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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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Species in the genus Lagocephalus: [ 29 ] records


argentatus, Pleuracanthus Bleeker [P.] 1865:36 [17] [Nederlandsch Tijdschrift voor de Dierkunde v. 3; ref. 17043] On p. 17 of separate. Not available, museum name mentioned in the synonymy of Tetraodon argenteus. Also in Bleeker 1865-69:65 [ref. 416] as name in synonymy as Pleuranacanthus argentatus. •In the synonymy of Lagocephalus lunaris (Bloch & Schneider 1801) -- (Kottelat 2013:478 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Lagocephalus lunaris (Bloch & Schneider 1801). Tetraodontidae.

argenteus, Tetrodon Lacepède [B. G. E.] 1804:211, Pl. 58 (fig. 2) [Annales du Muséum d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris v. 4; ref. 12515] West coast of New Holland. Syntypes: MNHN A-8326 (1), MNHN 0000-0314 (1). Type catalog: Le Danois 1962:472 [ref. 21440] with types as above. Original genus should have been Tetraodon. •Synonym of Lagocephalus sceleratus (Gmelin 1789) -- (Hoese et al. 2006:1922 [ref. 29099]). Current status: Synonym of Lagocephalus sceleratus (Gmelin 1789). Tetraodontidae. Habitat: marine.

assellinus, Tetrodon Solander [D. C.] in Richardson 1845:123 [Ichthyology.--Part 3. The zoology of the voyage of H. M. S. Sulphur.; ref. 20575] Not available, Solander name mentioned in text under Tetrodon spadiceus and although some text is presented from Solander's manuscript, no distinguishing features are presented. Original genus should have been spelled Tetraodon. •In the synonymy of Lagocephalus spadiceus (Richardson 1845) -- (Hoese et al. 2006:1922 [ref. 29099]). Current status: Synonym of Lagocephalus spadiceus (Richardson 1845). Tetraodontidae.

bicolor, Tetraodon Brevoort [J. C.] 1856:283 [31] [Notes on some figures of Japanese fish taken from recent specimens by the artists of the U. S. Japan Expedition. Pp. 253-288, Pls. 3-12 (color) In: M. C. Perry, Narrative of the Expedition of an American Squadron to the China Seas and Japan.; ref. 17284] Simoda, Japan. No types known. On p. 31 of separate. Description made from a figure. •Synonym of Lagocephalus sceleratus (Gmelin 1789). Current status: Synonym of Lagocephalus sceleratus (Gmelin 1789). Tetraodontidae. Habitat: marine.

blochii, Tetraodon Castelnau [F. L.] 1861:75 [Mémoire sur les poissons de l'Afrique australe; ref. 767] Kalk Bay, South Africa. No types known. •Possible synonym of Lagocephalus sceleratus (Foster 1788) -- (Smith & Heemstra 1986:901 [ref. 5714] with genus as Tetrodon). •Synonym of Lagocephalus sceleratus (Gmelin 1789) -- (authors). Current status: Synonym of Lagocephalus sceleratus (Gmelin 1789). Tetraodontidae. Habitat: marine.

cheesemanii, Tetrodon Clarke [F. E.] 1897:248 [Transactions of the New Zealand Institute v. 29 (art. 16) (for 1896); ref. 14630] Motouroa, Taranaki, New Zealand. Neotype: NMNZ P.18876. Original genus should have been spelled Tetraodon. Neotype designated by Matsuura & Satoh 2016:[4] [ref. 34732]. •Valid as Sphoeroides cheesemanii (Clarke 1897) -- (Paulin et al. 1989:245 [ref. 24556] as cheesemani). •Valid as Lagocephalus cheesemanii (Clarke 1897) -- (Hoese et al. 2006:1921 [ref. 29099], Stewart & Roberts 2015:1736 [ref. 34322], Matsuura & Satoh 2016:[1] [ref. 34732], Motomura et al. 2017:237 [ref. 35490], Psomadakis et al. 2020:621 [ref. 37272], Sonoyama et al. 2020:131 [ref. 37637]). Current status: Valid as Lagocephalus cheesemanii (Clarke 1897). Tetraodontidae. Distribution: Eastern Indian Ocean, western Pacific: Myanmar and Andaman Sea east to Indonesia, Korea, China, Vietnam, Philippines, north to central Japan, south to eastern Australia and New Zealand region. Habitat: marine.

