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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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Genera in the family or subfamily Synanceiidae: [ 98 ] records


Abcichthys Whitley [G. P.] 1927:304 Masc. Liocranium praepositum Ogilby 1903. Type by being a replacement name. Unneeded replacement for Liocranium Ogilby 1903 [possibly 1904], not preoccupied by Liocranum. Misspelled Abeichthys by McCulloch 1929:390 [ref. 2948]. •Objective synonym of Liocranium Ogilby 1903 -- (Mandrytsa 2001:262 [ref. 25636]). Current status: Synonym of Liocranium Ogilby 1903. Synanceiidae: Tetraroginae.

Ablabys Kaup [J. J.] 1873:80 Masc. Apistus taenianotus Cuvier 1829. Type by subsequent designation. Type designated by Whitley 1966:233 [ref. 12521]. Treated as masculine by authors. •Valid as Ablabys Kaup 1873 -- (Washington et al. 1984:440 [ref. 13660], Poss 1986:479 [ref. 6296], Paxton et al. 1989:439 [ref. 12442], Poss 1999:2297 [ref. 24796], Mandrytsa 2001:262 [ref. 25636], Allen et al. 2006:897 [ref. 29078], Prokofiev 2008:302 [ref. 29592], Fricke et al. 2018:136 [ref. 35805], Chungthanawong & Motomura 2018:[1] [ref. 36252], Fricke et al. 2019:104 [ref. 36673], Chungthanawong & Motomura 2021:[2] [ref. 38168]). Current status: Valid as Ablabys Kaup 1873. Synanceiidae: Tetraroginae.

Acanthosphex Fowler [H. W.] 1938:86 Masc. Prosopodasys leurynnis Jordan & Seale 1905. Type by original designation (also monotypic). •Valid as Acanthosphex Fowler 1938 -- (Poss & Eschmeyer 1978:404 [ref. 6387], Washington et al. 1984:440 [ref. 13660], Poss 1999:2357 [ref. 24796], Mandrytsa 2001:269 [ref. 25636], Allen et al. 2006:912 [ref. 29066], Imamura 2009:71 [ref. 30434], Fricke 2016:72 [ref. 34523], Motomura et al. 2017:69 [ref. 35490]). Current status: Valid as Acanthosphex Fowler 1938. Synanceiidae: Aploactininae.

Adventor (subgenus of Membracidichthys) Whitley [G. P.] 1952:27 Masc. Membracidichthys (Adventor) elongatus Whitley 1952. Type by original designation (also monotypic). •Valid as Adventor Whitley 1952 -- (Poss & Eschmeyer 1978:404 [ref. 6387], Washington et al. 1984:440 [ref. 13660], Paxton et al. 1989:459 [ref. 12442], Poss 1999:2356 [ref. 24796], Mandrytsa 2001:267 [ref. 25636], Allen et al. 2006:912 [ref. 29066], Fricke 2016:71 [ref. 34523], Fricke et al. 2017:[7] [ref. 35454]). Current status: Valid as Adventor Whitley 1952. Synanceiidae: Aploactininae.

Aetapcus (subgenus of Pataecus) Scott [E. O. G.] 1936:124 Masc. Pataecus maculatus Günther 1861. Type by original designation. •Valid as Aetapcus Scott 1936 -- (Washington et al. 1984:440 [ref. 13660], Paxton et al. 1989:462 [ref. 12442], Mandrytsa 1993:31 [ref. 21232], Gomon et al. 1994:509 [ref. 22532], Paxton et al. 2006:917 [ref. 28994], Johnson 2008:504 [ref. 30650]). Current status: Valid as Aetapcus Scott 1936. Synanceiidae: Pataecinae.

Amblyapistus Bleeker [P.] 1876:297 Masc. Apistus taenianotus Cuvier 1829. Type by original designation (also monotypic). •Valid as Amblyapistus Bleeker 1876 -- (Nakabo in Masuda et al. 1984:319 [ref. 6441]). •Synonym of Ablabys Kaup 1873 -- (Poss 1986:479 [ref. 6296], Mandrytsa 2001:262 [ref. 25636]). Current status: Synonym of Ablabys Kaup 1873. Synanceiidae: Tetraroginae.

Aniculerosa Whitley [G. P.] 1933:101 Fem. Aniculerosa taprobanensis Whitley 1933. Type by original designation (also monotypic). •Synonym of Paraploactis Bleeker 1864 -- (Poss & Eschmeyer 1978:405 [ref. 6387], Mandrytsa 2001:268 [ref. 25636], Prokofiev 2012:335 [ref. 32052]). Current status: Synonym of Paraploactis Bleeker 1864. Synanceiidae: Aploactininae.

Apistes Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1829:391 Masc. Appeared first in Cuvier (Mar.) 1829:167 [ref. 995] as "Les Apistes"; Ap. alatus in footnote (p. 167) apparently not sufficient for latinization as Apistes or Apistus; latinized by Cuvier in Cuvier & Valenciennes (Nov. 1829) as Apistus, with Apistes as above a French vernacular name. •In the synonymy of Apistus Cuvier 1829 -- (Mandrytsa 2001:258 [ref. 25636]). Unjustified Emend.. Current status: Synonym of Apistus Cuvier 1829. Synanceiidae: Apistinae.

Apistops Ogilby [J. D.] 1911:36, 54 Masc. Apistus caloundra De Vis 1886. Type by monotypy. •Valid as Apistops Ogilby 1911 -- (Paxton et al. 1989:439 [ref. 12442], Poss 1999:2296 [ref. 24796], Mandrytsa 2001:258 [ref. 25636], Allen et al. 2006:893 [ref. 29066]). Current status: Valid as Apistops Ogilby 1911. Synanceiidae: Apistinae.

Apistus Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1829:391 Masc. Apistus alatus Cuvier 1829. Type by subsequent designation. Type designated by Bleeker 1876:4 [ref. 12248] and Bleeker 1876:296 [ref. 450]. See also Apistes. •Valid as Apistus Cuvier 1829 -- (Shimizu in Masuda et al. 1984:317 [ref. 6441], Washington et al. 1984:440 [ref. 13660], Eschmeyer 1986:464 [ref. 5652], Lindberg & Krasyukova 1987:93 [ref. 15964], Poss 1999:2296 [ref. 24796], Mandrytsa 2001:258 [ref. 25636], Allen et al. 2006:894 [ref. 29066], Prokofiev 2008:301 [ref. 29592], Motomura 2009:63 [ref. 30463], Fricke et al. 2018:137 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:56 [ref. 36273]). Current status: Valid as Apistus Cuvier 1829. Synanceiidae: Apistinae.

Aploactis Temminck [C. J.] & Schlegel [H.] 1843:51 Fem. Synanceia (Aploactis) aspera Richardson 1845. Type by subsequent monotypy. Original description without species; one species added and type fixed by subsequent monotypy by Richardson 1844:72 [ref. 3739]. Haploactis Agassiz 1846:29, 172 [ref. 64] is an unjustified emendation. •Valid as Aploactis Temminck & Schlegel 1843 -- (Poss & Eschmeyer 1978:404 [ref. 6387], Washington et al. 1984:440 [ref. 13660], Nakabo in Masuda et al. 1984:319 [ref. 6441], Paxton et al. 1989:459 [ref. 12442], Poss 1999:2356 [ref. 24796], Mandrytsa 2001:267 [ref. 25636], Allen et al. 2006:912 [ref. 29066], Prokofiev 2010:718 [ref. 31093], Fricke 2016:72 [ref. 34523], Fricke et al. 2017:8 [ref. 35454]). Current status: Valid as Aploactis Temminck & Schlegel 1843. Synanceiidae: Aploactininae.

Aploactisoma Castelnau [F. L.] 1872:244 Neut. Aploactisoma schomburgki Castelnau 1872. Type by monotypy. Misspelled or unjustifiably emended to Haploactisoma by authors. •Valid as Aploactisoma Castelnau 1872 -- (Scott 1976:205 [ref. 7055], Washington et al. 1984:440 [ref. 13660], Paxton et al. 1989:459 [ref. 12442], Gomon et al. 1994:506 [ref. 22532], Mandrytsa 2001:267 [ref. 25636], Allen et al. 2006:912 [ref. 29066], Johnson 2008:502 [ref. 30650], Fricke 2016:72 [ref. 34523], Fricke et al. 2017:8 [ref. 35454]). Current status: Valid as Aploactisoma Castelnau 1872. Synanceiidae: Aploactininae.

