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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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Species in the family or subfamily Agonidae: [ 125 ] records


acadian, Cottus Walbaum [J. J.] 1792:392 [Petri Artedi sueci genera piscium Part 3; ref. 4572] Nova Scotia and Newfoundland, Canada. No types known. See Mecklenburg 2003:3 [ref. 27294] for a discussion of acadian and acadianus. •Synonym of Hemitripterus americanus (Gmelin 1789) -- (Mecklenburg 2003:2 [ref. 27294]). Current status: Synonym of Hemitripterus americanus (Gmelin 1789). Agonidae: Hemitripterinae. Habitat: marine.

acadianus, Hemitripterus Storer [D. H.] 1853:83, Pl. 7 (fig. 4) [Memoirs of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences (new series) v. 5 (pt 1, art. 4); ref. 18850] Nova Scotia, Gulf of St. Lawrence, Maine, Massachusetts, Connecticut, and New York, U.S.A. No types known. Based in part on literature records. •Synonym of Hemitripterus americanus (Gmelin 1789) -- (Mecklenburg 2003:3 [ref. 27294]). Current status: Synonym of Hemitripterus americanus (Gmelin 1789). Agonidae: Hemitripterinae. Habitat: marine.

accipenserinus, Agonus Tilesius [W. G. von] 1813:422, Pl. 11 (fig. 1-3) [Mémoires de l'Académie Impériale des Sciences de Saint Pétersbourg v. 4 (for 1811); ref. 13413] Unalaska Island, Kamchatka, Kuril Islands, Karagiunskiy Island. No types known. Type catalog: Paepke & Fricke 1992:285 [ref. 19946]. Spelled once as accipenserimus on p. 422, evidently a typesetting error. See Sheiko & Mecklenburg 2004:12 [ref. 27591] for use of spelling accipenserinus versus acipenserinus. Correct spelling is accipenserinus. •Valid as Agonus acipenserinus Tilesius 1813 -- (Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:186 [ref. 9277], McAllister 1990:204 [ref. 14674]). •Valid as Podothecus acipenserinus (Tilesius 1813) -- (Kanayama 1991:46 [ref. 19261]). •Valid as Podothecus accipenserinus (Tilesius 1813) -- (Sheiko 1993:80 [ref. 21227], Busby 1998:28 [ref. 25508], Sheiko & Fedorov 2000:30 [ref. 25650], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:551 [ref. 25968], Parin et al. 2002:S100 [ref. 28300], Sheiko & Mecklenburg 2004:12 [ref. 27591], Love et al. 2005:98 [ref. 37547], Mecklenburg et al. 2007:177 [ref. 29448], Sheiko & Fedorov 2010:63 [ref. 38118], Mecklenburg et al. 2011:125 [ref. 31212], Page et al. 2013:126 [ref. 32708], Parin et al. 2014:293 [ref. 33547], Mecklenburg & Steinke 2015:164 [ref. 34033], Pietsch & Orr 2015:49 [ref. 34694], Mecklenburg et al. 2016:120 [ref. 34440], Kells et al. 2016:204 [ref. 35888], Mecklenburg et al. 2018:262 [ref. 36370], Love et al. 2021:132 [ref. 39279], Dyldin & Orlov 2022:56 [ref. 38972]). Current status: Valid as Podothecus accipenserinus (Tilesius 1813). Agonidae: Agoninae. Distribution: North Pacific and margins of adjacent Arctic: northern Kuril Islands and Sea of Okhotsk north to southern Bering Sea, then Alaska (U.S.A.) south to northern California (U.S.A.). Habitat: marine.

accipiter, Podothecus Jordan [D. S.] & Starks [E. C.] 1895:816, Pl. 88 [Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences (Series 2) v. 5; ref. 2522] Robin Island, Terpeniya Bay, Sakhalin Island. Holotype (unique): CAS-SU 3835. Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:134 [ref. 12291]. •Synonym of Podethecus gilberti (Collett 1895) -- (Lindberg & Krasyukova 1987:332 [ref. 15964]). •Synonym of Podothecus sturioides (Guichenot 1869) -- (Choi et al. 2003:582 [ref. 26218], Parin et al. 2002:S101 [ref. 28300], Sheiko & Mecklenburg 2004:13 [ref. 27591], Shinohara et al. 2014:253 [ref. 33330], Parin et al. 2014:295 [ref. 33547]). Current status: Synonym of Podothecus sturioides (Guichenot 1869). Agonidae: Agoninae. Habitat: marine.

acipenserinus, Phalangistes Pallas [P. S.] 1814:110 [Zoographia Rosso-Asiatica v. 3; ref. 3351] Kamchatka, Russia. Lectotype: ZMB 8782. Type catalog: Paepke & Fricke 1992:285 [ref. 19946]. Lectotype selected by Svetovidov 1978:29 [ref. 6025]. Apparently not an original description -- see Sheiko & Mecklenburg 2004:13 [ref. 27591] •Synonym of Podothecus accipenserinus (Tilesius 1813) -- (Paepke & Fricke 1992:285 [ref. 19946] in Agonus, Sheiko & Mecklenburg 2004:13 [ref. 27591]). Current status: Synonym of Podothecus accipenserinus (Tilesius 1813). Agonidae: Agoninae. Habitat: marine.

aix, Pallasina Starks [E. C.] 1896:558, Pl. 75 [Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences (Series 2) v. 6; ref. 4195] Puget Sound, near Port Ludlow, Washington, U.S.A. Holotype: CAS-SU 5040. Paratypes: BMNH 1897.1.12.24-31 (8), 1900.9.29.216-217 (2); CAS-SU 16503 (now 25). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:134 [ref. 12291]. •Synonym of Pallasina barbata (Steindachner 1876), but a valid subspecies -- (McAllister 1990:206 [ref. 14674]). •Synonym of Pallasina barbata (Steindachner 1876) -- (Kanayama 1991:114 [ref. 19261], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:533 [ref. 25968], Sheiko & Mecklenburg 2004:17 [ref. 27591], Dyldin & Orlov 2017:70 [ref. 35138]). •Valid as Pallasina aix Starks 1896 -- (Sheiko 1993:78 [ref. 21227], Sheiko & Fedorov 2000:30 [ref. 25650], Parin et al. 2002:S99 [ref. 28300], Fedorov et al. 2003:89 [ref. 27579], Parin et al. 2014:291 [ref. 33547], Mecklenburg et al. 2016:117 [ref. 34440] see remarks, Love et al. 2021:131 [ref. 39279], Stevenson et al. 2021:169 [ref. 38301]). Current status: Valid as Pallasina aix Starks 1896. Agonidae: Brachyopsinae. Distribution: Northeastern Pacific: southeastern Alaska (U.S.A.) south to California (U.S.A.), including Salish Sea. Habitat: marine.

