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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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Species in the genus Hoplias: [ 25 ] records


aimara, Macrodon Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1847:523, Pl. 586 [not 552] [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 19; ref. 4883] Cayenne, French Guiana. Holotype (unique): MNHN A-9968 (dry mount). •Valid as Hoplias aimara (Valenciennes 1847) -- (Géry et al. 1991:5 [ref. 21021], Planquette et al. 1996:164 [ref. 22818], Oyakawa in Reis et al. 2003:239 [ref. 27061], Mattox et al. 2006:517 [ref. 28800], Blanco et al. 2010:361 [ref. 30964], Mattox et al. 2014:343 [ref. 33381], Rosso et al. 2016:206 [ref. 34785], Rosso et al. 2018:249 [ref. 36203]). Current status: Valid as Hoplias aimara (Valenciennes 1847). Erythrinidae. Distribution: Widespread in northern South America. Habitat: freshwater.

argentinensis, Hoplias Rosso [J. J.], González-Castro [M.], Bogan [S.], Cardoso [Y. P.], Mabragaña [E.], Delpiani [M.] & Díaz de Astarloa [J. M.] 2018:242, Figs. 5, 7b, 8b [Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 28 (no. 3); ref. 36203] Río Coronda, Rio Paraná basin, Santa Fe Province, Argentina, 31°50.1'S, 60°51.5'W. Holotype: UNMDP 4417. Paratypes: CFA, MLP, UNMDP •Valid as Hoplias argentinensis Rosso, González-Castro, Bogan, Cardoso, Mabragaña, Delpiani & Díaz de Astarloa 2018. Current status: Valid as Hoplias argentinensis Rosso, González-Castro, Bogan, Cardoso, Mabragaña, Delpiani et al. 2018. Erythrinidae. Distribution: Lower Río de La Plata basin, Argentina. Habitat: freshwater.

auritus, Macrodon Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1847:519 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 19; ref. 4883] Montevideo, Uruguay. No types known. •Synonym of Hoplias malabaricus (Bloch 1794) -- (Taphorn 1992:451 [ref. 23654]). •Species inquirenda in genus Hoplias -- (Oyakawa in Reis et al. 2003:240 [ref. 27061]). •Nomen dubium -- (Oyakawa & Mattox 2009:122 [ref. 30225]). Current status: Unknown. Erythrinidae. Habitat: freshwater.

australis, Hoplias Oyakawa [O. T.] & Mattox [G. M. T.] 2009:119, Fig. 2 [Neotropical Ichthyology v. 7 (no. 2); ref. 30225] Rio das Antas, rio do Ouro drainage, on Formosa do Sul-Irati road, Formosa do Sul, 26°38'55"S, 52°48'05"W, Uruguay River basin, Santa Catarina State, Brazil. Holotype: MCP 40175. Paratypes: many at ANSP [ex MCP, 1 + 1], MCP, MZUSP, and UFRGS. •Valid as Hoplias australis Oyakawa & Mattox 2009 -- (Blanco et al. 2010:361 [ref. 30964], Koerber 2011:3 [ref. 31122], Mattox et al. 2014:343 [ref. 33381], Koerber 2014:2 [ref. 33621], Litz & Koerber 2014:9 [ref. 33622], Mirande & Koerber 2015:14 [ref. 35117], Bertaco et al. 2016:415 [ref. 34561], Rosso et al. 2016:206 [ref. 34785], Nión et al. 2016:29 [ref. 35565], Rosso et al. 2018:249 [ref. 36203]). Current status: Valid as Hoplias australis Oyakawa & Mattox 2009. Erythrinidae. Distribution: Uruguay River basin: Argentina, Brazil and Uruguay. Habitat: freshwater.

brasiliensis, Erythrinus Spix [J. B. von] & Agassiz [L.] 1829:45, Pl. 20 [Selecta genera et species piscium quos in itinere per Brasiliam; ref. 13] Rio Peruaguaçu near Iaçu, Bahia State, Brazil. Neotype: MZUSP 45483. Neotype designated by Oyakawa & Mattox 2009:125 [ref. 30225]. •Synonym of Hoplias malabaricus (Bloch 1794) -- (Taphorn 1992:451 [ref. 23654]). •Valid as Hoplias brasiliensis (Spix & Agassiz 1829) -- (Oyakawa in Reis et al. 2003:239 [ref. 27061] with author as Agassiz, Oyakawa & Mattox 2009:122 [ref. 30225] with author as Spix, Blanco et al. 2010:361 [ref. 30964], Mattox et al. 2014:343 [ref. 33381]). Current status: Valid as Hoplias brasiliensis (Spix & Agassiz 1829). Erythrinidae. Distribution: Coastal rivers of northeastern Brazil. Habitat: freshwater.

