Institute for Biodiversity Science and Sustainability
Online Version, Updated 8 September 2021

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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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flesus, Pleuronectes Linnaeus [C.] 1758:270 [Systema Naturae, Ed. X v. 1; ref. 2787] European seas. Lectotype: BMNH 1853.11.12.133 (skin). Paralectotypes: BMNH 1853.11.12.132 and .134 [Gronovius coll.] (2, skins). Type catalog: Wheeler 1958:244 [ref. 13434], Fernholm & Wheeler 1983:272-273 [ref. 20707]. Spelled Pleuronectes flessus by Berkenhout 1789:73 [ref. 12437]. Lectotype selected by Momigliano et al. 2018:11 [ref. 35980]. •Valid as Pleuronectes flesus Linnaeus 1758 -- (Berg 1949:1185 [ref. 20662], Evseenko 1996:727 [ref. 24666]). •Valid as Platichthys flesus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Nielsen 1973:626 [ref. 6885], Sakamoto 1984:209 [ref. 5273], Nielsen in Whitehead et al. 1986:1304 [ref. 13677], Lelek 1987:314 [ref. 22962], McAllister 1990:223 [ref. 14674], Coad 1995:32 [ref. 23608], Chereshnev 1996:607 [ref. 24659], Coad 1996:86 [ref. 25304], Kottelat 1997:182 [ref. 22952], Reshetnikov et al. 1997:761 [ref. 24702], Dorofeeva 1998:159 [ref. 23573], Evseenko 1998:60 [ref. 23643], Cooper & Chapleau 1998:716 [ref. 26711], Voronina 1999:612 [ref. 24880], Fricke 1999:51 [ref. 24101], Fuller et al. 1999:482 [ref. 25838], Bogutskaya et al. 2001:48 [ref. 26178], Hanel 2003:66 [ref. 27894], Evseenko 2003:S66 [ref. 28535], Evseenko 2004:11 [ref. 27606], Bogutskaya & Naseka 2004:242 [ref. 28183], Hanel & Lusk 2005:371` [ref. 28804], Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:593 [ref. 29996], Ninua & Japoshvili 2008:173 [ref. 31251], Lipej & Dulčić 2010:73 [ref. 36649], Mecklenburg et al. 2011:131 [ref. 31212], Voronina & Chanet 2014:45 [ref. 33419], Parin et al. 2014:540 [ref. 33547], Barbieri et al. 2015:111 [ref. 35029], Munroe in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2959 [ref. 34618], Vinnikov et al. 2018:160 [ref. 35844], Momigliano et al. 2018:9 [ref. 35980], Mecklenburg et al. 2018:445 [ref. 36370] see remarks, Martins & Carneiro 2018:82 [ref. 36550], Artüz & Fricke 2019:560 [ref. 36612], Ćaleta et al. 2019:184 [ref. 37026], Carneiro et al. 2019:191 [ref. 37250], Elbaraasi et al. 2019:101 [ref. 36864], Lorenzoni et al. 2019:253 [ref. 37108], Kovačić et al. 2020:28 [ref. 37519], Abliazov et al. 2021:12 [ref. 38576]). Current status: Valid as Platichthys flesus (Linnaeus 1758). Pleuronectidae: Pleuronectinae. Distribution: Northeastern Atlantic and adjacent Arctic Ocean: Baltic Sea, North Sea, eastern North Atlantic and western Europe; introduced elsewhere. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.