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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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Species in the genus Cheilopogon: [ 70 ] records


abei, Cheilopogon Parin [N. V.] 1996:303, Fig. 1 [Voprosy Ikhtiologii v. 36 (no. 3); ref. 23179] Western Pacific, near Admiralty Islands, 1°00'S, 148°00'E [not 48°00'E]. Holotype: ZIN 51011. Paratypes: ZIN 51012-15 (1, 1, 1, 1); ZMMU P-9940 (10, not received). Based on literature and specimens. •Valid as Cypselurus abei (Parin 1996) -- (Nakabo 2000:557 [ref. 25086], Nakabo 2002:557 [ref. 26001]). •Valid as Cheilopogon abei Parin 1996 -- (Parin 1999:2169 [ref. 24786], Parin in Randall & Lim 2000:600 [ref. 25122], Hutchins 2001:24 [ref. 25847], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S100 [ref. 27377], Paxton et al. 2006:724 [ref. 29073], Larson et al. 2013:66 [ref. 32988], Psomadakis et al. 2015:178 [ref. 34104], Stewart & Struthers 2015:956 [ref. 34274] as ? abei, Fricke et al. 2018:102 [ref. 35805], Fricke et al. 2019:77 [ref. 36673], Jayakumar et al. 2019:701 [ref. 37111], Psomadakis et al. 2020:341 [ref. 37272]). Current status: Valid as Cheilopogon abei Parin 1996. Exocoetidae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: East Africa, Seychelles and Madagascar east to Mariana and Solomon islands, south to Papua New Guinea. Habitat: marine.

agoo, Exocoetus Temminck [C. J.] & Schlegel [H.] 1846:247 [Fauna Japonica Parts 10-14; ref. 4374] Japan seas. No types known. Based on figure and manuscript of Burger (Boeseman 1947:180 [ref. 12876]). •Valid as Cypselurus agoo (Temminck & Schlegel 1846) -- (Yoshino in Masuda et al. 1984:81 [ref. 6441], Wang et al. 2001:193 [ref. 26566]). •Valid as Prognichthys agoo (Temminck & Schlegel 1846) -- (Cheng & Zhou 1997:226 [ref. 26385]). •Valid as Cheilopogon agoo (Temminck & Schlegel 1846), subspecies agoo (Temminck & Schlegel 1846) -- (Sheiko 1983:18 [ref. 37041], Sokolovskaya et al. 1998:8 [ref. 24670]). •Valid as Cypselurus agoo (Temminck & Schlegel 1846), subspecies agoo (Temminck & Schlegel 1846) -- (Nakabo 2000:558 [ref. 25086], Nakabo 2002:558 [ref. 26001]). •Valid as Cheilopogon agoo (Temminck & Schlegel 1846) -- (Parin in Randall & Lim 2000:600 [ref. 25122], Kim et al. 2001:102 [ref. 25722], Choi et al. 2003:220, 546 [ref. 26218], Motomura et al. 2010:81 [ref. 31256], Parin et al. 2014:193 [ref. 33547]). Current status: Valid as Cheilopogon agoo (Temminck & Schlegel 1846). Exocoetidae. Distribution: Northwestern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

albidactylus, Exocoetus Gill [T. N.] 1863:167 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 15; ref. 1681] Western coast of Central America. Holotype (unique): USNM lost. Type catalog: Smith 2018:70 [ref. 36061]. •Synonym of Cheilopogon cyanopterus (Valenciennes 1847) -- (Parin & Gibbs 1990:583 [ref. 16545]). Current status: Synonym of Cheilopogon cyanopterus (Valenciennes 1847). Exocoetidae. Habitat: marine.

altipennis, Exocoetus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1847:109, Pl. 560 [not 526] [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 19; ref. 4883] Cape of Good Hope, South Africa. Lectotype: MNHN A-9920. Paralectotypes: MNHN A-9921 (1) Indian seas. Type catalog: Bruun 1937:183-184 [ref. 12982], Collette et al. 1997:10 [ref. 22813]. Lectotype established by Bruun 1937:182 [ref. 12982] as Dussumier specimen from Indian seas, apparently not same as lectotype selected by Heemstra & Parin 1986:393 [ref. 6293]. Spelled altipinnis by Günther 1866:290 [ref. 1983]. •Valid as Cypselurus altipennis (Valenciennes 1847) -- (Dor 1984:60 [ref. 29757], Goren & Dor 1994:15 [ref. 25356]). •Synonym of Cheilopogon pinnatibarbatus (Bennett 1831) -- (Heemstra & Parin 1986:393 [ref. 6293], Paxton et al. 1989:332 [ref. 12442]). •Synonym of Cheilopogon pinnatibarbatus (Bennett 1831), but a valid subspecies -- (Collette & Parin 1991:6 [ref. 19110], Paxton et al. 2006:726 [ref. 29073]). •Valid as Cheilopogon altipennis (Valenciennes 1847) -- (Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:128 [ref. 28072]). Current status: Valid as Cheilopogon altipennis (Valenciennes 1847). Exocoetidae. Distribution: Southwestern Indian Ocean: South Africa (Kosi Bay to Eastern Cape Province). Habitat: marine.

andamanicus, Cheilopogon formosus Shakhovskoy [I. B.] & Parin [N. V.] 2019:26, Figs. 9-10 [Zootaxa 4589 (no. 1); ref. 36674] R/V "Vityaz", Cruise 35, Sta. 5302, Sample 461, 3°27'N, 100°12'E. Holotype: ZMMU P-24079. Paratypes: URM, ZMUC. •Synonym of Cheilopogon formosus (Kotthaus 1969) but a valid subspecies as described. Current status: Synonym of Cheilopogon formosus (Kotthaus 1969). Exocoetidae. Distribution: Southern part of the Andaman Sea: from Phuket to Singapore [this subspecies]. Habitat: marine.

antoncichi, Cypselurus Woods [L. P.] & Schultz [L. P.] in Schultz et al. 1953:181, Fig. 35 [Bulletin of the United States National Museum No. 202, v. 1; ref. 3975] Leeward side of reef 2 miles south of Rigili Island, southwest passage, Eniwetok Atoll, Marshall Islands, surface. Holotype: USNM 140291. Paratypes: FMNH 62593-94 (1, 1) [ex USNM 140289] (2); USNM 65809 (1), 140288 (2), 140293 (17). Type catalog: Ibarra & Stewart 1987:31 [ref. 12367], Collette et al. 1992:6 [ref. 19410]. •Valid as Cheilopogon antoncichi (Woods & Schultz 1953) -- (Collette et al. 1992:6 [ref. 19410], Parin 1996:305 [ref. 23179]). •Valid as Cypselurus antoncichi Woods & Schultz 1953 -- (Nakabo 2000:558 [ref. 25086], Nakabo 2002:558 [ref. 26001]). •Synonym of Cheilopogon furcatus (Mitchill 1815) -- (Parin 2009:274 [ref. 30171], Motomura et al. 2010:81 [ref. 31256]). •Synonym of Cheilopogon unicolor (Valenciennes 1847) -- (Mundy 2005:286 [ref. 28379], Shakhovskoy & Parin 2019:36 [ref. 36674]). Current status: Synonym of Cheilopogon unicolor (Valenciennes 1847). Exocoetidae. Habitat: marine.

arcticeps, Exocoetus Günther [A.] 1866:289 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 6; ref. 1983] China. Holotype (unique): BMNH 2012.11.8.4. •Valid as Cypselurus arcticeps (Günther 1866) -- (Chen et al. 1997:26 [ref. 26476], Nakabo 2000:560 [ref. 25086], Nakabo 2002:560 [ref. 26001]). •Valid as Cheilopogon arcticeps (Günther 1866) -- (Paxton et al. 1989:331 [ref. 12442], Parin 1996:305 [ref. 23179], Parin 1999:2169 [ref. 24786], Parin in Randall & Lim 2000:600 [ref. 25122], Hutchins 2001:24 [ref. 25847], Mundy 2005:284 [ref. 28379], Paxton et al. 2006:725 [ref. 29073], Parin 2009:274 [ref. 30171], Larson et al. 2013:66 [ref. 32988], Motomura et al. 2017:64 [ref. 35490], Shakhovskoy & Parin 2019:36 [ref. 36674]). Current status: Valid as Cheilopogon arcticeps (Günther 1866). Exocoetidae. Distribution: Western Pacific: China, Japan to Thailand and Samoan Islands. Habitat: marine.