curupira, Hoplias Oyakawa [O. T.] & Mattox [G. M. T.] 2009:125, Fig. 5 [Neotropical Ichthyology v. 7 (no. 2); ref. 30225] Rio Itacaiúas, Caldeirão, Serra dos Carajás, 5°45'S, 50°30'W, Tocantins basin, Pará State, Brazil. Holotype: MZUSP 45582. Paratypes: INPA 26893 (3); MCP 41288 (4); MNRJ 30395 (4); MZUSP 22283 (4), 33481 (1). Plus non-type material. Name is a noun in apposition. •Valid as Hoplias curupira Oyakawa & Mattox 2009 -- (Blanco et al. 2010:361 [ref. 30964], Mattox et al. 2014:343 [ref. 33381], Rosso et al. 2016:206 [ref. 34785], DoNascimiento et al. 2017:35 [ref. 35633], Rosso et al. 2018:249 [ref. 36203]). Current status: Valid as Hoplias curupira Oyakawa & Mattox 2009. Erythrinidae. Distribution: Rivers of Amazon basin: Brazil, Colombia, Guyana, Suriname and Venezuela. Habitat: freshwater.

ferox, Macrodon Gill [T. N.] 1858:411 [51] [Annals of the Lyceum of Natural History of New York v. 6 (nos 10-13, art. 38); ref. 1750] Trinidad Island, West Indies. Syntypes: USNM 1112 (1), 6033 (2). Type catalog: Vari & Howe 1991:29 [ref. 19022]. On p. 51 of separate. •Synonym of Hoplias malabaricus (Bloch 1794) -- (Taphorn 1992:451 [ref. 23654], Oyakawa in Reis et al. 2003:239 [ref. 27061], Litz & Koerber 2014:9 [ref. 33622], Mirande & Koerber 2015:14 [ref. 35117], Koerber et al. 2017:20 [ref. 35267], Rosso et al. 2018:249 [ref. 36203]). Current status: Synonym of Hoplias malabaricus (Bloch 1794). Erythrinidae. Habitat: freshwater.

guavina, Erythrinus Humboldt [F. H. A. von] in Humboldt & Valenciennes 1821:179, Pl. 48 (fig. 1) [Voyage de Humboldt et Bonpland v. 2 (Title page 1833); ref. 5612] Lake Valencia, Venezuela. No types known. •Synonym of Hoplias malabaricus (Bloch 1794) -- (Taphorn 1992:450 [ref. 23654], Nico 2001:148 [ref. 25828] with question). •Mention -- (Machado-Allison et al. 2000:70 [ref. 26045]). •Species inquirenda in family Erythrinidae -- (Oyakawa in Reis et al. 2003:240 [ref. 27061]). Current status: Uncertain as Hoplias malabaricus (Bloch 1794). Erythrinidae. Habitat: freshwater.

intermedius, Macrodon Günther [A.] 1864:282 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 5; ref. 1974] Rio Cipó, São Francisco River basin, Minas Gerais State, Brazil. Lectotype: BMNH 1861.5.16.6 (stuffed left half skin). Paralectotypes: BMNH 1861.5.16.7 (1, stuffed left half skin). Lectotype selected by Oyakawa & Mattox 2009:130 [ref. 30225]. •Synonym of Hoplias malabaricus (Bloch 1794) -- (Taphorn 1992:451 [ref. 23654]). •Synonym of Hoplias microcephalus (Agassiz 1829) -- (Oyakawa in Reis et al. 2003:239 [ref. 27061]). •Valid as Hoplias intermedius (Günther 1864) -- (Oyakawa & Mattox 2009:129 [ref. 30225], Blanco et al. 2010:361 [ref. 30964], Mattox et al. 2014:343 [ref. 33381], Rosso et al. 2016:206 [ref. 34785], Rosso et al. 2018:249 [ref. 36203]). Current status: Valid as Hoplias intermedius (Günther 1864). Erythrinidae. Distribution: São Francisco and Paraná river basins and tributaries of rio Doce: Brazil. Habitat: freshwater.

