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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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Species in the genus Centropyge: [ 49 ] records


abei, Centropyge Allen [G. R.], Young [F.] & Colin [P. L.] 2006:13, Figs. 1-2 [aqua, Journal of Ichthyology and Aquatic Biology v. 11 (no. 1); ref. 28625] Southeast side of Manado Tua, about 1°6.20040'S, 124°7.1222'E, Sulawesi, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): NCIP 6305. •Valid as Centropyge abei Allen, Young & Colin 2006 -- (Allen & Erdmann 2012:544 [ref. 31980]). Current status: Valid as Centropyge abei Allen, Young & Colin 2006. Pomacanthidae. Distribution: Sulawesi (Indonesia) and Palau. Habitat: marine.

acanthops, Holacanthus Norman [J. R.] 1922:318 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 9) v. 9 (no. 52); ref. 15357] Durban/eThekwini, KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa, southwestern Indian Ocean. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1922.1.13.38. •Synonym of Centropyge fisheri (Snyder 1904) -- (Schindler & Schneidewind 2004:32 [ref. 28032]). •Valid as Centropyge acanthops (Norman 1922) -- (Allen 1980:249 [ref. 22764], Smith & Heemstra 1986:624 [ref. 5714], Winterbottom et al. 1989:44 [ref. 13251], Randall 1995:254 [ref. 22896], Anderson et al. 1998:25 [ref. 23611], Fricke 1999:346 [ref. 24106], Burgess 2003:1678 [ref. 27101], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S112 [ref. 27377], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:280 [ref. 28072], Mundy 2005:404 [ref. 28379], Fricke et al. 2009:74 [ref. 30213], Fricke et al. 2013:262 [ref. 32706], Zajonz et al. 2019:84 [ref. 36871], Tea et al. 2020:3 [ref. 37258]). Current status: Valid as Centropyge acanthops (Norman 1922). Pomacanthidae. Distribution: Western Indian Ocean: East Africa, South Africa, Socotra, Seychelles, Madagascar and western Mascarenes east to Maldives and Chagos Archipelago. Habitat: marine.

argi, Centropyge Woods [L. P.] & Kanazawa [R. H.] 1951:636, Fig. 135 [Fieldiana Zoology v. 31 (no. 53); ref. 12812] Argus Bank, Bermuda Island, depth 93 fathoms. Holotype (unique): FMNH 48494. Type catalog: Ibarra & Stewart 1987:21 [ref. 12367]. •Valid as Centropyge argi Woods & Kanazawa 1951 -- (Allen 1980:249 [ref. 22764], Robins & Ray 1986:194 [ref. 23100], Cervigón 1992:383 [ref. 23827], Cervigón 1993:346 [ref. 24474], Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:276 [ref. 25013], Schmitter-Soto et al. 2000:163 [ref. 27754], Collette et al. 2003:112 [ref. 26784], Burgess 2003:1677 [ref. 27101], Smith et al. 2003:39 [ref. 27621], Nelson et al. 2004:150 [ref. 27807], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:473 [ref. 28815], Page et al. 2013:154 [ref. 32708], Smith-Vaniz & Jelks 2014:60 [ref. 33341], Gaither et al. 2014:44 [ref. 35448]). Current status: Valid as Centropyge argi Woods & Kanazawa 1951. Pomacanthidae. Distribution: Western Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

aurantius, Centropyge Randall [J. E.] & Wass [R. C.] 1974:140, Fig. 2 [Japanese Journal of Ichthyology v. 21 (no. 3); ref. 7536] Pago Pago Harbor, Tutuila, Aua Reef, American Samoa, depth 36 meters. Holotype: BPBM 17000. Paratypes: BMNH 1974.7.3.2 (1), CAS 30691 (1), USNM 212153 (1). •Valid as Centropyge aurantius Randall & Wass 1974 -- (Allen 1980:249 [ref. 22764], Randall et al. 1990:237 [ref. 15987], Randall et al. 1997:237 [ref. 25919]). •Valid as Centropyge aurantia Randall & Wass 1974 -- (Myers 1999:169 [ref. 23965], Pyle 2001:3273 [ref. 26118], Allen & Adrim 2003:43 [ref. 26830], Allen et al. 2006:1303 [ref. 29090], Allen & Erdmann 2012:544 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2014:105 [ref. 33932], Gaither et al. 2014:43 [ref. 35448]). Current status: Valid as Centropyge aurantia Randall & Wass 1974. Pomacanthidae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Indonesia, Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands, Great Barrier Reef, Caroline Islands and Samoa. Habitat: marine.

aurantonotus, Centropyge Burgess [W. E.] 1974:90, Fig. [Tropical Fish Hobbyist v. 23 (no. 3); ref. 7492] Off Oistins, Barbados, West Indies, depth 50-60 feet. Holotype: USNM 213840. Paratypes: UF 232733 [ex UMML 32733] (1). If aurantonotus is an adjective, the correct spelling when in Centropyge is aurantonota. C. aurantiontus is a defective formation but it can not be changes; it should have been aurantionotus according to M. Zarazaga, from R. Pyle, email Aug. 2016. •Valid as Centropyge aurantonotus Burgess 1974 -- (Allen 1980:249 [ref. 22764], Robins & Ray 1986:194 [ref. 23100], Cervigón 1992:383 [ref. 23827], Randall 1995:254 [ref. 22896], Andreata & Séret 1996:587 [ref. 16204], Gasparini & Floeter 2001:1645 [ref. 25634], Burgess 2003:1678 [ref. 27101], Moura & Menezes in Menezes et al. 2003:90 [ref. 27192], Wirtz et al. 2007:14, 36 [ref. 30263], Gaither et al. 2014:44 [ref. 35448], Pinheiro et al. 2015:21 [ref. 34324], Brown et al. 2019:178 [ref. 36444]). Current status: Valid as Centropyge aurantonotus Burgess 1974. Pomacanthidae. Distribution: Western Atlantic; southern central Atlantic: Saint Helena Island; eastern Atlantic: São Tomé Island. Habitat: marine.

