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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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Species in the family or subfamily Zenarchopteridae: [ 88 ] records


aenigma, Nomorhamphus Kobayashi [H.], Masengi [K. W. A.] & Yamahira [K.] 2020:523, Figs. [Copeia v. 108 (no. 3); ref. 37796] Upper stream of Cerekang River, central Sulawesi, Indonesia. Holotype. Paratypes: •Valid as Nomorhamphus aenigma Kobayashi, Masengi & Yamahira 2020. Current status: Valid as Nomorhamphus aenigma Kobayashi, Masengi & Yamahira 2020. Zenarchopteridae. Distribution: Cerekang River drainage, central Sulawesi, Indonesia. Habitat: freshwater.

alleni, Zenarchopterus Collette [B. B.] 1982:268 [Copeia 1982 (no. 2); ref. 5497] Mamberamo River, Batavia bivak, Irian Jaya, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): ZMA 116479 (male). •Valid as Zenarchopterus alleni Collette 1982 -- (Allen 1991:70 [ref. 21090], Collette 2004:19 [ref. 27583]). Current status: Valid as Zenarchopterus alleni Collette 1982. Zenarchopteridae. Distribution: Mamberamo River, Irian Jaya, Indonesia. Habitat: freshwater.

amblyurus, Hemirhamphus Bleeker [P.] 1849:11 [Verhandelingen van het Bataviaasch Genootschap van Kunsten en Wetenschappen. v. 22 [8]; ref. 320] Madura Straits near Surabaya and Kammal, Java, Indonesia. Syntypes and/or Bleeker specimens: AMS B.7614 [from Day] (1), BMNH 1866.5.2.11 (1) [Bleeker coll.], RMNH 6981 (some of 12). Original genus is correctly Hemiramphus. •Synonym of Zenarchopterus ectuntio (Hamilton 1822) -- (Collette 1982:265 [ref. 5497], Collette & Su 1986:291 [ref. 5998], Kottelat et al. 1993:88 [ref. 23448], Collette 2004:20 [ref. 27583], Kottelat 2013:296 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Zenarchopterus ectuntio (Hamilton 1822). Zenarchopteridae. Habitat: freshwater.

atrodorsalis, Zenarchopterus Fowler [H. W.] 1934:323, Fig. 77 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 85 (for 1933); ref. 1416] Sandakan, Borneo, Malaysia. Holotype (unique): USNM 93060 (male). Type catalog: Collette et al. 1992:11 [ref. 19410]. •Synonym of Zenarchopterus pappenheimi Mohr 1926 -- (Collette 1982:265 [ref. 5497], Collette et al. 1992:11 [ref. 19410], Collette 2004:22 [ref. 27583], Kottelat 2013:297 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Zenarchopterus pappenheimi Mohr 1926. Zenarchopteridae. Habitat: marine.

australe, Nomorhamphus ravnaki Brembach [M.] 1991:185, Fig. [Lebendgebärende Halbschnäbler; ref. 20227] Mountain stream near Bossolo, Maros highlands, southern Sulawesi, Indonesia. Holotype: ZMH H7161 (female). Paratypes: ZMH H7162 (1); plus additional material. Type catalog: Wilkens & Dohse 1993:415 [ref. 21161]. Should be emended to Nomorhamphus ravnaki australis as by Kottelat et al. 1993. •Valid as Nomorhamphus australis Brembach 1991 -- (Kottelat et al. 1993:86 [ref. 23448]). •Synonym of Nomorhamphus brembachi Vogt 1978 -- (Meisner 2001:245 [ref. 25599], Collette 2004:17 [ref. 27583], Kottelat 2013:294 [ref. 32989], Huylebrouck et al. 2014:204 [ref. 33515], Miesen et al. 2016:86 [ref. 34492]). Current status: Synonym of Nomorhamphus brembachi Vogt 1978. Zenarchopteridae. Habitat: freshwater.

bakeri, Dermogenys (Rhamphodermogenys) Fowler [H. W.] & Bean [B. A.] 1922:15, Fig. 3 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 62 (no. 2448); ref. 1473] Zamboanga, Mindanao, Philippines. Holotype (unique): USNM 84275. Type catalog: Collette et al. 1992:8 [ref. 19410]. •Synonym of Dermogenys viviparus (Peters 1865) -- (Collette et al. 1992:8 [ref. 19410]). •Valid as Nomorhamphus bakeri (Fowler & Bean 1922) -- (Meisner 2001:244 [ref. 25599], Collette 2004:17 [ref. 27583], Kottelat 2013:294 [ref. 32989], Huylebrouck et al. 2014:207 [ref. 33515]). Current status: Valid as Nomorhamphus bakeri (Fowler & Bean 1922). Zenarchopteridae. Distribution: Zamboanga, Mindanao Island, Philippines. Habitat: freshwater.

basudensis, Zenarchopterus Fowler [H. W.] 1934:326, Fig. 79 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 85 (for 1933); ref. 1416] Basud River, Camarines Norte Province, Luzon Island, Philippines. Holotype: USNM 93061(male). Paratypes: USNM 93062 (5). Type catalog: Collette et al. 1992:11 [ref. 19410]. •Synonym of Zenarchopterus kampeni (Weber 1913) -- (Collette 1982:265 [ref. 5497], Collette et al. 1992:11 [ref. 19410], Collette 2004:21 [ref. 27583], Kottelat 2013:296 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Zenarchopterus kampeni (Weber 1913). Zenarchopteridae. Habitat: freshwater.

beauforti, Zenarchopterus Mohr [E.] 1926:259, Fig. 21 [Zoologische Jahrbücher, Abteilung für Systematik, Geographie und Biologie der Tiere (Jena) v. 52; ref. 15597] Muar River, Selangor, Malaysia. Syntypes: ZMA 101820 (2) [ex ZMH 8530]; ZMB 31452 [ex ZMH 8528] (2); ZMH H8528 (8, lost), H8530 (4, lost). Type catalog: Nijssen et al. 1982:69 [ref. 19236], Paepke & Seegers 1986:145 [ref. 19981]. •Valid as Zenarchopterus beauforti Mohr 1926 -- (Collette 1982:265 [ref. 5497], Collette in Randall & Lim 2000:600 [ref. 25122]). •Synonym of Zenarchopterus striga (Blyth 1858) -- (Collette 2004:22 [ref. 27583], Kottlelat 2013:297 [ref. 32989] with question). Current status: Synonym of Zenarchopterus striga (Blyth 1858). Zenarchopteridae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

beccarii, Zenarchopterus Vinciguerra [D.] 1926:601 [70] [Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Genova (Serie 3). v. 10 (no. 50); ref. 15609] Sarawak state, Borneo, East Malaysia. Syntypes: (5) MSNG 13985 (4). Type catalog: Tortonese 1963:312 [ref. 10351]. On p. 70 of separate. •Status uncertain; in the genus Zenarchopterus -- (Collette 1982:266 [ref. 5497]). •Incertae sedis -- (Collette 2004:28 [ref. 27583]). •Synonym of Zenarchopterus dispar (Valenciennes 1847) -- (Kottelat 2013:296 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Zenarchopterus dispar (Valenciennes 1847). Zenarchopteridae. Habitat: freshwater.

bispina, Dermogenys Meisner [A. D.] & Collette [B. B.] 1998:375, Figs. 1-4 [Raffles Bulletin of Zoology v. 46 (no. 2); ref. 23906] Kuamut drainage of the Kinabatangan basin, Danum Valley, Sabah, Borneo. Holotype: ZRC 40391a. Paratypes: CAS 133488 (14, 3 c&s), 133611 (69, 4 c&s); FMNH 44898-99 (6, 1), 51693 (27), 51696 (4), 68412-15 (4, 1, 2, 1), 101114 (5); USNM 345500 (21, 2 c&s); ZRC 37643 (7), 40391b (2); ZSM 27540 (4), 27562 (7). Plus non-type material. Type catalog: Neumann 2011:260 [ref. 31652]. •Valid as Dermogenys bispina Meisner & Collette 1998 -- (Meisner 2001:231 [ref. 25599], Collette 2004:14 [ref. 27583], Kottelat 2013:293 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Dermogenys bispina Meisner & Collette 1998. Zenarchopteridae. Distribution: Sabah, Borneo, and Busuanga, Philippine Islands. Habitat: freshwater.

bleekeri, Hemirhamphus Kner [R.] 1860:537, 539-541 [9, et], Pl. (figs. 4, 4a-b) [Sitzungsberichte der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften. Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe v. 39 (no. 4); ref. 2633] Locality unknown (Indonesia). Syntypes: (2) whereabouts unknown. Original genus is correctly Hemiramphus. On pp. 9 and 11-13 of separate. •Synonym of Zenarchopterus ectuntio (Hamilton 1822) -- B.B. Collette, pers. comm. •Status uncertain -- (Collette 1982:266 [ref. 5497], Collette 2004:21 [ref. 27583], Kottelat 2013:296 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Zenarchopterus ectuntio (Hamilton 1822). Zenarchopteridae. Habitat: freshwater.

borealis, Dermogenys pusillus Brembach [M.] 1991:166, Fig. [Lebendgebärende Halbschnäbler; ref. 20227] Bangkok, Thailand [not Vietnam]. Holotype: ZMH 7612. Paratypes: ZMH 7613 (1), 7138 (15). Type catalog: Wilkens & Dohse 1993:414 [ref. 21161]. Holotype was designated on p. 198 of the original publication (Brembach 1991 [ref. 20227]). •Synonym of Dermogenys siamensis Fowler 1934 -- (Meisner 2001:227 [ref. 25599], Collette 2004:16 [ref. 27583], Kottelat 2013:293 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Dermogenys siamensis Fowler 1934. Zenarchopteridae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

borneensis, Dermogenys pusillus Brembach [M.] 1991:167, Fig. [Lebendgebärende Halbschnäbler; ref. 20227] Pontianak, northwestern Borneo, Indonesia. Syntypes: ZMA 112571 (13). •Synonym of Dermogenys sumatrana (Bleeker 1854) -- (Meisner 2001:229 [ref. 25599], Collette 2004:16 [ref. 27583], Kottelat 2013:293 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Dermogenys sumatrana (Bleeker 1854). Zenarchopteridae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

borneensis, Hemiramphus Bleeker [P.] 1851:273 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 1 (no. 3); ref. 325] Bandjarmasin, Borneo, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): SMNS 10598 (1). Bleeker specimens: RMNH 6981 (12, too small to include the holotype). Type catalog: Fricke 1991:15 [ref. 13474] and Fricke 2005:42 [ref. 29864] with holotype as SMNS 10598.. Original spelling was as borneënsis. •Synonym of Zenarchopterus ectuntio (Hamilton 1822) -- (Collette 1982:265 [ref. 5497], Kottelat et al. 1993:88 [ref. 23448], Collette 2004:21 [ref. 27583], Kottelat 2013:296 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Zenarchopterus ectuntio (Hamilton 1822). Zenarchopteridae. Habitat: freshwater.