lacerdae, Hoplias Miranda Ribeiro [A. de] 1908:[3], Fig. [Kosmos, Rio de Janeiro [Rev. Art. Sci. Litt.] v. 5 (no. 2) (for 1907); ref. 3715] Iporanga, Rio Ribeira de Iguape, São Paulo State, Brazil. Holotype: MNRJ 211. Type catalog: Miranda Ribeiro 1953:397 [ref. 12732]. Named after Dr. J. B. de Lacerda; correct spelling should be lacerdai if after a male; but current usage is acceptable. •Synonym of Hoplias malabaricus (Bloch 1794), but a valid subspecies lacerdae (Miranda Ribeiro 1908) -- (Nión et al. 2016:29 [ref. 35565]). •Valid as Hoplias lacerdae Miranda Ribeiro 1908 -- (Oyakawa in Reis et al. 2003:239 [ref. 27061], Oyakawa & Mattox 2009:134 [ref. 30225], Blanco et al. 2010:361 [ref. 30964], Mattox et al. 2014:343 [ref. 33381], Litz & Koerber 2014:9 [ref. 33622], Sarmiento et al. 2014:72, 186 [ref. 35004], Azpelicueta et al. 2015:72 [ref. 34030], Mirande & Koerber 2015:14 [ref. 35117], Bertaco et al. 2016:415 [ref. 34561], Rosso et al. 2016:206 [ref. 34785], Rosso et al. 2018:249 [ref. 36203]). Current status: Valid as Hoplias lacerdae Miranda Ribeiro 1908. Erythrinidae. Distribution: Ribeira de Iguapé River basin: Bolivia (needs confirmation), Brazil and Uruguay River basin, Uruguay and Argentina. Habitat: freshwater.

macrodon, Erythrinus Spix [J. B. von] & Agassiz [L.] 1829:43, Pl. 18 [Selecta genera et species piscium quos in itinere per Brasiliam; ref. 13] Lake Almada, province of Bahia, and Rio São Francisco, Brazil. Holotype (?): MHNN 0773. Type catalog: Kottelat 1988:84 [ref. 13380]. As Erythrinus trahira on plate. •Synonym of Hoplias malabaricus (Bloch 1794) -- (Taphorn 1992:451 [ref. 23654], Oyakawa in Reis et al. 2003:239 [ref. 27061] with author as Agassiz, Litz & Koerber 2014:9 [ref. 33622] with author as Agassiz, Mirande & Koerber 2015:14 [ref. 35117] with author as Agassiz, Rosso et al. 2016:206 [ref. 34785], Koerber et al. 2017:20 [ref. 35267] with author as Agassiz, Rosso et al. 2018:249 [ref. 36203]). Current status: Synonym of Hoplias malabaricus (Bloch 1794). Erythrinidae. Habitat: freshwater.

macrophthalma, Macrodon malabaricus var. Pellegrin [J.] 1907:26 [Bulletin du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle (Série 1) v. 13 (no. 1); ref. 15163] Cayenne, French Guiana. Holotype (unique): MNHN A-9770 (dry mount). Type catalog: Bertin 1948:7 [ref. 19577]. •Valid as Hoplias macrophthalmus (Pellegrin 1907) -- (Taphorn 1992:447 [ref. 23654], Oyakawa in Reis et al. 2003:239 [ref. 27061]). •Synonym of Hoplias aimara (Valenciennes 1847) -- (Mattox et al. 2006:517 [ref. 28800], DoNascimiento 2016:538 [ref. 34727]). Current status: Synonym of Hoplias aimara (Valenciennes 1847). Erythrinidae. Habitat: freshwater.

