Institute for Biodiversity Science and Sustainability
Online Version, Updated 5 October 2021

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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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biaculeatus, Syngnathus Bloch [M. E.] 1785:10, Pl. 121 (figs. 1-2) [Naturgeschichte der ausl√§ndischen Fische v. 1; ref. 4866] Indian Ocean. Syntypes: ZMB 4329 (2). Type catalog: Paepke 1999:146 [ref. 24282]. On p. 6 of Bloch's Ichthyologie, v. 4 [ref. 21381]. •Valid as Syngnathoides biaculeatus (Bloch 1785) -- (Dor 1984:80 [ref. 29757], Araga in Masuda et al. 1984:89 [ref. 6441], Dawson 1985: [ref. 6541], Dawson 1986:456 [ref. 5650], Allen & Swainston 1988:46 [ref. 25477], Paxton et al. 1989:431 [ref. 12442], Suzuki & Uno 1992:2 [ref. 24139], Goren & Dor 1994:20 [ref. 25356], Allen 1997:72 [ref. 23977], Kuiter 1997:74 [ref. 25488], Randall et al. 1997:501 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:94 [ref. 23965], Fricke 1999:154 [ref. 24106], Paulus 1999:2276 [ref. 24794], Johnson 1999:726 [ref. 25471], Nakabo 2000:532 [ref. 25086], Randall & Lim in Randall & Lim 2000:604 [ref. 25122], Kimura & Peristiwady in Matsuura & Peristiwady 2000:168 [ref. 27511], Hutchins 2001:27 [ref. 25847], Nakabo 2002:532 [ref. 26001], Allen & Adrim 2003:28 [ref. 26830], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S101 [ref. 27377], Myers & Donaldson 2003:618 [ref. 27495], Kimura et al. in Kimura & Matsuura 2003:34 [ref. 27510], Randall et al. 2004:10 [ref. 27624], Fricke 2004:56 [ref. 28269], Randall 2005:112 [ref. 28239], Mundy 2005:320 [ref. 28379], Paxton et al. 2006:843 [ref. 29073], Fricke 2008:24 [ref. 30182], Kuiter 2009:155 [ref. 30404], Satapoomin 2009:59 [ref. 30463], Fricke et al. 2011:376 [ref. 31242], Allen & Erdmann 2012:212 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2014:48 [ref. 33932], Lourie 2016:155 [ref. 34505], Hamilton et al. 2016:Supplement 3 [ref. 35615], Fricke et al. 2018:126 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:52 [ref. 36273], Fricke et al. 2019:96 [ref. 36673]). Current status: Valid as Syngnathoides biaculeatus (Bloch 1785). Syngnathidae: Syngnathinae. Distribution: Red Sea; Indo-West Pacific: East Africa and South Africa, Madagascar and Mauritius (Mascarenes) east to Marshall Islands and Samoa, north to southern Japan, south to Western Australia, New South Wales (Australia), New Caledonia and Tonga. Habitat: marine.