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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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Species in the family or subfamily Triglidae: [ 239 ] records


abyssalis, Lepidotrigla Jordan [D. S.] & Starks [E. C.] 1904:595 [Bulletin of the U. S. Fish Commission v. 22 [1902]; ref. 2526] Suruga Bay, Japan, Albatross station 3713, depth 50-60 fathoms. Holotype (unique): USNM 51440. •Valid as Lepidotrigla abyssalis Jordan & Starks 1904 -- (Ochiai & Yatou in Masuda et al. 1984:334 [ref. 6441], Yatou in Okamura et al. 1985:577, 722 [ref. 8056], Lindberg & Krasyukova 1987:102 [ref. 15964], Richards 1992:62 [ref. 20654], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:579 [ref. 27969], see also del Cerro & Lloris 1997:98 [ref. 22944], Chen et al. 1997:170 [ref. 26476], Richards 1999:2361 [ref. 24797], Nakabo 2000:609 [ref. 25086], Richards in Randall & Lim 2000:606 [ref. 25122], Lee 2000:8 [ref. 25174], Shinohara et al. 2001:315 [ref. 25995], Nakabo 2002:609 [ref. 26001], Youn 2002:253, 566 [ref. 26218], Shinohara et al. 2005:426 [ref. 28370], Shinohara et al. 2011:43 [ref. 31715] wrongly dated 1902, Shinohara et al. 2014:246 [ref. 33300], wrongly dated 1902). Current status: Valid as Lepidotrigla abyssalis Jordan & Starks 1904. Triglidae. Distribution: Western North Pacific. Habitat: marine.

acanthomoplate, Bovitrigla Fowler [H. W.] 1938:113, Fig. 54 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 85 (no. 3032); ref. 1426] Off Point Tagolo Light, vicinity of northern Mindanao, Philippines, 8°47'N, 123°31'15"E, Albatross station D.5519, depth 182 fathoms. Holotype (unique): USNM 98869. •Valid as Pterygotrigla acanthomoplate (Fowler 1938) -- (Richards 1999:2371 [ref. 24797], Richards in Randall & Lim 2000:607 [ref. 25122]). •Valid as Bovitrigla acanthomoplate Fowler 1938 -- (Richards & Jones 2002:278 [ref. 25990] based on treatment of Bovitrigla as valid). Current status: Valid as Bovitrigla acanthomoplate Fowler 1938. Triglidae. Distribution: Philippines. Habitat: marine.

adriatica, Trigla Gmelin [J. F.] 1789:1346 [Caroli a Linné ... Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae v. 1 (pt 3); ref. 18139] Adriatic Sea (Mediterranean Sea). No types known. See account of Trigla lastoviza. •Synonym of Trigloporus lastoviza (Brünnich 1768) -- (Blanc & Hureau 1973:589 [ref. 7218]). •Synonym of Chelidonichthys lastoviza (Bonnaterre 1788) -- (Richards 1968:86 [ref. 7911], Richards 2016:2305 [ref. 35044]). Current status: Synonym of Chelidonichthys lastoviza (Bonnaterre 1788). Triglidae. Habitat: marine.

affinis, Prionotus Hildebrand [S. F.] & Schroeder [W. C.] 1928:315, Fig. 188 [Bulletin of the Bureau of Fisheries v. 43 (1927, pt 1); ref. 2163] Thomas Pt., off Kent Island, Maryland, U.S.A. Holotype: USNM 87654. Paratypes: USNM 131956 (1). •Synonym of Prionotus carolinus (Linnaeus 1771) -- (Miller & Richards 1991:760 [ref. 15981]). Current status: Synonym of Prionotus carolinus (Linnaeus 1771). Triglidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

africana, Trigla (Trigloporus) Smith [J. L. B.] 1934:334, Pl. 23 [Transactions of the Royal Society of South Africa v. 22 (pt 4); ref. 4065] Port Alfred, South Africa. Holotype: SAIAB [formerly RUSI] [ex AMG] 120. Paratypes: not researched. •Synonym of Trigloporus lastoviza (Bonnaterre 1788) -- (Richards & Saksena 1980:156 [ref. 23143]). •Synonym of Trigloporus lastoviza (Bonnaterre 1788), but a valid subspecies africanus (Smith 1934) -- (Heemstra 1982:293 [ref. 5416], Heemstra 1986:488 [ref. 5660]). •Synonym of Chelidonichthys lastoviza (Bonnaterre 1788). Current status: Synonym of Chelidonichthys lastoviza (Bonnaterre 1788). Triglidae. Habitat: marine.

alata, Trigla Houttuyn [M.] 1782:336 [Verhandelingen der Hollandsche Maatschappij der Wetenschappen, Haarlem v. 20 (pt 2); ref. 2220] Japan. No types known. See Boeseman 1995:6 [ref. 21811]. •Valid as Lepidotrigla alata (Houttuyn 1782) -- (Ochiai & Yatou in Masuda et al. 1984:333 [ref. 6441], Lindberg & Krasyukova 1987:99 [ref. 15964], Richards 1992:62 [ref. 20654], del Cerro & Lloris 1997:51 [ref. 22811], Richards 1999:2361 [ref. 24797], Nakabo 2000:607 [ref. 25086], Richards in Randall & Lim 2000:606 [ref. 25122], Lee 2000:6 [ref. 25174], Shimizu 2001:26 [ref. 25799], Nakabo 2002:607 [ref. 26001], Youn 2002:253, 567 [ref. 26218], Imamura in Kimura et al. 2018:84 [ref. 36460]). Current status: Valid as Lepidotrigla alata (Houttuyn 1782). Triglidae. Distribution: Western Pacific: northern Vietnam, China and Taiwan to Korea and Japan. Habitat: marine.

alatus, Prionotus Goode [G. B.] & Bean [T. H.] 1883:210 [Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology v. 10 (no. 5); ref. 1838] Atlantic off Charleston, S.C., U.S.A., 32°31'50"N, 78°45'W, Blake station 313, depth 75 fathoms. Holotype (unique): MCZ 25862. •Valid as Prionotus alatus Goode & Bean 1883 -- (Ross 1983:38 [ref. 36592], Robins & Ray 1986:279 [ref. 23100], Miller & Richards 1991:760 [ref. 15981], Boschung 1992:99 [ref. 23239], McClure & McEachran 1992 [ref. 20319], Richards & Miller 2003:1272 [ref. 27049], Nelson et al. 2004:116 [ref. 27807], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:58 [ref. 28815], Page et al. 2013:119 [ref. 32708]). Current status: Valid as Prionotus alatus Goode & Bean 1883. Triglidae. Distribution: Western Atlantic. Habitat: brackish, marine.

albirostris, Prionotus Jordan [D. S.] & Bollman [C. H.] 1890:168 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 12 (no. 770); ref. 2433] Off Pacific Coast of Colombia, 7°57'N, 78°55'W, Albatross station 2795, depth 33 fathoms. Syntypes: USNM 41162 (several, now 2). See also Richards & McCosker 1998:940 [ref. 23599]. •Valid as Prionotus albirostris Jordan & Bollman 1890 -- (Castro-Aguirre et al. 1993:86 [ref. 21807], Allen & Robertson 1994:102 [ref. 22193], Bussing & López S. 1994:84 [ref. 23101], Bussing in Fischer et al. 1995:1647 [ref. 22830], De La Cruz Agüero et al. 1997:300 [ref. 24545], Grove & Lavenberg 1997:300 [ref. 24023] [in error -- see McCosker 1998:810 [ref. 24025]], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:264 [ref. 24555], González-Acosta & De la Cruz-Agüero 1999:40 [ref. 24505], Nelson et al. 2004:117 [ref. 27807], Page et al. 2013:119 [ref. 32708], Fourriére et al. 2016:457 [ref. 34668]). Current status: Valid as Prionotus albirostris Jordan & Bollman 1890. Triglidae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific: Baja California and Gulf of California to northern Peru. Habitat: marine.

alcocki, Lepidotrigla Regan [C. T.] 1908:240, Pl. 28 (fig. 4) [The Transactions of the Linnean Society of London. Second Series. Zoology v. 12 (pt 3); ref. 3634] Saya de Malha Bank, Indian Ocean, depth 123 fathoms. Lectotype: BMNH 1908.3.23.212. Paralectotypes: BMNH 1908.3.23.213 (1). Lectotype selected by Richards & Saksena 1977:220 [ref. 5285]. •Valid as Lepidotrigla alcocki Regan 1908 -- (Richards & Saksena 1977:220 [ref. 5285], Richards 1992:56 [ref. 20654], del Cerro & Lloris 1997:98 [ref. 22944], Gomon & Psomadakis 2018:76 [ref. 35752]). Current status: Valid as Lepidotrigla alcocki Regan 1908. Triglidae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific. Habitat: marine.

alepis, Prionotus Alcock [A. W.] 1889:303, Pl. 22 (fig. 5) [Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal v. 58 (pt 2, no. 3); ref. 84] 16 miles east of mouth of Devi River, Mahanaddi Delta, Bay of Bengal, Orissa coast, Investigator station 32, depth 68 fathoms. Syntypes: ZSI F12442-43 (2). Type catalog: Menon & Yazdani 1968:156 [ref. 20743], Menon & Rama-Rao 1975:44 [ref. 22148]. •Synonym of Pterygotrigla hemisticta (Temminck & Schlegel 1843) -- (Richards 1999:2373 [ref. 24797]). •Synonym of Pterygotrigla arabica (Boulenger 1888) -- (Richards et al. 2003:5 [ref. 27122] in part). •Valid as Pterygtrigla alepis (Alcock 1889) but as incertae sedis -- (Richards et al. 2003:13 [ref. 27122]). Current status: Synonym of Pterygotrigla arabica (Boulenger 1888). Triglidae. Distribution: India. Habitat: marine.

alipionis, Prionotus Teague [G. W.] & Myers [G. S.] 1945:3, Figs. 1-2 [Boletim do Museu Nacional do Rio de Janeiro, Nova Série, Zoologie No. 31; ref. 13155] Paquetá Island, Distrito Federal, Guanabara Bay [Bay of Rio de Janeiro], Brazil. Holotype: MNRJ 6720. Additional material: (ca. 49) MNRJ 8347 (1) and MNRJ. Type catalog: Miranda Ribeiro 1961:6 [ref. 22040]. •Valid as Prionotus alipionis Teague & Myers 1945 -- (Nakamura in Nakamura et al. 1986:184 [ref. 14235]). •Synonym of Prionotus punctatus (Bloch 1793) -- (Miller & Richards 1991:760 [ref. 15981]). Current status: Synonym of Prionotus punctatus (Bloch 1793). Triglidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

altera, Lyra Plumier [C.] in Bloch 1793:125 [Naturgeschichte der ausländischen Fische v. 7; ref. 4868] Not available, manuscript name in the synonymy of Trigla punctata Bloch 1793. In the synonymy of Prionotus punctatus Bloch 1793. Current status: Synonym of Prionotus punctatus (Bloch 1793). Triglidae.

altivelis, Lepidotrigla Matsubara [K.] & Hiyama [J.] 1932:47, Fig. 17 [Journal of the Imperial Fisheries Institute v. 28 (no. 1); ref. 16501] Zenra-Nandô, Tyôsen, Japan. Holotype: FAKU 17 (lost). •Synonym of Lepidotrigla microptera Günther 1873 -- (Lindberg & Krasyukova 1987:105 [ref. 15964], Richards 1992:62 [ref. 20654]). Current status: Synonym of Lepidotrigla microptera Günther 1873. Triglidae. Habitat: marine.

amaokai, Pterygotrigla (Otohime) Richards [W. J.], Yato [T.] & Last [P. R.] 2003:3, Fig. 1E; Pl. 1 (fig. 2) [Smithiana. Publications in Aquatic Biodiversity Bull. 2; ref. 27122] Saya de Malha Bank, Indian Ocean, 11°28'S, 61°13'E, depth 176 meters. Holotype: HUMZ 73367. Paratypes: HUMZ 72331 (1), 73363-66 (1, 1, 1, 1), 73368 (1); USNM 356932(1), 356393 (2). Genus misspelled Petrygotrigla on p. 3. •Valid as Pterygotrigla amaokai Richards, Yato & Last 2003 -- (Last & Richards 2012:39 [ref. 31796]). Current status: Valid as Pterygotrigla amaokai Richards, Yato & Last 2003. Triglidae. Distribution: Western Indian Ocean. Habitat: marine.

amboinensis, Trigla Suckow [G. A.] 1799:606 [Naturgeschichte der Thiere v. 4, pt. 1; ref. 18858] Triglidae. Habitat: marine.

amoena, Trigla Castelnau [F. L.] 1873:131 [Proceedings of the Zoological and Acclimatisation Society of Victoria, Melbourne v. 2; ref. 758] Fremantle, Western Australia. Syntypes: (3) MNHN A-5559 (1, dry) Cygnes R. Type catalog: Blanc & Hureau 1968:35 [ref. 20738]. •Synonym of Chelidonichthys kumu (Cuvier 1829) -- (Paxton et al. 1989:454 [ref. 12442], Paxton et al. 2006:922 [ref. 29074]). Current status: Synonym of Chelidonichthys kumu (Cuvier 1829). Triglidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

andertoni, Pterygotrigla Waite [E. R.] 1910:26 [Transactions of the New Zealand Institute Part 1 (1910); ref. 4565] Bay of Plenty, New Zealand. Syntypes: (3) AMS I.10865 (1). Eastern Pacific records and literature are not this species. •Species treated as new in abstract above, but later treated as a synonym of Pterygotrigla picta (Günther 1880) -- (Waite 1911:252, Pl. 55 [ref. 14826]). •Synonym of Pterygotrigla picta (Günther 1880) -- (Hardy 1982:208 [ref. 8473], Gomon et al. 1994:502 [ref. 22532], del Cerro & Lloris 1997:115 [ref. 22944] with question). •Valid as Pterygotrigla andertoni Waite 1910 -- (Richards 1997:1058 [ref. 22983], Richards 1999:2372 [ref. 24797], Hutchins 2001:28 [ref. 25847], Paxton et al. 2006:927 [ref. 29074], Gomon & Last 2008:513 [ref. 30651], Fricke et al. 2011:381 [ref. 31242], Last & Richards 2012:39 [ref. 31796], Richards & Yato 2012:54 [ref. 32168], Struthers & Gomon 2015:1111 [ref. 34286]). Current status: Valid as Pterygotrigla andertoni Waite 1910. Triglidae. Distribution: Australia, New Zealand and New Caledonia [not Chile]. Habitat: marine.

annamarae, Lepidotrigla del Cerro [L.] & Lloris [D.] 1997:100, Fig. 1 [Mémoires du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris (N. S.) (Série A) Zoologie v. 174; ref. 22944] New Caledonia, 22°07'S, 167°11'E, MUSORSTOM 4, station CC 245, depth 415-435 meters. Holotype: MNHN 1994-316. Paratypes: IIPB-6/1994 (1), IIPB-164/1994 (1), IIPB-168/1994 (1); MNHN 1994-0317 (1), 1994-0318 (1). Type catalog: Allué et al. 2000:99 [ref. 30499]. •Valid as Lepidotrigla annamarae del Cerro & Lloris 1997 -- (Richards 1999:2361 [ref. 24797], Fricke et al. 2011:380 [ref. 31242]). Current status: Valid as Lepidotrigla annamarae del Cerro & Lloris 1997. Triglidae. Distribution: Western South Pacific: New Caledonia. Habitat: marine.

anzoletus, Trigla Nardo [G. D.] (ex Chiereghini) 1847:col. 125 [Sinonimia moderna delle specie registrate nell' opera intitolata: ...; ref. 17994] Not available, Chiereghini name mentioned in synonymy. Triglidae.

arabica, Trigla Boulenger [G. A.] 1888:663 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1887 (pt 4); ref. 14479] Muscat, Oman, Gulf of Oman, Arabian Sea, northwestern Indian Ocean. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1887.11.11.233. •Synonym of Pterygotrigla hemisticta (Temminck & Schlegel 1842) -- (Randall 1995:115 [ref. 22896], Richards 1999:2373 [ref. 24797]). •Valid as Pterygotrigla arabica (Boulenger 1888) -- (Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S103 [ref. 27377], Last & Richards 2012:39 [ref. 31796], Psomadakis et al. 2015:190 [ref. 34104]). Current status: Valid as Pterygotrigla arabica (Boulenger 1888). Triglidae. Distribution: Western Indian Ocean. Habitat: marine.

argus, Lepidotrigla Ogilby [J. D.] 1910:123 [On some new fishes from the Queensland coast; ref. 3289] Between South Hill and Cape Gloucester, Queensland; Cape Bryon, New South Wales, Australia; depth 13-73 fathoms. Syntypes: (8) AMS I.12532 (1), E.1991 (5), ?QM I.1576 (1) depth 51 fathoms. •Valid as Lepidotrigla argus Ogilby 1910 -- (Allen & Swainston 1988:52 [ref. 25477], Paxton et al. 1989:454 [ref. 12442], Richards 1992:62 [ref. 20654], Allen 1997:80 [ref. 23977], del Cerro & Lloris 1997:51 [ref. 22811], Johnson 1999:728 [ref. 25471], Hutchins 2001:28 [ref. 25847], Paxton et al. 2006:923 [ref. 29074]). Current status: Valid as Lepidotrigla argus Ogilby 1910. Triglidae. Distribution: Australia and Papua New Guinea. Habitat: marine.

argyrosoma, Lepidotrigla Fowler [H. W.] 1938:105, Fig. 50 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 85 (no. 3032); ref. 1426] Off San Fernando Pt. Light, western coast of Luzon Island, Philippines, 16°30'36"N, 120°11'06"E, Albatross station D.5442, depth 45 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 98873. Paratypes: (a series) USNM. •Valid as Lepidotrigla argyrosoma Fowler 1938 -- (Richards 1992:62 [ref. 20654], Richards 1999:2361 [ref. 24797], Richards in Randall & Lim 2000:607 [ref. 25122]). Current status: Valid as Lepidotrigla argyrosoma Fowler 1938. Triglidae. Distribution: Philippines. Habitat: marine.

asiatica, Trigla Linnaeus [C.] 1758:301 [Systema Naturae, Ed. X v. 1; ref. 2787] Asiatic seas. No types known. Triglidae. Habitat: marine.

aspera, Trigla Gronow [L. T.] in Gray 1854:105 [Catalogue of fish collected and described by Laurence Theodore Gronow; ref. 1911] European Ocean. Syntypes: BMNH 1853.11.12.15 [Gronovius coll.] (1, skin). Type catalog: Wheeler 1958:239 [ref. 13434] as aspersa and with a holotype. Based on several literature sources, including gurnardus Linnaeus. Objectively invalid; preoccupied by Trigla aspera Cuvier 1829. •Synonym of Trigla gurnardus Linnaeus 1758 -- (Wheeler 1958:230 [ref. 13434]). •Synonym of Eutrigla gurnardus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (authors). Current status: Synonym of Eutrigla gurnardus (Linnaeus 1758). Triglidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

aspera, Trigla Cuvier [G.] (ex Viviani) in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1829:77 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 4; ref. 998] Mediterranean Sea. Syntypes: MNHN 1923 (2) Malta, 5272 (1) Gênes, 6915 (4) Naples; ZMB 668 (1). Type catalog: Blanc & Hureau 1968:35 [ref. 20738], Paepke & Fricke 1992:277 [ref. 19946]. Hureau in Whitehead et al. 1986:1234 [ref. 13677] lists a Trigla aspera Viviani 1805 [not researched by us]. •Synonym of Lepidotrigla cavillone (Lacepède 1801) -- (Richards 1968:100 [ref. 7911], Blanc & Hureau 1973:589 [ref. 7218], Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:74 [ref. 26753], Richards 2016:2312 [ref. 35044] with author as Viviani and dated 1805). Current status: Synonym of Lepidotrigla cavillone (Lacepède 1801). Triglidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

aspersus, Prionotus Meek [S. E.] & Hildebrand [S. F.] 1928:856, Pl. 83 [Field Museum of Natural History, Publications, Zoölogical Series v. 15 (publ. 249); ref. 2964] Mindi Cut, Canal Zone, Panama. Holotype: USNM 81613. Paratypes: FMNH 8495 [ex USNM 81614] (1), 8496 [ex USNM 81612] (1), 8497 [ex USNM 81610] (1); USNM 81610 (now 0), 81611-12 (1, 1), 81614 (1); plus 2 other specimens. Type catalog: Ibarra & Stewart 1987:69 [ref. 12367]. •Synonym of Prionotus punctatus (Bloch 1793) -- (Miller & Richards 1991:760 [ref. 15981]). Current status: Synonym of Prionotus punctatus (Bloch 1793). Triglidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

avis, Lepidotrigla Döderlein [L.] in Steindachner & Döderlein 1887:264 [8] [Denkschriften der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften in Wien, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe. v. 53 (1. abth.); ref. 4249] Not available; mentioned in passing in synonomy of Lepidotrigla japonica Nyström 1887; from Kagoshima, Japan. Triglidae.

beanii, Prionotus Goode [G. B.] in Goode & Bean 1896:468, Pl. 112 (figs. 383, 383b) [Special Bulletin U. S. National Museum No. 2; ref. 1848] Off Trinidad Island, West Indies, 11°07'00"N, 62°14'30"W, Albatross station 2120, depth 73 fathoms. Holotype (unique): USNM 39318. The caption to Pl. 112 is wrongly labeled Prionotus trinitatis. •Valid as Prionotus beanii Goode 1896 -- (Miller & Kent 1972:227 [ref. 25695], Uyeno & Sato in Uyeno et al. 1983:445 [ref. 14275], Miller & Richards 1991:760 [ref. 15981], Cervigón 1991:305 [ref. 24472] as beani, Cervigón 1992:452 [ref. 23827], Aguilera 1998:48 [ref. 24221], Richards & Miller 2003:1272 [ref. 27049]). Current status: Valid as Prionotus beanii Goode 1896. Triglidae. Distribution: Western Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

bentuviai, Lepidotrigla Richards [W. J.] & Saksena [V. P.] 1977:213, Fig. 3 [Bulletin of Marine Science v. 27 (no. 2); ref. 5285] Somalia coast, 11°11'N, 51°14'E, depth 47-49 meters. Holotype: USNM 215055. Paratypes: ANSP 134045 (1), BMNH 1972.9.26.1 (1), USNM 215049 (2). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:163 [ref. 13621]. •Valid as Lepidotrigla bentuviai Richards & Saksena 1977 -- (Richards 1992:48 [ref. 20654], del Cerro & Lloris 1997:51 [ref. 22811], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S103 [ref. 27377]). Current status: Valid as Lepidotrigla bentuviai Richards & Saksena 1977. Triglidae. Distribution: Western Indian Ocean. Habitat: marine.

birostratus, Prionotus Richardson [J.] 1844:no p., Pl. 42 (figs. 4-6) [Ichthyology.--Part 1. The zoology of the voyage of H. M. S. Sulphur; ref. 3739] Gulf of Fonseca, west coast of Central America. Available from plate. Text in Richardson 1845:81 [ref. 20274]. •Valid as Prionotus birostratus Richardson 1844 -- (Miller & Richards 1991:760 [ref. 15981], Bussing & López S. 1994:84 [ref. 23101], Bussing in Fischer et al. 1995:1647 [ref. 22830], De La Cruz Agüero et al. 1997:300 [ref. 24545], Nelson et al. 2004:117 [ref. 27807], Page et al. 2013:119 [ref. 32708]). Current status: Valid as Prionotus birostratus Richardson 1844. Triglidae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

bispinosa, Lepidotrigla Steindachner [F.] 1898:199 [Anzeiger der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Wien, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe v. 35 (no. 19) (for 14July 1898); ref. 20495] Gulf of Suez, Egypt, Red Sea. Syntypes: (several) NMW 11296-301 (4, 3, 17, 3, 4, 4); MSNG 27206 [ex NMW] (1); ZMUC 128 (1). Type catalog: Tortonese 1963:346 [ref. 10350], Nielsen 1974:80 [ref. 9588]. Later illustrated and described in more detail in Steindachner 1898:780, pl. 1 (figs. 1-1a) [ref. 14693]. •Valid as Lepidotrigla bispinosa Steindachner 1898 -- (Richards & Saksena 1977:212 [ref. 5285], Dor 1984:89 [ref. 29757], Richards 1992:62 [ref. 20654], Baranes & Golani 1993:305 [ref. 22372], Goren & Dor 1994:22 [ref. 25356], Randall 1995:114 [ref. 22896], del Cerro & Lloris 1997:51 [ref. 22811], Carpenter et al. 1997:139 [ref. 23922], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S103 [ref. 27377], Psomadakis et al. 2015:189 [ref. 34104], Ali et al. 2018:317 [ref. 36183], Golani & Fricke 2018:58 [ref. 36273]). Current status: Valid as Lepidotrigla bispinosa Steindachner 1898. Triglidae. Distribution: Red Sea, northwestern Indian Ocean: Somalia and Persian Gulf east to India. Habitat: marine.