bicolor, Chaetodon Bloch [M. E.] 1787:94, Pl. 206 (fig. 1) [Naturgeschichte der ausländischen Fische v. 3; ref. 468] Brazil [in error, actual is Pacific]. Lectotype: ZMB 1308. Type catalog: Paepke 1999:118 [ref. 24282]. On p. 70 of Bloch's Ichthyologie, v. 6 [ref. 21381]. Lectotype selected by Paepke 1999:118 [ref. 24282]. •Valid as Centropyge bicolor (Bloch 1787) -- (Allen 1980:249 [ref. 22764], Araga in Masuda et al. 1984:189 [ref. 6441], Allen & Swainston 1988:100 [ref. 25477], Randall et al. 1990:237 [ref. 15987], Kuiter 1993:230 [ref. 23929], Allen 1997:156 [ref. 23977], Chen et al. 1997:126 [ref. 26476], Kuiter 1997:230 [ref. 25488], Randall et al. 1997:237 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:170 [ref. 23965], Johnson 1999:740 [ref. 25471], Allen 2000:89 [ref. 37268], Pyle in Randall & Lim 2000:624 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:904 [ref. 25182], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:306 [ref. 25191], Allen 2000:107 [ref. 25868], Hutchins 2001:265 [ref. 25841], Hutchins 2001:36 [ref. 25847], Kuiter & Debelius 2001:35 [ref. 26232], Pyle 2001:3273 [ref. 26118], Nakabo 2002:904 [ref. 26193], Allen & Adrim 2003:43 [ref. 26830], Shibukawa et al. in Kimura & Matsuura 2003:121 [ref. 27510], Randall et al. 2004:19 [ref. 27624]). Valid as Apolemichthys trimaculatus (Cuvier 1831) -- (Allen 1980:249 [ref. 22764], Araga in Masuda et al. 1984:188 [ref. 6441], Smith & Heemstra 1986:624 [ref. 5714], Allen & Swainston 1988:100 [ref. 25477], Winterbottom et al. 1989:44 [ref. 13251], Randall et al. 1990:237 [ref. 15987], Allen 1997:156 [ref. 23977], Kuiter 1997:230 [ref. 25488], Randall et al. 1997:237 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:169 [ref. 23965], Fricke 1999:345 [ref. 24106], Pyle in Randall & Lim 2000:624 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:902 [ref. 25182], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:306 [ref. 25191], Hutchins 2001:265 [ref. 25841], Hutchins 2001:36 [ref. 25847], Pyle 2001:3272 [ref. 26118], Nakabo 2002:902 [ref. 26193], Allen & Adrim 2003:43 [ref. 26830], Myers & Donaldson 2003:630 [ref. 27495] with author as Lacepède, Randall 2005:332 [ref. 28239], Mundy 2005:403 [ref. 28379], Allen et al. 2006:1303 [ref. 29090], Hobbs et al. 2007:108 [ref. 29249], Motomura et al. 2010:139 [ref. 31256], Allen & Erdmann 2012:545 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2014:105 [ref. 33932], Gaither et al. 2014:43 [ref. 35448], Fricke et al. 2019:194 [ref. 36673]). Current status: Valid as Centropyge bicolor (Bloch 1787). Pomacanthidae. Distribution: Eastern Indian Ocean, western Pacific: Christmas Island (Indian Ocean) and Sumatra (Indonesia) east to Micronesia and Samoa, north to Ryukyu Islands, south to northern Australia. Habitat: marine.

bispinosus, Holacanthus Günther [A.] 1860:48, 516 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 2; ref. 1963] Ambon Island, Molucca Islands, Indonesia. Lectotype: BMNH 1858.4.21.461. Paralectotypes: (3). Replacement name for Holacanthus diacanthus Bleeker 1857, secondarily preoccupied by Chaetodon diacanthus Boddaert 1772. Lectotype selected for diacanthus by Fricke 1999:347 [ref. 24106] also established a lectotype for bispinosus. Fricke 1999:347 [ref. 24106] wrongly treats bispinosus as valid over the secondary homonym diacanthus, but a secondary homonym replaced before 1961 is objectively invalid. •Synonym of Centropyge diacanthus (Bleeker 1857) -- (Fricke 1999:347 [ref. 24106]). •Valid as Centropyge bispinosus (Günther 1860) -- (Allen 1980:249 [ref. 22764], Araga in Masuda et al. 1984:189 [ref. 6441], Smith & Heemstra 1986:624 [ref. 5714], Winterbottom et al. 1989:44 [ref. 13251], Randall et al. 1990:238 [ref. 15987], Francis 1993:163 [ref. 25479], Francis & Randall 1993:131 [ref. 20996], Kuiter 1993:230 [ref. 23929], Allen 1997:154 [ref. 23977], Kuiter 1997:232 [ref. 25488], Randall et al. 1997:238 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:170 [ref. 23965], Johnson 1999:740 [ref. 25471], Allen 2000:89 [ref. 37268], Pyle in Randall & Lim 2000:624 [ref. 25122], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:306 [ref. 25191], Allen 2000:107 [ref. 25868], Hutchins 2001:265 [ref. 25841], Hutchins 2001:36 [ref. 25847], Heemstra et al. 2004:3322 [ref. 27945], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:281 [ref. 28072], Randall 2005:332 [ref. 28239], Mundy 2005:403 [ref. 28379], Allen et al. 2006:1303 [ref. 29090], Shen et al. 2012:417 [ref. 31830], Allen & Erdmann 2012:545 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2013:263 [ref. 32706], Fricke et al. 2014:105 [ref. 33932]). •Valid as Centropyge bispinosa (Günther 1860) -- (Nakabo 2000:903 [ref. 25182], Pyle 2001:3273 [ref. 26118], Nakabo 2002:903 [ref. 26193], Allen & Adrim 2003:43 [ref. 26830], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S112 [ref. 27377], Myers & Donaldson 2003:630 [ref. 27495], Adrim et al. 2004:122 [ref. 27715], Fricke et al. 2009:74 [ref. 30213], Fricke et al. 2018:241 [ref. 35805], Fricke et al. 2019:195 [ref. 36673], Tea et al. 2020:3 [ref. 37258]). Current status: Valid as Centropyge bispinosa (Günther 1860). Pomacanthidae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: East Africa, Mozambique Channel, Aldabra, Comoros, Madagascar and Mascarenes east to Marshall and Tuamotu islands, north to Izu Islands (Japan), south to Western Australia, Lord Howe Island, New Caledonia and Tonga. Habitat: marine.

boylei, Centropyge Pyle [R. L.] & Randall [J. E.] in Pyle 1992:17, Figs. [Freshwater and Marine Aquarium v. 15 (no. 7); ref. 19835] Matauera, east side, Rarotonga, Cook Islands, South Pacific, depth 78 meters. Lectotype: BPBM 35041. Paralectotypes: BPBM 35042 (1), CAS 77413 (1), MNHN 1992-0940 (1), USNM 323407 (1). Lectotype selected by Pyle & Randall 1993 [ref. 20968]. •Valid as Centropyge boylei Pyle & Randall 1992 -- (Pyle 2001:3274 [ref. 26118] dated 1993, Randall 2005:333 [ref. 28239], Gaither et al. 2014:43 [ref. 35448]). Current status: Valid as Centropyge boylei Pyle & Randall 1992. Pomacanthidae. Distribution: South Pacific: Cook Islands. Habitat: marine.

caudoxanthorus, Centropyge Shen [S.-C.] 1973:70, Figs. 75-76 [Report of the Institute of Fishery Biology of Ministry of Economic Affairs and National Taiwan Unversity, Taipei v. 3 (no. 1); ref. 7590] Ho-bi-hou, southwestern tip of Taiwan, S. China Sea. Holotype (unique): NTU 72-11-23-001. Type catalog: Ho & Shao 2011:48 [ref. 31432]. •Synonym of Centropyge flavicauda Fraser-Brunner 1933 -- (Allen 1980:249 [ref. 22764] as caudoxanthurus). •Synonym of Centropyge fisheri (Snyder 1904) -- (Schindler & Schneidewind 2004:32 [ref. 28032], Ho & Shao 2011:48 [ref. 31432]). Current status: Synonym of Centropyge fisheri (Snyder 1904). Pomacanthidae. Habitat: marine.

circularis, Paradiretmus Whitley [G. P.] 1948:83, Fig. 6 [Records of the Australian Museum v. 22 (no. 1); ref. 4710] Off Lord Howe Island (stomach content). Holotype (unique): AMS IB.1944. Pomacanthidae. Habitat: marine.

cocosensis, Centropyge Shen [K.-N.], Chang [C.-W.], Delrieu-Trottin [E.] & Borsa [P.] 2016:15 [Marine Biodiversity; ref. 34943] Cocos (Keeling) Islands, eastern Indian Ocean. Holotype: NMMB-P19875-2. Paratypes: NMMB-P, USNM. Plus additional non-type material. •Valid as Centropyge cocosensis Shen, Chang, Delrieu-Trottin & Borsa 2016. •See DiBattista et al. 2016:647 [ref. 35346]. Current status: Valid as Centropyge cocosensis Shen, Chang, Delrieu-Trottin & Borsa 2016. Pomacanthidae. Distribution: Eastern Indian Ocean: Cocos (Keeling) Islands and Christmas Island. Habitat: marine.

