Institute for Biodiversity Science and Sustainability
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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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Species in the genus Gnathanodon: [ 8 ] records


cives, Caranx De Vis [C. W.] 1884:540 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 9 (pt 3); ref. 4899] North coast of Queensland, Australia. Holotype (unique): QM I.955 (dry mount). •Synonym of Gnathanodon speciosus (Forsskål 1775) -- (Paxton et al. 1989:580 [ref. 12442], Gunn 1990:40 [ref. 20141], Hoese & Gates 2006:1160 [ref. 28997]). Current status: Synonym of Gnathanodon speciosus (Forsskål 1775). Carangidae. Habitat: marine.

edentulus, Caranx Alleyne [H. G.] & Macleay [W.] 1877:327, Pl. 11 (fig. 2) [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 1 (pts 3-4); ref. 101] Percy Islands [Northumberland Islands], Queensland, Australia. Syntypes: AMS I.16297-001 [ex MAMU F349] (4). Type catalog: Stanbury 1969:206 [ref. 19518]. Appeared as a new species in Jouan 1878:333 [ref. 18364] but not new there. •Synonym of Gnathanodon speciosus (Forsskål 1775) -- (Paxton et al. 1989:580 [ref. 12442], Gunn 1990:40 [ref. 20141], Hoese & Gates 2006:1160 [ref. 28997]). Current status: Synonym of Gnathanodon speciosus (Forsskål 1775). Carangidae. Habitat: marine.

obtusiceps, Caranx Macleay [W.] 1882:357 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 7 (pt 3); ref. 17585] Port Moresby, Papua New Guinea. Syntypes: AMS I.16301-001 [ex MAMU F360] (9). Type catalog: Stanbury 1969:206 [ref. 19518]. •Synonym of Gnathanodon speciosus (Forsskål 1775) -- (Gunn 1990:40 [ref. 20141]). Current status: Synonym of Gnathanodon speciosus (Forsskål 1775). Carangidae. Habitat: marine.

panamensis, Caranx Gill [T. N.] 1863:166 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 15; ref. 1681] Western coast of Central America. Syntypes: (2) USNM 30960 (1). Type catalog: Smith 2018:74 [ref. 36061]. •Synonym of Caranx speciosus (Forsskål 1775) -- (Smith-Vaniz in Fischer et al. 1995:960 [ref. 22829]). •Synonym of Gnathanodon speciosus (Forsskål 1775). Current status: Synonym of Gnathanodon speciosus (Forsskål 1775). Carangidae. Habitat: marine.

petaurista, Caranx Geoffroy St. Hilaire [E.] 1817:no page number, Pl. 23 (figs. 1-2) [Poissons du Nil v. 1 (part 1); ref. 4184] Suez, Egypt, Gulf of Suez, Red Sea. Holotype (unique): MNHN 0000-1964. Type catalog: Smith-Vaniz et al. 1979:16 [ref. 12247]. •Synonym of Gnathanodon speciosus (Forsskål 1775) -- (Dor 1984:129 [ref. 29757], Golani & Fricke 2018:85 [ref. 36273]). Current status: Synonym of Gnathanodon speciosus (Forsskål 1775). Carangidae. Habitat: marine.

poloosoo, Caranx Richardson [J.] 1848:136, Pl. 58 (fig. 4-5) [Ichthyology of the voyage of H. M. S. Erebus & Terror v. 2 (2); ref. 3740] Houtmans Abrolhos, Western Australia. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. Russell name only on plate, but mentioned in synonymy of Caranx speciosus in text p. 136; however footnote implies that Richardson equates his fish with Russell's poloosoo; probably should be regarded as available from the plate. •Synonym of Gnathanodon speciosus (Forsskål 1775) -- (Paxton et al. 1989:580 [ref. 12442], Gunn 1990:40 [ref. 20141], Hoese & Gates 2006:1160 [ref. 28997]). Current status: Synonym of Gnathanodon speciosus (Forsskål 1775). Carangidae. Habitat: marine.

rueppellii, Caranx Günther [A.] (ex Rüppell) 1860:445 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 2; ref. 1963] Red Sea. Syntypes: ?RMNH D956 [ex SMF] (1), SMF 2862 (1, dry). Originally as rüppellii, corrected to rueppellii Kullander 2016:95 [ref. 34436]. Based on Rüppell 1830:95, Pl. 25 (fig. 2) [ref. 3843]. •Synonym of Gnathanodon speciosus (Forsskål 1775) -- (Dor 1984:129 [ref. 29757]). Current status: Synonym of Gnathanodon speciosus (Forsskål 1775). Carangidae. Habitat: marine.

