Institute for Biodiversity Science and Sustainability
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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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Species in the family or subfamily Xenisthmidae: [ 19 ] records


africanus, Xenisthmus Smith [J. L. B.] 1958:153, Fig. 10 [Ichthyological Bulletin, Department of Ichthyology, Rhodes University No. 11; ref. 4118] Pinda, Mozambique, western Indian Ocean. Holotype: SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 222. Paratypes: (numerous) SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 704-712 (1, 1, 1, 12, 1, 3, 1, 2, 1). •Valid as Xenisthmus africanus Smith 1958 -- (Hoese 1986:811 [ref. 5670], Fricke 1999:527 [ref. 24106], Gill & Hoese 2004:242 [ref. 27774], Fricke et al. 2009:105 [ref. 30213], Fricke et al. 2018:344 [ref. 35805]). Current status: Valid as Xenisthmus africanus Smith 1958. Xenisthmidae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: East Africa, Madagascar, Aldabra, Saint Brandon's Shoals and Réunion (Mascarenes) east to Philippines and New Guinea. Habitat: marine.

balius, Xenisthmus Gill [A. C.] & Randall [J. E.] 1994:446, Fig. 1 [Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington v. 107 (no. 3); ref. 21610] Northeastern side of Jana Island, base of dropoff, Saudi Arabia, Persian Gulf, depth 15 meters. Holotype: BPBM 30458. Paratypes: AMNH 97301 (1); AMS I.34236-001 [ex BPBM 33353] (1); BMNH 1993.9.25.1 (1); BPBM 33308 (1), 33353 (3); USNM 326758 (1, c&s). •Valid as Xenisthmus balius Gill & Randall 1994 -- (Randall 1995:345 [ref. 22896], Carpenter et al. 1997:215 [ref. 23922], Gill & Hoese 2004:242 [ref. 27774], Gill et al. 2017:209 [ref. 35404], Golani & Fricke 2018:165 [ref. 36273], Eagderi et al. 2019:120 [ref. 37020], Zajonz et al. 2019:97 [ref. 36871] as cf. balius). Current status: Valid as Xenisthmus balius Gill & Randall 1994. Xenisthmidae. Distribution: Red Sea, northwestern Indian Ocean: Gulf of Oman and Persian Gulf. Habitat: marine.

belos, Tyson Springer [V. G.] 1983:6, Figs. 2, 4, 8, 10, 13, 16, 18 [Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology No. 390; ref. 5365] Outer barrier of Escape Reef, Queensland, Australia, depth 29 meters. Holotype: AMS I.22583-031. Paratypes: USNM 229985 (1, c&s), 133515 (2). •Valid as Tyson belos Springer 1983 -- (Gill 2001:3606 [ref. 26295], Allen & Adrim 2003:61 [ref. 26830], Hoese 2006:1700 [ref. 28998], Allen & Erdmann 2012:857 [ref. 31980]). Current status: Valid as Tyson belos Springer 1983. Xenisthmidae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Indonesia, Papua New Guinea, Great Barrier Reef and Fiji. Habitat: marine.

cerberusi, Paraxenisthmus Winterbottom [R.] & Gill [A. C.] 2006:10, Figs. 1-3 [Copeia 2006 (no. 1); ref. 28540] Southwest corner of Augulpelu Reef, southeast of Koror Island, 7°16'54.3'N, 134°31'38.7"E, Palau, depth 15-26.5 meters. Holotype: ROM 76575. Paratypes: ROM 1765 (1, c&s), 76576 (1), 77854 (1) •Valid as Paraxenisthmus cerberusi Winterbottom & Gill 2006. Current status: Valid as Paraxenisthmus cerberusi Winterbottom & Gill 2006. Xenisthmidae. Distribution: Palau. Habitat: marine.

chapmani, Kraemericus Schultz [L. P.] in Schultz et al. 1966:8, Fig. 134 [Bulletin of the United States National Museum No. 202, v. 3; ref. 5366] Espirutu Santos harbor, Vanuatu. Holotype (unique): USNM 114687 [not 114697]. •Valid as Xenisthmus chapmani (Schultz 1966) -- (Gill 2001:3606 [ref. 26295], Gill & Hoese 2004:242 [ref. 27774]). Current status: Valid as Xenisthmus chapmani (Schultz 1966). Xenisthmidae. Distribution: Western Pacific. Habitat: marine.