atrisignis, Cypsilurus Jenkins [O. P.] 1903:436, Pl. 3 [Bulletin of the U. S. Fish Commission v. 22 (1902); ref. 2341] Honolulu, Oahu Island, Hawaiian Islands. Holotype (unique): USNM 50713. Type catalog: Collette et al. 1992:6 [ref. 19410]. Original genus should have been spelled Cypselurus. •Valid as Cypselurus atrisignis Jenkins 1903 -- (Yoshino in Masuda et al. 1984:81 [ref. 6441], Nakabo 2000:556 [ref. 25086], Nakabo 2002:556 [ref. 26001]). •Valid as Cheilopogon atrisignis (Jenkins 1903) -- (Abe 1994:1249 [ref. 23438], Parin in Fischer et al. 1995:1097 [ref. 22829], Parin 1996:305 [ref. 23179], Grove & Lavenberg 1997:250 [ref. 24023], Anderson et al. 1998:22 [ref. 23611], Parin 1999:2169 [ref. 24786], Parin in Randall & Lim 2000:600 [ref. 25122], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S100 [ref. 27377], Myers & Donaldson 2003:615 [ref. 27495] dated 1904, Randall et al. 2004:9 [ref. 27624] dated 1904, Nelson et al. 2004:100 [ref. 27807], Mundy 2005:284 [ref. 28379], Paxton et al. 2006:725 [ref. 29073], McCosker & Rosenblatt 2010:190 [ref. 30957] dated 1904, Fricke et al. 2011:370 [ref. 31242], Page et al. 2013:101 [ref. 32708], Fourriére et al. 2016:455 [ref. 34668], Del Moral-Flores et al. 2016:607 [ref. 34923], Fricke et al. 2019:77 [ref. 36673], Jayakumar et al. 2019:701 [ref. 37111]). Current status: Valid as Cheilopogon atrisignis (Jenkins 1903). Exocoetidae. Distribution: Indo-Pacific: East Africa east to Hawaiian Islands and Central America, north to southern Japan, south to New Caledonia and Loyalty Islands. Habitat: marine.

bahiensis, Exocartus Ranzani [C.] 1842:362, Pl. 38 (fig. 1) [Novi Commentarii Academiae Scientiarum Instituti Bononiensis v. 5; ref. 9017] Brazil. Syntypes: MZUB 950 (1), 981 (1). The original genus is correctly Exocoetus. •Synonym of Cypselurus cyanopterus (Valenciennes 1847) -- (Dor 1984:60 [ref. 29757]). •Status uncertain -- (Abe 1994:1275 [ref. 23438]). •Valid as Cypselurus bahiensis (Ranzani 1842) -- (Chen et al. 1997:26 [ref. 26476]). •Synonym of Cheilopogon cyanopterus (Valenciennes 1847) -- (Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:170 [ref. 25013], Golani & Fricke 2018:41 [ref. 36273]). Current status: Synonym of Cheilopogon cyanopterus (Valenciennes 1847). Exocoetidae. Habitat: marine.

bicolor, Exocoetus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1847:111 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 19; ref. 4883] Atlantic. Holotype (unique): MNHN B-0833. Type catalog: Bruun 1937:184 [ref. 12982], Collette et al. 1997:10 [ref. 22813]. •Synonym of Cypselurus exsiliens (Linnaeus 1771) -- (Gibbs & Staiger 1970:448 [ref. 7741]). •Synonym of Cheilopogon exsiliens (Linnaeus 1771) -- (Parin 1973:264 [ref. 7191]). Current status: Synonym of Cheilopogon exsiliens (Linnaeus 1771). Exocoetidae. Habitat: marine.

brevis, Cypsilurus Weber [M.] & de Beaufort [L. F.] 1922:192 [Fishes Indo-Australian Archipelago v. 4; ref. 4598] Saleyer [Saleiar] Island,ca. 6°S, 134°E, Indonesia and Aru Islands. Syntypes: ZMA 109675 (3). Type catalog: Nijssen et al. 1982:67 [ref. 19236]. Original genus should have been spelled Cypselurus. •Synonym of Cypselurus hexazona (Bleeker 1853) -- (Parin & Bogorodsky 2011:658 [ref. 31581]). •Possible a synonym of Cheilopogon arcticeps (Günther 1866) -- (Shakhovskoy & Parin 2019:67 [ref. 36674]). Current status: Synonym of Cheilopogon. Exocoetidae. Habitat: marine.

californicus, Exocoetus Cooper [J. G.] 1863:93, Fig. 20 [Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences (Series 1) v. 3 (sig. 6); ref. 4876] Santa Catalina Island, California, U.S.A. Holotype (unique): USNM 8140 [ex CA State Coll. 1012]. Type catalog: Collette et al. 1992:7 [ref. 19410]. •Valid as Cypselurus californicus (Cooper 1863) -- (Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:113 [ref. 9277]). •Valid as Cheilopogon californicus (Cooper 1863) -- (De La Cruz Agüero et al. 1997:137 [ref. 24545]). •Synonym of Exocoetus pinnatibarbatus Bennett 1831, but a valid subspecies -- (Parin 1973 [ref. 7191]). •Synonym of Cheilopogon pinnatibarbatus (Bennett 1831), but a valid subspecies californicus -- (Collette et al. 1992:7 [ref. 19410], Parin in Fischer et al. 1995:1098 [ref. 22829], Fourriére et al. 2016:456 [ref. 34668], Del Moral-Flores et al. 2016:607 [ref. 34923]). Current status: Synonym of Cheilopogon pinnatibarbatus (Bennett 1831). Exocoetidae. Habitat: marine.

cladopterus, Cypselurus Zhang [C.-G.] in Li & Zhang 2011:233 [ ref. 33809] Yuntai City, Shadong Province, China. Holotype: ASZIB [now NZMC] 20326. Type catalog: Ye et al. 2015:94 [ref. 33808]. Not seen. •Valid as Cypselurus cladopterus Zhang 2011 -- (Ye et al. 2015:94 [ref. 33808]). •Possibly a synonym of Cheilopogon doederleini (Steindachner 1887) -- (Choi et al. 2003:221, 547 [ref. 26218], Shakhovskoy & Parin 2019:4 [ref. 36674]). Current status: Uncertain as Cheilopogon doederleinii (Steindachner 1887). Exocoetidae. Habitat: marine.

cyanopterus, Exocoetus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1847:97 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 19; ref. 4883] Bahia State, Brazil, southwestern Atlantic. Lectotype: MNHN B-0769. Paralectotypes: MNHN A-7605 (1) Rio de Janeiro. Type catalog: Bruun 1937:182 [ref. 12982], Collette et al. 1997:11 [ref. 22813]. Lectotype established by Bruun 1937:182 [ref. 12982]. See also Pequeño 1989:50 [ref. 14125]. •Valid as Cypselurus cyanopterus (Valenciennes 1847) -- (Gibbs & Staiger 1970:449 [ref. 7741], Dor 1984:60 [ref. 29757], Yoshino in Masuda et al. 1984:81 [ref. 6441], Heemstra & Parin 1986 [ref. 6293], Robins & Ray 1986:104 [ref. 23100], Cervigón 1991:215 [ref. 24472], Boschung 1992:81 [ref. 23239], Cervigón 1992:318 [ref. 23827], Goren & Dor 1994:15 [ref. 25356], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:180 [ref. 27969], Parin 1996:305 [ref. 23179], Monteiro et al. 1998:399 [ref. 23732], Fricke 1999:120 [ref. 24106], Nakabo 2000:561 [ref. 25086], Nakabo 2002:561 [ref. 26001], Vaske et al. 2005:77 [ref. 36155], Wirtz et al. 2014:4 [ref. 33516]). •Valid as Cheilopogon cyanopterus (Valenciennes 1847) -- (Heemstra & Parin 1986:392 [ref. 6293], Paxton et al. 1989:332 [ref. 12442], Winterbottom et al. 1989:15 [ref. 13251], Parin & Gibbs 1990:583 [ref. 16545], Parin & Belyanina 1996:755 [ref. 24664], McEachran & Fechhelm 1998:944 [ref. 23897], Parin 1999:2170 [ref. 24786], Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:170 [ref. 25013], Parin in Randall & Lim 2000:600 [ref. 25122], Hutchins 2001:24 [ref. 25847], Kim et al. 2001:103 [ref. 25722], Choi et al. 2003:221, 546 [ref. 26218], Parin 2003:1121 [ref. 27018], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S100 [ref. 27377], Menezes in Menezes et al. 2003:68 [ref. 27192], Myers & Donaldson 2003:615 [ref. 27495] dated 1846, Kimura et al. in Kimura & Matsuura 2003:27 [ref. 27510], Nelson et al. 2004:100 [ref. 27807], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:129 [ref. 28072], Dennis et al. 2004:72 [ref. 31601], Paxton et al. 2006:725 [ref. 29073], Fricke et al. 2009:30 [ref. 30213], Motomura et al. 2010:81 [ref. 31256], Page et al. 2013:101 [ref. 32708], Wirtz et al. 2013:120 [ref. 32972], Larson et al. 2013:66 [ref. 32988], Pinheiro et al. 2015:9 [ref. 34324], Parin & Shakhovskoy 2016:2138 [ref. 34602], Golani & Fricke 2018:41 [ref. 36273], Carneiro et al. 2019:200 [ref. 37250], Jayakumar et al. 2019:701 [ref. 37111], Parin et al. 2019:153 [ref. 37342], Psomadakis et al. 2020:341 [ref. 37272]). Current status: Valid as Cheilopogon cyanopterus (Valenciennes 1847). Exocoetidae. Distribution: Circumglobal in tropical and subtropical seas (including Red Sea). Habitat: marine.

