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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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Species in the genus Haplochromis: [ 252 ] records


acidens, Haplochromis Greenwood [P. H.] 1967:73, Fig. 13 [Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History) Zoology v. 15 (no. 2); ref. 7965] Kisumu Kavirondo Gulf, Lake Victoria [Victoria Nyanza], Kenya. Holotype: BMNH 1966.2.21.1. Paratypes: BMNH 1911.3.3.20-21 (2), 1966.3.9.107-121 (15?). •Valid as Haplochromis acidens Greenwood 1967 -- (van Oijen et al. 1991:101 [ref. 20956]). Current status: Valid as Haplochromis acidens Greenwood 1967. Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Distribution: Eastern Africa: Lake Victoria. Habitat: freshwater.

acutirostris, Haplochromis Regan [C. T.] 1922:180, Fig. 7 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1922 (pt 1) (no. 9); ref. 3675] Bunjako, Uganda, Lake Victoria [Victoria Nyanza]. Lectotype: BMNH 1906.5.30.263. Paralectotypes: (3) BMNH 1912.10.15.65-66 (2 or 3). Lectotype selected by Greenwood 1962:155 [ref. 5925]. •Synonym of Haplochromis serranus (Pfeffer 1896) -- (van Oijen et al. 1991:174 [ref. 20956]). Current status: Synonym of Haplochromis serranus (Pfeffer 1896). Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

adolphifrederici, Tilapia Boulenger [G. A.] 1914:254, Pl. 6 [Wissenschaftliche Ergebnisse der Deutschen Zentral-Afrika Expedition, 1907-1908 v. 5 (Zool. no. 3); ref. 582] Lake Kivu. Holotype (unique): ZMB 19109. Originally as Adolphi-frederici, correction mandatory. •Valid as Haplochromis adolphifrederici (Boulenger 1914) -- (van Oijen et al. 1991:102 [ref. 20956], Snoeks 1994:46 [ref. 21588]). Current status: Valid as Haplochromis adolphifrederici (Boulenger 1914). Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Distribution: Eastern Africa: Lake Kivu. Habitat: freshwater.

aelocephalus, Haplochromis Greenwood [P. H.] 1959:214, Fig. 12 [Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History) Zoology v. 5 (no. 7); ref. 20616] Igwe Island, Lake Victoria [Victoria Nyanza], Uganda. Holotype: BMNH 1958.1.16.244. Paratypes: BMNH 1958.1.16.215 (1), .216 (1), .217 (1), .218-224 (7), .225-228 (4), .229-231 (3), .232-233 (2), .234-235 (2), .236-242 (7), .243 (1). •Valid as Haplochromis aelocephalus Greenwood 1959 -- (van Oijen et al. 1991:103 [ref. 20956]). Current status: Valid as Haplochromis aelocephalus Greenwood 1959. Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Distribution: Eastern Africa: Lake Victoria. Habitat: freshwater.

aeneocolor, Haplochromis Greenwood [P. H.] 1973:150, Figs. 4-5 [Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History) Zoology v. 25 (no. 5); ref. 7566] Northeastern shore of Lake George, near Mpanga River mouth, Uganda. Holotype: BMNH 1972.6.2.43. Paratypes: BMNH 1972.6.2.44-50 (7), 1972.6.2.52-54 (3), .55-63 (9), .64-67 (4), .68-72 (5), .73-79 (7). Additional material: BMNH 1972.6.2.81-84 (4). •Valid as Haplochromis aeneocolor Greenwood 1973 -- (van Oijen et al. 1991:103 [ref. 20956]). Current status: Valid as Haplochromis aeneocolor Greenwood 1973. Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Distribution: Eastern Africa: Lake George and Kazinga Channel. Habitat: freshwater.

akika, Haplochromis Lippitsch [E.] 2003:91, Fig. 3 [Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 14 (no. 1); ref. 26761] Lake George, "close inshore, near reeds, in a bay of Akika Island", Uganda. Holotype: BMNH 1972.6.2.786. Paratypes: BMNH 1972.6.2:784-785 (2), 1972.6.2:787 (1). Original genus as 'Haplochromis'. •Valid as 'Haplochromis' akika Lippitsch 2003 -- (Schraml & Tichy 2010:82 [ref. 30895]). Current status: Valid as Haplochromis akika Lippitsch 2003. Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Distribution: Lake George, Uganda. Habitat: freshwater.

albertianus, Haplochromis Regan [C. T.] 1929:389 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 10) v. 3 (no. 16); ref. 16056] Lake Albert [Lake Albert Nyanza]. Syntypes: BMNH 1929.1.24.318-333 (about 30); MRAC 47985 (1). •Valid as Thoracochromis albertianus (Regan 1929) -- (Lévèque et al. 1991:145 [ref. 31367]). •Valid as Haplochromis albertianus Regan 1929 -- (van Oijen et al. 1991:103 [ref. 20956]). Current status: Valid as Haplochromis albertianus Regan 1929. Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Distribution: East central Africa: Lake Albert. Habitat: freshwater.

altigenis, Haplochromis Regan [C. T.] 1922:175, Pl. 1 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1922 (pt 1) (no. 9); ref. 3675] Bujako, Lake Victoria [Victoria Nyanza]. Lectotype: BMNH 1906.5.30.294. Paralectotypes: BMNH 1906.5.30.295 (1). Additional material: BMNH (1). Lectotype selected by Greenwood 1967:60 [ref. 7965]. •Valid as Haplochromis altigenis Regan 1922 -- (Greenwood 1967:60 [ref. 7965], van Oijen et al. 1991:104 [ref. 20956]). Current status: Valid as Haplochromis altigenis Regan 1922. Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Distribution: Eastern Africa: Lake Victoria. Habitat: freshwater.

ampullarostratus, Haplochromis Schraml [E.] 2004:31, Figs. [DCG-Informationen (Deutsche Cichliden-Gesellschaft) Sonderheft No. 3; ref. 27925] Lake Kachira at Lulagala, 0°36.360'S, 31°05.545'E, Uganda. Holotype: ZSM 29758. Paratypes: ZSM 29759 (5). Type catalog: Neumann 2011:250 [ref. 31652]. •Valid as Haplochromis ampullarostratus Schraml 2004 -- (Schraml & Tichy 2010:82 [ref. 30895]). Current status: Valid as Haplochromis ampullarostratus Schraml 2004. Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Distribution: Eastern Africa: Lake Kachira, Uganda. Habitat: freshwater.

angustifrons, Haplochromis Boulenger [G. A.] 1914:256, Pl. 9 [Wissenschaftliche Ergebnisse der Deutschen Zentral-Afrika Expedition, 1907-1908 v. 5 (Zool. no. 3); ref. 582] Lake Edward, eastern Africa. Lectotype: ZMB 19118. Paralectotypes: (should be 55) BMNH 1914.4.8.25-28 (4); ZMB 19118 (2, with lectotype), 19120 (3), 21504 (43). Lectotype selected by Greenwood 1973:178 [ref. 7566]. •Valid as Haplochromis angustifrons Boulenger 1914 -- (Greenwood 1973:177 [ref. 7566], van Oijen et al. 1991:104 [ref. 20956]). Current status: Valid as Haplochromis angustifrons Boulenger 1914. Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Distribution: Eastern Africa: Lakes Edward and George. Habitat: freshwater.

annectens, Haplochromis Regan [C. T.] 1922:168, Fig. 2 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1922 (pt 1) (no. 9); ref. 3675] Buddu Coast, Lake Victoria [Victoria Nyanza]. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1907.5.7.78. Subjectively invalid; secondarily preoccupied in Haplochromis by Cyrtocara annectens Regan 1922, replaced by Haplochromis prodromus Trewavas 1935. •Objective synonym of Haplochromis prodromus Trewavas 1935 -- (van Oijen et al. 1991:167 [ref. 20956]). Current status: Synonym of Haplochromis prodromus Trewavas 1935. Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

annectidens, Haplochromis Trewavas [E.] 1933:323 [The Journal of the Linnean Society of London. Zoology v. 38 (no. 259); ref. 16530] Lake Nabugabo, eastern Africa. Holotype: BMNH 1933.2.23.210. Paratypes: 1933.2.23.211-218 (8) and .219-220 (2). •Valid as Haplochromis annectidens Trewavas 1933 -- (Greenwood 1965:329 [ref. 20617], van Oijen et al. 1991:105 [ref. 20956]). Current status: Valid as Haplochromis annectidens Trewavas 1933. Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Distribution: Eastern Africa: Lake Nabugabo. Habitat: freshwater.

antleter, Haplochromis Mietes [M.] & Witte [F.] in de Zeeuw et al. 2010:204, Figs. 2-4 [Zoologische Mededelingen (Leiden) v. 84 (no. 9); ref. 31028] Mwanza Gulf, Tanzania, Lake Victoria. Holotype: RMNH 83944. Paratypes: many at AMNH, BMNH 2010.3.23.1 (1), NSMT-P, RMNH, •Valid as Haplochromis antleter Mietes & Witte 2010. Current status: Valid as Haplochromis antleter Mietes & Witte 2010. Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Distribution: Mwanza Gulf, Tanzania, Lake Victoria. Habitat: freshwater.

apogonoides, Haplochromis Greenwood [P. H.] 1967:105, Fig. 23 [Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History) Zoology v. 15 (no. 2); ref. 7965] Ekunu Bay, Lake Victoria [Victoria Nyanza], Uganda. Holotype: BMNH 1966.2.21.3. Paratypes: BMNH 1966.3.9.236-237 (2), 1966.3.9.238-242 (5). •Valid as Haplochromis apogonoides Greenwood 1967 -- (van Oijen et al. 1991:105 [ref. 20956]). Current status: Valid as Haplochromis apogonoides Greenwood 1967. Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Distribution: Eastern Africa: Lake Victoria. Habitat: freshwater.

arcanus, Haplochromis Greenwood [P. H.] & Gee [J. M.] 1969:52, Fig. 32 [Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History) Zoology v. 18 (no. 1); ref. 7814] South of Nsadzi Island, Lake Victoria [Victoria Nyanza], Uganda, depth 130-160 feet. Holotype: BMNH 1968.8.30.19. Paratypes: BMNH 1968.8.30.20-21 (2), 1968.8.30.22-27 (6). •Valid as Haplochromis arcanus Greenwood & Gee 1969 -- (van Oijen et al. 1991:105 [ref. 20956]) Current status: Valid as Haplochromis arcanus Greenwood & Gee 1969. Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Distribution: Eastern Africa: Lake Victoria. Habitat: freshwater.

argens, Haplochromis de Zeeuw [M. P.], Westbroek [I.] & Witte [F.] in de Zeeuw, Westbroek, van Oijen & Witte 2013:6, Figs. 2-5 [ZooKeys No. 256; ref. 32385] Tanzania, Lake Victoria, Mwanza Gulf, 2°29'-2°36'S, 32°48'-32°54'E. Holotype: RMNH.PISC.83588. Paratypes: AMNH, BMNH 2012.1.5.2 (1), NSMT, RMNH. •Valid as Haplochromis argens de Zeeuw, Westbroek & Witte 2013. Current status: Valid as Haplochromis argens de Zeeuw, Westbroek & Witte 2013. Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Distribution: Lake Victoria, Tanzania. Habitat: marine.

argenteus, Haplochromis Regan [C. T.] 1922:186, Fig. 12 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1922 (pt 1) (no. 9); ref. 3675] Bunjako, Uganda, Lake Victoria [Victoria Nyanza]. Lectotype: BMNH 1906.5.30.266. Paralectotypes: BMNH 1906.5.30.267 (1). Lectotype selected by Greenwood 1967:84 [ref. 7965]. •Valid as Haplochromis argenteus Regan 1922 -- (Greenwood 1967:84 [ref. 7965], van Oijen et al. 1991:105 [ref. 20956]). Current status: Valid as Haplochromis argenteus Regan 1922. Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Distribution: Eastern Africa: Lake Victoria. Habitat: freshwater.

artaxerxes, Haplochromis Greenwood [P. H.] 1962:170 [Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History) Zoology v. 9 (no. 4); ref. 5925] Napoleon Gulf near Jinja, Uganda, Lake Victoria [Victoria Nyanza]. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1962.3.2.508. •Valid as Haplochromis artaxerxes Greenwood 1962 -- (van Oijen et al. 1991:106 [ref. 20956]). Current status: Valid as Haplochromis artaxerxes Greenwood 1962. Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Distribution: Eastern Africa: Lake Victoria. Habitat: freshwater.

astatodon, Haplochromis Regan [C. T.] 1921:637 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 9) v. 8 (no. 48); ref. 15327] Lake Kivu. Lectotype: BMNH 1906.9.6.125. Paralectotypes: (15) BMNH 1906.9.6.124 (1), 1906.9.6.126-129 (4), 1906.6.130-132 (3), 1906.9.6.133 (1, skeleton); MNHN 1923-0065 [ex BMNH] (1); USNM 86654 (1). Type catalog: Blanc 1962:210 [ref. 20868]. Lectotype selected by Greenwood 1979:281 [ref. 1898]. •Valid as Haplochromis astatodon Regan 1921 -- (van Oijen et al. 1991:106 [ref. 20956], Snoeks 1994:77 [ref. 21588]). Current status: Valid as Haplochromis astatodon Regan 1921. Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Distribution: Eastern Africa: Lake Kivu. Habitat: freshwater.

avium, Haplochromis Regan [C. T.] 1929:389 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 10) v. 3 (no. 16); ref. 16056] Lake Albert [Lake Albert Nyanza]. Syntypes: (1 + 7) BMNH 1929.2.15.3 (primary specimen), BMNH 1929.2.15.1 (1), 1929.2.15.9 and 10 (1?, 1?). Description based on a 52-mm TL specimen that is technically probably a syntype but treated as holotype by authors. •Valid as Thoracochromis avium (Regan 1929) -- (Lévèque et al. 1991:145 [ref. 31367]). •Valid as Haplochromis avium Regan 1929 -- (van Oijen et al. 1991:107 [ref. 20956]). Current status: Valid as Haplochromis avium Regan 1929. Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Distribution: Eastern Africa: Lake Albert. Habitat: freshwater.

bakongo, Haplochromis Thys van den Audenaerde [D. F. E.] 1964:163, Fig. 2 [Revue de Zoologie et de Botanique Africaines v. 70 (no. 1-2); ref. 3698] Ngombe River at Banza Mfinda, Lower Congo. Holotype: MRAC 142002. Paratypes: MRAC 142003-09 (7), 142010-11 (2), 16945-47 (3), 16960-62 (3), 16996-99 (4). •Valid as Haplochromis bakongo Thys van den Audenaerde 1964 -- (van Oijen et al. 1991:107 [ref. 20956], Wamuini Lunkayilakio & Vreven 2010:279 [ref. 31038] in 'Haplochromis', Schedel et al. 2014:147 [ref. 33459]). Current status: Valid as Haplochromis bakongo Thys van den Audenaerde 1964. Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Distribution: Central Africa: Lower Congo River system. Habitat: freshwater.

barbarae, Haplochromis Greenwood [P. H.] 1967:93, Fig. 18 [Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History) Zoology v. 15 (no. 2); ref. 7965] Beach near Nasu Point, Buvuma Channel, Uganda. Holotype: BMNH 1966.2.21.5. Paratypes: BMNH 1966.3.9.243 (1) and .244-251 (8?). •Valid as Haplochromis barbarae Greenwood 1967 -- (van Oijen et al. 1991:107 [ref. 20956]). Current status: Valid as Haplochromis barbarae Greenwood 1967. Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Distribution: Eastern Africa: Lake Victoria. Habitat: freshwater.

bareli, Haplochromis van Oijen [M. J. P.] 1991:21, Figs. 3, 9-25, 104 [Zoologische Verhandelingen (Leiden) No. 272; ref. 20098] Mwanza Gulf, Lake Victoria [Victoria Nyanza], Tanzania. Holotype: RMNH 29600. Paratypes: ANSP 168239-40 (2); BMNH 1987.2.4.18-19 [ex RMNH 29618 and 29645] (2); MNHN 1987-1668 (1); RMNH 29601-03 (3), 29607-17 (11), 29619-29 (11), 29632-44 (13), 29646-51 (6), 29654-55 (2), 30382-83 (2), 30388 (1). •Valid as Haplochromis bareli van Oijen 1991. Current status: Valid as Haplochromis bareli van Oijen 1991. Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Distribution: Eastern Africa: Lake Victoria. Habitat: freshwater.

bartoni, Haplochromis Greenwood [P. H.] 1962:161, Fig. 7 [Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History) Zoology v. 9 (no. 4); ref. 5925] Ekunu Bay, Lake Victoria [Victoria Nyanza]. Holotype: BMNH 1962.3.2.277. Paratypes: BMNH 1962.3.2.278-82 (5), .83-86 (4), .87-92 (6), .93-98 (6), .99-300 (2), .301 (1), .302 (1), .303-306 (4), .307-313 (7). •Valid as Haplochromis bartoni Greenwood 1962 -- (van Oijen et al. 1991:108 [ref. 20956]). Current status: Valid as Haplochromis bartoni Greenwood 1962. Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Distribution: Eastern Africa: Lake Victoria. Habitat: freshwater.

bayoni, Hemitilapia Boulenger [G. A.] 1908:6, Fig. [Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Genova (Serie 3). v. 4; ref. 17955] Bugala, Sesse Islands, Lake Victoria [Victoria Nyanza], Uganda. Lectotype: MSNG 13005 (77 mm). Paralectotypes: BMNH 1908.10.19.6 (1), MSNG 13005 (1 of 2). Type catalog: Tortonese 1963:338 [ref. 10350]. Lectotype selected by Tortonese 1963:338 [ref. 10350]. •Synonym of Haplochromis obliquidens (Hilgendorf 1888) -- (van Oijen et al. 1991:154 [ref. 20956]). Current status: Synonym of Haplochromis obliquidens (Hilgendorf 1888). Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

bayoni, Paratilapia Boulenger [G. A.] 1909:304, Fig. [Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Genova (Serie 3). v. 4 (no. 44); ref. 14369] Sesse Islands, Lake Victoria [Victoria Nyanza], Uganda. Lectotype: MSNG 12976. Paralectotypes: (2) BMNH 1909.5.4.3 (1). Possible type in MSNG 12980 (now 6). Type catalog: Tortonese 1963:338 [ref. 10350]. Lectotype selected by Greenwood 1962:149 [ref. 5925]. •Valid as Haplochromis bayoni (Boulenger 1909) -- (van Oijen et al. 1991:108 [ref. 20956]). Current status: Valid as Haplochromis bayoni (Boulenger 1909). Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Distribution: Eastern Africa: Lake Victoria. Habitat: freshwater.

bayoni, Tilapia Boulenger [G. A.] 1911:72 [9], Pl. 3 (fig. 2) [Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Genova (Serie 3). v. 5 (no. 45); ref. 580] Kakindu, Victoria Nile, Uganda. Lectotype: MSNG 12932. Paralectotypes: (8) BMNH 1911.3.3.124-126 (3) Kakindu; MSNG 12933 (4). Type catalog: Tortonese 1963:337 [ref. 10350] with 12932 as holotype. On p. 9 of separate. Subjectively invalid; secondarily preoccupied by Paratilapia bayoni Boulenger 1909, replaced by Haplochromis niloticus Greenwood 1960. Lectotype regarded as established by Greenwood 1960:245 [ref. 11917] where he refers to Genoa Mus. no. 12932 as the holotype. •Objective synonym of Haplochromis niloticus Greenwood 1960 -- (van Oijen et al. 1991:150 [ref. 20956]). Current status: Synonym of Haplochromis niloticus Greenwood 1960. Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

beadlei, Haplochromis Trewavas [E.] 1933:325, Fig. 5C [The Journal of the Linnean Society of London. Zoology v. 38 (no. 259); ref. 16530] Lake Nabugabo, eastern Africa. Holotype: BMNH 1933.2.23.221. Paratypes: BMNH 1933.2.23.222-230 (?). •Valid as Haplochromis beadlei Trewavas 1933 -- (Greenwood 1965:335 [ref. 20617], van Oijen et al. 1991:108 [ref. 20956]). Current status: Valid as Haplochromis beadlei Trewavas 1933. Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Distribution: Eastern Africa: Lake Nabugabo. Habitat: freshwater.

bicolor, Haplochromis Boulenger [G. A.] 1906:444 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 7) v. 17 (no. 101) (art. 49); ref. 574] Bunjako, Uganda, Lake Victoria [Victoria Nyanza]. Lectotype: BMNH 1906.5.30.414. Paralectotypes: BMNH 1906.5.30.378 (1). Lectotype selected by Regan 1922:189 [ref. 3675]. •Valid as Macropleurodus bicolor (Boulenger 1906) -- (Greenwood 1983:211 [ref. 5364], van Oijen 1991:250 [ref. 20959], Poll & Gosse 1995:275 [ref. 24781], Greenwood 1995:350 [ref. 22137]). •Valid as Haplochromis bicolor Boulenger 1906 -- (van Oijen 1996:102 [ref. 22826]). Current status: Valid as Haplochromis bicolor Boulenger 1906. Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Distribution: Eastern Africa: Lake Victoria. Habitat: freshwater.

boops, Haplochromis Greenwood [P. H.] 1967:47, Fig. 4 [Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History) Zoology v. 15 (no. 2); ref. 7965] Off the southern tip of Buvuma Island, Lake Victoria [Victoria Nyanza], Uganda. Holotype: BMNH 1966.2.21.7. Paratypes: BMNH 1966.3.9.181-182 (1, 1). •Valid as Haplochromis boops Greenwood 1967 -- (van Oijen et al. 1991:110 [ref. 20956]). Current status: Valid as Haplochromis boops Greenwood 1967. Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Distribution: Eastern Africa: Lake Victoria. Habitat: freshwater.

brauschi, Haplochromis Poll [M.] & Thys van den Audenaerde [D. F. E.] 1965:328, Fig. 2 [Revue de Zoologie et de Botanique Africaines v. 72 (nos 3-4); ref. 9243] Lake Fwa, Democratic Republic of Congo. Holotype: MRAC 79506. Paratypes: MRAC 76323-41 (19), 76342-45 (4), 76346-54 (9), 79507-10 (4), 79511-25 (15). Type catalog: Derijst 1991:43 [ref. 21528]. •Valid as Thoracochromis brauschi (Poll & Thys van den Audenaerde 1965) -- (Roberts & Kullander 1994:134 [ref. 21382]). •Valid as Haplochromis brauschi Poll & Thys van den Audenaerde 1965 -- (van Oijen et al. 1991:111 [ref. 20956], Wamuini Lunkayilakio & Vreven 2010:280 [ref. 31038] in 'Haplochromis'). Current status: Valid as Haplochromis brauschi Poll & Thys van den Audenaerde 1965. Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Distribution: Democratic Republic of Congo. Habitat: freshwater.