chi, Xenisthmus Gill [A. C.] & Hoese [D. F.] 2004:242, Fig. 1 [Records of the Australian Museum v. 56 (no. 2); ref. 27774] Clerke Reef, 2 kilometers south of Bedwell Island, 17°18'S, 119°20'E, Rowley Shoals, Timor Sea. Holotype: WAM P.28030-033. Paratypes: WAM P.28030-041 (1). Type catalog: Moore et al. 2008:49 [ref. 30117]. •Valid as Xenisthmus chi Gill & Hoese 2004 -- (Hoese 2006:1700 [ref. 28998]). Current status: Valid as Xenisthmus chi Gill & Hoese 2004. Xenisthmidae. Distribution: Timor Sea, Australia: Western Australia. Habitat: marine.

clara, Hetereleotris Jordan [D. S.] & Seale [A.] 1906:392, Pl. 36 (fig. 2) [Bulletin of the Bureau of Fisheries v. 25 (for 1905); ref. 2497] Pago Pago, American Samoa. Holotype: USNM 51773. Paratypes: CAS-SU 8711 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:106 [ref. 12291]. Type information: Koumans 1940:124 [ref. 2676]. •Valid as Xenisthmus clarus (Jordan & Seale 1906) -- (Akihito in Masuda et al. 1984:241 [ref. 6441], Gill in Randall & Lim 2000:641 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:1153 [ref. 25182], Gill 2001:3606 [ref. 26295], Hutchins 2001:44 [ref. 25847], Nakabo 2002:1153 [ref. 26193], Gill & Hoese 2004:242 [ref. 27774], Randall 2005:560 [ref. 28239], Hoese 2006:1700 [ref. 28998]). Current status: Valid as Xenisthmus clarus (Jordan & Seale 1906). Xenisthmidae. Distribution: Western Pacific. Habitat: marine.

dorotheae, Allomicrodesmus Schultz [L. P.] in Schultz et al. 1966:12, Fig. 135 [Bulletin of the United States National Museum No. 202, v. 3; ref. 5366] Reef at entrance to lagoon at Enyu Island, Bikini Atoll, western Pacific. Holotype (unique): USNM 113960. •Valid as Allomicrodesmus dorotheae Schultz 1966 -- (Myers 1999:261 [ref. 23965], Gill 2001:3606 [ref. 26295], Hoese 2006:1700 [ref. 28998]). Current status: Valid as Allomicrodesmus dorotheae Schultz 1966. Xenisthmidae. Distribution: Western Pacific. Habitat: marine.

eirospilus, Xenisthmus Gill [A. C.] & Hoese [D. F.] 2004:243, Fig. 2 [Records of the Australian Museum v. 56 (no. 2); ref. 27774] Eastern slope of Elizabeth Reef, 29°54'S, 159°02'48"E, Tasman Sea, Australia, depth 5-10 meters. Holotype: AMS I.27149-041. Paratypes: AMS I.27134-034 (2), I.33739-081 (2); BMNH 2003.1.22.9 (1); BPBM 39134 (1); ROM 73524 (2); USNM 283132 (1), 338561 (4), 352587 (1). •Valid as Xenisthmus eirospilus Gill & Hoese 2004 -- (Fricke & Kulbicki 2006:348 [ref. 28867], Hoese 2006:1701 [ref. 28998], Allen & Erdmann 2012:857 [ref. 31980]). Current status: Valid as Xenisthmus eirospilus Gill & Hoese 2004. Xenisthmidae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Indonesia to Solomon Islands, to Tonga, south to Coral Sea. Habitat: marine.