doederleinii, Exocoetus Steindachner [F.] in Steindachner & Döderlein 1887:294 [38] [Denkschriften der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften in Wien, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe. v. 53 (1. abth.); ref. 4249] Fish market in Tokyo, Japan. Syntypes: (several) NMW 76300 (1). Originally as döderleinii. •Synonym of Exocoetus heterurus Rafinesque 1810, but a valid subspecies -- (Yoshino in Masuda et al. 1984:81 [ref. 6441] as doelderleini, Sokolovskaya et al. 1998:8 [ref. 24670] in genus Cheilopogon). •Synonym of Cypselurus heterurus (Rafinesque 1810), but a valid subspecies doederleinii -- (Nakabo 2000:559 [ref. 25086] as doederleini, Kim et al. 2001:102 [ref. 25722], Nakabo 2002:559 [ref. 26001] as doederleini, Motomura et al. 2010:82 [ref. 31256] as doederleini, Parin et al. 2014:193 [ref. 33547]). •Synonym of Cheilopogon heterurus (Rafinesque 1810), but a valid subspecies doederleinii -- (Kharin & Saveliev 2011:555 [ref. 32456]). •Valid as Cheilopogon doederleini (Steindachner 1887) -- (Choi et al. 2003:221, 547 [ref. 26218], Shakhovskoy & Parin 2019:4 [ref. 36674], Sonoyama et al. 2020:40 [ref. 37637]). Current status: Valid as Cheilopogon doederleinii (Steindachner 1887). Exocoetidae. Distribution: Northwestern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

dorsomacula, Cypsilurus furcatus Fowler [H. W.] 1944:358, Fig. 116 [Monographs of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia No. 6; ref. 1448] Southwest of Colima, Mexico [eastern Pacific], 18°00'N, 105°47'W. Holotype (unique): ANSP 70024. Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:102 [ref. 13621]. Original genus should have been spelled Cypselurus. •Valid as Cheilopogon dorsomacula (Fowler 1944) -- (Parin in Fischer et al. 1995:1097 [ref. 22829], Parin 1996:302 [ref. 23179], Grove & Lavenberg 1997:252 [ref. 24023], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:177 [ref. 24555], Parin 1999:2170 [ref. 24786], Myers & Donaldson 2003:615 [ref. 27495], Nelson et al. 2004:100 [ref. 27807], Mundy 2005:284 [ref. 28379], McCosker & Rosenblatt 2010:190 [ref. 30957], Fricke et al. 2011:370 [ref. 31242], Page et al. 2013:101 [ref. 32708], Stewart & Struthers 2015:957 [ref. 34274] as ? dorsomacula, Fourriére et al. 2016:455 [ref. 34668], Del Moral-Flores et al. 2016:607 [ref. 34923]). Current status: Valid as Cheilopogon dorsomacula (Fowler 1944). Exocoetidae. Distribution: Pacific (including Hawaiian Islands). Habitat: marine.

dussumieri, Exocoetus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1847:132, Pl. 564 [not 530] [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 19; ref. 4883] "Autre côte du Cap, près du tropique". Holotype (unique): MNHN 0000-1930. Type catalog: Bruun 1937:186 [ref. 12982], Collette et al. 1997:11 [ref. 22813]. •Synonym of Cheilopogon cyanopterus (Valenciennes 1847) -- (Parin & Gibbs 1990:583 [ref. 16545]). Current status: Synonym of Cheilopogon cyanopterus (Valenciennes 1847). Exocoetidae. Habitat: marine.

exsiliens, Exocoetus Linnaeus [C.] 1771:529 [Mantissa Plantarum altera; ref. 13301] Atlantic. Holotype (unique): Zool. Soc. Lond. 165 (whole, dry, poor condition). Type catalog: Wheeler 1985:40 [ref. 20705]. Original genus as Exocoethus. Also spelled exiliens by authors, which was the spelling used by Bonnaterre 1788:181 [ref. 4940] and Gmelin 1789:1400 [ref. 18139]. Spelled exisilines in Walbaum 1792:50 [ref. 4572] but corrected in emendanda (p. 720) to exsiliens. •Valid as Cypselurus exsiliens (Linnaeus 1771) -- (Yoshino in Masuda et al. 1984:81 [ref. 6441], Robins & Ray 1986:104 [ref. 23100], Boschung 1992:81 [ref. 23239], Cervigón 1992:318 [ref. 23827], Monteiro et al. 1998:400 [ref. 23732], Nakabo 2000:557 [ref. 25086] as exiliens, Nakabo 2002:557 [ref. 26001] as exiliens). •Valid as Cheilopogon exsiliens [sometimes as exiliens] (Linnaeus 1771) -- (Parin 1973:264 [ref. 7191], Parin in Whitehead et al. 1986:613 [ref. 13676], Parin 1996:304 [ref. 23179], Parin & Belyanina 1996:754 [ref. 24664], Santos et al. 1997:68 [ref. 23531], Arruda 1997:63 [ref. 24952], McEachran & Fechhelm 1998:945 [ref. 23897], Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:170 [ref. 25013], Parin 2003:1122 [ref. 27018], Menezes in Menezes et al. 2003:68 [ref. 27192], Nelson et al. 2004:100 [ref. 27807], Golani 2005:29 [ref. 37112], Page et al. 2013:101 [ref. 32708], Wirtz et al. 2014:4 [ref. 33516], Parin & Shakhovskoy 2016:2139 [ref. 34602], Carneiro et al. 2019:200 [ref. 37250], Parin et al. 2019:160 [ref. 37342]). Current status: Valid as Cheilopogon exsiliens (Linnaeus 1771). Exocoetidae. Distribution: Mediterranean Sea; Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

fernandezianus, Exocoetus Philippi [R. A.] 1895:22 [Verhandlungen des Deutschen wissenschaftlichen Vereins zu Santiago de Chile v. 3 (nos 1-2); ref. 20267] Juan Fernández Islands. •Synonym of Cheilopogon pinnatibarbatus (Bennett 1831), but a valid subspecies -- (Parin 1973 [ref. 7191]). Current status: Synonym of Cheilopogon pinnatibarbatus (Bennett 1831). Exocoetidae. Habitat: marine.

fisunovi, Cheilopogon furcatus Parin [N. V.] & Belyanina [T. N.] 1998:594 [569] [Voprosy Ikhtiologii v. 38 (no. 5); ref. 24104] Pacific, 18°43'S, 150°44'W. Holotype: ZIN 51716. Paratypes: without details. On p. 569 of English translation. •Synonym of Cypselurus furcatus (Mitchill 1815), but a valid subspecies as described -- (Nakabo 2000:561 [ref. 25086], Nakabo 2002:561 [ref. 26001], Motomura et al. 2010:82 [ref. 31256] wrongly in Cypselurus). •Synonym of Cheilopogon furcatus (Mitchill 1815) -- (Motomura et al. 2010:81 [ref. 31256]). •Valid as Cypselurus fisunovi Parin & Belyanina 1998 -- (Fricke et al. 2019:77 [ref. 36673]). Current status: Valid as Cheilopogon fisunovi Parin & Belyanina 1998. Exocoetidae. Distribution: Tropical and warm temperate waters of the Pacific Ocean. Habitat: marine.

formosus, Cypselurus Kotthaus [A.] 1969:17, Figs. 168-169 [Meteor Forschungsergebnisse. Reihe D, Biologie No. 4; ref. 20666] Off Goa, India, 14°45'N, 73°54'E. Holotype: ZMH 4985 [ex IOES 79a]. Paratypes: ZMH 4987 [ex IOES 79b-h] (7). Type catalog: Wilkens & Dohse 1993:415 [ref. 21161]. •Synonym of Cypselurus hexazona (Bleeker 1853) -- (Parin & Bogorodsky 2011:658 [ref. 31581]). •Valid as Cheilopogon formosus (Kotthaus 1969) -- (Shakhovskoy & Parin 2019:6 [ref. 36674], Jayakumar et al. 2019:701 [ref. 37111]). Current status: Valid as Cheilopogon formosus (Kotthaus 1969). Exocoetidae. Distribution: Indian Ocean: western coast of India from Goa to Cochin. Habitat: marine.