brachynotopterus, Hemiramphus Bleeker [P.] 1853:146 [Verhandelingen van het Bataviaasch Genootschap van Kunsten en Wetenschappen. v. 25 (art. 8); ref. 341] Hooghly River, Calcutta, India. Holotype (unique): RMNH 6964. Original as brachijnotopterus, with Dutch "ij" equivalent to y in Latin; as brachynotopterus on p. 163 (index). •Valid as Dermogenys brachynotopterus (Bleeker 1853) -- (Ataur Rahman 1989:60 [ref. 24860] with Day 1878 as author, Talwar & Jhingran 1991:732 [ref. 20764], Meisner 2001:218 [ref. 25599], Ataur Rahman 2003:75 [ref. 31338] with Day as author and as brachynopterus, Collette 2004:14 [ref. 27583]). Current status: Valid as Dermogenys brachynotopterus (Bleeker 1853). Zenarchopteridae. Distribution: Hooghly River, India, Bangladesh. Habitat: brackish.

brembachi, Nomorhamphus Vogt [D.] 1978:227, Fig. [Die Aquarien- und Terrarienzeitschrift (DATZ) v. 31 (no. 7); ref. 8773] Longron, Sulawesi, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): ZMH H7165 (female). Paratypes: ZMH 7166 (2). •Valid as Nomorhamphus brembachi Vogt 1978 -- (Meisner 2001:245 [ref. 25599], Collette 2004:17 [ref. 27583], Huylebrouck et al. 2012:483 [ref. 32159], Kottelat 2013:294 [ref. 32989], Miesen et al. 2016:86 [ref. 34492], Kraemer et al. 2019:295 [ref. 37368]). Current status: Valid as Nomorhamphus brembachi Vogt 1978. Zenarchopteridae. Distribution: Maros highland, Sulawesi Selatan, Indonesia. Habitat: freshwater.

brevirostris, Hemirhamphus Günther [A.] (ex Kner) 1866:274 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 6; ref. 1983] East Indies. Syntypes: whereabouts unknown. Original genus is correctly Hemiramphus. Based on Hemirhamphus dispar of Kner 1860:537, fig. 3 [ref. 2633]. Objectively invalid; preoccupied by Hemirhamphus brevirostris Cuvier 1829, replaced by Zenarchopterus gilli Smith 1945. See account of gilli. •Objective synonym of Zenarchopterus gilli Smith 1945 -- (Collette 1974:96 [ref. 12930], Collette 1982:265 [ref. 5497], Paxton et al. 1989:339 [ref. 12442], Kottelat et al. 1993:88 [ref. 23448], Larson & Williams 1997:350 [ref. 23967], Collette 2004:21 [ref. 27583], Paxton et al. 2006:739 [ref. 28994]). Current status: Synonym of Zenarchopterus gilli Smith 1945. Zenarchopteridae. Habitat: marine.

bruneiensis, Dermogenys Meisner [A. D.] 2001:235, Figs. 32-33 [Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society v. 133 (no. 2); ref. 25599] Dolhakim River, tributaryof the Brunei River near Bandar Seri Begawan, northwestern Borneo. Holotype: USNM 320493. Paratypes: USNM 320491 (2), 363184-85 (1, 2). •Valid as Dermogenys bruneiensis Meisner 2001 -- (Collette 2004:15 [ref. 27583], Kottelat 2013:293 [ref. 32989], Sulaiman et al. 2018:45 [ref. 35802]). Current status: Valid as Dermogenys bruneiensis Meisner 2001. Zenarchopteridae. Distribution: Borneo. Habitat: freshwater.

buffonis, Hemiramphus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1847:48 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 19; ref. 4883] Pulao-Pinang, Malaysia. Lectotype: MNHN B-1076. Paralectotypes: MNHN 2013-1198 (5), B-2186 [not B-2184] (3). Type catalog: Collette et al. 1997:15 [ref. 22813]. Lectotype selected by Kottelat 2013:296 [ref. 32989]. •Valid as Zenarchopterus buffonis (Valenciennes 1847) -- (Collette 1974:92 [ref. 12930], Collette 1982:265 [ref. 5497], Collette & Su 1986:289 [ref. 5998], Allen & Swainston 1988:40 [ref. 25477], Paxton et al. 1989:339 [ref. 12442], Talwar & Jhingran 1991:736 [ref. 20764], Kottelat et al. 1993:87 [ref. 23448], Kottelat & Lim 1995:244 [ref. 23210], Rainboth 1996:173 [ref. 22772], Allen 1997:64 [ref. 23977], Larson & Williams 1997:350 [ref. 23967], Kottelat & Lim 1999:1097 [ref. 25899], Myers 1999:78 [ref. 23965], Collette in Randall & Lim 2000:600 [ref. 25122], Hutchins 2001:24 [ref. 25847], Collette 2004:20 [ref. 27583], Paxton et al. 2006:738 [ref. 28994], Shibukawa 2009:49 [ref. 30449], Larson et al. 2013:70 [ref. 32988], Kottelat 2013:296 [ref. 32989], Fricke et al. 2014:39 [ref. 33932], Pusey et al. 2017:33 [ref. 35250], Shibukawa in Kimura et al. 2018:66 [ref. 36460]). Current status: Valid as Zenarchopterus buffonis (Valenciennes 1847). Zenarchopteridae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: India east to Philippines and New Guinea, north to Taiwan, south to northern Australia. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

burmanicus, Dermogenys Mukerji [D. D.] 1935:213, Figs. 1-2 [Records of the Indian Museum (Calcutta) v. 37 (pt 2); ref. 13905] Myagaing village, Kyaukatan township, Hanthawaddy district, Myanmar. Syntypes: ZSI F 11778/1 (male), F 11780/1 (female). Type catalog: Menon & Yazdani 1968:136 [ref. 20743] incorrectly list 4 paratypes as F 11779/1. Only two specimens were designated as types in the original description. See Das 2003:350 [ref. 27706]. •Synonym of Dermogenys pusillus [sic pusilla] van Hasselt 1823 -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:732 [ref. 20764]). •Valid as Dermogenys burmanica Mukerji 1935 -- (Brembach 1991:155 [ref. 20227] as burmanicus, Meisner 2001:219 [ref. 25599], Collette 2004:15 [ref. 27583], Kottelat 2013:293 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Dermogenys burmanica Mukerji 1935. Zenarchopteridae. Distribution: Myanmar and Bangladesh. Habitat: freshwater.

byssus, Hemirhamphodon Tan [H. H.] & Lim [K. K. P.] 2013:740, Figs. 9, 10A, 11 [Raffles Bulletin of Zoology v. 61 (no. 2); ref. 32888] Matang Wildlife Centre, Sungai Rayu, Sarawak, Borneo, Malaysia. Holotype: ZRC 54067. Paratypes: Many at CMK, NSMT, CMK. Plus non-type material. A noun in apposition. •Valid as Hemirhamphodon byssus Tan & Lim 2013 -- (Kottelat 2013:294 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Hemirhamphodon byssus Tan & Lim 2013. Zenarchopteridae. Distribution: Lowland streams of Sarawak, Borneo, Malaysia. Habitat: freshwater.

cagayensis, Zenarchopterus Herre [A. W. C. T.] 1926:537 [Philippine Journal of Science v. 31 (no. 4); ref. 2122] Pinacanauan River, Tuguegarao, Cagayan, Luzon Island, Philippines. Syntypes: (9) whereabouts unknown. •Status uncertain -- (Collette 1982:266 [ref. 5497]). •Synonym of Zenarchopterus philippinus (Peters 1868) -- (Collette 2004:22 [ref. 27583], Kottlelat 2013:297 [ref. 32989] with question). Current status: Synonym of Zenarchopterus philippinus (Peters 1868). Zenarchopteridae. Habitat: freshwater.

caudovittatus, Hemiramphus (Zenarchopterus) Weber [M.] 1907:229, Pl. 13 (figs. 1a-b). [Süsswasserfische von Neu-Guinea v. 5 (Zool.) pt 2; ref. 4599] Merauke River mouth, Irian Jaya, Indonesia. Syntypes: (2) ZMA 111488 (1). •Valid as Zenarchopterus caudovittatus (Weber 1907) -- (Collette 1974:93 [ref. 12930], Collette 1982:265 [ref. 5497], Paxton et al. 1989:339 [ref. 12442], Allen 1991:71 [ref. 21090], Larson & Williams 1997:350 [ref. 23967], Allen et al. 2000:65 [ref. 27467], Allen et al. 2002:122 [ref. 25930], Collette 2004:20 [ref. 27583], Paxton et al. 2006:739 [ref. 28994], Allen et al. 2008:71 [ref. 30265], Larson et al. 2013:70 [ref. 32988], Pusey et al. 2017:33 [ref. 35250]). Current status: Valid as Zenarchopterus caudovittatus (Weber 1907). Zenarchopteridae. Distribution: Central-southern New Guinea (Papua Province, Indonesia and Papua New Guinea) and Northern Territory, Australia. Habitat: freshwater.

celebensis, Nomorhamphus Weber [M.] & de Beaufort [L. F.] 1922:141, Fig. 53 [Fishes Indo-Australian Archipelago v. 4; ref. 4598] Lake Posso, Sulawesi, Indonesia. Lectotype: ZMA 104377. Paralectotypes: ZMA 104376 (4). Type catalog: Nijssen et al. 1982:69 [ref. 19236]. Appeared first without species name in Weber 1914:202 (not investigated). Lectotype selected by Meisner 2001:249 [ref. 25599]. •Valid as Nomorhamphus celebensis Weber & de Beaufort 1922 -- (Brembach 1991:175 [ref. 20227], Kottelat et al. 1993:87 [ref. 23448], Meisner & Louie 2000:364 [ref. 25079], Meisner 2001:249 [ref. 25599], Collette 2004:17 [ref. 27583], Huylebrouck et al. 2012:483 [ref. 32159], Kottelat 2013:294 [ref. 32989], Huylebrouck et al. 2014:207 [ref. 33515], Miesen et al. 2016:86 [ref. 34492], Kraemer et al. 2019:295 [ref. 37368]). Current status: Valid as Nomorhamphus celebensis Weber & de Beaufort 1922. Zenarchopteridae. Distribution: Lake Poso, Sulawesi Tengah. Indonesia. Habitat: freshwater.

