Institute for Biodiversity Science and Sustainability
Online Version, Updated 6 February 2024

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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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trimaculatus, Holacanthus Cuvier [G.] (ex Lacepède) in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1831:196, Pl. 182 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 7; ref. 4881] Molucca Islands, Indonesia. Syntypes: MNHN 0000-4443 (1) [Bauchot's holotype]; RMNH D550 (1, stuffed), D551 (1, stuffed), D552 (1, stuffed). Type catalog: Bauchot 1963:146-147 [ref. 20718] as holotype and paratypes. •Valid as Holacanthus trimaculatus Cuvier 1831 -- (Chen et al. 1997:128 [ref. 26476] with author as Cuvier & Valenciennes, Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S112 [ref. 27377]). •Valid as Apolemichthys trimaculatus (Cuvier 1831) -- (Klausewitz 1972:363 [ref. 30491], Allen 1980:249 [ref. 22764], Araga in Masuda et al. 1984:188 [ref. 6441], Smith & Heemstra 1986:624 [ref. 5714], Allen & Swainston 1988:100 [ref. 25477], Winterbottom et al. 1989:44 [ref. 13251], Randall et al. 1990:237 [ref. 15987], Allen 1997:156 [ref. 23977], Kuiter 1997:230 [ref. 25488], Randall et al. 1997:237 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:169 [ref. 23965], Fricke 1999:345 [ref. 24106], Allen 2000:89 [ref. 37268], Pyle in Randall & Lim 2000:624 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:902 [ref. 25182], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:306 [ref. 25191], Hutchins 2001:265 [ref. 25841], Hutchins 2001:36 [ref. 25847], Pyle 2001:3272 [ref. 26118], Nakabo 2002:902 [ref. 26193], Allen & 888888Adrim 2003:43 [ref. 26830], Myers & Donaldson 2003:630 [ref. 27495] with author as Lacepède, Randall et al. 2004:19 [ref. 27624], Heemstra et al. 2004:3322 [ref. 27945], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:279 [ref. 28072], Randall 2005:330 [ref. 28239], Allen et al. 2006:1303 [ref. 29090], Fricke et al. 2009:74 [ref. 30213], Satapoomin 2009:192 [ref. 30463], Motomura et al. 2010:139 [ref. 31256], Caratini & Soriano 2011:70 [ref. 39915], Allen & Erdmann 2012:543 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2013:262 [ref. 32706], Motomura et al. 2015:24 [ref. 34709], Koeda et al. 2016:59 [ref. 35333], Koeda et al. 2016:9 [ref. 35354], Fricke et al. 2018:241 [ref. 35805], Dalleau-Coudert et al. 2019:158 [ref. 40104], Fricke et al. 2019:194 [ref. 36673], Durville et al. 2021:313 [ref. 38802], Mochizuki et al. 2021:50 [ref. 38974], Heemstra 2022:433 [ref. 39850]). Current status: Valid as Apolemichthys trimaculatus (Cuvier 1831). Pomacanthidae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Eastern Cape and KwaZulu-Natal (South Africa), East Africa, Mozambique Channel, Seychelles, Madagascar and Mascarenes (La Réunion, Mauritius, Rodrigues) east to Marshall Islands, Samoa and Tonga, north to southern Japan, south to Western Australia, Queensland (Australia) and New Caledonia. Habitat: marine.


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