Aploactoides Fowler [H. W.] 1938:88 Masc. Aploactoides philippinus Fowler 1938. Type by original designation (also monotypic). •Synonym of Erisphex Jordan & Starks 1904 -- (Poss & Eschmeyer 1978:404 [ref. 6387], Lindberg & Krasyukova 1987:113 [ref. 15964], Mandrytsa 2001:267 [ref. 25636]). Current status: Synonym of Erisphex Jordan & Starks 1904. Synanceiidae: Aploactininae.

Barffianus Curtiss [A.] 1944:13 Masc. Barffianus maneae Curtiss 1944. Type by monotypy. •Synonym of Synanceia Bloch & Schneider 1801 -- (Mandrytsa 2001:264 [ref. 25636]). Current status: Synonym of Synanceia Bloch & Schneider 1801. Synanceiidae: Synanceiinae.

Bathyaploactis Whitley [G. P.] 1933:102 Fem. Bathyaploactis curtisensis Whitley 1933. Type by original designation (one species, two subspecies). Misspelled Bathaploactis in Zoological Record for 1933. •Valid as Bathyaploactis Whitley 1933 -- (Poss & Eschmeyer 1978:404 [ref. 6387], Washington et al. 1984:440 [ref. 13660], Paxton et al. 1989:460 [ref. 12442], Poss 1999:2357 [ref. 24796], Mandrytsa 2001:269 [ref. 25636], Allen et al. 2006:913 [ref. 29066], Fricke 2016:72 [ref. 34523], Fricke et al. 2017:8 [ref. 35454]). Current status: Valid as Bathyaploactis Whitley 1933. Synanceiidae: Aploactininae.

Beridia Castelnau [F. L.] 1878:229 Fem. Beridia flava Castelnau 1878. Type by monotypy. Spelled Baridia by Castelnau on legend for Pl. 2. •Synonym of Gnathanacanthus Bleeker 1854 -- (Scott 1986:53 [ref. 5807], Paxton et al. 1989:464 [ref. 12442], Mandrytsa 2001:270 [ref. 25636], Paxton et al. 2006:909 [ref. 28994]). Current status: Synonym of Gnathanacanthus Bleeker 1854. Synanceiidae: Gnathanacanthinae.

Bufichthys (subgenus of Synanchia) Swainson [W.] 1839:268 Masc. Scorpaena horrida Linnaeus 1766. Type by subsequent designation. Not p. 181, where Bufichthys is a misprint for Synanchia = Erosa (see Eschmeyer & Rama Rao 1973:343 [ref. 6391]). Replaced by Phrynichthys Agassiz 1846. Type designated by Swain 1882:277 [ref. 5966]. •Synonym of Synanceia Bloch & Schneider 1801 -- (Eschmeyer & Rama-Rao 1973:341, 363 [ref. 6391], Mandrytsa 2001:264 [ref. 25636]). Current status: Synonym of Synanceia Bloch & Schneider 1801. Synanceiidae: Synanceiinae.

Centropogon Günther [A.] 1860:128 Masc. Cottus australis Shaw 1790. Type by subsequent designation. Type designated by Bleeker 1876:5 [ref. 12248] and 1876:297 [ref. 450] as Apistus australis Cuvier & Valenciennes. •Valid as Centropogon Günther 1860 -- (Washington et al. 1984:440 [ref. 13660], Paxton et al. 1989:439 [ref. 12442], Gomon et al. 1994:477 [ref. 22532], Poss 1999:2296 [ref. 24796], Mandrytsa 2001:260 [ref. 25636], Allen et al. 2006:897 [ref. 29078], Johnson & Motomura 2008:499 [ref. 30648], Chungthanawong & Motomura 2021:[4] [ref. 38168]). Current status: Valid as Centropogon Günther 1860. Synanceiidae: Tetraroginae.

Cheroscorpaena Mees [G. F.] 1964:1 Fem. Cheroscorpaena tridactyla Mees 1964. Type by original designation (also monotypic). •Valid as Cheroscorpaena Mees 1964 -- (Washington et al. 1984:440 [ref. 13660], Paxton et al. 1989:439 [ref. 12442], Poss 1999:2296 [ref. 24796], Mandrytsa 2001:259 [ref. 25636], Allen et al. 2006:894 [ref. 29066]). Current status: Valid as Cheroscorpaena Mees 1964. Synanceiidae: Apistinae.

Choridactylodes Gilchrist [J. D. F.] 1902:101 Masc. Choridactylodes natalensis Gilchrist 1902. Type by monotypy. •Synonym of Choridactylus Richardson 1848 -- (Eschmeyer et al. 1979:479 [ref. 6385], Mandrytsa 2001:266 [ref. 25636]). Current status: Synonym of Choridactylus Richardson 1848. Synanceiidae: Choridactylinae.

Choridactylus Richardson [J.] 1848:8 Masc. Choridactylus multibarbus Richardson 1848. Type by monotypy. Chorismodactylus Günther 1860:89, 151 [ref. 1963] is an unjustified emendation. •Valid as Choridactylus Richardson 1848 -- (Eschmeyer et al. 1979 [ref. 6385], Washington et al. 1984:440 [ref. 13660], Eschmeyer 1986:464 [ref. 5652], Poss & Mee 1995:1 [ref. 21656], Poss 1999:2294 [ref. 24796], Mandrytsa 2001:266 [ref. 25636], Motomura 2009:72 [ref. 30446], Golani & Fricke 2018:56 [ref. 36273]). Current status: Valid as Choridactylus Richardson 1848. Synanceiidae: Choridactylinae.

Chorismopelor Chevey [P.] 1927:222 Neut. Chorismopelor joubini Chevey 1927. Type by monotypy. •Synonym of Inimicus Jordan & Starks 1904 -- (Eschmeyer et al. 1979:483 [ref. 6385], Mandrytsa 2001:266 [ref. 25636], Inaba & Motomura 2018:53 [ref. 36154]). Current status: Synonym of Inimicus Jordan & Starks 1904. Synanceiidae: Choridactylinae.

Coccotropsis Barnard [K. H.] 1927:75 Fem. Tetraroge gymnoderma Gilchrist 1906. Type by original designation (also monotypic). Also appeared in Barnard 1927 (Oct.):919 [ref. 194]. Treated in a new subfamily Coccotropsinae by Mandrytsa 2001:261 [ref. 25636]. •Valid as Coccotropsis Barnard 1927 -- (Washington et al. 1984:440 [ref. 13660], Poss 1986:479 [ref. 6296], Mandrytsa 2001:261 [ref. 25636], Chungthanawong & Motomura 2021:[4] [ref. 38168]). Current status: Valid as Coccotropsis Barnard 1927. Synanceiidae: Tetraroginae.

Cocotropus Kaup [J. J.] 1858:333 Masc. Corythobatus echinatus Cantor 1849. Type by monotypy. Coccotropus is a misspelling; not the same as Coccotropsis. •Valid as Cocotropus Kaup 1858 -- (Nakabo in Masuda et al. 1984:319 [ref. 6441], Washington et al. 1984:440 [ref. 13660], Poss 1986:480 [ref. 6296], Poss & Allen 1987 [ref. 6616], Poss 1999:2356 [ref. 24796], Mandrytsa 2001:267 [ref. 25636], Imamura & Shinohara 2003:233 [ref. 27213], Fricke 2004:2 [ref. 27662], Johnson 2004:179 [ref. 27781], Imamura & Shinohara 2004:204 [ref. 27943], Allen et al. 2006:913 [ref. 29066], Imamura & Shinohara 2008:21 [ref. 29563], Imamura 2009:71 [ref. 30434], Imamura et al. 2010:1 [ref. 30770], Prokofiev 2010:718 [ref. 31093], Fricke 2016:71 [ref. 34523], Fricke et al. 2017:7 [ref. 35454], Golani & Fricke 2018:57 [ref. 36273], Matsunuma et al. 2021:[1] [ref. 38266]). Current status: Valid as Cocotropus Kaup 1858. Synanceiidae: Aploactininae.