colini, Centropyge Smith-Vaniz [W. F.] & Randall [J. E.] 1974:110, Figs. 2, 4-6 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 126; ref. 26] Turks Reef, Cocos-Keeling Islands, 12°06'30"S, 96°49'35"E, depth 67-73 meters. Holotype: ANSP 128306. Paratypes: AMS I.17918-001 (1), ANSP 128339 (1), BPBM 17577 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:41 [ref. 13621]. •Valid as Centropyge colini Smith-Vaniz & Randall 1974 -- (Allen 1980:249 [ref. 22764], Myers 1999:170 [ref. 23965], Pyle 2001:3274 [ref. 26118], Allen & Adrim 2003:43 [ref. 26830], Senou & Morishita 2003:2 [ref. 27332], Myers & Donaldson 2003:630 [ref. 27495], Randall 2005:333 [ref. 28239], Allen & Erdmann 2012:545 [ref. 31980], Gaither et al. 2014:43 [ref. 35448]). Current status: Valid as Centropyge colini Smith-Vaniz & Randall 1974. Pomacanthidae. Distribution: Western Pacific and southeastern Indian Ocean: South China Sea, Indonesia, Cocos-Keeling Islands, Philippines, Papua New Guinea, Guam, Marshall Islands and Fiji. Habitat: marine.

cyanotis, Holacanthus Günther [A.] 1860:517 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 2; ref. 1963] Aneiteum Island, Vanuatu. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1860.7.18.45 (stuffed). •Synonym of Centropyge flavissima (Cuvier 1831) -- (Allen 1980:249 [ref. 22764] as flavissimus). Current status: Synonym of Centropyge flavissima (Cuvier 1831). Pomacanthidae. Habitat: marine.

debelius, Centropyge Pyle [R. L.] 1990:47, Figs. 1-4 [Revue française d'Aquariologie Herpétologie v. 17 (no. 2); ref. 19599] Off reef southwest of Grand Baie, northwestern Mauritius, Mascarenes, southwestern Indian Ocean, depth 50 meters. Holotype: BPBM 33941. Paratypes: BPBM 22916 (1), MNHN 1979-0569 (2), USNM 308844 (1). •Valid as Centropyge debelius Pyle 1990 -- (Fricke 1999:346 [ref. 24106], Fricke et al. 2009:75 [ref. 30213], Gaither et al. 2014:44 [ref. 35448], Wickel et al. 2020:434 [ref. 37728], Tea et al. 2020:3 [ref. 37258]). Current status: Valid as Centropyge debelius Pyle 1990. Pomacanthidae. Distribution: Southwestern Indian Ocean: Aldabra (Seychelles) and Mayotte (France) to Tromelin Island and Mascarenes (La Réunion, Mauritius and Rodrigues). Habitat: marine.

deborae, Centropyge Shen [K.-N.], Ho [H.-C.] & Chang [C.-W.] 2012:418, Figs. 1A, B, 2 [Zoological Studies v. 51 (no. 3); ref. 31830] Bligh Water, 17°09.208'S, 177°41.397'E to 17°14.349'S, 178°41.397'E, east of Yasawa I., western Fiji, (purchase), depth 5-25 meters. Holotype: NMMB-P 12641. Paratypes: NMMB-P 12642 (1), 12643 (1), 12644 (1); USNM 404486 (1), 404487 (1). •Valid as Centropyge deborae Shen, Ho & Chang 2012. Current status: Valid as Centropyge deborae Shen, Ho & Chang 2012. Pomacanthidae. Distribution: Fiji Islands. Habitat: marine.

diacanthus, Holacanthus Bleeker [P.] 1857:57 [Acta Societatis Regiae Scientiarum Indo-Neêrlandicae v. 2 (art. 7); ref. 356] Ambon Island, Molucca Islands, Indonesia. Lectotype: BMNH 1858.4.21.461. Paralectotypes: (3). Lectotype selected by Fricke 1999:347 [ref. 24106]. Wrongly treated as valid by Fricke 1999:347 [ref. 24106]; see Holacanthus bispinosus Günther 1860. Pomacanthidae. Habitat: marine.

eibli, Centropyge Klausewitz [W.] 1963:177, Figs. 1-2 [Senckenbergiana Biologica v. 44 (no. 3); ref. 4935] Castle Bay, Tillanchong, Nicobar Islands, depth 20 meters. Holotype: SMF 5960. Paratypes: SMF 5961-62 (2). •Valid as Centropyge eibli Klausewitz 1963 -- (Allen 1980:249 [ref. 22764], Allen & Swainston 1988:100 [ref. 25477], Kuiter 1993:229 [ref. 23929], Allen 1997:156 [ref. 23977], Kuiter 1997:232 [ref. 25488], Allen 2000:89 [ref. 37268], Hutchins 2001:265 [ref. 25841], Hutchins 2001:36 [ref. 25847], Kuiter & Debelius 2001:34 [ref. 26232], Pyle 2001:3274 [ref. 26118], Allen & Adrim 2003:43 [ref. 26830], Allen et al. 2006:1304 [ref. 29090], Satapoomin 2009:193 [ref. 30463], Allen & Erdmann 2012:546 [ref. 31980], Shen et al. 2016:1 [ref. 34943], DiBattista et al. 2016:647 [ref. 35346]). Current status: Valid as Centropyge eibli Klausewitz 1963. Pomacanthidae. Distribution: Indian Ocean: Maldives east to Java and Bali (Indonesia), south to Western Australia. Habitat: marine.

ferrugatus, Centropyge Randall [J. E.] & Burgess [W. E.] in Burgess & Axelrod 1972:21, Figs. 30-31 [Pacific marine fishes. Book 1; ref. 7605] Reef one half mile off harbor of Ishigaki City, Ishigaki, Ryukyu Islands, Japan. Holotype: BPBM 6831. Paratypes: BPBM 35802 [ex BPBM 6831] (1). •Valid as Centropyge ferrugatus Randall & Burgess 1972 -- (Allen 1980:249 [ref. 22764], Araga in Masuda et al. 1984:189 [ref. 6441], Pyle in Randall & Lim 2000:624 [ref. 25122]). •Valid as Centropyge ferrugata Randall & Burgess 1972 -- (Myers 1999:170 [ref. 23965], Nakabo 2000:905 [ref. 25182], Nakabo 2002:905 [ref. 26193], Motomura et al. 2010:139 [ref. 31256], Allen & Erdmann 2012:546 [ref. 31980], Koeda et al. 2016:59 [ref. 35333]). Current status: Valid as Centropyge ferrugata Randall & Burgess 1972. Pomacanthidae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Philippines north to Taiwan, Ryukyu Islands and Ogasawara Islands. Habitat: marine.

