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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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Species in the genus Serranus: [ 78 ] records


accraensis, Neanthias Norman [J. R.] 1931:354, Fig. 2 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 10) v. 7 (no. 40); ref. 3220] Accra, Ghana, western Africa. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1930.8.26.28. •Valid as Serranus accraensis (Norman 1931) -- (Smith 1990:703 [ref. 18227], Rojas M. & Pequeño 2001:166 [ref. 25813], Wirtz & Iwamoto 2016:192 [ref. 34418], Heemstra & Anderson in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2406 [ref. 34618], Iwamoto & Wirtz 2018:4 [ref. 36189], Parenti & Randall 2020:122 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Valid as Serranus accraensis (Norman 1931). Serranidae: Serraninae. Distribution: Eastern Atlantic: Senegal south to Angola, including São Tomé and Principe. Habitat: marine.

adriaticus, Holocentrus Nardo [G. D.] 1827:31, 38 (no. 107) [Giornale di fisica, chimica e storia naturale, medicina, ed arti. (series 2) Dec. II, v. 10; ref. 3146] Adriatic Sea (Mediterranean Sea). No types known. Also in Nardo 1827:col. 480 and 486 [ref. 19740]. Perhaps not intended as a new name but a new combination for Labrus adriaticus of authors. •Synonym of Serranus hepatus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Tortonese 1973:356 [ref. 7192], Smith 1990:705 [ref. 18227], Iwamoto & Wirtz 2018:13 [ref. 36189], Parenti & Randall 2020:123 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Synonym of Serranus hepatus (Linnaeus 1758). Serranidae: Serraninae. Habitat: marine.

adriaticus, Labrus Gmelin [J. F.] 1789:1297 [Caroli a Linné ... Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae v. 1 (pt 3); ref. 18139] Adriatic Sea (Mediterranean Sea). No types known. Based on Labrus no. 11 of Brünnich 1768:98 [ref. 17290]. •Synonym of Serranus hepatus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Parenti & Randall 2020:123 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Synonym of Serranus hepatus (Linnaeus 1758). Serranidae: Serraninae. Habitat: marine.

aequidens, Serranus Gilbert [C. H.] 1890:61 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 13 (no. 797); ref. 1623] Gulf of California, Mexico, 24°30'15"N, 110°29'W, Albatross station 2996, depth 112 fathoms. Holotype (unique): USNM 44277. •Valid as Serranus aequidens Gilbert 1890 -- (Castro-Aguirre et al. 1993:83 [ref. 21807], Bussing & López S. 1994:94 [ref. 23101], Heemstra in Fischer et al. 1995:1577 [ref. 22830], Thomson et al. 2000:74 [ref. 25640], Rojas M. & Pequeño 2001:165 [ref. 25813], Nelson et al. 2004:129 [ref. 27807], McCosker & Rosenblatt 2010:191 [ref. 30957], Page et al. 2013:133 [ref. 32708], Carvalho Filho & Ferreira 2013:812 [ref. 33030], Fourriére et al. 2016:444 [ref. 34668], Kells et al. 2016:350 [ref. 35888], Robertson et al. 2017:85 [ref. 35676], Iwamoto & Wirtz 2018:35 [ref 36189], Parenti & Randall 2020:122 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Valid as Serranus aequidens Gilbert 1890. Serranidae: Serraninae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific: southern California (U.S.A.) and Gulf of California south to Panama, including Cocos and Galápagos islands. Habitat: marine.

aliceae, Serranus Carvalho Filho [A.] & Ferreira [C. E. L.] 2013:810, Figs. 1-2 [Neotropical Ichthyology v. 11 (no. 4); ref. 33030] Rio de Janeiro, Arraial do Cabo, Ilha de Cabo Frio, Saco dos Ingleses, 23°00’25"S, 42°00’19"W, Brazil, depth 30 meters. Holotype: MNRJ 38911. Paratypes: CIUFES 2368 (1), 2370 (2); MNRJ 38912 (1), 38913 (2); MZUSP 109159 (2); ZUEC 6354 (1), 6355 (1), 6356 (1). Plus non-type specimens. •Valid as Serranus aliceae Carvalho Filho & Ferreira 2013 -- (Iwamoto & Wirtz 2018:35 [ref 36189], Parenti & Randall 2020:122 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Valid as Serranus aliceae Carvalho Filho & Ferreira 2013. Serranidae: Serraninae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: Brazil (between 8°N and 28°S). Habitat: marine.

annularis, Centropristis Günther [A.] 1880:6, Pl. 1 (fig. C) [Report on the shore fishes procured during the voyage of H. M. S. Challenger in the years 1873-1876 v. 1 (pt 6); ref. 2011] Off Pernambuco, Brazil, Challenger station 122, depth 30 or 350 fathoms. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1879.5.14.181. •Valid as Serranus annularis (Günther 1880) -- (Robins & Ray 1986:138 [ref. 23100], Bullock & Smith 1991:64 [ref. 36591], Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:219 [ref. 25013], Rojas M. & Pequeño 2001:166 [ref. 25813], Heemstra et al. 2003:1327 [ref. 27060], Moura & Menezes in Menezes et al. 2003:77 [ref. 27192], Nelson et al. 2004:129 [ref. 27807], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:183 [ref. 28815], Page et al. 2013:133 [ref. 32708], Carvalho Filho & Ferreira 2013:809 [ref. 33030], Lins Oliveira et al. 2015:153 [ref. 37485], Pinheiro et al. 2015:12 [ref. 34324], Iwamoto & Wirtz 2018:35 [ref 36189], Parenti & Randall 2020:123 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Valid as Serranus annularis (Günther 1880). Serranidae: Serraninae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: Bermuda and Georgia (U.S.A.) south to Brazil, including northwestern Gulf of Mexico. Habitat: marine.

argentinus, Holocentrus Bloch [M. E.] 1790:73, Pl. 235 (fig. 2) [Naturgeschichte der ausländischen Fische v. 4; ref. 469] Unknown locality. Holotype (unique): ZMB 127. Type catalog: Paepke 1999:136 [ref. 24282]. On p. 55 of Bloch's Ichthyologie, v. 7 [ref. 21381]. •Synonym of Serranus cabrilla (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Paepke 1999:136 [ref. 24282], Parenti & Randall 2020:124 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Synonym of Serranus cabrilla (Linnaeus 1758). Serranidae: Serraninae. Habitat: marine.

argus, Holocentrus Spinola [M.] 1807:372 [Annales du Muséum d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris v. 10; ref. 18741] Gulf of Genoa, Italy, Mediterranean Sea. No types known. •Synonym of Serranus scriba (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Tortonese 1973:356 [ref. 7192], Smith 1990:706 [ref. 18227], Iwamoto & Wirtz 2018:27 [ref. 36189], Parenti & Randall 2020:127 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Synonym of Serranus scriba (Linnaeus 1758). Serranidae: Serraninae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

atricauda, Serranus Günther [A.] 1874:230 [1] [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 4) v. 13 (no. 75) (art. 32); ref. 18200] [Mogador] Essaouira, Morocco, eastern Atlantic. Lectotype: BMNH 1874.1.30.7. Paralectotypes: BMNH 1840.12.9.41 (right half skin), 1840.12.9.45 (right half skin), 1840.12.9.51 (left half skin), 1860.7.14.18-20 (3), 1860.7.14.22-24 (3), 1860.7.14.32 (1); SMF 1769 (1); ZMB 8710 (1). On p. 1 of separate. Lectotype not researched, not designated here. •Valid as Serranus atricauda Günther 1874 -- (Tortonese 1973:355 [ref. 7192], Tortonese in Whitehead et al. 1986:789 [ref. 13676], Smith 1990:704 [ref. 18227], Santos et al. 1997:81 [ref. 23531], Arruda 1997:80 [ref. 24952], Rojas M. & Pequeño 2001:165 [ref. 25813], Wirtz et al. 2013:122 [ref. 32972], Heemstra & Anderson in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2408 [ref. 34618], Iwamoto & Wirtz 2018:6 [ref. 36189], Carneiro et al. 2019:245 [ref. 37250], Parenti & Randall 2020:123 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Valid as Serranus atricauda Günther 1874. Serranidae: Serraninae. Distribution: Mediterranean Sea; eastern Atlantic: Spain and Portugal south to Guinea Bissau, including Azores, Madeira, Canary Islands and Cape Verde Islands. Habitat: marine.