chrysopunctatus, Hemirhamphodon Brembach [M.] 1978:342, fig'd [Aquarium Aqua Terra v. 12 (no. 110); ref. 8953] Vicinity of Sebabi, Kalimantan Tengah, Kalimantan, Indonesia. Holotype: ZMH H5952. Paratypes: ZMH H7164 (6). Type catalog: Wilkens & Dohse 1993:414 [ref. 21161]. For comments on type locality see Schaller & Kottelat 1989:35 [ref. 13604]. •Valid as Hemirhamphodon chrysopunctatus Brembach 1978 -- (Anderson & Collette 1991:156 [ref. 19112], Kottelat et al. 1993:85 [ref. 23448], Brembach 1991:191 [ref. 20227], Collette 2004:16 [ref. 27583], Tan & Lim 2013:735 [ref. 32888], Kottelat 2013:294 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Hemirhamphodon chrysopunctatus Brembach 1978. Zenarchopteridae. Distribution: Barito and Mentaya river systems, Kalimantan Tengah, Borneo, Indonesia. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

cirrhatus, Hemirhamphus Day [F.] 1874:709 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1873 (pt 3) (art. 6) (for 4 Nov. 1873); ref. 18825] Mumbai, India. Holotype (unique): ZSI 1287. Type catalog: Whitehead & Talwar 1976:158 [ref. 23762]. Original genus is correctly Hemiramphus. •Status uncertain -- (Collette 1982:266 [ref. 5497]). •Synonym of Zenarchopterus buffonis (Valenciennes 1847) -- (Collette 2004:20 [ref. 27583], Kottelat 2013:296 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Zenarchopterus buffonis (Valenciennes 1847). Zenarchopteridae. Habitat: marine.

clarus, Zenarchopterus Mohr [E.] 1926:241 [Zoologische Jahrbücher, Abteilung für Systematik, Geographie und Biologie der Tiere (Jena) v. 52; ref. 15597] Malay Peninsula and Archipelago. Syntypes: MNUL or NML 1005 (1), ?ZMH 16166 [ex 1005] (1). •Valid as Zenarchopterus clarus Mohr 1926 -- (Collette 1982;265 [ref. 5497], Talwar & Jhingran 1991:737 [ref. 20764], Collette in Randall & Lim 2000:600 [ref. 25122], Collette 2004:20 [ref. 27583], Kottelat 2013:296 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Zenarchopterus clarus Mohr 1926. Zenarchopteridae. Distribution: Thailand and Borneo. Habitat: marine.

collettei, Dermogenys Meisner [A. D.] 2001:238, Figs. 37-38 [Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society v. 133 (no. 2); ref. 25599] Kuching, Sarawak, Borneo, Malaysia. Holotype: ZRC 37790. Paratypes: CMK 5684 (5); FMNH 45867 (16, 3 c&s), 63037 (8); MCZ 57957 (1); USNM 320501 (3); ZRC 25999-26004 (6), 37882 (3), 37899 (2), 37955 (9), 46161-62 (1, 9). More paratypes in: AMNH (1 lot, 2), CAS (3 lots, 40, 4 c&s), CMK (2 lots, 17, 1 c&s), USNM (1 lot, 11, 2c&s), ZRC (4 lots, 90, 4 c&s), ZSMN 26957 (2). •Valid as Dermogenys collettei Meisner 2001 -- (Collette 2004:15 [ref. 27583], Tan & Lim 2004:109 [ref. 27716], Kottelat 2013:293 [ref. 32989], Sulaiman et al. 2018:45 [ref. 35802], Ng et al. 2019:537 [ref. 36606]). Current status: Valid as Dermogenys collettei Meisner 2001. Zenarchopteridae. Distribution: Southeast Asia: Malaya (Malaysia), Sumatra and Anambas Island (Indonesia), and Borneo. Habitat: freshwater.

cotnog, Hemirhamphus Smith [H. M.] 1902:170 [Bulletin of the U. S. Fish Commission v. 21 [1901]; ref. 10225] Lake Buhi, Camarines Sur Province, Luzon Island, Philippines. Holotype: USNM 50537. Type catalog: Collette et al. 1992:9 [ref. 19410]. Original genus is correctly Hemiramphus. •Status uncertain -- (Collette 1982:266 [ref. 5497], Collette et al. 1992:9 [ref. 19410]). •Incertae sedis -- (Collette 2004:28 [ref. 27583]). •Valid as Zenarchopterus cotnag (Smith 1902) -- (Kottelat 2013:296 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Zenarchopterus cotnog (Smith 1902). Zenarchopteridae. Distribution: Philippines. Habitat: freshwater.

dispar, Hemiramphus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1847:58, Pl. 558 [not 524] [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 19; ref. 4883] Labouane River, Java, Indonesia; Madagascar; ?Molucca Islands, Indonesia. Syntypes: MNHN 0000-4594 (3) Madagascar, 0000-4595 (2) Madagascar. Type catalog: Collette et al. 1997:15-16 [ref. 22813]. Type information: Roberts 1993:36 [ref. 21799]. •Valid as Zenarchopterus dispar (Valenciennes 1847) -- (Collette 1974:95 [ref. 12930], Roberts 1978:48 [ref. 8886], Collette 1982:265 [ref. 5497], Collette 1986:163 [ref. 6197], Paxton et al. 1989:339 [ref. 12442], Pethiyagoda 1991:172 [ref. 20075], Roberts 1993:36 [ref. 21799], Kottelat et al. 1993:87 [ref. 23448], Poll & Gosse 1995:99 [ref. 24781], Kottelat & Lim 1999:1100 [ref. 25899], Mishra et al. 1999:84 [ref. 25315], Myers 1999:78 [ref. 23965], Allen 2000:96 [ref. 25868], Myers & Donaldson 2003:616 [ref. 27495] dated 1846, Kimura et al. in Kimura & Matsuura 2003:28 [ref. 27510], Collette 2004:20 [ref. 27583], Randall et al. 2004:9 [ref. 27624], Paxton et al. 2006:739 [ref. 28994], Fricke et al. 2011:371 [ref. 31242], Allen & Erdmann 2012:164 [ref. 31980], Larson et al. 2013:70 [ref. 32988], Kottelat 2013:296 [ref. 32989], Fricke et al. 2014:39 [ref. 33932], Miesen et al. 2016:87 [ref. 34492], Labatos 2017:4 [ref. 36239], Fricke et al. 2018:105 [ref. 35805], Fricke et al. 2019:79 [ref. 36673]). Current status: Valid as Zenarchopterus dispar (Valenciennes 1847). Zenarchopteridae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: East Africa and Madagascar east to Fiji and Samoa, north to Philippines, south to northern Australia and New Caledonia. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

dunckeri, Zenarchopterus Mohr [E.] 1926:255 [Zoologische Jahrbücher, Abteilung für Systematik, Geographie und Biologie der Tiere (Jena) v. 52; ref. 15597] Ambon Island, Molucca Islands, Indonesia; and ZMH (several lots). Zenarchopterus dunckeri Mohr 1926 is an original name for Hemiramphus dispar of Bleeker 1854:498 [ref. 344]; H. dispar of Bleeker 1854 was not an original description but rather a redescription of what he thought was H. dispar Valenciennes 1847. •Valid as Zenarchopterus dunckeri Mohr 1926 -- (Collette 1982:265 [ref. 5497], Yoshino in Masuda et al. 1984:80 [ref. 6441], Collette & Su 1986:290 [ref. 5998], Kawanabe & Mizuno 1989:425 [ref. 25598], Rainboth 1996:174 [ref. 22772], Kottelat & Lim 1999:1100 [ref. 25899], Kuo & Shao 1999:402 [ref. 24297], Nakabo 2000:548 [ref. 25086], Collette in Randall & Lim 2000:600 [ref. 25122], Sakai et al. 2001:90 [ref. 25693], Nakabo 2002:548 [ref. 26001], Allen & Adrim 2003:26 [ref. 26830], Collette 2004:20 [ref. 27583], Shibukawa 2009:50 [ref. 30449], Kottelat 2013:296 [ref. 32989], Fricke et al. 2014:39 [ref. 33932] dated 1925, Shibukawa in Kimura et al. 2015:27 [ref. 34319], Koeda et al. 2016:14 [ref. 35333], Fricke et al. 2019:79 [ref. 36673]). Current status: Valid as Zenarchopterus dunckeri Mohr 1926. Zenarchopteridae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Andaman Islands east to Philippines and New Ireland (Papua New Guinea), north to Ryukyu Islands, south to Solomon Islands. Habitat: marine.

dux, Zenarchopterus Seale [A.] 1910:267, Pl. 2 (fig. 2) [The Philippine Journal of Science, Section D v. 5 (no. 4); ref. 14808] Sandakan, Sabah state, Borneo Island, East Malaysia. Holotype (unique): BSMP 2679. •Status uncertain -- (Collette 1982:266 [ref. 5497]). •Valid as Zenarchopterus dux Seale 1910 -- (Kottelat et al. 1993:88 [ref. 23448], Collette 2004:20 [ref. 27583], Kottelat 2013:296 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Zenarchopterus dux Seale 1910. Zenarchopteridae. Distribution: Probably marine; Borneo. Habitat: marine.

ebrardtii, Hemiramphus (Dermatogenys) Popta [C. M. L.] 1912:187 [Notes from the Leyden Museum v. 34 (nos 3-4) (art. 34); ref. 14861] Kabaena, Penango and Rumbia-Ebene, southeastern Sulawesi, Indonesia. Lectotype: SMF 6495. Paralectotypes: AMNH 20833 [ex SMF 6558-60] (3); SMF 6495-98 (3), 6557 (1); RMNH 10535-36 (2). The subgenus name was misspelled as Dermatogenus by Popta 1912:187 [ref. 14861]. Lectotype selected by Eschmeyer et al. 1998 (not by Meisner 2001:251 [ref. 25599]). •Valid as Dermogenys ebrardtii (Popta 1912) -- (Brembach 1991:157 [ref. 20227], Kottelat et al. 1993:84 [ref. 23448], Meisner & Louie 2000:366 [ref. 25079]). •Valid as Nomorhamphus ebrardtii (Popta 1912) -- (Meisner 2001:251 [ref. 25599], Collette 2004:18 [ref. 27583], Huylebrouck et al. 2012:483 [ref. 32159], Kottelat 2013:294 [ref. 32989], Huylebrouck et al. 2014:204 [ref. 33515], Miesen et al. 2016:86 [ref. 34492], Kraemer et al. 2019:295 [ref. 37368]). Current status: Valid as Nomorhamphus ebrardtii (Popta 1912). Zenarchopteridae. Distribution: Sulawesi Tenggara, Indonesia. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

