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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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Species in the family or subfamily Uranoscopidae: [ 83 ] records


affinis, Uranoscopus Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1829:304 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 3; ref. 4879] Indian Ocean. Holotype (unique): MNHN 0000-5263. •Valid as Uranoscopus affinis Cuvier 1829 -- (Pietsch 1989:295 [ref. 12541], Kishimoto 2001:3527 [ref. 26287], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S116 [ref. 27377], Bray & Hoese 2006:1513 [ref. 29049], Fricke et al. 2013:143 [ref. 32771], Larson et al. 2013:176 [ref. 32988], Vilasri 2013:90 [ref. 33304], Motomura et al. 2017:192 [ref. 35490], Fricke 2018:158 [ref. 36122], Golani & Fricke 2018:135 [ref. 36273], Matsunuma in Kimura et al. 2018:241 [ref. 36460], Psomadakis et al. 2020:535 [ref. 37272]). Current status: Valid as Uranoscopus affinis Cuvier 1829. Uranoscopidae. Distribution: Red Sea, Indo-West Pacific: India and Myanmar east to Philippines, north to southern Japan, south to northern Australia. Habitat: marine.

albesca, Uranoscopus Regan [C. T.] 1915:127 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 8) v. 15 (no. 85); ref. 15006] Lagos, Nigeria. Syntypes: BMNH 1914.11.2.33-34 (2). •Valid as Uranoscopus albesca Regan 1915 -- (Pietsch 1989:295 [ref. 12541], Roux 1990:897 [ref. 18781], Fricke et al. 2013:143 [ref. 32771], Vilasri 2013:90 [ref. 33304], Smith in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2789 [ref. 34618], Fricke 2018:158 [ref. 36122]). Current status: Valid as Uranoscopus albesca Regan 1915. Uranoscopidae. Distribution: Eastern Atlantic: Senegal to Angola. Habitat: marine.

albigutta, Cathetostoma Bean [T. H.] 1892:121 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 15 (no. 896); ref. 14520] Gulf of Mexico, 28°42'30"N, 85°29'W, Albatross station 2403, depth 88 fathoms. Syntypes: USNM 39304 (2, basis of description) station 2403. Additional syntypes or additional material: USNM 39305-07 (2, 1, 1). Original genus should have been spelled Kathetostoma. Species spelled albigutta in article (title) and in index. •Valid as Kathetostoma albigutta Bean 1892 -- (Berry & Anderson 1961:576 [ref. 37362], Robins & Ray 1986:220 [ref. 23100], Boschung 1992:158 [ref. 23239], Pietsch 1989:296 [ref. 12541], Schmitter-Soto et al. 2000:164 [ref. 27754], Carpenter 2003:1747 [ref. 27092], Nelson et al. 2004:161 [ref. 27807], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:571 [ref. 28815], Page et al. 2013:166 [ref. 32708], Vilasri 2013:89 [ref. 33304]). Current status: Valid as Kathetostoma albigutta Bean 1892. Uranoscopidae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: North Carolina south to Florida (U.S.A.); Gulf of Mexico. Habitat: marine.

anoplos, Uranoscopus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1832:493 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 8; ref. 1000] Amerique septentrionale. Syntypes: MNHN 0000-4053 (2) New York. •Synonym of Astroscopus ygraecum (Cuvier 1829) (often as y-graecum) -- (Berry & Anderson 1961:569 [ref. 37362] as x-graecum, Pietsch 1989:298 [ref. 12541], Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:400 [ref. 24550], Schmitter-Soto et al. 2000:164 [ref. 27754]). Current status: Synonym of Astroscopus ygraecum (Cuvier 1829). Uranoscopidae. Habitat: marine.

anostomus, Cottus Pallas [P. S.] 1814:128 [Zoographia Rosso-Asiatica v. 3; ref. 3351] Littorilus Chersinesi tauricae, Sevastopol, Crimea, Ukraine. No types known. •Synonym of Uranoscopus scaber Linnaeus 1758 -- (Wheeler 1973:451 [ref. 7190]). •Probably a synonym -- (Pietsch 1989:296 [ref. 12541]). •Synonym of Uranoscopus scaber Linnaeus 1758, but a valid subspecies anostomus Pallus 1814 -- (Parin et al. 2014:466 [ref. 33547], Vasil'eva 2012:487 [483] [ref. 37036]) Current status: Synonym of Uranoscopus scaber Linnaeus 1758. Uranoscopidae. Distribution: Black Sea [if valid]. Habitat: brackish, marine.

araneus, Callionymus Gronow [L. T.] in Gray 1854:44 [Catalogue of fish collected and described by Laurence Theodore Gronow; ref. 1911] Mediterranean Sea. Syntypes: BMNH 1853.11.12.10 [Gronovius coll.] (1, skin). Type catalog: Wheeler 1958:230 [ref. 13434] but as holotype. •Synonym of Uranoscopus scaber Linnaeus 1758 -- (Wheeler 1958:230 [ref. 13434]). •Probably a synonym -- (Pietsch 1989:296 [ref. 12541]). Current status: Synonym of Uranoscopus scaber Linnaeus 1758. Uranoscopidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

archionema, Uranoscopus Regan [C. T.] 1921:416 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 9) v. 7 (no. 41); ref. 3672] 15-20 miles off Umvoti River, KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa, southwestern Indian Ocean, depth 120 fathoms. Syntypes: BMNH 1921.3.1.32-33 (2). This species qualifies as a nomen protectum over Uranoscopus duvalii Bottard 1889. •Valid as Uranoscopus archionema Regan 1921 -- (Heemstra 1986:735 [ref. 5660], Pietsch 1989:295 [ref. 12541], Fricke 1999:463 [ref. 24106], Fricke et al. 2009:92 [ref. 30213], Fricke et al. 2013:143 [ref. 32771], Vilasri 2013:90 [ref. 33304], Fricke et al. 2018:303 [ref. 35805], Fricke 2018:158 [ref. 36122]). Current status: Valid as Uranoscopus archionema Regan 1921. Uranoscopidae. Distribution: East and South Africa to Madagascar and Mascarenes. Habitat: marine.

armatus, Xenocephalus Kaup [J. J.] 1858:86 [Archiv für Naturgeschichte v. 24 (pt. 1); ref. 2576] New Zealand [Collection of the Fisheries Lab, Wellington, New Zealand (no other locality data)]. Neotype: NMNZ P.30131 [ex USNM 325034]. Neotype designated by Springer & Bauchot 1994:86 [ref. 21269] who also present nomenclatural information. •Valid as Xenocephalus armatus Kaup 1858 -- (Springer & Bauchot 1994:86 [ref. 21269], Bray & Hoese 2006:1514 [ref. 29049], Gomon 2008:683 [ref. 30614], Vilasri 2013:91 [ref. 33304], Gomon 2015:1490 [ref. 34298], Fricke et al. 2019:253 [ref. 36673]). Current status: Valid as Xenocephalus armatus Kaup 1858. Uranoscopidae. Distribution: Southwestern Pacific: southeastern Australia and New Zealand. Habitat: marine.

asper, Uranoscopus Temminck [C. J.] & Schlegel [H.] 1843:26, Pl. 9 (fig. 1) [Fauna Japonica Parts 2-4; ref. 4371] Coasts southwest of Japan. Lectotype: RMNH D713 (stuffed). Paralectotypes: ?BMNH; RMNH 472 (2), D711 and D712 (2, stuffed), D2873 (1 stuffed); ZMB 532 (1). Type catalog: Paepke 2001:331 [ref. 25566]. Lectotype selected by Boeseman 1947:39 [ref. 12876]. •Synonym of Uranoscopus japonicus Houttuyn 1782 -- (Pietsch 1989:295 [ref. 12541]). Current status: Synonym of Uranoscopus japonicus Houttuyn 1782. Uranoscopidae. Habitat: marine.

australiensis, Gnathagnus elongatus Kishimoto [H.] 1989:310, Fig. 2 [Japanese Journal of Ichthyology v. 36 (no. 3); ref. 13562] Northwest Shelf, 190 kilometers northwest of Port Hedland, Western Australia, 18°10'S, 118°18'E, depth 299 meters. Holotype: AMS I.22821-014. Paratypes: AMS I.22821-051 (3), I.23423-002 (1); WAM P.19119-001 (1), P.28072-006 (2), P.28086-001 (2). Type catalog: Hutchins & Smith 1991:35 [ref. 19335], Moore et al. 2008:39 [ref. 30117]. •Synonym of Xenocephalus australiensis (Kishimoto 1989) but a valid subspecies as described -- (Kishimoto 2001:3531 [ref. 26287]). •Valid as Xenocephalus australiensis (Kishimoto 1989) -- (Hutchins 2001:41 [ref. 25847], Bray & Hoese 2006:1515 [ref. 29049], Vilasri 2013:91 [ref. 33304], Psomadakis et al. 2020:536 [ref. 37272]). Current status: Valid as Xenocephalus australiensis (Kishimoto 1989). Uranoscopidae. Distribution: Eastern Indian Ocean, western Pacific. Habitat: marine.

averruncus, Kathetostoma Jordan [D. S.] & Bollman [C. H.] 1890:163 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 12 (no. 770); ref. 2433] Off Pacific coast of Colombia, 8°51'N, 79°31'30"W, Albatross station 2800, depth 7 fathoms. Holotype (unique): USNM 44394. •Valid as Kathetostoma averruncus Jordan & Bollman 1890 -- (Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:240 [ref. 9277], Pietsch 1989:296 [ref. 12541], Bussing & López S. 1994:140 [ref. 23101], Bussing & Lavenberg in Fischer et al. 1995:1650 [ref. 22830], De La Cruz Agüero et al. 1997:306 [ref. 24545], Grove & Lavenberg 1997:512 [ref. 24023], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:240, 265 [ref. 24555], Nelson et al. 2004:161 [ref. 27807], McCosker & Rosenblatt 2010:193 [ref. 30957], Page et al. 2013:166 [ref. 32708], Vilasri 2013:89 [ref. 33304], Kells et al. 2016:292 [ref. 35888], Robertson et al. 2017:97 [ref. 35676], Sánchez-Jiménez et al. 2018:S8 [ref. 36248], Burton & Lea 2019:88 [ref. 37205]). Current status: Valid as Kathetostoma averruncus Jordan & Bollman 1890. Uranoscopidae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific: California (U.S.A.) south to Peru, including Galápagos Islands. Habitat: marine.