furcatus, Exocoetus Mitchill [S. L.] 1815:449, Pl. 5 (fig. 2) [Transactions of the Literary and Philosophical Society of New-York v. 1 (art. 5) (for 1814); ref. 13292] Off New York, U.S.A. No types known. •Valid as Cypselurus furcatus (Mitchill 1815) -- (Yoshino in Masuda et al. 1984:82 [ref. 6441], Robins & Ray 1986:104 [ref. 23100], Scott & Scott 1988:307 [ref. 25518], McAllister 1990:128 [ref. 14674], Boschung 1992:82 [ref. 23239], Cervigón 1992:318 [ref. 23827], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:180 [ref. 27969], Schmitter-Soto et al. 2000:154 [ref. 27754]). •Valid as Cheilopogon furcatus (Mitchill 1815), subspecies furcatus -- (Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:171 [ref. 25013], Motomura et al. 2010:81 [ref. 31256], Parin et al. 2019:165 [ref. 37342]). •Valid as Cheilopogon furcatus (Mitchill 1815) -- (Heemstra & Parin 1986:393 [ref. 6293], Paxton et al. 1989:332 [ref. 12442], Winterbottom et al. 1989:15 [ref. 13251], Parin & Gibbs 1990:584 [ref. 16545], Parin in Fischer et al. 1995:1097 [ref. 22829], Parin 1996:306 [ref. 23179], Arruda 1997:63 [ref. 24952], Anderson et al. 1998:22 [ref. 23611], Parin & Belyanina 1998:583 [ref. 24104], McEachran & Fechhelm 1998:946 [ref. 23897], Fricke 1999:121 [ref. 24106], Parin 1999:2170 [ref. 24786], Parin & Belyanina 2000:162 [ref. 24894], Parin in Randall & Lim 2000:600 [ref. 25122], Hutchins 2001:24 [ref. 25847], Collette et al. 2003:102 [ref. 26784], Parin 2003:1123 [ref. 27018], Myers & Donaldson 2003:615 [ref. 27495], Nelson et al. 2004:100 [ref. 27807], Heemstra et al. 2004:3317 [ref. 27945], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:129 [ref. 28072], Mundy 2005:285 [ref. 28379], Paxton et al. 2006:725 [ref. 29073], Fricke et al. 2009:30 [ref. 30213], Parin 2009:274 [ref. 30171], Gomon 2008:403 [ref. 30616], McCosker & Rosenblatt 2010:190 [ref. 30957], Fricke et al. 2011:370 [ref. 31242], Page et al. 2013:101 [ref. 32708], Wirtz et al. 2013:120 [ref. 32972], Psomadakis et al. 2015:179 [ref. 34104], Stewart & Struthers 2015:958 [ref. 34274], Pinheiro et al. 2015:9 [ref. 34324], Motomura et al. 2015:17 [ref. 34709], Parin & Shakhovskoy 2016:2140 [ref. 34602], Nión et al. 2016:42 [ref. 35565], Motomura et al. 2017:65 [ref. 35490], Fricke et al. 2018:102 [ref. 35805], Carneiro et al. 2019:200 [ref. 37250], Jayakumar et al. 2019:701 [ref. 37111], Psomadakis et al. 2020:341 [ref. 37272]). Current status: Valid as Cheilopogon furcatus (Mitchill 1815). Exocoetidae. Distribution: Circumglobal in tropical and subtropical seas. Habitat: marine.

galapagensis, Cypsilurus atrisignis Fowler [H. W.] 1944:307, Fig. 114 [Monographs of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia No. 6; ref. 1448] Abingdon Island [Pinta Island], Galápagos Islands. Holotype: ANSP 70252. Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:102 [ref. 13621]. Original genus should have been spelled Cypselurus. •Synonym of Cheilopogon atrisignis (Jenkins 1903) -- (Grove & Lavenberg 1997:251 [ref. 24023]). Current status: Synonym of Cheilopogon atrisignis (Jenkins 1903). Exocoetidae. Habitat: marine.

gregoryi, Cypselurus Pietschmann [V.] 1928:297 [Anzeiger der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Wien, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe v. 65 (no. 27); ref. 15874] Pearl and Hermes Reef, Hawaiian Islands. Holotype (unique): BPBM 3475. Also appeared in Pietschmann 1930:7, Pl. 2A [ref. 16122]. •Synonym of Cheilopogon atrisignis (Jenkins 1903) -- (Mundy 2005:284 [ref. 28379]). Current status: Synonym of Cheilopogon atrisignis (Jenkins 1903). Exocoetidae. Habitat: marine.

heterurus, Exocoetus Rafinesque [C. S.] 1810:58 [Caratteri di alcuni nuovi generi e nuove specie di animali e piante della Sicilia; ref. 3594] Palermo, Sicily, Italy, Mediterranean Sea. No types known. Also appeared in Rafinesque 1810:35 [ref. 3595]. Neotype designated by Fricke 1999:35 [ref. 24101], but withdrawn in Fricke 2000:639 [ref. 24537]. •Valid as Cypselurus heterurus (Rafinesque 1810) -- (Parin in Whitehead et al. 1986:614 [ref. 13676], Cervigón 1991:215 [ref. 24472], Monteiro et al. 1998:399 [ref. 23732], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:177 [ref. 24555]). •Valid as Cheilopogon heterurus (Rafinesque 1810) -- (Parin 1973:265 [ref. 7191], Paxton et al. 1989:332 [ref. 12442], Pequeño 1989:50 [ref. 14125] as heterotus, Gomon et al. 1994:385 [ref. 22532], De La Cruz Agüero et al. 1997:137 [ref. 24545], Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:171 [ref. 25013], Fricke 1999:34 [ref. 24101], Parin & Belyanina 2000:158 [ref. 24894], Hutchins 2001:24 [ref. 25847], Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:61 [ref. 26753], Parin 2003:1124 [ref. 27018], Nelson et al. 2004:100 [ref. 27807], Golani 2005:29 [ref. 37112], Paxton et al. 2006:725 [ref. 29073], Fricke et al. 2007:68 [ref. 29533], Parin 2009:274 [ref. 30171], Lipej & Dulčić 2010:35 [ref. 36649], Page et al. 2013:101 [ref. 32708], Larson et al. 2013:66 [ref. 32988], Pinheiro et al. 2015:9 [ref. 34324], Parin & Shakhovskoy 2016:2141 [ref. 34602], Fourriére et al. 2016:455 [ref. 34668], Del Moral-Flores et al. 2016:607 [ref. 34923], Kells et al. 2016:118 [ref. 35888], Carneiro et al. 2019:200 [ref. 37250], Elbaraasi et al. 2019:95 [ref. 36864], Iglésias et al. 2019:280 [ref. 37098], Parenti 2019:101 [ref. 37117], Shakhovskoy & Parin 2019:36 [ref. 36674], Parin et al. 2019:170 [ref. 37342], Bariche & Fricke 2020:42 [ref. 37515], Kovačić et al. 2020:30 [ref. 37519]). Current status: Valid as Cheilopogon heterurus (Rafinesque 1810). Exocoetidae. Distribution: Mediterranean Sea; Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

hewitti, Cypselurus Smith [J. L. B.] 1935:181 [Records of the Albany Museum Grahamstown v. 4; ref. 4066] Port Alfred, South Africa, western Indian Ocean. Holotype (unique): SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 28 [ex AMG]. •Possible synonym of Cheilopogon cyanopterus (Valenciennes 1847) -- (Heemstra & Parin 1986:392 [ref. 6293]). Current status: Uncertain as Cheilopogon cyanopterus (Valenciennes 1847). Exocoetidae. Habitat: marine.

hubbsi, Cheilopogon (Ptenichthys) heterurus Parin [N. V.] 1961:85 [36] [Trudy Instituta Okeanologii Imeni P.P. Shirshova v. 43; ref. 9508] Pacific, 24°58'N, 117°49'W, "Vityaz" station 4261. Holotype: ZIN 36809 (278 mm SL; table 15). Paratypes: "Vityaz" cruise (1, 8, 2, 5, 4, 1). On p. 36 of separate. The original genus was incorrectly given as Cypselurus when it should have been Cheilopogon (as in table 15). •Valid as Cypselurus hubbsi Parin 1961 -- (Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:114 [ref. 9277]). •Synonym of Cheilopogon heterurus (Rafinesque 1810), but a valid subspecies as described -- (Parin in Fischer et al. 1995:1098 [ref. 22829]). •Valid as Cheilopogon hubbsi Parin 1961 -- (Shakhovskoy & Parin 2019:36 [ref. 36674]). Current status: Valid as Cheilopogon hubbsi Parin 1961. Exocoetidae. Distribution: Eastern North Pacific. Habitat: marine.

intermedius, Cheilopogon (Ptenichthys) Parin [N. V.] 1961:74 [27], Fig. 13 [Trudy Instituta Okeanologii Imeni P.P. Shirshova v. 43; ref. 9508] 6°15'S, 153°44'E, "Vityaz" station 3663. Holotype: ZIN 36806 (208 mm SL; table 12). Paratypes: "Vityaz" cruise (2, 19, 2, 1, 3, 1, 1, 16, 1) not at ZIN. On p. 27 of English translation. •Valid as Cheilopogon intermedius Parin 1961 -- (Parin 1996:305 [ref. 23179], Parin 1999:2171 [ref. 24786], Parin in Randall & Lim 2000:600 [ref. 25122], Hutchins 2001:24 [ref. 25847], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S100 [ref. 27377], Paxton et al. 2006:726 [ref. 29073], Parin 2009:274 [ref. 30171], Shakhovskoy & Parin 2019:36 [ref. 36674], Jayakumar et al. 2019:701 [ref. 37111], Psomadakis et al. 2020:342 [ref. 37272]). Current status: Valid as Cheilopogon intermedius Parin 1961. Exocoetidae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific. Habitat: marine.

japonicus, Exocoetus lineatus Franz [V.] 1910:24 [Abhandlungen der math.-phys. Klasse der K. Bayer Akademie der Wissenschaften v. 4 (Suppl.) (no. 1); ref. 1481] Oyama, Sagami Bay, Japan. Syntypes: ZSM [old collection] (3) destroyed in WW II. Type catalog: Neumann 2006:275 [ref. 28925]. •Synonym of Exocoetus pinnatibarbatus Bennett 1831, but a valid subspecies as described -- (Parin 1973 [ref. 7191]). •Synonym of Cypselurus pinnatibarbatus (Bennett 1831), but a valid subspecies as described -- (Kido in Amaoka et al. 1983:99, 188 [ref. 8379], Yoshino in Masuda et al. 1984:81 [ref. 6441], Nakabo 2000:558 [ref. 25086], Nakabo 2002:558 [ref. 26001], Motomura et al. 2010:81 [ref. 31256], Parin et al. 2014:194 [ref. 33547]). •Synonym of Cheilopogon pinnatibarbatus (Bennett 1831) -- (authors). Current status: Synonym of Cheilopogon pinnatibarbatus (Bennett 1831). Exocoetidae. Habitat: marine.

