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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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Species in the genus Salmo: [ 170 ] records


abanticus, Salmo trutta Tortonese [E.] 1954:19, Pl. 1 (fig. 3); Figs. 2, 3a-b [Publications Institute Hydrobiology University of Istanbul (Sér. B) v. 2 (no. 1); ref. 12668] Lake Abant, northern Anatolia, Asiatic Turkey. Holotype (unique): MSNM 1 [ex MSNM 5031]. •Listed -- (Kottelat 1997:144 [ref. 22952]). •Synonym of Salmo labrax Pallas 1814 -- (Fricke et al. 2007:55 [ref. 29533]). •Valid as Salmo abanticus Tortonese 1954 -- (Turan et al. 2010:362 [ref. 30689], Turan et al. 2011:32 [ref. 31466], Turan et al. 2012:234 [ref. 32276], Turan et al. 2014:285 [ref. 33242], Turan et al. 2014:149 [ref. 33615], Çiçek et al. 2015:150 [ref. 35151], Turan et al. 2017:62 [ref. 35485], Çiçek et al. 2018:21 [ref. 36267]). Current status: Valid as Salmo abanticus Tortonese 1954. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Distribution: Turkey: Abant Gölü, Bolu Province, northwestern Anatolia; introduced in Black Sea watersheds. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

adriatica, Trutta Kolombatović [G.] 1890:166 [4] [Glasnik Hrvatskoga Naravoslovnoga Društva v. 5; ref. 20232] Vranjic, Croatia, Adriatic Sea, Mediterranean Sea. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. On p. 4 of separate. •Questionably a synonym of Salmo marmoratus Cuvier 1829 -- (Kottelat 1997:138 [ref. 22952], Bianco 2013:3 [ref. 32897]). Current status: Uncertain as Salmo marmoratus Cuvier 1829. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

aestivalis, Salmo ischchan var. Fortunatov [D.] 1926:243 [Izvestiya Otdela prikladnoi ikhtiologii v. 4 (no. 2); ref. 19992] Lake Sevan, Armenia. Syntypes: whereabouts unknown. •Synonym of Salmo ischchan Kessler 1877 -- (Berg 1948:261 [ref. 12882], Dorofeeva 1998:442 [ref. 24680] as infrasp. aestivalis). •Synonym of Salmo ischchan Kessler 1877, but a valid subspecies as described -- (Gabrielyan 2001:25 [ref. 25867]). Current status: Synonym of Salmo ischchan Kessler 1877. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

aestivalis, Salmo letnica Stefanovic [D.] 1948:190, 2 figs. [Posebna izdanja / Srpska akademija nauka i umetnosti. Beograd 139; ref. 23038] Lake Ohrid, Republic of Macedonia. No types known. Objectively invalid; preoccupied by Salmo ischchan aestivalis Fortunatov 1927; replaced by Salmo aphelios Kottelat 1997. •Synonym of Salmo aphelios Kottelat 1997 -- (Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:420 [ref. 29996]). Current status: Synonym of Salmo aphelios Kottelat 1997. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

akairos, Salmo Delling [B.] & Doadrio [I.] 2005:58, Figs. 7-8 [Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 16 (no. 1); ref. 28211] Lake Ifni, 31°01'59"N, 7°52'59"W, Morocco. Holotype: MNCN 115022. Paratypes: MNCN 115018-21, 115023-44 (?26, not 27), MNCN 115020 (head, c&s, as NRM 51752). •Valid as Salmo akairos Delling & Doadrio 2005 -- (Doadrio et al. 2015:9 [ref. 33950]). Current status: Valid as Salmo akairos Delling & Doadrio 2005. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Distribution: Lake Ifni, Morocco. Habitat: freshwater.

alba, Salmo faria var. Meidinger [C. von] 1785-94:iv, Pl. 46 [Icones piscium Austriae indigenorum, quos collegit vivisque coloribus espresos edidit C. Baro de Meidinger.; ref. 17632] Austria. No types known. Objectively invalid; preoccupied by Salmo albus Bonnaterre 1788. •Tentatively in the synonymy of Salmo labrax Pallas 1814 -- (Kottelat 1997:136 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Salmo labrax Pallas 1814. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

albus, Salmo Walbaum [J. J.] 1792:76 [Petri Artedi sueci genera piscium Part 3; ref. 4572] Rivers and seas of Great Britain; Carolina, U.S.A. No types known. Based in part on the 'Gwiniad' of Pennant 1769:267, Pl. 16 [ref. 18527], and on Pennant 1785:Suppl. 140 [ref. 18530]. Objectively invalid; preoccupied by Salmo albus Bonnaterre 1788. •Synonym of Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758 -- (Kottelat 1997:141 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

albus, Salmo Bonnaterre [J. P.] (ex Pennant) 1788:161 [Tableau encyclopédique et méthodique des trois règnes de la nature... Ichthyologie; ref. 4940] Rivers and seas of Great Britain. No types known. Based on the 'Gwiniad' of Pennant 1769:267, Pl. 16 [ref. 18527]. •Synonym of Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758 -- (Kottelat 1997:141 [ref. 22952]). •See Dorofeeva & Savvaitova 1998:40 [ref. 23574]. Current status: Synonym of Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

albus, Salmo salvelinus var. Fitzinger [L. J. F. J.] 1832:338 [Beiträge zur Landeskunde Österreichs unter der Enns, Wien v. 1; ref. 5019] No types known. Not available, name only; from Leytha, Fischa, Traisen (Danube system), Austria. •Synonym of Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758. Current status: Synonym of Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

americanus, Salmo salar Payne [R. H.], Child [A. R.] & Forrest [A.] 1971:251 [Nature (London) v. 231 (no. 5300); ref. 863] North America. Unneeded new subspecific name for stocks of Atlantic salmon spawning in North American rivers; correct subspecific name should be the first species or subspecies of the Atlantic salmon based on a North American specimen. •Mention -- (Dorofeeva & Savvaitova 1998:35 [ref. 23574]). •Also preoccupied by Salmo americanus Bloch & Schneider 1801. Current status: Synonym of Salmo. Salmonidae: Salmoninae.

aphelios, Salmo Kottelat [M.] 1997:133 [Biologia (Bratislava) v. 52 (suppl. 5); ref. 22952] New name for Salmo letnica aestivalis Stefanovic 1948, preoccupied by Salmo ischchan aestivalis Fortunatov 1927. •Valid as Salmo aphelios Kottelat 1997 -- (Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:420 [ref. 29996]). Current status: Valid as Salmo aphelios Kottelat 1997. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Distribution: Macedonia. Habitat: freshwater.

aralensis, Salmo trutta Berg [L. S.] 1908:317 [Ezhegodnik, Zoologicheskago Muzeya Imperatorskoi Akademii Nauk v. 13 (no. 2); ref. 14303] Aral Sea near Amu-Darya River mouth, Kazakhstan. Holotype (unique): ZIN 14418. •Synonym of Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758, but a valid subspecies as described -- (Berg 1948:249 [ref. 12882], see Coad 1981:8 [ref. 22348]). •Listed -- (Kottelat 1997:144 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

argenteus, Fario Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1848:294, Pl. 616 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 21; ref. 1013] Many localities. Syntypes: MNHN. Kottelat 1997:142 [ref. 22952] "restricted" the type locality to the Atlantic drainage of France, but the Code does not provide for such restriction in that manner. •Synonym of Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758 -- (Kottelat 1997:142 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

argenteus, Salmo Fowler [H. W.] 1974:61 [Quarterly Journal of the Taiwan Museum (Taipei) v. 27 (nos 1/2); ref. 7180] Not available, name in synonymy on reference to Bonnaterre 1788:160, Pl. 67; from Baltic Sea and lakes of Austria. Salmonidae: Salmoninae.

argenteus, Salmo schiefermuelleri Reisinger [J.] 1830:39 [Specimen ichthyologiae sistens pisces aquarium dulcium Hungariae; ref. 18620] Lakes of Hungary. No types known. •Tentatively a synonym of Salmo schiefermuelleri Bloch 1784 -- (Kottelat 1997:140 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Salmo schiefermuelleri Bloch 1784. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

ausonii, Salar Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1848:319, Pl. 618 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 21; ref. 1013] Localities in France, Germany, and Italy. Syntypes: MNHN 0002 (1), 3647 (1), A-7590 (2), 1953 (2), 3638 to 3643 (8), 3650 and 3651 (2), 3648 (1), 3637 (1), 3652 to 3654 (3), A-8567-68 (1, 1), 3644 to 3646 (3), A-8573 (1), 3649 (1), 3634 (1), A-9702 (1), 3635 and 3636 and 4920 (3). Type catalog: Bertin 1940:303-304 [ref. 293]. •Synonym of Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758 -- (Kottelat 1997:142 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

bailloni, Salar Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1848:342, Pl. 619 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 21; ref. 1013] Somme River at Abbeville, France. Lectotype: MNHN 0000-6321. Paralectotypes: MNHN 0000-2909 (2) Norway. Type catalog: Bertin 1940:305 [ref. 293] with MNHN 6321 as holotype and 2909 as paratypes. Lectotype designated by Eschmeyer 1998:186 [ref. 23416]. •Synonym of Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758 -- (Kottelat 1997:142 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

balcanica, Trutta Karaman [S.] 1927:253, Fig. 1 [Glasnik Skopskog Naucnog Drustva [Bulletin de la Société Scientifique de Skopje]. v. 2 (nos 1-2); ref. 15859] Ohrid Lake, southern Yugoslavia/eastern Albania. No types known. •Valid as Salmo balcanicus (Karaman 1927) -- (Kottelat 1997:133 [ref. 22952], Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:420 [ref. 29996]). Current status: Valid as Salmo balcanicus (Karaman 1927). Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Distribution: Lake Ohrid: Albania and Macedonia. Habitat: freshwater.

benaci, Salmo lacustris var. Malfer [F.] 1920:298 [Atti e Memorie dell'Accademia di Agricoltura, Scienze e Lettere di Verona v. 21 (1918-1920); ref. 26275] Lake Garda, Italy. No types known. •Synonym of Salmo carpio Linnaeus 1758 -- (Kottelat 1997:133 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Salmo carpio Linnaeus 1758. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

biennis, Salmo salar infra. Berg [L. S.] 1912:137 [v. 3 (pt 1); ref. 5874] Not available, infrasubspecific. Salmonidae: Salmoninae.

brachypoma, Salmo Günther [A.] 1866:87, Figs. [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 6; ref. 1983] Forth, Tweed and Ouse reivers, England. Syntypes: (7) BMNH uncat. (?) River Ouse. •Synonym of Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758 -- (Kottelat 1997:142 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

brevipes, Salmo Smitt [F. A.] 1883:32 [Öfversigt af Kongliga Vetenskaps-Akademiens förhandlingar, Kungliga Svenska Vetenskapsakademien. v. 39 (no. 8) [for 1882]; ref. 18729] Arkhangelsk [Arkangel], Russia. Syntypes: NRM 24881 (2). Original not seen. •Synonym of Salmo salar Linnaeus 1758 -- (Berg 1948:206 [ref. 12882], Svetovidov 1973:145 [ref. 7169], Kottelat 1997:139 [ref. 22952], Dorofeeva & Savvaitova 1998:35 [ref. 23574], Parin et al. 2014:137 [ref. 33547]). Current status: Synonym of Salmo salar Linnaeus 1758. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

caecifer, Salmo Parnell [R.] 1838 [Memoirs of the Wernerian Natural History Society, Edinburgh v. 7 (art. 2) (for 1831-1837); ref. 18519] Loch Leven, Scotland. Syntypes: whereabouts unknown. Original not seen. •Synonym of Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758 -- (Kottelat 1997:142 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

caerulescens, Salmo Schmidt [F. W.] 1795:65 [Sammlung physikalisch-ökonomischer Aufsätze: zur Aufnahme der Naturkunde und deren damit verwandten Wissenschaften in Böhmen. v. 1; ref. 18701] Name only, not available; from Moldau [Vltava] River, Czech Republic. •In the synonymy of Salmo salar Linnaeus 1758 -- (Kottelat 1997:139 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Salmo salar Linnaeus 1758. Salmonidae: Salmoninae.

cambricus, Salmo Donovan [E.] 1806:3 unnum. pp., Pl. 91 [The natural history of British fishes, including scientific and general descriptions of the most interesting species, and an extensive selection of accurately finished coloured plates.; ref. 17408] Glamorganshire and Carmarthenshire, Wales, U.K. No types known. •Synonym of Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758 -- (Kottelat 1997:141 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

carpio, Salmo Linnaeus [C.] 1758:309 [Systema Naturae, Ed. X v. 1; ref. 2787] Lake Garda, Italy. Neotype: NRM 28000. Neotype designated by Kottelat 1997:134 [ref. 22952]. •Valid as Salmo carpio Linnaeus 1758 -- (Kottelat 1997:133 [ref. 22952], Dorofeeva 1998:442 [ref. 24680], Delling 2002:299 [ref. 26660], Delling & Doadrio 2005:55 [ref. 28211], Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:413 [ref. 29996]). Current status: Valid as Salmo carpio Linnaeus 1758. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Distribution: Lake Garda, Italy; introduced elsewhere in Italy, Germany and New Zealand. Habitat: freshwater.

