Institute for Biodiversity Science and Sustainability
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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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Species in the genus Malacanthus: [ 14 ] records


brevirostris, Malacanthus Guichenot [A.] 1848:14 [Revue Zoologique par la Société Cuvierienne (Paris) v. 11; ref. 18163] Madagascar. Lectotype: MNHN A-3661. Paralectotypes: MNHN A-3662 (1). Type catalog: Bauchot & Desoutter 1989:23 [ref. 15502]. Lectotype selected by Dooley 1978:60 [ref. 5499]. •Valid as Malacanthus brevirostris Guichenot 1848 -- (Dooley 1978:58 [ref. 5499], Araga in Masuda et al. 1984:152 [ref. 6441], Dor 1984:120 [ref. 29757], Shen & Lin 1984:11 [ref. 13822], Heemstra 1986:614 [ref. 5660], Allen & Swainston 1988:76 [ref. 25477], Paxton et al. 1989:566 [ref. 12442], Paulin et al. 1989:181 [ref. 24556], Winterbottom et al. 1989:33 [ref. 13251], Randall et al. 1990:154 [ref. 15987], Kuiter 1993:166 [ref. 23929], Francis 1993:161 [ref. 25479], Allen & Robertson 1994:124 [ref. 22193], Goren & Dor 1994:32 [ref. 25356], Schneider & Krupp in Fischer et al. 1995:1271 [ref. 22830], Grove & Lavenberg 1997:351 [ref. 24023], Allen 1997:118 [ref. 23977], Kuiter 1997:152 [ref. 25488], Randall et al. 1997:154 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:135 [ref. 23965], Fricke 1999:238 [ref. 24106], Dooley 1999:2647 [ref. 24837], Johnson 1999:733 [ref. 25471], Allen 2000:88 [ref. 37268], Nakabo 2000:784 [ref. 25086], Dooley in Randall & Lim 2000:615 [ref. 25122], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:222 [ref. 25191], Randall & Earle 2000:13 [ref. 25806], Hutchins 2001:32 [ref. 25847], Nakabo 2002:784 [ref. 26001], Allen & Adrim 2003:37 [ref. 26830], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S106 [ref. 27377], Myers & Donaldson 2003:624 [ref. 27495], Lobel & Lobel 2004:71 [ref. 27576], Randall et al. 2004:15 [ref. 27624], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:265 [ref. 28072], Randall 2005:218 [ref. 28239], Mundy 2005:359 [ref. 28379], Paxton et al. 2006:1129 [ref. 28995], Randall 2007:218 [ref. 30952], Fricke et al. 2009:54 [ref. 30213], McCosker & Rosenblatt 2010:191 [ref. 30957], Motomura et al. 2010:114 [ref. 31256], Allen & Erdmann 2012:423 [ref. 31980], Delrieu-Trottin et al. 2015:6 [ref. 33988], Trnski 2015:1235 [ref. 34198], Motomura et al. 2015:22 [ref. 34709], Koeda et al. 2016:35 [ref. 35333], Fricke et al. 2018:177 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:81 [ref. 36273], Fricke et al. 2019:142 [ref. 36673], Psomadakis et al. 2020:413 [ref. 37272]). Current status: Valid as Malacanthus brevirostris Guichenot 1848. Malacanthidae. Distribution: Red Sea, Indo-Pacific: East Africa, South Africa, Madagascar and western Mascarenes east to Panama, north to Ryukyu Islands (southern Japan), Hawaiian Islands, south to Western Australia, New Caledonia, northern New Zealand and Austral Islands. Habitat: marine.

