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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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Species in the genus Myliobatis: [ 22 ] records


aquila, Raia Stephan [C. F.] 1779:19 [De rajis, schediasma primum; ref. 18818] •Synonym of Myliobatis aquila (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Kottelat 2010:64 [ref. 30995]). Current status: Synonym of Myliobatis aquila (Linnaeus 1758). Myliobatidae. Habitat: marine.

aquila, Raja Linnaeus [C.] 1758:232 [Systema Naturae, Ed. X v. 1; ref. 2787] Mediterranean Sea and Northeastern Atlantic [original: "in Mari Mediterraneo"]; localities include Aquitaine, France, Bay of Biscay, Northeastern Atlantic; Genoa, Rome and Naples, Italy; Lesbos, Greece; Syria, Mediterranean Sea. No types known. Originally based at least on 25 pre-Linnaean sources including Artedi 1738:72 [ref. 30578] and Artedi 1738:100 [ref. 30349] as Raja corpore glabro, aculeo longo serrato in cauda pinnata; Rondelet 1554:338 [ref. 30354] as Secunda pastinacæ species, Gesner Salviani 1558:146 [ref. 30229] as Raia aquila, Jonston 1649:Pl. 9 (fig. 8) [ref. 30579] as Aquilla, Willughby 1686:64 [ref. 30164] and Ray 1713:23 [ref. 30231] as Aquila. See Last & Stevens 1994:455 [ref. 23873] and McEachran & Carvalho 2003:582 [ref. 26985]. •Valid as Myliobatis aquila (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Krefft & Stehmann 1973:74 [ref. 7167], McEachran & Capapé in Whitehead et al. 1984:206 [ref. 13675], Compagno 1986:133 [ref. 5648], McEachran & Séret 1990:68 [ref. 19318], Nishida 1990:92 [ref. 19783], Compagno et al. 1991:108 [ref. 21083], Bianchi & Carpenter in Bianchi et al. 1993:97 [ref. 25472], Santos et al. 1997:17 [ref. 23531], Arruda 1997:24 [ref. 24952], Fricke 1999:34 [ref. 24106], Compagno 1999:497 [ref. 25589], Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:27 [ref. 26753], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:86 [ref. 28072], Golani 2005:15 [ref. 37112], Fricke 2008:13 [ref. 30182], Fricke et al. 2009:13 [ref. 30213], George 2009:56 [ref. 30539], Lipej & Dulčić 2010:15 [ref. 36649], Wirtz et al. 2013:117 [ref. 32972], Weigmann 2016:150 [ref. 34211], Séret 2016:1428 [ref. 34545], White & Naylor 2016:437 [ref. 34575] in Myliobatidae, White & Last 2016:715 [ref. 35016], Biscoito et al. 2018:482 [ref. 37562], Almeida & Biscoito 2019:174 [ref. 37302], Carneiro et al. 2019:51 [ref. 37250], Bariche & Fricke 2020:24 [ref. 37515], Kovačić et al. 2020:9 [ref. 37519]). Current status: Valid as Myliobatis aquila (Linnaeus 1758). Myliobatidae. Distribution: Southern North Sea; Mediterranean Sea; eastern Atlantic: British Isles south to South Africa, including Azores, Madeira, Canary Islands and Cape Verde Islands; southwestern Indian Ocean: South Africa north to Kenya, including western Mascarenes. Habitat: marine.

