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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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Genera in the family or subfamily Muraeninae: [ 47 ] records


Aemasia Jordan [D. S.] & Snyder [J. O.] 1901:883 Fem. Aemasia lichenosa Jordan & Snyder 1901. Type by original designation (also monotypic). •Synonym of Lycodontis McClelland 1844 -- (Blache et al. 1973:225 [ref. 7185]). •Synonym of Enchelycore Kaup 1856 -- (Böhlke et al. 1989:134 [ref. 13286], Böhlke & Randall 2000:221 [ref. 24493], Smith 2012:7 [ref. 32155]). Current status: Synonym of Enchelycore Kaup 1856. Muraenidae: Muraeninae.

Ahynnodontophis (subgenus of Gymnothorax) Fowler [H. W.] 1912:25 Masc. Gymnothorax (Ahynnodontophis) stigmanotus Fowler 1912. Type by original designation (also monotypic). •Synonym of Lycodontis McClelland 1844 -- (Blache et al. 1973:225 [ref. 7185]). •Synonym of Gymnothorax Bloch 1795 -- (Böhlke et al. 1989:145 [ref. 13286], Böhlke & Randall 2000:226 [ref. 24493], Smith 2012:10 [ref. 32155], Kottelat 2013:42 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Gymnothorax Bloch 1795. Muraenidae: Muraeninae.

Arndha Deraniyagala [P. E. P.] 1931:132 Fem. Gymnothorax zebra Shaw 1797. Type by original designation (also monotypic). •Synonym of Gymnomuraena Lacepède 1803 -- (Böhlke & Randall 2000:224 [ref. 24493], Smith 2012:10 [ref. 32155]). Current status: Synonym of Gymnomuraena Lacepède 1803. Muraenidae: Muraeninae.

Chasmenchelys Fowler [H. W.] 1944:270 Fem. Muraena panamensis Steindachner 1876. Type by original designation (also monotypic). •Synonym of Gymnothorax Bloch 1795 -- (Böhlke et al. 1989:145 [ref. 13286], Böhlke & Randall 2000:226 [ref. 24493], Smith 2012:10 [ref. 32155], Kottelat 2013:42 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Gymnothorax Bloch 1795. Muraenidae: Muraeninae.

Diaphenchelys McCosker [J. E.] & Randall [J. E.] 2007:470 Fem. Diaphenchelys pelonates McCosker & Randall 2007. Type by original designation (also monotypic). •Valid as Diaphenchelys McCosker & Randall 2007 -- (Smith 2012:4 [ref. 32155], Hibino et al. 2017:[1] [ref. 35174], Huang et al. 2021:1 [ref. 38612]). Current status: Valid as Diaphenchelys McCosker & Randall 2007. Muraenidae: Muraeninae.

Echidna Forster [J. R.] 1788:81 Fem. Muraena echidna Gmelin 1789. No type species mentioned. The assumed type species Echidna variegata Forster is an unavailable name; type apparently Muraena echidna Gmelin 1789 = Muraena nebulosa Ahl 1789 by virtual tautonymy according to Böhlke & Randall 2000:216 [ref. 24493]. Kottelat maintains that the type was selected by Walbaum 1792; whereas Gmelin says, "Is it, as Forester says, a distinct genus" (but the genus was not mentioned), At that time, there is no doubt which genus was meant. •Valid as Echidna Forster 1788 -- (Hatooka in Masuda et al. 1984:25 [ref. 6441], Castle & McCosker 1986:166 [ref. 5645], Paxton et al. 1989:127 [ref. 12442], Böhlke et al. 1989:130 [ref. 13286], Chen et al. 1994:45 [ref. 22258], Böhlke et al. 1999:1646 [ref. 24692], Böhlke & Randall 2000:216 [ref. 24493], Böhlke & Smith 2003:704 [ref. 26990], Allen et al. 2006:246 [ref. 29005], Imamura 2009:17 [ref. 30434], Zhang et al. 2010:243 [ref. 31511], Smith 2012:5 [ref. 32155], Kottelat 2013:41 [ref. 32989], Fricke et al. 2018:33 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:19 [ref. 36273], Fricke et al. 2019:50 [ref. 36673], Ramos-Castro et al. 2020:83 [ref. 37651]). Current status: Valid as Echidna Forster 1788. Muraenidae: Muraeninae.