exilis, Lagocephalus Tanaka [S.] 1916:27 [Dobutsugaku Zasshi = Zoological Magazine Tokyo v. 28 (no. 327); ref. 15074] Tokyo fish market, Japan. Holotype (unique): ZUMT 6202. Species originally published in Japanese in above reference, later illustrated and described in more detail in English and Japanese in Tanaka 1916:412, Pl. 112 (fig. 335) [ref. 14938]. •Synonym of Lagocephalus oceanicus Jordan & Evermann 1904 -- (Lindberg et al. 1997:158 [ref. 23547]). •Synonym of Lagocephalus lagocephalus (Linnaeus 1758). Current status: Synonym of Lagocephalus lagocephalus (Linnaeus 1758). Tetraodontidae. Habitat: marine.

gloveri, Lagocephalus Abe [T.] & Tabeta [O.] 1983:2, Pls. 1-3 [Uo (Japanese Society of Ichthyologists) No. 32; ref. 8386] Futo, Ito City, Shizuoka Prefecture, Japan. Holotype: ZUMT 54324. Paratypes: SMF 17695 (1), ZUMT 54325 (1). •Synonym of Lagocephalus guntheri Ribeiro 1915 -- (Smith & Heemstra 1986:901 [ref. 5714] with doubt, as guentheri). •Valid as Lagocephalus gloveri Abe & Tabeta 1983 -- (Matsuura in Masuda et al. 1984:364 [ref. 6441], Matsuura in Okamura et al. 1985:639, 749 [ref. 8056], Matsuura in Randall & Lim 2000:648 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:1431 [ref. 25182], Matsuura 2001:3957 [ref. 26317], Nakabo 2002:1431 [ref. 26193], Choi et al. 2003:453, 697 [ref. 26218], Shinohara et al. 2005:444 [ref. 28370], Matsuura 2009:337 [ref. 31171], Motomura et al. 2010:238 [ref. 31256], Matsuura et al. 2011:165 [ref. 31987], Wu et al. 2011:622 [ref. 32150]). •Synonym of Lagocephalus cheesemanii (Clarke 1897) -- (Matsuura & Satoh 2016:[1] [ref. 34732]). Current status: Synonym of Lagocephalus cheesemanii (Clarke 1897). Tetraodontidae. Habitat: marine.

guntheri, Lagocephalus Miranda Ribeiro [A. de] 1915:Tetrodontidae p. 5 [Arquivos do Museu Nacional de Rio de Janeiro v. 17; ref. 3711] Brazil [probably erroneous, ref. 31987]. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1848.10.12.1. On p. 155 when continuously paginated. Based on Tetrodon lunaris var. b of Günther 1870:275 [ref. 1995]. Apparently named for A. Günther on his var. b, so guentheri would be correct. •Valid as Lagocephalus ?guentheri Miranda Ribeiro 1915 -- (Smith & Heemstra 1986:900 [ref. 5714]). •Valid as Lagocephalus guentheri Miranda Ribeiro 1915 -- (Abe 1987:6 [ref. 11636], Randall 1995:403 [ref. 22896], Carpenter et al. 1997:240 [ref. 23922], Matsuura in Randall & Lim 2000:648 [ref. 25122], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S124 [ref. 27377], Matsuura et al. 2011:164 [ref. 31987], Bogorodsky et al. 2014:434 [ref. 33460], Psomadakis et al. 2015:338 [ref. 34104], Matsuura & Satoh 2016:[6] [ref. 34732], Ali et al. 2018:346 [ref. 36183], Bogorodsky & Randall 2018:[22] 260 [ref. 36492], Fricke et al. 2018:388 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:182 [ref. 36273], Artüz & Fricke 2019:561 [ref. 36612], Eagderi et al. 2019:138 [ref. 37020], Bariche & Fricke 2020:150 [ref. 37515], Psomadakis et al. 2020:622 [ref. 37272]). Current status: Valid as Lagocephalus guentheri Miranda Ribeiro 1915. Tetraodontidae. Distribution: Red Sea; Indo-West Pacific: South Africa, Madagascar and Persian Gulf east to Indonesia, north to southern Japan, south to northern Australia; Mediterranean Sea and Sea of Marmara (Red Sea immigrant). Habitat: marine.

