Institute for Biodiversity Science and Sustainability
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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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volitans, Trigla Linnaeus [C.] 1758:302 [Systema Naturae, Ed. X v. 1; ref. 2787] Mediterranean Sea (Greece; Rome, Sicily, Italy; Malta; Spain), Atlantic Ocean, Asia (in error), Cape of Good Hope (South Africa, in error), and Brazil. No types known. Based on the “Trigla capite parum aculeato …” of Gronow 1754:44 [ref. 20783] and Artedi 1738:44 [ref. 30578]; 1738:73 [ref. 30349], which were based on numerous pre-Linnean sources, including the “Hirundo” of Rondeletius 1554:284, fig. [ref. 30354] and Gesner 1558:514, fig. [ref. 30350]; 1598:17 (2nd page) [ref. 37990]; the “Milvus” of Salviani 1558:187, Pl. 68 [ref. 30229], Aldrovandi 1638:140, 2 pls. [ref. 37991], Jonston 1649:65, Pl. 17 (fig. 12) [ref. 30579], Willughby 1686:283 [ref. 30164], and Ray 1713:89 [ref. 30231]; and the “Pirabebe” of Markgraf von Liebstadt 1648:162, fig. [ref. 30347]. •Valid as Cephalacanthus volitans (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Monod 1973:613 [ref. 7193]). •Valid as Dactylopterus volitans (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Uyeno & Sato in Uyeno et al. 1983:451 [ref. 14275], Smith 1986:452 [ref. 22186], Roux in Whitehead et al. 1986:1284 [ref. 13677], Robins & Ray 1986:287 [ref. 23100], Scott & Scott 1988:532 [ref. 25518], McAllister 1990:214 [ref. 14674], Eschmeyer & Dempster 1990:690 [ref. 17613], Cervigón 1991:278 [ref. 24472], Boschung 1992:97 [ref. 23239], Cervigón 1992:307 [ref. 23827], Andreata & Séret 1996:584 [ref. 16204], Eschmeyer 1997:729 [ref. 22973], Murdy et al. 1997:142 [ref. 23144], Santos et al. 1997:75 [ref. 23531], Arruda 1997:118 [ref. 24952], Aguilera 1998:48 [ref. 24221], Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:248 [ref. 24550], Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:195 [ref. 25013], Afonso et al. 1999:71 [ref. 25466], Díaz de Astarloa et al. 2000:401 [ref. 24427], Schmitter-Soto et al. 2000:156 [ref. 27754], Camargo & Isaac 2001:140 [ref. 27639], Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:71 [ref. 26753], Klein-MacPhee in Collette & Klein-MacPhee 2002:329 [ref. 26158], Gibson & Myers 2002:134 [ref. 26567], López et al. 2002:64 [ref. 26808], Parin et al. 2002:S65 [ref. 28300], Collette et al. 2003:105 [ref. 26784], Feitoza et al. 2003:68 [ref. 26943], Smith-Vaniz 2003:1230 [ref. 27047], Moura & Menezes in Menezes et al. 2003:72 [ref. 27192], Smith et al. 2003:19 [ref. 27621], Nelson et al. 2004:125 [ref. 27807], Golani 2005:34 [ref. 37112], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:25 [ref. 28815], Vaske et al. 2005:77 [ref. 36155], Fricke et al. 2007:76 [ref. 29533], Vasil'eva 2007:77 [ref. 30517], Wirtz et al. 2007:29 [ref. 30263], Lipej & Dulčić 2010:39 [ref. 36649], Mabragaña et al. 2011:table S2 [ref. 31800], Di Dario et al. 2013:263 [ref. 37503], Page et al. 2013:115 [ref. 32708], Catelani et al. 2014:932 [ref. 37496], Fabiano et al. 2014:8 [ref. 33530], Parin et al. 2014:211 [ref. 33547], Smith-Vaniz & Jelks 2014:36 [ref. 33341], Wirtz et al. 2014:5 [ref. 33516], Costa et al. 2015:1061 [ref. 37495], Pinheiro et al. 2015:11 [ref. 34324], Smith-Vaniz 2016:2249 [ref. 34609], Nión et al. 2016:45 [ref. 35565], Marceniuk et al. 2017:40 [ref. 35324], Spier et al. 2018:9 [ref. 36103], Artüz & Fricke 2019:555 [ref. 36612], Brown et al. 2019:185 [ref. 36444], Carneiro et al. 2019:178 [ref. 37250], Elbaraasi et al. 2019:96 [ref. 36864], Reiner 2019:153 [ref. 38139], Ribeiro et al. 2019:8 [ref. 36717], Bañón et al. 2020:3 [ref. 38888], Bariche & Fricke 2020:104 [ref. 37515], Kovačić et al. 2020:22 [ref. 37519], Robertson et al. 2020:153 [ref. 38098], Bañón & Maño 2021:65 [ref. 38883], Caires et al. in Marceniuk et al. 2021:423 [ref. 38945], Escobar-Sierra et al. 2021:75 [ref. 38844], Golani 2021:38 [ref. 38303], Kovačić et al. 2021:37 [ref. 39014], Gus'kov et al. 2022:71 [ref. 39564]). Current status: Valid as Dactylopterus volitans (Linnaeus 1758). Dactylopteridae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: Massachusetts (U.S.A.) and Bermuda south to Argentina, including Gulf of Mexico, Caribbean Sea, and Trinidade Island (Brazil); southern-central Atlantic: Ascension island; Mediterranean Sea; Sea of Marmara; Black Sea; eastern Atlantic: English Channel (U.K.) south to Angola, including Azores Islands, Madeira, Canary Islands, Cape Verde Islands, and São Tomé and Principe. IUCN (2015): Least concern. Habitat: brackish, marine.


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