australis, Myliobatis Macleay [W.] 1881:380 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 6 (pt 2); ref. 6222] Port Jackson, New South Wales, Australia. Syntypes: AMS I.16256-001 [ex MAMU F41] (3). Type catalog: Stanbury 1969:205 [ref. 19518]. •Valid as Myliobatis australis Macleay 1881 -- (Paxton et al. 1989:49 [ref. 12442], Kuiter 1993:24 [ref. 23929], Gomon et al. 1994:185 [ref. 22532], Last & Stevens 1994:453 [ref. 23873], Kuiter 1997:24 [ref. 25488], Compagno & Last 1999:1518 [ref. 24637], Johnson 1999:718 [ref. 25471], Compagno 1999:497 [ref. 25589], Hutchins 2001:16 [ref. 25847], Allen et al. 2006:208 [ref. 29002], Gomon 2008:142 [ref. 30616], Schwartz 2008:39 [ref. 36773]). •Synonym of Myliobatis tenuicaudatus Hector 1877 -- (Weigmann 2016:151 [ref. 34211], White & Last 2016:724 [ref. 35016]). Current status: Synonym of Myliobatis tenuicaudatus Hector 1877. Myliobatidae. Distribution: Southwestern Pacific: Australia and New Zealand (if valid). Habitat: marine.

californicus, Myliobatis Gill [T. N.] 1865:137 [Annals of the Lyceum of Natural History of New York v. 8 (art. 13); ref. 1712] Tomales Bay, California, U.S.A. No types known. Replacement name for Rhinoptera vespertilio Girard 1856, secondarily preoccupied in Myliobatis by Myliobatis vespertilio Bleeker 1852. Myliobatis is feminine in gender. •Valid as Myliobatis californicus Gill 1865 -- (Castro-Aguirre & Espinosa Pérez 1996:56 [ref. 22793], Compagno 1999:497 [ref. 25589], Del Moral-Flores et al. 2016:133 [ref. 34398], White & Naylor 2016:437 [ref. 34575] in Myliobatidae, White & Last 2016:716 [ref. 35016]). •Valid as Myliobatis californica Gill 1865 -- (Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:57 [ref. 9277], Nishida 1990:92 [ref. 19783], McEachran & Notarbartolo-di-Sciara in Fischer et al. 1995:767 [ref. 22829], Grove & Lavenberg 1997:127 [ref. 24023], Thomson et al. 2000:282 [ref. 25640], Nelson et al. 2004:57 [ref. 27807], Love et al. 2005:14 [ref. 37547], Page et al. 2013:57 [ref. 32708], Weigmann 2016:150 [ref. 34211], Kells et al. 2016:86 [ref. 35888], Ebert et al. 2017:60 [ref. 35618], Ehemann et al. 2018:27 [ref. 36194], Burton & Lea 2019:33 [ref. 37205]). Current status: Valid as Myliobatis californica Gill 1865. Myliobatidae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific: Oregon (U.S.A.) south to Pacific coast of Baja California Sur (Mexico), including Gulf of California (Mexico) and Galápagos Islands (Ecuador). IUCN (2015): LC. Habitat: marine.

cervus, Myliobatis Smith [J. L. B.] 1935:169, Fig. 1 [Records of the Albany Museum Grahamstown v. 4; ref. 4066] Knysna, Cape Province, South Africa. Syntypes: SAIAB [formerly RUSI] [ex AMG] (2, not found). •Synonym of Myliobatis aquila (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Compagno 1986:133 [ref. 5648], Compagno et al. 1991:108 [ref. 21083]). Current status: Synonym of Myliobatis aquila (Linnaeus 1758). Myliobatidae. Habitat: marine.

chilensis, Myliobatis Philippi [R. A.] 1892:6, Pl. 3 (fig. 1) [Anales del Museo Nacional de Chile. Primera seccion, Zoología No. 3; ref. 22759] Quinteros, Chile. Syntypes: (2) whereabouts unknown. On p. 7 of German edition (Philippi 1893 [ref. 14560]). •Valid as Myliobatis chilensis Philippi 1892 [date often given as 1893] -- (Pequeño 1975:157 [ref. 23128], Pequeño 1989:17 [ref. 14125], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:74 [ref. 24555], Compagno 1999:497 [ref. 25589], Weigmann 2016:151 [ref. 34211], White & Naylor 2016:437 [ref. 34575] in Myliobatidae, White & Last 2016:717 [ref. 35016]). Current status: Valid as Myliobatis chilensis Philippi 1892. Myliobatidae. Distribution: Southeastern Pacific: Peru to Chile. Habitat: marine.

