Institute for Biodiversity Science and Sustainability
Online Version, Updated 9 Jul 2024

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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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sammara, Sciaena Fabricius [J. C.] in Niebuhr (ex Forsskål) 1775:48, xii [Descriptiones animalium (Forsskål); ref. 1351] Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, Red Sea. Holotype (unique): ZMUC P4042 (dry skin). Type catalog: Nielsen 1974:58 [ref. 9588]. Holotype figured in Klausewitz & Nielsen 1965:Pls. 15-16 [ref. 20847]. Spelled samara in Rüppell 1829:85 [ref. 3843]. Authorship according to Fricke 2008:23 [ref. 30182]. •Valid as Flammeo sammara (Forsskål 1775) -- (Dor 1984:71 [ref. 29757], Shimizu in Masuda et al. 1984:112 [ref. 6441]). •Valid as Neoniphon sammara (Forsskål 1775) -- (Randall & Heemstra 1985:4 [ref. 5144], Randall & Heemstra 1986:416 [ref. 5707], Allen & Swainston 1988:42 [ref. 25477], Paxton et al. 1989:379 [ref. 12442], Winterbottom et al. 1989:17 [ref. 13251], Randall et al. 1990:64 [ref. 15987], Francis 1993:159 [ref. 25479], Goren & Dor 1994:17 [ref. 25356], Randall 1995:95 [ref. 22896], Kotlyar 1996:83 [ref. 23292], Allen 1997:66 [ref. 23977], Kuiter 1997:64 [ref. 25488], Randall et al. 1997:64 [ref. 25919], Kotlyar 1998:204 [ref. 24674], Myers 1999:83 [ref. 23965], Fricke 1999:132 [ref. 24106], Randall & Greenfield 1999:2245 [ref. 24790], Randall 1999:9 [ref. 25829], Nakabo 2000:492 [ref. 25086], Randall in Randall & Lim 2000:601 [ref. 25122], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:144 [ref. 25191], Randall & Earle 2000:9 [ref. 25806], Allen 2000:96 [ref. 25868], Hutchins 2001:25 [ref. 25847], Nakabo 2002:492 [ref. 26001], Choi et al. 2003:226, 550 [ref. 26218], Allen & Adrim 2003:27 [ref. 26830], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S100 [ref. 27377], Myers & Donaldson 2003:617 [ref. 27495], Kimura et al. in Kimura & Matsuura 2003:31 [ref. 27510] dated 1831, Lobel & Lobel 2004:69 [ref. 27576], Randall et al. 2004:9 [ref. 27624], Adrim et al. 2004:119 [ref. 27715], Heemstra et al. 2004:3318 [ref. 27945], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:135 [ref. 28072], Randall 2005:93 [ref. 28239], Mundy 2005:309 [ref. 28379], Allen et al. 2006:780 [ref. 29066], Randall 2007:151 [ref. 30952], Fricke et al. 2009:34 [ref. 30213], Satapoomin 2009:52 [ref. 30463], Fricke et al. 2011:373 [ref. 31242], Allen & Erdmann 2012:173 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2013:252 [ref. 32706], Larson et al. 2013:73 [ref. 32988], Fricke et al. 2014:42 [ref. 33932], Copus et al. 2015:2 [ref. 33666], Delrieu-Trottin et al. 2015:5 [ref. 33988], Eguchi & Motomura 2016:85 [ref. 34690], Koeda et al. 2016:17 [ref. 35333], Koeda et al. 2016:2 [ref. 35354], Fricke et al. 2018:114 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:45 [ref. 36273], Arndt & Fricke 2019:18 [ref. 36883], Fricke et al. 2019:84 [ref. 36673], Zajonz et al. 2019:67 [ref. 36871], Ota 2020:10 [ref. 38493] as samara, Psomadakis et al. 2020:351 [ref. 37272], Yoshigou 2021:50 [ref. 38991], Mehanna & Osman 2022:665 [ref. 39407]). •Valid as Neoniphon sammara (Fabricius 1775) -- (Fricke 2008:23 [ref. 30182], Randall & Heemstra 2022:392 [ref. 39719], Allen & Erdmann 2024:190 [ref. 40796], Fricke et al. 2024:75 [ref. 41255], Noushad K. et al. 2024:45 [ref. 40947]). Current status: Valid as Neoniphon sammara (Fabricius 1775). Holocentridae: Holocentrinae. Distribution: Red Sea; Indo-Pacific: East Africa, Socotra (Yemen), Seychelles, Comoros, Madagascar and Mascarenes (La Réunion, Mauritius, Rodrigues) east to Line Islands and Pitcairn Group, north to Kochi Prefecture (Japan), Ogasawara Islands (Japan) and Hawaiian Islands (U.S.A.), south to Western Australia at 20°33'S, Queensland (Australia), Lord Howe Island (Australia), Tonga and Rapa (French Polynesia); eastern Mediterranean Sea (Red Sea migrant). Habitat: marine.


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