alascanus, Xenochirus Gilbert [C. H.] 1896:438, 475 [United States Commission of Fish and Fisheries, Report of the Commissioner v. 19 (for 1893) (art. 6); ref. 1628] Vicinity of Pribilof Islands, Unimak Pass, and Shumagin Islands, Alaska, depth 35-138 fathoms; Strait of Juan de Fuca, Washington, U.S.A., depth 97-142 fathoms. Syntypes: BMNH 1896.7.23.164-172 (9), 1900.7.11.13-15 (3); CAS 69326 [ex IU 6891] (5), 69327 [ex IU 6914] (7); MCZ 28329 (9); MNHN 1896-0519 and 0520 (9); NMW 12105 (6), 12120 (3), 12123 (2); CAS-SU 3000 (4), 3088 (26) 4001 (3); USNM 48721 (2), 48741-43 (1, 2, 4), 59409 (9); 131136 (1), 143121 (2); ZIN 25892 [ex BMNH] (1); ZMUO J1362 (9). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:134 [ref. 12291], Blanc & Hureau 1968:57 [ref. 20738], Pethon 1969:9 [ref. 19268], Sheiko & Fedorov 2010:19 [ref. 38118]. •Valid as Asterotheca alascana (Gilbert 1896) -- Gilbert 1915: 344 [ref. 1632]. •Valid as Bathyagonus alascanus (Gilbert 1896) -- (Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:186 [ref. 9277], McAllister 1990:205 [ref. 14674], Kanayama 1991:76 [ref. 19261], Sheiko 1993:73 [ref. 21227], Busby 1998:44 [ref. 25508], Imamura & Kitagawa 1999:108 [ref. 24208], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:547 [ref. 25968], Sheiko & Mecklenburg 2004:5 [ref. 27591], Nelson et al. 2004:122 [ref. 27807], Love et al. 2005:96 [ref. 37547], Sheiko & Fedorov 2010:19 [ref. 38118], Maslenikov et al. 2013:13 [ref. 37947], Page et al. 2013:125 [ref. 32708], Pietsch & Orr 2015:46 [ref. 34694], Kells et al. 2016:200 [ref. 35888], Love et al. 2021:128 [ref. 39279]). Current status: Valid as Bathyagonus alascanus (Gilbert 1896). Agonidae: Bathyagoninae. Distribution: Northeastern Pacific: southeastern Bering Sea south to northern California (U.S.A.). Habitat: marine.

americana, Scorpaena Gmelin [J. F.] 1789:1220 [Caroli a Linné ... Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae v. 1 (pt 3); ref. 18139] America. No types known. See also Hemitripterus americanus Cuvier 1829. Scorpaena americana Lacepède 1801 is apparently the same as, and preoccupied by, Scorpaena americana Gmelin 1789. •Valid as Hemitripterus americanus (Gmelin 1789) -- (Herrera 1896:63 [ref. 39336] with author as Storer, Robins & Ray 1986:282 [ref. 23100], Scott & Scott 1988:496 [ref. 25518], McAllister 1990:198 [ref. 14674], Klein-MacPhee in Collette & Klein-MacPhee 2002:359 [ref. 26158], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:505 [ref. 25968], Mecklenburg 2003:2 [ref. 27294], Nelson et al. 2004:122 [ref. 27807], Page et al. 2013:125 [ref. 32708]). Current status: Valid as Hemitripterus americanus (Gmelin 1789). Agonidae: Hemitripterinae. Distribution: Western North Atlantic: Labrador to Chesapeake Bay. Habitat: marine.

americana, Scorpaena Lacepède [B. G. E.] 1801:259, 284 [Histoire naturelle des poissons (Lacepède) v. 3; ref. 2710] Apparently the same as, and preoccupied by Scorpaena americana Gmelin 1789; objectively invalid. Based on same source but perhaps independent of Gmelin. •Synonym of Hemitripterus americanus (Gmelin 1789) -- (Mecklenburg 2003:2 [ref. 27294]). 1°Homonym. Current status: Synonym of Hemitripterus americanus (Gmelin 1789). Agonidae: Hemitripterinae. Habitat: marine.

americanus, Hemitripterus Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1829:268 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 4; ref. 998] Syntypes: MNHN 0000-6542 (1) New York, others not found. Type catalog: Blanc & Hureau 1968:53 [ref. 20738]. Based on specimens and literature -- Cuvier includes with question in footnote on p. 268, Scorpaena americana Gmelin, p. 1222; H. americanus Cuvier is treated as an available name. Subjectively invalid; secondarily preoccupied in Hemitripterus by Hemitripterus americanus (Gmelin 1789). •Synonym of Hemitripterus americanus (Gmelin 1789) -- (Mecklenburg 2003:3 [ref. 27294]). 2°Homonym. Current status: Synonym of Hemitripterus americanus (Gmelin 1789). Agonidae: Hemitripterinae. Habitat: marine.

annae, Agonus Steindachner [F.] 1880:159 [Anzeiger der Akademie der Wissenschaften in Wien, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Klasse v. 17 (no. 19) (for 18 July 1880); ref. 20481] San Francisco, California, U.S.A. Syntypes: NMW 11917 (3), 81742 (1). Species illustrated and described in more detail as Agonus (Brachyopsis) annae in Steindachner 1880:254 [p. 17 of separate], pl. 6 (figs. 1-1b) [ref. 4230]. •Synonym of Stellerina xyosterna (Jordan & Gilbert 1880) -- (Kanayama 1991:95 [ref. 19261], Sheiko 1993:85 [ref. 21227], Sheiko & Mecklenburg 2004:18 [ref. 27591]). Current status: Synonym of Stellerina xyosterna (Jordan & Gilbert 1880). Agonidae: Brachyopsinae. Habitat: marine.

armatus, Aspidophorus Lacepède [B. G. E.] 1801:221, 222 [Histoire naturelle des poissons (Lacepède) v. 3; ref. 2710] Unneeded replacement name for Cottus cataphractus Linnaeus 1758. Also appeared in Sonnini 1803:265, 266, Pl. 39 (figs. 2-3) (vol. 8) [ref. 30473]. •Synonym of Agonus cataphractus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Kanayama 1991:61 [ref. 19261], Sheiko 1993:70 [ref. 21227], Sheiko & Mecklenburg 2004:11 [ref. 27591]). Replacement Name. Current status: Synonym of Agonus cataphractus (Linnaeus 1758). Agonidae: Agoninae. Habitat: marine.

asperoculis, Agonopsis Thompson [W. F.] 1916:409, Pl. 2 (fig. 1) [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 50 (no. 2133); ref. 4391] Just south of Rio de La Plata, Uruguay, Albatross station 2766, 36°47'00"N, 56°23'00"W, depth 10-11 fathoms. Holotype (unique): USNM 76851. •Synonym of Agonopsis chiloensis (Jenyns 1840) -- (Kanayama 1991:66 [ref. 19261], Sheiko 1993:68 [ref. 21227]). •Valid as Agonopsis asperoculis Thompson 1916 -- (Sheiko & Mecklenburg 2004:9 [ref. 27591]). Current status: Valid as Agonopsis asperoculis Thompson 1916. Agonidae: Agoninae. Distribution: Western South Atlantic: coasts of Argentina and Falkland Islands. Habitat: marine.

axinophrys, Xystes Jordan [D. S.] & Starks [E. C.] 1895:824, Pl. 92 [Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences (Series 2) v. 5; ref. 2522] near Point [Port] Orchard, Puget Sound, Washington, U.S.A. Holotype (unique): CAS-SU 3130. Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:134-135 [ref. 12291]. •Synonym of Agonopsis vulsa (Jordan & Gilbert 1880) -- (Kanayama 1991:63 [ref. 19261], Sheiko 1993:69 [ref. 21227], Sheiko & Mecklenburg 2004:10 [ref. 27591]). Current status: Synonym of Agonopsis vulsa (Jordan & Gilbert 1880). Agonidae: Agoninae. Habitat: marine.