Corythobatus Cantor [T. E.] 1849:1027 [45] Masc. Scorpaena monodactyla Bloch & Schneider 1801. Type by being a replacement name. Unneeded replacement for Minous Cuvier 1829, not preoccupied by Minois Hübner 1816 in Lepidoptera. On page 45 of separate. •Objective synonym of Minous Cuvier 1829 -- (Eschmeyer et al. 1979:454 [ref. 1277], Lindberg & Krasyukova 1987:115 [ref. 15964], Mandrytsa 2001:266 [ref. 25636]). Current status: Synonym of Minous Cuvier 1829. Synanceiidae: Choridactylinae.

Cottapistus Bleeker [P.] 1876:298 Masc. Perca cottoides Linnaeus 1758. Type by monotypy. •Valid as Cottapistus Bleeker 1876 -- (Washington et al. 1984:440 [ref. 13660], Paxton et al. 1989:440 [ref. 12442], Poss 1999:2297 [ref. 24796], Mandrytsa 2001:262 [ref. 25636], Allen et al. 2006:898 [ref. 29078], Chungthanawong & Motomura 2021:[2] [ref. 38168]). Current status: Valid as Cottapistus Bleeker 1876. Synanceiidae: Tetraroginae.

Daia Ogilby [J. D.] 1903:9 Fem. Centropogon indicus Day 1875. Type by monotypy. Second species doubtfully referred to genus in footnote. •Synonym of Paracentropogon Bleeker 1876 -- (Mandrytsa 2001:262 [ref. 25636], Kottelat 2013:315 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Paracentropogon Bleeker 1876. Synanceiidae: Tetraroginae.

Dampierosa Whitley [G. P.] 1932:346 Fem. Dampierosa daruma Whitley 1932. Type by original designation (also monotypic). •Valid as Dampierosa Whitley 1932 -- (Eschmeyer & Rama-Rao 1973:367 [ref. 6391], Washington et al. 1984:440 [ref. 13660], Paxton et al. 1989:440 [ref. 12442], Mandrytsa 2001:264 [ref. 25636]). Current status: Valid as Dampierosa Whitley 1932. Synanceiidae: Synanceiinae.

Decterias Jordan [D. S.] & Starks [E. C.] 1904:154 Masc. Minous pusillus Temminck & Schlegel 1843. Type by original designation (also monotypic). •Synonym of Minous Cuvier 1829 -- (Eschmeyer et al. 1979:454 [ref. 1277], Lindberg & Krasyukova 1987:115 [ref. 15964], Mandrytsa 2001:266 [ref. 25636]). Current status: Synonym of Minous Cuvier 1829. Synanceiidae: Choridactylinae.

Deleastes Seale [A.] 1906:80 Masc. Deleastes daector Seale 1906. Type by monotypy. •Synonym of Synanceia Bloch & Schneider 1801 -- (Eschmeyer & Rama-Rao 1973:342 [ref. 6391], Mandrytsa 2001:264 [ref. 25636]). Current status: Synonym of Synanceia Bloch & Schneider 1801. Synanceiidae: Synanceiinae.

Emmydrichthys Jordan [D. S.] & Rutter [C. L.] in Jordan 1896:221 Masc. Emmydrichthys vulcanus Jordan & Rutter 1896. Type by monotypy. •Synonym of Synanceia Bloch & Schneider 1801 -- (Eschmeyer & Rama-Rao 1973:341 [ref. 6391], Mandrytsa 2001:264 [ref. 25636]). Current status: Synonym of Synanceia Bloch & Schneider 1801. Synanceiidae: Synanceiinae.

Erisphex Jordan [D. S.] & Starks [E. C.] 1904:169 Masc. Cocotropus pottii Steindachner 1896. Type by original designation. •Valid as Erisphex Jordan & Starks 1904 -- (Poss & Eschmeyer 1978:404 [ref. 6387], Washington et al. 1984:441 [ref. 13660], Nakabo in Masuda et al. 1984:319 [ref. 6441], Lindberg & Krasyukova 1987:113 [ref. 15964], Poss 1999:2356 [ref. 24796], Mandrytsa 2001:267 [ref. 25636], Allen et al. 2006:914 [ref. 29066], Prokofiev 2008:306 [ref. 29592], Fricke 2016:72 [ref. 34523], Fricke et al. 2017:7 [ref. 35454]). Current status: Valid as Erisphex Jordan & Starks 1904. Synanceiidae: Aploactininae.

Erosa Swainson [W.] 1839:61 Fem. Synanceia erosa Cuvier 1829. Type by monotypy. As Bufichthys on p. 181 and as subgenus Synanchia on p. 268; see Eschmeyer & Rama-Rao 1973:363 [ref. 6391] for discussion. Type established based on equivalence of names, but technically may need a subsequent application of species and a type designation. •Valid as Erosa Swainson 1839 -- (Eschmeyer & Rama-Rao 1973:363 [ref. 6391], Washington et al. 1984:440 [ref. 13660], Shimizu in Masuda et al. 1984:318 [ref. 6441], Lindberg & Krasyukova 1987:118 [ref. 15964], Paxton et al. 1989:441 [ref. 12442], Poss 1999:2294 [ref. 24796], Mandrytsa 2001:265 [ref. 25636], Allen et al. 2006:904 [ref. 29078]). Current status: Valid as Erosa Swainson 1839. Synanceiidae: Synanceiinae.

Eschmeyer Poss [S. G.] & Springer [V. G.] 1983:309 Masc. Eschmeyer nexus Poss & Springer 1983. Type by original designation (also monotypic). Placed in its own family Eschmeyeridae by Mandrytsa 2001:259 [ref. 25636]. •Valid as Eschmeyer Poss & Springer 1983 -- (Washington et al. 1984:441 [ref. 13660], Poss 1986:955 [ref. 6331], Poss 1999:2355 [ref. 24796], Mandrytsa 2001:259 [ref. 25636]). Current status: Valid as Eschmeyer Poss & Springer 1983. Synanceiidae: Eschmeyerinae.

Gadapistus de Beaufort [L. F.] 1949:68 Masc. Paracentropogon aeglefinus Weber 1913. Type by monotypy. •Objective synonym of Neocentropogon Matsubara 1943 -- (Mandrytsa 2001:261 [ref. 25636], Chungthanawong & Motomura 2021:[5] [ref. 38168]). Current status: Synonym of Neocentropogon Matsubara 1943. Synanceiidae: Tetraroginae.

Glyptauchen Günther [A.] 1860:121 Masc. Apistes panduratus Richardson 1850. Type by monotypy. •Valid as Glyptauchen Günther 1860 -- (Washington et al. 1984:440 [ref. 13660], Paxton et al. 1989:441 [ref. 12442], Gomon et al. 1994:478 [ref. 22532], Mandrytsa 2001:260 [ref. 25636], Allen et al. 2006:898 [ref. 29078], Johnson & Motomura 2008:500 [ref. 30648], Chungthanawong & Motomura 2021:[4] [ref. 38168]). Current status: Valid as Glyptauchen Günther 1860. Synanceiidae: Tetraroginae.

Gnathanacanthus Bleeker [P.] 1854:126 Masc. Gnathanacanthus goetzeei Bleeker 1854. Type by monotypy. Described in more detail by Bleeker 1855:2, 21 [ref. 346], misspelled Gnathacanthus and goetzei by Bleeker on p. 31 (plate legend) [ref. 346]. Bleeker says named for J. W. Goetzee, so goetzeei is correct. •Valid as Gnathanacanthus Bleeker 1854 (often dated 1855) -- (Washington et al. 1984:440 [ref. 13660], Scott 1986 [ref. 5807], Paxton et al. 1989:464 [ref. 12442], Gomon et al. 1994:513 [ref. 22532], Mandrytsa 2001:270 [ref. 25636], Paxton et al. 2006:909 [ref. 28994], Johnson 2008:506 [ref. 30650]). Current status: Valid as Gnathanacanthus Bleeker 1854. Synanceiidae: Gnathanacanthinae.

