Institute for Biodiversity Science and Sustainability
Online Version, Updated 7 December 2021

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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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spinifer, Sparus Forsskål [P. S.] in Niebuhr 1775:32, xi [Descriptiones animalium (Forsskål); ref. 1351] Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, Red Sea. Neotype: KAU 13-421 [at SMF]. Neotype designated by Iwatsuki & Heemstra 2018:432 [ref. 35983]. Authorship according to Fricke 2008:40 [ref. 30182]. •Valid as Argyrops spinifer (Forsskål 1775) -- (Kyushin et al. 1977:166 [ref. 19756], Kyushin et al. 1982:123 [ref. 19754], Dor 1984:158 [ref. 29757], Smith & Smith 1986:582 [ref. 5710], Allen & Swainston 1988:84 [ref. 25477], Baranes & Golani 1993:308 [ref. 22372], Goren & Dor 1994:43 [ref. 25356], Randall 1995:224 [ref. 22896], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:361 [ref. 27969], Allen 1997:132 [ref. 23977], Carpenter et al. 1997:181 [ref. 23922], Fricke 1999:292 [ref. 24106], Johnson 1999:737 [ref. 25471], Sadovy & Cornish 2000:137 [ref. 25480], Hutchins 2001:35 [ref. 25847], Carpenter 2001:2998 [ref. 26104], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S109 [ref. 27377], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:214 [ref. 28072], Bray et al. 2006:1228 [ref. 29091], Fricke 2008:40 [ref. 30182], Fricke et al. 2009:65 [ref. 30213], Iwatsuki 2009:166 [ref. 30483], Larson et al. 2013:140 [ref. 32988], Siddiqui at al. 2014:79 [ref. 33479], Psomadakis et al. 2015:261 [ref. 34104], Ali et al. 2018:329 [ref. 36183], Fricke et al. 2018:219 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:100 [ref. 36273], Iwatsuki & Heemstra 2018:425 [ref. 35983], Jawad et al. 2018:111 [ref. 36262] as A. spinifer s.l., Eagderi et al. 2019:113 [ref. 37020], Parenti 2019:73 [ref. 36892], Zajonz et al. 2019:79 [ref. 36871] as cf. spinifer, Habib & Islam 2020:Supplementary table p. 28 [ref. 38321]). Current status: Valid as Argyrops spinifer (Forsskål 1775). Sparidae. Distribution: Red Sea; Indian Ocean: East Africa and Persian Gulf east to western Indonesia. Habitat: marine.