malabaricus, Esox Bloch [M. E.] 1794:149, Pl. 392 [Naturgeschichte der ausländischen Fische v. 8; ref. 463] South America, probably Suriname (not "Tranquebar"). Lectotype: ZMB 3515. Paralectotypes: ZMB 33059 (1). Type catalog: Paepke 1999:79 [ref. 24282]. On p. 118 of Bloch's Ichthyologie, v. 11 [ref. 21381]. Lectotype selected by Paepke 1999:79 [ref. 24282]. •Valid as Hoplias malabaricus (Bloch 1794), subspecies malabaricus -- (Nión et al. 2016:29 [ref. 35565] dated 1796). •Valid as Hoplias malabaricus (Bloch 1794) -- (Ortega & Vari 1986:10 [ref. 9708], Malabarba 1989:127 [ref. 14217], Taphorn 1992:450 [ref. 23654], Fernández & Butí 1996:253 [ref. 22775], Planquette et al. 1996:166 [ref. 22818], Haro et al. 1996:6 [ref. 25004], Castro & Casatti 1997:342 [ref. 23333], Galvis et al. 1997:29 [ref. 23651], Sverlij et al. 1998:26 [ref. 27632], Lopes et al. 1998:485 [ref. 23315], Gómez & Chebez 1996:52 [ref. 23791], Bussing 1998:124 [ref. 24179], Britski et al. 1999:80 [ref. 24147], Butí & Cancino 1999:71 [ref. 25277], Fuller et al. 1999:179 [ref. 25838], Lasso et al. 2001:96 [ref. 25928], Casatti et al. 2001:5 [ref. 25929], Oyakawa in Reis et al. 2003:239 [ref. 27061], López et al. 2003:35 [ref. 27366], Casciotta et al. 2003:120 [ref. 28130], Menni 2004:72 [ref. 28131] with subspecies, Blanco et al. 2010:361 [ref. 30964], Jacobina et al. 2011:325 [ref. 31391], Phillip et al. 2013:15 [ref. 32896], Barriga S. 2014:110 [ref. 35745], Fabiano et al. 2014:8 [ref. 33530] as aff. malabaricus, Litz & Koerber 2014:9 [ref. 33622], Mattox et al. 2014:343 [ref. 33381], Ramos et al. 2014:4 [ref. 35321], Sarmiento et al. 2014:72, 186 [ref. 35004], Azpelicueta et al. 2015:71 [ref. 34030], Jiménez-Prado et al. 2015:102 [ref. 34894], Mirande & Koerber 2015:14 [ref. 35117], Bertaco et al. 2016:415 [ref. 34561] as aff. malabaricus, Melo et al. 2016:133 [ref. 34701], Melo et al. 2016:374 [ref. 35317], Rosso et al. 2016:205 [ref. 34785] and as cf. malabaricus, Petry et al. 2016:303 [ref. 34966] as aff. malabaricus, Costa et al. 2017:44 [ref. 35684], DoNascimiento et al. 2017:35 [ref. 35633], Koerber et al. 2017:20 [ref. 35267], Rosso et al. 2018:247 [ref. 36203], Urbano-Bonilla et al. 2018:83 [ref. 35773]). Current status: Valid as Hoplias malabaricus (Bloch 1794). Erythrinidae. Distribution: Guiana Shield, South America. Habitat: freshwater.

mbigua, Hoplias Azpelicueta [M. de las M.], Benítez [M. F.], Aichino [D. R.] & Mendez [C. M. D.] 2015:73, Figs. 1, 2, 4A, 5, 6A, 7A [Acta Zoológica Lilloana 59 (no. 1-2); ref. 34030] Provincia de Misiones, río Paraná in Nemesio Parma, Argentina, 27°21'23.04"S, 56°1'1.92"W. Holotype: CI-FML 6763. Paratypes: CI-FML, LGE-P. •Valid as Hoplias mbigua Azpelicueta, Benítez, Aichino & Mendez 2015 (Rosso et al. 2016:206 [ref. 34785], Koerber et al. 2017:2 [ref. 35083], Koerber et al. 2017:20 [ref. 35267], Koerber et al. 2017:2 [ref. 35632], Rosso et al. 2018:249 [ref. 36203]). Current status: Valid as Hoplias mbigua Azpelicueta, Benítez, Aichino & Mendez 2015. Erythrinidae. Distribution: Paraná River, Paraguay River basin, Argentina and Paraguay. Habitat: freshwater.

microcephalus, Erythrinus Agassiz [L.] in Spix & Agassiz 1829:44 [Selecta genera et species piscium quos in itinere per Brasiliam; ref. 13] Rio São Francisco, Brazil. No types known. •Synonym of Hoplias malabaricus (Bloch 1794) -- (Taphorn 1992:451 [ref. 23654]). •Valid as Hoplias microcephalus (Agassiz 1829) -- (Oyakawa in Reis et al. 2003:239 [ref. 27061]). Current status: Valid as Hoplias microcephalus (Agassiz 1829). Erythrinidae. Distribution: São Francisco River basin, Brazil. Habitat: freshwater.