barbatus, Ichthyscopus Mees [G. F.] 1960:49, Figs. 3-4 [Journal of the Royal Society of Western Australia v. 43 (pt 2); ref. 11931] Between Rottnest Island and the Stragglers, Western Australia, depth 25-30 feet. Holotype: WAM P.4338-001. Paratypes: WAM P.672-001 (1), P.1296-001 (1), P.3488-001 (1), P.4424-001 (1), P.4431-001 (2). Type catalog: Hutchins & Smith 1991:35 [ref. 19335], Moore et al. 2008:39 [ref. 30117]. •Valid as Ichthyscopus barbatus Mees 1960 -- (Pietsch 1989:297 [ref. 12541], Gomon et al. 1994:720 [ref. 22532], Gomon & Johnson 1999:604 [ref. 25038], Hutchins 2001:40 [ref. 25847], Bray & Hoese 2006:1510 [ref. 29049], Gomon 2008:679 [ref. 30614], Vilasri 2013:89 [ref. 33304], Hoschke et al. 2019:159 [ref. 36626]). Current status: Valid as Ichthyscopus barbatus Mees 1960. Uranoscopidae. Distribution: Southeastern Indian Ocean, southwestern Pacific: New South Wales, South Australia and Western Australia. Habitat: marine.

bauchotae, Uranoscopus Brüss [R.] 1987:960, Fig. 3 [Bulletin du Museum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Série 4: Section A: Zoologie, Biologie et Écologie Animales v. 8 (no. 4) [for 1986]; ref. 9168] Red Sea. Holotype: MNHN 1966-0678. Paratypes: MNHN B-3021 (1). •Valid as Uranoscopus bauchotae Brüss 1987 -- (Pietsch 1989:295 [ref. 12541], Goren & Dor 1994:58 [ref. 25356], Fricke et al. 2013:143 [ref. 32771], Vilasri 2013:90 [ref. 33304], Bogorodsky & Randall 2018:[6] 244 [ref. 36492], Fricke 2018:158 [ref. 36122], Golani & Fricke 2018:135 [ref. 36273]). Current status: Valid as Uranoscopus bauchotae Brüss 1987. Uranoscopidae. Distribution: Northern Red Sea endemic: Gulf of Suez. Habitat: marine.

bicinctus, Uranoscopus Temminck [C. J.] & Schlegel [H.] 1843:26, Pl. 10B [Fauna Japonica Parts 2-4; ref. 4371] Japan. Lectotype: RMNH D716 (stuffed). Paralectotypes: RMNH 418 (2), D708 (1, stuffed), D714 (1, stuffed), D715 (1, stuffed). Lectotype selected by Boeseman 1947:40 [ref. 12876]. •Valid as Uranoscopus bicinctus Temminck & Schlegel 1843 -- (Kishimoto in Masuda et al. 1984:293 [ref. 6441], Allen & Swainston 1988:126 [ref. 25477], Pietsch 1989:295 [ref. 12541], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:538 [ref. 27969] with author as Schlegel, Allen 1997:204 [ref. 23977], Chen et al. 1997:147 [ref. 26476], Myers 1999:214 [ref. 23965], Kishimoto in Randall & Lim 2000:631 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:1076 [ref. 25182], Hutchins 2001:40 [ref. 25847], Kishimoto 2001:3527 [ref. 26287], Nakabo 2002:1076 [ref. 26193], Choi et al. 2003:385, 648 [ref. 26218], Allen & Adrim 2003:52 [ref. 26830], Bray & Hoese 2006:1513 [ref. 29049], Motomura et al. 2010:182 [ref. 31256], Allen & Erdmann 2012:763 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2013:143 [ref. 32771], Larson et al. 2013:176 [ref. 32988], Vilasri 2013:90 [ref. 33304], Motomura et al. 2017:192 [ref. 35490], Fricke 2018:158 [ref. 36122], Matsunuma in Kimura et al. 2018:241 [ref. 36460]). Current status: Valid as Uranoscopus bicinctus Temminck & Schlegel 1843. Uranoscopidae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Indonesia east to Philippines, north to Japan, south to northern Australia. Habitat: marine.

binigrasella, Kathetostoma Gomon [M. F.] & Roberts [C. D.] 2011:5, Figs. 3-4 [Zootaxa No. 2776; ref. 31180] North Island, 11 miles off Ninety Mile Beach, Northland, 35°42'S, 173°37'E, New Zealand, depth 100 meters. Holotype: NMNZ 42147. Paratypes: 31 at AMS, BMNH, CAS, NMNZ, NMV, USNM. Plus additional non-type material. •Valid of Kathetostoma binigrasella Gomon & Roberts 2011-- (Vilasri 2013:89 [ref. 33304], Gomon 2015:1487 [ref. 34298]). Current status: Valid as Kathetostoma binigrasella Gomon & Roberts 2011. Uranoscopidae. Distribution: Southwestern Pacific: New Zealand region. Habitat: marine.

brunneus, Uranoscopus Fricke [R.] 2018:159, Figs. 1, 2A-B, 3 [Zootaxa 4476 (no. 1); ref. 36122] Off southwestern New Britain, Solomon Sea, Papua New Guinea, West New Britain Province, 6°06.08'S, 149°12.209'E − 6°07.639'S, 149°12.107'E, depth 315−625 meters. Holotype (unique): NTUM 12716. •Valid as Uranoscopus brunneus Fricke 2018. Current status: Valid as Uranoscopus brunneus Fricke 2018. Uranoscopidae. Distribution: Papua New Guinea (New Britain), Philippines and Indonesia, western Pacific. Habitat: marine.

bufo, Uranoscopus Valenciennes [A.] 1843:16 [Ichthyologie des îles Canaries v. 2 (pt 2); ref. 4502] Lanzarote Island, Canary Islands. Holotype: A-5751 (dry). •Synonym of Uranoscopus scaber Linnaeus 1758 -- (Roux 1990:898 [ref. 18781], Fricke 2018:159 [ref. 36122]). Current status: Synonym of Uranoscopus scaber Linnaeus 1758. Uranoscopidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

cadenati, Uranoscopus Poll [M.] 1959:49, Fig. 16 [Résultats Scientifiques. Expédition Océanographique Belge dans les Eaux Côtières Africaines de l'Atlantique Sud (1948-1949). Bruxelles. v. 4 (no. 3B); ref. 12014] Eastern Atlantic, 48 miles southwest of Margate Head, French Equatorial Africa, 6°39'S, 11°45'E, depth 200 meters. Holotype: IRSNB 365. Paratypes: IRSNB 366-373 (2, 2, 1, 1, 1, 2, 1, 1), 403 (1); MRAC 126630 (1), 126631-32 (2), 126633-39 (1 ea). Type catalog: Walschaerts 1987:42 [ref. 20755], Derijst 1991:72 [ref. 21528]. •Valid as Uranoscopus cadenati Poll 1959 -- (Pietsch 1989:295 [ref. 12541], Roux 1990:897 [ref. 18781], Fricke et al. 2013:143 [ref. 32771], Wirtz et al. 2013:131 [ref. 32972], Vilasri 2013:90 [ref. 33304], Smith in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2790 [ref. 34618], Fricke 2018:158 [ref. 36122]). Current status: Valid as Uranoscopus cadenati Poll 1959. Uranoscopidae. Distribution: Eastern Atlantic: Senegal to Angola. Habitat: marine.

canaster, Kathetostoma Gomon [M. F.] & Last [P. R.] 1987:31, Fig. 1 [Memoirs of the Museum of Victoria v. 48 (no. 1); ref. 17670] Bass Strait, southeast of Cape Conran, Victoria, Australia, 37°55.27'-55.43'S, 149°10.32'-15.05'S, depth 114-119 meters. Holotype: NMV A1594. Paratypes: AMS E.3354 (1), I.21304-001 (2); CSIRO H 654-01 (1), H 655-01 (1); NMV A217 (1), A1222 (1), A1400 (1), A1401 (1), A1550 (1), A1563 (2), A2153 (2), A2166 (2). •Valid as Kathetostoma canaster Gomon & Last 1987 -- (Gomon et al. 1994:721 [ref. 22532], Hutchins 2001:40 [ref. 25847], Bray & Hoese 2006:1511 [ref. 29049], Gomon 2008:680 [ref. 30614], Gomon & Roberts 2011:11 [ref. 31180], Vilasri 2013:89 [ref. 33304]). Current status: Valid as Kathetostoma canaster Gomon & Last 1987. Uranoscopidae. Distribution: Australia: New South Wales, Victoria, Tasmania and to western South Australia. Habitat: marine.

capensis, Uranoscopus Bleeker [P.] 1878:58 [Verslagen en Mededeelingen der Koninklijke Akademie van Wetenschappen. Afdeeling Natuurkunde (Ser. 2) v. 13; ref. 17120] Cape of Good Hope, South Africa. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. •Probably a synonym -- (Pietsch 1989:296 [ref. 12541]). Uranoscopidae. Habitat: marine.

chinensis, Uranoscopus Guichenot [A.] in Sauvage 1882:169 [Bulletin de la Société philomathique de Paris (7th Série) v. 6; ref. 3894] China. Lectotype: MNHN A-3101. Paralectotypes: MNHN 0000-5427 (1) Macao. Guichenot's contribution to the description is unclear, perhaps authorship should be Sauvage (ex Guichenot). Lectotype selected by Pietsch & Kishimoto 1989:748 [ref. 22437]. •Valid as Uranoscopus chinensis Guichenot 1882 -- (Pietsch 1989:295 [ref. 12541], Pietsch & Kishimoto 1989:748 [ref. 22437], Chen et al. 1997:147 [ref. 26476], Kishimoto in Randall & Lim 2000:631 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:1075 [ref. 25182], Nakabo 2002:1075 [ref. 26193], Choi et al. 2003:385, 648 [ref. 26218], Shinohara et al. 2005:438 [ref. 28370], Ho & Shao 2011: 51 [ref. 31432], Fricke et al. 2013:143 [ref. 32771], Vilasri 2013:90 [ref. 33304], Fricke 2018:158 [ref. 36122]). Current status: Valid as Uranoscopus chinensis Guichenot 1882. Uranoscopidae. Distribution: Western North Pacific. Habitat: marine.

