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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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Species in the genus Sciades: [ 23 ] records


alatus, Arius Steindachner [F.] 1876:569 [19], Pl. 6 [Sitzungsberichte der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften. Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe v. 72 (1. Abth.); ref. 18772] Panama. Holotype (unique): MCZ 7725. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:53 [ref. 29155]. On p. 19 of separate. •Synonym of Selenaspis dowii (Gill 1863) -- (Kailola & Bussing in Fischer et al. 1995:886 [ref. 22829]). •Synonym of Hexanematichthys dowii (Gill 1863) -- (Marceniuk & Ferraris in Reis et al. 2003:451 [ref. 27061]). •Synonym of Sciades hymenorrhinos (Bleeker 1862) -- (Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:144 [ref. 24550] as hymenorrhinus, Kailola 2004:143 [ref. 28108]). •Synonym of Sciades dowii (Gill 1863) -- (Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:105 [ref. 29031], Ferraris 2007:53 [ref. 29155]). Current status: Synonym of Sciades dowii (Gill 1863). Ariidae: Ariinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

albicans, Bagrus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1840:461, Pl. 420 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 14; ref. 4882] Cayenne, French Guiana. Holotype (unique): MNHN A-9350 (mounted). Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1950:11 [ref. 19575], Ferraris 2007:54 [ref. 29155] •Synonym of Arius parkeri (Traill 1832) -- (Acero P. 2003:842 [ref. 26998]). •Species inquirenda in Hexanematichthys Bleeker 1858 -- (Marceniuk & Ferraris in Reis et al. 2003:452 [ref. 27061]). •Synonym of Sciades parkeri (Traill 1832) -- (Kailola 2004:144 [ref. 28108]). •Synonym of Sciades emphysetus (Müller & Troschel 1849) -- (Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:105 [ref. 29031]). •Species inquirenda in Ariidae -- (Ferraris 2007:54 [ref. 29155]). •Synonym of Sciades proops (Valenciennes 1840) -- (Betancur-R. 2008:827 [ref. 29950]). Current status: Synonym of Sciades proops (Valenciennes 1840). Ariidae: Ariinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

argenteus, Pimelodus Lacepède [B. G. E.] 1803:94, 102 [Histoire naturelle des poissons (Lacepède) v. 5; ref. 4930] Suriname. Syntypes: ZMB 2692 (1), 8785 (1, right skin). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:53 [ref. 29155]. Unneeded new name for Silurus hertzbergii [herzbergii] Bloch. •Synonym of Hexanematichthys herzbergii (Bloch 1794) -- (Marceniuk & Ferraris in Reis et al. 2003:451 [ref. 27061]). •Synonym of Sciades herzbergii (Bloch 1794) -- (Kailola 2004:144 [ref. 28108], Marceniuk 2005:99 [ref. 28718], Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:108 [ref. 29031], Ferraris 2007:53 [ref. 29155]). Current status: Synonym of Sciades herzbergii (Bloch 1794). Ariidae: Ariinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

aulometopon, Netuma Fowler [H. W.] 1915:204, Fig. 1 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 67; ref. 1392] Suriname. Holotype: ANSP 8372. Paratypes: ANSP 8373-75 (3). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:22 [ref. 13621], Ferraris 2007:56 [ref. 29155]. •Status uncertain -- (Burgess 1989:168 [ref. 12860]). •Species inquirenda in Arridae -- (Marceniuk & Ferraris in Reis et al. 2003:453 [ref. 27061]). •Species inquirenda in Sciades -- (Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:111 [ref. 29031]). •Species inquirenda in Ariidae -- (Ferraris 2007:56 [ref. 29155]). Ariidae: Ariinae. Habitat: marine.

bonneti, Arius Puyo [J.] 1936:107, Fig. 17B [Bulletin de la Société d'Histoire Naturelle de Toulouse v. 71 (no. 4); ref. 15298] Cayenne River, French Guiana. Holotype (unique): MNHN 1936-0162. Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1950:9 [ref. 19575], Ferraris 2007:36 [ref. 29155]. Preoccupied by Arius bonneti in fossil fishes. •Synonym of Arius parkeri (Traill 1832) -- (Acero P. 2003:842 [ref. 26998]). •Synonym of Aspistor luniscutis (Valenciennes 1840) -- (Marceniuk & Ferraris in Reis et al. 2003:448 [ref. 27061], Ferraris 2007:36 [ref. 29155]). •Synonym of Sciades emphysetus (Müller & Troschel 1849) -- (Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:105 [ref. 29031]). •Synonym of Sciades parkeri (Traill 1832) -- (Kailola 2004:144 [ref. 28108], Betancur-R. et al. 2008:828 [ref. 29950]). Current status: Synonym of Sciades parkeri (Traill 1832). Ariidae: Ariinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