katherinae, Cheilopogon (Ptenichthys) Shakhovskoy [I. B.] & Parin [N. V.] 2019:46, Figs. 20-21 [Zootaxa 4589 (no. 1); ref. 36674] R/V "Vityaz", Cruise 61, Sta. 7630, 19°39'N, 38°45'E. Holotype: ZMMU P-24081. Paratypes: IORAS 03434 (3). •Valid as Cheilopogon katherinae Shakhovskoy & Parin 2019. Current status: Valid as Cheilopogon katherinae Shakhovskoy & Parin 2019. Exocoetidae. Distribution: Red Sea (endemic). Habitat: marine.

katoptron, Exocoetus Bleeker [P.] 1865:115 [Nederlandsch Tijdschrift voor de Dierkunde v. 3; ref. 418] Sibogha, western Sumatra, Indonesia. Holotype or Bleeker specimens: BMNH 1866.5.2.36 (1). •Valid as Cypselurus katoptron (Bleeker 1865) -- (Yoshino in Masuda et al. 1984:81 [ref. 6441], Parin 1996:302 [ref. 23179], Chen et al. 1997:27 [ref. 26476] dated 1855). •Valid as Cheilopogon katoptron (Bleeker 1865) -- (Parin 1999:2171 [ref. 24786], Parin in Randall & Lim 2000:600 [ref. 25122], Hutchins 2001:24 [ref. 25847], Mundy 2005:285 [ref. 28379], Paxton et al. 2006:726 [ref. 29073], Motomura et al. 2017:65 [ref. 35490]). Current status: Valid as Cheilopogon katoptron (Bleeker 1865). Exocoetidae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Indonesia to Philippines, northern Australia. Habitat: marine.

lineatus, Exocoetus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1847:92 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 19; ref. 4883] Gorée, Senegal. Lectotype: MNHN A-7604. Paralectotypes: MNHN 1996-0231 (1, dry), 1996-0232 (1, dry). Type catalog: Bruun 1937:181 [ref. 12982], Collette et al. 1997:12 [ref. 22813]. Lectotype established by Bruun 1937:181 [ref. 12982]. •Valid as Cypselurus lineatus (Valenciennes 1847) -- (Pequeño 1989:50 [ref. 14125], Paulin et al. 1989:143 [ref. 24556]). •Synonym of Cheilopogon pinnatibarbatus (Bennett 1831) -- (Parin 1973:264 [ref. 7191], Parin in Whitehead et al. 1986:615 [ref. 13676], Parin & Gibbs 1990:586 [ref. 16545], Parin & Shakhovskoy 2016:2145 [ref. 34602]). Current status: Synonym of Cheilopogon pinnatibarbatus (Bennett 1831). Exocoetidae. Habitat: marine.

longibarbus, Cheilopogon (Ptenichthys) Parin [N. V.] 1961:78 [29], Fig. 14 [Trudy Instituta Okeanologii Imeni P.P. Shirshova v. 43; ref. 9508] 7°29'S, 152°44'E, "Vityaz" sta 3656. Holotype: ZIN 36807 (247 mm SL; table 13). Paratypes: "Vityaz" cruise (1, 2, 1, 2, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1) not at ZIN. On p. 29 of English translation. •Valid as Cypselurus longibarbus (Parin 1961) -- (Yoshino in Masuda et al. 1984:82 [ref. 6441], Parin 2009:274 [ref. 30171], Motomura et al. 2017:65 [ref. 35490]). •Synonym of Cheilopogon unicolor (Valenciennes 1847) -- (Shakhovskoy & Parin 2019:36 [ref. 36674]). Current status: Synonym of Cheilopogon unicolor (Valenciennes 1847). Exocoetidae. Habitat: marine.

longipinnis, Exocoetus Castelnau [F. L.] 1861:64 [Mémoire sur les poissons de l'Afrique australe; ref. 767] Agulhas Bank, South Africa, southeastern Atlantic. No types known. •Synonym of Cheilopogon pinnatibarbatus (Bennett 1831), subspecies altipennis (Valenciennes 1847) -- (Heemstra & Parin 1986:393 [ref. 6293]). Current status: Synonym of Cheilopogon pinnatibarbatus (Bennett 1831). Exocoetidae. Habitat: marine.

lutkeni, Exocoetus Jordan [D. S.] & Evermann [B. W.] 1896:736 [Bulletin of the United States National Museum No. 47; ref. 2443] Cape San Antonio, California, U.S.A. (not Cuba). Holotype (unique): ANSP 7502. Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:102 [ref. 13621]. •Synonym of Exocoetus melanurus Valenciennes 1847 -- (Gibbs & Staiger 1970 [ref. 7741]). •Synonym of Cheilopogon melanurus (Valenciennes 1847) -- (Parin & Gibbs 1990:584 [ref. 16545], Parin & Belyanina 2000:158 [ref. 24894], Parin 2003:1125 [ref. 27018], Parin 2009:274 [ref. 30171], Parin & Shakhovskoy 2016:2142 [ref. 34602]). Current status: Synonym of Cheilopogon melanurus (Valenciennes 1847). Exocoetidae. Habitat: marine.

maculipinnis, Exocoetus Vinciguerra [D.] 1883:577, Pl. 1 (fig. 6) [Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Genova v. 18; ref. 13336] Tunis, Tunisia, Mediterranean Sea. Holotype (unique): MSNG 13998. Type catalog: Tortonese 1963:312 [ref. 10351]. •Synonym of Cheilopogon heterurus (Rafinesque 1810) -- (Parin 1973:265 [ref. 7191], Parin & Belyanina 2000:158 [ref. 24894]). Current status: Synonym of Cheilopogon heterurus (Rafinesque 1810). Exocoetidae. Habitat: marine.

marisrubri, Cheilopogon (Amustotrogon) Shakhovskoy [I. B.] & Parin [N. V.] 2019:30, Figs. 11, 13-14 [Zootaxa 4589 (no. 1); ref. 36674] R/V "Vityaz", Cruise 33, Sta. 4781, Sample 13, 14°05'N, 42°20'E. Holotype: ZMMU P-24080. Paratypes: IORAS. •Valid as Cheilopogon marisrubri Shakhovskoy & Parin 2019. Current status: Valid as Cheilopogon marisrubri Shakhovskoy & Parin 2019. Exocoetidae. Distribution: Red Sea (endemic). Habitat: marine.

melanocercus, Exocoetus Ogilby [J. D.] 1885:123 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 10 (pt 2); ref. 3262] Middle Harbor, Port Jackson, New South Wales, Australia. Holotype: AMS B.5965. •Synonym of Cheilopogon pinnatibarbatus (Bennett 1831) -- (Paxton et al. 1989:332 [ref. 12442]). •Synonym of Cheilopogon pinnatibarbatus (Bennett 1831), but a valid subspecies melanocercus (Ogilby 1885) -- (Parin 1973 [ref. 7191], Paulin et al. 1989:143 [ref. 24556], Gomon et al. 1994:386 [ref. 22532], Johnson 1999:724 [ref. 25471], Paxton et al. 2006:726 [ref. 29073], Duffy & Ahyong 2015:111 [ref. 36167]). Current status: Synonym of Cheilopogon pinnatibarbatus (Bennett 1831). Exocoetidae. Habitat: marine.

melanurus, Exocoetus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1847:101 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 19; ref. 4883] New York, U.S.A. Holotype (unique): MNHN A-7603. Type catalog: Bruun 1937:182 [ref. 12982], Collette et al. 1997:12 [ref. 22813]. •Valid as Cypselurus melanurus (Valenciennes 1847) -- (Gibbs & Staiger 1970:452 [ref. 7741], Robins & Ray 1986:104 [ref. 23100], Scott & Scott 1988:308 [ref. 25518], McAllister 1990:128 [ref. 14674], Cervigón 1991:216 [ref. 24472], Boschung 1992:82 [ref. 23239], Cervigón 1992:318 [ref. 23827], Monteiro et al. 1998:399 [ref. 23732], Schmitter-Soto et al. 2000:154 [ref. 27754], Parin 2003:1125 [ref. 27018], Wirtz et al. 2007:27 [ref. 30263], Page et al. 2013:101 [ref. 32708]). •Valid as Cheilopogon melanurus (Valenciennes 1847) -- (Parin & Gibbs 1990:584 [ref. 16545], McEachran & Fechhelm 1998:947 [ref. 23897], Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:172 [ref. 25013], Afonso et al. 1999:70 [ref. 25466], Parin & Belyanina 2000:158 [ref. 24894], Collette in Collette & Klein-MacPhee 2002:291 [ref. 26158], Collette et al. 2003:102 [ref. 26784], Menezes in Menezes et al. 2003:68 [ref. 27192], Nelson et al. 2004:100 [ref. 27807], Parin 2009:274 [ref. 30171], Parin & Shakhovskoy 2016:2142 [ref. 34602], Marceniuk et al. 2017:39 [ref. 35324], Shakhovskoy & Parin 2019:36 [ref. 36674]). Current status: Valid as Cheilopogon melanurus (Valenciennes 1847). Exocoetidae. Distribution: Western and eastern Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