Enchelycore Kaup [J. J.] 1856:60 Fem. Muraena nigricans Bonnaterre 1788. Type by subsequent designation. Enchelycore euryrhina appeared as name only (not available) in Kaup 1856 [ref. 2572]. Genus also in Kaup 1856:72 [ref. 2573] to which type fixation dates. Appeared as Enchelycotte in Kaup in Duméril 1856:200 (as name only and not available). •Valid as Enchelycore Kaup 1856 -- (Hatooka in Masuda et al. 1984:23 [ref. 6441], Bauchot in Whitehead et al. 1986:539 [ref. 13676], Paxton et al. 1989:127 [ref. 12442], Böhlke et al. 1989:134 [ref. 13286], Chen et al. 1994:47 [ref. 22258], Böhlke et al. 1999:1648 [ref. 24692], Böhlke & Randall 2000:221 [ref. 24493], Böhlke & Smith 2003:704 [ref. 26990], Prokofiev 2005:702 [ref. 28366], Allen et al. 2006:246 [ref. 29005], Shibukawa et al. 2007:187 [ref. 29475], Zhang et al. 2010:250 [ref. 31511], Smith 2012:7 [ref. 32155], Stewart & McCosker 2015:228 [ref. 34233], Mohapatra et al. 2017:595 [ref. 35581], Fricke et al. 2018:34 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:20 [ref. 36273], Brown et al. 2019:155 [ref. 36444], Ramos-Castro et al. 2020:83 [ref. 37651]). Current status: Valid as Enchelycore Kaup 1856. Muraenidae: Muraeninae.

Enchelycotte Kaup [J. J.] in Duméril 1856:200 Not available, as name only with no description or indication in list of genera and species taken from Kaup manuscript, published as Enchelycore by Kaup. •In the synonymy of Enchelycore Kaup 1856 -- (Böhlke et al. 1989:134 [ref. 13286], Böhlke & Randall 2000:221 [ref. 24493]). Nomen Nudum. Current status: Synonym of Enchelycore Kaup 1856. Muraenidae: Muraeninae.

Enchelynassa Kaup [J. J.] 1855:213 Fem. Enchelynassa bleekeri Kaup 1855. Type by monotypy. •Valid as Enchelynassa Kaup 1855 -- (Böhlke et al. 1989:130 [ref. 13286], Böhlke et al. 1999:1647 [ref. 24692], Böhlke & Randall 2000:222 [ref. 24493], Allen et al. 2006:247 [ref. 29005], Zhang et al. 2010:288 [ref. 31511], Smith 2012:9 [ref. 32155]). Current status: Valid as Enchelynassa Kaup 1855. Muraenidae: Muraeninae.

Eurymyctera Kaup [J. J.] 1856:59 Fem. Eurymyctera crudelis Kaup 1856. Type by monotypy. Also in Kaup 1856:72 [ref. 2573] and as name only in Kaup in Duméril 1856:200 [ref. 1154]. •Synonym of Lycodontis McClelland -- (Blache et al. 1973:225 [ref. 7185]). •Synonym of Enchelycore Kaup 1856 -- (Böhlke et al. 1989:134 [ref. 13286], Böhlke & Randall 2000:221 [ref. 24493], Smith 2012:7 [ref. 32155]). Current status: Synonym of Enchelycore Kaup 1856. Muraenidae: Muraeninae.

Evenchelys Jordan [D. S.] & Evermann [B. W.] 1902:327 Fem. Muraena macrurus Bleeker 1854. Type by original designation (also monotypic). •Valid as Evenchelys Jordan & Evermann 1902 -- (Hatooka in Masuda et al. 1984:22 [ref. 6441]). •Synonym of Strophidon McClelland 1844 -- (Böhlke 1995:459 [ref. 21738], Smith 2012:33 [ref. 32155], Kottelat 2013:43 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Strophidon McClelland 1844. Muraenidae: Muraeninae.

Fimbrinares Whitley [G. P.] 1948:72 Fem. Fimbrinares mosaica Whitley 1948. Type by original designation (also monotypic). •Synonym of Enchelycore Kaup 1856 -- (Böhlke et al. 1989:134 [ref. 13286], Böhlke & Randall 2000:221 [ref. 24493], Smith 2012:7 [ref. 32155]). Current status: Synonym of Enchelycore Kaup 1856. Muraenidae: Muraeninae.