microlepis, Macrodon Günther [A.] 1864:282 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 5; ref. 1974] Rio Chagres, Panama. Lectotype: BMNH 1860.1.26.221. Paralectotypes: (7) BMNH 1860.6.16.128 (1), 1860.6.16.154-155 [= 1860.6.18.21-22] (now 3), 1864.1.26.222 (2), 1864.1.26.309 (1). Lectotype selected by Mattos, Bifi & Oyakawa 2014:344 [ref. 33381]. •Valid as Hoplias microlepis (Günther 1864) -- (Ortega & Vari 1986:10 [ref. 9708], Bussing 1987:93 [ref. 22927], Bussing 1998:123 [ref. 24179], Oyakawa in Reis et al. 2003:240 [ref. 27061], Angulo et al. 2013:991 [ref. 33194], Barriga S. 2014:110 [ref. 35745], Mattox et al. 2014:344 [ref. 33381], Mattox et al. 2014:343 [ref. 33381], Azpelicueta et al. 2015:71 [ref. 34030], Jiménez-Prado et al. 2015:104 [ref. 34894], DoNascimiento et al. 2017:[2] [ref. 35679], Rosso et al. 2016:206 [ref. 34785], Rosso et al. 2018:248 [ref. 36203]). Current status: Valid as Hoplias microlepis (Günther 1864). Erythrinidae. Distribution: Ecuador to Panama: Costa Rica, Ecuador and Panama. Habitat: freshwater.

microphthalmus, Hoplias malabaricus Pellegrin [J.] in Eigenmann 1910:448 [Catalogue of the fresh-water fishes of tropical and south temperate America v. 3 (pt 4); ref. 1224] Not available, name and locality but no description; supposedly a Pellegrin species, but no reference cited; from French Guiana. •In the synonymy of Hoplias macrophthalmus (Pellegrin 1910) -- (Oyakawa in Reis et al. 2003:239 [ref. 27061]). Current status: Unknown. Erythrinidae.

misionera, Hoplias Rosso [J. J.], Mabragaña [E.], González-Castro [M.], Delpiani [M. S.], Avigliano [E.], Schenone [N.] & Díaz de Astarloa [J. M.] 2016:200, Figs. 1, 2C, 3A, B, C (bottoms) [Cybium v. 40 (no. 3); ref. 34785] Misiones, stream tributary to Acaraguá River, Uruguay River basin, Villa Bonita, Municipio de Campo Ramón, Oberá, Argentina, 27°27'44.63"S, 54°57'5.58"W. Holotype: UNMDP 574. Paratypes: LBV, UNMDP. •Valid as Hoplias misionera Rosso, Mabragaña, González-Castro, Delpiani, Avigliano, Schenone & Díaz de Astarloa 2016 -- (Koerber et al. 2017:2 [ref. 35083], Koerber et al. 2017:20 [ref. 35267], Koerber et al. 2017:2 [ref. 35632], Rosso et al. 2018:247 [ref. 36203]). Current status: Valid as Hoplias misionera Rosso, Mabragaña, González-Castro, Delpiani, Avigliano, Schenone et al. 2016. Erythrinidae. Distribution: Paraguay, Paraná, Uruguay and Amazon River basins, Argentina, Brazil, Bolivia and Paraguay. Habitat: freshwater.

palustris, Synodus Bloch [M. E.] & Schneider [J. G.] 1801:398 [M. E. Blochii, Systema Ichthyologiae; ref. 471] Rivers of Brazil. No types known. •Synonym of Hoplias malabaricus (Bloch 1794) -- (Taphorn 1992:450 [ref. 23654], Oyakawa in Reis et al. 2003:239 [ref. 27061], Litz & Koerber 2014:9 [ref. 33622], Mirande & Koerber 2015:14 [ref. 35117]). Current status: Synonym of Hoplias malabaricus (Bloch 1794). Erythrinidae. Habitat: freshwater.

patana, Macrodon Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1847:522 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 19; ref. 4883] Cayenne, French Guiana. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. •Synonym of Hoplias malabaricus (Bloch 1794) -- (Taphorn 1992:451 [ref. 23654]). •Valid as Hoplias patana (Valenciennes 1847) -- (Oyakawa in Reis et al. 2003:240 [ref. 27061]). Current status: Valid as Hoplias patana (Valenciennes 1847). Erythrinidae. Distribution: French Guiana (?). Habitat: freshwater.