clavispinosus, Arius Puyo [J.] 1936:103, Fig. 16A [Bulletin de la Société d'Histoire Naturelle de Toulouse v. 71 (no. 4); ref. 15298] Cayenne River, French Guiana. Holotype (unique): MNHN 1936-0163. Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1950:9 [ref. 19575], Ferraris 2007:36 [ref. 29155]. •Synonym of Arius parkeri (Traill 1832) -- (Acero P. 2003:842 [ref. 26998]). •Synonym of Aspistor luniscutis (Valenciennes 1840) -- (Marceniuk & Ferraris in Reis et al. 2003:448 [ref. 27061], Ferraris 2007:36 [ref. 29155]). •Synonym of Sciades emphysetus (Müller & Troschel 1849) -- (Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:105 [ref. 29031]). •Synonym of Sciades parkeri (Traill 1832) -- (Kailola 2004:143 [ref. 28108], Betancur-R. et al. 2008:828 [ref. 29950]). Current status: Synonym of Sciades parkeri (Traill 1832). Ariidae: Ariinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

coelestinus, Bagrus Müller [J.] & Troschel [F. H.] 1849:7 [Horae Ichthyologicae No. 3; ref. 3073] Guiana. Syntypes: ZMB 2970 (1), 2971 (1). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:53 [ref. 29155]. •Synonym of Hexanematichthys herzbergii (Bloch 1794) -- (Marceniuk & Ferraris in Reis et al. 2003:451 [ref. 27061]). •Synonym of Sciades herzbergii (Bloch 1794) -- (Kailola 2004:144 [ref. 28108], Marceniuk 2005:99 [ref. 28718], Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:108 [ref. 29031], Ferraris 2007:53 [ref. 29155]). Current status: Synonym of Sciades herzbergii (Bloch 1794). Ariidae: Ariinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

couma, Bagrus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1840:459 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 14; ref. 4882] Cayenne, French Guiana. Syntypes: MNHN A-9338 (1, dry) Cayenne, A-9339 (1, dry) America. Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1950:13 [ref. 19575], Ferraris 2007:53 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Arius couma (Valenciennes 1840) -- (Burgess 1989:168 [ref. 12860], Cervigón 1991:133 [ref. 24472], Cervigón 1992:256 [ref. 23827], Le Bail et al. 2000:12 [ref. 24549], Marín 2000:68 [ref. 26252], Camargo & Isaac 2001:145 [ref. 27639]). •Valid as Selenaspis couma (Valenciennes 1840) -- (Acero P. 2003:850 [ref. 26998]). •Valid as Hexanematichthys couma (Valenciennes 1840) -- (Marceniuk & Ferraris in Reis et al. 2003:451 [ref. 27061], Marceniuk & Menezes in Menezes et al. 2003:42 [ref. 27192]). •Valid as Sciades couma (Valenciennes 1840) -- (Kailola 2004:143 [ref. 28108], Marceniuk 2005:98 [ref. 28718], Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:104 [ref. 29031], Ferraris 2007:53 [ref. 29155], Betancur-R. et al. 2007:347 [ref. 29268], Marceniuk et al. 2012:668 [ref. 32225]). Current status: Valid as Sciades couma (Valenciennes 1840). Ariidae: Ariinae. Distribution: Gulf of Paria to mouth of Amazon River: Brazil, Colombia, French Guiana, Guyana, Suriname and Venezuela (predominately in brackish water). Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

despaxi, Arius Puyo [J.] 1936:110, Fig. 17D [Bulletin de la Société d'Histoire Naturelle de Toulouse v. 71 (no. 4); ref. 15298] Cayenne River, French Guiana. Holotype (unique): MNHN 1936-0161. Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1950:9 [ref. 19575], Ferraris 2007:36 [ref. 29155] •Synonym of Arius parkeri (Traill 1832) -- (Acero P. 2003:842 [ref. 26998]). •Synonym of Aspistor luniscutis (Valenciennes 1840) -- (Marceniuk & Ferraris in Reis et al. 2003:448 [ref. 27061], Ferraris 2007:36 [ref. 29155]). •Synonym of Sciades emphysetus (Müller & Troschel 1849) -- (Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:105 [ref. 29031]). •Synonym of Sciades parkeri (Traill 1832) -- (Betancur-R. et al. 2008:828 [ref. 29950]). Current status: Synonym of Sciades parkeri (Traill 1832). Ariidae: Ariinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

