769]). Current status: Synonym of Benthodesmus tenuis (Günther 1877). Trichiuridae: Aphanopodinae. Habitat: marine.

argenteus, Lepidopus Bonnaterre [J. P.] (ex Goüan) 1788:58, Pl. 87 (fig. 364) [Tableau encyclopédique et méthodique des trois règnes de la nature... Ichthyologie; ref. 4940] Montpellier, France, western Mediterranean Sea. No types known. Based on 'Lepidopus; Le Jarretiere' of Goüan 1770:185, Pl. 1, fig. 4 [ref. 1863]. •Synonym of Lepidopus caudatus (Euphrasen 1788) -- (Parin & Bekker 1973:464 [ref. 7206], Parin 1990:975 [ref. 19382], Nakamura & Parin 1993:94 [ref. 21769]). Current status: Synonym of Lepidopus caudatus (Euphrasen 1788). Trichiuridae: Lepidopodinae. Habitat: marine.

argenteus, Lepidopus Brauer [A.] 1906:292, Pl. 12 (fig. 1) [Die Tiefsee-Fische v. 15; ref. 632] Indian Ocean off northeastern Africa, 9°06'01"N, 53°41'2"E, bottom depth 5064 meters. Holotype (unique): ZMB 17681. Objectively invalid, preoccupied by Lepidopus argenteus Bonnaterre 1788. Trichiuridae: Lepidopodinae.

argenteus, Trichiurus Shaw [G.] 1803:90, Pl. 12 [General zoology or systematic natural history v. 4; ref. 4014] Rivers and larger lakes of South America, India and China. No types known. Unneeded new name for Trichiurus lepturus Linnaeus 1758. •Synonym of Trichiurus lepturus Linnaeus 1758 -- (Parin & Bekker 1973:462 [ref. 7206], Parin 1990:977 [ref. 19382], Burhanuddin et al. 2002:218 [ref. 26330]). Current status: Synonym of Trichiurus lepturus Linnaeus 1758. Trichiuridae: Trichiurinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

argyrea, Scarcina Rafinesque [C. S.] 1810:20, Pl. 7 (fig. 1) [Caratteri di alcuni nuovi generi e nuove specie di animali e piante della Sicilia; ref. 3594] Sicily, Italy, Mediterranean Sea. No types known. Also appeared in Rafinesque 1810:38 [ref. 3595]. •Synonym of Lepidopus caudatus (Euphrasen 1788) -- (Parin & Bekker 1973:464 [ref. 7206], Parin 1990:975 [ref. 19382], Nakamura & Parin 1993:94 [ref. 21769]). Current status: Synonym of Lepidopus caudatus (Euphrasen 1788). Trichiuridae: Lepidopodinae. Habitat: marine.

argyreus, Lepidopus Cuvier [G.] 1829:217 [Le Règne Animal (Edition 2) v. 2; ref. 995] Eastern Atlantic, from England to Cape of Good Hope. Also in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1832:223, Pl. 223 [ref. 1000]. •Synonym of Lepidopus caudatus (Euphrasen 1788). Current status: Synonym of Lepidopus caudatus (Euphrasen 1788). Trichiuridae: Lepidopodinae. Habitat: marine.

arigato, Aphanopus Parin [N. V.] 1994:741 [Voprosy Ikhtiologii v. 34 (no. 6); ref. 22089] Western North Pacific, 39°24'N, 144°27'E, depth 1000-945 meters. Holotype: HUMZ 78109. Paratypes: OSUO 2353 (4), ZIN 50587-88 (1, 1). •Valid as Aphanopus arigato Parin 1994 -- (Nakabo 2000:1342 [ref. 25182], Sheiko & Fedorov 2000:39 [ref. 25650], Nakabo 2002:1342 [ref. 26193], Parin 2003:S26 [ref. 28536], Mundy 2005:502 [ref. 28379], Parin et al. 2014:509 [ref. 33547]). Current status: Valid as Aphanopus arigato Parin 1994. Trichiuridae: Aphanopodinae. Distribution: North Pacific: Japan to North America, south to Hawaiian Islands. Habitat: marine.

armatus, Trichiurus Gray [J. E.] 1831:9 [Zoological Miscellany [No. 1]; ref. 21394] Indian Ocean. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1955.5.13.1. •Synonym of Lepturacanthus savala (Cuvier 1829) -- (Nakamura & Parin 1993:100 [ref. 21769], Chakraborty et al. 2006:45 [ref. 28499]). Current status: Synonym of Lepturacanthus savala (Cuvier 1829). Trichiuridae: Trichiurinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

atlanticus, Benthodesmus Goode [G. B.] & Bean [T. H.] 1896:205, Pl. 58 (fig. 215) [Special Bulletin U. S. National Museum No. 2; ref. 1848] Western edge of Grand Bank, Newfoundland, Canada, depth 80 fathoms (stomach content). Holotype: USNM 29116. Paratypes: USNM 53059 (1). •Synonym of Benthodesmus elongatus (Clarke 1879), subspecies simonyi (Steindachner 1891) -- (Parin & Bekker 1973:463 [ref. 7206]). •Synonym of Benthodesmus simonyi (Steindachner 1891) -- (Nakamura & Parin 1993:80 [ref. 21769], Parin & Nakamura 2003:1831 [ref. 27115], Parin & Nakamura in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2891 [ref. 34618]). Current status: Synonym of Benthodesmus simonyi (Steindachner 1891). Trichiuridae: Aphanopodinae. Habitat: marine.

auriga, Trichiurus Klunzinger [C. B.] 1884:120, 121, Pl. 12 (fig. 1) [Die Fische des Rothen Meeres; ref. 2625] Al-Qusair, Red Sea Governorate, Egypt, Red Sea. No types known. •Synonym of Trichiurus lepturus Linnaeus 1758 -- (Parin & Bekker 1973:462 [ref. 7206], Parin 1990:977 [ref. 19382]). •Valid as Trichiurus auriga Klunzinger 1884 -- (Nakamura & Parin 1993:104 [ref. 21769], Goren & Dor 1994:69 [ref. 25356], Adam et al. 1998:14 [ref. 23610], Nakamura & Parin 2001:3720 [ref. 26304], Burhanuddin & Iwatsuki 2003:270 [ref. 27214], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S121 [ref. 27377], Bray et al. 2006:1765 [ref. 29091], Burhanuddin & Parin 2008:825 [ref. 29973], Larson et al. 2013:216 [ref. 32988], Ali et al. 2018:340 [ref. 36183], Golani & Fricke 2018:169 [ref. 36273]). Current status: Valid as Trichiurus auriga Klunzinger 1884. Trichiuridae: Trichiurinae. Distribution: Red Sea, Indian Ocean: western India; Timor Sea and northern Australia. Habitat: marine.

australis, Trichiurus Chakraborty [A.], Burhanuddin [A. I.] & Iwatsuki [Y.] 2005:166, Figs. 1, 2, 3A [Ichthyological Research v. 52 (no. 2); ref. 28231] Off Skyringville Passage, Burnett River mouth, Bundaberg, 24°44'S, 152°23'E, Australia. Holotype: QM I.26118. Paratypes: QM I.1024 (1), I.3245 (1), I.32662 (1), •Valid as Trichiurus australis Chakraborty, Burhanuddin & Iwatsuki 2005. Current status: Valid as Trichiurus australis Chakraborty, Burhanuddin & Iwatsuki 2005. Trichiuridae: Trichiurinae. Distribution: Queensland, Australia. Habitat: marine.

beckeri, Aphanopus Parin [N. V.] 1994:741 [Voprosy Ikhtiologii v. 34 (no. 6); ref. 22089] Southeastern Indian Ocean, Western Australia, 28°04'S, 112°43'E, depth 853 meters. Holotype: AMS I.31181-003. Paratypes: AMS I.31181-014 (1), NSMT-P 46989 [? ex FSFRL EB 270] (1). •Valid as Aphanopus beckeri Parin 1994 -- (Bray et al. 2006:1762 [ref. 29091]). Current status: Valid as Aphanopus beckeri Parin 1994. Trichiuridae: Aphanopodinae. Distribution: Australia: Western Australia. Habitat: marine.

benjamini, Benthodesmus Fowler [H. W.] 1938:45, Fig. 16 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 85 (no. 3032); ref. 1426] Off Atalaya Point, Batag Island, eastern coast of Luzon Island, Philippines, 12°44'42"N, 124°59'50"E, Albatross station D.5445, depth 383 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 98821. Paratypes: (4) USNM 98823 (1), 98825 (1). •Synonym of Benthodesmus tenuis (Günther 1877) -- (Parin 1990:975 [ref. 19382], Nakamura & Parin 1993:82 [ref. 21769]). Current status: Synonym of Benthodesmus tenuis (Günther 1877). Trichiuridae: Aphanopodinae. Habitat: marine.

brevis, Trichiurus Wang [K.-L.] & You [F.] in Wang, Liu, You & Xu 1992:70, Fig. [Marine Science (Beijing) No. 2; ref. 22014] South China Sea. Holotype: IOCAS 3077. Second author is You not Yuo. •Valid as Trichiurus brevis Wang & You 1992 -- (Burhanuddin et al. 2002:213 [ref. 26330], Burhanuddin & Iwatsuki 2003:270 [ref. 27214], Chakraborty et al. 2005:168 [ref. 28231]). Current status: Valid as Trichiurus brevis Wang & You 1992. Trichiuridae: Trichiurinae. Distribution: South China Sea. Habitat: marine.