caspius, Salmo Kessler [K. F.] 1877:62, Pl. 2 (fig. 15) [The Aralo-Caspian Expedition; ref. 2597] Kura River near Bozhii Promysel fishing grounds, Azerbaijan. Syntypes: (3) not at ZIN. •Synonym of Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758, but a valid subspecies -- (Berg 1948:242 [ref. 12882], Reshetnikov et al. 1997:729 [ref. 24702], Dorofeeva & Savvaitova 1998:36 [ref. 23574]). •Listed -- (Kottelat 1997:143 [ref. 22952]). •Valid as Salmo caspius Kessler 1877 -- (Fricke et al. 2007:55 [ref. 29533], Ninua & Japoshvili 2008:168 [ref. 31251], Esmaeili et al. 2010:374 [ref. 33391], Turan et al. 2010:362 [ref. 30689], Turan et al. 2011:32 [ref. 31466], Turan et al. 2012:234 [ref. 32276], Turan et al. 2014:285 [ref. 33242], Turan et al. 2014:149 [ref. 33615], Jouladeh-Roudbar et al. 2015:891 [ref. 34062], Çiçek et al. 2015:150 [ref. 35151], Esmaeili et al. 2017:76 [ref. 35254], Turan et al. 2017:62 [ref. 35485], Esmaeili et al. 2018:57 [ref. 36089], Ninua et al. 2018:[12] [ref. 35786]). Current status: Valid as Salmo caspius Kessler 1877. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Distribution: Kura River and southern and southwestern Caspian Sea watersheds, Eurasia. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

cenerinus, Salmo Nardo [G. D.] (ex Chiereghin) 1847:col. 125 [Sinonimia moderna delle specie registrate nell' opera intitolata: ...; ref. 17994] Not far from sea in rivers draining to lagoon of Venezia, Italy. No types known. See also Ninni 1872:40 [ref. 17995] where Chiereghin manuscript is quoted. Kottelat 1997:134 [ref. 22952] "restricted" the name to the "northern Italian fario", but the Code does not provide for such restriction in that manner. •Questionably valid as Salmo cenerinus Nardo 1847 -- (Kottelat 1997:134 [ref. 22952]). •Valid as Salmo cenerinus Nardo 1847 -- (Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:413 [ref. 29996]). •Synonymus as Salmo marmoratus Cuvier 1829 -- (Bianco & Delmastro 2011:3 [ref. 31648], Bianco 2013:3 [ref. 32897]). Current status: Synonym of Salmo marmoratus Cuvier 1829. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

cettii, Salmo Rafinesque [C. S.] 1810:32, 55 [Indice d'ittiologia siciliana; ref. 3595] Val Demone and Val di Noto, Sicily, Italy, Mediterranean Sea watershed. No types known. Spelled cetti on p. 32, cettii on p. 55. •Tentatively valid as Salmo cettii Rafinesque 1810 -- (Kottelat 1997:135 [ref. 22952]). •Valid as Salmo cettii Rafinesque 1810 -- (Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:415 [ref. 29996], Bianco & Delmastro 2011:2 [ref. 31648], Bianco 2013:3 [ref. 32897]). Current status: Valid as Salmo cettii Rafinesque 1810. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Distribution: Southern Europe: Corsica, France and Sardinia and Sicily, Italy. Habitat: freshwater.

chilo, Salmo Turan [D.], Kottelat [M.] & Engin [S.] 2012:224, Fig. 2b, 5 [Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 23 (no. 3); ref. 32276] Akdere Stream at Gürün county, Euphrates River drainage [Firat Nehri], Sivas province, Turkey. Holotype: FFR 3054. Paratypes: FFR 3055 (23), CMK 20135 (3). •Valid as Salmo chilo Turan, Kottelat & Engin 2012 -- (Turan et al. 2014:284 [ref. 33242], Turan et al. 2014:147 [ref. 33615], Çiçek et al. 2015:150 [ref. 35151], Turan et al. 2017:62 [ref. 35485], Çiçek et al. 2018:21 [ref. 36267]). Current status: Valid as Salmo chilo Turan, Kottelat & Engin 2012. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Distribution: Turkey: upper Euphrates River [Firat Nehri] basin (Persian Gulf tributary), Sivas Province. Habitat: freshwater.

ciscaucasicus, Salmo trutta Dorofeeva [E. A.] 1967:15 [Voprosy Ikhtiologii v. 7 (no. 1, art. 42); ref. 7957] Keyranchay River, eastern Ciscaucasia, Russia. Holotype: ZIN 26244. •Synonym of Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758, but a valid subspecies as described -- (Reshetnikov et al. 1997:729 [ref. 24702], Dorofeeva & Savvaitova 1998:36 [ref. 23574]). •Listed -- (Kottelat 1997:144 [ref. 22952]). •Valid as Salmo ciscaucasicus Dorofeeva 1967 -- (Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:427 [ref. 29996], Ninua et al. 2018:[12] [ref. 35786]). Current status: Valid as Salmo ciscaucasicus Dorofeeva 1967. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Distribution: Terek River and rivers flowing into the Caspian Sea from the north and northwest. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

cornubiensis, Salmo Walbaum [J. J.] 1792:65 [Petri Artedi sueci genera piscium Part 3; ref. 4572] Lake Lo, Cornwall, England. No types known. •Synonym of Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758 -- (Kottelat 1997:141 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

coruhensis, Salmo Turan [D.], Kottelat [M.] & Engin [S.] 2010:345, Figs. 4b, 5b, 7, 8, 14b [Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 20 (no. 4) [Dec. 2009]; ref. 30689] Çoruh River drainage, Pehlivanli Stream at Pehlivanli village, 40°30.42'N, 41°29.17'E, Erzurum Province, Turkey. Holotype: FFR 3036. Paratypes: many at CMK and FFR. •Synonym of Salmo labrax Pallas 1814 -- (Ninua et al. 2018:[12] [ref. 35786]). •Valid as Salmo coruhensis Turan, Kottelat & Engin 2010 -- (Turan et al. 2011:32 [ref. 31466], Turan et al. 2012:234 [ref. 32276], Turan et al. 2014:285 [ref. 33242], Turan et al. 2014:148 [ref. 33615], Çiçek et al. 2015:150 [ref. 35151], Turan et al. 2017:62 [ref. 35485], Çiçek et al. 2018:21 [ref. 36267]). Current status: Valid as Salmo coruhensis Turan, Kottelat & Engin 2010. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Distribution: Turkey: Çoruh Nehri basin (Black Sea tributary), Erzurum Province. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

cumberland, Salmo Lacepède [B. G. E.] 1803:695, 696 [Histoire naturelle des poissons (Lacepède) v. 5; ref. 4930] Lakes of Cumbreland and Scotland, U.K. No types known. •Synonym of Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758 -- (Kottelat 1997:141 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

danilewskii, Salmo Gulelmi [M.] 1888:46 [Vestnik Rybopromyshlennosti St. Petersburg v. 3 (no. 2); ref. 19623] Sevan Lake, Armenia. Syntypes: (9). •Synonym of Salmo ischchan Kessler 1877 -- (Berg 1948:265 [ref. 12882]). •Synonym of Salmo ischchan Kessler 1877, infrasp. danilewskii Gulelmi 1888 -- (Dorofeeva 1998:442 [ref. 24680]). •Synonym of Salmo ischchan Kessler 1877, but a valid subspecies as described -- (Gabrielyan 2001:25 [ref. 25867]). Current status: Synonym of Salmo ischchan Kessler 1877. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

danubicus, Salmo trutta labrax infra. Holcík [J.] 1969:227 [v. 33; ref. 23045] Not available, infrasubspecific as an infraspecies; from Danube R. in Bratislava, Slovakia. •Tentatively in the synonymy of Salmo labrax Pallas 1814 -- (Kottelat 1997:137 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Salmo labrax Pallas 1814. Salmonidae: Salmoninae.

dentex, Salar Heckel [J. J.] 1851:371, Pl. 10 [Sitzungsberichte der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften. Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe v. 8; ref. 18259] Narenta [Nerteva River], Bosnia-Herzegovina. Lectotype: NMW 65895. Paralectotypes: NMW 16505 (1, dry), 65887 (9), 65888 (4, poor condition), 65895 (4), 92806 (1, dry), 95284 (1), 95285 (1); NRM 25000 (1). See Kottelat 1997:135 [ref. 22952] for localities. Lectotype selected by Delling 2011:339 [ref. 31191]. •Questionably valid as Salmo dentex (Heckel 1851) -- (Kottelat 1997:135 [ref. 22952], Delling 2002:299 [ref. 26660]). •Valid as Salmo dentex (Heckel 1851) -- (Mrakovcic et al. 1995:183 [ref. 23079], Zupančič 2008:62 [ref. 29926], Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:421 [ref. 29996], Delling 2011:339 [ref. 31191], Bianco 2013:3 [ref. 32897]). •Synonym of Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758, subspecies dentex (Heckel 1851) -- (Ćaleta et al. 2015:85 [ref. 34877]). Current status: Valid as Salmo dentex (Heckel 1851). Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Distribution: Southern Europe: Adriatic basin. Habitat: freshwater.

eriox, Salmo Linnaeus [C.] 1758:308 [Systema Naturae, Ed. X v. 1; ref. 2787] European seas and rivers. No types known. Neotype designated by Fricke 1999:29 [ref. 24101], but withdrawn in Fricke 2000:639 [ref. 24537]. •Synonym of Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758 -- (Kottelat 1997:141 [ref. 22952], Scott & Crossman 1998:200 [ref. 24570], Fricke 1999:29 [ref. 24101]). Current status: Synonym of Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

estuarius, Salmo Knox [R.] 1855:4662 [The Zoologist: a Popular Miscellany of Natural History v. 13; ref. 18428] England and Scotland. Syntypes: whereabouts unknown. •Synonym of Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758 -- (Kottelat 1997:142 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

euphrataeus, Salmo Turan [D.], Kottelat [M.] & Engin [S.] 2014:281, Fig. 4 [Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 24 (no. 3); ref. 33242] Erzurum Province, Kuzgun Stram, Euphrates River drainage, 40°13'11.1"N, 41°0618.3"E, Turkey. Holotype: FFR 1219. Paratypes: CMK, FFR. •Valid as Salmo euphrataeus Turan, Kottelat & Engin 2014 -- (Turan et al. 2014:149 [ref. 33615], Çiçek et al. 2015:150 [ref. 35151], Turan et al. 2017:62 [ref. 35485], Çiçek et al. 2018:21 [ref. 36267]). Current status: Valid as Salmo euphrataeus Turan, Kottelat & Engin 2014. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Distribution: Turkey: upper Euphrates River [Firat Nehri] basin (Persian Gulf tributary), Erzurum Province. Habitat: freshwater.

europaeus, Salmo salar Payne [R. H.], Child [A. R.] & Forrest [A.] 1971:251 [Nature (London) v. 231 (no. 5300); ref. 863] Europe. No types known. Unneeded new subspecific name for stocks of Atlantic salmon spawning in European rivers; correct subspecific name should be Salmo salar salar Linnaeus 1758. •Synonym of Salmo salar Linnaeus 1758 -- (Kottelat 1997:139 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Salmo salar Linnaeus 1758. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

excelsa, Salmo lacustris var. Fatio [V.] 1890:355 [Faune des Vertébrés de la Suisse. Vol. V; ref. 14495] Source of Inn River, lakes Sils, Silvaplana, Campfer and St.-Moritz, Danube basin, Switzerland. Syntypes: MHNG 816.09 (2). Type catalog: Weber 1998:11 [ref. 23532]. •Tentatively a synonym of Salmo labrax Pallas 1814 -- (Kottelat 1997:137 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Salmo labrax Pallas 1814. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

ezenami, Salmo trutta Berg [L. S.] 1948:253 [267] [Freshwater fishes of the U.S.S.R. and adjacent countries No. 27; ref. 12882] Lake Ezenam, Daghestan, Caucasus, Russia, elevation 1882 meters. Syntypes: ZIN 28356 (11). On p. 267 of English translation. •Synonym of Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758, but a valid subspecies as described -- (Reshetnikov et al. 1997:729 [ref. 24702], Dorofeeva & Savvaitova 1998:36 [ref. 23574]). •Listed -- (Kottelat 1997:144 [ref. 22952]). •Valid as Salmo ezenami Berg 1948 -- (Bogutskaya et al. 2001:46 [ref. 26178], Bogutskaya & Naseka 2004:156 [ref. 28183], Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:428 [ref. 29996]). Current status: Valid as Salmo ezenami Berg 1948. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Distribution: Russia. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

fario, Salmo Linnaeus [C.] 1758:309 [Systema Naturae, Ed. X v. 1; ref. 2787] Rivers of Sweden and Switzerland. No types known. •Valid as Salmo fario Linnaeus 1758 -- (Okada 1961:724 [ref. 6363]). •Synonym of Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758, subspecies trutta but as a valid morpha -- (Lelek 1987:105 [ref. 22962], Hanel 2003:58 [ref. 27894]). •Synonym of Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758 -- (Berg 1948:255 [ref. 12882], Cadwallader & Backhouse 1983:215 [ref. 25473], Smith 1986:231 [ref. 22186], Baxter & Stone 1995:191 [ref. 23374], La Rivers 1994:318 [ref. 23389], Kottelat 1997:141 [ref. 22952], Scott & Crossman 1998:200 [ref. 24570]). •Synonym of Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758, but a valid subspecies fario Linnaeus 1758 -- (Svetovidov in Whitehead et al. 1984:383 [ref. 13675], Pequeño 1989:29 [ref. 14125], Talwar & Jhingran 1991:721 [ref. 20764], Wu & Wu 1992:128 [ref. 21205], Zhang et al. 1995:43 [ref. 22734], Zhu 1995:10 [ref. 25213], Dorofeeva 1998:442 [ref. 24680] as a valid morpha, Rafique 2000:323 [ref. 25220], Mirza 2003:3 [ref. 27265] as a valid subspecies, Gabrielyan 2001:24 [ref. 25867], Vassilev & Pehlivanov 2005:164 [ref. 28369], Shrestha 2008:202 [ref. 29923], Gurung et al. 2013:4884 [ref. 32969], Zhang et al. 2016:212 [ref. 34477]). Current status: Synonym of Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

fario, Salmo trutta caspius morpha Berg [L. S.] 1933:113 [Zoogeographica, Jena v. 1 (no. 2, art. 6); ref. 21141] Not available, infrasubspecific; also preoccupied. •Listed -- (Kottelat 1997:144 [ref. 22952]). Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

fario, Salmo trutta labrax morpha Berg [L. S.] 1916:47 [Les Poissons des eaux douces de la Russie; ref. 277] Not available, infrasubspecific according to Kottelat 1997:137, but Berg is referring to fario Linnaeus so this entry not needed. •Treated as a valid "morpha" dating to Pallas 1811 -- (Lelek 1987:111 [ref. 22962]). •Treated as Salmo trutta m. fario Linnaeus 1758 -- (Mrakovcic et al. 1995:183 [ref. 23079]). •In the synonymy of Salmo labrax Pallas 1814 -- (Kottelat 1997:137 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Salmo labrax Pallas 1814. Salmonidae: Salmoninae.