brownae, Haplochromis Greenwood [P. H.] 1962:142, Figs. 1, 25 [Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History) Zoology v. 9 (no. 4); ref. 5925] Entebbe, Uganda, Lake Victoria [Victoria Nyanza]. Holotype: BMNH 1906.5.30.354. Paratypes: BMNH 1909.5.4.28 (1), 1911.3.3.22 (1), 1962.3.2.76-128 (?53). •Valid as Haplochromis brownae Greenwood 1962 -- (van Oijen et al. 1991:111 [ref. 20956]). Current status: Valid as Haplochromis brownae Greenwood 1962. Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Distribution: Eastern Africa: Lake Victoria. Habitat: freshwater.

bullatus, Haplochromis Trewavas [E.] 1938:445, Figs. 3a, 4a [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 11) v. 1 (no. 4); ref. 17176] Lake Albert [Lake Albert Nyanza]. Syntypes: (20) BMNH 1929.1.24.323-333 (11), 1973.10.6.1-13 (13), 1973.10.6.14 (1); MRAC 47986 (1). •Valid as Haplochromis bullatus Trewavas 1938 -- (van Oijen et al. 1991:112 [ref. 20956]). Current status: Valid as Haplochromis bullatus Trewavas 1938. Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Distribution: Eastern Africa: Lake Albert. Habitat: freshwater.

bwathondii, Haplochromis Niemantsverdriet [P.] & Witte [F.] in de Zeeuw et al. 2010:231, Figs. 18-10 [Zoologische Mededelingen (Leiden) v. 84 (no. 9); ref. 31028] Mwanza Gulf, Tanzania, Lake Victoria. Holotype: RMNH 73244. Paratypes: AMNH, BMNH 2010.3.23.6 (1), NSMT-P, RMNH. •Valid as Haplochromis bwathondii Niemantsverdriet & Witte 2010. Current status: Valid as Haplochromis bwathondii Niemantsverdriet & Witte 2010. Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Distribution: Tanzania, Lake Victoria. Habitat: freshwater.

callichromus, Haplochromis Poll [M.] 1948:100, Fig. 5; Pl. 21 (fig. 6) [Revue de Zoologie et de Botanique Africaines v. 41 (no. 1); ref. 3519] Fwa River, Democratic Republic of Congo. Holotype: MRAC 71280. Paratypes: MRAC 71281-87 (7). Type catalog: Derijst 1991:44 [ref. 21528]. •Valid as Haplochromis callichromus Poll 1948 -- (van Oijen et al. 1991:113 [ref. 20956]). •Valid as Thoracochromis callichromus (Poll 1948) -- (Roberts & Kullander 1994:134 [ref. 21382]). •Valid as 'Haplochromis' callichromis Poll 1948 -- (Wamuini Lunkayilakio & Vreven 2010:280 [ref. 31038]). Current status: Valid as Haplochromis callichromus Poll 1948. Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Distribution: Democratic Republic of Congo. Habitat: freshwater.

cassius, Haplochromis Greenwood [P. H.] & Barel [C. D. N.] 1978:161, Figs. 16-18 [Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History) Zoology v. 33 (no. 2); ref. 8928] Southern part of the Mwanza Gulf off Busissi, Lake Victoria [Victoria Nyanza], Tanzania, depth 2 meters. Holotype: BMNH 1977.1.10.49. Paratypes: BMNH 1977.1.10.50 (1), 1977.1.10.51 (1), 1977.1.10.52-53 (2). •Valid as Haplochromis cassius Greenwood & Barel 1978 -- (van Oijen et al. 1991:114 [ref. 20956], de Zeeuw et al. 2013:14 [ref. 32385]). Current status: Valid as Haplochromis cassius Greenwood & Barel 1978. Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Distribution: Eastern Africa: Lake Victoria. Habitat: freshwater.

cavifrons, Paratilapia Hilgendorf [F. M.] 1888:77 [Sitzungsberichte der Gesellschaft Naturforschender Freunde zu Berlin 1888; ref. 2168] Lake Ukerewe, Victoria Nyanaza [Kagehi or Kageyi, east of Kayenze, southern shore of Lake Victoria, Mwanza district, Tanzania, 2°23'S, 33°06'E]. Holotype (unique): ZMB 12743. Type catalog: Seegers 2008:174 [ref. 29830] with improved locality information. Originally as Paratilapia? •Valid as Haplochromis cavifrons (Hilgendorf 1888) -- (van Oijen et al. 1991:114 [ref. 20956]). Current status: Valid as Haplochromis cavifrons (Hilgendorf 1888). Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Distribution: Eastern Africa: Lake Victoria. Habitat: freshwater.

chilotes, Paratilapia Boulenger [G. A.] 1911:68 [5], Pl. 2 (fig. 2) [Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Genova (Serie 3). v. 5 (no. 45); ref. 580] Jinja, Ripon Falls, Uganda. Syntypes: BMNH 1911.3.3.33 (1), MSNG 12981 (1). Type catalog: Tortonese 1963:338 [ref. 10350] with holotype as MSNG 12981. On p. 5 of separate. •Valid as Haplochromis chilotes (Boulenger 1911) -- (Greenwood 1959:207 [ref. 20616], van Oijen et al. 1991:115 [ref. 20956]). Current status: Valid as Haplochromis chilotes (Boulenger 1911). Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Distribution: Eastern Africa: Lake Victoria. Habitat: freshwater.

chlorochrous, Haplochromis Greenwood [P. H.] & Gee [J. M.] 1969:44, Figs. 27-29 [Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History) Zoology v. 18 (no. 1); ref. 7814] Between Nsadzi Island, and the mainland, Lake Victoria [Victoria Nyanza], Uganda, depth 70-100 feet. Holotype: BMNH 1968.8.30.310. Paratypes: BMNH 1968.8.30.311-328 (18). •Valid as Haplochromis chlorochrous Greenwood & Gee 1969 -- (van Oijen et al. 1991:115 [ref. 20956]). Current status: Valid as Haplochromis chlorochrous Greenwood & Gee 1969. Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Distribution: Eastern Africa: Lake Victoria. Habitat: freshwater.

chromogynos, Haplochromis Greenwood [P. H.] 1959:212 [Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History) Zoology v. 5 (no. 7); ref. 20616] Napoleon Gulf, near Jinja, Uganda, Lake Victoria. Holotype: BMNH 1958.1.16.83. Paratypes: BMNH 1906.5.30.407-12 (6), 1906.5.30.415-16 (2), 1958.1.16.63-66 (4), 1958.1.16.67-68, 69 and 70 (2, 1, 1), 1958.1.16.71-75, .76-81 and .82 (5, 6, 1), 1958.1.16.84 (1). •Valid as Haplochromis chromogynos Greenwood 1959 -- (van Oijen et al. 1991:116 [ref. 20956]). Current status: Valid as Haplochromis chromogynos Greenwood 1959. Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Distribution: Eastern Africa: Lake Victoria. Habitat: freshwater.

chrysogynaion, Haplochromis van Oijen [M. J. P.] 1991:67, Figs. 79-82, 84-87, 112 [Zoologische Verhandelingen (Leiden) No. 272; ref. 20098] Mikassa Bay, Maisome Island, Lake Victoria [Victoria Nyanza], Tanzania. Holotype: RMNH 30118. Paratypes: RMNH 30119-20 (2). •Valid as Haplochromis chrysogynaion van Oijen 1991. Current status: Valid as Haplochromis chrysogynaion van Oijen 1991. Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Distribution: Eastern Africa: Lake Victoria. Habitat: freshwater.

cinctus, Haplochromis Greenwood [P. H.] & Gee [J. M.] 1969:15, Fig. 8 [Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History) Zoology v. 18 (no. 1); ref. 7814] Near Mwama Island, Lake Victoria [Victoria Nyanza], Uganda, depth 70-200 feet. Holotype: BMNH 1968.8.30.13. Paratypes: BMNH 1968.8.30.14-18 (5). •Valid as Haplochromis cinctus Greenwood & Gee 1969 -- (van Oijen et al. 1991:116 [ref. 20956]). Current status: Valid as Haplochromis cinctus Greenwood & Gee 1969. Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Distribution: Eastern Africa: Lake Victoria. Habitat: freshwater.

cinerea, Paratilapia Boulenger [G. A.] 1906:439 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 7) v. 17 (no. 101) (art. 49); ref. 574] Buganga, Uganda, Lake Victoria [Victoria Nyanza]. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1906.5.30.292. •Valid as Haplochromis cinereus (Boulenger 1906) -- (Greenwood 1960:239 [ref. 11917], van Oijen et al. 1991:116 [ref. 20956]). Current status: Valid as Haplochromis cinereus (Boulenger 1906). Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Distribution: Eastern Africa: Lake Victoria. Habitat: freshwater.

cnester, Haplochromis Witte [F.] & Witte-Maas [E. L. M.] 1981:214, Figs. 8, 12 [Netherlands Journal of Zoology v. 31 (no. 1); ref. 8525] Near Nyamatala Island, northern Mwanza Gulf, Lake Victoria [Victoria Nyanza], Tanzania, depth 8.8-9.5 meters. Holotype: RMNH 28271. Paratypes: BMNH 1981.1.16.114-115 (2); RMNH 28265-70 (2, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1), 28272-74 (1, 1, 1), 28325 (1, partially dissected). •Valid as Haplochromis cnester Witte & Witte-Maas 1981 -- (van Oijen et al. 1991:117 [ref. 20956]). Current status: Valid as Haplochromis cnester Witte & Witte-Maas 1981. Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Distribution: Eastern Africa: Lake Victoria. Habitat: freshwater.

commutabilis, Haplochromis Schraml [E.] 2004:36, Figs. [DCG-Informationen (Deutsche Cichliden-Gesellschaft) Sonderheft No. 3; ref. 27925] Lake Kachira at Lulagala, 0°36.360'S, 31°05.545'E, Uganda. Holotype: ZSM 29760. Paratypes: ZSM 29761 (10). Type catalog: Neumann 2011:250 [ref. 31652]. •Valid as Haplochromis commutabilis Schraml 2004 -- (Schraml & Tichy 2010:82 [ref. 30895]). Current status: Valid as Haplochromis commutabilis Schraml 2004. Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Distribution: Eastern Africa: Lake Kachira, Uganda. Habitat: freshwater.

concilians, Haplochromis Vranken [N.], van Steenberge [M.] & Snoeks [J.] 2020:1206, Figs. 2a, 4-6 [Journal of Fish Biology v. 96 (no. 5); ref. 37051] Kayanja offshore, Lake Edward, 0°05'34.8"S, 29°45'28.8"E. Holotype: MRAC 2017.006.P.0063. Paratypes: IRSNB, MRAC. •Valid as Haplochromis concilians Vranken, van Steenberge & Snoeks 2020. Current status: Valid as Haplochromis concilians Vranken, van Steenberge & Snoeks 2020. Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Distribution: Lake Edward, Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

coprologus, Haplochromis Niemantsverdriet [P.] & Witte [F.] in de Zeeuw et al. 2010:214, Figs. 8-10 [Zoologische Mededelingen (Leiden) v. 84 (no. 9); ref. 31028] Mwanza Gulf, Tanzania, Lake Victoria. Holotype: RMNH 73270. Paratypes: AMNH, BMNH 2010.3.23.2 (1), NSMT-P, RMNH. •Valid as Haplochromis coprologus Niemantsverdriet & Witte 2010. Current status: Valid as Haplochromis coprologus Niemantsverdriet & Witte 2010. Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Distribution: Mwanza Gulf, Tanzania, Lake Victoria. Habitat: freshwater.

crassilabris, Haplochromis Boulenger [G. A.] 1906:445 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 7) v. 17 (no. 101) (art. 49); ref. 574] Entebbe, Uganda, Lake Victoria [Victoria Nyanza]. Syntypes: BMNH 1906.5.30.419-421 (3), .422-426 (5), .427 (1), .428 (1). •Valid as Haplochromis crassilabris Boulenger 1906 -- (van Oijen et al. 1991:117 [ref. 20956]). Current status: Valid as Haplochromis crassilabris Boulenger 1906. Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Distribution: Eastern Africa: Lake Victoria. Habitat: freshwater.

crebridens, Haplochromis Snoeks [J.], de Vos [L. D. G.], Coenen [E. J.] & Thys van den Audenaerde [D. F. E.] 1990:69, Fig. 2 [Cybium v. 14 (no. 1); ref. 15676] Gisenyi, Kivu Lake, Rwanda, eastern central Africa. Holotype: MRAC 87-11-P-2968. Paratypes: MRAC 86-12-P-287 (1), 87-11-P-2773 (1), 2776 (1), 2785 (1), 2810-11 (2), 2813 (1), 87-11-P-2803-2804 (2), 87-11-P-2962-1963 (2), 2965 (1), 2967 (1), 2969-74 (6), 88-16-P-216-218 (3), 88-16-P-219 (1), 88-16-P-220 (1), 88-16-P-221 (1). •Valid as Haplochromis crebridens Snoeks, de Vos, Coenen & Thys van den Audenaerde 1990 -- (van Oijen et al. 1991:118 [ref. 20956], Snoeks 1994:143 [ref. 21588]). Current status: Valid as Haplochromis crebridens Snoeks, de Vos, Coenen & Thys van den Audenaerde 1990. Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Distribution: Eastern Africa: Lake Kivu. Habitat: freshwater.

crocopeplus, Haplochromis Greenwood [P. H.] & Barel [C. D. N.] 1978:142, Figs. 2-7 [Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History) Zoology v. 33 (no. 2); ref. 8928] Speke Gulf, between Nafuba and Tefu Islands, Lake Victoria [Victoria Nyanza], Tanzania, depth 28 meters. Holotype: BMNH 1977.1.10.70. Paratypes: BMNH 1977.1.10.71-87 (17), 1977.1.18.38 (1), 1977.1.28[or 18].39 (1). •Valid as Haplochromis crocopeplus Greenwood & Barel 1978 -- (van Oijen et al. 1991:118 [ref. 20956]). Current status: Valid as Haplochromis crocopeplus Greenwood & Barel 1978. Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Distribution: Eastern Africa: Lake Victoria. Habitat: freshwater.

cronus, Haplochromis Greenwood [P. H.] 1959:180, Fig. 1 [Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History) Zoology v. 5 (no. 7); ref. 20616] Buka Bay, Uganda. Holotype: BMNH 1958.1.16.85. Paratypes: BMNH 1928.5.24.408 (1), 1958.1.16.86-89 (4), 1958.1.16.90-91 (1, 1). •Valid as Haplochromis cronus Greenwood 1959 -- (van Oijen et al. 1991:118 [ref. 20956]). Current status: Valid as Haplochromis cronus Greenwood 1959. Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Distribution: Eastern Africa: Lake Victoria. Habitat: freshwater.

cryptodon, Haplochromis Greenwood [P. H.] 1959:198 [Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History) Zoology v. 5 (no. 7); ref. 20616] Beach near Nasu Point, Buvuma Channel, Lake Victoria [Victoria Nyanza], Uganda. Holotype: BMNH 1958.1.16.31. Paratypes: BMNH 1958.1.16.32-33 (2), 1958.1.16.34 (1), 1958.1.16.35-36 (2), 1958.1.16.37-62 (26 or 25). •Valid as Haplochromis cryptodon Greenwood 1959 -- (van Oijen et al. 1991:118 [ref. 20956]). Current status: Valid as Haplochromis cryptodon Greenwood 1959. Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Distribution: Eastern Africa: Lake Victoria. Habitat: freshwater.

cryptogramma, Haplochromis Greenwood [P. H.] & Gee [J. M.] 1969:48, Figs. 30-31 [Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History) Zoology v. 18 (no. 1); ref. 7814] Bulago-Tavu bank, Lake Victoria [Victoria Nyanza], Uganda, depth 50-75 feet. Holotype: BMNH 1968.8.30.197. Paratypes: BMNH 1968.8.30.198-214 (17), 1968.8.30.215-219 (5). •Valid as Haplochromis cryptogramma Greenwood & Gee 1969 -- (van Oijen et al. 1991:119 [ref. 20956]). Current status: Valid as Haplochromis cryptogramma Greenwood & Gee 1969. Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Distribution: Eastern Africa: Lake Victoria. Habitat: freshwater.

cyaneus, Haplochromis Seehausen [O.], Bouton [N.] & Zwennes [H.] in Seehausen et al. 1998:212, Fig. 29; Pl. 6 e, h [Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 9 (no. 2); ref. 23435] Speke Gulf, Makobe Island, Lake Victoria, Tanzania, depth 3 meters. Holotype: RMNH 33566. Paratypes: RMNH 33567-68 (2), 33569 (1), 33570-71 (2), 33572-81 (10), 33582 (1), 33583 (1), 33584-85 (2), 33586 (1); TAFIRI 104-108 (5), 109-110 (2), 115-117 (3). Appeared as `Haplochromis' cyaneus in original. Also appeared in Seehausen 1999:154, Fig. 29 [ref. 30987]. Objectively invalid; preoccupied by Haplochromis cyaneus Trewavas 1935. Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

decticostoma, Haplochromis Greenwood [P. H.] & Gee [J. M.] 1969:55 [Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History) Zoology v. 18 (no. 1); ref. 7814] South of Nsadzi Island, Lake Victoria [Victoria Nyanza], Uganda, depth 180 feet. Holotype: BMNH 1968.8.30.292. Paratypes: BMNH 1968.8.30.293-296 (4), .297-301 (5), .302-305 (4), .306-309 (4); 1968.8.30.330-333 (4). •Valid as Haplochromis decticostoma Greenwood & Gee 1969 -- (van Oijen et al. 1991:119 [ref. 20956]). Current status: Valid as Haplochromis decticostoma Greenwood & Gee 1969. Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Distribution: Eastern Africa: Lake Victoria. Habitat: freshwater.

degeni, Platytaeniodus Boulenger [G. A.] 1906:451 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 7) v. 17 (no. 101) (art. 49); ref. 574] Bunjako, Uganda, Lake Victoria [Victoria Nyanza]. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1906.5.30.511. •Valid as Platytaeniodus degeni Boulenger 1906 -- (van Oijen 1991:382 [ref. 20959], Poll & Gosse 1995:275 [ref. 24781]). •Valid as Haplochromis degeni (Boulenger 1906) -- (van Oijen 1996:102 [ref. 22826]). Current status: Valid as Haplochromis degeni (Boulenger 1906). Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Distribution: Eastern Africa: Lake Victoria. Habitat: freshwater.

demeusii, Paratilapia Boulenger [G. A.] 1899:120, Pl. 45 (fig. 3) [Annales du Musee du Congo (Ser. Zoology) v. 1 (fasc. 5); ref. 589] Bangala, Upper Congo. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1899.6.28.25. Type locality "Bangalas" may probably be a labelling error (Thys van der Audenaerde 1964:157 [ref. 3698]). •Valid as Haplochromis demeusii (Boulenger 1899) -- (van Oijen et al. 1991:120 [ref. 20956], Wamuini Lunkayilakio & Vreven 2010:280 [ref. 31038] in 'Haplochromis'). Current status: Valid as Haplochromis demeusii (Boulenger 1899). Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Distribution: Western central Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

dentex, Haplochromis Regan [C. T.] 1922:182, Pl. 3 (fig. 1) [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1922 (pt 1) (no. 9); ref. 3675] Sesse Islands, Lake Victoria [Victoria Nyanza]. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1909.5.4.1. •Valid as Haplochromis dentex Regan 1922 -- (van Oijen et al. 1991:120 [ref. 20956]). Current status: Valid as Haplochromis dentex Regan 1922. Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Distribution: Eastern Africa: Lake Victoria. Habitat: freshwater.

dichrourus, Haplochromis Regan [C. T.] 1922:178, Fig. 6 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1922 (pt 1) (no. 9); ref. 3675] Buganga, Uganda, Lake Victoria [Victoria Nyanza]. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1906.5.30.265. •Valid as Haplochromis dichrourus Regan 1922 -- (Greenwood 1967:65 [ref. 7965], van Oijen 1991:30 [ref. 20098], van Oijen et al. 1991:121 [ref. 20956]). Current status: Valid as Haplochromis dichrourus Regan 1922. Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Distribution: Eastern Africa: Lake Victoria. Habitat: freshwater.

diplotaenia, Haplochromis Regan [C. T.] & Trewavas [E.] 1928:225 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 10) v. 2 (no. 8); ref. 15876] Lake Victoria [Victoria Nyanza]. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1928.6.2.44. •Valid as Haplochromis diplotaenia Regan & Trewavas 1928 -- (van Oijen et al. 1991:121 [ref. 20956]). Current status: Valid as Haplochromis diplotaenia Regan & Trewavas 1928. Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Distribution: Eastern Africa: Lake Victoria. Habitat: freshwater.

dolichorhynchus, Haplochromis Greenwood [P. H.] & Gee [J. M.] 1969:34, Figs. 21-24 [Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History) Zoology v. 18 (no. 1); ref. 7814] Murchison Bay, Lake Victoria [Victoria Nyanza], Uganda, depth 30 feet. Holotype: BMNH 1968.8.30.168. Paratypes: (26 of following) BMNH 1968.8.30.169-176 (8), 1968.8.30.177-190 (14), 1968.8.30.191-196 (6). •Valid as Haplochromis dolichorhynchus Greenwood & Gee 1969 -- (van Oijen et al. 1991:122 [ref. 20956]) Current status: Valid as Haplochromis dolichorhynchus Greenwood & Gee 1969. Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Distribution: Eastern Africa: Lake Victoria. Habitat: freshwater.

dolorosus, Haplochromis Trewavas [E.] 1933:338 [The Journal of the Linnean Society of London. Zoology v. 38 (no. 259); ref. 16530] Chambura River, flowing into Kazinga channel, eastern Africa. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1933.2.23.419. •Valid as Haplochromis dolorosus Trewavas 1933 -- (van Oijen et al. 1991:122 [ref. 20956]). Current status: Valid as Haplochromis dolorosus Trewavas 1933. Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Distribution: Eastern Africa: Chambura River. Habitat: freshwater.

eduardii, Haplochromis Regan [C. T.] 1921:635 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 9) v. 8 (no. 48); ref. 15327] Lake Edward [Lake Albert Edward]. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1914.4.8.13. •Valid as Haplochromis eduardii Regan 1921 -- (van Oijen et al. 1991:122 [ref. 20956]). Current status: Valid as Haplochromis eduardii Regan 1921. Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Distribution: Uganda: Lake Edward. Habitat: freshwater.