atrobranchus, Centropristes Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1829:45 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 3; ref. 4879] Brazil. Holotype (unique): MNHN 0000-6980. Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1984:12 [ref. 19232]. Original genus should have been Centropristis. •Valid as Serranus atrobranchus (Cuvier 1829) -- (Robins & Ray 1986:140 [ref. 23100], Bullock & Smith 1991:65 [ref. 36591], Cervigón 1991:359 [ref. 24472], Boschung 1992:109 [ref. 23239], Cervigón 1992:436 [ref. 23827], Aguilera 1998:48 [ref. 24221], Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:267 [ref. 24550], Rojas M. & Pequeño 2001:165 [ref. 25813], Heemstra et al. 2003:1327 [ref. 27060], Moura & Menezes in Menezes et al. 2003:77 [ref. 27192], Nelson et al. 2004:129 [ref. 27807], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:184 [ref. 28815], Page et al. 2013:133 [ref. 32708], Carvalho Filho & Ferreira 2013:809 [ref. 33030], Lins Oliveira et al. 2015:154 [ref. 37485], Iwamoto & Wirtz 2018:35 [ref 36189], Parenti & Randall 2020:123 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Valid as Serranus atrobranchus (Cuvier 1829). Serranidae: Serraninae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: Florida (U.S.A.) and northern Gulf of Mexico south to Santa Catarina (Brazil). Habitat: marine.

baldwini, Prionodes Evermann [B. W.] & Marsh [M. C.] 1899:353 [United States Commission of Fish and Fisheries, Report of the Commissioner v. 25 (for 1899) Appendix 7; ref. 1283] Off Culebra Island, 5.25 miles southwest of Culebritas light-house, Puerto Rico, Fish Hawk station 6093, depth 15 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 49361. Paratypes: (34) FMNH 3233 (3), 3260 (2); CAS-SU 8612 (2); USNM 50159-60 (3, 15), 125564 [ex USBF 874] (4). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:70 [ref. 12291], Ibarra & Stewart 1987:69 [ref. 12367]. •Valid as Serranus baldwini (Evermann & Marsh 1899) -- (Robins & Ray 1986:138 [ref. 23100], Cervigón 1991:360 [ref. 24472], Cervigón 1992:436 [ref. 23827], Schmitter-Soto et al. 2000:158 [ref. 27754], Rojas M. & Pequeño 2001:166 [ref. 25813], Rocha & Rosa 2001:989 [ref. 25909], Camargo & Isaac 2001:143 [ref. 27639], López et al. 2002:65 [ref. 26808], Collette et al. 2003:107 [ref. 26784], Heemstra et al. 2003:1327 [ref. 27060], Moura & Menezes in Menezes et al. 2003:77 [ref. 27192] dated 1900, Smith et al. 2003:25 [ref. 27621], Nelson et al. 2004:129 [ref. 27807], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:185 [ref. 28815], Page et al. 2013:133 [ref. 32708], Carvalho Filho & Ferreira 2013:809 [ref. 33030], Smith-Vaniz & Jelks 2014:43 [ref. 33341], Pinheiro et al. 2015:13 [ref. 34324], Robertson et al. 2016:145 [ref. 34961], Nión et al. 2016:46 [ref. 35565], Iwamoto & Wirtz 2018:35 [ref 36189], Parenti & Randall 2020:123 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Valid as Serranus baldwini (Evermann & Marsh 1899). Serranidae: Serraninae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: southern Florida (U.S.A.) south to Santa Catarina (Brazil). Habitat: marine.

bicolor, Pseudoserranus Kossmann [R.] & Räuber [H.] 1877:384, Pl. 3 (fig. 1) [Verhandlungen des Naturhistorisch-Medizinischen Vereins zu Heidelberg. v. 1; ref. 18432] Red Sea. Apparently no type material. Also in Kossmann & Räuber 1877:7, Pisces Pl. 1 (fig. 1) [ref. 14246]. •Synonym of Serranus cabrilla (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Dor 1984:102 [ref. 29757], Golani & Fricke 2018:66 [ref. 36273], Parenti & Randall 2020:124 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Synonym of Serranus cabrilla (Linnaeus 1758). Serranidae: Serraninae. Habitat: marine.

brasiliensis, Centropristis Brisout de Barneville [C. N. F.] 1847:131 [Revue Zoologique par la Société Cuvierienne (Paris) v. 10; ref. 643] Bahia, Brazil. Holotype (unique): MNHN A-7612. Type catalog: Bauchot & Desoutter 1987:114 [ref. 12478]. •Synonym of Serranus flaviventris (Cuvier 1829) -- (Parenti & Randall 2020:124 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Synonym of Serranus flaviventris (Cuvier 1829). Serranidae: Serraninae. Habitat: marine.

bulleri, Serranus Boulenger [G. A.] 1895:288, Pl. 10 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum 2nd edition v. 1; ref. 537] Las Peñas, Jalisco, Mexico. Holotype: BMNH 1892.9.5.139. •Questionably a synonym of Serranus psittacinus Valenciennes 1846 -- (Heemstra in Fischer et al. 1995:1613 [ref. 22830], Parenti & Randall 2020:123 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Uncertain as Serranus psittacinus Valenciennes 1846. Serranidae: Serraninae. Habitat: marine.

cabrilla, Perca Linnaeus [C.] 1758:294 [Systema Naturae, Ed. X v. 1; ref. 2787] No locality stated (Mediterranean Sea). No types known. Neotype designated by Fricke 1999:39 [ref. 24101], but withdrawn in Fricke 2000:639 [ref. 24537]. On the Official List as type species of Serranus Cuvier 1816. •Valid as Serranus cabrilla (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Tortonese 1973:355 [ref. 7192], Dor 1984:102 [ref. 29757], Tortonese in Whitehead et al. 1986:790 [ref. 13676], Heemstra & Randall 1986:536 [ref. 5667], Smith 1990:704 [ref. 18227], Bianchi & Carpenter in Bianchi et al. 1993:155 [ref. 25472], Goren & Dor 1994:27 [ref. 25356], Evseenko 1996:727 [ref. 24666], Santos et al. 1997:82 [ref. 23531], Arruda 1997:81 [ref. 24952], Afonso et al. 1999:84 [ref. 25466], Fricke 1999:39 [ref. 24101], Rojas M. & Pequeño 2001:166 [ref. 25813], Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:76 [ref. 26753], Parin 2003:S3 [ref. 28536], Golani 2005:37 [ref. 37112], Fricke et al. 2007:80 [ref. 29533], Vasil'eva 2007:85 [ref. 30517], Fricke 2008:29 [ref. 30182], Lipej & Dulčić 2010:42 [ref. 36649], Parin et al. 2014:353 [ref. 33547], Heemstra & Anderson in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2409 [ref. 34618], Bogorodsky & Randall 2018:[22] 260 [ref. 36492], Freitas et al. 2018:73 [ref. 36259], Golani & Fricke 2018:66 [ref. 36273], Iwamoto & Wirtz 2018:8 [ref. 36189], Martins & Carneiro 2018:125 [ref. 36550], Almeida & Alves 2019:272 [ref. 37509], Artüz & Fricke 2019:556 [ref. 36612], Carneiro et al. 2019:246 [ref. 37250], Elbaraasi et al. 2019:96 [ref. 36864], Iglésias et al. 2019:280 [ref. 37098], Bariche & Fricke 2020:88 [ref. 37515], Bos et al. 2020:4 [ref. 37709], Iglésias et al. 2020:294 [ref. 37987], Kovačić et al. 2020:41 [ref. 37519], Parenti & Randall 2020:123 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Valid as Serranus cabrilla (Linnaeus 1758). Serranidae: Serraninae. Distribution: Mediterranean Sea; Sea of Marmara; Black Sea; eastern Atlantic: English Channel south to Angola, including Azores, Madeira, Cape Verde Islands, São Tomé and Principe; Red Sea: Gulf of Suez. South Africa north to KwaZulu-Natal is Serranus knysnaensis -- Heemstra & Anderson in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2409 [ref. 34618]. Habitat: marine.