ectuntio, Esox Hamilton [F.] 1822:212, 380 [An account of the fishes found in the river Ganges; ref. 2031] Smaller rivers and ponds of Gangetic provinces. No types known. There are discrepancies in the original description of Esox ectuntio, and the figure published later by Hora (1929 [ref. 23132]) further confuses the issue. Several authors (e.g., Mohr 1926 [ref. 15597], Mohr 1934 [ref. 16438], Herre 1944 [ref. 11023]) do not believe that Hamilton's description is of the Indian Zenarchopterus with the long upper jaw, and that the name Z. amblyurus (Bleeker 1849) should be used for this species. The type locality of Zenarchopterus hendersoni is doubtful (Collette and Su 1986:291 [ref. 5998]). Hamilton's original, unpublished illustration reproduced by Britz 2019:Pl. 120 [ref. 37532]. •Valid as Zenarchopterus ectuntio (Hamilton 1822) -- (Collette 1982 [ref. 5497], Ataur Rahman 1989:59 [ref. 24860], Talwar & Jhingran 1991:737 [ref. 20764], Kottelat et al. 1993:88 [ref. 23448], Rainboth 1996:174 [ref. 22772], Khan 2003:8 [ref. 27710], Ataur Rahman 2003:74 [ref. 31338], Collette 2004:20 [ref. 27583], Kottelat 2013:296 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Zenarchopterus ectuntio (Hamilton 1822). Zenarchopteridae. Distribution: India and Bangladesh to Thailand, Java, and Borneo. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

fluviatilis, Hemiramphus Bleeker [P.] 1850:95 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 1 (no. 2); ref. 13402] Jakarta, Tandjong Oost, Bogor, Tjampea, Java, Indonesia. Syntypes: BMNH 1866.5.2.29 (1) plus 25 (whereabouts unknown), Java. •Synonym of Dermogenys pusilla Kuhl & van Hasselt 1823 -- (Meisner 2001:224 [ref. 25599], Collette 2004:15 [ref. 27583], Kottelat 2013:293 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Dermogenys pusilla Kuhl & van Hasselt 1823. Zenarchopteridae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

gilli, Zenarchopterus Smith [H. M.] 1945:432 [Bulletin of the United States National Museum No. 188; ref. 4056] East Indies. Syntypes: whereabouts unknown. Replacement name for Hemirhamphus brevirostris Günther 1866, preoccupied by Hemirhamphus brevirostris Cuvier 1829. Fowler (1934 [ref. 1416]) replaced Hemirhamphus brevirostris Günther 1866 before Smith (1945 [ref. 4056]) did so, but no one seems to have followed him, and the name Z. gilli has been widely accepted and should continue to be used for this species. •Valid as Zenarchopterus gilli Smith 1945 -- (Collette 1974:96 [ref. 12930], Collette 1982:265 [ref. 5497], Paxton et al. 1989:339 [ref. 12442], Talwar & Jhingran 1991:738 [ref. 20764], Kottelat et al. 1993:88 [ref. 23448], Larson & Williams 1997:350 [ref. 23967], Kottelat & Lim 1999:1097 [ref. 25899], Myers 1999:78 [ref. 23965], Collette in Randall & Lim 2000:600 [ref. 25122], Hutchins 2001:24 [ref. 25847], Allen & Adrim 2003:26 [ref. 26830], Kimura et al. in Kimura & Matsuura 2003:28 [ref. 27510], Collette 2004:21 [ref. 27583], Tan & Lim 2004:110 [ref. 27716], Paxton et al. 2006:739 [ref. 28994], Allen & Erdmann 2012:164 [ref. 31980], Larson et al. 2013:70 [ref. 32988], Kottelat 2013:297 [ref. 32989], Miesen et al. 2016:87 [ref. 34492], Fricke et al. 2018:105 [ref. 35805]). Current status: Valid as Zenarchopterus gilli Smith 1945. Zenarchopteridae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: East Africa and Madagascar east to Caroline Islands and Fiji, north to Philippines, south to northern Australia. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

hageni, Hemiramphus Popta [C. M. L.] 1912:190 [Notes from the Leyden Museum v. 34 (nos 3-4) (art. 34); ref. 14861] Penango and Rumbia-Ebene in southeastern Sulawesi, Indonesia. Lectotype: SMF 6521. Paralectotypes: AMNH 20834 (5); RMNH 10537-38 (1, 1); SMF 6522-40 (19), 6541-48 (8). Lectotype selected by Meisneri 2001:253 [ref. 25599]. •Valid as Nomorhamphus hageni (Popta 1912) -- (Brembach 1991:177 [ref. 20227], Kottelat et al. 1993:87 [ref. 23448], Meisner 2001:252 [ref. 25599], Collette 2004:18 [ref. 27583], Kottelat 2013:295 [ref. 32989], Miesen et al. 2016:86 [ref. 34492]). Current status: Valid as Nomorhamphus hageni (Popta 1912). Zenarchopteridae. Distribution: Penango, Rumbia valley and Sulawesi Tenggara, Indonesia. Habitat: freshwater.

hendersoni, Zenarchopterus Fowler [H. W.] 1919:8, Fig. 2 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 71; ref. 1397] Japan (possibly Thailand). Holotype (unique): ANSP 7584. Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:102 [ref. 13621]. •Synonym of Zenarchopterus ectuntio (Hamilton 1822) -- (Collette 1982:265 [ref. 5497] and Collette & Su 1986:291 [ref. 5998] with comments on locality, Collette 2004:21 [ref. 27583], Kottelat 2013:296 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Zenarchopterus ectuntio (Hamilton 1822). Zenarchopteridae. Habitat: freshwater.

kampeni, Hemiramphus (Zenarchopterus) Weber [M.] 1913:554 [Süsswasserfische aus Niederländisch Süd- und Nord-Neu-Guinea v. 9 (livr. 4); ref. 4603] Kaiserin Augusta River [=Sepik River], northern New Guinea. Lectotype: ZMA 116220 (male). Paralectotypes: ZMA 111487 (2). Type catalog: Nijssen et al. 1982:68 [ref. 19236]. Lectotype selected by Collette 1982:275 [ref. 5497]. •Valid as Zenarchopterus kampeni (Weber 1913) -- (Collette 1982:265 [ref. 5497], Allen & Coates 1990:68 [ref. 25561], Allen 1991:71 [ref. 21090], Allen et al. 1992:299 [ref. 21400], Coates & Van Zwieten 1992 [ref. 22321], Kottelat & Lim 1999:1100 [ref. 25899], Collette 2004:21 [ref. 27583], Kottelat 2013:296 [ref. 32989], Fricke et al. 2014:40 [ref. 33932]). Current status: Valid as Zenarchopterus kampeni (Weber 1913). Zenarchopteridae. Distribution: Papua New Guinea, Luzon (Philippine Islands) and Caroline Islands; western Pacific. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

kapuasensis, Hemirhamphodon Collette [B. B.] in Anderson & Collette 1991:169, Fig. 7 [Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 2 (no. 2); ref. 19112] Insiluk, 16 kilometers west-northwest of Sanggau on road to Pontianak, Kalimantan Barat, Borneo. Holotype: ZSM 27958 [now ZRC 38461]. Paratypes: CAS 49432 (4); IZA 8160 (5); USNM 313652-53 (6, 8); ZMH 7974 (1); CMK 6727 (7), 6737 (11), 6768 (2). Type catalog: Collette et al. 1992:8 [ref. 19410] without USNM 313653, Wilkens & Dohse 1993:414 [ref. 21161], Neumann 2011:260 [ref. 31652]. Holotype still at ZRC. •Valid as Hemirhamphodon kapuasensis Collette 1991 -- (Kottelat et al. 1993:85 [ref. 23448], Collette 2004:16 [ref. 27583], Tan & Lim 2013:735 [ref. 32888], Kottelat 2013:294 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Hemirhamphodon kapuasensis Collette 1991. Zenarchopteridae. Distribution: Kapuas River basin, Kalimantan Barat, Borneo, Indonesia. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

kecil, Hemirhamphodon Tan [H. H.] & Lim [K. K. P.] 2013:742, Figs. 12, 13 [Raffles Bulletin of Zoology v. 61 (no. 2); ref. 32888] Mahakam basin; downstream of Taman Wisata, Air Terjun at Tanah Merah, Kalimantan, Borneo. Holotype: MZB 17211. Paratypes: MZB 6003 (20), 6006 (8), 17212 (3); ZRC 21765 (19), 21871 (8), 45684 (30). •Valid as Hemirhamphodon kecil Tan & Lim 2013 -- (Kottelat 2013:294 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Hemirhamphodon kecil Tan & Lim 2013. Zenarchopteridae. Distribution: East Kalimantan, Indonesian Borneo, waterways of the lower Mahakam basin. Habitat: freshwater.

kneri, Zenarchopterus Fowler [H. W.] 1934:325, Fig. 78 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 85 (for 1933); ref. 1416] East Indies. Syntypes: (3) whereabouts unknown. See account of Zenarchopterus gilli. •Status uncertain -- (Collette 1982:266 [ref. 5497]). •Synonym of Zenarchopterus gilli Smith 1945 -- (Collette 2004:21 [ref. 27583]). •Valid as Zenarchopterus kneri Fowler 1934 -- (Kottelat 2013:297 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Zenarchopterus gilli Smith 1945. Zenarchopteridae. Habitat: marine.

kolonodalensis, Nomorhamphus Meisner [A. D.] & Louie [K. D.] 2000:363, Fig. 2 [Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 11 (no. 4); ref. 25079] Stream along road to Tiu, near bridge at home No. 53 in village of Mondowe, District of Kolonodale, city of Poso, Sulawesi Tengah. Holotype: MZB 8638. Paratypes: CMK 7576 (11); MZB 8639 (1); USNM 338490 (8, 2 c&s), 338491-92 (10, 15), 338494 (19, 3 c&s), 338495 (4). •Valid as Nomorhamphus kolonodalensis Meisner & Louie 2000 -- (Meisner 2001:268 [ref. 25599], Collette 2004:18 [ref. 27583], Huylebrouck et al. 2012:483 [ref. 32159], Kottelat 2013:295 [ref. 32989], Huylebrouck et al. 2014:204 [ref. 33515], Miesen et al. 2016:86 [ref. 34492], Kraemer et al. 2019:295 [ref. 37368]). Current status: Valid as Nomorhamphus kolonodalensis Meisner & Louie 2000. Zenarchopteridae. Distribution: Sulawesi Tengah and Sulawesi Selatan, Indonesia. Habitat: freshwater.

kottelati, Tondanichthys Collette [B. B.] 1995:172, Figs. 1-2 [Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 6 (no. 2); ref. 21880] Lake Tondano, about 1°10'N, 124°53'E, Sulawesi, Indonesia. Holotype: ZRC 38699. Paratypes: CMK 7440 (2), 7890 (1); MZB 5914 (2); USNM 330941 (3, 2 c&s); ZRC 38700 (1). •Valid as Tondanichthys kottelati Collette 1995 -- (Collette 2004:19 [ref. 27583], Kottelat 2013:295 [ref. 32989], Miesen et al. 2016:87 [ref. 34492]). Current status: Valid as Tondanichthys kottelati Collette 1995. Zenarchopteridae. Distribution: Lake Tondano, Sulawesi Utara, Indonesia. Habitat: freshwater.

