Institute for Biodiversity Science and Sustainability
Online Version, Updated 3 September 2019

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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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sphenops, Poecilia Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1846:130, Pl. 525-526, bottom [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 18; ref. 1011] Veracruz, Mexico. Syntypes: MNHN B-0930 (8). Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1950:30 [ref. 19576]. •Valid as Poecilia sphenops Valenciennes 1846 -- (Rosen & Bailey 1963:49 [ref. 7067], Villa 1982:134 [ref. 36708], Poeser 1992:81 [ref. 21511], Kottelat et al. 1993:91 [ref. 23448], Paepke & Meyer 1995:287 [ref. 21889], Espinosa Pérez et al. 1993:50 [ref. 22290], Rodriguez 1997:673 [ref. 23266], Parenti 1999:2200 [ref. 24784], Fuller et al. 1999:313 [ref. 25838], Meyer & Radda 2000:75 [ref. 25029], Parenti in Randall & Lim 2000:599 [ref. 25122], Marín 2000:70 [ref. 26252], Ghedotti 2000:38 [ref. 27228], Keith et al. 2002:94 [ref. 31473], Poeser 2002:246 [ref. 26215], Meyer et al. 2002:50 [ref. 26721], Ghedotti & Wiley 2003:1157 [ref. 27019], Lucinda in Reis et al. 2003:568 [ref. 27061], Nelson et al. 2004:104 [ref. 27807], Lucinda & Reis 2005:45 [ref. 29205], Miller 2006:238 [ref. 28615], Scharpf 2007:20 [ref. 30398], Page & Burr 2011:442 [ref. 31215], Poeser 2011:420 [ref. 31550], McMahan et al. 2013:447 [ref. 32422], Page et al. 2013:110 [ref. 32708], Palacios et al. 2013:13 [ref. 32935], Kottelat 2013:300 [ref. 32989], Meyer 2015:248 [ref. 34698], Ho et al. 2016:Fig. 1 [ref. 34400] in subgenus Mollienesia, Palacios et al. 2016:232 [ref. 34629] in subgenus Mollienesia, DoNascimiento et al. 2017:102 [ref. 35633], Romero-Berny et al. 2018:90 [ref. 35859], González-Murcia et al. 2019:297 [ref. 36544]). Current status: Valid as Poecilia sphenops Valenciennes 1846. Poeciliidae: Poeciliinae. Distribution: Colombia, Mexico, El Salvador, Honduras and Nicaragua. Introduced in Tobago, Society Islands and elsewhere (see also Poecilia mexicana). Habitat: freshwater, brackish.