bispinosus, Dactylopterus Swainson [W.] 1839:262, 417 [The natural history and classification v. 2; ref. 4303] Genus spelled Dactylophorus on p. 262. Based on Trigla volitans of Russell. Triglidae. Habitat: marine.

blochii, Trigla Yarrell [W.] 1836:50, Fig. [A history of British fishes; ref. 4812] Great Britain. No types known. •Synonym of Chelidonichthys gurnardus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Richards 1968:88 [ref. 7911]). •Synonym of Eutrigla gurnardus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Blanc & Hureau 1973:589 [ref. 7218], Richards 2016:2309 [ref. 35044]). Current status: Synonym of Eutrigla gurnardus (Linnaeus 1758). Triglidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

bracanthus, Trigla Swainson [W.] 1839:421 [The natural history and classification v. 2; ref. 4303] Palermo, Sicily, Italy, Mediterranean Sea. No types known. •Synonym of Chelidonichthys obscurus (Walbaum 1792) -- (Richards 1968:92 [ref. 7911] with authorship as Bloch & Schneider 1801, Richards 2016:2307 [ref. 35044]). Current status: Synonym of Chelidonichthys obscurus (Walbaum 1792). Triglidae. Habitat: marine.

brachychir, Prionotus Regan [C. T.] 1914:16 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 8) v. 13 (no. 73); ref. 3661] Cape Frio, Brazil, depth 40 fathoms. Lectotype: BMNH 1913.12.4.246. Paralectotypes: BMNH 1913.12.4.237-242 (6), 1913.12.4.243-245 (3); USNM 111735 (3). Lectotype selected by Miller & Richards 1991:638 [ref. 15980]. •Valid as Bellator brachychir (Regan 1914) -- (Ross 1983:52 [ref. 36592], Robins & Ray 1986:278 [ref. 23100], Miller & Richards 1991:637 [ref. 15980], Cervigón 1991:297 [ref. 24472], Miller & Richards 1991:761 [ref. 15981], Cervigón 1992:452 [ref. 23827], Andreata & Séret 1996:585 [ref. 16204], Richards & Miller 2003:1271 [ref. 27049], Moura & Menezes in Menezes et al. 2003:73 [ref. 27192], Nelson et al. 2004:116 [ref. 27807], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:55 [ref. 28815], Page et al. 2013:119 [ref. 32708]). Current status: Valid as Bellator brachychir (Regan 1914). Triglidae. Distribution: Western Atlantic. Habitat: brackish, marine.

brachyoptera, Lepidotrigla Hutton [F. W.] 1872:27 [Fishes of New Zealand (Hutton); ref. 2287] Wellington Harbor, New Zealand. Holotype (unique): presumed lost. Type catalog: Russell 1996:226 [ref. 22562]. •Valid as Lepidotrigla branchioptera Hutton 1872 -- (Paulin et al. 1989:170 [ref. 24556], Yabe in Amaoka et al. 1990:236 [ref. 16024]). •Valid as Lepidotrigla brachyoptera Hutton 1872 -- (Richards 1992:62 [ref. 20654], Francis 1993:160 [ref. 25479], Richards 1997:1055 [ref. 22983], Struthers & Gomon 2015:1109 [ref. 34286]). Current status: Valid as Lepidotrigla brachyoptera Hutton 1872. Triglidae. Distribution: New Zealand and Kermadec Islands. Habitat: marine.

brandesii, Trigla Bleeker [P.] 1850:24 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 1 (no. 1); ref. 16886] Banda Neiro, Banda Islands, Indonesia, Type lost. •Valid as Pterygotrigla bradesii (Bleeker 1850) -- (Richards & Yato 2014:37 [ref. 33182] young as unidefinable). Current status: Valid as Pterygotrigla brandesii (Bleeker 1850). Triglidae. Distribution: Indonesia. Habitat: marine.

brevispinis, Lepidotrigla Matsubara [K.] & Hiyama [J.] 1932:52, Fig. 19 [Journal of the Imperial Fisheries Institute v. 28 (no. 1); ref. 16501] Misaki, Japan. Holotype: FAKU 19 (lost). •Synonym of Lepidotrigla microptera Günther 1873 -- (Lindberg & Krasyukova 1987:105 [ref. 15964], Richards 1992:62 [ref. 20654]). Current status: Synonym of Lepidotrigla microptera Günther 1873. Triglidae. Habitat: marine.

buergeri, Trigla Temminck [C. J.] & Schlegel [H.] 1843:35, Pl. 14 (figs. 1-2) [Fauna Japonica Parts 2-4; ref. 4371] Bay of Nagasaki, Japan. Lectotype: RMNH D690 (stuffed). Paralectotypes: RMNH D506 (1, stuffed), D689 (1, stuffed), D691 (1, stuffed). Originally as bürgeri, correction mandatory. Lectotype selected by Boeseman 1947:45 [ref. 12876]. •Synonym of Lepidotrigla alata (Houttuyn 1782) -- (Lindberg & Krasyukova 1987:99 [ref. 15964] as bürgeri, Richards 1992:62 [ref. 20654]). Current status: Synonym of Lepidotrigla alata (Houttuyn 1782). Triglidae. Habitat: marine.

cadmani, Lepidotrigla Regan [C. T.] 1915:128 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 8) v. 15 (no. 85); ref. 15006] Lagos, Nigeria. Lectotype: BMNH 1914.11.2.51. Paralectotypes: BMNH 1914.11.52-55 (4). •Valid as Lepidotrigla cadmani Regan 1915 -- (Richards 1968:102 [ref. 7911], Richards & Saksena 1990:683 [ref. 17757], del Cerro & Lloris 1995:182 [ref. 22670], Wirtz et al. 2013:122 [ref. 32972], Richards 2016:2310 [ref. 35044]). Current status: Valid as Lepidotrigla cadmani Regan 1915. Triglidae. Distribution: Eastern Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

cajorarori, Pterygotrigla (Pterygotrigla) Richards [W. J.] & Yato [T.] 2012:57, Figs. 2-6 [Zootaxa No. 3484; ref. 32168] Vicinity north of Mindanao, 6.6 miles off Macalaban Point Light, 8°36'26"N, 124°36'08"E, Philippines, depth 413 meters. Holotype: USNM 135940. Paratypes: BSKU 39887 (1); CSIRO H719-18 (1), H720-01 (1), H720-13 (1), H720 -14 (1). Plus non-type specimens. The specific name is a noun in apposition. •Valid as Pterygotrigla cajorarori Richards & Yato 2012. Current status: Valid as Pterygotrigla cajorarori Richards & Yato 2012. Triglidae. Distribution: Western Pacific; Japan, Philippines, Indonesia and Queensland, Australia. Habitat: marine.

calodactyla, Lepidotrigla Ogilby [J. D.] 1910:125 [On some new fishes from the Queensland coast; ref. 3289] Northeast of North Reef, Capricorn Group, Queensland, Australia, depth 70 fathoms. Syntypes: AMS I.12533 (1), and 1 out of AMS E.1708-1712 (3), AMS I.11057 (1); QM I.1529 (1). •Valid as Lepidotrigla calodactyla Ogilby 1910 -- (Paxton et al. 1989:454 [ref. 12442], Richards 1992:62 [ref. 20654], Johnson 1999:728 [ref. 25471], Hutchins 2001:28 [ref. 25847], Paxton et al. 2006:924 [ref. 29074]). Current status: Valid as Lepidotrigla calodactyla Ogilby 1910. Triglidae. Distribution: Australia. Habitat: marine.

capella, Prionotus Miranda Ribeiro [A. de] 1916:Triglidae p. 4 [Arquivos do Museu Nacional de Rio de Janeiro v. 17; ref. 3711] Ila Grande; Rio Grande, Brazil; North America. On p. 596 when continuously paginated. Stated as, "substituto para Prionotus carolinus de Bloch and Prionotus punctatus Cuv. & Val., ambos preoccupados." Trigla carolina of Bloch 1790 and Prionotus punctatus of Cuvier 1829 are not original descriptions, so capella is not technically a replacement name. Types are those represented by the above literature and any available to Miranda Ribeiro. •Synonym of Prionotus punctatus (Bloch 1793) -- (Miller & Richards 1991:760 [ref. 15981]). Current status: Synonym of Prionotus punctatus (Bloch 1793). Triglidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

capensis, Trigla Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1829:55 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 4; ref. 998] Cape of Good Hope, South Africa. Syntypes: MNHN 0000-6938 (2 heads, poor condition), A-423 and A-428 (2 dry skins in fragile condition); SMF 2816 [ex MNHN] (1). Type catalog: Blanc & Hureau 1968:36 [ref. 20738]. •Valid as Chelidonichthys capensis (Cuvier 1829) -- (Richards 1968:96 [ref. 7911], Heemstra 1982:292 [ref. 5416], Heemstra 1986:487 [ref. 5660], Richards & Saksena 1990:680 [ref. 17757], Bianchi & Carpenter in Bianchi et al. 1993:153 [ref. 25472], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:150 [ref. 28072], Richards 2016:2302 [ref. 35044], Fricke et al. 2018:138 [ref. 35805]). Current status: Valid as Chelidonichthys capensis (Cuvier 1829). Triglidae. Distribution: Namibia and South Africa to southern Madagascar. Habitat: marine.

carolae, Lepidotrigla Richards [W. J.] 1968:106, Fig. 13 [Atlantide Report No. 10; ref. 7911] Gulf of Guinea, 4°50'N, 2°49'W, depth 60 meters. Holotype: ZMUC P791033. Paratypes: ANSP 109214 (2); BMNH 1967.7.24.1-2 (2); UF 19319-26 [ex TABL] (5, 1, 8, 4, 3, 10, 5, 10); UF [ex UMML] (now 49, 12 lots); USNM 201725-30 (1, 19, 5, 1, 11, 7); ZMUC (23, 6 lots). Type catalog: Gilbert 1974:111 [ref. 21035], Nielsen 1974:80 [ref. 9588], Böhlke 1984:163 [ref. 13621]. •Valid as Lepidotrigla carolae Richards 1968 -- (Richards & Saksena 1990:683 [ref. 17757], Richards 2016:2311 [ref. 35044]). Current status: Valid as Lepidotrigla carolae Richards 1968. Triglidae. Distribution: Eastern Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

carolina, Trigla Linnaeus [C.] 1771:528 [Mantissa Plantarum altera; ref. 13301] Carolina, U.S.A. No types known. Paepke 1999:152 [ref. 24282] treats Trigla carolina Bloch 1793 apparently as independent of Linnaeus (not researched). •Valid as Prionotus carolinus (Linnaeus 1771) -- (Smith 1986:447 [ref. 22186], Robins & Ray 1986:279 [ref. 23100], Scott & Scott 1988:488 [ref. 25518], McAllis, Klein-MacPhee & McBride in Collette & Klein-MacPhee 2002:340 [ref. 26158], Richards & Miller 2003:1273 [ref. 27049], Nelson et al. 2004:117 [ref. 27807], Page et al. 2013:119 [ref. 32708]). Current status: Valid as Prionotus carolinus (Linnaeus 1771). Triglidae. Distribution: Western Atlantic. Habitat: brackish, marine.

cavillone, Trigla Lacepède [B. G. E.] 1801:341, 367 [Histoire naturelle des poissons (Lacepède) v. 3; ref. 2710] Mediterranean Sea. No types known. •Valid as Lepidotrigla cavillone (Lacepède 1801) -- (Blanc & Hureau 1973:589 [ref. 7218], Richards 1968:100 [ref. 7911], Hureau in Whitehead et al. 1986:1234 [ref. 13677], Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:74 [ref. 26753], Fricke et al. 2007:78 [ref. 29533], Richards 2016:2312 [ref. 35044], Martins & Carneiro 2018:116 [ref. 36550], Artüz & Fricke 2019:555 [ref. 36612]). Current status: Valid as Lepidotrigla cavillone (Lacepède 1801). Triglidae. Distribution: Mediterranean Sea, Sea of Marmara, eastern Atlantic. Habitat: brackish, marine.

chabrontera, Trigla Osbeck [P.] 1770:101 [Nova Acta Physico-Medica Academiae Caesareae Leopoldina-Carolinae Naturae Curiosorum v. 4; ref. 18497] Mediterranean Sea?, Spain. No types known. Name also appeared in Walbaum 1792:373 [ref. 4572] and Bonnaterre 1788:145 [ref. 4940]. Also see Peristedion chabrontera Lacepède 1801, which could be based on this species. Triglidae. Habitat: marine.

corax, Trigla Bonaparte [C. L.] 1834:fasc. 10, punt. 52, Pl. 94 (fig. 1) [Iconografia della fauna italica; ref. 517] Italy, western Mediterranean Sea. Syntypes: ANSP 11706 (1), 11707-17 (11), Mediterranean Sea. Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:163 [ref. 13621]. •Synonym of Trigla lucerna Linnaeus 1758 -- (Blanc & Hureau 1973:586 [ref. 7218], Hureau in Whitehead et al. 1986:1235 [ref. 13677]). •Synonym of Chelidonichthys lucernus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Richards 1968:94 [ref. 7911]). •Synonym of Chelidonichthys lucerna (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:73 [ref. 26753], Richards 2016:2306 [ref. 35044]). Current status: Synonym of Chelidonichthys lucerna (Linnaeus 1758). Triglidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

corvus, Trigla Rafinesque [C. S.] 1810:32, Pl. 6 (fig. 1) [Caratteri di alcuni nuovi generi e nuove specie di animali e piante della Sicilia; ref. 3594] Sicily, Italy, Mediterranean Sea. No types known. Also appeared in Rafinesque 1810:28 [ref. 3595]. •Synonym of Trigla lucerna Linnaeus 1758 -- (Blanc & Hureau 1973:586 [ref. 7218], Hureau in Whitehead et al. 1986:1235 [ref. 13677]). •Synonym of Chelidonichthys lucernus [sic] (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Richards 1968:94 [ref. 7911]). •Synonym of Chelidonichthys lucerna (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Richards 2016:2306 [ref. 35044]). Current status: Synonym of Chelidonichthys lucerna (Linnaeus 1758). Triglidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

crassiceps, Prionotus tribulus Ginsburg [I.] 1950:517 [Texas Journal of Science v. 2 (no. 4); ref. 12953] Off Port Arthur, Texas, U.S.A., 29°16'30"N, 94°10'00"W, depth 8 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 151940. Paratypes: USNM 22820 (1), 30165 (1), 30693 (1), 30910 (3), 30921 (1), 31053 (2), 39885 (2), 43065 (1), 44665 (1), 46292 (1), 86113 (2), 86141 (1), 86143 (1), 86145-47 (1, 1, 1), 91791 (1), 93621 (1), 118616 (5), 119826 (1) 120503 (1), 125415 (1), 127383 (3), 131932 (1), 132275 (3), 147788 (1), 155060-69 (1, 2, 1, 1, 1, 2, 2, 1, 1, 1), 157415-23 (1, 1, 1, 2, 1, 3, 1, 2, 2), 157453-59 (4, 1, 9, 17, 41, 30, 2), 157518-21 (2, 12, 2, 3), 157528 (1). •Synonym of Prionotus tribulus Cuvier 1829, possibly a valid subspecies -- (Miller & Richards 1991:761 [ref. 15981]). Current status: Synonym of Prionotus tribulus Cuvier 1829. Triglidae. Habitat: marine.

cuculus, Trigla Linnaeus [C.] 1758:301 [Systema Naturae, Ed. X v. 1; ref. 2787] Mediterranean Sea. Possible types: NRM 27 (1). Type catalog: Fernholm & Wheeler 1983:233-234 [ref. 20707]. Neotype as BMNH 1963.5.14.696 designated by Richards 1968:92 is invalid if NRM LP 27 is a type. •Valid as Aspitrigla cuculus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Blanc & Hureau 1973:587 [ref. 7218], Hureau in Whitehead et al. 1986:1232 [ref. 13677], Santos et al. 1997:78 [ref. 23531], Arruda 1997:117 [ref. 24952], Caputo & Sorice 1999:81 [ref. 25260], Vasil'eva 2007:81 [ref. 30517]). •Valid as Chelidonichthys cuculus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Richards 1968:90 [ref. 7911], Richards & Saksena 1990:680 [ref. 17757], Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:71 [ref. 26753], Parin et al. 2002:S65 [ref. 28300], Fricke et al. 2007:77 [ref. 29533], Parin et al. 2014:225 [ref. 33547], Richards 2016:2303 [ref. 35044], Martins & Carneiro 2018:111 [ref. 36550], Artüz & Fricke 2019:555 [ref. 36612]). Current status: Valid as Chelidonichthys cuculus (Linnaeus 1758). Triglidae. Distribution: Mediterranean Sea, Sea of Marmara, Black Sea, eastern Atlantic: British Isles south to Mauritania, including Azores, Madeira and Canary Islands. Habitat: brackish, marine.

deasoni, Lepidotrigla Herre [A. W. C. T.] & Kauffman [D. E.] 1952:28 [Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington v. 65; ref. 11044] South entrance to Manila Bay, off the coast of Cavite Province, Philippines, depth 65 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 202504 [ex UW 18958]. Paratypes: USNM 202569 [ex UW 11513] (1), UW (5). Type catalog: Meldrim & Wadley 1968:873 [ref. 31181]. •Valid as Lepidotrigla deasoni Herre & Kauffman 1952 -- (Richards 1992:62 [ref. 20654], del Cerro & Lloris 1997:51 [ref. 22811], Richards 1999:2361 [ref. 24797], Richards in Randall & Lim 2000:607 [ref. 25122]). Current status: Valid as Lepidotrigla deasoni Herre & Kauffman 1952. Triglidae. Distribution: Philippines. Habitat: marine.

dieuzeidei, Lepidotrigla Blanc [M.] & Hureau [J.-C.] (ex Andouin) 1973:589 [CLOFNAM; ref. 7218] Algeria, western Mediterranean Sea. Appeared as a new name based on Audouin manuscript and other cited references; we believe authorship should be Blanc & Hureau. Type specimens would be ones treated in the cited publications. •Valid as Lepidotrigla dieuzeidei Blanc & Hureau 1973 -- (Hureau in Whitehead et al. 1986:1235 [ref. 13677], Richards and Saksena 1990:684 [ref. 17757], Golani 1996:25 [ref. 22271], Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:74 [ref. 26753], Fricke et al. 2007:78 [ref. 29533], Bañon et al. 2010:15 [ref. 31029], Richards 2016:2313 [ref. 35044], Martins & Carneiro 2018:117 [ref. 36550], Artüz & Fricke 2019:555 [ref. 36612]). Current status: Valid as Lepidotrigla dieuzeidei Blanc & Hureau 1973. Triglidae. Distribution: Mediterranean Sea, Sea of Marmara, eastern Atlantic. Habitat: brackish, marine.

dorsomaculata, Trigla kumu var. Steindachner [F.] 1876:216 [168] [Sitzungsberichte der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften. Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe v. 74 (1. Abth.); ref. 4225] Hakodate, Oshima Subprefecture, Hokkaido, Japan. Syntypes: (2) NMW. On p. 168 of separate. •Synonym of Trigla kumu Cuvier 1829 -- (Lindberg & Krasyukova 1987:96 [ref. 15964]). •Synonym of Chelidonichthys kumu (Cuvier 1829) -- (authors). Current status: Synonym of Chelidonichthys kumu (Cuvier 1829). Triglidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

draiggoch, Pterygotrigla (Otohime) Richards [W. J.], Yato [T.] & Last [P. R.] 2003:5, Fig. 1D; Pl. 1 (Figs. 4-5) [Smithiana. Publications in Aquatic Biodiversity Bull. 2; ref. 27122] Northeast of Monte Bello Island, Dampier Archipelago, Western Australia, 19°30'S, 116°01'E to 19°31'S, 115°59'E, depth 142 meters. Holotype: CSIRO CA 1535. Paratypes: AMS I.22805-002 (3); CSIRO CA 4196 (1); NTM S12931-005 (3); WAM P.26182 (1), P.26187 (1), P.26193 (4). Type catalog: Moore et al. 2008:18 [ref. 30117]. •Valid as Pterygotrigla draiggoch Richards, Yato & Last 2003 -- (Paxton et al. 2006:927 [ref. 29074], Last & Richards 2012:39 [ref. 31796]). Current status: Valid as Pterygotrigla draiggoch Richards, Yato & Last 2003. Triglidae. Distribution: Western Australia. Habitat: marine.

egretta, Prionotus Goode [G. B.] & Bean [T. H.] 1896:465, Pl. 111 (fig. 381) [Special Bulletin U. S. National Museum No. 2; ref. 1848] Off Barbados, West Indies, Blake dredge no. 297, depth 123 fathoms. Holotype (unique): MCZ 28086. •Valid as Bellator egretta (Goode & Bean 1896) -- (Ross 1983:52 [ref. 36592], Robins & Ray 1986:279 [ref. 23100], Miller & Richards 1991:639 [ref. 15980], Miller & Richards 1991:761 [ref. 15981], Cervigón 1991:297 [ref. 24472], Boschung 1992:99 [ref. 23239], Cervigón 1992:452 [ref. 23827], Richards & Miller 2003:1271 [ref. 27049], Nelson et al. 2004:116 [ref. 27807], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:56 [ref. 28815], Page et al. 2013:119 [ref. 32708]). Current status: Valid as Bellator egretta (Goode & Bean 1896). Triglidae. Distribution: Western Atlantic. Habitat: brackish, marine.

elicryste, Pterygotrigla (Otohime) Richards [W. J.], Yato [T.] & Last [P. R.] 2003:6, Fig. 1G; Pl. 1 (figs. 6-7) [Smithiana. Publications in Aquatic Biodiversity Bull. 2; ref. 27122] Off Port Hedland, Western Australia, 18°21'S, 118°53'E, depth 138 meters. Holotype: CSIRO H 1022-04. Paratypes: CSIRO CA 1593-95 (1, 1, 1). •Valid as Pterygotrigla elicryste Richards, Yato & Last 2003 -- (Paxton et al. 2006:928 [ref. 29074], Last & Richards 2012:39 [ref. 31796]). Current status: Valid as Pterygotrigla elicryste Richards, Yato & Last 2003. Triglidae. Distribution: Northern Australia. Habitat: marine.

evolans, Trigla Linnaeus [C.] 1766:498 [Systema naturae sive regna tria naturae v. 1 (pt 1); ref. 2786] Carolina [South Carolina, U.S.A.] and Jamaica. Syntypes: LS [Garden no. 21] (right half-skin). Type information: Goode & Bean 1885:204 [ref. 1841], Wheeler 1985:45 [ref. 20705]. Named Trigla volitans by Euphrasen 1795:75 [ref. 30156]. Based on manuscript description and 1 specimen sent by A. Garden [South Carolina], and on the 'Trigla capite aculeato & squamoso ..., The smaller flying Trigla' of Browne 1756:453, Pl. 47, fig. 3 [ref. 30188] [Jamaica]. •Valid as Prionotus evolans (Linnaeus 1766) -- (Robins & Ray 1986:280 [ref. 23100], Scott & Scott 1988:488 [ref. 25518], McAllister 1990:190 [ref. 14674], Miller & Richards 1991:760 [ref. 15981], Smith 1986:448 [ref. 22186], Murdy et al. 1997:144 [ref. 23144], Klein-MacPhee & McBride in Collette & Klein-MacPhee 2002:343 [ref. 26158], Richards & Miller 2003:1273 [ref. 27049], Nelson et al. 2004:117 [ref. 27807], Page et al. 2013:120 [ref. 32708]). Current status: Valid as Prionotus evolans (Linnaeus 1766). Triglidae. Distribution: Western Atlantic. Habitat: brackish, marine.

eydouxii, Lepidotrigla Sauvage [H.-E.] 1878:156 [Nouvelles Archives du Muséum d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris (Série 2) v. 1; ref. 3880] Manila, Philippines. Holotype (unique): MNHN 0000-6809. Type catalog: Blanc & Hureau 1968:31 [ref. 20738]. Correct spelling is eydouxii. •Valid as Lepidotrigla eydouxi Sauvage 1878 -- (Richards 1992:62 [ref. 20654], Richards 1999:2362 [ref. 24797], Richards in Randall & Lim 2000:607 [ref. 25122]). Current status: Valid as Lepidotrigla eydouxii Sauvage 1878. Triglidae. Distribution: Philippines. Habitat: marine.