Gymnomuraena Lacepède [B. G. E.] 1803:648 Fem. Gymnomuraena doliata Lacepède 1803. Type by subsequent designation. Earliest valid type designation possibly Jordan & Evermann 1896:402 [ref. 2443]; not G. pantherina as designated by Bleeker 1865:74 [ref. 4860]. •Valid as Gymnomuraena Lacepède 1803 -- (Hatooka in Masuda et al. 1984:25 [ref. 6441], Böhlke et al. 1989:130 [ref. 13286], Chen et al. 1994:48 [ref. 22258], Böhlke & Randall 2000:224 [ref. 24493], Böhlke et al. 1999:1645 [ref. 24692], Allen et al. 2006:247 [ref. 29005], Imamura 2009:17 [ref. 30434], Zhang et al. 2010:241 [ref. 31511], Smith 2012:10 [ref. 32155], Fricke et al. 2018:34 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:20 [ref. 36273], Ramos-Castro et al. 2020:83 [ref. 37651]). Current status: Valid as Gymnomuraena Lacepède 1803. Muraenidae: Muraeninae.

Gymnopsis Rafinesque [C. S.] 1815:93 Fem. Gymnomuraena doliata Lacepède 1803. Type by being a replacement name. As "Gymnopsis R. [Rafinesque] Gymnomuraena Lac. [Lacepède]". An available replacement name (unneeded) for Gymnomuraena Lacepède 1803. •Synonym of Gymnomuraena Lacepède 1803 -- (Böhlke & Randall 2000:224 [ref. 24493], Smith 2012:10 [ref. 32155]). Current status: Synonym of Gymnomuraena Lacepède 1803. Muraenidae: Muraeninae.

Gymnothorax Bloch [M. E.] 1795:83 Masc. Gymnothorax reticularis Bloch 1795. Type designated by ICZN by use of plenary powers; on Official List (Opinion 93); Gymnothorax Cuvier 1800 (nomen nudum) placed on Official Index (Direction 56). •Valid as Gymnothorax Bloch 1795 -- (Blache et al. 1973:226 [ref. 7185], Hatooka in Masuda et al. 1984:23 [ref. 6441], Bauchot in Whitehead et al. 1986:540 [ref. 13676], Castle & McCosker 1986:167 [ref. 5645], Paxton et al. 1989:128 [ref. 12442], Böhlke et al. 1989:145 [ref. 13286], Allen 1991:41 [ref. 21090], Chen et al. 1994:48 [ref. 22258], Gomon et al. 1994:206 [ref. 22532], Böhlke & Randall 2000:226 [ref. 24493], Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:103 [ref. 24550], Böhlke et al. 1999:1645 [ref. 24692], Böhlke 2000:396 [ref. 24954], Böhlke & Smith 2003:704 [ref. 26990], Ataur Rahman 2003:57 [ref. 31338], Allen et al. 2006:248 [ref. 29005], Chen et al. 2008:131 [ref. 29929], McCosker & Randall 2008:712 [ref. 29941], Smith 2008:158 [ref. 30621], Imamura 2009:18 [ref. 30434], Lipej & Dulčić 2010:17 [ref. 36649], Prokofiev 2010:583 [ref. 31007], Zhang et al. 2010:255 [ref. 31511], Loh et al. 2011:43 [ref. 31690], Smith 2012:10 [ref. 32155], Stern & Goren 2013:197 [ref. 32673], Kottelat 2013:41 [ref. 32989], Motomura et al. 2015:140 [ref. 33981], Ray et al. 2015:140 [ref. 33981], Loh et al. 2015:30 [ref. 34118], Stewart & McCosker 2015:229 [ref. 34233], Mohapatra et al. 2016:591 [ref. 34667], Mohapatra et al. 2017:586 [ref. 35418], Motomura et al. 2017:29 [ref. 35490], Mohapatra et al. 2017:279 [ref. 35504], Robertson et al. 2017:31 [ref. 35676], Allen et al. 2018:37 [ref. 36275], Fricke et al. 2018:34 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:20 [ref. 36273], Li et al. 2018:149 [ref. 35913], Mohapatra et al. 2018:123 [ref. 35948], Smith et al. 2018:33 [ref. 36035], Brown et al. 2019:155 [ref. 36444], Fricke et al. 2019:51 [ref. 36673], Huang et al. 2019:151 [ref. 36534], Sumod et al. 2019:359 [ref. 36895], Mohapatra et al. 2019:189 [ref. 36929], Ramos-Castro et al. 2020:83 [ref. 37651], Sithole et al. 2020:161 [ref. 37459], Nashad et al. 2020:361 [ref. 37900], Huang et al. 2021:1 [ref. 38612]). Current status: Valid as Gymnothorax Bloch 1795. Muraenidae: Muraeninae.