milleri, Cypselurus Gibbs [R. H., Jr.] & Staiger [J. C.] 1970:437, Figs. 1-2 [Studies in Tropical Oceanography (Miami) No. 4 (pt 2); ref. 7741] Free Port harbor area, Monrovia, Liberia. Holotype: USNM 193732. Paratypes: IFAN 50-123 (1); IRSNB 561-562 (1, 1); MNHN 1985-0049 (1); UF 216924 [ex UMML 16924] (1), 224449 [ex UMML 24449] (1), 224830 [ex UMML 24830] (1); USNM 193707 (3), 203088-93 (1, 1, 2, 1, 1, 2), 203472 (1), 203648-49 (4, 1). Type catalog: Walschaerts 1987:22 [ref. 20755], Collette et al. 1992:6-7 [ref. 19410], Collette et al. 1997:14 [ref. 22813]. •Valid as Cheilopogon milleri (Gibbs & Staiger 1970) -- (Parin & Gibbs 1990:585 [ref. 16545], Parin & Belyanina 1996:755, 758 [ref. 24664], Parin & Shakhovskoy 2016:2143 [ref. 34602]). Current status: Valid as Cheilopogon milleri (Gibbs & Staiger 1970). Exocoetidae. Distribution: Eastern Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

minos, Cypselurus Nichols [J. T.] & Breder [C. M., Jr.] 1930:1, Fig. 2 [American Museum Novitates No. 428; ref. 13335] Mindelo, St. Vincent, Cape Verde Islands, eastern Atlantic. Holotype (unique): CMNH 72. •Synonym of Cheilopogon pinnatibarbatus (Bennett 1831) -- (Parin 1973:264 [ref. 7191], Parin & Gibbs 1990:586 [ref. 16545]). Current status: Synonym of Cheilopogon pinnatibarbatus (Bennett 1831). Exocoetidae. Habitat: marine.

monroei, Cypselurus Nichols [J. T.] & Breder [C. M., Jr.] 1928:432, Fig. 167 [Zoologica, Scientific Contributions of the New York Zoological Society v. 8 (no. 7); ref. 13298] Coconut Grove, Miami, Florida, U.S.A. Holotype (unique): AMNH 8678. •Synonym of Cheilopogon cyanopterus (Valenciennes 1847) -- (Parin & Gibbs 1990:583 [ref. 16545]). Current status: Synonym of Cheilopogon cyanopterus (Valenciennes 1847). Exocoetidae. Habitat: marine.

neimani, Cheilopogon furcatus Parin [N. V.] & Belyanina [T. N.] 1998:593 [569] [Voprosy Ikhtiologii v. 38 (no. 5); ref. 24104] Indian Ocean, 11°58'N, 64°58'E. Holotype: ZIN 51715. Paratypes: without details. On p. 569 of English translation. •Synonym of Cheilopogon furcatus (Mitchill 1815), but a valid subspecies as described. Current status: Synonym of Cheilopogon furcatus (Mitchill 1815). Exocoetidae. Habitat: marine.

nigricans, Exocaetus Bennett [F. D.] 1840:287 [Narrative of a whaling voyage round the globe v. 2; ref. 260] Off Baia dos Tigres, Angola [southeastern Atlantic]. Neotype: USNM 204626 [ex UF-TABL 68-244]. Type catalog: Collette et al. 1992:7 [ref. 19410]. Correct spelling of original genus is Exocoetus. Neotype designated by Gibbs & Staiger 1970:448 [ref. 7741]. •Valid as Cheilopogon nigricans (Bennett 1840) -- (Heemstra & Parin 1986:393 [ref. 6293], Paxton et al. 1989:332 [ref. 12442], Winterbottom et al. 1989:15 [ref. 13251], Parin & Gibbs 1990:585 [ref. 16545], Parin 1996:304 [ref. 23179], Parin & Belyanina 1996:755, 758 [ref. 24664], Fricke 1999:121 [ref. 24106], Hutchins 2001:24 [ref. 25847], Fricke et al. 2009:30 [ref. 30213], Parin & Shakhovskoy 2016:2144 [ref. 34602], Brown et al. 2019:165 [ref. 36444], Fricke et al. 2019:77 [ref. 36673]). Current status: Valid as Cheilopogon nigricans (Bennett 1840). Exocoetidae. Distribution: Circumglobal in tropical and subtropical seas. Habitat: marine.

nuttallii, Exocetus Lesueur [C. A.] 1821:10, Pl. 4 (fig. 1) [Journal of the Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia v. 2 (pt 1); ref. 13294] Gulf of Mexico. No types known. •Nomen dubium; possible synonym for Exocoetus furcatus Mitchill 1815, Exocoetus melanurus Valenciennes 1847, or Exocoetus exsiliens Linnaeus 1771 -- (Gibbs & Staiger 1970:457 [ref. 7741]). •Possible synonym of Cheilopogon furcatus (Mitchill 1815) -- (Parin & Gibbs 1990:584 [ref. 16545]). Current status: Uncertain as Cheilopogon furcatus (Mitchill 1815). Exocoetidae. Habitat: marine.

ogilbyi, Cypsilurus Jordan [D. S.] & Snyder [J. O.] in Jordan & Dickerson 1908:604, Fig. 1 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 34 (no. 1625); ref. 2438] West of Walpole Island, Fiji Islands. Holotype (unique): CAS-SU 20451 [not USNM 62229]. Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:52 [ref. 12291]. Original genus should have been spelled Cypselurus. •Synonym of Cheilopogon unicolor (Valenciennes 1847) -- (Fricke & Kulbicki 2006:322 [ref. 28867]). Current status: Synonym of Cheilopogon unicolor (Valenciennes 1847). Exocoetidae. Habitat: marine.

olgae, Cheilopogon (Ptenichthys) Parin [N. V.] 2009:271, Figs. 1-2 [Journal of Ichthyology v. 49 (no. 3); ref. 30171] 34°05'S, 114°17'E, Western Australia, Australia (under light at night at surface). Holotype: ZMUU 22161 [ex FRSKU 112198]. Paratypes: IO RAS 2726 (3). Plus non-type material. •Valid as Cheilopogon olgae Parin 2009 -- (Shakhovskoy & Parin 2019:36 [ref. 36674]). Current status: Valid as Cheilopogon olgae Parin 2009. Exocoetidae. Distribution: Western Australia. Habitat: marine.

orbignianus, Exocoetus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1847:131 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 19; ref. 4883] Montevideo, Uruguay. No types known. Type catalog: Collette et al. 1997:23 [ref. 22813]. •Questionably a synonym of Cheilopogon pinnatibarbatus (Bennett 1831). Current status: Uncertain as Cheilopogon pinnatibarbatus (Bennett 1831). Exocoetidae. Habitat: marine.

papilio, Parexocoetus Clark [H. W.] 1936:384 [Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences (Series 4) v. 21 (no. 29); ref. 839] Braxilito Bay, Costa Rica. Holotype: CAS 5226 (missing). Paratypes: CAS 5496 (3, missing). •Valid as Cheilopogon papilio (Clark 1936) -- (Parin in Fischer et al. 1995:1098 [ref. 22829], De La Cruz Agüero et al. 1997:137 [ref. 24545], Nelson et al. 2004:100 [ref. 27807], Page et al. 2013:101 [ref. 32708], Fourriére et al. 2016:456 [ref. 34668], Del Moral-Flores et al. 2016:607 [ref. 34923]). Current status: Valid as Cheilopogon papilio (Clark 1936). Exocoetidae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

parrae, Exocoetus Poey [F.] 1868:385 [Repertorio Fisico-Natural de la Isla de Cuba v. 2; ref. 3505] Between Hispaniola and Cuba. No types known. •Synonym of Cheilopogon cyanopterus (Valenciennes 1847) -- (Parin & Gibbs 1990:583 [ref. 16545]). Current status: Synonym of Cheilopogon cyanopterus (Valenciennes 1847). Exocoetidae. Habitat: marine.

pinnatibarbatus, Exocoetus Bennett [E. T.] 1831:146 [Proceedings of the Committee of Science and Correspondence of the Zoological Society of London 1830-31 (pt 1); ref. 5778] Atlantic coast of northern Africa. No types known. •Valid as Cypselurus pinnatibarbatus (Bennett 1831) -- (Gibbs & Staiger 1970:457 [ref. 7741], Kido in Amaoka et al. 1983:99, 188 [ref. 8379]). •Valid as Cheilopogon pinnatibarbatus (Bennett 1831) -- (Parin 1973:264 [ref. 7191], Parin in Whitehead et al. 1986:615 [ref. 13676], Paxton et al. 1989:332 [ref. 12442], Paulin et al. 1989:143 [ref. 24556], Parin & Gibbs 1990:586 [ref. 16545], Gomon et al. 1994:386 [ref. 22532], Santos et al. 1997:68 [ref. 23531], Arruda 1997:63 [ref. 24952], Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:172 [ref. 25013], Afonso et al. 1999:83 [ref. 25466], Menezes in Menezes et al. 2003:68 [ref. 27192], Nelson et al. 2004:100 [ref. 27807], Paxton et al. 2006:726 [ref. 29073], Wirtz et al. 2007:27 [ref. 30263], Gomon 2008:404 [ref. 30616], Kharin & Saveliev 2011:555 [ref. 32456] with subspecies, Page et al. 2013:101 [ref. 32708], Wirtz et al. 2014:4 [ref. 33516], Stewart & Struthers 2015:959 [ref. 34274], Parin & Shakhovskoy 2016:2145 [ref. 34602], Kells et al. 2016:118 [ref. 35888], Fricke et al. 2018:103 [ref. 35805], Brown et al. 2019:165 [ref. 36444], Burton & Lea 2019:54 [ref. 37205], Carneiro et al. 2019:200 [ref. 37250], Parin et al. 2019:180 [ref. 37342]). Current status: Valid as Cheilopogon pinnatibarbatus (Bennett 1831). Exocoetidae. Distribution: Circumglobal in tropical and temperate seas. Habitat: marine.

