Institute for Biodiversity Science and Sustainability
Online Version, Updated 7 July 2021

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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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conchifer, Zeus Lowe [R. T.] 1852:247 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1850 (pt 18) (art. 5); ref. 2835] Off Madeira. Syntypes: BMNH 1857.6.13.184 (1, skin). The correct date is 1852 -- see literature cited. According to R. M. Bailey, pers. comm. Sept. 2003, the spelling conchifer as a noun in apposition is correct. •Valid as Zenopsis conchifer [often as conchifera] (Lowe 1852) -- (Wheeler 1973:349 [ref. 7190], Heemstra 1980:11 [ref. 14195], Quéro in Whitehead et al. 1986:770 [ref. 13676], Heemstra 1986:437 [ref. 5660], Inada in Nakamura et al. 1986:170 [ref. 14235], Robins & Ray 1986:116 [ref. 23100] as conchifera, Scott & Scott 1988:329 [ref. 25518] as conchifera, McAllister 1990:132 [ref. 14674], Karrer & Post 1990:631 [ref. 17313], Cervigón 1991:256 [ref. 24472], Boschung 1992:92 [ref. 23239], Cervigón 1992:456 [ref. 23827], Bianchi & Carpenter in Bianchi et al. 1993:150 [ref. 25472], Azevedo & Heemstra 1995:2 [ref. 22269], Santos et al. 1997:72 [ref. 23531], Arruda 1997:78 [ref. 24952], McEachran & Fechhelm 1998:1034 [ref. 23897], Uiblein et al. 1999:63 [ref. 24045], Moore & DeWitt in Collette & Klein-MacPhee 2002:306 [ref. 26158] as conchifera, Tyler et al. 2003:16 [ref. 26742], Heemstra 2003:1211 [ref. 27043] as conchifera and date as 1850, Moore et al. 2003:221 [ref. 27076], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S101 [ref. 27377], Menezes in Menezes et al. 2003:70 [ref. 27192], Nelson et al. 2004:110 [ref. 27807] as conchifera, Nakabo et al. 2006:91 [ref. 28907], Mabragaña et al. 2011:table S2 [ref. 31800], Page et al. 2013:113 [ref. 32708], Heemstra 2016:2228 [ref. 34607], Nión et al. 2016:44 [ref. 35565], Sáez & Lamilla 2017:99 [ref. 36389], Fricke et al. 2018:119 [ref. 35805], Martins & Carneiro 2018:34 [ref. 36550], Carneiro et al. 2019:130 [ref. 37250], Iglésias et al. 2019:280 [ref. 37098], Kai & Tashiro 2019:350 [ref. 36459], Reiner 2019:147 [ref. 38139], Klautau et al. 2020:8 [ref. 37903]). Current status: Valid as Zenopsis conchifer (Lowe 1852). Zeidae. Distribution: Circumglobal. Record from Pacific may be based on misidentifications [ref. 34607]. Habitat: marine.