Gymnapistes (subgenus of Apistes) Swainson [W.] 1839:65, 180, 265 Masc. Apistus marmoratus Cuvier 1829. Type by subsequent designation. Type designated by Bleeker 1876:7 [ref. 12248] and 1876:299 [ref. 450], also by Swain 1882:277 [ref. 5966]. Spelled Gymnapistus by Bleeker 1876:7 and 1876:299. •Valid as Gymnapistes Swainson 1839 -- (Scott 1976:200 [ref. 7055], Washington et al. 1984:440 [ref. 13660], Paxton et al. 1989:441 [ref. 12442], Gomon et al. 1994:480 [ref. 22532], Mandrytsa 2001:261 [ref. 25636], Allen et al. 2006:899 [ref. 29078], Johnson & Motomura 2008:501 [ref. 30648], Chungthanawong & Motomura 2021:[4] [ref. 38168]). Current status: Valid as Gymnapistes Swainson 1839. Synanceiidae: Tetraroginae.

Holoxenus Günther [A.] 1876:393 Masc. Holoxenus cutaneus Günther 1876. Type by monotypy. •Synonym of Gnathanacanthus Bleeker 1854 -- (Scott 1986:53 [ref. 5807], Paxton et al. 1989:464 [ref. 12442], Mandrytsa 2001:270 [ref. 25636], Paxton et al. 2006:909 [ref. 28994]). Current status: Synonym of Gnathanacanthus Bleeker 1854. Synanceiidae: Gnathanacanthinae.

Hypodytes Gistel [J.] 1848:VIII Masc. Apistus alatus Cuvier 1829. Type by being a replacement name. Apparently technically is a replacement for Apistes Cuvier. Hypodytes was proposed by Gistel as a replacement for "Aspistes Quoy, Astrol., Fisch.", but Apistus Cuvier was used by Quoy & Gaimard, not the earlier non-latinized "Apistes" Cuvier 1829. Should be treated as an objective synonym of Apistus Cuvier 1829. Treated as valid as Hypodytes Gistel 1848 -- (Nakabo in Masuda et al. 1984:319 [ref. 6441], Lindberg & Krasyukova 1987:160 [ref. 15964], Paxton et al. 1989:442 [ref. 12442] with wrong authorship). •Should be treated as an objective synonym of Apistus Cuvier 1829. •Treated as valid as Hypodytes Gistel 1848 -- (Nakabo in Masuda et al. 1984:319 [ref. 6441], Lindberg & Krasyukova 1987:165 [ref. 15964], Paxton et al. 1989:442 [ref. 12442] with wrong authorship). •Synonym of Apistus Cuvier 1829 -- (Mandrytsa 2001:258 [ref. 25636]). Current status: Synonym of Apistus Cuvier 1829. Synanceiidae: Apistinae.

Inimicus Jordan [D. S.] & Starks [E. C.] 1904:158 Masc. Pelor japonicum Cuvier 1829. Type by original designation. •Valid as Inimicus Jordan & Starks 1904 -- (Eschmeyer et al. 1979:483 [ref. 6385], Washington et al. 1984:440 [ref. 13660], Shimizu in Masuda et al. 1984:318 [ref. 6441], Eschmeyer 1986:464 [ref. 5652], Lindberg & Krasyukova 1987:117 [ref. 15964], Paxton et al. 1989:442 [ref. 12442], Poss 1999:2294 [ref. 24796], Mandrytsa 2001:266 [ref. 25636], Allen et al. 2006:904 [ref. 29078], Motomura 2009:73 [ref. 30446], Motomura et al. 2017:69 [ref. 35490], Fricke et al. 2018:137 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:56 [ref. 36273], Inaba & Motomura 2018:53 [ref. 36154], Fricke et al. 2019:104 [ref. 36673]). Current status: Valid as Inimicus Jordan & Starks 1904. Synanceiidae: Choridactylinae.

Insopiscis Whitley [G. P.] 1933:102 Masc. Cocotropus altipinnis Waite 1903. Type by original designation (also monotypic). •Synonym of Cocotropus Kaup 1858 -- (Poss & Eschmeyer 1978:404 [ref. 6387] with question, Mandrytsa 2001:267 [ref. 25636]). Current status: Synonym of Cocotropus Kaup 1858. Synanceiidae: Aploactininae.

Kanekonia Tanaka [S.] 1915:566 Fem. Kanekonia florida Tanaka 1915. Type by monotypy. Appeared first in Japanese (15 Nov.), English version 28 Nov. 1918:510 [ref. 6037]. •Valid as Kanekonia Tanaka 1915 -- (Poss & Eschmeyer 1978:404 [ref. 6387], Poss 1982 [ref. 5474], Washington et al. 1984:441 [ref. 13660], Nakabo in Masuda et al. 1984:319 [ref. 6441], Paxton et al. 1989:460 [ref. 12442], Gomon et al. 1994:507 [ref. 22532], Poss 1999:2356 [ref. 24796], Mandrytsa 2001:268 [ref. 25636], Allen et al. 2006:914 [ref. 29066], Johnson 2008:503 [ref. 30650], Johnson 2013:397 [ref. 33137], Fricke 2016:72 [ref. 34523], Fricke et al. 2017:7 [ref. 35454]). Current status: Valid as Kanekonia Tanaka 1915. Synanceiidae: Aploactininae.

Karumba Whitley [G. P.] 1966:242 Fem. Bathyaploactis curtisensis ornatissimus Whitley 1933. Type by original designation (also monotypic). Type is Whitley's subspecies ornatissimus (elevated to species as B. ornatissimus for technical designation of the type) and not the species curtisensis. •Valid as Karumba Whitley 1866 -- (Poss & Eschmeyer 1978:404 [ref. 6387], Paxton et al. 1989:460 [ref. 12442], Mandrytsa 2001:269 [ref. 25636]). •Synonym of Bathyaploactis Whitley 1933 -- (see Poss 1999:2357 [ref. 24796]). Current status: Synonym of Bathyaploactis Whitley 1933. Synanceiidae: Aploactininae.

Kleiwegia de Beaufort [L. F.] 1952:45 Fem. Cocotropus dezwaani Weber & de Beaufort 1915. Type by monotypy. •Synonym of Acanthosphex Fowler 1938 -- (Poss & Eschmeyer 1978:404 [ref. 6387], Mandrytsa 2001:269 [ref. 25636]). Current status: Synonym of Acanthosphex Fowler 1938. Synanceiidae: Aploactininae.

Leptosynanceia Bleeker [P.] 1874:17 Fem. Synanceia asteroblepa Richardson 1844. Type by monotypy. •Valid as Leptosynanceia Bleeker 1874 -- (Eschmeyer & Rama-Rao 1973:375 [ref. 6391], Washington et al. 1984:440 [ref. 13660], Poss 1999:2294 [ref. 24796], Mandrytsa 2001:265 [ref. 25636], Kottelat 2013:316 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Leptosynanceia Bleeker 1874. Synanceiidae: Synanceiinae.

Liocranium Ogilby [J. D.] 1903:23 Neut. Liocranium praepositum Ogilby 1903. Type by monotypy. Abcichthys Whitley 1927 is an unneeded replacement. •Valid as Liocranium Ogilby 1903 -- (Washington et al. 1984:440 [ref. 13660], Poss 1999:2297 [ref. 24796], Mandrytsa 2001:262 [ref. 25636], Allen et al. 2006:900 [ref. 29078], Motomura et al. 2008:27 [ref. 29851], Chungthanawong & Motomura 2021:[2] [ref. 38168]). Current status: Valid as Liocranium Ogilby 1903. Synanceiidae: Tetraroginae.

Lysodermus Smith [H. M.] & Pope [T. E. B.] 1906:483 Masc. Lysodermus satsumae Smith & Pope 1906. Type by original designation (also monotypic). •Synonym of Minous Cuvier 1829 -- (Eschmeyer et al. 1979:454 [ref. 1277], Mandrytsa 2001:266 [ref. 25636]). Current status: Synonym of Minous Cuvier 1829. Synanceiidae: Choridactylinae.

