Institute for Biodiversity Science and Sustainability
Online Version, Updated 9 Jul 2024

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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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nigrescens, Symphurus Rafinesque [C. S.] 1810:13, 52 [Indice d'ittiologia siciliana; ref. 3595] Bay of Naples, Italy, Mediterranean Sea. Neotype: MNHN 1989-1208 [ex USNM 48292]. Type catalog: Desoutter et al. 2001:334 [ref. 25922]. Neotype designated by Munroe 1990:503 [ref. 19191]. •Valid as Symphurus nigrescens Rafinesque 1810 -- (Torchio 1973:635 [ref. 6892], Quéro et al. in Whitehead et al. 1986:1327 [ref. 13677], Desoutter 1990:1053 [ref. 18967], Munroe 1990:492 [ref. 19191], Santos et al. 1997:113 [ref. 23531], Arruda 1997:120 [ref. 24952], Porteiro et al. 1999:42 [ref. 24203], Munroe et al. 2000:499 [ref. 24450], Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:156 [ref. 26753], Golani 2005:64 [ref. 37112], Fricke et al. 2007:117 [ref. 29533], Lipej & Dulčić 2010:75 [ref. 36649], Munroe in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:3043 [ref. 34618], Brown et al. 2019:171 [ref. 36444], Carneiro et al. 2019:196 [ref. 37250], Elbaraasi et al. 2019:101 [ref. 36864], Parenti 2019:101 [ref. 37117], Bariche & Fricke 2020:101 [ref. 37515], Kovačić et al. 2020:28 [ref. 37519], Bañón & Maño 2021:98 [ref. 38887], Golani 2021:87 [ref. 38303], Kovačić et al. 2021:47 [ref. 39014], Fermon et al. 2022:234 [ref. 39448]). Current status: Valid as Symphurus nigrescens Rafinesque 1810. Cynoglossidae: Symphurinae. Distribution: Mediterranean Sea; eastern Atlantic: Galicia (Spain) south to Namibia, including Azores; southern central Atlantic: Saint Helena and Ascension Island. Habitat: marine.


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