dowii, Leptarius Gill [T. N.] 1863:171 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 15; ref. 1681] Western coast of Central America. Holotype (unique): USNM 4973 (lost). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:53 [ref. 29155], Smith 2018:81 [ref. 36061]. Also seen as dovii. •Valid as Arius dowii (Gill 1863) -- (Burgess 1989:168 [ref. 12860]). •Valid as Sciadeichthys dowii (Gill 1863) -- (Allen & Robertson 1994:69 [ref. 22193]). •Valid as Selanaspis [sic] dowi (Gill 1963) -- (Bussing & López S. 1994:60 [ref. 23101]). •Valid as Selenaspis dowii (Gill 1863) -- (Kailola & Bussing in Fischer et al. 1995:886 [ref. 22829]). •Valid as Hexanematichthys dowii (Gill 1863) -- (Marceniuk & Ferraris in Reis et al. 2003:451 [ref. 27061]). •Synonym of Sciades hymenorrhinos (Bleeker 1862) -- (Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:144 [ref. 24550] as hymenorrhinus, Kailola 2004:143 [ref. 28108]). •Valid as Sciades dowii (Gill 1863) -- (Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:105 [ref. 29031], Ferraris 2007:53 [ref. 29155], Betancur-R. et al. 2007:347 [ref. 29268], Page et al. 2013:83 [ref. 32708], Barriga Salazar 2014:115 [ref. 35745], Jiménez-Prado et al. 2015:399 [ref. 34894]). Current status: Valid as Sciades dowii (Gill 1863). Ariidae: Ariinae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific: Colombia, Panama and Ecuador. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

dubia, Netuma Bleeker [P.] 1862:382 [12] [Verslagen en Mededeelingen der Koninklijke Akademie van Wetenschappen. Afdeling Natuurkunde. v. 14; ref. 390] Suriname. Syntypes: RMNH 3051-52 (1, 1). Type catalog: Boeseman 1972:310 [ref. 19698], Ferraris 2007:54 [ref. 29155]. Type information: Van der Stigchel 1947:29 [ref. 13094] with holotype and paratype. On p. 12 of separate. •Synonym of Hexanematichthys herzbergii (Bloch 1794) -- (Marceniuk & Ferraris in Reis et al. 2003:451 [ref. 27061]). •Synonym of Sciades herzbergii (Bloch 1794) -- (Marceniuk 2005:99 [ref. 28718], Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:108 [ref. 29031], Ferraris 2007:54 [ref. 29155]). Current status: Synonym of Sciades herzbergii (Bloch 1794). Ariidae: Ariinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

emphysetus, Bagrus (Sciades) Müller [J.] & Troschel [F. H.] 1849:8 [Horae Ichthyologicae No. 3; ref. 3073] Suriname. Holotype: ZMB 2990. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:54 [ref. 29155]. •Questionably a synonym of Hexanematichthys parkeri (Traill 1932) -- (Marceniuk & Ferraris in Reis et al. 2003:451 [ref. 27061]). •Valid as Sciades emphysetus (Müller & Troschel 1849) -- (Kailola 2004:143 [ref. 28108], Marceniuk 2005:99 [ref. 28718], Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:105 [ref. 29031]). •Species inquirenda in Sciades -- (Ferraris 2007:54 [ref. 29155]). •Synonym of Sciades parkeri (Traill 1832) -- (Betancur-R. 2008:827 [ref. 29950]). Current status: Synonym of Sciades parkeri (Traill 1832). Ariidae: Ariinae. Habitat: brackish.