pitcairnensis, Cypselurus Nichols [J. T.] & Breder [C. M., Jr.] 1935:1, Fig. 1 [American Museum Novitates No. 821; ref. 13296] Pitcairn Island, South Pacific. Holotype: AMNH 12983. Paratypes: AMNH 13293 (4). •Valid as Cypselurus pitcairnensis Nichols & Breder 1935 -- (Pequeño 1989:50 [ref. 14125], Parin 1996:306 [ref. 23179], Randall 1999:8 [ref. 25829]). •Valid as Cheilopogon pitcairnensis (Nichols & Breder 1935) -- (Parin 1999:2171 [ref. 24786], Randall et al. 2004:9 [ref. 27624]). Current status: Valid as Cheilopogon pitcairnensis (Nichols & Breder 1935). Exocoetidae. Distribution: Pacific. Habitat: marine.

procne, Exocetus (Cypsilurus) De Filippi [F.] & Verany [J. B.] 1857:194 [10], Fig. 5 [Memorie / Reale accademia delle scienze di Torino (Ser. 2) v. 18; ref. 1329] Nice, Département des Alpes-Maritimes, France, northwestern Mediterranean Sea. Syntypes: MZUT 451 (3). Type catalog: Tortonese 1940:141 [ref. 21559]. Original genus is correctly Exocoetus. On p. 10 of separate. •Synonym of Cheilopogon heterurus (Rafinesque 1810) -- (Parin 1973:265 [ref. 7191], Parin & Belyanina 2000:158 [ref. 24894]). Current status: Synonym of Cheilopogon heterurus (Rafinesque 1810). Exocoetidae. Habitat: marine.

pseudospilopterus, Cheilopogon formosus Shakhovskoy [I. B.] & Parin [N. V.] 2019:10, Figs. 4-7 [Zootaxa 4589 (no. 1); ref. 36674] R/V "Vityaz", Cruise 50, Sta. 6480, Sample 500, 7°32'N, 116°37'E. Holotype: ZMMU P-24078. Paratypes: CAS, IORAS, SIO. •Synonym of Cheilopogon formosus (Kotthaus 1969) but a valid subspecies as described. Current status: Synonym of Cheilopogon formosus (Kotthaus 1969). Exocoetidae. Distribution: South China Sea: Gulf of Thailand to northern Borneo and southern Philippines [this subspecies]. Habitat: marine.

pulchellus, Cypselurus Lowe [R. T.] 1841:38 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1840 (pt. 8, no. 89); ref. 2830] Madeira, eastern Atlantic. No types known. •Synonym of Cheilopogon pinnatibarbatus (Bennett 1831) -- (Parin 1973:264 [ref. 7191], Parin & Gibbs 1990:586 [ref. 16545], Paxton et al. 2006:726 [ref. 29073]). Current status: Synonym of Cheilopogon pinnatibarbatus (Bennett 1831). Exocoetidae. Habitat: marine.

quindecimradiatus, Cypsilurus Fowler [H. W.] 1900:482, Pl. 17 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 51 (for 1899); ref. 13303] Caroline Atoll (Thornton) Island [wrongly given as Carolina Islands], South Pacific. Holotype: ANSP 23275 (dry). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:102 [ref. 13621]. Type locality corrected in Fowler 1901:324 [ref. 21248]. Original genus should have been spelled Cypselurus. •Synonym of Cheilopogon spilonotopterus (Bleeker 1865). Current status: Synonym of Cheilopogon spilonotopterus (Bleeker 1865). Exocoetidae. Habitat: marine.

rapanouiensis, Cheilopogon (Abeichthys) agoo Parin [N. V.] 1961:68 [24], Fig. 12 [Trudy Instituta Okeanologii Imeni P.P. Shirshova v. 43; ref. 9508] Near Easter Island, 22°35'S, 166°08'E [or 30°56'S, 109°17'W], southeastern Pacific, "Ob" station 428. Holotype: ZIN 36898 (291 mm SL; table 11). Paratypes: whereabouts unknown (3), French Instit. Ichthyol. (1). On p. 24 of English translation. •Synonym of Cheilopogon agoo (Temminck & Schlegel 1846), but a valid subspecies as described -- (Pequeño 1989:50 [ref. 14125] as rapanuiensis, Parin in Fischer et al. 1995:1096 [ref. 22829]). •Valid as Cheilopogon rapanouiensis Parin 1961 -- (Parin 1996:305 [ref. 23179], Parin 1999:2172 [ref. 24786], Fricke et al. 2011:370 [ref. 31242]). Current status: Valid as Cheilopogon rapanouiensis Parin 1961. Exocoetidae. Distribution: Pacific. Habitat: marine.

robustus, Exocoetus Günther [A.] 1866:289 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 6; ref. 1983] Australia [= Western Australia]. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1855.9.19.1066. •Synonym of Cheilopogon pinnatibarbatus (Bennett 1831) -- (Paxton et al. 1989:332 [ref. 12442], Paxton et al. 2006:726 [ref. 29073]). Current status: Synonym of Cheilopogon pinnatibarbatus (Bennett 1831). Exocoetidae. Habitat: marine.

solandri, Exocoetus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1847:129 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 19; ref. 4883] Seychelles. Lectotype: MNHN 0000-2715. Paralectotypes: MNHN (1) Tahiti. Type catalog: Bruun 1937:186 [ref. 12982]. Lectotype selected by Bruun 1937:186 [ref. 12982]. •Synonym of Cheilopogon pinnatibarbatus (Bennett 1831), subspecies altipennis (Valenciennes 1847). Current status: Synonym of Cheilopogon pinnatibarbatus (Bennett 1831). Exocoetidae. Habitat: marine.

solitarius, Exocoetus Bennett [G.] 1860:15 [Gatherings of a naturalist in Australasia; ref. 19684] St. Helena Island, South Atlantic. No types known. •Synonym of Cheilopogon cyanopterus (Valenciennes 1847) -- (Parin & Gibbs 1990:583 [ref. 16545]). •Synonym of Cheilopogon nigricans (Bennett 1840). Current status: Synonym of Cheilopogon nigricans (Bennett 1840). Exocoetidae. Habitat: marine.

spilonotopterus, Exocoetus Bleeker [P.] 1865:113 [Nederlandsch Tijdschrift voor de Dierkunde v. 3; ref. 418] Padang, Sumatra [Sumatera Barat, Indonesia, eastern Indian Ocean]. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1866.5.2.37. •Valid as Cypselurus spilonotopterus (Bleeker 1865) -- (Yoshino in Masuda et al. 1984:81 [ref. 6441], Nakabo 2000:561 [ref. 25086], Nakabo 2002:561 [ref. 26001]). •Valid as Cheilopogon spilonotopterus (Bleeker 1865) -- (Abe 1994:1270 [ref. 23438], Parin in Fischer et al. 1995:1099 [ref. 22829], Parin 1996:305 [ref. 23179], Grove & Lavenberg 1997:252 [ref. 24023], Parin 1999:2172 [ref. 24786], Parin in Randall & Lim 2000:600 [ref. 25122], Hutchins 2001:24 [ref. 25847], Myers & Donaldson 2003:615 [ref. 27495] as spilonopterus, Nelson et al. 2004:100 [ref. 27807], Mundy 2005:285 [ref. 28379], Paxton et al. 2006:727 [ref. 29073] dated 1866, Dyer & Westneat 2010:601 [ref. 31446] dated 1866, McCosker & Rosenblatt 2010:190 [ref. 30957] dated 1866, Fricke et al. 2011:370 [ref. 31242], Larson et al. 2013:67 [ref. 32988], Fricke et al. 2014:38 [ref. 33932], Fourriére et al. 2016:456 [ref. 34668], Del Moral-Flores et al. 2016:607 [ref. 34923], Psomadakis et al. 2020:342 [ref. 37272], Sonoyama et al. 2020:40 [ref. 37637]). Current status: Valid as Cheilopogon spilonotopterus (Bleeker 1865). Exocoetidae. Distribution: Indo-Pacific: East Africa east to Hawaiian Islands, Revillagigedo and Malpelo islands and Galápagos Archipelago, north to Sea of Japan, south to Western Australia, New Caledonia and Austral Islands. Habitat: marine.