calcar, Lepidopus Parin [N. V.] & Mikhailin [S. V.] 1982:27, Figs. 1-2 [Japanese Journal of Ichthyology v. 29 (no. 1); ref. 8433] Colahan [Kolahan] Seamount, Hawaiian Ridge, central Pacific, 31°01'N, 175°53'E, depth 270 meters. Holotype: ZIN 45723. Paratypes: ZMMU P-15675 (2). Type catalog: Vasil'eva et al. 2001:85-86 [ref. 25714]. •Valid as Lepidopus calcar Parin & Mikhailin 1982 -- (Parin & Collette 1993:194 [ref. 20649], Nakamura & Parin 1993:93 [ref. 21769], Mundy 2005:503 [ref. 28379]). Current status: Valid as Lepidopus calcar Parin & Mikhailin 1982. Trichiuridae: Lepidopodinae. Distribution: Central Pacific: Hawaiian Ridge endemic. Habitat: marine.

capricornis, Aphanopus Parin [N. V.] 1994:744 [Voprosy Ikhtiologii v. 34 (no. 6); ref. 22089] Western Pacific, 33°38'S, 152°05'E, depth 978-10234 meters. Holotype: AMS I.24178-001. Paratypes: •Valid as Aphanopus capricornis Parin 1994 -- (Nakamura & Parin 2001:3716 [ref. 26304], Bray et al. 2006:1762 [ref. 29091], McCosker & Rosenblatt 2010:194 [ref. 30957]). Current status: Valid as Aphanopus capricornis Parin 1994. Trichiuridae: Aphanopodinae. Distribution: Southwest Pacific. Habitat: marine.

carbo, Aphanopus Lowe [R. T.] 1839:79 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1839 (pt 7); ref. 2829] Off Madeira. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1855.11.29.6. •Valid as Aphanopus carbo Lowe 1839 -- (Parin & Bekker 1973:462 [ref. 7206], Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:265 [ref. 9277], Kido in Amaoka et al. 1983:135, 206 [ref. 8379], Nakamura in Masuda et al. 1984:227 [ref. 6441], Parin in Whitehead et al. 1986:977 [ref. 13676], Nakamura in Nakamura et al. 1986:278 [ref. 14235], Peden & Hughes 1986:4 [ref. 9714], Scott & Scott 1988:446 [ref. 25518], Pequeño 1989:67 [ref. 14125], McAllister 1990:178 [ref. 14674], Nakamura & Parin 1993:65 [ref. 21769], Amaoka in Okamura et al. 1995:220 [ref. 22531], Santos et al. 1997:106 [ref. 23531], Arruda 1997:99 [ref. 24952], Uiblein et al. 1999:65 [ref. 24045], Parin & Nakamura 2003:1828 [ref. 27115], Menezes in Menezes et al. 2003:102 [ref. 27192], Møller et al. 2010:68 [ref. 31169], Biscoito et al. 2011:19 [ref. 31349], Afonso et al. 2016:73, 93 [ref. 36199], Bañón et al. 2016:324 [ref. 34397], Parin & Nakamura in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2888 [ref. 34618]). Current status: Valid as Aphanopus carbo Lowe 1839. Trichiuridae: Aphanopodinae. Distribution: North Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

caudatus, Trichiurus Euphrasen [B. A.] 1788:52, Pl. 9 (fig. 2) [Kongliga Vetenskaps-Academiens Handlingar, Stockholm v. 9 (for 1788); ref. 17466] Cape of Good Hope, South Africa. No types known. Also described by Euphrasen 1788:48 [ref. 30155]. •Valid as Lepidopus caudatus (Euphrasen 1788) -- (Parin & Bekker 1973:464 [ref. 7206], Parin in Whitehead et al. 1986:979 [ref. 13676], Nakamura 1986:830 [ref. 5696], Rosenblatt & Wilson 1987:343 [ref. 6711], Paulin et al. 1989:228 [ref. 24556], Shcherbachev et al. 1989:167 [ref. 36134], Nakamura in Amaoka et al. 1990:308 [ref. 16024], Parin 1990:975 [ref. 19382], Parin & Collette 1993:194 [ref. 20649], Nakamura & Parin 1993:94 [ref. 21769], Bianchi & Carpenter in Bianchi et al. 1993:171 [ref. 25472], Gomon et al. 1994:818 [ref. 22532], De La Cruz Agüero et al. 1997:299 [ref. 24545], Santos et al. 1997:106 [ref. 23531], Arruda 1997:99 [ref. 24952], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:117 [ref. 24555], Gago 1998:10 [ref. 25565], Uiblein et al. 1999:66 [ref. 24045], Hutchins 2001:45 [ref. 25847], Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:139 [ref. 26753], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:412 [ref. 28072], Bray et al. 2006:1764 [ref. 29091], Fricke et al. 2007:109 [ref. 29533], Vasil'eva 2007:177 [ref. 30517], Gomon 2008:780 [ref. 30616], Parin et al. 2014:510 [ref. 33547], Goren & Galil 2015:521 [ref. 33910], Stewart 2015:1622 [ref. 34196], Parin & Nakamura in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2893 [ref. 34618], Fricke et al. 2018:361 [ref. 35805]). Current status: Valid as Lepidopus caudatus (Euphrasen 1788). Trichiuridae: Lepidopodinae. Distribution: Circumglobal in tropical and warm temperate seas. Habitat: marine.

coxii, Trichiurus Ramsay [E. P.] & Ogilby [J. D.] 1887:562 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales (Series 2) v. 2 (pt 2, 3); ref. 14476] Broken Bay, New South Wales, Australia. Holotype: AMS I.1342. •Synonym of Trichiurus lepturus Linnaeus 1758 -- (Parin & Bekker 1973:462 [ref. 7206], Parin 1990:977 [ref. 19382], Nakamura & Parin 1993:106 [ref. 21769], Gomon et al. 1994:819 [ref. 22532], Bray et al. 2006:1765 [ref. 29091]). Current status: Synonym of Trichiurus lepturus Linnaeus 1758. Trichiuridae: Trichiurinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

cristatus, Trichiurus Klunzinger [C. B.] 1884:120, 121, Pl. 13 (fig. 5) [Die Fische des Rothen Meeres; ref. 2625] Al-Qusair, Red Sea Governorate, Egypt, Red Sea. Syntypes: (3). •Valid as Tentoriceps cristatus (Klunzinger 1884) -- (Dor 1984:260 [ref. 29757], Nakamura in Masuda et al. 1984:228 [ref. 6441], Nakamura 1986:830 [ref. 5696], Nakamura & Parin 1993:102 [ref. 21769], Goren & Dor 1994:69 [ref. 25356], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:527 [ref. 27969], Randall & Lim in Randall & Lim 2000:643 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:1343 [ref. 25182], Hutchins 2001:45 [ref. 25847], Nakamura & Parin 2001:3714 [ref. 26304], Nakabo 2002:1343 [ref. 26193], Bray et al. 2006:1765 [ref. 29091], Iwatsuki 2009:310 [ref. 30433], Larson et al. 2013:216 [ref. 32988], Psomadakis et al. 2015:312 [ref. 34104], Motomura et al. 2017:210 [ref. 35490], Golani & Fricke 2018:169 [ref. 36273]). Current status: Valid as Tentoriceps cristatus (Klunzinger 1884). Trichiuridae: Trichiurinae. Distribution: Red Sea, Indo-West Pacific: East Africa east to Philippines, north to southern Japan, south to New South Wales and Australia. Habitat: marine.

dubius, Lepidopus Parin [N. V.] & Mikhailin [S. V.] 1981:404 [2], Fig. 1 [Voprosy Ikhtiologii v. 21 (no. 3); ref. 8564] Southeastern Atlantic, off Angola, 6°38'S, 11°38'E, depth 490-495 meters. Holotype: ZIN 45496. Paratypes: IOM uncat. (9); VNIRO uncat. (orig. 3); USNM 224260 (1), ZMMU P-15574-75 (1, 1). Type catalog: Vasil'eva et al. 2001:86 [ref. 25714]. On p. 2 of English translation. •Valid as Lepidopus dubius Parin & Mikhailin 1981 -- (Rosenblatt & Wilson 1987:343 [ref. 6711], Parin 1990:976 [ref. 19382], Parin & Collette 1993:194 [ref. 20649], Nakamura & Parin 1993:96 [ref. 21769], Parin 2000:842 [ref. 25082], Parin & Nakamura in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2894 [ref. 34618]). Current status: Valid as Lepidopus dubius Parin & Mikhailin 1981. Trichiuridae: Lepidopodinae. Distribution: Southeastern Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

electricus, Trichiurus Forster [J. R.] (ex Willughby) 1795:14, Pl. 3 (fig. 3) [Zoologia Indica, sistens descriptiones animalium selectorum; ref. 18091] Name only, not available. From India. In synonymy of Trichiurus indicus Gmelin 1789. Appeared as unnecessary replacement name for Trichiurus indicus Gmelin 1789 in Sonnini 1803:399 (v. 5) [ref. 30473]. •Synonym of Trichiurus lepturus Linnaeus 1758 -- (Burhanuddin et al. 2002:218 [ref. 26330]). Current status: Synonym of Trichiurus lepturus Linnaeus 1758. Trichiuridae: Trichiurinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

elongatus, Lepidopus Clarke [F. E.] 1879:294, Pl. 14 [Transactions and Proceedings of the New Zealand Institute v. 11 (art. 25) (for 1878); ref. 18006] Hokitika Beach, South Island, New Zealand. Holotype: NMNZ (missing). •Valid as Benthodesmus elongatus (Clarke 1879) -- (Parin & Bekker 1973:463 [ref. 7206], Nakamura in Okamura et al. 1982:267, 390 [ref. 8256], Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:266 [ref. 9277], Parin in Whitehead et al. 1986:978 [ref. 13676], Nakamura 1986:830 [ref. 5696], Nakamura in Nakamura et al. 1986:280 [ref. 14235], Scott & Scott 1988:447 [ref. 25518], Pequeño 1989:67 [ref. 14125], Paulin et al. 1989:229 [ref. 24556], McAllister 1990:178 [ref. 14674], Nakamura & Parin 1993:74 [ref. 21769], Gomon et al. 1994:817 [ref. 22532], Nakamura in Fischer et al. 1995:1642 [ref. 22830], Nakabo 2000:1342 [ref. 25182], Nakabo 2002:1342 [ref. 26193], Menezes in Menezes et al. 2003:102 [ref. 27192], Bray et al. 2006:1763 [ref. 29091], Gomon 2008:780 [ref. 30616], Fricke et al. 2009:111 [ref. 30213], Duffy & Ahyong 2015:118 [ref. 36167], Stewart 2015:1619 [ref. 34196], Nión et al. 2016:53 [ref. 35565], Fricke et al. 2018:361 [ref. 35805]). Current status: Valid as Benthodesmus elongatus (Clarke 1879). Trichiuridae: Aphanopodinae. Distribution: Circumglobal in the Southern Hemisphere. Habitat: marine.