elegans, Haplochromis Trewavas [E.] 1933:332 [The Journal of the Linnean Society of London. Zoology v. 38 (no. 259); ref. 16530] Lake Edward, Lake George, and Kazinga Channel. eastern Africa. Lectotype: BMNH 1933.2.23.381 [?387]. Paralectotypes: BMNH 1933.2.23.288-295 (?8), 1933.2.23.382-386 (5), 1933.2.23.387-389 (3), 1933.2.23.390-393 (4). Additional material: (7, young). Lectotype selected by Greenwood 1973:146 [ref. 7566]. •Valid as Haplochromis elegans Trewavas 1933 -- (Greenwood 1973:145 [ref. 7566], van Oijen et al. 1991:122 [ref. 20956]). Current status: Valid as Haplochromis elegans Trewavas 1933. Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Distribution: Eastern Africa: Lakes Edward and George and the Kazinga Channel. Habitat: freshwater.

empodisma, Haplochromis Greenwood [P. H.] 1960:262, Figs. 16-17 [Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History) Zoology v. 6 (no. 4); ref. 11917] Off the southern tip of Kibibi Island, Uganda, 0°10'N, 33°10'E, depth 90 feet. Holotype: BMNH 1959.4.28.170. Paratypes: BMNH 1906.5.30.402 (1), .404 (1), .472 (1), 1928.6.2.37-38 (2), 1959.4.28.171-179 (9), .180-189 (10), .190-193 (4), .194-195 (2), .196-197 (2), .198 (1), .199 (1), .200-201 (2), .202-203 (2), 1959.4.28.358 (1). •Valid as Haplochromis empodisma Greenwood 1960 -- (van Oijen et al. 1991:123 [ref. 20956]). Current status: Valid as Haplochromis empodisma Greenwood 1960. Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Distribution: Eastern Africa: Lake Victoria. Habitat: freshwater.

engystoma, Haplochromis Trewavas [E.] 1933:331 [The Journal of the Linnean Society of London. Zoology v. 38 (no. 259); ref. 16530] Lake Edward, eastern Africa. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1914.4.8.7. •Valid as Haplochromis engystoma Trewavas 1933 -- (van Oijen et al. 1991:124 [ref. 20956]). Current status: Valid as Haplochromis engystoma Trewavas 1933. Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Distribution: Uganda: Lake Edward. Habitat: freshwater.

erutus, Haplochromis Vranken [N.], van Steenberge [M.] & Snoeks [J.] 2020:1208, Figs. 2b, 7-9 [Journal of Fish Biology v. 96 (no. 5); ref. 37051] Kagoro fishing ground, open water, Lake Edward, 0°12'50.1"S, 29°49'19.7"E. Holotype: MRAC 2018.008.P.0111. Paratypes: IRSNB, MRAC. •Valid as Haplochromis erutus Vranken, van Steenberge & Snoeks 2020. Current status: Valid as Haplochromis erutus Vranken, van Steenberge & Snoeks 2020. Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Distribution: Lake Edward, Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

erythrocephalus, Haplochromis Greenwood [P. H.] & Gee [J. M.] 1969:19, Figs. 9-11 [Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History) Zoology v. 18 (no. 1); ref. 7814] Buvuma channel, south of Ramafuta Island, Lake Victoria [Victoria Nyanza], Uganda. Holotype: BMNH 1968.8.30.251. Paratypes: BMNH 1968.8.30.252-261 (10), 1968.8.30.262-269 (8), 1968.8.30.270-291 (22). •Valid as Haplochromis erythrocephalus Greenwood & Gee 1969 -- (van Oijen et al. 1991:124 [ref. 20956], Schraml & Tichy 2010:91 [ref. 30895]). Current status: Valid as Haplochromis erythrocephalus Greenwood & Gee 1969. Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Distribution: Eastern Africa: Lake Victoria. Habitat: freshwater.

erythromaculatus, Haplochromis De Vos [L. D. G.], Snoeks [J.] & Thys van den Audenaerde [D. F. E.] 1990:258, Figs. 2-4 [Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 1 (no. 3); ref. 13607] Ntaruka, Ruhondo Lake, Rwanda, 1°29'S, 29°44'E. Holotype: MRAC 82.24.P.1915. Paratypes: MRAC 82-24-P-166 (1), 82-24-P-515-516 (2), 82-24-P-847-851 (5), 82-24-P-1914 (1), 82-24-P-1916 (1), 82-24-P-2102-2105 (4), 82-24-P-2424-2425 (2), 82-24-P-2776-2777 (2), 85-13-P-220 (1), 85-13-P-222 (1), ghaplochromis 85-13-P-227-228 (2). Plus additional material. •Valid as Haplochromis erythromaculatus De Vos, Snoeks & Thys van den Audenaerde 1990 -- (van Oijen et al. 1991:125 [ref. 20956]). Current status: Valid as Haplochromis erythromaculatus De Vos, Snoeks & Thys van den Audenaerde 1990. Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Distribution: Eastern Africa: Rwanda. Habitat: freshwater.

estor, Haplochromis Regan [C. T.] 1929:391 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 10) v. 3 (no. 16); ref. 16056] Lake Victoria [Victoria Nyanza]. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1928.7.2.1. •Valid as Haplochromis estor Regan 1929 -- (van Oijen et al. 1991:125 [ref. 20956]). Current status: Valid as Haplochromis estor Regan 1929. Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Distribution: Eastern Africa: Lake Victoria. Habitat: freshwater.

eutaenia, Haplochromis Regan [C. T.] & Trewavas [E.] 1928:225 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 10) v. 2 (no. 8); ref. 15876] Lake Victoria [Victoria Nyanza]. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1928.6.2.43. •Valid as Haplochromis eutaenia Regan & Trewavas 1928 -- (van Oijen et al. 1991:125 [ref. 20956]). Current status: Valid as Haplochromis eutaenia Regan & Trewavas 1928. Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Distribution: Eastern Africa: Lake Victoria. Habitat: freshwater.

exspectatus, Haplochromis Schraml [E.] 2004:20, Figs. [DCG-Informationen (Deutsche Cichliden-Gesellschaft) Sonderheft No. 3; ref. 27925] Lake Kijanebalola, south of Rakai, 0°41.195'S, 31°24.291'E, Uganda. Holotype: ZSM 29756. Paratypes: ZSM 29757 (2). Type catalog: Neumann 2011:250 [ref. 31652]. •Valid as Haplochromis exspectatus Schraml 2004. Current status: Valid as Haplochromis exspectatus Schraml 2004. Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Distribution: Eastern Africa: Lake Kijanebalola, Uganda. Habitat: freshwater.

fasciatus, Chromis Perugia [A.] 1892:970 [4] [Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Genova (Serie 2) v. 10; ref. 3433] Vivi, Congo. Syntypes: BMNH 1898.12.12.1-6 [ex MSNG] (6); MSNG 7674 (21). Type catalog: Tortonese 1963:336 [ref. 10350]. On p. 4 of separate. •Valid as Haplochromis fasciatus (Perugia 1892) -- (van Oijen et al. 1991:125 [ref. 20956], Wamuini Lunkayilakio & Vreven 2010:280 [ref. 31038] in 'Haplochromis'). Current status: Valid as Haplochromis fasciatus (Perugia 1892). Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Distribution: West-central Africa: Lower Congo River. Habitat: freshwater.

fischeri, Haplochromis (Ptyochromis) Seegers [L.] 2008:186, Figs. 23, 24c, Pls. 2a-b [Zoosystematics and Evolution v. 84 (no. 2); ref. 29830] Majita Bay, Lake Victoria, halfway along the line between Musima and Ukerewe Island, Tanzania, about 1°48'S, 33°30'E. Holotype: BMNH 1956.10.9.45. Paratypes: BMNH 1956.10.9.46-54 (9), 1956.10.9.55 (1). •Valid as Haplochromis (Ptyochromis) fischeri Seegers 2008. Current status: Valid as Haplochromis fischeri Seegers 2008. Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Distribution: Eastern Africa, Lake Victoria. Habitat: freshwater.

flavipinnis, Pelmatochromis Boulenger [G. A.] 1906:441 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 7) v. 17 (no. 101) (art. 49); ref. 574] Buganga, Uganda, Lake Victoria [Victoria Nyanza]. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1906.5.30.308. •Valid as Haplochromis flavipinnis (Boulenger 1906) -- (van Oijen et al. 1991:126 [ref. 20956]). Current status: Valid as Haplochromis flavipinnis (Boulenger 1906). Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Distribution: Eastern Africa: Lake Victoria. Habitat: freshwater.

flavus, Haplochromis Seehausen [O.], Zwennes [H.] & Lippitsch [E.] in Seehausen et al. 1998:217, Fig. 31; Pl. 6 g, i [Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 9 (no. 2); ref. 23435] Speke Gulf, Makobe Island, Lake Victoria, Tanzania, depth 3 meters. Holotype: RMNH 33587. Paratypes: RMNH 33588 (1), 33589-93 (5), 33594-97 (4), 33598-600 (3), 33601 (1), 33603-06 (4); TAFIRI 111 -12 (1, 1), 113-14 (2), 118 (1), 119 (1). Appeared as `Haplochromis' flavus in original. Also appeared in Seehausen 1999:159, Fig. 31 [ref. 30987]. •Valid as Haplochromis flavus Seehausen, Zwennes & Lippitsch 1998. Current status: Valid as Haplochromis flavus Seehausen, Zwennes & Lippitsch 1998. Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Distribution: Eastern Africa: Lake Victoria. Habitat: freshwater.

fuelleborni, Tilapia Hilgendorf [F. M.] & Pappenheim [P.] 1903:262 [Sitzungsberichte der Gesellschaft Naturforschender Freunde zu Berlin 1903 (no. 6); ref. 15031] Southeastern shores of Lake Rukwa, southwestern Tanzania. Lectotype: ZMB 16305. Paralectotypes ZMB 32480 (2). •Synonym of Haplochromis bloyeti (Sauvage 1883) -- (van Oijen et al. 1991:110 [ref. 20956]). •Valid as Haplochromis fuelleborni (Hilgendorf & Pappenheim 1903) -- (Seegers 1996:284 [ref. 23725]). Current status: Valid as Haplochromis fuelleborni (Hilgendorf & Pappenheim 1903). Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Distribution: Tanzania: Lake Rukwa. Habitat: freshwater.

fuscus, Haplochromis Regan [C. T.] 1925:187, Pl. 9 [Occasional Papers of the Boston Society of Natural History v. 5; ref. 15566] Lake Edward, Uganda. Holotype: MCZ 31524. Paratypes: (2) BMNH 1925.8.7.11 (1), MCZ 31525 (1). •Valid as Haplochromis fuscus Regan 1925 -- (van Oijen et al. 1991:127 [ref. 20956]). Current status: Valid as Haplochromis fuscus Regan 1925. Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Distribution: Uganda: Lake Edward. Habitat: freshwater.

gestri, Paratilapia Boulenger [G. A.] 1911:67 [4], Pl. 1 (fig. 3) [Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Genova (Serie 3). v. 5 (no. 45); ref. 580] Jinja, Ripon Falls, Uganda. Holotype (unique): MSNG 12958. Type catalog: Tortonese 1963:338 [ref. 10350]. On p. 4 of separate. •Synonym of Haplochromis obesus (Boulenger 1906) -- (Greenwood 1959:182 [ref. 20616], van Oijen et al. 1991:153 [ref. 20956]). Current status: Synonym of Haplochromis obesus (Boulenger 1906). Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

gigliolii, Hemichromis Pfeffer [G. J.] 1896:24 [Die Thierwelt Ost-Afrikas und der Nachbargebiete v. 3; ref. 14617] Kingana River, East Africa. Holotype (unique): ZMB 13673. •Valid as Haplochromis gigliolii (Pfeffer 1896) -- (van Oijen et al. 1991:127 [ref. 20956]). Current status: Valid as Haplochromis gigliolii (Pfeffer 1896). Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Distribution: Eastern Africa: Tanzania. Habitat: freshwater.

gilberti, Haplochromis Greenwood [P. H.] & Gee [J. M.] 1969:57, Figs. 33-34 [Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History) Zoology v. 18 (no. 1); ref. 7814] Near Bulago Island, Lake Victoria [Victoria Nyanza], depth 55-75 feet. Holotype: BMNH 1968.8.30.1. Paratypes: BMNH 1968.8.30.2-12 (11). •Valid as Haplochromis gilberti Greenwood & Gee 1969 -- (van Oijen et al. 1991:127 [ref. 20956]). Current status: Valid as Haplochromis gilberti Greenwood & Gee 1969. Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Distribution: Eastern Africa: Lake Victoria. Habitat: freshwater.

goldschmidti, Haplochromis Witte [F.], Westbroek [I.] & de Zeeuw [M. P.] in de Zeeuw, Westbroek, van Oijen & Witte 2013:15, Figs. 6-9 [ZooKeys No. 256; ref. 32385] Tanzania, Lake Victoria, Emin Pasha Gulf, 2°35'-2°41'S, 31°47'-31°59'E. Holotype: RMNH.PISC.83573. Paratypes: AMNH, BMNH 2012.1.5.3 (1), NSMT, RMNH. •Valid as Haplochromis goldschmidti Witte, Westbroek & de Zeeuw 2013. Current status: Valid as Haplochromis goldschmidti Witte, Westbroek & de Zeeuw 2013. Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Distribution: Lake Victoria, Tanzania. Habitat: marine.

gowersii, Haplochromis Trewavas [E.] 1928:94 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 10) v. 2 (no. 7); ref. 15878] Lake Victoria [Victoria Nyanza]. Lectotype: BMNH 1928.5.24.478. Paralectotypes: BMNH 1928.5.24.479 (1). Lectotype selected by Greenwood 1962:180 [ref. 5925]. •Valid as Haplochromis gowersii Trewavas 1928 -- (van Oijen et al. 1991:128 [ref. 20956]). Current status: Valid as Haplochromis gowersii Trewavas 1928. Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Distribution: Eastern Africa: Lake Victoria. Habitat: freshwater.

gracilicauda, Haplochromis Regan [C. T.] 1922:188, Pl. 4 (fig. 1) [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1922 (pt 1) (no. 9); ref. 3675] Bunjako and Entebbe, Uganda, Lake Victoria [Victoria Nyanza]. Lectotype: BMNH 1906.5.30.268. Paralectotypes: BMNH 1906.5.30.262 (1). Lectotype selected by Greenwood 1962:171 [ref. 5925]. •Synonym of Haplochromis longirostris (Hilgendorf 1888) -- (van Oijen et al. 1991:138 [ref. 20956]). Current status: Synonym of Haplochromis longirostris (Hilgendorf 1888). Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

gracilifur, Haplochromis Vranken [N.], van Steenberge [M.] & Snoeks [J.] 2019:121, Figs. 2c, 6c, 9 [Hydrobiologia v. 832 (no. 1); ref. 36120] Kayanja offshore, Lake Edward, Africa, 0°05'34.8"S, 29°45'28.8"E. Holotype: MRAC 2017.006.P.0004. Paratypes: MRAC. •Valid as Haplochromis gracilifur Vranken, van Steenberge & Snoeks 2019. Current status: Valid as Haplochromis gracilifur Vranken, van Steenberge & Snoeks 2019. Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Distribution: Lake Edward system, Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

gracilior, Haplochromis Boulenger [G. A.] 1914:257 [Wissenschaftliche Ergebnisse der Deutschen Zentral-Afrika Expedition, 1907-1908 v. 5 (Zool. no. 3); ref. 582] Kissenge, Lake Kivu. Lectotype: ZMB 19119. Paralectotypes: BMNH 1914.4.8.21-24 (4), 1914.4.8.38 (1); ZMB 21504 (3), 32020 (26), 32024 (1). Lectotype designation not researched, not designated here. Also in Boulenger 1915:293 [ref. 584] without description. •Valid as Haplochromis gracilior Boulenger 1914 -- (van Oijen et al. 1991:128 [ref. 20956], Snoeks 1994:58 [ref. 21588]). Current status: Valid as Haplochromis gracilior Boulenger 1914. Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Distribution: Eastern Africa: Lake Kivu. Habitat: freshwater.

granti, Haplochromis Boulenger [G. A.] 1906:446 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 7) v. 17 (no. 101) (art. 49); ref. 574] Bunjako, Uganda, Lake Victoria [Victoria Nyanza]. Lectotype: BMNH 1903.5.30.367. Paralectotypes: BMNH 1906.5.30.368-69 (2), plus others. Lectotype selected by Greenwood 1957:90 [ref. 12139]. •Valid as Haplochromis granti Boulenger 1906 -- (van Oijen et al. 1991:129 [ref. 20956]). Current status: Valid as Haplochromis granti Boulenger 1906. Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Distribution: Eastern Africa: Lake Victoria. Habitat: freshwater.

graueri, Haplochromis Boulenger [G. A.] 1914:257, Pl. 10 [Wissenschaftliche Ergebnisse der Deutschen Zentral-Afrika Expedition, 1907-1908 v. 5 (Zool. no. 3); ref. 582] Lake Kivu. Lectotype: BMNH 1914.4.8.20. Paralectotypes: (14) ?BMNH 1914.4.8.19 (1); ?NMW 92155 (1); ZMB 19121 (3), 32021-23 (3, 3, 6). Lectotype selected by Greenwood 1980 [ref. 1899]. •Valid as Haplochromis graueri Boulenger 1914 -- (van Oijen et al. 1991:129 [ref. 20956], Snoeks 1994:68 [ref. 21588]). Current status: Valid as Haplochromis graueri Boulenger 1914. Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Distribution: Eastern Africa: Lake Kivu. Habitat: freshwater.

guiarti, Tilapia Pellegrin [J.] 1904:186 [Bulletin de la Société Zoologique de France v. 29 (no. 8); ref. 14735] Kavirondo Bay, Lake Victoria [Victoria Nyanza]. Holotype (unique): MNHN 1904-0150. Type catalog: Blanc 1962:223 [ref. 20868]. Also appeared in Pellegrin 1905:184, Pl. 16 (fig. 1) [ref. 22191]. •Valid as Haplochromis guiarti (Pellegrin 1904) -- (van Oijen et al. 1991:130 [ref. 20956]). Current status: Valid as Haplochromis guiarti (Pellegrin 1904). Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Distribution: Eastern Africa: Lake Victoria. Habitat: freshwater.

harpakteridion, Haplochromis van Oijen [M. J. P.] 1991:76, Figs. 78, 89-103, 114 [Zoologische Verhandelingen (Leiden) No. 272; ref. 20098] Karenia, near Jina, Lake Victoria [Victoria Nyanza], Uganda. Holotype: BMNH 1962.3.2.516. Paratypes: BMNH 1962.3.2.512-515 (4), 1962.3.2.517-542 (26). •Valid as Haplochromis harpakteridion van Oijen 1991. Current status: Valid as Haplochromis harpakteridion van Oijen 1991. Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Distribution: Eastern Africa: Lake Victoria. Habitat: freshwater.

heusinkveldi, Haplochromis Witte [F.] & Witte-Maas [E. L. M.] 1987:40, Pls. 1, 4, 6 (right half) [Implications for taxonomy and functional morphology; ref. 21865] Northern part of Mwanza Gulf, Lake Victoria [Victoria Nyanza], Tanzania, depth 7-13 meters. Holotype: RMNH 30727. Paratypes: RMNH 30602, 30700-726, 30728, 30729 (total 30). •Valid as Haplochromis heusinkveldi Witte & Witte-Maas 1987 -- (van Oijen et al. 1991:131 [ref. 20956], van Oijen & Witte 2003:477 [ref. 27422], de Zeeuw et al. 2013:14 [ref. 32385]). Current status: Valid as Haplochromis heusinkveldi Witte & Witte-Maas 1987. Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Distribution: Eastern Africa: Lake Victoria. Habitat: freshwater.

hiatus, Haplochromis Hoogerhoud [R. J. C.] & Witte [F.] 1981:238, Pl. 1 (left 4 figs.) [Netherlands Journal of Zoology v. 31 (no. 1); ref. 8593] Northern Mwanza Gulf, Lake Victoria [Victoria Nyanza], depth 10.5-11 meters. Holotype: RMNH 28328. Paratypes: BMNH 1981.1.16.109-13 [or 113] (5); RMNH 28318-23, 29327, 28329-36, and 28354 (37); RMNH (1, dissected). •Valid as Haplochromis hiatus Hoogerhoud & Witte 1981 -- (van Oijen et al. 1991:131 [ref. 20956]). Current status: Valid as Haplochromis hiatus Hoogerhoud & Witte 1981. Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Distribution: Eastern Africa: Lake Victoria. Habitat: freshwater.

howesi, Haplochromis van Oijen [M. J. P.] 1992:562, Figs. 1-17 [Zoologische Mededelingen (Leiden) v. 66 (no. 4O); ref. 20835] Mushroom Island, Mwanza Gulf, Lake Victoria, Tanzania. Holotype: RMNH 31718. Paratypes: RMNH (many lots). •Valid as Haplochromis howesi van Oijen 1992. Current status: Valid as Haplochromis howesi van Oijen 1992. Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Distribution: Eastern Africa: Lake Victoria. Habitat: freshwater.

humilior, Tilapia Boulenger [G. A.] 1911:74 [11], Pl. 3 (fig. 3) [Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Genova (Serie 3). v. 5 (no. 45); ref. 580] Kakindu, Victoria Nile, Uganda. Lectotype: MSNG 12910. Paralectotypes: BMNH 1911.3.3.152-153 [ex MSNG] (2), MSNG 12909 (2). Type catalog: Tortonese 1963:337 [ref. 10350]. On p. 11 of separate. Lectotype selected by Greenwood 1960:252 [ref. 11917]. •Valid as Haplochromis humilior (Boulenger 1911) -- (van Oijen et al. 1991:132 [ref. 20956]). Current status: Valid as Haplochromis humilior (Boulenger 1911). Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Distribution: Eastern Africa: Lake Victoria and the Victoria Nile. Habitat: freshwater.

humilis, Chromis Steindachner [F.] 1866:763, Pl. 13 (fig. 1) [Verhandlungen der K.-K. zoologisch-botanischen Gesellschaft in Wien v. 16; ref. 18789] Angola. Holotype (unique): NMW 12532. •Valid as Haplochromis humilis (Steindachner 1866) -- (Daget et al. 1991:544 [ref. 20942]). Current status: Valid as Haplochromis humilis (Steindachner 1866). Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Distribution: Angola. Habitat: freshwater.