Matsubarichthys Poss [S. G.] & Johnson [G. D.] 1991:468 Masc. Matsubarichthys inusitatus Poss & Johnson 1991. Type by original designation (also monotypic). Mandrytsa 2001:270 [ref. 25636] placed in a monotypic subfamily Matsubarichthyinae. •Valid as Matsubarichthys Poss & Johnson 1991 -- (Poss 1999:2357 [ref. 24796], Mandrytsa 2001:269 [ref. 25636], Leis et al. 2004:580 [ref. 27981], Allen et al. 2006:914 [ref. 29066]), Fricke 2016:72 [ref. 34523], Fricke et al. 2017:8 [ref. 35454]. Current status: Valid as Matsubarichthys Poss & Johnson 1991. Synanceiidae: Aploactininae.

Membracidichthys Whitley [G. P.] 1933:102 Masc. Cocotropus obbesi Weber 1913. Type by original designation (also monotypic). Genus of type species should have been Cocotropus. •Synonym of Paraploactis Bleeker 1864 -- (Poss & Eschmeyer 1978:405 [ref. 6387], Mandrytsa 2001:268 [ref. 25636], Prokofiev 2012:335 [ref. 32052]). Current status: Synonym of Paraploactis Bleeker 1864. Synanceiidae: Aploactininae.

Minous Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1829:420 Masc. Scorpaena monodactyla Bloch & Schneider 1801. Type by subsequent designation. Type designated by Bleeker 1876:6 [ref. 12248] and 1876:298 [ref. 450] as Minous monodactylus Cuvier & Valenciennes. •Valid as Minous Cuvier 1829 -- (Eschmeyer et al. 1979:453 [ref. 1277], Amaoka & Kanayama 1981 [ref. 5579], Shimizu in Masuda et al. 1984:318 [ref. 6441], Eschmeyer 1986:464 [ref. 5652], Lindberg & Krasyukova 1987:115 [ref. 15964], Paxton et al. 1989:443 [ref. 12442], Mandrytsa 1990 [ref. 19218], Poss 1999:2294 [ref. 24796], Mandrytsa 2001:266 [ref. 25636], Allen et al. 2006:905 [ref. 29078], Motomura 2009:73 [ref. 30446], Fricke et al. 2018:137 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:57 [ref. 36273], Matsunuma & Motomura 2018:201 [ref. 36053], Naranji et al. 2022:[3] 414 [ref. 39305], Ray et al. 2022:506 [ref. 39087]). Current status: Valid as Minous Cuvier 1829. Synanceiidae: Choridactylinae.

Neoaploactis Eschmeyer [W. N.] & Allen [G. R.] 1978:444 Fem. Neoaploactis tridorsalis Eschmeyer & Allen 1978. Type by original designation (also monotypic). Original description predated mention of this name in Poss & Eschmeyer 1978 [ref. 6387]. •Valid as Neoaploactis Eschmeyer & Allen 1978 -- (Washington et al. 1984:441 [ref. 13660] as Neaploactis, Paxton et al. 1989:460 [ref. 12442], Gomon et al. 1994:508 [ref. 22532], Poss 1999:2355 [ref. 24796] as Neaploactis, Mandrytsa 2001:268 [ref. 25636], Allen et al. 2006:914 [ref. 29066], Johnson 2008:503 [ref. 30650], Fricke 2016:71 [ref. 34523], Fricke et al. 2017:7 [ref. 35454]). Current status: Valid as Neoaploactis Eschmeyer & Allen 1978. Synanceiidae: Aploactininae.

Neocentropogon Matsubara [K.] 1943:429 Masc. Paracentropogon aeglefinus Weber 1913. Type by original designation (also monotypic). Treated as a new subfamily Neocentropogoninae by Mandrytsa 2001:261 [ref. 25636]. •Valid as Neocentropogon Matsubara 1943 -- (Washington et al. 1984:440 [ref. 13660], Nakabo in Masuda et al. 1984:319 [ref. 6441], Klausewitz 1985 [ref. 5806], Paxton et al. 1989:444 [ref. 12442], Poss 1999:2297 [ref. 24796], Mandrytsa 2001:261 [ref. 25636], Allen et al. 2006:900 [ref. 29078], Ho et al. 2009:28 [ref. 31217], Quéro et al. 2011:99 [ref. 31629], Golani & Fricke 2018:56 [ref. 36273], Chungthanawong & Motomura 2021:[5] [ref. 38168]). Current status: Valid as Neocentropogon Matsubara 1943. Synanceiidae: Tetraroginae.

Neopataecus (subgenus of Pataecus) Steindachner [F.] 1884:1087 Masc. Pataecus maculatus of Steindachner 1884 (= Pataecus waterhousii Castelnau 1872). Type by monotypy. Apparently based on a misidentified type species; P. maculatus of Steindachner not same as P. maculatus Günther 1861. •Valid as Neopataecus Steindachner 1884 -- (Washington et al. 1984:440 [ref. 13660], Paxton et al. 1989:462 [ref. 12442], Mandrytsa 1993:32 [ref. 21232], Gomon et al. 1994:510 [ref. 22532], Paxton et al. 2006:918 [ref. 28994], Johnson 2008:505 [ref. 30650]). Current status: Valid as Neopataecus Steindachner 1884. Synanceiidae: Pataecinae.

Neovespicula Mandrytsa [S. A.] 2001:141, 263 Fem. Apistes depressifrons Richardson 1848. Type by original designation (also monotypic). •Valid as Neovespicula Mandrytsa 2001 -- (Kottelat 2013:315 [ref. 32989], Chungthanawong & Motomura 2021:[4] [ref. 38168]). Current status: Valid as Neovespicula Mandrytsa 2001. Synanceiidae: Tetraroginae.

Nofua (subgenus of Synanceia) Whitley [G. P.] 1930:24 Fem. Synanceia platyrhynchus Bleeker 1874. Type by original designation (also monotypic). Treated as feminine, Art. 30.3. Subgenus was misspelled Synanceja. •Synonym of Synanceia Bloch & Schneider 1801 -- (Eschmeyer & Rama-Rao 1973:342 [ref. 6391], Mandrytsa 2001:264 [ref. 25636]). Current status: Synonym of Synanceia Bloch & Schneider 1801. Synanceiidae: Synanceiinae.

Notesthes Ogilby [J. D.] 1903:8, 17 Fem. Centropogon robustus Günther 1860. Type by monotypy. •Valid as Notesthes Ogilby 1903 -- (Washington et al. 1984:440 [ref. 13660] as Notestes, Paxton et al. 1989:445 [ref. 12442], Poss 1999:2296 [ref. 24796], Allen et al. 2006:900 [ref. 29078], Chungthanawong & Motomura 2021:[4] [ref. 38168]). Current status: Valid as Notesthes Ogilby 1903. Synanceiidae: Tetraroginae.

Ocosia Jordan [D. S.] & Starks [E. C.] 1904:162 Fem. Ocosia vespa Jordan & Starks 1904. Type by original designation (also monotypic). •Valid as Ocosia Jordan & Starks 1904 -- (Washington et al. 1984:440 [ref. 13660], Nakabo in Masuda et al. 1984:319 [ref. 6441], Poss & Eschmeyer 1975 [ref. 6388], Poss 1999:2298 [ref. 24796], Mandrytsa 2001:262 [ref. 25636], Fricke et al. 2015:5 [ref. 33930], Struthers 2015:1102 [ref. 34261], Fricke 2017:1 [ref. 35552], Fricke et al. 2019:105 [ref. 36673], Chungthanawong & Motomura 2021:[4] [ref. 38168], Chungthanawong & Motomura 2022:429 [ref. 38963]). Current status: Valid as Ocosia Jordan & Starks 1904. Synanceiidae: Tetraroginae.