cirrhosus, Uranoscopus Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1829:314 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 3; ref. 4879] New Zealand. Holotype (unique): ?MNHN A-3099. Appeared first as name only in Cuvier 1829:154 [ref. 995]. •Synonym of Genyagnus monopterygius (Schneider 1801) -- (Pietsch 1989:297 [ref. 12541]). Current status: Synonym of Genyagnus monopterygius (Schneider 1801). Uranoscopidae. Habitat: marine.

cocius, Uranoscopus Rafinesque [C. S.] 1810:24 [Caratteri di alcuni nuovi generi e nuove specie di animali e piante della Sicilia; ref. 3594] Sicily, Italy, Mediterranean Sea. No types known. Also appeared in Rafinesque 1810:13 [ref. 3595]. •Synonym of Uranoscopus scaber Linnaeus 1758 -- (Parenti 2019:119 [ref. 37117]). Current status: Synonym of Uranoscopus scaber Linnaeus 1758. Uranoscopidae. Habitat: marine.

cognatus, Uranoscopus Cantor [T. E.] 1849:1003 [21] [Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal v. 18 (pt 2); ref. 715] Sea of Penang, Malaysia. Holotype: ?BMNH 1860.3.19.397a (left half skin). On p. 21 of separate. •Valid as Uranoscopus cognatus Cantor 1849 -- (Allen & Swainston 1988:126 [ref. 25477], Pietsch 1989:295 [ref. 12541], Krishnan & Mishra 1993:231 [ref. 24016], Allen 1997:204 [ref. 23977], Hutchins 2001:41 [ref. 25847], Kishimoto 2001:3528 [ref. 26287], Mishra & Krishnan 2003:42 [ref. 27712], Adrim et al. 2004:125 [ref. 27715], Bray & Hoese 2006:1513 [ref. 29049], Fricke et al. 2013:143 [ref. 32771], Larson et al. 2013:176 [ref. 32988], Vilasri 2013:90 [ref. 33304], Yoshida et al. 2013:181 [ref. 34464], Fricke 2018:158 [ref. 36122], Psomadakis et al. 2020:535 [ref. 37272]). Current status: Valid as Uranoscopus cognatus Cantor 1849. Uranoscopidae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific. Habitat: marine.

crassiceps, Uranoscopus Alcock [A. W.] 1890:205 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 6) v. 6 (no. 33) (art. 26); ref. 82] Off Madras coast, India, 18°30'N, 84°46'E, Investigator station 96, depth 98-102 fathoms. Syntypes: (about 25) BMNH 1890.11.28-5-8 [ex ZSI F12794-96 and 99] (4), MNHN 1890-0324 to 0326 (3), ZSI F12788 (1). Type catalog: Menon & Yazdani 1968:146 [ref. 20743], Menon and Rama-Rao 1970:377 [ref. 27516], Menon & Rama-Rao 1975:39 [ref. 22148]. Figured in Alcock 1894: Pl. 10 (fig. 4) [ref. 17304]. •Valid as Uranoscopus crassiceps Alcock 1890 -- (Pietsch 1989:295 [ref. 12541], Fricke et al. 2013:143 [ref. 32771], Vilasri 2013:90 [ref. 33304], Mullasseri Sidharthan et al. 2017:28 [ref. 35142], Fricke 2018:158 [ref. 36122], Pradhan et al. 2019:91 [ref. 36638]). Current status: Valid as Uranoscopus crassiceps Alcock 1890. Uranoscopidae. Distribution: Northern Ocean: Somalia, Yemen and Oman east to Bay of Bengal (northeastern India). Habitat: marine.

cribratus, Gnathagnus Kishimoto [H.] 1989:305, Fig. 1 [Japanese Journal of Ichthyology v. 36 (no. 3); ref. 13562] About 90 kilometers southwest of Rowley Shoals, northwestern Australia, 18°08'S, 118°31'E, depth 350-354 meters. Holotype: WAM P.28071-009. Paratypes: AMS I.22808-008 (1), I.22821-050 (1), I.23425-010 (1); CSIRO CA 4235 (1); WAM P.28071-026 (2), P.28086-007 (1). Type catalog: Hutchins & Smith 1991:35 [ref. 19335], Moore et al. 2008:39 [ref. 30117]. •Valid as Gnathagnus cribratus Kishimoto 1989 -- (Hutchins 2001:40 [ref. 25847]). •Valid as Xenocephalus cribratus (Kishimoto 1989) -- (Kishimoto 2001:3530 [ref. 26287], Bray & Hoese 2006:1515 [ref. 29049], Larson et al. 2013:177 [ref. 32988], Vilasri 2013:91 [ref. 33304]). Current status: Valid as Xenocephalus cribratus (Kishimoto 1989). Uranoscopidae. Distribution: Northwestern Australia. Habitat: marine.

cubana, Kathetostoma albigutta Barbour [T.] 1941:2 [Proceedings of the New England Zoölogical Club v. 19; ref. 13230] Cuba, 22°49'N, 79°07'W, Atlantis station 3421, depth 234 fathoms. Holotype: MCZ 35506. Paratypes: (20) MCZ 35508 (2), 35509 (now 0), 35510 (3), 35513-14 (3, 4); USNM 153586 [ex MCZ 35509] (2). Combined with a neuter genus, the adjective should be cubanum. •Valid as Kathetostoma cubana Barbour 1941 -- (Berry & Anderson 1961:578 [ref. 37362], Pietsch 1989:296 [ref. 12541], Cervigón 1992:454 [ref. 23827], Cervigón 1994:63 [ref. 24488], Carpenter 2003:1747 [ref. 27092], Vilasri 2013:89 [ref. 33304]). •Valid as Kathetostoma cubanum Barbour 1941. Current status: Valid as Kathetostoma cubanum Barbour 1941. Uranoscopidae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: Bahamas, Cuba, Puerto Rico, Honduras. Habitat: marine.

dahlakensis, Uranoscopus Brüss [R.] 1987:50, Figs. 1-2 [Senckenbergiana Biologica v. 68 (nos 1/3); ref. 9110] Dahlak Archipelago, Eritrea, Red Sea. Holotype: HUJ 5497/1. Paratypes: HUJ 5497/2 (1). Type catalog: Golani 2006:30 [ref. 28840]. •Valid as Uranoscopus dahlakensis Brüss 1987 -- (Pietsch 1989:295 [ref. 12541], Goren & Dor 1994:58 [ref. 25356], Fricke et al. 2013:143 [ref. 32771], Vilasri 2013:90 [ref. 33304], Fricke 2018:158 [ref. 36122], Bogorodsky & Randall 2018:[6] 244 [ref. 36492], Golani & Fricke 2018:135 [ref. 36273]). Current status: Valid as Uranoscopus dahlakensis Brüss 1987. Uranoscopidae. Distribution: Southern Red Sea endemic: Eritrea. Habitat: marine.

dollfusi, Uranoscopus Brüss [R.] 1987:958, Fig. 2 [Bulletin du Museum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Série 4: Section A: Zoologie, Biologie et Écologie Animales v. 8 (no. 4) [for 1986]; ref. 9168] Gulf of Suez, Red Sea, 28°04'N, 33°29'E to 28°08'N, 33°34'E, depth 60-73 meters. Holotype: MNHN 1966-0680. Paratypes: MNHN B-3022 (1), B-3023 (1), 1966-0679 (1). •Valid as Uranoscopus dollfusi Brüss 1987 -- (Pietsch 1989:295 [ref. 12541], Goren & Dor 1994:58 [ref. 25356], Randall 1995:307 [ref. 22896], Carpenter et al. 1997:207 [ref. 23922], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S116 [ref. 27377], Randall & Arnold 2012:216 [ref. 32259], Fricke et al. 2013:143 [ref. 32771], Vilasri 2013:90 [ref. 33304], Psomadakis et al. 2015:300 [ref. 34104], Fricke 2018:158 [ref. 36122], Golani & Fricke 2018:135 [ref. 36273], Eagderi et al. 2019:120 [ref. 37020]). Current status: Valid as Uranoscopus dollfusi Brüss 1987. Uranoscopidae. Distribution: Red Sea, northwestern Indian Ocean: Gulf of Oman, Persian Gulf. Habitat: marine.

duvalii, Uranoscopus Bottard [A.] 1889:132, Fig. 20 [Les Poissons Venimeux; ref. 31526] Réunion, western Indian Ocean. Holotype (unique): Station Maritime du Havre, Le Havre, France. The whereabouts of the type is unknown. The name archionema Regan 1921 is maintained on the presumption that it qualifies as a nomen protectum; duvalii was described first, but is not used in current literature. •Probably a synonym -- (Pietsch 1989:296 [ref. 12541]). •Synonym of Uranoscopus archionema Regan 1921 -- (Pers. Comm. R. Fricke 11/22/2011). Current status: Synonym of Uranoscopus archionema Regan 1921. Uranoscopidae. Habitat: marine.

egregius, Execestides Jordan [D. S.] & Thompson [J. C.] 1905:253, Figs. 5-6 [Bulletin of the Bureau of Fisheries v. 24 (for 1904); ref. 2538] Garden Key, Dry Tortugas, Florida, U.S.A. Holotype (unique): CAS-SU 8411. Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:91 [ref. 12291]. •Valid as Gnathagnus egregius (Jordan & Thompson 1905) -- (Berry & Anderson 1961:580 [ref. 37362], Robins & Ray 1986:220 [ref. 23100], Pietsch 1989:295 [ref. 12541], Kishimoto 1989:313 [ref. 13562], Boschung 1992:158 [ref. 23239], Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:303 [ref. 25013], Carpenter 2003:1747 [ref. 27092], Nelson et al. 2004:161 [ref. 27807], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:570 [ref. 28815]). •Valid as Xenocephalus egregius (Jordan & Thompson 1905) -- (Moore et al. 2003:227 [ref. 27076], Page et al. 2013:166 [ref. 32708], Smith-Vaniz & Collette 2013:180 [ref. 32953], Vilasri 2013:91 [ref. 33304]). Current status: Valid as Xenocephalus egregius (Jordan & Thompson 1905). Uranoscopidae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: Georgia south to Florida (U.S.A.); northern Gulf of Mexico. Habitat: marine.