fagianus, Trigla Rafinesque [C. S.] 1810:32, Pl. 6 (fig. 2) [Caratteri di alcuni nuovi generi e nuove specie di animali e piante della Sicilia; ref. 3594] Sicily, Italy, Mediterranean Sea. Also appeared in Rafinesque 1810:28 [ref. 3595]. •Synonym of Trigla lyra Linnaeus 1758. Current status: Synonym of Trigla lyra Linnaeus 1758. Triglidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

farrago, Bellator Richards [W. J.] & McCosker [J. E.] 1998:936, Figs. 1-3 [Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington v. 111 (no. 4); ref. 23599] Academy Bay, Isla Santa Cruz, Galápagos Islands. Holotype: CAS 54562. Paratypes: CAS 86564 (1), NMC 69-78 (2). •Valid as Bellator farrago Richards & McCosker 1998 -- (McCosker & Rosenblatt 2010:191 [ref. 30957]). Current status: Valid as Bellator farrago Richards & McCosker 1998. Triglidae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific: Galápagos Islands. Habitat: marine.

faurei, Lepidotrigla Gilchrist [J. D. F.] & Thompson [W. W.] 1914:75 [Annals of the South African Museum v. 13 (pt 3) (art. 5); ref. 14155] Off Tugela River mouth, KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa, southwestern Indian Ocean, depth 40 and 63 fathoms. Syntypes: (3) SAM 11803 (1) Pieter Faure station 11299, depth 40 fathoms; 2 not found. •Valid as Lepidotrigla faurei Gilchrist & Thompson 1914 -- (Richards & Saksena 1977:216 [ref. 5285], Heemstra 1986:487 [ref. 5660], Richards 1992:62 [ref. 20654], del Cerro & Lloris 1995:182 [ref. 22670], Randall 1995:114 [ref. 22896], Carpenter et al. 1997:139 [ref. 23922], Krupp et al. 2000:326 [ref. 25117], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S103 [ref. 27377], Psomadakis et al. 2015:189 [ref. 34104], Fricke et al. 2018:138 [ref. 35805]). Current status: Valid as Lepidotrigla faurei Gilchrist & Thompson 1914. Triglidae. Distribution: South and East Africa to Madagascar. Habitat: marine.

ferculum, Dixiphichthys Whitley [G. P.] 1952:32 [Proceedings of the Royal Zoological Society of New South Wales v. for 1950-51; ref. 4714] Palm Beach, New South Wales, Australia. Holotype: AMS IB.2718. •Based on a juvenile triglid; status uncertain -- (Paxton et al. 1989:457 [ref. 12442]). •Synonym of Pterygotrigla macrorhynchus Kamohara 1936 -- (Richards 1999:2362 [ref. 24797], Paxton et al. 2006:928 [ref. 29074]). •Valid as Ptergotrigla ferculum (Whitley 1952) -- (Richards & Yato 2014:24 [ref. 33182] based on a juvenile) Current status: Synonym of Pterygotrigla fercula (Whitley 1952). Triglidae. Habitat: marine.

filaris, Trigla Otto [A. W.] 1821:7 [Conspectus animalium quorundam maritimorum; ref. 4987] Naples, Italy, Mediterranean Sea. No types known. Triglidae. Habitat: marine.

frontalis, Prionotus Garman [S.] 1899:108 [Memoirs of the Museum of Comparative Zoology v. 24; ref. 1540] Gulf of Panama, 7°26'10"N, 79°53'50"W, Albatross station 3390, depth 56 fathoms. Holotype (unique): MCZ 30778. •Synonym of Bellator loxias (Jordan 1897) -- (Miller & Richards 1991:645 [ref. 15980], Miller & Richards 1991:761 [ref. 15981]). Current status: Synonym of Bellator loxias (Jordan 1897). Triglidae. Habitat: marine.

gabonensis, Trigla Poll [M.] & Roux [C.] 1955:1, Fig. [Bulletin de l'Institut Royal des Sciences Naturelles de Belgique v. 31 (no. 43); ref. 12468] Off Angola coast, 5°52'S, 11°43'30"E, depth 70 meters. Holotype: IRSNB 380. Paratypes: (62) IRSNB 381-396 (1, 2, 1, 1, 2, 1, 1, 2, 6, 1, 1, 1, 2, 9, 6, 1), MRAC 127198-220 (23). Type catalog: Walschaerts 1987:25 [ref. 20755], Derijst 1991:71 [ref. 21528]. •Valid as Chelidonichthys gabonensis (Poll & Roux 1955) -- (Richards 1968:98 [ref. 7911], Richards & Saksena 1990:681 [ref. 17757], Wirtz et al. 2013:122 [ref. 32972], Richards 2016:2304 [ref. 35044]). Current status: Valid as Chelidonichthys gabonensis (Poll & Roux 1955). Triglidae. Distribution: Eastern Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

garrulus, Trigla Risso [A.] 1824:299 [Bulletin des Sciences Naturelles et de Géologie (Férussac), Paris v. 2; ref. 26460] Nice, France, northwestern Mediterranean Sea. No types known. Triglidae. Habitat: marine.

gomoni, Pterygotrigla Last [P. R.] & Richards [W. J.] 2012:40, Figs. 1-2 [Zootaxa No. 3195; ref. 31796] Western Australia, 230 kilometers northwest of Beagle Bay, 15°30'S, 120°58'E, depth 280-320 meters. Holotype: WAM P 26270-004. Paratypes: WAM P 26270-04 (2). •Valid as Pterygotrigla gomoni Last & Richards 2012 -- (Richards & Yato 2012:62 [ref. 32168]). Current status: Valid as Pterygotrigla gomoni Last & Richards 2012. Triglidae. Distribution: Western Australia (types). Habitat: marine.

gonotus, Trigla Rafinesque [C. S.] 1810:32, Pl. 6 (fig. 3) [Caratteri di alcuni nuovi generi e nuove specie di animali e piante della Sicilia; ref. 3594] Sicily, Italy, Mediterranean Sea. No types known. Also appeared in Rafinesque 1810:28 [ref. 3595]. •Questionably a synonym of Trigloporus lastoviza (Brünnich 1768) -- (Blanc & Hureau 1973:590 [ref. 7218]). •Synonym of Lepidotrigla cavillone (Lacepède 1801) -- (Richards 1968:102 [ref. 7911], Richards 2016:2312 [ref. 35044]). Current status: Synonym of Lepidotrigla cavillone (Lacepède 1801). Triglidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

grandis, Lepidotrigla Ogilby [J. D.] 1910:122 [On some new fishes from the Queensland coast; ref. 3289] Off Cape Moreton, Queensland, Australia, depth 73 fathoms. Syntypes: AMS I.12512 (1 or 7, not found); QM I.11 (1), QM I.1559 (1). •Valid as Lepidotrigla grandis Ogilby 1910 -- (Paxton et al. 1989:455 [ref. 12442], Richards 1992:62 [ref. 20654], Kuiter 1993:110 [ref. 23929], del Cerro & Lloris 1997:103 [ref. 22944], Paxton et al. 2006:924 [ref. 29074], Fricke et al. 2011:380 [ref. 31242]). Current status: Valid as Lepidotrigla grandis Ogilby 1910. Triglidae. Distribution: Australia, New Caledonia. Habitat: marine.

grisescens, Prionotus Teague [G. W.] 1951:14, Pl. 1 (figs. 1-2) [Comunicaciones Zoologicas del Museo de Historia Natural de Montevideo v. 3 (no. 61); ref. 12924] Tortugas Islands, Florida, Gulf of Mexico, U.S.A. Holotype: USNM 117269. Paratypes: USNM 111980 (11). •Questionably a synonym of Prionotus ophryas Jordan & Swain 1885 -- (Miller & Richards 1991:760 [ref. 15981]). Current status: Uncertain as Prionotus ophryas Jordan & Swain 1885. Triglidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

grunniens, Trigla Lacepède [B. G. E.] 1801:340, 359 [Histoire naturelle des poissons (Lacepède) v. 3; ref. 2710] Mediterranean Sea. No types known. •Synonym of Chelidonichthys gurnardus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Richards 1968:88 [ref. 7911]). •Synonym of Aspitrigla cuculus Linnaeus 1758 -- (Blanc & Hureau 1973:587 [ref. 7218]). •Synonym of Eutrigla gurnardus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Richards 2016:2309 [ref. 35044]). Current status: Synonym of Eutrigla gurnardus (Linnaeus 1758). Triglidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

guentheri, Lepidotrigla Hilgendorf [F. M.] 1879:106 [Sitzungsberichte der Gesellschaft Naturforschender Freunde zu Berlin 1879; ref. 21467] Tokyo, Japan. Holotype (unique): ZMB 10626. Type catalog: Paepke & Fricke 1992:276 [ref. 19946]. Original as güntheri. •Valid as Lepidotrigla guentheri Hilgendorf 1879 -- (Ochiai & Yatou in Masuda et al. 1984:333 [ref. 6441], Yatou in Okamura et al. 1985:577, 722 [ref. 8056], Lindberg & Krasyukova 1987:101 [ref. 15964], Richards 1992:62 [ref. 20654], Nakabo 2000:608 [ref. 25086], Lee 2000:5 [ref. 25174], Shinohara et al. 2001:315 [ref. 25995], Nakabo 2002:608 [ref. 26001], Youn 2002:253, 567 [ref. 26218], Shinohara et al. 2005:426 [ref. 28370], Shinohara et al. 2011:43 [ref. 31715], Shinohara et al. 2014:246 [ref. 33300], Gomon & Psomadakis 2018:76 [ref. 35752], Gomon & Kawai 2018:650 [ref. 36285]). Current status: Valid as Lepidotrigla guentheri Hilgendorf 1879. Triglidae. Distribution: Western North Pacific: Japan and East China Sea. Habitat: marine.

guezei, Pterygotrigla Fourmanoir [P.] in Fourmanoir & Guézé 1963:18, Fig. 4 [Publications de l'Institut de Recherche Scientifique de Madascar No. 6; ref. 21558] Réunion, western Mascarenes, southwestern Indian Ocean. Holotype (unique): MNHN 1965-0067. Type catalog: Blanc & Hureau 1968:34 [ref. 20738]. Originally as guézéi. •Valid as Pterygotrigla guezei Fourmanoir 1963 -- (Fricke 1999:169 [ref. 24106], Fricke et al. 2009:41 [ref. 30213], Last & Richards 2012:47 [ref. 31796], Richards & Yato 2012:59 [ref. 32168], Fricke et al. 2018:138 [ref. 35805]). Current status: Valid as Pterygotrigla guezei Fourmanoir 1963. Triglidae. Distribution: Madagascar to western Mascarenes. Habitat: marine.

gurnardus, Trigla Linnaeus [C.] 1758:301 [Systema Naturae, Ed. X v. 1; ref. 2787] British seas. Syntypes: BMNH 1853.11.12.15 [Gronovius coll.] (1, skin), LS 18 (left half-skin plus parts), possibly also 19 and 20. Type catalog: Wheeler 1958:239 [ref. 13434], Wheeler 1985:44 [ref. 20705]. •Valid as Chelidonichthys gurnardus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Richards 1968:88 [ref. 7911], Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:72 [ref. 26753], Fricke et al. 2007:77 [ref. 29533]). •Valid as Trigla gurnardus Linnaeus 1758 -- (Ninua & Japoshvili 2008:170 [ref. 31251]). •Valid as Eutrigla gurnardus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Blanc & Hureau 1973:588 [ref. 7218], Hureau in Whitehead et al. 1986:1233 [ref. 13677], Rusyaev & Shatsky 2001:265 [ref. 25406], Parin et al. 2002:S65 [ref. 28300], Fricke 2007:28 [ref. 30577], Vasil'eva 2007:82 [ref. 30517], Parin et al. 2014:226 [ref. 33547], Richards 2016:2309 [ref. 35044], Martins & Carneiro 2018:118 [ref. 36550], Artüz & Fricke 2019:555 [ref. 36612]). Current status: Valid as Eutrigla gurnardus (Linnaeus 1758). Triglidae. Distribution: Western Baltic Sea, North Sea, Mediterranean Sea, Sea of Marmara, Black Sea, eastern Atlantic: Norway and Iceland south to Morocco, including Madeira. Habitat: brackish, marine.

guttata, Trigla Philippi [R. A.] 1896:375 [Anales de la Universidad de Chile 93-95; ref. 3465] Juan Fernández Islands. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. •Synonym of Pterygotrigla picta (Günther 1880) -- (del Cerro & Lloris 1997:115 [ref. 22944], Dyer & Westneat 2010:604 [ref. 31446]). Current status: Synonym of Pterygotrigla picta (Günther 1880). Triglidae. Habitat: marine.

gymnostethus, Prionotus Gilbert [C. H.] 1892:559 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 14 (no. 880); ref. 1626] Pacific coast of Baja California, 23°33'N, 110°37'W, Albatross station 2830, depth 66 fathoms. Lectotype: USNM 46674. Paralectotypes: CAS-SU 2458 (4), USNM 204924 (2). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:124 [ref. 12291]. Lectotype selected by Miller & Richards 1991 [ref. 15980]. •Valid as Bellator gymnostethus (Gilbert 1892) -- (Miller & Richards 1991:642 [ref. 15980], Miller & Richards 1991:761 [ref. 15981], Castro-Aguirre et al. 1993:88 [ref. 21807], Allen & Robertson 1994:102 [ref. 22193], Bussing & López S. 1994:86 [ref. 23101], Bussing in Fischer et al. 1995:1646 [ref. 22830], De La Cruz Agüero et al. 1997:300 [ref. 24545], Richards & McCosker 1998:940 [ref. 23599], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:263 [ref. 24555], Nelson et al. 2004:116 [ref. 27807], Page et al. 2013:119 [ref. 32708]). Current status: Valid as Bellator gymnostethus (Gilbert 1892). Triglidae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

hafizi, Pterygotrigla (Otohime) Richards [W. J.], Yato [T.] & Last [P. R.] 2003:7, Figs. 1F, 9 [Smithiana. Publications in Aquatic Biodiversity Bull. 2; ref. 27122] Maldives, 6°18'N, 73°14'E, depth 230 meters. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1997.1.6.1. •Valid as Pterygotrigla hafizi Richards, Yato & Last 2003 -- (Last & Richards 2012:39 [ref. 31796]). Current status: Valid as Pterygotrigla hafizi Richards, Yato & Last 2003. Triglidae. Distribution: Western Indian Ocean: Maldives. Habitat: marine.

hamata, Trigla Bloch [M. E.] & Schneider [J. G.] 1801:16 [M. E. Blochii, Systema Ichthyologiae; ref. 471] Spain. No types known. Based on the "Trigla, Hispanorum Chabrontera" of Osbeck 1770:101 [ref. 18497]. •Synonym of Eutrigla gurnardus (Linnaeus 1758). Current status: Synonym of Eutrigla gurnardus (Linnaeus 1758). Triglidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

hemisticta, Trigla Temminck [C. J.] & Schlegel [H.] 1843:36, Pl. 14 (figs. 3-4), 14B [Fauna Japonica Parts 2-4; ref. 4371] Nagasaki, Japan. Lectotype: RMNH D695 (stuffed). Paralectotypes: RMNH 501 (1). Lectotype selected by Boeseman 1947:46 [ref. 12876]. •Valid as Pterygotrigla hemisticta (Temminck & Schlegel 1843) -- (Ochiai & Yatou in Masuda et al. 1984:334 [ref. 6441], Yatou in Okamura et al. 1985:581, 724 [ref. 8056], Lindberg & Krasyukova 1987:106 [ref. 15964], Allen & Swainston 1988:52 [ref. 25477], Paxton et al. 1989:456 [ref. 12442], Randall 1995:115 [ref. 22896], Khalaf et al. 1996:403 [ref. 23175], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:580 [ref. 27969], Allen 1997:80 [ref. 23977], Richards 1999:2373 [ref. 24797], Nakabo 2000:605 [ref. 25086], Richards in Randall & Lim 2000:607 [ref. 25122], Lee 2000:2 [ref. 25174], Hutchins 2001:28 [ref. 25847], Shinohara et al. 2001:315 [ref. 25995], Nakabo 2002:605 [ref. 26001], Youn 2002:254, 568 [ref. 26218], Richards et al. 2003:7 [ref. 27122], Shinohara et al. 2005:426 [ref. 28370], Paxton et al. 2006:928 [ref. 29074], Last & Richards 2012:39 [ref. 31796], Larson et al. 2013:88 [ref. 32988] dated 1844, Motomura et al. 2015:18 [ref. 34709], Golani & Fricke 2018:58 [ref. 36273]). Current status: Valid as Pterygotrigla hemisticta (Temminck & Schlegel 1843). Triglidae. Distribution: Western Pacific and southeastern Indian Ocean off Australia. Habitat: marine.

hime, Lepidotrigla Matsubara [K.] & Hiyama [J.] 1932:36, Fig. 13 [Journal of the Imperial Fisheries Institute v. 28 (no. 1); ref. 16501] Misaki, Japan. Holotype: FAKU 13 (lost). •Synonym of Lepidotrigla abyssalis Jordan & Starks 1902 -- (Lindberg & Krasyukova 1987:102 [ref. 15964]). •Valid as Lepidotrigla hime Matsubara & Hiyama 1932 -- (Ochiai & Yatou in Masuda et al. 1984:334 [ref. 6441], Yatou in Okamura et al. 1985:579, 723 [ref. 8056], Richards 1992:62 [ref. 20654], Lee & Sasaki 1997:170 [ref. 25733], Nakabo 2000:609 [ref. 25086], Lee 2000:8 [ref. 25174], Shinohara et al. 2001:315 [ref. 25995], Nakabo 2002:609 [ref. 26001], Youn 2002:253, 567 [ref. 26218], Shinohara et al. 2005:426 [ref. 28370], Motomura et al. 2017:70 [ref. 35490]). Current status: Valid as Lepidotrigla hime Matsubara & Hiyama 1932. Triglidae. Distribution: Western North Pacific: Japan to South China Sea. Habitat: marine.

hirundo, Trigla Linnaeus [C.] 1758:301 [Systema Naturae, Ed. X v. 1; ref. 2787] Atlantic. Syntypes: LS 22-23 (2, left half-skins, poor condition). Type catalog: Wheeler 1985:45 [ref. 20705]. Richards 1968:94 [ref. 7911] serves as first reviser, selecting lucernus over hirundo. •Questionably a synonym of Aspitrigla obscura (Walbaum 1792) -- (Blanc & Hureau 1973:588 [ref. 7218]). •Synonym of Chelidonichthys lucernus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Richards 1968:94 [ref. 7911]). •Synonym of Chelidonichthys lucerna (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:73 [ref. 26753], Richards 2016:2306 [ref. 35044]). Current status: Synonym of Chelidonichthys lucerna (Linnaeus 1758). Triglidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

hoplites, Dixiphichthys Fowler [H. W.] 1938:120, Fig. 57 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 85 (no. 3032); ref. 1426] Off Port Tagolo Light, vicinity of northern Mindanao, Philippines, 8°46'00"N, 123°32'30"E, Albatross station D.5516, depth 175 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 98874. Paratypes: USNM 98982 (1). •Valid as Pterygotrigla hoplites (Fowler 1938) -- (Richards 1999:2374 [ref. 24797], Richards in Randall & Lim 2000:607 [ref. 25122], Hutchins 2001:28 [ref. 25847], Paxton et al. 2006:928 [ref. 29074], Last & Richards 2012:39 [ref. 31796], Larson et al. 2013:88 [ref. 32988], Richards & Yato 2014:24 [ref. 33182]). Current status: Valid as Pterygotrigla hoplites (Fowler 1938). Triglidae. Distribution: Philippines and Australia. Habitat: marine.

horrens, Prionotus Richardson [J.] 1844:no p., Pl. 42 (figs. 1-3) [Ichthyology.--Part 1. The zoology of the voyage of H. M. S. Sulphur; ref. 3739] Gulf of Fonsica, Pacific coast of Central America. Syntypes: BMNH 1855.9.19.83-85. Available from plate. Text in Richardson 1845:79 [ref. 20274]. •Valid as Prionotus horrens Richardson 1844 -- (Miller & Richards 1991:760 [ref. 15981], Allen & Robertson 1994:103 [ref. 22193], Bussing & López S. 1994:86 [ref. 23101], Bussing in Fischer et al. 1995:1647 [ref. 22830], De La Cruz Agüero et al. 1997:300 [ref. 24545], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:265 [ref. 24555], Nelson et al. 2004:117 [ref. 27807], Page et al. 2013:120 [ref. 32708], González-Murcia et al. 2019:306 [ref. 36544]). Current status: Valid as Prionotus horrens Richardson 1844. Triglidae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

hyrax, Trigla Pallas [P. S.] 1814:233 [Zoographia Rosso-Asiatica v. 3; ref. 3351] Black Sea. No types known. •Synonym of Aspitrigla obscura [? authorship] -- (Blanc & Hureau 1973:588 [ref. 7218]). •Synonym of Chelidonichthys lucerna (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Richards 1968:94 [ref. 7911] as Lucenus, Parin et al. 2002:S65 [ref. 28300], Parin et al. 2014:225 [ref. 33547], Richards 2016:2306 [ref. 35044]). Current status: Synonym of Chelidonichthys lucerna (Linnaeus 1758). Triglidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

ischyrus, Chelidonichthys Jordan [D. S.] & Thompson [W. F.] 1914:282, Pl. 35 (fig. 1) [Memoirs of the Carnegie Museum v. 6 (no. 4); ref. 2543] Sagami Bay, Japan. Holotype: FMNH 57517 [ex CM 6459]. Type catalog: Henn 1928:94 [ref. 12305], Ibarra & Stewart 1987:23 [ref. 12367]. •Valid as Chelidonichthys ischyrus Jordan & Thompson 1914 -- (Ochiai & Yatou in Masuda et al. 1984:333 [ref. 6441], Nakabo 2000:606 [ref. 25086], Nakabo 2002:606 [ref. 26001]). Current status: Valid as Chelidonichthys ischyrus Jordan & Thompson 1914. Triglidae. Distribution: Western North Pacific. Habitat: marine.

jacad, Pterygotrigla Richards [W. J.] & Yato [T.] 2014:25, Figs. 2A-C [Zootaxa 3768 (no. 1); ref. 33182] Saya de Malha Bank, 11°43'S 61°18'E, Indian Ocean, depth 240-241 meters, Holotype: USNM 393315. Paratypes: CSIRO H 6664-01 (1), SAIAB 72786 (1). •Valid as Pterygotrigla jacad Richards & Yato 2014. Current status: Valid as Pterygotrigla jacad Richards & Yato 2014. Triglidae. Distribution: Indian Ocean: Saya de Malho Bank and Nazareth Bank. Habitat: marine.

jamaicensis, Prionotus Teague [G. W.] 1951:48, Pl. 3 (figs. 4-5) [Comunicaciones Zoologicas del Museo de Historia Natural de Montevideo v. 3 (no. 61); ref. 12924] Jamaica. Holotype: USNM 30114. Paratypes: (1) USNM 30114 [ex Kingston Public Mus.]. •Synonym of Prionotus punctatus (Bloch 1793) -- (Miller & Richards 1991:760 [ref. 15981]). Current status: Synonym of Prionotus punctatus (Bloch 1793). Triglidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

japonica, Lepidotrigla Nyström [E.] 1887:23 [Bihang till Kongl. Svenska vetenskaps-akademiens handlingar. Stockholm v. 13 (pt 4) No. 4; ref. 14475] Nagasaki, Japan. Holotype (unique): ZMUU 276. Type catalog: Wallin 1996:61 [ref. 32133]. Subjectively invalid; secondarily preoccupied by Trigla japonica Shaw 1803. •Replaced by and objective synonym of Lepidotrigla abyssalis Jordan & Starks 1904 -- (Lindberg & Krasyukova 1987:102 [ref. 15964], Richards 1992:62 [ref. 20654]). Current status: Synonym of Lepidotrigla abyssalis Jordan & Starks 1904. Triglidae. Habitat: marine.