kuekenthali, Hemirhamphodon Steindachner [F.] 1901:450, Pl. 17 (fig. 2) [Abhandlungen der Senckenbergischen Naturforschenden Gesellschaft v. 25; ref. 14769] Baram River, Borneo. Lectotype: SMF 785. Paralectotypes: SMF 6500-19 (20); NMW 5586 (3). Original as kükenthali. Lectotype selected by Anderson & Collette 1991:164 [ref. 19112]. •Questionably a synonym of Hemirhamphodon pogonognathus (Bleeker 1853) -- (Roberts 1989:155 [ref. 6439] as kukenthali). •Valid as Hemirhamphodon kuekenthali Steindachner 1901 -- (Anderson & Collette 1991:161 [ref. 19112], Kottelat et al. 1993:85 [ref. 23448], Kottelat & Lim 1995:244 [ref. 23210], Doi et al. 2001:16 [ref. 25691], Collette 2004:16 [ref. 27583], Grinang & Lim 2004:291 [ref. 28551], Parenti & Lim 2005:192 [ref. 28285], Tan & Lim 2013:736 [ref. 32888], Kottelat 2013:294 [ref. 32989], Sulaiman et al. 2018:35 [ref. 35802]). Current status: Valid as Hemirhamphodon kuekenthali Steindachner 1901. Zenarchopteridae. Distribution: Borneo. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

lanceolatus, Nomorhamphus Huylebrouck [J.], Hadiaty [R. K.] & Herder [F.] 2014:201, Figs. 2-4 [Raffles Bulletin of Zoology v. 62; ref. 33515] Sulawesi, Pegency of Kolaka Utara, Wawolambo River, Sampara river basin, 4°02'51.6"S, 121°42'40.8"E, Indonesia. Holotype: MZB 21299. Paratypes: MZB 21300 (5), ZFMK 49526-49529 (4), ZMH 25920-25921(2), WFB 3125-3128 (4). Plus non-type specimens. •Valid as Nomorhamphus lanceolatus Huylebrouck, Hadiaty & Herder 2014 -- (Miesen et al. 2016:86 [ref. 34492], Kraemer et al. 2019:295 [ref. 37368]). Current status: Valid as Nomorhamphus lanceolatus Huylebrouck, Hadiaty & Herder 2014. Zenarchopteridae. Distribution: Wawolambo River drainage, Sulawesi Tenggara, Indonesia. Habitat: freshwater.

liemi, Nomorhamphus Vogt [D.] 1977:8, Fig. [Die Aquarien- und Terrarienzeitschrift (DATZ) v. 31 (no. 1) [for 1978]; ref. 8865] Maros highland, Sulawesi, Indonesia. Holotype: ZMH H7617. Paratypes: ZMH H7618 (1), H7619 (3). Type catalog: Wilkens & Dohse 1993:415 [ref. 21161] but with wrong author. Kottelat (2013) dates to 1977. •Valid as Nomorhamphus liemi Vogt 1977 (often seen as 1978)-- (Brembach 1991:179 [ref. 20227], Kottelat et al. 1993:87 [ref. 23448], Meisner 2001:253 [ref. 25599], Collette 2004:18 [ref. 27583], Huylebrouck et al. 2012:483 [ref. 32159], Kottelat 2013:295 [ref. 32989], Huylebrouck et al. 2014:204 [ref. 33515], Miesen et al. 2016:86 [ref. 34492], Kraemer et al. 2019:295 [ref. 37368]). Current status: Valid as Nomorhamphus liemi Vogt 1977. Zenarchopteridae. Distribution: Maros highland, Sulawesi Selatan, Indonesia. Habitat: freshwater.

maculosus, Zenarchopterus Garman [S.] 1903:239, Pl. 5 (fig. 4) [Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology v. 39 (no. 8); ref. 15030] Suva, Fiji Islands. Holotype (unique): MCZ 28299 (partly dry). •Synonym of Zenarchopterus dispar (Valenciennes 1847) -- (Collette 1982:265 [ref. 5497], Collette 2004:21 [ref. 27583], Kottelat 2013:296 [ref. 32989], Miesen et al. 2016:87 [ref. 34492]). Current status: Synonym of Zenarchopterus dispar (Valenciennes 1847). Zenarchopteridae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

magatensis, Zenarchopterus Herre [A. W. C. T.] 1934:26 [Notes on fishes in the Zoological Museum of Stanford University. 1. The fishes of the Herre Philippine expedition of 1931.; ref. 2108] Branches of Magat River and its tributary creeks at Bagabag, Nueva Vizcaya Province, Luzon Island, Philippines. Holotype: CAS-SU 25509 (included with paratypes). Paratypes: (70) BMNH 1933.3.11.152-161, BMNH 1933.3.11.162-167; CAS-SU 25509 (24). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:52 [ref. 12291]. •Synonym of Zenarchopterus philippinus (Peters 1868) -- (Collette 1982:265 [ref. 5497], Collette 2004:22 [ref. 27583], Kottlelat 2013:297 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Zenarchopterus philippinus (Peters 1868). Zenarchopteridae. Habitat: freshwater.

manifesta, Nomorhamphus Meisner [A. D.] 2001:270, Figs. 64-65 [Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society v. 133 (no. 2); ref. 25599] Ilokos Norte Province, Solsona, Luzon Island, Philippines. Holotype: CAS 129706. Paratypes: CAS 169840 (1), 169841 (196, 3 c&s). •Valid as Nomorhamphus manifesta Meisner 2001 -- (Collette 2004:18 [ref. 27583]). •Valid as Nomorhamphus manifestus Meisner 2001 -- (Kottelat 2013:295 [ref. 32989], Huylebrouck et al. 2014:207 [ref. 33515]). Current status: Valid as Nomorhamphus manifestus Meisner 2001. Zenarchopteridae. Distribution: Ikokos Norte Province, Luzon Island, Philippines. Habitat: freshwater.

megarrhamphus, Dermogenys Brembach [M.] 1982:55, Fig. [Die Aquarien- und Terrarienzeitschrift (DATZ) v. 35 (no. 2); ref. 8506] Lake Towoeti, central Sulawesi, Indonesia. Lectotype: ZMH 7151. Paralectotypes: (24 or 51) ZMH 7152 (1), 7153 (? 23 or 50). Type catalog: Wilkens & Dohse 1993:414 [ref. 21161]. Lectotype selected by Meisner 2001:256 [ref. 25599]. •Valid as Dermogenys megarrhamphus Brembach 1982 -- (Brembach 1991:158 [ref. 20227], Kottelat et al. 1993:84 [ref. 23448], Meisner & Louie 2000:366 [ref. 25079]). •Valid as Nomorhamphus megarrhamphus (Brembach 1982) -- (Meisner 2001:255 [ref. 25599], Collette 2004:18 [ref. 27583], Huylebrouck et al. 2012:483 [ref. 32159], Kottelat 2013:295 [ref. 32989], Huylebrouck et al. 2014:204 [ref. 33515], Miesen et al. 2016:86 [ref. 34492], Kraemer et al. 2019:295 [ref. 37368]). Current status: Valid as Nomorhamphus megarrhamphus (Brembach 1982). Zenarchopteridae. Distribution: Lakes Towuti and Mahalona, Sulawesi Selatan, Indonesia. Habitat: freshwater.

mindanensis, Dermogenys viviparus var. Herre [A. W. C. T.] 1944:86 [48] [Stanford University Publications, University Series, Biological Sciences v. 9 (no. 2); ref. 11023] Outlet of Lake Mainit, Jabonga, Agusan Province, Mindanao, Philippines. Syntypes: (61 + 16 juveniles) CAS-SU 37631 (74, 4 c&s). On p. 48 of separate. •Synonym of Dermogenys viviparus Peters 1865, but a valid subspecies as described -- (Brembach 1991:168 [ref. 20227]). •Synonym of Nomorhamphus viviparus (Peters 1865) -- (Meisner 2001:263 [ref. 25599], Collette 2004:19 [ref. 27583], Kottelat 2013:295 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Nomorhamphus viviparus (Peters 1865). Zenarchopteridae. Habitat: freshwater.

montanus, Dermogenys Brembach [M.] 1982:54, Fig. [Die Aquarien- und Terrarienzeitschrift (DATZ) v. 35 (no. 2); ref. 8506] Above the Bantimurung waterfalls, Sulawesi, Indonesia. Lectotype: ZMH 7145. Syntypes: (25) ZMH (1), 7146 (1), 7147 (?23 of 28). Type catalog: Wilkens & Dohse 1993:414 [ref. 21161]. Lectotype designated by Meisner 2001:223. When in Dermogenys, the spelling of montana is correct. •Valid as Dermogenys montanus Brembach 1982 -- (Brembach 1991:160 [ref. 20227], Kottelat et al. 1993:84 [ref. 23448] as montana). •Synonym of Dermogenys orientalis (Weber 1894) -- (Meisner 2001:222 [ref. 25599], Collette 2004:15 [ref. 27583], Kottelat 2013:293 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Dermogenys orientalis (Weber 1894). Zenarchopteridae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

novaeguineae, Hemiramphus (Zenarchopterus) Weber [M.] 1913:553 [Süsswasserfische aus Niederländisch Süd- und Nord-Neu-Guinea v. 9 (livr. 4); ref. 4603] Lorentz River, New Guinea. Lectotype: ZMA 116221. Paralectotypes: BMNH 1913.12.15.28 (1); RMNH 10882 [ex ZMA] (5); ZMA 111479-83 (10, 1, 1, 25, 5). Type catalog: Nijssen et al. 1982:68 [ref. 19236]. Originally as novae-guineae. Lectotype selected by Collette 1982:275 [ref. 5497]. •Valid as Zenarchopterus novaeguineae (Weber 1913) -- (Roberts 1978:48 [ref. 8886], Collette 1982:265 [ref. 5497], Allen 1991:71 [ref. 21090], Allen et al. 2000:66 [ref. 27467], Allen et al. 2002:123 [ref. 25930], Collette 2004:21 [ref. 27583], Paxton et al. 2006:739 [ref. 28994], Allen et al. 2008:72 [ref. 30265], Pusey et al. 2017:33 [ref. 35250]). Current status: Valid as Zenarchopterus novaeguineae (Weber 1913). Zenarchopteridae. Distribution: Northern Australia and central-southern New Guinea (Papua Province, Indonesia and Papua New Guinea). Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

orientalis, Hemiramphus Weber [M.] 1894:427 (456) [Zoologische Ergebnisse einer Reise in Niederländisch Ost-Indien v. 3 (no. 2); ref. 14569] Luves, Maros River, and La Palupa River at Tempe, Sulawesi, Indonesia. Lectotype: ZMA 104374. Paralectotypes: (32) AMNH 9585 (1); ZMA 104373 (3), 104375 (9), 123573 [ex ZMA 104374] (14); ZMH 7147 (28) Type catalog: Nijssen et al. 1982:68 [ref. 19236]. Lectotype designated by Meisner 2001:223 [ref. 25599]. Meisner 2001:222 [ref. 25599] apparently lists too many paralectotypes. •Valid as Dermogenys orientalis (Weber 1894) -- (Brembach 1991:162 [ref. 20227], Kottelat et al. 1993:84 [ref. 23448], Meisner & Collette 1998:379 [ref. 23906], Meisner 2001:222 [ref. 25599], Collette 2004:15 [ref. 27583], Kottelat 2013:293 [ref. 32989], Miesen et al. 2016:86 [ref. 34492]). Current status: Valid as Dermogenys orientalis (Weber 1894). Zenarchopteridae. Distribution: Maros Karst, Sulawesi, Indonesia. Habitat: freshwater.