barbatus, Siphagonus Steindachner [F.] 1876:188 [140], Pl. 5 [Sitzungsberichte der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften. Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe v. 74 (1. Abth.); ref. 4225] Bering Sea; Hakodate and Nagasaki, Japan. Syntypes: NMW 12103 (1), 19835 (1). On p. 140 of separate. •Valid as Pallasina barbata (Steindachner 1876) -- (Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:188 [ref. 9277], Kanayama in Masuda et al. 1984:332 [ref. 6441], Lindberg & Krasyukova 1987:319 [ref. 15964], McAllister 1990:206 [ref. 14674], Kanayama 1991:114 [ref. 19261], Sheiko 1993:78 [ref. 21227], Sokolovskaya et al. 1998:10 [ref. 24670], Busby 1998:77 [ref. 25508], Nakabo 2000:656 [ref. 25086], Zemnukhov et al. 2001:420 [ref. 25412] as barbatus, Mecklenburg et al. 2002:533 [ref. 25968], Nakabo 2002:656 [ref. 26001], Choi et al. 2003:273, 581 [ref. 26218] as barbatus, Parin et al. 2002:S99 [ref. 28300], Sheiko & Mecklenburg 2004:17 [ref. 27591], Nelson et al. 2004:123 [ref. 27807], Love et al. 2005:97 [ref. 37547], Mecklenburg et al. 2007:177 [ref. 29448], Sheiko & Fedorov 2010:91 [ref. 38118], Mecklenburg et al. 2011:125 [ref. 31212], Page et al. 2013:126 [32708], Parin et al. 2014:292 [ref. 33547], Mecklenburg & Steinke 2015:164 [ref. 34033], Pietsch & Orr 2015:49 [ref. 34694], Mecklenburg et al. 2016:116 [ref. 34440], Kells et al. 2016:204 [ref. 35888], Dyldin & Orlov 2017:70 [ref. 35138], Mecklenburg et al. 2018:258 [ref. 36370], Dyldin et al. 2021:72 [ref. 38804], Stevenson et al. 2021:172 [ref. 38301], Love et al. 2021:131 [ref. 39279], Dyldin & Orlov 2022:59 [ref. 38972]). Current status: Valid as Pallasina barbata (Steindachner 1876). Agonidae: Brachyopsinae. Distribution: North Pacific and adjacent Arctic: Hokkaido (Japan) and Sakhalin (Russia) north to Bering Sea and southern Chukchi Sea, the south to Alaska (U.S.A.). Habitat: brackish, marine.

barkani, Agonus Steindachner [F.] 1880:159 [Anzeiger der Akademie der Wissenschaften in Wien, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Klasse v. 17 (no. 19) (for 18 July 1880); ref. 20481] San Francisco Bay, California, U.S.A. Syntypes: NMW 12594 (1), 77000 (3). Species illustrated and described in more detail as Agonus (Brachyopsis) barkani in Steindachner 1880:253 [p. 16 of separate], pl. 5 [ref. 4230]. •Synonym of Occella verrucosa (Lockington 1880) -- (Sheiko 1993:77 [ref. 21227]). •Synonym of Chesnonia verrucosa (Lockington 1880) -- (Kanayama 1991:97 [ref. 19261], Sheiko & Mecklenburg 2004:16 [ref. 27591]). Current status: Synonym of Chesnonia verrucosa (Lockington 1880). Agonidae: Brachyopsinae. Habitat: marine.

bartoni, Aspidophoroides Gilbert [C. H.] 1896:434, 475 [United States Commission of Fish and Fisheries, Report of the Commissioner v. 19 (for 1893) (art. 6); ref. 1628] Alaska, U.S.A., 56°14'N, 161°41'W, depth 66 meters. Lectotype: ZIN 25278 [ex MCZ 28316]. Paralectotypes: BMNH 1900.7.11.16-18 (3); MCZ 28316 (26); NMW 11934-35 (7, ?), 11937-39 (3, 5, 3); CAS-SU 2978 (46), 3020 (41); UMMZ 162262 (11); USNM 48665-66 (5, 14), 48723 (1), 48730 (2). 48746 (2), 48747 (1), 59408 (9); ZIN 13698 [ex USNM 48666] (2), 26849 [ex MCZ 59408] (1), 49537 [ex ZIN 25278] (5); ZMB 14283 [ex USNM] (32). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:133 [ref. 12291], Paepke & Fricke 1992:285 [ref. 19946], Sheiko & Fedorov 2010:27 [ref. 38118]. Lectotype selected by Sheiko 1993:72 [ref. 21227]. See Sheiko & Mecklenburg 2004:8 [ref. 27591] for remarks on types. •Synonym of Aspidophoroides monopterygius (Bloch 1786) -- (Kanayama 1991:88 [ref. 19261], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:553 [ref. 25968], Mecklenburg 2011:125 [ref. 31212], Mecklenburg et al. 2016:104 [ref. 34440]). •Valid as Aspidophoroides bartoni Gilbert 1896 -- (Kanayama in Masuda et al. 1984:333 [ref. 6441], Lindberg & Krasyukova 1987:345 [ref. 15964], Maeda & Amaoka 1988:112 [ref. 12616], Sheiko 1993:72 [ref. 21227], Sokolovskaya et al. 1998:10 [ref. 24670], Sheiko & Fedorov 2000:30 [ref. 25650], Parin et al. 2002:S96 [ref. 28300], Fedorov et al. 2003:88 [ref. 27579], Sheiko & Mecklenburg 2004:8 [ref. 27591], Glubokov & Orlov 2008:426 [ref. 31013], Sheiko & Fedorov 2010:24 [ref. 38118], Dyldin et al. 2020:89 [ref. 37569], Dyldin et al. 2021:71 [ref. 38804], Dyldin & Orlov 2022:58 [ref. 38972]). Current status: Valid as Aspidophoroides bartoni Gilbert 1896. Agonidae: Anoplagoninae. Distribution: North Pacific and adjacent Arctic: southern Chukchi Sea to northern Japan Sea, Pacific coast of northern Japan, and the Gulf of Alaska. Habitat: marine.