inermis, Tetraodon Temminck [C. J.] & Schlegel [H.] 1850:278, Pl. 122 (fig. 2) [Fauna Japonica Last part (15); ref. 4375] Bay of Simabara, Japan. Holotype (unique): RMNH D2265 (dry). Type catalog: Boeseman 1947:199 [ref. 12876]. Spelled inervis by Michajlova 1989:26 [ref. 20062]. •Valid as Lagocephalus inermis (Temminck & Schlegel 1850) -- (Matsuura in Masuda et al. 1984:364 [ref. 6441], Smith & Heemstra 1986:901 [ref. 5714], Allen & Swainston 1988:156 [ref. 25477], Cheng & Zhou 1997:476 [ref. 26385] dated 1847, Lindberg et al. 1997:149 [ref. 23547], Allen 1997:248 [ref. 23977], Johnson 1999:755 [ref. 25471], Matsuura in Randall & Lim 2000:648 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:1430 [ref. 25182], Hutchins 2001:48 [ref. 25847], Matsuura 2001:3957 [ref. 26317] dated 1844, Nakabo 2002:1430 [ref. 26193], Choi et al. 2003:453, 697 [ref. 26218], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S124 [ref. 27377], Mishra & Krishnan 2003:50 [ref. 27712] with author as Schlegel, Hoese et al. 2006:1921 [ref. 29099], Verruraj et al. 2011:3 [ref. 31496], Wu et al. 2011:622 [ref. 32150], Larson et al. 2013:237 [ref. 32988], Psomadakis et al. 2015:337 [ref. 34104], Matsuura & Satoh 2016:[6] [ref. 34732], Fricke et al. 2018:388 [ref. 35805], Eagderi et al. 2019:138 [ref. 37020], Psomadakis et al. 2020:622 [ref. 37272], Sonoyama et al. 2020:131 [ref. 37637]). Current status: Valid as Lagocephalus inermis (Temminck & Schlegel 1850). Tetraodontidae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: South Africa, East Africa, Persian Gulf and Madagascar east to Philippines and New Guinea, north to central Japan, south to northern Australia. Habitat: marine.

janthinus, Tetraodon (Anosmius) Vaillant [L. L.] & Sauvage [H.-E.] 1875:286 [Revue et Magasin de Zoologie (Sér. 3) v. 3; ref. 17853] Hawaiian Islands. Holotype (unique): MNHN 0000-9007. Type catalog: Le Danois 1962:472 [ref. 21440]. •Synonym of Lagocephalus lagocephalus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Mundy 2005:536 [ref. 28379]). Current status: Synonym of Lagocephalus lagocephalus (Linnaeus 1758). Tetraodontidae. Habitat: marine.

laevigatus, Tetrodon Linnaeus [C.] (ex Garden) 1766:411 [Systema naturae sive regna tria naturae v. 1 (pt 1); ref. 2786] Carolina [South Carolina, U.S.A.]. No types known. Original genus should have been spelled Tetraodon. Based on manuscript description by A. Garden [South Carolina]. •Valid as Lagocephalus laevigatus (Linnaeus 1766) -- (Matsuura in Uyeno et al. 1983:477 [ref. 14275], Roberts 1986:436 [ref. 6223], Robins & Ray 1986:305 [ref. 23100], Shipp 1990:1070 [ref. 19531], Boschung 1992:182 [ref. 23239], Cervigón 1992:448 [ref. 23827], Bianchi & Carpenter in Bianchi et al. 1993:181 [ref. 25472], Cervigón 1996:119 [ref. 24489], Murdy et al. 1997:267 [ref. 23144], Aguilera 1998:53 [ref. 24221], Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:517 [ref. 24550], Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:355 [ref. 25013], Afonso et al. 1999:81 [ref. 25466], Díaz de Astarloa et al. 2000:401 [ref. 24427], Schmitter-Soto et al. 2000:171 [ref. 27754], Ebert 2001:76 [ref. 25494], Camargo & Isaac 2001:146 [ref. 27639], López et al. 2002:66 [ref. 26808], Shipp 2003:1994 [ref. 27120], Menezes in Menezes et al. 2003:110 [ref. 27192], Nelson et al. 2004:185 [ref. 27807], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:923 [ref. 28815], Wirtz et al. 2007:42 [ref. 30263], Bañón & Santás 2011:1574 [ref. 31248], Di Dario et al. 2013:264 [ref. 37503], Page et al. 2013:191 [ref. 32708], Fabiano et al. 2014:9 [ref. 33530], Matsuura in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:3070 [ref. 34618], Nión et al. 2016:56 [ref. 35565], Marceniuk et al. 2017:42 [ref. 35324], Spier et al. 2018:19 [ref. 36103], Carneiro et al. 2019:224 [ref. 37250], Ribeiro et al. 2019:9 [ref. 36717]). Current status: Valid as Lagocephalus laevigatus (Linnaeus 1766). Tetraodontidae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: Bermuda and New England (U.S.A.) south to Argentina; eastern Atlantic: Spain and Portugal south to Namibia, including Madeira. Habitat: brackish, marine.