cornuta, Myliobatis Günther [A.] 1870:490 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 8; ref. 1995] Japan. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1862.11.1.74. Based on literature citations and specimen. •Synonym of Myliobatis tobijei Bleeker 1854 -- (White et al. 2015:533 [ref. 33767]). Current status: Synonym of Myliobatis tobijei Bleeker 1854. Myliobatidae. Habitat: marine.

encenadae, Rhinoptera Smith [R.] 1886:220 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 9 (no. 563); ref. 18640] Ensenada, Baja California, Mexico. Holotype (unique): USNM 37966 (dry teeth). Described from a jaw. Myliobatis is feminine. •Synonym of Myliobatis californica Gill 1865 -- (Castro-Aguirre & Espinosa Pérez 1996:56 [ref. 22793] as californicus, Del Moral-Flores et al. 2016:133 [ref. 34398] as ensenadae). Current status: Synonym of Myliobatis californica Gill 1865. Myliobatidae. Habitat: marine.

episcopus, Myliobatis Ninni [A. P.] (ex Chiereghini) 1872:31 [Rivista critica delle specie dei pesci adriatici descritti nell'opera manoscritta dell'Ab. Stefano Chiereghini di Chioggia.; ref. 17995] Italy, Mediterranean Sea. No types known. Chiereghini manuscript name Raja episcopus and description quoted by Ninni and treated as a valid species Myliobatis episcopus; but recognized by him as preoccupied (and objectively invalid) by Myliobates episcopus Valenciennes 1844. Current status: Synonym of Myliobatis. Myliobatidae. Habitat: marine.

freminvillii, Myliobatis Lesueur [C. A.] 1824:111 [Journal of the Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia v. 4 (pt 1); ref. 17520] Howland's Bay, Rhode Island, U.S.A. No types known. The original spelling freminvillii is the correct original spelling, but the spelling freminvillei is used based on prevailing usage. •Valid as Myliobatis freminvillei Lesueur 1824 -- (Robins & Ray 1986:43 [ref. 23100], Nishida 1990:92 [ref. 19783], Boschung 1992:27 [ref. 23239], Cervigón 1992:203 [ref. 23827], Murdy et al. 1997:50 [ref. 23144], McEachran & Fechhelm 1998:190 [ref. 23897], Aguilera 1998:45 [ref. 24221], Cervigón & Alcalá 1999:198 [ref. 24490], Compagno 1999:497 [ref. 25589], Menni & Stehmann 2000:93 [ref. 24909], López et al. 2002:62 [ref. 26808] as freiminvillei, Gomes & Gadig in Menezes et al. 2003:31 [ref. 27192] as freminvillii, McEachran & Carvalho 2003:581 [ref. 26985], Nelson et al. 2004:57 [ref. 27807] as freminvillei, Aguiar et al. 2004:1 [ref. 27571] as freminvillii, Ruocco et al. 2012:872 [ref. 32313] as freminvillii, Page et al. 2013:57 [ref. 32708], Del Moral-Flores et al. 2016:141 [ref. 34398], Weigmann 2016:151 [ref. 34211], White & Naylor 2016:437 [ref. 34575] in Myliobatidae, White & Last 2016:718 [ref. 35016], Nión et al. 2016:23 [ref. 35565] as freminvillii, Ehemann et al. 2019:[7] [ref. 36861], Jones et al. 2020:300 [ref. 37610] as freminvillii). Current status: Valid as Myliobatis freminvillei Lesueur 1824. Myliobatidae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: Massachusetts (U.S.A.) south to Argentina, including Gulf of Mexico and Caribbean Sea. Habitat: brackish, marine.