calopteryx, Serranus Jordan [D. S.] & Gilbert [C. H.] 1882:350 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 4 (no. 237); ref. 2470] Astillero estuary at Mazatlán, Sinaloa, western Mexico. Syntypes: USNM 28123 (5 or 6, now 2). •Synonym of Serranus psittacinus Valenciennes 1846 -- (Heemstra in Fischer et al. 1995:1613 [ref. 22830], Parenti & Randall 2020:126 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Synonym of Serranus psittacinus Valenciennes 1846. Serranidae: Serraninae. Habitat: marine.

caprulensis, Labrus Nardo [G. D.] 1824:251 [Giornale di fisica, chimica e storia naturale, medicina, ed arti. (series 2) v. 7; ref. 3144] Adriatic Sea (Mediterranean Sea). No types known. Based on common name; Nardo 1827:31 [ref. 3146] treated this species as Holocentrus chana (evidently on chanus Lacepède). •Synonym of Serranus cabrilla (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Parenti & Randall 2020:124 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Synonym of Serranus cabrilla (Linnaeus 1758). Serranidae: Serraninae. Habitat: marine.

capurri, Serranus Perugia [A.] 1896:15 [Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Genova (Serie 2) v. 16; ref. 14615] St. Pierre, Martinique Island, West Indies. Holotype (unique): MSNG 13496. Type catalog: Tortonese 1959:2 [ref. 31669] as capurrii, Tortonese 1963:335-336 [ref. 10350]. •Synonym of Serranus tigrinus (Bloch 1790) -- (Parenti & Randall 2020:128 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Synonym of Serranus tigrinus (Bloch 1790). Serranidae: Serraninae. Habitat: marine.

chanus, Labrus Forsskål [P. S.] 1775:36 [Descriptiones animalium (Forsskål); ref. 1351] Istanbul, Turkey, Marmara Sea (Mediterranean Sea). No types known. •Synonym of Serranus cabrilla (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Fricke 2008:29 [ref. 30182], Parenti & Randall 2020:123 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Synonym of Serranus cabrilla (Linnaeus 1758). Serranidae: Serraninae. Habitat: marine.

chionaraia, Serranus Robins [C. R.] & Starck [W. A., II] 1961:270, Fig. 1c [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 113 (no. 11); ref. 3789] 2.5 miles south-southwest of Alligator Reef Light, Monroe County, Florida, U.S.A., depth 150 feet. Holotype: ANSP 93808. Paratypes: FMNH 64994 (1); UF 207803 [ex UMML 7803] (1); USNM 108389 (1), 150115 (1), 191120 [ex UMML 7044] (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:154 [ref. 13621], Ibarra & Stewart 1987:79 [ref. 12367]. •Valid as Serranus chionaraia Robins & Starck 1961 -- (Robins & Ray 1986:138 [ref. 23100], Rojas M. & Pequeño 2001:166 [ref. 25813], Heemstra et al. 2003:1327 [ref. 27060], Nelson et al. 2004:129 [ref. 27807], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:186 [ref. 28815], Page et al. 2013:133 [ref. 32708], Carvalho Filho & Ferreira 2013:809 [ref. 33030], Smith-Vaniz & Jelks 2014:43 [ref. 33341], Iwamoto & Wirtz 2018:35 [ref 36189], Parenti & Randall 2020:124 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Valid as Serranus chionaraia Robins & Starck 1961. Serranidae: Serraninae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: Florida Keys (U.S.A.), Honduras, Puerto Rico. Habitat: marine.

crapa, Lutianus Rafinesque [C. S.] 1810:52 [Caratteri di alcuni nuovi generi e nuove specie di animali e piante della Sicilia; ref. 3594] Sicily, Italy, Mediterranean Sea. Also appeared in Rafinesque 1810:18 [ref. 3595]. •Synonym of Serranus scriba (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Parenti & Randall 2020:127 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Synonym of Serranus scriba (Linnaeus 1758). Serranidae: Serraninae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

dispilurus, Centropristis Günther [A.] 1867:99 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1867 (pt 1) (art. 2) (for 24 Jan. 1867); ref. 1986] Trinidad Island, West Indies. Syntypes: BMNH 2013.7.2.1-2 (2). •Synonym of Serranus flaviventris (Cuvier 1829) -- (Parenti & Randall 2020:124 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Synonym of Serranus flaviventris (Cuvier 1829). Serranidae: Serraninae. Habitat: marine.

drewesi, Serranus (Paracentropristis) Iwamoto [T.] in Iwamoto & Wirtz 2018:11, Fig. 8 [Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences (Series 4) v. 65 (no. 1); ref. 36189] Santana Islet, submarine cave, São Tomé Island, São Tomé and Principe, 0°14'33.1''N, 6°45'36.1''E, 18.9 m depth. Holotype (unique): CAS 234050. Geographical coordinates of type locality incorrect in original description. •Valid as Serranus drewesi Iwamoto 2018 -- (Parenti & Randall 2020:124 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Valid as Serranus drewesi Iwamoto 2018. Serranidae: Serraninae. Distribution: Eastern Atlantic: São Tomé and Principe. Habitat: marine.

fasciatus, Holocentrus Bloch [M. E.] 1790:86, Pl. 240 [Naturgeschichte der ausländischen Fische v. 4; ref. 469] No locality. On p. 67 of Bloch's Ichthyologie, v. 7 [ref. 21381]. •Synonym of Serranus scriba (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Parenti & Randall 2020:127 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Synonym of Serranus scriba (Linnaeus 1758). Serranidae: Serraninae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

fasciatus, Labrus Walbaum [J. J.] 1792:265 [Petri Artedi sueci genera piscium Part 3; ref. 4572] •Synonym of Serranus hepatus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Parenti & Randall 2020:123 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Synonym of Serranus hepatus (Linnaeus 1758). Serranidae: Serraninae. Habitat: marine.

fasciatus, Prionodes Jenyns [L.] 1840:47, Pl. 9 (fig. 1) [The zoology of the voyage of H. M. S. Beagle; ref. 2344] San Cristóbal Island [Chatham Island], Galápagos Islands. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1984:20, 59 [ref. 19232]. •Synonym of Serranus psittacinus Valenciennes 1846 -- (Heemstra in Fischer et al. 1995:1577 [ref. 22830], Grove & Lavenberg 1997:333 [ref. 24023], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:360 [ref. 24555], Parenti & Randall 2020:126 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Synonym of Serranus psittacinus Valenciennes 1846. Serranidae: Serraninae. Habitat: marine.

flavescens, Serranus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1830:506 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 6; ref. 996] Martinique Island, West Indies. Holotype: MNHN 0000-7028. Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1984:28 [ref. 19232]. •Synonym of Serranus tabacarius (Cuvier 1829) -- (Parenti & Randall 2020:128 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Synonym of Serranus tabacarius (Cuvier 1829). Serranidae: Serraninae. Habitat: marine.

flaviventris, Dules Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1829:113 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 3; ref. 4879] Brazil. Syntypes: MNHN A-3018 (3). Type catalog: Bauchot & Desoutter 1987:116 [ref. 12478]. •Valid as Serranus flaviventris (Cuvier 1829) -- (Robins & Ray 1986:139 [ref. 23100], Cervigón 1991:361 [ref. 24472], Cervigón 1992:436 [ref. 23827], Aguilera 1998:48 [ref. 24221], Rojas M. & Pequeño 2001:166 [ref. 25813], Rocha & Rosa 2001:989 [ref. 25909], López et al. 2002:65 [ref. 26808], Heemstra et al. 2003:1327 [ref. 27060], Moura & Menezes in Menezes et al. 2003:77 [ref. 27192], Smith et al. 2003:25 [ref. 27621], Carvalho Filho & Ferreira 2013:809 [ref. 33030], Nión et al. 2016:46 [ref. 35565], Iwamoto & Wirtz 2018:35 [ref 36189], Spier et al. 2018:9 [ref. 36103], Parenti & Randall 2020:124 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Valid as Serranus flaviventris (Cuvier 1829). Serranidae: Serraninae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: Venezuela, Brazil, Uruguay. Habitat: marine.

