Institute for Biodiversity Science and Sustainability
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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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Genera in the family or subfamily Pentanchidae: [ 20 ] records


Akheilos White [W. T.], Fahmi [F.] & Weigmann [S.] 2019:445 Masc. Akheilos suwartanai White, Fahmi & Weigmann 2019. Type by original designation (and monotypic). •Valid as Akheilos White, Fahmi & Weigmann 2019. Current status: Valid as Akheilos White, Fahmi & Weigmann 2019. Pentanchidae.

Apristurus Garman [S.] 1913:96 Masc. Scylliorhinus indicus Brauer 1906. Type by original designation. Compagno 1984:345 [ref. 6846] and 1988:164 [ref. 13488] believes that Pentanchus Smith & Radcliffe 1912 may be a senior synonym of Apristurus, but see White et al. 2023:14 [ref. 40185]. Correct spelling for genus of type species is Scyliorhinus. •Valid as Apristurus Garman 1913 -- (Springer 1973:20 [ref. 7162], Nakaya 1975:22 [ref. 7083], Springer 1979:11 [ref. 4175], Quéro in Whitehead et al. 1984:96 [ref. 13675], Compagno 1984:257 [ref. 6846], Chu et al. 1986 [ref. 8017], Bass 1986:88 [ref. 5635], Nakaya 1986 [ref. 6323], Nakaya 1988 [ref. 6696], Nakaya 1988 [ref. 6855], Compagno 1988:163 [ref. 13488], Nakaya 1991:992 [ref. 19774], Gomon et al. 1994:130 [ref. 22532], Nakaya & Sato 1999:307 [ref. 23941], Compagno 1999:478 [ref. 25589], Nakaya & Sato 2000:223 [ref. 24800], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:74 [ref. 25968], Compagno 2003:446 [ref. 26984], Iglésias et al. 2004:345 [ref. 28061], Compagno et al. 2005:23 [ref. 29145], Hoese et al. 2006:82 [ref. 28999], Nakaya et al. 2008:49 [ref. 29710], Nakaya et al. 2008:61 [ref. 29711], Kawauchi et al. 2008:75 [ref. 29712], Sasahara et al. 2008:93 [ref. 29678], White et al. 2008:105 [ref. 29679], Sato et al. 2008:113 [ref. 29680], White 2008:53 [ref. 30617], Castro 2011:290 [ref. 31457], Iglésias 2012:511 [ref. 32534], Sato et al. 2013:760 [ref. 32718], Nakaya & Kawauchi 2013:130 [ref. 33037], White & Last 2013:241 [ref. 33242], Kawauchi et al. 2014:1 [ref. 33554], Parin et al. 2014:20 [ref. 33547], Rodríguez-Cabello et al. 2014:1 [ref. 33675], Nakaya et al. 2015:78 [ref. 34218], Dyldin 2015:48 [ref. 34524], Pietsch & Orr 2015:15 [ref. 34694], Bañón et al. 2016:300 [ref. 34397], Del Moral-Flores et al. 2016:78 [ref. 34398], White et al. 2017:25 [ref. 35594], White et al. 2017:102 [ref. 35860], Ehemann et al. 2018:22 [ref. 36194], Fricke et al. 2018:10 [ref. 35805], White & Ko'ou 2018:26 [ref. 35922], Fricke et al. 2019:38 [ref. 36673], Ebert et al. 2021:45 [ref. 38234], Cordova & Ebert 2021:13 [ref. 38414], White et al. 2023:14 [ref. 40185]). Current status: Valid as Apristurus Garman 1913. Pentanchidae.

Asymbolus (subgenus of Scyliorhinus) Whitley [G. P.] 1939:229 Masc. Scyllium anale Ogilby 1885. Type by original designation (also monotypic). The new generic name plus an included available species name makes the genus available as above. •Valid as Asymbolus Whitley 1939 -- (Springer 1979:30 [ref. 4175], Compagno 1984:289 [ref. 6846], Compagno 1988:127 [ref. 13488], Paxton et al. 1989:71 [ref. 12442], Gomon et al. 1994:131 [ref. 22532], Compagno 1999:479 [ref. 25589], Last et al. 1999:19 [ref. 25140], Hoese et al. 2006:82 [ref. 28999], Gledhill et al. 2008:180 [ref. 29686], Séret & Last 2008:138 [ref. 29988], White 2008:56 [ref. 30617]). Current status: Valid as Asymbolus Whitley 1939. Pentanchidae.