fisheri, Holacanthus Snyder [J. O.] 1904:532, Pl. 11 (fig. 21) [Bulletin of the U. S. Fish Commission v. 22 [1902]; ref. 4149] Off Diamond Head, Oahu Island, Hawaiian Islands, depth 27-29 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 50881. Paratypes: BMNH 1932.12.31.29 [ex USNM 55319] (1); CAS-SU 7617 (1, discarded), 7738 (2), 7753 (1, discarded); USNM 55318-20 (3, 5, 1), ?76359 (3), 126100 [ex USFC 1429] (6). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:81 [ref. 12291]. •Mention -- (Fricke 1999:347 [ref. 24106]). •Valid as Centropyge fisheri (Snyder 1904) -- (Allen 1980:249 [ref. 22764], Schindler & Schneidewind 2004:31 [ref. 28032], Randall 2005:333 [ref. 28239], Mundy 2005:404 [ref. 28379], Randall 2007:294 [ref. 30952], Ho & Shao 2011: 48 [ref. 31432], Allen & Erdmann 2012:546 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2014:105 [ref. 33932], Delrieu-Trottin et al. 2015:7 [ref. 33988], Fricke et al. 2019:195 [ref. 36673]). Current status: Valid as Centropyge fisheri (Snyder 1904). Pomacanthidae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: East Africa, Mauritius (Mascarenes) and Maldives east to Hawaiian Islands, Marquesas Islands and Tuamotu Archipelago, north to southern Japan, south to Western Australia, New South Wales (Australia), Chesterfield Islands (New Caledonia) and Tonga. Habitat: marine.

flammeus, Centropyge Woods [L. P.] & Schultz [L. P.] in Schultz et al. 1953:604, Fig. 88 [Bulletin of the United States National Museum No. 202, v. 1; ref. 3975] Reef along northern side of atoll, Johnston Island, central Pacific. Holotype: USNM 140521. Paratypes: USNM 140522 (5). •Synonym of Centropyge loricula (Günther 1874) -- (Randall 2005:335 [ref. 28239], Mundy 2005:405 [ref. 28379], Randall 2007:295 [ref. 30952]). •Synonym of Centropyge loriculus (Günther 1874) -- (Randall et al. 1990:239 [ref. 15987]). Current status: Synonym of Centropyge loriculus (Günther 1874). Pomacanthidae. Habitat: marine.

flavicauda, Centropyge Fraser-Brunner [A.] 1933:597, Fig. 29 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1933 (pt 3, no. 30); ref. 671] Macclesfield Bank, South China Sea. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1894.4.24.4. •Valid as Centropyge flavicauda Fraser-Brunner 1933 -- (Allen 1980:249 [ref. 22764], Araga in Masuda et al. 1984:189 [ref. 6441], Randall et al. 1990:238 [ref. 15987], Kuiter 1993:230 [ref. 23929], Allen 1997:154 [ref. 23977], Kuiter 1997:232 [ref. 25488], Randall et al. 1997:238 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:170 [ref. 23965], Fricke 1999:347 [ref. 24106], Allen 2000:89 [ref. 37268], Pyle in Randall & Lim 2000:624 [ref. 25122], Randall & Earle 2000:16 [ref. 25806], Hutchins 2001:265 [ref. 25841], Hutchins 2001:36 [ref. 25847], Pyle 2001:3275 [ref. 26118], Nakabo 2002:904 [ref. 26193], Allen & Adrim 2003:43 [ref. 26830], Myers & Donaldson 2003:630 [ref. 27495], Randall et al. 2004:19 [ref. 27624], Mundy 2005:404 [ref. 28379], Allen et al. 2006:1304 [ref. 29090], Hobbs et al. 2007:108 [ref. 29249]). •Synonym of Centropyge fisheri (Snyder 1904) -- (Schindler & Schneidewind 2004:32 [ref. 28032], Randall 2005:333 [ref. 28239], Randall 2007:294 [ref. 30952], Allen & Erdmann 2012:546 [ref. 31980]). Current status: Synonym of Centropyge fisheri (Snyder 1904). Pomacanthidae. Habitat: marine.

flavipectoralis, Centropyge Randall [J. E.] & Klausewitz [W.] 1977:236, Figs. 1-2 [Senckenbergiana Biologica v. 57 (nos 4/6) (for 1976); ref. 8560] Lively Rocks, Trincomalee, Sri Lanka, depth 20 meters. Holotype: BPBM 18772. Paratypes: BMNH 1977.1.10.2-3 (2); BPBM 18087 (1), 20468 (1); SMF 3746 (1), 11394 (1), 11881 (1), 12200 (1); USNM 216615 (1). •Valid as Centropyge flavipectoralis Randall & Klausewitz 1977 -- (Allen 1980:249 [ref. 22764], Allen & Adrim 2002:42 [ref. 26830], Allen & Erdmann 2012:547 [ref. 31980], Gaither et al. 2014:43 [ref. 35448], Psomadakis et al. 2020:514 [ref. 37272]). Current status: Valid as Centropyge flavipectoralis Randall & Klausewitz 1977. Pomacanthidae. Distribution: Indian Ocean: Maldives and Sri Lanka east to Myanmar and Andaman Sea coast of Thailand. Habitat: marine.

flavissimus, Holacanthus Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1831:197 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 7; ref. 4881] Uléa, Caroline Islands, western Pacific. No types preserved. Type catalog: Bauchot 1963:142 [ref. 20718]. Based on a drawing by Mertens (Franz Karl Mertens, 1764-1831, German botanist). Evidently flavissima is correct as an adjective when in Centropyge. •Valid as Centropyge flavissimus (Cuvier 1831) -- (Allen 1980:249 [ref. 22764], Araga in Masuda et al. 1984:188 [ref. 6441], Randall et al. 1990:238 [ref. 15987], Allen 1997:158 [ref. 23977], Kuiter 1997:230 [ref. 25488], Randall et al. 1997:238 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:170 [ref. 23965], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:307 [ref. 25191], Kuiter & Debelius 2001:37 [ref. 26232], Allen & Adrim 2002:42 [ref. 26830]). •Valid as Centropyge flavissima (Cuvier 1831) -- (Randall 1999:18 [ref. 25829], Allen 2000:89 [ref. 37268], Randall & Earle 2000:16 [ref. 25806], Nakabo 2000:903 [ref. 25182], Pyle 2001:3275 [ref. 26118], Nakabo 2002:903 [ref. 26193], Myers & Donaldson 2003:630 [ref. 27495], Lobel & Lobel 2004:72 [ref. 27576], Randall et al. 2004:19 [ref. 27624], Randall 2005:334 [ref. 28239], Mundy 2005:404 [ref. 28379], Allen et al. 2006:1304 [ref. 29090], Allen & Erdmann 2012:547 [ref. 31980], Delrieu-Trottin et al. 2015:7 [ref. 33988], Shen et al. 2016:1 [ref. 34943], DiBattista et al. 2016:647 [ref. 35346]). Current status: Valid as Centropyge flavissima (Cuvier 1831). Pomacanthidae. Distribution: Eastern Indian Ocean, western Pacific: Christmas and Cocos-Keeling islands east to Wake Atoll, Line Islands (Kiribati) and Marquesas Islands and Pitcairn Group, north to Ryukyu Islands, south to Queensland (Australia), New Caledonia, Tonga and Rapa; introduced in Hawaiian Islands. Western Pacific to Hawaii [ref. 34943]. Habitat: marine.