flavus, Holocentrus Risso [A.] 1810:293 [Ichthyologie de Nice; ref. 3755] Nice, France, northwestern Mediterranean Sea. No types known. Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1984:41 [ref. 19232]. •Synonym of Serranus cabrilla (Linnaeus 1758). (Bauchot et al. 1984:41 [ref. 19232], Parenti & Randall 2020:124 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Synonym of Serranus cabrilla (Linnaeus 1758). Serranidae: Serraninae. Habitat: marine.

fuscovittatus, Labrus Bonnaterre [J. P.] (ex Brünnich) 1788:110 [Tableau encyclopédique et méthodique des trois règnes de la nature... Ichthyologie; ref. 4940] Spalato (Split, Croatia, Adriatic Sea). No types known. Originally as fusco-vittatus. Based on Labrus sp. of Brünnich 1768:98, No. 11 [ref. 17290]. •Synonym of Serranus hepatus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Parenti & Randall 2020:123 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Synonym of Serranus hepatus (Linnaeus 1758). Serranidae: Serraninae. Habitat: marine.

hepatus, Labrus Linnaeus [C.] 1758:282 [Systema Naturae, Ed. X v. 1; ref. 2787] Mediterranean Sea. No types known. •Valid as Serranus hepatus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Tortonese 1973:356 [ref. 7192], Tortonese in Whitehead et al. 1986:791 [ref. 13676], Klausewitz 1989:261 [ref. 13650], Smith 1990:705 [ref. 18227], Rojas M. & Pequeño 2001:166 [ref. 25813], Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:77 [ref. 26753], Golani 2005:37 [ref. 37112], Fricke et al. 2007:80 [ref. 29533], Fricke 2008:29 [ref. 30182], Lipej & Dulčić 2010:42 [ref. 36649], Wirtz & Iwamoto 2016:192 [ref. 34418] Heemstra & Anderson in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2410 [ref. 34618], Iwamoto & Wirtz 2018:13 [ref. 36189], Martins & Carneiro 2018:126 [ref. 36550], Artüz & Fricke 2019:556 [ref. 36612], Carneiro et al. 2019:246 [ref. 37250], Elbaraasi et al. 2019:96 [ref. 36864], Bariche & Fricke 2020:88 [ref. 37515], Kovačić et al. 2020:41 [ref. 37519], Parenti & Randall 2020:123 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Valid as Serranus hepatus (Linnaeus 1758). Serranidae: Serraninae. Distribution: Mediterranean Sea; Sea of Marmara; Black Sea; eastern Atlantic: Portugal south to Senegal, including Canary Islands. Habitat: marine.

heterurus, Paracentropristis Cadenat [J.] 1937:456, Figs. 13-14 [Revue des Travaux de l'Institut des Pêches Maritimes v. 10 (fasc. 4, no. 40); ref. 17134] West Africa. Syntypes: MHNLR P.407 (1), 1 lost. Type catalog: Aloncle 1968:686-687 [ref. 20713], Bauchot et al. 1984:43 [ref. 19232]. •Synonym of Serranus sanctaehelenae Boulenger 1895 -- (Smith 1990:706 [ref. 18227]). •Valid as Serranus heterurus (Cadenat 1937) -- (Rojas M. & Pequeño 2001:166 [ref. 25813], Wirtz et al. 2013:122 [ref. 32972], Wirtz & Iwamoto 2016:192 [ref. 34418], Heemstra & Anderson in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2411 [ref. 34618], Iwamoto & Wirtz 2018:15 [ref. 36189], Parenti & Randall 2020:125 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Valid as Serranus heterurus (Cadenat 1937). Serranidae: Serraninae. Distribution: Eastern Atlantic: Senegal south to Ghana, including Cape Verde Islands, São Tomé and Principe. Habitat: marine.

hians, Holocentrum Nardo [G. D.] 1827:31, 38 (no. 105) [Giornale di fisica, chimica e storia naturale, medicina, ed arti. (series 2) Dec. II, v. 10; ref. 3146] Adriatic Sea (Mediterranean Sea). No types known. Also in Nardo 1827:col. 480 and 486 [ref. 19740]. •Synonym of Serranus cabrilla (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Parenti & Randall 2020:123 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Synonym of Serranus cabrilla (Linnaeus 1758). Serranidae: Serraninae. Habitat: marine.

hiatula, Labrus Bonnaterre [J. P.] 1788:116, Pl. 52 (fig. 198) [Tableau encyclopédique et méthodique des trois règnes de la nature... Ichthyologie; ref. 4940] Not an independent species description, but a misidentification of Labrus hiatula (non Linnaeus 1766) (originally from the Western Atlantic), but based on Mediterranean specimens of 'De hiatvla sive channa' of Salviani 1558:229 [ref. 30229] and 'Channa Bondeletii & Bellonii' of Willughby 1686:327 [ref. 30164]. See Labrus salviani Suckow 1799. •In the synonymy of Serranus cabrilla (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Parenti & Randall 2020:123 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Synonym of Serranus cabrilla (Linnaeus 1758). Serranidae: Serraninae.

huascarii, Serranus Steindachner [F.] 1900:208 [Anzeiger der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Wien, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe v. 37 (no. 18) (for 12 July 1900); ref. 14771] Paita, northern Peru. Holotype (unique): ZSM [old collection] destroyed in WWII. Type catalog: Neumann 2006:281 [ref. 28925]. Species illustrated and described in more detail in Steindachner 1902:112, Pl. 2 (fig. 1) [ref. 10435]. •Valid as Prionodes huascarii (Steindachner 1900) -- (Pequeño 1989:60 [ref. 14125]). •Valid as Serranus huascarii Steindachner 1900 -- (Heemstra in Fischer et al. 1995:1577 [ref. 22830], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:360 [ref. 24555], Thomson et al. 2000:74 [ref. 25640], Rojas M. & Pequeño 2001:165 [ref. 25813], Nelson et al. 2004:129 [ref. 27807], Page et al. 2013:133 [ref. 32708], Carvalho Filho & Ferreira 2013:812 [ref. 33030], Iwamoto & Wirtz 2018:35 [ref 36189], Parenti & Randall 2020:125 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Valid as Serranus huascarii Steindachner 1900. Serranidae: Serraninae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific: central Gulf of California (Mexico) south to Chile. Habitat: marine.

inexpectatus, Serranus (Paracentropristis) Wirtz [P.] & Iwamoto [T.] in Iwamoto & Wirtz 2018:18, Figs. 13-15 [Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences (Series 4) v. 65 (no. 1); ref. 36189] Angola, 10°49'S, 13°43'E, depth 35-36 meters. Holotype: ZSM 45041. Paratypes: IRSNB 9534 (1); ZSM 32516 (1). •Valid as Serranus inexpectatus Wirtz & Iwamoto 2018 -- (Parenti & Randall 2020:125 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Valid as Serranus inexpectatus Wirtz & Iwamoto 2018. Serranidae: Serraninae. Distribution: Eastern Atlantic: Senegal south to Angola. Habitat: marine.

jacome, Serranus Poey [F.] 1851:[57, 59], Pl. 2 (fig. 1) [Memorias sobre la historia natural de la Isla de Cuba v. 1; ref. 3497] Cuba. Syntypes: MCZ 10008 (1), 10067 (1). Type catalog: Howell Rivero 1938:193-194 [ref. 22926]. Name dates from plate (Nov. 1851); text published Apr. 1852. •Synonym of Serranus tabacarius (Cuvier 1829) -- (Parenti & Randall 2020:128 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Synonym of Serranus tabacarius (Cuvier 1829). Serranidae: Serraninae. Habitat: marine.

knysnaensis, Serranus Gilchrist [J. D. F.] 1904:2, Pl. 19 [Marine Investigations in South Africa v. 3; ref. 1646] Knysna, Cape Province, South Africa. Holotype (unique): SAM 11647. Spelled knysnaensis on p. 1 and on plate, Kynsnaensis on p. 2; Corrigenda for vol. III corrects p. 2 to knysnaensis and locality to Knysna. •Synonym of Serranus cabrilla (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Heemstra & Randall 1986:536 [ref. 5667]). •Valid as Serranus knysnaensis Gilchrist 1904 -- (Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:174 [ref. 28072], Carvalho Filho & Ferreira 2013:812 [ref. 33030], Heemstra & Anderson in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2409 [ref. 34618], Fricke et al. 2018:158 [ref. 35805], Iwamoto & Wirtz 2018:36 [ref 36189], Parenti & Randall 2020:125 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Valid as Serranus knysnaensis Gilchrist 1904. Serranidae: Serraninae. Distribution: Southeastern Atlantic Ocean, southwestern Indian Ocean: South Africa to Madagascar. Habitat: marine.