farioides, Salmo Karaman [S.] 1938:137, Fig. 3 [Glasnik Skopskog Naucnog Drustva [Bulletin de la Société Scientifique de Skopje]. v. 18; ref. 17197] Krka River in Croatia, near the town of Knin. Neotype: MCCI/P/501. Syntypes: whereabouts unknown. See Kottelat 1997:135 [ref. 22952] for localities. Neotype selected by Bianco 2014:65 [ref. 32897]. •Synonym of Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758, but a valid subspecies -- (Mrakovcic et al. 1995:183 [ref. 23079]). •Questionably valid as Salmo farioides Karaman 1938 -- (Kottelat 1997:135 [ref. 22952]). •Valid as Salmo farioides Karaman 1928 -- (Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:421 [ref. 29996], Zupančič 2008:63 [ref. 29926], Delling 2011:337 [ref. 31191], Bianco 2013:4 [ref. 32897], Barbieri et al. 2015:82 [ref. 35029]). Current status: Valid as Salmo farioides Karaman 1938. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Distribution: Eastern Adriatic slope: Croatia, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Montenegro, Albania, Macedonia and Greece. Habitat: freshwater.

ferox, Salmo Jardine [W.] 1835:55 [The Edinburgh New Philosophical Journal v. 18 (art. 5) (for Oct. 1934); ref. 23043] Loch Awe, Loch Laggan, upper end of Loch Shin, Loch Loyal and Loch Assynt, Scotland. Syntypes: whereabouts unknown. Original says "... Salmo ferox, Jard. and Selby." Selby's contribution to the species decription is unknown, but see the footnote on p. 55. •Valid as Salmo ferox Jardine 1835 -- (Kottelat 1997:136 [ref. 22952], Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:403 [ref. 29996]). Current status: Valid as Salmo ferox Jardine 1835. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Distribution: British Isles. Habitat: freshwater.

fibreni, Salmo Zerunian [S.] & Gandolfi [G.] 1990:523, Figs. 2-3 [Rivista de idrobiologia, Instituto di Idrobiologia e Pescicoltura G. B. Grassi dell'Università di Perugia v. 29 (no. 1); ref. 20104] Lake Posta Fibreno, Italy. Holotype: MSNM 3723. Paratypes: MSNM 3724-26 (2), 3727-28 (2). May date to 1991. •Questionably valid as Salmo fibreni Zerunian & Gandolfi 1990 -- (Kottelat 1997:136 [ref. 22952]). •Valid as Salmo fibreni Zerunian & Gandolfi 1990 -- (Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:415 [ref. 29996], Bianco 2013:6 [ref. 32897] if valid) -- (Bianco 2013:4 [ref. 32897]). Current status: Valid as Salmo fibreni Zerunian & Gandolfi 1990. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Distribution: Lake Posta Fibreno and tributaries, Italy. Habitat: freshwater.

fluvialis, Trutta Dralet [É.-F.] 1821:18 [Considérations sur l'histoire naturelle des poissons, sur la pêche et les lois qui la régissent.; ref. 17418] No locality. No types known. Based on Rondelet. •Synonym of Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758. Current status: Synonym of Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

fluviatilis, Trutta Duhamel du Monceau [H. L.] 1773:202, Pl. II, fig. 2 [ ref. 35387] Published in a rejected work, see ICZN Opinion 859. •Synonym of Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758 -- (Spillmann 1961:43 [ref. 35397], Kottelat 1997:141 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758. Salmonidae: Salmoninae.

forestensis, Salmo fario var. Bloch [M. E.] & Schneider [J. G.] 1801:400 [M. E. Blochii, Systema Ichthyologiae; ref. 471] Europe (several localities); Siberia, Russia. No types known. Species name corrected from faris in corrigenda. •Synonym of Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758 -- (Kottelat 1997:141 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

gadoides, Salmo Lacepède [B. G. E.] 1803:157, 224 [Histoire naturelle des poissons (Lacepède) v. 5; ref. 4930] Trouville pond, near Rouen, France. No types known. Originally gadoïdes. •Synonym of Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758 -- (Kottelat 1997:141 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

gaimardi, Salar Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1848:341 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 21; ref. 1013] Iceland. Syntypes: MNHN 0000-3657 to 0000-3661 (5, poor condition). Type catalog: Bertin 1940:304 [ref. 293]. •Synonym of Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758 -- (Kottelat 1997:142 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

gallivensis, Salmo Günther [A.] 1866:88, Fig. [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 6; ref. 1983] Galway and Ballinahuich Fishery, Ireland. Syntypes: (at least 4, but not the hybrids) BMNH 1865.8.30.1-2 (2), 1865.8.30.3 (1), 1865.8.30.8 (1)., ?1865.8.30.4-7 (4). •Synonym of Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758 -- (Kottelat 1997:142 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

gegarkuni, Salmo Kessler [K. F.] 1877:68, Pl. 7 (fig. 17) [The Aralo-Caspian Expedition; ref. 2597] Sevan Lake, Armenia. Syntypes: (2) ZIN (not found in 1997). •Synonym of Salmo ischchan Kessler 1877 -- (Berg 1948:263 [ref. 12882]). •Synonym of Salmo ischchan Kessler 1877, infrasp. gegarkuni Kessler 1877 -- (Dorofeeva 1998:442 [ref. 24680]). •Synonym of Salmo ischchan Kessler 1877, but a valid subspecies as described -- (Gabrielyan 2001:25 [ref. 25867]). Current status: Synonym of Salmo ischchan Kessler 1877. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

genivittatus, Salar Heckel [J. J.] & Kner [R.] 1857:260, Fig. 144 [Die Süsswasserfische der Österreichischen Monarchie; ref. 2078] Isonzo and Adriatic Sea at mouth of Sala River, Dalmatia. Syntypes: ?ZMB 8184 (1). •Synonym of Salmo marmoratus Cuvier 1829 -- (Kottelat 1997:138 [ref. 22952], Bianco 2013:3 [ref. 32897]). Current status: Synonym of Salmo marmoratus Cuvier 1829. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

ghigii, Salmo Pomini [F. P.] 1941:39, Figs. 5-6 [Atti della Società Italiana di Scienze Naturali di Milano v. 80 (no. 1); ref. 13071] Sagittario stream, Abruzzi, Italy. Syntypes: whereabouts unknown. •Synonym of Salmo cettii Rafinesque 1810 -- (Kottelat 1997:135 [ref. 22952]). •Synonym of Salmo farioides Karaman 1938 -- (Bianco 2013:4 [ref. 32897]). Current status: Synonym of Salmo farioides Karaman 1938. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

gloverii, Salmo Girard [C. F.] 1854:86 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 7 (no. 3); ref. 18066] Upper affluent of Union River, Maine, U.S.A. Syntypes: USNM 3586 (1). •Synonym of Salmo salar Linnaeus 1758 -- (Dymond 1963:498 [ref. 24571] as gloveri). Current status: Synonym of Salmo salar Linnaeus 1758. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

goedenii, Salmo Bloch [M. E.] 1784:155, Pl. 102 [M. Marcus Elieser Bloch's ..., ausübenden Arztes zu Berlin, Oeconomische Naturgeschichte der Fische Deutschlands v. 3; ref. 19645] Baltic Sea in Rügenwalde, Hinterpommern [now Darlowo, western Poland]. Holotype (unique): ZMB 3710. Type catalog: Paepke 1999:124 [ref. 24282]. On p. 132 of Bloch's Ichthyologie, v. 3 [ref. 21381]. •Synonym of Salmo salar Linnaeus 1758 -- (Kottelat 1997:139 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Salmo salar Linnaeus 1758. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

gracilis, Salmo Couch [J.] 1865:216, Pl. 216 [The history of the fishes of the British islands v. 4; ref. 18055] Fowey harbor, U. K. Holotype: BMNH. Objectively invalid; preoccupied by Salmo gracilis Valenciennes 1848. •Synonym of Salmo salar Linnaeus 1758 -- (Kottelat 1997:139 [ref. 22952], Dymond 1963:498 [ref. 24571]). Current status: Synonym of Salmo salar Linnaeus 1758. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

hamatus, Salmo Cuvier [G.] 1829:303 [Le Règne Animal (Edition 2) v. 2; ref. 995] Europe. Possible syntypes: MNHN 0000-0777 (1), A-1064 (1), A-8841 (1, dry), A-8553 (1, dry). Type catalog: Bertin 1940:301-302 [ref. 293]. Based on Bloch, Pl. 98. •Synonym of Salmo salar Linnaeus 1758 -- (Svetovidov 1973:145 [ref. 7169], Kottelat 1997:139 [ref. 22952], Dymond 1963:497 [ref. 24571]). Current status: Synonym of Salmo salar Linnaeus 1758. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

hardinii, Salmo Günther [A.] 1866:107 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 6; ref. 1983] Lake Vänern, Sweden. Syntypes: BMNH 1864.11.9.14 (1). Based on literature sources and specimens. •Synonym of Salmo salar Linnaeus 1758 -- (Kottelat 1997:139 [ref. 22952], Dymond 1963:498 [ref. 24571]). Current status: Synonym of Salmo salar Linnaeus 1758. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

illanca, Salmo Wartmann [B.] 1783:55 [Schriften der Berlinischen Gesellschaft Naturforschender Freunde v. 4; ref. 17831] Germany. No types known. •Synonym of Salmo lacustris Linnaeus 1758 -- (Kottelat 1997:143 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Salmo lacustris Linnaeus 1758. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

ischchan, Salmo Kessler [K. F.] 1877:65, Pl. 4 (fig. 16) [The Aralo-Caspian Expedition; ref. 2597] Sevan Lake, Armenia. Syntypes: (6) ZIN ?2867 (1). •Valid as Salmo ischchan Kessler 1877 -- (Berg 1948:259 [ref. 12882], Dorofeeva 1998:442 [ref. 24680], Gabrielyan 2001:25 [ref. 25867], Bogutskaya & Naseka 2004:157 [ref. 28183], Delling & Doadrio 2005:55 [ref. 28211]). •Valid as Salmo ischchan Kessler 1877, subspecies ischchan Kessler 1877 -- (Gabrielyan 2001:25 [ref. 25867]). Current status: Valid as Salmo ischchan Kessler 1877. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Distribution: Sevan Lake basin, Armenia. Habitat: freshwater.

islayensis, Salmo Thomson [J.] 1873:86 [Hardwicke's Science -- Gossip: an illustrated medium of interchange and gossip. London v. 8 (no. 83) (for 1872); ref. 19841] Loch Na-Maorichen, Islay Island, U. K. No types known. Syntypes: whereabouts unknown. •Synonym of Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758 -- (Kottelat 1997:142 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

kottelati, Salmo Turan [M.], Doğan [E.], Kaya [C.] & Kanyılmaz [M.] 2014:138, Fig. 1 [ZooKeys No. 462; ref. 33615] Antalya Province: Altınyaka village; Alakır Stream (40°35.32'N, 40°51.50'E), Turkey. Holotype: FFR 03180. Paratypes: CMK, FFR. •Valid as Salmo kottelati Turan, Doğan, Kaya & Kanyılmaz 2014 -- (Çiçek et al. 2015:150 [ref. 35151], Turan et al. 2017:62 [ref. 35485], Çiçek et al. 2018:21 [ref. 36267]). Current status: Valid as Salmo kottelati Turan, Doğan, Kaya & Kanyılmaz 2014. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Distribution: Turkey: Alakır Stream (Mediterranean tributary), Antalya Province. Habitat: freshwater.

krkensis, Trutta obtusirostris Karaman [S.] 1927:259, Fig. 4 [Glasnik Skopskog Naucnog Drustva [Bulletin de la Société Scientifique de Skopje]. v. 2 (nos 1-2); ref. 15859] Krka River at Knin, Croatia. Syntypes: whereabouts unknown. •Synonym of Salmothymus obtusirostris (Heckel 1851), but a valid subspecies -- (Mrakovcic et al. 1995:184 [ref. 23079]). •Synonym of Salmothymus obtusirostris (Heckel 1851) -- (Kottelat 1997:144 [ref. 22952]). •Synonym of Salmo obtusirostris (Heckel 1851) but a doubtful subspecies -- (Snoj et al. 2002:399 [ref. 26461]). •Valid as Salmo krkensis (Karaman 1927) -- (Zupančič 2008:64 [ref. 29926]). Current status: Synonym of Salmo obtusirostris (Heckel 1851). Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

labecula, Salmo Turan [D.], Kottelat [M.] & Engin [S.] 2012:226, Fig. 2c, 6 [Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 23 (no. 3); ref. 32276] Nigde province, Ecemis Stream at Çamardı county, Seyhan River drainage, Turkey. Holotype: FFR 3056. Paratypes: CMK 22399 (3); FFR 3057 (6), 3058 (5), 3059 (5). •Valid as Salmo labecula Turan, Kottelat & Engin 2012 -- (Turan et al. 2014:284 [ref. 33242], Turan et al. 2014:147 [ref. 33615], Çiçek et al. 2015:150 [ref. 35151], Turan et al. 2017:62 [ref. 35485], Çiçek et al. 2018:22 [ref. 36267]). Current status: Valid as Salmo labecula Turan, Kottelat & Engin 2012. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Distribution: Turkey: Seyhan River basin (Mediterranean tributary), Nigde Province. Habitat: freshwater.