elongatus, Uranoscopus Temminck [C. J.] & Schlegel [H.] 1843:27, Pl. 9 (fig. 2) [Fauna Japonica Parts 2-4; ref. 4371] Japan. Lectotype: RMNH D709 (stuffed). Paralectotypes: RMNH D710 (1, stuffed). Lectotype selected by Boeseman 1947:41 [ref. 12876]. •Valid as Gnathagnus elongatus (Temminck & Schlegel 1843) -- (Okamura in Okamura et al. 1982:259, 386 [ref. 8256], Kishimoto in Masuda et al. 1984:293 [ref. 6441], Okamura in Okamura et al. 1985:561, 714 [ref. 8056], Pietsch 1989:294 [ref. 12541], Kishimoto 1989:313 [ref. 13562], Cheng & Zhou 1997:324 [ref. 26385] dated 1846, Choi et al. 2003:385, 648 [ref. 26218]). •Valid as Xenocephalus elongatus (Temminck & Schlegel 1843) -- (Kishimoto in Randall & Lim 2000:631 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:1076 [ref. 25182], Shinohara et al. 2001:330 [ref. 25995], Nakabo 2002:1076 [ref. 26193], Shinohara et al. 2011:54 [ref. 31715], Vilasri 2013:91 [ref. 33304], Shinohara et al. 2014:271 [ref. 33330]). Current status: Valid as Xenocephalus elongatus (Temminck & Schlegel 1843). Uranoscopidae. Distribution: Western North Pacific. Habitat: marine.

fasciatus, Ichthyscopus Haysom [N. M.] 1957:139, Fig. 1 [Ichthyological Notes, Department of Harbours and Marine, Queensland v. 1 (no. 3); ref. 12142] Cleveland Bay, near Townsville, northern Queensland, Australia. Holotype (unique): QM I.10703 [ex DHMB 3350]. •Valid as Ichthyscopus fasciatus Haysom 1957 -- (Allen & Swainston 1988:126 [ref. 25477], Pietsch 1989:297 [ref. 12541], Allen 1997:204 [ref. 23977], Gomon & Johnson 1999:000 [ref. 25038], Hutchins 2001:40 [ref. 25847], Kishimoto 2001:3525 [ref. 26287], Bray & Hoese 2006:1510 [ref. 29049], Larson et al. 2013:176 [ref. 32988], Vilasri 2013:89 [ref. 33304], Prokofiev 2017:652 [ref. 35721]). Current status: Valid as Ichthyscopus fasciatus Haysom 1957. Uranoscopidae. Distribution: Western Pacific and southeastern Indian Ocean. Habitat: marine.

filibarbis, Uranoscopus Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1829:307 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 3; ref. 4879] Indian seas. Holotype (unique): MNHN A-3098. Appeared first as name only in Cuvier 1829:154 [ref. 995]. •Valid as Uranoscopus filibarbis Cuvier 1829 -- (Pietsch 1989:295 [ref. 12541], Fricke et al. 2013:143 [ref. 32771], Vilasri 2013:90 [ref. 33304], Fricke 2018:158 [ref. 36122]). Current status: Valid as Uranoscopus filibarbis Cuvier 1829. Uranoscopidae. Distribution: Indian Ocean. Habitat: marine.

flavipinnis, Uranoscopus Kishimoto [H.] 1987:4, Fig. 2 [Japanese Journal of Ichthyology v. 34 (no. 1); ref. 6062] Outside coast of Miho Peninsula, innermost Suruga Bay, Pacific coast of Japan, depth 7-10 meters. Holotype: HUMZ 107319. Paratypes: BMNH 1986.3.10.1-3 (3); HUMZ 80659 (1), 107320-21 (1, 1), 107322-25 (1, 1, 1, 1); IORD 67-1 (1), 79-35 (1), 79-36 (1), 79-38 (1), 79-122 (1), 79-139 (1), 79-145 (1), 80-66 (1); MNHN 1986-0332 to 0333 (1, 1); MSM 79-490 thru 492 (1, 1, 1); NSMT-P 44172-74 (3); RMNH 29572-73 (1, 1); USNM 276951-53 (1 ea.); YCM-P 8021 (3); ZUMT 55110-02 (3). Type catalog: Ho & Shao 2011:51 [ref. 31432], Shibata et al. 2011:17 [ref. 31469]. •Synonym of Uranoscopus chinensis Guichenot 1882 -- (Pietsch 1989:295 [ref. 12541], Pietsch & Kishimoto 1989:748 [ref. 22437], Kishimoto in Randall & Lim 2000:631 [ref. 25122], Ho & Shao 2011:51 [ref. 31432]). Current status: Synonym of Uranoscopus chinensis Guichenot 1882. Uranoscopidae. Habitat: marine.

fluviatilis, Kathetostoma Hutton [F. W.] 1872:24 [Fishes of New Zealand (Hutton); ref. 2287] Manawatu River, New Zealand [apparently in fresh water]. Holotype (unique): presumed lost. Type catalog: Russell 1996:230 [ref. 22562]. •Nomen dubium, possibly an earlier name for Kathetostoma giganteum Haast 1873 -- (Gomon & Roberts 2011:5 [ref. 31180], Gomon 2015:1488 [ref. 34298]). Current status: Uncertain as Kathetostoma fluviatilis Hutton 1872. Uranoscopidae. Distribution: Southwestern Pacific: New Zealand. Habitat: marine.

forsteri, Uranoscopus Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1829:318 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 3; ref. 4879] New Zealand. •Synonym of Genyagnus monopterygius (Schneider 1801) -- (Pietsch 1989:297 [ref. 12541]). Current status: Synonym of Genyagnus monopterygius (Schneider 1801). Uranoscopidae. Habitat: marine.

fuscomaculatus, Uranoscopus Kner [R.] 1868:28 [Sitzungsberichte der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften. Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe v. 58 (nos 1-2); ref. 6074] Kandavu Island, Fiji Islands. Holotype (unique): NMW 59954. Appeared in more detail in Kner 1868:319 [27 of separate] [ref. 2646]. •Synonym of Uranoscopus sulphureus Valenciennes 1832 -- (Randall et al. 1990:355 [ref. 15987], Randall 2005:470 [ref. 28239]). •Valid as Uranoscopus fuscomaculatus Kner 1868 -- (Dor 1984:221 [ref. 29757], Brüss 1987:965 [ref. 9168], Pietsch 1989:295 [ref. 12541], Goren & Dor 1994:58 [ref. 25356], Randall & Arnold 2012:214 [ref. 32259], Vilasri 2013:90 [ref. 33304], Fricke 2018:158 [ref. 36122], Golani & Fricke 2018:135 [ref. 36273]). Current status: Valid as Uranoscopus fuscomaculatus Kner 1868. Uranoscopidae. Distribution: Southwestern Pacific: Vanuatu and Fiji Habitat: marine.

giganteum, Kathetostoma Haast [J. F. J. von] 1873:274, Pl. 16 (second from top) [Transactions and Proceedings of the New Zealand Institute v. 5 (art. 29); ref. 2025] Heathcote estuary near Sumner, New Zealand. Holotype (unique): CMC. •Valid as Kathetostoma giganteum Haast 1873 -- (Pietsch 1989:296 [ref. 12541], Paulin et al. 1989:214 [ref. 24556], Kishimoto in Amaoka et al. 1990:297 [ref. 16024], Gomon 2008:680 [ref. 30614], Gomon & Roberts 2011:3 [ref. 31180], Vilasri 2013:89 [ref. 33304], Gomon 2015:1488 [ref. 34298]). Current status: Valid as Kathetostoma giganteum Haast 1873. Uranoscopidae. Distribution: Southwestern Pacific: New Zealand region. Habitat: marine.

grandior, Gnathognoides innotabilis Whitley [G. P.] & Phillipps [W. J.] 1939:235 [Transactions and Proceedings of the Royal Society of New Zealand v. 69 (no. 2); ref. 4737] New Zealand. •Synonym of Xenocephalus armatus Kaup 1858 based on placement of innotabilis. Current status: Synonym of Xenocephalus armatus Kaup 1858. Uranoscopidae. Habitat: marine.

guttatus, Astroscopus Abbott [C. C.] 1860:365, Pl. 7 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 12; ref. 15621] Cape May, New Jersey, U.S.A. Holotype: ANSP 22722. Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:165 [ref. 13621]. •Valid as Astroscopus guttatus Abbott 1860 -- (Berry & Anderson 1961:573 [ref. 37362], Smith 1986:439 [ref. 22186], Robins & Ray 1986:220 [ref. 23100], Pietsch 1989:298 [ref. 12541], Murdy et al. 1997:190 [ref. 23144], Nelson et al. 2004:161 [ref. 27807], Page et al. 2013:166 [ref. 32708], Vilasri 2013:88 [ref. 33304]). Current status: Valid as Astroscopus guttatus Abbott 1860. Uranoscopidae. Distribution: Northwestern Atlantic: New York south to North Carolina (U.S.A.). Habitat: marine.

guttatus, Uranoscopus Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1829:305 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 3; ref. 4879] Puducherry, India. Holotype (unique): MNHN A-3097. Appeared first as name only in Cuvier 1829:154 [ref. 995]. •Valid as Uranoscopus guttatus Cuvier 1829 -- (Dor 1984:221 [ref. 29757], Brüss 1987:965 [ref. 9168], Pietsch 1989:295 [ref. 12541], Goren & Dor 1994:58 [ref. 25356], Mishra & Krishnan 2003:42 [ref. 27712], Fricke et al. 2013:143 [ref. 32771], Vilasri 2013:90 [ref. 33304], Mullasseri Sidharthan et al. 2017:29 [ref. 35142], Fricke 2018:158 [ref. 36122], Golani & Fricke 2018:135 [ref. 36273]). Current status: Valid as Uranoscopus guttatus Cuvier 1829. Uranoscopidae. Distribution: Red Sea, Indian Ocean: east coast of India. Habitat: marine.