japonica, Trigla Shaw [G.] 1803:624 [General zoology or systematic natural history v. 4; ref. 4014] Japanese Sea. Unneeded new name for Trigla alata Houttuyn 1782; apparently independent of Lacepède 1801. Subjectively invalid; preoccupied in Lepidotrigla by Dactylopterus japonicus Lacepède 1801. •Synonym of Lepidotrigla alata (Houttuyn 1782). Current status: Synonym of Lepidotrigla alata (Houttuyn 1782). Triglidae. Habitat: marine.

japonicus, Dactylopterus Lacepède [B. G. E.] 1801:335 [Histoire naturelle des poissons (Lacepède) v. 3; ref. 2710] Japan. No types known. Unneeded new name for and objective synonym of Trigla alata Houttuyn 1782. Subjectively invalid; secondarily preoccupied in Lepidotrigla by Trigla japonica Shaw 1803. •Synonym of Lepidotrigla alata (Houttuyn 1782). Current status: Synonym of Lepidotrigla alata (Houttuyn 1782). Triglidae. Habitat: marine.

japonicus, Prionotus Bleeker [P.] 1854:398 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 6 (no. 2); ref. 13964] Nagasaki, Japan. Syntypes: (3). Subjectively invalid; secondarily preoccupied in Lepidotrigla by Dactylopterus japonicus Lacepède 1801 and Trigla japonica Shaw 1803. Apparently a new name is needed for this species since all three names are considered congeneric or the two older names need to be suppressed. •Valid as Lepidotrigla japonica (Bleeker 1854) -- (Ochiai & Yatou in Masuda et al. 1984:333 [ref. 6441], Lindberg & Krasyukova 1987:100 [ref. 15964], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:579 [ref. 27969], Chen et al. 1997:170 [ref. 26476] dated 1857, Richards 1999:2362 [ref. 24797], Nakabo 2000:607 [ref. 25086], Richards in Randall & Lim 2000:607 [ref. 25122], Lee 2000:5 [ref. 25174], Hutchins 2001:28 [ref. 25847] as cf. japonica, Shinohara et al. 2001:315 [ref. 25995], Youn 2002:253, 567 [ref. 26218], Shinohara et al. 2005:426 [ref. 28370], Gomon & Kawai 2018:627 [ref. 36285] as cf. japonica, Imamura in Kimura et al. 2018:84 [ref. 36460]). Current status: Valid as Lepidotrigla japonica (Bleeker 1854). Triglidae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Indonesia and South China Sea north to Korea and Japan. Habitat: marine.

jimjoebob, Lepidotrigla Richards [W. J.] 1992:57, Figs. 4-6 [Bulletin of Marine Science v. 51 (no. 1); ref. 20654] Southwest of Christmas Atoll, Line Islands, Pacific, 1°50'S, 157°30'W, depth 183 meters. Holotype (unique): BPBM 24881. •Valid as Lepidotrigla jimjoebob Richards 1992 -- (Richards 1997:1058 [ref. 22983], Richards 1999:2362 [ref. 24797]). Current status: Valid as Lepidotrigla jimjoebob Richards 1992. Triglidae. Distribution: Central Pacific. Habitat: marine.

kanagashira, Lepidotrigla Kamohara [T.] 1936:1007, Fig. 2 [Dobutsugaku Zasshi = Zoological Magazine Tokyo v. 48 (no. 12); ref. 13709] Mimase, Kochi Prefecture, Japan. Kamohara "neotype": BSKU 9529. Type catalog: Kamohara 1961:6 [ref. 19282] Neotype designation: Kamohara 1961:6 [ref. 19282] but the designation was not made in a revisory work and is invalid. •Valid as Lepidotrigla kanagashira Kamohara 1936 -- (Ochiai & Yatou in Masuda et al. 1984:333 [ref. 6441], Richards 1992:63 [ref. 20654], Richards 1999:2362 [ref. 24797], Nakabo 2000:608 [ref. 25086], Richards in Randall & Lim 2000:607 [ref. 25122], Lee 2000:7 [ref. 25174], Shinohara et al. 2001:315 [ref. 25995], Nakabo 2002:608 [ref. 26001], Youn 2002:253, 567 [ref. 26218], Shinohara et al. 2005:426 [ref. 28370]). Current status: Valid as Lepidotrigla kanagashira Kamohara 1936. Triglidae. Distribution: Western North Pacific. Habitat: marine.

kishinouyi, Lepidotrigla Snyder [J. O.] 1911:543 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 40 (no. 1836); ref. 4152] Kagoshima, Japan. Holotype: USNM 68241. Paratypes: CAS-SU 21427 (1), USNM 74584 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:124 [ref. 12291]. The original spelling was kishinouyi but named after Dr. K. Kishinouye; usually seen as kishinouyei, but it is assumed that for phonetic reasons, Snyder chose the spelling kishinouyi. •Valid as Lepidotrigla kishinouyi Snyder 1911 -- (Ochiai & Yatou in Masuda et al. 1984:334 [ref. 6441] as kishinouyei, Lindberg & Krasyukova 1987:104 [ref. 15964] as kishinouyei, Richards 1992:62 [ref. 20654], Lee & Sasaki 1997:171 [ref. 25733] as kishinouyei, Nakabo 2000:609 [ref. 25086] as kishinouyei, Lee 2000:6 [ref. 25174], Shinohara et al. 2001:315 [ref. 25995], Nakabo 2002:609 [ref. 26001] as kishinouyei, Youn 2002:254, 568 [ref. 26218] as kishinouyei, Shinohara et al. 2005:426 [ref. 28370] as kishinouyei). Current status: Valid as Lepidotrigla kishinouyi Snyder 1911. Triglidae. Distribution: Western North Pacific. Habitat: marine.

kumoides, Trigla Steindachner [F.] 1900:175 [Anzeiger der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Wien, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe v. 37 (no. 16) (for 21 June 1900); ref. 20498] New Zealand. Holotype (unique): UMB 163 [RK UMB 4565]. Type catalog: Wahlert 1955:325 [ref. 21527]. Species later illustrated and described in detail in Steindachner 1900:498 Pl. 1 (figs. 2-2a) [ref. 14892]; on p. 16 of separate. •Synonym of Chelidonichthys kumu (Cuvier 1829). Current status: Synonym of Chelidonichthys kumu (Cuvier 1829). Triglidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

kumu, Trigla Cuvier [G.] (ex Lesson) 1829:50 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 4; ref. 998] New Zealand. Syntypes: MNHN 0000-6926 (1), 0000-6931 (1). Type catalog: Blanc & Hureau 1968:36 [ref. 20738]. Also appeared in Lesson 1831:214, Poissons Pl. 19 [ref. 2776]. Although Cuvier cites Pl. 19 of Lesson in a footnote, the fish plates were apparently issued with the fish text in 1830-31 [see remarks under Lesson 1831, ref. 2776, also see printed announcement for the series in the copy of this work at the California Academy of Sciences main library]. •Valid as Trigla kumu Cuvier 1829 -- (Lindberg & Krasyukova 1987:96 [ref. 15964]). •Valid as Chelidonichthys kumu (Cuvier 1829) -- (Hardy 1982:207 [ref. 8473], Heemstra 1982:292 [ref. 5416], Heemstra 1986:487 [ref. 5660], Paxton et al. 1989:454 [ref. 12442], Paulin et al. 1989:170 [ref. 24556], Yabe in Amaoka et al. 1990:235 [ref. 16024], Kuiter 1993:110 [ref. 23929], Francis 1993:160 [ref. 25479], Gomon et al. 1994:495 [ref. 22532], Chen et al. 1997:170 [ref. 26476], Cheng & Zhou 1997:420 [ref. 26385] with authorship as Lesson & Garnot 1830, Kuiter 1997:94 [ref. 25488], Richards 1999:2364 [ref. 24797], Sokolovskaya et al. 1998:9 [ref. 24670], Johnson 1999:728 [ref. 25471], Lee 2000:2 [ref. 25174], Wang et al. 2001:292 [ref. 26566] with authorship as Lesson & Garnot 1830, Hutchins 2001:28 [ref. 25847], Youn 2002:253, 566 [ref. 26218] with authorship as Lesson & Garnot, Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:151 [ref. 28072], Mundy 2005:334 [ref. 28379], Paxton et al. 2006:922 [ref. 29074], Gomon & Last 2008:508 [ref. 30651], Struthers & Gomon 2015:1108 [ref. 34286]). Current status: Valid as Chelidonichthys kumu (Cuvier 1829). Triglidae. Distribution: Australia to Lord Howe Island and New Zealand. Previous records are probably misidentifications [ref. 34286]. Habitat: brackish, marine.

laevis, Trigla Montagu [G.] 1818:455 [Memoirs of the Wernerian Natural History Society, Edinburgh v. 2 (Pt. 2, art. 27); ref. 17785] Torcross, south coast of Devonshire, England. No types known. •Synonym of Chelidonichthys lucernus (Linnaeus 1758) (sic)-- (Richards 1968:94 [ref. 7911]). •Synonym of Chelidonichthys lucerna (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Richards 2016:2306 [ref. 35044]). Current status: Synonym of Chelidonichthys lucerna (Linnaeus 1758). Triglidae. Habitat: marine.

laevispinnis, Lepidotrigla Blache [J.] & Ducroz [J.] 1960:205, Fig. [Bulletin du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle (Série 2) v. 32 (no. 3); ref. 11891] Off Pointe-Noire, Republic of the Congo, depth 80-100 meters. Syntypes: MNHN 1960-0184 through 1960-0200 (17). Type catalog: Blanc & Hureau 1968:31-32 [ref. 20738]. •Synonym of Lepidotrigla cadmani Regan 1915 -- (Richards 1968:102 [ref. 7911], Richards & Saksena 1990:683 [ref. 17757], Richards 2016:2310 [ref. 35044]). Current status: Synonym of Lepidotrigla cadmani Regan 1915. Triglidae. Habitat: marine.

larsoni, Lepidotrigla del Cerro [L.] & Lloris [D.] 1997:47, Figs. 1-5 [Scientia Marina v. 61 (no. 1); ref. 22811] East of Dunk Island, Queensland, Australia, depth 220 meters. Holotype: NTM S-11746-024. Paratypes: AMS I-37166-001 (1); IIPB 1-1996 (1); NMV A-16823 (1); NTM-S-11746-033 (2). Type catalog: Allué et al. 2000:99 [ref. 30499]. •Valid as Lepidotrigla larsoni del Cerro & Lloris 1997 -- (Paxton et al. 2006:924 [ref. 29074]). Current status: Valid as Lepidotrigla larsoni del Cerro & Lloris 1997. Triglidae. Distribution: Australia. Habitat: marine.

lastoviza, Trigla Bonnaterre [J. P.] (ex Brünnich) 1788:147 [Tableau encyclopédique et méthodique des trois règnes de la nature... Ichthyologie; ref. 4940] [Spalato] Split, Croatia, Adriatic Sea (Mediterranean Sea). No types known. Based on Trigla sp., with common name "lastoviza" in Brünnich 1768:99 [ref. 17290]; validly published by Bonnaterre. Note that Cuculus lineatus Pennant 1769 predates lastoviza, and if they are the same then this needs further investigation. Neotype designated by Fricke 1999:38 [ref. 24101], but withdrawn in Fricke 2000:639 [ref. 24537]. •Valid [author as Brünnich] as Chelidonichthys lastoviza (Richards 1968:86 [ref. 7911], Richards & Saksena 1990:681 [ref. 17757]). •Valid [authorship as Brünnich 1788] as Trigloporus lastoviza -- (Blanc & Hureau 1973:590 [ref. 7218], Richards & Saksena 1980:156 [ref. 23143], Heemstra 1982:293 [ref. 5416], Hureau in Whitehead et al. 1986:1237 [ref. 13677], Santos et al. 1997:79 [ref. 23531], Arruda 1997:117 [ref. 24952], Caputo & Sorice 1999:81 [ref. 25260], Fricke 1999:38 [ref. 24101]). •Valid as Trigloporus lastoviza (Bonnaterre 1788) -- (Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:72 [ref. 26753]). •Valid as Chelidonichthys lastoviza (Bonnaterre 1788) -- (Fricke et al. 2007:77 [ref. 29533], Richards 2016:2305 [ref. 35044], Martins & Carneiro 2018:115 [ref. 36550], Artüz & Fricke 2019:555 [ref. 36612]). Current status: Valid as Chelidonichthys lastoviza (Bonnaterre 1788). Triglidae. Distribution: Mediterranean Sea, Sea of Marmara, eastern Atlantic: Norway to South Africa including Azores, Madeira and Canary Islands; southwestern Indian Ocean: South Africa to Mozambique. Habitat: marine.

latifrons, Prionotus scitulus Ginsburg [I.] 1950:504 [Texas Journal of Science v. 2 (no. 4); ref. 12953] Rockport, Texas, U.S.A. Holotype: USNM 118671. Paratypes: USNM 3215 (1), 5148 (1), 30195 (1), 44648 (1), 68615 (5), 118671 (1), 147802 (13), 155132-34 (1, 1, 1), 157460 (13), 157522-24 (1, 1, 1). •Synonym of Prionotus scitulus Jordan & Gilbert 1882, questionably a valid subspecies -- (Miller & Richards 1991:760 [ref. 15981]). Current status: Synonym of Prionotus scitulus Jordan & Gilbert 1882. Triglidae. Habitat: marine.

lepidojugulata, Lepidotrigla Li [S.-Z.] 1981:295, Figs. 1-2 [Zoological Research v. 2 (no. 4); ref. 20915] Guangshou City, Guangdong Province, northern South China Sea. Holotype: ASZIB [now NZMC] 41001. Paratypes: (59) 6 now at ASZIB [now NZMC] out of 33073-76, 33903-07, 34905-06. Type catalog: Zhang 1996:503 [ref. 24036], Ye et al. 2015:94 [ref. 33808]. •Valid as Lepidotrigla lepidojugulata Li 1981 -- (Richards 1992:62 [ref. 20654], Richards 1999:2362 [ref. 24797], Richards in Randall & Lim 2000:607 [ref. 25122], Larson et al. 2013:87 [ref. 32988], Ye et al. 2015:94 [ref. 33808]). Current status: Valid as Lepidotrigla lepidojugulata Li 1981. Triglidae. Distribution: Western Pacific. Habitat: marine.

leptacanthus, Trigla Günther [A.] 1880:42, Pl. 18 (fig. B) [Report on the shore fishes procured during the voyage of H. M. S. Challenger in the years 1873-1876 v. 1 (pt 6); ref. 2011] Kai Islands, Challenger station 192, Indonesia, Banda Sea, depth 129 fathoms. Syntypes: BMNH 1879.5.14.271-272 (2), MNHN 1890-0107 (1), NMI block reg. no. 114.1899 (1). Type catalog: Blanc & Hureau 1968:36-37 [ref. 20738], Wheeler & O'Riordan 1969:99 [ref. 20752]. Misspelled in literature as Trigla triacanthus (not researched). •Valid as Pterygotrigla leptacanthus (Günther 1880) -- (Allen & Swainston 1988:52 [ref. 25477], Paxton et al. 1989:456 [ref. 12442], Allen 1997:80 [ref. 23977], Richards 1999:2375 [ref. 24797], Richards in Randall & Lim 2000:607 [ref. 25122], Paxton et al. 2006:928 [ref. 29074], Larson et al. 2013:88 [ref. 32988]). Current status: Valid as Pterygotrigla leptacanthus (Günther 1880). Triglidae. Distribution: Western Pacific. Habitat: marine.

leucoptera, Trigla Swainson [W.] 1839:422 [The natural history and classification v. 2; ref. 4303] Western coasts of Sicily, Italy, Mediterranean Sea. No types known. •Synonym of Lepidotrigla cavillone (Lacepède 1801) -- (Richards 1968:102 [ref. 7911], Richards 2016:2312 [ref. 35044]). Current status: Synonym of Lepidotrigla cavillone (Lacepède 1801). Triglidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

lineata, Trigla Mitchill [S. L.] 1815:430, Pl. 4 (fig. 4) [Transactions of the Literary and Philosophical Society of New-York v. 1 (art. 5) (for 1814); ref. 13292] New York, U.S.A. No types known. Probably not an original description but an identification of Trigla lineata Gmelin 1789. •Synonym of Prionotus evolans (Linnaeus 1766) -- (Miller & Richards 1991:760 [ref. 15981], Richards & Miller 2003:1273 [ref. 27049]). Current status: Synonym of Prionotus evolans (Linnaeus 1766). Triglidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

lineata, Trigla Gmelin [J. F.] 1789:1345 [Caroli a Linné ... Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae v. 1 (pt 3); ref. 18139] Cornubiam. No types known. Based on literature sources. •Synonym of Trigloporus lastoviza (Brünnich 1768) [Bonnaterre 1788] -- (Hureau in Whitehead et al. 1986:1237 [ref. 13677]). •Synonym of Chelidonichthys lastoviza (Brünnich 1768 [Bonnaterre 1788]) -- (Richards 1968:86 [ref. 7911], Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:72 [ref. 26753], Richards 2016:2305 [ref. 35044]). Current status: Synonym of Chelidonichthys lastoviza (Bonnaterre 1788). Triglidae. Habitat: marine.

lineatus, Cuculus Pennant [T.] 1769:237 [British zoology. 4 volumes v. 3; ref. 18527] Cornwall, England. No types known. See account of Trigla lastoviza. •Treated as a synonym of Trigloporus lastoviza (Pennant 1769 = Bonnaterre 1788) -- (Blanc & Hureau 1973:590 [ref. 7218]). •Synonym of Chelidonichthys lastoviza (Bonnaterre 1788). Current status: Synonym of Chelidonichthys lastoviza (Bonnaterre 1788). Triglidae. Habitat: marine.

longifaciata, Lepidotrigla Yatou [T.] 1981:263, Figs. 1-2 [Japanese Journal of Ichthyology v. 28 (no. 3); ref. 8524] Mimase, Kochi Prefecture, Tosa Bay, Japan. Holotype: BSKU 111143 [ex FAKOU 1143]. Paratypes: BSKU 29763 (1); BSKU [ex FAKOU] 111125 (1), 111127-28 (2), 111129 (1), 111132-35 (4), 111137-38 (2), 111139 (1), 111140 (1), 111141 (1), 111144-51 (8), 111154-55 (2), 111382 (1); NSMT-P 6902 (1). •Valid as Lepidotrigla longifaciata Yatou 1981 -- (Ochiai & Yatou in Masuda et al. 1984:334 [ref. 6441], Yatou in Okamura et al. 1985:579, 723 [ref. 8056], Richards 1992:62 [ref. 20654], Nakabo 2000:608 [ref. 25086], Shinohara et al. 2001:315 [ref. 25995], Nakabo 2002:608 [ref. 26001], Shinohara et al. 2005:426 [ref. 28370]). Current status: Valid as Lepidotrigla longifaciata Yatou 1981. Triglidae. Distribution: Western North Pacific. Habitat: marine.

longimana, Lepidotrigla Li [S.-Z.] 1981:297, Figs. 3-4 [Zoological Research v. 2 (no. 4); ref. 20915] Lingshui Xian, Hainan Island, China. Holotype: ASZIB [now NZMC] 55524. Paratypes: ASZIB [now NZMC] 33072 (1), 33077 (1), 33078 (1), 47467-69 (3), 49072 (1). Type catalog: Zhang 1996:502 [ref. 24036], Ye et al. 2015:95 [ref. 33808]. •Valid as Lepidotrigla longimana Li 1981 -- (Richards 1992:62 [ref. 20654], Richards 1999:2362 [ref. 24797], Richards in Randall & Lim 2000:607 [ref. 25122], Ye et al. 2015:95 [ref. 33808]). Current status: Valid as Lepidotrigla longimana Li 1981. Triglidae. Distribution: Western North Pacific. Habitat: marine.

longipennis, Prionotus scitulus var. Delsman [N. C.] 1941:75 [Mémoires du Musée royal d'histoire naturelle de Belgique (Ser. 2) No. 21; ref. 13171] West Atlantic, off Santa Margarita, Venezuela; Dry Tortugas; and coast of Florida, U.S.A. Syntypes: IRSNB 58-60 (1, 1, 7). Type catalog: Walschaerts 1987:24-25 [ref. 20755]. •Synonym of Prionotus roseus Jordan & Evermann 1887 -- (Miller & Richards 1991:760 [ref. 15981]). Current status: Synonym of Prionotus roseus Jordan & Evermann 1887. Triglidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

longipinnis, Lepidotrigla spiloptera var. Alcock [A. W.] 1890:429 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 6) v. 6 (no. 36) (art. 52); ref. 86] Bay of Bengal, off Ganjam Coast, Bengal, Investigator station 78, depth 18 fathoms. Holotype (unique): ZSI F12925. Type catalog: Menon & Yazdani 1968:155 [ref. 20743], Menon & Rama-Rao 1975:43 [ref. 22148]. Figured in Alcock 1900: Pl. 31 (fig. 1) [ref. 20536] as Lepidotrigla longipinnis. Thought to be preoccupied by Lepidotrigla longipinnis [but actually longispinis] Steindachner & Döderlein 1887, incorrectly replaced by Lepidotrigla riggsi Richards & Saksena 1977:211 [ref. 5285]. •Synonym of Lepidotrigla spilopterus Günther 1880 -- (Dor 1984:89 [ref. 29757]). •Synonym of Lepidotrigla riggsi Richards & Saksena 1977 -- (Richards 1992:62 [ref. 20654]). •Valid as Lepidotrigla longipinnis Alcock 1890 -- (Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S103 [ref. 27377], Gomon & Psomadakis 2018:68 [ref. 35752], Gomon & Kawai 2018:631 [ref. 36285]). Current status: Valid as Lepidotrigla longipinnis Alcock 1890. Triglidae. Distribution: Indian Ocean: Bombay, India, to southern Myanmar and west coast of Sumatra to south of Lombok. Habitat: marine.

longispinis, Lepidotrigla Steindachner [F.] & Döderlein [L.] 1887:262 [6], Pl. 4 (figs. 1-1a) [Denkschriften der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften in Wien, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe. v. 53 (1. abth.); ref. 4249] Tokyo, Japan. Syntypes: (3 orig.) MZS 904 (1); NMW 11307-09 (1, 1, 1), 77236 (1); ?ZMB 12070 (1). Type catalog: Paepke & Fricke 1992:277 [ref. 19946]. Type information (MZS, ZMB) from Amaoka & Fujii 1999:160 [ref. 26515]. •Synonym of Lepidotrigla guentheri Hilgendorf 1879 -- (Lindberg & Krasyukova 1987:101 [ref. 15964] as longispinnis, Richards 1992:62 [ref. 20654]). Current status: Synonym of Lepidotrigla guentheri Hilgendorf 1879. Triglidae. Habitat: marine.

longispinosus, Prionotus Teague [G. W.] 1951:54, Pl. 4 (figs. 6-7) [Comunicaciones Zoologicas del Museo de Historia Natural de Montevideo v. 3 (no. 61); ref. 12924] Gulf of Mexico. Holotype (unique): AMNH 8189. •Valid as Prionotus longispinosus Teague 1951 -- (Robins & Ray 1986:280 [ref. 23100], Miller & Richards 1991:760 [ref. 15981], Boschung 1992:100 [ref. 23239], Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:243 [ref. 24550], Richards & Miller 2003:1273 [ref. 27049], Nelson et al. 2004:117 [ref. 27807], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:59 [ref. 28815], Page et al. 2013:120 [ref. 32708]). Current status: Valid as Prionotus longispinosus Teague 1951. Triglidae. Distribution: Western Atlantic. Habitat: brackish, marine.