lagocephalus, Tetraodon Linnaeus [C.] 1758:332 [Systema Naturae, Ed. X v. 1; ref. 2787] India [Indian Ocean]. Syntypes: NRM LP 81 (1), ?NRM 8789 (1). Type catalog: Fernholm & Wheeler 1983:278-279 [ref. 20707]. •Valid as Lagocephalus lagocephalus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Tortonese 1973:645 [ref. 7192], Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:298 [ref. 9277], Tortonese in Whitehead et al. 1986:1343 [ref. 13677], Robins & Ray 1986:306 [ref. 23100], Smith & Heemstra 1986:901 [ref. 5714], Scott & Scott 1988:567 [ref. 25518], Paulin et al. 1989:245 [ref. 24556], McAllister 1990:226 [ref. 14674], Shipp 1990:1070 [ref. 19531], Bianchi & Carpenter in Bianchi et al. 1993:181 [ref. 25472], Gomon et al. 1994:906 [ref. 22532], Bussing in Fischer et al. 1995:1634 [ref. 22830], Cervigón 1996:119 [ref. 24489], Santos et al. 1997:115 [ref. 23531], Grove & Lavenberg 1997:650 [ref. 24023], Arruda 1997:122 [ref. 24952], Fricke 1999:611 [ref. 24106], Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:355 [ref. 25013], Matsuura in Randall & Lim 2000:648 [ref. 25122], Matsuura 2001:3957 [ref. 26317], Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:157 [ref. 26753], Shipp 2003:1995 [ref. 27120], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S124 [ref. 27377], Myers & Donaldson 2003:651 [ref. 27495], Parin 2003:S34 [ref. 28536], Menezes in Menezes et al. 2003:110 [ref. 27192], Nelson et al. 2004:185 [ref. 27807], Mundy 2005:536 [ref. 28379], Hoese et al. 2006:1921 [ref. 29099], Fricke et al. 2007:117 [ref. 29533], Randall 2007:495 [ref. 30952], Matsuura 2008:852 [ref. 30661], Fricke et al. 2009:122 [ref. 30213], Lipej & Dulčić 2010:75 [ref. 36649], McCosker & Rosenblatt 2010:195 [ref. 30957], Bañon et al. 2010:24 [ref. 31029], Motomura et al. 2010:238 [ref. 31256], Wu et al. 2011:622 [ref. 32150], Page et al. 2013:191 [ref. 32708], Wirtz et al. 2013:137 [ref. 32972], Catelani et al. 2014:933 [ref. 37496], Parin et al. 2014:552 [ref. 33547], Psomadakis et al. 2015:337 [ref. 34104], Stewart & Roberts 2015:1737 [ref. 34322], Matsuura in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:3071 [ref. 34618], Fourriére et al. 2016:460 [ref. 34668], Matsuura & Satoh 2016:[6] [ref. 34732], Kells et al. 2016:340 [ref. 35888], Fricke et al. 2018:388 [ref. 35805], Sánchez-Jiménez et al. 2018:S8 [ref. 36248], Brown et al. 2019:184 [ref. 36444], Burton & Lea 2019:101 [ref. 37205], Carneiro et al. 2019:225 [ref. 37250], Elbaraasi et al. 2019:102 [ref. 36864], Encarnação et al. 2019:6 [ref. 37002], Bariche & Fricke 2020:114 [ref. 37515], Kovačić et al. 2020:34 [ref. 37519], Psomadakis et al. 2020:622 [ref. 37272], Sonoyama et al. 2020:131 [ref. 37637]). Current status: Valid as Lagocephalus lagocephalus (Linnaeus 1758). Tetraodontidae. Distribution: Circumglobal in tropical and temperate seas (including Mediterranean Sea, Sea of Japan) Habitat: marine.

leiopleura, Tetraodon Gray [J. E.] 1830:no page number, Pl. 87 (fig. 2) [Illustrations of Indian zoology; ref. 1878] Indian Ocean. No types known. Published about 30 Mar. 1830. •Synonym of Lagocephalus lunaris (Bloch & Schneider 1801) -- (Kottelat 2013:478 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Lagocephalus lunaris (Bloch & Schneider 1801). Tetraodontidae.

lineolatus, Tetrodon Poey [F.] 1868:432 [Repertorio Fisico-Natural de la Isla de Cuba v. 2; ref. 3505] Cuba. No types known. Original genus should have been spelled Tetraodon. •Synonym of Lagocephalus laevigatus (Linnaeus 1766) -- (Ebert 2001:92 [ref. 25494]). Current status: Synonym of Lagocephalus laevigatus (Linnaeus 1766). Tetraodontidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