heraldi, Centropyge Woods [L. P.] & Schultz [L. P.] in Schultz et al. 1953:602, Pl. 59 (fig. a) [Bulletin of the United States National Museum No. 202, v. 1; ref. 3975] 100 yards offshore in lagoon, Ariji Island, Bikini Atoll, Marshall Islands, depth 20-40 feet. Holotype: USNM 140093. Paratypes: FMNH 62623 (1); USNM 140092 (1), 140094-96 (13, 1, 1). Type catalog: Ibarra & Stewart 1987:21 [ref. 12367]. •Valid as Centropyge heraldi Woods & Schultz 1953 -- (Allen 1980:249 [ref. 22764], Araga in Masuda et al. 1984:188 [ref. 6441], Randall et al. 1990:239 [ref. 15987], Kuiter 1998:87 [ref. 23587], Allen 1997:158 [ref. 23977], Chen et al. 1997:127 [ref. 26476], Kuiter 1997:230 [ref. 25488], Randall et al. 1997:239 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:170 [ref. 23965], Randall 1999:18 [ref. 25829], Randall & Carlson 2000:1 [ref. 25137], Pyle in Randall & Lim 2000:624 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:903 [ref. 25182], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:307 [ref. 25191], Kuiter & Debelius 2001:37 [ref. 26232], Pyle 2001:3275 [ref. 26118], Nakabo 2002:903 [ref. 26193], Myers & Donaldson 2003:630 [ref. 27495], Randall et al. 2004:19 [ref. 27624] with author as Woods, Randall 2005:334 [ref. 28239], Allen et al. 2006:1304 [ref. 29090], Motomura et al. 2010:139 [ref. 31256], Allen & Erdmann 2012:547 [ref. 31980], Gaither et al. 2014:43 [ref. 35448], Shen et al. 2016:1 [ref. 34943], Koeda et al. 2016:59 [ref. 35333]). Current status: Valid as Centropyge heraldi Woods & Schultz 1953. Pomacanthidae. Distribution: Sri Lanka, Bali and western Pacific: Brunei, Philippines, Taiwan to southern Japan, south to Great Barrier Reef (Australia) and to Melanesia, Micronesia and French Polynesia. Habitat: marine.

hotumatua, Centropyge Randall [J. E.] & Caldwell [D. K.] 1973:6, Figs. 3-4 [Contributions in Science (Los Angeles) No. 237; ref. 7582] Offshore from Ahu Akapu on western side of Easter Island, southeastern Pacific, depth 70 feet. Holotype: BPBM 6665. Paratypes: BMNH 1972.10.5.1 (2); BPBM 10439 (1), 12275 (3), 12793 (1), 13012 (1), 13312 (5), 13314-15 (2, 3), 13326 (2); CAS 13390 (1); LACM 32817-1 (2); MNHN 1970-0116 (1); USNM 205521 (1). •Valid as Centropyge hotumatua Randall & Caldwell 1973 -- (Allen 1980:249 [ref. 22764], Pequeño 1989:62 [ref. 14125], Randall 1999:18 [ref. 25829], Pyle 2001:3276 [ref. 26118], Randall 2005:335 [ref. 28239]). Current status: Valid as Centropyge hotumatua Randall & Caldwell 1973. Pomacanthidae. Distribution: Eastern Oceania. Habitat: marine.

interruptus, Angelichthys Tanaka [S.] 1918:224 [Dobutsugaku Zasshi = Zoological Magazine Tokyo v. 30 (no. 356); ref. 17357] Tanabe, Wakayama Prefecture, Japan. Holotype (unique): ZUMT 8343. •Valid as Centropyge interruptus (Tanaka 1918) -- (Allen 1980:249 [ref. 22764], Araga in Masuda et al. 1984:189 [ref. 6441]). •Valid as Centropyge interrupta (Tanaka 1918) -- (Nakabo 2000:905 [ref. 25182], Sasaki et al. 2001:1 [ref. 25228], Nakabo 2002:905 [ref. 26193], Mundy 2005:404 [ref. 28379], Randall 2007:294 [ref. 30952], Gaither et al. 2014:43 [ref. 35448]). Current status: Valid as Centropyge interrupta (Tanaka 1918). Pomacanthidae. Distribution: Western and Central North Pacific: southern Japan, Ogasawara Islands, Hawaiian Islands. Habitat: marine.

joculator, Centropyge Smith-Vaniz [W. F.] & Randall [J. E.] 1974:106, Figs. 1-4 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 126; ref. 26] Turks Reef, Cocos-Keeling Islands, 12°06'30"S, 96°49'35"E, depth 30-46 meters. Holotype: ANSP 128449. Paratypes: AMS I.17919-001 (1); ANSP 128450-53 (3), 128510 (2); BPBM 17576 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:41 [ref. 13621]. •Valid as Centropyge joculator Smith-Vaniz & Randall 1974 -- (Allen 1980:249 [ref. 22764], Allen & Smith-Vaniz 1994:3 [ref. 22386], Allen 2000:89 [ref. 37268], Allen & Erdmann 2012:548 [ref. 31980], Gaither et al. 2014:44 [ref. 35448]). Current status: Valid as Centropyge joculator Smith-Vaniz & Randall 1974. Pomacanthidae. Distribution: Eastern Indian Ocean: Christmas and Cocos-Keeling islands endemic. Habitat: marine.

leucopleura, Holacanthus Bleeker [P.] 1853:79 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 5 (no. 1); ref. 16911] Lawajong, Solor Island, Indonesia. Syntypes: (2) RMNH 5809 (106-mm specimen of 7). •Synonym of Centropyge tibicen (Cuvier 1831) -- (Allen 1980:249 [ref. 22764]). Current status: Synonym of Centropyge tibicen (Cuvier 1831). Pomacanthidae. Habitat: marine.

loriculus, Holacanthus Günther [A.] 1874:53, Pl. 40 (fig. C) [Andrew Garrett's Fische der Südsee Bd 1 (Heft 2); ref. 14190] Society Islands [French Polynesia, South Pacific]. Holotype (unique): lost. The name loriculus is a noun in apposition. Based on a single specimen of 2.5 inches taken out of the stomach of a serranid. Description based on painting reproduced in Pl. 40 (fig. C); specimen discarded. •Valid as Centropyge loricula (Günther 1874) -- (Myers 1999:170 [ref. 23965], Randall 1999:18 [ref. 25829], Randall & Earle 2000:16 [ref. 25806], Pyle 2001:3276 [ref. 26118] dated 1860, Myers & Donaldson 2003:626 [ref. 27495] dated 1860, Lobel & Lobel 2004:72 [ref. 27576] dated 1873, Randall et al. 2004:19 [ref. 27624], Allen et al. 2006:1304 [ref. 29090], Allen & Erdmann 2012:548 [ref. 31980], Delrieu-Trottin et al. 2015:7 [ref. 33988]). •Valid as Centropyge loriculus (Günther 1874) -- (Allen 1980:249 [ref. 22764], Randall et al. 1990:239 [ref. 15987], Allen 1997:154 [ref. 23977], Randall et al. 1997:239 [ref. 25919], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:307 [ref. 25191], Randall 2005:335 [ref. 28239], Mundy 2005:405 [ref. 28379], Randall 2007:294 [ref. 30952], Gaither et al. 2014:43 [ref. 35448], Fricke et al. 2019:196 [ref. 36673]). Current status: Valid as Centropyge loriculus (Günther 1874). Pomacanthidae. Distribution: Western and central Pacific: Philippines and Papua New Guinea east to Hawaiian Islands, Line Islands and to Marquesas Islands and Pitcairn Group, south to New Caledonia, Tonga and Gambier Islands. Habitat: marine.

luteolus, Holacanthus Cuvier [G.] (ex Parkinson) in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1831:198 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 7; ref. 4881] Tahiti, Society Islands. No types known. Type catalog: Bauchot 1963:143 [ref. 20718]. Based on a Parkinson drawing. •Synonym of Centropyge flavissima (Cuvier 1831) -- (Allen 1980:249 [ref. 22764], as flavissimus). Current status: Synonym of Centropyge flavissima (Cuvier 1831). Pomacanthidae. Habitat: marine.