ensiformis, Trichiurus Vandelli [D.] 1797:70 [Memorias de agriculture: premiados pela Academia Real das Sciencias de Lisboa. v. 1; ref. 17880] Lisbon, Portugal. No types known. •Synonym of Lepidopus caudatus (Euphrasen 1788) -- (Parin & Bekker 1973:464 [ref. 7206], Parin 1990:975 [ref. 19382], Nakamura & Parin 1993:94 [ref. 21769]). Current status: Synonym of Lepidopus caudatus (Euphrasen 1788). Trichiuridae: Lepidopodinae. Habitat: marine.

fitchi, Lepidopus Rosenblatt [R. H.] & Wilson [R. R., Jr.] 1987:348, Fig. 6 [Japanese Journal of Ichthyology v. 33 (no. 4); ref. 6711] Baja California Norte, about 1.5 kilometers northern of North Coronado Island, Mexico. Holotype: SIO 62-171. Paratypes: CAS 63248 [SIO 55-53] (1); SIO 48-270 (1), 49-134 (1), 50-128 (1), 54-31 (), 54-34 (1), 55-12 (1), 55-29 (1), 55-53 (1), 55-82 (1), 57-142 (1), 58-52 (1), 58-221 (1), 60-58 (1), 60-65 (2), 60-74 (), 60-148 (2), 60-177 (1), 61-5 (3), 62-171 (1), 63-398 (2), 64-325 (1), 65-275 (1), 70-126 (1), 71-69 (1), 72-209 (4), 73-58 (1), 75-394 (1), 81-71 (1). •Valid as Lepidopus fitchi Rosenblatt & Wilson 1987 -- (Parin & Collette 1993:194 [ref. 20649], Nakamura & Parin 1993:97 [ref. 21769], Castro-Aguirre et al. 1993:84 [ref. 21807], Nakamura in Fischer et al. 1995:1640 [ref. 22830], De La Cruz Agüero et al. 1997:299 [ref. 24545], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:117 [ref. 24555], Gago 1998:10 [ref. 25565], Nelson et al. 2004:175 [ref. 27807], Page et al. 2013:181 [ref. 32708], Fourriére et al. 2016:459 [ref. 34668], Del Moral-Flores et al. 2016:611 [ref. 34923]). Current status: Valid as Lepidopus fitchi Rosenblatt & Wilson 1987. Trichiuridae: Lepidopodinae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

gangeticus, Trichiurus Gupta [M. V.] 1966:169 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society, Calcutta v. 19 (no. 2); ref. 20817] Frasergunj, 24-Parganas District, western Bengal. Holotype: ZSI F4811/2. Paratypes: CIFRI (70). •Valid as Trichiurus gangeticus Gupta 1966 -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:993 [ref. 20764], Nakamura & Parin 1993:105 [ref. 21769], Burhanuddin & Iwatsuki 2003:270 [ref. 27214], Burhanuddin & Parin 2008:825 [ref. 29973]). Current status: Valid as Trichiurus gangeticus Gupta 1966. Trichiuridae: Trichiurinae. Distribution: Indian Ocean. Habitat: brackish, marine.

gladius, Trichiurus Holten [H. S. von] 1802:23, Pl. 2 (fig. 1) [Skrivter af Naturhistorie-Selskabet Kiøbenhavn v. 5; ref. 18306] Portugal. No types known. •Synonym of Lepidopus caudatus (Euphrasen 1788) -- (Parin & Bekker 1973:464 [ref. 7206], Parin 1990:975 [ref. 19382], Nakamura & Parin 1993:94 [ref. 21769]). Current status: Synonym of Lepidopus caudatus (Euphrasen 1788). Trichiuridae: Lepidopodinae. Habitat: marine.

glossodon, Trichiurus Bleeker [P.] 1860:38 [Acta Societatis Regiae Scientiarum Indo-Neêrlandicae v. 8 (art. 4); ref. 377] Soengidoeri in Bangkayang, western Borneo. Lectotype: RMNH 6031. Paralectotypes: RMNH 24086 (3). Bleeker specimens: NMV A913 (2). Lectotype selected and figured by Boeseman 1962:214 [ref. 20676]. •Valid as Eupleurogrammus glossodon (Bleeker 1860) -- (Nakamura & Parin 1993:85 [ref. 21769], Randall 1995:370 [ref. 22896], Carpenter et al. 1997:222 [ref. 23922], Randall & Lim in Randall & Lim 2000:643 [ref. 25122], Nakamura & Parin 2001:3719 [ref. 26304], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S121 [ref. 27377], Psomadakis et al. 2015:311 [ref. 34104], Ali et al. 2018:340 [ref. 36183]). Current status: Valid as Eupleurogrammus glossodon (Bleeker 1860). Trichiuridae: Lepidopodinae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific. Habitat: marine.

gouani, Lepidopus Bloch [M. E.] & Schneider [J. G.] 1801:239, Pl. 53 (lower fig.) [M. E. Blochii, Systema Ichthyologiae; ref. 471] No locality (= Mediterranean Sea). Spelled goüani on plate, gouani in text and Index. the 'ü' in goueani should be treated as a vocal separate from the 'o', spoken 'go-u-an. Name is correctly gouani (R. Fricke, pers. comm., 22 Mar. 2008). Trichiuridae: Lepidopodinae. Habitat: marine.

gouanianus, Lepidopus Lacepède [B. G. E.] 1800:519, 520 [Histoire naturelle des poissons (Lacepéde) v. 2; ref. 2709] Mediterranean Sea (is Montpellier, Languedoc-Roussillon Region, France). No types known. Unnecessary replacement name for Lepidopus argenteus Bonnaterre 1788. Also appeared in Sonnini 1803:70, 1719 (vol. 7) [ref. 30473] •Synonym of Lepidopus caudatus (Euphrasen 1788) -- (Parin & Bekker 1973:464 [ref. 7206], Parin 1990:975 [ref. 19382], Nakamura & Parin 1993:94 [ref. 21769], Bray et al. 2006:1764 [ref. 29091]). Current status: Synonym of Lepidopus caudatus (Euphrasen 1788). Trichiuridae: Lepidopodinae. Habitat: marine.

goueani, Lepidopus Walbaum [J. J.] 1792:694 [Petri Artedi sueci genera piscium Part 3; ref. 4572] Originally goüani, but the 'ü' should be treated as a vocal separate from the 'o', spoken 'go-u-an. Name is correctly gouani (R. Fricke, pers. comm., 22 Mar. 2008). •Synonym of Lepidopus caudatus (Euphrasen 1788) -- (P. Parenti, pers. comm.). Current status: Synonym of Lepidopus caudatus (Euphrasen 1788). Trichiuridae: Lepidopodinae. Habitat: marine.

hamrela, Trichiurus Bloch [M. E.] & Schneider [J. G.] 1801:518 [M. E. Blochii, Systema Ichthyologiae; ref. 471] Regarded as an incorrect subsequent spelling of haumela Forsskål 1775; spelled haumela on p. lviii and in corrigenda, and as hamrela on p. 518. •Synonym of Trichiurus lepturus Linnaeus 1758 -- (Dor 1984:261 [ref. 29757]). Current status: Synonym of Trichiurus lepturus Linnaeus 1758. Trichiuridae: Trichiurinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

haumela, Clupea Forsskål [P. S.] 1775:72, xiii [Descriptiones animalium (Forsskål); ref. 1351] [Mochhæ] Al-Mukhā, Yemen, Red Sea. No types known. •Valid as Trichiurus haumela (Forsskål 1775) -- (Chen et al. 1997:157 [ref. 26476], Cheng & Zhou 1997:345 [ref. 26385], Wang et al. 2001:254 [ref. 26566]). •Synonym of Trichiurus lepturus Linnaeus 1758 -- (Parin & Bekker 1973:462 [ref. 7206], Lindberg & Krasyukova 1975:258 [ref. 7348], Dor 1984:261 [ref. 29757], Parin 1990:977 [ref. 19382], Wang et al. 1992:71 [ref. 22014], Nakamura & Parin 1993:106 [ref. 21769], Gomon et al. 1994:819 [ref. 22532], Randall 1995:370 [ref. 22896], Nakamura & Parin 2001:3715 [ref. 26304], Fricke & Kulbicki 2006:354 [ref. 28867], Golani & Fricke 2018:169 [ref. 36273]). Current status: Synonym of Trichiurus lepturus Linnaeus 1758. Trichiuridae: Trichiurinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

imperialis, Scarcina Rafinesque [C. S.] 1810:21 [Caratteri di alcuni nuovi generi e nuove specie di animali e piante della Sicilia; ref. 3594] Sicily, Italy, Mediterranean Sea. Also appeared in Rafinesque 1810:39 [ref. 3595]. Trichiuridae: Lepidopodinae.

indicus, Trichiurus Gmelin [J. F.] 1789:1142 [Caroli a Linné ... Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae v. 1 (pt 3); ref. 18139] Indian Ocean. No types known. Based on several literature sources. •A muraenid or anguilliform species -- (Burhanuddin et al. 2002:218 [ref. 26330]). Trichiuridae: Trichiurinae.

