Institute for Biodiversity Science and Sustainability
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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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Species in the genus Atractosteus: [ 10 ] records


adamantinus, Litholepis Rafinesque [C. S.] 1818:447 [American Monthly Magazine and Critical Review v. 3 (no. 6) (art. 6) (Oct.); ref. 3587] Ohio, Wabash, Green rivers, etc., U.S.A. No types known. Based on a Audubon drawing; mythical; see Markle 1997:446 [ref. 23370]. •Synonym of Atractosteus spatula (Lacepède 1803) -- (Wiley 1976:79 [ref. 7091] as adamantimus, Grande 2010:292 [ref. 31167]). Current status: Synonym of Atractosteus spatula (Lacepède 1803). Lepisosteidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

berlandieri, Lepisosteus (Atractosteus) Girard [C. F.] 1858:353 [General report upon zoology of the several Pacific railroad routes, 1857; ref. 4911] Matamoros (Tamaulipas), Mexico. Holotype (unique): USNM 1003. •Synonym of Atractosteus spatula (Lacepède 1803) -- (Wiley 1976:79 [ref. 7091] as belandieri, Grande 2010:292 [ref. 31167] belandieri). Current status: Synonym of Atractosteus spatula (Lacepède 1803). Lepisosteidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

cepedianus, Esox Shaw [G.] 1804:117, Pl. 110 [General zoology or systematic natural history; ref. 4015] American seas and rivers. Holotype (unique): MNHN 0000-5804 (mounted). Unneeded new name for Lepisosteus spatula Lacepède 1803; types as below if regarded as a replacement name. •Synonym of Atractosteus spatula (Lacepède 1803). Current status: Synonym of Atractosteus spatula (Lacepède 1803). Lepisosteidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

chasei, Lepidosteus Wailes [B. L. C.] 1854:333, 337 [Report on the agriculture and geology of Mississippi; ref. 24087] Mississippi, U.S.A. Holotype (unique): Coll. Rev. Benjamin Chase, Natchez (probably lost). Original genus should have been Lepisosteus; spelled Chasei on p. 333 and Chaseii on p. 337. Undescribed dark phase of the alligator gar, or the species now called L. productus Cope [= Lepisosteus oculatus Winchell 1864] (Cook 1959:60 [ref. 24088]). •Probably a synonym of [Atractosteus] Lepisosteus spatula Lacepède 1803 -- (W. J. Poly, pers. comm. Nov. 99). Current status: Uncertain as Atractosteus spatula (Lacepède 1803). Lepisosteidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

ferox, Lepisosteus Rafinesque [C. S.] 1820:171 [Western Review and Miscellaneous Magazine: a monthly publ., devoted to literature and science, Lexington, KY v. 3 (no. 3); ref. 7306] Mississippi River and Lake Pontechartrain, the Mobile, Red River, Lower Ohio, etc., eastern U.S.A. Described as belonging to subgenus Atractosteus, but listed as above. Also in Rafinesque 1820:75 [ref. 3592]. •Synonym of Atractosteus spatula (Lacepède 1803) -- (Wiley 1976:79 [ref. 7091], Grande 2010:292 [ref. 31167]). Current status: Synonym of Atractosteus spatula (Lacepède 1803). Lepisosteidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

lucius, Atractosteus Duméril [A. H. A.] 1870:364 [Histoire naturelle des poissons ou ichthyologie générale v. 2; ref. 1147] Tampico, Mexico. Syntypes: MNHN 0000-1501 (1, mounted) Tampico; Faculté des Sciences de Paris (1), Mexico. Type catalog: Bertin 1940:259 [ref. 293] with MNHN 1501 as holotype. •Synonym of Atractosteus spatula (Lacepède 1803) -- (Wiley 1976:79 [ref. 7091], Grande 2010:292 [ref. 31167]). Current status: Synonym of Atractosteus spatula (Lacepède 1803). Lepisosteidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

manjuari, Lepidosteus Poey [F.] 1853:273, 438, 450, Pls. 28-30, 31 (figs. 1-5) [Memorias sobre la historia natural de la Isla de Cuba v. 1; ref. 3497] Cuba. Type: USNM 12496 (1). •Synonym of Atractosteus tristoechus (Bloch & Schneider 1801) -- (Wiley 1976:82 [ref. 7091], Ferraris in Reis et al. 2003:29 [ref. 27061], Grande 2010:406 [ref. 31167]). Current status: Synonym of Atractosteus tristoechus (Bloch & Schneider 1801). Lepisosteidae. Habitat: freshwater.

