Institute for Biodiversity Science and Sustainability
Online Version, Updated 4 January 2022

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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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gymnopterus, Caesio Bleeker [P.] 1856:372 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch IndiĆ« v. 10; ref. 16853] Ternate, Molucca Islands, Indonesia. Syntypes: (32) ?BMNH 1880.4.21.51 (1), ?1880.4.21.60 (1); ?NMV 46450-41 (2); RMNH 5714 (some of 24). •Valid as Gymnocaesio gymnoptera (Bleeker 1856) -- (Carpenter 1987:51 [ref. 6430], Carpenter 1988:49 [ref. 9296], Goren & Dor 1994:39 [ref. 25356], Reader & Leis 1996:347 [ref. 21284], Allen 1997:130 [ref. 23977], Myers 1999:148 [ref. 23965], Yoshino et al. 1999:59 [ref. 24157], Fricke 1999:282 [ref. 24106], Nakabo 2000:834 [ref. 25086], Carpenter in Randall & Lim 2000:618 [ref. 25122], Iwatsuki et al. 2000:101 [ref. 26368], Carpenter 2001:2932 [ref. 26100], Nakabo 2002:834 [ref. 26001], Allen & Adrim 2003:39 [ref. 26830], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S109 [ref. 27377], Randall 2005:260 [ref. 28239], Fricke et al. 2009:63 [ref. 30213], Allen & Erdmann 2012:463 [ref. 31980], Holleman et al. 2013:269 [ref. 32876], Fricke et al. 2014:89 [ref. 33932], Fricke et al. 2018:202 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:93 [ref. 36273], Fricke et al. 2019:159 [ref. 36673], Psomadakis et al. 2020:460 [ref. 37272]). Current status: Valid as Gymnocaesio gymnoptera (Bleeker 1856). Lutjanidae: Lutjaninae. Distribution: Red Sea, Indo-West Pacific: East Africa, Madagascar and western Mascarenes east to eastern Indonesia and Fiji, north to Philippines, south to Loyalty Islands (New Caledonia). Habitat: marine.