Heteromyrus Pietschmann [V.] 1935:93 Masc. Heteromyrus atolli Pietschmann 1935. Type by monotypy. •Synonym of Gymnothorax Bloch 1795 -- (Böhlke & Randall 2000:226 [ref. 24493], Smith 2012:10 [ref. 32155], Kottelat 2013:42 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Gymnothorax Bloch 1795. Muraenidae: Muraeninae.

Leihala Jordan [E. K.] 1925:5 Fem. Poecilophis tritor Vaillant & Sauvage 1875. Type by original designation. Type given as "Poecilophis tritor = Echidna leihala Jenkins." •Synonym of Echidna Forster 1788 -- (Böhlke et al. 1989:130 [ref. 13286], Böhlke & Randall 2000:216 [ref. 24493], Smith 2012:5 [ref. 32155]). Current status: Synonym of Echidna Forster 1788. Muraenidae: Muraeninae.

Limmamuraena Kaup [J. J.] in Duméril 1856:200 Fem. Not available; appeared as Limmamuraena guttata, without description or indication in list of genera and species taken from Kaup manuscript. Named Limomuraena by Kaup 1856:65 [ref. 2572], and misspelled Limamuraena by authors. •In the synonymy of Muraena Linnaeus 1758. Nomen Nudum. Current status: Synonym of Muraena Linnaeus 1758. Muraenidae: Muraeninae.

Limomuraena Kaup [J. J.] 1856:65 Fem. Limomuraena guttata Kaup 1856. Type by monotypy. Also in Kaup 1856:95 [ref. 2573] and as Limamuraena Kaup in Dumeril 1856 as name only and unavailable [ref. 1154]. Misspelled Limamuraena by authors, including Jordan 1919:271 [ref. 2410]. •Synonym of Muraena Linnaeus 1758 -- (Blache et al. 1973:224 [ref. 7185], Böhlke et al. 1989:194 [ref. 13286], Smith 2012:30 [ref. 32155]). Current status: Synonym of Muraena Linnaeus 1758. Muraenidae: Muraeninae.

Lycodontis Jordan [D. S.] & Evermann [B. W.] 1896:392 Fem. Lycodontis literata McClelland 1844. Type by original designation. Appeared first in McClelland 1844:154, 173, 202 [ref. 2928], but not available -- an incorrect original spelling (see Strophidon McClelland). Name dates to Jordan & Evermann 1896 as above (see Böhlke 1995:461 [ref. 21738]). •Valid as Lycodontis Jordan & Evermann 1896 -- (Blache et al. 1973:225 [ref. 7185], Ajiad & El-Absy 1986 [ref. 6758], Ataur Rahman 1989:42 [ref. 24860]). •Synonym of Gymnothorax Bloch 1795 -- (Böhlke et al. 1989:145 [ref. 13286] but as a valid subgenus on p. 155, Böhlke & Randall 2000:226 [ref. 24493]). •Valid with authorship as above (Böhlke 1995:461 [ref. 21738]). •Synonym of Gymnothorax Bloch 1795, with authorship as McClelland -- (Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:103 [ref. 24550], Smith 2012:10 [ref. 32155]). Current status: Synonym of Gymnothorax Bloch 1795. Muraenidae: Muraeninae.

Megaderus Rafinesque [C. S.] 1815:220 Masc. Muraena echidna Gmelin 1789. Appears in "Additions et Corrections" on p. 220, referring back to p. 93. An available but unneeded replacement name for Echidna Forster 1788. •Objective synonym of Echidna Forster 1788 -- (Böhlke et al. 1989:130 [ref. 13286], Böhlke & Randall 2000:216 [ref. 24493], Smith 2012:5 [ref. 32155], Kottelat 2013:41 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Echidna Forster 1788. Muraenidae: Muraeninae.

