Institute for Biodiversity Science and Sustainability
Online Version, Updated 4 January 2022

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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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kidako, Muraena Temminck [C. J.] & Schlegel [H.] 1846:266, Pl. 117 [Fauna Japonica Parts 10-14; ref. 4374] Nagasaki, Japan. Lectotype: RMNH 3957. Paralectotypes: RMNH D2027 (1, stuffed), 3779 (3). Possible paralectotypes: (stuffed) RMNH D2219 (1, dry), D2220 (1, dry), D2235 (1, dry), D2259 (1, dry), D2302 (1, dry). Type catalog: Böhlke & Smith 2002:118-119 [ref. 26380]. Lectotype selected by Boeseman 1947:190 [ref. 12876]. •Valid as Gymnothorax kidako (Temminck & Schlegel 1846) -- (Hatooka in Masuda et al. 1984:23 [ref. 6441], Paxton et al. 1989:129 [ref. 12442], Chen et al. 1994:51 [ref. 22258], Böhlke & Randall 1995:3 [ref. 21580], Randall 1999:7 [ref. 25829], Böhlke & Randall 2000:242 [ref. 24493], Nakabo 2000:208 [ref. 25086], Böhlke & McCosker 2001:73 [ref. 25226], Nakabo 2002:208 [ref. 26001], Choi et al. 2003:141, 490 [ref. 26218], Böhlke & Smith 2002:118 [ref. 26380], Randall 2005:43 [ref. 28239], Mundy 2005:120 [ref. 28379], Fricke & Kulbicki 2006:317 [ref. 28867], Allen et al. 2006:251 [ref. 29005], Randall 2007:89 [ref. 30952], Prokofiev 2010:585 [ref. 31007], Motomura et al. 2010:72 [ref. 31256], Zhang et al. 2010:277 [ref. 31511], Fricke et al. 2011:350 [ref. 31242], Smith 2012:18 [ref. 32155], Ho et al. 2015:157 [ref. 34130], Huang et al. 2018:[2] [ref. 35898], Allen et al. 2018:46 [ref. 36275], Huang et al. 2019:160 [ref. 36534], Ramos-Castro et al. 2020:83 [ref. 37651], Sonoyama et al. 2020:16 [ref. 37637], Huang et al. 2021:14 [ref. 38612]). Current status: Valid as Gymnothorax kidako (Temminck & Schlegel 1846). Muraenidae: Muraeninae. Distribution: North-West Pacific: southern China and Taiwan to Japan. Habitat: marine.