bilobus, Blepsias Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1829:379 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 4; ref. 998] Kamchatka, Russia. Holotype (unique): BMNH 2011.5.17.1. •Valid as Histiocottus bilobus (Cuvier 1829) -- (Watanabe 1960:101 [ref. 11959], Lindberg & Krasyukova 1987:258 [ref. 15964]). •Valid as Blepsias bilobus Cuvier 1829 -- (Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:164 [ref. 9277], Yabe in Masuda et al. 1984:323 [ref. 6441], Lindberg & Krasyukova 1987:258 [ref. 15964], Matarese et al. 1989:448 [ref. 26885], McAllister 1990:194 [ref. 14674], Kim & Youn 1992:70 [ref. 22287], Imamura & Ishito 1997:5 [ref. 24379], Sokolovskaya et al. 1998:10 [ref. 24670], Nakabo 2000:627 [ref. 25086], Sheiko & Fedorov 2000:29 [ref. 25650], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:509 [ref. 25968], Nakabo 2002:627 [ref. 26001], Choi et al. 2003:271, 579 [ref. 26218], Parin et al. 2002:S90 [ref. 28300], Mecklenburg 2003:2 [ref. 27294], Fedorov et al. 2003:83 [ref. 27579], Nelson et al. 2004:122 [ref. 27807], Love et al. 2005:94 [ref. 37547], Mecklenburg et al. 2011:125 [ref. 31212], Page et al. 2013:125 [ref. 32708], Parin et al. 2014:279 [ref. 33547], Parin et al. 2014:279 [ref. 33547], Mecklenburg & Steinke 2015:164 [ref. 34033], Tohkairin et al. 2015:6 [ref. 35331], Mecklenburg et al. 2016:93 [ref. 34440], Kells et al. 2016:194 [ref. 35888], Mecklenburg et al. 2018:232 [ref. 36370], Love et al. 2021:128 [ref. 39279], Dyldin & Orlov 2022:53 [ref. 38972]). Current status: Valid as Blepsias bilobus Cuvier 1829. Agonidae: Hemitripterinae. Distribution: North Pacific and adjacent Arctic: Sea of Japan and Sea of Okhotsk north to Bering Sea and Chukchi Sea, then Commander Islands (Russia) and Aleutian Islands (U.S.A.) south to British Columbia (Canada). Habitat: marine.

bolini, Ulca Myers [G. S.] 1934:44 [Copeia 1934 (no. 1); ref. 21791] Off Sitkalidak Island, Alaska, U.S.A., 57°00'N, 153°18'W, "Albatross" station 2855, depth 69 fathoms. Syntypes: USNM 45371 (2). Replacement name for Hemitripterus marmoratus Bean 1890, preoccupied by Hemitripterus marmoratus Ayres 1854. •Valid as Ulca bolini Myers 1934 -- (Poltev & Mukhametov 1999:708 [ref. 24884], Sheiko & Fedorov 2000:29 [ref. 25650], Parin et al. 2002:S91 [ref. 28300], Vannikov et al. 2004:171 [ref. 27723]). •Valid as Hemitripterus bolini (Myers 1934) -- (Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:171 [ref. 9277], Lea & Quirollo 1986:117 [ref. 21790], McAllister 1990:198 [ref. 14674], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:507 [ref. 25968], Mecklenburg 2003:3 [ref. 27294], Nelson et al. 2004:122 [ref. 27807], Love et al. 2005:94 [ref. 37547], Page et al. 2013:125 [ref. 32708], Parin et al. 2014:281 [ref. 33547], Kells et al. 2016:196 [ref. 35888], Love et al. 2021:130 [ref. 39279]). Replacement Name. Current status: Valid as Hemitripterus bolini (Myers 1934). Agonidae: Hemitripterinae. Distribution: North Pacific: northern Kuril Islands and eastern sea of Okhotsk north to southern Bering Sea, then south to northern California (U.S.A.). Habitat: marine.

borealis, Aspidophoroides Valenciennes [A.] 1841:238 [v. 2; ref. 26674] North Atlantic. Unneeded new replacement name for Cottus monopterygius Bloch 1786. •Synonym of Aspidophoroides monopterygius (Bloch 1786) -- (Sheiko 1993:72 [ref. 21227], Sheiko & Mecklenburg 2004:8 [ref. 27591], Parin et al. 2014:285 [ref. 33547]). Replacement Name. Current status: Synonym of Aspidophoroides monopterygius (Bloch 1786). Agonidae: Anoplagoninae. Habitat: marine.

brashnikowi, Agonomalus Pavlenko [M. N.] 1910:40, Fig. 7 [Trudy Obshchestva Estestvoispytatelej Imperatorskom' Kazanskom' Universiteti, Kazan v. 42 (no. 2); ref. 3393] Askold Island, Peter the Great Bay, Russia, Japan Sea. Holotype (unique): MKU DK 859. •Valid as Agonomalus brashnikowi Pavlenko 1910 -- (Sheiko 1983:19 [ref. 37041]). •Valid as Agonomalus breshnikowi Pavlenko 1910 -- (Lindberg & Krasyukova 1987:280 [ref. 15964] as breshnikovi). •Synonym of Hypsagonus jordani Jordan & Starks 1904 -- (Kanayama 1991:23 [ref. 19261]). •Synonym of Agonomalus jordani Jordan & Starks 1904 -- (Sheiko 1993:68 [ref. 21227], Parin et al. 2002:S95 [ref. 28300], Sheiko & Mecklenburg 2004:2 [ref. 27591], Parin et al. 2014:283 [ref. 33547]). Current status: Synonym of Agonomalus jordani Jordan & Starks 1904. Agonidae: Hypsagoninae. Habitat: marine.

brodamus, Cottus Bonnaterre [J. P.] (ex Olafsen) 1788:67 [Tableau encyclopédique et méthodique des trois règnes de la nature... Ichthyologie; ref. 4940] Iceland. No types known. Based on 'Brodamus' of Olafsen 1772:589 [ref. 18493] and Cottus cirris plurimis corpore octogono of Müller 1776:44 [ref. 17808]. •Synonym of Agonus cataphractus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Lindberg 1973:605 [ref. 7220], Kanayama 1991:61 [ref. 19261], Sheiko 1993:70 [ref. 21227], Sheiko & Mecklenburg 2004:11 [ref. 27591]). Current status: Synonym of Agonus cataphractus (Linnaeus 1758). Agonidae: Agoninae. Habitat: marine.

cataphractus, Cottus Linnaeus [C.] 1758:264 [Systema Naturae, Ed. X v. 1; ref. 2787] Europe. Syntypes: NRM 2808 (1), ?2809 (2). Type catalog: Fernholm & Wheeler 1983:236 [ref. 20707], Wheeler 1985:46 [ref. 20705]. •Valid as Agonus cataphractus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Lindberg 1973:605 [ref. 7220], Andriashev in Whitehead et al. 1986:1265 [ref. 13677], Kanayama 1991:61 [ref. 19261], Sheiko 1993:70 [ref. 21227], Parin et al. 2002:S96 [ref. 28300], Moura & Menezes in Menezes et al. 2003:74 [ref. 27192], Sheiko & Mecklenburg 2004:11 [ref. 27591], Fricke 2007:29 [ref. 30577], Sheiko & Fedorov 2010:43 [ref. 38118], Mecklenburg et al. 2011:127 [ref. 31212], Parin et al. 2014:284 [ref. 33547], Mecklenburg et al. 2018:244 [ref. 36370]). Current status: Valid as Agonus cataphractus (Linnaeus 1758). Agonidae: Agoninae. Distribution: Baltic Sea; North Sea; northeastern Atlantic and adjacent Arctic Ocean: Iceland and White Sea to English Channel. Habitat: marine.

cavifrons, Hemitripterus Lockington [W. N.] 1880:233 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 32; ref. 17552] St. Paul [now city of Kodiak], Kodiak Island, Alaska, U.S.A. Holotype (unique): CAS (not found, probably destroyed in 1906 fire). See Mecklenburg 2003:3 [ref. 27294] for remarks on type locality. •Synonym of Hemitripterus villosus (Pallas 1814) -- (Watanabe 1960:107 [ref. 11959], Lindberg & Krasyukova 1987:256 [ref. 15964], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:508 [ref. 25968], Parin et al. 2002:S91 [ref. 28300], Mecklenburg 2003:3 [ref. 27294], Dyldin & Orlov 2017:68 [ref. 35138]). Current status: Synonym of Hemitripterus villosus (Pallas 1814). Agonidae: Hemitripterinae. Habitat: marine.