intermedius, Aphanopus Parin [N. V.] 1983:358 [4] [Voprosy Ikhtiologii v. 23 (no. 3); ref. 5304] Southeastern Atlantic off Angola, 6°28'S, 11°13'W, depth 1000 meters. Holotype: ZIN 46189. Paratypes: IOM uncat. (orig. 11), ZMMU P-14507 (1). Type catalog: Vasil'eva et al. 2001:85 [ref. 25714]. On p. 4 of English translation. •Valid as Aphanopus intermedius Parin 1983 -- (Parin 1990:974 [ref. 19382], Nakamura & Parin 1993:66 [ref. 21769], Amaoka in Okamura et al. 1995:220 [ref. 22531], Parin 1994:745 [ref. 22089], McCosker et al. 1997:25 [ref. 22816], Pakhorukov 1999:659 [ref. 24883], Randall & Lim in Randall & Lim 2000:643 [ref. 25122], Moore et al. 2003:230 [ref. 27076], Parin & Nakamura 2003:1829 [ref. 27115], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:766 [ref. 28815], Biscoito et al. 2011:19 [ref. 31349], Wirtz et al. 2014:10 [ref. 33516], Parin & Nakamura in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2889 [ref. 34618], Brown et al. 2019:172 [ref. 36444]). Current status: Valid as Aphanopus intermedius Parin 1983. Trichiuridae: Aphanopodinae. Distribution: Eastern Atlantic; southern central Atlantic: Saint Helena Island. Habitat: marine.

intermedius, Trichiurus Gray [J. E.] 1831:10 [Zoological Miscellany [No. 1]; ref. 21394] No locality. Holotype (unique): Whereabouts unknown, not BMNH 1860.3.19.76. •Treated as a synonym of Eupleurogrammus glossodon (Bleeker 1860) although intermedius is the older name -- (Nakamura & Parin 1993:85 [ref. 21769]). Current status: Synonym of Eupleurogrammus glossodon (Bleeker 1860). Trichiuridae: Lepidopodinae. Habitat: marine.

japonicus, Trichiurus lepturus Temminck [C. J.] & Schlegel [H.] 1844:102, Pl. 54 [Fauna Japonica Parts 5-6; ref. 4372] Japan (probably near Nagasaki, possibly Shimabara Bay). Lectotype: RMNH D2040 (stuffed). Paralectotypes: RMNH 1496 (2), 1497 (1, head). Lectotype selected by Boeseman 1947:97 [ref. 12876]; see also Boeseman 1962:215 [ref. 20676]. •Synonym of Trichiurus lepturus Linnaeus 1758 -- (Parin & Bekker 1973:462 [ref. 7206], Lindberg & Krasyukova 1975:258 [ref. 7348], Parin 1990:977 [ref. 19382], Nakamura & Parin 1993:106 [ref. 21769], Gomon et al. 1994:819 [ref. 22532], Parin 2003:S27 [ref. 28536]). •Valid as Trichiurus japonicus Temminck & Schlegel 1844 -- (Nakabo 2000:1345 [ref. 25182], Shimizu 2001:42 [ref. 25799], Shinohara et al. 2001:332 [ref. 25995], Nakabo 2002:1345 [ref. 26193], Shinohara et al. 2005:439 [ref. 28370], Chakraborty et al. 2006:93 [ref. 28721], Shinohara et al. 2011:54 [ref. 31715], Zemnukhov & Epur 2011:510 [ref. 32457], Shinohara et al. 2014:271 [ref. 33330], Parin et al. 2014:510 [ref. 33547]). Current status: Valid as Trichiurus japonicus Temminck & Schlegel 1844. Trichiuridae: Trichiurinae. Distribution: Western North Pacific: Japan, China and Taiwan. Habitat: brackish, marine.

lajor, Trichiurus Bleeker [P.] 1854:248 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 7 (no. 2); ref. 345] Manado, Sulawesi, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): RMNH 6030. Type catalog: Boeseman 1962:215 [ref. 20676]. •Synonym of Trichiurus lepturus Linnaeus 1758 -- (Parin & Bekker 1973:462 [ref. 7206], Parin 1990:977 [ref. 19382], Gomon et al. 1994:819 [ref. 22532]). Current status: Synonym of Trichiurus lepturus Linnaeus 1758. Trichiuridae: Trichiurinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

lepturus, Trichiurus Linnaeus [C.] 1758:246 [Systema Naturae, Ed. X v. 1; ref. 2787] America and China. Syntypes: NRM 15 (1). Type catalog: Fernholm & Wheeler 1983:269-270 [ref. 20707], Wheeler 1985:68-69 [ref. 20705]. Based on 4 literature sources. •Valid as Trichiurus lepturus Linnaeus 1758 -- (Parin & Bekker 1973:462 [ref. 7206], Lindberg & Krasyukova 1975:259 [ref. 7348], Fujii in Uyeno et al. 1983:416 [ref. 14275], Dor 1984:261 [ref. 29757], Nakamura in Masuda et al. 1984:228 [ref. 6441], Machida in Okamura et al. 1985:541, 704 [ref. 8056], Parin in Whitehead et al. 1986:980 [ref. 13676], Nakamura 1986:830 [ref. 5696], Inada in Nakamura et al. 1986:276 [ref. 14235], Robins & Ray 1986:258 [ref. 23100], Parin 1990:977 [ref. 19382], Cervigón 1992:451 [ref. 23827], Nakamura & Parin 1993:106 [ref. 21769], Krishnan & Mishra 1993:233 [ref. 24016], Bianchi & Carpenter in Bianchi et al. 1993:171 [ref. 25472], Krishnan & Mishra 1994:299 [ref. 24014], Cervigón 1994:228 [ref. 24488], Gomon et al. 1994:818 [ref. 22532], Allen & Robertson 1994:275 [ref. 22193], Goren & Dor 1994:69 [ref. 25356], Nakamura in Fischer et al. 1995:1641 [ref. 22830], Randall 1995:370 [ref. 22896], Andreata & Séret 1996:588 [ref. 16204], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:527 [ref. 27969], Murdy et al. 1997:156 [ref. 23144], Larson & Williams 1997:373 [ref. 23967], Carpenter et al. 1997:223 [ref. 23922], De La Cruz Agüero et al. 1997:299 [ref. 24545], Grove & Lavenberg 1997:577 [ref. 24023], Aguilera 1998:52 [ref. 24221], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:117 [ref. 24555], Sokolovskaya et al. 1998:14 [ref. 24670], Fricke 1999:559 [ref. 24106], Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:461 [ref. 24550], Mishra & Srinivasan 1999:252 [ref. 24754], Mishra et al. 1999:88 [ref. 25315], Johnson 1999:751 [ref. 25471], Randall & Lim in Randall & Lim 2000:643 [ref. 25122], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:345 [ref. 25191], Bijukumar & Sushama 2000:187 [ref. 25703], Cousseau & Perrotta 2000:134 [ref. 25942], Iwatsuki et al. 2000:104 [ref. 26368], Matsuura & Peristiwady in Matsuura & Peristiwady 2000:299 [ref. 27511], Schmitter-Soto et al. 2000:168 [ref. 27754], Hutchins 2001:45 [ref. 25847], Camargo & Isaac 2001:143 [ref. 27639], Collette in Collette & Klein-MacPhee 2002:508 [ref. 26158], Nakamura & Parin 2001:3715 [ref. 26304], Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:139 [ref. 26753], Burhanuddin et al. 2002:218 [ref. 26330], Youn 2002:417, 672 [ref. 26218], López et al. 2002:65 [ref. 26808], Moore et al. 2003:230 [ref. 27076], Parin & Nakamura 2003:1835 [ref. 27115], Burhanuddin & Iwatsuki 2003:270 [ref. 27214], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S121 [ref. 27377], Menezes in Menezes et al. 2003:102 [ref. 27192], Matsuura et al. in Kimura & Matsuura 2003:209 [ref. 27510], Khan 2003:10 [ref. 27710], Parin 2003:S27 [ref. 28536], Randall et al. 2004:31 [ref. 27624], Mishra & Krishnan 2003:44 [ref. 27712], Nelson et al. 2004:176 [ref. 27807], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:412 [ref. 28072], Mundy 2005:503 [ref. 28379], Chakraborty et al. 2006:93 [ref. 28721], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:770 [ref. 28815], Bray et al. 2006:1765 [ref. 29091], Fricke et al. 2007:109 [ref. 29533], Burhanuddin & Parin 2008:825 [ref. 29973], Gomon 2008:781 [ref. 30616], Fricke et al. 2009:111 [ref. 30213], Iwatsuki 2009:310 [ref. 30433], Page et al. 2013:181 [ref. 32708], Larson et al. 2013:216 [ref. 32988], Yoshida et al. 2013:202 [ref. 34464], Bogorodsky et al. 2014:430 [ref. 33460], Graciela et al. 2014:9 [ref. 33530], Psomadakis et al. 2015:313 [ref. 34104], Parin & Nakamura in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2895 [ref. 34618], Fourriére et al. 2016:459 [ref. 34668], Nión et al. 2016:53 [ref. 35565] with author as (Linnaeus 1758), Marceniuk et al. 2017:42 [ref. 35324], Motomura et al. 2017:210 [ref. 35490], Ali et al. 2018:340 [ref. 36183], Fricke et al. 2018:361 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:169 [ref. 36273], Raz-Guzmán et al. 2018:345 [ref. 36407], Spier et al. 2018:16 [ref. 36103]). Current status: Valid as Trichiurus lepturus Linnaeus 1758. Trichiuridae: Trichiurinae. Distribution: Circumglobal in tropical and warm temperate seas (including Gulf of Mexico, Caribbean Sea, Red Sea, Persian Gulf). Habitat: brackish, marine.