insidiae, Haplochromis Snoeks [J.] 1994:160, Fig. 5.14.1 [Annales du Musee Royal de l'Afrique Centrale, Série Sciences Zoologiques v. 270; ref. 21588] Nyamasheke, bay in front of the mouth of the Kamiranzovu, Lake Kivu, Rwanda, 2°20'S, 29°07'E. Holotype: MRAC 79.31.P.5897. Paratypes: MRAC 79.31.P.5142 (1), 5162 (1), 5301 (1), 5833-40 (1 ea.), 6062-67 (1 ea.), 6148-49 (1, 1), 6433 (1), 6513 (1), 6516-17 (1, 1), 80.29.P.596 (1), 80.29.P.1038 (1), 81.55.P.2876-77 (1, 1), 5577-79 (1 ea.), 5581-82 (1, 1). •Valid as Haplochromis insidiae Snoeks 1994. Current status: Valid as Haplochromis insidiae Snoeks 1994. Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Distribution: Eastern Africa: Lake Kivu. Habitat: freshwater.

iris, Haplochromis Hoogerhoud [R. J. C.] & Witte [F.] 1981:244, Pl. 1 (right 4 figs.) [Netherlands Journal of Zoology v. 31 (no. 1); ref. 8593] Northern part of Mwanza Gulf, Lake Victoria [Victoria Nyanza], depth 7-11 meters. Holotype: RMNH 28346. Paratypes: BMNH 1981.1.16.117-121 (5); RMNH 28337-45, 28347-53 and 28355 (total 24). •Valid as Haplochromis iris Hoogerhoud & Witte 1981 -- (van Oijen et al. 1991:133 [ref. 20956]). Current status: Valid as Haplochromis iris Hoogerhoud & Witte 1981. Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Distribution: Eastern Africa: Lake Victoria. Habitat: freshwater.

ishmaeli, Haplochromis Boulenger [G. A.] 1906:446 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 7) v. 17 (no. 101) (art. 49); ref. 574] Bunjako, Uganda, Lake Victoria [Victoria Nyanza]. Lectotype: BMNH 1906.5.30.400. Paralectotypes: BMNH 1906.5.30.394 (1), 1906.5.30.396 (1), 1906.5.30.401-402a (2), 1906.5.30.402b (1), 1906.5.30.404 (1), 1906.5.30.275-279 (5), 1911.3.3.39 (1). Lectotype selected by Greenwood 1960:276 [ref. 11917]. •Valid as Haplochromis ishmaeli Boulenger 1906 -- (Greenwood 1960:275 [ref. 11917], van Oijen et al. 1991:133 [ref. 20956]). Current status: Valid as Haplochromis ishmaeli Boulenger 1906. Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Distribution: Eastern Africa: Lake Victoria. Habitat: freshwater.

jeanneli, Astatotilapia Pellegrin [J.] 1913:313 [Bulletin de la Société Zoologique de France v. 37; ref. 14967] Lake Victoria [Victoria Nyanza] at Port Florence [Kisumu], Nyanza Province, Kenya. Lectotype: MNHN 1912-0262. Paralectotypes: MNHN 1912-0263 (1). Type catalog: Blanc 1962:203 [ref. 20868]. Greenwood 1956:318 [ref. 1894] incorrectly listed MNHN 1912-0262 as holotype; technically the lectotype was apparently first established by van Oijen 1991:382 [ref. 20959]. •Synonym of Platytaeniodus degeni Boulenger 1906 -- (van Oijen 1991:382 [ref. 20959]). •Synonym of Haplochromis degeni (Boulenger 1906). Current status: Synonym of Haplochromis degeni (Boulenger 1906). Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae.

kamiranzovu, Haplochromis Snoeks [J.], Coenen [E. J.] & Thys van den Audenaerde [D. F. E.] 1984:896, Fig. 1 [Revue de Zoologie Africaine v. 98 (no. 4); ref. 8210] Kamiranzovu bay, Lake Kivu, Nyamasheke, Rwanda, central Africa. Holotype: MRAC 80-29-P-1133. Paratypes: MRAC 79-31-P-5894 (1), 80-29-P-648 (1), 80-29-P-985 (1), 80-29-P-1115-18 (4), 80-29-P-2053-54 (2). •Valid as Haplochromis kamiranzovu Snoeks, Coenen & Thys van den Audenaerde 1984 -- (van Oijen et al. 1991:134 [ref. 20956], Snoeks 1994:104 [ref. 21588]). Current status: Valid as Haplochromis kamiranzovu Snoeks, Coenen & Thys van den Audenaerde 1984. Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Distribution: Eastern Africa: Lake Kivu. Habitat: freshwater.

katavi, Haplochromis Seegers [L.] 1996:288, Fig. [Annales, Musée Royal de l'Afrique Centrale, Tervuren, Série in 8o, Sciences Zoologiques v. 278; ref. 23725] Katuma River at Sitalike on road from Sumbawanga to Mpanda, northern Lake Rukwa drainage, western Tanzania, 6°39'S, 31°09'E. Holotype: MRAC 94-34-P-1236. Paratypes: BMNH 1996.2.21.142-145 (4); MRAC 94-34-P-1237 (1), -1238-1239 (2), 1240-1241 (2), 1242-1244 (3); SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 50338 (2); ZMB 32620 (5); ZMH 8607-08 (4, 1), 8640 (1). •Valid as Haplochromis katavi Seegers 1996. Current status: Valid as Haplochromis katavi Seegers 1996. Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Distribution: Tanzania. Habitat: freshwater.

katonga, Haplochromis Schraml [E.] & Tichy [H.] 2010:82, Figs. 1-10 [aqua, International Journal of Ichthyology v. 16 (no. 3); ref. 30895] Katonga River at the village Kabagolr, Uganda, 0°11'53.74"N, 30°53'33.98"E. Holotype: ZSM 30362. Paratypes: ZSM 30363 (8). Species name is a noun in apposition. •Valid as Haplochromis katonga Schraml & Tichy 2010. Current status: Valid as Haplochromis katonga Schraml & Tichy 2010. Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Distribution: Katonga River, Uganda. Habitat: freshwater.

katunzii, Haplochromis ter Huurne [S.] & Witte [F.] in de Zeeuw et al. 2010:209, Figs. 5-7 [Zoologische Mededelingen (Leiden) v. 84 (no. 9); ref. 31028] Mwanza Gulf, Tanzania, Lake Victoria. Holotype: RMNH 73255. Paratypes: AMNH, BMNH 2010.3.23.3 (1), NSMT-P, RMNH. •Valid as Haplochromis katunzii ter Huurne & Witte 2010. Current status: Valid as Haplochromis katunzii ter Huurne & Witte 2010. Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Distribution: Mwanza Gulf, Tanzania, Lake Victoria. Habitat: freshwater.

kujunjui, Haplochromis van Oijen [M. J. P.] 1991:54, Fig. 101 [Zoologische Verhandelingen (Leiden) No. 272; ref. 20098] Sand spit south of Standieri Island, Lake Victoria [Victoria Nyanza], Tanzania. Holotype (unique): RMNH 30466. •Valid as Haplochromis kujunjui van Oijen 1991. Current status: Valid as Haplochromis kujunjui van Oijen 1991. Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Distribution: Eastern Africa: Lake Victoria. Habitat: freshwater.

labiatus, Haplochromis Trewavas [E.] 1933:335, Fig. 5D [The Journal of the Linnean Society of London. Zoology v. 38 (no. 259); ref. 16530] 8 km south of Kazinga Channel, Lake Edward, eastern Africa, 0°17'05"S, 29°52'45"E. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1933.2.23.403. Additional material: BMNH 1933.2.23.404-405 (2, juveniles). •Valid as Haplochromis labiatus Trewavas 1933 -- (Greenwood 1973:197 [ref. 7566], van Oijen et al. 1991:135 [ref. 20956], Vranken et al. 2019:[5] [ref. 36730]). Current status: Valid as Haplochromis labiatus Trewavas 1933. Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Distribution: Eastern Africa: Lake Edward. Habitat: freshwater.

labriforma, Tilapia Nichols [J. T.] & LaMonte [F. R.] 1938:2, Fig. 3 [American Museum Novitates No. 1001; ref. 17161] Lake Victoria [Victoria Nyanza]. Holotype (unique): AMNH 13738. •Valid as Haplochromis labriformis (Nichols & LaMonte 1938) -- (van Oijen et al. 1991:135 [ref. 20956], van Oijen & Witte 2003:473 [ref. 27422] as labriformus). Current status: Valid as Haplochromis labriformis (Nichols & LaMonte 1938). Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Distribution: Eastern Africa: Lake Victoria. Habitat: freshwater.

lacrimosa, Tilapia Boulenger [G. A.] 1906:450 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 7) v. 17 (no. 101) (art. 49); ref. 574] Entebbe, Uganda, Lake Victoria [Victoria Nyanza]. Lectotype: BMNH 1906.5.30.471. Paralectotypes: BMNH 1906.5.30.472-478 (8), 1906.5.30.480 (1), 1906.5.30.483-84 (2), 1906.5.30.488-489 (2). Lectotype selected by Greenwood 1960:230 [ref. 11917]. •Valid as Haplochromis lacrimosus (Boulenger 1906) -- (Greenwood 1960:230 [ref. 11917], van Oijen et al. 1991:135 [ref. 20956]). Current status: Valid as Haplochromis lacrimosus (Boulenger 1906). Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Distribution: Eastern Africa: Lake Victoria. Habitat: freshwater.

lamprogenys, Haplochromis Fowler [H. W.] 1936:330, Fig. 137 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 88; ref. 1424] Kitala, Lake Victoria [Victoria Nyanza], Uganda. Holotype: ANSP 66131. Paratypes: ANSP 66132 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:58 [ref. 13621]. •Synonym of Haplochromis prognathus (Pellegrin 1904) -- (Greenwood 1967:78 [ref. 7965], van Oijen et al. 1991:168 [ref. 20956]). Current status: Synonym of Haplochromis prognathus (Pellegrin 1904). Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

lanceolatus, Haplochromis David [L.] & Poll [M.] 1937:252, Fig. 28 [Annales du Musée du Congo Belge Sér. C (Zoologie) (Sér. 1) v. 3 (fasc. 5); ref. 1043] Mahagi, Lake Albert [Lake Albert Nyanza], Uganda. Holotype (unique): MRAC 21104. Type catalog: Derijst 1991:44 [ref. 21528]. •Synonym of Thoracochromis avium (Regan 1929) -- (Lévèque et al. 1991:145 [ref. 31367]). •Questionably a synonym of Haplochromis avium Regan 1929 -- (van Oijen et al. 1991:107 [ref. 20956]). Current status: Uncertain as Haplochromis avium Regan 1929. Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

laparogramma, Haplochromis Greenwood [P. H.] & Gee [J. M.] 1969:28, Figs. 16-19 [Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History) Zoology v. 18 (no. 1); ref. 7814] North of Nsadzi Island, Lake Victoria [Victoria Nyanza], Uganda. Holotype: BMNH 1968.8.30.220. Paratypes: (24 of following) BMNH 1968.8.30.221-232 (12), 1968.8.30.233-239 (7), 1968.8.39.240-251 (12). •Valid as Haplochromis laparogramma Greenwood & Gee 1969 -- (van Oijen et al. 1991:135 [ref. 20956], van Oijen & Witte 2003:477 [ref. 27422], de Zeeuw et al. 2013:14 [ref. 32385]). Current status: Valid as Haplochromis laparogramma Greenwood & Gee 1969. Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Distribution: Eastern Africa: Lake Victoria. Habitat: freshwater.

latifasciatus, Haplochromis Regan [C. T.] 1929:390 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 10) v. 3 (no. 16); ref. 16056] Lake Kyoga, Uganda. Syntypes: (6) BMNH 1929.1.24.335-339 (6 or 5). •Valid as Haplochromis latifasciatus Regan 1929 -- (van Oijen et al. 1991:136 [ref. 20956]). Current status: Valid as Haplochromis latifasciatus Regan 1929. Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Distribution: Eastern Africa: Lake Kioga. Habitat: freshwater.

limax, Haplochromis Trewavas [E.] 1933:328 [The Journal of the Linnean Society of London. Zoology v. 38 (no. 259); ref. 16530] Lake Edward, eastern Africa. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1933.2.23.243. •Valid as Haplochromis limax Trewavas 1933 -- (Greenwood 1973:167 [ref. 7566], van Oijen et al. 1991:136 [ref. 20956]). Current status: Valid as Haplochromis limax Trewavas 1933. Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Distribution: Eastern Africa: Lakes Edward and George. Habitat: freshwater.

lividus, Haplochromis Greenwood [P. H.] 1956:232 [Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History) Zoology v. 4 (no. 5); ref. 12196] Napoleon Gulf, Bugungu, near Jinja, Uganda. Lake Victoria. Holotype: BMNH 1956.7.9.66-74 (1 of 9, male 90+21 mm). Paratypes: BMNH 1956.7.6.66-74 (8, with holotype), plus non-type material. •Valid as Haplochromis lividus Greenwood 1956 -- (van Oijen et al. 1991:137 [ref. 20956]). Current status: Valid as Haplochromis lividus Greenwood 1956. Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Distribution: Eastern Africa: Lake Victoria. Habitat: freshwater.

loati, Haplochromis Greenwood [P. H.] 1971:356, Fig. 4 [Revue de Zoologie et de Botanique Africaines v. 84 (nos 3-4); ref. 7614] Mahagi, Lake Albert [Lake Albert Nyanza], Uganda. Holotype: BMNH 1938.1.13.1. Paratypes: (14) BMNH 1966.9.13.12-21 (14?). Non-types: BMNH 1966.9.13.22-45 (30). •Valid as Thoracochromis loati (Greenwood 1971) -- (Lévèque et al. 1991:145 [ref. 31367]). •Valid as Haplochromis loati Greenwood 1971 -- (van Oijen et al. 1991:137 [ref. 20956]). Current status: Valid as Haplochromis loati Greenwood 1971. Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Distribution: Eastern Africa: Nile and Lake Albert. Habitat: freshwater.

lobatus, Haplochromis Vranken [N.], van Steenberge [M.], Kayenberg [A.] & Snoeks [J.] 2020:[7], Figs. 5b, 7 [Journal of Great Lakes Research in press; ref. 36730] Mouth of Kazinga Channel, Lake Edward, eastern Africa, 0°12'32.4"S, 29°53'06.0"E. Holotype: MRAC 2016.35.P.0063. Paratypes: IRSNB, MRAC. Plus additional non-type material. •Valid as Haplochromis lobatus Vranken, van Steenberge, Kayenberg & Snoeks 2020. Current status: Valid as Haplochromis lobatus Vranken, van Steenberge, Kayenberg & Snoeks 2020. Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Distribution: Lake Edward, eastern Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

longirostris, Paratilapia Hilgendorf [F. M.] 1888:77 [Sitzungsberichte der Gesellschaft Naturforschender Freunde zu Berlin 1888; ref. 2168] Lake Ukerewe, Victoria Nyanaza [Kagehi or Kageyi, east of Kayenze, southern shore of Lake Victoria, Mwanza district, Tanzania, 2°23'S, 33°06'E]. Holotype (unique): ZMB 12744. Type catalog: Seegers 2008:177 [ref 29830] with more detailed locality. Originally as Paratilapia?. •Valid as Haplochromis longirostris (Hilgendorf 1888) -- (van Oijen et al. 1991:137 [ref. 20956], Seegers 2008:177 [ref. 29830]) Current status: Valid as Haplochromis longirostris (Hilgendorf 1888). Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Distribution: Eastern Africa: Lake Victoria. Habitat: freshwater.

luluae, Tilapia Fowler [H. W.] 1930:47, Fig. 14 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 82; ref. 1406] Lulua River, Democratic Republic of Congo. Holotype: ANSP 51758. Paratypes: ANSP 51759-63 (5). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:58 [ref. 13621]. •Valid as Haplochromis luluae (Fowler 1930) -- (van Oijen et al. 1991:139 [ref. 20956], Wamuini Lunkayilakio & Vreven 2010:280 [ref. 31038] in 'Haplochromis'). Current status: Valid as Haplochromis luluae (Fowler 1930). Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Distribution: Democratic Republic of Congo. Habitat: freshwater.

macconneli, Haplochromis Greenwood [P. H.] 1974:154, Fig. 7 [Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History) Zoology v. 27 (no. 3); ref. 7503] 3 miles northwest of Central Island, Lake Rudolf [Lake Turkana], Kenya, depth 50-64 meters. Holotype: BMNH 1973.11.13.37. Paratypes: BMNH 1973.11.13.38-58 (21), 1973.11.13.59-64 (6), 1973.11.13.65-66 (2). •Valid as Thoracochromis macconneli (Greenwood 1974) -- (Lévèque et al. 1991:145 [ref. 31367]). •Valid as Haplochromis macconneli Greenwood 1974 -- (van Oijen et al. 1991:139 [ref. 20956], Seegers et al. 2003:43 [ref. 28087]). Current status: Valid as Haplochromis macconneli Greenwood 1974. Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Distribution: Eastern Africa: Lake Turkana. Habitat: freshwater.

macrodon, Haplochromis Regan [C. T.] 1922:176, Fig. 4 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1922 (pt 1) (no. 9); ref. 3675] Lake Victoria [Victoria Nyanza]. Syntypes: BMNH 1906.5.30.304 (1), 1906.5.30.305-306 (2). •Synonym of Haplochromis prognathus (Pellegrin 1904) -- (Greenwood 1967:78 [ref. 7965], van Oijen et al. 1991:168 [ref. 20956]). Current status: Synonym of Haplochromis prognathus (Pellegrin 1904). Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

macrognathus, Haplochromis Regan [C. T.] 1922:182, Pl. 3 (fig. 2) [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1922 (pt 1) (no. 9); ref. 3675] Bunjako, Uganda, Lake Victoria [Victoria Nyanza]. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1906.5.30.260. •Valid as Haplochromis macrognathus Regan 1922 -- (van Oijen et al. 1991:139 [ref. 20956]). Current status: Valid as Haplochromis macrognathus Regan 1922. Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Distribution: Eastern Africa: Lake Victoria. Habitat: freshwater.

macrops, Tilapia Boulenger [G. A.] 1911:73 [10], Pl. 3 (fig. 1) [Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Genova (Serie 3). v. 5 (no. 45); ref. 580] Bussu, Lake Victoria [Victoria Nyanza]; Jinja, Ripon Falls, Uganda. Syntypes: BMNH 1911.3.3.137 [ex MSNG] (1) Bussu; MSNG 12928-30 (1, 1, 1 or 0). Type catalog: Tortonese 1963:337 [ref. 10350] with 12928 as holotype. On p. 10 of separate. •Valid as Haplochromis macrops (Boulenger 1911) -- (Greenwood 1960:236 [ref. 11917], van Oijen et al. 1991:140 [ref. 20956]). Current status: Valid as Haplochromis macrops (Boulenger 1911). Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Distribution: Eastern Africa: Lake Victoria. Habitat: freshwater.

macropsoides, Haplochromis Greenwood [P. H.] 1973:162, Figs. 10-12 [Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History) Zoology v. 25 (no. 5); ref. 7566] Kankurunga Island, Lake George, Uganda. Holotype: BMNH 1972.6.2.718. Paratypes: BMNH 1933.2.23.354 (1), 1972.6.2.723-28 (6), 1972.6.2.734-738 (5), .739-744 (6), 1972.6.2.746-752 (7), .753 (1), .754 (1), 1972.6.2.802-803 (2); plus additional material. •Valid as Haplochromis macropsoides Greenwood 1973 -- (van Oijen et al. 1991:140 [ref. 20956]). Current status: Valid as Haplochromis macropsoides Greenwood 1973. Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Distribution: Eastern Africa: Lakes George (and possibly Lake Edward) and Kazinga Channel. Habitat: freshwater.

maculipinna, Paratilapia Pellegrin [J.] 1913:311 [Bulletin de la Société Zoologique de France v. 37; ref. 14967] Lake Victoria [Victoria Nyanza] at Port Florence [Kisumu], Nyanza Province, Kenya. Holotype: MNHN 1912-0258. Type catalog: Blanc 1962:217 [ref. 20868]. •Valid as Haplochromis maculipinna (Pellegrin 1913) -- (Greenwood 1967:43 [ref. 7965], van Oijen et al. 1991:141 [ref. 20956]). Current status: Valid as Haplochromis maculipinna (Pellegrin 1913). Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Distribution: Eastern Africa: Lake Victoria. Habitat: freshwater.

mahagiensis, Haplochromis David [L.] & Poll [M.] 1937:251, Fig. 27 [Annales du Musée du Congo Belge Sér. C (Zoologie) (Sér. 1) v. 3 (fasc. 5); ref. 1043] Mahagi, Lake Albert [Lake Albert Nyanza], Uganda. Holotype: MRAC 21004. Paratypes: (71) MRAC 21007-09 (3), 21093-103 (11), 21225-32 (8), 21353-56 (4), 22306-08 (3). Type catalog: Derijst 1991:44 [ref. 21528]. •Valid as Thoracochromis mahaagiensis (David & Poll 1937) -- (Lévèque et al. 1991:145 [ref. 31367]) •Valid as Haplochromis mahagiensis David & Poll 1937 -- (van Oijen et al. 1991:141 [ref. 20956]). Current status: Valid as Haplochromis mahagiensis David & Poll 1937. Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Distribution: Eastern Africa: Lake Albert. Habitat: freshwater.

maisomei, Haplochromis van Oijen [M. J. P.] 1991:50, Figs. 61e, 109 [Zoologische Verhandelingen (Leiden) No. 272; ref. 20098] Mikassa Bay, Maisome Island, Lake Victoria [Victoria Nyanza], Tanzania. Holotype: RMNH 30122. Paratypes: RMNH 30121 (1). •Valid as Haplochromis maisomei van Oijen 1991. Current status: Valid as Haplochromis maisomei van Oijen 1991. Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Distribution: Eastern Africa: Lake Victoria. Habitat: freshwater.