Paracentropogon Bleeker [P.] 1876:5, 66 Masc. Apistus longispinis Cuvier 1829. Type by original designation. Type of Hypodytes Gistel 1848 was regarded as A. longispinis by Jordan 1919:235 [ref. 2410] such that Hypodytes is a senior objective synonym of Paracentropogon, but we interpret Gistel's Hypodytes to be a replacement of Apistus Cuvier 1829, with type Apistus alatus. Also appeared in Bleeker 1876 [ref. 450]. •Synonym of Hypodytes Gistel 1848 -- (Lindberg & Krasyukova 1987:160 [ref. 15964]). •Valid as Paracentropogon Bleeker 1876 -- (Washington et al. 1984:440 [ref. 13660], Paxton et al. 1989:446 [ref. 12442], Poss 1999:2297 [ref. 24796], Mandrytsa 2001:262 [ref. 25636], Allen et al. 2006:901 [ref. 29078], Prokofiev 2008:306 [ref. 29592], Kottelat 2013:315 [ref. 32989], Motomura et al. 2017:69 [ref. 35490], Chungthanawong & Motomura 2021:[2] [ref. 38168]). Current status: Valid as Paracentropogon Bleeker 1876. Synanceiidae: Tetraroginae.

Paraminous Fowler [H. W.] 1943:68 Masc. Paraminous quincarinatus Fowler 1943. Type by original designation (also monotypic). •Synonym of Minous Cuvier 1829 -- (Eschmeyer et al. 1979:454 [ref. 1277], Mandrytsa 2001:266 [ref. 25636]). Current status: Synonym of Minous Cuvier 1829. Synanceiidae: Choridactylinae.

Parapistus Steindachner [F.] 1866:51 Masc. Parapistus marmoratus Steindachner 1866. Type by monotypy. Appeared in abstract of Steindachner 1866 [ref. 4210] but not included in ref. 4210. An overlooked name, apparently based on a species of Apistus. •Apparently a synonym of Apistus Cuvier 1829. Current status: Synonym of Apistus Cuvier 1829. Synanceiidae: Apistinae.

Paraploactis Bleeker [P.] 1864:168 Fem. Paraploactis trachyderma Bleeker 1865. Type by original designation (also monotypic). Type designation established in the title. •Valid as Paraploactis Bleeker 1864 -- (Poss & Eschmeyer 1978 [ref. 6387], Washington et al. 1984:441 [ref. 13660], Nakabo in Masuda et al. 1984:319 [ref. 6441], Paxton et al. 1989:460 [ref. 12442], Poss 1999:2356 [ref. 24796], Mandrytsa 2001:268 [ref. 25636], Allen et al. 2006:914 [ref. 29066], Prokofiev 2008:308 [ref. 29592], Prokofiev 2010:718 [ref. 31093], Prokofiev 2012:321 [ref. 32052], Fricke 2016:71 [ref. 34523], Fricke et al. 2017:7 [ref. 35454]). Current status: Valid as Paraploactis Bleeker 1864. Synanceiidae: Aploactininae.

Parocosia (subgenus of Amblyapistus) Whitley [G. P.] 1958:45 Fem. Amblyapistus (Parocosia) slacksmithi Whitley 1958. Type by original designation (also monotypic). •Synonym of Ablabys Kaup 1873 -- (Mandrytsa 2001:262 [ref. 25636]). Current status: Synonym of Ablabys Kaup 1873. Synanceiidae: Tetraroginae.

Pataecus Richardson [J.] 1844:280 Masc. Pataecus fronto Richardson 1844. Type by monotypy. •Valid as Pataecus Richardson 1844 -- (Washington et al. 1984:440 [ref. 13660], Paxton et al. 1989:462 [ref. 12442], Mandrytsa 1993:30 [ref. 21232], Gomon et al. 1994:511 [ref. 22532], Paxton et al. 2006:918 [ref. 28994], Johnson 2008:505 [ref. 30650]). Current status: Valid as Pataecus Richardson 1844. Synanceiidae: Pataecinae.

Pelor Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1829:427 Neut. Pelor filamentosum Cuvier 1829. Type by subsequent designation. Appeared first as "Les Pélors" in Cuvier (Apr.) 1829 [ref. 995], not latinized ["Pel. obscurum in footnote not sufficient]. Objectively invalid; preoccupied by Pelor Bonelli 1813 in Coleoptera, replaced by Simopias Gill 1905. Spelled Pelors by Gray 1835:Pl. 90. Type designated by Desmarest 1856:215 [ref. 17401] -- see Whitley 1939:223 [ref. 25866] but Whitley has wrong date for Desmarest. •In the synonymy of Inimicus Jordan & Starks 1904 -- (Eschmeyer et al. 1979:483 [ref. 6385], Mandrytsa 2001:266 [ref. 25636], Inaba & Motomura 2018:53 [ref. 36154]). 1°Homonym. Current status: Synonym of Inimicus Jordan & Starks 1904. Synanceiidae: Choridactylinae.

Pentaroge Günther [A.] 1860:132 Fem. Apistus marmoratus Cuvier 1829. Type by monotypy. •Objective synonym of Gymnapistes Swainson 1839 -- ( Mandrytsa 2001:261 [ref. 25636]). Current status: Synonym of Gymnapistes Swainson 1839. Synanceiidae: Tetraroginae.

Peristrominous Whitley [G. P.] 1952:25 Masc. Peristrominous dolosus Whitley 1952. Type by original designation (also monotypic). •Valid as Peristrominous Whitley 1952 -- (Poss & Eschmeyer 1978:404 [ref. 6387], Washington et al. 1984:441 [ref. 13660], Paxton et al. 1989:461 [ref. 12442], Poss 1999:2355 [ref. 24796], Mandrytsa 2001:268 [ref. 25636], Allen et al. 2006:915 [ref. 29066], Fricke 2016:71 [ref. 34523], Fricke et al. 2017:7 [ref. 35454]). Current status: Valid as Peristrominous Whitley 1952. Synanceiidae: Aploactininae.

Perryena Whitley [G. P.] 1940:428 Fem. Congiopus leucometopon Waite 1922. Type by original designation (also monotypic). •Valid as Perryena Whitley 1940 -- (Paulin & Moreland 1979:601 [ref. 6915], Washington et al. 1984:440 [ref. 13660], Paxton et al. 1989:475 [ref. 12442], Mandrytsa 1990:26 [ref. 19833], Gomon et al. 1994:525 [ref. 22532], Mandrytsa 2001:262 [ref. 25636] in Tetrarogidae, on a misidentfied specimen, Paxton et al. 2006:908 [ref. 28994], Ishii & Imamura 2008:161 [ref. 29610], Gomon 2008:507 [ref. 30616], Honma et al. 2013:1 [ref. 32416]). Current status: Valid as Perryena Whitley 1940. Synanceiidae: Perryeninae.

Phrynichthys Agassiz [L.] 1846:55, 288 Masc. Scorpaena horrida Linnaeus 1766. Type by being a replacement name. Replacement for Bufichthys Swainson 1839. Predates Phrynichthys Pietschmann 1926. •Objective synonym of Synanceia Bloch & Schneider 1801 -- (Mandrytsa 2001:264 [ref. 25636]). Current status: Synonym of Synanceia Bloch & Schneider 1801. Synanceiidae: Synanceiinae.

Platypterus (subgenus of Apistes) Swainson [W.] 1839:65, 180, 265 Masc. Apistes taenianotus Valenciennes 1839. Type by subsequent designation. Platypterus on p. 183 is a misspelling for Platyptera (p. 280). Earliest type designation not researched. Objectively invalid; preoccupied by Platypterus Valenciennes 1836 in fishes, and Platypterus Chandoir 1838 in Coleoptera. •In the synonymy of Ablabys Kaup 1873 -- (Mandrytsa 2001:262 [ref. 25636]). 1°Homonym. Current status: Synonym of Ablabys Kaup 1873. Synanceiidae: Tetraroginae.

Polemius Kaup [J. J.] 1858:333 Masc. Apistus alatus Cuvier 1829. Type by monotypy. Objectively invalid; preoccupied by Polemius Leconte 1851 in Coleoptera. •In the synonymy of Apistus Cuvier 1829 -- (Lindberg & Krasyukova 1987:93 [ref. 15964], Mandrytsa 2001:258 [ref. 25636]). 1°Homonym. Current status: Synonym of Apistus Cuvier 1829. Synanceiidae: Apistinae.

Polycaulus Günther [A.] 1860:175 Masc. Synanceia elongata Cuvier 1829. Type by monotypy. Polycaulis is a misspelling. •Objective synonym of Trachicephalus Swainson 1839 -- (Eschmeyer & Rama-Rao 1973:372 [ref. 6391], Mandrytsa 2001:265 [ref. 25636], Kottelat 2013:316 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Trachicephalus Swainson 1839. Synanceiidae: Synanceiinae.