Bythaelurus (subgenus of Halaelurus) Compagno [L. J. V.] 1988:146 Masc. Scyllium canescens Günther 1878. Type by original designation. •Synonym of Halaelurus Gill 1862, but a valid subgenus Bythaelurus as described -- (Compagno 1999:479 [ref. 25589]). •Valid as Bythaelurus Compagno 1988 -- (White et al. 2007:19 [ref. 29295], Last & Stevens 2008:123 [ref. 29681], McCosker et al. 2012:48 [ref. 31823], White & Last 2013:238 [ref. 33242], Ebert & Clerkin 2015:55 [ref. 33848], Kaschner et al. 2015:120 [ref. 33953], Nakaya et al. 2015:85 [ref. 34218], Weigmann et al. 2016:401 [ref. 34984], Weigmann & Kaschner 2017:97 [ref. 35311], Fricke et al. 2018:10 [ref. 35805], Weigmann et al. 2018:1 [ref. 36365] in Pentanchidae). Current status: Valid as Bythaelurus Compagno 1988. Pentanchidae.

Campagnoia (subgenus of Parmaturus) Springer [S.] 1979:102 Fem. Parmaturus manis Springer 1979. Type by original designation. No derivation of name given, perhaps for L. J. V. Compagno; Campagnoia regarded as the correct original spelling (that spelling used also on p. 100). •Synonym of Apristurus Garman 1913 -- (Compagno 1984:257 [ref. 6846], Compagno 1988:163 [ref. 13488] as Compagnoia). Current status: Synonym of Apristurus Garman 1913. Pentanchidae.

Cephalurus Bigelow [H. B.] & Schroeder [W. C.] 1941:73 Masc. Catulus cephalus Gilbert 1892. Type by original designation (also monotypic). •Valid as Cephalurus Bigelow & Schroeder 1941 -- (Springer 1979:45 [ref. 4175], Compagno 1984:305 [ref. 6846], Compagno 1988:131 [ref. 13488], Compagno 1999:479 [ref. 25589], Castro 2011:292 [ref. 31457], Del Moral-Flores et al. 2016:80 [ref. 34398], Ehemann et al. 2018:22 [ref. 36194]). Current status: Valid as Cephalurus Bigelow & Schroeder 1941. Pentanchidae.

Dichichthys Chan [W. L.] 1966:223 Masc. Dichichthys melanobranchus Chan 1966. Type by original designation (also monotypic). •Synonym of Parmaturus Garman 1906 -- (Compagno 1984:339 [ref. 6846], Compagno 1988:157 [ref. 13488]). Current status: Synonym of Parmaturus Garman 1906. Pentanchidae.

Figaro (subgenus of Pristiurus) Whitley [G. P.] 1928:238 Masc. Pristiurus (Figaro) boardmani Whitley 1928. Type by original designation (also monotypic). •Synonym of Galeus Rafinesque 1810 -- (Nakaya 1975:40 [ref. 7083], Springer 1979:48 [ref. 4175], Compagno 1984:306 [ref. 6846], Cappetta 1987:111 [ref. 6348], Compagno 1988:134 [ref. 13488], Konstantinou & Cozzi 1998:157 [ref. 23301]). •Valid as Figaro Whitley 1928 -- (Gledhill et al. 2008:180 [ref. 29686]). Current status: Valid as Figaro Whitley 1928. Pentanchidae.

Galeus Rafinesque [C. S.] 1810:13 Masc. Galeus melastomus Rafinesque 1810. Type by subsequent designation. Type designated by Fowler 1908:53 [ref. 6847]; Squalus mustelus as used by Jordan & Evermann 1896:29 [ref. 2443] not precise enough for type designation. Also appeared as new (sensu Aristoteles) in Billberg 1833:51 [ref. 34146]; see Kullander 2016:107 [ref. 34147]. •Valid as Galeus Rafinesque 1810 -- (Springer 1973:20 [ref. 7162], Nakaya 1975:40 [ref. 7083], Springer 1979:47 [ref. 4175], Quéro in Whitehead et al. 1984:97 [ref. 13675], Compagno 1984:306 [ref. 6846], Bass 1986:90 [ref. 5635], Séret 1987:18 [6267], Cappetta 1987:111 [ref. 6348], Tachikawa & Taniuchi 1987 [ref. 6712], Compagno 1988:134 [ref. 13488], Paxton et al. 1989:73 [ref. 12442], Compagno & Stevens 1993:172 [ref. 20843], Compagno 1999:479 [ref. 25589], Compagno 2003:447 [ref. 26984], Compagno et al. 2005:25 [ref. 29145], Hoese et al. 2006:86 [ref. 28999], Gledhill et al. 2008:179 [ref. 29686], Séret & Last 2008:19 [ref. 29702], White 2008:62 [ref. 30617], Lipej & Dulčić 2010:7 [ref. 36649], Castro 2011:292 [ref. 31457], Parin et al. 2014:21 [ref. 33547], Dyldin 2015:48 [ref. 34524], Bañón et al. 2016:300 [ref. 34397], Del Moral-Flores et al. 2016:80 [ref. 34398], White et al. 2016:255 [ref. 34956], White et al. 2017:110 [ref. 35860], Ehemann et al. 2018:22 [ref. 36194], White & Ko'ou 2018:27 [ref. 35922], Ebert et al. 2021:47 [ref. 38234], Ebert & Jang 2022:45 [ref. 39795]). Current status: Valid as Galeus Rafinesque 1810. Pentanchidae.