spilopterus, Exocoetus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1847:113 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 19; ref. 4883] Oualan, Caroline Islands, western Pacific. No types preserved. Type catalog: Collette et al. 1997:23 [ref. 22813]. Not the same as Exocoetus spilopus Valenciennes 1846. Based on a drawing by Mertens (Karl Heinrich Mertens, 1796-2830, German explorer and naturalist). •Valid as Cypselurus spilopterus (Valenciennes 1847) -- (Yoshino in Masuda et al. 1984:81 [ref. 6441], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:181 [ref. 27969], Nakabo 2000:556 [ref. 25086], Nakabo 2002:556 [ref. 26001]). •Valid as Cheilopogon spilopterus (Valenciennes 1847) -- (Paxton et al. 1989:333 [ref. 12442], Abe 1994:1264 [ref. 23438], Parin 1996:305 [ref. 23179], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:176 [ref. 27969], Parin 1999:2172 [ref. 24786], Parin in Randall & Lim 2000:600 [ref. 25122], Myers & Donaldson 2003:615 [ref. 27495] dated 1846, Kimura et al. in Kimura & Matsuura 2003:27 [ref. 27510], Randall et al. 2004:9 [ref. 27624], Mundy 2005:286 [ref. 28379], Paxton et al. 2006:727 [ref. 29073], Fricke et al. 2011:370 [ref. 31242], Zajonz et al. 2019:66 [ref. 36871] as cf. spilopterus, Psomadakis et al. 2020:342 [ref. 37272]). Current status: Valid as Cheilopogon spilopterus (Valenciennes 1847). Exocoetidae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific. Habitat: marine.

spilopus, Exocoetus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1847:118 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 19; ref. 4883] La Rochelle, France. Lectotype: MNHN B-0828. Paralectotypes: MNHN 0178 (1), B-0816 (1), B-0829 (1), 0531 (1), B-0830 (1), B-0831 (1), B-0832 (1). Type catalog: Bruun 1937:184-185 [ref. 12982], Collette et al. 1997:13-14 [ref. 22813]. Lectotype established by Bruun 1937:184 [ref. 12982]. Not the same as Exocoetus spilopterus Valenciennes 1846. •Synonym of Cypselurus exsiliens (Linnaeus 1771) -- (Gibbs & Staiger 1970:448 [ref. 7741]). •Synonym of Cheilopogon exsiliens (Linnaeus 1771) -- (Parin 1973:264 [ref. 7191]). Current status: Synonym of Cheilopogon exsiliens (Linnaeus 1771). Exocoetidae. Habitat: marine.

suttoni, Maculocoetus Whitley [G. P.] & Colefax [A. N.] 1938:288, Pl. 14 (fig. 1) [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 63 (pts 3-4) (nos. 277-278); ref. 4736] Nauru, Gilbert Islands, western Pacific. Holotype: AMS IA.6996. Paratypes: AMS IA.7142-43(1, 1). •Valid as Cypselurus suttoni (Whitley & Colefax 1938) -- (Yoshino in Masuda et al. 1984:81 [ref. 6441], Randall et al. 1990:57 [ref. 15987], Randall et al. 1997:57 [ref. 25919], Nakabo 2000:556 [ref. 25086] as stuttoni, Nakabo 2002:556 [ref. 26001]). •Valid as Cheilopogon suttoni (Whitley & Colefax 1938) -- (Abe 1994:1257 [ref. 23438], Parin 1996:305 [ref. 23179], Anderson et al. 1998:22 [ref. 23611], Parin 1999:2173 [ref. 24786], Parin in Randall & Lim 2000:600 [ref. 25122], Hutchins 2001:24 [ref. 25847], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S100 [ref. 27377], Myers & Donaldson 2003:615 [ref. 27495], Mundy 2005:286 [ref. 28379], Paxton et al. 2006:727 [ref. 29073], Fricke et al. 2011:370 [ref. 31242], Larson et al. 2013:67 [ref. 32988], Psomadakis et al. 2015:179 [ref. 34104], Jayakumar et al. 2019:703 [ref. 37111], Psomadakis et al. 2020:343 [ref. 37272]). Current status: Valid as Cheilopogon suttoni (Whitley & Colefax 1938). Exocoetidae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Gulf of Aden east to Hawaiian Islands, Line Islands and Marquesas Islands, north to Ryukyu Islands, south to Shark Bay (Western Australia) and New Caledonia. Habitat: marine.

tahitensis, Cypselurus Seale [A.] 1906:13, Fig. 3 [Occasional Papers of the Bernice Pauahi Bishop Museum of Polynesian Ethnology and Natural History v. 4 (no. 1); ref. 3999] Tahiti, Society Islands. Holotype (unique): BPBM 1413. •Synonym of Cheilopogon spilonotopterus (Bleeker 1865). Current status: Synonym of Cheilopogon spilonotopterus (Bleeker 1865). Exocoetidae. Habitat: marine.

unicolor, Exocoetus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1847:97 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 19; ref. 4883] Vanikoro Island, Santa Cruz Islands, southwestern Pacific. Lectotype: MNHN 0000-2717. Paralectotypes: MNHN 0000-2716 (1), 0000-2718 (1). Type catalog: Bruun 1937:182 [ref. 12982], Collette et al. 1997:14 [ref. 22813]. Lectotype established by Bruun 1937:182 [ref. 12982]. •Valid as Cypselurus unicolor (Valenciennes 1847) -- (Yoshino in Masuda et al. 1984:82 [ref. 6441]). •Valid as Cheilopogon unicolor (Valenciennes 1847) -- (Fricke 1999:121 [ref. 24106], Parin 1999:2173 [ref. 24786], Parin in Randall & Lim 2000:600 [ref. 25122], Myers & Donaldson 2003:615 [ref. 27495], Randall et al. 2004:9 [ref. 27624], Heemstra et al. 2004:3317 [ref. 27945], Mundy 2005:286 [ref. 28379], Fricke & Kulbicki 2006:322 [ref. 28867], Paxton et al. 2006:727 [ref. 29073], Parin 2009:274 [ref. 30171], Fricke et al. 2011:370 [ref. 31242], Fourriére et al. 2016:456 [ref. 34668]). Current status: Valid as Cheilopogon unicolor (Valenciennes 1847). Exocoetidae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Mascarenes; Philippines east to Hawaiian Islands, Marquesas Islands and Society Islands, north to Japan, south to Queensland (Australia), New Caledonia, Tonga and Austral Islands; Revillagigedo Archipelago (Mexico). Habitat: marine.

ventralis, Cypselurus Nichols [J. T.] & Breder [C. M., Jr.] 1935:3, Fig. 3 [American Museum Novitates No. 821; ref. 13296] Off Ancash Province, Peru, 10°01'S, 80°05'W. Holotype: AMNH 13291. Paratypes: AMNH 13523 (1), 13532-33 (1, 4). •Valid as Cheilopogon ventralis (Nichols & Breder 1935) -- (Shakhovskoy & Parin 2019:36 [ref. 36674]). Current status: Valid as Cheilopogon ventralis (Nichols & Breder 1935). Exocoetidae. Distribution: Eastern South Pacific. Habitat: marine.

vermiculatus, Exocoetus Poey [F.] 1860:300 [Memorias sobre la historia natural de la Isla de Cuba v. 2; ref. 3499] Cuba. No types known. •Synonym of Cheilopogon cyanopterus (Valenciennes 1847) -- (Parin & Gibbs 1990:583 [ref. 16545]). Current status: Synonym of Cheilopogon cyanopterus (Valenciennes 1847). Exocoetidae. Habitat: marine.

vitiazi, Cypselurus Parin [N. V.] 1958:1412, Fig. 1 [Zoologicheskii Zhurnal v. 37 (no. 9); ref. 6360] Vicinity of the Bonin Island [Ogasawara Island], Japan, Vitiaz station 3514. Holotype: not researched, not at ZIN. Other specimens: (5). •Synonym of Maculocoetus suttoni Whitley & Colefax 1938 -- (authors). •Synonym of Cheilopogon suttoni (Whitley & Colefax 1938) -- (Abe 1994:1257 [ref. 23438], Mundy 2005:286 [ref. 28379]). Current status: Synonym of Cheilopogon suttoni (Whitley & Colefax 1938). Exocoetidae. Habitat: marine.

xenopterus, Exocoetus Gilbert [C. H.] 1890:58 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 13 (no. 797); ref. 1623] Clarion Island, Revillagigedo Islands, off western Mexico (taken from a bird). Holotype (unique): USNM 44388. Type catalog: Collette et al. 1992:7 [ref. 19410]. •Valid as Cheilopogon xenopterus (Gilbert 1890) -- (Parin in Fischer et al. 1995:1099 [ref. 22829], Parin 1996:304 [ref. 23179], De La Cruz Agüero et al. 1997:137 [ref. 24545], Grove & Lavenberg 1997:253 [ref. 24023], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:177 [ref. 24555], Nelson et al. 2004:100 [ref. 27807], McCosker & Rosenblatt 2010:190 [ref. 30957], Page et al. 2013:101 [ref. 32708], Fourriére et al. 2016:456 [ref. 34668], Del Moral-Flores et al. 2016:607 [ref. 34923]). Current status: Valid as Cheilopogon xenopterus (Gilbert 1890). Exocoetidae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.