Prosopodasys Cantor [T. E.] 1849:1026 [44] Fem. Apistus alatus Cuvier 1829. Type by being a replacement name. Unneeded replacement for Apistus Cuvier 1829, not preoccupied by Apista or Apistis. On page 44 of separate. Bleeker 1876:6 [ref. 12248] and 1876:298 [ref. 450] lists type as Apistus trachinoides CV. Preoccupation by Hübner in Lepidoptera not investigated. •Objective synonym of Apistus Cuvier 1829 -- (Mandrytsa 2001:258 [ref. 25636]). Current status: Synonym of Apistus Cuvier 1829. Synanceiidae: Apistinae.

Prosoproctus Poss [S. G.] & Eschmeyer [W. N.] 1979:11 Masc. Prosoproctus pataecus Poss & Eschmeyer 1979. Type by original designation (also monotypic). •Valid as Prosoproctus Poss & Eschmeyer 1979 -- (Washington et al. 1984:441 [ref. 13660], Poss 1999:2355 [ref. 24796], Mandrytsa 2001:268 [ref. 25636], Fricke 2016:71 [ref. 34523], Fricke et al. 2017:7 [ref. 35454]). Current status: Valid as Prosoproctus Poss & Eschmeyer 1979. Synanceiidae: Aploactininae.

Pseudopataecus Johnson [J. W.] 2004:282 Masc. Pseudopataecus taenianotus Johnson 2004. Type by original designation (also monotypic). •Valid as Pseudopataecus Johnson 2004 -- (Allen et al. 2006:916 [ref. 29066], Johnson 2012:54 [ref. 32006], Fricke 2016:71 [ref. 34523], Fricke et al. 2017:7 [ref. 35454]). Current status: Valid as Pseudopataecus Johnson 2004. Synanceiidae: Aploactininae.

Pseudosynanceia Day [F.] 1875:163 Fem. Pseudosynanceia melanostigma Day 1875. Type by monotypy. •Valid as Pseudosynanceia Day 1875 -- (Eschmeyer & Rama-Rao 1973:369 [ref. 6391], Washington et al. 1984:440 [ref. 13660], Mandrytsa 2001:265 [ref. 25636]). Current status: Valid as Pseudosynanceia Day 1875. Synanceiidae: Synanceiinae.

Pseudovespicula Mandrytsa [S. A.] 2001:263 Fem. Apistus dracaena Cuvier 1829. Type by original designation (also monotypic). •Valid as Pseudovespicula Mandrytsa 2001 -- (Chungthanawong & Motomura 2021:[4] [ref. 38168]). Current status: Valid as Pseudovespicula Mandrytsa 2001. Synanceiidae: Tetraroginae.

Ptarmus Smith [J. L. B.] 1947:816 Masc. Cocotropus jubatus Smith 1935. Type by original designation. Genus of type species should have been Cocotropus. •Valid as Ptarmus Smith 1947 -- (Washington et al. 1984:441 [ref. 13660], Poss 1986:480 [ref. 6296], Mandrytsa 2001:268 [ref. 25636], Fricke 2016:72 [ref. 34523], Fricke et al. 2017:7 [ref. 35454], Golani & Fricke 2018:57 [ref. 36273]). Current status: Valid as Ptarmus Smith 1947. Synanceiidae: Aploactininae.

Pterichthys (subgenus of Apistes) Swainson [W.] 1839:63, 180, 265 Masc. Scorpaena carinata Bloch & Schneider 1801. Type by original designation on p. 63, not Scorpaena carinata as designated by Swain 1882:277 [ref. 5966]. Spelled Ptericthys on pp. 63, 64, Plerichthys on p. 65; Pterichthys on pp. 180, 265, 442 (index). •Synonym of Apistus Cuvier 1829 -- (Lindberg & Krasyukova 1987:93 [ref. 15964], Mandrytsa 2001:258 [ref. 25636]). Current status: Synonym of Apistus Cuvier 1829. Synanceiidae: Apistinae.

Richardsonichthys Smith [J. L. B.] 1958:169 Masc. Apistes leucogaster Richardson 1848. Type by original designation (also monotypic). •Valid as Richardsonichthys Smith 1958 -- (Washington et al. 1984:440 [ref. 13660], Paxton et al. 1989:447 [ref. 12442], Poss 1999:2298 [ref. 24796], Mandrytsa 2001:263 [ref. 25636], Allen et al. 2006:902 [ref. 29078], Prokofiev 2008:304 [ref. 29592], Motomura 2009:70 [ref. 30463], Chungthanawong & Motomura 2021:[4] [ref. 38168]). Current status: Valid as Richardsonichthys Smith 1958. Synanceiidae: Tetraroginae.

Sibogapistus de Beaufort [L. F.] 1949:68 Masc. Paracentropogon cynocephalus Weber 1913. Type by original designation. •Synonym of Cottapistus Bleeker 1876. Current status: Synonym of Cottapistus Bleeker 1876. Synanceiidae: Tetraroginae.

Simopias Gill [T. N.] 1905:224 Masc. Scorpaena didactyla Pallas 1769. Type by being a replacement name. Replacement for Pelor Cuvier 1829, preoccupied by Pelor Bonelli 1813 in Coleoptera. Treated as a subgenus of Inimicus, but Gill wrongly thought filamentosum was type species of Pelor. •Synonym of Inimicus Jordan & Starks 1904 -- (Eschmeyer et al. 1979:483 [ref. 6385], Mandrytsa 2001:266 [ref. 25636], Inaba & Motomura 2018:53 [ref. 36154]). Current status: Synonym of Inimicus Jordan & Starks 1904. Synanceiidae: Choridactylinae.

Snyderina Jordan [D. S.] & Starks [E. C.] 1901:381 Fem. Snyderina yamanokami Jordan & Starks 1901. Type by monotypy. Misspelled Snyderia (and species jamanokami) in Zoological Record for 1901. •Valid as Snyderina Jordan & Starks 1901 -- (Yamakawa 1976 [ref. 6969], Washington et al. 1984:440 [ref. 13660], Nakabo in Masuda et al. 1984:319 [ref. 6441], Poss 1999:2297 [ref. 24796], Chungthanawong & Motomura 2021:[4] [ref. 38168]). Current status: Valid as Snyderina Jordan & Starks 1901. Synanceiidae: Tetraroginae.

Spurco Cuvier [G.] (ex Commerson) in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1829:452 Synanceia brachio Cuvier 1829. Not available, name mentioned in passing in synonymy of Synanceia, and species in synonymy of S. brachio. Type "designated" by Fowler 1936:930 [ref. 6546] but Spurco was not used by Fowler as a valid name. •In the synonymy of Synanceia Bloch & Schneider 1801 -- (Mandrytsa 2001:264 [ref. 25636]). Nomen Nudum. Current status: Synonym of Synanceia Bloch & Schneider 1801. Synanceiidae: Synanceiinae.

Sthenopus Richardson [J.] 1848:10 Masc. Sthenopus mollis Richardson 1848. Type by monotypy. Not preoccupied (see Whitley 1933:101 [ref. 4677]); Trichopleura Kaup 1858 is an unneeded replacement. •Valid as Sthenopus Richardson 1848 -- (Poss & Eschmeyer 1978:404 [ref. 6387], Washington et al. 1984:441 [ref. 13660], Poss 1999:2355 [ref. 24796], Mandrytsa 2001:269 [ref. 25636], Fricke 2016:71 [ref. 34523], Fricke et al. 2017:7 [ref. 35454]). Current status: Valid as Sthenopus Richardson 1848. Synanceiidae: Aploactininae.