malacophagus, Haplochromis Poll [M.] & Damas [H.] 1939:45, Figs. 23-24 [Exploration du Parc National Albert. Mission H. Damas (1935-36). Fasc. 6; ref. 17219] Lake Kibuga, region of Lake Edward, Democratic Republic of Congo. Syntypes: MRAC 65722-23 (2). Type catalog: Derijst 1991:44 [ref. 21528]. •Valid as Haplochromis malacophagus Poll & Damas 1939 -- (van Oijen et al. 1991:141 [ref. 20956]). Current status: Valid as Haplochromis malacophagus Poll & Damas 1939. Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Distribution: Central and eastern Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

mandibularis, Haplochromis Greenwood [P. H.] 1962:178 [Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History) Zoology v. 9 (no. 4); ref. 5925] Jinja, Uganda, Lake Victoria [Victoria Nyanza]. Holotype: BMNH 1962.3.2.222. Paratypes: (9) BMNH 1962.3.2.223-224 (2), .225 (1), .226 (1), .227-228 (2), .229-230 (2). •Valid as Haplochromis mandibularis Greenwood 1962 -- (van Oijen et al. 1991:142 [ref. 20956]). Current status: Valid as Haplochromis mandibularis Greenwood 1962. Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Distribution: Eastern Africa: Lake Victoria. Habitat: freshwater.

martini, Tilapia Boulenger [G. A.] 1906:449 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 7) v. 17 (no. 101) (art. 49); ref. 574] Bunjako, Ugnada, Lake Victoria [Victoria Nyanza]. Lectotype: BMNH 1906.5.30.465 (88 mm SL). Paralectotypes: BMNH 1906.5.30.463-464 (2), 1906.5.30.466-468 (3). Lectotype selected by Greenwood 1960:245 [ref. 11917]. •Valid as Haplochromis martini (Boulenger 1906) -- (Greenwood 1960:245 [ref. 11917], van Oijen et al. 1991:142 [ref. 20956]). Current status: Valid as Haplochromis martini (Boulenger 1906). Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Distribution: Eastern Africa: Lake Victoria. Habitat: freshwater.

materfamilias, Hemitilapia Pellegrin [J.] 1913:313 [Bulletin de la Société Zoologique de France v. 37; ref. 14967] Lake Victoria [Victoria Nyanza] at Port Florence [Kisumu], Nyanza Province, Kenya. Lectotype: MNHN 1912-0278. Paralectotypes: MNHN 1912-0279 to 0281 (3). Type catalog: Blanc 1962:213 [ref. 20868]. Lectotype established by Greenwood 1956:311 [ref. 1894]. •Synonym of Macropleurodus bicolor (Boulenger 1906) -- (van Oijen 1991:250 [ref. 20959]). •Synonym of Haplochromis bicolor Boulenger 1906. Current status: Synonym of Haplochromis bicolor Boulenger 1906. Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

maxillaris, Haplochromis Trewavas [E.] 1928:94 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 10) v. 2 (no. 7); ref. 15878] Emin Pasha Gulf, Lake Victoria [Victoria Nyanza], Tanganyika Territory, 2°31.5'S, 31°43.5'E, Tanzania. Lectotype: BMNH 1928.5.24.486. Paralectotypes: (8) BMNH 1928.5.24.480-485 (6). Lectotype selected by Greenwood 1959:189 [ref. 20616]. •Valid as Haplochromis maxillaris Trewavas 1928 -- (Greenwood 1959:189 [ref. 20616], van Oijen et al. 1991:142 [ref. 20956]). Current status: Valid as Haplochromis maxillaris Trewavas 1928. Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Distribution: Eastern Africa: Lake Victoria. Habitat: freshwater.

megalops, Haplochromis Greenwood [P. H.] & Gee [J. M.] 1969:4, Fig. 1 [Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History) Zoology v. 18 (no. 1); ref. 7814] Windy Bay, Napoleon Gulf, Lake Victoria [Victoria Nyanza], Uganda. Holotype: BMNH 1968.8.30.57. Paratypes: (26 of following) BMNH 1968.8.30.58-68 (11), 1968.8.30.69-73 (5), 1968.8.30.74-88 (15). •Valid as Haplochromis megalops Greenwood & Gee 1969 -- (van Oijen et al. 1991:143 [ref. 20956]). Current status: Valid as Haplochromis megalops Greenwood & Gee 1969. Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Distribution: Eastern Africa: Lake Victoria. Habitat: freshwater.

melanopterus, Haplochromis Trewavas [E.] 1928:95 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 10) v. 2 (no. 7); ref. 15878] Smith Sound, Tanganyika Territory, 2°33'S, 32°50'E, Lake Victoria [Victoria Nyanza], Tanzania. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1928.5.30.19. •Valid as Haplochromis melanopterus Trewavas 1928 -- (Greenwood 1959:192 [ref. 20616], van Oijen et al. 1991:144 [ref. 20956]). Current status: Valid as Haplochromis melanopterus Trewavas 1928. Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Distribution: Eastern Africa: Lake Victoria. Habitat: freshwater.

melanopus, Haplochromis Regan [C. T.] 1922:165, Fig. 1 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1922 (pt 1) (no. 9); ref. 3675] Entebbe and Bunjako, Uganda, Lake Victoria [Victoria Nyanza]. Syntypes: (7) BMNH 1906.5.30.471-473 (3) Entebbe, BMNH (4) Bunjako. •Valid as Haplochromis melanopus Regan 1922 -- (van Oijen et al. 1991:144 [ref. 20956]). Current status: Valid as Haplochromis melanopus Regan 1922. Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Distribution: Eastern Africa: Lake Victoria. Habitat: freshwater.

melichrous, Haplochromis Greenwood [P. H.] & Gee [J. M.] 1969:24, Figs. 12-15 [Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History) Zoology v. 18 (no. 1); ref. 7814] Between Nsadzi Island and the mainland, Lake Victoria [Victoria Nyanza], Uganda. Holotype: BMNH 1968.8.30.150. Paratypes: BMNH 1968.8.30.151-167 (17). •Valid as Haplochromis melichrous Greenwood & Gee 1969 -- (van Oijen et al. 1991:144 [ref. 20956]). Current status: Valid as Haplochromis melichrous Greenwood & Gee 1969. Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Distribution: Eastern Africa: Lake Victoria. Habitat: freshwater.

mentatus, Haplochromis Regan [C. T.] 1925:188, Pl. 10 [Occasional Papers of the Boston Society of Natural History v. 5; ref. 15566] Lake Edward, Uganda. Holotype (unique): MCZ 31523. •Valid as Haplochromis mentatus Regan 1925 -- (van Oijen et al. 1991:144 [ref. 20956]). Current status: Valid as Haplochromis mentatus Regan 1925. Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Distribution: Eastern Africa: Lake Edward. Habitat: freshwater.

mento, Haplochromis Regan [C. T.] 1922:183 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1922 (pt 1) (no. 9); ref. 3675] Bunjako, Uganda, Lake Victoria [Victoria Nyanza]. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1906.5.30.258. •Valid as Haplochromis mento Regan 1922 -- (van Oijen et al. 1991:145 [ref. 20956]). Current status: Valid as Haplochromis mento Regan 1922. Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Distribution: Eastern Africa: Lake Victoria. Habitat: freshwater.

michaeli, Haplochromis Trewavas [E.] 1928:93 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 10) v. 2 (no. 7); ref. 15878] Lake Victoria [Victoria Nyanza]. Lectotype: BMNH 1928.5.24.487. Paralectotypes: BMNH 1928.5.24.488 (1). Lectotype selected by Greenwood 1962:203 [ref. 5925]. •Valid as Haplochromis michaeli Trewavas 1928 -- (van Oijen et al. 1991:145 [ref. 20956]). Current status: Valid as Haplochromis michaeli Trewavas 1928. Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Distribution: Eastern Africa: Lake Victoria. Habitat: freshwater.

microchrysomelas, Haplochromis Snoeks [J.] 1994:151, Fig. 5.13.1 [Annales du Musee Royal de l'Afrique Centrale, Série Sciences Zoologiques v. 270; ref. 21588] Gisenyi, in front of FAO Fishery, Lake Kivu, Rwanda, 1°42'S, 29°16'E. Holotype: MRAC 88.16.P.250. Paratypes: MRAC 107809 (1), 79.31.P.5637 (1), 81.55.P.6415 (1), 6417 (1), 85.13.P.131-132, 134, 139, 165, 167, 169-170, 173-177, 178, 180, 187 (1 ea.), 87.05.P.235 (1), 88.16.P.251-269 (1 ea.). •Valid as Haplochromis microchrysomelas Snoeks 1994. Current status: Valid as Haplochromis microchrysomelas Snoeks 1994. Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Distribution: Eastern Africa: Lake Kivu. Habitat: freshwater.

microdon, Pelmatochromis Boulenger [G. A.] 1906:441 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 7) v. 17 (no. 101) (art. 49); ref. 574] Bunjako, Uganda, Lake Victoria [Victoria Nyanza]. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1906.5.30.309. Second specimen doubtfully included, not regarded as a type. •Valid as Haplochromis microdon (Boulenger 1906) -- (Greenwood 1959:200 [ref. 20616], van Oijen et al. 1991:146 [ref. 20956]). Current status: Valid as Haplochromis microdon (Boulenger 1906). Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Distribution: Eastern Africa: Lake Victoria. Habitat: freshwater.

moeruensis, Paratilapia Boulenger [G. A.] 1899:119, Pl. 45 (fig. 2) [Annales du Musee du Congo (Ser. Zoology) v. 1 (fasc. 5); ref. 589] Lake Moero [Lake Mweru], Democratic Republic of Congo. Syntypes: BMNH 1899.11.27.98-99 (2); MRAC 216 (1), 218 (1), 219 (1), 222 (1). •Valid as Haplochromis moeruensis (Boulenger 1899) -- (van Oijen et al. 1991:146 [ref. 20956], Wamuini Lunkayilakio & Vreven 2010:280 [ref. 31038] in 'Haplochromis'). Current status: Valid as Haplochromis moeruensis (Boulenger 1899). Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Distribution: Democratic Republic of Congo. Habitat: freshwater.

molossus, Haplochromis Vranken [N.], van Steenberge [M.] & Snoeks [J.] 2019:119, Figs. 2b, 6b, 8 [Hydrobiologia v. 832 (no. 1); ref. 36120] Mukutu Kihinga, rocky offshore of Mweya, Lake Edward, Africa, 0°11'31.2"S, 29°52'26.4"E. Holotype: MRAC 2016.036.P.0046. Paratypes: IRSNB, MRAC. •Valid as Haplochromis molossus Vranken, van Steenberge & Snoeks 2019. Current status: Valid as Haplochromis molossus Vranken, van Steenberge & Snoeks 2019. Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Distribution: Lake Edward system, Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

monteiri, Tilapia Boulenger [G. A.] 1899:133 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1899 (pt 1); ref. 14695] Congo. Syntypes: BMNH 1893.7.28.18 (1) Boma. •Synonym of Haplochromis fasciatus (Perugia 1892) -- (van Oijen et al. 1991:125 [ref. 20956]). Current status: Synonym of Haplochromis fasciatus (Perugia 1892). Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

murakoze, Haplochromis Coenen [E. J.], Snoeks [J.] & Thys van den Audenaerde [D. F. E.] 1984:660, Fig. 1 [Revue de Zoologie Africaine v. 98 (no. 3); ref. 8239] Lake Kivu, Rwanda, depth 35 meters. Holotype: MRAC 81-55-P-771. Additional material: IRSNB 13234 (1). •Valid as Haplochromis murakoze Coenen, Snoeks & Thys van den Audenaerde 1984 -- (van Oijen et al. 1991:147 [ref. 20956]). •Synonym of Haplochromis adolphifrederici (Boulenger 1914) -- (Snoeks 1994:46 [ref. 21588]). Current status: Synonym of Haplochromis adolphifrederici (Boulenger 1914). Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

mylergates, Haplochromis Greenwood [P. H.] & Barel [C. D. N.] 1978:174, Figs. 28-32 [Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History) Zoology v. 33 (no. 2); ref. 8928] Speke Gulf west of Nafuba Island, Lake Victoria [Victoria Nyanza], Tanzania, depth 10-12 meters. Holotype: BMNH 1977.1.10.88. Paratypes: BMNH 1977.1.10.89-90 (2), 1977.1.10.91 (1), 1977.1.10.92-105 (14). •Valid as Haplochromis mylergates Greenwood & Barel 1978 -- (van Oijen et al. 1991:147 [ref. 20956]). Current status: Valid as Haplochromis mylergates Greenwood & Barel 1978. Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Distribution: Eastern Africa: Lake Victoria. Habitat: freshwater.

mylodon, Haplochromis Greenwood [P. H.] 1973:172, Figs. 15-16 [Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History) Zoology v. 25 (no. 5); ref. 7566] Small island north of Kankurunga Island, Lake George, Uganda. Holotype: BMNH 1972.6.2.656. Paratypes: BMNH 1972.6.2.655 (1), 1972.6.2.657 (1), 1972.6.2.661-667 (7), .668-676 (9), 1972.6.2.799-801 (3). Additional material: BMNH 1972.6.2.658 (1), 1972.6.2.677-682 (6). •Valid as Haplochromis mylodon Greenwood 1973 -- (van Oijen et al. 1991:147 [ref. 20956]). Current status: Valid as Haplochromis mylodon Greenwood 1973. Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Distribution: Eastern Africa: Lakes Edward and George and Kazinga Channel. Habitat: freshwater.

nanoserranus, Haplochromis Greenwood [P. H.] & Barel [C. D. N.] 1978:157, Figs. 14-15 [Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History) Zoology v. 33 (no. 2); ref. 8928] Mwanza Gulf, near eastern end of Muranda Peninsula, Lake Victoria [Victoria Nyanza], Tanzania, depth 4-8 meters. Holotype: BMNH 1977.1.10.54. Paratypes: BMNH 1977.1.10.55-59 (5). •Valid as Haplochromis nanoserranus Greenwood & Barel 1978 -- (van Oijen et al. 1991:148 [ref. 20956]). Current status: Valid as Haplochromis nanoserranus Greenwood & Barel 1978. Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Distribution: Eastern Africa: Lake Victoria. Habitat: freshwater.

nigrescens, Astatotilapia Pellegrin [J.] 1909:157 [Bulletin de la Société Zoologique de France v. 34; ref. 14409] Kavirondo Bay, Lake Victoria [Victoria Nyanza]. Holotype: MNHN 1909-0508. Type catalog: Blanc 1962:203 [ref. 20868]. •Valid as Haplochromis nigrescens (Pellegrin 1909) -- (van Oijen et al. 1991:148 [ref. 20956]). Current status: Valid as Haplochromis nigrescens (Pellegrin 1909). Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Distribution: Eastern Africa: Lake Victoria. Habitat: freshwater.

nigripinnis, Haplochromis Regan [C. T.] 1921:635 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 9) v. 8 (no. 48); ref. 15327] Lake Edward [Lake Albert Edward]. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1914.4.8.14. •Valid as Haplochromis nigripinnis Regan 1921 -- (Greenwood 1973:155 [ref. 7566], van Oijen et al. 1991:149 [ref. 20956]). Current status: Valid as Haplochromis nigripinnis Regan 1921. Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Distribution: Eastern Africa: Lakes Edward and George and Kazinga Channel. Habitat: freshwater.

nigroides, Astatotilapia astatodon var. Pellegrin [J.] 1928:85, Fig. 3 [Bulletin du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle (Série 1) v. 34 (no. 1); ref. 15873] Lake Kivu, Democratic Republic of Congo. Holotype (unique): MNHN 1927-3025. Type catalog: Blanc 1962:203 [ref. 20868]. Originally as nigroïdes. •Valid as Haplochromis nigroides (Pellegrin 1928) -- (van Oijen et al. 1991:150 [ref. 20956], Snoeks 1994:97 [ref. 21588]). Current status: Valid as Haplochromis nigroides (Pellegrin 1928). Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Distribution: Eastern Africa: Lake Kivu. Habitat: freshwater.

nigroides, Paratilapia vittata var. Pellegrin [J.] 1935:384 [Revue de Zoologie et de Botanique Africaines v. 27 (no. 3); ref. 5041] Lake Kivu, Democratic Republic of Congo. Syntypes: MNHN 1935-0102 (1), 1935-0172 (1). Type catalog: Blanc 1962:218 [ref. 20868]. •Synonym of Haplochromis vittatus (Boulenger 1901) -- (van Oijen et al. 1991:181 [ref. 20956], Snoeks 1994:38 [ref. 21588]). Current status: Synonym of Haplochromis vittatus (Boulenger 1901). Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

nigroventralis, Haplochromis Lohberger [K.] 1929:207 [Anzeiger der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Wien, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe v. 66 (no. 17); ref. 19589] Lake Victoria [Victoria Nyanza]. Holotype (unique): NMW 8225. •Synonym of Haplochromis guiarti (Pellegrin 1904) -- (van Oijen et al. 1991:130 [ref. 20956]). Current status: Synonym of Haplochromis guiarti (Pellegrin 1904). Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

niloticus, Haplochromis Greenwood [P. H.] 1960:243 [Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History) Zoology v. 6 (no. 4); ref. 11917] Replacement name for Tilapia bayoni Boulenger 1911, preoccupied by Paratilapia bayoni Boulenger 1909 when treated as congeneric. •Valid as Haplochromis niloticus Greenwood 1960 -- (van Oijen et al. 1991:151 [ref. 20956]). Current status: Valid as Haplochromis niloticus Greenwood 1960. Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Distribution: Eastern Africa: Victoria Nile. Habitat: freshwater.

nubila, Tilapia Boulenger [G. A.] 1906:450 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 7) v. 17 (no. 101) (art. 49); ref. 574] Entebbe, Uganda, Lake Victoria [Victoria Nyanza]. Lectotype: BMNH 1906.5.30.490. Paralectotypes: BMNH 1906.5.30.288-291 (4); NMW 24698-99 (2). •Valid as Haplochromis nubilus (Boulenger 1906) -- (Greenwood 1965:346 [ref. 20617], van Oijen et al. 1991:151 [ref. 20956], Lippitsch 2003:85 [ref. 26761] as 'Haplochormis' numilus, Seegers et al. 2003:43 [ref. 28087], Schraml & Tichy 2010:82 [ref. 30895]). Current status: Valid as Haplochromis nubilus (Boulenger 1906). Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Distribution: Eastern Africa: Lake Victoria system (lakes and rivers). Habitat: freshwater.

nuchisquamulatus, Chromis Hilgendorf [F. M.] 1888:76 [Sitzungsberichte der Gesellschaft Naturforschender Freunde zu Berlin 1888; ref. 2168] Lake Ukerewe, Victoria Nyanza [Kagehi or Kageyi, east of Kayenze, southern shore of Lake Victoria, Mwanza district, Tanzania, 2°23'S, 33°06'E]. Lectotype: ZMB 12740. Paralectotypes: ZMB 22222 (1) [also the holotype of Ctenochromis sauvagei]. Type catalog: Seegers 2008:161, 165 [ref. 29830] with more detailed locality information. •Valid as Haplochromis nuchisquamulatus (Hilgendorf 1888) -- (van Oijen et al. 1991:151 [ref. 20956], Seegers 2008:162 [ref. 29830]). Current status: Valid as Haplochromis nuchisquamulatus (Hilgendorf 1888). Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Distribution: Eastern Africa: Lake Victoria and the Victoria Nile. Habitat: freshwater.

nyanzae, Haplochromis Greenwood [P. H.] 1962:159, Fig. 6 [Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History) Zoology v. 9 (no. 4); ref. 5925] Jinja, Uganda, Lake Victoria [Victoria Nyanza]. Holotype: BMNH 1962.3.2.495. Paratypes: BMNH 1909.5.4.17 (1), 1962.3.2.496-498 (3), 1962.3.2.500 (1), .501-503 (3), and .504-507 (4). •Valid as Haplochromis nyanzae Greenwood 1962 -- (van Oijen et al. 1991:152 [ref. 20956]). Current status: Valid as Haplochromis nyanzae Greenwood 1962. Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Distribution: Eastern Africa: Lake Victoria. Habitat: freshwater.

obesus, Pelmatochromis Boulenger [G. A.] 1906:442 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 7) v. 17 (no. 101) (art. 49); ref. 574] Bunjako, Uganda, Lake Victoria [Victoria Nyanza]. Lectotype: BMNH 1906.5.30.311. Paralectotypes: BMNH 1906.5.30.312 (1) Entebbe. Species was "restricted" by Greenwood 1959:182 [ref. 20616] to specimen figured in "Fishes of the Nile", but technically no lectotype was established by Greenwood; lectotype selected by Eschmeyer 1998:1211 [ref. 23416] if not previously established. •Valid as Haplochromis obesus (Boulenger 1906) -- (Greenwood 1959:182 [ref. 20616], van Oijen et al. 1991:153 [ref. 20956]). Current status: Valid as Haplochromis obesus (Boulenger 1906). Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Distribution: Eastern Africa: Lake Victoria and Lake Kwania. Habitat: freshwater.

obliquidens, Chromis (Haplochromis) Hilgendorf [F. M.] 1888:76 [Sitzungsberichte der Gesellschaft Naturforschender Freunde zu Berlin 1888; ref. 2168] Lake Ukerewe, Victoria Nyanaza [Kagehi or Kageyi, east of Kayenze, southern shore of Lake Victoria, Mwanza district, Tanzania, 2°23'S, 33°06'E]. Holotype (unique): ZMB 12741 [not 12721]. Type catalog: Seegers 2008:170 [ref. 29830]; holotype found by him in 1986. •Valid as Haplochromis obliquidens (Hilgendorf 1888) -- (van Oijen et al. 1991:154 [ref. 20956], Seegers 2008:170 [ref. 29830]). Current status: Valid as Haplochromis obliquidens (Hilgendorf 1888). Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Distribution: Eastern Africa: Lake Victoria and Victoria Nile. Habitat: freshwater.

obtusidens, Haplochromis Trewavas [E.] 1928:95 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 10) v. 2 (no. 7); ref. 15878] Lake Victoria [Victoria Nyanza]. Lectotype: BMNH 1928.5.30.21. Paralectotypes: BMNH 1928.5.30.20 (1). Lectotype selected by Greenwood 1960:266 [ref. 11917]. •Valid as Gaurochromis obtusidens (Trewavas 1928) -- (Poll & Gosse 1995:275 [ref. 24781]). •Valid as Haplochromis obtusidens Trewavas 1928 -- (Greenwood 1960:266 [ref. 11917], van Oijen et al. 1991:154 [ref. 20956]). Current status: Valid as Haplochromis obtusidens Trewavas 1928. Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Distribution: Eastern Africa: Lake Victoria. Habitat: freshwater.