flavicinctus, Gymnoxenisthmus Gill [A. C.], Bogorodsky [S. V.] & Mal [A. O.] 2019:178, Fig. 1A-C, 2 [Zootaxa 4590 (no. 1); ref. 36679] Sharm Obhur, Red Sea, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, 21°42'30"N, 39°05'44"E, depth 14-16 meters. Holotype (unique): SMF 35866. •Valid as Gymnoxenisthmus flavicinctus Gill, Bogorodsky & Mal 2019. Current status: Valid as Gymnoxenisthmus flavicinctus Gill, Bogorodsky & Mal 2019. Xenisthmidae. Distribution: Red Sea endemic. Habitat: marine.

lewisi, Rotuma Springer [V. G.] 1988:535, Figs. 1-8 [Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington v. 101 (no. 3); ref. 6683] Patch reef west of wharf, northeastern corner of Rotuma Island, 12°30'S, 177°05'E, southwestern Pacific, depth 10.7 meters. Holotype: USNM 280290. Paratypes: USNM 280289 (1 c&s). •Valid as Rotuma lewisi Springer 1988 -- (Gill 2001:3606 [ref. 26295], Randall et al. 2004:29 [ref. 27624], Randall 2005:560 [ref. 28239]). Current status: Valid as Rotuma lewisi Springer 1988. Xenisthmidae. Distribution: Rotuma Island, southwestern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

nasugbua, Luzoneleotris Herre [A. W. C. T.] 1938:60, Fig. 1 [Stanford Ichthyological Bulletin v. 1 (no. 2); ref. 2126] Tide pool at Nasugbu, Batangas Province, Luzon Island, Philippines. Holotype (unique): CAS-SU 32974. Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:107 [ref. 12291]. •Synonym of Xenisthmus polyzonatus (Klunzinger 1871) -- (D. Hoese/H.K. Larson data). •Mention -- (Gill & Hoese 2004:242 [ref. 27774]). Current status: Synonym of Xenisthmus polyzonatus (Klunzinger 1871). Xenisthmidae. Habitat: marine.

oligoporus, Xenisthmus Gill [A. C.], Bogorodsky [S. V.] & Mal [A. O.] 2017:205, Figs. 1-2 [Zootaxa 4286 (no. 2); ref. 35404] Red Sea, Saudi Arabia, Duba, unnamed island, fringing reef, 27°04'N, 35°46'E, depth 10-12 meters. Holotype: SMF 34908. Paratypes: AMS, BPBM, KAUMM. •Valid as Xenisthmus oligoporus Gill, Bogorodsky & Mal 2017 -- (Bogorodsky & Randall 2018:[7] 245 [ref. 36492], Golani & Fricke 2018:165 [ref. 36273]). Current status: Valid as Xenisthmus oligoporus Gill, Bogorodsky & Mal 2017. Xenisthmidae. Distribution: Red Sea endemic. Habitat: marine.

penicillum, Gignimentum Whitley [G. P.] 1933:89, Fig. 4 [Records of the Australian Museum v. 19 (no. 1); ref. 4677] Vanuatu. Holotype (unique): AMS IA.833. Type catalog: Koumans 1940:170 [ref. 2676]. •Synonym of Xenisthmus clarus (Jordan & Seale 1906) -- (D. Hoese/H.K. Larson data). •Mention -- (Gill & Hoese 2004:242 [ref. 27774]). Current status: Synonym of Xenisthmus clarus (Jordan & Seale 1906). Xenisthmidae. Habitat: marine.