Gammascyllium Leigh-Sharpe [W. H.] 1926:326 Neut. Scyllium buergeri Müller & Henle 1838. Type by original designation. As a "pseudogenus" of Scyllium. Not available [Art. 1.3.5], used as an artificial category (see Leigh-Sharpe 1928 [ref. 6152]). •In the synonymy of Halaelurus Gill 1862 -- (Compagno 1984:319 [ref. 6846], Compagno 1988:143 [ref. 13488]). Current status: Synonym of Halaelurus Gill 1862. Pentanchidae.

Halaelurus Gill [T. N.] 1862:407 Masc. Scyllium buergeri Müller & Henle 1838. Type by original designation (also monotypic). Also in Gill 1862:412 [ref. 4910] where author of species is clear. •Valid as Halaelurus Gill 1862 -- (Nakaya 1975:60 [ref. 7083], Springer 1979:68 [ref. 4175], Compagno 1984:319 [ref. 6846], Nakaya in Masuda et al. 1984:4 [ref. 6441], Bass 1986:90 [ref. 5635], Séret 1987 [ref. 6267], Compagno 1988:143 [ref. 13488], Compagno 1999:479 [ref. 25589], Compagno et al. 2005:26 [ref. 29145], Hoese et al. 2006:87 [ref. 28999], White et al. 2007:1 [ref. 29295], Akhilesh et al. 2011:40 [ref. 31200], McCosker et al. 2012:48 [ref. 31823], Parin et al. 2014:21 [ref. 33547], Dyldin 2015:49 [ref. 34524], Motomura et al. 2017:20 [ref. 35490], Ebert et al. 2021:47 [ref. 38234]). Current status: Valid as Halaelurus Gill 1862. Pentanchidae.

Haploblepharus Garman [S.] 1913:101 Masc. Squalus edwardsii Schinz 1822. Type by monotypy. Type species originally was given as Scyllium edwardsii Voigt 1832. The name Squalus edwardsii was attributed to Schinz 1822 in Opinion 2056; the name edwardsii had been spelled edwartsii by Schinz 1822, but edwardsii was ruled the correct spelling. •Valid as Haploblepharus Garman 1913 -- (Springer 1979:88 [ref. 4175], Compagno 1984:332 [ref. 6846], Bass 1986:91 [ref. 5635], Compagno 1988:148 [ref. 13488], Compagno 1999:480 [ref. 25589], Human & Compagno 2006:41, 43 [ref. 28823], Human 2007:1, 4 [ref. 29330], Ebert et al. 2021:48 [ref. 38234]). Current status: Valid as Haploblepharus Garman 1913. Pentanchidae.

Holohalaelurus (subgenus of Halaelurus) Fowler [H. W.] 1934:235 Masc. Scylliorhinus regani Gilchrist 1922. Type by original designation. •Valid as Holohalaelurus Fowler 1934 -- (Springer 1979:92 [ref. 4175], Compagno 1984:336 [ref. 6846], Bass 1986:92 [ref. 5635], Compagno 1988:152 [ref. 13488], Compagno 1999:480 [ref. 25589], Human 2006:3 [ref. 28824], Human 2010:25 [ref. 30764], Fricke et al. 2018:10 [ref. 35805], Ebert et al. 2021:50 [ref. 38234]). Current status: Valid as Holohalaelurus Fowler 1934. Pentanchidae.

Juncrus (subgenus of Scyliorhinus) Whitley [G. P.] 1939:229 Masc. Scyllium vincenti Zietz 1908. Type by original designation. Compagno 1984:289 serves as first reviser, selecting Asymbolus Whitley 1939 over Juncrus Whitley 1939, both genera appearing in the same work and treated by Compagno as synonyms. •Valid as Juncrus Whitley 1939 -- (Springer 1979:95 [ref. 4175]). •Synonym of Asymbolus Whitley 1939 -- (Compagno 1984:289 [ref. 6846], Compagno 1988:127 [ref. 13488]). Current status: Synonym of Asymbolus Whitley 1939. Pentanchidae.