loxias, Prionotus Jordan [D. S.] in Gilbert 1897:452 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 19 (no. 1115); ref. 1629] Bay of Panama (Pacific), Albatross station 2805, depth 51.5 fathoms. Lectotype: USNM 47580. Paralectotypes: CAS-SU 165 (4); USNM 41399 (1), 41490 (1), 204922 [ex USNM 47580] (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:124 [ref. 12291]. Lectotype selected by Miller & Richards 1991:645 [ref. 15980]; original "holotype" lot contained more than one specimen. •Valid as Bellator loxias (Jordan 1897) -- (Miller & Richards 1991:645 [ref. 15980], Miller & Richards 1991:761 [ref. 15981], Castro-Aguirre et al. 1993:89 [ref. 21807], Bussing & López S. 1994:86 [ref. 23101], Bussing in Fischer et al. 1995:1646 [ref. 22830], Grove & Lavenberg 1997:299 [ref. 24023] [but see McCosker 1998:810 [ref. 24025]], Richards & McCosker 1998:940 [ref. 23599], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:264 [ref. 24555], Page et al. 2013:119 [ref. 32708], Fourriére et al. 2016:457 [ref. 34668], Del Moral-Flores et al. 2016:608 [ref. 34923], Robertson et al. 2017:79 [ref. 35676]). Current status: Valid as Bellator loxias (Jordan 1897). Triglidae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

lucerna, Trigla Linnaeus [C.] 1758:301 [Systema Naturae, Ed. X v. 1; ref. 2787] Northern Ocean. Syntypes: BMNH 1853.11.12.16 [Gronovius coll.] (1, skin). Type catalog: Wheeler 1958:239 [ref. 13434]. Species name is apparently a noun and should not decline. •Valid as Trigla lucerna Linnaeus 1758 -- (Blanc & Hureau 1973:586 [ref. 7218], Hureau in Whitehead et al. 1986:1235 [ref. 13677], Caputo & Sorice 1999:81 [ref. 25260], Fricke 2007:28 [ref. 30577], Ninua & Japoshvili 2008:170 [ref. 31251]). •Valid as Chelidonichthys lucernus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Richards 1968:94 [ref. 7911], Richards & Saksena 1990:682 [ref. 17757], Fricke et al. 2007:78 [ref. 29533], Vasil'eva 2007:82 [ref. 30517]). •Valid as Chelidonichthys lucerna (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:73 [ref. 26753], Parin et al. 2002:S65 [ref. 28300], Parin et al. 2014:225 [ref. 33547], Richards 2016:2306 [ref. 35044], Martins & Carneiro 2018:113 [ref. 36550], Artüz & Fricke 2019:555 [ref. 36612]). Current status: Valid as Chelidonichthys lucerna (Linnaeus 1758). Triglidae. Distribution: Western Baltic Sea, North Sea, Mediterranean Sea, Sea of Marmara, Black Sea, eastern Atlantic: Norway south to Mauritania, including Madeira and Canary Islands. Habitat: brackish, marine.

lyra, Trigla Linnaeus [C.] 1758:300 [Systema Naturae, Ed. X v. 1; ref. 2787] British seas. No types known. Misspelled lira in Cabrera y Corro, Pérez & Hänseler 1817:8 [ref. 17319], see Graells 1887:182 [ref. 30438]. •Valid as Trigla lyra Linnaeus 1758 -- (Richards 1968:82 [ref. 7911], Blanc & Hureau 1973:586 [ref. 7218], Heemstra 1982:292 [ref. 5416], Hureau in Whitehead et al. 1986:1236 [ref. 13677], Heemstra 1986:488 [ref. 5660], Richards & Saksena 1990:684 [ref. 17757], Bianchi & Carpenter in Bianchi et al. 1993:154 [ref. 25472], Arruda 1997:117 [ref. 24952], Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:74 [ref. 26753], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:151 [ref. 28072], Fricke et al. 2007:78 [ref. 29533], Goren & Galil 2015:521 [ref. 33910], Richards 2016:2314 [ref. 35044], Martins & Carneiro 2018:114 [ref. 36550]). Current status: Valid as Trigla lyra Linnaeus 1758. Triglidae. Distribution: Mediterranean Sea, eastern Atlantic: Gibraltar south to Namibia, including Madeira. Not Canary Islands [ref. 34617]. Habitat: brackish, marine.

macracaina, Lepidotrigla Gomon [M. F.] & Kawai [T.] 2018:634, Figs. 7A, 8, 9A-C [Raffles Bulletin of Zoology v. 66; ref. 36285] Bali, Indonesia, 08°43'S, 115°06'E. Holotype: MZB 24604 [ex BMNH 1987.1.23.65]. Paratypes: BMNH, HUMZ, NTM, QMB. •Valid as Lepidotrigla macracaina Gomon & Kawai 2018. Current status: Valid as Lepidotrigla macracaina Gomon & Kawai 2018. Triglidae. Distribution: Off Java, Bali and Lombok, southern Indonesia. Habitat: marine.

macrobrachium, Lepidotrigla Fowler [H. W.] 1938:109, Fig. 52 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 85 (no. 3032); ref. 1426] Corandagos Island, eastern Palawan and vicinity, Philippines, 10°37'50"N, 120°12'E, Albatross station D.5432, depth 51 fathoms. Holotype (unique): USNM 98882. •Valid as Lepidotrigla macrobrachia Fowler 1938 -- (Richards 1992:63 [ref. 20654], Richards 1999:2362 [ref. 24797], Richards in Randall & Lim 2000:607 [ref. 25122]). Current status: Valid as Lepidotrigla macrobrachia Fowler 1938. Triglidae. Distribution: Philippines. Habitat: marine.

macrodactylus, Trigla Günther [A.] 1889:18, Pl. 3 (fig. G) [Report on the Scientific Results of the Voyage of H. M. S. Challenger v. 31 (pt 78); ref. 2017] Off Sierra Leone, surface. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1889.7.20.63. •A postlarval specimen, possible senior synonym of at least 3 west African species -- (W. Richards, pers. comm.). Triglidae. Habitat: marine.

macrolepidota, Uradia Kamohara [T.] 1938:53, Fig. 28 [On the offshore bottom-fishes of Prov. Tosa; ref. 2551] Urado, Kochi Prefecture, Japan. Kamohara "neotype": BSKU 7214 from Mimase, Japan. Type catalog: Kamohara 1961:6 [ref. 19282] "Neotype" designation: Kamohara 1961:6 [ref. 19282], but neotype designation was not made in a revisory work and is invalid. •Valid as Uradia macrolepidota Kamohara 1938 -- (Richards 1999:2382 [ref. 24797]). •Valid as Pterygotrigla macrolepidota (Kamohara 1938) -- (Ochiai & Yatou in Masuda et al. 1984:334 [ref. 6441], del Cerro & Lloris 1997:115 [ref. 22944], Nakabo 2000:605 [ref. 25086], Richards in Randall & Lim 2000:607 [ref. 25122], Shinohara et al. 2001:315 [ref. 25995], Nakabo 2002:605 [ref. 26001], Shinohara et al. 2005:426 [ref. 28370], Fricke et al. 2011:381 [ref. 31242]). Current status: Valid as Pterygotrigla macrolepidota (Kamohara 1938). Triglidae. Distribution: Western Pacific. Habitat: marine.

macrorhynchus, Dixiphistes Fowler [H. W.] 1938:118, Fig. 56 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 85 (no. 3032); ref. 1426] Off Point Tagolo Light, Philippines, 8°47'N, 123°31'15"E, Albatross station 5519, depth 182 fathoms. Holotype (unique): USNM 98875. Subjectively invalid; secondarily preoccupied in Pterygotrigla by Pterygotrigla macrorhynchus Kamohara 1936. •Synonym of Pterygotrigla macrorhynchus Kamohara 1936 -- (Richards 1999:2376 [ref. 24797],). Current status: Synonym of Pterygotrigla macrorhynchus Kamohara 1936. Triglidae. Habitat: marine.

macrorhynchus, Pterygotrigla Kamohara [T.] 1936:481, Fig. [Dobutsugaku Zasshi = Zoological Magazine Tokyo v. 48 (nos 8-10); ref. 13708] Off Kochi Prefecture, Japan. Kamohara "neotype": BSKU 5100 from Mimase, Japan. Type catalog: Kamohara 1961:6. Pl. 4 (fig. 1) [ref. 19282], "Neotype" designation: Kamohara 1961:6. Pl. 4 (fig. 1) [ref. 19282], but not made in a revisory work and invalid. •Valid as Pterygotrigla macrorhynchus Kamohara 1936 -- (Ochiai & Yatou in Masuda et al. 1984:334 [ref. 6441], Richards 1999:2376 [ref. 24797], Nakabo 2000:604 [ref. 25086], Richards in Randall & Lim 2000:607 [ref. 25122], Hutchins 2001:28 [ref. 25847], Shinohara et al. 2001:315 [ref. 25995], Nakabo 2002:604 [ref. 26001], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S103 [ref. 27377], Shinohara et al. 2005:426 [ref. 28370], Paxton et al. 2006:928 [ref. 29074], Last & Richards 2012:39 [ref. 31796], Larson et al. 2013:88 [ref. 32988], Richards & Yato 2014:24 [ref. 33182], Fricke et al. 2018:138 [ref. 35805]). Current status: Valid as Pterygotrigla macrorhynchus Kamohara 1936. Triglidae. Distribution: Mozambique and Madagascar east to Philippines, north to southern Japan, south to Queensland (Australia). Habitat: marine.

maculapinna, Lepidotrigla Gomon [M. F.] & Kawai [T.] 2018:640, Fig. 11 [Raffles Bulletin of Zoology v. 66; ref. 36285] Southeast of Lombok, Indonesia, 08.58°S, 116.34°E, depth 150-280 meters. Holotype: MZB 24602 [ex QMB I.25961]. Paratypes: NTM, QMB. •Valid as Lepidotrigla maculapinna Gomon & Kawai 2018. Current status: Valid as Lepidotrigla maculapinna Gomon & Kawai 2018. Triglidae. Distribution: North End of Mentawi Strait, off central west Sumatra and south Lombok, Indonesia. Habitat: marine.

maculatus, Prionotus Teague [G. W.] 1951:56, Pl. 5 (figs. 8-9) [Comunicaciones Zoologicas del Museo de Historia Natural de Montevideo v. 3 (no. 61); ref. 12924] Coast of Louisiana, Gulf of Mexico, 28°09'N, 91°32'W, U.S.A. Holotype: USNM 111593. Paratypes: USNM 111594 (2). •Synonym of Prionotus longispinosus Teague 1951 -- (Miller & Richards 1991:760 [ref. 15981]). Current status: Synonym of Prionotus longispinosus Teague 1951. Triglidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

marisinensis, Pachytrigla Fowler [H. W.] 1938:111, Fig. 53 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 85 (no. 3032); ref. 1426] China Sea, 21°42'N, 114°50'E, Albatross station D.5302, depth 38 fathoms. Holotype (unique): USNM 98867. •Valid as Lepidotrigla marisinensis (Fowler 1938) -- (Richards 1992:63 [ref. 20654], Richards 1999:2362 [ref. 24797], Richards in Randall & Lim 2000:607 [ref. 25122]). Current status: Valid as Lepidotrigla marisinensis (Fowler 1938). Triglidae. Distribution: Western North Pacific. Habitat: marine.

martis, Prionotus Ginsburg [I.] 1950:502 [Texas Journal of Science v. 2 (no. 4); ref. 12953] Off Sabine Pass, Texas, U.S.A., 28°37'30"N, 93°45'30"W, depth 18 fathoms. Holotype: 151938. Paratypes: USNM 118946 (2), 134941 (1), 142835 (10), 152885-88 (1, 23, 2, 13). •Valid as Prionotus martis Ginsburg 1950 -- (Ross 1983:19 [ref. 36592], Robins & Ray 1986:280 [ref. 23100], Miller & Richards 1991:760 [ref. 15981], Boschung 1992:100 [ref. 23239], Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:244 [ref. 24550], Richards & Miller 2003:1274 [ref. 27049], Nelson et al. 2004:117 [ref. 27807], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:60 [ref. 28815], Page et al. 2013:120 [ref. 32708]). Current status: Valid as Prionotus martis Ginsburg 1950. Triglidae. Distribution: Western Atlantic. Habitat: brackish, marine.

megalops, Dixiphistops Fowler [H. W.] 1938:116, Fig. 55 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 85 (no. 3032); ref. 1426] Off San Fernando Pt. Light, western coast of Luzon Island, Philippines, 16°38'N, 119°57'18"E, Albatross station D.5441, depth 186 fathoms. Holotype (unique): USNM 98879. See Yatou in Okamura et al. 1982:283, 398 [ref. 8256]. •Valid as Parapterygotrigla megalops (Fowler 1938) -- (del Cerro & Lloris 1997:114 [ref. 22944]). •Valid as Pterygotrigla megalops (Fowler 1938) -- (Richards 1999:2377 [ref. 24797], Richards in Randall & Lim 2000:607 [ref. 25122], Myers & Donaldson 2003:619 [ref. 27495], Fricke et al. 2011:381 [ref. 31242], Last & Richards 2012:39 [ref. 31796], Richards & Yato 2014:31[ref. 33182]). Current status: Valid as Pterygotrigla megalops (Fowler 1938). Triglidae. Distribution: Western Pacific.: Philippines, Saipan, southern Japan and Australia. Habitat: marine.

microlepidota, Trigla Risso [A.] 1824:298 [Bulletin des Sciences Naturelles et de Géologie (Férussac), Paris v. 2; ref. 26460] Nice, France, northwestern Mediterranean Sea. No types known. •Synonym of Trigla lucerna Linnaeus 1758 -- (Blanc & Hureau 1973:586 [ref. 7218]). •Synonym of Chelidonichthys lucernus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Richards 1968:94 [ref. 7911]). •Synonym of Chelidonichthys lucerna (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Richards 2016:2306 [ref. 35044]). Current status: Synonym of Chelidonichthys lucerna (Linnaeus 1758). Triglidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

microlepis, Prionotus Longley [W. H.] & Hildebrand [S. F.] 1940:254, Fig. 16 [Papers Tortugas Laboratory, Carnegie Institution of Washington v. 32; ref. 2822] West of White Shoal, Tortugas, Florida, U.S.A., depth 7.5-11 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 108869. Paratypes: (25) USNM 117267 (23). •Synonym of Prionotus roseus Jordan & Evermann 1887 -- (Miller & Richards 1991:760 [ref. 15981]). Current status: Synonym of Prionotus roseus Jordan & Evermann 1887. Triglidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

microptera, Lepidotrigla Günther [A.] 1873:241 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 4) v. 12 (no. 69) (art. 31); ref. 2004] Shanghai, China. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1873.7.30.3. •Valid as Lepidotrigla microptera Günther 1873 -- (Ochiai & Yatou in Masuda et al. 1984:334 [ref. 6441], Lindberg & Krasyukova 1987:105 [ref. 15964], Richards 1992:63 [ref. 20654], Cheng & Zhou 1997:421 [ref. 26385], Sokolovskaya et al. 1998:9 [ref. 24670], Nakabo 2000:609 [ref. 25086], Lee 2000:7 [ref. 25174], Shimizu 2001:26 [ref. 25799], Shinohara et al. 2001:315 [ref. 25995], Wang et al. 2001:291 [ref. 26566], Nakabo 2002:609 [ref. 26001], Youn 2002:254, 568 [ref. 26218], Parin et al. 2002:S66 [ref. 28300], Shinohara et al. 2005:426 [ref. 28370], Shinohara et al. 2011:43 [ref. 31715], Shinohara et al. 2014:246 [ref. 33300], Parin et al. 2014:227 [ref. 33547]). Current status: Valid as Lepidotrigla microptera Günther 1873. Triglidae. Distribution: Western North Pacific. Habitat: marine.

miles, Prionotus Jenyns [L.] 1840:29, Pl. 6 [The zoology of the voyage of H. M. S. Beagle; ref. 2344] San Cristóbal Island [Chatham Island], Galápagos Islands. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1917.7.14.75. •Valid as Prionotus miles Jenyns 1840 -- (Miller & Richards 1991:760 [ref. 15981], Allen & Robertson 1994:103 [ref. 22193], Grove & Lavenberg 1997:298 [ref. 24023], Richards & McCosker 1998:940 [ref. 23599], McCosker & Rosenblatt 2010:191 [ref. 30957]). Current status: Valid as Prionotus miles Jenyns 1840. Triglidae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific: Galápagos Islands. Habitat: marine.

militaris, Prionotus Goode [G. B.] & Bean [T. H.] 1896:464, Pls. 111 (fig. 380), 112 (fig. 384) [Special Bulletin U. S. National Museum No. 2; ref. 1848] Off Cape Catoche, Yucatán, Mexico, Albatross station 2362, 22°08'30"N, 86°53'30"W, depth 25 fathoms. Lectotype: USNM 43581. Paralectotypes: MCZ 35965 [ex USNM 43581] (1); CAS-SU 9520 (1); USNM 46022 (2), 204925 (3). Lectotype selected by Miller & Richards 1991:646 [ref. 15980]. •Valid as Bellator militaris (Goode & Bean 1896) -- (Ross 1983:44 [ref. 36592], Robins & Ray 1986:279 [ref. 23100], Miller & Richards 1991:646 [ref. 15980], Miller & Richards 1991:761 [ref. 15981], Boschung 1992:99 [ref. 23239], Schmitter-Soto et al. 2000:156 [ref. 27754], Richards & Miller 2003:1271 [ref. 27049], Smith et al. 2003:21 [ref. 27621], Nelson et al. 2004:116 [ref. 27807], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:57 [ref. 28815], Page et al. 2013:119 [ref. 32708]). Current status: Valid as Bellator militaris (Goode & Bean 1896). Triglidae. Distribution: Western Atlantic. Habitat: brackish, marine.

milvus, Trigla Lacepède [B. G. E.] 1801:340, 362 [Histoire naturelle des poissons (Lacepède) v. 3; ref. 2710] Atlantic; Mediterranean Sea. No types known. •Synonym of Chelidonichthys gurnardus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Richards 1968:88 [ref. 7911], Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:72 [ref. 26753]). •Synonym of Eutrigla gurnardus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Blanc & Hureau 1973:588 [ref. 7218], Hureau in Whitehead et al. 1986:1233 [ref. 13677], Parin et al. 2002:S65 [ref. 28300], Parin et al. 2014:226 [ref. 33547], Richards 2016:2309 [ref. 35044]). Current status: Synonym of Eutrigla gurnardus (Linnaeus 1758). Triglidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

milvus, Trigla Risso [A.] 1827:395 [Histoire naturelle des principales productions de l'Europe méridionale v. 3; ref. 3757] Nice, France, northwestern Mediterranean Sea. No types known. Objectively invalid; preoccupied by Trigla milvus Lacepède 1801. •Synonym of Eutrigla gurnardus (Linnaeus 1758). Current status: Synonym of Eutrigla gurnardus (Linnaeus 1758). Triglidae. Habitat: marine.

minuta, Trigla Linnaeus [C.] 1771:528 [Mantissa Plantarum altera; ref. 13301] "Les Indes orientales". Triglidae. Habitat: marine.

modesta, Lepidotrigla Waite [E. R.] 1899:106, Pl. 23 [Memoirs of the Australian Museum, Sydney v. 4 (pt 1); ref. 4557] Off Broughton Island, New South Wales, Australia, depth 50-66 fathoms. Syntypes: (several) AMS I.3956-57 (1, 1). •Valid as Lepidotrigla modesta Waite 1899 -- (Paxton et al. 1989:455 [ref. 12442], Richards 1992:63 [ref. 20654], Kuiter 1993:112 [ref. 23929], Gomon et al. 1994:497 [ref. 22532], Kuiter 1997:96 [ref. 25488], Hutchins 2001:28 [ref. 25847], Paxton et al. 2006:924 [ref. 29074], Gomon & Last 2008:510 [ref. 30651]). Current status: Valid as Lepidotrigla modesta Waite 1899. Triglidae. Distribution: Southeastern Australia: New South Wales, Victoria and Tasmania. Habitat: marine.

mulhalli, Lepidotrigla Macleay [W.] 1884:460 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 8 (pt 4); ref. 14398] Off Port Jackson Heads, New South Wales, Australia, depth 40 fathoms. Syntypes: apparently lost. •Valid as Lepidotrigla mulhalli Macleay 1884 -- (Paxton et al. 1989:455 [ref. 12442], Richards 1992:63 [ref. 20654], Kuiter 1993:111 [ref. 23929], Gomon et al. 1994:498 [ref. 22532], Kuiter 1997:96 [ref. 25488], Hutchins 2001:28 [ref. 25847], Paxton et al. 2006:924 [ref. 29074], Gomon & Last 2008:511 [ref. 30651]). Current status: Valid as Lepidotrigla mulhalli Macleay 1884. Triglidae. Distribution: Southeastern Australia: southern Quensland, New South Wales, Victoria and Tasmania. Habitat: marine.

multiocellata, Parapterygotrigla Matsubara [K.] 1937:266, Fig. [Dobutsugaku Zasshi = Zoological Magazine Tokyo v. 49 (no. 7); ref. 2904] Kumano-Nada, southeastern of Kii Peninsula, Japan, depth 150 fathoms. Holotype (unique): FAKU 4655 (lost). •Valid as Pterygotrigla multiocellata (Matsubara 1937) -- (Ochiai & Yatou in Masuda et al. 1984:334 [ref. 6441], Nakabo 2000:604 [ref. 25086], Shinohara et al. 2001:317 [ref. 25995], Nakabo 2002:604 [ref. 26001], Myers & Donaldson 2003:619 [ref. 27495], Shinohara et al. 2005:426 [ref. 28370], Fricke et al. 2011:381 [ref. 31242], Last & Richards 2012:39 [ref. 31796]). •Valid as Parapterygotrigla multiocellata Matsubara 1937 -- (Yatou in Okamura et al. 1982:281, 398 [ref. 8256], Yatou in Okamura et al. 1985:581, 724 [ref. 8056], Suzuki & Hosokawa 1994:3 [ref. 24339], del Cerro & Lloris 1997:114 [ref. 22944], Richards 1999:2378 [ref. 24797], Richards in Randall & Lim 2000:607 [ref. 25122], Richards & Yato 2014:24 [ref. 33182]). Current status: Valid as Pterygotrigla multiocellata (Matsubara 1937). Triglidae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Japan, Saipan and Australia. Habitat: marine.

multipunctata, Pterygotrigla Yatou [T.] & Yamakawa [T.] 1983:217, Figs. 1-2 [Japanese Journal of Ichthyology v. 30 (no. 3); ref. 8260] Mimase, Kochi Prefecture, Tosa Bay, Japan. Holotype: NSMT-P21409. Paratypes: BSKU 50036 [now at KSHS] (1). •Valid as Pterygotrigla multipunctata Yatou & Yamakawa 1983 -- (Nakabo 2000:605 [ref. 25086], Shinohara et al. 2001:317 [ref. 25995], Nakabo 2002:605 [ref. 26001], Richards et al. 2003:10 [ref. 27122], Last & Richards 2012:39 [ref. 31796]). Current status: Valid as Pterygotrigla multipunctata Yatou & Yamakawa 1983. Triglidae. Distribution: Western North Pacific: Japan. Habitat: marine.

multispinosus, Lepidotrigla Smith [J. L. B.] 1934:326, Pls. 17, 20 [Transactions of the Royal Society of South Africa v. 22 (pt 4); ref. 4065] Southeastern African coast, western Indian Ocean. Holotype (unique): SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 107 [ex AMG]. •Valid as Lepidotrigla multispinosus Smith 1934 -- (Richards & Saksena 1977:216 [ref. 5285], Heemstra 1982:292 [ref. 5416]). •Valid as Lepidotrigla multispinosa Smith 1934 -- (Heemstra 1986:488 [ref. 5660], Richards 1992:56 [ref. 20654], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S103 [ref. 27377], Fricke et al. 2018:138 [ref. 35805]). Current status: Valid as Lepidotrigla multispinosa Smith 1934. Triglidae. Distribution: South and East Africa to Madagascar. Habitat: marine.

murieli, Prionotus Mobray [N. A.] in Borodin 1928:26, Pl. 5 (fig. 2) [Bulletin Vanderbilt Oceanographic Museum v. 1 (art. 1); ref. 526] Cay Sal Bank, Bahamas, depth 8 fathoms. Holotype (unique): VMM unnumbered (now at AMNH). Originally as murieli, but named for a woman so the most desirable spelling would be murielae, but that change is not a mandatory one (not in Art. 32). Prevailing usage apparently has not been established, so continuation of murieli is permitted. •Valid as Prionotus murielae Mobray 1928 -- (Miller & Richards 1991:760 [ref. 15981], Richards & Miller 2003:1274 [ref. 27049], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:61 [ref. 28815]). •Status uncertain -- (Miller & Richards 1991:757 [ref. 15981]). Current status: Valid as Prionotus murielae Mobray 1928. Triglidae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: one specimen from the Bahamas. Habitat: marine.