flavescens, Bagrus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1840:462 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 14; ref. 4882] Cayenne, French Guiana. Holotype (unique): MNHN A-8566 (mounted). Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1950:11 [ref. 19575], Ferraris 2007:54 [ref. 29155]. possibly Ariidae. •Species inquirenda in Sciades -- (Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:111 [ref. 29031]). •Species inquirenda in Ariidae -- (Ferraris 2007:54 [ref. 29155]). •Synonym of Sciades parkeri (Traill 1832) -- (Betancur-R. 2008:827 [ref. 29950]). Current status: Synonym of Sciades parkeri (Traill 1832). Ariidae: Ariinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

herzbergii, Silurus Bloch [M. E.] 1794:33, Pl. 367 [Naturgeschichte der ausländischen Fische v. 8; ref. 463] Suriname. Syntypes: ZMB 2962 (1), 8785 (1, right skin). Type catalog: Paepke 1999:46 [ref. 24282], Ferraris 2007:53 [ref. 29155] On p. 24 of Bloch's Ichthyologie, v. 11 [ref. 21381]. •Valid as Arius herzbergii (Bloch 1794) -- (Burgess 1989:168 [ref. 12860], Cervigón 1991:135 [ref. 24472], Cervigón 1992:257 [ref. 23827], González Bencomo et al. 1997:158 [ref. 24960], Aguilera 1998:47 [ref. 24221], Le Bail et al. 2000:16 [ref. 24549], Marín 2000:67 [ref. 26252], Camargo & Isaac 2001:145 [ref. 27639], Marceniuk & Menezes in Menezes et al. 2003:41 [ref. 27192]). •Valid as Selanaspis herzbergii (Bloch 1794) -- (Acero P. & Betancur-R. 2002:10 [ref. 26521], Acero P. 2003:851 [ref. 26998]). •Valid as Hexanematichthys herzbergii (Bloch 1794) -- (Marceniuk & Ferraris in Reis et al. 2003:451 [ref. 27061]). •Valid as Sciades herzbergii (Bloch 1794) -- (Kailola 2004:143 [ref. 28108], Marceniuk 2005:99 [ref. 28718], Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:108 [ref. 29031], Ferraris 2007:53 [ref. 29155], Betancur-R. et al. 2007:347 [ref. 29268], Marceniuk et al. 2012:668 [ref. 32225], Marceniuk et al. 2017:39 [ref. 35324], Costa et al. 2017:45 [ref. 35684]). Current status: Valid as Sciades herzbergii (Bloch 1794). Ariidae: Ariinae. Distribution: Caribbean and Atlantic draining rivers and estuaries from Colombia to Brazil: Brazil, Colombia, French Guiana, Guyana, Suriname and Venezuela. Habitat: brackish, marine.

hymenorrhinos, Hexanematichthys Bleeker [P.] 1862:377 [7] [Verslagen en Mededeelingen der Koninklijke Akademie van Wetenschappen. Afdeling Natuurkunde. v. 14; ref. 390] Perhaps Suriname. Holotype (unique): RMNH 3056. Type information: Van der Stigchel 1947:28 [ref. 13094], Boeseman 1972:309 [ref. 19698]. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:54 [ref. 29155]. On p. 7 of separate. For locality information see Boeseman 1972:309 [ref. 19698]. •Synonym of Hexanematichthys herzbergii (Bloch 1794) -- (Marceniuk & Ferraris in Reis et al. 2003:451 [ref. 27061]). •Valid as Sciades hymenorrhinos (Bleeker 1862) -- (Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:144 [ref. 24550] as hymenorrhinus, Nelson et al. 2004:83 [ref. 27807] as hymenorrhinus, Kailola 2004:143 [ref. 28108] correctly as hymenorrhinos). •Synonym of Sciaedes herzbergii (Bloch 1794) -- (Marceniuk 2005:99 [ref. 28718], Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:108 [ref. 29031], Ferraris 2007:54 [ref. 29155]). •Questionably the senior synonym of Sciades dowii (Gill 1863) -- (Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:105 [ref. 29031]). Current status: Synonym of Sciades herzbergii (Bloch 1794). Ariidae: Ariinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

mesops, Bagrus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1840:456 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 14; ref. 4882] Puerto Rico [not stated]. Holotype (unique): MNHN A-9347 (dry). Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1950:12-13 [ref. 19575], Ferraris 2007:53 [ref. 29155]. •Synonym of Hexanematichthys herzbergii (Bloch 1794) -- (Marceniuk & Ferraris in Reis et al. 2003:451 [ref. 27061]). •Synonym of Sciades herzbergii (Bloch 1794) -- (Kailola 2004:144 [ref. 28108], Marceniuk 2005:99 [ref. 28718], Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:108 [ref. 29031] with question, Ferraris 2007:53 [ref. 29155]). Current status: Synonym of Sciades herzbergii (Bloch 1794). Ariidae: Ariinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