occultidens, Haplochromis Snoeks [J.] 1988:213, Fig. 3 [Cybium v. 12 (no. 3); ref. 6867] Kibuye, Kivu Lake, Rwanda, Africa. Holotype: MRAC 80-49-P-4502. Paratypes: IRSNB 789 [ex 12833] (2), 790 [ex 12921] (3), 791 -792 [ex 12923-24] (2, 1), 793 [ex 12926] (1), 794 [ex 12915] (1); MRAC 42759 (1), 79-31-P-1957 (1), 79-31-P-2262 (1), 79-31-P-2445 (1), 79-31-P-3134 (1), 79-31-P-7775 (1), 80-49-P-2359 (1), 85-13-P-2 (1), 85-13-P-4-6 (1, 1, 1). Additional material at IRSNB and MRAC. •Valid as Haplochromis occultidens Snoeks 1988 -- (van Oijen et al. 1991:155 [ref. 20956], Snoeks 1994:120 [ref. 21588]). Current status: Valid as Haplochromis occultidens Snoeks 1988. Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Distribution: Eastern Africa: Lake Kivu. Habitat: freshwater.

oligacanthus, Haplochromis Regan [C. T.] 1922:258 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 9) v. 10 (no. 57); ref. 3674] Ubanghi River at Bangi, Central African Republic. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1920.7.12.48. •Valid as Haplochromis oligacanthus Regan 1922 -- (van Oijen et al. 1991:155 [ref. 20956], Wamuini Lunkayilakio & Vreven 2010:280 [ref. 31038] in 'Haplochromis'). Current status: Valid as Haplochromis oligacanthus Regan 1922. Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Distribution: Central Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

oligolepis, Haplochromis Lippitsch [E.] 2003:89, Fig. 2 [Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 14 (no. 1); ref. 26761] Lake Victoria, near Entebbe, Uganda. Holotype: BMNH 1906.5.30:286. Paratypes: BMNH 1906.5.30:282-285 (4), 1906.5.30:287 (1), 1906.5.30:289-291 (3). Original genus as 'Haplochromis'. •Valid as 'Haplochromis' oligolepis Lippitsch 2003. Current status: Valid as Haplochromis oligolepis Lippitsch 2003. Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Distribution: Eastern Africa: Lake Victoria. Habitat: freshwater.

olivaceus, Haplochromis Snoeks [J.], de Vos [L. D. G.], Coenen [E. J.] & Thys van den Audenaerde [D. F. E.] 1990:64, Fig. 1 [Cybium v. 14 (no. 1); ref. 15676] Gisenyi, near the port, Kivu Lake, Rwanda, eastern central Africa. Holotype: MRAC 86-12-P-329. Paratypes: MRAC 62-12-P-327-328 (2), 62-12-P-330 (1), 86-01-P-2720-2722 (3), 86-01-P-2733-2734 (2), 86-12-P-343-348 (6), 86-38-P-270-271 (1, 1), 87-11-P-2739 (1), 87-11-P-2742-2744 (3), 88-16-P-210-211 (2), 86-16-P-212 (1), 86-16-P-213 (1), 88-16-P-214-15 (2). •Valid as Haplochromis olivaceus Snoeks, de Vos, Coenen & Thys van den Audenaerde 1990 -- (van Oijen et al. 1991:156 [ref. 20956], Snoeks 1994:130 [ref. 21588]). Current status: Valid as Haplochromis olivaceus Snoeks, de Vos, Coenen & Thys van den Audenaerde 1990. Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Distribution: Eastern Africa: Lake Kivu. Habitat: freshwater.

oregosoma, Haplochromis Greenwood [P. H.] 1973:159, Fig. 8 [Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History) Zoology v. 25 (no. 5); ref. 7566] North end of Kankurunga Island, Lake George, Uganda. Holotype: BMNH 1972.6.2.141. Paratypes: BMNH 1972.6.2.142-146 (5), .147 (1), .148-152 (5), .153 (1), .154 (1), BMNH 1972.6.2.165 (1). Additional material: BMNH 1972.6.2:155-160 (6), 1-164 (4). •Valid as Haplochromis oregosoma Greenwood 1973 -- (van Oijen et al. 1991:156 [ref. 20956]). Current status: Valid as Haplochromis oregosoma Greenwood 1973. Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Distribution: Eastern Africa: Lake George and Kazinga Channel. Habitat: freshwater.

pachycephalus, Haplochromis Greenwood [P. H.] 1967:39, Fig. 2 [Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History) Zoology v. 15 (no. 2); ref. 7965] Off Kazima Island, Lake Victoria [Victoria Nyanza], Uganda, depth 40 feet. Holotype: BMNH 1966.2.21.9. Paratypes: BMNH 1966.3.9.166-169 (4), .170 (1), .171-173 (3), .174 (1), .175-177 (3), .178 (1). •Valid as Haplochromis pachycephalus Greenwood 1967 -- (van Oijen et al. 1991:156 [ref. 20956]). Current status: Valid as Haplochromis pachycephalus Greenwood 1967. Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Distribution: Eastern Africa: Lake Victoria. Habitat: freshwater.

pallida, Tilapia Boulenger [G. A.] 1911:72 [9], Pl. 2 (fig. 1) [Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Genova (Serie 3). v. 5 (no. 45); ref. 580] Jinja, Ripon Falls and Bussu, Lake Victoria [Victoria Nyanza], Uganda. Syntypes: BMNH 1911.3.3.127-130 (4) Bussu, 1911.3.3.131 (1), 1911.3.3.132 (1, skeleton), 1911.3.3.133-136 (4) lost; ? MSNG 12912-15 (many). On p. 9 of separate. •Valid as Haplochromis pallidus (Boulenger 1911) -- (Greenwood 1960:230 [ref. 11917], van Oijen et al. 1991:157 [ref. 20956]). Current status: Valid as Haplochromis pallidus (Boulenger 1911). Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Distribution: Eastern Africa: Lake Victoria. Habitat: freshwater.

pancitrinus, Haplochromis Mietes [M.] & Witte [F.] in de Zeeuw et al. 2010:237, Figs. 21-23 [Zoologische Mededelingen (Leiden) v. 84 (no. 9); ref. 31028] Mwanza Gulf, Tanzania, Lake Victoria. Holotype: RMNH 83923. Paratypes: AMNH, BMNH 2010.3.23.7 (1), NSMT-P, RMNH. •Valid as Haplochromis pancitrinus Mietes & Witte 2010. Current status: Valid as Haplochromis pancitrinus Mietes & Witte 2010. Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Distribution: Mwanza Gulf, Tanzania, Lake Victoria. Habitat: freshwater.

pappenheimi, Tilapia Boulenger [G. A.] 1914:254, Pl. 7 (fig. 1) [Wissenschaftliche Ergebnisse der Deutschen Zentral-Afrika Expedition, 1907-1908 v. 5 (Zool. no. 3); ref. 582] Lake Edward, eastern Africa. Lectotype: ZMB 19110. Paralectotypes: (31) BMNH 1914.4.8.9-12 (4), 1914.4.8.37 (1, skeleton); ZMB 19111 (2), 22689 (8), 22691 (1), 22692 (1 or 2), 22693 (7), 22695-97 (1, 1, 1), 22698 (?). Lectotype selected by Greenwood 1973:200 [ref. 7566]. •Valid as Haplochromis pappenheimi (Boulenger 1914) -- (Greenwood 1973:199 [ref. 7566], van Oijen et al. 1991:157 [ref. 20956]). Current status: Valid as Haplochromis pappenheimi (Boulenger 1914). Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Distribution: Eastern Africa: Lakes Edward and George and the Kazinga Channel. Habitat: freshwater.

paradoxus, Pyxichromis Lippitsch [E.] & Kaufman [L.] 2003:91, Figs. 1, 3b, 4b, 5 [Zeitschrift für Fischkunde v. 6 (no. 1-2); ref. 27727] Off Katwe fish landing, Katwe Town, Lake Edward, East Africa. Holotype: MCZ 135767 [not 135757]. Paratypes: MCZ 156811 [ex. MCZ 135767] (1). •Valid as Haplochromis paradoxus (Lippitsch & Kaufman 2003) -- (Vranken et al. 2018:[21] [ref. 36120]). Current status: Valid as Haplochromis paradoxus (Lippitsch & Kaufman 2003). Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Distribution: Eastern Africa: Lake Edward. Habitat: freshwater.

paraguiarti, Haplochromis Greenwood [P. H.] 1967:69, Fig. 12 [Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History) Zoology v. 15 (no. 2); ref. 7965] Beach near Nasu Point, Buvuma Channel, Uganda. Holotype: BMNH 1966.2.21.6. Paratypes: BMNH 1966.3.9.311 (1), .312 (1), .313-314 (2), .315 (1), .316 (1), .317-319 (3), .320-323 (4), .324 (1), .325-330 (6), .331-332 (2), .333-337 (5), .338-344 (7). •Valid as Haplochromis paraguiarti Greenwood 1967 -- (van Oijen et al. 1991:158 [ref. 20956]). Current status: Valid as Haplochromis paraguiarti Greenwood 1967. Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Distribution: Eastern Africa: Lake Victoria. Habitat: freshwater.

paraplagiostoma, Haplochromis Greenwood [P. H.] & Gee [J. M.] 1969:60, Fig. 35 [Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History) Zoology v. 18 (no. 1); ref. 7814] West of Bulago Island, Lake Victoria [Victoria Nyanza], Uganda, depth 70 feet. Holotype: BMNH 1968.8.30.127. Paratypes: BMNH 1968.8.30.128-134 (7). •Valid as Haplochromis paraplagiostoma Greenwood & Gee 1969 -- (van Oijen et al. 1991:158 [ref. 20956]). Current status: Valid as Haplochromis paraplagiostoma Greenwood & Gee 1969. Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Distribution: Eastern Africa: Lake Victoria. Habitat: freshwater.

paropius, Haplochromis Greenwood [P. H.] & Gee [J. M.] 1969:10, Figs. 5-7 [Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History) Zoology v. 18 (no. 1); ref. 7814] Near Bulago Island, Lake Victoria [Victoria Nyanza], Uganda, depth 80-90 feet. Holotype: BMNH 1968.8.30.89. Paratypes: (33 of following) BMNH 1968.8.30.90-113, 1968.8.30.114-117, 1968.8.30.118-123, 1968.8.30.124-126. •Valid as Haplochromis paropius Greenwood & Gee 1969 -- (van Oijen et al. 1991:158 [ref. 20956]). Current status: Valid as Haplochromis paropius Greenwood & Gee 1969. Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Distribution: Eastern Africa: Lake Victoria. Habitat: freshwater.

parvidens, Paratilapia Boulenger [G. A.] 1911:65 [2], Pl. 1 (fig. 1) [Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Genova (Serie 3). v. 5 (no. 45); ref. 580] Jinja, Ripon Falls, Uganda. Holotype (unique): MSNG 12959. Type catalog: Tortonese 1963:338 [ref. 10350]. On p. 2 of separate. •Valid as Haplochromis parvidens (Boulenger 1911) -- (Greenwood 1959:194 [ref. 20616], van Oijen et al. 1991:159 [ref. 20956]). Current status: Valid as Haplochromis parvidens (Boulenger 1911). Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Distribution: Eastern Africa: Lake Victoria. Habitat: freshwater.

paucidens, Haplochromis Regan [C. T.] 1921:638 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 9) v. 8 (no. 48); ref. 15327] Lake Kivu. Syntypes: BMNH 1906.9.6.72-73 (2). •Valid as Haplochromis paucidens Regan 1921 -- (van Oijen et al. 1991:160 [ref. 20956], Snoeks 1994:86 [ref. 21588]). Current status: Valid as Haplochromis paucidens Regan 1921. Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Distribution: Eastern Africa: Lake Kivu. Habitat: freshwater.

pectoralis, Paratilapia Boulenger [G. A.] 1911:66 [3], Pl. 1 (fig. 2) [Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Genova (Serie 3). v. 5 (no. 45); ref. 580] Jinja, Ripon Falls, Uganda. Holotype (unique): MSNG 12977. On p. 3 of separate. Subjectively invalid; secondarily preoccupied by Ctenochromis pectoralis Pfeffer 1893 when in Haplochromis, replaced by Haplochromis squamulatus Regan 1922. •Objective synonym of Haplochromis squamulatus Regan 1922 -- (Greenwood 1967:87 [ref. 7965], van Oijen et al. 1991:176 [ref. 20956]). Current status: Synonym of Haplochromis squamulatus Regan 1922. Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

pellegrini, Haplochromis Regan [C. T.] 1922:185, Fig. 11 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1922 (pt 1) (no. 9); ref. 3675] Entebbe, Uganda, Lake Victoria [Victoria Nyanza]. Lectotype: BMNH 1906.5.30.253. Paralectotypes: BMNH 1906.5.30.254 (1). Additional material: BMNH (2). Lectotype selected by Greenwood 1962:186 [ref. 5925]. •Valid as Haplochromis pellegrini Regan 1922 -- (van Oijen et al. 1991:161 [ref. 20956], van Oijen 1991:73 [ref. 20098]). Current status: Valid as Haplochromis pellegrini Regan 1922. Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Distribution: Eastern Africa: Lake Victoria. Habitat: freshwater.

percoides, Haplochromis Boulenger [G. A.] 1906:443 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 7) v. 17 (no. 101) (art. 49); ref. 574] Entebbe, Uganda, Lake Victoria [Victoria Nyanza]. Lectotype: BMNH 1906.5.30.313. Paralectotypes: BMNH 1906.5.30.313a (1). Lectotype selected by Greenwood 1962:189 [not p. 191] [ref. 5925]. •Valid as Haplochromis percoides Boulenger 1906 -- (van Oijen et al. 1991:161 [ref. 20956]). Current status: Valid as Haplochromis percoides Boulenger 1906. Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Distribution: Eastern Africa: Lake Victoria. Habitat: freshwater.

perrieri, Tilapia Pellegrin [J.] 1909:158 [Bulletin de la Société Zoologique de France v. 34; ref. 14409] Kavirondo Bay, Lake Victoria [Victoria Nyanza]. Syntypes: MNHN 1909-0509 and 0510 (2). Type catalog: Blanc 1962:225 [ref. 20868]. •Valid as Haplochromis perrieri (Pellegrin 1909) -- (van Oijen et al. 1991:162 [ref. 20956]). Current status: Valid as Haplochromis perrieri (Pellegrin 1909). Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Distribution: Eastern Africa: Lake Victoria. Habitat: freshwater.

petronius, Haplochromis Greenwood [P. H.] 1973:209, Fig. 32 [Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History) Zoology v. 25 (no. 5); ref. 7566] Kashaka Crater Bay, Lake George, Uganda. Holotype: BMNH 1972.6.2.1. Paratypes: BMNH 1972.6.2.2-10 (9), .11-21 (11), .22 (1), .23 (1), 1972.6.2.788 (1), 1972.6.2.811 (1). Additional material: BMNH 1972.6.2.293 (1). •Valid as Haplochromis petronius Greenwood 1973 -- (van Oijen et al. 1991:162 [ref. 20956]). Current status: Valid as Haplochromis petronius Greenwood 1973. Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Distribution: Eastern Africa: Lake George. Habitat: freshwater.

pharyngalis, Haplochromis Poll [M.] & Damas [H.] 1939:47, Figs. 25-26 [Exploration du Parc National Albert. Mission H. Damas (1935-36). Fasc. 6; ref. 17219] Lake Edward, Bugazia, Democratic Republic of Congo. Syntypes: MRAC 65724-26 (3). Type catalog: Derijst 1991:44 [ref. 21528]. •Valid as Haplochromis pharyngalis Poll & Damas 1939 -- (van Oijen et al. 1991:162 [ref. 20956]). •Possibly valid as Thoracochromis pharyngalis (Poll & Damas 1939). Current status: Valid as Haplochromis pharyngalis Poll & Damas 1939. Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Distribution: Eastern Africa: Lake Edward. Habitat: freshwater.

pharyngomylus, Haplochromis Regan [C. T.] 1929:390 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 10) v. 3 (no. 16); ref. 16056] Lake Victoria [Victoria Nyanza]. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1928.5.24.313. •Valid as Haplochromis pharyngomylus Regan 1929 -- (Greenwood 1960:270 [ref. 11917], van Oijen et al. 1991:162 [ref. 20956]). Current status: Valid as Haplochromis pharyngomylus Regan 1929. Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Distribution: Eastern Africa: Lake Victoria. Habitat: freshwater.

phytophagus, Haplochromis Greenwood [P. H.] 1966:303, Pl. 11 A [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 13) v. 8 (no. 89) (for 1965); ref. 9033] Kisumu, Lake Victoria [Victoria Nyanza], Kenya. Holotype: BMNH 1965.8.6.6. Paratypes: BMNH 1965.8.6.7-13 (7), .14-15 (2), .16 (1), .17 (1), .18-34 (18), .35 (1). •Valid as Haplochromis phytophagus Greenwood 1966 -- (van Oijen et al. 1991:163 [ref. 20956]). Current status: Valid as Haplochromis phytophagus Greenwood 1966. Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Distribution: Eastern Africa: Lake Victoria. Habitat: freshwater.

piceatus, Haplochromis Greenwood [P. H.] & Gee [J. M.] 1969:7, Figs. 2-4 [Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History) Zoology v. 18 (no. 1); ref. 7814] Napoleon Gulf, opposite Jinja Prison, Lake Victoria [Victoria Nyanza], Uganda. Holotype: BMNH 1968.8.30.39. Paratypes: (15 of following) BMNH 1968.8.30.40-54 (15), .55-56 (2). •Valid as Haplochromis piceatus Greenwood & Gee 1969 -- (van Oijen et al. 1991:164 [ref. 20956], van Oijen & Witte 2003:478 [ref. 27422]). Current status: Valid as Haplochromis piceatus Greenwood & Gee 1969. Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Distribution: Eastern Africa: Lake Victoria. Habitat: freshwater.

pitmani, Haplochromis Fowler [H. W.] 1936:332, Figs. 26, 147-149 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 88; ref. 1424] Kitala, Lake Victoria [Victoria Nyanza], Uganda. Holotype: ANSP 66133. Paratypes: ANSP 66134-37 (4). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:59 [ref. 13621]. •Valid as Haplochromis pitmani Fowler 1936 -- (van Oijen et al. 1991:164 [ref. 20956]). Current status: Valid as Haplochromis pitmani Fowler 1936. Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Distribution: Eastern Africa: Lake Victoria. Habitat: freshwater.

placodus, Haplochromis Poll [M.] & Damas [H.] 1939:43, Figs. 21-22 [Exploration du Parc National Albert. Mission H. Damas (1935-36). Fasc. 6; ref. 17219] Molindi River, near Lake Kibuga, Democratic Republic of Congo. Holotype (unique): MRAC 65721. Type catalog: Derijst 1991:44 [ref. 21528]. •Valid as Haplochromis placodus Poll & Damas 1939 -- (van Oijen et al. 1991:165 [ref. 20956]). Current status: Valid as Haplochromis placodus Poll & Damas 1939. Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Distribution: Democratic Republic of Congo. Habitat: freshwater.

plagiodon, Haplochromis Regan [C. T.] & Trewavas [E.] 1928:224 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 10) v. 2 (no. 8); ref. 15876] Sesse Islands, Lake Victoria [Victoria Nyanza], Uganda. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1909.5.4.29. •Valid as Haplochromis plagiodon Regan & Trewavas 1928 -- (Greenwood 1959:205 [ref. 20616], van Oijen et al. 1991:165 [ref. 20956]). Current status: Valid as Haplochromis plagiodon Regan & Trewavas 1928. Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Distribution: Eastern Africa: Lake Victoria. Habitat: freshwater.

plagiostoma, Haplochromis Regan [C. T.] 1922:181, Fig. 8 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1922 (pt 1) (no. 9); ref. 3675] Bunjako, Uganda, Lake Victoria [Victoria Nyanza]. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1906.5.30.261. •Valid as Haplochromis plagiostoma Regan 1922 -- (van Oijen et al. 1991:165 [ref. 20956]). Current status: Valid as Haplochromis plagiostoma Regan 1922. Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Distribution: Eastern Africa: Lake Victoria. Habitat: freshwater.

planus, Haplochromis Vranken [N.], van Steenberge [M.] & Snoeks [J.] 2020:1210, Figs. 2c, 10-12 [Journal of Fish Biology v. 96 (no. 5); ref. 37051] Rocky shore at Rwenshama, Lake Edward, 0°24'05.7"S, 29°46'35.1"E. Holotype: MRAC 2017.006.P.0060. Paratypes: IRSNB, MRAC. •Valid as Haplochromis planus Vranken, van Steenberge & Snoeks 2020. Current status: Valid as Haplochromis planus Vranken, van Steenberge & Snoeks 2020. Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Distribution: Lake Edward, Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

plutonius, Haplochromis Greenwood [P. H.] & Barel [C. D. N.] 1978:151, Figs. 11-13 [Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History) Zoology v. 33 (no. 2); ref. 8928] Speke Gulf, between Nafuba and Tefu Islands, Lake Victoria [Victoria Nyanza], Tanzania, depth about 28 meters. Holotype: BMNH 1977.1.10.39. Paratypes: BMNH 1977.1.10.40-48 (9). •Valid as Haplochromis plutonius Greenwood & Barel 1978 -- (van Oijen et al. 1991:166 [ref. 20956]). Current status: Valid as Haplochromis plutonius Greenwood & Barel 1978. Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Distribution: Eastern Africa: Lake Victoria. Habitat: freshwater.

polli, Haplochromis Thys van den Audenaerde [D. F. E.] 1964:159, Fig. 1 [Revue de Zoologie et de Botanique Africaines v. 70 (no. 1-2); ref. 3698] Stanley Pool, Lower Congo. Holotype: MRAC 98258. Paratypes: MNHN 1908-0135 and 0136 (1, 1); MRAC 39639 (1), 44074-82 (9), 98143-47 (5), 99403-04 (2). •Valid as Haplochromis polli Thys van den Audenaerde 1964 -- (van Oijen et al. 1991:166 [ref. 20956], Wamuini Lunkayilakio & Vreven 2010:280 [ref. 31038] in 'Haplochromis'). Current status: Valid as Haplochromis polli Thys van den Audenaerde 1964. Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Distribution: Central Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

polyodon, Paratilapia Boulenger [G. A.] 1909:305, Fig. [Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Genova (Serie 3). v. 4 (no. 44); ref. 14369] Sesse Island, Lake Victoria [Victoria Nyanza], Uganda. Syntypes: BMNH 1909.5.4.16 (1); MSNG 12994-95 (1, 1). Type catalog: Tortonese 1963:338 [ref. 10350] with 12995 as holotype. •Synonym of Hoplotilapia retrodens (Hilgendorf 1888) -- (van Oijen 1991:198 [ref. 20959]). •Synonym of Haplochromis retrodens (Hilgendorf 1888) Current status: Synonym of Haplochromis retrodens (Hilgendorf 1888). Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

prodromus, Haplochromis Trewavas [E.] 1935:92 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 10) v. 16 (no. 91) (art. 6); ref. 4451] Buddu Coast, Lake Victoria [Victoria Nyanza]. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1907.5.7.78. Replacement name for Haplochromis annectens Regan 1922, secondarily preoccupied in Haplochromis by Cyrtocara annectens Regan 1922. •Valid as Haplochromis prodromus Trewavas 1935 -- (van Oijen et al. 1991:167 [ref. 20956]). Current status: Valid as Haplochromis prodromus Trewavas 1935. Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Distribution: Eastern Africa: Lake Victoria. Habitat: freshwater.