labrax, Salmo Pallas [P. S.] 1814:346 [Zoographia Rosso-Asiatica v. 3; ref. 3351] Sivastopol and Biyuk-ozen River; Chersones; and Ochakov, Crimea, Ukraine. Syntypes: whereabouts unknown. •Synonym of Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758, but a valid subspecies/ -- (Berg 1948:239 [ref. 12882], Svetovidov 1973:145 [ref. 7169], Svetovidov in Whitehead et al. 1984:383 [ref. 13675], Lelek 1987:109 [ref. 22962], Reshetnikov et al. 1997:729 [ref. 24702], Dorofeeva & Savvaitova 1998:36 [ref. 23574], Dorofeeva 1998:442 [ref. 24680], Vassilev & Pehlivanov 2005:165 [ref. 28369], Parin et al. 2014:138 [ref. 33547]). •Valid as Salmo labrax Pallas 1814 -- (Kottelat 1997:136 [ref. 22952], Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:40 [ref. 26753], Delling 2002:299 [ref. 26660], Fricke et al. 2007:55 [ref. 29533], Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:429 [ref. 29996], Ninua & Japoshvili 2008:168 [ref. 31251], Turan et al. 2010:362 [ref. 30689], Turan et al. 2014:149 [ref. 33615], Çiçek et al. 2015:150 [ref. 35151], Artüz & Fricke 2019:553 [ref. 36612], Özuluğ & Saç 2019:32 [ref. 36599] as cf. labrax). Current status: Valid as Salmo labrax Pallas 1814. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Distribution: Black Sea and adjacent watersheds; introduced in Tigris-Euphrates watersheds. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

lacustris, Salmo Linnaeus [C.] 1758:309 [Systema Naturae, Ed. X v. 1; ref. 2787] Switzerland (several localities). No types known. Kottelat 1997:143 [ref. 22952] "restricted" the type locality to Lake Constance, Switzerland, but the Code does not provide for such restriction in that manner. •Synonym of Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758 -- (Berg 1948:250 [ref. 12882]). •Synonym of Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758, but a valid subspecies -- (Svetovidov in Whitehead et al. 1984:382 [ref. 13675], Lelek 1987:112 [ref. 22962]). •Synonym of Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758 or valid as Salmo lacustris Linnaeus 1758 -- (Kottelat 1997:143 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Valid as Salmo lacustris Linnaeus 1758. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

lacustris, Salmo salar var. Hardin [S.] 1862:382 [Öfversigt af Kongliga Vetenskaps-Akademiens förhandlingar, Kungliga Svenska Vetenskapsakademien. v. 18; ref. 18245] Lake Vänern, Sweden. Syntypes: whereabouts unknown. Original not seen. Objectively invalid; preoccupied by Salmo lacustris Linnaeus 1758. •Synonym of Salmo salar Linnaeus 1758 -- (Kottelat 1997:139 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Salmo salar Linnaeus 1758. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

lacustris, Salmo trutta macrostigma morpha Poljakov [G. D.], Filipi [N.], Basho [K.] & Hysenaj [A.] 1958:68 [Peshqit e Shqiperise.; ref. 21182] Not available, infrasubspecific; from Shkodrës, Albania. •Questionably in the synonymy of Salmo farioides Karaman 1938 -- (Kottelat 1997:136 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Salmo farioides Karaman 1938. Salmonidae: Salmoninae.

lacustris, Salmo trutta marmoratus morpha Poljakov [G. D.], Filipi [N.], Basho [K.] & Hysenaj [A.] 1958:69 [Peshqit e Shqiperise.; ref. 21182] Not available, infrasubspecific; from Shkodrës, Albania. •In the synonymy of Salmo marmoratus Cuvier 1829. Current status: Synonym of Salmo marmoratus Cuvier 1829. Salmonidae: Salmoninae.

lapasseti, Salmo Zill [M.] 1858:127 [Annales des Sciences Naturelles, Paris (Zoologie) (Sér. 4) v. 9; ref. 17709] El-abaïch, tributary of Oued-Z'hour, entering the Mediterranean about 30 kilometers west of Collo, Algeria. Syntypes: (several) whereabouts unknown. •Synonym of Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758 -- (Behnke 1984:125 [ref. 6177]). •Questionably a synonym of Salmo cettii Rafinesque 1810 -- (Kottelat 1997:135 [ref. 22952]). •Synonym of Salmo macrostigma (Duméril 1858) -- (Delling & Doadrio 2005:50 [ref. 28211], Doadrio et al. 2015:2 [ref. 33950]). Current status: Synonym of Salmo macrostigma (Duméril 1858). Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

lemanus, Salmo Cuvier [G.] 1829:303 [Le Règne Animal (Edition 2) v. 2; ref. 995] European lakes. Syntypes: MNHN A-8842 (1, dry) Lac Lémon, ?5467 (1) Lake Geneva. Type catalog: Bertin 1940:302 [ref. 293]. See also Valenciennes in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1848:302 [ref. 1013]. •Synonym of Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758 or synonym of Salmo lacustris Linnaeus 1758 Great European Lakes stock -- (Kottelat 1997:143 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

letnica, Trutta Karaman [S.] 1924:20 [Pisces Macedoniae; ref. 15902] Lake Ohrid, Republic of Macedonia. Syntypes: (several) IEBMT. One specimen from Prespa Lakes was caught in 2011 [ref. 35029]. •Valid as Salmo letnica (Karaman 1924) -- (Baxter & Stone 1995:188 [ref. 23374], Kottelat 1997:137 [ref. 22952], Dorofeeva 1998:442 [ref. 24680], Fuller et al. 1999:256 [ref. 25838], Delling 2002:299 [ref. 26660], Delling & Doadrio 2005:55 [ref. 28211], Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:422 [ref. 29996], Barbieri et al. 2015:83 [ref. 35029]). Current status: Valid as Salmo letnica (Karaman 1924). Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Distribution: Lake Ohrid, Macedonia. Habitat: freshwater.

levenensis, Salmo Yarrell [W.] (ex Walker) 1839:9, Fig. (pt. 2) [A history of British fishes, illustrated by nearly 400 wood-cuts. Supplement.; ref. 17748] Loch Levin, Scotland. Syntypes: whereabouts unknown. Appeared first as name only and not available in Neill 1808:541 [ref. 23048] and in Walker 1812:373 [ref. 23049]. •Synonym of Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758 -- (Kottelat 1997:142 [ref. 22952], Scott & Crossman 1998:198 [ref. 24570]). Current status: Synonym of Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

loensis, Salmo fario var. Walbaum [J. J.] 1792:61 [Petri Artedi sueci genera piscium Part 3; ref. 4572] Lake Lo, Cornwall, England. No types known. •Synonym of Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758 -- (Kottelat 1997:141 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

lourosensis, Salmo Delling [B.] 2011:337, Figs. 5-6 [Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 21 (no. 4) [Dec. 2010]; ref. 31191] Louros Stream along national road Arta-Giannina at Mousonitsa village, Greece. Holotype: NRM 60787. Paratypes: NRM 60788 (6), 60802 (1). •Valid as Salmo lourosensis Delling 2011 -- (Barbieri et al. 2015:83 [ref. 35029]). Current status: Valid as Salmo lourosensis Delling 2011. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Distribution: Louros River, Greece. Habitat: freshwater.

lumi, Salmo letnica Poljakov [G. D.] in Poljakov, Filipi, Basho & Hysenaj 1958:67 [Peshqit e Shqiperise.; ref. 21182] Tushemishtit, Volorekës, Limit, Piskupatit, Hudënishtit and Pogradec, Albania. Syntypes: whereabouts unknown. Authorship established by Christopher Scharpf, 24 June 2015, based on p. 252. •Valid as Salmo lumi Poljakov 1958 -- (Kottelat 1997:137 [ref. 22952], Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:422 [ref. 29996]). Current status: Valid as Salmo lumi Poljakov 1958. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Distribution: Northern and western shores of Lake Ohrid: Albania and Macedonia. Habitat: freshwater.

macedonica, Trutta fario var. Karaman [S.] 1924:16 [Pisces Macedoniae; ref. 15902] Mouth of Treska River, Vardar basin, Republic of Macedonia. Syntypes: (several) IEBMT. •Valid as Salmo macedonicus (Karaman 1924) -- (Kottelat 1997:138 [ref. 22952], Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:422 [ref. 29996], Simonović et al. 2007:368 [ref. 33985], Delling 2011:335 [ref. 31191], Barbieri et al. 2015:83 [ref. 35029]). Current status: Valid as Salmo macedonicus (Karaman 1924). Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Distribution: Macedonia and Greece. Habitat: freshwater.

macroptera, Trutta fario Chichkoff [G.] 1939:121 [French p. 177], Pl. 2 (fig. 4) [Godisnik na Sofijskija Universitet = Annuaire de l'Université de Sofia, Fiziko-Matematiceski Fakultet = Faculté des Sciences Physiques et Mathématiques, Sofija v. 35 (no. 3); ref. 17182] Gorno Ribno Esero [Ezero] and Dolno Ribno Esero [Exero], Struma River basin, Rila range, Bulgaria. Syntypes: whereabouts unknown. •Questionably a synonym of Salmo macedonicus (Karaman 1924) -- (Kottelat 1997:138 [ref. 22952]). •Synonym of Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758, subspecies fario Linnaeus 1758 -- (Vassilev & Pehlivanov 2005:165 [ref. 28369]). Current status: Synonym of Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

macrostigma, Salar Duméril [A. H. A.] 1858:160 [Comptes rendus hebdomadaires des séances de l'Académie des Sciences. v. 47; ref. 23040] Oued-el-Abaïch, Kabylie, 40 kilometers west of Collo, Algeria. Syntypes: (2) MNHN A-7585 (1). Type catalog: Bertin 1940:305 [ref. 293] with a holotype. Also appeared in Duméril 1858:396-399, pl. 10 [ref. 23041] and in L'Institute, v. 26:256, and in Bull. Soc. Acclim. Paris, v. 5:444-446 -- with slightly different titles; earliest not researched. •Synonym of Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758, but a valid subspecies -- (Berg 1948:259 [ref. 12882], Behnke 1984:125 [ref. 6177], Lelek 1987:114 [ref. 22962], Poll & Gosse 1995:101 [ref. 24781]). •Questionably a synonym of Salmo cettii Rafinesque 1810 -- (Kottelat 1997:135 [ref. 22952], Bianco 2013:3 [ref. 32897]). •Status uncertain -- (Delling & Doadrio 2005:49 [ref. 28211]). •Valid as Salmo macrostigma (Duméril 1858) -- (Turan et al. 2011:32 [ref. 31466] as cf. macrostigma from Turkey, Bianco & Delmastro 2011:2 [ref. 31648], Bianco 2013:2 [ref. 32897], Doadrio et al. 2015:2 [ref. 33950]). •Synonym of Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758 -- (Tougard et al. 2018:302 [ref. 36173]). Current status: Uncertain as Salmo macrostigma (Duméril 1858). Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Distribution: Northern Africa: Algeria, Morocco and ? Sicily (if valid). Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

major, Salmo fario var. Walecki [A.] 1863:342, 362 [Wiadomosci Z Nauk [Science News] v. 4; ref. 22954] Regarded by Kottelat 1997:142 [ref. 22952] as infrasubspecific and not available, but name is subspecific and available if description was given [possibly at top of p. 351]; from Poland. Possibly a nomen nudum. •In the synonymy of Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758 -- (Kottelat 1997:142 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758. Salmonidae: Salmoninae.

major, Salmo trutta forma Roule [L.] 1925:98 [Les poissons des eaux douces de la France; ref. 5090] Not available, infrasubspecific; from France. •In the synonymy of Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758 -- (Kottelat 1997:142 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758. Salmonidae: Salmoninae.

marina, Trutta Moreau [E.] 1881:537 [Histoire naturelle des poissons (Moreau); ref. 3040] Meuse, Seine and Loire rivers, France. Syntypes: MNHN. •Synonym of Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758 -- (Kottelat 1997:142 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

marina, Trutta Duhamel du Monceau [H. L.] 1773:200, Pl. II, fig. 3 [ ref. 35387] Published in a rejected work, see ICZN Opinion 859. •Synonym of Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758 -- (Spillmann 1961:43 [ref. 35397], Kottelat 1997:141 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758. Salmonidae: Salmoninae.

marmorata, Trutta fario var. Siebold [C. T. E. von] 1863:187 [Die Süsswasserfische von Mitteleuropa; ref. 4021] Brooks of the Alps draining to the south to rivers entering the Adriatic Sea. Syntypes: whereabouts unknown. Original not seen. Subjectively invalid; secondarily preoccupied by Salmo marmoratus Cuvier 1829. •Questionably a synonym of Salmo marmoratus Cuvier 1829 -- (Kottelat 1997:138 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Uncertain as Salmo marmoratus Cuvier 1829. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

marmoratus, Salmo Cuvier [G.] 1829:304 [Le Règne Animal (Edition 2) v. 2; ref. 995] Lakes of Lombardia, Italy. Syntypes: whereabouts unknown. •Valid as Salmo marmoratus Cuvier 1829 -- (Bianco 1988:148 [ref. 22383], Mrakovcic et al. 1995:183 [ref. 23079], Kottelat 1997:138 [ref. 22952], Dorofeeva 1998:438 [ref. 24680], Delling 2002:283 [ref. 26660], Delling & Doadrio 2005:55 [ref. 28211], Schöffmann 2005:20 [ref. 33986], Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:416 [ref. 29996], Simonović et al. 2007:368 [ref. 33985], Zupančič 2008:65 [ref. 29926], Delling 2011:340 [ref. 31191], Bianco 2013:3 [ref. 32897]). •Synonym of Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758, subspecies marmoratus (Cuvier 1829) -- (Ćaleta et al. 2015:85 [ref. 34877]). Current status: Valid as Salmo marmoratus Cuvier 1829. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Distribution: Southern Europe: Adriatic basin; introduced elsewhere. Habitat: freshwater.

marsilii, Fario Heckel [J. J.] 1851:146 [2] [v. 6; ref. 23010] Lakes of upper Austria. Syntypes: NMW. On p. 2 of separate. Also appeared in Heckel 1851:286 [ref. 18258]. •Tentatively a synonym of Salmo labrax Pallas 1814 -- (Kottelat 1997:137 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Salmo labrax Pallas 1814. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

mas, Salmo salar var. Bloch [M. E.] 1784:146, Pl. 98 [M. Marcus Elieser Bloch's ..., ausübenden Arztes zu Berlin, Oeconomische Naturgeschichte der Fische Deutschlands v. 3; ref. 19645] On p. 123 of Bloch's Ichthyologie, v. 3 [ref. 21381]. Not a scientific name, means "Salmo salar, male"; see Kottelat 1997:139 [ref. 22952]. Salmonidae: Salmoninae.