loeflingii, Labrus Walbaum [J. J.] 1792:262 [Petri Artedi sueci genera piscium Part 3; ref. 4572] No locality stated. •Unidentifiable serranid -- (Parenti & Randall 2000:61 [ref. 24943]). Serranidae: Serraninae. Habitat: marine.

luciopercanus, Serranus Poey [F.] 1852:56, 59, Pl. 9 (fig. 1) [Memorias sobre la historia natural de la Isla de Cuba v. 1; ref. 3497] Havana, Cuba. Poey specimens: ZMB 5965 (1). •Valid as Serranus luciopercanus Poey 1852 -- (Heemstra et al. 2003:1327 [ref. 27060], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:187 [ref. 28815], Smith-Vaniz & Jelks 2014:43 [ref. 33341], Iwamoto & Wirtz 2018:35 [ref 36189], Parenti & Randall 2020:125 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Valid as Serranus luciopercanus Poey 1852. Serranidae: Serraninae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: Bahamas, West Indies, Honduras. Habitat: marine.

maculata, Paralabrax Howell Rivero [L.] 1936:59 [Proceedings of the Boston Society of Natural History v. 41 (no. 4); ref. 12257] Matanzas, Cuba. Holotype: MCZ 34040. Paratypes: MCZ 34041 (3). •Synonym of Serranus baldwini (Evermann & Marsh 1899) -- (Heemstra et al. 2003:1327 [ref. 27060], Parenti & Randall 2020:123 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Synonym of Serranus baldwini (Evermann & Marsh 1899). Serranidae: Serraninae. Habitat: marine.

marina, Holocentrus Suckow [G. A.] 1799:536 [Naturgeschichte der Thiere v. 4, pt. 1; ref. 18858] New combination for Perca marina Linnaeus 1758 (serranid). Also see Sebastes norvegicus (Ascanius 1772). •In the synonymy of Serranus scriba (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Parenti & Randall 2020:127 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Synonym of Serranus scriba (Linnaeus 1758). Serranidae: Serraninae.

marina, Perca Linnaeus [C.] 1758:290 [Systema Naturae, Ed. X v. 1; ref. 2787] Original localities Norway, northeastern Atlantic Ocean; Italy, Mediterranean Sea. Syntypes: NRM 9 (1), ?442 (1). Type catalog: Fernholm & Wheeler 1983:238-240 [ref. 20707]. Fernholm & Wheeler 1983:238-240 [ref. 20707] pointed out that the sources for the species description in 1758 were referable to Serranus; Fernholm & Wheeler suggest synonymizing P. marina with P. scriba Linnaeus 1758. NRM 442 is the type of scriba. See Sebastes marinus Linnaeus. •In the synonymy of Serranus scriba (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Parenti & Randall 2020:127 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Synonym of Serranus scriba (Linnaeus 1758). Serranidae: Serraninae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

maroccanus, Holocentrus Bloch [M. E.] & Schneider [J. G.] 1801:320 [M. E. Blochii, Systema Ichthyologiae; ref. 471] Morocco. Holotype (unique): ZMB 5531 (left skin). Type catalog: Paepke 1999:137 [ref. 24282]. •Synonym of Serranus scriba (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Smith 1990:706 [ref. 18227], Parenti & Randall 2020:127 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Synonym of Serranus scriba (Linnaeus 1758). Serranidae: Serraninae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

maytagi, Serranus Robins [C. R.] & Starck [W. A., II] 1961:288, Fig. 5a [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 113 (no. 11); ref. 3789] Caribbean Sea, 16°38'N, 81°39'W, depth 150 fathoms. Holotype: ANSP 95130. Paratypes: FMNH 65004 (1), UF 204795 [ex UMML 4795] (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:155 [ref. 13621], Ibarra & Stewart 1987:79 [ref. 12367]. •Valid as Serranus maytagi Robins & Starck 1961 -- (Rojas M. & Pequeño 2001:165 [ref. 25813], Heemstra et al. 2003:1327 [ref. 27060], Iwamoto & Wirtz 2018:35 [ref 36189], Parenti & Randall 2020:126 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Valid as Serranus maytagi Robins & Starck 1961. Serranidae: Serraninae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: central Caribbean Sea. Habitat: marine.

nigropunctatus, Prionodes Hildebrand [S. F.] in Longley & Hildebrand 1940:236, Fig. 7 [Papers Tortugas Laboratory, Carnegie Institution of Washington v. 32; ref. 2822] Tortugas, Florida, U.S.A., depth 30 fathoms. Holotype (unique): USNM 108877. •Synonym of Serranus annularis (Günther 1880) -- (Parenti & Randall 2020:123 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Synonym of Serranus annularis (Günther 1880). Serranidae: Serraninae. Habitat: marine.

notospilus, Serranus Longley [W. H.] 1935:87 [Carnegie Institution of Washington Year Book No. 34; ref. 13714] Tortugas, Florida, U.S.A. Holotype: USNM 103765. •Valid as Serranus notospilus Longley 1935 -- (Robins & Ray 1986:140 [ref. 23100], Bullock & Smith 1991:66 [ref. 36591], Cervigón 1991:362 [ref. 24472], Boschung 1992:109 [ref. 23239], Cervigón 1992:436 [ref. 23827], Rojas M. & Pequeño 2001:165 [ref. 25813], Heemstra et al. 2003:1327 [ref. 27060], Nelson et al. 2004:129 [ref. 27807], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:188 [ref. 28815], Page et al. 2013:133 [ref. 32708], Carvalho Filho & Ferreira 2013:809 [ref. 33030], Iwamoto & Wirtz 2018:35 [ref 36189], Parenti & Randall 2020:126 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Valid as Serranus notospilus Longley 1935. Serranidae: Serraninae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: Georgia (U.S.A.), Florida Keys (U.S.A.) and Gulf of Mexico south to Suriname. Habitat: marine.

novemcinctus, Serranus Kner [R.] 1864:483 [3], Pl. 2 (fig. 1) [Sitzungsberichte der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften. Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe v. 49; ref. 4927] Cape of Good Hope and St. Paul Island, southern Indian Ocean. Syntypes: ?BMNH 1883.7.4.76 (1); NMW 20562 (1), 39230 (1), 39425-29 (1, 2, 1, 5, 2). On p. 3 of separate. •Valid as Serranus novemcinctus Kner 1864 -- (Heemstra & Randall 1986:536 [ref. 5667], Collette & Parin 1991:9 [ref. 19110], Rojas M. & Pequeño 2001:165 [ref. 25813], Carvalho Filho & Ferreira 2013:812 [ref. 33030], Iwamoto & Wirtz 2018:36 [ref 36189], Parenti & Randall 2020:126 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Valid as Serranus novemcinctus Kner 1864. Serranidae: Serraninae. Distribution: Southern Indian Ocean: Walters Shoals, Saint Paul and Amsterdam islands. Records from Cape Horn are probably erroneous. Habitat: marine.

oxyrhynchus, Serranus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1828:320 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 2; ref. 997] Malabar, India. Holotype (unique): MNHN 0000-7206. Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1984:33 [ref. 19232], Bauchot & Daget 1996:241 [ref. 22899]. •Synonym of Serranus cabrilla (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Parenti & Randall 2020:123 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Synonym of Serranus cabrilla (Linnaeus 1758). Serranidae: Serraninae. Habitat: marine.

