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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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Species in the genus Pterois: [ 23 ] records


andover, Pterois Allen [G. R.] & Erdmann [M. V.] 2008:129, Figs. 1-2, 4-6 [aqua, International Journal of Ichthyology v. 13 (nos 3-4); ref. 29479] Marai, 01°43.862'S, 135°46.398'E, southwestern Yapen Island, Cenderawasih Bay, Papua Province, Indonesia, depth 17 meters. Holotype: NCIP 6307. Paratypes: BMNH 2007.11.26.1 (1), MNHN 2007-1930 (1), NCIP 6317 (1), USNM 390776 (1), WAM P.32893-001 (1). •Valid as Pterois andover Allen & Erdmann 2008 -- (Allen & Erdmann 2012:220 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2019:101 [ref. 36673]). Current status: Valid as Pterois andover Allen & Erdmann 2008. Scorpaenidae: Pteroinae. Distribution: Western Pacific: eastern Indonesia east to New Ireland ( Papua New Guinea). Habitat: brackish, marine.

antennaria, Pterois Swainson [W.] 1839:264 [The natural history and classification v. 2; ref. 4303] Not available; an incorrect subsequent spelling of antennata of Bloch; based on Bloch, pl. 185 -- which is Bloch 1787:Pl. 185 [ref. 468] Scorpaena antennata. Scorpaenidae: Pteroinae.

antennata, Scorpaena Bloch [M. E.] 1787:21, Pl. 185 [Naturgeschichte der ausländischen Fische v. 3; ref. 468] Ambon Island, Molucca Islands, Indonesia. Lectotype: ZMB 796. Paralectotypes: ZMB (1, lost). Type catalog: Paepke & Fricke 1992:269 [ref. 19946], Paepke 1999:131 [ref. 24282], Matsunuma & Motomura 2018:96 [ref. 36416]. On p. 16 of Bloch's Ichthyologie, v. 6 [ref. 21381]. •Valid as Pteropterus antennatus (Bloch 1787) -- (Mandrytsa 2001:275 [ref. 25636]). •Valid as Pterois antennata (Bloch 1787) -- (Paulin 1982:445 [ref. 23678] with authors Bloch & Schneider 1801, Shimizu in Masuda et al. 1984:316 [ref. 6441], Eschmeyer 1986:466 [ref. 5652], Allen & Swainston 1988:48 [ref. 25477], Paxton et al. 1989:446 [ref. 12442], Winterbottom et al. 1989:20 [ref. 13251], Randall et al. 1990:79 [ref. 15987], Kuiter 1993:115 [ref. 23929], Francis 1993:159 [ref. 25479], Randall 1995:108 [ref. 22896], Allen 1997:76 [ref. 23977], Kuiter 1997:90 [ref. 25488], Randall et al. 1997:79 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:101 [ref. 23965], Fricke 1999:157 [ref. 24106], Poss 1999:2329 [ref. 24796], Randall 1999:10 [ref. 25829], Allen 2000:86 [ref. 37268], Nakabo 2000:569 [ref. 25086], Poss in Randall & Lim 2000:605 [ref. 25122], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:164 [ref. 25191], Randall & Earle 2000:10 [ref. 25806], Allen 2000:97 [ref. 25868], Hutchins 2001:27 [ref. 25847], Nakabo 2002:569 [ref. 26001], Allen & Adrim 2003:29 [ref. 26830], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S102 [ref. 27377], Myers & Donaldson 2003:619 [ref. 27495], Kimura et al. in Kimura & Matsuura 2003:39 [ref. 27510], Lobel & Lobel 2004:69 [ref. 27576], Randall et al. 2004:10 [ref. 27624], Heemstra et al. 2004:3318 [ref. 27945], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:144 [ref. 28072], Randall 2005:116 [ref. 28239], Allen et al. 2006:879 [ref. 29002], Allen & Erdmann 2008:128 [ref. 29479], Fricke et al. 2009:39 [ref. 30213], Motomura 2009:65 [ref. 30463], Motomura et al. 2010:89 [ref. 31256], Fricke et al. 2011:378 [ref. 31242], Hubert et al. 2012:5 [ref. 31846], Allen & Erdmann 2012:220 [ref. 31980], Matsunuma et al. 2011:3 [ref. 32398], Larson et al. 2013:81 [ref. 32988], Fricke et al. 2014:51 [ref. 33932], Matsunuma & Motomura 2014:343 [ref. 33609], Matsunuma & Motomura 2015:24 [ref. 33935], Delrieu-Trottin et al. 2015:5 [ref. 33988], Duffy & Ahyong 2015:112 [ref. 36167], Motomura & Struthers 2015:1095 [ref. 34285] as cf. antennata, Koeda et al. 2016:20 [ref. 35333], Matsunuma et al. 2017:333 [ref. 35034], Fricke et al. 2018:132 [ref. 35805], Matsunuma & Motomura 2018:96 [ref. 36416], Fricke et al. 2019:101 [ref. 36673], Zajonz et al. 2019:68 [ref. 36871], Psomadakis et al. 2020:360 [ref. 37272], Sonoyama et al. 2020:44 [ref. 37637]). Current status: Valid as Pterois antennata (Bloch 1787). Scorpaenidae: Pteroinae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: East Africa, South Africa, Socotra, Madagascar and Mascarenes east to Wake Atoll, northern Line Islands and Pitcairn Group, north to Sea of Japan, south to Western Australia, New South Wales (Australia), Kermadec Islands and to Rapa. Habitat: marine.

