Institute for Biodiversity Science and Sustainability
Online Version, Updated 5 October 2021

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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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macrophthalmum, Ophidion Linnaeus [C.] 1758:259 [Systema Naturae, Ed. X v. 1; ref. 2787] Vicinity of Algiers, Algeria, western Mediterranean Sea. No types known. Type catalog: Fernholm & Wheeler 1983:256-257 [ref. 20707] who suggest retaining this species in the synonymy of the younger Cepola rubescens Linnaeus 1764. Named Ophidion macroophthalmum by Houttuyn 1764:246 [ref. 2219]. •Synonym of Cepola rubescens Linnaeus 1764 -- (Tortonese in Whitehead et al. 1986:810 [ref. 13676], Quéro 1990:853 [ref. 18537], Lipej & Dulčić 2010:51 [ref. 36649] with author as Lozano Rey 1921). •Valid as Cepola macrophthalma (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Monod 1973:368 [ref. 7193], Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:281 [ref. 25013], Fricke et al. 2007:92 [ref. 29533], Smith-Vaniz in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2692 [ref. 34618], Artüz & Fricke 2019:557 [ref. 36612], Carneiro et al. 2019:278 [ref. 37250], Elbaraasi et al. 2019:98 [ref. 36864], Nair & Geetha 2019:18 [ref. 36630], Bariche & Fricke 2020:66 [ref. 37515], Kovačić et al. 2020:37 [ref. 37519]). Current status: Valid as Cepola macrophthalma (Linnaeus 1758). Cepolidae: Cepolinae. Distribution: Mediterranean Sea; Sea of Marmara; eastern Atlantic: British Isles south to Senegal. Record from India based on misidentified Acanthocepola indica (Day 1888). Habitat: marine.