ornithocephala, Zenarchopterus Collette [B. B.] 1985:107, Fig. 2 [Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington v. 98 (no. 1); ref. 8171] Stream at Fruata, Vogelkop Peninsula, Irian Jaya, 2°59'S, 133°32'E. Holotype: NCIP 5419 (male). Paratypes: USNM 266413 [ex WAM P.27868-004] (1), WAM P.27868-004 (1). Type catalog: Hutchins & Smith 1991:10 [ref. 19335], Collette et al. 1992:11 [ref. 19410], Moore et al. 2008:11 [ref. 30117]. •Valid as Zenarchopterus ornithocephala Collette 1985 -- (Allen 1991:72 [ref. 21090], Collette et al. 1992:11 [ref. 19410], Collette 2004:22 [ref. 27583]). Current status: Valid as Zenarchopterus ornithocephala Collette 1985. Zenarchopteridae. Distribution: Vogelkop Peninsula, Irian Jaya, Indonesia. Habitat: freshwater.

palawanensis, Dermogenys Meisner [A. D.] 2001:237, Figs. 35-36 [Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society v. 133 (no. 2); ref. 25599] Estrella falls near Narra, tributaryof Malatgao River, about 80-100 kilometers south of Puerto Princesa, Palawan, Philippines. Holotype: ZRC 46170. Paratypes: CMK 11972 (23); USNM 138668 (1), 138672 (8), 138673 (17, 3 c&s), 150809 (1). •Valid as Dermogenys palawanensis Meisner 2001 -- (Collette 2004:15 [ref. 27583], Kottelat 2013:293 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Dermogenys palawanensis Meisner 2001. Zenarchopteridae. Distribution: Palawan Island, Philippine Islands. Habitat: freshwater.

pappenheimi, Zenarchopterus Mohr [E.] 1926:258, Fig. 20 [Zoologische Jahrbücher, Abteilung für Systematik, Geographie und Biologie der Tiere (Jena) v. 52; ref. 15597] Bangkok, Malay Peninsula and Archipelago. Syntypes: ZMB 7524 (2), ZMH 16167 [ex ZMB 7524] (1). Type catalog: Paepke & Seegers 1986:145 [ref. 19981]. •Valid as Zenarchopterus pappenheimi Mohr 1926 -- (Collette 1982:265 [ref. 5497], Talwar & Jhingran 1991:739 [ref. 20764], Kottelat et al. 1993:88 [ref. 23448], Collette in Randall & Lim 2000:600 [ref. 25122], Collette 2004:22 [ref. 27583], Kottelat 2013:297 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Zenarchopterus pappenheimi Mohr 1926. Zenarchopteridae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Thailand and Borneo. Habitat: marine.

pectoralis, Dermogenys Fowler [H. W.] 1934:326, Fig. 80 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 85 (for 1933); ref. 1416] Bubbucan, Luzon Island, Philippines. Holotype: USNM 93068 [not 93058] (female). Paratypes: USNM 93069 (3). Type catalog: Collette et al. 1992:8 [ref. 19410]. •Possibly valid -- (Collette et al. 1992:8 [ref. 19410]). •Valid as Nomorhamphus pectoralis (Fowler 1934) -- (Meisner 2001:258 [ref. 25599], Collette 2004:18 [ref. 27583], Kottelat 2013:295 [ref. 32989], Huylebrouck et al. 2014:207 [ref. 33515]). Current status: Valid as Nomorhamphus pectoralis (Fowler 1934). Zenarchopteridae. Distribution: Luzon Island, Philippine Islands. Habitat: freshwater.

phaiosoma, Hemirhamphus Bleeker [P.] 1852:99 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 3 (no. 1); ref. 16831] Tjirutjup River, Blitong [Billiton] Island, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1866.5.2.21. Bleeker specimens: RMNH 6960 (5, poor condition). Original genus is correctly Hemiramphus. Spelled phaeosoma by Weber 1894:456 [ref. 14569]. •Valid as Hemirhamphodon phaiosoma (Bleeker 1852) -- (Roberts 1989:155 [ref. 6439], Anderson & Collette 1991:165 [ref. 19112], Brembach 1991:191 [ref. 20227], Kottelat et al. 1993:86 [ref. 23448], Kottelat & Lim 1995:244 [ref. 23210], Collette 2004:17 [ref. 27583], Tan & Lim 2013:735, 734 [ref. 32888], Kottelat 2013:294 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Hemirhamphodon phaiosoma (Bleeker 1852). Zenarchopteridae. Distribution: Biliton and Banka islands and off west coast of Kalimantan, Sumatra. Habitat: freshwater.

philippinus, Dermogenys Ladiges [W.] 1972:210, Pl. 10 (not 11) [Mitteilungen aus dem Hamburgischen Zoologischen Museum und Institut v. 68; ref. 737] Cebu Island, Kulaman Plateau, Philippines. Holotype: ZMH H4534 (male). Paratypes: ZMH H4535 (3). Type catalog: Wilkens 1977:159 [ref. 22013]. Spelled philippinius in text, philippinus on the plate in the original description as noted by Brembach (1991 [ref. 20227]) who selected to use the spelling of philippinus. •Valid as Dermogenys philippinus Ladiges 1972 -- (Brembach 1991:163 [ref. 20227]). •Valid as Nomorhamphus philippina (Ladiges 1972) -- (Meisner 2001:259 [ref. 25599], Collette 2004:18 [ref. 27583]). •Valid as Nomorhamphus philippinus (Ladiges 1972) -- (Kottelat 2013:295 [ref. 32989], Huylebrouck et al. 2014:207 [ref. 33515]). Current status: Valid as Nomorhamphus philippinus (Ladiges 1972). Zenarchopteridae. Distribution: Cebu and Mindanao, Philippine Islands. Habitat: freshwater.

philippinus, Hemirhamphus (Zenarchopterus) Peters [W. (C. H.)] 1868:273 [Monatsberichte der Königlichen Preussischen Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Berlin 1868; ref. 3442] Boco River and Quingoa River, Luzon Island; Calbigan, Samar, Philippines. Syntypes: ZMB 5110 (4) Luzon, 5111 (2) Calbigan, 6719 (3) Luzon. Type catalog: Paepke & Seegers 1986:145 [ref. 19981] as phillippinus. Original genus is correctly Hemiramphus. •Valid as Zenarchopterus philippinus (Peters 1868) -- (Collette 1982:265 [ref. 5497], Collette 2004:22 [ref. 27583], Kottelat 2013:297 [ref. 32989] as phillippinus). Current status: Valid as Zenarchopterus philippinus (Peters 1868). Zenarchopteridae. Distribution: Philippine Islands. Habitat: freshwater.

pinnimaculata, Nomorhamphus Meisner [A. D.] 2001:271, Figs. 66-67 [Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society v. 133 (no. 2); ref. 25599] Creek at eastern end of Tunga, Leyte, Philippines. Holotype: ZRC 46173. Paratypes: CMK 9980 (89), 9984 (35); ZRC 46174 (1). •Valid as Nomorhamphus pinnimaculata Meisner 2001 -- (Collette 2004:19 [ref. 27583], Kottelat 2013:295 [ref. 32989], Huylebrouck et al. 2014:207 [ref. 33515]). •Valid as Nomorhamphus pinnimaculatus Meisner 2001. Current status: Valid as Nomorhamphus pinnimaculatus Meisner 2001. Zenarchopteridae. Distribution: Leyte, Philippine Islands. Habitat: freshwater.

pogonognathus, Hemiramphus Bleeker [P.] 1853:193 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 5 (no. 1); ref. 16902] Marawang, Banka, Indonesia. Syntypes: (2) BMNH 1866.5.2.20 (1). Anderson & Collette 1991:159 [ref. 19112] regard the BMNH specimen as holotype but no holotype was established originally. •Valid as Hemirhamphodon pogonognathus (Bleeker 1853) -- (Roberts 1989:155 [ref. 6439], Lim et al. 1990:47 [ref. 16753], Anderson & Collette 1991:156 [ref. 19112], Brembach 1991:191 [ref. 20227], Kottelat et al. 1993:86 [ref. 23448], Ng & Tan 1999:363 [ref. 24159], Collette 2004:17 [ref. 27583], Tan & Lim 2004:110 [ref. 27716], Kottelat & Widjanarti 2005:163 [ref. 28284], Tan & Kim 2013:735 [ref. 32888], Kottelat 2013:294 [ref. 32989], Ng et al. 2019:538 [ref. 36606]). Current status: Valid as Hemirhamphodon pogonognathus (Bleeker 1853). Zenarchopteridae. Distribution: Southeast Asia: Malaya (Malaysia), Sumatra, Java, Biliton and Banka Islands (Indonesia), Borneo. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

pusillus, Dermogenys Kuhl [H.] & van Hasselt [J. C.] in van Hasselt 1823:131 [Algemeene Konst- en Letter-bode voor het Jaar II Deel (no. 35); ref. 5963] Bogor, Java, Indonesia. Neotype: UMMZ 237500. Type information: Roberts 1993:34 [ref. 21799]. Also in van Hasselt 1824:374 [ref. 5964]. Regarded as available, see Alfred 1961:85 [ref. 20553], Kottelat 1987:370 [ref. 5962]. Originally as pusillus, but correct spelling is Dermogenys pusilla. Neotype designated by Meisner 2001:226 [ref. 25599]. •Valid as Dermogenys pusillus Kuhl & van Hasselt 1823 -- (Roberts 1989:154 [ref. 6439], Ataur Rahman 1989:60 [ref. 24860] as pussilus, Brembach 1991:165 [ref. 20227], Talwar & Jhingran 1991:732 [ref. 20764], Kottelat et al. 1993:84 [ref. 23448], Roberts 1993:34 [ref. 21799], Rainboth 1996:173 [ref. 22772], Vu & Nguyen 1997:27 [ref. 26438]). •Valid as Dermogenyus pusilla Kuhl & van Hasselt 1823 -- (Ng & Tan 1999:363 [ref. 24159], Meisner 2001:224 [ref. 25599], Ataur Rahman 2003:75 [ref. 31338] as pusilus, Collette 2004:15 [ref. 27583], Grinang & Lim 2004:291 [ref. 28551], Kottelat 2013:293 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Dermogenys pusilla Kuhl & van Hasselt 1823. Zenarchopteridae. Distribution: Indonesia; ?Bangladesh. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

quadrimaculatus, Zenarchopterus Mohr [E.] 1926:257, Figs. 18-19 [Zoologische Jahrbücher, Abteilung für Systematik, Geographie und Biologie der Tiere (Jena) v. 52; ref. 15597] Malay Peninsula and Archipelago. Syntypes: ZMH 8529 (1) Muar R., 16154 (1) Kwala Selangor; MLUL 698 (6) Selangor. •Valid as Zenarchopterus quadrimaculatus Mohr 1926 -- (Collette 1982:265 [ref. 5497], Collette 2004:22 [ref. 27583] Kottlelat 2013:297 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Zenarchopterus quadrimaculatus Mohr 1926. Zenarchopteridae. Distribution: Malay Peninsula. Habitat: freshwater.