barffi, Scorpaena Curtiss [A.] 1944:11 [Further notes on the zoology of Tahiti.; ref. 12574] Lagoon near Tautira, Tahiti, Society Islands. No types known. •Synonym of Pterois radiata Cuvier 1829 -- (Matsunuma & Motomura 2015:[11] [ref. 33935]). Current status: Synonym of Pterois radiata Cuvier 1829. Scorpaenidae: Pteroinae. Habitat: marine.

brevipectoralis, Pteropterus Mandrytsa [S. A.] 2002:129, Fig. [Voprosy Ikhtiologii v. 42 (no. 1); ref. 25958] Indian Ocean, Saya de Malha Bank, 10°02'S, 61°37'E, depth 70-80 meters. Holotype: ZIN 50137. Paratypes: ZIN 50138-39 (1, 1). •Valid as Pterois brevipectoralis (Mandrytsa 2002) based on status of Pteropterus -- (Matsunuma & Motomura 2013:165 [ref. 33130], Matsunuma & Motomura 2014:x [ref. 33609], Matsunuma & Motomura 2015:[25] [ref. 33935]). Current status: Valid as Pterois brevipectoralis (Mandrytsa 2002). Scorpaenidae: Pteroinae. Distribution: Indian Ocean: Mascarene Islands and Saya de Malha Bank. Habitat: marine.

castus, Pterois volitans Whitley [G. P.] 1951:406, Fig. 14 [Records of the Australian Museum v. 22 (no. 4); ref. 4715] Point Hedland, Western Australia. Holotype: AMS I.12941. •Synonym of Pterois volitans (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Schultz 1986:686 [ref. 22245], Paxton et al. 1989:447 [ref. 12442], Allen & Erdmann 2008:129 [ref. 29479]). Current status: Synonym of Pterois volitans (Linnaeus 1758). Scorpaenidae: Pteroinae. Habitat: marine.

cincta, Pterois Rüppell [W. P. E. S.] 1838:108, Pl. 26 (fig. 3) [Neue Wirbelthiere zu der Fauna von Abyssinien gehörig. Fische des Rothen Meeres; ref. 3844] Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, Red Sea. Holotype (unique): SMF 349. •Synonym of Pterois radiata Cuvier 1829 -- (Dor 1984:86 [ref. 29757], Matsunuma & Motomura 2014:x [ref. 33609]). •Valid as Pterois cincta Rüppell 1838 -- (Matsunuma & Motomura 2015:[3] [ref. 33935], Matsunuma et al. 2017:333 [ref. 35034], Golani & Fricke 2018:53 [ref. 36273]). Current status: Valid as Pterois cincta Rüppell 1838. Scorpaenidae: Pteroinae. Distribution: Red Sea, northwestern Indian Ocean: Gulf of Aden. Habitat: marine.