haplostoma, Uranoscopus Regan [C. T.] 1921:417 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 9) v. 7 (no. 41); ref. 3672] Mossel Bay, South Africa, southwestern Indian Ocean. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1901.11.22.3. •Synonym of Uranoscopus archionema Regan 1921 -- (Heemstra 1986:735 [ref. 5660]). •Probably a synonym -- (Pietsch 1989:296 [ref. 12541]). Current status: Synonym of Uranoscopus archionema Regan 1921. Uranoscopidae. Habitat: marine.

houttuyn, Uranoscopus Lacepède [B. G. E.] 1800:346, 352 [Histoire naturelle des poissons (Lacepède) v. 2; ref. 2709] [Nagasaki, Japan.] Outward Miho Peninsula, innermost Suruga Bay, Japan, depth 36-55 meters. Neotype: HUMZ 109237. Neotype designated (for Uranoscopus japonicus Houttuyn 1782) by Kishimoto 1987:10 [ref. 6062]. Unneeded replacement name for Uranoscopus japonicus Houttuyn 1782. Also appeared in Sonnini 1803:237, 245 [ref. 30473]. •Synonym of Uranoscopus japonicus Houttuyn 1782 -- (authors). •Probably a synonym -- (Pietsch 1989:296 [ref. 12541]). Current status: Synonym of Uranoscopus japonicus Houttuyn 1782. Uranoscopidae. Habitat: marine.

iburius, Ariscopus Jordan [D. S.] & Snyder [J. O.] 1902:479, Fig. 4 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 24 (no. 1263); ref. 2513] Tomakomaki, Iburi, Hokkaido, Japan. Holotype: CAS-SU 6544. Paratypes: (1). •Synonym of Gnathagnus elongatus (Temminck & Schlegel 1843) -- (Pietsch 1989:294 [ref. 12541], Kishimoto 1989:312 [ref. 13562]). •Synonym of Xenocephalus elongatus (Temminck & Schlegel 1843) based on generic placement of elongatus. Current status: Synonym of Xenocephalus elongatus (Temminck & Schlegel 1843). Uranoscopidae. Habitat: marine.

inermis, Uranoscopus Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1829:310, Pl. 65 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 3; ref. 4879] Coromandel; Malabar; Puducherry, India. Syntypes: MNHN A-4809 (1, dry), A-5561 (1, dry), A-5562 (1, dry), A-7331 (1, dry). Appeared first as name only in Cuvier 1829:154 [ref. 995]. •Synonym of Ichthyscopus lebeck (Bloch & Schneider 1801) -- (Pietsch 1989:297 [ref. 12541]). •Valid as Ichthyscopus inermis (Cuvier 1829) -- (Mishra & Krishnan 2003:42 [ref. 27712]). Current status: Valid as Ichthyscopus inermis (Cuvier 1829). Uranoscopidae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific. Habitat: marine.

innotabilis, Gnathagnus Waite [E. R.] 1904:238, Pl. 26 (fig. 1) [Records of the Australian Museum v. 5 (no. 4); ref. 13443] Off Narrabeen, near Sydney, 33°43'S, 151°19'E, New South Wales, Australia. Syntypes: AMS I 6755-57 (1, 1, 1). •Valid as Gnathagnus innotabilis Waite 1904 -- (Pietsch 1989:295 [ref. 12541], Paulin et al. 1989:214 [ref. 24556], Kishimoto 1989:312 [ref. 13562], Gomon et al. 1994:719 [ref. 22532]), but see Xenocephalus armatus Kaup 1858. •Synonym of Xenocephalus armatus Kaup 1858 -- (Bray & Hoese 2006:1514 [ref. 29049]). Current status: Synonym of Xenocephalus armatus Kaup 1858. Uranoscopidae. Habitat: marine.

insperatus, Ichthyscopus Mees [G. F.] 1960:54, Figs. 8-9 [Journal of the Royal Society of Western Australia v. 43 (pt 2); ref. 11931] Roebuck Bay, Western Australia. Holotype (unique): WAM P.3638-001. Type catalog: Hutchins & Smith 1991:35 [ref. 19335], Moore et al. 2008:39 [ref. 30117]. •Valid as Ichthyscopus insperatus Mees 1960 -- (Allen & Swainston 1988:126 [ref. 25477], Pietsch 1989:297 [ref. 12541], Allen 1997:204 [ref. 23977], Larson & Williams 1997:366 [ref. 23967], Gomon & Johnson 1999:609 [ref. 25038], Hutchins 2001:40 [ref. 25847], Bray & Hoese 2006:1510 [ref. 29049] Larson et al. 2013:176 [ref. 32988], Vilasri 2013:89 [ref. 33304]). Current status: Valid as Ichthyscopus insperatus Mees 1960. Uranoscopidae. Distribution: Northwestern Australia. Habitat: marine.

japonicus, Uranoscopus Houttuyn [M.] 1782:314 [Verhandelingen der Hollandsche Maatschappij der Wetenschappen, Haarlem v. 20 (pt 2); ref. 2220] Outward Miho Peninsula, innermost Suruga Bay, Japan, depth 36-55 meters. Neotype: HUMZ 109237. Neotype designated by Kishimoto 1987:10 [ref. 6062]; original type locality Nagasaki, Japan. See also Uranoscopus houttuyn Lacepède 1800. •See Boeseman 1995:6 [ref. 21811]. •Valid as Uranoscopus japonicus Houttuyn 1782 -- (Kyushin et al. 1982:257 [ref. 19754], Okamura in Okamura et al. 1982:259 [ref. 8256], Kishimoto in Masuda et al. 1984:293 [ref. 6441], Okamura in Okamura et al. 1985:559, 713 [ref. 8056], Pietsch 1989:295 [ref. 12541], Chen et al. 1997:148 [ref. 26476], Cheng & Zhou 1997:322 [ref. 26385], Kishimoto in Randall & Lim 2000:631 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:1075 [ref. 25182], Hutchins 2001:40 [ref. 25847] as cf. japonicus, Shinohara et al. 2001:330 [ref. 25995], Nakabo 2002:1075 [ref. 26193], Choi et al. 2003:385, 648 [ref. 26218], Shinohara et al. 2005:438 [ref. 28370], Bray & Hoese 2006:1513 [ref. 29049], Shinohara et al. 2011:54 [ref. 31715], Fricke et al. 2013:143 [ref. 32771], Vilasri 2013:90 [ref. 33304], Shinohara et al. 2014:271 [ref. 33330], Fricke 2018:158 [ref. 36122]). Current status: Valid as Uranoscopus japonicus Houttuyn 1782. Uranoscopidae. Distribution: Western Pacific and southeastern Indian Ocean. Habitat: marine.

kaianus, Uranoscopus Günther [A.] 1880:43, Pl. 19 (fig. A) [Report on the shore fishes procured during the voyage of H. M. S. Challenger in the years 1873-1876 v. 1 (pt 6); ref. 2011] Kai Islands, 5°49'15"S, 132°14'15"E, Challenger station 192, depth 129 fathoms. Lectotype: BMNH 1879.5.14.188. Paralectotypes: BMNH 1879.5.14.189 (1), 1879.5.14.191 (1), 1879.5.14.192 (1), 1890.2.26.68 (1); NMI block reg. no. 114.1899 (1). Type catalog: Wheeler & O'Riordan 1969:97-98 [ref. 20752]. Lectotype selected by Kishimoto 1984:1009 [ref. 20701]. •Valid as Uranoscopus kaianus Günther 1880 -- (Kishimoto 1984 [ref. 20701], Allen & Swainston 1988:126 [ref. 25477], Pietsch 1989:295 [ref. 12541], Allen 1997:204 [ref. 23977], Hutchins 2001:41 [ref. 25847], Kishimoto 2001:3528 [ref. 26287], Bray & Hoese 2006:1514 [ref. 29049], Fricke et al. 2013:143 [ref. 32771], Larson et al. 2013:177 [ref. 32988], Vilasri 2013:90 [ref. 33304], Fricke 2018:158 [ref. 36122], Fricke et al. 2019:254 [ref. 36673], Psomadakis et al. 2020:535 [ref. 37272]). Current status: Valid as Uranoscopus kaianus Günther 1880. Uranoscopidae. Distribution: Eastern Indian Ocean, western Pacific: Myanmar and Indonesia east to Philippines and New Ireland (Papua New Guinea). Habitat: marine.

kishimotoi, Uranoscopus Fricke [R.] 2018:162, Figs. 2C-D, 5-6 [Zootaxa 4476 (no. 1); ref. 36122] 21.7 km northwest of Tadji, West Sepik Province, Papua New Guinea, western Pacific, 3°03'S, 149°19'E, depth 300−308 meters. Holotype (unique): NTUM 12420. •Valid as Uranoscopus kishimotoi Fricke 2018. Current status: Valid as Uranoscopus kishimotoi Fricke 2018. Uranoscopidae. Distribution: Papua New Guinea (West Sepik), Indonesia (Lombok) and Hong Kong, western Pacific. Habitat: marine.

kouripua, Uranoscopus Lesson [R. P.] 1829:(217), Poissons Pl. 18 [Voyage autour du monde Zool. v. 2 (pt 1); ref. 2776] New Zealand. No types known. Also seen as kouripoua Lesson. Apparently an unneeded new name for and objective synonym of Uranoscopus cirrhossus Cuvier 1829. Dates to plate which appeared on 28 Feb. 1829; descrition dated to 13 Oct. 1831 (Cretella 2010 [ref. 34236]). •Synonym of Genyagnus monopterygius (Schneider 1801) -- (Pietsch 1989:297 [ref. 12541]). Current status: Synonym of Genyagnus monopterygius (Schneider 1801). Uranoscopidae. Habitat: marine.