hoedtii, Malacanthus Bleeker [P.] 1859:18 [Acta Societatis Regiae Scientiarum Indo-Neêrlandicae v. 6 (art. 2); ref. 14003] Doreh Bay [Doreh], off Manokwari, West Papua, Indonesia, New Guinea, ca. 0°53'25''S 134°05'29''E. Holotype (unique): RMNH 6351. Spelled hoedti on p.3. •Synonym of Malacanthus brevirostris Guichenot 1848 -- (Dooley 1978:58 [ref. 5499], Dor 1984:120 [ref. 29757], Shen & Lin 1984:11 [ref. 13822], Randall et al. 1990:154 [ref. 15987], Dooley 1999:2647 [ref. 24837], Randall 2005:218 [ref. 28239], Mundy 2005:359 [ref. 28379], Fricke & Kulbicki 2006:332 [ref. 28867], Randall 2007:218 [ref. 30952], Fricke et al. 2018:177 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:81 [ref. 36273]). Current status: Synonym of Malacanthus brevirostris Guichenot 1848. Malacanthidae. Habitat: marine.

incredibilis, Dikellorhynchus Smith [J. L. B.] 1956:54, Pl. 1 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 12) v. 9 (no. 97) (art. 5); ref. 4102] Mpkweni, between Port Alfred and East London, South Africa, 33°25'S, 27°15'E, southwestern Indian Ocean. Holotype (unique): SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 160. •Synonym of Malacanthus brevirostris Guichenot 1848 -- (Dooley 1978:59 [ref. 5499], Heemstra 1986:614 [ref. 5660], Dooley 1999:2647 [ref. 24837], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:264 [ref. 28072]). Current status: Synonym of Malacanthus brevirostris Guichenot 1848. Malacanthidae. Habitat: marine.

latovittatus, Labrus Lacepède [B. G. E.] (ex Commerson) 1801:455, 526, Pl. 28 (fig. 2) [Histoire naturelle des poissons (Lacepède) v. 3; ref. 2710] [Grand Océan équatorial] Indo-West Pacific. No types at MNHN. Type catalog: Bauchot 1963:98 [ref. 19171], Bauchot & Desoutter 1989:35 [ref. 15502]. Based on an illustration in a manuscript by Commerson [Philibert Commerson, 1727-1773, French explorer and naturalist]. Neotype designation by Fricke 1999:240 [ref. 24106] is invalid; see Fricke 2000:639 [ref. 24537]. •Valid as Malacanthus latovittatus (Lacepède 1801) -- (Dooley 1978:60 [ref. 5499], Araga in Masuda et al. 1984:152 [ref. 6441], Dor 1984:120 [ref. 29757], Shen & Lin 1984:11 [ref. 13822], Heemstra 1986:614 [ref. 5660], Paxton et al. 1989:566 [ref. 12442], Winterbottom et al. 1989:33 [ref. 13251], Randall et al. 1990:155 [ref. 15987], Kuiter 1993:166 [ref. 23929], Goren & Dor 1994:32 [ref. 25356], Randall 1995:168 [ref. 22896], Allen 1997:130 [ref. 23977], Randall et al. 1997:155 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:135 [ref. 23965], Fricke 1999:239 [ref. 24106], Dooley 1999:2648 [ref. 24837], Allen 2000:88 [ref. 37268], Nakabo 2000:784 [ref. 25086], Dooley in Randall & Lim 2000:615 [ref. 25122], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:222 [ref. 25191], Hutchins 2001:32 [ref. 25847], Nakabo 2002:784 [ref. 26001], Allen & Adrim 2003:37 [ref. 26830], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S106 [ref. 27377], Myers & Donaldson 2003:624 [ref. 27495], Randall et al. 2004:15 [ref. 27624], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:265 [ref. 28072], Randall 2005:218 [ref. 28239], Mundy 2005:359 [ref. 28379], Paxton et al. 2006:1129 [ref. 28995], Fricke et al. 2009:54 [ref. 30213], Satapoomin 2009:112 [ref. 30463], Motomura et al. 2010:114 [ref. 31256], Allen & Erdmann 2012:424 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2013:258 [ref. 32706], Fricke et al. 2014:81 [ref. 33932], Fricke et al. 2018:177 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:81 [ref. 36273], Fricke et al. 2019:142 [ref. 36673], Zajonz et al. 2019:74 [ref. 36871], Psomadakis et al. 2020:413 [ref. 37272]). Current status: Valid as Malacanthus latovittatus (Lacepède 1801). Malacanthidae. Distribution: Red Sea, Indo-West Pacific: East Africa, Socotra, Seychelles, Madagascar and western Mascarenes east to Hawaiian Islands, Samoa and Tonga, north to southern Japan, south to Western Australia, New South Wales (Australia), and New Caledonia. Habitat: marine.