monophthalmus, Holacanthus Kner [R.] 1867:714 [6], Pl. 4 (fig. 1) [Sitzungsberichte der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften. Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe v. 56; ref. 2645] Raiatea, Society Islands. Illustration in Plate 4 (fig. 1) refers to this species, with an alternate name Holacanthus uniocellatus. •Synonym of Centropyge flavissima (Cuvier 1831) -- (Allen 1980:249 [ref. 22764] as flavissimus). Current status: Synonym of Centropyge flavissima (Cuvier 1831). Pomacanthidae. Habitat: marine.

multicolor, Centropyge Randall [J. E.] & Wass [R. C.] 1974:138, Fig. 1 [Japanese Journal of Ichthyology v. 21 (no. 3); ref. 7536] Off ocean reef, Rigili [Leroy] Islet, Enewetak Atoll, Marshall Islands, western Pacific, depth 30 meters. Holotype: BPBM 10058. Paratypes: BMNH 1947.7.3.1 (1); BPBM 9664 (1), 17243 (1); CAS 30690 (1); USNM 212152 (1). •Valid as Centropyge multicolor Randall & Wass 1974 -- (Allen 1980:249 [ref. 22764], Myers 1999:171 [ref. 23965], Pyle 2001:3276 [ref. 26118], Myers & Donaldson 2003:631 [ref. 27495], Lobel & Lobel 2004:72 [ref. 27576], Randall et al. 2004:19 [ref. 27624], Randall 2005:336 [ref. 28239], Mundy 2005:405 [ref. 28379], Randall 2007:295 [ref. 30952], Gaither et al. 2014:44 [ref. 35448]). Current status: Valid as Centropyge multicolor Randall & Wass 1974. Pomacanthidae. Distribution: Western and Central Pacific: Micronesia, Johnston Atoll, Hawaiian Islands, Fiji, Cook Islands, Society Islands (French Polynesia). Habitat: marine.

multifasciatus, Holacanthus Smith [H. M.] & Radcliffe [L.] 1911:324, Fig. 3 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 40 (no. 1822); ref. 10246] Port Galera, Mindoro, Philippines. Holotype: USNM 67355. Additional material or syntypes: (many localities) USNM 180366-73 [or 180336-42] (1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 3, 1). First author is H. M. Smith. •Valid as Centropyge multifasciatus (Smith & Radcliffe 1911) -- (Allen 1980:249 [ref. 22764], Araga in Masuda et al. 1984:189 [ref. 6441], Randall et al. 1990:239 [ref. 15987], Allen 1997:158 [ref. 23977], Kuiter 1997:232 [ref. 25488], Randall et al. 1997:239 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:171 [ref. 23965], Pyle in Randall & Lim 2000:624 [ref. 25122], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:307 [ref. 25191]). •Valid as Paracentropyge multifasciatus (Smith & Radcliffe 1911) -- (Burgess 1991:69 [ref. 19211], Nakabo 2000:902 [ref. 25182], Nakabo 2002:902 [ref. 26193], Allen & Adrim 2003:43 [ref. 26830] as multifasciata, Myers & Donaldson 2003:631 [ref. 27495] as multifasciata, Allen et al. 2006:1308 [ref. 29090], Allen & Erdmann 2012:548 [ref. 31980], Delrieu-Trottin et al. 2015:7 [ref. 33988]). •Valid as Centropyge multifasciata (Smith & Radcliffe 1911) -- (Pyle 2001:3277 [ref. 26118], Randall et al. 2004:19 [ref. 27624], Randall 2005:336 [ref. 28239], Fricke et al. 2014:105 [ref. 33932], Gaither et al. 2014:43 [ref. 35448], Fricke et al. 2019:196 [ref. 36673]). Current status: Valid as Centropyge multifasciata (Smith & Radcliffe 1911). Pomacanthidae. Distribution: Eastern Indian Ocean, western Pacific: Christmas and Cocos-Keeling islands and Indonesia east to Society Islands, north to southern Japan, south to Queensland (Australia) and New Caledonia. Habitat: marine.

multispinis, Holacanthus Playfair [R. L.] in Playfair & Günther 1867:37, Pl. 6 (fig. 4) [The fishes of Zanzibar; ref. 3490] Zanzibar, Tanzania, western Indian Ocean. Syntypes: BMNH 1865.2.27.49 (1), 1867.3.9.106 (1, skin). •Valid as Centropyge multispinis (Playfair 1867) -- (Klausewitz 1972:365 [ref. 30491], Allen 1980:250 [ref. 22764], Dor 1984:170 [ref. 29757], Smith & Heemstra 1986:624 [ref. 5714], Winterbottom et al. 1989:44 [ref. 13251], Krupp & Debelius 1990:55 [ref. 16018], Goren & Dor 1994:48 [ref. 25356], Randall 1995:254 [ref. 22896], Kishimoto et al. 1996 [ref. 22263], Fricke 1999:348 [ref. 24106], Allen & Adrim 2002:42 [ref. 26830] as multispinus and authors as Playfair & Günther, Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S112 [ref. 27377], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:281 [ref. 28072], Fricke et al. 2009:75 [ref. 30213], Satapoomin 2009:193 [ref. 30463], Allen & Erdmann 2012:549 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2013:263 [ref. 32706], Gaither et al. 2014:43 [ref. 35448], Fricke et al. 2018:241 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:111 [ref. 36273], Zajonz et al. 2019:84 [ref. 36871]). Current status: Valid as Centropyge multispinis (Playfair 1867). Pomacanthidae. Distribution: Red Sea, Indian Ocean: East Africa, KwaZulu-Natal (South Africa),Socotra, Madagascar and Mascarenes east to Thailand and western Sumatra (Indonesia). Habitat: marine.

nahackyi, Centropyge Kosaki [R. K.] 1989:881, Fig. 1 [Copeia 1989 (no. 4); ref. 13510] Northwestern side of Johnston Atoll, outer reef slope, northern central Pacific, depth 45 meters. Holotype: BPBM 32702. Paratypes: BMNH 1988.10.10.1 (1); BPBM 32699 (1); CAS 62808 (1); USNM 296179 (1). •Valid as Centropyge nahackyi Kosaki 1989 -- (Mundy 2005:406 [ref. 28379], Randall 2007:295 [ref. 30952], Gaither et al. 2014:44 [ref. 35448]). Current status: Valid as Centropyge nahackyi Kosaki 1989. Pomacanthidae. Distribution: Central Pacific: Johnston Atoll, waif to the Hawaiian Islands. Habitat: marine.

narcosis, Centropyge Pyle [R. L.] & Randall [J. E.] 1993:116, Figs. 1-2 [Revue française d'Aquariologie Herpétologie v. 19 (no. 4) [for 1992]; ref. 20968] Matauera, Rarotonga, Cook Islands, depth 110 meters. Holotype: BPBM 35039. Paratypes: BPBM 35040 (1), CAS 77412 (1), MNHN 1992-0941 (1), USNM 323406 (1). •Valid as Centropyge narcosis Pyle & Randall 1993 -- (Pyle 2001:3277 [ref. 26118], Randall 2005:336 [ref. 28239], Gaither et al. 2014:43 [ref. 35448]). Current status: Valid as Centropyge narcosis Pyle & Randall 1993. Pomacanthidae. Distribution: Western Pacific. Habitat: marine.