goodei, Myliobatis Garman [S.] 1885:39 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 8 (no. 482); ref. 14445] Central America. Syntypes: USNM 9524 (1), 9529 (1). •Valid as Myliobatis goodei Garman 1885 -- (Robins & Ray 1986:43 [ref. 23100], Nishida 1990:92 [ref. 19783], Cervigón 1992:203 [ref. 23827], Castro-Aguirre & Espinosa Pérez 1996:56 [ref. 22793], Compagno 1999:497 [ref. 25589], Menni & Stehmann 2000:93 [ref. 24909], Cousseau & Perrotta 2000:52 [ref. 25942], López et al. 2002:62 [ref. 26808], Gomes & Gadig in Menezes et al. 2003:31 [ref. 27192], McEachran & Carvalho 2003:582 [ref. 26985], Nelson et al. 2004:57 [ref. 27807], Aguiar et al. 2004:1 [ref. 27571], Mabragaña et al. 2011:table S2 [ref. 31800], Ruocco et al. 2012:872 [ref. 32313], Page et al. 2013:57 [ref. 32708], Del Moral-Flores et al. 2016:141 [ref. 34398], Weigmann 2016:151 [ref. 34211], White & Naylor 2016:437 [ref. 34575] in Myliobatidae, Petry et al. 2016:299 [ref. 34966], White & Last 2016:719 [ref. 35016], Nión et al. 2016:23 [ref. 35565], Spier et al. 2018:5 [ref. 36103], Ehemann et al. 2019:[7] [ref. 36861]). Current status: Valid as Myliobatis goodei Garman 1885. Myliobatidae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: South Carolina (U.S.A.) to Patagonia (Argentina), including Caribbean Sea. Habitat: marine.

hamlyni, Myliobatis Ogilby [J. D.] 1911:40 [Annals of the Queensland Museum No. 10; ref. 3290] Moreton Island, Queensland, Australia, 27°2'S, 152°28'E. Holotype (unique): QM I.1567. Locality may be Cape Moreton, Australia. •Valid as Myliobatis hamlyni Ogilby 1911 -- (Paxton et al. 1989:49 [ref. 12442], Last & Stevens 1994:454 [ref. 23873], Compagno & Last 1999:1519 [ref. 24637], Johnson 1999:718 [ref. 25471], Compagno 1999:498 [ref. 25589], Hutchins 2001:16 [ref. 25847], Allen et al. 2006:208 [ref. 29002], Schwartz 2008:39 [ref. 36773], White et al. 2015:523 [ref. 33767], Weigmann 2016:151 [ref. 34211], White & Naylor 2016:437 [ref. 34575] in Myliobatidae, White & Last 2016:720 [ref. 35016]). Current status: Valid as Myliobatis hamlyni Ogilby 1911. Myliobatidae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Japan to Australia. Habitat: marine.

longirostris, Myliobatis Applegate [S. P.] & Fitch [J. E.] 1964:189, Figs. 1-3 [California Fish and Game v. 50 (no. 3); ref. 1044] Magdalena Bay, Baja California, Mexico. Holotype (unique): LACM 3622. •Valid as Myliobatis longirostris Applegate & Fitch 1964 -- (McEachran & Notarbartolo-di-Sciara in Fischer et al. 1995:768 [ref. 22829], Castro-Aguirre & Espinosa Pérez 1996:56 [ref. 22793], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:74 [ref. 24555], Compagno 1999:498 [ref. 25589], Nelson et al. 2004:57 [ref. 27807], Love et al. 2005:14 [ref. 37547], Page et al. 2013:57 [ref. 32708], Del Moral-Flores et al. 2016:133 [ref. 34398], Weigmann 2016:151 [ref. 34211], White & Naylor 2016:437 [ref. 34575] in Myliobatidae, White & Last 2016:721 [ref. 35016], Ehemann et al. 2018:27 [ref. 36194]). Current status: Valid as Myliobatis longirostris Applegate & Fitch 1964. Myliobatidae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific: Pacific coast of central Baja California and Gulf of California (Mexico) south to Peru. Habitat: marine.