papilionaceus, Serranus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1832:471 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 8; ref. 1000] Gorée, Senegal; Canary Islands. Syntypes: MNHN 0000-7279 (2). Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1984:33 [ref. 19232]. •Synonym of Serranus scriba (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Smith 1990:706 [ref. 18227], Parenti & Randall 2020:127 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Synonym of Serranus scriba (Linnaeus 1758). Serranidae: Serraninae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

phoebe, Serranus Poey [F.] 1851:[55, 59], Pl. 2 (fig. 3) [Memorias sobre la historia natural de la Isla de Cuba v. 1; ref. 3497] Cuba. Syntypes: MCZ 26949 (1), 31437 (1). Type catalog: Howell Rivero 1938:193 [ref. 22926]. Name dates from plate (Nov. 1851); text published Apr. 1852. •Valid as Serranus phoebe Poey 1851 -- (Matsuura in Uyeno et al. 1983:309 [ref. 14275], Robins & Ray 1986:139 [ref. 23100], Bullock & Smith 1991:69 [ref. 36591], Cervigón 1991:363 [ref. 24472], Boschung 1992:109 [ref. 23239], Cervigón 1992:436 [ref. 23827], Andreata & Séret 1996:585 [ref. 16204] as phobe, Aguilera 1998:48 [ref. 24221], Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:219 [ref. 25013], Schmitter-Soto et al. 2000:158 [ref. 27754], Gasparini & Floeter 2001:1644 [ref. 25634], Camargo & Isaac 2001:143 [ref. 27639], Heemstra et al. 2003:1327 [ref. 27060], Moura & Menezes in Menezes et al. 2003:77 [ref. 27192], Bunkley-Williams & Williams 2004:106 [ref. 27795], Nelson et al. 2004:129 [ref. 27807], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:189 [ref. 28815], Page et al. 2013:133 [ref. 32708], Carvalho Filho & Ferreira 2013:809 [ref. 33030], Lins Oliveira et al. 2015:155 [ref. 37485], Pinheiro et al. 2015:13 [ref. 34324], Iwamoto & Wirtz 2018:35 [ref 36189], Parenti & Randall 2020:126 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Valid as Serranus phoebe Poey 1851. Serranidae: Serraninae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: North Carolina (U.S.A.) and Bermuda south to São Paulo (Brazil), including Gulf of Mexico. Habitat: marine.

pomospilus, Paracentropristes Ginsburg [I.] 1952:89, Fig. 3 [Journal of the Washington Academy of Sciences v. 42 (no. 3); ref. 1805] Off St. Joseph Island, Texas, U.S.A., 28°03'30"N, 95°41'30"W, depth 26 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 151883. Paratypes: (56) USNM 117183-86 (12, 1, 2, 2), 133790 (7), 154901-21 (1, 1, 1, 1, 3, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 2, 2, 3, 1, 1, 2, 2, 1, 1, 3, 2). •Synonym of Serranus atrobranchus (Cuvier 1829) -- (Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:267 [ref. 24550], Parenti & Randall 2020:123 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Synonym of Serranus atrobranchus (Cuvier 1829). Serranidae: Serraninae. Habitat: marine.

praestigiator, Serranus Poey [F.] 1851:[58, 59], Pl. 2 (fig. 2) [Memorias sobre la historia natural de la Isla de Cuba v. 1; ref. 3497] Havana, Cuba. Holotype: USNM 21228. Poey specimens: ZMB 5966 (1). Type catalog: Howell Rivero 1938:194 [ref. 22926]. Name dates from plate: Nov. 1851; text published Apr. 1852. •Synonym of Serranus tigrinus (Bloch 1790) -- (Parenti & Randall 2020:128 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Synonym of Serranus tigrinus (Bloch 1790). Serranidae: Serraninae. Habitat: marine.

psittacinus, Serranus Valenciennes [A.] 1846:no p., Pl. 1 (fig. 1) [Voyage autour du monde sur la frégate "la Vénus"; ref. 6165] Galápagos Islands. Holotype (unique): MNHN 0000-7546 (dry). Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1984:33 [ref. 19232]. Dates to publication in plate; corresponding text published as Valenciennes 1855:299 [ref. 4504]. •Valid as Serranus psittacinus Valenciennes 1846 -- (Allen & Robertson 1992:39 [ref. 19673], Allen & Robertson 1994:115 [ref. 22193], Heemstra in Fischer et al. 1995:1613 [ref. 22830], Grove & Lavenberg 1997:332 [ref. 24023], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:360 [ref. 24555], Thomson et al. 2000:74 [ref. 25640], Rojas M. & Pequeño 2001:166 [ref. 25813], Nelson et al. 2004:129 [ref. 27807], McCosker & Rosenblatt 2010:191 [ref. 30957], Page et al. 2013:133 [ref. 32708], Carvalho Filho & Ferreira 2013:812 [ref. 33030], Galván-Villa et al. 2016:146 [ref. 34871], Del Moral-Flores et al. 2016:608 [ref. 34923], Iwamoto & Wirtz 2018:35 [ref 36189], Parenti & Randall 2020:126 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Valid as Serranus psittacinus Valenciennes 1846. Serranidae: Serraninae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific: central Baja California (Mexico) and Gulf of California south to Peru, including Galápagos Islands. Habitat: marine.

pulcher, Serranus Wirtz [P.] & Iwamoto [T.] 2016:192, Figs. 1-9 [Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences v. 63 (no. 6); ref. 34418] São Tomé Island (00°25.099'N, 006°41.718'E) near wreck "Mar Vassa" on coral rubble, depth about 6 meters. Holotype: ZSM 43868. Paratypes: CAS, CIUFES, ZSM. •Valid as Serranus pulcher Wirtz & Iwamoto 2016 -- (Iwamoto & Wirtz 2018:22 [ref. 36189], Parenti & Randall 2020:126 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Valid as Serranus pulcher Wirtz & Iwamoto 2016. Serranidae: Serraninae. Distribution: Eastern Atlantic: São Tomé and Principe. Habitat: marine.

salviani, Labrus Suckow [G. A.] 1799:462 [Naturgeschichte der Thiere v. 4, pt. 1; ref. 18858] Based on Labrus hiatula Bonnaterre 1788, which is preoccupied by Labrus hiatula Linnaeus 1766. •Synonym of Serranus cabrilla (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Parenti & Randall 2020:123 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Synonym of Serranus cabrilla (Linnaeus 1758). Serranidae: Serraninae. Habitat: marine.

sanctaehelenae, Serranus Boulenger [G. A.] 1895:289, Pl. 11 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum 2nd edition v. 1; ref. 537] Saint Helena Island, South Atlantic. Syntyps: BMNH 1867.12.26.6-7 (1), 2004.12.8.1 (stuffed), Originally as sanxtae-helenae, correction mandatory. •Valid as Serranus sanctaehelenae Boulenger 1895 -- (Edwards & Glass 1987:637 [ref. 9166], Smith 1990:705 [ref. 18227], Trunov 2006:475 [ref. 28786], Wirtz et al. 2014:6 [ref. 33516], Heemstra & Anderson in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2412 [ref. 34618], Iwamoto & Wirtz 2018:26 [ref. 36189], Brown et al. 2019:177 [ref. 36444], Parenti & Randall 2020:127 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Valid as Serranus sanctaehelenae Boulenger 1895. Serranidae: Serraninae. Distribution: Southern central Atlantic: Ascension and Saint Helena islands endemic. Habitat: marine.

sarnicus, Serranus Griffith [E.] & Smith [C. H.] 1834:276, Pl. 4 (opp. p. 276) [The class Pisces, arranged by the Baron Cuvier; ref. 1908] No locality stated [Guernsey, Channel Islands]. No types known. Based on illustration by. C. H. Smith. See comment on type locality in Parenti & Randall 2020:123 [ref. 37354]. •Synonym of Serranus cabrilla (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Parenti & Randall 2020:124 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Synonym of Serranus cabrilla (Linnaeus 1758). Serranidae: Serraninae. Habitat: marine.