cristatus, Pterois Swainson [W.] 1839:264 [The natural history and classification v. 2; ref. 4303] Sri Lanka. No types known. Based on Benn. Cey. pl. 1 -- which is Bennett 1828:Pl. 1 [ref. 16785]. •Synonym of Pterois volitans (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Schultz 1986:686 [ref. 22245]). Current status: Synonym of Pterois volitans (Linnaeus 1758). Scorpaenidae: Pteroinae. Habitat: marine.

ellioti, Pterois Meek [S. E.] 1897:169, Pl. 40 [Field Columbian Museum, Zoölogical Series v. 1 (no. 8); ref. 17627] Berbera, Somalia [not "West coast of Africa"]. Holotype: FMNH 484. Type catalog: Ibarra & Stewart 1987:71 [ref. 12367]. •Synonym of Pterois antennata (Bloch 1787) -- (Matsunuma & Motomura 2014:x [ref. 33609], Matsunuma & Motomura 2015:24 [ref. 33935], Matsunuma & Motomura 2018:96 [ref. 36416]). Current status: Synonym of Pterois antennata (Bloch 1787). Scorpaenidae: Pteroinae. Habitat: marine.

geniserra, Pterois Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1829:366 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 4; ref. 998] Ava coast, Myanmar. Holotype (unique): MNHN 0000-6558. Type catalog: Blanc & Hureau 1968:8 [ref. 20738]. The name geniserra predates russelii but can be supressed on the basis of Art. 23.9.1 (Allen & Erdmann 2008:137 [ref. 29479]). •Synonym of Pterois russellii Bennett 1831 [after suppression of geniserra] -- (Allen & Erdmann 2008:129 [ref. 29479] as russelii). Current status: Synonym of Pterois russelii Bennett 1831. Scorpaenidae: Pteroinae. Habitat: marine.

kodipungi, Pterois Bleeker [P.] 1852:450 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 3 (no. 3); ref. 16828] Bangka; Jakarta, Java, Indonesia; Padang, Sumatra, Indonesia. Syntypes: (11) BMNH 1880.4.21.108 (1) Bleeker specimen; RMNH (about 8 of 11). •Valid as Pterois kodipungi Bleeker 1852 -- (Allen & Adrim 2003:29 [ref. 26830]). •Synonym of Pterois russellii Bennett 1831 -- (Allen & Erdmann 2008:129 [ref. 29479] as russelii, Allen & Erdmann 2012:222 [ref. 31980] as russelii). Current status: Synonym of Pterois russelii Bennett 1831. Scorpaenidae: Pteroinae. Habitat: marine.

lunulata, Pterois Temminck [C. J.] & Schlegel [H.] 1843:45, Pl. 19 (figs. 1, 3) [Fauna Japonica Parts 2-4; ref. 4371] Nagasaki Bay, Japan. Lectotype: RMNH D602 (stuffed). Paralectotypes: RMNH D603 (1, stuffed), 666 (3); ZMB 799 (1) Type catalog: Paepke & Fricke 1992:269 [ref. 19946]. Lectotype selected by Boeseman 1947:55 [ref. 12876]. •Valid as Pterois lunulata Temminck & Schlegel 1843 -- (Shimizu in Masuda et al. 1984:316 [ref. 6441], Lindberg & Krasyukova 1987:93 [ref. 15964], Chen et al. 1997:166 [ref. 26476] dated 1842, Motomura & Iwatsuki 1997:129 [ref. 23963], Poss 1999:2329 [ref. 24796], Nakabo 2000:569 [ref. 25086], Poss in Randall & Lim 2000:605 [ref. 25122], Mandrytsa 2001:275 [ref. 25636], Nakabo 2002:569 [ref. 26001], Choi et al. 2003:242, 558 [ref. 26218], Allen et al. 2006:879 [ref. 29002], Allen & Erdmann 2008:128 [ref. 29479], Motomura et al. 2010:89 [ref. 31256], Fricke et al. 2011:378 [ref. 31242], Sonoyama et al. 2020:44 [ref. 37637]). Current status: Valid as Pterois lunulata Temminck & Schlegel 1843. Scorpaenidae: Pteroinae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Vietnam and southern China east to Philippines, north to Sea of Japan, south to northern Australia and New Caledonia. Habitat: marine.