musorstom, Lepidotrigla del Cerro [L.] & Lloris [D.] 1997:103, Fig. 2 [Mémoires du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris (N. S.) (Série A) Zoologie v. 174; ref. 22944] Chesterfield and Bellona Plateaus, 22°17.2'S, 159°24.8'E, MUSORSTOM 5, station CP312, depth 315-320 meters. Holotype: MNHN 1994-0026. Paratypes: AMS I.34571-001 to 003 (1 ea.); BMNH 1994.5.17.1-3 (3); IIPB-2/1994 (1), 3/1994 (1), 4/1994 (1); IZUA-PM.1739-1741 (1 ea.); MNHN 1994-0027 to 0029 (1, 1, 1), 1995-497 (1); NSMT-P45840 to 45842 (1, 1, 1); USNM 329337-39 (1, 1, 1). •Valid as Lepidotrigla musorstom del Cerro & Lloris 1997 -- (Richards 1999:2362 [ref. 24797], Fricke et al. 2011:381 [ref. 31242]). Current status: Valid as Lepidotrigla musorstom del Cerro & Lloris 1997. Triglidae. Distribution: Western South Pacific: Chesterfield Islands (New Caledonia). Habitat: marine.

muzodurus, Trigla Nardo [G. D.] (ex Chiereghini) 1847:col. 125 [Sinonimia moderna delle specie registrate nell' opera intitolata: ...; ref. 17994] Not available, Chiereghini name mentioned in synonymy. Triglidae.

nana, Lepidotrigla del Cerro [L.] & Lloris [D.] 1997:108, Fig. 3 [Mémoires du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris (N. S.) (Série A) Zoologie v. 174; ref. 22944] Chesterfield and Bellona Plateaus, 19°33.1'S, 158°36.9'E, MUSORSTOM 5, Sta. CP 351, depth 290-310 meters. Holotype: MNHN 1994-30. Paratypes: AMS I.34755-001 (1), BMNH 1994.5.17.4 (1), IIPB-1/1994 (1), MNHN 1994-0031 (1), USNM 329340 (1). Type catalog: Allué et al. 2000:100 [ref. 30499]. •Valid as Lepidotrigla nana del Cerro & Lloris 1997 -- (Richards 1999:2362 [ref. 24797], Fricke et al. 2011:381 [ref. 31242]). Current status: Valid as Lepidotrigla nana del Cerro & Lloris 1997. Triglidae. Distribution: Western South Pacific: Chesterfield Islands (New Caledonia). Habitat: marine.

natalensis, Lepidotrigla Gilchrist [J. D. F.] & Thompson [W. W.] 1914:76 [Annals of the South African Museum v. 13 (pt 3) (art. 5); ref. 14155] Tugela River mouth, N by W 1/2 W, 16 miles, KwaZulu- Natal, South Africa, southwestern Indian Ocean, Pieter Faure station 11291, depth 40-45 fathoms. Holotype (unique): SAM 11812. •Synonym of Lepidotrigla faurei Gilchrist & Thompson 1914 -- (Richards & Saksena 1977:216 [ref. 5285], Heemstra 1986:488 [ref. 5660], Richards 1992:63 [ref. 20654]). Current status: Synonym of Lepidotrigla faurei Gilchrist & Thompson 1914. Triglidae. Habitat: marine.

natalensis, Trigla Gilchrist [J. D. F.] & Thompson [W. W.] 1914:76 [Annals of the South African Museum v. 13 (pt 3) (art. 5); ref. 14155] Cape Natal west by north 6.5 miles, South Africa, southwestern Indian Ocean, depth 48 fathoms. Holotype (unique): SAM 11795. Not the same as Trigla natalensis appearing in the same work (and same page). Triglidae. Habitat: marine.

nigripes, Trigla Malm [A. W.] 1865:410 [Förhandlingar vid de Skandinaviske Naturforskarnes. v. 9; ref. 17596] Löken, Gullmarfjärden, Sweden. Holotype (unique): ?NHMG. Appeared as Trigla nigripes n. sp.? Triglidae. Habitat: marine.

nudigula, Prionotus Ginsburg [I.] 1950:516 [Texas Journal of Science v. 2 (no. 4); ref. 12953] Off Rio de la Plata, Argentina, 36°43'S, 56°23'W, Albatross station 2765, depth 10.5 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 77323. Paratypes: USNM 77324 (1), 152884 (3). •Valid as Prionotus nudigula Ginsburg 1950 -- (Miller & Richards 1991:760 [ref. 15981], Andreata & Séret 1996:585 [ref. 16204], Piacentino 1996:8 [ref. 25655], Cousseau & Perrotta 2000:90 [ref. 25942], López et al. 2002:64 [ref. 26808], Moura & Menezes in Menezes et al. 2003:74 [ref. 27192], Mabragaña et al. 2011:table S2 [ref. 31800], Nión et al. 2016:45 [ref. 35565] with author as Guinsburg, Spier et al. 2018:9 [ref. 36103]). Current status: Valid as Prionotus nudigula Ginsburg 1950. Triglidae. Distribution: Southwestern Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

obscura, Trigla Bloch [M. E.] & Schneider [J. G.] 1801:16 [M. E. Blochii, Systema Ichthyologiae; ref. 471] Mediterranean Sea. No types known. Same source as Trigla obscura Walbaum 1792, i.e. Linnaeus 1754, Mus. Ad. Fr. 2, p. 94. Probably not an independent species description but based on Walbaum 1792. •Synonym of Chelidonichthys obscurus (Walbaum 1792). Current status: Synonym of Chelidonichthys obscurus (Walbaum 1792). Triglidae. Habitat: marine.

obscura, Trigla Walbaum [J. J.] 1792:373 [Petri Artedi sueci genera piscium Part 3; ref. 4572] In mari mediterraneo [Mediterranean Sea]. No types known. This predates Trigla obscura Bloch & Schneider 1801; also note that Blanc & Hureau 1973:588 [ref. 7218] date to Linnaeus 1764 [but that date is apparently 1754, prelinnaean, Mus. Ad. Fr. 2, p. 94]. •Valid as Aspitrigla obscura (Walbaum 1792) with author as Bloch & Schneider 1801 -- (Blanc & Hureau 1973:588 [ref. 7218], Hureau in Whitehead et al. 1986:1232 [ref. 13677] and Arruda 1997:117 [ref. 24952] all with Linnaeus as author). •Valid as Chelidonichthys obscurus (Walbaum 1792) with author as Bloch & Schneider 1801 -- (Richards & Saksena 1990:682 [ref. 17757], Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:73 [ref. 26753]). •Valid as Chelidonichthys obscurus (Walbaum 1792) (sic) -- (Fricke et al. 2007:78 [ref. 29533], Richards 2016:2307 [ref. 35044], Martins & Carneiro 2018:112 [ref. 36550]). Current status: Valid as Chelidonichthys obscurus (Walbaum 1792). Triglidae. Distribution: Mediterranean Sea, eastern Atlantic: British Isles south to Mauritania, including Madeira. Azores and Canary Islands unconfirmed [ref. 34617]. Habitat: marine.

oglina, Lepidotrigla Fowler [H. W.] 1938:101, Fig. 47 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 85 (no. 3032); ref. 1426] Vicinity of Taiwan, China Sea, 21°40'00"N, 116°58'00"E, Albatross station D.5315, depth 148 fathoms. Holotype (unique): USNM 98865. Type catalog: Ho & Shao 2011:41 [ref. 31432]. •Valid as Lepidotrigla oglina Fowler 1938 -- (Richards 1992:63 [ref. 20654], del Cerro & Lloris 1997:51 [ref. 22811], Richards 1999:2362 [ref. 24797], Richards in Randall & Lim 2000:607 [ref. 25122], Ho & Shao 2011:41 [ref. 31432]). Current status: Valid as Lepidotrigla oglina Fowler 1938. Triglidae. Distribution: Western North Pacific. Habitat: marine.

omanensis, Lepidotrigla Regan [C. T.] 1905:324, Pl. 2(B) (fig. 2) [Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society v. 16; ref. 15386] Sea of Oman, depth 180 fathoms. Lectotype: BMNH 1904.5.25.20. Paralectotypes: BMNH 1904.5.25.21-22 (2). Lectotype selected by Richards & Saksena 1977:211 [ref. 5285]. •Valid as Lepidotrigla omanensis Regan 1905 -- (Richards & Saksena 1977:211 [ref. 5285], Richards 1992:50 [ref. 20654], Randall 1995:114 [ref. 22896], del Cerro & Lloris 1997:51 [ref. 22811], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S103 [ref. 27377], Psomadakis et al. 2015:189 [ref. 34104], Gomon & Psomadakis 2018:72 [ref. 35752]). Current status: Valid as Lepidotrigla omanensis Regan 1905. Triglidae. Distribution: Western Indian Ocean: Gulf of Aden to Myanmar. Habitat: marine.

opercularis, Prionotus Fowler [H. W.] 1952:9, Figs. 7-8 [Notulae Naturae (Philadelphia) No. 246; ref. 12771] Off Boynton Beach, Florida, U.S.A., depth 80 fathoms. Holotype: ANSP 71962. Paratypes: ANSP 71963-66 (4). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:163 [ref. 13621]. •Synonym of Bellator egretta (Goode & Bean 1896) -- (Miller & Richards 1991:639 [ref. 15980], Miller & Richards 1991:761 [ref. 15981], Richards & Miller 2003:1271 [ref. 27049]). Current status: Synonym of Bellator egretta (Goode & Bean 1896). Triglidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

ophryas, Prionotus Jordan [D. S.] & Swain [J.] 1885:542 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 7 (no. 465); ref. 10649] Pensacola, Florida, U.S.A. Holotype (unique): USNM 36944. •Valid as Prionotus ophryas Jordan & Swain 1885 -- (Ross 1983:23 [ref. 36592], Robins & Ray 1986:280 [ref. 23100], Miller & Richards 1991:760 [ref. 15981], Cervigón 1991:299 [ref. 24472], Boschung 1992:100 [ref. 23239], Cervigón 1992:452 [ref. 23827], Aguilera 1998:48 [ref. 24221], Schmitter-Soto et al. 2000:156 [ref. 27754] dated 1884, Richards & Miller 2003:1274 [ref. 27049], Nelson et al. 2004:117 [ref. 27807], Dennis et al. 2004:74 [ref. 31601], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:62 [ref. 28815], Page et al. 2013:120 [ref. 32708], Smith-Vaniz & Jelks 2014:37 [ref. 33341]). Current status: Valid as Prionotus ophryas Jordan & Swain 1885. Triglidae. Distribution: Western Atlantic. Habitat: brackish, marine.

paitensis, Prionotus Chirichigno F. [N.] 1962:22, Fig. 20 [Serre de Divulgación Cientifica, Servicio de Pesquería, Ministerio de Agricultura, Lima, No. 17; ref. 5841] Paita Bay, Peru. Holotype: MHNJP [= MUSM] P 1247. Paratypes: ?MHNJP [SP 39] (2). •Synonym of Bellator gymnostethus (Gilbert 1892) -- (Miller & Richards 1991:642 [ref. 15980], Miller & Richards 1991:761 [ref. 15981]). Current status: Synonym of Bellator gymnostethus (Gilbert 1892). Triglidae. Habitat: marine.

palmipes, Trigla Mitchill [S. L.] 1815:431, Pl. 4 [Transactions of the Literary and Philosophical Society of New-York v. 1 (art. 5) (for 1814); ref. 13292] New York Harbor, New York, U.S.A. No types known. •Synonym of Prionotus carolinus (Linnaeus 1771) -- (Smith 1986:447 [ref. 22186], Miller & Richards 1991:760 [ref. 15981]). Current status: Synonym of Prionotus carolinus (Linnaeus 1771). Triglidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

papilio, Trigla Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1829:80, Pl. 73[-77] [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 4; ref. 998] Indian seas [actual Australia]. Holotype (unique): MNHN 0000-6917. Type catalog: Blanc & Hureau 1968:37 [ref. 20738]. Appeared first as name only in Cuvier 1829:160 [ref. 995]. Plates 73 and 77 are together as 73-77. •Valid as Lepidotrigla papilio (Cuvier 1829) -- (Paxton et al. 1989:455 [ref. 12442], Richards 1992:63 [ref. 20654], Kuiter 1993:113 [ref. 23929], Gomon et al. 1994:499 [ref. 22532], Kuiter 1997:96 [ref. 25488], Johnson 1999:728 [ref. 25471], Hutchins 2001:28 [ref. 25847], Paxton et al. 2006:925 [ref. 29074], Gomon & Last 2008:511 [ref. 30651]). Current status: Valid as Lepidotrigla papilio (Cuvier 1829). Triglidae. Distribution: Australia: Queensland to southern Australia and to Western Australia. Habitat: marine.

papilionacea, Trigla Parkinson [S.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1829:50 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 4; ref. 998] Not available, manuscript name mentioned in passing under Trigla kumu. Triglidae.

papillionacea, Trigla Richardson [J.] 1846 [Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science 15th meeting [1845]; ref. 3742] Chinese seas. Possible types: BMNH 1968.3.11.19 (1, dry). Type information: Whitehead 1970:211 [ref. 11606]. Triglidae. Habitat: marine.

paradoxa, Lepidotrigla Matsubara [K.] & Hiyama [J.] 1932:19, Fig. 7 [Journal of the Imperial Fisheries Institute v. 28 (no. 1); ref. 16501] Kumamoto, southern Japan. Holotype (unique): not at FAKU. •Synonym of Lepidotrigla alata (Houttuyn 1782) -- (Lindberg & Krasyukova 1987:99 [ref. 15964], Richards 1992:63 [ref. 20654]). Current status: Synonym of Lepidotrigla alata (Houttuyn 1782). Triglidae. Habitat: marine.

paralatus, Prionotus Ginsburg [I.] 1950:522 [Texas Journal of Science v. 2 (no. 4); ref. 12953] Off Padre Island, Texas, U.S.A., 26°34'N, 96°32'W, depth 45 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 151939. Paratypes: USNM 86149 (2), 155070-73 (1, 1, 2, 4). •Valid as Prionotus paralatus Ginsburg 1950 -- (Miller & Kent 1972:225 [ref. 25695], Robins & Ray 1986:279 [ref. 23100], Miller & Richards 1991:760 [ref. 15981], Boschung 1992:100 [ref. 23239], McClure & McEachran 1992 [ref. 20319], Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:243 [ref. 24550], Richards & Miller 2003:1275 [ref. 27049], Nelson et al. 2004:117 [ref. 27807], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:63 [ref. 28815], Page et al. 2013:120 [ref. 32708]). Current status: Valid as Prionotus paralatus Ginsburg 1950. Triglidae. Distribution: Western Atlantic. Habitat: brackish, marine.

pauciradiata, Trigla Bennett [E. T.] 1835:91 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1835 (pt 3); ref. 16793] Near Trabzon [Trebizond], Turkey, Black Sea. No types known. •Synonym of Chelidonichthys lucernus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Richards 1968:94 [ref. 7911]). •Synonym of Chelidonichthys lucerna (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Richards 2016:2306 [ref. 35044]). Current status: Synonym of Chelidonichthys lucerna (Linnaeus 1758). Triglidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

pauli, Pterygotrigla Hardy [G. S.] 1982:208, Fig. 1 [New Zealand Journal of Zoology v. 9 (no. 2); ref. 8473] Challenger Plateau, New Zealand, 38°41.1-41.7'S, 168°23.0-25.5'E, bottom trawl, depth 512-515 meters. Holotype: NMNZ P.10557. Paratypes: NMNZ P.9859 (1), P.10515 (2), P.10519 (1), P.10558 (1). Type catalog: Hardy 1990:10 [ref. 18942]. •Valid as Pterygotrigla pauli Hardy 1982 -- (Paulin et al. 1989:170 [ref. 24556], Yabe in Amaoka et al. 1990:237 [ref. 16024], Richards 1999:2362 [ref. 24797], Paxton et al. 2006:929 [ref. 29074], Last & Richards 2012:39 [ref. 31796], Richards & Yato 2012:54 [ref. 32168], Struthers & Gomon 2015:1112 [ref. 34286]). Current status: Valid as Pterygotrigla pauli Hardy 1982. Triglidae. Distribution: Australia and New Zealand region. Habitat: marine.

pectoralis, Lepidotrigla Fowler [H. W.] 1938:104, Fig. 49 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 85 (no. 3032); ref. 1426] Off Point Tagolo Light, vicinity of northern Mindanao, Philippines, 8°45'30"N, 123°33'45"E, Albatross station D.5517, depth 169 fathoms. Holotype (unique): USNM 98878. •Valid as Lepidotrigla pectoralis Fowler 1938 -- (Richards 1992:63 [ref. 20654], Richards 1999:2362 [ref. 24797], Richards in Randall & Lim 2000:607 [ref. 25122]). Current status: Valid as Lepidotrigla pectoralis Fowler 1938. Triglidae. Distribution: Philippines. Habitat: marine.

pectoralis, Prionotus miles Nichols [J. T.] & Breder [C. M., Jr.] 1924:22 [Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington v. 37; ref. 15461] Off Aransas Pass, Texas, U.S.A., 27°48'N, 97°00'W, depth 6-7 fathoms. Holotype (unique): USNM 86168. •Synonym of Prionotus rubio Jordan 1886 -- (Miller & Richards 1991:760 [ref. 15981], Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:245 [ref. 24550]). Current status: Synonym of Prionotus rubio Jordan 1886. Triglidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

peronii, Trigla Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1829:53 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 4; ref. 998] Indian Ocean. Syntypes: MNHN 0000-1438 (1) Indian seas, 0000-2982 (3) Cape of Good Hope, 0000-6921 (1) Indian seas, 0000-6929 (1) Cape of Good Hope. Type catalog: Blanc & Hureau 1968:37 [ref. 20738]. •Synonym of Chelidonichthys kumu (Cuvier 1829) -- (W. J. Richards, pers. comm.). Current status: Synonym of Chelidonichthys kumu (Cuvier 1829). Triglidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

phalaena, Trigla Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1829:83 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 4; ref. 998] Indian seas. Holotype (unique): MNHN 0000-6912. Type catalog: Blanc & Hureau 1968:37-38 [ref. 20738]. Appeared first as name only in Cuvier 1829:160 [ref. 995]. •Synonym of Lepidotrigla papilio (Cuvier 1829) -- (Richards 1992:63 [ref. 20654], Gomon et al. 1994:500 [ref. 22532], Paxton et al. 2006:925 [ref. 29074]). Current status: Synonym of Lepidotrigla papilio (Cuvier 1829). Triglidae. Habitat: marine.

picta, Trigla Günther [A.] 1880:24, Pl. 13 (fig. A) [Report on the shore fishes procured during the voyage of H. M. S. Challenger in the years 1873-1876 v. 1 (pt 6); ref. 2011] Juan Fernández Islands. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1879.5.14.270. •Valid as Pterygotrigla picta (Günther 1880) -- (Hardy 1982:207 [ref. 8473], Paxton et al. 1989:457 [ref. 12442], Pequeño 1989:57 [ref. 14125], Paulin et al. 1989:170 [ref. 24556], Yabe in Amaoka et al. 1990:238 [ref. 16024], Gomon et al. 1994:502 [ref. 22532], Richards 1997:1058 [ref. 22983], del Cerro & Lloris 1997:115 [ref. 22944], Pequeño & Sáez 2000:31 [ref. 24590], Pequeño & Lamilla 2000:434 [ref. 24906], Gomon & Last 2008:513 [ref. 30651], Dyer & Westneat 2010:604 [ref. 31446], Richards & Yato 2012:54 [ref. 32168]). Current status: Valid as Pterygotrigla picta (Günther 1880). Triglidae. Distribution: Southeastern Pacific [not including the southwestern Pacific]. Habitat: marine.

pictipinnis, Trigla Kaup [J. J.] 1873:87 [Archiv für Naturgeschichte v. 39 (pt. 1); ref. 2585] "Barbados" [= Japan or Australia?]. Triglidae. Habitat: marine.

pileatus, Prionotus Storer [D. H.] 1845:77 [Proceedings of the Boston Society of Natural History v. 2 (1845-1848); ref. 18839] Massachusetts Bay, Massachusetts, U.S.A. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. •Synonym of Prionotus carolinus (Linnaeus 1771) -- (Miller & Richards 1991:760 [ref. 15981] as pilatus). Current status: Synonym of Prionotus carolinus (Linnaeus 1771). Triglidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

pini, Trigla Bloch [M. E.] 1793:130, Pl. 355 [Naturgeschichte der ausländischen Fische v. 7; ref. 4868] The Netherlands. Holotype (unique): ZMB 8777 (stuffed). Type catalog: Paepke & Fricke 1992:277 [ref. 19946], Paepke 1999:153 [ref. 24282]. On p. 105 of Bloch's Ichthyologie, v. 10 [ref. 21381]. •Synonym of Aspitrigla cuculus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Blanc & Hureau 1973:587 [ref. 7218]). •Synonym of Chelidonichthys cuculus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Richards 1968:90 [ref. 7911], Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:71 [ref. 26753], Parin et al. 2002:S65 [ref. 28300], Parin et al. 2014:225 [ref. 33547], Richards 2016:2303 [ref. 35044]). Current status: Synonym of Chelidonichthys cuculus (Linnaeus 1758). Triglidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

pleuracanthica, Trigla Richardson [J.] 1845:23, Pl. 16 (figs. 1-4) [Ichthyology of the voyage of H. M. S. Erebus & Terror v. 2 (2); ref. 3740] Sydney, New South Wales, Australia. Syntypes: BMNH 1855.9.19.86-87 (2). •Synonym of Lepidotrigla papilio (Cuvier 1829) -- (Paxton et al. 1989:455 [ref. 12442], Richards 1992:63 [ref. 20654], Kuiter 1993:112 [ref. 23929]). •Valid as Lepidotrigla pleuracanthica (Richardson 1845) -- (Kuiter 1997:96 [ref. 25488], Paxton et al. 2006:925 [ref. 29074]). Current status: Valid as Lepidotrigla pleuracanthica (Richardson 1845). Triglidae. Distribution: Australia. Habitat: marine.

poeciloptera, Trigla Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1829:47 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 4; ref. 998] Dieppe, France. Syntypes: MNHN 0000-6942 (2). Type catalog: Blanc & Hureau 1968:38 [ref. 20738]. •Synonym of Trigla lucerna Linnaeus 1758 -- (Blanc & Hureau 1973:586 [ref. 7218]). •Synonym of Chelidonichthys lucerna (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Richards 1968:94 [ref. 7911] as lucernus, Parin et al. 2002:S65 [ref. 28300], Parin et al. 2014:225 [ref. 33547], Richards 2016:2306 [ref. 35044]). Current status: Synonym of Chelidonichthys lucerna (Linnaeus 1758). Triglidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

polyommata, Trigla Richardson [J.] 1839:96 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1839 (pt 7); ref. 3732] Port Arthur, Tasmania, Australia. Holotype (unique): BMNH 2007.8.22.3. Also described in Richardson 1842:87 (Pl. 5 (fig. 2) [ref. 13097]). •Valid as Pterygotrigla polyommata (Richardson 1839) -- (Hardy 1982:207 [ref. 8473], Paxton et al. 1989:457 [ref. 12442], Paulin et al. 1989:170 [ref. 24556], Kuiter 1993:113 [ref. 23929], Gomon et al. 1994:504 [ref. 22532], Hutchins 2001:28 [ref. 25847], Paxton et al. 2006:929 [ref. 29074], Gomon & Last 2008:514 [ref. 30651], Last & Richards 2012:39 [ref. 31796], Richards & Yato 2012:54 [ref. 32168], Struthers & Gomon 2015:1113 [ref. 34286]). Current status: Valid as Pterygotrigla polyommata (Richardson 1839). Triglidae. Distribution: Australia and New Zealand. Habitat: marine.

propontidis, Trigla lyra var. Steindachner [F.] 1895:183 [Anzeiger der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Wien, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe v. 32 (no. 18) (for 11 July 1895); ref. 14587] Adriatic Sea (Mediterranean Sea); Turkey, Sea of Marmara (Mediterranean Sea). Syntypes: (several) NMW. Triglidae. Habitat: marine.

psolokerkos, Lepidotrigla Gomon [M. F.] & Psomadakis [P. N.] 2018:74, Figs. 1C, 2E, 2F, 3D [Raffles Bulletin of Zoology v. 66; ref. 35752] Myanmar, off Ayeyarwady Delta, 14°1.96'N, 96°9.21'E, depth 147-156 meters. Holotype: NMV A31698-001. Paratypes: NMV. •Valid as Lepidotrigla psolokerkos Gomon & Psomadakis 2018. Current status: Valid as Lepidotrigla psolokerkos Gomon & Psomadakis 2018. Triglidae. Distribution: Myanmar. Habitat: marine.