Parapristurus (subgenus of Pentanchus) Fowler [H. W.] 1934:237 Masc. Catulus spongiceps Gilbert 1905. Type by original designation. Misspelled Parapristiurus in Zoological Record for 1934. •Valid as Parapristurus Fowler 1934 -- (Springer 1979:97 [ref. 4175]). •Synonym of Apristurus Garman 1913 -- (Compagno 1984:257 [ref. 6846], Compagno 1988:163 [ref. 13488]). Current status: Synonym of Apristurus Garman 1913. Pentanchidae.

Parmaturus Garman [S.] 1906:203 Masc. Parmaturus pilosus Garman 1906. Type by subsequent designation. Type designated by Jordan 1920:518 [ref. 4905]. •Valid as Parmaturus Garman 1906 -- (Nakaya 1975:57 [ref. 7083], Springer 1979:99 [ref. 4175], Compagno 1984:339 [ref. 6846], Nakaya in Masuda et al. 1984:4 [ref. 6441], Compagno 1988:157 [ref. 13488], Compagno 1999:480 [ref. 25589], Compagno 2003:447 [ref. 26984], Séret & Last 2007:23 [ref. 29377], Castro 2011:292 [ref. 31457], Nakaya et al. 2015:88 [ref. 34218], Del Moral-Flores et al. 2016:81 [ref. 34398], White et al. 2017:112 [ref. 35860], Ehemann et al. 2018:22 [ref. 36194], Fahmi & Ebert 2018:532 [ref. 35910], White & Ko'ou 2018:28 [ref. 35922], Soares et al. 2019:314 [ref. 36748]). Current status: Valid as Parmaturus Garman 1906. Pentanchidae.

Pentanchus Smith [H. M.] & Radcliffe [L.] in Smith 1912:490 Masc. Pentanchus profundicolus Smith & Radcliffe 1912. Type by original designation (also monotypic). •Valid as Pentanchus Smith & Radcliffe 1912 -- (Nakaya 1975:7 [ref. 7083], Springer 1979:110 [ref. 4175], Compagno 1984:345 [ref. 6846] but as possible senior synonym of Apristurus Garman 1913, Compagno 1988:175 [ref. 13488], Compagno 1999:480 [ref. 25589], Nakaya & Séret 2000:373 [ref. 25115], Compagno et al. 2005:27 [ref. 29145], White et al. 2023:14 [ref. 40185]). Current status: Valid as Pentanchus Smith & Radcliffe 1912. Pentanchidae.

Prionurus Otto [A. W.] 1821:5 Masc. Squalus prionurus Otto 1821. Type by monotypy (also by absolute tautonymy). Objectively invalid; preoccupied by Prionurus Lacepède 1804 in fishes. Above from Fowler, original not seen. •Questionably In the synonymy of Galeus Rafinesque 1810 -- (Cappetta 1987:111 [ref. 6348]). 1°Homonym. Current status: Synonym of Galeus Rafinesque 1810. Pentanchidae.

Pristidurus Bonaparte [C. L.] 1838:213 [11] Masc. Galeus melastomus Rafinesque 1810. Type by monotypy. Described as "Nob.", but technically probably is an incorrect subsequent spelling of Pristiurus Bonaparte 1834. Fowler says Agassiz 1838 in fossil fishes is earlier than Bonaparte 1838. •Objective synonym of Galeus Rafinesque 1810. Current status: Synonym of Galeus Rafinesque 1810. Pentanchidae.

Pristiurus (subgenus of Scyllium) Bonaparte [C. L.] 1834:puntata 39 Masc. Galeus melastomus Rafinesque 1810. Type by monotypy. Appeared first in puntata 39, fasc. 7 under Scyllium canicula and under Scyllium melanostomum. Spelled Pristidurus by Bonaparte 1838:11 [ref. 4979, not investigated]. •Objective synonym of Galeus Rafinesque 1810 -- (Springer 1973:20 [ref. 7162], Nakaya 1975:40 [ref. 7083], Springer 1979:48 [ref. 4175], Compagno 1984:306 [ref. 6846], Cappetta 1987:111 [ref. 6348], Compagno 1988:134 [ref. 13488], Parin et al. 2014:21 [ref. 33547]). Current status: Synonym of Galeus Rafinesque 1810. Pentanchidae.


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