nigriocellus, Centropyge Woods [L. P.] & Schultz [L. P.] in Schultz et al. 1953:607, Fig. 89 [Bulletin of the United States National Museum No. 202, v. 1; ref. 3975] Johnston Island, Northern Central Pacific, reef along northern side of atoll. Holotype (unique): USNM 141312. The name nigriocellus is a noun in apposition [database changed late 2011]. •Valid as Centropyge nigriocella Woods & Schultz 1953 -- (Myers 1999:171 [ref. 23965], Pyle 2001:3277 [ref. 26118], Myers & Donaldson 2003:631 [ref. 27495], Randall 2005:337 [ref. 28239], Mundy 2005:406 [ref. 28379], Allen & Erdmann 2012:549 [ref. 31980], Delrieu-Trottin et al. 2015:7 [ref. 33988]). •Valid as Centropyge nigriocellus Woods & Schultz 1953 -- (Allen 1980:250 [ref. 22764]). Current status: Valid as Centropyge nigriocellus Woods & Schultz 1953. Pomacanthidae. Distribution: Western and central Pacific: Mariana Islands, Admiralty Islands, Johnston Atoll, Samoa, Line Islands, Society Islands (French Polynesia), Marquesas Islands, Papua New Guinea. Habitat: marine.

nox, Holacanthus Bleeker [P.] 1853:338 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 5 (no. 3); ref. 5117] Ambon Island, Molucca Islands, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): RMNH 5821 (80-mm TL specimen of 3). Bleeker specimens: NMV 46457 (1). •Valid as Centropyge nox (Bleeker 1853) -- (Allen 1980:249 [ref. 22764], Araga in Masuda et al. 1984:189 [ref. 6441], Randall et al. 1990:240 [ref. 15987], Allen 1997:158 [ref. 23977], Randall et al. 1997:240 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:171 [ref. 23965], Pyle in Randall & Lim 2000:624 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:904 [ref. 25182], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:308 [ref. 25191], Allen 2000:107 [ref. 25868], Hutchins 2001:265 [ref. 25841], Hutchins 2001:36 [ref. 25847], Pyle 2001:3278 [ref. 26118], Nakabo 2002:904 [ref. 26193], Allen & Adrim 2002:42 [ref. 26830], Randall et al. 2004:19 [ref. 27624], Adrim et al. 2004:122 [ref. 27715], Randall 2005:337 [ref. 28239], Allen et al. 2006:1305 [ref. 29090], Shen et al. 2012:417 [ref. 31830], Allen & Erdmann 2012:549 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2014:105 [ref. 33932], Gaither et al. 2014:43 [ref. 35448], Fricke et al. 2019:196 [ref. 36673]). Current status: Valid as Centropyge nox (Bleeker 1853). Pomacanthidae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Indonesia east to New Ireland (Papua New Guinea) and Vanuatu, north to southern Japan, south to Great Barrier Reef (Queensland, Australia). Habitat: marine.

ocularis, Holacanthus Peters [W. (C. H.)] 1868:147 [Monatsberichte der Königlichen Preussischen Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Berlin 1868; ref. 3441] South Seas. Syntypes: ZMB 6572 (1). •Synonym of Centropyge flavissima (Cuvier 1831) -- (Allen 1980:249 [ref. 22764] as flavissimus). Current status: Synonym of Centropyge flavissima (Cuvier 1831). Pomacanthidae. Habitat: marine.

potteri, Holacanthus Jordan [D. S.] & Metz [C. W.] 1912:525, Pl. 71 (fig. 1) [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 42 (no. 1915); ref. 10639] Honolulu, Oahu Island, Hawaiian Islands. Holotype (unique): USNM 73911. •Valid as Centropyge potteri (Jordan & Metz 1912) -- (Allen 1980:250 [ref. 22764], Mundy 2005:406 [ref. 28379], Randall 2007:296 [ref. 30952], Gaither et al. 2014:43 [ref. 35448]). Current status: Valid as Centropyge potteri (Jordan & Metz 1912). Pomacanthidae. Distribution: Central Pacific: Johnston Atoll and Hawaiian Islands. Habitat: marine.

resplendens, Centropyge Lubbock [R.] & Sankey [R. D.] 1975:227, Fig. 1; Pl. 1 [Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History) Zoology v. 28 (no. 5); ref. 7265] Ascension Island, depth 20 meters. Paratypes: BMNH 1974.12.20.1-2 (1, 1), 1979.1.5.74-75 (2), 1979.1.5.76-85 (10), 1979.1.5.86-110 (25), 1979.1.5.111-114 (4); USNM 214107 (1). •Valid as Centropyge resplendens Lubbock & Sankey 1975 -- (Allen 1980:250 [ref. 22764], Wirtz et al. 2014:8 [ref. 33516], Gaither et al. 2014:44 [ref. 35448], Bailly in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2677 [ref. 34618]). Current status: Valid as Centropyge resplendens Lubbock & Sankey 1975. Pomacanthidae. Distribution: Ascension Island. Habitat: marine.

shepardi, Centropyge Randall [J. E.] & Yasuda [F.] 1979:56, Figs. 1-3 [Japanese Journal of Ichthyology v. 26 (no. 1); ref. 8793] Northwestern side of Cocos Island, Guam, Mariana Islands, depth 22-30 meters. Holotype: BPBM 8450. Paratypes: AMS I.20530-001 (1); ANSP 139658 (1); BMNH 1978.11.6.1 (1); BPBM 6371 (1), 8464 (1), 8529 (2), 9388 (2), 22397 (5); CAS 41742 (1); MTUF 23923-4 (2); NSMT-P 29836 [ex TMBS 780323-2] (1); UGM 5386 (3); USNM 21883 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:42 [ref. 13621], Moyer & Matsuura 1991:82 [ref. 19927]. •Valid as Centropyge shepardi Randall & Yasuda 1979 -- (Allen 1980:250 [ref. 22764], Araga in Masuda et al. 1984:189 [ref. 6441], Myers 1999:171 [ref. 23965], Pyle in Randall & Lim 2000:624 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:903 [ref. 25182], Pyle 2001:3278 [ref. 26118], Nakabo 2002:903 [ref. 26193], Myers & Donaldson 2003:631 [ref. 27495]). Current status: Valid as Centropyge shepardi Randall & Yasuda 1979. Pomacanthidae. Distribution: Western Pacific. Habitat: marine.

sphynx, Holacanthus De Vis [C. W.] 1884:457 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 9 (pt 3); ref. 4898] Queensland coast, Australia. Holotype (unique): QM I.106. •Synonym of Centropyge flavissima (Cuvier 1831) -- (Allen 1980:249 [ref. 22764] as flavissimus, Allen et al. 2006:1304 [ref. 29090]). Current status: Synonym of Centropyge flavissima (Cuvier 1831). Pomacanthidae. Habitat: marine.