Molarii Richardson [J.] 1848:79 Masc. Muraena ophis Rüppell 1830. Type by subsequent designation. Perhaps not available, apparently in plural form only, as a division in a key to species based on teeth. Latinized (Molarius) by Jordan 1919:223 [ref. 2410] and a type named; probably not available from Jordan (not used as a valid name); but accepted as Molarii in Jordan & Evermann 1896:402 [ref. 2443] where type was designated. •Synonym of Echidna Forster 1788 -- (Böhlke et al. 1989:130 [ref. 13286], Böhlke & Randall 2000:216 [ref. 24493], Smith 2012:5 [ref. 32155]). •Not available -- (Kottelat 2013:41 [ref. 32989]), Current status: Synonym of Echidna Forster 1788. Muraenidae: Muraeninae.

Monopenchelys Böhlke [E. B.] & McCosker [J. E.] 1982:127 Fem. Uropterygius acutus Parr 1930. Type by original designation (also monotypic). •Valid as Monopenchelys Böhlke & McCosker 1982 -- (Böhlke et al. 1989:191 [ref. 13286], Böhlke & Randall 2000:261 [ref. 24493], Böhlke et al. 1999:1645 [ref. 24692], Böhlke & Smith 2003:704 [ref. 26990], Smith 2012:30 [ref. 32155]). Current status: Valid as Monopenchelys Böhlke & McCosker 1982. Muraenidae: Muraeninae.

Muraena Linnaeus [C.] 1758:244 Fem. Muraena helena Linnaeus 1758. Type by subsequent designation. Placed on Official List (Opinion 77) but later withdrawn. Type designated by Jordan & Gilbert 1883:355 [ref. 2476], as helenae, but Bleeker 1865:113 [ref. 409] is earlier with anguilla. Misspelled Murena by Anonymous (Cabrera et al.) 1817 [ref. 17319], see Graells 1887:175 [ref. 30438]. Genus name misspelled Muroena by Gruvel & Bouyat 1906:Pl. 18, fig. 54 [ref. 30367]. Opinion 1672 confirmed the type as helena and place the Muraena on the Official List. •Valid as Muraena Linnaeus 1758 -- (Blache et al. 1973:224 [ref. 7185], Bauchot in Whitehead et al. 1986:543 [ref. 13676], Paxton et al. 1989:132 [ref. 12442], Böhlke et al. 1989:194 [ref. 13286], Böhlke & Smith 2003:704 [ref. 26990], Jiménez et al. 2007:101 [ref. 29038], Lipej & Dulčić 2010:18 [ref. 36649], Smith 2012:30 [ref. 32155], Golani & Fricke 2018:23 [ref. 36273], Brown et al. 2019:156 [ref. 36444]). Current status: Valid as Muraena Linnaeus 1758. Muraenidae: Muraeninae.

Muraenophis Lacepède [B. G. E.] 1803:627 Masc. Muraena helena Linnaeus 1758. Type by subsequent designation. Type designated by Jordan 1917:68 [ref. 2407], but Muraenophis is an unjustified emendation of Murenophis Cuvier 1798, with same type (see Norman 1922:297 [ref. 3211]). •Synonym of Muraena Linnaeus 1758 -- (Blache et al. 1973:224 [ref. 7185], Böhlke et al. 1989:194 [ref. 13286], Smith 2012:30 [ref. 32155]). Current status: Synonym of Muraena Linnaeus 1758. Muraenidae: Muraeninae.

Muraenopsis Kaup [J. J.] 1856:46 Fem. As used by Kaup, it is a misprint for Muraenophis. •Incorrect subsequent spelling of Muraenophis Lacepède 1803. Current status: Synonym of Muraena Linnaeus 1758. Muraenidae: Muraeninae.

Murenophis Cuvier [G.] 1797:329 Masc. Muraena helena Linnaeus 1758. Type by monotypy. •Synonym of Muraena Linnaeus 1758 -- (Blache et al. 1973:224 [ref. 7185], Böhlke et al. 1989:194 [ref. 13286], Smith 2012:30 [ref. 32155]). Current status: Synonym of Muraena Linnaeus 1758. Muraenidae: Muraeninae.

Neomuraena Girard [C. F.] 1858:171 Fem. Neomuraena nigromarginata Girard 1858. Type by monotypy. •Synonym of Gymnothorax Bloch 1795 -- (Blache et al. 1973:226 [ref. 7185], Böhlke et al. 1989:145 [ref. 13286] as a valid subgenus on p. 161, Böhlke & Randall 2000:226 [ref. 24493], Smith 2012:10 [ref. 32155], Kottelat 2013:41 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Gymnothorax Bloch 1795. Muraenidae: Muraeninae.