mahe, Scorpaena Lacepède [B. G. E.] 1801:259, 278 [Histoire naturelle des poissons (Lacepède) v. 3; ref. 2710] Mahé, Seychelles. No types known. •In Pterois -- (Allen & Erdmann 2008:137 [ref. 29479]). Scorpaenidae: Pteroinae.

miles, Scorpaena Bennett [J. W.] 1828:unnum. p., Pl. 9 [A selection from the most remarkable and interesting fishes found on the coast of Ceylon First Edition; ref. 16785] South coast of Sri Lanka [eastern Indian Ocean]. No types known. Neotype designation by Fricke 1999:159 [ref. 24106] is invalid; see Fricke 2000:639 [ref. 24537]. See Kochzius et al. 2003:401 [ref. 27290]. See Hare & Whitfield 2004:2 [ref. 27631]. •Synonym of Pterois volitans (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Dor 1984:86 [ref. 29757]). •Valid as Pterois miles (Bennett 1828) -- (Schultz 1986:687 [ref. 22245], Eschmeyer 1986:467 [ref. 5652], Winterbottom et al. 1989:20 [ref. 13251], Golani & Sonin 1992:167 [ref. 20428], Pethiyagoda et al. 1994:43-44 [ref. 21456], Goren & Dor 1994:21 [ref. 25356], Randall 1995:108 [ref. 22896], Carpenter et al. 1997:136 [ref. 23922], Golani 1998:97 [ref. 27567], Fricke 1999:158 [ref. 24106], Poss 1999:2330 [ref. 24796], Allen & Adrim 2003:29 [ref. 26830], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S102 [ref. 27377], Mishra & Krishnan 2003:26 [ref. 27712], Heemstra et al. 2004:3318 [ref. 27945], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:144 [ref. 28072], Golani 2005:32 [ref. 37112], Randall 2005:117 [ref. 28239], Allen & Erdmann 2008:128 [ref. 29479], Freshwater et al. 2009:39 [ref. 30268], Fricke et al. 2009:39 [ref. 30213], Motomura 2009:65 [ref. 30463], Lasso-Alcalá et al. 2011:575 [ref. 31520], Betancur-R. et al. 2011:1 [ref. 32977], Allen & Erdmann 2012:221[ref. 31980], Page et al. 2013:116 [ref. 32708], Matsunuma et al. 2017:333 [ref. 35034], Wilcox et al. 2017:1, 10 [ref. 35525] with hybrids in the Atlantic, Ali et al. 2018:316 [ref. 36183], Bogorodsky & Randall 2018:[20] 258 [ref. 36492], Fricke et al. 2018:132 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:53 [ref. 36273], Arndt & Fricke 2019:28 [ref. 36883], Eagderi et al. 2019:127 [ref. 37020], Zajonz et al. 2019:68 [ref. 36871], Bariche & Fricke 2020:144 [ref. 37515], Psomadakis et al. 2020:360 [ref. 37272]). Current status: Valid as Pterois miles (Bennett 1828). Scorpaenidae: Pteroinae. Distribution: Red Sea; Indian Ocean: East Africa, South Africa, Socotra, Madagascar, Mascarenes and Persian Gulf east to Indonesia; Mediterranean Sea (Red Sea immigrant); invasive in the Western Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