mediterranea, Salmo trutta Balon [E. K.] 1968:12 [Věstnik Československé společnosti zoologické v. 32; ref. 23080] Original not seen. Based on a hypothetical concept, not available -- (Kottelat 1997:185 [ref. 22952]). Salmonidae: Salmoninae.

meridionalis, Salmo lacustris infra. Fatio [V.] 1890:351, 354 [Faune des Vertébrés de la Suisse. Vol. V; ref. 14495] Lectotype: MHNG 656.06. Type catalog: Weber 1998:11 [ref. 23532] with a lectotype. Not available, regarded as infrasubspecific by Kottelat 1997:134 [ref. 22952]. •In the synonymy of Salmo cenerinus Nardo 1847 -- (Kottelat 1997:134 [ref. 22952]). •In the synonym of Salmo marmoraturs Cuvier 1829. Current status: Synonym of Salmo marmoratus Cuvier 1829. Salmonidae: Salmoninae.

microlepis, Salmo Günther [A.] 1866:85 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 6; ref. 1983] Pohorella [Pohorelá], Hungary [now Slovakia]. Syntypes: (3) BMNH 1863.8.60.21 (1). •Tentatively a synonym of Salmo labrax Pallas 1814 -- (Kottelat 1997:137 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Salmo labrax Pallas 1814. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

microlepis, Thymallus Steindachner [F.] 1874:172 [Anzeiger der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Wien, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe v. 11 (no. 21) (for 8 Oct. 1874); ref. 20470] Mountain brooks at Vergorax [Vergoraz], Dalmatia. Syntypes: (several) NMW. Species later illustrated and described in more detail in Steindachner 1875:367 [p. 5 of separate], Pl. 2, [ref. 4221]. •Synonym of Salmothymus obtusirostris (Heckel 1851) -- (Kottelat 1997:144 [ref. 22952]). •Synonym of Salmo obtusirostris (Heckel 1851). Current status: Synonym of Salmo obtusirostris (Heckel 1851). Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

microps, Salmo Hardin [S.] 1862:383 [Öfversigt af Kongliga Vetenskaps-Akademiens förhandlingar, Kungliga Svenska Vetenskapsakademien. v. 18; ref. 18245] Lake Vänern, Sweden. Syntypes: whereabouts unknown. •Synonym of Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758 or Salmo lacustris Linnaeus 1758 or Salmo truttula Nilsson 1832 -- (Kottelat 1997:143 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Salmo lacustris Linnaeus 1758. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

mistops, Salmo Günther [A.] 1866:105, Fig. [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 6; ref. 1983] Eidfjord River, Norway. Syntypes: (at least 4) BMNH 1865.8.23.2-4 (3), 1865.8.23.8 (1). •Synonym of Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758 -- (Kottelat 1997:142 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

montana, Salmo Walker [J.] 1812:374 [Essays on natural history and rural economy; ref. 23049] Not available, name only mentioned in a footnote. •In the synonymy of Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758 -- (Kottelat 1997:142 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758. Salmonidae: Salmoninae.

montenigrina, Trutta Karaman [S.] 1933:104 [1] [Ribarski List, Polusluzbeni Organ Ministarstva Poljoprivrede, Sarajevo v. 8 (nos 9-10); ref. 18372] Moraca [Morace] River at Titograd, Montenegro. Syntypes: whereabouts unknown. On p. 1 of separate. •Synonym of Salmothymus obtusirostris (Heckel 1851) -- (Kottelat 1997:144 [ref. 22952]). •Synonym of Salmo montenigrina (Heckel 1851). •Valid as Salmo montenigrinus (Karaman 1933) -- (Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:423 [ref. 29996]). Current status: Valid as Salmo montenigrinus (Karaman 1933). Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Distribution: Bosnia-Herzegovina and Montenegro. Habitat: freshwater.

multipunctata, Salmo Doadrio [I.], Perea [S.] & Yahyaoui [A.] 2015:xx, Fig. 6 [Graellsia v. 71 (no. 2) (art. e031); ref. 33950] Dades River, Draa Basin, Aït Aatou O’Moussa, Morocco (31.871776, -5.738205). Holotype: MNCN 290753. Paratypes: MNCN. Genus Salmo is masculine, therefore mandatory correction to multipunctatus. •Valid as Salmo multipunctatus Doadria, Perea & Yahyaoui 2015 (as multipunctata). Current status: Valid as Salmo multipunctatus Doadria, Perea & Yahyaoui 2015. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Distribution: Morocco. Habitat: freshwater.

munzuricus, Salmo Turan [D.], Kottelat [M.] & Kaya [C.] 2017:56, Figs. 1-2 [Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 28 (no. 1); ref. 35485] Munzur stream, Ovacik village, Tunceli province, Turkey, 39°20'50"N, 39°08'03"E. Holotype: FFR 03161. Paratypes: CMK, FFR. •Valid as Salmo munzuricus Turan, Kottelat & Kaya 2017 -- (Çiçek et al. 2018:22 [ref. 36267]). Current status: Valid as Salmo munzuricus Turan, Kottelat & Kaya 2017. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Distribution: Turkey: Munzur stream, Euphrates River [Firat Nehri] drainage (Persian Gulf tributary), Tunceli Province. Habitat: freshwater.

niger, Salmo fario var. Fitzinger [L. J. F. J.] 1832:339 [Beiträge zur Landeskunde Österreichs unter der Enns, Wien v. 1; ref. 5019] Austria, Norway, Germany, Poland, Bavaria. No types known. Syntypes: whereabouts unknown. See Kottelat 1997:136 [ref. 22952] for localities. •Tentatively a synonym of Salmo labrax Pallas 1814 -- (Kottelat 1997:136 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Salmo labrax Pallas 1814. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

nigripinnis, Salmo Günther [A.] 1866:96, Fig. [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 6; ref. 1983] Lough Melvin, Ireland. Lectotype: BMNH 1865.9.18.11. Paralectotypes: (many) BMNH 1864.9.19.8-13 (6) Llyn Melvin, 1864.9.19.1-3 (3) Lough Gadr, 1865.9.18.12-14 (3) Lough Melvin, 1865.9.18.15-21 (7) Lough Melvin. Lectotype selected by Kottelat 1997:138 [ref. 22952]. •Valid as Salmo nigripinnis Günther 1866 -- (Kottelat 1997:138 [ref. 22952], Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:404 [ref. 29996]). Current status: Valid as Salmo nigripinnis Günther 1866. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Distribution: Lough Melvin, Ireland. Habitat: freshwater.

nobilis, Salmo Pallas [P. S.] 1814:342 [Zoographia Rosso-Asiatica v. 3; ref. 3351] Baltic Sea, Caspian Sea, northern Russia and Siberia, Russia. No types known. Objectively invalid; preoccupied by Salmo nobilis Olafsen 1772. •Treated as a synonym of Salmo salar Linnaeus 1758 -- (Berg 1948:205 [ref. 12882], Kottelat 1997:139 [ref. 22952], Dorofeeva & Savvaitova 1998:35 [ref. 23574], Parin et al. 2014:137 [ref. 33547]). Current status: Synonym of Salmo salar Linnaeus 1758. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

nobilis, Salmo Olafsen [E.] 1772:65 [Vice-Lavmand Eggert Olafsens og Land-Physici Biarne Povelsens Reise igiennem Island v. 1; ref. 18493] Sweden; Heller-Aa, Kortolfstade-Aa and Lar-Aa, Iceland. No types known. •Synonym of Salmo salar Linnaeus 1758 -- (Dymond 1963:497 [ref. 24571], Svetovidov 1973:145 [ref. 7169], Kottelat 1997:139 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Salmo salar Linnaeus 1758. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

nobilis, Salmo salar var. Smitt [F. A.] 1895:849, Figs. 210, 212A; Pls 37-38 [A history of Scandinavian fishes; ref. 4146] No types known. This is not an original description, but treated as such by some authors. •In the synonymy of Salmo salar Linnaeus 1758 -- (Svetovidov 1973:145 [ref. 7169]). Current status: Synonym of Salmo salar Linnaeus 1758. Salmonidae: Salmoninae.

obtusirostris, Salar Heckel [J. J.] 1851:367, Pl. 9 [Sitzungsberichte der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften. Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe v. 8; ref. 18259] Zermagna and Salona rivers; Obrovaz, Spalato and Imosky [Imotski], Yugoslavia. Syntypes: NMW 66413 (5), 66427 (1), 66456 (2), 78817 (1); ZMB 3722 (1). •Valid as Salmothymus obtusirostris (Heckel 1851) -- (Lelek 1987:115 [ref. 22962], Mrakovcic et al. 1995:184 [ref. 23079], Kottelat 1997:144 [ref. 22952]). •Valid as Salmo obtusirostris (Heckel 1851) -- (Snoj et al. 2002:399 [ref. 26461], SuŜnik et al. 2004: 956 [ref. 33786], Delling & Doadrio 2005:55 [ref. 28211], Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:423 [ref. 29996], Zupančič 2008:66 [ref. 29926] dated 1852, Delling 2011:337 [ref. 31191], Ćaleta et al. 2015:85 [ref. 34877]). Current status: Valid as Salmo obtusirostris (Heckel 1851). Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Distribution: Southeastern Europe: Croatia, Bosnia-Herzegovina and Montenegro. Habitat: freshwater.

ocla, Salmo Nilsson [S.] 1832:4 [Prodromus ichthyologiae Scandinavicae; ref. 3204] Älvkarleby on Dalälfven River, north of Uppsala, Sweden. No types known. •Synonym of Salmo salar Linnaeus 1758 -- (Svetovidov 1973:145 [ref. 7169], Kottelat 1997:139 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Salmo salar Linnaeus 1758. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

ohridanus, Salmo Steindachner [F.] 1892:379 [23] [132], Pl. 3 (figs. 1-3) [Denkschriften der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften in Wien, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe. v. 59 (1. Abth.); ref. 14517] Lake Ohrid, southern Yugoslavia/eastern Albania. Syntypes: NMW 65592-603 (4, 3, 3, 1, 3, 4, 2, 3, 3, 1, 1 skel., 1), 65611 (partial), 66021 (2, teile), 66447 (2). On p. 23 of separate; on p. 132 of abstract. •Valid as Acantholingua ohridana (Steindachner 1892) -- (Stearley & Smith 1993:20 [ref. 26683], Kottelat 1997:124 [ref. 22952]). •Valid as Salmothymus ohridanus (Steindachner 1892) -- (Lelek 1987:117 [ref. 22962]). •Valid as Salmo ohridanus Steindachner 1892 -- (Phillips et al. 2000:546 [ref. 24471], Snoj et al. 2002:399 [ref. 26461], SuŜnik et al. 2004:956 [ref. 33786] as ohridana, Delling & Doadrio 2005:55 [ref. 28211], Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:424 [ref. 29996], Simonović et al. 2007:368 [ref. 33985] as ohridana). Current status: Valid as Salmo ohridanus Steindachner 1892. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Distribution: Lake Ohrid: Albania and Macedonia. Habitat: freshwater.

okumusi, Salmo Turan [D.], Kottelat [M.] & Engin [S.] 2014:277, Fig. 1 [Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 24 (no. 3); ref. 33242] Malatya Province, Sürgü Stream, Euphrates River drainage, 37°59'51.1"N, 37°57'29.9"W, Turkey. Holotype: FFR 1251. Paratypes: CMK, FFR. •Valid as Salmo okumusi Turan, Kottelat & Engin 2014 -- (Turan et al. 2014:149 [ref. 33615], Çiçek et al. 2015:150 [ref. 35151], Turan et al. 2017:63 [ref. 35485], Çiçek et al. 2018:22 [ref. 36267]). Current status: Valid as Salmo okumusi Turan, Kottelat & Engin 2014. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Distribution: Turkey: upper Euphrates River [Firat Nehri] basin (Persian Gulf tributary), Malatya Province. Habitat: freshwater.

opimus, Salmo Turan [D.], Kottelat [M.] & Engin [S.] 2012:230, Fig. 2d, 7 [Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 23 (no. 3); ref. 32276] Antalya province: Alara Stream at Gündogmus, Turkey. Holotype: FFR 3047. Paratypes: CMK 22400 (5); FFR 3048 (12), 3049 (20), 3050 (4), 3051 (9). •Valid as Salmo opimus Turan, Kottelat & Engin 2012 -- (Turan et al. 2014:284 [ref. 33242], Turan et al. 2014:147 [ref. 33615], Çiçek et al. 2015:150 [ref. 35151], Turan et al. 2017:63 [ref. 35485], Çiçek et al. 2018:22 [ref. 36267]). Current status: Valid as Salmo opimus Turan, Kottelat & Engin 2012. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Distribution: Turkey: Alara Stream (Mediterranean tributary), Antalya Province. Habitat: freshwater.