noctula, Myliobatis Bonaparte [C. L.] 1833:fasc. 2, punt. 11, Pl. 159 [Iconografia della fauna italica; ref. 516] Italy, Mediterranean Sea. Syntypes: ANSP 409-413 (5), ANSP 16950 (1, dry skin, missing), Bonaparte no. 217. Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:17 [ref. 13621]. •Synonym of Myliobatis aquila (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Krefft & Stehmann 1973:74 [ref. 7167], Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:27 [ref. 26753], Lipej & Dulčić 2010:15 [ref. 36649]). Current status: Synonym of Myliobatis aquila (Linnaeus 1758). Myliobatidae. Habitat: marine.

obtusirostris, Raia Cabrera y Corro [A.], Pérez [L.] & Hänseler [F.] 1817:12 [Lista de los peces del mar de Andalucía; ref. 17319] Western Andalusia, near Cádiz, Spain, eastern Atlantic. Genus should have been Raja. Name only, not available. Possibly an unpublished work. See also Raia obtusirostris Cabrera y Corro, Pérez & Hänseler in Graells 1887:186 [ref. 30438]. •In the synonymy of Myliobatis aquila (Linnaeus 1758). Current status: Synonym of Myliobatis aquila (Linnaeus 1758). Myliobatidae.

obtusirostris, Raia Cabrera y Corro [A.], Pérez [L.] & Hänseler [F.] in Graells 1887:186 [Revista de los Progresos de las Ciencias Exactas, Fisicas y Naturales, Madrid v. 22 (no. 3); ref. 30438] Western Andalusia, near Cádiz, Spain, eastern Atlantic. Genus should have been Raja. Name only; not available. Name from Cabrera y Corro, Pérez & Hänseler 1817:12 [ref. 17319], possibly an unpublished work. •In the synonymy of Myliobatis aquila (Linnaeus 1758). Current status: Synonym of Myliobatis aquila (Linnaeus 1758). Myliobatidae.

peruvianus, Myliobatis Garman [S.] 1913:430, Pls. 36 (4-6), 55 (8), 73 (2) [Memoirs of the Museum of Comparative Zoology v. 36; ref. 1545] Callao, Peru. Holotype (unique): MCZ 636-S. Type catalog: Hartel & Dingerkus 1997:xliv-xlv [ref. 23119]. Plate 55 is mislabeled with regard to name and page. •Valid as Myliobatis peruvianus Garman 1913 -- (Pequeño 1975:158 [ref. 23128], Pequeño 1989:17 [ref. 14125], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:78 [ref. 24555], Compagno 1999:498 [ref. 25589] as peruanus, McCosker & Rosenblatt 2010:188 [ref. 30957], Weigmann 2016:151 [ref. 34211], White & Naylor 2016:437 [ref. 34575] in Myliobatidae, White & Last 2016:722 [ref. 35016]). Current status: Valid as Myliobatis peruvianus Garman 1913. Myliobatidae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific: Peru to Chile. Habitat: marine.

rhombus, Myliobatis Basilewsky [S.] 1855:250 [Nouveaux mémoires de la Société impériale des naturalistes de Moscou v. 10; ref. 200] Mare orientali et meridiano, northern China. Holotype or syntypes: ZIN 5747 (1). •Questionably valid as Myliobatis rhombus Basilewsky 1855 -- (Compagno 1999:498 [ref. 25589]). Current status: Uncertain as Myliobatis rhombus Basilewsky 1855. Myliobatidae. Habitat: marine.

ridens, Myliobatis Ruocco [N. L.], Lucifora [L. O.], Díaz de Astarloa [J. M.], Mabragaña [E.] & Delpiani [S. M.] 2012:866, Fig. 1, 2, 5, 7A, 8 [Zoological Studies v. 51 (no. 6); ref. 32313] Bahía Samborombón, San Clemente del Tuyu, Argentina. Holotype: UNMDP 511. Paratypes: Many at MNHN, UNMDP. •Valid as Myliobatis ridens Ruocco, Lucifora, Díaz de Astarloa, Mabragaña & Delpiani 2012 -- (White 2014:149 [ref. 33490], Weigmann 2016:151 [ref. 34211], White & Naylor 2016:437 [ref. 34575] in Myliobatidae, Petry et al. 2016:299 [ref. 34966], White & Last 2016:723 [ref. 35016], Nión et al. 2016:23 [ref. 35565]). Current status: Valid as Myliobatis ridens Ruocco, Lucifora, Díaz de Astarloa, Mabragaña & Delpiani 2012. Myliobatidae. Distribution: Southwestern Atlantic: southern Brazil to Uruguay. Habitat: marine.