laevis, Uranoscopus Bloch [M. E.] & Schneider [J. G.] 1801:47, Pl. 8 [M. E. Blochii, Systema Ichthyologiae; ref. 471] New South Wales, Australia. No types known. •Valid as Kathetostoma laeve [or levis] (Bloch & Schneider 1801) -- (Pietsch 1989:296 [ref. 12541] as laeva, Kishimoto in Amaoka et al. 1990:298 [ref. 16024], Kuiter 1993:320 [ref. 23929], Gomon et al. 1994:722 [ref. 22532], Kuiter 1997:324 [ref. 25488], Hutchins 2001:40 [ref. 25847], Bray & Hoese 2006:1512 [ref. 29049] as laeve, Gomon 2008:681 [ref. 30614] as laeve, Gomon & Roberts 2011:11 [ref. 31180] as laeva, Vilasri 2013:89 [ref. 33304]). Current status: Valid as Kathetostoma laeve (Bloch & Schneider 1801). Uranoscopidae. Distribution: Australia: southern Queensland, New South Walses, Victoria, Tasmania, South Australia and Western Australia. Habitat: brackish, marine.

laticeps, Benthoscopus Longley [W. H.] & Hildebrand [S. F.] 1940:264, Figs. 20-21 [Papers Tortugas Laboratory, Carnegie Institution of Washington v. 32; ref. 2822] Tortugas, Florida, U.S.A., depth 90-175 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 108879. Paratypes: (1, lost). •Synonym of Gnathagnus egregius (Jordan & Thompson 1905) -- (Pietsch 1989:295 [ref. 12541]). •Synonym of Xenocephalus egregius (Jordan & Thompson 1905). Current status: Synonym of Xenocephalus egregius (Jordan & Thompson 1905). Uranoscopidae. Habitat: marine.

lebeck, Uranoscopus Bloch [M. E.] & Schneider [J. G.] 1801:47 [M. E. Blochii, Systema Ichthyologiae; ref. 471] Tranquebar [Tharangambadi], India. Spelling originally as Le Beck. •Valid as Ichthyscopus lebeck (Bloch & Schneider 1801) -- (Pietsch 1989:297 [ref. 12541], Chen et al. 1997:148 [ref. 26476] as Ichthyoscopus, Gomon & Johnson 1999:617 [ref. 25038], Kishimoto 2001:3526 [ref. 26287] with author as Schneider, Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S116 [ref. 27377], Vilasri 2013:89 [ref. 33304], Vilasri et al. 2019:55 [ref. 37150], Chakraborty et al. 2020:8 [ref. 37356], Psomadakis et al. 2020:534 [ref. 37272]). Current status: Valid as Ichthyscopus lebeck (Bloch & Schneider 1801). Uranoscopidae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific. Habitat: marine.

maculatus, Uranoscopus Forster [J. R.] in Bloch & Schneider 1801:49 [M. E. Blochii, Systema Ichthyologiae; ref. 471] Not available, manuscript name mentioned under Uranoscopus monopterygius. Based on description in manuscript by Forster (Johann Reinhold Forster, 1729-1798, German explorer and naturalist of Cook's second voyage). Also in Richardson 1842:207 [ref. 12568]. •In the synonymy of Genyagnus monopterygius (Schneider 1801). Current status: Synonym of Genyagnus monopterygius (Schneider 1801). Uranoscopidae.

maculosus, Uranoscopus Solander [D. C.] in Richardson 1842:207 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (New Series) v. 9 (no. 57); ref. 21246] Not available, Solander name mentioned in synonymy of Uranoscopus maculatus Forester 1801; from Australia. •In the synonymy of Genyagnus monopterygius (Schneider 1801). Current status: Synonym of Genyagnus monopterygius (Schneider 1801). Uranoscopidae.

malacopterus, Uranoscopus Anonymous [Bennett [E. T.]] 1830:687 [Memoir of the life and public services of Sir Thomas Stamford Raffles; ref. 259] Sumatra, Indonesia. No types known. See de Beaufort in Weber & de Beaufort 1951:49-50 [ref. 16097]. On Code recommendation 51D, the anonymous author is listed in square brackets. •Probably a synonym -- (Pietsch 1989:296 [ref. 12541]). •Valid as Ichthyscopus malacopterus (Anonymous [Bennett] 1830) -- (Kishimoto 2001:3526 [ref. 26287], Vilasri 2013:89 [ref. 33304]). Current status: Valid as Ichthyscopus malacopterus (Anonymous [Bennett] 1830). Uranoscopidae. Distribution: Indonesia. Habitat: marine.

marisrubri, Uranoscopus Brüss [R.] 1987:41, Figs. 2-4, 7 [Senckenbergiana Biologica v. 68 (nos 1/3); ref. 9111] Mismaris trough, southwest of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, southern Red Sea, 21°22'N, 39°04'E, depth 363-383 meters. Holotype: SMF 16476. Paratypes: HUJ 6319 (1), SMF 16577-78 (2). Type catalog: Golani 2006:30 [ref. 28840]. •Valid as Uranoscopus marisrubri Brüss 1987 -- (Pietsch 1989:295 [ref. 12541], Baranes & Golani 1993:306 [ref. 22372], Goren & Dor 1994:58 [ref. 25356], Fricke et al. 2013:143 [ref. 32771], Fricke et al. 2013:143 [ref. 32771], Vilasri 2013:90 [ref. 33304], Fricke 2018:158 [ref. 36122], Bogorodsky & Randall 2018:[6] 244 [ref. 36492], Golani & Fricke 2018:136 [ref. 36273]). Current status: Valid as Uranoscopus marisrubri Brüss 1987. Uranoscopidae. Distribution: Red Sea endemic. Habitat: marine.

marmoratus, Uranoscopus Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1829:304 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 3; ref. 4879] Indian seas. Holotype: MNHN 0000-5254. Appeared first as name only in Cuvier 1829:154 [ref. 995]. •Valid as Uranoscopus marmoratus Cuvier 1829 -- (Pietsch 1989:295 [ref. 12541], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S116 [ref. 27377], Fricke et al. 2013:143 [ref. 32771], Vilasri 2013:90 [ref. 33304], Fricke 2018:159 [ref. 36122]). Current status: Valid as Uranoscopus marmoratus Cuvier 1829. Uranoscopidae. Distribution: Northern Indian Ocean. Habitat: marine.

monopterygius, Uranoscopus Schneider [J. G.] in Bloch & Schneider 1801:49 [M. E. Blochii, Systema Ichthyologiae; ref. 471] New Zealand [Pickersgill Harbour, Dusky Sound, South Island, New Zealand] and Tahiti [= Otahaitee, Society Islands]. Name attributable to Schneider, description taken from Forster manuscript (reproduced in Lichtenstein 1844:118-120 [ref. 17531] as "Uranoscopus maculatus"). •Valid as Genyagnus monopterygius (Schneider 1801) -- (Pietsch 1989:296 [ref. 12541], Paulin et al. 1989:214 [ref. 24556], Paulin & Roberts 1992:143 [ref. 24625], Kishimoto 2001:3525 [ref. 26287], Randall et al. 2004:24 [ref. 27624] with authors as Bloch & Schneider, Vilasri 2013:88 [ref. 33304], Gomon 2015:1486 [ref. 34298]). Current status: Valid as Genyagnus monopterygius (Schneider 1801). Uranoscopidae. Distribution: Southwestern Pacific: New Zealand. Habitat: marine.

mus, Uranoscopus Lacepède [B. G. E.] 1800:346, 347, Pl. 11 (fig. 2) [Histoire naturelle des poissons (Lacepède) v. 2; ref. 2709] Mediterranean Sea. Syntypes: NRM 67 (1), 167 (1). Unnecessary replacement name for Uranoscopus scaber Linnaeus 1758. Also appeared in Sonnini 1803:237, 238 [ref. 30473]. •Probably a synonym -- (Pietsch 1989:296 [ref. 12541]). •Synonym of Uranoscopus scaber Linnaeus 1758. Current status: Synonym of Uranoscopus scaber Linnaeus 1758. Uranoscopidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

nigripinnis, Ichthyscopus Gomon [M. F.] & Johnson [J. W.] 1999:599, Figs. 1A, 2B, 3A, 4A, 5-7 [Memoirs of the Queensland Museum v. 43 (no. 2); ref. 25038] Moreton Bay, 4 miles northeast of Mud Island, Queensland, Australia, 27°17'S, 153°18'E, depth 15 meters. Holotype: QM I 30217. Paratypes: AMS I 20212-015 (1), 25425-001 (1), 31476-007 (2), 31484-001 (1), 33571-001 (1), 33669-001 (1), 33681-001 (1), 37479-001 (1), IA 1392 (1), IB 2957 (1); NMV A20079-80 (1, 1); QM I 4252 (1), 9521-22 (1, 1), 9983 (2), 10754 (1), 11823 (1), 11908 (1), 17169 (1). Original not yet seen. •Valid as Ichthyscopus nigripinnis Gomon & Johnson 1999 -- (Johnson 1999:746 [ref. 25471], Bray & Hoese 2006:1511 [ref. 29049], Vilasri 2013:89 [ref. 33304]). Current status: Valid as Ichthyscopus nigripinnis Gomon & Johnson 1999. Uranoscopidae. Distribution: Australia and New Guinea. Habitat: marine.

nigrofasciatum, Kathetostoma Waite [E. R.] & McCulloch [A. R.] 1915:469, Pl. 13 (figs. 1-2) [Transactions Royal Society of South Australia v. 39; ref. 15026] Doubtful Island Bay, southwestern Australia, and Great Australian Bight, southern Australia, depth 20-140 fathoms. Holotype: SAMA F170 (largest of 3, 220 mm). Paratypes: AMS I.12298 (1); SAMA F170 (?1 or 2 of 3, with holotype). Type catalog: Glover 1976:173 [ref. 19449]. •Valid as Kathetostoma nigrofasciatum Waite & McCulloch 1915 -- (Pietsch 1989:296 [ref. 12541], Gomon et al. 1994:723 [ref. 22532], Hutchins 2001:40 [ref. 25847], Bray & Hoese 2006:1512 [ref. 29049], Gomon 2008:681 [ref. 30614], Gomon & Roberts 201111 [ref. 31180], Vilasri 2013:89 [ref. 33304]). Current status: Valid as Kathetostoma nigrofasciatum Waite & McCulloch 1915. Uranoscopidae. Distribution: Australia: South Australia and Western Australia. Habitat: marine.