prognathus, Paratilapia Pellegrin [J.] 1904:185 [Bulletin de la Société Zoologique de France v. 29 (no. 8); ref. 14735] Kavirondo Bay, Lake Victoria [Victoria Nyanza]. Lectotype: BMNH 1905.2.28.1 [ex MNHN]. Paralectotypes: (6) MNHN 1904-0141 to 0143 (3), 1904-0146 to 0147 (2). Type catalog: Blanc 1962:217-218 [ref. 20868]. Also appeared in Pellegrin 1905:181, Pl. 16 (fig. 4) [ref. 22191] as Paratilapia prognatha. Lectotype selected by Greenwood 1967:78 [ref. 7965]. •Valid as Haplochromis prognathus (Pellegrin 1904) -- (Greenwood 1967:78 [ref. 7965], van Oijen et al. 1991:167 [ref. 20956], Seegers 2008:178 [ref. 29830]). Current status: Valid as Haplochromis prognathus (Pellegrin 1904). Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Distribution: Eastern Africa: Lake Victoria. Habitat: freshwater.

pseudopellegrini, Haplochromis Greenwood [P. H.] 1967:56, Fig. 8 [Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History) Zoology v. 15 (no. 2); ref. 7965] Pilkington Bay, Lake Victoria [Victoria Nyanza], Uganda. Holotype: BMNH 1966.2.21.2. Paratypes: BMNH 1966.3.9.296 through .298 (1, 1, 1), 1966.3.9.299-310 (12). •Valid as Haplochromis pseudopellegrini Greenwood 1967 -- (van Oijen et al. 1991:168 [ref. 20956]). Current status: Valid as Haplochromis pseudopellegrini Greenwood 1967. Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Distribution: Eastern Africa: Lake Victoria. Habitat: freshwater.

ptistes, Haplochromis Greenwood [P. H.] & Barel [C. D. N.] 1978:164, Figs. 19-21 [Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History) Zoology v. 33 (no. 2); ref. 8928] Speke Gulf, northeast of Tefu Island, Lake Victoria [Victoria Nyanza], Tanzania, depth about 28 meters. Holotype: BMNH 1977.1.10.60. Paratypes: BMNH 1977.1.10.61-69 (9). •Valid as Haplochromis ptistes Greenwood & Barel 1978 -- (van Oijen et al. 1991:169 [ref. 20956]). Current status: Valid as Haplochromis ptistes Greenwood & Barel 1978. Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Distribution: Eastern Africa: Lake Victoria. Habitat: freshwater.

pyrrhocephalus, Haplochromis Witte [F.] & Witte-Maas [E. L. M.] 1987:37, Pls. 1, 3, 6 (left half) [Implications for taxonomy and functional morphology; ref. 21865] Northern part of Mwanza Gulf, Lake Victoria [Victoria Nyanza], Tanzania, depth 10-12 meters. Holotype: RMNH 30667. Paratypes: RMNH 30601, 30668-699 (total 34). •Valid as Haplochromis pyrrhocephalus Witte & Witte-Maas 1987 -- (van Oijen et al. 1991:131 [ref. 20956], van Oijen & Witte 2003:477 [ref. 27422], de Zeeuw et al. 2013:14 [ref. 32385]). Current status: Valid as Haplochromis pyrrhocephalus Witte & Witte-Maas 1987. Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Distribution: Eastern Africa: Lake Victoria. Habitat: freshwater.

pyrrhopteryx, Haplochromis van Oijen [M. J. P.] 1991:57, Figs. 6, 63-78, 111 [Zoologische Verhandelingen (Leiden) No. 272; ref. 20098] Mwanza Gulf, Lake Victoria [Victoria Nyanza], Tanzania. Holotype: RMNH 30010. Paratypes: ANSP 168241 (1); BMNH 1966.3.9.185 (1), 1987.2.4.16-17 [ex RMNH 30044 and 30051]; MNHN 1987-1669 (1); RMNH 330011-25 (15), 30026-35 (10), 30036-43 (8), 30045-57 (13), 30379-82 (4), 30384-84 (2). •Valid as Haplochromis pyrrhopteryx van Oijen 1991 -- (van Oijen & Zeeuw 2008 [ref. 29434]). Current status: Valid as Haplochromis pyrrhopteryx van Oijen 1991. Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Distribution: Eastern Africa: Lake Victoria. Habitat: freshwater.

rebeli, Haplochromis Lohberger [K.] 1929:94 [3] [Anzeiger der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Wien, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe v. 66 (no. 11); ref. 15907] Lake Victoria [Victoria Nyanza]. Holotype: NMW 18830. Paratypes: NMW 18769-71 (3), 18831 (1). On p. 3 of separate. •Synonym of Haplochromis prognathus (Pellegrin 1904) -- (Greenwood 1967:78 [ref. 7965], van Oijen et al. 1991:168 [ref. 20956]). Current status: Synonym of Haplochromis prognathus (Pellegrin 1904). Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

relictidens, Haplochromis Vranken [N.], van Steenberge [M.] & Snoeks [J.] 2019:123, Figs. 2d, 6d, 10 [Hydrobiologia v. 832 (no. 1); ref. 36120] Mouth of Kazinga Channel, hard substrate, Lake Edward, Africa, 0°12'14.4"S, 29°52'37.2"E. Holotype: MRAC 2017.006.P.0007. Paratypes: IRSNB, MRAC. Plus additional non-type material. •Valid as Haplochromis relictidens Vranken, van Steenberge & Snoeks 2019. Current status: Valid as Haplochromis relictidens Vranken, van Steenberge & Snoeks 2019. Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Distribution: Lake Edward system, Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

retrodens, Paratilapia Hilgendorf [F. M.] 1888:76 [Sitzungsberichte der Gesellschaft Naturforschender Freunde zu Berlin 1888; ref. 2168] Lake Ukerewe, Victoria Nyanaza [Kagehi or Kageyi, east of Kayenze, southern shore of Lake Victoria, Mwanza district, Tanzania, 2°23'S, 33°06'E]. Holotype (unique): ZMB 12742. Type catalog: Seegers 2008:174 [ref. 29830]; he rediscovered the holotype in 1999. Originally as Paratilapia? •Valid as Hoplotilapia retrodens (Hilgendorf 1888) -- (van Oijen 1991:198 [ref. 20959], Poll & Gosse 1995:275 [ref. 24781]). •Valid as Haplochromis (Hoplotilapia) retrodens (Hilgendorf 1888) -- (Seegers 2008:172 [ref. 29830]). Current status: Valid as Haplochromis retrodens (Hilgendorf 1888). Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Distribution: Eastern Africa: Lake Victoria. Habitat: freshwater.

riponianus, Pelmatochromis Boulenger [G. A.] 1911:69 [6], Pl. 2 (fig. 3) [Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Genova (Serie 3). v. 5 (no. 45); ref. 580] Jinja, Ripon Falls, Uganda. Lectotype: MSNG 12996. Paralectotypes: (?7) BMNH 1911.3.3.37-38 [ex MSNG] (2), 1911.3.3.39 [ex MSNG] (1); MSNG 12997 (1), 38916 (1). Type catalog: Tortonese 1963:339 [ref. 10350]. On p. 6 of separate. Lectotype selected by Greenwood 1960:252 [ref. 11917]. •Valid as Haplochromis riponianus (Boulenger 1911) -- (Greenwood 1960:252 [ref. 11917], van Oijen et al. 1991:170 [ref. 20956]). Current status: Valid as Haplochromis riponianus (Boulenger 1911). Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Distribution: Eastern Africa: Lake Victoria and possibly the Victoria Nile. Habitat: freshwater.

rubescens, Haplochromis Snoeks [J.] 1994:171, Fig. 5.15.1 [Annales du Musee Royal de l'Afrique Centrale, Série Sciences Zoologiques v. 270; ref. 21588] Gisenyi, in front of FAO Fishery, Lake Kivu, Rwanda, 1°42'S, 29°16'E. Holotype: MRAC 88.16.P.262. Paratypes: MRAC 85.13.P.25-26 (1, 1), 86.01.P.2714-16 (1, 1, 1), 86.38.P.289 (1). •Valid as Haplochromis rubescens Snoeks 1994. Current status: Valid as Haplochromis rubescens Snoeks 1994. Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Distribution: Eastern Africa: Lake Kivu. Habitat: freshwater.

rudolfianus, Haplochromis Trewavas [E.] 1933:321 [The Journal of the Linnean Society of London. Zoology v. 38 (no. 259); ref. 16530] East shore of Lake Rudolf [Lake Turkana], Kenya. Lectotype: BMNH 1933.2.23.163. Paralectotypes: BMNH 1933.2.23.164-166 (3), 1933.2.23.167 (1). Additional specimens (26). Lectotype selected by Greenwood 1974:142 [ref. 7503]. •Valid as Thoracochromis rudolfianus (Trewavas 1933) -- (Lévèque et al. 1991:145 [ref. 31367]). •Valid as Haplochromis rudolfianus Trewavas 1933 -- (Greenwood 1974:142 [ref. 7503], van Oijen et al. 1991:170 [ref. 20956], Seegers et al. 2003:43 [ref. 28087]). Current status: Valid as Haplochromis rudolfianus Trewavas 1933. Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Distribution: Eastern Africa: Lake Turkana. Habitat: freshwater.

sauvagei, Ctenochromis Pfeffer [G. J.] 1896:15 [Die Thierwelt Ost-Afrikas und der Nachbargebiete v. 3; ref. 14617] Victoria-Nyanza, Lake Ukerewe [Kagehi or Kageyi, east of Kayenze, southern shore of Lake Victoria, Mwanza district, Tanzania, 2°23'S, 33°06'E]. Holotype (unique): ZMB 22222. Type catalog: Seegers 2008:166 [ref. 29830] with detailed locality information. Unique holotype (ZMB 22222) considered lost by Greenwood, and he designated a neotype (Greenwood 1957:76 [ref. 12139] as BMNH 1956.9.17.1). Seegers 2008:166 [ref. 29830] found the holotype. •Valid as Haplochromis sauvagei (Pfeffer 1896) -- (van Oijen et al. 1991:171 [ref. 20956], Seegers 2008:166 [ref. 29830]). Current status: Valid as Haplochromis sauvagei (Pfeffer 1896). Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Distribution: Eastern Africa: Lake Victoria. Habitat: freshwater.

saxicola, Haplochromis Greenwood [P. H.] 1960:256, Figs. 5, 14 [Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History) Zoology v. 6 (no. 4); ref. 11917] Ramafuta Island, Uganda. Holotype: BMNH 1959.4.28.249. Paratypes: (24) BMNH 1911.3.3.39 (1), 1959.4.28.250-255 (6), 1959.4.28.256-267 (12), 1959.4.28.268-270 (3), 1959.4.28.271-272 (2), 1959.4.28.273 (1); MSNG 38916 (1) also paratype of P. riponianus. Type catalog: Tortonese 1963:339 [ref. 10350]. •Valid as Haplochromis saxicola Greenwood 1960 -- (van Oijen et al. 1991:171 [ref. 20956]). Current status: Valid as Haplochromis saxicola Greenwood 1960. Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Distribution: Eastern Africa: Lake Victoria and Victoria Nile. Habitat: freshwater.

scheffersi, Haplochromis Snoeks [J.], de Vos [L. D. G.] & Thys van den Audenaerde [D. F. E.] 1987:444, Figs. 1-2 [Revue de Zoologie Africaine v. 100 (no. 4) (for 1986); ref. 8036] Lake Kivu, Gisenyi, Rwanda, central Africa. Holotype: MRAC 85-13-P-133. Paratypes: MRAC 85-13-P-131 (1), 85-13-P-134 (1), 85-13-P-137-38 (2), 85-13-P-165 (1), 85-13-P-166-71 (6), 85-13-P-173-80 (8), 85-13-P-187 (1). •Valid as Haplochromis scheffersi Snoeks, de Vos & Thys van den Audenaerde 1987 -- (van Oijen et al. 1991:172 [ref. 20956], Snoeks 1994:112 [ref. 21588]). Current status: Valid as Haplochromis scheffersi Snoeks, de Vos & Thys van den Audenaerde 1987. Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Distribution: Eastern Africa: Lake Kivu. Habitat: freshwater.

schoutedeni, Haplochromis Poll [M.] 1932:30, Pls. 1 (fig. 1), 2 (fig. 1) [Revue de Zoologie et de Botanique Africaines v. 23 (no. 1); ref. 16519] Kissenyi, Lake Kivu, and Panzi, Ruzizi River, Democratic Republic of Congo. Syntypes: MRAC 21483 (1) Kivu, 22314 (1) Kivu, 31702 (1) Panzi. Type catalog: Derijst 1991:45 [ref. 21528]. •Synonym of Haplochromis paucidens Regan 1921 -- (van Oijen et al. 1991:160 [ref. 20956], Snoeks 1994:87 [ref. 21588]). Current status: Synonym of Haplochromis paucidens Regan 1921. Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

schubotzi, Haplochromis Boulenger [G. A.] 1914:255, Pl. 8 [Wissenschaftliche Ergebnisse der Deutschen Zentral-Afrika Expedition, 1907-1908 v. 5 (Zool. no. 3); ref. 582] Lake Edward, eastern Africa. Lectotype: ZMB 19116. Paralectotypes: BMNH 1914.4.8.18 (1); ZMB 22699 (3), 22700 (3). Lectotype selected by Greenwood 1973:183 [ref. 7566]. •Valid as Haplochromis schubotzi Boulenger 1914 -- (Greenwood 1973:183 [ref. 7566], van Oijen et al. 1991:172 [ref. 20956]). Current status: Valid as Haplochromis schubotzi Boulenger 1914. Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Distribution: Eastern Africa: Lakes Edward and George and the Kazinga Channel. Habitat: freshwater.

schubotziellus, Haplochromis Greenwood [P. H.] 1973:188, Fig. 22 [Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History) Zoology v. 25 (no. 5); ref. 7566] Kankurunga Island, Lake George, Uganda. Holotype: BMNH 1972.6.2.351. Paratypes: BMNH 1972.6.2.352 (1), 1972.6.2.353-355 (3), 1972.6.2.356-358 (3), 1972.6.2.359-366 (8), 1972.6.2.367-372 (6), 1972.6.2.373 (1), 1972.6.2.376-377 (2), 1972.6.2.378 (1). Additional material: BMNH 1972.6.2.374-375 (2). •Valid as Haplochromis schubotziellus Greenwood 1973 -- (van Oijen et al. 1991:172 [ref. 20956]). Current status: Valid as Haplochromis schubotziellus Greenwood 1973. Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Distribution: Eastern Africa: Lake George (and perhaps Lake Edward) and the Kazinga Channel. Habitat: freshwater.

schwetzi, Haplochromis Poll [M.] 1967:335, Fig. 162 [Publicações Culturais, Companhia de Diamantes de Angola (DIAMANG), Lisboa No. 75; ref. 3528] Guillaume Falls, Kwango River, Angola. Holotype: MRAC 66470. Paratypes: MD 6611 (1), 6627 (1), 6629 (1), 6640-49 (19, 23, 21, 19, 20, 20, 18, 13, 2, 2), 6652-54 (1, 1, 4); MRAC 23 lots of paratypes. Type catalog: Derijst 1991:45 [ref. 21528]. •Valid as Haplochromis schwetzi Poll 1967 -- (van Oijen et al. 1991:173 [ref. 20956], Wamuini Lunkayilakio & Vreven 2010:280 [ref. 31038] in 'Haplochromis'). Current status: Valid as Haplochromis schwetzi Poll 1967. Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Distribution: Angola. Habitat: freshwater.

serranoides, Haplochromis Regan [C. T.] 1922:180, Pl. 2 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1922 (pt 1) (no. 9); ref. 3675] Victoria Nile, Uganda. Lectotype: BMNH 1911.3.27.17. Paralectotypes: BMNH 1904.5.19.52-53 (2). Lectotype selected by Greenwood 1967:32 [ref. 7965]. •Synonym of Haplochromis spekii (Boulenger 1906) -- (Greenwood 1967:32 [ref. 7965], van Oijen et al. 1991:175 [ref. 20956]). Current status: Synonym of Haplochromis spekii (Boulenger 1906). Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

serranus, Hemichromis Pfeffer [G. J.] 1896:23 [Die Thierwelt Ost-Afrikas und der Nachbargebiete v. 3; ref. 14617] Bukoba River, East Africa. Holotype (unique): ZMB uncat. (possibly lost). •Valid as Haplochromis serranus (Pfeffer 1896) -- (van Oijen et al. 1991:173 [ref. 20956]). Current status: Valid as Haplochromis serranus (Pfeffer 1896). Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Distribution: Eastern Africa: Lake Victoria. Habitat: freshwater.

serridens, Haplochromis Regan [C. T.] 1925:187, Pl. 8 [Occasional Papers of the Boston Society of Natural History v. 5; ref. 15566] Lake Edward, Uganda. Holotype: MCZ 31522. Paratypes: BMNH 1925.8.7.10 [ex MCZ] (1). •Valid as Haplochromis serridens Regan 1925 -- (van Oijen et al. 1991:174 [ref. 20956]). Current status: Valid as Haplochromis serridens Regan 1925. Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Distribution: Eastern Africa: Lake Edward. Habitat: freshwater.

simpsoni, Haplochromis Greenwood [P. H.] 1965:325, Figs. 4-5 [Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History) Zoology v. 12 (no. 9); ref. 20617] Lake Nabugabo, Uganda. Holotype: BMNH 1964.7.1.12. Paratypes: BMNH 1933.2.23.195-199 (5), 1964.7.1.13-24 (12), 1964.7.1.25-27 (3), 1964.7.1.28-33 (6). •Valid as Haplochromis simpsoni Greenwood 1965 -- (van Oijen et al. 1991:174 [ref. 20956]). Current status: Valid as Haplochromis simpsoni Greenwood 1965. Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Distribution: Eastern Africa: Lake Nabugabo, Uganda. Habitat: freshwater.

snoeksi, Haplochromis Wamuini Lunkayilakio [S.] & Vreven [E. J.] 2010:281, Fig. 1 [Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 21 (no. 3); ref. 31038] Ngufu River, a right bank affluent of the Inkisi River basin, at Ngeba, 5°11'01.5"S, 15°12'23.1'E, Lower Congo River basin, Democratic Republic of Congo, elevation 533 meters. Holotype: MRAC 2007-009-P-0001. Paratypes: AMNH 248883 [ex MRAC 2007-009-P--0003] (1); MRAC 20007-009-P-0004 (1), 2009-014-P-0001 (1), ZSM 37852 [ex MRAC 2007-009-P-0002] (1). Type catalog: Neumann 2011:250 [ref. 31652]. Original genus given as 'Haplochromis'. •Valid as Haplochromis snoeksi Wamuini Lunkayilakio & Vreven 2010 -- (Schedel et al. 2014:147 [ref. 33459], Skelton 2019:229 [ref. 36564]). Current status: Valid as Haplochromis snoeksi Wamuini Lunkayilakio & Vreven 2010. Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Distribution: Inkisi River basin, Lower Congo River basin, Democratic Republic of Congo. Habitat: freshwater.

spekii, Pelmatochromis Boulenger [G. A.] 1906:440 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 7) v. 17 (no. 101) (art. 49); ref. 574] Bunjaki, Lake Victoria [Victoria Nyanza], Uganda. Lectotype: BMNH 1906.5.30.296. Paralectotypes: (14) BMNH 1906.5.30.297-299 (3), .300 (1), .301 (1), .307 (1), plus more at BMNH. Lectotype selected by Greenwood 1967:32 [ref. 7965]. •Valid as Haplochromis spekii (Boulenger 1906) -- (Greenwood 1967:32 [ref. 7965], van Oijen et al. 1991:174 [ref. 20956]). Current status: Valid as Haplochromis spekii (Boulenger 1906). Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Distribution: Eastern Africa: Lake Victoria and Victoria Nile. Habitat: freshwater.

sphex, Haplochromis ter Huurne [S.] & Witte [F.] in de Zeeuw et al. 2010:226, Figs. 15-17 [Zoologische Mededelingen (Leiden) v. 84 (no. 9); ref. 31028] Mwanza Gulf, Tanzania, Lake Victoria. Holotype: RMNH 77784. Paratypes: AMNH, BMNH 2010.3.23.5 (1), NSMT-P, RMNH. •Valid as Haplochromis sphex ter Huurne & Witte 2010. Current status: Valid as Haplochromis sphex ter Huurne & Witte 2010. Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Distribution: Tanzania, Lake Victoria. Habitat: freshwater.

squamipinnis, Haplochromis Regan [C. T.] 1921:636 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 9) v. 8 (no. 48); ref. 15327] Lake Edward [Lake Albert Edward]. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1914.4.8.32. •Valid as Haplochromis squamipinnis Regan 1921 -- (Greenwood 1973:204 [ref. 7566], van Oijen et al. 1991:175 [ref. 20956], Schraml 2004:29 [ref. 27925]). Current status: Valid as Haplochromis squamipinnis Regan 1921. Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Distribution: Eastern Africa: lakes Edward and George and the Kazinga Channel. Habitat: freshwater.

squamulatus, Haplochromis Regan [C. T.] 1922:175 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1922 (pt 1) (no. 9); ref. 3675] Jinja, Ripon Falls, Uganda. Holotype (unique): MSNG 12977. Replacement name for Paratilapia pectoralis Boulenger 1911, secondarily preoccupied by Ctenochromis pectoralis Pfeffer 1893. •Valid as Haplochromis squamulatus Regan 1922 -- (Greenwood 1967:87 [ref. 7965], van Oijen et al. 1991:176 [ref. 20956]). Current status: Valid as Haplochromis squamulatus Regan 1922. Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Distribution: Eastern Africa: Lake Victoria. Habitat: freshwater.