tenuicaudatus, Myliobatis Hector [J.] 1877:468, Pl. 10 [Transactions of the New Zealand Institute v. 9 (art. 62); ref. 14244] Wellington Harbor, New Zealand. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. •Synonym of Mobula diabola (Shaw 1804) -- (authors). •Possibly the same as Myliobatis australis Macleay 1881 -- (Last & Stevens 1994:454 [ref. 23873]). •Valid as Myliobatis tenuicaudatus Hector 1877 -- (Paulin et al. 1989:29 [ref. 24556], Francis 1993:157 [ref. 25479], Compagno 1999:498 [ref. 25589], Duffy 2015:204 [ref. 34217], Duffy & Ahyong 2015:107 [ref. 36167], Weigmann 2016:151 [ref. 34211], White & Naylor 2016:437 [ref. 34575] in Myliobatidae, White & Last 2016:724 [ref. 35016], Hoschke et al. 2019:153 [ref. 36626]). Current status: Valid as Myliobatis tenuicaudatus Hector 1877. Myliobatidae. Distribution: Southeastern Indian Ocean, southwestern Pacific: southern Australia east to New Zealand and Kermadec Islands. Habitat: marine.

tobijei, Myliobatis Bleeker [P.] 1854:425 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 6 (no. 2); ref. 13964] Nagasaki, Japan. Holotype (unique): RMNH 7461 (largest of 2). Also in Bleeker 1855:130 [ref. 357]. Based on literature and 1 specimen. •Also see Last & Stevens 1994:455 [ref. 23873]. •Valid as Myliobatis tobijei Bleeker 1854 -- (Nakaya in Masuda et al. 1984:16 [ref. 6441], Nakaya in Okamura & Kitajima 1984:73, 311 [ref. 8057], Nishida 1990:92 [ref. 19783], Cheng & Zhou 1997:57 [ref. 26385] dated 1857, Senou & Masuda 1998:7 [ref. 24388], Compagno & Last 1999:1519 [ref. 24637], Compagno 1999:498 [ref. 25589], Nakabo 2000:185 [ref. 25086], Compagno in Randall & Lim 2000:583 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2002:185 [ref. 26001], Choi et al. 2003:73, 486 [ref. 26218], Compagno et al. 2005:79 [ref. 29145] as cf. tobijei, Yamashita et al. 2012:137 [ref. 32408], Ebert et al. 2013:367 [ref. 33045], Parin et al. 2014:40 [ref. 33547], White et al. 2015:532 [ref. 33767], Dyldin 2015:76 [ref. 34524], Weigmann 2016:151 [ref. 34211], White & Naylor 2016:437 [ref. 34575] in Myliobatidae, White & Last 2016:725 [ref. 35016], Dyldin & Orlov 2018:173 [ref. 35920], Sonoyama et al. 2020:14 [ref. 37637]). Current status: Valid as Myliobatis tobijei Bleeker 1854. Myliobatidae. Distribution: Northwestern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

vespertilio, Rhinoptera Girard [C. F.] 1856:137 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 8; ref. 1809] Tomales Bay, California, U.S.A. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. Subjectively invalid; secondarily preoccupied by Myliobatis vespertilio Bleeker 1852 when in Myliobatis; replaced by Myliobatis californicus Gill 1865. Current status: Synonym of Myliobatis californica Gill 1865. Myliobatidae. Habitat: marine.