rasori, Hemiramphus Popta [C. M. L.] 1912:192 [Notes from the Leyden Museum v. 34 (nos 3-4) (art. 34); ref. 14861] Raha, Muna Island, Sunda Islands, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): SMF 6520 (female). •Valid as Zenarchopterus rasori (Popta 1912) -- (Collette 1974:97 [ref. 12930], Collette 1982:265 [ref. 5497], Paxton et al. 1989:340 [ref. 12442], Kottelat et al. 1993:88 [ref. 23448], Larson & Williams 1997:350 [ref. 23967], Hutchins 2001:24 [ref. 25847], Collette 2004:22 [ref. 27583], Paxton et al. 2006:739 [ref. 28994], Larson et al. 2013:70 [ref. 32988], Kottlelat 2013:297 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Zenarchopterus rasori (Popta 1912). Zenarchopteridae. Distribution: Western Pacific. Habitat: marine.

ravnaki, Nomorhamphus Brembach [M.] 1991:183, Fig. [Lebendgebärende Halbschnäbler; ref. 20227] Gebirgsbach bei Ban Timurung, Hochland von Maros, southern Sulawesi, Indonesia. Holotype: ZMH H7158. Paratypes: ZMH H7159 (1), plus additional material. Type catalog: Wilkens & Dohse 1993:415 [ref. 21161]. Described with two subspecies, ravnaki and australe. •Valid as Nomorhamphus ravnaki Brembach 1991 -- (Kottelat et al. 1993:87 [ref. 23448]). •Synonym of Nomorhamphus brembachi Vogt 1978 -- (Meisner 2001:245 [ref. 25599], Collette 2004:17 [ref. 27583], Huylebrouck et al. 2012:483 [ref. 32159], Kottelat 2013:294 [ref. 32989], Huylebrouck et al. 2014:208 [ref. 33515], Miesen et al. 2016:86 [ref. 34492]). Current status: Synonym of Nomorhamphus brembachi Vogt 1978. Zenarchopteridae. Habitat: freshwater.

rex, Nomorhamphus Huylebrouck [J.], Hadiaty [R. K.] & Herder [F.] 2012:479, Figs. 2-5, 8 [Raffles Bulletin of Zoology v. 60 (no. 2); ref. 32159] Tributary at village Laroeha, 2°28.226'S, 121°04.125'E, Wewu River drainage, headwaters of Cerekang River drainage west of Lake Matano, South Sulawesi Province, Sulawesi, Indonesia. Holotype: MZB 20724. Paratypes: MZB 20725, 20727-20730 (5); ZFMK 44944-44955 (12), 44956-44961 (6); ZSM 41743a-d (4). Plus non-type material. •Valid as Nomorhamphus rex Huylebrouck, Hadiaty & Herder 2012 in Zenarchopteridae -- (Kottelat 2013:295 [ref. 32989], Huylebrouck et al. 2014:208 [ref. 33515], Miesen et al. 2016:86 [ref. 34492], Kraemer et al. 2019:295 [ref. 37368]). Current status: Valid as Nomorhamphus rex Huylebrouck, Hadiaty & Herder 2012. Zenarchopteridae. Distribution: South Sulawesi, Indonesia. Habitat: freshwater.

robertsi, Dermogenys Meisner [A. D.] 2001:236, Figs. 34-35 [Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society v. 133 (no. 2); ref. 25599] Wayan River at Bario San Nicolas, Busuanga Island, Palawan Province, Philippines. Holotype: CAS 137633. Paratypes: CAS 55259 (14, 4 c&s), 128481 (14), 137635 (11, 2 c&s), 169838-39 (1, 19); CMK 9550 (2); FMNH 50935 (2). •Valid as Dermogenys robertsi Meisner 2001 -- (Collette 2004:15 [ref. 27583], Kottelat 2013:293 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Dermogenys robertsi Meisner 2001. Zenarchopteridae. Distribution: Culion and Busuanga, Philippine Islands. Habitat: freshwater.

robertsi, Zenarchopterus Collette [B. B.] 1982:266, Fig. 2 [Copeia 1982 (no. 2); ref. 5497] Ovi Creek, tributary to Kumusi River, Papua New Guinea, elevation 280-320 meters. Holotype: AMS I.22029-001 [ex USNM 219299] (male). Paratypes: AMS I.22029-002 (2), CAS 47417 (1), FMNH 84934 (1), RMNH 28317 (1), USNM 219299 (12, now 11), ZMA 115444 (2). Type catalog: Ibarra & Stewart 1987:85 [ref. 12367], Collette et al. 1992:11 [ref. 19410]. •Valid as Zenarchopterus robertsi Collette 1982 -- (Allen 1991:72 [ref. 21090], Collette et al. 1992:11 [ref. 19410], Kottelat & Lim 1999:1100 [ref. 25899], Collette 2004:22 [ref. 27583]). Current status: Valid as Zenarchopterus robertsi Collette 1982. Zenarchopteridae. Distribution: Kumusi River draining into Solomon Sea, Papua New Guinea. Habitat: freshwater.

rossi, Nomorhamphus Meisner [A. D.] 2001:272, Figs. 68-69 [Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society v. 133 (no. 2); ref. 25599] Intel River, pool in river bordered by waterfall (upriver) and rapids (downriver), Barrovia Barangay hot springs, Baggao Municipality, Luzon, Philippines. Holotype: USNM 333262. Paratypes: USNM 363186 (1), 363187 (262, 2 c&s). •Valid as Nomorhamphus rossi Meisner 2001 -- (Collette 2004:19 [ref. 27583], Kottelat 2013:295 [ref. 32989], Huylebrouck et al. 2014:207 [ref. 33515]). Current status: Valid as Nomorhamphus rossi Meisner 2001. Zenarchopteridae. Distribution: Cagayan Province, Luzon Island, Philippine. Habitat: freshwater.

sagittarius, Nomorhamphus Huylebrouck [J.], Hadiaty [R. K.] & Herder [F.] 2014:204, Figs. 8-10 [Raffles Bulletin of Zoology v. 62; ref. 33515] Sulawesi, Regency of Kolaka Utara, District Kolaka, Village Ulanggolaka, Mangolo River, Indonesia. Holotype: MZB 21301. Paratypes: MZB, ZFMK, ZMH, WEB. Plus non-type specimens. •Valid as Nomorhamphus sagittarius Huylebrouck, Hadiaty & Herder 2014 -- (Miesen et al. 2016:86 [ref. 34492], Kraemer et al. 2019:295 [ref. 37368]). Current status: Valid as Nomorhamphus sagittarius Huylebrouck, Hadiaty & Herder 2014. Zenarchopteridae. Distribution: Mangola River basin, Sulawesi Tenggara, Indonesia. Habitat: freshwater.

sanussii, Nomorhamphus Brembach [M.] 1991:187, Fig. [Lebendgebärende Halbschnäbler; ref. 20227] Mountain brook at Segoja, southern South Sulawesi, Indonesia. Holotype: ZMH H7614 (female). Paratypes: ZMH H7615 (1). Additional material: ZMH 6716 (20). Type catalog: Wilkens & Dohse 1993:415 [ref. 21161]. •Valid as Nomorhamphus sanussii Brembach 1991 -- (Kottelat et al. 1993:87 [ref. 23448]). •Synonym of Nomorhmaphus brembachi Vogt 1978 -- (Meisner 2001:245 [ref. 25599], Collette 2004:17 [ref. 27583], Kottelat 2013:294 [ref. 32989], Miesen et al. 2016:86 [ref. 34492]). Current status: Synonym of Nomorhamphus brembachi Vogt 1978. Zenarchopteridae. Habitat: freshwater.

sepikensis, Zenarchopterus Herre [A. W. C. T.] 1935:391 [Field Museum of Natural History, Publications, Zoölogical Series v. 18 (no. 12); ref. 2109] Sepik River at Koragu, New Guinea. Holotype: FMNH 17213 (male). Paratypes: CAS-SU 24443 (6), 24461-62 (6, 2); FMNH 17214 (1), 17215-17 (3), 17218-22 (5), 17223 (1). Additional material: (13). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:52 [ref. 12291], Ibarra & Stewart 1987:85 [ref. 12367]. •Synonym of Zenarchopterus kampeni (Weber 1913) -- (Collette 1982:265 [ref. 5497], Collette 2004:21 [ref. 27583]). Current status: Synonym of Zenarchopterus kampeni (Weber 1913). Zenarchopteridae. Habitat: freshwater.

sesamum, Hemirhamphodon Tan [H. H.] & Lim [K. K. P.] 2013:737, Figs. 1-6 [Raffles Bulletin of Zoology v. 61 (no. 2); ref. 32888] Batulicin basin; stream at Simpang Alok, along road from Batulicin to Mantewe, Desa Gunung Raya, Indonesia, elevation 84 meters. Holotype: MZB 17209. Paratypes: MZB 17200 (7); ZRC 54009 (34), 54010 (10), 54013 (2). •Valid as Hemirhamphodon sesamum Tan & Lim 2013 -- (Kottelat 2013:294 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Hemirhamphodon sesamum Tan & Lim 2013. Zenarchopteridae. Distribution: South Kalimantan, Indonesia. Habitat: freshwater.