tararira, Esox Larrañaga [D. A.] 1923:378, 388 [Escritos de Don Dámaso Antonio Larrañaga v. 2; ref. 22561] Uruguay. Appeared in Devincenzi 1925:321, 314 [ref. 20322]; Devincenzi treated as a synonym of Hoplias malabaricus (Bloch 1794). •Synonym of Hoplias malabaricus (Bloch 1794) -- (Oyakawa in Reis et al. 2003:239 [ref. 27061], Litz & Koerber 2014:9 [ref. 33622], Mirande & Koerber 2015:14 [ref. 35117], Koerber et al. 2017:20 [ref. 35267]). Current status: Synonym of Hoplias malabaricus (Bloch 1794). Erythrinidae. Habitat: freshwater.

tareira, Macrodon Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1847:508 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 19; ref. 4883] Brazil and French Guiana. Syntypes: MNHN 0000-4409 (1), 4421 (3), A-9745 (3 or 1), A-9746 (1), A-9747 (1), A-9748 (1). Type catalog: Bertin 1948:6-7 [ref. 19577]. •Synonym of Hoplias malabaricus (Bloch 1794) -- (Oyakawa in Reis et al. 2003:239 [ref. 27061], Litz & Koerber 2014:9 [ref. 33622], Rosso et al. 2016:206 [ref. 34785], Koerber et al. 2017:20 [ref. 35267] dated 1846). Current status: Synonym of Hoplias malabaricus (Bloch 1794). Erythrinidae. Habitat: freshwater.

tareira, Synodus Bloch [M. E.] & Schneider [J. G.] 1801:398, Pl. 79 [M. E. Blochii, Systema Ichthyologiae; ref. 471] Rivers of Brazil. •Synonym of Hoplias malabaricus (Bloch 1794) -- (Taphorn 1992:450 [ref. 23654], Oyakawa in Reis et al. 2003:239 [ref. 27061], Litz & Koerber 2014:9 [ref. 33622], Mirande & Koerber 2015:14 [ref. 35117], Rosso et al. 2018:249 [ref. 36203]). Current status: Synonym of Hoplias malabaricus (Bloch 1794). Erythrinidae. Habitat: freshwater.

teres, Macrodon Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1847:521 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 19; ref. 4883] Lake Maracaibo, Venezuela. Syntypes: MNHN 0000-4377 (2). Type catalog: Bertin 1948:7 [ref. 19577]. •Synonym of Hoplias malabaricus (Bloch 1794) -- (Taphorn 1992:451 [ref. 23654]). •Valid as Hoplias teres (Valenciennes 1847) -- (Oyakawa in Reis et al. 2003:240 [ref. 27061], Mattox et al. 2014:343 [ref. 33381], Azpelicueta et al. 2015:71 [ref. 34030], Rosso et al. 2016:206 [ref. 34785], Rosso et al. 2018:249 [ref. 36203]). Current status: Valid as Hoplias teres (Valenciennes 1847). Erythrinidae. Distribution: Lake Maracaibo basin, Venezuela. Habitat: freshwater.

trahira, Erythrinus Agassiz [L.] in Spix & Agassiz 1829:44, Pl. 18 [Selecta genera et species piscium quos in itinere per Brasiliam; ref. 13] Lake Almada, province of Bahia, and Rio São Francisco, Brazil. Holotype (unique): MHNN 0773. Type catalog: Kottelat 1984:147 [ref. 21784] with a holotype. Not available when first published in the synonymy of Erythrinus macrodon Spix & Agassiz 1829; apparently made available by Müller 1843:316 [ref. 3063]. •Synonym of Hoplias malabaricus (Bloch 1794) -- (Taphorn 1992:451 [ref. 23654], Britski 2001:20 [ref. 26046], Oyakawa in Reis et al. 2003:239 [ref. 27061] with author as Agassiz, Litz & Koerber 2014:9 [ref. 33622], Mirande & Koerber 2015:14 [ref. 35117], Koerber et al. 2017:20 [ref. 35267]). Current status: Synonym of Hoplias malabaricus (Bloch 1794). Erythrinidae. Habitat: freshwater.