latovittatus, Taenianotus Lacepède [B. G. E.] 1802:303, 304, not Pl. 3 (fig. 2) [Histoire naturelle des poissons (Lacepède) v. 4; ref. 4929] Mauritius, Mascarenes, southwestern Indian Ocean. No types known. The description can be referred to Malacanthus latovittatus (Lacepède 1801), but the plate represents a scorpaenoid (see Apistus taeniatus Cuvier 1829 and Bauchot & Desoutter 1989:35 [ref. 15502]). Neotype designation by Fricke 1999:240 [ref. 24106] is invalid; see Fricke 2000:639 [ref. 24537]. The description is regarded as independent from Labrus latovittatus Lacepède 1801, but both represent the same species, Malacanthus latovittatus, so Taenianotus latovittatus is secondarily preoccupied. •The description and plate represent different families. Current status: Synonym of Malacanthus latovittatus (Lacepède 1801). Malacanthidae. Habitat: marine.

oblongus, Sparus Bloch [M. E.] & Schneider [J. G.] (ex Parra) 1801:283 [M. E. Blochii, Systema Ichthyologiae; ref. 471] Locality not stated [Havana, Cuba]. No types known. Based on the 'Matejuerlo blanco' of Parra 1787:22, Pl. 13 (fig. 1). •Synonym of Malacanthus plumieri (Bloch 1786). Current status: Synonym of Malacanthus plumieri (Bloch 1786). Malacanthidae. Habitat: marine.

opistoculus, Malacanthus plumieri var. Borodin [N. A.] 1928:22 [Bulletin Vanderbilt Oceanographic Museum v. 1 (art. 1); ref. 526] No locality given. Holotype: VMM 421 (not found in 1996). •Synonym of Malacanthus plumieri (Bloch 1786). Current status: Synonym of Malacanthus plumieri (Bloch 1786). Malacanthidae. Habitat: marine.

parvipinnis, Malacanthus Vaillant [L. L.] & Sauvage [H.-E.] 1875:283 [Revue et Magasin de Zoologie (Sér. 3) v. 3; ref. 17853] Hawaiian Islands. Syntypes: MNHN 0000-8039 (1), 0000-8893 (1), 0000-8894 (1). Type catalog: Bauchot & Desoutter 1989:23-24 [ref. 15502]. •Synonym of Malacanthus brevirostris Guichenot 1848 -- (Dooley 1978:58 [ref. 5499], Shen & Lin 1984:11 [ref. 13822], Dooley 1999:2647 [ref. 24837], Mundy 2005:359 [ref. 28379]). Current status: Synonym of Malacanthus brevirostris Guichenot 1848. Malacanthidae. Habitat: marine.