sciurus, Lutjanus Lacepède [B. G. E.] 1802:177, 206 [Histoire naturelle des poissons (Lacepède) v. 4; ref. 4929] Molucca Islands, Indonesia; Bahamas; Antilles [incorrect]. Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1981:39 [ref. 21549]. Unneeded replacement name for Perca formosa Linnaeus 1766. Composite species, based in part on Perca scriba Linnaeus 1758. •Synonym of Diplectrum formosum (Linnaeus 1766) (in part) -- (Parenti & Randall 2020:115 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Uncertain as Serranus scriba (Linnaeus 1758). Serranidae: Serraninae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

scriba, Perca Linnaeus [C.] 1758:292 [Systema Naturae, Ed. X v. 1; ref. 2787] No locality. Holotype (unique): NRM 442. Type catalog: Fernholm & Wheeler 1983:240 [ref. 20707]. •Valid as Serranus scriba (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Tortonese 1973:356 [ref. 7192], Tortonese in Whitehead et al. 1986:791 [ref. 13676], Smith 1990:706 [ref. 18227], Arruda 1997:81 [ref. 24952], Rojas M. & Pequeño 2001:166 [ref. 25813], Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:77 [ref. 26753], Parin 2003:S3 [ref. 28536], Golani 2005:37 [ref. 37112], Vasil'eva 2007:86 [ref. 30517], Ninua & Japoshvili 2008:170 [ref. 31251], Lipej & Dulčić 2010:42 [ref. 36649], Parin et al. 2014:353 [ref. 33547], Wirtz & Iwamoto 2016:192 [ref. 34418], Heemstra & Anderson in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2413 [ref. 34618], Iwamoto & Wirtz 2018:27 [ref. 36189], Martins & Carneiro 2018:127 [ref. 36550], Artüz & Fricke 2019:556 [ref. 36612], Carneiro et al. 2019:246 [ref. 37250], Elbaraasi et al. 2019:96 [ref. 36864], Bariche & Fricke 2020:89 [ref. 37515], Kovačić et al. 2020:41 [ref. 37519], Parenti & Randall 2020:127 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Valid as Serranus scriba (Linnaeus 1758). Serranidae: Serraninae. Distribution: Mediterranean Sea; Sea of Marmara; Black Sea; eastern Atlantic: English Channel south to Senegal, including Azores and Madeira; southwestern Indian Ocean: South Africa north to KwaZulu-Natal (rare). Habitat: brackish, marine.

scriptura, Lutjanus Lacepède [B. G. E.] 1802:187, 229 [Histoire naturelle des poissons (Lacepède) v. 4; ref. 4929] Mediterranean Sea. Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1981:39 [ref. 21549]. Based on Perca scriba Linnaeus and other sources, not regarded as a replacement name. •Synonym of Serranus scriba (Linaeus 1758) -- (Parenti & Randall 2020:127 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Synonym of Serranus scriba (Linnaeus 1758). Serranidae: Serraninae. Habitat: marine.

serran, Lutjanus Lacepède [B. G. E.] 1802:177, 205 [Histoire naturelle des poissons (Lacepède) v. 4; ref. 4929] Mediterranean Sea. Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1981:39 [ref. 21549]. Based on Perca cabrilla Linnaeus 1758. •Synonym of Serranus cabrilla (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Parenti & Randall 2020:124 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Synonym of Serranus cabrilla (Linnaeus 1758). Lutjanidae. Habitat: marine.

siagonotus, Holocentrus Delaroche [F. E.] 1809:352 [66], Pl. 22 (fig. 8) [Annales du Muséum d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris v. 13; ref. 17380] [Iviça] Ibiza, Baleares Islands, Spain, western Mediterranean Sea. Syntypes: (2, whereabouts unknown). Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1984:41 [ref. 19232]. On p. 66 and Pl. 3 of separate. •Synonym of Serranus hepatus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Tortonese 1973:356 [ref. 7192], Bauchot et al. 1984:41 [ref. 19232], Smith 1990:705 [ref. 18227], Iwamoto & Wirtz 2018:13 [ref. 36189], Parenti & Randall 2020:123 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Synonym of Serranus hepatus (Linnaeus 1758). Serranidae: Serraninae. Habitat: marine.

socorroensis, Serranus Allen [G. R.] & Robertson [D. R.] 1992:38, Fig. 1 [Revue française d'Aquariologie Herpétologie v. 19 (no. 1/2); ref. 19673] Socorro Island, Revillagigedo Islands, off western Mexico, about 18°48'N, 111°02'W, depth 8 meters. Holotype: USNM 321179. Paratypes: USNM 321180 (1), WAM P.30390-001 (1). Type catalog: Moore et al. 2008:21 [ref. 30117]. •Valid as Serranus socorroensis Allen & Robertson 1992 -- (Allen & Robertson 1994:115 [ref. 22193], Heemstra in Fischer et al. 1995:1577 [ref. 22830], Nelson et al. 2004:129 [ref. 27807], Page et al. 2013:133 [ref. 32708], Carvalho Filho & Ferreira 2013:812 [ref. 33030], Fourriére et al. 2016:444 [ref. 34668], Del Moral-Flores et al. 2016:608 [ref. 34923], Iwamoto & Wirtz 2018:36 [ref 36189], Parenti & Randall 2020:127 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Valid as Serranus socorroensis Allen & Robertson 1992. Serranidae: Serraninae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific: Revillagigedo Islands endemic. Habitat: marine.

spalatensis, Labrus Bloch [M. E.] & Schneider [J. G.] (ex Brünnich) 1801:256 [M. E. Blochii, Systema Ichthyologiae; ref. 471] Split, Croatia, Adriatic Sea, Mediterranean Sea. No types known. Based on "Labrus (sp.) (no. 11)" of Brünnich 1768:98 [ref. 17290]. •Synonym of Serranus hepatus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Parenti & Randall 2020:123 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Synonym of Serranus hepatus (Linnaeus 1758). Serranidae: Serraninae. Habitat: marine.

stilbostigma, Prionodes Jordan [D. S.] & Bollman [C. H.] 1890:158 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 12 (no. 770); ref. 2433] About 4 kilometers off western side of San Cristól, Galápagos Islands, 0°50'S, 89°36'W, Albatross station 2809, depth 45 fathoms. Holotype (unique): USNM 44278. •Valid as Serranus stilbostigma (Jordan & Bollman 1890) -- (Heemstra in Fischer et al. 1995:1577 [ref. 22830], Grove & Lavenberg 1997:333 [ref. 24023], McCosker & Rosenblatt 2010:191 [ref. 30957], Carvalho Filho & Ferreira 2013:812 [ref. 33030], Iwamoto & Wirtz 2018:36 [ref 36189], Parenti & Randall 2020:127 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Valid as Serranus stilbostigma (Jordan & Bollman 1890). Serranidae: Serraninae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific: Galápagos Islands and Ecuador. Habitat: marine.

striatus, Holocentrus Bloch [M. E.] 1790:71, Pl. 235 (fig. 1) [Naturgeschichte der ausländischen Fische v. 4; ref. 469] Unknown locality. Holotype (unique): ZMB 123. Genus misspelled Holoncentrus. On p. 53 of Bloch's Ichthyologie, v. 7 [ref. 21381]. •Synonym of Serranus hepatus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Paepke 1999:138 [ref. 24282], Parenti & Randall 2020:123 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Synonym of Serranus hepatus (Linnaeus 1758). Serranidae: Serraninae. Habitat: marine.

subligarius, Centropristis Cope [E. D.] 1870:120 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 22; ref. 18030] Pensacola, Florida, U.S.A. Holotype (unique): ANSP 13675. Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:156 [ref. 13621]. •Valid as Serranus subligarius (Cope 1870) -- (Robins & Ray 1986:139 [ref. 23100], Bullock & Smith 1991:71 [ref. 36591], Boschung 1992:110 [ref. 23239], Rojas M. & Pequeño 2001:166 [ref. 25813], Heemstra et al. 2003:1327 [ref. 27060], Nelson et al. 2004:130 [ref. 27807], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:190 [ref. 28815], Page et al. 2013:133 [ref. 32708], Iwamoto & Wirtz 2018:35 [ref 36189], Parenti & Randall 2020:128 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Valid as Serranus subligarius (Cope 1870). Serranidae: Serraninae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: North Carolina south to Florida (U.S.A.), including northern Gulf of Mexico. Habitat: marine.