mombasae, Pteropterus Smith [J. L. B.] 1957:80, Fig. 7; Pl. 6 (fig. D) [Ichthyological Bulletin, Department of Ichthyology, Rhodes University No. 5; ref. 12168] Reef near Mombasa, Kenya, western Indian Ocean. Holotype (unique): SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 117. •Valid as Pterois mombasae (Smith 1957) -- (Eschmeyer 1986:467 [ref. 5652], Allen & Swainston 1988:48 [ref. 25477], Paxton et al. 1989:446 [ref. 12442], Krishnan & Mishra 1993:219 [ref. 24016], Randall 1995:109 [ref. 22896], Allen 1997:76 [ref. 23977], Kuiter 1997:90 [ref. 25488], Poss 1999:2330 [ref. 24796], Hutchins 2001:27 [ref. 25847], Mandrytsa 2001:275 [ref. 25636], Allen & Adrim 2003:29 [ref. 26830], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S102 [ref. 27377], Allen et al. 2006:879 [ref. 29002], Allen & Erdmann 2008:128 [ref. 29479], Motomura 2009:65 [ref. 30463], Fricke et al. 2011:378 [ref. 31242], Motomura et al. 2011:98 [ref. 31717], Matsunuma et al. 2011:4 [ref. 32398], Allen & Erdmann 2012:221[ref. 31980], Matsunuma & Motomura 2013:172 [ref. 33130], Matsunuma & Motomura 2014:[2] 328 [ref. 33609], Matsunuma & Motomura 2015:[25] [ref. 33935], Psomadakis et al. 2015:184 [ref. 34104], Matsunuma et al. 2017:333 [ref. 35034], Fricke et al. 2018:132 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:54 [ref. 36273], Zajonz et al. 2019:69 [ref. 36871]). Current status: Valid as Pterois mombasae (Smith 1957). Scorpaenidae: Pteroinae. Distribution: Red Sea, Indian Ocean: East and South Africa, Socotra and Madagascar east to western Indonesia. Habitat: marine.

muricata, Pterois Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1829:363 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 4; ref. 998] Red Sea; Réunion, western Mascarenes, southwestern Indian Ocean. Syntypes: MNHN 0000-6597 (1) Red Sea, 0000-6598 (1) Réunion I. Type catalog: Blanc & Hureau 1968:8-9 [ref. 20738]. •Synonym of Pterois volitans (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Dor 1984:86 [ref. 29757]). •Synonym of Pterois miles (Bennett 1828) -- (Schultz 1986:687 [ref. 22245], Fricke 1999:158 [ref. 24106], Allen & Erdmann 2008:129 [ref. 29479], Matsunuma et al. 2017:333 [ref. 35034]). •Valid as Pterois muricata Cuvier 1829 -- (Allen & Adrim 2003:29 [ref. 26830]). Current status: Synonym of Pterois miles (Bennett 1828). Scorpaenidae: Pteroinae. Distribution: Red Sea: Saudi Arabia and Réunion [if valid]. Habitat: marine.

paucispinula, Pterois Matsunuma [M.] & Motomura [H.] 2014:[3] 329, Figs. 2-3, 11a [Ichthyological Research v. 62 (no. 3); ref. 33609] Kashiwa-jima Island, Kochi Prefecture, Japan. Holotype: KBKU 61062. Paratypes: AMS, BSKU, CMNH-ZF, FAKU, KAUM-I, KPM-NI, MNHN, NSMT-P, KSHS, SMF, URM-P, USNM. •Valid as Pterois paucispinula Matsunuma & Motomura 2014 -- (Matsunuma & Motomura 2015:[25] [ref. 33935], Matsunuma & Motomura 2018:110 [ref. 36416]). Current status: Valid as Pterois paucispinula Matsunuma & Motomura 2014. Scorpaenidae: Pteroinae. Distribution: Western and central Pacific: South China Sea and Philippines east to Society Islands, north to southern Japan, south to northern Australia, Solomon Islands and Wallis and Futuna Islands. Habitat: marine.