Nettastomops Steindachner [F.] 1906:299 Masc. Nettastomops barbatula Steindachner 1906. Type by monotypy. •Synonym of Rhinomuraena Garman 1888 -- (Smith 2012:33 [ref. 32155]). Current status: Synonym of Rhinomuraena Garman 1888. Muraenidae: Muraeninae.

Notorabula Whitley [G. P.] 1934:154 Fem. Muraena callorhyncha Günther 1870. Type by original designation (also monotypic). •Synonym of Gymnothorax Bloch 1795 -- (Böhlke et al. 1989:145 [ref. 13286], Böhlke & Randall 2000:226 [ref. 24493], Böhlke & McCosker 2001:93 [ref. 25226]. Smith 2012:10 [ref. 32155], Kottelat 2013:42 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Gymnothorax Bloch 1795. Muraenidae: Muraeninae.

Poecilophis Kaup [J. J.] 1856:66 Masc. Gymnothorax catenatus Bloch 1795. Type by subsequent designation. Type designated by Jordan & Evermann 1896:402 [ref. 2443]. Also in Kaup 1856:98 [ref. 2573] and as name only in Kaup in Duméril 1856:200 [ref. 1154]. •Synonym of Echidna Forster 1788 -- (Böhlke et al. 1989:130 [ref. 13286], Böhlke & Randall 2000:216 [ref. 24493], Smith 2012:5 [ref. 32155], Kottelat 2013:41 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Echidna Forster 1788. Muraenidae: Muraeninae.

Polyuranodon Kaup [J. J.] 1856:65 Masc. Polyuranodon kuhli Kaup 1856 (= Muraena polyuranodon Bleeker 1853). Type by monotypy. Bleeker's species needlessly renamed Polyuranodon kuhli by Kaup. Also appeared in Kaup 1856:96 [ref. 2573]. •Synonym of Lycodontis McClelland 1844 -- (Blache et al. 1973:225 [ref. 7185]). •Synonym of Gymnothorax Bloch 1795 -- (Böhlke et al. 1989:145 [ref. 13286], Böhlke & Randall 2000:226 [ref. 24493], Smith 2012:10 [ref. 32155], Kottelat 2013:41 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Gymnothorax Bloch 1795. Muraenidae: Muraeninae.

Priodonophis Kaup [J. J.] 1859:22 Masc. Gymnothorax ocellatus Agassiz 1831. Type by monotypy. Priodontophis is a misspelling. •Synonym of Gymnothorax Bloch 1795 -- (Blache et al. 1973:226 [ref. 7185], Böhlke et al. 1989:145 [ref. 13286], Böhlke & Randall 2000:226 [ref. 24493], Smith 2012:10 [ref. 32155], Kottelat 2013:41 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Gymnothorax Bloch 1795. Muraenidae: Muraeninae.

Pseudechidna Bleeker [P.] 1863:272 Fem. Muraena brummeri Bleeker 1858. Type by monotypy. •Valid as Pseudechidna Bleeker 1863 -- (Böhlke 1995:462 [ref. 21738], Böhlke et al. 1999:1647 [ref. 24692], Smith 2012:32 [ref. 32155], Fricke et al. 2018:39 [ref. 35805]). Current status: Valid as Pseudechidna Bleeker 1863. Muraenidae: Muraeninae.

Pseudomuraena Johnson [J. Y.] 1862:167 Fem. Pseudomuraena maderensis Johnson 1862. Type by monotypy. •Synonym of Gymnothorax Bloch 1795 -- (Blache et al. 1973:226 [ref. 7185], Böhlke et al. 1989:145 [ref. 13286], Böhlke & Randall 2000:226 [ref. 24493], Smith 2012:10 [ref. 32155], Kottelat 2013:41 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Gymnothorax Bloch 1795. Muraenidae: Muraeninae.

Rabula (subgenus of Gymnothorax) Jordan [D. S.] & Davis [B. M.] 1891:589, 590 Fem. Muraena davisi Fowler 1912. Apparently based on a misidentified type species, as aquaedulcis (see McCosker & Rosenblatt 1975:422 [ref. 9341]). Type species established by Kottelat 2013:42 [ref. 32989]. •Synonym of Gymnothorax Bloch 1795 -- (Böhlke et al. 1989:145 [ref. 13286], Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:103 [ref. 24550], Böhlke & Randall 2000:226 [ref. 24493], Smith 2012:10 [ref. 32155], Kottelat 2013:42 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Gymnothorax Bloch 1795. Muraenidae: Muraeninae.