tabacarius, Centropristes Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1829:44 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 3; ref. 4879] Martinique Island, West Indies. Holotype (unique): MNHN 0000-6978. Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1984:13 [ref. 19232]. Original genus should have been Centropristis. •Valid as Serranus tabacarius (Cuvier 1829) -- (Robins & Ray 1986:140 [ref. 23100], Bullock & Smith 1991:75 [ref. 36591], Cervigón 1991:364 [ref. 24472], Cervigón 1992:436 [ref. 23827], Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:219 [ref. 25013], Schmitter-Soto et al. 2000:158 [ref. 27754], Collette et al. 2003:107 [ref. 26784], Heemstra et al. 2003:1327 [ref. 27060], Moura & Menezes in Menezes et al. 2003:77 [ref. 27192], Smith et al. 2003:25 [ref. 27621], Nelson et al. 2004:130 [ref. 27807], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:191 [ref. 28815], Page et al. 2013:133 [ref. 32708], Carvalho Filho & Ferreira 2013:809 [ref. 33030], Smith-Vaniz & Jelks 2014:43 [ref. 33341], Robertson et al. 2016:145 [ref. 34961], Iwamoto & Wirtz 2018:35 [ref 36189], Parenti & Randall 2020:128 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Valid as Serranus tabacarius (Cuvier 1829). Serranidae: Serraninae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: Georgia (U.S.A.) and Bermuda south to Brazil, including Gulf of Mexico and Caribbean Sea. Habitat: marine.

tico, Serranus Allen [G. R.] & Robertson [D. R.] 1998:115, Fig. [Peces del Pacífico Oriental tropical; ref. 31062] Isla del Coco, eastern Pacific. This name was not published in Pacific Science as suggested on the internet and in references. A figure of the species appeared with a common name in Allen & Robertson 1994 (ref. 22193); tico was included in the index, but without a clear connection to the text (hence a nomen nudum). Authorship is given as Meisler & Lavenberg. Apparently appeared first as above (Spanish edition of ref. 22193), but the description was prepared by Allen & Robertson, so they are apparently the authors of the species. No types mentioned; apparently specimens (not types) are at the LACM. •Valid as Serranus tico Allen & Robertson 1998 -- (Carvalho Filho & Ferreira 2013:812 [ref. 33030], Iwamoto & Wirtz 2018:36 [ref 36189], Sánchez-Jiménez et al. 2018:7 [ref. 36248], Parenti & Randall 2020:128 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Valid as Serranus tico Allen & Robertson 1998. Serranidae: Serraninae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific: Cocos Island (Costa Rica) and Malpelo Island (Colombia). Habitat: marine.

tigrina, Perca Walbaum [J. J.] 1792:352 [Petri Artedi sueci genera piscium Part 3; ref. 4572] No locality [western Atlantic]. Holotype (unique): Whereabouts unknown. Based on Seba 1759, Pl. 27 (fig. 15). Independent of, but a synonym of, and secondary homonym of Holocentrus tigrinus Bloch 1790. •Synonym of Serranus tigrinus (Bloch 1790) -- (Parenti 2003:501 [ref. 27322], Parenti & Randall 2020:128 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Synonym of Serranus tigrinus (Bloch 1790). Serranidae: Serraninae. Habitat: marine.

tigrinus, Holocentrus Bloch [M. E.] 1790:77, Pl. 237 [Naturgeschichte der ausländischen Fische v. 4; ref. 469] Indian Ocean [in error]. Holotype (unique): ZMB 165 (lost). Type catalog: Paepke 1999:138 [ref. 24282]. On p. 59 of Bloch's Ichthyologie, v. 7 [ref. 21381]. •Valid as Serranus tigrinus (Bloch 1790) -- (Robins & Ray 1986:139 [ref. 23100], Bullock & Smith 1991:77 [ref. 36591], Cervigón 1991:365 [ref. 24472], Cervigón 1992:436 [ref. 23827], Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:219 [ref. 25013], Schmitter-Soto et al. 2000:158 [ref. 27754], Rojas M. & Pequeño 2001:166 [ref. 25813], Collette et al. 2003:107 [ref. 26784], Heemstra et al. 2003:1327 [ref. 27060], Smith et al. 2003:26 [ref. 27621], Nelson et al. 2004:130 [ref. 27807], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:192 [ref. 28815], Page et al. 2013:133 [ref. 32708], Carvalho Filho & Ferreira 2013:809 [ref. 33030], Smith-Vaniz & Jelks 2014:43 [ref. 33341], Robertson et al. 2016:145 [ref. 34961], Iwamoto & Wirtz 2018:35 [ref 36189], Parenti & Randall 2020:128 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Valid as Serranus tigrinus (Bloch 1790). Serranidae: Serraninae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: southern Florida (U.S.A.) and Bermuda south to Venezuela and Curaçao. Habitat: marine.

tortugarum, Serranus Longley [W. H.] 1935:87 [Carnegie Institution of Washington Year Book No. 34; ref. 13714] Tortugas Islands, Florida, U.S.A. Lectotype: USNM 107329. Paralectotypes: USNM 108881 (1). Lectotype from USNM records, not researched and not designated here. •Valid as Serranus tortugarum Longley 1935 -- (Robins & Ray 1986:140 [ref. 23100], Bullock & Smith 1991:78 [ref. 36591], Cervigón 1991:366 [ref. 24472], Boschung 1992:110 [ref. 23239], Cervigón 1992:436 [ref. 23827], Schmitter-Soto et al. 2000:158 [ref. 27754], Collette et al. 2003:107 [ref. 26784], Heemstra et al. 2003:1327 [ref. 27060], Smith et al. 2003:26 [ref. 27621], Nelson et al. 2004:130 [ref. 27807], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:193 [ref. 28815], Page et al. 2013:133 [ref. 32708], Carvalho Filho & Ferreira 2013:812 [ref. 33030], Smith-Vaniz & Jelks 2014:43 [ref. 33341], Robertson et al. 2016:145 [ref. 34961], Iwamoto & Wirtz 2018:35 [ref 36189], Parenti & Randall 2020:128 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Valid as Serranus tortugarum Longley 1935. Serranidae: Serraninae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: southern Florida (U.S.A.) south to Venezuela. Habitat: marine.

triacanthus, Holocentrus Lacepède [B. G. E.] 1802:337, 377 [Histoire naturelle des poissons (Lacepède) v. 4; ref. 4929] Unknown locality. Holotype (unique): ZMB 123. •Unneeded new name for (and objective synonym of) Holocentrus striatus Bloch 1790. •Synonym of Serranus hepatus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Parenti & Randall 2020:123 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Synonym of Serranus hepatus (Linnaeus 1758). Serranidae: Serraninae. Habitat: marine.

variegatus, Holocentrus Shaw [G.] 1803:559 [General zoology or systematic natural history v. 4; ref. 4014] Mediterranean Sea, [northern seas] northeastern Atlantic Ocean. No types known. Unneeded new name for Perca marina Linnaeus 1758. See account of Perca marina. •Objective synonym of Perca marina Linnaeus 1758. •Synonym of Serranus scriba (Linaeus 1758) -- (Parenti & Randall 2020:127 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Synonym of Serranus scriba (Linnaeus 1758). Serranidae: Serraninae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

virescens, Holocentrus Bloch [M. E.] 1790:67, Pl. 233 [Naturgeschichte der ausländischen Fische v. 4; ref. 469] West Indies. Holotype (unique): ZMB 5532 (stuffed). Type catalog: Paepke 1999:138 [ref. 24282]. On p. 50 of Bloch's Ichthyologie, v. 7 [ref. 21381]. •Synonym of Serranus cabrilla (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Parenti & Randall 2020:123 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Synonym of Serranus cabrilla (Linnaeus 1758). Serranidae: Serraninae. Habitat: marine.

vitella, Perca Cabrera y Corro [A.], Pérez [L.] & Hänseler [F.] in Machado 1857:24 [Catálogo de los peces que habitán ó frecuentan las costas de Cadiz y Huelva con inclusion de los del Rio Guadalquivir.; ref. 17320] Western Andalusia, near Cádiz, Spain, eastern Atlantic. Name only; not available. Name from Cabrera y Corro, Pérez & Hänseler 1817:7 [ref. 17319]. Also appeared as name only in Graells 1887:181 [ref. 30438]. •In genus Serranus Cuvier 1816. Serranidae: Serraninae.

vitella, Perca Cabrera y Corro [A.], Pérez [L.] & Hänseler [F.] 1817:7 [Lista de los peces del mar de Andalucía; ref. 17319] Western Andalusia, near Cádiz, Spain, eastern Atlantic. Name only, not available. Possibly an unpublished work. See also Perca vitella Cabrera y Corro, Pérez & Hänseler in Machado 1857:24 [ref. 17320]. •In genus Serranus Cuvier 1816. Serranidae: Serraninae.