radiata, Pterois Cuvier [G.] (ex Parkinson) in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1829:369 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 4; ref. 998] Tahiti, Society Islands, French Polynesia, South Pacific. Neotype: FMNH 23176. Type catalog: Blanc & Hureau 1968:60 [ref. 20738]. Based on drawing by Parkinson (Sydney Parkinson, ca. 1745-1771, British natural history artist on Cook's first voyage) in Banks Library. •Valid as Pteropterus radiatus (Cuvier 1829) -- (Mandrytsa 2001:275 [ref. 25636]). •Valid as Pterois radiata Cuvier 1829 -- (Dor 1984:86 [ref. 29757], Shimizu in Masuda et al. 1984:316 [ref. 6441], Eschmeyer 1986:467 [ref. 5652], Goren & Dor 1994:21 [ref. 25356], Randall 1995:109 [ref. 22896], Allen 1997:74 [ref. 23977], Myers 1999:101 [ref. 23965], Poss 1999:2331 [ref. 24796], Allen 2000:86 [ref. 37268], Nakabo 2000:569 [ref. 25086], Poss in Randall & Lim 2000:605 [ref. 25122], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:165 [ref. 25191], Hutchins 2001:27 [ref. 25847], Nakabo 2002:569 [ref. 26001], Allen & Adrim 2003:29 [ref. 26830], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S102 [ref. 27377], Myers & Donaldson 2003:619 [ref. 27495], Randall et al. 2004:10 [ref. 27624], Randall 2005:116 [ref. 28239], Allen et al. 2006:879 [ref. 29002], Allen & Erdmann 2008:128 [ref. 29479], Motomura 2009:66 [ref. 30463], Motomura et al. 2010:89 [ref. 31256], Fricke et al. 2011:378 [ref. 31242], Allen & Erdmann 2012:221 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2014:51 [ref. 33932], Matsunuma & Motomura 2014:344 [ref. 33609], Matsunuma & Motomura 2015:[10] [ref. 33935], Koeda et al. 2016:20 [ref. 35333], Fricke et al. 2018:133 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:53 [ref. 36273], Suresh et al. 2018:173 [ref. 36495], Eagderi et al. 2019:128 [ref. 37020], Fricke et al. 2019:101 [ref. 36673], Zajonz et al. 2019:69 [ref. 36871]). Current status: Valid as Pterois radiata Cuvier 1829. Scorpaenidae: Pteroinae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: East Africa, South Africa, Persian Gulf, Socotra, Comoros and Madagascar east to Marshall, Line and Marquesas islands, north to southern Japan, south to Western Australia, Queensland (Australia), New Caledonia and Tonga. Habitat: marine.

rebel, Pterois Montrouzier [X.] 1857:432 [154] [Annales de la Société d'Agriculture, Histoire Naturelle et Arts Utiles de Lyon (sér. 2) v. 8 (1856); ref. 17789] On p. 154 of reprint. Not available, manuscript name mentioned in passing in synonymy; Woodlark I., South Pacific. Scorpaenidae: Pteroinae.