tibicen, Holacanthus Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1831:173 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 7; ref. 4881] No locality. Lectotype: MNHN A-0490 [ex RMNH]. Paralectotypes: RMNH D545 (1, stuffed). Type catalog: Bauchot 1963:146 [ref. 20718]. Lectotype selected by Bauchot 1963:146 [ref. 20718]. •Valid as Centropyge tibicen (Cuvier 1831) -- (Allen 1980:249 [ref. 22764], Araga in Masuda et al. 1984:188 [ref. 6441], Allen & Swainston 1988:100 [ref. 25477], Randall et al. 1990:240 [ref. 15987], Kuiter 1993:229 [ref. 23929], Francis 1993:163 [ref. 25479], Allen 1997:156 [ref. 23977], Kuiter 1997:230 [ref. 25488], Randall et al. 1997:240 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:171 [ref. 23965], Johnson 1999:740 [ref. 25471], Allen 2000:89 [ref. 37268], Pyle in Randall & Lim 2000:624 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:904 [ref. 25182], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:308 [ref. 25191], Sadovy & Cornish 2000:175 [ref. 25480], Allen 2000:107 [ref. 25868], Hutchins 2001:265 [ref. 25841], Hutchins 2001:36 [ref. 25847], Pyle 2001:3278 [ref. 26118], Nakabo 2002:904 [ref. 26193], Allen & Adrim 2002:42 [ref. 26830], Shibukawa et al. in Kimura & Matsuura 2003:122 [ref. 27510], Randall et al. 2004:19 [ref. 27624], Adrim et al. 2004:122 [ref. 27715], Randall 2005:337 [ref. 28239], Allen et al. 2006:1305 [ref. 29090], Motomura et al. 2010:140 [ref. 31256], Shen et al. 2012:417 [ref. 31830], Allen & Erdmann 2012:550 [ref. 31980], Gaither et al. 2014:43 [ref. 35448]). Current status: Valid as Centropyge tibicen (Cuvier 1831). Pomacanthidae. Distribution: Eastern Indian Ocean, western Pacific: Christmas Island (Indian Ocean) and Malaysia east to Vanuatu, north to Japan, south to northern Australia and New Caledonia. Habitat: marine.

tutuilae, Centropyge Jordan [D. S.] & Jordan [E. K.] 1922:62, Pl. 3 (fig. 2) [Memoirs of the Carnegie Museum v. 10 (no. 1); ref. 2487] Pago Pago, Tutuila, American Samoa. Holotype: FMNH 55206 [ex CM 3902]. Paratypes: CAS-SU 8750 (1). Type catalog: Henn 1928:92 [ref. 12305], Böhlke 1953:80 [ref. 12291], Ibarra & Stewart 1987:21 [ref. 12367]. •Synonym of Centropyge bispinosa (Günther 1860) -- (Allen 1980:249 [ref. 22764] as bispinosus). Current status: Synonym of Centropyge bispinosa (Günther 1860). Pomacanthidae. Habitat: marine.

uniocellatus, Holacanthus Borodin [N. A.] 1932:86, Pl. 1 (fig. 2) [Bulletin Vanderbilt Marine Museum v. 1 (art. 3); ref. 16361] Pango Pango, Samoan Islands, South Pacific. Holotype (unique): VMM 1111 (now at AMNH). •Synonym of Centropyge flavissima (Cuvier 1831) -- (Allen 1980:249 [ref. 22764] as flavissimus). Current status: Synonym of Centropyge flavissima (Cuvier 1831). Pomacanthidae. Habitat: marine.

venustus, Holacanthus Yasuda [F.] & Tominaga [Y.] 1969:143, Figs. 1, 3 [Japanese Journal of Ichthyology v. 16 (no. 4); ref. 7855] Oshima Island, Sagami Bay, Japan, 34°41'N, 139°27'E, about 10 meters. Holotype (unique): ZUMT 52392 [not 52329]. •Valid as Holacanthus venustus Yasuda & Tominaga 1969 -- (Allen 1980:251 [ref. 22764], Araga in Masuda et al. 1984:188 [ref. 6441]). •Valid as Sumireyakko venustus (Yasuda & Tominaga 1969) -- (Burgess 1991:70 [ref. 19211]). •Valid as Paracentropyge venusta (Yasuda & Tominaga 1969) -- (Nakabo 2000:902 [ref. 25182], Nakabo 2002:902 [ref. 26193]). •Valid as Centropyge venusta (Yasuda & Tominaga 1969) -- (Myers 1999:171 [ref. 23965], Pyle in Randall & Lim 2000:624 [ref. 25122], Pyle 2001:3279 [ref. 26118], Motomura et al. 2010:140 [ref. 31256], Allen & Erdmann 2012:550 [ref. 31980], Gaither et al. 2014:43 [ref. 35448]). Current status: Valid as Centropyge venusta (Yasuda & Tominaga 1969). Pomacanthidae. Distribution: Western North Pacific: Philippines, Taiwan, Ryukyu Islands and southern Japan. Habitat: marine.

vrolikii, Holacanthus Bleeker [P.] 1853:339 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 5 (no. 3); ref. 5117] Ambon Island, Molucca Islands, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): RMNH 5820 (81-mm TL specimen of 5). Bleeker specimens: AMS B.8185 (1), NMV 46456 (1), RMNH 5820 (4 of 5). •Valid as Centropyge vrolikii (Bleeker 1853) -- (Allen 1980:249 [ref. 22764] as vroliki, Araga in Masuda et al. 1984:188 [ref. 6441] as vroliki, Randall et al. 1990:240 [ref. 15987] as vroliki, Kuiter 1993:229 [ref. 23929] as vroliki, Francis 1993:163 [ref. 25479] as vroliki, Allen 1997:158 [ref. 23977] as vroliki, Chen et al. 1997:127 [ref. 26476] as vrolicki, Kuiter 1997:232 [ref. 25488], Randall et al. 1997:240 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:171 [ref. 23965], Johnson 1999:740 [ref. 25471] as vroliki, Allen 2000:89 [ref. 37268], Pyle in Randall & Lim 2000:624 [ref. 25122] as vroliki, Nakabo 2000:904 [ref. 25182], Allen 2000:107 [ref. 25868] as vroliki, Hutchins 2001:265 [ref. 25841] as vroliki, Hutchins 2001:36 [ref. 25847], Kuiter & Debelius 2001:37 [ref. 26232], Pyle 2001:3279 [ref. 26118] as vroliki, Nakabo 2002:904 [ref. 26193], Allen & Adrim 2002:42 [ref. 26830] as vrolicki, Myers & Donaldson 2003:631 [ref. 27495], Shibukawa et al. in Kimura & Matsuura 2003:122 [ref. 27510], Randall et al. 2004:19 [ref. 27624], Adrim et al. 2004:122 [ref. 27715], Allen et al. 2006:1305 [ref. 29090], Motomura et al. 2010:140 [ref. 31256], Allen & Erdmann 2012:550 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2014:105 [ref. 33932], Shen et al. 2016:1 [ref. 34943], Koeda et al. 2016:60 [ref. 35333], DiBattista et al. 2016:647 [ref. 35346], Koeda et al. 2016:9 [ref. 35354], Fernandez-Silva et al. 2018:1 [ref. 35772], Fricke et al. 2019:197 [ref. 36673]). Current status: Valid as Centropyge vrolikii (Bleeker 1853). Pomacanthidae. Distribution: Eastern Indian Ocean, western Pacific: Christmas Island (Indian Ocean) and Indonesia east to Micronesia, New Ireland (Papua New Guinea) and Vanuatu, north to Japan and Ogasawara Islands, south to Western Australia. Habitat: marine.

woodheadi, Centropyge Kuiter [R. H.] 1998:86, Figs. 1-2 [aqua, Journal of Ichthyology and Aquatic Biology v. 3 (no. 2); ref. 23587] Maloa Island, Lau Group, Fiji, 18°35'S, 179°50'E, depth 9 meters. Holotype (unique): AMS I.18578-009. •Synonym of Centropyge heraldi Woods & Schultz 1953 -- (Randall & Carlson 2000:1 [ref. 25137], Randall 2005:334 [ref. 28239], Allen et al. 2006:1304 [ref. 29090]). •Valid as Centropyge woodheadi Kuiter 1998 -- (Shen et al. 2016:1 [ref. 34943]). Current status: Valid as Centropyge woodheadi Kuiter 1998. Pomacanthidae. Distribution: Southern Pacific Ocean: Great Barrier Reef to Gambier Archipelago. Habitat: marine.