chiloensis, Aspidophorus Jenyns [L.] 1840:30, Pl. 7 (figs. 1, 1a-b) [The zoology of the voyage of H. M. S. Beagle; ref. 2344] Isla de Chiloé, Chile. Syntypes: BMNH 1917.7.14.77-78 (2). •Valid as Agonopsis chiloensis (Jenyns 1840) -- (Nakamura in Nakamura et al. 1986:190 [ref. 14235], Pequeño 1989:57 [ref. 14125], Lloris & Rucabado 1991:85 [ref. 22530], Kanayama 1991:66 [ref. 19261], Sheiko 1993:68 [ref. 21227], López et al. 1996:39 [ref. 23681], Pequeño 2000:88 [ref. 25224], Sheiko & Mecklenburg 2004:10 [ref. 27591], Sheiko & Fedorov 2010:42 [ref. 38118], Nión et al. 2016:45 [ref. 35565]). Current status: Valid as Agonopsis chiloensis (Jenyns 1840). Agonidae: Agoninae. Distribution: Southeastern Pacific and southwestern Atlantic: Chile to Uruguay. Habitat: marine.

cirrhosus, Trachinus Pallas [P. S.] 1814:237 [Zoographia Rosso-Asiatica v. 3; ref. 3351] America; port of Avacha, southeastern Kamchatka; Penzhinskaya Bay, Okhotsk Sea ["Continentem Americae, Portu Avatschae, mari Penshinensi"]. ZMB 8781 (1, dry). Paralectotypes: MNHN A-5417 (1) Kamchatka. Type catalog: Blanc & Hureau 1968:49 [ref. 20738], Paepke & Fricke 1992:284 [ref. 19946]. Type information: Svetovidov 1978:28 [ref. 6025]. Lectotype selected by Svetovidov 1978:28 [ref. 6025]. •Valid as Blepsias cirrhosus (Pallas 1814) -- (Bolin 1944:99 [ref. 6379], Watanabe 1960:104 [ref. 11959], Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:164 [ref. 9277], Yabe in Masuda et al. 1984:323 [ref. 6441], Lindberg & Krasyukova 1987:259 [ref. 15964], Matarese et al. 1989:450 [ref. 26885], McAllister 1990:194 [ref. 14674], Kim & Youn 1992:69 [ref. 22287], Sokolovskaya et al. 1998:10 [ref. 24670], Nakabo 2000:627 [ref. 25086], Sheiko & Fedorov 2000:29 [ref. 25650], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:510 [ref. 25968], Nakabo 2002:627 [ref. 26001], Choi et al. 2003:271, 579 [ref. 26218], Parin et al. 2002:S90 [ref. 28300], Mecklenburg 2003:2 [ref. 27294], Fedorov et al. 2003:84 [ref. 27579], Nelson et al. 2004:122 [ref. 27807], Love et al. 2005:94 [ref. 37547], Page et al. 2013:125 [ref. 32708], Parin et al. 2014:280 [ref. 33547], Pietsch & Orr 2015:45 [ref. 34694], Kells et al. 2016:194 [ref. 35888], Dyldin & Orlov 2017:68 [ref. 35138], Burton & Lea 2019:69 [ref. 37205], Kim et al. 2020:105 [ref. 39118], Dyldin et al. 2021:69 [ref. 38804], Love et al. 2021:129 [ref. 39279], Dyldin & Orlov 2022:54 [ref. 38972]). Current status: Valid as Blepsias cirrhosus (Pallas 1814). Agonidae: Hemitripterinae. Distribution: North Pacific: Sea of Japan and Sea of Okhotsk north to southern Bering Sea; eastern Pacific south to central California (U.S.A.). Habitat: brackish, marine.

coccineus, Cottus de la Pylaie [A. J. M.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1829:272 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 4; ref. 998] Name only, not available; name mentioned in the account of Hemitripterus americanus. •In the synonymy of Hemitripterus americanus (Gmelin 1789) -- (Mecklenburg 2003:5 [ref. 27294]). Nomen Nudum. Current status: Synonym of Hemitripterus americanus (Gmelin 1789). Agonidae: Hemitripterinae.

corniger, Hypsagonus Taranetz [A. Ya.] 1933:72, Fig. 4 [Bulletin of the Far Eastern Branch of the Academy of Sciences U.S.S.R. 1933 (nos 1-2-3); ref. 15743] Olga Bay, Japan Sea, depth 65 meters. Lectotype: ZIN 26488. Paralectotypes: ZIN 12825-26 (1, 1), 13108 (1), 49536 [ex ZIN 26488] (4). Type catalog: Sheiko & Fedorov 2010:11 [ref. 38118]. Lectotype selected by Sheiko 1993:75 [ref. 21227]. •Synonym of Hypsagonus quadricornis (Valenciennes 1829), but a valid subspecies -- (Lindberg & Krasyukova 1987:297 [ref. 15964]). •Valid as Hypsagonus corniger Taranetz 1933 -- (Kanayama 1991:19 [ref. 19261], Sheiko 1993:75 [ref. 21227], Sokolovskaya et al. 1998:10 [ref. 24670], Nakabo 2000:660 [ref. 25086], Sheiko & Fedorov 2000:30 [ref. 25650], Nakabo 2002:660 [ref. 26001], Parin et al. 2002:S97 [ref. 28300], Sheiko & Mecklenburg 2004:3 [ref. 27591], Sheiko & Fedorov 2010:11 [ref. 38118], Parin et al. 2014:288 [ref. 33547], Mecklenburg et al. 2016:109 [ref. 34440], Dyldin & Orlov 2022:60 [ref. 38972] with question). Current status: Valid as Hypsagonus corniger Taranetz 1933. Agonidae: Hypsagoninae. Distribution: Northwestern Pacific: southern Okhotsk Sea and northern Japan Sea. Habitat: marine.

curillicus, Agonus Tilesius [W. G. von] 1813:416 [Mémoires de l'Académie Impériale des Sciences de Saint Pétersbourg v. 4 (for 1811); ref. 13413] Kuril Islands. No types known. Unneeded replacement name for Cottus japonicus Pallas 1769. •Synonym of Percis japonica (Pallas 1769) [some as japonicus] -- (Lindberg & Krasyukova 1987:280 [ref. 15964] as curilicus, Kanayama 1991:27 [ref. 19261], Parin et al. 2002:S100 [ref. 28300], Sheiko 1993:79 [ref. 21227], Sheiko & Mecklenburg 2004:3 [ref. 27591], Parin et al. 2014:293 [ref. 33547]). Current status: Synonym of Percis japonica (Pallas 1769). Agonidae: Hypsagoninae. Habitat: marine.