spatula, Lepisosteus Lacepède [B. G. E.] 1803:331, 334, Pl. 6 (fig. 2) [Histoire naturelle des poissons (Lacepède) v. 5; ref. 4930] No locality [North America]. Holotype (unique): MNHN 0000-5804 (dry, mounted). Type catalog: Bertin 1940:255 [ref. 293]. •Valid as Lepisosteus spatula Lacepède 1803 -- (Tomelleri & Eberle 1990:21 [ref. 24089], Knight & Hastings 1994:149 [ref. 25560]). •Valid as Atractosteus spatula (Lacepède 1803) -- (Wiley 1976:79 [ref. 7091], Lee et al. 1980:47 [ref. 22416], Villa 1982:70 [ref. 36708], Robison & Buchanan 1988:89 [ref. 23393], Page & Burr 1991:29 [ref. 18983], Boschung 1992:29 [ref. 23239], Espinosa Pérez et al. 1993:7 [ref. 22290], Etnier & Starnes 1993:109 [ref. 22809], Mettee et al. 1996:97 [ref. 25836], McEachran & Fechhelm 1998:201 [ref. 23897], Fuller et al. 1999:25 [ref. 25838], Poly 2001:185 [ref. 25611], Ross et al. 2001:86 [ref. 25978], Wiley 2003:675 [ref. 26988], Nelson et al. 2004:58 [ref. 27807], Miller & Robison 2004:52 [ref. 27931], Boschung & Mayden 2004:114 [ref. 27995], Scharpf 2005:8 [ref. 28940], Miller 2006:83 [ref. 28615], Grande 2010:292 [ref. 31167], Page & Burr 2011:141 [ref. 31215], Page et al. 2013:58 [ref. 32708], Esmaeili et al. 2018:7 [ref. 36089], Raz-Guzmán et al. 2018:344 [ref. 36407], Robins et al. 2018:46 [ref. 35886], Hasan et al. 2020:233 [ref. 37549]). Current status: Valid as Atractosteus spatula (Lacepède 1803). Lepisosteidae. Distribution: North America: central and southern U.S.A. and northern Mexico. Introduced in Iran; Java and Bali (Indonesia). Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

tristoechus, Esox Bloch [M. E.] & Schneider [J. G.] (ex Parra) 1801:395 [M. E. Blochii, Systema Ichthyologiae; ref. 471] Locality not stated [Havana, Cuba]. No types known. Based on the 'Majuarí' of Parra 1787:111, Pl. 40 (fig. 2) [ref. 6840]. •Synonym of Atractosteus spatula (Lacepède 1803) -- (Ross et al. 2001:87 [ref. 25978]). •Valid as Atractosteus tristoechus (Bloch & Schneider 1801) -- (Wiley 1976:82 [ref. 7091], Lee et al. 1983:7 [ref. 22527], Ferraris in Reis et al. 2003:29 [ref. 27061], Wiley 2003:676 [ref. 26988], Grande 2010:406 [ref. 31167]). Current status: Valid as Atractosteus tristoechus (Bloch & Schneider 1801). Lepisosteidae. Distribution: Caribbean Islands: Cuba and Isle of Pines. Habitat: freshwater.

tropicus, Atractosteus Gill [T. N.] 1863:172 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 15; ref. 1681] Costa Rica, western coast of Central America. Holotype (unique): USNM 6806. Type catalog: Smith 2018:67 [ref. 36061]. •Valid as Atractosteus tropicus Gill 1863 -- (Wiley 1976:67 [ref. 7091], Villa 1982:73 [ref. 36708], Bussing 1987:61 [ref. 22927], Espinosa Pérez et al. 1993:8 [ref. 22290], Bussing 1998:57 [ref. 24179], Ferraris in Reis et al. 2003:29:[ref. 27061], Nelson et al. 2004:58 [ref. 27807], Miller 2006:83 [ref. 28615], Grande 2010:436 [ref. 31167], McMahan et al. 2013:443 [ref. 32422], Page et al. 2013:58 [ref. 32708], Angulo et al. 2013:989 [ref. 33194], Romero-Berny et al. 2018:88 [ref. 35859], González-Murcia et al. 2019:288 [ref. 36544]). Current status: Valid as Atractosteus tropicus Gill 1863. Lepisosteidae. Distribution: Southern Mexico and Central America: Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico and Nicaragua. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.