stanleyi, Haplochromis Boulenger [G. A.] 1906:444 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 7) v. 17 (no. 101) (art. 49); ref. 574] Bunjako and Buganga, Uganda, Lake Victoria [Victoria Nyanza]. Syntypes: BMNH 1906.5.30.352 (1) Buganga, 1906.5.30.364 (1) Buganga, 1906.5.30.362-363 (2?) Bunjako. •Mentioned in several accounts in the genus Haplochromis -- (van Oijen et al. 1991 [ref. 20956] as in part and dating to Boulenger 1915). Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae.

steindachneri, Haplochromis Lohberger [K.] 1929:207 [Anzeiger der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Wien, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe v. 66 (no. 17); ref. 19589] Sesse Islands, Lake Victoria [Victoria Nyanza]. Holotype (unique): NMW 17872. •Synonym of Haplochromis prognathus (Pellegrin 1904) -- (Greenwood 1967:78 [ref. 7965], van Oijen et al. 1991:168 [ref. 20956]). Current status: Synonym of Haplochromis prognathus (Pellegrin 1904). Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

stigmatogenys, Tilapia Boulenger [G. A.] 1913:394 [Revue de Zoologie Africaine v. 2 (fasc. 3); ref. 14945] Luluabourg [Kananga], Democratic Republic of Congo. Syntypes: (numerous) BMNH 1913.7.30.6-10 (6); MRAC 2551-2575 (25), 2576-2592 (17). •Valid as Haplochromis stigmatogenys (Boulenger 1913) -- (van Oijen et al. 1991:176 [ref. 20956], Wamuini Lunkayilakio & Vreven 2010:280 [ref. 31038] in 'Haplochromis'). Current status: Valid as Haplochromis stigmatogenys (Boulenger 1913). Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Distribution: Democratic Republic of Congo. Habitat: freshwater.

sulphureus, Haplochromis Greenwood [P. H.] & Barel [C. D. N.] 1978:148, Figs. 8-10 [Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History) Zoology v. 33 (no. 2); ref. 8928] Uganda, 0°45'S, 32°38'E, depth about 57 meters. Holotype: BMNH 1977.1.10.106. Paratypes: (21 of following) BMNH 1977.1.10.107-108 (2), .109-116 (8), .117-121 (5), .122-127 (6). Non-types: BMNH 1977.1.10.128-131 (6), .132-143 (10). •Valid as Haplochromis sulphureus Greenwood & Barel 1978 -- (van Oijen et al. 1991:177 [ref. 20956]). Current status: Valid as Haplochromis sulphureus Greenwood & Barel 1978. Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Distribution: Eastern Africa: Lake Victoria. Habitat: freshwater.

taeniatus, Haplochromis Regan [C. T.] 1922:170, Fig. 3 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1922 (pt 1) (no. 9); ref. 3675] Entebbe and Kavirondo Bay, Uganda, Lake Victoria [Victoria Nyanza]. Syntypes: BMNH 1905.12.11.4 (1), 1906.5.30.250 (1). •Synonym of Haplochromis prognathus (Pellegrin 1904) -- (Greenwood 1967:78 [ref. 7965], van Oijen et al. 1991:168 [ref. 20956]). Current status: Synonym of Haplochromis prognathus (Pellegrin 1904). Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

tanaos, Haplochromis van Oijen [M. J. P.] & Witte [F.] 1996:9, Figs. 5, 26-31, 35 [Zoologische Verhandelingen (Leiden) No. 302; ref. 22029] Butimba Bay, Mwanza Gulf, Lake Victoria [Victoria Nyanza], Tanzania. Holotype: RMNH 32544. Paratypes: RMNH 32525-43 (1 ea.), 32545-64 (1 ea.), 32567-69 (1 ea.), 32598-32620 (1, ea.). •Valid as Haplochromis tanaos van Oijen & Witte 1996 -- (de Zeeuw et al. 2013:14 [ref. 32385]). Current status: Valid as Haplochromis tanaos van Oijen & Witte 1996. Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Distribution: Eastern Africa: Lake Victoria. Habitat: freshwater.

taurinus, Haplochromis Trewavas [E.] 1933:336, Fig. 6 [The Journal of the Linnean Society of London. Zoology v. 38 (no. 259); ref. 16530] Lake Edward, eastern Africa. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1933.2.23.406. •Valid as Haplochromis taurinus Trewavas 1933 -- (Greenwood 1973:192 [ref. 7566], van Oijen et al. 1991:177 [ref. 20956], Vranken et al. 2018:[9] [ref. 36120]). Current status: Valid as Haplochromis taurinus Trewavas 1933. Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Distribution: Eastern Africa: Lakes Edward and George and Kazinga Channel. Habitat: freshwater.

teegelaari, Haplochromis Greenwood [P. H.] & Barel [C. D. N.] 1978:169, Figs. 22-27 [Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History) Zoology v. 33 (no. 2); ref. 8928] Southern part of Mwanza Gulf near Busissi, Lake Victoria [Victoria Nyanza], Tanzania, depth about 2 meters. Holotype: BMNH 1977.1.10.16. Paratypes: BMNH 1977.1.10:17 (1), .18-26 (9), .27-33 (7), .34-38 (5). •Valid as Haplochromis teegelaari Greenwood & Barel 1978 -- (van Oijen et al. 1991:178 [ref. 20956]). Current status: Valid as Haplochromis teegelaari Greenwood & Barel 1978. Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Distribution: Eastern Africa: Lake Victoria. Habitat: freshwater.

tenuis, Haplochromis Borodin [N. A.] 1931:50 [Proceedings of the New England Zoölogical Club v. 12; ref. 16260] Ukerewe Island, Lake Victoria [Victoria Nyanza]. Holotype (unique): MCZ 32568. Also described as new in Borodin 1936:20, Pl. 1 (fig. 4) [ref. 13684]. •Synonym of Haplochromis longirostris (Hilgendorf 1888) -- (Trewavas 1946:241 [ref. 35931], van Oijen et al. 1991:138 [ref. 20956]). Current status: Synonym of Haplochromis longirostris (Hilgendorf 1888). Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

teunisrasi, Haplochromis Witte [F.] & Witte-Maas [E. L. M.] 1981:206, Figs. 2, 7 [Netherlands Journal of Zoology v. 31 (no. 1); ref. 8525] West side of the Mwanza Gulf, between Nyamatala Island and Hippo Island, Lake Victoria [Victoria Nyanza], 9.5-13 meters. Holotype: RMNH 28258. Paratypes: BMNH 1981.1.16.116 (1); RMNH 28259-62 (1 ea.), 28264 (1), 28324 (1, partly dissected), 28388 (1). •Valid as Haplochromis teunisrasi Witte & Witte-Maas 1981 -- (van Oijen et al. 1991:178 [ref. 20956]). Current status: Valid as Haplochromis teunisrasi Witte & Witte-Maas 1981. Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Distribution: Eastern Africa: Lake Victoria. Habitat: freshwater.

theliodon, Haplochromis Greenwood [P. H.] 1960:260, Figs. 12, 15 [Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History) Zoology v. 6 (no. 4); ref. 11917] Majita, Tanganyika Territory, East Africa. Holotype: BMNH 1959.4.28.163. Paratypes: BMNH 1959.4.28.164-168 (5, 1 c&s), 1959.4.28.169 (1). •Valid as Haplochromis theliodon Greenwood 1960 -- (van Oijen et al. 1991:178 [ref. 20956]). Current status: Valid as Haplochromis theliodon Greenwood 1960. Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Distribution: Eastern Africa: Lake Victoria [Victoria Nyanza], Tanzania. Habitat: freshwater.

thereuterion, Haplochromis van Oijen [M. J. P.] & Witte [F.] 1996:24, Figs. 36, 47-48 [Zoologische Verhandelingen (Leiden) No. 302; ref. 22029] Mwanza Gulf, Anchor Island, Lake Victoria [Victoria Nyanza], Tanzania. Holotype: RMNH 32625. Paratypes: RMNH 32622-24 (1, 1, 30), 32626-49 (1 ea.). •Valid as Haplochromis thereuterion van Oijen & Witte 1996 -- (de Zeeuw et al. 2013:14 [ref. 32385]). Current status: Valid as Haplochromis thereuterion van Oijen & Witte 1996. Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Distribution: Lake Victoria [Victoria Nyanza], Tanzania. Habitat: freshwater.

thuragnathus, Haplochromis Greenwood [P. H.] 1967:49 [Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History) Zoology v. 15 (no. 2); ref. 7965] Off the southern end of Buvuma Island, Lake Victoria [Victoria Nyanza], Uganda, depth 120 feet. Holotype: BMNH 1966.2.21.8. Paratypes: BMNH 1966.3.9.179-180 (2). •Valid as Haplochromis thuragnathus Greenwood 1967 -- (van Oijen et al. 1991:179 [ref. 20956]). Current status: Valid as Haplochromis thuragnathus Greenwood 1967. Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Distribution: Eastern Africa: Lake Victoria. Habitat: freshwater.

toddi, Paratilapia Boulenger [G. A.] 1905:642 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 7) v. 16 (no. 96) (art. 70); ref. 17094] Kasai River at Lusambo, Democratic Republic of Congo. Holotype (unique): MRAC 1346. •Valid, tentatively as Haplochromis toddi (Boulenger 1905) -- (R. Morgenstern, pers. comm. 9 Apr. 2011). Current status: Valid as Haplochromis toddi (Boulenger 1905). Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Distribution: Kasai River, Democratic Republic of Congo. Habitat: freshwater.

tridens, Haplochromis Regan [C. T.] & Trewavas [E.] 1928:226 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 10) v. 2 (no. 8); ref. 15876] Lake Victoria [Victoria Nyanza], Tanzania, 1°04'S, 32°13'E, depth over 100 feet. Lectotype: BMNH 1928.6.2.41. Paralectotypes: BMNH 1928.6.2.42 (1). Lectotype selected by Greenwood 1967:97 [ref. 7965]. •Valid as Haplochromis tridens Regan & Trewavas 1928 -- (Greenwood 1967:97 [ref. 7965], van Oijen et al. 1991:179 [ref. 20956]). Current status: Valid as Haplochromis tridens Regan & Trewavas 1928. Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Distribution: Eastern Africa: Lake Victoria. Habitat: freshwater.

turkanae, Haplochromis Greenwood [P. H.] 1974:150, Fig. 5 [Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History) Zoology v. 27 (no. 3); ref. 7503] 5-6 kilometers northwest of Porr, Lake Rudolf [Lake Turkana], Kenya, depth 16 meters. Holotype: BMNH 1973.11.20.1. Paratypes: BMNH 1973.11.20.2-4 (3). •Valid as Thoracochromis turkanae (Greenwood 1974) -- (Lévèque et al. 1991:145 [ref. 31367]). •Valid as Haplochromis turkanae Greenwood 1974 -- (van Oijen et al. 1991:180 [ref. 20956], Seegers et al. 2003:43 [ref. 28087]). Current status: Valid as Haplochromis turkanae Greenwood 1974. Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Distribution: Kenya: Lake Turkana. Habitat: freshwater.

tyrianthinus, Haplochromis Greenwood [P. H.] & Gee [J. M.] 1969:40, Figs. 25-26 [Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History) Zoology v. 18 (no. 1); ref. 7814] North of Nsadzi Island, Lake Victoria [Victoria Nyanza], Uganda. Holotype: BMNH 1968.8.30.135. Paratypes: BMNH 1968.8.30.136-149 (14). •Valid as Haplochromis tyrianthinus Greenwood & Gee 1969 -- (van Oijen et al. 1991:180 [ref. 20956]). Current status: Valid as Haplochromis tyrianthinus Greenwood & Gee 1969. Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Distribution: Eastern Africa: Lake Victoria. Habitat: freshwater.

ushindi, Haplochromis van Oijen [M. J. P.] 2004:250, Figs. 1-3 [Zoologische Mededelingen (Leiden) v. 78 (no. 13); ref. 28068] Central Mwanza Gulf, north of Nyegezi Bay, Lake Victoria, East Africa. Holotype: RMNH 76623. Paratypes: RMNH 61402 (2), 76608 (1), 76611 (1), 76615 (1), 76625 (1), 76626 (1), 76630 (1), 76633 (1), 76635 (1), 76655 (1), 76728 (1), 76729 (1), 76730 (1), 76732 (1), 76735 (2), 76753 (5), 77377 (1). •Valid as Haplochromis ushindi van Oijen 2004. Current status: Valid as Haplochromis ushindi Van Oijen 2004. Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Distribution: Eastern Africa: Mwanza Gulf area, Lake Victoria. Habitat: freshwater.

vanheusdeni, Haplochromis Schedel [F. D. B.], Friel [J. P.] & Schliewen [U. K.] 2014:137, Figs. 2-3 [Spixiana (München) v. 37 (no. 1); ref. 33459] Morogoro state, drainage Rufiji, Sonjo River at bridge in Man’gula on road from Mikumi to Ifakara, Tanzania, (-808231/36.896561), elevation 302 meters. Holotype: CUMV 97639. Paratypes: CUMV, MRAC, ZSM. Plus additional non-type material. •Valid as Haplochromis vanheusdeni Schedel, Friel & Schliewen 2014. Current status: Valid as Haplochromis vanheusdeni Schedel, Friel & Schliewen 2014. Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Distribution: Drainage Rufiji, Tanzania. Habitat: freshwater.

vanoijeni, Haplochromis de Zeeuw [M. P.] & Witte [F.] in de Zeeuw et al. 2010:220, Figs. 11-14 [Zoologische Mededelingen (Leiden) v. 84 (no. 9); ref. 31028] Tanzania, Lake Victoria. Holotype: RMNH 81522. Paratypes: AMNH, BMNH 2010.3.23.4 (1), RMNH. •Valid as Haplochromis vanoijeni de Zeeuw & Witte 2010. Current status: Valid as Haplochromis vanoijeni de Zeeuw & Witte 2010. Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Distribution: Tanzania and Uganda, Lake Victoria, East Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

velifer, Haplochromis Trewavas [E.] 1933:322 [The Journal of the Linnean Society of London. Zoology v. 38 (no. 259); ref. 16530] Lake Nabugabo, eastern Africa. Holotype: BMNH 1933.2.23.194. Paratypes: BMNH 1933.2.23.181-193 (13). •Valid as Haplochromis velifer Trewavas 1933 -- (Greenwood 1965:319 [ref. 20617], van Oijen et al. 1991:180 [ref. 20956]). Current status: Valid as Haplochromis velifer Trewavas 1933. Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Distribution: Eastern Africa: Lake Nabugabo. Habitat: freshwater.

venator, Haplochromis Greenwood [P. H.] 1965:342, Fig. 9 [Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History) Zoology v. 12 (no. 9); ref. 20617] Lake Nabugabo, Uganda. Holotype: BMNH 1933.2.23.240. Paratypes: BMNH 1933.2.23.234-239 (6), 1964.7.1.80-85 (6). •Valid as Haplochromis venator Greenwood 1965 -- (van Oijen et al. 1991:180 [ref. 20956]). Current status: Valid as Haplochromis venator Greenwood 1965. Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Distribution: Eastern Africa: Lake Nabugabo. Habitat: freshwater.

versluysi, Haplochromis Lohberger [K.] 1929:206 [Anzeiger der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Wien, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe v. 66 (no. 17); ref. 19589] Lake Victoria [Victoria Nyanza]. Syntypes: NMW 17876-77 (2). •Synonym of Haplochromis prognathus (Pellegrin 1904) -- (Greenwood 1967:78 [ref. 7965], van Oijen et al. 1991:168 [ref. 20956]). Current status: Synonym of Haplochromis prognathus (Pellegrin 1904). Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

vicarius, Haplochromis Trewavas [E.] 1933:330 [The Journal of the Linnean Society of London. Zoology v. 38 (no. 259); ref. 16530] Lake Edward, eastern Africa. Holotype: BMNH 1933.2.23.336. Paratypes: (21 from Lake Edward) BMNH 1925.8.7.6-7 (2), 1933.2.23.337-340 (4), .341-345 (5), .346-350 (5), .351-352 (2), .353-354 (1 of 2), .355-358 (4) Lake George, .359 (1), .360-364 (5). •Valid as Haplochromis vicarius Trewavas 1933 -- (van Oijen et al. 1991:181 [ref. 20956]). Current status: Valid as Haplochromis vicarius Trewavas 1933. Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Distribution: Eastern Africa: Lakes Edward and George. Habitat: freshwater.

victoriana, Paratilapia Pellegrin [J.] 1904:185 [Bulletin de la Société Zoologique de France v. 29 (no. 8); ref. 14735] Kavirondo Bay, Lake Victoria [Victoria Nyanza]. Holotype (unique): MNHN 1904-0148. Type catalog: Blanc 1962:218 [ref. 20868]. Also appeared in Pellegrin 1905:182, Pl. 16 (fig. 3) [ref. 22191]. •Valid as Haplochromis victorianus (Pellegrin 1904) -- (van Oijen et al. 1991:181 [ref. 20956]). Current status: Valid as Haplochromis victorianus (Pellegrin 1904). Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Distribution: Eastern Africa: Lake Victoria. Habitat: freshwater.

victorianus, Haplochromis centropristoides Borodin [N. A.] 1936:18 [Zoologische Jahrbücher, Abteilung für Systematik, Geographie und Biologie der Tiere (Jena) v. 68 (no. 1); ref. 13684] Ukerewe Island, Lake Victoria [Victoria Nyanza]. Holotype: MCZ 32578. •Synonym of Haplochromis nubilus (Boulenger 1906) -- (Trewavas 1946:242 [ref. 35931]). Current status: Synonym of Haplochromis nubilus (Boulenger 1906). Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

vittata, Paratilapia Boulenger [G. A.] 1901:1 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 7) v. 7 (no. 37) (art. 1); ref. 5758] Lake Kivu. Syntypes: BMNH 1906.9.6.58-60 (3), MNHN 1903-0166 [ex BMNH] (1). Type catalog: Blanc 1962:218 [ref. 20868]. •Valid as Haplochromis vittatus (Boulenger 1901) -- (van Oijen et al. 1991:181 [ref. 20956], Snoeks 1994:36 [ref. 21588]). Current status: Valid as Haplochromis vittatus (Boulenger 1901). Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Distribution: Eastern Africa: Lake Kivu. Habitat: freshwater.

vollmeringi, Paratilapia Steindachner [F.] 1914:538 [Anzeiger der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Wien, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe v. 51 (no. 25); ref. 18910] Great Ruaha River at Kidatu, Tanzania. Holotype (unique): NMW 24598. Species described in more detail in Steindachner 1915:80 [p. 22 of separate] [ref. 15072]. •Synonym of Haplochromis gigliolii (Pfeffer 1896) -- (van Oijen et al. 1991:127 [ref. 20956]). Current status: Synonym of Haplochromis gigliolii (Pfeffer 1896). Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

vonlinnei, Haplochromis van Oijen [M. J. P.] & de Zeeuw [M. P.] 2008:168, Figs. 1-11 [Zoologische Mededelingen (Leiden) v. 82 (no. 17); ref. 29434] Mwanza Gulf, Tanzania, Lake Victoria, trawled. Holotype: RMNH 83843. Paratypes: RMNH 73787 (1), 83844 (1), 83845 (1), 83846 (1). •Valid as Haplochromis vonlinnei van Oijen & de Zeeuw 2008. Current status: Valid as Haplochromis vonlinnei van Oijen & de Zeeuw 2008. Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Distribution: Lake Victoria. Habitat: freshwater.

wittei, Haplochromis Poll [M.] 1939:50, Figs. 25-26 [Poissons. Exploration du Parc National Albert. Fasc. 24; ref. 17216] Lac Kivu, passe de Sake, N'Zulu, Democratic Republic of Congo. Syntypes: MRAC 65242-44 (3). Type catalog: Derijst 1991:45 [ref. 21528]. •Synonym of Haplochromis paucidens Regan 1921 -- (van Oijen et al. 1991:160 [ref. 20956], Snoeks 1994:87 [ref. 21588]). Current status: Synonym of Haplochromis paucidens Regan 1921. Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

worthingtoni, Haplochromis Regan [C. T.] 1929:391 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 10) v. 3 (no. 16); ref. 16056] Lake Kioga, Uganda. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1929.1.24.334. •Valid as Haplochromis worthingtoni Regan 1929 -- (van Oijen et al. 1991:183 [ref. 20956]). Current status: Valid as Haplochromis worthingtoni Regan 1929. Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Distribution: Eastern Africa: Lake Kioga, Uganda. Habitat: freshwater.

xenodonta, Bayonia Boulenger [G. A.] 1911:70 [7], Pl. 2 (fig. 4) [Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Genova (Serie 3). v. 5 (no. 45); ref. 580] Jinja, Ripon Falls, Uganda, Lake Victoria [Victoria Nyanza]. Holotype (unique): MSNG 13004. Type catalog: Tortonese 1963:339 [ref. 10350]. On p. 7 of separate. •Synonym of Macropleurodus bicolor (Boulenger 1906) -- (van Oijen 1991:250 [ref. 20959]). •Synonym of Haplochromis bicolor Boulenger 1906. Current status: Synonym of Haplochromis bicolor Boulenger 1906. Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

xenognathus, Haplochromis Greenwood [P. H.] 1957:90, Figs. 6-7 [Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History) Zoology v. 5 (no. 4); ref. 12139] Entebbe harbor, Uganda, Lake Victoria [Victoria Nyanza]. Holotype: BMNH 1956.9.17.3. Paratypes: BMNH 1956.10.9.164-167 (4), .168 (1), .169 (1), .170 (1), .171 (1), .172-173 (2), .174 (1), .175 (1), .176-177 (2), .178-182 (5), .183 (1), .184-191 (8), .192-195 (4). •Valid as Haplochromis xenognathus Greenwood 1957 -- (van Oijen et al. 1991:183 [ref. 20956]). Current status: Valid as Haplochromis xenognathus Greenwood 1957. Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Distribution: Eastern Africa: Lake Victoria. Habitat: freshwater.

xenostoma, Haplochromis Regan [C. T.] 1922:185, Fig. 10 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1922 (pt 1) (no. 9); ref. 3675] Lake Victoria [Victoria Nyanza]. Lectotype: BMNH 1901.6.24.90. Paralectotypes: BMNH 1906.5.30.257 (1). Lectotype selected by Greenwood 1967:51 [ref. 7965]. •Valid as Haplochromis xenostoma Regan 1922 -- (Greenwood 1967:51 [ref. 7965], van Oijen et al. 1991:183 [ref. 20956]). Current status: Valid as Haplochromis xenostoma Regan 1922. Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Distribution: Eastern Africa: Lake Victoria. Habitat: freshwater.