speciosus, Scomber Forsskål [P. S.] in Niebuhr 1775:54, xii [Descriptiones animalium (Forsskål); ref. 1351] Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, Red Sea. No types known. Originally Scomber rim, speciosus on p. 54; Scomber speciosus on p. xii with brief description. Scomber rim is regarded as a name in synonymy. Neotype designation by Fricke 1999:252 [ref. 24106] is invalid; see Fricke 2000:639 [ref. 24537]. Authorship according to Fricke 2008:33 [ref. 30182]. •Valid as Caranx speciosus (Forsskål 1775) -- (Bussing & López S. 1994:106 [ref. 23101], Smith-Vaniz in Fischer et al. 1995:960 [ref. 22829], Randall 1995:183 [ref. 22896], Allen 1997:114 [ref. 23977], Carpenter et al. 1997:162 [ref. 23922], De La Cruz Agüero et al. 1997:81 [ref. 24545], Fricke 1999:251 [ref. 24106], Johnson 1999:734 [ref. 25471], Allen 2000:88 [ref. 37268], Nakabo 2000:803 [ref. 25086], Thomson et al. 2000:288 [ref. 25640], Hutchins 2001:33 [ref. 25847], Nakabo 2002:803 [ref. 26001], González-Acosta et al. 2001:143 [ref. 26374], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S107 [ref. 27377], Myers & Donaldson 2003:625 [ref. 27495], Parin 2003:S7 [ref. 28536], Lobel & Lobel 2004:71 [ref. 27576], Randall et al. 2004:15 [ref. 27624], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:308 [ref. 28072], Randall 2005:233 [ref. 28239], Mundy 2005:369 [ref. 28379], Hoese & Gates 2006:1160 [ref. 28997], Randall 2007:235 [ref. 30952], Fricke et al. 2009:57 [ref. 30213], Kimura 2009:123 [ref. 30425], McCosker & Rosenblatt 2010:192 [ref. 30957]). •Valid as Gnathanodon speciosus (Forsskål 1775) -- (Kyushin et al. 1982:207 [ref. 19754], Dor 1984:129 [ref. 29757], Gushiken in Masuda et al. 1984:157 [ref. 6441], Smith-Vaniz 1986:652 [ref. 5718], Allen & Swainston 1988:72 [ref. 25477], Paxton et al. 1989:580 [ref. 12442], Winterbottom et al. 1989:34 [ref. 13251], Randall et al. 1990:164 [ref. 15987], Gunn 1990:39 [ref. 20141], Kuiter 1993:173 [ref. 23929], Allen & Robertson 1994:127 [ref. 22193], Goren & Dor 1994:34 [ref. 25356], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:439 [ref. 27969], Grove & Lavenberg 1997:360 [ref. 24023], Kuiter 1997:162 [ref. 25488], Randall et al. 1997:164 [ref. 25919], Lin & Shao 1999:58 [ref. 23921], Myers 1999:140 [ref. 23965], Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:290 [ref. 24550], Smith-Vaniz 1999:2725 [ref. 24833], Smith-Vaniz in Randall & Lim 2000:616 [ref. 25122], Smith-Vaniz in Randall & Lim 2000:616 [ref. 25122], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:234 [ref. 25191], Randall & Earle 2000:13 [ref. 25806], Iwatsuki et al. 2000:99 [ref. 26368], Allen & Adrim 2003:38 [ref. 26830], Kimura et al. in Kimura & Matsuura 2003:80 [ref. 27510], Nelson et al. 2004:140 [ref. 27807], Springer & Smith-Vaniz 2008:30 [ref. 31826], Allen & Erdmann 2012:436 [ref. 31980], Page et al. 2013:144 [ref. 32708], Larson et al. 2013:122 [ref. 32988], Yoshida et al. 2013:119 [ref. 34464], Bogorodsky et al. 2014:421 [ref. 33460], Fricke et al. 2014:82 [ref. 33932], Parin et al. 2014:361 [ref. 33547], Delrieu-Trottin et al. 2015:6 [ref. 33988], Kimura in Kimura et al. 2015:44 [ref. 34319], Psomadakis et al. 2015:225 [ref. 34104], Galván-Villa et al. 2016:146 [ref. 34871], Del Moral-Flores et al. 2016:609 [ref. 34923], Motomura et al. 2017:115 [ref. 35490], Ali et al. 2018:323 [ref. 36183] as Gnathodon s., Fricke et al. 2018:185 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:85 [ref. 36273], Kimura in Kimura et al. 2018:133 [ref. 36460], Eagderi et al. 2019:50 [ref. 37020], Fricke et al. 2019:147 [ref. 36673], Zajonz et al. 2019:75 [ref. 36871], Psomadakis et al. 2020:428 [ref. 37272]). Current status: Valid as Gnathanodon speciosus (Forsskål 1775). Carangidae. Distribution: Red Sea; Indo-Pacific: East Africa, South Africa, Socotra, Seychelles, Comoros, Madagascar, western Mascarenes and Persian Gulf east to Panama (eastern Pacific), north to Kuril and Hawaiian islands, south to New South Wales (Australia), Tonga and Austral Islands. Habitat: marine.