punctata, Trigla Bloch [M. E.] 1793:125, Pl. 353 [Naturgeschichte der ausländischen Fische v. 7; ref. 4868] Martinique Island, West Indies. No types known. Type catalog: Paepke & Fricke 1992:277 [ref. 19946] wrongly with a holotype, Paepke 1999:152 [ref. 24282]. On p. 100 of Bloch's Ichthyologie, v. 10 [ref. 21381]. •Valid as Prionotus punctatus (Bloch 1793) -- (Miller & Richards 1991:760 [ref. 15981], Cervigón 1991:303 [ref. 24472], Cervigón 1992:453 [ref. 23827], Andreata & Séret 1996:585 [ref. 16204] dated 1797, Piacentino 1996:8 [ref. 25655], Aguilera 1998:48 [ref. 24221], Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:242 [ref. 24550], López et al. 2002:64 [ref. 26808], Richards & Miller 2003:1275 [ref. 27049], Moura & Menezes in Menezes et al. 2003:74 [ref. 27192], Nelson et al. 2004:117 [ref. 27807], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:64 [ref. 28815], Mabragaña et al. 2011:table S2 [ref. 31800], Page et al. 2013:120 [ref. 32708], Fabiano et al. 2014:8 [ref. 33530], Nión et al. 2016:45 [ref. 35565], Marceniuk et al. 2017:40 [ref. 35324], Spier et al. 2018:9 [ref. 36103]). Current status: Valid as Prionotus punctatus (Bloch 1793). Triglidae. Distribution: Western Atlantic. Habitat: brackish, marine.

punctipectoralis, Lepidotrigla Fowler [H. W.] 1938:107, Fig. 51 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 85 (no. 3032); ref. 1426] Vicinity of Jolo, Philippines, 6°11'50"N, 121°08'20"E, Albatross station D.5135, depth 161 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 98871. Paratypes: USNM 98980 (1). •Valid as Lepidotrigla punctipectoralis Fowler 1938 -- (Ochiai & Yatou in Masuda et al. 1984:333 [ref. 6441], Lindberg & Krasyukova 1987:103 [ref. 15964], Paxton et al. 1989:455 [ref. 12442], Richards 1992:63 [ref. 20654], del Cerro & Lloris 1997:51 [ref. 22811], Richards 1999:2362 [ref. 24797], Nakabo 2000:608 [ref. 25086], Richards in Randall & Lim 2000:607 [ref. 25122], Hutchins 2001:28 [ref. 25847], Shinohara et al. 2001:315 [ref. 25995], Nakabo 2002:608 [ref. 26001], Paxton et al. 2006:925 [ref. 29074]). Current status: Valid as Lepidotrigla punctipectoralis Fowler 1938. Triglidae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific. Habitat: marine.

pusillus, Prionotus Castelnau [F. L.] 1861:6 [Mémoire sur les poissons de l'Afrique australe; ref. 767] Table Bay, South Africa, southeastern Atlantic. Spelled pusillus on p. v and pusilius on p. 6; earliest frist reviser not researched. Triglidae. Habitat: marine.

queketti, Trigla Regan [C. T.] 1904:128 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 7) v. 14 (no. 80) (art. 16); ref. 12514] KwaZulu-Natal coast, South Africa, southwestern Indian Ocean. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1904.6.28.32. •Valid as Chelidonichthys queketti (Regan 1904) -- (Heemstra 1982:294 [ref. 5416], Heemstra 1986:487 [ref. 5660], Bianchi & Carpenter in Bianchi et al. 1993:154 [ref. 25472], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:151 [ref. 28072], Richards 2016:2308 [ref. 35044]). Current status: Valid as Chelidonichthys queketti (Regan 1904). Triglidae. Distribution: Southern Africa. Habitat: marine.

quiescens, Prionotus Jordan [D. S.] & Bollman [C. H.] 1890:166 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 12 (no. 770); ref. 2433] Off Pacific coast of Colombia, Gulf of Panama. Syntypes: BMNH 1900.7.11.9 (1); ?CAS-SU 5852 (5), USNM 41135 (1), 41139 (1), 41152-53 (1, 3), 41163 (1), 41195-96 (2, 1), 41241 (3), 41386 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:124-125 [ref. 12291]. •Valid as Prionotus quiescens Jordan & Bollman 1890 -- (Pequeño 1989:57 [ref. 14125]). •Questionably a synonym of Prionotus stephanophrys Lockington 1881 -- (Miller & Richards 1991:760 [ref. 15981]). •Mention as Prionotus quiescens Jordan & Bollman 1890 -- (Castro-Aguirre et al. 1993:89 [ref. 21807], Grove & Lavenberg 1997:298 [ref. 24023]). •Synonym of Prionotus stephanophrys Lockington 1881 -- (Franke & Acero P. 1996:766 [ref. 22923], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:264 [ref. 24555], Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:245 [ref. 24550]). Current status: Synonym of Prionotus stephanophrys Lockington 1881. Triglidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

ribeiroi, Bellator Miller [G. C.] 1965:259, Figs. 1A, 2A, 3A [Quarterly Journal of the Florida Academy of Sciences v. 28 (no. 3) (for Sept.); ref. 9234] Off São Luis, Brazil, Oregon station 4238, 2°10'S, 42°24'W, depth 26 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 231731 [ex 261273-F1]. Paratypes: ANSP 103165 (2); BLBG (4), BMNH 1965.8.13.1-3 (3); CUMV 48660 (2); FMNH 66762 (2); MCZ 44136 (2); MNHN 1965-0582 (2); MNRJ 9.820-9.823 (4); TU 37821 (2); UF 19296 [ex TABL] (4), 19297 [ex TABL] (1, 3 missing); UF 217606 [ex UMML 17606] (2); UMMZ 183945 (3); USNM 202538 (3), 231732 [ex UW 18745] (18, now 10) 231733-36 (3, 3, 1, 1). Type catalog: Blanc & Hureau 1968:31 [ref. 20738], Suttkus 1970:128 [ref. 20861], Gilbert 1974:114 [ref. 21035], Böhlke 1984:164 [ref. 13621], Ibarra & Stewart 1987:16 [ref. 12367], Bart & Taylor 1993:66 [ref. 20906]. •Valid as Bellator ribeiroi Miller 1965 -- (Uyeno & Sato in Uyeno et al. 1983:441 [ref. 14275], Miller & Richards 1991:649 [ref. 15980], Miller & Richards 1991:761 [ref. 15981], Cervigón 1991:296 [ref. 24472], Cervigón 1992:452 [ref. 23827], Aguilera 1998:48 [ref. 24221], Richards & Miller 2003:1271 [ref. 27049], Moura & Menezes in Menezes et al. 2003:73 [ref. 27192]). Current status: Valid as Bellator ribeiroi Miller 1965. Triglidae. Distribution: Western Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

riggsi, Lepidotrigla Richards [W. J.] & Saksena [V. P.] 1977:215 [Bulletin of Marine Science v. 27 (no. 2); ref. 5285] Bay of Bengal, off Ganjam Coast, Bengal, Investigator station 78, depth 18 fathoms. Holotype (unique): ZSI F12925. Unneeded replacement name for Lepidotrigla spiloptera var. longipinnis Alcock 1890, thought to be preoccupied by Lepidotrigla longipinnis [actually longispinis] Steindachner & Döderlein 1887. •Valid as Lepidotrigla riggsi Richards & Saksena 1977 -- (Richards 1992:63 [ref. 20654], Krishnan & Mishra 1993:220 [ref. 24016], del Cerro & Lloris 1997:51 [ref. 22811]). •Synonym of Lepidotrigla longipinnis Alcock 1890 -- (Gomon & Kawai 2018:631 [ref. 36285]). Current status: Synonym of Lepidotrigla longipinnis Alcock 1890. Triglidae. Habitat: marine.

robertsi, Pterygotrigla del Cerro [L.] & Lloris [D.] 1997:117, Fig. 5 [Mémoires du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris (N. S.) (Série A) Zoologie v. 174; ref. 22944] Norfolk Ridge, 23°37.7'S, 167°43.7'E (Stylaster seamount), Beryx 11, station CP 32, depth 420-460 meters. Holotype (unique): MNHN 1994-0025. •Valid as Pterygotrigla robertsi del Cerro & Lloris 1997 -- (Richards 1999:2362 [ref. 24797], Fricke et al. 2011:381 [ref. 31242], Last & Richards 2012:39 [ref. 31796], Richards & Yato 2014:37 [ref. 33182]). Current status: Valid as Pterygotrigla robertsi del Cerro & Lloris 1997. Triglidae. Distribution: Western South Pacific: Coral Sea. Habitat: marine.

robinsi, Lepidotrigla Richards [W. J.] 1997:1050, Figs. 1-2 [Bulletin of Marine Science v. 60 (no. 3); ref. 22983] Kermadec Islands at Raoul Island between Meteorological Sta. and Hutchinson Bluff, about 29°10'S, 177°50'W, southern Pacific, depth 110-146 meters. Holotype: NMNZ P.31392. Paratypes: AMS I.34984-001 (1), BMNH 1994.11.1.1 (1), NMNZ P.13445 (2), USNM 332058 (2). •Valid as Lepidotrigla robinsi Richards 1997 -- (Duffy & Ahyong 2015:112 [ref. 36167], Struthers & Gomon 2015:1110 [ref. 34286]). Current status: Valid as Lepidotrigla robinsi Richards 1997. Triglidae. Distribution: Southwestern Pacific: Kermadec Islands endemic. Habitat: marine.

rodinogaster, Trigla Nardo [G. D.] 1827:29, 37 (no. 77) [Giornale di fisica, chimica e storia naturale, medicina, ed arti. (series 2) Dec. II, v. 10; ref. 3146] Adriatic Sea (Mediterranean Sea). No types known. Also in Nardo 1827:col. 479 and 485 [ref. 19740]. •Synonym of Chelidonichthys gurnardus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (P. Parenti, pers. comm.). •Synonym of Eutrigla gurnardus (Linnaeus 1758). Current status: Synonym of Eutrigla gurnardus (Linnaeus 1758). Triglidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

roseus, Prionotus Jordan [D. S.] & Evermann [B. W.] 1887:470 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 9 (no. 586); ref. 2441] Off Tampa Bay, Florida, U.S.A. Holotype (unique): USNM 37989. •Valid as Prionotus roseus Jordan & Evermann 1887 -- (Ross 1983:26 [ref. 36592], Uyeno & Sato in Uyeno et al. 1983:443 [ref. 14275], Robins & Ray 1986:280 [ref. 23100], Miller & Richards 1991:760 [ref. 15981], Cervigón 1991:300 [ref. 24472], Boschung 1992:100 [ref. 23239], Cervigón 1992:453 [ref. 23827], Aguilera 1998:48 [ref. 24221], Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:244 [ref. 24550], Schmitter-Soto et al. 2000:156 [ref. 27754], Richards & Miller 2003:1275 [ref. 27049], Moura & Menezes in Menezes et al. 2003:74 [ref. 27192], Nelson et al. 2004:117 [ref. 27807], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:65 [ref. 28815], Page et al. 2013:120 [ref. 32708]). Current status: Valid as Prionotus roseus Jordan & Evermann 1887. Triglidae. Distribution: Western Atlantic. Habitat: brackish, marine.

rubescens, Trigla Cabrera y Corro [A.], Pérez [L.] & Hänseler [F.] in Machado 1857:24 [Catálogo de los peces que habitán ó frecuentan las costas de Cadiz y Huelva con inclusion de los del Rio Guadalquivir.; ref. 17320] Western Andalusia, near Cádiz, Spain, eastern Atlantic. Name only; not available. Name from Cabrera y Corro, Pérez & Hänseler 1817:8, 14 [ref. 17319]. Also appeared in Graells 1887:182, 188 [ref.30438]. •Probably in family Triglidae. Triglidae.

rubescens, Trigla Cabrera y Corro [A.], Pérez [L.] & Hänseler [F.] 1817:8, 14 [Lista de los peces del mar de Andalucía; ref. 17319] Western Andalusia, near Cádiz, Spain, eastern Atlantic. Name only, not available. Possibly an unpublished work. See also Trigla rubescens Cabrera y Corro, Pérez & Hänseler in Machado 1857:24 [ref. 17320]. •Probably in family Triglidae. Triglidae.

rubio, Prionotus Jordan [D. S.] 1886:50 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 9 (no. 551); ref. 2386] Havana, Cuba. Lectotype: CAS 29107 [ex IU 87]. New name for Prionotus punctatus of some authors, including Jordan & Gilbert 1883:956 [ref. 2476]. Lectotype selected by Miller & Richards 1991:759 [ref. 15981]. •Valid as Prionotus rubio Jordan 1886 -- (Ross 1983:44 [ref. 36592], Robins & Ray 1986:280 [ref. 23100], Miller & Richards 1991:759 [ref. 15981], Cervigón 1991:304 [ref. 24472], Boschung 1992:101 [ref. 23239], Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:245 [ref. 24550], Richards & Miller 2003:1276 [ref. 27049], Nelson et al. 2004:117 [ref. 27807], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:66 [ref. 28815]). Current status: Valid as Prionotus rubio Jordan 1886. Triglidae. Distribution: Western Atlantic. Habitat: brackish, marine.

ruscarius, Prionotus Gilbert [C. H.] & Starks [E. C.] 1904:165, Pl. 27 (figs. 50-50a) [Memoirs of the California Academy of Sciences v. 4; ref. 1639] Panama. Holotype: CAS-SU 6488. Paratypes: BMNH 1903.5.15.81-83 (3?); CAS-SU 6488 (1), 6967 (2); USNM 50380 (1); ZMB 16008 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:125 [ref. 12291], Paepke & Fricke 1992:277 [ref. 19946]. Holotype established in caption to Pl. 27. •Valid as Prionotus ruscarius Gilbert & Starks 1904 -- (Pequeño 1989:57 [ref. 14125], Miller & Richards 1991:760 [ref. 15981], Castro-Aguirre et al. 1993:88 [ref. 21807], Bussing & López S. 1994:86 [ref. 23101], Bussing in Fischer et al. 1995:1648 [ref. 22830], De La Cruz Agüero et al. 1997:300 [ref. 24545], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:265 [ref. 24555], Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:246 [ref. 24550], Nelson et al. 2004:117 [ref. 27807], Page et al. 2013:120 [ref. 32708], Robertson et al. 2017:79 [ref. 35676], González-Murcia et al. 2019:306 [ref. 36544]). Current status: Valid as Prionotus ruscarius Gilbert & Starks 1904. Triglidae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

russelli, Lepidotrigla del Cerro [L.] & Lloris [D.] 1995:178, Figs. 1-4 [The Beagle, Records of the Museums and Art Galleries of the Northern Territory v. 12; ref. 22670] Northeast of Goulburn Island, Northern Territory, Australia, depth 55 meters. Holotype: NTMS 11953-003. Paratypes: IIPB 54/1993 (1), 55/1993 (1), 56/1993 (1); NTM S.419 (1), S.509 (1), S.578-579 (1, 1), S.597-600 (1, 1, 1, 1), S.638 (1), S.1131 (1), S.10053-002 (1), S.11614-007 (1), S.11953-012 (1). Type catalog: Allué et al. 2000:100 [ref. 30499]. •Valid as Lepidotrigla russelli del Cerro & Lloris 1995 -- (del Cerro & Lloris 1997:51 [ref. 22811], Hutchins 2001:28 [ref. 25847], Paxton et al. 2006:925 [ref. 29074], Larson et al. 2013:87 [ref. 32988]). Current status: Valid as Lepidotrigla russelli del Cerro & Lloris 1995. Triglidae. Distribution: Australia. Habitat: marine.

ryukyuensis, Pterygotrigla Matsubara [K.] & Hiyama [J.] 1932:11, Figs. 4-5 [Journal of the Imperial Fisheries Institute v. 28 (no. 1); ref. 16501] Ryukyu Islands, Japan. Holotype (unique): lost in WWII. •Valid as Pterygotrigla ryukyuensis Matsubara & Hiyama 1932 -- (Ochiai & Yatou in Masuda et al. 1984:334 [ref. 6441], Chen et al. 1997:171 [ref. 26476], Richards 1999:2379 [ref. 24797], Nakabo 2000:605 [ref. 25086], Richards in Randall & Lim 2000:607 [ref. 25122], Hutchins 2001:28 [ref. 25847], Shinohara et al. 2001:317 [ref. 25995], Nakabo 2002:605 [ref. 26001], Shinohara et al. 2005:427 [ref. 28370], Paxton et al. 2006:929 [ref. 29074], Last & Richards 2012:39 [ref. 31796], Richards & Yato 2012:56 [ref. 32168] dated to Kamohara 1958, Larson et al. 2013:89 [ref. 32988]). Current status: Valid as Pterygotrigla ryukyuensis Matsubara & Hiyama 1932. Triglidae. Distribution: Eastern Indian Ocean and western Pacific: Japan south through the South China Sea, Indonesia and to northwestern Australia. Habitat: marine.

salmonicolor, Merulinus Fowler [H. W.] 1903:333 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 55; ref. 15028] New River, Dade County, Florida, U.S.A. Holotype (unique): ANSP 24343. Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:164 [ref. 13621]. •Valid as Prionotus salmonicolor (Fowler 1903) -- (Ross 1983:33 [ref. 36592]). •Synonym of Prionotus rubio Jordan 1886 -- (Miller & Richards 1991:760 [ref. 15981], Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:245 [ref. 24550]). Current status: Synonym of Prionotus rubio Jordan 1886. Triglidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

sarritor, Prionotus Jordan [D. S.] & Gilbert [C. H.] 1883:615 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 5 (no. 328); ref. 2473] North/South Carolina coast, U.S.A. Syntypes: USNM 29675 (1). •Synonym of Prionotus evolans (Linnaeus 1766) -- (Miller & Richards 1991:760 [ref. 15981], Richards & Miller 2003:1273 [ref. 27049]). Current status: Synonym of Prionotus evolans (Linnaeus 1766). Triglidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

saumarez, Pterygotrigla Last [P. R.] & Richards [W. J.] 2012:43, Figs. 3-5 [Zootaxa No. 3195; ref. 31796] Queensland, Australia, south of Saumarez Reef, 22°10'S, 153°29'E, depth 303-333 meters. Holotype: CSIRO H 712-07. Paratypes: CSIRO H 646-04 (1), 648-06 (1), 709-03 (1), 712-08 (1); QM I 1924 (1), 19934 (1). •Valid as Pterygotrigla saumarez Last & Richards 2012 -- (Richards & Yato 2012:62 [ref. 32168]). Current status: Valid as Pterygotrigla saumarez Last & Richards 2012. Triglidae. Distribution: Queensland, Australia. Habitat: marine.

sayademalha, Lepidotrigla Richards [W. J.] 1992:47, Figs. 2-3 [Bulletin of Marine Science v. 51 (no. 1); ref. 20654] Indian Ocean, Saya de Malha Bank, 10°49'S, 62°22'E, depth 115 meters. Holotype: USNM 322084. Paratypes: AMS I.32704-001 (1); BMNH 1992.3.23 [or 25].31 (1); CAS 77306 (1); FAKU 58826 (1); HUMZ 73191 (1); LACM 45538-1 (1); MCZ 98707 (1); MNHN 1992-0217 (1); NMV A9960 (1); SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 37573 (1); USNM 322085 (2, 1 c&s); ZMMU P-18830 (3). Type catalog: Vasil'eva et al. 2001:79 [ref. 25714]. •Valid as Lepidotrigla sayademalha Richards 1992 -- (del Cerro & Lloris 1997:51 [ref. 22811]). Current status: Valid as Lepidotrigla sayademalha Richards 1992. Triglidae. Distribution: Western Indian Ocean. Habitat: marine.

scitulus, Prionotus Jordan [D. S.] & Gilbert [C. H.] 1882:288 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 5 (no. 282); ref. 2472] Pensacola, Florida and Beaufort, North Carolina, U.S.A. Syntypes: USNM 15148 (1) Florida. Based on Prionotus punctatus of Jordan & Gilbert 1878, not Cuvier & Valenciennes, and on one specimen; authors state the "The original types were obtained by us at Beaufort..." •Valid as Prionotus scitulus Jordan & Gilbert 1882 -- (Ross 1983:9 [ref. 36592], Robins & Ray 1986:280 [ref. 23100], Miller & Richards 1991:760 [ref. 15981], Boschung 1992:101 [ref. 23239], Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:244 [ref. 24550], Schmitter-Soto et al. 2000:156 [ref. 27754], Richards & Miller 2003:1276 [ref. 27049], Nelson et al. 2004:117 [ref. 27807], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:67 [ref. 28815], Page et al. 2013:120 [ref. 32708]). Current status: Valid as Prionotus scitulus Jordan & Gilbert 1882. Triglidae. Distribution: Western Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

senegalensis, Chelidonichthys Puyo [J.] 1957:182 [1], Fig. 1 [Bulletin de la Société d'Histoire Naturelle de Toulouse v. 92; ref. 12103] Senegal River. No types known. On p. 1 of separate. •Synonym of Chelidonichthys gabonensis (Poll & Roux 1955) -- (Richards 1968:98 [ref. 7911], Richards & Saksena 1990:681 [ref. 17757], Richards 2016:2304 [ref. 35044]). Current status: Synonym of Chelidonichthys gabonensis (Poll & Roux 1955). Triglidae. Habitat: marine.

sereti, Lepidotrigla del Cerro [L.] & Lloris [D.] 1997:111, Fig. 4 [Mémoires du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris (N. S.) (Série A) Zoologie v. 174; ref. 22944] Chesterfield and Bellona Plateaus, 24°48.9'S, 159°40.9'E, MUSORSTOM 5, station CH 271, depth 258-269 meters. Holotype: MNHN 1994-32. Paratypes: BMNH 1994.5.17.5 (1), IIPB-5/1994 (1), MNHN 1994-0033 (1). Type catalog: Allué et al. 2000:100 [ref. 30499]. •Valid as Lepidotrigla sereti del Cerro & Lloris 1997 -- (Richards 1999:2362 [ref. 24797], Fricke et al. 2011:381 [ref. 31242]). Current status: Valid as Lepidotrigla sereti del Cerro & Lloris 1997. Triglidae. Distribution: Western South Pacific: Chesterfield Islands (New Caledonia). Habitat: marine.

serrata, Trigla Günther [A.] 1860:193 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 2; ref. 1963] Not available, name on specimen mentioned under Prionotus punctatus. See also Trigla serrata Cabrera 1857 (nomen nudum). Triglidae.

serridens, Lepidotrigla Hilgendorf [F. M.] 1879:107 [Sitzungsberichte der Gesellschaft Naturforschender Freunde zu Berlin 1879; ref. 21467] Tokyo, Japan. Holotype (unique): ZMB 6996. Type catalog: Paepke & Fricke 1992:277 [ref. 19946]. •Synonym of Lepidotrigla microptera Günther 1873 -- (Richards 1992:63 [ref. 20654]). Current status: Synonym of Lepidotrigla microptera Günther 1873. Triglidae. Habitat: marine.

sicula, Trigla Swainson [W.] 1839:426 [The natural history and classification v. 2; ref. 4303] Sicily, Italy, Mediterranean Sea. No types known. •Synonym of Chelidonichthys cuculus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Richards 1968:90 [ref. 7911], Richards 2016:2303 [ref. 35044]). Current status: Synonym of Chelidonichthys cuculus (Linnaeus 1758). Triglidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

smithii, Lepidotrigla Regan [C. T.] 1905:22, Pl. 2 (fig. 4) [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 7) v. 15 (no. 85) (art. 2); ref. 3624] Inland Sea, Japan. Syntypes: BMNH 1905.6.6.299-303 (5). •Synonym of Lepidotrigla kishinouyi Snyder 1911 [as kishinouyei] -- (Lindberg & Krasyukova 1987:104 [ref. 15964], Richards 1992:63 [ref. 20654]). Current status: Synonym of Lepidotrigla kishinouyi Snyder 1911. Triglidae. Habitat: marine.