russelii, Pterois Bennett [E. T.] (ex Russell) 1831:128 [Proceedings of the Committee of Science and Correspondence of the Zoological Society of London 1830-31 (pt 1); ref. 16790] India [Coromandel coast, India, eastern Indian Ocean]. No types preserved. Based on the 'Kodipungi' in "Russel [P. Russell], Coromandel Fishes, no. 133." Named for Russell (mispelled as Russel), here not considered as an inadvertent error, therefore spelling russelii retained. •Valid as Pterois russelli Bennett 1831 -- (Eschmeyer 1986:467 [ref. 5652], Allen & Swainston 1988:48 [ref. 25477], Paxton et al. 1989:446 [ref. 12442], Krishnan & Mishra 1993:219 [ref. 24016], Goren & Dor 1994:21 [ref. 25356], Randall 1995:110 [ref. 22896], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:573 [ref. 27969], Allen 1997:76 [ref. 23977], Kuiter 1997:90 [ref. 25488], Randall et al. 1997:503 [ref. 25919], Mishra et al. 1999:85 [ref. 25315], Hutchins 2001:27 [ref. 25847]). •Valid as Pterois russellii Bennett 1831 -- (Dor 1984:86 [ref. 29757], Carpenter et al. 1997:136 [ref. 23922], Chen et al. 1997:167 [ref. 26476], Mishra & Srinivasan 1999:241 [ref. 24754], Poss 1999:2331 [ref. 24796], Poss in Randall & Lim 2000:605 [ref. 25122], Mandrytsa 2001:275 [ref. 25636], Adrim et al. 2004:119 [ref. 27715], Allen & Erdmann 2012:222 [ref. 31980], Larson et al. 2013:82 [ref. 32988], Ali et al. 2018:316 [ref. 36183], Matsunuma in Kimura et al. 2018:76 [ref. 36460]). •Valid as Pterois russelii Bennett 1831 -- (Allen & Adrim 2003:29 [ref. 26830], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S102 [ref. 27377], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:144 [ref. 28072], Allen et al. 2006:880 [ref. 29002], Allen & Erdmann 2008:128 [ref. 29479], Yoshida et al. 2013:79 [ref. 34464], Psomadakis et al. 2015:184 [ref. 34104], Matsunuma et al. 2017:334 [ref. 35034], Motomura et al. 2017:67 [ref. 35490], Wilcox et al. 2017:1 [ref. 35525], Fricke et al. 2018:133 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:54 [ref. 36273], Eagderi et al. 2019:128 [ref. 37020], Psomadakis et al. 2020:360 [ref. 37272]). Current status: Valid as Pterois russelii Bennett 1831. Scorpaenidae: Pteroinae. Distribution: Red Sea; Indo-West Pacific: South Africa, East Africa, Persian Gulf, Madagascar and Mauritius (Mascarenes) east to Philippines, north to Vietnam and southern China, south to Western Australia, Queensland (Australia) and New Caledonia. Habitat: brackish, marine.

sphex, Pterois Jordan [D. S.] & Evermann [B. W.] 1903:201 [Bulletin of the U. S. Fish Commission v. 22 (1902); ref. 2450] Honolulu, Oahu Island, Hawaiian Islands. Holotype (unique): USNM 50650. •Valid as Pteropterus sphex (Jordan & Evermann 1903) -- (Mandrytsa 2001:275 [ref. 25636]). •Valid as Pterois sphex Jordan & Evermann 1903 -- (Eschmeyer & Randall 1975:272 [ref. 6389], Mundy 2005:327 [ref. 28379], Randall 2007:171 [ref. 30952], Allen & Erdmann 2008:128 [ref. 29479], Matsunum & Motomura 2013:172 [ref. 33130], Matsunuma & Motomura 2014:x [ref. 33609], Matsunuma & Motomura 2015:25 [ref. 33935]). Current status: Valid as Pterois sphex Jordan & Evermann 1903. Scorpaenidae: Pteroinae. Distribution: Hawaiian Islands. Habitat: marine.

vittata, Pterois (Pseudomonopterus) Sauvage [H.-E.] 1878:135, Pl. 1 (fig. 10) [Nouvelles Archives du Muséum d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris (Série 2) v. 1; ref. 3880] Nuka Hiva, Marquesas Islands. Holotype (unique): MNHN 0000-6625. Type catalog: Blanc & Hureau 1968:9 [ref. 20738]. •Synonym of Pterois radiata Cuvier 1829 -- (Matsunuma & Motomura 2014:x [ref. 33609], Matsunuma & Motomura 2015:[11], [18] [ref. 33935]). Current status: Synonym of Pterois radiata Cuvier 1829. Scorpaenidae: Pteroinae. Habitat: marine.