lunaris, Tetrodon Bloch [M. E.] & Schneider [J. G.] 1801:505 [M. E. Blochii, Systema Ichthyologiae; ref. 471] Tranquebar [Tharangambadi], India. Lectotype: ZMB 4227. Paralectotypes: ZMB 4226 (1), 8186 (1, stuffed). Type catalog: Paepke 1999:149 [ref. 24282]. Lectotype selected by Paepke 1999:149 [ref. 24282]. Original genus should have been spelled Tetraodon. •Valid as Lagocephalus lunaris (Bloch & Schneider 1801) -- (Kyushin et al. 1982:300 [ref. 19754], Dor 1984:286 [ref. 29757], Matsuura in Masuda et al. 1984:364 [ref. 6441], Smith & Heemstra 1986:901 [ref. 5714], Allen & Swainston 1988:156 [ref. 25477], Talwar & Jhingran 1991:1058 [ref. 20764], Kottelat et al. 1993:174 [ref. 23448], Krishnan & Mishra 1993:236 [ref. 24016], Goren & Dor 1994:75 [ref. 25356], Randall 1995:403 [ref. 22896], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:625 [ref. 27969], Lindberg et al. 1997:151 [ref. 23547], Allen 1997:248 [ref. 23977], Carpenter et al. 1997:240 [ref. 23922], Fricke 1999:611 [ref. 24106], Johnson 1999:755 [ref. 25471], Matsuura in Randall & Lim 2000:648 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:1430 [ref. 25182], Ebert 2001:76 [ref. 25494], Hutchins 2001:48 [ref. 25847], Matsuura 2001:3957 [ref. 26317], Nakabo 2002:1430 [ref. 26193], Choi et al. 2003:453, 697 [ref. 26218], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S124 [ref. 27377], Mishra & Krishnan 2003:50 [ref. 27712], Hoese et al. 2006:1921 [ref. 29099], Matsuura 2009:337 [ref. 31171], Verruraj et al. 2011:3 [ref. 31496], Matsuura et al. 2011:167 [ref. 31987], Wu et al. 2011:622 [ref. 32150], Larson et al. 2013:237 [ref. 32988], Kottelat 2013:478 [ref. 32989], Yoshida et al. 2013:232 [ref. 34464], Matsuura in Kimura et al. 2015:106 [ref. 34319], Psomadakis et al. 2015:337 [ref. 34104], Matsuura & Satoh 2016:[6] [ref. 34732], Motomura et al. 2017:237 [ref. 35490], Ali et al. 2018:346 [ref. 36183], Fricke et al. 2018:388 [ref. 35805], Jawad et al. 2018:124 [ref. 36262], Eagderi et al. 2019:138 [ref. 37020], Zajonz et al. 2019:102 [ref. 36871], Psomadakis et al. 2020:623 [ref. 37272]). Current status: Valid as Lagocephalus lunaris (Bloch & Schneider 1801). Tetraodontidae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: East Africa, South Africa, Socotra, Madagascar, Mauritius (Mascarenes) and Persian Gulf east to Indonesia, north to South China Sea, south to northern Australia. Habitat: brackish, marine.

melanothos, Holocanthus Gronow [L. T.] in Gray 1854:24 [Catalogue of fish collected and described by Laurence Theodore Gronow; ref. 1911] American Ocean, Carolinas, U.S.A. Syntypes: BMNH 1853.11.12.175 [Gronovius coll.] (1, skin). Type catalog: Wheeler 1958:246 [ref. 13434] but as holotype. •Synonym of Lagocephalus laevigatus (Linnaeus 1766) -- (Wheeler 1958:246 [ref. 13434], Ebert 2001:92 [ref. 25494]). Current status: Synonym of Lagocephalus laevigatus (Linnaeus 1766). Tetraodontidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

munnozius, Tetrodon Larrañaga [D. A.] 1923:389 [Escritos de Don Dámaso Antonio Larrañaga v. 2; ref. 22561] Uruguay. Spelled mugnozius on p. 379. Also appeared in Devincenzi 1925:317, 323 [ref. 20322] (spelled mugnozius on p. 323); Devincenzi treated as a synonym of Lagocephalus laevigatus Linnaeus [= Tetraodon laevigatus Linnaeus 1766]. Original genus should have been spelled Tetraodon. •Synonym of Lagocephalus laevigatus (Linaneus 1766) -- (Ebert 2001:92 [ref. 25494]). Current status: Synonym of Lagocephalus laevigatus (Linnaeus 1766). Tetraodontidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

nigridorsum, Lagocephalus lagocephalus Fowler [H. W.] 1944:308, 374, 376, 414, Fig. 265 [Monographs of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia No. 6; ref. 1448] North of Tres Marias Islands, Mexico, 22°03'N, 106°42'W. Holotype: ANSP 70293. Paratypes: ANSP 70284 (1), 70285-86 (2), 70287 (1). Additional material (2). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:161 [ref. 13621]. •Synonym of Lagocephalus lagocephalus (Linnaeus 1758), but a valid subspecies nigridorsum Fowler 1944 -- (Del Moral-Flores et al. 2016:612 [ref. 34923]). Current status: Synonym of Lagocephalus lagocephalus (Linnaeus 1758). Tetraodontidae. Habitat: marine.