decagonus, Agonus Bloch [M. E.] & Schneider [J. G.] 1801:105, Pl. 27 [M. E. Blochii, Systema Ichthyologiae; ref. 471] Greenland. Holotype (unique): ZMB 713 (skin, poor condition). Type catalog: Paepke & Fricke 1992:286 [ref. 19946], Paepke 1999:43 [ref. 24282]. •Valid as Agonus decagonus Bloch & Schneider 1801 -- (Robins & Ray 1986:284 [ref. 23100], Scott & Scott 1988:513 [ref. 25518]). •Valid as Leptagonus decagonus (Bloch & Schneider 1801) -- (Lindberg 1973:605 [ref. 7220], Sheiko 1983:19 [ref. 37041], Andriashev in Whitehead et al. 1986:1266 [ref. 13677], Lindberg & Krasyukova 1987:342 [ref. 15964], McAllister 1990:206 [ref. 14674], Kanayama 1991:37 [ref. 19261], Sheiko 1993:75 [ref. 21227], Kanayama in Okamura et al. 1995:172 [ref. 22531], Busby 1998:18 [ref. 25508], Sheiko & Fedorov 2000:30 [ref. 25650], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:537 [ref. 25968], Parin et al. 2002:S98 [ref. 28300], Fedorov et al. 2003:89 [ref. 27579], Sheiko & Mecklenburg 2004:12 [ref. 27591], Nelson et al. 2004:122 [ref. 27807], Love et al. 2005:97 [ref. 37547], Mecklenburg et al. 2007:177 [ref. 29448], Møller et al. 2010:53 [ref. 31169], Sheiko & Fedorov 2010:48 [ref. 38118], Mecklenburg et al. 2011:125 [ref. 31212], Page et al. 2013:126 [ref. 32708], Dolgov 2013:918 [ref. 33112], Mecklenburg et al. 2014:145 [ref. 33463], Parin et al. 2014:289 [ref. 33547], Mecklenburg & Steinke 2015:164 [ref. 34033], Afonso et al. 2016:55, 179 [ref. 36199], Kells et al. 2016:202 [ref. 35888], Mecklenburg et al. 2016:110 [ref. 34440], Mecklenburg et al. 2018:252 [ref. 36370] see remarks, Love et al. 2021:130 [ref. 39279], Dyldin & Orlov 2022:56 [ref. 38972]). Current status: Valid as Leptagonus decagonus (Bloch & Schneider 1801). Agonidae: Agoninae. Distribution: Arctic Ocean and adjacent North Pacific and North Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

dodecaedron, Agonus Tilesius [W. G. von] 1813:439, Pl. 13 (figs. 1-3) [Mémoires de l'Académie Impériale des Sciences de Saint Pétersbourg v. 4 (for 1811); ref. 13413] Kamchatka, Russia. Lectotype: ZIN 5598 (134 mm specimen). Paralectotypes: MNHN 0000-7301 (1), ?NMW 11908 (1), ZIN 49534 [ex ZIN 5598] (1). Type catalog: Sheiko & Fedorov 2010:88 [ref. 38118]. Appeared as Agonus dodecaëdron, emendation is justified. Lectotype selected by Sheiko 1993:76 [ref. 21227]. •Valid as Occella dodecaedron (Tilesius 1813) -- (Kanayama in Masuda et al. 1984:331 [ref. 6441], Lindberg & Krasyukova 1987:304 [ref. 15964], Maeda & Amaoka 1988:73 [ref. 12616], Kanayama 1991:100 [ref. 19261], Sheiko 1993:76 [ref. 21227], Sokolovskaya et al. 1998:10 [ref. 24670], Busby 1998:74 [ref. 25508], Nakabo 2000:658 [ref. 25086], Sheiko & Fedorov 2000:30 [ref. 25650], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:536 [ref. 25968], Nakabo 2002:658 [ref. 26001], Choi et al. 2003:273, 581 [ref. 26218], Parin et al. 2002:S99 [ref. 28300], Fedorov et al. 2003:89 [ref. 27579], Sheiko & Mecklenburg 2004:17 [ref. 27591], Nelson et al. 2004:123 [ref. 27807], Love et al. 2005:97 [ref. 37547], Sheiko & Fedorov 2010:88 [ref. 38118], Mecklenburg et al. 2011:125 [ref. 31212], Page et al. 2013:126 [32708], Parin et al. 2014:290 [ref. 33547], Mecklenburg & Steinke 2015:164 [ref. 34033], Mecklenburg et al. 2016:114 [ref. 34440], Kells et al. 2016:202 [ref. 35888], Dyldin & Orlov 2017:70 [ref. 35138], Mecklenburg et al. 2018:256 [ref. 36370], Kim et al. 2020:107 [ref. 39118], Dyldin et al. 2021:72 [ref. 38804], Love et al. 2021:131 [ref. 39279], Dyldin & Orlov 2022:59 [ref. 38972]). Current status: Valid as Occella dodecaedron (Tilesius 1813). Agonidae: Brachyopsinae. Distribution: North Pacific and adjacent Arctic: Chukchi Sea to Sea of Japan (Korea, Japan, Russia), Pacific coast of northern Japan and Gulf of Alaska. Habitat: brackish, marine.

draciscus, Blepsias Jordan [D. S.] & Starks [E. C.] 1904:322, Fig. 40 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 27 (no. 1358); ref. 2528] Aomori, Japan. Holotype: CAS-SU 7720. Paratypes: AMS I.6964 (3); BMNH 1905.2.4.382-384 (3); CAS-SU 5667 (7, missing in 1995), 7576 (10), 7937 (2); USNM 50929 (1), 231813 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:127 [ref. 12291]. •Synonym of Blepsias cirrhosus (Pallas 1814) -- (Bolin 1944:99 [ref. 6379], Lindberg & Krasyukova 1987:261 [ref. 15964], Sheiko & Fedorov 2000:29 [ref. 25650], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:510 [ref. 25968], Choi et al. 2003:579 [ref. 26218], Parin et al. 2002:S90 [ref. 28300], Mecklenburg 2003:2 [ref. 27294], Parin et al. 2014:280 [ref. 33547], Dyldin & Orlov 2017:68 [ref. 35138]). Current status: Synonym of Blepsias cirrhosus (Pallas 1814). Agonidae: Hemitripterinae. Habitat: marine.

emmelane, Averruncus Jordan [D. S.] & Starks [E. C.] 1895:821, Pl. 91 [Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences (Series 2) v. 5; ref. 2522] Near Point [Port] Orchard, Puget Sound, Washington, U.S.A. Lectotype: CAS-SU 3135. Paralectotypes: CAS-SU 16504 [ex CAS-SU 3135] (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:133 [ref. 12291]. Lectotype established (as figured specimen) in Jordan & Starks 1895, Pl. 91 [ref. 2522] -- see Sheiko & Mecklenburg 2004:10 [ref. 27591] •Synonym of Agonopsis vulsa (Jordan & Gilbert 1880) -- (Lea & Dempster 1982:249 [ref. 14236], Kanayama 1991:63 [ref. 19261], Sheiko 1993:69 [ref. 21227], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:540 [ref. 25968], Sheiko & Mecklenburg 2004:10 [ref. 27591]). Current status: Synonym of Agonopsis vulsa (Jordan & Gilbert 1880). Agonidae: Agoninae. Habitat: marine.