orcadensis, Salmo Günther [A.] 1866:91 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 6; ref. 1983] Loch Stennis, Orkney Islands, Scotland. Syntypes: BMNH 1856.9.19.765-766 (2). •Synonym of Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758 -- (Kottelat 1997:142 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

orientalis, Salmo McClelland [J.] 1842:585 [Calcutta Journal of Natural History v. 2 (no. 8); ref. 2926] Northern declivities of Hindoo Koosh and Bemean River, tributary of Oxus River, Afganistan. Syntypes: BMNH 1843.2.25.68 (1), 1860.3.19.692 (1, stuffed). Objectively invalid; preoccupied by Salmo orientalis Pallas 1814. •Listed -- (Kottelat 1997:143 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Salmo. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

ouananiche, Salmo salar Jordan [D. S.] & Evermann [B. W.] (ex McCarthy) 1894:487 [Bulletin of the United States National Museum No. 47; ref. 2443] Canada. No types known. Information but no latinized name appeared in McCarthy 1894 [ref. 17618] and McCarthy 1894:206 [ref. 22127]. Also appeared as "Salmo salar ouananiche McCarthy MS, new subspecies" in Jordan & Evermann 1896:487 [ref. 2443]. •Synonym of Salmo salar Linnaeus 1758 -- (Dymond 1963:498 [ref. 24571], Smith 1986:230 [ref. 22186], Scott & Crossman 1998:193 [ref. 24570]). Current status: Synonym of Salmo salar Linnaeus 1758. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

oxianus, Salmo Kessler [K. F.] 1874:35, Pl. 5 (fig. 21) [Izvestiia Imperatorskago Obschchestva Liubitelei Estestvozaniia, Antropologii i Etnografii v. 11; ref. 2596] Darmut stream, tributary of Kizil-Su River, Upper Amu Darya River basin, Afganistan. Lectotype: ZMMU P-833. Paralectotypes: BMNH uncat. (1, stuffed), BMNH uncat (skin in bottle); ZMMU P-833a (1), P-1871 (1); none at ZIN. Type catalog: Svetovidova 1978:256 [ref. 9011], Vasil'eva et al. 2001:38-39 [ref. 25714]. Lectotype selected by Salmanov & Dorofeyeva 1990:818 [ref. 20193]. •Synonym of Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758, but a valid subspecies oxianus Kessler 1874 -- (Berg 1948:258 [ref. 12882], Dorofeeva 1998:442 [ref. 24680], Salmanov & Dorofeyeva 1990:817 [ref. 20193]). •Listed -- (Kottelat 1997:143 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

oxyrhynchus, Salmo (Trutta) obtusirostris var. Steindachner [F.] 1882:75, Pl. 4 [Sitzungsberichte der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften. Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe v. 86 (1. Abth.); ref. 4233] Rivers Narenta [Neretva] and Grupa near Metcovich, Croatia. Syntypes: (several) NWM 82297 (2). Species not listed in earlier abstract [ref. 20485]. •Synonym of Salmothymus obtusirostris (Heckel 1851), but a valid subspecies -- (Mrakovcic et al. 1995:184 [ref. 23079]). •Synonym of Salmothymus obtusirostris (Heckel 1851) -- (Kottelat 1997:144 [ref. 22952]). •Synonym of Salmo obtusirostris (Heckel 1851) but a doubtful subspecies -- (Snoj et al. 2002:399 [ref. 26461]). Current status: Synonym of Salmo obtusirostris (Heckel 1851). Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

pallaryi, Salmo Pellegrin [J.] 1924:971 [Comptes rendus hebdomadaires des séances de l'Académie des Sciences. v. 178; ref. 23042] Lake Aguelman de Sidi Ali or Mohamed, 30 kilometers north-west of Itzer, Middle Atlas, Morocco. Syntypes: (2) MNHN 1923-0066 (1), 1924-0146 (1). Type catalog: Bertin 1940:305 [ref. 293] with a holotype, 1923-66. Also appeared in Pellegrin 1924:182, Fig. [ref. 15462]. Fowler's use of Salmo eriox pallayeri Hoyer & Michalski 1915 was apparently a misspelling as pallayeri of Salmo pallaryi Pellegrin 1924 and with wrong author and date (see Kottelat 1997:142 [ref. 22952]). Salmo fario is the only trout name that appeared in Hoyer & Michalski 1915:212 [ref. 22001]. •Possible synonym of Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758, subspecies macrostigmus (Duméril 1855) -- (Behnke 1984:125 [ref. 6177]). •Questionably a synonym of Salmo cettii Rafinesque 1810 -- (Kottelat 1997:135 [ref. 22952]). •Valid as Salmo pallaryi Pellegrin 1924 -- (Delling & Doadrio 2005:49, 52 [ref. 28211], Doadrio et al. 2015:2 [ref. 33950]). Current status: Valid as Salmo pallaryi Pellegrin 1924. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Distribution: Lake Aguelman de Sidi Ali, Morocco [probably extinct]. Habitat: freshwater.

pallasii, Salmo Günther [A.] 1866:112 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 6; ref. 1983] Soldaja, southern shore of Crimea, Ukraine. No types known. Appeared as Salmo trutta (pallasii) on p. 112 and pallasii alone in index; on p. 112 it is stated, "As we have no specimens to decide this point, we are not entitled to propose a change in the specific denomination." Regarded as available. •Synonym of Salmo labrax Pallas 1814 -- (Kottelat 1997:137 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Salmo labrax Pallas 1814. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

parcepunctata, Salar ausonii var. Heckel [J. J.] & Kner [R.] 1857:251 [Die Süsswasserfische der Österreichischen Monarchie; ref. 2078] Color variety; not available, infrasubspecific (Kottelat interpretation). •In the synonymy of Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758 -- (Kottelat 1997:142 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758. Salmonidae: Salmoninae.

pelagonicus, Salmo Karaman [S.] 1938:133, Fig. 1 [Glasnik Skopskog Naucnog Drustva [Bulletin de la Société Scientifique de Skopje]. v. 18; ref. 17197] Mountain brooks, former Yugoslavian Republic of Macedonia. Syntypes: (3) whereabouts unknown. •Tentatively valid as Salmo pelagonicus Karaman 1938 -- (Kottelat 1997:138 [ref. 22952], Delling 2002:299 [ref. 26660]). •Valid as Salmo pelagonicus Karaman 1938 -- (Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:424 [ref. 29996], Barbieri et al. 2015:84 [ref. 35029]). Current status: Valid as Salmo pelagonicus Karaman 1938. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Distribution: Southeastern Europe: Macedonia and Greece. Habitat: freshwater.

pellegrini, Salmo trutta var. Werner [F.] 1931:262, Pl. 1 (fig. 1) [Sitzungsberichte der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftlichen Classe v. 140 (Abt. 1) (nos 3-4); ref. 16344] Ourika stream near Timishi, Grand Atlas, Morocco. Syntypes: MCZ 32705 (1) Oued Ouri, NMW 19546 (1). •Synonym of Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758 -- (Behnke 1984:125 [ref. 6177]). •Questionably a synonym of Salmo cettii Rafinesque 1810 -- (Kottelat 1997:135 [ref. 22952]). •Status uncertain -- (Delling & Doadrio 2005:61 [ref. 28211]) •Valid as Salmo pellegrini Werner 1931 -- (Doadrio et al. 2015:2 [ref. 33950]). Current status: Valid as Salmo pellegrini Werner 1931. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Distribution: Morocco. Habitat: freshwater.

peristericus, Salmo macedonicus Karaman [S.] 1938:133 [Glasnik Skopskog Naucnog Drustva [Bulletin de la Société Scientifique de Skopje]. v. 18; ref. 17197] Prespa Lake and Brajcinska Reka creek, former Jugoslavian Republic of Macedonia. Syntypes: (5) whereabouts unknown. •Valid as Salmo peristericus Karaman 1938 -- (Kottelat 1997:138 [ref. 22952], Delling 2002:299 [ref. 26660], Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:425 [ref. 29996], Delling 2011:333 [ref. 31191], Barbieri et al. 2015:84 [ref. 35029]). Current status: Valid as Salmo peristericus Karaman 1938. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Distribution: Lakes Prespa basin: Greece, Macedonia and Albania. Habitat: freshwater.

phinoc, Salmo Shaw [G.] 1804:54 [General zoology or systematic natural history; ref. 4015] Esk River in Cumberland, Great Britain. No types known. •Synonym of Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758 -- (Kottelat 1997:141 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

platycephalus, Salmo (Platysalmo) Behnke [R. J.] 1968:2, Figs. 1-2 [Mitteilungen aus dem Hamburgischen Zoologischen Museum und Institut v. 66; ref. 250] Tributary of Seyhan River basin, about 30 kilometers south of Pinarbasi, Turkey. Holotype: ZMH H4089. Paratypes: Colorado Coop. Fish. Unit (2). Type catalog: Wilkens 1977:155 [ref. 22013]. •Synonym of Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758 -- (SuŜnik et al. 2004:947 [ref. 33786]). •Valid as Salmo platycephalus Behnke 1968 -- (Delling & Doadrio 2005:55 [ref. 28211], Fricke et al. 2007:56 [ref. 29533], Turan et al. 2010:362 [ref. 30689], Turan et al. 2011:32 [ref. 31466], Turan et al. 2012:221 [ref. 32276], Turan et al. 2014:284 [ref. 33242], Turan et al. 2014:147 [ref. 33615], Çiçek et al. 2015:150 [ref. 35151], Turan et al. 2017:63 [ref. 35485], Çiçek et al. 2018:22 [ref. 36267]). Current status: Valid as Salmo platycephalus Behnke 1968. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Distribution: Turkey: Seyhan River basin (Mediterranean tributary). Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

polyosteus, Salmo Günther [A.] 1866:111 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 6; ref. 1983] Lapland. Syntypes: (at least 8) BMNH 1862.10.24.15-17 (3), 1862.10.24.18-23 (6). •Synonym of Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758 -- (Kottelat 1997:142 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

punctatus, Salmo Bloch [M. E.] & Schneider [J. G.] 1801:419 [M. E. Blochii, Systema Ichthyologiae; ref. 471] Osefjord, branch of Ejdfjord, Hardangerfjord, Søndmør region, Bergen, Norway. No types known. Based on the "Salmo maxillis edentulis, inferiore longiore" of Müller 1776:49 (no. 415) [ref. 17808], with reference to Strøm 1762 [ref. 21085]. •Synonym of Salmo salar Linnaeus 1758. Current status: Synonym of Salmo salar Linnaeus 1758. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

rappii, Salmo Günther [A.] 1866:82 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 6; ref. 1983] Lake Constance, Europe. Syntypes: (3) BMNH 1866.1.10.2-3 (2), ZMB 3718 (1, disintegrated). Based on literature sources and specimens. •Synonym of Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758 or synonym of Salmo lacustris Linnaeus 1758 -- (Kottelat 1997:143 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

relicta, Trutta salar Malmgren [A. J.] 1863:59 [333] [Kritisk öfversigt af Finlands fisk-fauna; ref. 13933] Lake Ladoga at Keksgolm [Kexholm], Finland [now in Russia]. Syntypes: whereabouts unknown. Original not seen. On p. 333 of German translation. •Synonym of Salmo salar Linnaeus 1758 -- (Berg 1948:229 [ref. 12882], Kottelat 1997:139 [ref. 22952], Dymond 1963:498 [ref. 24571]). Current status: Synonym of Salmo salar Linnaeus 1758. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

relictus, Salmo salar brevipes morpha Berg [L. S.] 1932:112 [Zoogeographica, Jena v. 1 (no. 2, art. 6); ref. 21141] Not available, infrasubspecific; from lakes Segosero and Wygosero, Russia; also preoccupied. •In the synonymy of Salmo salar Linnaeus 1758 -- (Kottelat 1997:139 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Salmo salar Linnaeus 1758. Salmonidae: Salmoninae.

renatus, Salmo Lacepède [B. G. E.] 1803:157, 224 [Histoire naturelle des poissons (Lacepède) v. 5; ref. 4930] Moselle River, France. No types known. •Synonym of Salmo salar Linnaeus 1758 -- (Kottelat 1997:139 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Salmo salar Linnaeus 1758. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

rhenana, Salmo lacustris var. Fatio [V.] 1890:347 [Faune des Vertébrés de la Suisse. Vol. V; ref. 14495] Rhine River basin, downriver from the falls [of Schaffhausen], Switzerland. Syntypes: MHNG 806.96 (1). Type catalog: Weber 1998:11 [ref. 23532]. •Synonym of Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758 -- (Kottelat 1997:142 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

rhodanensis, Salmo eriox Fowler [H. W.] 1974:62 [Quarterly Journal of the Taiwan Museum (Taipei) v. 27 (nos 1/2); ref. 7180] Rhône River, France. Syntypes: MNHN 1922-0164 (1) discarded in 1947. Based on infrasubspecific Salmo trutta forma major faces rhodanensis Roule 1923. •Valid as Salmo rhodanensis Fowler 1974 -- (Kottelat 1997:138 [ref. 22952], Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:417 [ref. 29996]). Current status: Valid as Salmo rhodanensis Fowler 1974. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Distribution: Western Europe: France, Switzerland, France and Italy. Habitat: freshwater.

rhodanensis, Salmo trutta major facies Roule [L.] 1923:292 [Bulletin, Sea (sér. 1) v. 29 (no. 4); ref. 19806] Described as forma major facies rhodanensis from the Rhone River, France. Regarded as unavailable, infrasubspecific (additional to a trinomen). See Salmo eriox rhodanensis Fowler 1974. •In the synonymy of Salmo rhodanensis Fowler 1974 -- (Kottelat 1997:138 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Salmo rhodanensis Fowler 1974. Salmonidae: Salmoninae.

rilla, Salmo Lacepède [B. G. E.] 1803:157, 224, Pl. 5 (fig. 3) [Histoire naturelle des poissons (Lacepède) v. 5; ref. 4930] Rille River, tributary of river Seine, France. No types known. •Synonym of Salmo salar Linnaeus 1758 -- (Kottelat 1997:139 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Salmo salar Linnaeus 1758. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

rizeensis, Salmo Turan [D.], Kottelat [M.] & Engin [S.] 2010:338, Figs. 2, 3, 4a, 5a, 14a [Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 20 (no. 4) [Dec. 2009]; ref. 30689] Stream at Ovit Mountain, Çoruh River drainage, 40°35.32'N, 40°51.50'E, Erzurum Province, Turkey. Holotype: FFR 3000. Paratypes: CMK 21128 (8) and many at FFR. •Valid as Salmo rizeensis Turan, Kottelat & Engin 2010 -- (Turan et al. 2011:32 [ref. 31466], Turan et al. 2012:234 [ref. 32276], Turan et al. 2014:285 [ref. 33242], Turan et al. 2014:148 [ref. 33615], Çiçek et al. 2015:150 [ref. 35151], Turan et al. 2017:63 [ref. 35485], Çiçek et al. 2018:22 [ref. 36267], Ninua et al. 2018:[12] [ref. 35786]). Current status: Valid as Salmo rizeensis Turan, Kottelat & Engin 2010. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Distribution: Turkey: Çoruh basin (Black Sea tributaries). Habitat: freshwater.