soela, Pterygotrigla (Otohime) Richards [W. J.], Yato [T.] & Last [P. R.] 2003:10, Figs. 10-11 [Smithiana. Publications in Aquatic Biodiversity Bull. 2; ref. 27122] Coral Sea, off Cairns, Queensland, Australia, Pacific, 17°35.3'S, 149°56.9'E to 17°33.8'S, 149°52.9'E, depth 302 meters. Holotype: CSIRO H 580-02. Paratypes: CSIRO H 769-02 (1); MNHN 1995-498 to 505 (1, 5, 2, 2, 2, 3, 2, 15). •Valid as Pterygotrigla soela Richards, Yato & Last 2003 -- (Paxton et al. 2006:929 [ref. 29074], Last & Richards 2012:39 [ref. 31796]). Current status: Valid as Pterygotrigla soela Richards, Yato & Last 2003. Triglidae. Distribution: Southwestern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

sphinx, Trigla Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1829:83 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 4; ref. 998] Indian seas. Holotype (unique): MNHN 0000-6913. Type catalog: Blanc & Hureau 1968:38 [ref. 20738]. Appeared first as name only in Cuvier 1829:160 [ref. 995]. •Synonym of Lepidotrigla papilio (Cuvier 1829) -- (Paxton et al. 1989:455 [ref. 12442], Richards 1992:63 [ref. 20654], Gomon et al. 1994:500 [ref. 22532], Paxton et al. 2006:925 [ref. 29074]). Current status: Synonym of Lepidotrigla papilio (Cuvier 1829). Triglidae. Habitat: marine.

spiloptera, Lepidotrigla Günther [A.] 1880:42, Pl. 18 (fig. C) [Report on the shore fishes procured during the voyage of H. M. S. Challenger in the years 1873-1876 v. 1 (pt 6); ref. 2011] Kai Islands, Challenger station 192, Indonesia, Banda Sea [western Pacific Ocean], depth 129 fathoms. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1879.5.14.269. •Valid as Lepidotrigla spiloptera Günther 1880 -- (Richards & Saksena 1977:218 [ref. 5285], Dor 1984:89 [ref. 29757], Paxton et al. 1989:455 [ref. 12442], Richards 1992:63 [ref. 20654], Baranes & Golani 1993:305 [ref. 22372], Goren & Dor 1994:22 [ref. 25356], Randall 1995:115 [ref. 22896], Richards 1999:2368 [ref. 24797], Richards in Randall & Lim 2000:607 [ref. 25122], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S103 [ref. 27377], Paxton et al. 2006:925 [ref. 29074], Larson et al. 2013:88 [ref. 32988], Psomadakis et al. 2015:190 [ref. 34104], Fricke et al. 2018:138 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:58 [ref. 36273], Gomon & Kawai 2018:643 [ref. 36285]). Current status: Valid as Lepidotrigla spiloptera Günther 1880. Triglidae. Distribution: Red Sea, Indo-West Pacific: East Africa east to Philippines, south to Australia (Queensland, Australia). Habitat: marine.

spinosa, Lepidotrigla Gomon [M. F.] 1987:18, Fig. 1 [Memoirs of the Museum of Victoria v. 48 (no. 1); ref. 17667] Albany, Western Australia, 35°00'S, 117°52'E, depth 38-45 meters. Holotype: NMV A3728. Paratypes: NMV A.2860 (1), A.2877 (1), A.2893 (1), A3730 (3); SAMA F791 (5), F101 (1), F121 (4). •Valid as Lepidotrigla spinosa Gomon 1987 -- (Richards 1992:63 [ref. 20654], Gomon et al. 1994:500 [ref. 22532], Hutchins 2001:28 [ref. 25847], Paxton et al. 2006:926 [ref. 29074], Gomon & Last 2008:512 [ref. 30651]). Current status: Valid as Lepidotrigla spinosa Gomon 1987. Triglidae. Distribution: Australia: South Australia and Western Australia. Habitat: marine.

spinosa, Pterygotrigla Asano [H.] & Okamura [O.] 1963:49, Fig. 1 [Bulletin of the Misaki Marine Biological Institute, Kyoto University No. 4; ref. 1199] Tonking Bay, China, 17°12'N, 108°40'E, depth 95 meters. Holotype: FAKU S526. Paratypes: FAKU S315 (1), S499 (1), S500 (1), S523 (1), S524 (1), S525 (1). •Synonym of Pterygotrigla tagala (Herre & Kauffman 1952) -- (Richards et al. 2003:11 [ref. 27122]). Current status: Synonym of Pterygotrigla tagala (Herre & Kauffman 1952). Triglidae. Habitat: marine.

spinosa, Trigla McClelland [J.] 1843:396, Pl. 22 (fig. 2) [Calcutta Journal of Natural History v. 4 (no. 4); ref. 2927] China. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. •Synonym of Trigla kumu Cuvier 1829 -- (Lindberg & Krasyukova 1987:96 [ref. 15964]). •Valid as Chelidonichthys spinosus (McClelland 1843) -- (Ochiai & Yatou in Masuda et al. 1984:333 [ref. 6441], Yatou in Okamura et al. 1985:575, 721 [ref. 8056], Richards 1999:2365 [ref. 24797], Nakabo 2000:606 [ref. 25086], Richards in Randall & Lim 2000:606 [ref. 25122], Shimizu 2001:26 [ref. 25799], Nakabo 2002:606 [ref. 26001], Parin et al. 2002:S65 [ref. 28300], Shinohara et al. 2005:426 [ref. 28370], Motomura et al. 2010:94 [ref. 31256], Shinohara et al. 2011:43 [ref. 31715], Shinohara et al. 2014:243 [ref. 33300], Parin et al. 2014:226 [ref. 33547]). Current status: Valid as Chelidonichthys spinosus (McClelland 1843). Triglidae. Distribution: Western North Pacific. Habitat: marine.

spirai, Pterygotrigla Golani [D.] & Baranes [A.] 1997:187, Figs. 2-4 [Israel Journal of Zoology v. 43; ref. 22967] Eilat, Gulf of Aqaba, Israel, Red Sea, depth 350 meters. Holotype: HUJ 18087. Paratypes: AMS I.36612-001 (1); BMNH 1997.1.2.1 (1); BPBM 36793 (1); CAS 82478 (1); FMNH 105221 (1); HUJ 11396 (1), 13728 (1), 13956-57 (2, 1), 13960 (3), 14002 (8), 17577-78 (2, 3), 18062 (2); MNHN 1995-1000 (1); SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 53796 (1); SMNS 16811 (1); USNM 343800 (1). Type catalog: Golani 2006:25 [ref. 28840], Fricke 2005:63 [ref. 29864]. •Valid as Pterygotrigla spirai Golani & Baranes 1997 -- (Last & Richards 2012:39 [ref. 31796], Bogorodsky & Randall 2018:[23] 261 [ref. 36492], Golani & Fricke 2018:58 [ref. 36273]). Current status: Valid as Pterygotrigla spirai Golani & Baranes 1997. Triglidae. Distribution: Northern Red Sea endemic: Gulf of Aqaba. Habitat: marine.

stearnsi, Prionotus Jordan [D. S.] & Swain [J.] 1885:541 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 7 (no. 465); ref. 10649] Pensacola, Florida, U.S.A. Holotype (unique): USNM 36943. •Valid as Prionotus stearnsi Jordan & Swain 1885 -- (Ross 1983:42 [ref. 36592], Uyeno & Sato in Uyeno et al. 1983:444 [ref. 14275] as stearnsii, Robins & Ray 1986:281 [ref. 23100], Miller & Richards 1991:760 [ref. 15981], Cervigón 1991:302 [ref. 24472], Boschung 1992:101 [ref. 23239], Cervigón 1992:453 [ref. 23827], Aguilera 1998:48 [ref. 24221], Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:245 [ref. 24550], Richards & Miller 2003:1276 [ref. 27049], Nelson et al. 2004:117 [ref. 27807], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:68 [ref. 28815], Page et al. 2013:120 [ref. 32708]). Current status: Valid as Prionotus stearnsi Jordan & Swain 1885. Triglidae. Distribution: Western Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

stephanophrys, Prionotus Lockington [W. N.] 1881:529 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 3 (no. 182); ref. 17553] Point Reyes, near San Francisco, California, U.S.A. Holotype (unique): USNM 27048. •Valid as Prionotus stephanophrys Lockington 1881 -- (Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:154 [ref. 9277], Pequeño 1989:57 [ref. 14125], Miller & Richards 1991:760 [ref. 15981], Castro-Aguirre et al. 1993:89 [ref. 21807], Allen & Robertson 1994:103 [ref. 22193], Bussing & López S. 1994:84 [ref. 23101], Bussing in Fischer et al. 1995:1648 [ref. 22830], Franke & Acero P. 1996:766 [ref. 22923], De La Cruz Agüero et al. 1997:300 [ref. 24545], De la Cruz-Agüero & Cota-Gómez 1998:357 [ref. 23520], Richards & McCosker 1998:940 [ref. 23599], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:264 [ref. 24555], Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:245 [ref. 24550], Lea & Rosenblatt 2000:121 [ref. 25206], Nelson et al. 2004:117 [ref. 27807], McCosker & Rosenblatt 2010:191 [ref. 30957], Page et al. 2013:120 [ref. 32708], Galván-Villa et al. 2016:145 [ref. 34871], Kells et al. 2016:156 [ref. 35888], Robertson et al. 2017:80 [ref. 35676], González-Murcia et al. 2019:306 [ref. 36544]). Current status: Valid as Prionotus stephanophrys Lockington 1881. Triglidae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific: Washington (U.S.A.) south to Chile, including Galápagos Islands. Habitat: brackish, marine.

stigmapteron, Lepidotrigla Fowler [H. W.] 1934:487, Fig. 46 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 86; ref. 1419] Durban, KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa, southwestern Indian Ocean. Holotype: ANSP 54803. Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:164 [ref. 13621]. •Synonym of Lepidotrigla faurei Gilchrist & Thompson 1914 -- (Richards & Saksena 1977:216 [ref. 5285], Heemstra 1986:488 [ref. 5660], Richards 1992:63 [ref. 20654]). Current status: Synonym of Lepidotrigla faurei Gilchrist & Thompson 1914. Triglidae. Habitat: marine.

strauchii, Trigla (Lepidotrigla) Steindachner [F.] 1876:214 [166] [Sitzungsberichte der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften. Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe v. 74 (1. Abth.); ref. 4225] Hakodate, Oshima Subprefecture, Hokkaidō, Japan. Syntypes: (several) NMW On p. 166 of separate. •Synonym of Lepidotrigla microptera Günther 1873 -- (Lindberg & Krasyukova 1987:105 [ref. 15964] as strauchi, Richards 1992:63 [ref. 20654], Parin et al. 2002:S66 [ref. 28300], Parin et al. 2014:227 [ref. 33547]). Current status: Synonym of Lepidotrigla microptera Günther 1873. Triglidae. Habitat: marine.

strigata, Trigla Cuvier [G.] 1829:161 [Le Règne Animal (Edition 2) v. 2; ref. 995] New York, U.S.A. Cuvier specimens: MNHN 0000-7014 (1) New York, A-0620 (1) New York. Type catalog: Blanc & Hureau 1968:33 [ref. 20738] dated to ref. 998. Available from footnote as, "Tr. strigata, Nob., evolans, Lin., ou lineata Mitchill., Trans. de New-Y., I, pl. iv, f. 4." Also in Cuvier in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1829:86 [ref. 998] as Prionotus strigatus. •Synonym of Prionotus evolans (Linnaeus 1766). Current status: Synonym of Prionotus evolans (Linnaeus 1766). Triglidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

swainsonii, Trigla Leach [W. E.] in Swainson 1839:419 [The natural history and classification v. 2; ref. 4303] Western coasts of Sicily, Italy, Mediterranean Sea. No types known. •Synonym of Chelidonichthys lucernus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Richards 1968:94 [ref. 7911]). •Synonym of Chelidonichthys lucerna (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Richards 2016:2306 [ref. 35044]). Current status: Synonym of Chelidonichthys lucerna (Linnaeus 1758). Triglidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

tagala, Otohime Herre [A. W. C. T.] & Kauffman [D. E.] 1952:27 [Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington v. 65; ref. 11044] Manila Bay, Philippines, depth 64 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 202506 [ex UW 18957]. Paratypes: USNM 202565 [ex UW 11515] (3), 202566 [ex UW 11516] (1), UW (5). Type catalog: Meldrim & Wadley 1968:873 [ref. 31181]. •Valid as Pterygotrigla tagala (Herre & Kauffman 1952) -- (del Cerro & Lloris 1997:119 [ref. 22944], Richards 1999:2380 [ref. 24797], Richards in Randall & Lim 2000:607 [ref. 25122], Richards et al. 2003:11 [ref. 27122], Fricke et al. 2011:381 [ref. 31242], Last & Richards 2012:39 [ref. 31796], Yoshida et al. 2013:87 [ref. 34464]). Current status: Valid as Pterygotrigla tagala (Herre & Kauffman 1952). Triglidae. Distribution: Western Pacific: region of South China Sea; Chesterfield Islands (New Caledonia). Habitat: marine.

tanydactyla, Lepidotrigla Gomon [M. F.] & Kawai [T.] 2018:647, Figs. 16-17 [Raffles Bulletin of Zoology v. 66; ref. 36285] Saleh Bay, Sumbawa, Indonesia, 08.27°S, 117.47°E, depth 150-280 meters. Holotype: MZB 24603 [ex QMB I.25969]. Paratypes: NTM, QMB. •Valid as Lepidotrigla tanydactyla Gomon & Kawai 2018. Current status: Valid as Lepidotrigla tanydactyla Gomon & Kawai 2018. Triglidae. Distribution: Off Sumbawa, southeastern Indonesia. Habitat: marine.

teaguei, Prionotus Briggs [J. C.] 1956:101, Fig. 2 [Quarterly Journal of the Florida Academy of Sciences v. 19 (nos 2-3); ref. 12181] 14 miles southeast of Judas Point, Costa Rica, 9°19'32"N, 84°29'30"W. Holotype: CAS-SU 46380 [ex NYZS]. Type catalog: Mead 1958:134 [ref. 20648]. •Status uncertain, based on a juvenile -- (Miller & Richards 1991:761 [ref. 15981]). •Valid as Prionotus teaguei Briggs 1956 -- (Bussing & López S. 1994:84 [ref. 23101], Bussing in Fischer et al. 1995:1648 [ref. 22830]). Current status: Valid as Prionotus teaguei Briggs 1956. Triglidae. Distribution: Western Atlantic (Costa Rica). Habitat: marine.

teraoi, Lepidotrigla Matsubara [K.] & Hiyama [J.] 1932:29, Fig. 11 [Journal of the Imperial Fisheries Institute v. 28 (no. 1); ref. 16501] Tokyo Bay, Japan. Holotype: FAKU 1 (lost). •Synonym of Lepidotrigla guentheri Hilgendorf 1879 -- (Lindberg & Krasyukova 1987:101 [ref. 15964], Richards 1992:63 [ref. 20654]). Current status: Synonym of Lepidotrigla guentheri Hilgendorf 1879. Triglidae. Habitat: marine.

tokiensis, Lepidotrigla Döderlein [L.] in Steindachner & Döderlein 1887:264 [8] [Denkschriften der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften in Wien, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe. v. 53 (1. abth.); ref. 4249] Japan. Syntypes: (2) ?ZMB 12071 (1) Tokyo. Type catalog: Paepke & Fricke 1992:277 [ref. 19946]. Type information (ZMB) from Amaoka & Fujii 1999:162 [ref. 26515]. Triglidae. Habitat: marine.

tribulus, Prionotus Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1829:98, Pl. 74 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 4; ref. 998] New York; Carolinas, U.S.A. Syntypes: MNHN 0000-5241 (2) New York, 0000-6881 (2) New York, 0000-6943 (2) New York, 0000-6944 (2) New York; SMF 1378 [ex MNHN in 1830] (1) New York; ZMB 680 (1) Carolina. Type catalog: Blanc & Hureau 1968:33-34 [ref. 20738], Paepke & Fricke 1992:277 [ref. 19946]. •Valid as Prionotus tribulus Cuvier 1829 -- (Ross 1983:15 [ref. 36592], Robins & Ray 1986:281 [ref. 23100], Miller & Richards 1991:761 [ref. 15981], Boschung 1992:101 [ref. 23239], Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:242 [ref. 24550], Richards & Miller 2003:1277 [ref. 27049], Nelson et al. 2004:117 [ref. 27807], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:69 [ref. 28815], Page et al. 2013:120 [ref. 32708], Raz-Guzmán et al. 2018:346 [ref. 36407]). Current status: Valid as Prionotus tribulus Cuvier 1829. Triglidae. Distribution: Western Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

tribulus, Trigla Cuvier [G.] 1829:161 [Le Règne Animal (Edition 2) v. 2; ref. 995] Name only, not available; named Prionotus tribulus in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1829:98, Pl. 74 [ref. 998]. Triglidae.

trigloides, Dactylopterus Swainson [W.] 1839:262, 417 [The natural history and classification v. 2; ref. 4303] Original as trigloïdes. Genus as Dactylophorus on p. 262. Evidently an unneeded new name for Trigla corvus Rafinesque 1810. Triglidae. Habitat: marine.

trinitatis, Prionotus Goode [G. B.] & Bean [T. H.] 1896:no page number, Pl. 112 (fig. 383) [Special Bulletin U. S. National Museum No. 2; ref. 1848] Appears in error only in caption for Fig. 383 which corresponds to P. beanii on p. 468. •Synonym of Prionotus beanii Goode 1896 -- (Miller & Richards 1991:761 [ref. 15981]). Current status: Synonym of Prionotus beanii Goode 1896. Triglidae.

truncata, Lepidotrigla Matsubara [K.] & Hiyama [J.] 1932:46, Fig. 16 [Journal of the Imperial Fisheries Institute v. 28 (no. 1); ref. 16501] Nagasaki, Japan. Holotype (unique): FAKU 16 (lost). •Synonym of Lepidotrigla microptera Günther 1873 -- (Lindberg & Krasyukova 1987:105 [ref. 15964], Richards 1992:63 [ref. 20654]). Current status: Synonym of Lepidotrigla microptera Günther 1873. Triglidae. Habitat: marine.

turchellus, Trigla Nardo [G. D.] (ex Chiereghini) 1847:col. 125 [Sinonimia moderna delle specie registrate nell' opera intitolata: ...; ref. 17994] Not available, Chiereghini name mentioned in synonymy. Triglidae.

umbrosa, Lepidotrigla Ogilby [J. D.] 1910:120 [On some new fishes from the Queensland coast; ref. 3289] Southern Queensland, Australia, depth 12-25 fathoms. Syntypes: (3) AMS I.12522 (1) between Double I. Point and Pine Peak, QM I.1533 (1) Hervey Bay. •Valid as Lepidotrigla umbrosa Ogilby 1910 -- (Paxton et al. 1989:456 [ref. 12442], Richards 1992:63 [ref. 20654], del Cerro & Lloris 1997:51 [ref. 22811], Hutchins 2001:28 [ref. 25847], Paxton et al. 2006:926 [ref. 29074], Gomon & Last 2008:512 [ref. 30651]). Current status: Valid as Lepidotrigla umbrosa Ogilby 1910. Triglidae. Distribution: Australia: Queensland and New South Wales, Australia. Habitat: marine.

urashimai, Pterygotrigla (Otohime) Richards [W. J.], Yato [T.] & Last [P. R.] 2003:12, Figs. 1H, 13 [Smithiana. Publications in Aquatic Biodiversity Bull. 2; ref. 27122] Luzon, off the coast of Cavite Province, south entrance to Manila Bay, Philippines, depth 119 meters. Holotype: USNM 202567. Paratypes: USNM 356931 (1). •Valid as Pterygotrigla urashimai Richards, Yato & Last 2003 -- (Last & Richards 2012:39 [ref. 31796]). Current status: Valid as Pterygotrigla urashimai Richards, Yato & Last 2003. Triglidae. Distribution: Philippines. Habitat: marine.

vanderbilti, Prionotus Teague [G. W.] 1951:46, Pl. 2 (fig. 3) [Comunicaciones Zoologicas del Museo de Historia Natural de Montevideo v. 3 (no. 61); ref. 12924] Fisher's Island, off Miami, Biscayne Bay, Florida, U.S.A. Holotype (unique): VMM 1305. •Synonym of Prionotus rubio Jordan 1886 -- (Miller & Richards 1991:761 [ref. 15981]). Current status: Synonym of Prionotus rubio Jordan 1886. Triglidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

vanessa, Trigla Richardson [J.] 1839:97 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1839 (pt 7); ref. 3732] Port Arthur, Tasmania, Australia. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1855.9.19.79. Also described in Richardson 1842:83 Pl. 5 (fig. 1) [ref. 13097]. •Valid as Lepidotrigla vanessa (Richardson 1839) -- (Paxton et al. 1989:456 [ref. 12442], Richards 1992:63 [ref. 20654], Kuiter 1993:111 [ref. 23929], Gomon et al. 1994:501 [ref. 22532], Kuiter 1997:96 [ref. 25488], Hutchins 2001:28 [ref. 25847], Paxton et al. 2006:926 [ref. 29074], Gomon & Last 2008:512 [ref. 30651]). Current status: Valid as Lepidotrigla vanessa (Richardson 1839). Triglidae. Distribution: Australia: New South Wales, Victoria, Tasmania and South Australia. Habitat: marine.

vaubani, Lepidotrigla alcocki del Cerro [L.] & Lloris [D.] 1997:99 [Mémoires du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris (N. S.) (Série A) Zoologie v. 174; ref. 22944] New Caledonia, 19°06.3'S, 163°29.5'E, MUSORSTOM 4, station CP 190, depth 215 meters. Holotype (unique): MNHN 1995-0494. •Valid as Lepidotrigla vaubani del Cerro & Lloris 1997 -- (Fricke et al. 2011:381 [ref. 31242]). Current status: Valid as Lepidotrigla vaubani del Cerro & Lloris 1997. Triglidae. Distribution: Western South Pacific: New Caledonia. Habitat: marine.

venusta, Lepidotrigla Fowler [H. W.] 1938:103, Fig. 48 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 85 (no. 3032); ref. 1426] Off San Fernando Pt. Light, western coast of Luzon Island, Philippines, 16°30'36"N, 120°11'06"E, Albatross station D.5442, depth 45 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 98872. Paratypes: USNM 98977 (34). •Valid as Lepidotrigla venusta Fowler 1938 -- (Richards 1992:63 [ref. 20654], Richards 1999:2362 [ref. 24797], Richards in Randall & Lim 2000:607 [ref. 25122]). Current status: Valid as Lepidotrigla venusta Fowler 1938. Triglidae. Distribution: Philippines. Habitat: marine.

vergeri, Lepidotrigla Saville-Kent [W.] (ex De Vis) 1893:292, 370 [The Great Barrier Reef of Australia; its products and potentialities; ref. 13269] Name only and not available. From Queensland, Australia. •Placement uncertain -- (Paxton et al. 1989:457 [ref. 12442], Paxton et al. 2006:930 [ref. 29074]). •Mentioned as Lepidotrigla vergeri Saville-Kent 1893 -- (Richards 1992:63 [ref. 20654]). Triglidae.

volucer, Currupiscis Whitley [G. P.] 1931:328 [Australian Zoologist v. 6 (pt 4); ref. 4672] La Perouse, Botany Bay, New South Wales, Australia. Holotype: AMS IA.4667. Based on specimens of Trigla kumu described by Steindachner 1866:20 [ref. 4210]. •Synonym of Chelidonichthys kumu (Cuvier 1829) -- (Paxton et al. 1989:454 [ref. 12442], Gomon et al. 1994:496 [ref. 22532], Paxton et al. 2006:922 [ref. 29074]). Current status: Synonym of Chelidonichthys kumu (Cuvier 1829). Triglidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

xenisma, Prionotus Jordan [D. S.] & Bollman [C. H.] 1890:169 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 12 (no. 770); ref. 2433] Off Pacific Coast of Colombia, 7°57'N, 78°55'W, Albatross station 279, depth 33 fathoms. Lectotype: USNM 41151. Paralectotypes: CAS-SU 202 (6); USNM 41361 (6), 204293 [ex USNM 41151] (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:125 [ref. 12291]. Lectotype selected by Miller & Richards 1991:650 [ref. 15980]. •Valid as Bellator xenisma (Jordan & Bollman 1890) -- (Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:153 [ref. 9277], Miller & Richards 1991:650 [ref. 15980], Miller & Richards 1991:761 [ref. 15981], Castro-Aguirre et al. 1993:89 [ref. 21807], Allen & Robertson 1994:102 [ref. 22193], Bussing & López S. 1994:86 [ref. 23101], Bussing in Fischer et al. 1995:1646 [ref. 22830], De La Cruz Agüero et al. 1997:300 [ref. 24545], De la Cruz-Agüero & Cota-Gómez 1998:357 [ref. 23520], Richards & McCosker 1998:940 [ref. 23599], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:263 [ref. 24555], Nelson et al. 2004:116 [ref. 27807], Page et al. 2013:119 [ref. 32708]). Current status: Valid as Bellator xenisma (Jordan & Bollman 1890). Triglidae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.