Synanceia Bloch [M. E.] & Schneider [J. G.] 1801:194 (xxxvii, 573) Fem. Scorpaena horrida Linnaeus 1766. Type by subsequent designation. Type designated by Desmarest 1856:215 [ref. 17401] -- see Whitley 1939:223 [ref. 25866] but Whitley has wrong date for Desmarest. Spelled originally Synanceia (p. xxxvii), Synanceja (p. 194), and Synanceia (Pl. 45), but p. 194 corrected to Synanceia in corrigenda (p. 573). Synancia Agassiz 1846:358 [ref. 64] is an unjustified emendation. •Valid as Synanceia Bloch & Schneider 1801 -- (Eschmeyer & Rama-Rao 1973 [ref. 6391], Shimizu in Masuda et al. 1984:318 [ref. 6441], Eschmeyer 1986:478 [ref. 5652], Paxton et al. 1989:452 [ref. 12442], Poss 1999:2294 [ref. 24796], Mandrytsa 2001:264 [ref. 25636], Allen et al. 2006:906 [ref. 29078], Fricke et al. 2018:138 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:57 [ref. 36273], Fricke et al. 2019:104 [ref. 36673], Matsunuma et al. 2021:1 [ref. 38413]). Current status: Valid as Synanceia Bloch & Schneider 1801. Synanceiidae: Synanceiinae.

Synanceichthys Bleeker [P.] 1863:234 Masc. Synanceia verrucosa Bloch & Schneider 1801. Type by monotypy. Appeared as "Synanceichthys verrucosus Blkr. = Synanceia brachio CV." •Synonym of Synanceia Bloch & Schneider 1801 -- (Eschmeyer & Rama-Rao 1973:341 [ref. 6391], Mandrytsa 2001:264 [ref. 25636]). Current status: Synonym of Synanceia Bloch & Schneider 1801. Synanceiidae: Synanceiinae.

Synanchia Swainson [W.] 1839:180, 268 Fem. Unjustified emendation or misspelling of Synanceia; Synanchia Bleeker (on Swainson) 1874:1 also not available (see Eschmeyer & Rama Rao 1973:342 [ref. 6391]). Swainson's subgenus Synanchia (p. 268) is in the synonymy of Erosa. •In the synonymy of Erosa Swainson 1839 -- (Mandrytsa 2001:265 [ref. 25636]). Current status: Synonym of Erosa Swainson 1839. Synanceiidae: Synanceiinae.

Synancidium Müller [J.] 1843:302 Neut. Scorpaena horrida Linnaeus 1766. Type by subsequent designation. Appeared first without included species. First addition of species not researched. Type designated by Swain 1883:277 [ref. 5966]. Synancydium by Agassiz 1845:63 [ref. 4889] and 1846:358 [ref. 64] is an unjustified emendation. •Objective synonym of Synanceia Bloch & Schneider 1801 -- (see Eschmeyer & Rama-Rao 1973:342-343 [ref. 6391]). Current status: Synonym of Synanceia Bloch & Schneider 1801. Synanceiidae: Synanceiinae.

Tetraroge Günther [A.] 1860:132 Fem. Apistus barbatus Cuvier 1829. Type by subsequent designation. Type designated by Jordan 1919:296 [ref. 4904]. •Valid as Tetraroge Günther 1860 -- (Washington et al. 1984:440 [ref. 13660], Shimizu in Masuda et al. 1984:317 [ref. 6441], Paxton et al. 1989:452 [ref. 12442], Poss 1999:2298 [ref. 24796], Mandrytsa 2001:260 [ref. 25636], Kottelat 2013:315 [ref. 32989], Chungthanawong & Motomura 2021:[4] [ref. 38168]). Current status: Valid as Tetraroge Günther 1860. Synanceiidae: Tetraroginae.

Trachicephalus (subgenus of Synanchia) Swainson [W.] 1839:181, 268 Masc. Synanceia elongata Cuvier 1829. Type by monotypy. Not preoccupied by Trachycephalus Tschudi 1838 in Reptilia. See account of Trichophasia Swainson 1839. •Valid as Trachicephalus Swainson 1839 -- (Eschmeyer & Rama-Rao 1973:372 [ref. 6391], Washington et al. 1984:440 [ref. 13660], Poss 1999:2294 [ref. 24796], Mandrytsa 2001:265 [ref. 25636], Motomura 2009:69 [ref. 30463], Kottelat 2013:316 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Trachicephalus Swainson 1839. Synanceiidae: Synanceiinae.

Trichophasia Swainson [W.] 1839:61 Fem. Synanceia elongata Cuvier 1829. Type implied from text, Trichophasia and Trachicephalus were both used by Swainson for same taxon; Gill (1905:224 [ref. 1789]) acts as first reviser, selecting Trachicephalus. •Objective synonym of Trachicephalus Swainson 1839 -- (Eschmeyer & Rama-Rao 1973:372 [ref. 6391], Mandrytsa 2001:265 [ref. 25636], Kottelat 2013:316 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Trachicephalus Swainson 1839. Synanceiidae: Synanceiinae.

Trichopleura Kaup [J. J.] 1858:338 Fem. Sthenopus mollis Richardson 1848. Type by being a replacement name. Unneeded replacement for Sthenopus Richardson 1848 -- (see Whitley 1933:101 [ref. 4677]). •Objective synonym of Sthenopus Richardson 1848 -- (Poss & Eschmeyer 1978:404 [ref. 6387], Mandrytsa 2001:269 [ref. 25636]). Current status: Synonym of Sthenopus Richardson 1848. Synanceiidae: Aploactininae.

Trichosomus (subgenus of Apistes) Swainson [W.] 1839:180, 265 Masc. Apistus trachinoides Cuvier 1829. Type by subsequent designation. Misspelled Trichosoma on p. 65, 71 (not same as the engraulid Trichosoma Swainson 1838). Type designated by Swain 1882:277 [ref. 5966]. •Synonym of Apistus Cuvier 1829 -- (Mandrytsa 2001:258 [ref. 25636]). •Valid as Trichosomus Swainson 1839 -- (Kottelat 2013:315 [ref. 32989], Chungthanawong & Motomura 2021:[2] [ref. 38168]). Current status: Valid as Trichosomus Swainson 1839. Synanceiidae: Tetraroginae.

Uranoblepus Gill [T. N.] 1861:5 Masc. Synanceia elongata Cuvier 1829. Type by being a replacement name. Unneeded replacement for Trachicephalus Swainson 1839, not preoccupied by Trachycephalus Tschudi 1838 in Reptilia. •Objective synonym of Trachicephalus Swainson 1839 -- (Eschmeyer & Rama-Rao 1973:372 [ref. 6391], Mandrytsa 2001:265 [ref. 25636], Kottelat 2013:316 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Trachicephalus Swainson 1839. Synanceiidae: Synanceiinae.

Vadesuma Whitley [G. P.] 1933:94 Fem. Paracentropogon scorpio Ogilby 1910. Type by original designation (also monotypic). Treated as feminine, Art. 30.3. •Synonym of Cottapistus Bleeker 1876 -- (Mandrytsa 2001:262 [ref. 25636]). Current status: Synonym of Cottapistus Bleeker 1876. Synanceiidae: Tetraroginae.

Vespicula Jordan [D. S.] & Richardson [R. E.] 1910:52 Fem. Prosopodasys gogorzae Jordan & Seale 1905. Type by original designation (also monotypic). •Valid as Vespicula Jordan & Richardson 1910 -- (Washington et al. 1984:440 [ref. 13660], Kottelat 1989:17 [ref. 13605], Poss 1999:2296 [ref. 24796], Mandrytsa 2001:263 [ref. 25636]). •Synonym of Trichosoma Swainson 1839 -- (Kottelat 2013:316 [ref. 32989]). •Synonym of Trichosomus Swainson 1839 -- (Chungthanawong & Motomura 2021:[5] [ref. 38168]). Current status: Synonym of Trichosomus Swainson 1839. Synanceiidae: Tetraroginae.

Xenaploactis Poss [S. G.] & Eschmeyer [W. N.] 1980:288 Fem. Prosopodasys asperrimus Günther 1860. Type by original designation. •Valid as Xenaploactis Poss & Eschmeyer 1980 -- (Washington et al. 1984:441 [ref. 13660], Poss 1999:2355 [ref. 24796], Mandrytsa 2001:269 [ref. 25636], Allen et al. 2006:916 [ref. 29066], Fricke 2016:67 [ref. 34523], Fricke et al. 2017:7 [ref. 35454], Fricke et al. 2019:105 [ref. 36673]). Current status: Valid as Xenaploactis Poss & Eschmeyer 1980. Synanceiidae: Aploactininae.


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