romanovi, Salmo lacustris var. Kavraisky [F. F.] 1896:43, Pls. 8-9 [Die Lachse der Kaukasusländer und ihrer angrenzenden Meere; ref. 14634] Lake Tabistskhuri, Georgia, Eurasia. Syntypes: (20) ?BMNH 1897.2.9.21-22 (2). •Synonym of Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758 -- (Berg 1948:252 [ref. 12882]). •Listed -- (Kottelat 1997:144 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

saimensis, Salmo salar Seppovaara [O.] 1962:78 [Annales zoologici Societatis zoologicae Botanicae Fennicae Vanamo v. 24; ref. 23046] Iso-Saimaa, Finland. Syntypes: whereabouts unknown. Original not seen. •Synonym of Salmo salar Linnaeus 1758 -- (Kottelat 1997:139 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Salmo salar Linnaeus 1758. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

salar, Salmo Linnaeus [C.] 1758:308 [Systema Naturae, Ed. X v. 1; ref. 2787] European seas and rivers. No types known. Neotype designated by Fricke 1999:28 [ref. 24101], but withdrawn in Fricke 2000:639 [ref. 24537]. •Valid as Salmo salar Linnaeus 1758 -- (Berg 1948:205 [ref. 12882], Dymond 1963:460 [ref. 24571], Svetovidov 1973:145 [ref. 7169], Lee et al. 1980:108 [ref. 22416], Svetovidov in Whitehead et al. 1984:381 [ref. 13675], Smith 1986:228 [ref. 22186], Robins & Ray 1986:76 [ref. 23100], Lelek 1987:97 [ref. 22962], Scott & Scott 1988:129 [ref. 25518], Paxton et al. 1989:165 [ref. 12442], Pequeño 1989:29 [ref. 14125], Paulin et al. 1989:91 [ref. 24556], McAllister 1990:85 [ref. 14674], Page & Burr 1991:50 [ref. 18983], Talwar & Jhingran 1991:720 [ref. 20764], Stearley & Smith 1993:21 [ref. 26683], Davies & McDowall in McDowall 1996:85 [ref. 22909], Chereshnev 1996:604 [ref. 24659], Coad 1996:85 [ref. 25304], Chilcott & Humphries 1996:145 [ref. 25528], Kottelat 1997:138 [ref. 22952], Murdy et al. 1997:99 [ref. 23144], Reshetnikov et al. 1997:729 [ref. 24702], Dorofeeva & Savvaitova 1998:35 [ref. 23574], Scott & Crossman 1998:192 [ref. 24570], Dorofeeva 1998:438 [ref. 24680], Fricke 1999:28 [ref. 24101], Fuller et al. 1999:257 [ref. 25838], Dyer 2000:89 [ref. 26678], Lyons et al. 2000:66 [ref. 26594], Musick et al. 2000:11 [ref. 24959], Bogutskaya et al. 2001:46 [ref. 26178], Hutchins 2001:18 [ref. 25847], Kocik & Friedland in Collette & Klein-MacPhee 2002:174 [ref. 26158], Allen et al. 2002:359 [ref. 25930], Kuzishchin et al. 2002:751 [ref. 26574], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:202 [ref. 25968], Delling 2002:298 [ref. 26660], López et al. 2003:67 [ref. 27366], Wydoski & Whitney 2003:89 [ref. 27816], Hanel 2003:57 [ref. 27894], Nelson et al. 2004:86 [ref. 27807], Bailey et al. 2004:155 [ref. 27882], Hammer & Walker 2004:91 [ref. 28129], Bogutskaya & Naseka 2004:157 [ref. 28183], Delling & Doadrio 2005:55 [ref. 28211], Hanel & Lusk 2005:299 [ref. 28804], Duhamel et al. 2005:106 [ref. 32059], Paxton et al. 2006:414 [ref. 28994], Scharpf 2006:33 [ref. 30386], Fricke 2007:25 [ref. 30577], Fricke et al. 2007:56 [ref. 29533], Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:404 [ref. 29996], McPhail 2007:305 [ref. 31199], Oleinik & Skurichina 2007:911 [ref. 31791], Raadik 2008:213 [ref. 30624], Minckley & Marsh 2009:96 [ref. 31114], Møller et al. 2010:27 [ref. 31169], Mecklenburg et al. 2011:119 [ref. 31212], Page & Burr 2011:399 [ref. 31215], Hammer et al. 2012:66 [ref. 32389], Page et al. 2013:87 [ref. 32708], Dolgov 2013:916 [ref. 33112], Parin et al. 2014:137 [ref. 33547], McDowall & Roberts 2015:414 [ref. 34244], Pietsch & Orr 2015:22 [ref. 34694], Mirande & Koerber 2015:49 [ref. 35117], Çiçek et al. 2015:150 [ref. 35151], Afonso et al. 2016:23, 269 [ref. 36199], Kells et al. 2016:102 [ref. 35888], Martins & Carneiro 2018:30 [ref. 36550]). Current status: Valid as Salmo salar Linnaeus 1758. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Distribution: Western Atlantic, eastern Atlantic, North Sea, Baltic Sea, Mediterranean Sea, North America and northern Europe; farmed elsewhere with escapees; also introduced elsewhere. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

salmanata, Trutta Strøm [H.] 1784:123 [Physisk-oeconomisk beskrivelse over Eger-praestgiaeld i Aggerhuus-stift i Norge; ref. 22961] Eger, Buskerud District, Norway. No types known. •Questionably a synonym of Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758 -- (Kottelat 1997:141 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Uncertain as Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

salmo, Salmo Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1848:169, Pl. 614 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 21; ref. 1013] Dieppe, Fecamp, Abbeville, Manche, North Sea, Belgium, Netherlands, England, Berlin. Syntypes: MNHN A-8552 (1, dry), A-8559 (1, dry). Type catalog: Bertin 1940:301 [ref. 293]. •Synonym of Salmo salar Linnaeus 1758 -- (Kottelat 1997:139 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Salmo salar Linnaeus 1758. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

salmulus, Salmo Walbaum [J. J.] 1792:65 (61) [Petri Artedi sueci genera piscium Part 3; ref. 4572] Rivers Wye, upper Severn and tributaries, north of England and Wales, U. K. Syntypes: whereabouts unknown. •Synonym of Salmo salar Linnaeus 1758 -- (Kottelat 1997:139 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Salmo salar Linnaeus 1758. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

salonitana, Trutta obtusirostris Karaman [S.] 1927:256 [Glasnik Skopskog Naucnog Drustva [Bulletin de la Société Scientifique de Skopje]. v. 2 (nos 1-2); ref. 15859] Jadro River at Split and Krka River at Knin, Croatia. Syntypes: whereabouts unknown. •Synonym of Salmothymus obtusirostris (Heckel 1851), but a valid subspecies -- (Mrakovcic et al. 1995:184 [ref. 23079] as solitana). •Synonym of Salmothymus obtusirostris (Heckel 1851) -- (Kottelat 1997:144 [ref. 22952]). •Synonym of Salmo obtusirostris (Heckel 1851) but a doubtful subspecies -- (Snoj et al. 2002:399 [ref. 26461]). •Valid as Salmo salonitana (Karaman 1927) -- (Zupančič 2008:67 [ref. 29926]) Current status: Synonym of Salmo obtusirostris (Heckel 1851). Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

samulus, Salmo fario var. Walbaum [J. J.] 1792:61 (65) [Petri Artedi sueci genera piscium Part 3; ref. 4572] Great Britain. No types known. •Synonym of Salmo salar Linnaeus 1758. Current status: Synonym of Salmo salar Linnaeus 1758. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

saxatilis, Salmo Schrank [F. von P.] 1798:320 [Fauna Boica. Durchgedachte Geschichte der in Baieren einheimischen und zahmen Thiere. v. 1; ref. 6444] Bavaria and other localities. No types known. Syntypes: ZSM [old collection] destroyed in WWII. Type catalog: Neumann 2006:279 [ref. 28925]. Based on Bloch, p. 157, Pl. 23 [ref. 17254]. Kottelat 1997:137, 141 [ref. 22952] "restricted" the type locality to Germany, but the Code does not provide for such restriction in that manner. •Synonym of Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758 -- (Kottelat 1997:141 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

schiefermuelleri, Salmo Bloch [M. E.] 1784:157, Pl. 103 [M. Marcus Elieser Bloch's ..., ausübenden Arztes zu Berlin, Oeconomische Naturgeschichte der Fische Deutschlands v. 3; ref. 19645] Lakes in Austria. Lectotype: whereabouts unknown. Non-types or possible syntypes: ZMB 3720-21 (1, 1). Type catalog: Paepke 1999:125-126 [ref. 24282]. See Kottelat 1997:140 [ref. 22952] for remarks on types. Spelled schiefermulleri on plate and schiefermülleri [= schiefermuelleri] in text and in index (p. 221). Spelled schiefermulleri in Bonnaterre 1788:160 [ref. 4940] and schieffermulleri in Lacepède 1803:187 [ref. 4930]. On p. 133 of Bloch's Ichthyologie, v. 3 [ref. 21381]. Lectotype selected as the single specimen from the lakes of Austria -- restrcting the name to the species from Austrian lakes by Kottelat & Freyhof 2009:80-81 [ref. 30320]. That specimen is lost. •Tentatively valid as Salmo schiefermuelleri Bloch 1784 -- (Kottelat 1997:140 [ref. 22952], Kottelat & Freyhof 2009:83 [ref. 30320]). Current status: Valid as Salmo schiefermuelleri Bloch 1784. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Distribution: Lakes of Austria. Habitat: freshwater.

sebago, Salmo Girard [C. F.] 1853:380 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 6 (no. 10); ref. 18126] Lake Sebago, southern Maine, U.S.A. No types known. •Synonym of Salmo salar Linnaeus 1758 -- (Berg 1948:229 [ref. 12882], Dymond 1963:498 [ref. 24571], Smith 1986:228 [ref. 22186], Scott & Crossman 1998:193 [ref. 24570]). •Mention -- (Dorofeeva & Savvaitova 1998:35 [ref. 23574]). •See also Reshetnikov et al. 1997:729 [ref. 24702]. •Synonym of Salmo salar Linnaeus 1758, but a valid subspecies sebago -- (Menni 2004:85 [ref. 28131], Reis et al. 2016:18 [ref. 34496]). Current status: Synonym of Salmo salar Linnaeus 1758. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

semipunctata, Salar ausonii var. Heckel [J. J.] & Kner [R.] 1857:251 [Die Süsswasserfische der Österreichischen Monarchie; ref. 2078] Color variety; not available, infrasubspecific (Kottelat 1997 interpretation). •In the synonymy of Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758 -- (Kottelat 1997:142 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758. Salmonidae: Salmoninae.

septentrionalis, Salmo lacustris var. Fatio [V.] 1890:354 [Faune des Vertébrés de la Suisse. Vol. V; ref. 14495] Original not seen. Unneeded substitute name for Salmo lacustris var. rhenana Fatio 1890. •Synonym of Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758 -- (Kottelat 1997:142 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

spectabilis, Salar Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1848:340 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 21; ref. 1013] Neva River at St. Petersburg, Russia. Syntypes: MNHN 0000-3655-0000-3656 and A-7593 (3). Type catalog: Bertin 1940:304 [ref. 293]. •Synonym of Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758 -- (Kottelat 1997:142 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

spurius, Salmo Pallas [P. S.] 1814:343 [Zoographia Rosso-Asiatica v. 3; ref. 3351] Gulf of Finland, Baltic Sea [originally Russian rivers]. Neotype: ZIN 40749. Neotype designated by Bogutskaya & Dorofeeva 2007:136 [ref. 36499]. •In part a synonym of Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758 -- (Berg 1948:242 [ref. 12882]). •Listed -- (Kottelat 1997:143 [ref. 22952]). •Synonym of Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758, subspecies trutta Linnaeus 1758 -- (Bogutskaya & Dorofeeva 2007:135 [ref. 36499]). Current status: Uncertain as Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

stomachicus, Salmo Günther [A.] 1866:95 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 6; ref. 1983] Lough Melvin, Ireland. Syntypes: BMNH 2012.10.12.1-4 (4). Based on literature sources and specimens. •Valid as Salmo stomachicus Günther 1866 -- (Kottelat 1997:140 [ref. 22952], Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:407. [ref. 29996]). Current status: Valid as Salmo stomachicus Günther 1866. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Distribution: Lough Melvin, Ireland. Habitat: freshwater.

stroemii, Salmo Gmelin [J. F.] 1789:1374 [Caroli a Linné ... Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae v. 1 (pt 3); ref. 18139] Denmark [now Sondmor, Norway]. See Kottelat 1997:141 [ref. 22952] for locality information. •Questionably a synonym of Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758 -- (Kottelat 1997:141 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Uncertain as Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

strom, Salmo Bonnaterre [J. P.] (ex Müller) 1788:168 [Tableau encyclopédique et méthodique des trois règnes de la nature... Ichthyologie; ref. 4940] Norway. No types known. Based on Salmo maxillis edentulis, inferiore longiore of Müller 1776:49, No. 415 [ref. 17808]. •Synonym of Salmo salar Linnaeus 1758. Current status: Synonym of Salmo salar Linnaeus 1758. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

sylvaticus, Salmo Gmelin [J. F.] 1789:1367 [Caroli a Linné ... Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae v. 1 (pt 3); ref. 18139] Norway; Berlin, Germany; Danzig [Gdansk], Poland. Syntypes: ZMB (lost). •Synonym of Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758 -- (Kottelat 1997:141 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

taleri, Trutta Karaman [S.] 1933:2 [Ribarski List, Polusluzbeni Organ Ministarstva Poljoprivrede, Sarajevo v. 7 (nos. 9-10); ref. 18371] Upper Zeta River at Niksic, Lake Skadar basin, Montenegro. Syntypes: whereabouts unknown. •Tentatively valid as Salmo taleri (Karaman 1933) -- (Kottelat 1997:140 [ref. 22952]). •Valid as Salmo taleri (Karaman 1933) -- (Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:426 [ref. 29996], Simonović et al. 2007:368 [ref. 33985]). Current status: Valid as Salmo taleri (Karaman 1933). Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Distribution: Montenegro. Habitat: freshwater.