nitidus, Spheroides Griffin [L. T.] 1921:356, Pl. 55 (fig. 2) [Transactions of the New Zealand Institute v. 53; ref. 15343] Auckland Harbor and Tauranga Harbor, New Zealand. Syntypes: AIM MA 327 (1), 32173 (1). Original genus should have been Sphoeroides. Trnski personal communication (12/1/2017) on type status. •Valid as Sphoeroides nitidus Griffin 1921. •Synonym of Lagocephalus lagocephalus (Linnaeus 1758). Current status: Synonym of Lagocephalus lagocephalus (Linnaeus 1758). Tetraodontidae. Distribution: Southwestern Pacific [if valid]. Habitat: marine.

oceanicus, Lagocephalus Jordan [D. S.] & Evermann [B. W.] 1903:199 [Bulletin of the U. S. Fish Commission v. 22 (1902); ref. 2450] Honolulu, Oahu Island, Hawaiian Islands. Holotype: USNM 50820. Paratypes: CAS-SU 7784 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:144 [ref. 12291]. If the subspecies oceanicus is recognized, then the oldest name for that subspecies is Tetraodon janthinus Vaillant & Sauvage 1875. •Synonym of Lagocephalus lagocephalus (Linnaeus 1758), but a valid subspecies -- (Kyushin et al. 1977:368 [ref. 19756], Matsuura in Masuda et al. 1984:364 [ref. 6441], Nakabo 2000:1430 [ref. 25182], Nakabo 2002:1430 [ref. 26193], Motomura et al. 2010:238 [ref. 31256]). •Valid as Lagocephalus oceanicus Jordan & Evermann 1903 -- (Lindberg et al. 1997:158 [ref. 23547]). •Synonym of Lagocephalus lagocephalus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Gomon et al. 1994:906 [ref. 22532], Parin 2003:S34 [ref. 28536], Mundy 2005:536 [ref. 28379], Randall 2007:495 [ref. 30952], Wu et al. 2011:623 [ref. 32150], Parin et al. 2014:552 [ref. 33547]). Current status: Synonym of Lagocephalus lagocephalus (Linnaeus 1758). Tetraodontidae. Habitat: marine.

pachycephalus, Tetraodon Ranzani [C.] 1839:73 [9], Pl. 10 (figs. 2a-e) [Novi Commentarii Academiae Scientiarum Instituti Bononiensis v. 4 [1840]; ref. 18606] Brazil. Syntypes: MZUB 972 (2), 946 (1). Appeared first without description as Ranzani in Alessandrini 1838:433 [ref. 25852]. Dates to publication in a separate, on p. 9 and Pl. 3 in 1839; journal version in 1840. •Synonym of Lagocephalus laevigatus (Linnaeus 1766) -- (Shipp 2003:1994 [ref. 27120] but with authorship wrongly as Jordan & Rutter 1897, Matsuura in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:3070 [ref. 34618]). Current status: Synonym of Lagocephalus laevigatus (Linnaeus 1766). Tetraodontidae. Habitat: marine.

pennantii, Tetrodon Yarrell [W.] 1836:347, Fig. [A history of British fishes; ref. 4812] Cornish Coast of England. No types known. Replacement name for Tetraodon stellatus Donovan 1804, preoccupied by Tetrodon lagocephalus stellatus Bloch & Schneider 1801. Original genus should have been spelled Tetraodon. •Synonym of Lagocephalus lagocephalus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Tortonese in Whitehead et al. 1986:1343 [ref. 13677] with author as Swainson). Current status: Synonym of Lagocephalus lagocephalus (Linnaeus 1758). Tetraodontidae. Habitat: marine.