lex, Lepidopus Phillipps [W. J.] 1932:232 [The New Zealand Journal of Science and Technology v. 13 (no. 4); ref. 16393] New Zealand. No types known. •Synonym of Lepidopus caudatus (Euphrasen 1788) -- (Parin & Bekker 1973:464 [ref. 7206], Parin 1990:976 [ref. 19382], Nakamura & Parin 1993:94 [ref. 21769], Gomon et al. 1994:818 [ref. 22532], Parin & Nakamura in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2893 [ref. 34618]). Current status: Synonym of Lepidopus caudatus (Euphrasen 1788). Trichiuridae: Lepidopodinae. Habitat: marine.

lusitanicus, Vandellius Shaw [G.] 1803:199 [General zoology or systematic natural history v. 4; ref. 4014] Portugal. Holotype (unique): BMNH spec. h (stuffed). New name for Trichurus ensiformis Vandelli 1797. •Synonym of Lepidopus caudatus (Euphrasen 1788) -- (Parin & Bekker 1973:464 [ref. 7206], Parin 1990:975 [ref. 19382], Nakamura & Parin 1993:94 [ref. 21769]). Current status: Synonym of Lepidopus caudatus (Euphrasen 1788). Trichiuridae: Lepidopodinae. Habitat: marine.

macrophthalmus, Benthodesmus Parin [N. V.] & Becker [V. E.] 1970:356, Fig. 2 (second from top) [Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington v. 83 (no. 33); ref. 7772] Arafura Sea, 9°01'S, 130°39'[or 59'] E, depth 540 meters. Holotype: ZIN 39125. Paratypes: (10) ZIN 39125a (1). •Valid as Benthodesmus macrophthalmus Parin & Becker 1970 -- (Nakamura & Parin 1993:75 [ref. 21769], Nakamura & Parin 2001:3716 [ref. 26304], Bray et al. 2006:1763 [ref. 29091], Larson et al. 2013:216 [ref. 32988]). Current status: Valid as Benthodesmus macrophthalmus Parin & Becker 1970. Trichiuridae: Aphanopodinae. Distribution: Western Pacific and southeastern Indian Ocean. Habitat: marine.

macrophthalmus, Evoxymetopon Chakraborty [A.], Yoshino [T.] & Iwatsuki [Y.] 2006:137, Figs. 1-2 [Ichthyological Research v. 53 (no. 2); ref. 28694] Off Okinawa Island, Ryukyu Islands, Japan (market purchase). Holotype (unique): URM-P 41556. Specific name treated as a noun by the authors. •Valid as Evoxymetopon macrophthalmus Chakraborty, Yoshino & Iwatsuki 2006 -- (Fricke et al. 2014:294 [ref. 33200], Guarte & Campos 2017:364 [ref. 35040]). Current status: Valid as Evoxymetopon macrophthalmus Chakraborty, Yoshino & Iwatsuki 2006. Trichiuridae: Lepidopodinae. Distribution: Western North Pacific: Ryukyu Islands. Habitat: marine.

malabaricus, Trichiurus Day [F.] 1865:20 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1865 (pt 1) (art. 1); ref. 17367] Cochin, Malabar coast, India. Syntypes and/or Day specimens: BMNH 1867.5.30.2 (1), 1975.9.30.22 (1, dry). Type catalog: Whitehead & Talwar 1976:162 [ref. 23762]. •Synonym of Trichiurus lepturus Linnaeus 1758 -- (Parin & Bekker 1973:462 [ref. 7206], Parin 1990:977 [ref. 19382]). Current status: Synonym of Trichiurus lepturus Linnaeus 1758. Trichiuridae: Trichiurinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

malacensis, Gasterosteus Cabrera y Corro [A.], Pérez [L.] & Hänseler [F.] 1817:7 [Lista de los peces del mar de Andalucía; ref. 17319] Western Andalusia, near Cádiz, Spain, eastern Atlantic. Name only, not available. Possibly an unpublished work. See also Gasterosteus malacensis Cabrera y Corro, Pérez & Hänseler in Machado 1857:24 [ref. 17320]. •In the synonymy of Trichiurus lepturus Linnaeus 1758. Current status: Synonym of Trichiurus lepturus Linnaeus 1758. Trichiuridae: Trichiurinae.

malacensis, Gasterosteus Cabrera y Corro [A.], Pérez [L.] & Hänseler [F.] in Machado 1857:24 [Catálogo de los peces que habitán ó frecuentan las costas de Cadiz y Huelva con inclusion de los del Rio Guadalquivir.; ref. 17320] Western Andalusia, near Cádiz, Spain, eastern Atlantic. Name only; not available. Based on Lepidopus malacensis Cabrera y Corro, Pérez & Hänseler 1817 [ref. 17319], possibly an unpublished work. Also appeared as Lepidopus malacensis (name only) in Graells 1887:177 [ref. 30438], and Gasterosteus malacensis (name only) in Graells 1887:181 [ref. 30438]. •In the synonymy of Trichiurus lepturus Linnaeus 1758. Current status: Synonym of Trichiurus lepturus Linnaeus 1758. Trichiuridae: Trichiurinae.

malacensis, Lepidopus Cabrera y Corro [A.], Pérez [L.] & Hänseler [F.] 1817:3 [Lista de los peces del mar de Andalucía; ref. 17319] Western Andalusia, near Cádiz, Spain, eastern Atlantic. Possibly an unpublished work. Also appeared in Graells 1887:177 [30438]. See also Gasterosteus malacensis Cabrera y Corro, Pérez & Hänseler in Machado 1857. •In the synonymy of Trichiurus lepturus Linnaeus 1758. Current status: Synonym of Trichiurus lepturus Linnaeus 1758. Trichiuridae: Trichiurinae.

manis, Lepidopus Rosenblatt [R. H.] & Wilson [R. R., Jr.] 1987:344, Fig. 5 [Japanese Journal of Ichthyology v. 33 (no. 4); ref. 6711] Webb Cove, Isabela Island, Galápagos Islands (found dead). Holotype (unique): SIO 62-624. •Valid as Lepidopus manis Rosenblatt & Wilson 1987 -- (Parin & Collette 1993:194 [ref. 20649], Nakamura & Parin 1993:98 [ref. 21769], Grove & Lavenberg 1997:578 [ref. 24023], McCosker & Rosenblatt 2010:194 [ref. 30957]). Current status: Valid as Lepidopus manis Rosenblatt & Wilson 1987. Trichiuridae: Lepidopodinae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific: Galápagos Islands. Habitat: marine.

margarites, Trichiurus Li [C.-S.] 1992:213, Fig. 1B [Marine Sciences v. 4 (no. 3); ref. 19796] Baimajing, Yinggehai, Sanya, Hanin Island, China. Holotype: IOCAS 83-1174. Paratypes: (? total 93) IOASC 55-1447, 83-232, 83-911, 83-912, 83-1059, 83-1070, 83-1070-1, 83-1175, 83-1179. •Valid as Trichiurus margarites Li 1992. Current status: Valid as Trichiurus margarites Li 1992. Trichiuridae: Trichiurinae. Distribution: South China Sea. Habitat: marine.

medius, Trichiurus Griffith [E.] & Smith [C. H.] 1834:349, Pl. 6 (fig. 3) (opp. p. 348) [The class Pisces, arranged by the Baron Cuvier; ref. 1908] No locality stated. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1860.3.19.76. Unnecessary replacement name for Trichiurus intermedius Gray 1831. Genus spelled Trachiurus on Pl. 6. • Treated as a synonym of Eupleurogrammus glossodon (Bleeker 1860) although intermedius is the older name -- (Nakamura & Parin 1993:85 [ref. 21769], for Trichiurus intermedius Gray 1831). Current status: Synonym of Eupleurogrammus glossodon (Bleeker 1860). Trichiuridae: Lepidopodinae. Habitat: marine.

microphthalmus, Aphanopus Norman [J. R.] 1939:71, Fig. 25 [Scientific Reports, John Murray Expedition v. 7 (no. 1); ref. 6556] Gulf of Aden, station 34, depth 1022 meters. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1939.5.14.1322. •Synonym of Aphanopus carbo Lowe 1839 -- (Parin & Bekker 1973:463 [ref. 7206], Parin in Whitehead et al. 1986:977 [ref. 13676]). •Valid as Aphanopus microphthalmus Norman 1939 -- (Nakamura 1986:829 [ref. 5696], Nakamura & Parin 1993:67 [ref. 21769], Bianchi & Carpenter in Bianchi et al. 1993:170 [ref. 25472], Parin 1994:744 [ref. 22089], Nakamura & Parin 2001:3716 [ref. 26304]). Current status: Valid as Aphanopus microphthalmus Norman 1939. Trichiuridae: Aphanopodinae. Distribution: Western Indian Ocean. Habitat: marine.

mikhailini, Aphanopus Parin [N. V.] 1983:356 [2], Fig. 1 [Voprosy Ikhtiologii v. 23 (no. 3); ref. 5304] Walters Shoals, southwestern Indian Ocean, 35°52'S, 40°15'E [or 33°52'N, 45°15'E], depth 1180 meters. Holotype: ZIN 46158. Paratypes: ZMMU P-14373 (1), IOM uncat. (1, 1, 1, 1). Type catalog: Vasil'eva et al. 2001:85 [ref. 25714]. On p. 2 of English translation. •Valid as Aphanopus mikhailini Parin 1983 -- (Nakamura 1986:829 [ref. 5696], Shcherbachev et al. 1989:165 [ref. 36134], Parin 1990:974 [ref. 19382], Nakamura & Parin 1993:68 [ref. 21769], Bianchi & Carpenter in Bianchi et al. 1993:170 [ref. 25472], Parin 1994:745 [ref. 22089], Hutchins 2001:45 [ref. 25847], Bray et al. 2006:1762 [ref. 29091], Stewart 2015:1618 [ref. 34196], Nión et al. 2016:53 [ref. 35565]). Current status: Valid as Aphanopus mikhailini Parin 1983. Trichiuridae: Aphanopodinae. Distribution: Southern circumglobal, except not eastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

minor, Aphanopus Collett [R.] 1887:3 [Forhandlinger i Videnskabs-selskabet i Christiania (for 1886) No. 19; ref. 18021] East coast of Greenland, 65°N, 31°W. Holotype (unique): ZMUO J1797. Specimen ZUMO J1797 labeled holotype is not the type according to Pethon 1969:1, 6 [ref. 19268]. •Synonym of Aphanopus carbo Lowe 1839 -- (Parin & Bekker 1973:463 [ref. 7206], Nakamura & Parin 1993:65 [ref. 21769]). Current status: Synonym of Aphanopus carbo Lowe 1839. Trichiuridae: Aphanopodinae. Habitat: marine.