siamensis, Demogenys Fowler [H. W.] 1934:144, Figs. 83-84 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 86; ref. 1417] Chieng Mai, northern Thailand. Holotype: ANSP 59860 [with paratypes]. Paratypes: AMNH 28140 [ex ANSP 59876-77] (2), ANSP 59861-75 (15, 1 c&s). Additional material (4). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:103 [ref. 13621]. Correct spelling of Genus is Dermogenys. Although the holotype of Dermogenys siamensis was mixed in with the paratypes, Meisner (2001:228 [ref. 25599]) located the largest specimen which had been designated as the holotype by Fowler. •Valid as Dermogenys siamensis Fowler 1934 -- (Freyhof et al. 2000:96 [ref. 25184], Meisner 2001:227 [ref. 25599], Kottelat 2001:144 [ref. 25780], Shakhovskoy 2002:591 [ref. 26463], Collette 2004:16 [ref. 27583], Shibukawa 2009:49 [ref. 30449], Kottelat 2013:293 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Dermogenys siamensis Fowler 1934. Zenarchopteridae. Distribution: Southeastern Asia: Thailand, Vietnam and Cambodia. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

snijdersi, Nomorhamphus liemi Vogt [D.] 1978:224, Figured [Die Aquarien- und Terrarienzeitschrift (DATZ) v. 31 (no. 7); ref. 8773] Maros highland, Sulawesi, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): ZMH H7155. Type catalog: Wilkens & Dohse 1993:415 [ref. 21161]. •Synonym of Nomorhamphus liemi Vogt 1977, but a valid subspecies as described -- (Brembach 1991:181 [ref. 20227]). •Synonym of Nomorhamphus liemi Vogt 1977 -- (Meisner 2001:253 [ref. 25599], Collette 2004:18 [ref. 27583], Huylebrouck et al. 2012:484 [ref. 32159], Kottelat 2013:295 [ref. 32989], Miesen et al. 2016:86 [ref. 34492]). Current status: Synonym of Nomorhamphus liemi Vogt 1977. Zenarchopteridae. Habitat: freshwater.

striga, Hemirhamphus Blyth [E.] 1858:288 [Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal v. 27 (no. 3); ref. 476] Calcutta fish market, India. No types known. Original genus is correctly Hemiramphus. •Valid as Zenarchopterus striga (Blyth 1858) -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:739 [ref. 20764], Collette 2004:22 [ref. 27583], Kottlelat 2013:297 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Zenarchopterus striga (Blyth 1858). Zenarchopteridae. Distribution: Goa and Calcutta, India and Malay Peninsula. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

sumatranus, Hemiramphus Bleeker [P.] 1854:526 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 5 (no. 3); ref. 5965] Lake Meninju [Maninjau], western Sumatra, Indonesia. Syntypes: (2) BMNH 1866.5.2.30 (1), RMNH 6965 (1). •Valid as Dermogenys sumatrana (Bleeker 1854) -- (Kottelat et al. 1993:85 [ref. 23448], Meisner 2001:229 [ref. 25599], Collette 2004:16 [ref. 27583], Kottelat 2013:293 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Dermogenys sumatrana (Bleeker 1854). Zenarchopteridae. Distribution: Western Sumatra and Kalimantan Barat, Indonesia. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

tengah, Hemirhamphodon Collette [B. B.] in Anderson & Collette 1991:171, Fig. 9 [Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 2 (no. 2); ref. 19112] Planduk, creek in Palungan, near Sungei Sampit, 75 kilometers northwest of Sampit, Kalimantan Tengah, Kalimantan, Borneo, Indonesia. Holotype: ZSM 27902. Paratypes: MHNG 2058.50 (1), 2058.51-71 (21), 2155.46 (1); USNM 317896 [ex ZSM 27924] (4), 317897 [ex ZSM 27905] (7); ZMH 7169 (13), 7973 (3); ZSM 26007 (1), 26720 (4), 27766 (6), 27888 (1), 27905 (17, now 10), 27924 (9, now 5). Type catalog: Collette et al. 1992:8 [ref. 19410], Wilkens & Dohse 1993:415 [ref. 21161], Neumann 2011:261 [ref. 31652]. •Valid as Hemirhamphodon tengah Collette 1991 -- (Kottelat et al. 1993:86 [ref. 23448], Collette 2004:17 [ref. 27583], Tan & Lim 2013:735 [ref. 32888], Kottelat 2013:294 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Hemirhamphodon tengah Collette 1991. Zenarchopteridae. Distribution: Kalimantan Tengah, Borneo. Habitat: freshwater.

towoetii, Nomorhamphus Ladiges [W.] 1972:207, Pl. 11 (not 10) [Mitteilungen aus dem Hamburgischen Zoologischen Museum und Institut v. 68; ref. 737] Towoeti [Towuti] Lake, Sulawesi, Indonesia. Holotype: ZMH H4532. Paratypes: ZMH H4533 (2). Type catalog: Wilkens 1977:159 [ref. 22013]. Genus misspelled Normorhamphus in title of original description. •Valid as Nomorhamphus towoetii Ladiges 1972 -- (Brembach 1991:189 [ref. 20227], Kottelat et al. 1993:87 [ref. 23448] as towoeti, Meisner & Louie 2000:364 [ref. 25079], Meisner 2001:261 [ref. 25599], Collette 2004:19 [ref. 27583], Huylebrouck et al. 2012:483 [ref. 32159], Kottelat 2013:295 [ref. 32989], Huylebrouck et al. 2014:207 [ref. 33515], Miesen et al. 2016:86 [ref. 34492], Kraemer et al. 2019:295 [ref. 37368]). Current status: Valid as Nomorhamphus towoetii Ladiges 1972. Zenarchopteridae. Distribution: Lake Towuti, Sulawesi Selatan and Lake Poso, Sulawesi Tengah, Indonesia. Habitat: freshwater.

vaisiganus, Zenarchopterus Jordan [D. S.] & Seale [A.] 1906:208, Fig. 11 [Bulletin of the Bureau of Fisheries v. 25 (for 1905); ref. 2497] Vaisigano River at Apia, Upolu Island, Samoa. Lectotype: USNM 51718. Paralectotypes: AMS I.7385 (1); BPBM 5325 (1); MCZ 36020 [ex USNM] (1); CAS-SU 8716 (4); USNM 126363 (6), 309269 [ex USNM 51718] (3). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:52 [ref. 12291], Collette et al. 1992:11-12 [ref. 19410]. Lectotype selected by Collette in Collette et al. 1992:11-12 [ref. 19410]. •Synonym of Zenarchopterus dispar (Valenciennes 1847) -- (Collette 1974:95 [ref. 12930], Collette 1982:265 [ref. 5497], Collette 1986:163 [ref. 6197], Collette 2004:20 [ref. 27583], Kottelat 2013:296 [ref. 32989], Miesen et al. 2016:87 [ref. 34492]). Current status: Synonym of Zenarchopterus dispar (Valenciennes 1847). Zenarchopteridae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

versicolor, Nomorhamphus Kraemer [J.], Hadiaty [R. K.] & Herder [F.] 2019:290, Figs. 1-3 [Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 29 (no. 4) IEF-1105; ref. 37368] Unnamed headwater of the Palu River in the forest, about 10 km northeast of Lake Lindu and 3 km south of Tongoa, Sulawesi Tengah, Indonesia, 1°12.2'S, 120°09.8'E. Holotype: MZB 24608. Paratypes: MZB, ZFMK. •Valid as Nomorhamphus versicolor Kraemer, Hadiaty & Herder 2019. Current status: Valid as Nomorhamphus versicolor Kraemer, Hadiaty & Herder 2019. Zenarchopteridae. Distribution: Palu River drainage, Sulawesi Tengah, Indonesia. Habitat: freshwater.

viviparus, Hemirhamphus Peters [W. (C. H.)] 1865:132 [Monatsberichte der Königlichen Preussischen Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Berlin 1865; ref. 13952] Basey [Bassey] River, Samar Island, Philippines. Syntypes: ZMB 6267 (1). Additional material at ZMB. Type catalog: Paepke & Seegers 1986:145 [ref. 19981]. Original genus is correctly Hemiramphus. •Valid as Dermogenys viviparus (Peters 1865) -- (Brembach 1991:168 [ref. 20227]). •Valid as Dermogenys vivipara (Peters 1865) -- (Meisner & Louie 2000:366 [ref. 25079]). •Valid as Nomorhamphus vivipara (Peters 1865) -- (Meisner 2001:263 [ref. 25599], Collette 2004:19 [ref. 27583], Kottelat 2013:295 [ref. 32989] as viviparus, Huylebrouck et al. 2014:207 [ref. 33515] as vivipara). Current status: Valid as Nomorhamphus viviparus (Peters 1865). Zenarchopteridae. Distribution: Luzon, Samar, Mindanao, and Jolo, Philippine Islands. Habitat: freshwater.

vogti, Dermogenys Brembach [M.] 1982:54 [Die Aquarien- und Terrarienzeitschrift (DATZ) v. 35 (no. 2); ref. 8506] Swift running river on the highest plain of a limestone mountain at Topobulu, southwestern Sulawesi, Indonesia. Lectotype: ZMH H7148. Paralectotypes: ZMH H7149 (3). Type catalog and lectotype designation: Wilkens & Dohse 1993:414 [ref. 21161]. Lectotype not established by use of holotype by Brembach 1991. •Valid as Dermogenys vogti Brembach 1982 -- (Brembach 1991:169 [ref. 20227], Kottelat et al. 1993:85 [ref. 23448], Meisner 2001:231 [ref. 25599], Collette 2004:16 [ref. 27583], Kottelat 2013:293 [ref. 32989], Miesen et al. 2016:86 [ref. 34492]). Current status: Valid as Dermogenys vogti Brembach 1982. Zenarchopteridae. Distribution: Topobulu, Sulawesi, Indonesia. Habitat: freshwater.

weberi, Hemirhamphus Boulenger [G. A.] 1897:429, Pl. 28 (fig. 4) [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1897 (pt 2); ref. 539] Lake Matanna [Matano], southeastern Sulawesi, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): NMBA 1065 (female). Type catalog: Kottelat & Sutter 1988:55 [ref. 13796]. Original genus is correctly Hemiramphus. •Valid as Dermogenys weberi (Boulenger 1897) -- (Brembach 1991:171 [ref. 20227], Kottelat et al. 1993:85 [ref. 23448], Meisner & Louie 2000:366 [ref. 25079]). •Valid as Nomorhamphus weberi (Boulenger 1897) -- (Meisner 2001:266 [ref. 25599], Collette 2004:19 [ref. 27583], Huylebrouck et al. 2012:483 [ref. 32159], Kottelat 2013:295 [ref. 32989], Huylebrouck et al. 2014:204 [ref. 33515], Miesen et al. 2016:86 [ref. 34492], Kraemer et al. 2019:296 [ref. 37368]). Current status: Valid as Nomorhamphus weberi (Boulenger 1897). Zenarchopteridae. Distribution: Lakes Matano and Mahalona, Sulawesi Selatan, Indonesia. Habitat: freshwater.

xiphophorus, Zenarchopterus Mohr [E.] 1934:11, Figs. 1-2 [Zoologische Mededelingen (Leiden) v. 17 (nos 1-2); ref. 16438] Belawan-Deli at mouth of Deli River, Sumatra, Indonesia. Syntypes: (6) RMNH 15837 (5). •Valid as Zenarchopterus xiphophorus Mohr 1934 -- (Collette 1982:265 [ref. 5497], Kottelat & Lim 1999:1100 [ref. 25899], Collette 2004:23 [ref. 27583], Kottlelat 2013:297 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Zenarchopterus xiphophorus Mohr 1934. Zenarchopteridae. Distribution: Mouth of Deli River, Sumatra. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.