sceleratus, Tetrodon Gmelin [J. F.] (ex Forster) 1789:1444 [Caroli a Linné ... Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae v. 1 (pt 3); ref. 18139] American [in error] and Pacific. No types known. Original genus should have been spelled Tetraodon. •Valid as Pleuranacanthus sceleratus (Gmelin 1789) -- (Kyushin et al. 1982:302 [ref. 19754]). •Valid as Lagocephalus sceleratus (Forster 1789) -- (Allen & Swainston 1988:156 [ref. 25477], Baranes & Golani 1993:312 [ref. 22372], Krishnan & Mishra 1994:302 [ref. 24014], Goren & Dor 1994:75 [ref. 25356], Allen 1997:248 [ref. 23977], Johnson 1999:755 [ref. 25471], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:468 [ref. 25191]). •Valid as Lagocephalus sceleratus (Gmelin 1789) -- (Dor 1984:286 [ref. 29757], Matsuura in Masuda et al. 1984:364 [ref. 6441], Matsuura in Okamura et al. 1985:639, 749 [ref. 8056], Smith & Heemstra 1986:901 [ref. 5714], Gomon et al. 1994:907 [ref. 22532], Randall 1995:404 [ref. 22896], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:625 [ref. 27969], Lindberg et al. 1997:155 [ref. 23547], Carpenter et al. 1997:240 [ref. 23922], Kuiter 1997:416 [ref. 25488], Fricke 1999:611 [ref. 24106], Matsuura in Randall & Lim 2000:648 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:1430 [ref. 25182], Hutchins 2001:48 [ref. 25847], Matsuura 2001:3957 [ref. 26317], Nakabo 2002:1430 [ref. 26193], Choi et al. 2003:453, 697 [ref. 26218], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S124 [ref. 27377], Mishra & Krishnan 2003:51 [ref. 27712] with author as Forster, Randall et al. 2004:32 [ref. 27624], Randall 2005:647 [ref. 28239], Hoese et al. 2006:1922 [ref. 29099], Fricke et al. 2007:117 [ref. 29533], Matsuura 2008:852 [ref. 30661], Fricke et al. 2009:122 [ref. 30213], Iwatsubo et al. 2009:21 [ref. 30933], Motomura et al. 2010:238 [ref. 31256], Larson et al. 2013:237 [ref. 32988], Fricke et al. 2014:200 [ref. 33932], Bogorodsky & Randall 2018:[22] 260 [ref. 36492], Fricke et al. 2018:388 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:182 [ref. 36273], Artüz & Fricke 2019:561 [ref. 36612], Elbaraasi et al. 2019:102 [ref. 36864], Eagderi et al. 2019:138 [ref. 37020], Hoschke et al. 2019:161 [ref. 36626], Zajonz et al. 2019:102 [ref. 36871], Bariche & Fricke 2020:149 [ref. 37515], Kovačić et al. 2020:34 [ref. 37519], Moore et al. 2020:110 [ref. 37357], Sonoyama et al. 2020:131 [ref. 37637]). Current status: Valid as Lagocephalus sceleratus (Gmelin 1789). Tetraodontidae. Distribution: Red Sea; Indo-West Pacific: East Africa, Persian Gulf, Socotra, Seychelles, Madagascar and western Mascarenes east to Philippines, north to central Japan, south to Kimberley (Western Australia), Queensland (Australia) and New Caledonia; Mediterranean Sea and Sea of Marmara (Red Sea immigrant). Habitat: marine.

spadiceus, Tetrodon Richardson [J.] 1845:123, Pl. 58 (figs. 4-5) [Ichthyology.--Part 3. The zoology of the voyage of H. M. S. Sulphur.; ref. 20575] China seas. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1970.3.3.1. Original genus should have been spelled Tetraodon. •Synonym of Lagocephalus lunaris (Bloch & Schneider 1801), but a valid subspecies -- (Kyushin et al. 1982:301 [ref. 19754]). •Valid as Gastrophysus spadiceus (Richardson 1845) -- (Chen et al. 1997:185 [ref. 26476], Cheng & Zhou 1997:477 [ref. 26385] dated 1844, Wu et al. 2011:622 [ref. 32150], Larson et al. 2013:237 [ref. 32988]). •Valid as Lagocephalus spadiceus (Richardson 1845) -- (Tortonese 1973:645 [ref. 7192], Dor 1984:286 [ref. 29757], Tortonese in Whitehead et al. 1986:1344 [ref. 13677], Allen & Swainston 1988:156 [ref. 25477], Talwar & Jhingran 1991:1059 [ref. 20764], Krishnan & Mishra 1993:236 [ref. 24016], Goren & Dor 1994:75 [ref. 25356], Randall 1995:403 [ref. 22896], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:626 [ref. 27969], Larson & Williams 1997:375 [ref. 23967], Allen 1997:248 [ref. 23977], Golani 1998:97 [ref. 27567], Mishra & Srinivasan 1999:254 [ref. 24754], Matsuura in Randall & Lim 2000:648 [ref. 25122], Iwatsuki et al. 2000:105 [ref. 26368], Song et al. 2001:129 [ref. 25468], Ebert 2001:76 [ref. 25494], Hutchins 2001:48 [ref. 25847], Matsuura 2001:3957 [ref. 26317] dated to 1844, Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:157 [ref. 26753] dated to 1844, Golani 2005:64 [ref. 37112] dated 1844, Hoese et al. 2006:1922 [ref. 29099], Fricke et al. 2007:117 [ref. 29533], Matsuura 2010:39 [ref. 33271], Matsuura et al. 2011:165 [ref. 31987], Psomadakis et al. 2015:338 [ref. 34104], Matsuura & Satoh 2016:[6] [ref. 34732], Motomura et al. 2017:238 [ref. 35490], Fricke et al. 2018:389 [ref. 35805], Matsuura in Kimura et al. 2018:309 [ref. 36460], Eagderi et al. 2019:138 [ref. 37020], Chakraborty et al. 2020:8 [ref. 37356], Psomadakis et al. 2020:623 [ref. 37272], Sonoyama et al. 2020:131 [ref. 37637]). Current status: Valid as Lagocephalus spadiceus (Richardson 1845). Tetraodontidae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: East Africa, South Africa, Persian Gulf and Madagascar east to Taiwan, north to central Japan, south to northern Australia. Habitat: brackish, marine.

