Institute for Biodiversity Science and Sustainability
Online Version, Updated 4 May 2021

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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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barracuda, Esox Walbaum [J. J.] 1792:94 [Petri Artedi sueci genera piscium Part 3; ref. 4572] West Indies. No types known. See Esox barracuda Edwards in Catesby 1771. •Treated as valid as Sphyraena barracuda (Walbaum 1792) -- (de Sylva 1975:84 [ref. 6302], Kyushin et al. 1977:56 [ref. 19756], Dor 1984:193 [ref. 29757], Yoshino in Masuda et al. 1984:121 [ref. 6441], Daget 1986:350 [ref. 6203], de Sylva & Williams 1986:723 [ref. 6301], Robins & Ray 1986:214 [ref. 23100], Allen & Swainston 1988:110 [ref. 25477], Kawanabe & Mizuno 1989:465 [ref. 25598], Winterbottom et al. 1989:51 [ref. 13251], de Sylva 1990:861 [ref. 19190], Randall et al. 1990:291 [ref. 15987], Boschung 1992:153 [ref. 23239], Cervigón 1992:444 [ref. 23827], Senou 1992:2 [ref. 24321], Kottelat et al. 1993:126 [ref. 23448], Cervigón 1993:390 [ref. 24474], Francis 1993:164 [ref. 25479], Randall et al. 1994:229 [ref. 21645], Goren & Dor 1994:52 [ref. 25356], Randall 1995:367 [ref. 22896], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:195 [ref. 27969], Matsuura & Suzuki 1997:369 [ref. 23360], Carpenter et al. 1997:220 [ref. 23922], Takahashi et al. 1997:49 [ref. 24971], Randall et al. 1997:291 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:276 [ref. 23965], Fricke 1999:555 [ref. 24106], Aguilera 1998:51 [ref. 24221], Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:459 [ref. 24550], Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:323 [ref. 25013], Afonso et al. 1999:79 [ref. 25466], Johnson 1999:743 [ref. 25471], Allen 2000:94 [ref. 37268], Senou in Randall & Lim 2000:642 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:1334 [ref. 25182], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:336 [ref. 25191], Matsuura & Peristiwady in Matsuura & Peristiwady 2000:296 [ref. 27511], Sadovy & Cornish 2000:270 [ref. 25480], Bijukumar & Sushama 2000:187 [ref. 25703], Randall & Earle 2000:20 [ref. 25806], Allen 2000:123 [ref. 25868], Schmitter-Soto et al. 2000:168 [ref. 27754], Gasparini & Floeter 2001:1646 [ref. 25634], Sakai et al. 2001:122 [ref. 25693], Hutchins 2001:38 [ref. 25847], Rocha & Rosa 2001:992 [ref. 25909], Senou 2001:3690 [ref. 26303], Nakabo 2002:1334 [ref. 26193], Alvarez-León 2002:228 [ref. 26373], Allen & Adrim 2003:63 [ref. 26830], Collette et al. 2003:125 [ref. 26784], Myers & Donaldson 2003:648 [ref. 27495], Menezes & Figueiredo in Menezes et al. 2003:101 [ref. 27192], Matsuura et al. in Kimura & Matsuura 2003:208 [ref. 27510], Lobel & Lobel 2004:77 [ref. 27576], Smith et al. 2003:67 [ref. 27621], Randall et al. 2004:30 [ref. 27624], Adrim et al. 2004:127 [ref. 27715], Heemstra et al. 2004:3327 [ref. 27945], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:372 [ref. 28072], Mundy 2005:497 [ref. 28379], Bray & Hoese 2006:1749 [ref. 29049], Matsuura in Matsuura & Kimura 2009:308 [ref. 31170], McCosker & Rosenblatt 2010:194 [ref. 30957], Wirtz et al. 2013:134 [ref. 32972], Larson et al. 2013:214 [ref. 32988], Raz-Guzmán et al. 2018:346 [ref. 36407]). Current status: Synonym of Sphyraena barracuda (Edwards 1771). Sphyraenidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.