tasmanicus, Salmo salar Johnston [R. M.] 1889:xvi [Papers and Proceedings of the Royal Society of Tasmania 1888; ref. 19264] Tasmania, Australia. No types known. •Synonym of Salmo salar Linnaeus 1758 -- (Paxton et al. 1989:165 [ref. 12442], Paxton et al. 2006:414 [ref. 28994]). Current status: Synonym of Salmo salar Linnaeus 1758. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

taurinus, Salmo Walker [J.] 1812:373 [Essays on natural history and rural economy; ref. 23049] Original not seen. Not available, no distinguishing features; from Loch Leven, Scotland. •In the synonymy of Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758 -- (Kottelat 1997:142 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758. Salmonidae: Salmoninae.

tigridis, Salmo Turan [D.], Kottelat [M.] & Bektaş [Y.] 2011:24, Fig. 1 [Zootaxa No. 2993; ref. 31466] Çatak Stream, Tigris River drainage, Van Province, Turkey. Holotype: FFR 1250. Paratypes: FFR 1253 (9), CMK 19665 (2). •Valid as Salmo tigridis Turan, Kottelat & Bektaş 2011 -- (Turan et al. 2012:234 [ref. 32276], Turan et al. 2014:284 [ref. 33242], Turan et al. 2014:148 [ref. 33615], Çiçek et al. 2015:150 [ref. 35151], Esmaeili et al. 2017:77 [ref. 35254], Turan et al. 2017:63 [ref. 35485], Çiçek et al. 2018:22 [ref. 36267], Esmaeili et al. 2018:57 [ref. 36089]). Current status: Valid as Salmo tigridis Turan, Kottelat & Bektaş 2011. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Distribution: Turkey: upper Tigris River [Dicle Nehri] basin (Persian Gulf tributary), Van Province; possibly Iran. Habitat: freshwater.

trutta, Salmo Linnaeus [C.] 1758:308 [Systema Naturae, Ed. X v. 1; ref. 2787] European rivers. No types known. Neotype designated by Fricke 1999:24 [ref. 24101], but withdrawn in Fricke 2000:639 [ref. 24537]. •See discussion in Kottelat 1997:141 [ref. 22952]. •Valid as Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758 -- (Berg 1948:235 [ref. 12882], Svetovidov 1973:146 [ref. 7169], Lee et al. 1980:109 [ref. 22416], Cadwallader & Backhouse 1983:151 [ref. 25473], Behnke 1984:125 [ref. 6177], Svetovidov in Whitehead et al. 1984:382 [ref. 13675], Araga in Masuda et al. 1984:38 [ref. 6441], Smith 1986:230 [ref. 22186], Robins & Ray 1986:76 [ref. 23100], Lelek 1987:101 [ref. 22962], Robison & Buchanan 1988:126 [ref. 23393], Scott & Scott 1988:134 [ref. 25518], Paxton et al. 1989:165 [ref. 12442], Pequeño 1989:29 [ref. 14125], Paulin et al. 1989:91 [ref. 24556], Kawanabe & Mizuno 1989:148 [ref. 25598], McAllister 1990:85 [ref. 14674], Tomelleri & Eberle 1990:52 [ref. 24089], Page & Burr 1991:51 [ref. 18983], Coad 1991:20 [ref. 15702], Boschung 1992:68 [ref. 23239], Etnier & Starnes 1993:348 [ref. 22809], Skelton 1993:261 [ref. 24071], Stearley & Smith 1993:21 [ref. 26683], Gomon et al. 1994:231 [ref. 22532], La Rivers 1994:318 [ref. 23389], Jenkins & Burkhead 1994:580 [ref. 21581], Baxter & Stone 1995:190 [ref. 23374], Coad 1995:25 [ref. 23608], Stauffer et al. 1995:237 [ref. 23376], Cross & Collins 1995:170 [ref. 23394], Economidis 1995:207 [ref. 23025], Apostolidis et al. 1996:551 [ref. 24743], Apostolidis et al. 1996:608 [ref. 24724], Davies & McDowall in McDowall 1996:81 [ref. 22909], Chereshnev 1996:604 [ref. 24659], Andersen & Deacon 1996:126 [ref. 24717], Coad 1996:71 [ref. 25297], Coad 1996:85 [ref. 25304], Chilcott & Humphries 1996:145 [ref. 25528], Mettee et al. 1996:425 [ref. 25836], Sigler & Sigler 1996:204 [ref. 25943], Bianco et al. 1996:55 [ref. 26724], Kottelat 1997:141 [ref. 22952], Murdy et al. 1997:100 [ref. 23144], Reshetnikov et al. 1997:729 [ref. 24702], Thurow et al. 1997:1106 [ref. 25523], Bianco 1997:612 [ref. 26725], Dorofeeva & Savvaitova 1998:36 [ref. 23574], Coad 1998:103 [ref. 23869], Morgan et al. 1998:39 [ref. 24611], Scott & Crossman 1998:197 [ref. 24570], Dorofeeva 1998:442 [ref. 24680], Fricke 1999:28 [ref. 24101], Fuller et al. 1999:258 [ref. 25838], Dyer 2000:89 [ref. 26678], Lyons et al. 2000:51 [ref. 26594], Nakabo 2000:299 [ref. 25086], Hutchins 2001:18 [ref. 25847], Gabrielyan 2001:25 [ref. 25867] as species and subspecies, Bogutskaya et al. 2001:46 [ref. 26178], Bianco & Ketmaier 2001:194 [ref. 26728], Skelton 2001:261 [ref. 27406], Allen et al. 2002:358 [ref. 25930], Nakabo 2002:298 [ref. 26001], Moyle 2002:293 [ref. 26449], Delling 2002:283 [ref. 26660], López et al. 2003:67 [ref. 27366], Wydoski & Whitney 2003:92 [ref. 27816], Hanel 2003:57 [ref. 27894], Nelson et al. 2004:86 [ref. 27807], Bailey et al. 2004:156 [ref. 27882], Miller & Robison 2004:258 [ref. 27931], Boschung & Mayden 2004:354 [ref. 27995], Seegers et al. 2003:40 [ref. 28087], Hammer & Walker 2004:91 [ref. 28129], Menni 2004:85 [ref. 28131], Bogutskaya & Naseka 2004:157 [ref. 28183], Delling & Doadrio 2005:55 [ref. 28211], Hanel & Lusk 2005:305 [ref. 28804], Duhamel et al. 2005:110 [ref. 32059], Schöffmann 2005:20 [ref. 33986], Paxton et al. 2006:415 [ref. 28994], Scharpf 2006:33 [ref. 30386], Fricke 2007:26 [ref. 30577], Fricke et al. 2007:56 [ref. 29533], Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:408 [ref. 29996], Vasil'eva 2007:52 [ref. 30517], McPhail 2007:311 [ref. 31199], Simonović et al. 2007:368 [ref. 33985], Raadik 2008:213 [ref. 30624], Ninua & Japoshvili 2008:168 [ref. 31251], Minckley & Marsh 2009:97 [ref. 31114], Esmaeili et al. 2010:374 [ref. 33391], Lipej & Dulčić 2010:21 [ref. 36649] subspecies trutta, Page & Burr 2011:400 [ref. 31215], Marshall 2011:188 [ref. 31755], Hammer et al. 2012:66 [ref. 32389], Page et al. 2013:87 [ref. 32708], Parin et al. 2014:137 [ref. 33547] suspecies trutta, Sarmiento et al. 2014:135, 189 [ref. 35004], Jouladeh-Roudbar et al. 2015:891 [ref. 34062], McDowall & Roberts 2015:415 [ref. 34244], Jiménez-Prado et al. 2015:293 [ref. 34894], Barbieri et al. 2015:84 [ref. 35029], Mirande & Koerber 2015:49 [ref. 35117], Çiçek et al. 2015:150 [ref. 35151], Reis et al. 2016:18 [ref. 34496], Esmaeili et al. 2017:77 [ref. 35254], Esmaeili et al. 2018:57 [ref. 36089], Fricke et al. 2018:64 [ref. 35805], Kuiter 2018:108 [ref. 36369], Martins & Carneiro 2018:31 [ref. 36550], Tougard et al. 2018:307 [ref. 36173]). Current status: Valid as Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Distribution: Eastern North Atlantic, Baltic Sea, North Sea, Mediterranean Sea, Black Sea, Caspian Sea, Europe and western Asia, introduced widely elsewhere. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

truttula, Salmo Nilsson [S.] 1832:5 [Prodromus ichthyologiae Scandinavicae; ref. 3204] Sea around Göteborg and Lake Vättern, Sweden. •Synonym of Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758 or synonym of Salmo lacustris Linnaeus 1758 or valid -- (Kottelat 1997:143 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Uncertain as Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

typicus, Salmo letnica Stefanovic [D.] 1948:181, 4 figs. [Posebna izdanja / Srpska akademija nauka i umetnosti. Beograd 139; ref. 23038] Original not seen. Unneeded replacement name for Trutta letnica Karaman 1924 according to Kottelat 1997:137 [ref. 22952]. •Synonym of Salmo letnica (Karaman 1924) -- (Kottelat 1997:137 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Salmo letnica (Karaman 1924). Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

ungeri, Trutta Vásárhelyi [S.] 1940:188, Fig. 2 [Zoologischer Anzeiger v. 132 (no. 7/8); ref. 23044] Várvölgy creek in Bükk Range, Kom. Borsod, Hungary. Syntypes: (3) whereabouts unknown. •Tentatively a synonym of Salmo labrax Pallas 1814 -- (Kottelat 1997:137 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Salmo labrax Pallas 1814. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

variabilis, Trutta Lunel [G.] 1874:146, Fig.; Pls. 16-18 [Histoire naturelle des poissons du bassin du Léman; ref. 18460] Lake Leman, Switzerland. Syntypes: MHNG 807.35 (1), 816.06 (1), 816.07 (1). Type catalog: Weber 1998:11 [ref. 23532]. •Synonym of Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758 or synonym of Salmo lacustris Linnaeus 1758 [Great European Lakes stock] -- (Kottelat 1997:143 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

vario, Salmo Nau [B. S.] 1787:22 [Oekonomische Naturgeschichte der Fische in der Gegend um Mainz; ref. 18473] Lohr River near Lohr am Main, Bayern, Germany. No types known. Unneeded new name for Salmo fario Linnaeus 1758. •Objective synonym of Salmo fario Linnaeus 1758. •Synonym of Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758. Current status: Synonym of Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

venernensis, Salmo Günther [A.] 1866:110 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 6; ref. 1983] Lake Vänern, Sweden. Syntypes: (at least 7) BMNH 1829.11.8.6 (1), 1853.3.16.37 (1, missing), 1862.3.16.2 (1, stuffed and mounted), 1862.3.16.3 (1, stuffed and mounted). Based on literature and specimens. •Synonym of Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758 -- (Berg 1948:250 [ref. 12882]). •Synonym of Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758 or Salmo lacustris Linnaeus 1758 or Salmo truttula Nilsson 1832 -- (Kottelat 1997:143 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

viridis, Salmo Doadrio [I.], Perea [S.] & Yahyaoui [A.] 2015:xx, Figs. 8, 10 [Graellsia v. 71 (no. 2) (art. e031); ref. 33950] Isli Lake, Imilchil, Morocco (32.217526, -5.548031). Holotype: MNCN 280413. Paratypes: MNCN. •Valid as Salmo viridis Doadrio, Perea & Yahyaoui 2015. Current status: Valid as Salmo viridis Doadrio, Perea & Yahyaoui 2015. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Distribution: Isli Lake, Atlas Mountains, Morocco. Habitat: freshwater.

visovacensis, Salmo Taler [Z.] 1950:118, Fig. [Glasnik Hrvatskoga Prirodoslovniga drustva (2B) v. 2 (no. 3); ref. 12923] Visovac Lake, Dalmatia. Syntypes: whereabouts unknown. •Synonym of Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758, but a valid subspecies visovacensis Karaman 1938 -- (Mrakovcic et al. 1995:183 [ref. 23079], Ćaleta et al. 2015:85 [ref. 34877]). •Questionably valid as Salmo visovacensis Taler 1950 -- (Kottelat 1997:143 [ref. 22952]). •Synonym of Salmo farioides Karaman 1938 -- (Bianco 2013:4 [2014:65] [ref. 32897]). Current status: Synonym of Salmo farioides Karaman 1938. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Distribution: Southern Europe (if valid). Habitat: freshwater.

zetensis, Salmothymus Hadzisce [S.] 1960:49, Fig. 3 [Izdanija, Zavod za Ribarstvo na SR Makedonija v. 3 (no. 2); ref. 13406] Zeta River near Danilovgrad, tributary to Lake Skadar, Montenegro. Syntypes: MMNHS. •Synonym of Salmothymus obtusirostris (Heckel 1851) -- (Kottelat 1997:144 [ref. 22952]). •Synonym of Salmo obtusirostris (Heckel 1851) but a doubtful subspecies -- (Snoj et al. 2002:399 [ref. 26461]). •Synonym of Salmo obtusirostris (Heckel 1851) but a valid subspecies -- (Schöffmann 2005:20 [ref. 33986]). •Valid as Salmo zetensis (Hadzisce 1960). Current status: Valid as Salmo zetensis (Hadzisce 1960). Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Distribution: Zeta River, Montenegro Habitat: freshwater.

zrmanjaensis, Salmo farioides Karaman [S.] 1938:138 [Glasnik Skopskog Naucnog Drustva [Bulletin de la Société Scientifique de Skopje]. v. 18; ref. 17197] Zrmanja River near Obrovac and Zegar, former Jugoslavian Republic of Macedonia. Syntypes: whereabouts unknown. •Synonym of Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758, but a valid subspecies zrmanjaensis Karaman 1938 -- (Mrakovcic et al. 1995:183 [ref. 23079], Ćaleta et al. 2015:85 [ref. 34877]). •Questionably valid as Salmo zrmanjaensis Karaman 1938 -- (Kottelat 1997:143 [ref. 22952]). •Synonym of Salmo farioides Karaman 1938 -- (Bianco 2013:4 [ref. 32897]). Current status: Synonym of Salmo farioides Karaman 1938. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Habitat: freshwater.