occidentalis, Uranoscopus Agassiz [L.] in Spix & Agassiz 1831:123, Pl. 73 [Selecta genera et species piscium quos in itinere per Brasiliam; ref. 13] Atlantic off Brazil. No types known. •Valid as Uranoscopus occidentalis Agassiz 1831 -- (Berry & Anderson 1961:568 [ref. 37362]). •Probably a synonym -- (Pietsch 1989:296 [ref. 12541]). •Synonym of Uranoscopus scaber Linnaeus 1758 -- (Roux 1990:898 [ref. 18781]). Current status: Synonym of Uranoscopus scaber Linnaeus 1758. Uranoscopidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

oligolepis, Uranoscopus Bleeker [P.] 1878:55 [Verslagen en Mededeelingen der Koninklijke Akademie van Wetenschappen. Afdeeling Natuurkunde (Ser. 2) v. 13; ref. 17120] Sumatra; Java; Ambon Island, Molucca Islands, Indonesia. Possible syntypes: RMNH 5941 (?1), 4383 (?1), 4384 (?1). Based on literature sources and specimens. Plate 425 in Atlas is cited in the original description but never published. •Valid as Uranoscopus oligolepis Bleeker 1878 -- (Kyushin et al. 1982:257 [ref. 19754], Dor 1984:221 [ref. 29757], Pietsch 1989:295 [ref. 12541], Goren & Dor 1994:58 [ref. 25356], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:539 [ref. 27969], Chen et al. 1997:148 [ref. 26476], Kishimoto 2001:3528 [ref. 26287], Bray & Hoese 2006:1514 [ref. 29049], Fricke et al. 2013:143 [ref. 32771], Larson et al. 2013:177 [ref. 32988], Vilasri 2013:90 [ref. 33304], Fricke 2018:159 [ref. 36122], Fricke et al. 2019:254 [ref. 36673], Psomadakis et al. 2020:536 [ref. 37272]). Current status: Valid as Uranoscopus oligolepis Bleeker 1878. Uranoscopidae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Saya de Malha Bank (western IndianOcean) east to New Ireland (Papua New Guinea), north to Taiwan, south to New Caledonia. Habitat: marine.

ornatus, Kathetostoma Wade [C. B.] 1946:216, Pl. 29 [Allan Hancock Pacific Expedition 1932-40, Los Angeles v. 9 (no. 8); ref. 13136] Five miles south of San Benito Islands, Baja California, 28°12'N, 115°33'33"W, Mexico, depth 87 fathoms. Holotype: LACM 21718 [ex AHF 918]. Paratypes: LACM 21722 [ex AHF 919] (1). •Synonym of Kathetostoma averruncus Jordan & Bollman 1890 -- (Pietsch 1989:296 [ref. 12541]). Current status: Synonym of Kathetostoma averruncus Jordan & Bollman 1890. Uranoscopidae. Habitat: marine.

papuensis, Uranoscopus Bleeker [P.] in Jordan & Seale 1907:414 [Bulletin of the Bureau of Fisheries v. 25 (for 1905); ref. 2497] Apparently not available, name only from Waigiu; no other reference found; not in the Index to Fishes of the Indo-Archipelago. Entry in Zoobank online is incorrect in 2011. •Probably a synonym -- (Pietsch 1989:296 [ref. 12541]). Current status: Unknown. Uranoscopidae.

polli, Uranoscopus Cadenat [J.] 1951:269 [Initiations Africaines. III. Poissons de mer du Sénégal; ref. 12676] Senegal. Possible syntypes: MNHN 1961-0967 (1). Briefly characterized; also in Cadenat 1953:1094, fig. 38 [ref. 20819]. •Valid as Uranoscopus polli Cadenat 1951 -- (Pietsch 1989:295 [ref. 12541], Roux 1990:897 [ref. 18781], Afonso et al. 1999:78 [ref. 25466], Wirtz et al. 2007:38 [ref. 30263], Fricke et al. 2013:143 [ref. 32771], Vilasri 2013:90 [ref. 33304], Smith in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2791 [ref. 34618], Fricke 2018:159 [ref. 36122]). Current status: Valid as Uranoscopus polli Cadenat 1951. Uranoscopidae. Distribution: Eastern Atlantic: Congo to Angola and Cape Verde Islands. Habitat: marine.

pollicaris, Ichthyscopus Vilasri [V.], Ho [H.-C.], Kawai [T.] & Gomon [M. F.] 2019:50, Figs. 1-3A, 4A, 5A [Zootaxa 4702 (no. 1); ref. 37150] Daxi, Yilan, northeastern Taiwan, western Pacific. Holotype: NMMB-P24460. Paratypes: HUMZ, KAUM, NMMB, NMV, NSMT. •Valid as Ichthyscopus pollicaris Vilasri, Ho, Kawai & Gomon 2019. Current status: Valid as Ichthyscopus pollicaris Vilasri, Ho, Kawai & Gomon 2019. Uranoscopidae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Japan Sea to southern Taiwan. Habitat: marine.

pseudodorsalis, Pleuroscopus Barnard [K. H.] 1927:67 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 9) v. 20 (no. 115) (art. 8); ref. 193] West coast off Table Bay, South Africa, depth probably about 200 fathoms [366 meters]. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1937.10.4.30 [ex SAM]. Also appeared as new in Barnard 1927:437, Pl. 18 (fig. 6) [ref. 194] where it is stated that only one specimen was known. •Valid as Pleuroscopus pseudodorsalis Barnard 1927 -- (Heemstra 1986:735 [ref. 5660], Kishimoto et al. 1988:151 [ref. 6648], Pietsch 1989:294 [ref. 12541], Paulin et al. 1989:214 [ref. 24556], Shcherbachev et al. 1989:165 [ref. 36134], Kishimoto in Amaoka et al. 1990:299 [ref. 16024], Gomon et al. 1994:725 [ref. 22532], Hutchins 2001:40 [ref. 25847], Bray & Hoese 2006:1512 [ref. 29049], Mincarone et al. 2007:1238 [ref. 29290], Gomon 2008:682 [ref. 30614], Vilasri 2013:90 [ref. 33304], Duffy & Ahyong 2015:117 [ref. 36167], Gomon 2015:1489 [ref. 34298]). Current status: Valid as Pleuroscopus pseudodorsalis Barnard 1927. Uranoscopidae. Distribution: Southeastern Atlantic, southwestern Indian Ocean, southwestern Pacific: Namibia to South Africa, Australia, New Zealand, Kermadec Islands. Habitat: marine.

rosette, Uranoscopus Randall [J. E.] & Arnold [R. J.] 2012:212, Figs. 4-9 [aqua, International Journal of Ichthyology v. 18 (no. 4); ref. 32259] Off Coral World pier and undersea observatory, Eilat, Israel, sand patch in reef with sparse sea grass, Gulf of Aqaba, Red Sea, depth 15 meters. Holotype: BPBM 20844. Paratypes: many at BPBM, HUJ, SMF, USNM, UW. •Valid as Uranoscopus rosette Randall & Arnold 2012 -- (Vilasri 2013:90 [ref. 33304], Fricke 2018:159 [ref. 36122], Bogorodsky & Randall 2018:[6] 244 [ref. 36492], Golani & Fricke 2018:136 [ref. 36273]). Current status: Valid as Uranoscopus rosette Randall & Arnold 2012. Uranoscopidae. Distribution: Northern Red Sea endemic. Habitat: marine.

sannio, Ichthyscopus Whitley [G. P.] 1936:45 [Memoirs of the Queensland Museum v. 11 (pt 1); ref. 4687] Patonga, Broken Bay, New South Wales, Australia. Holotype: AMS IA.6309. •Synonym of Ichthyscopus lebeck (Bloch & Schneider 1801) -- (Pietsch 1989:297 [ref. 12541]). •Synonym of Ichthyscopus lebeck (Bloch & Schneider 1801), but a valid subspecies -- (Kishimoto in Masuda et al. 1984:293 [ref. 6441], Kishimoto in Randall & Lim 2000:631 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:1076 [ref. 25182], Sadovy & Cornish 2000:157 [ref. 25480], Nakabo 2002:1076 [ref. 26193], Choi et al. 2003:385, 648 [ref. 26218]). •Valid as Ichthyscopus sannio Whitley 1936 -- (Gomon & Johnson 1999:611 [ref. 25038], Johnson 1999:746 [ref. 25471], Hutchins 2001:40 [ref. 25847], Kishimoto 2001:3527 [ref. 26287], Bray & Hoese 2006:1511 [ref. 29049], Vilasri 2013:89 [ref. 33304], Vilasri et al. 2019:58 [ref. 37150]). Current status: Valid as Ichthyscopus sannio Whitley 1936. Uranoscopidae. Distribution: Western Pacific. Habitat: marine.

satsumae, Zalescopus Jordan [D. S.] & Hubbs [C. L.] 1925:313 [Memoirs of the Carnegie Museum v. 10 (no. 2); ref. 2486] Kagoshima Bay, Satsuma Province, Japan. Holotype: FMNH 58839 [ex CM 7949]. Paratypes: CAS-SU 23478 (1). Type catalog: Henn 1928:98 [ref. 12305], Böhlke 1953:91 [ref. 12291], Ibarra & Stewart 1987:85 [ref. 12367]. •Probably a synonym -- (Pietsch 1989:296 [ref. 12541]). Uranoscopidae. Habitat: marine.

scaber, Uranoscopus Linnaeus [C.] 1758:250 [Systema Naturae, Ed. X v. 1; ref. 2787] Mediterranean Sea. Syntypes: NRM 67 (1), 167 (1). Type catalog: Fernholm & Wheeler 1983:263 [ref. 20707]. •Valid as Uranoscopus scaber Linnaeus 1758 -- (Wheeler 1973:451 [ref. 7190], Hureau in Whitehead et al. 1986:955 [ref. 13676], Brüss 1987:965 [ref. 9168], Brüss 1987:54 [ref. 9110], Pietsch 1989:295 [ref. 12541], Roux 1990:898 [ref. 18781], Goren & Dor 1994:58 [ref. 25356], Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:119 [ref. 26753], Parin 2003:S21 [ref. 28536], Golani 2005:52 [ref. 37112], Vassilev & Pehlivanov 2005:180 [ref. 28369], Fricke et al. 2007:96 [ref. 29533], Vasil'eva 2007:122 [ref. 30517], Lipej & Dulčić 2010:57 [ref. 36649], Fricke et al. 2013:143 [ref. 32771], Wirtz et al. 2013:131 [ref. 32972] questionably record, Vilasri 2013:90 [ref. 33304], Smith in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2792 [ref. 34618], Bogorodsky & Randall 2018:[22] 260 [ref. 36492], Fricke 2018:159 [ref. 36122], Golani & Fricke 2018:136 [ref. 36273], Artüz & Fricke 2019:558 [ref. 36612], Elbaraasi et al. 2019:99 [ref. 36864]). Current status: Valid as Uranoscopus scaber Linnaeus 1758. Uranoscopidae. Distribution: Mediterranean Sea, Sea of Marmara, Black Sea, eastern Atlantic: British Isles south to Morocco (rarely to Senegal), including Madeira; Red Sea (Mediterranean Sea immigrant). Habitat: brackish, marine.