Rhabdura Ogilby [J. D.] 1907:12 Fem. Muraena macrurus Bleeker 1854. Type by monotypy. •Objective synonym of Evenchelys Jordan & Evermann 1902. •Synonym of Strophidon McClelland 1844 -- (Böhlke 1995:459 [ref. 21738], Smith 2012:33 [ref. 32155], Smith 2012:33 [ref. 32155], Kottelat 2013:43 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Strophidon McClelland 1844. Muraenidae: Muraeninae.

Rhinechidna Barbour [T.] 1908:41 Fem. Rhinamuraena eritima Jordan & Seale 1906. Type by monotypy. •Synonym of Enchelycore Kaup 1856 -- (Böhlke et al. 1989:134 [ref. 13286], Böhlke & Randall 2000:221 [ref. 24493], Smith 2012:7 [ref. 32155]). Current status: Synonym of Enchelycore Kaup 1856. Muraenidae: Muraeninae.

Rhinomuraena (subgenus of Muraena) Garman [S.] 1888:114 Fem. Rhinomuraena quaesita Garman 1888. Type by monotypy. Date possibly 1889. Rhinamuraena is a misspelling. •Valid as Rhinomuraena Garman 1888 -- (Hatooka in Masuda et al. 1984:25 [ref. 6441], Paxton et al. 1989:132 [ref. 12442], Böhlke et al. 1989:130 [ref. 13286], Chen et al. 1994:53 [ref. 22258], Böhlke et al. 1999:1645 [ref. 24692], Allen et al. 2006:257 [ref. 29005], Imamura 2009:21 [ref. 30434], Zhang et al. 2010:236 [ref. 31511], Smith 2012:33 [ref. 32155], Fricke et al. 2018:40 [ref. 35805]). Current status: Valid as Rhinomuraena Garman 1888. Muraenidae: Muraeninae.

Serranguilla Whitley [G. P.] & Phillipps [W. J.] 1939:228 Fem. Gymnothorax prionodon Ogilby 1895. Type by original designation (also monotypic). •Synonym of Gymnothorax Bloch 1795 -- (Böhlke et al. 1989:145 [ref. 13286], Böhlke & Randall 2000:226 [ref. 24493], Böhlke & McCosker 2001:94 [ref. 25226], Smith 2012:10 [ref. 32155], Kottelat 2013:42 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Gymnothorax Bloch 1795. Muraenidae: Muraeninae.

Sidera Kaup [J. J.] in Duméril 1856:200 Not available, name only as "Sidera pantherina," without description or indication in list of genera and species taken from Kaup manuscript by Duméril; see Siderea Kaup 1856. •In the synonymy of Siderea Kaup 1856; in the synonymy of Gymnothorax Bloch 1795. Nomen Nudum. Current status: Synonym of Gymnothorax Bloch 1795. Muraenidae: Muraeninae.

Siderea Kaup [J. J.] 1856:58 Fem. Muraena siderea Richardson 1848. Type by absolute tautonymy of an included synonym. Also in Kaup 1856:70 [ref. 2573] as Sidera (incorrect subsequent spelling) and as name only in Kaup in Dumeril 1856:200 [ref. 1154]. •Valid as Siderea Kaup 1856 -- (Castle & McCosker 1986:173 [ref. 5645], Paxton et al. 1989:133 [ref. 12442], Böhlke et al. 1989:130 [ref. 13286], Chen et al. 1994:53 [ref. 22258], Böhlke 1995:462 [ref. 21738], Zhang et al. 2010:247 [ref. 31511]). •Synonym of Gymnothorax Bloch 1795 -- (Böhlke & Randall 2000:226 [ref. 24493], Allen et al. 2006:248 [ref. 29005] with different type, Smith 2012:10 [ref. 32155], Kottelat 2013:41 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Gymnothorax Bloch 1795. Muraenidae: Muraeninae.