volitans, Gasterosteus Linnaeus [C.] 1758:296 [Systema Naturae, Ed. X v. 1; ref. 2787] Ambon Island, Molucca Islands, Indonesia. No types known. Type catalog: Wheeler 1958:237-238 [ref. 13434]. See Kochzius et al. 2003:401 [ref. 27290]. The "syntype" BMNH 1853.11.12.9 is not this species (Allen & Erdmann 2008:137 [ref. 29479]). •Valid as Pterois volitans (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Paulin 1982:445 [ref. 23678], Dor 1984:86 [ref. 29757], Shimizu in Masuda et al. 1984:316 [ref. 6441], Yatou in Okamura et al. 1985:575, 721 [ref. 8056], Schultz 1986:66 [ref. 22245], Allen & Swainston 1988:48 [ref. 25477], Paxton et al. 1989:447 [ref. 12442], Paulin et al. 1989:167 [ref. 24556], Randall et al. 1990:80 [ref. 15987], Kuiter 1993:114 [ref. 23929], Francis 1993:159 [ref. 25479], Randall 1995:108 [ref. 22896], Motomura & Iwatsuki 1997:129 [ref. 23963], Allen 1997:76 [ref. 23977], Larson & Williams 1997:353 [ref. 23967], Chen et al. 1997:167 [ref. 26476], Kuiter 1997:90 [ref. 25488], Randall et al. 1997:80 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:101 [ref. 23965], Poss 1999:2332 [ref. 24796], Johnson 1999:727 [ref. 25471], Randall 1999:10 [ref. 25829], Allen 2000:86 [ref. 37268], Nakabo 2000:569 [ref. 25086], Poss in Randall & Lim 2000:605 [ref. 25122], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:165 [ref. 25191], Sadovy & Cornish 2000:64 [ref. 25480], Randall & Earle 2000:10 [ref. 25806], Allen 2000:97 [ref. 25868], Mandrytsa 2001:275 [ref. 25636], Hutchins 2001:27 [ref. 25847], Whitfield et al. 2002:289 [ref. 26090], Nakabo 2002:569 [ref. 26001], Allen & Adrim 2003:29 [ref. 26830], Poss & Eschmeyer 2003:1238 [ref. 27048], Myers & Donaldson 2003:619 [ref. 27495], Mishra & Krishnan 2003:26 [ref. 27712], Randall et al. 2004:10 [ref. 27624], Hare & Whitfield 2004:2 [ref. 27631], Nelson et al. 2004:113 [ref. 27807], Randall 2005:117 [ref. 28239], Fishelson 2006:343 [ref. 28669], Allen et al. 2006:880 [ref. 29002], Allen & Erdmann 2008:128 [ref. 29479], Freshwater et al. 2009:39 [ref. 30268], Lasso-Alcala & Posada 2010:S53 [ref. 30893], Motomura et al. 2010:90 [ref. 31256], Aguilar-Perera & Tuz-Sulun 2010:S9 [ref. 31683], Fricke et al. 2011:378 [ref. 31242], Lasso-Alcalá et al. 2011:575 [ref. 31520], Betancur-R. et al. 2011:1 [ref. 32977], Allen & Erdmann 2012:223 [ref. 31980], Page et al. 2013:116 [ref. 32708], Smith-Vaniz & Collette 2013:170 [ref. 32953], Larson et al. 2013:82 [ref. 32988], Yoshida et al. 2013:79 [ref. 34464], Fricke et al. 2014:51 [ref. 33932], Smith-Vaniz & Jelks 2014:37 [ref. 33341], Delrieu-Trottin et al. 2015:5 [ref. 33988], Duffy & Ahyong 2015:112 [ref. 36167], Motomura & Struthers 2015:1096 [ref. 34285], Motomura et al. 2015:18 [ref. 34709], Robertson et al. 2016:143, 144 [ref. 34961], Koeda et al. 2016:21 [ref. 35333], Koeda et al. 2016:3 [ref. 35354], Tornabene & Baldwin 2017:10 [ref. 35339], Motomura et al. 2017:68 [ref. 35490], Wilcox et al. 2017:10 [ref. 35525] with hybrids in the western Atlantic, Golani & Fricke 2018:53 [ref. 36273], Fricke et al. 2019:101 [ref. 36673], Hoschke et al. 2019:155 [ref. 36626], Sonoyama et al. 2020:44 [ref. 37637]). Current status: Valid as Pterois volitans (Linnaeus 1758). Scorpaenidae: Pteroinae. Distribution: Eastern Indian Ocean, western Pacific: Christmas and Cocos-Keeling islands east to Marquesas Islands, north to Sea of Japan, south to Rottnest Island (Western Australia), Jervis Bay (New South Wales, Australia), Lord Howe Island, Kermadec Islands and French Polynesia; invasive in the western Atlantic. Habitat: marine.