stellatus, Tetrodon Donovan [E.] 1804:6 unnum. pp., Pl. 66 [The natural history of British fishes, including scientific and general descriptions of the most interesting species, and an extensive selection of accurately finished coloured plates.; ref. 17408] England. No types known. Objectively invalid; preoccupied by Tetraodon stellatus Bloch & Schneider 1801. Original genus should have been spelled Tetraodon. •Synonym of Lagocephalus lagocephalus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Tortonese 1973:645 [ref. 7192]). Current status: Synonym of Lagocephalus lagocephalus (Linnaeus 1758). Tetraodontidae. Habitat: marine.

suezensis, Lagocephalus Clark [E.] & Gohar [H. A. F.] 1953:56, Fig. 16 [Publications of the Marine Biological Station Al-Ghardaqa (Red Sea) No. 8; ref. 12688] Suez, Egypt, Gulf of Suez, Red Sea. Holotype: MBSH uncat. Paratypes: ?MBSH uncat. (20). •Valid as Lagocephalus suezensis Clark & Gohar 1953 -- (Dor 1984:287 [ref. 29757], Goren & Dor 1994:75 [ref. 25356], Golani 1996:29 [ref. 22271], Golani 1998:97 [ref. 27567], Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:526 [ref. 26145], Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:157 [ref. 26753], Golani 2005:65 [ref. 37112], Fricke et al. 2007:118 [ref. 29533], Iwatsubo et al. 2009:21 [ref. 30933] as widespread, Zenetos et al. 2010:412 [ref. 31201], Ben-Abdallah et al. 2011:71 [ref. 31254], Yoshida et al. 2013:232 [ref. 34464], Bogorodsky et al. 2014:434 [ref. 33460], Bogorodsky & Randall 2018:[22] 260 [ref. 36492], Golani & Fricke 2018:182 [ref. 36273], Elbaraasi et al. 2019:102 [ref. 36864], Bariche & Fricke 2020:149 [ref. 37515], Psomadakis et al. 2020:623 [ref. 37272]). Current status: Valid as Lagocephalus suezensis Clark & Gohar 1953. Tetraodontidae. Distribution: Red Sea; Indo-West Pacific: Myanmar east to Indonesia, north to southern Japan, south to northern Australia; Mediterranean Sea (Red Sea immigrant). Habitat: marine.

tepa, Tetrodon Hamilton [F.] 1822:10, 362 [An account of the fishes found in the river Ganges; ref. 2031] Ganges River estuaries, India. No types known. Original genus should have been spelled Tetraodon. •Synonym of Lagocephalus lunaris (Bloch & Schneider 1801) -- (Kottelat 2013:478 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Lagocephalus lunaris (Bloch & Schneider 1801). Tetraodontidae.

wheeleri, Lagocephalus Abe [T.], Tabeta [O.] & Kitahama [K.] 1984:4, Pls. 2-3 [Uo (Japanese Society of Ichthyologists) No. 34; ref. 8258] Sagami Bay, off Manazuru, Japan. Holotype: ZUMT 54368. Paratypes: SMF 19427 (1), ZUMT 54369 (1). •Valid as Lagocephalus wheeleri Abe, Tabeta & Kitahama 1984 -- (Matsuura in Masuda et al. 1984:364 [ref. 6441], Lindberg et al. 1997:153 [ref. 23547], Matsuura in Randall & Lim 2000:648 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:1431 [ref. 25182], Matsuura 2001:3957 [ref. 26317], Nakabo 2002:1431 [ref. 26193], Choi et al. 2003:453, 697 [ref. 26218], Wu et al. 2011:622 [ref. 32150]). •Synonym of Lagocephalus spadiceus (Richardson 1845) -- (Matsuura 2010:40 [ref. 33271]). Current status: Synonym of Lagocephalus spadiceus (Richardson 1845). Tetraodontidae. Habitat: marine.