sexspinosus, Uranoscopus (Upselonphorus) Steindachner [F.] 1876:167 [119], Pl. 12 (fig. 1) [Sitzungsberichte der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften. Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe v. 74 (1. Abth.); ref. 4225] Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Holotype (unique): NMW 76396. On p. 119 of separate. See Pietsch 1989:298 [ref. 12541]. •Valid as Astroscopus sexspinosus (Steindachner 1876) -- (Inada in Nakamura et al. 1986:262 [ref. 14235], López et al. 2002:65 [ref. 26808] as sexpinosus, Moura & Menezes in Menezes et al. 2003:94 [ref. 27192], Vilasri 2013:88 [ref. 33304], Nión et al. 2016:51 [ref. 35565] as sexpinosus). Current status: Valid as Astroscopus sexspinosus (Steindachner 1876). Uranoscopidae. Distribution: Southwestern Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

spinosus, Ichthyscopus Mees [G. F.] 1960:48, Figs. 1-2 [Journal of the Royal Society of Western Australia v. 43 (pt 2); ref. 11931] Near Broome, Western Australia. Holotype (unique): WAM P.3639-001. Type catalog: Hutchins & Smith 1991:35 [ref. 19335], Moore et al. 2008:39 [ref. 30117]. •Valid as Ichthyscopus spinosus Mees 1960 -- (Pietsch 1989:297 [ref. 12541], Gomon & Johnson 1999:614 [ref. 25038], Hutchins 2001:40 [ref. 25847], Bray & Hoese 2006:1511 [ref. 29049], Vilasri 2013:89 [ref. 33304]). Current status: Valid as Ichthyscopus spinosus Mees 1960. Uranoscopidae. Distribution: Australia: Western Australia. Habitat: marine.

sulphureus, Uranoscopus Valenciennes [A.] (ex Quoy & Gaimard) in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1832:495 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 8; ref. 1000] Tonga, South Pacific. Holotype (unique): MNHN 0000-5152. Based on manuscript description by Quoy & Gaimard. •Valid as Uranoscopus sulphureus Valenciennes 1832 -- (Pietsch 1989:295 [ref. 12541], Randall et al. 1990:357 [ref. 15987], Randall et al. 1997:357 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:215 [ref. 23965], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:386 [ref. 25191], Kishimoto 2001:3529 [ref. 26287] dated 1831, Allen & Adrim 2003:52 [ref. 26830], Myers & Donaldson 2003:638 [ref. 27495] dated 1831, Randall et al. 2004:24 [ref. 27624], Randall 2005:470 [ref. 28239], Bray & Hoese 2006:1514 [ref. 29049], Ninua & Japoshvili 2008:172 [ref. 31251], Fricke et al. 2009:92 [ref. 30213], Allen & Erdmann 2012:763 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2013:143 [ref. 32771], Vilasri 2013:90 [ref. 33304], Fricke 2018:159 [ref. 36122]). Current status: Valid as Uranoscopus sulphureus Valenciennes 1832. Uranoscopidae. Distribution: Red Sea, Indo-West Pacific: East Africa and Réunion (western Mascarenes) east to Tonga and Samoa. Habitat: marine.

terraereginae, Uranoscopus Ogilby [J. D.] 1910:131 [On some new fishes from the Queensland coast; ref. 3289] Off Double Island Point, North Reef and Cape Gloucester, Queensland, Australia, depth 26-70 fathoms. Syntypes and/or Ogilby specimens: (3) AMS E.2706 (9), E.2764 (1), QM I.1574 (1) •Probably a synonym -- (Pietsch 1989:296 [ref. 12541]). •Synonym of Uranoscopus affinis Cuvier 1829 -- (Kishimoto 2001:3524 [ref. 26287], Bray & Hoese 2006:1513 [ref. 29049]). Current status: Synonym of Uranoscopus affinis Cuvier 1829. Uranoscopidae. Habitat: marine.

tosae, Zalescopus Jordan [D. S.] & Hubbs [C. L.] 1925:312, Pl. 11 (fig. 3) [Memoirs of the Carnegie Museum v. 10 (no. 2); ref. 2486] Kochi in Tosa, Shikoku Island, Japan. Holotype (unique): FMNH 58835 [ex CM 7945]. Type catalog: Henn 1928:98 [ref. 12305], Ibarra & Stewart 1987:85 [ref. 12367]. •Synonym of Uranoscopus affinis Cuvier 1829 -- (Kishimoto 2001:3524 [ref. 26287]). •Valid as Uranoscopus tosae (Jordan & Hubbs 1925) -- (Kishimoto in Masuda et al. 1984:293 [ref. 6441], Okamura in Okamura et al. 1985:561, 714 [ref. 8056], Pietsch 1989:295 [ref. 12541], Nakabo 2000:1076 [ref. 25182], Nakabo 2002:1076 [ref. 26193], Choi et al. 2003:385, 648 [ref. 26218], Shinohara et al. 2005:438 [ref. 28370], Fricke et al. 2013:143 [ref. 32771], Vilasri 2013:90 [ref. 33304], Fricke 2018:159 [ref. 36122]). Current status: Valid as Uranoscopus tosae (Jordan & Hubbs 1925). Uranoscopidae. Distribution: Western North Pacific. Habitat: marine.

turbisquamatus, Selenoscopus Okamura [O.] & Kishimoto [H.] 1993:314, Fig. 5 [Japanese Journal of Ichthyology v. 39 (no. 4); ref. 18682] Kyushu-Palau Ridge, Minami-Koho Seamount, 26°11.05'N, 135°45.04'E, depth 355-375 meters. Holotype: BSKU 29458. Paratypes: BSKU 26245 (1), 28958 (1), 29303 (1), 29439 (1), 30738-39 (2), 30740 (1, c&s/dissected), 30884 (1); FAKU 112711-12 (1, 1); FUMT-P 1907 (1), 21193-98 (1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1); HUMZ 75212-14 (1, 1, 1), 80248 (1), 80388 (1); IORD 85-13 (1), 87-29 (1); NSMT-P 34735-36 (1, 1), 43439 (1); NMNZ-P 27134 (1); SMBL F-86011 (1). •Valid as Selenoscopus turbisquamatus Okamura & Kishimoto 1993 -- (Nakabo 2000:1075 [ref. 25182], Nakabo 2002:1075 [ref. 26193]). •Valid as Uranoscopus trubisquamatus (Okamura & Kishimoto 1993) -- (Vilasri 2013:90 [ref. 33304], Fricke 2018:159 [ref. 36122]). Current status: Valid as Uranoscopus turbisquamatus (Okamura & Kishimoto 1993). Uranoscopidae. Distribution: Western Pacific, Japan to New Zealand. Habitat: marine.

y-graecum, Uranoscopus Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1829:308 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 3; ref. 4879] No locality. Syntypes: MNHN A-5602 (1, dry). Originally as Y graecum. Appeared first as name only in Cuvier 1829:154 [ref. 995]. The spelling is corrected to ygraecum according to ICZN Art. 32.5.2.2. •Valid as Astroscopus ygraecum (Cuvier 1829) (often as y-graecum) -- (Berry & Anderson 1961:569 [ref. 37362] as y-graecum, Pietsch 1989:298 [ref. 12541], Boschung 1992:158 [ref. 23239], Cervigón 1992:454 [ref. 23827], Cervigón 1994:61 [ref. 24488], Aguilera 1998:52 [ref. 24221] as ygricium, Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:400 [ref. 24550] as ygraecum, Camargo & Isaac 2001:143 [ref. 27639], Carpenter 2003:1747 [ref. 27092], Moura & Menezes in Menezes et al. 2003:94 [ref. 27192] as ygraecum, Nelson et al. 2004:161 [ref. 27807], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:569 [ref. 28815], Page et al. 2013:166 [ref. 32708], Vilasri 2013:88 [ref. 33304], Raz-Guzmán et al. 2018:345 [ref. 36407] as y-graecum, Spier et al. 2018:15 [ref. 36103], Ribeiro et al. 2019:9 [ref. 36717] as y-graecum). Current status: Valid as Astroscopus ygraecum (Cuvier 1829). Uranoscopidae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: North Carolina (U.S.A.) south to Yucatán (Mexico) south to São Paulo (Brazil), including Gulf of Mexico and Caribbean Sea. Habitat: marine.

zephyreus, Astroscopus Gilbert [C. H.] & Starks [E. C.] in Gilbert 1897:453, Pls. 53 (fig. 2), 54 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 19 (no. 1115); ref. 1629] Magdalena Bay, Baja California, Mexico. Holotype (unique): USNM 47743. •Valid as Astroscopus zephyreus Gilbert & Starks 1897 -- (Pietsch 1989:298 [ref. 12541], Allen & Robertson 1994:215 [ref. 22193], Bussing & López S. 1994:140 [ref. 23101], Bussing & Lavenberg in Fischer et al. 1995:1650 [ref. 22830], De La Cruz Agüero et al. 1997:305 [ref. 24545], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:241 [ref. 24555], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:265 [ref. 24555], Nelson et al. 2004:161 [ref. 27807], Page et al. 2013:166 [ref. 32708], Vilasri 2013:88 [ref. 33304], Kells et al. 2016:292 [ref. 35888], González-Murcia et al. 2019:301 [ref. 36544]). Current status: Valid as Astroscopus zephyreus Gilbert & Starks 1897. Uranoscopidae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.