Strophidon McClelland [J.] 1844:187, 203, 214 Masc. Lycodontis longicaudata McClelland 1844. Type by subsequent designation. Appeared in "Errata" (p. 202) as substitute for Lycodontis used earlier in article. Regarded as spelled in two ways (Art. 32.2.1); first reviser is Bleeker who mentioned both names and used Strophidon as valid; Lycodontis is thus regarded as an incorrect original spelling. Type by subsequent designation of Jordan & Snyder 1901:884 (see Böhlke 1995:461 [ref. 21738]). •Valid as Strophidon McClelland 1844 -- (Hatooka in Masuda et al. 1984:22 [ref. 6441], Böhlke et al. 1989:130 [ref. 13286], Chen et al. 1994:54 [ref. 22258], Böhlke 1995:459 [ref. 21738], Böhlke et al. 1999:1647 [ref. 24692], Allen et al. 2006:258 [ref. 29005], Zhang et al. 2010:238 [ref. 31511], Kottelat 2013:43 [ref. 32989], Motomura et al. 2017:30 [ref. 35490], Fricke et al. 2018:40 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:23 [ref. 36273], Prokofiev 2020:129 [ref. 37498], Ramos-Castro et al. 2020:83 [ref. 37651], Huang et al. 2020:1 [ref. 37831]). Current status: Valid as Strophidon McClelland 1844. Muraenidae: Muraeninae.

Taeniophis Kaup [J. J.] 1859:suppl. 1 Masc. Taeniophis westphali Kaup 1859. Type by subsequent designation. Type designated by Jordan & Davis 1891:589 [ref. 2437] if accepted; also by Jordan 1919:297 [ref. 4904]. •Synonym of Lycodontis McClelland 1844 -- (Blache et al. 1973:225 [ref. 7185]). •Synonym of Gymnothorax Bloch 1795 -- (Böhlke et al. 1989:145 [ref. 13286] as a valid subgenus on p. 176, Böhlke & Randall 2000:226 [ref. 24493], Smith 2012:10 [ref. 32155], Kottelat 2013:41 [ref. 32989] dated to 1860). Current status: Synonym of Gymnothorax Bloch 1795. Muraenidae: Muraeninae.

Thaerodontis McClelland [J.] 1844:154, 174, 187 Fem. Thaerodontis reticulata McClelland 1844. Type by subsequent designation. Type designated by Jordan & Evermann 1896:392 [ref. 2443]. On pp. 216-217 McClelland includes 7 species, so type not by monotypy on p. 188. Treated as feminine by author. •Synonym of Lycodontis McClelland 1844 -- (Blache et al. 1973:225 [ref. 7185]). •Synonym of Gymnothorax Bloch 1795 -- (Böhlke et al. 1989:145 [ref. 13286], Böhlke & Randall 2000:226 [ref. 24493], Smith 2012:10 [ref. 32155], Kottelat 2013:41 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Gymnothorax Bloch 1795. Muraenidae: Muraeninae.

Thyrsoidea Kaup [J. J.] 1856:60 Fem. Muraena thyrsoidea Richardson 1845. Type by absolute tautonymy of an included synonym. Muraena thyrsoidea Richardson needlessly renamed Thyrsoidea arenata by Kaup. Also in Kaup 1856:74 [ref. 2573] and as name only in Kaup in Duméril 1856:200 [ref. 1154]. •Valid as Thyrsoides Kaup 1856 [but with different type] (Castle & McCosker 1986:174 [ref. 5645], Ajiad 1987 [ref. 6752] and Paxton et al. 1989:133 [ref. 12442] with type as T. longissima Kaup 1856, Böhlke et al. 1989:130 [ref. 13286]). •Valid as Thyrsoidea Kaup 1856 -- (Böhlke 1995:462 [ref. 21738]). •Synonym of Gymnothorax Bloch 1795 -- (Böhlke & Randall 2000:226 [ref. 24493], Smith 2012:10 [ref. 32155], Kottelat 2013:41 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Gymnothorax Bloch 1795. Muraenidae: Muraeninae.

Verdithorax Whitley [G. P.] 1931:311 Masc. Muraena prasina Richardson 1848. Type by original designation. •Synonym of Lycodontis McClelland 1844 -- (Blache et al. 1973:225 [ref. 7185]). •Synonym of Gymnothorax Bloch 1795 -- (Böhlke et al. 1989:145 [ref. 13286], Böhlke & Randall 2000:226 [ref. 24493], Böhlke & McCosker 2001:93 [ref. 25226], Smith 2012:10 [ref. 32155], Kottelat 2013:42 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Gymnothorax Bloch 1795. Muraenidae: Muraeninae.


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