minor, Trichiurus Li [C.-S.] 1992:213, Fig. 1A [Marine Sciences v. 4 (no. 3); ref. 19796] Baimajing, Sanya, Hainan Island, China. Holotype: IOCAS 83-937. Paratypes: (65 or 66) IOCAS 83-776, 83-778, 83-781, 83-925-1, 83-925, 83-929, 83-934, 83-941, 83-1076. •Synonym of Trichiurus brevis Wang & You 1992 -- (Burhanuddin et al. 2002:213 [ref. 26330]). Current status: Synonym of Trichiurus brevis Wang & You 1992. Trichiuridae: Trichiurinae. Habitat: marine.

moricheni, Evoxymetopon Fricke [R.], Golani [D.] & Appelbaum-Golani [B.] 2014:293, Figs. 1-3 [Ichthyological Research v. 61 (no. 3); ref. 33200] Eilat, Israel, Gulf of Aqaba, 1.1 km northeast of Taba, 29°29'48.37"N, 34°54'36.42"E, drifting dead off the shore, depth 5 meters. Holotype (unique): HUJF 20198. •Valid as Evoxymetopon moricheni Fricke, Golani & Appelbaum-Golani 2014 -- (DiBattista et al. 2015:20 [ref. 35706], Guarte & Campos 2017:364 [ref. 35040], Bogorodsky & Randall 2018:[7] 245 [ref. 36492], Golani & Fricke 2018:169 [ref. 36273]). Current status: Valid as Evoxymetopon moricheni Fricke, Golani & Appelbaum-Golani 2014. Trichiuridae: Trichiurinae. Distribution: Red Sea: Gulf of Aqaba endemic. Habitat: marine.

muticus, Trichiurus Gray [J. E.] 1831:10 [Zoological Miscellany [No. 1]; ref. 21394] India. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1955.5.13.2. •Valid as Trichiurus muticus Gray 1831 -- (Ataur Rahman 1989:259 [ref. 24860], Wang et al. 2001:255 [ref. 26566]). •Valid as Eupleurogrammus muticus (Gray 1831) -- (Lindberg & Krasyukova 1975:257 [ref. 7348], Nakamura in Masuda et al. 1984:228 [ref. 6441], Nakamura & Parin 1993:86 [ref. 21769], Randall 1995:370 [ref. 22896], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:526 [ref. 27969], Carpenter et al. 1997:222 [ref. 23922], Chen et al. 1997:156 [ref. 26476] dated 1830, Cheng & Zhou 1997:347 [ref. 26385], Mishra et al. 1999:88 [ref. 25315], Randall & Lim in Randall & Lim 2000:643 [ref. 25122], Nakamura & Parin 2001:3719 [ref. 26304], Youn 2002:417, 671 [ref. 26218], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S121 [ref. 27377], Ataur Rahman 2003:283 [ref. 31338], Psomadakis et al. 2015:312 [ref. 34104], Ali et al. 2018:340 [ref. 36183]). Current status: Valid as Eupleurogrammus muticus (Gray 1831). Trichiuridae: Lepidopodinae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific. Habitat: brackish, marine.

nanhaiensis, Trichiurus Wang [K.-L.] & Xu [C.] in Wang, Liu, You & Xu 1992:70, Fig. [Marine Science (Beijing) No. 2; ref. 22014] West Pacific. Original not translated. •Valid as Trichiurus nanhaiensis Wang & Xu 1992. Current status: Valid as Trichiurus nanhaiensis Wang & Xu 1992. Trichiuridae: Trichiurinae. Habitat: marine.

neglectus, Benthodesmus Parin [N. V.] 1976:192 [Trudy Instituta Okeanologii Imeni P.P. Shirshova v. 104; ref. 8565] Halmahera Sea, north of New Guinea, 0°00'N/S, 135°09'E, depth 500-0 meters. Holotype: ZIN 42637. Paratypes: (4). •Valid as Benthodesmus neglectus Parin 1976 -- (Nakamura & Parin 1993:76 [ref. 21769], Nakamura & Parin 2001:3717 [ref. 26304]). Current status: Valid as Benthodesmus neglectus Parin 1976. Trichiuridae: Aphanopodinae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific. Habitat: marine.

nickolensis, Trichiurus Burhanuddin [A. I.] & Iwatsuki [Y.] 2003:271, Figs. 1, 2A [Ichthyological Research v. 50 (no. 3); ref. 27214] Northeast of Nickole Bay, Western Australia, 19°35'S, 117°12'-117°14'E, depth 77-79 meters. Holotype: NMV A.1886. Paratypes: AMS I.22829-002 (6), I.21830-012 (1); NMV A.13331 (2). •Valid as Trichiurus nickolensis Burhanuddin & Iwatsuki 2003 -- (Chakraborty et al. 2005:168 [ref. 28231], Bray et al. 2006:1766 [ref. 29091], Larson et al. 2013:216 [ref. 32988]). Current status: Valid as Trichiurus nickolensis Burhanuddin & Iwatsuki 2003. Trichiuridae: Trichiurinae. Distribution: Australia. Habitat: marine.

nitens, Trichiurus Garman [S.] 1899:69 [Memoirs of the Museum of Comparative Zoology v. 24; ref. 1540] Coast of Peru, 7°N, 79°-80°W, Albatross station 3354 and 3389, depth 210-322 fathoms. Syntypes: MCZ 28746 (1), 28747 (3); USNM. •Questionably a synonym of Trichiurus lepturus Linnaeus 1758 -- (Parin & Bekker 1973:462 [ref. 7206]). •Synonym of Trichiurus lepturus Linnaeus 1758 -- (Parin 1990:977 [ref. 19382], Nakamura & Parin 1993:106 [ref. 21769], Allen & Robertson 1994:275 [ref. 22193], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:117 [ref. 24555], Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:461 [ref. 24550]). •Valid as Trichiurus nitens Garman 1899 -- (Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:267 [ref. 9277], Bussing & López S. 1994:138 [ref. 23101], Grove & Lavenberg 1997:578 [ref. 24023], Lea & Rosenblatt 2000:126 [ref. 25206], Nelson et al. 2004:176 [ref. 27807], Burhanuddin & Parin 2008:825 [ref. 29973], McCosker & Rosenblatt 2010:194 [ref. 30957], Page et al. 2013:181 [ref. 32708], Palacios-Salgado et al. 2014:237 [ref. 36362], Del Moral-Flores et al. 2016:611 [ref. 34923], Kells et al. 2016:312 [ref. 35888], Robertson et al. 2017:98 [ref. 35676]). Current status: Valid as Trichiurus nitens Garman 1899. Trichiuridae: Trichiurinae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific: California (U.S.A.) south to Peru, including Galápagos Islands. Habitat: marine.

novaeguineensis, Demissolinea Burhanuddin [A. I.] & Iwatsuki [Y.] 2003:25, Figs. 1A, 2, 3A, 4A, 5A [Ichthyological Research v. 50 (no. 1); ref. 26771] Off Dolak Island, New Guinea, 7°30'S, 137°40'E. Holotype: RMNH 24619. Paratypes: RMNH 34131 (1). •Valid as Demissolinea novaeguineensis Burhanuddin & Iwatsuki 2003. Current status: Valid as Demissolinea novaeguineensis Burhanuddin & Iwatsuki 2003. Trichiuridae: Trichiurinae. Distribution: Dolak Island, southwestern New Guinea. Habitat: marine.

oligoradiatus, Benthodesmus Parin [N. V.] & Becker [V. E.] 1970:355, Fig. 2 (top) [Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington v. 83 (no. 33); ref. 7772] Arabian Sea 13°35'N, 54°31'E, depth 0-1000 meters. Holotype: ZIN 39124. Paratypes: (3). •Valid as Benthodesmus oligoradiatus Parin & Becker 1970 -- (Nakamura & Parin 1993:77 [ref. 21769], Adam et al. 1998:14 [ref. 23610], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S121 [ref. 27377]). Current status: Valid as Benthodesmus oligoradiatus Parin & Becker 1970. Trichiuridae: Aphanopodinae. Distribution: Northern Indian Ocean. Habitat: marine.

pacificus, Benthodesmus elongatus Parin [N. V.] & Becker [V. E.] 1970:362 [Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington v. 83 (no. 33); ref. 7772] Northwestern Pacific, off northern Honshu, Japan, 38°35'N, 142°53'E, surface. Holotype: ZIN 39127. Paratypes: (4). •Synonym of Benthodesmus elongatus (Clarke 1879), but a valid subspecies as described -- (Nakamura in Okamura et al. 1982:267, 390 [ref. 8256], Nakamura in Masuda et al. 1984:227 [ref. 6441], Parin in Whitehead et al. 1986:978 [ref. 13676], McAllister 1990:178 [ref. 14674]). •Valid as Benthodesmus pacificus Parin & Becker 1970 -- (Parin & Becker 1973:463 [ref. 7206], Nakamura & Parin 1993:78 [ref. 21769], Nelson et al. 2004:175 [ref. 27807], Mundy 2005:502 [ref. 28379], Page et al. 2013:181 [ref. 32708], Pietsch & Orr 2015:67 [ref. 34694]). Current status: Valid as Benthodesmus pacificus Parin & Becker 1970. Trichiuridae: Aphanopodinae. Distribution: North Pacific. Habitat: marine.