parkeri, Silurus Traill [T. S.] 1832:380, Pl. 6 (fig. 1) [Memoirs of the Wernerian Natural History Society, Edinburgh v. 6 (art. 14); ref. 17927] Guiana [as British Guiana]. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:36 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Arius parkeri (Traill 1832) -- (Burgess 1989:169 [ref. 12860], Cervigón 1991:137 [ref. 24472], Cervigón 1992:257 [ref. 23827], Le Bail et al. 2000:18 [ref. 24549], Camargo & Isaac 2001:145 [ref. 27639], Acero P. 2003:842 [ref. 26998]). •Valid as Hexanematichthys parkeri (Traill 1832) -- (Marceniuk & Ferraris in Reis et al. 2003:451 [ref. 27061], Marceniuk & Menezes in Menezes et al. 2003:42 [ref. 27192]). •Valid as Aspistor parkeri (Traill 1832) -- (Marceniuk 2005:96 [ref. 28718], Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:24 [ref. 29031], Ferraris 2007:36 [ref. 29155]). •Valid as Sciades parkeri (Traill 1832) -- (Kailola 2004:143 [ref. 28108], Betancur-R. et al. 2007:347 [ref. 29268], Betancur-R. et al. 2008:827 [ref. 29950], Marceniuk et al. 2012:668 [ref. 32225] with authors as Müller & Troschel 1849, Marceniuk et al. 2017:39 [ref. 35324]). Current status: Valid as Sciades parkeri (Traill 1832). Ariidae: Ariinae. Distribution: Atlantic draining Coastal rivers from Guyana to northern Brazil: Brazil, French Guiana, Guyana, Suriname, and Venezuela. Habitat: brackish, marine.

passany, Bagrus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1840:458 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 14; ref. 4882] French Guiana. Holotype (unique): MNHN A-9399. Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1950:13 [ref. 19575], Ferraris 2007:54 [ref. 29155] •Valid as Arius passany (Valenciennes 1840) -- (Burgess 1989:169 [ref. 12860], Cervigón 1991:138 [ref. 24472] as pasany, Cervigón 1992:258 [ref. 23827], Le Bail et al. 2000:20 [ref. 24549], Marín 2000:68 [ref. 26252], Camargo & Isaac 2001:145 [ref. 27639]). •Valid as Selanaspis passany (Valenciennes 1840) -- (Acero P. 2003:852 [ref. 26998]). •Valid as Hexanematichthys passany (Valenciennes 1840) -- (Marceniuk & Ferraris in Reis et al. 2003:452 [ref. 27061], Marceniuk & Menezes in Menezes et al. 2003:42 [ref. 27192]). •Valid as Sciades passany (Valenciennes 1840) -- (Kailola 2004:143 [ref. 28108], Marceniuk 2005:99 [ref. 28718], Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:109 [ref. 29031], Ferraris 2007:54 [ref. 29155], Betancur-R. et al. 2007:347 [ref. 29268], Marceniuk et al. 2012:668 [ref. 32225], Marceniuk et al. 2017:39 [ref. 35324]). Current status: Valid as Sciades passany (Valenciennes 1840). Ariidae: Ariinae. Distribution: Northern South America from Guyana to mouth of the Amazon River: Brazil, French Guiana, Guyana, Suriname, and Venezuela. Habitat: brackish, marine.

pemecus, Bagrus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1840:456 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 14; ref. 4882] Cayenne, French Guiana. Holotype (unique): MNHN A-9348 (dry). Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1950:12 [ref. 19575], Ferraris 2007:53 [ref. 29155] •Synonym of Hexanematichthys herzbergii (Bloch 1794) -- (Marceniuk & Ferraris in Reis et al. 2003:451 [ref. 27061]). •Synonym of Sciades herzbergii (Bloch 1794) -- (Marceniuk 2005:99 [ref. 28718], Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:108 [ref. 29031], Ferraris 2007:53 [ref. 29155]). Current status: Synonym of Sciades herzbergii (Bloch 1794). Ariidae: Ariinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