eryngia, Pallasina Jordan [D. S.] & Richardson [R. E.] 1907:264, Fig. 2 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 33 (no. 1570); ref. 10643] Coast of Echigo, near Sado Island, Japan. Holotype (unique): CAS-SU 20165. Non-types: 4 questionably included. Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:134 [ref. 12291]. •Synonym of Pallasina barbata (Steindachner 1876) -- (Kanayama 1991:114 [ref. 19261], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:533 [ref. 25968], Parin et al. 2002:S100 [ref. 28300], Sheiko & Mecklenburg 2004:17 [ref. 27591], Parin et al. 2014:292 [ref. 33547], Parin et al. 2014:292 [ref. 33547], Dyldin & Orlov 2017:70 [ref. 35138]). •Valid as Pallasina eryngia Jordan & Richardson 1907 -- (Kanayama in Masuda et al. 1984:332 [ref. 6441], Lindberg & Krasyukova 1987:319 [ref. 15964], Sheiko 1993:79 [ref. 21227], Stevenson et al. 2021:175 [ref. 38301]). Current status: Valid as Pallasina eryngia Jordan & Richardson 1907. Agonidae: Brachyopsinae. Distribution: Northwestern Pacific: Sea of Japan coast and Pacific coast of northern Honshu and southern Hokkaido (Japan). Habitat: marine.

europaeus, Agonus Cuvier [G.] in Guérin-Méneville 1828:Livraison 13 [Planches de Seba v. 3; ref. 29508] No types known. Text applies to Pl. 28 (no. 6) published in 1827. Predates Aspidophorus europaeus Cuvier 1829. See Parenti & Desoutter-Meniger 2007:395, 398 [ref. 29507]. •Synonym of Agonus cataphractus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Parenti & Desoutter-Meniger 2007:395, 398 [ref. 29507]). Current status: Synonym of Agonus cataphractus (Linnaeus 1758). Agonidae: Agoninae. Habitat: marine.

europaeus, Aspidophorus Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1829:201 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 4; ref. 998] Unneeded new replacement name for Cottus cataphractus Linnaeus 1758. Predated by Agonus europaenus Cuvier in Guérin-Méneville 1827-31, Pl. 28 [ref. 29508]. •Synonym of Agonus cataphractus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Lindberg 1973:605 [ref. 7220], Kanayama 1991:61 [ref. 19261], Sheiko 1993:70 [ref. 21227], Sheiko & Mecklenburg 2004:11 [ref. 27591]). Current status: Synonym of Agonus cataphractus (Linnaeus 1758). Agonidae: Agoninae. Habitat: marine.

flava, Scorpaena Mitchill [S. L.] 1815:382, Pl. 2 (fig. 8) [Transactions of the Literary and Philosophical Society of New-York v. 1 (art. 5) (for 1814); ref. 13292] New York, U.S.A. No types known. •Synonym of Hemitripterus americanus (Gmelin 1789) -- (Mecklenburg 2003:3 [ref. 27294]). Current status: Synonym of Hemitripterus americanus (Gmelin 1789). Agonidae: Hemitripterinae. Habitat: marine.

frenatus, Odontopyxis Gilbert [C. H.] 1896:435, Pl. 30 (bottom) [United States Commission of Fish and Fisheries, Report of the Commissioner v. 19 (for 1893) (art. 6); ref. 1628] Near Pribilof Islands, Aleutian Islands, and Alaska Peninsula, U.S.A. Syntypes: BMNH 1900.7.11.12 (1); CAS 69328 [ex IU 6859] (1), 69329 [ex IU 6877] (1); MNHN 1896-0515 to 0517 (3); NMW 12165 (1), 76366 (1); CAS-SU 2973-74 (9, 3); USNM 48668 (1), 48669-71 & 48726 (1, 1, 1, 1; mixed fragments), 48750 (2), 59437 (2); ZMUO J1352 (3). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:133 [ref. 12291], Blanc & Hureau 1968:56 [ref. 20738], Pethon 1969:8 [ref. 19268]. Lectotype established (as figured specimen from Albatross sta. 3229 [sic]) in caption to Pl. 310, p. 3295 in Jordan & Evermann 1900 [ref. 2446] if figured specimen is identifiable. Original spelling should have been frenata. See Sheiko & Mecklenburg 2004:14 [ref. 27591] for type information. •Valid as Leptagonus frenatus (Gilbert 1896) -- (Kanayama 1991:39 [ref. 19261], Busby 1998:21 [ref. 25508], Nakabo 2000:655 [ref. 25086], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:538 [ref. 25968], Nakabo 2002:655 [ref. 26001], Nelson et al. 2004:122 [ref. 27807], Shinohara et al. 2014:252 [ref. 33330], Mecklenburg et al. 2016:112 [ref. 34440], Mecklenburg et al. 2018:254 [ref. 36370], Sonoyama et al. 2020:92 [ref. 37637], Love et al. 2021:130 [ref. 39279]). •Valid as Sarritor frenatus (Gilbert 1896) -- (Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:189 [ref. 9277], Kanayama in Masuda et al. 1984:332 [ref. 6441], McAllister 1990:206 [ref. 14674], Sheiko 1993:82 [ref. 21227], Sheiko & Fedorov 2000:30 [ref. 25650], Parin et al. 2002:S102 [ref. 28300], Fedorov et al. 2003:91 [ref. 27579], Sheiko & Mecklenburg 2004:14 [ref. 27591], Love et al. 2005:98 [ref. 37547], Glubokov & Orlov 2008:426 [ref. 31013], Sheiko & Fedorov 2010:73 [ref. 38118], Mecklenburg et al. 2011:125 [ref. 31212], Page et al. 2013:126 [ref. 32708], Parin et al. 2014:296 [ref. 33547], Mecklenburg & Steinke 2015:164 [ref. 34033], Kells et al. 2016:206 [ref. 35888], Dyldin & Orlov 2022:57 [ref. 38972]). Current status: Valid as Sarritor frenatus (Gilbert 1896). Agonidae: Agoninae. Distribution: North Pacific and adjacent Arctic region: Sea of Japan and Sea of Okhotsk north to Bering Sea, then south to northern British Columbia (Canada). Habitat: marine.

fusiformis, Phalangistes Tilesius [W. G. von] in Pallas 1814:116 [Zoographia Rosso-Asiatica v. 3; ref. 3351] Aniva Bay, Sakhalin Island, Kuril Islands. Syntypes: ZIN 5597 (1), others unknown. Unneeded new name for Agonus rostratus Tilesius 1813. •Synonym of Brachyopsis segaliensis (Tilesius 1809) -- (Lindberg & Krasyukova 1987:315 [ref. 15964], Kanayama 1991:112 [ref. 19261], Parin et al. 2002:S97 [ref. 28300], Sheiko & Mecklenburg 2004:16 [ref. 27591], Parin et al. 2014:287 [ref. 33547], Dyldin & Orlov 2017:69 [ref. 35138]). Current status: Synonym of Brachyopsis segaliensis (Tilesius 1809). Agonidae: Brachyopsinae. Habitat: marine.