plumieri, Coryphaena Bloch [M. E.] 1786:146, Pl. 175 [Naturgeschichte der ausländischen Fische v. 2; ref. 465] Antilles. No types known. Based on Plumier drawing. Spelled plümieri once in text, plumieri on plate. First reviser not researched. On p. 119 of Bloch's Ichthyologie, v. 5 [ref. 21381]. •Valid as Malacanthus plumieri (Bloch 1786) -- (Dooley 1978:55 [ref. 5499], Robins & Ray 1986:155 [ref. 23100], Dooley 1990:720 [ref. 18458], Boschung 1992:128 [ref. 23239], Cervigón 1992:358 [ref. 23827], Cervigón 1993:41 [ref. 24474], Aguilera 1998:49 [ref. 24221], Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:229 [ref. 25013], Schmitter-Soto et al. 2000:159 [ref. 27754], Gasparini & Floeter 2001:1644 [ref. 25634], Rocha & Rosa 2001:990 [ref. 25909], Collette et al. 2003:109 [ref. 26784], Dooley 2003:1411 [ref. 27086], Moura & Menezes in Menezes et al. 2003:79 [ref. 27192], Smith et al. 2003:30 [ref. 27621], Nelson et al. 2004:139 [ref. 27807], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:250 [ref. 28815], Page et al. 2013:143 [ref. 32708], Smith-Vaniz & Jelks 2014:47 [ref. 33341], Wirtz et al. 2014:7 [ref. 33516], Lins Oliveira et al. 2015:159 [ref. 37485], Pinheiro et al. 2015:17 [ref. 34324], Dooley in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2438 [ref. 34618], Robertson et al. 2016:145 [ref. 34961], Spier et al. 2018:10 [ref. 36103]). Current status: Valid as Malacanthus plumieri (Bloch 1786). Malacanthidae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: Bermuda and Bahamas south to Uruguay, including Gulf of Mexico; southern-central Atlantic: Ascension Island. Habitat: marine.

taeniatus, Malacanthus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1839:327, Pl. 381 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 13; ref. 1007] Mauritius, Mascarenes, southwestern Indian Ocean; Doreh Harbor, New Guinea. Syntypes: MNHN A-3671 (1) Mauritius, A-9308 (1) Mauritius, A-9309 (1) Mauritius, A-9310 (1) Doreh Harbor. Type catalog: Bauchot & Desoutter 1989:24 [ref. 15502]. •Synonym of Malacanthus latovittatus (Lacepède 1801) -- (Dooley 1978:61 [ref. 5499], Fricke 1999:239 [ref. 24106]). Current status: Synonym of Malacanthus latovittatus (Lacepède 1801). Malacanthidae. Habitat: marine.

trachinus, Malacanthus Valenciennes [A.] 1841:no page number, Pl. 90 (fig. 3) [Le règne animal distribué d'après son organisation; ref. 17868] Martinique Island, West Indies. No types known. Type catalog: Bauchot & Desoutter 1989:35-36 [ref. 15502]. •Synonym of Malacanthus plumieri (Bloch 1786). Current status: Synonym of Malacanthus plumieri (Bloch 1786). Malacanthidae. Habitat: marine.

tropidolepis, Dikellorhynchus Berry [F. H.] 1958:117, Figs. 1-6 [Copeia 1958 (no. 2); ref. 12047] About 96 miles east of Cape Lookout Light, North Carolina, about 34°28.5'N, 74°38.5'W, bottom depth 1800 fathoms (stomach content). Holotype: USNM 158376. Paratypes: UF 232071 [ex UMML 32071, ex TABL] (1, c&s), USNM 158377 (1, c&s). •Synonym of Malacanthus plumieri (Bloch 1786) -- (Dooley 1978:56 [ref. 5499]). Current status: Synonym of Malacanthus plumieri (Bloch 1786). Malacanthidae. Habitat: marine.

urichthys, Malacanthus Fowler [H. W.] 1904:549, Pl. 22 (lower fig.) [Journal of the Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia. Second series. v. 12 (pt 4); ref. 1367] Padang, Sumatra, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): ANSP 27783. Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:31 [ref. 13621]. •Synonym of Malacanthus latovittatus (Lacepède 1801) -- (Dooley 1978:61 [ref. 5499]). Current status: Synonym of Malacanthus latovittatus (Lacepède 1801). Malacanthidae. Habitat: marine.

vittatus, Labrus Griffith [E.] & Smith [C. H.] 1834:opp. 254, Pl. 45 (fig. 1) [The class Pisces, arranged by the Baron Cuvier; ref. 1908] No locality stated. No types known. Not available, preoccupied by Labrus vittatus Walbaum 1792. •Synonym of Malacanthus latovittatus (Lacepède 1801). Current status: Synonym of Malacanthus latovittatus (Lacepède 1801). Malacanthidae. Habitat: marine.