pantului, Trichiurus Gupta [M. V.] 1966:170 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society, Calcutta v. 19 (no. 2); ref. 20817] Frasergunj, 24-Parganas District, western Bengal, India. Holotype: ZSI F4812/8. Paratypes: CIFRI (54). •Valid as Lepturacanthus pantului (Gupta 1966) -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:992 [ref. 20764], Nakamura & Parin 1993:99 [ref. 21769], Khan 2003:10 [ref. 27710], Chakraborty et al. 2004:45 [ref. 28499]). Current status: Valid as Lepturacanthus pantului (Gupta 1966). Trichiuridae: Trichiurinae. Distribution: Indian Ocean. Habitat: brackish, marine.

papua, Benthodesmus Parin [N. V.] 1978:164, Fig. [Trudy Instituta Okeanologii Imeni P.P. Shirshova v. 111; ref. 8898] Coral Sea, 12°02'S, 148°57'E. Holotype: ZIN 43779. •Valid as Benthodesmus papua Parin 1978 -- (Nakamura & Parin 1993:79 [ref. 21769], Nakamura & Parin 2001:3717 [ref. 26304]). Current status: Valid as Benthodesmus papua Parin 1978. Trichiuridae: Aphanopodinae. Distribution: Western Pacific. Habitat: marine.

peronii, Lepidopus Risso [A.] 1810:148, Pl. 5 (fig. 18) [Ichthyologie de Nice; ref. 3755] Nice, France, northwestern Mediterranean Sea. Syntypes: ?MNHN 0000-6489 (1). •Synonym of Lepidopus caudatus (Euphrasen 1788) -- (Parin & Bekker 1973:464 [ref. 7206], Parin 1990:975 [ref. 19382], Nakamura & Parin 1993:94 [ref. 21769]). Current status: Synonym of Lepidopus caudatus (Euphrasen 1788). Trichiuridae: Lepidopodinae. Habitat: marine.

poeyi, Euoxymetopon Günther [A.] 1887:39, Pl. 43 [Report on the Scientific Results of the Voyage of H. M. S. Challenger v. 22 (pt 57); ref. 2013] Port Louis, Mauritius, Mascarenes, southwestern Indian Ocean, depth 70 fathoms. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1886.7.3.6 (dry). Correct spelling of the original genus is Evoxymetopon. •Valid as Evoxymetopon poeyi Günther 1887 -- (Nakamura in Okamura et al. 1982:267, 391 [ref. 8256], Nakamura in Masuda et al. 1984:228 [ref. 6441], Nakamura & Parin 1993:88 [ref. 21769], Fricke 1999:559 [ref. 24106], Randall & Lim in Randall & Lim 2000:643 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:1343 [ref. 25182], Nakabo 2002:1343 [ref. 26193], Shinohara et al. 2005:439 [ref. 28370], Chakraborty et al. 2006:137 [ref. 28694], Fricke et al. 2009:111 [ref. 30213], Fricke et al. 2014:294 [ref. 33200], Guarte & Campos 2017:365 [ref. 35040]). Current status: Valid as Evoxymetopon poeyi Günther 1887. Trichiuridae: Lepidopodinae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Réunion, Mauritius (western Mascarenes); southern Japan to Kyushu-Palau Ridge. Habitat: marine.

punctata, Scarcina Rafinesque [C. S.] 1810:20 [Caratteri di alcuni nuovi generi e nuove specie di animali e piante della Sicilia; ref. 3594] Sicily, Italy, Mediterranean Sea. Also appeared in Rafinesque 1810:38 [ref. 3595]. Trichiuridae: Lepidopodinae.

quadrimaculata, Scarcina Rafinesque [C. S.] 1810:20 [Caratteri di alcuni nuovi generi e nuove specie di animali e piante della Sicilia; ref. 3594] Sicily, Italy, Mediterranean Sea. Also appeared in Rafinesque 1810:39 [ref. 3595]. Trichiuridae: Lepidopodinae.

roelandti, Trichiurus Bleeker [P.] 1860:35 [Acta Societatis Regiae Scientiarum Indo-Neêrlandicae v. 8 (art. 4); ref. 377] Sungiduri in Bangkayang, western Borneo, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): RMNH 6032 (poor condition, in 2 parts). Type catalog: Boeseman 1962:215 [ref. 20676]. •Synonym of Lepturacanthus savala (Cuvier 1829) -- (Nakamura & Parin 1993:100 [ref. 21769]). •Valid as Lepturacanthus roelandti (Bleeker 1860) -- (Chakraborty et al. 2006:42 [ref. 28499]). Current status: Valid as Lepturacanthus roelandti (Bleeker 1860). Trichiuridae: Trichiurinae. Distribution: Indonesia. Habitat: marine.

russelli, Trichiurus Dutt [S.] & Thankam [V.] 1967:755, Fig. a [Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society v. 63 (no. 3, art. 8) (for 1966); ref. 7887] Vishakhapatnam, India. Neotype: FAKU S.100857. Holotype and 29 paratypes apparently lost; neotype designated by Burhanuddin et al. 2002:217 [ref. 26330]. •Valid as Trichiurus russelli Dutt & Thankam 1966 -- (Burhanuddin et al. 2002:217 [ref. 26330], Burhanuddin & Iwatsuki 2003:270 [ref. 27214], Chakraborty et al. 2005:168 [ref. 28231]). Current status: Valid as Trichiurus russelli Dutt & Thankam 1967. Trichiuridae: Trichiurinae. Distribution: India and Gulf of Thailand. Habitat: marine.

savala, Trichiurus Cuvier [G.] 1829:219 [Le Règne Animal (Edition 2) v. 2; ref. 995] Puducherry, India. Non-types or syntypes: MNHN A-5357 (1) Mumbai, A-5358 (2) Malabar, 1987-1205 (1) Malabar. Also in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1832:251, Pl. 224 [ref. 1000]. •Valid as Trichiurus savala Cuvier 1829 -- (Ataur Rahman 1989:259 [ref. 24860]). •Valid as Lepturacanthus savala (Cuvier 1829) -- (Nakamura & Parin 1993:100 [ref. 21769], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:526 [ref. 27969], Chen et al. 1997:157 [ref. 26476], Larson & Williams 1997:373 [ref. 23967], Randall & Lim in Randall & Lim 2000:643 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:1344 [ref. 25182], Nakamura & Parin 2001:3719 [ref. 26304], Nakabo 2002:1344 [ref. 26193], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S121 [ref. 27377], Khan 2003:10 [ref. 27710], Mishra & Krishnan 2003:44 [ref. 27712], Ataur Rahman 2003:283 [ref. 31338], Ataur Rahman 2003:283 [ref. 31338], Shinohara et al. 2005:439 [ref. 28370], Chakraborty et al. 2006:45 [ref. 28499], Bray et al. 2006:1764 [ref. 29091], Larson et al. 2013:216 [ref. 32988], Iwatsuki in Kimura et al. 2015:86 [ref. 34319], Psomadakis et al. 2015:312 [ref. 34104], Iwatsuki in Kimura et al. 2018:274 [ref. 36460]). Current status: Valid as Lepturacanthus savala (Cuvier 1829). Trichiuridae: Trichiurinae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Pakistan, India and Sri Lanka east to western Pacific. Habitat: brackish, marine.

schmidti, Aphanopus Saemundsson [B.] 1908:22, Pl. 1 [Videnskabelige Meddelelser fra den Naturhistoriske Forening i Kjøbenhavn, Aaret 1907; ref. 14356] Iceland. Holotype: NHMR. Paratypes: BMNH 1925.7.23.4 (1). •Synonym of Aphanopus carbo Lowe 1839 -- (Parin & Bekker 1973:463 [ref. 7206], Nakamura & Parin 1993:65 [ref. 21769], Møller et al. 2010:68 [ref. 31169]). Current status: Synonym of Aphanopus carbo Lowe 1839. Trichiuridae: Aphanopodinae. Habitat: marine.

serpentinus, Ammodytes Nardo [G. D.] (ex Chiereghini) 1847:col. 115 [Sinonimia moderna delle specie registrate nell' opera intitolata: ...; ref. 17994] Not available, Chiereghini name mentioned in synonymy. Trichiuridae: Lepidopodinae.

serratus, Lepturacanthus Dutt [S.] & Thankam [V.] 1967:756, Fig. b [Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society v. 63 (no. 3, art. 8) (for 1966); ref. 7887] Waltair, Andhra Pradesh, India. Holotype: MDZAU. Paratypes: (163). •Synonym of Trichiurus gangeticus Gupta 1966 -- (Nakamura & Parin 1993:105 [ref. 21769]). Current status: Synonym of Trichiurus gangeticus Gupta 1966. Trichiuridae: Trichiurinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

simonyi, Aphanopus Steindachner [F.] 1891:173 [Anzeiger der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Wien, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe v. 28 (18); ref. 12571] St. Cruz de Tenerife, Canary Islands. Holotype (unique): NMW. Species described in more detail in Steindachner 1891:356 [ref. 4236]. •Synonym of Benthodesmus elongatus (Clarke 1879), but a valid subspecies -- (Parin & Bekker 1973:463 [ref. 7206], Parin in Whitehead et al. 1986:978 [ref. 13676], Scott & Scott 1988:447 [ref. 25518], Matarese et al. 1989:553 [ref. 26885], McAllister 1990:178 [ref. 14674]). •Valid as Benthodesmus simonyi (Steindachner 1891) -- (Nakamura & Parin 1993:80 [ref. 21769], Santos et al. 1997:106 [ref. 23531], Uiblein et al. 1999:66 [ref. 24045], Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:328 [ref. 25013], Moore et al. 2003:230 [ref. 27076], Parin & Nakamura 2003:1831 [ref. 27115], Roa-Varón et al. 2003:20 [ref. 27814], Nelson et al. 2004:175 [ref. 27807], Page et al. 2013:181 [ref. 32708], Bañón et al. 2016:324 [ref. 34397], Parin & Nakamura in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2891 [ref. 34618], Nión et al. 2016:53 [ref. 35565]). Current status: Valid as Benthodesmus simonyi (Steindachner 1891). Trichiuridae: Aphanopodinae. Distribution: North Atlantic; ? Uruguay [ref. 35565]. Habitat: marine.