physacanthus, Arius Vaillant [L. L.] 1899:155 [2] [Bulletin du Muséum d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris (sér. 1) v. 5 (no. 4); ref. 14710] Mahury River, French Guiana. Holotype (unique): MNHN 1899-0058. Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1950:12 [ref. 19575], Ferraris 2007:36 [ref. 29155]. On p. 2 of separate. •Synonym of Aspistor luniscutis (Valenciennes 1840) -- (Marceniuk & Ferraris in Reis et al. 2003:448 [ref. 27061], Ferraris 2007:36 [ref. 29155]). •Synonym of Sciades emphysetus (Müller & Troschel 1849) -- (Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:105 [ref. 29031]). •Synonym of Arius parkeri (Traill 1832) -- (Acero P. 2003:842 [ref. 26998]). •Synonym of Sciades parkeri (Traill 1832) -- (Betancur-R. et al. 2008:828 [ref. 29950]). Current status: Synonym of Sciades parkeri (Traill 1832). Ariidae: Ariinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

proops, Bagrus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1840:457 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 14; ref. 4882] Guianas; Puerto Rico. Syntypes: MNHN A-9331 to 9333 (1, 1, 1, dry) Puerto Rico, B-0245 (1) Cayenne, B-0618 (2) Cayenne. Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1950:11 [ref. 19575], Ferraris 2007:54 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Arius proops (Valenciennes 1840) -- (Burgess 1989:169 [ref. 12860], Cervigón 1991:138 [ref. 24472], Cervigón 1992:258 [ref. 23827], Aguilera 1998:47 [ref. 24221], Le Bail et al. 2000:24 [ref. 24549], Camargo & Isaac 2001:145 [ref. 27639], Acero P. & Betancur-R. 2002:10 [ref. 26521], Acero P. 2003:844 [ref. 26998]). •Valid as Hexanematichthys proops (Valenciennes 1840) -- (Marceniuk & Ferraris in Reis et al. 2003:452 [ref. 27061], Marceniuk & Menezes in Menezes et al. 2003:42 [ref. 27192]). •Valid as Sciades proops (Valenciennes 1840) -- (Kailola 2004:143 [ref. 28108], Marceniuk 2005:99 [ref. 28718], Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:109 [ref. 29031], Ferraris 2007:54 [ref. 29155], Betancur-R. et al. 2007:347 [ref. 29268], Betancur-R. 2008:827 [ref. 29950], Marceniuk et al. 2012:668 [ref. 32225], Marceniuk et al. 2017:39 [ref. 35324]). Current status: Valid as Sciades proops (Valenciennes 1840). Ariidae: Ariinae. Distribution: Caribbean Sea and northern coast of South America, Colombia to Brazil: Brazil, Colombia, French Guiana, Guyana, Puerto Rico, Suriname and Venezuela. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

surinamensis, Hexanematichthys Bleeker [P.] 1862:380 [10] [Verslagen en Mededeelingen der Koninklijke Akademie van Wetenschappen. Afdeling Natuurkunde. v. 14; ref. 390] Suriname. Holotype (unique): RMNH 3055. Type catalog: Boeseman 1972:310 [ref. 19698], Ferraris 2007:33 [ref. 29155]. On p. 10 of separate. •Species inquirenda in Hexanematichthys Bleeker 1858 -- (Marceniuk & Ferraris in Reis et al. 2003:452 [ref. 27061]). •Valid as Ariopsis surinamensis (Bleeker 1862) -- (Kailola 2004:126 [ref. 28108]). •Species inquirenda in Sciades -- (Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:111 [ref. 29031]). •Species inquirenda in Ariopsis -- (Ferraris 2007:33 [ref. 29155]). Ariidae: Ariinae. Habitat: brackish.

walrechti, Sciadeichthys (Selenaspis) Boeseman [M.] 1954:60, Pl. 3 [Zoologische Mededelingen (Leiden) v. 33 (no. 9); ref. 12263] Suriname. Holotype: RMNH 2141. Paratypes: RMNH 19808-09 (2). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:53 [ref. 29155], •Synonym of Selenaspis couma (Valenciennes 1840) -- (Acero P. 2003:850 [ref. 26998]). •Synonym of Hexanematichthys couma (Valenciennes 1840) -- (Marceniuk & Ferraris in Reis et al. 2003:451 [ref. 27061]). •Synonym of Sciades couma (Valenciennes 1840) -- (Kailola 2004:144 [ref. 28108], Marceniuk 2005:99 [ref. 28718], Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:105 [ref. 29031], Ferraris 2007:53 [ref. 29155]). Current status: Synonym of Sciades couma (Valenciennes 1840). Ariidae: Ariinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.