polyzonatus, Eleotris Klunzinger [C. B.] 1871:482 [Verhandlungen der K.-K. zoologisch-botanischen Gesellschaft in Wien v. 21; ref. 2622] Al-Qusair, Red Sea Governorate, Egypt, Red Sea. Syntypes: ZMB 8018 (2) Kosseir. •Valid as Xenisthmus polyzonatus (Klunzinger 1871) -- (Akihito in Masuda et al. 1984:241 [ref. 6441], Randall et al. 1990:390 [ref. 15987], Randall & Goren 1993:29 [ref. 21131], Goren & Dor 1994:67 [ref. 25356], Randall et al. 1997:390 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:261 [ref. 23965], Gill in Randall & Lim 2000:641 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:1153 [ref. 25182], Gill 2001:3606 [ref. 26295], Hutchins 2001:44 [ref. 25847], Nakabo 2002:1153 [ref. 26193], Allen & Adrim 2003:61 [ref. 26830] dated 1877, Myers & Donaldson 2003:645 [ref. 27495], Randall et al. 2004:29 [ref. 27624], Gill & Hoese 2004:242 [ref. 27774], Heemstra et al. 2004:3330 [ref. 27945] with question, Randall 2005:561 [ref. 28239], Hoese 2006:1701 [ref. 28998], Motomura et al. 2010:202 [ref. 31256], Allen & Erdmann 2012:858 [ref. 31980], Delrieu-Trottin et al. 2015:8 [ref. 33988], Gill et al. 2017:209 [ref. 35404], Golani & Fricke 2018:165 [ref. 36273]). Current status: Valid as Xenisthmus polyzonatus (Klunzinger 1871). Xenisthmidae. Distribution: Red Sea, Indo-West Pacific: Maldives east to Northern Marianas, Tonga, Samoa and Marquesas Islands, north to southern Japan and Ryukyu Islands, south to Western Australia and New Caledonia. Habitat: marine.

proriger, Xenisthmus Snyder [J. O.] 1908:105 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 35 (no. 1635); ref. 4150] Tidepool at Naha, Okinawa Island, Ryukyu Islands, Japan. Holotype: USNM 62242. Paratypes: CAS-SU 21108 (3, one without head). Type catalog: Koumans 1940:127, 145 [ref. 2676], Böhlke 1953:119 [ref. 12291]. •Synonym of Xenisthmus clarus (Jordan & Seale 1906) -- (Hoese 2006:1700 [ref. 28998]). •Mention -- (Gill & Hoese 2004:242 [ref. 27774]). Current status: Synonym of Xenisthmus clarus (Jordan & Seale 1906). Xenisthmidae. Habitat: marine.

semicinctus, Xenisthmus Gill [A. C.] & Hoese [D. F.] 2004:245, Fig. 3 [Records of the Australian Museum v. 56 (no. 2); ref. 27774] Clerke Reef lagoon, 1.5 kilometers south of Bedwell Island, 17°18'S, 119°22'E, Rowley Shoals, Timor Sea. Holotype: WAM P.28025-048. Paratypes: WAM P.28025-068 (1). Type catalog: Moore et al. 2008:49 [ref. 30117]. •Valid as Xenisthmus semicinctus Gill & Hoese 2004 -- (Hoese 2006:1701 [ref. 28998]). Current status: Valid as Xenisthmus semicinctus Gill & Hoese 2004. Xenisthmidae. Distribution: Timor Sea, Western Australia, Australia. Habitat: marine.

springeri, Paraxenisthmus Gill [A. C.] & Hoese [D. F.] 1993:1050, Fig. 1 [Copeia 1993 (no. 4); ref. 21609] South side of Tanavulu Pt., Florida Island, Solomon Islands. Holotype: BPBM 34995. Paratypes: AMS I.32484-001 (1). •Valid as Paraxenisthmus springeri Gill & Hoese 1993 -- (Gill 2001:3606 [ref. 26295], Winterbottom & Gill 2006:10 [ref. 28540], Allen & Erdmann 2012:857 [ref. 31980]). Current status: Valid as Paraxenisthmus springeri Gill & Hoese 1993. Xenisthmidae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Florida Island, Solomon Islands (2 specimens). Habitat: marine.

tigrellus, Gymnoxenisthmus Gill [A. C.], Bogorodsky [S. V.] & Mal [A. O.] 2014:492, Fig. 1 [Zootaxa 3755 (no. 5); ref. 33138] Saudi Arabia, Farasan Archipelago, 16°47.451"N, 42°11.838"E, Red Sea, depth 8 meters. Holotype (unique): SMF 34903. •Valid as Gymnoxenisthmus tigrellus Gill, Bogorodsky & Mal 2014 -- (Bogorodsky & Randall 2018:[7] 245 [ref. 36492], Golani & Fricke 2018:165 [ref. 36273], Gill et al. 2019:180 [ref. 36679]). Current status: Valid as Gymnoxenisthmus tigrellus Gill, Bogorodsky & Mal 2014. Xenisthmidae. Distribution: Red Sea endemic. Habitat: marine.