sinensis, Pseudoxymetopon Chu [Y.-T.] & Wu [H.-L.] 1962:219, Figs. 1-2 [Acta Zoologica Sinica v. 14 (no. 2); ref. 834] Off Dai-Chen Island, Chekiang Province, China. Holotype: Shanghai Fish. College 59-1040. Paratypes: Shanghai Fish. College 59-1039 (1), 59-1895 (1). •Synonym of Tentoriceps cristatus (Klunzinger 1884) -- (Nakamura 1986:830 [ref. 5696], Nakamura & Parin 1993:102 [ref. 21769], Nakamura & Parin 2001:3714 [ref. 26304]). Current status: Synonym of Tentoriceps cristatus (Klunzinger 1884). Trichiuridae: Trichiurinae. Habitat: marine.

suluensis, Benthodesmus Parin [N. V.] 1976:191 [Trudy Instituta Okeanologii Imeni P.P. Shirshova v. 104; ref. 8565] Sulu Sea, western tropical Pacific, 8°37'N, 119°46'E, depth estimated at 200 meters, 660 meters wire out. Holotype: ZIN 42638. Paratypes: (8) not at ZIN. •Valid as Benthodesmus suluensis Parin 1976 -- (Nakamura & Parin 1993:81 [ref. 21769], Randall & Lim in Randall & Lim 2000:643 [ref. 25122], Nakamura & Parin 2001:3717 [ref. 26304]). Current status: Valid as Benthodesmus suluensis Parin 1976. Trichiuridae: Aphanopodinae. Distribution: Western Pacific. Habitat: marine.

taeniatus, Evoxymetopon Gill [T. N.] (ex Poey) 1863:228 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 15; ref. 1686] Cuba. Holotype (unique): USNM 5735 (poor condition). •Valid as Evoxymetopon taeniatus Gill 1863 -- (Lindberg & Krasyukova 1975:255 [ref. 7348], Nakamura in Okamura et al. 1982:267, 391 [ref. 8256], Nakamura in Masuda et al. 1984:228 [ref. 6441], Boschung 1992:167 [ref. 23239], Cervigón 1992:451 [ref. 23827], Nakamura & Parin 1993:89 [ref. 21769], Cervigón 1994:227 [ref. 24488], Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:328 [ref. 25013], Nakabo 2000:1343 [ref. 25182] with author as Poey, Nakabo 2002:1343 [ref. 26193] with author as Poey, Youn 2002:417, 671 [ref. 26218], Moore et al. 2003:230 [ref. 27076], Parin & Nakamura 2003:1833 [ref. 27115], Menezes in Menezes et al. 2003:102 [ref. 27192], Nelson et al. 2004:175 [ref. 27807] with author as Poey, Shinohara et al. 2005:439 [ref. 28370], Chakraborty et al. 2006:137 [ref. 28694], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:768 [ref. 28815], Page et al. 2013:181 [ref. 32708], Shinohara et al. 2014:272 [ref. 33330], Smith-Vaniz & Jelks 2014:83 [ref. 33341], Fricke et al. 2014:294 [ref. 33200], Nión et al. 2016:53 [ref. 35565] with author as Poey, Guarte & Campos 2017:362 [ref. 35040]). Current status: Valid as Evoxymetopon taeniatus Gill 1863. Trichiuridae: Lepidopodinae. Distribution: Atlantic and western North Pacific. Habitat: marine.

tenuis, Lepidopus Günther [A.] 1877:437 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 4) v. 20 (no. 119) (art. 56); ref. 2009] Off Inoshima, Hiroshima Prefecture, Japan, Inland Sea, Challenger station 232, depth 345 fathoms. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1879.5.14.297. Also appeared in Günther 1887: 37, Pl. 7 (fig. B). May represent a group of closely related species -- (Parin & Nakamura 2003:1832 [ref. 27115]). •Valid as Benthodesmus tenuis (Günther 1877) -- (Lindberg & Krasyukova 1975:253 [ref. 7348], Fujii in Uyeno et al. 1983:415 [ref. 14275], Machida in Okamura et al. 1985:541, 704 [ref. 8056], Peden & Hughes 1986:4 [ref. 9714], Scott & Scott 1988:447 [ref. 25518], Paulin et al. 1989:229 [ref. 24556], McAllister 1990:178 [ref. 14674], Parin 1990:974 [ref. 19382], Boschung 1992:167 [ref. 23239], Nakamura & Parin 1993:82 [ref. 21769], Bianchi & Carpenter in Bianchi et al. 1993:171 [ref. 25472], Nakamura in Masuda et al. 1984:227 [ref. 6441], Heemstra in Smith & Heemstra 1995:xiii [ref. 21953], Shinohara et al. 1996:184 [ref. 26605], Adam et al. 1998:14 [ref. 23610], Randall & Lim in Randall & Lim 2000:643 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:1342 [ref. 25182], Claro et al. 2000:23 [ref. 26458], Nakamura & Parin 2001:3718 [ref. 26304], Shinohara et al. 2001:332 [ref. 25995], Nakabo 2002:1342 [ref. 26193], Moore et al. 2003:230 [ref. 27076], Parin & Nakamura 2003:1832 [ref. 27115], Menezes in Menezes et al. 2003:102 [ref. 27192], Parin 2003:S26 [ref. 28536], Shinohara et al. 2005:439 [ref. 28370], Mundy 2005:503 [ref. 28379], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:767 [ref. 28815], Shao et al. 2008:263 [ref. 29952], McCosker & Rosenblatt 2010:194 [ref. 30957], Shinohara et al. 2014:272 [ref. 33330], Parin et al. 2014:509 [ref. 33547], Stewart 2015:1620 [ref. 34196], Parin & Nakamura in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2892 [ref. 34618]). Current status: Valid as Benthodesmus tenuis (Günther 1877). Trichiuridae: Aphanopodinae. Distribution: Circumglobal in tropical through warm temperate seas, including Hawaiian Islands. Habitat: marine.

tetradens, Ziphotheca Montagu [G.] 1811:82, Pls. 2-3 [Memoirs of the Wernerian Natural History Society, Edinburgh v. 1 [1809]; ref. 3038] Britain. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1955.6.2.1. •Synonym of Lepidopus caudatus (Euphrasen 1788) -- (Parin & Bekker 1973:464 [ref. 7206], Parin 1990:975 [ref. 19382], Nakamura & Parin 1993:94 [ref. 21769]). Current status: Synonym of Lepidopus caudatus (Euphrasen 1788). Trichiuridae: Lepidopodinae. Habitat: marine.

tuckeri, Benthodesmus Parin [N. V.] & Becker [V. E.] 1970:359, Fig. 2 (second from bottom) [Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington v. 83 (no. 33); ref. 7772] Near the Philippines, Albatross station 5444, 13°45'N, 120°46'E, depth 544 meters. Holotype: USNM 98822. Paratypes: USNM 98822 (1), 98824 (1); ZIN 39126 (1). •Valid as Benthodesmus tuckeri Parin & Becker 1970 -- (Nakamura & Parin 1993:83 [ref. 21769], Heemstra in Smith & Heemstra 1995:xiii [ref. 21953], Randall & Lim in Randall & Lim 2000:643 [ref. 25122], Nakamura & Parin 2001:3718 [ref. 26304], Bray et al. 2006:1763 [ref. 29091], Stewart 2015:1621 [ref. 34196], Fricke et al. 2018:361 [ref. 35805]). Current status: Valid as Benthodesmus tuckeri Parin & Becker 1970. Trichiuridae: Aphanopodinae. Distribution: South and East Africa and Madagascar east to New Guinea, south to northern Australia. Habitat: marine.

vityazi, Benthodesmus Parin [N. V.] & Becker [V. E.] 1970:360, Fig. 2 (bottom) [Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington v. 83 (no. 33); ref. 7772] Equatorial central Pacific, 0°04'N, 154°05'W, depth 0-440 meters. Holotype: ZIN 39123. Paratypes: (1) not at ZIN. •Valid as Benthodesmus vityazi Parin & Becker 1970 -- (Nakamura & Parin 1993:84 [ref. 21769], Randall & Lim in Randall & Lim 2000:643 [ref. 25122], Hutchins 2001:45 [ref. 25847], Nakamura & Parin 2001:3718 [ref. 26304], Bray et al. 2006:1763 [ref. 29091]). Current status: Valid as Benthodesmus vityazi Parin & Becker 1970. Trichiuridae: Aphanopodinae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific. Habitat: marine.

xantusi, Lepidopus Goode [G. B.] & Bean [T. H.] 1896:519, Pl. 58 (fig. 213) [Special Bulletin U. S. National Museum No. 2; ref. 1848] Cape San Lucas, Baja California. Holotype: USNM 10115. Based on specimen from Cape San Lucas identified as Lepidopus caudatus on p. 203 and figured in Pl. 58 (fig. 213). •Valid as Lepidopus xantusi Goode & Bean 1896 -- (Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:266 [ref. 9277]). •Synonym of Lepidopus caudatus (Euphrasen 1788) -- (Rosenblatt & Wilson 1987:343 [ref. 6711], Nakamura & Parin 1993:94 [ref. 21769], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:117 [ref. 24555]). Current status: Synonym of Lepidopus caudatus (Euphrasen 1788). Trichiuridae: Lepidopodinae. Habitat: marine.