gibbosa, Tilesina Schmidt [P. Yu.] in Jordan & Starks 1904:577 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 27 (no. 1365); ref. 10665] Peter the Great Bay, near Vladivostok, Russia. Lectotype: ZIN 12870. Paralectotypes: ZIN 12317-18 (1, 1). Type catalog: Sheiko & Fedorov 2010:99 [ref. 38118]. Apparently appeared first without distinguishing features in Schmidt 1903:518 (p. 20 of separate) [ref. 3945]; also in Schmidt 1904:135, Pl. 4 (fig. 1) [ref. 3946] but above apparently earlier (23 Feb.). Lectotype selected as "holotype" by Lindberg & Krasyukova 1987:311, fig. 193 [ref. 15964]; also indicated by Sheiko 1993:85 [ref. 21227]. •Valid as Tilesina gibbosa Schmidt 1904 -- (Kanayama in Masuda et al. 1984:332 [ref. 6441], Lindberg & Krasyukova 1987:311 [ref. 15964], Maeda & Amaoka 1988:71 [ref. 12616], Kanayama 1991:109 [ref. 19261], Sheiko 1993:85 [ref. 21227], Sokolovskaya et al. 1998:10 [ref. 24670], Nakabo 2000:657 [ref. 25086], Nakabo 2002:657 [ref. 26001], Choi et al. 2003:273, 583 [ref. 26218], Parin et al. 2002:S103 [ref. 28300], Sheiko & Mecklenburg 2004:19 [ref. 27591], Sheiko & Fedorov 2010:99 [ref. 38118], Shinohara et al. 2014:253 [ref. 33330], Parin et al. 2014:298 [ref. 33547], Tohkairin et al. 2015:9 [ref. 35331], Kim et al. 2020:107 [ref. 39118], Dyldin et al. 2021:72 [ref. 38804], Dyldin & Orlov 2022:59 [ref. 38972]). Current status: Valid as Tilesina gibbosa Schmidt 1904. Agonidae: Brachyopsinae. Distribution: Northwestern Pacific: southern Okhotsk Sea to Sea of Japan (Korea, Japan, Russia) and Pacific coast of northern Japan. Habitat: marine.

gibbsii, Hemilepidotus Gill [T. N.] 1862:13 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 14; ref. 1654] San Francisco, California, U.S.A., and other areas. •Synonym of Hemilepidotus hemilepidotus (Tilesius 1811) -- (Bolin 1944:17 [ref. 6379]). Current status: Synonym of Hemilepidotus hemilepidotus (Tilesius 1811). Agonidae: Hemitripterinae. Habitat: marine.

gilberti, Agonus Collett [R.] 1895:670, Pl. 45 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1894 (pt 4); ref. 14551] Kamchatka, Russia. Lectotype: ZMUO J6342. Paralectotypes: BMNH 1894.12.29.2 (1); NMW 77246 (1); CAS-SU 2783 (2); ZMUO J1332 (1), J1333 (1), J1334 (5, poor condition). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:133 [ref. 12291], Pethon 1969:7 [ref. 19268]. Lectotype selected by Pethon 1969:7 [ref. 19268]. Agonus gilberti was published in Apr. 1895 and Podothecus accipiter on 4 Dec. 1895. •Valid as Podothecus gilberti (Collett 1895) -- (Kanayama in Masuda et al. 1984:332 [ref. 6441], Lindberg & Krasyukova 1987:332 [ref. 15964], Maeda & Amaoka 1988:90 [ref. 12616], Kanayama 1991:77 [ref. 19324]). •Valid as Sturioides gilberti (Collett 1895) -- (Sheiko & Fedorov 2010:65 [ref. 38118]). •Synonym of Podothecus sturioides (Guichenot 1869) -- (Kanayama 1991:53 [ref. 19261], Sheiko 1993 [ref. 21225], Sheiko 1993:81 [ref. 21227], Sheiko & Fedorov 2000:30 [ref. 25650], Choi et al. 2003:582 [ref. 26218], Parin et al. 2002:S101 [ref. 28300], Sheiko & Mecklenburg 2004:13 [ref. 27591], Parin et al. 2014:295 [ref. 33547]). Current status: Synonym of Podothecus sturioides (Guichenot 1869). Agonidae: Agoninae. Habitat: marine.

gilberti, Hemilepidotus Jordan [D. S.] & Starks [E. C.] 1904:254, Fig. 10 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 27 (no. 1358); ref. 2528] Hakodate,Oshima Subprefecture, Hokkaido, Japan. Holotype: CAS-SU 7446. Paratypes: USNM 50916 (1). Additional material or paratypes: AMS I.6950 (1), ?BMNH 1923.2.26.484 (1), CAS-SU 7573 (2). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:129 [ref. 12291]. •Valid as Hemilepidotus gilberti Jordan & Starks 1904 -- (Watanabe 1960:48 [ref. 11959], Peden 1979:36 [ref. 24080], Yabe in Masuda et al. 1984:323 [ref. 6441], Matarese et al. 1989:372 [ref. 26885], Shinohara et al. 1996:176 [ref. 26605] as jordani but corrected to gilberti with errata insert, Lindberg & Krasyukova 1987:181 [ref. 15964], Kim & Youn 1992:68 [ref. 22287], Sokolovskaya et al. 1998:9 [ref. 24670], Nakabo 2000:631 [ref. 25086], Sheiko & Fedorov 2000:27 [ref. 25650], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:433 [ref. 25968], Nakabo 2002:631 [ref. 26001], Choi et al. 2003:262, 575 [ref. 26218], Parin et al. 2002:S75 [ref. 28300], Tokranov et al. 2003:299 [ref. 26972], Fedorov et al. 2003:70 [ref. 27579], Love et al. 2005:87 [ref. 37547], Shinohara et al. 2014:249 [ref. 33330], Parin et al. 2014:250 [ref. 33547], Tohkairin et al. 2015:7 [ref. 35331], Kim et al. 2020:103 [ref. 39118], Sonoyama et al. 2020:90 [ref. 37637], Love et al. 2021:129 [ref. 39279], Dyldin & Orlov 2022:44 [ref. 38972]). Current status: Valid as Hemilepidotus gilberti Jordan & Starks 1904. Agonidae: Hemitripterinae. Distribution: Northwestern Pacific: Sea of Japan (Korea, Japan and Russia) and ea of Okhotsk north to western Bering Sea. Habitat: marine.

gradiens, Hypsagonus Herzenstein [S. M.] 1890:116 [26] [Mélanges Biologiques, tirés du Bulletin physico-mathématique de l'Académie Impériale des Sciences de St. Pétersbourg v. 13; ref. 2149] Avacha Bay, Petropavlovsk, Kamchatka. Syntypes: ZIN 1430 (1), 1483 (2), 1484 (2), 5468 (1, dry, missing), 8723 (2). On p. 26 of Bull. Acad. Imp. Sci. St. Petersbourg (n. s.) v. 2. •Synonym of Hypsagonus quadricornis (Cuvier 1829) -- (Lindberg & Krasyukova 1987:295 [ref. 15964], Kanayama 1991:17 [ref. 19261], Sheiko 1993:75 [ref. 21227], Parin et al. 2002:S98 [ref. 28300]). •Synonym of Hypsagonus quadricornis (Valenciennes 1829) -- (Sheiko & Mecklenburg 2004:3 [ref. 27591], Parin et al. 2014:289 [ref. 33547]). Current status: Synonym of Hypsagonus quadricornis (Valenciennes 1829). Agonidae: Hypsagoninae. Habitat: marine.

groenlandicus, Aspidophoroides Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier 1840:Pl. 21 (figs. 3, 3a) [Le règne animal distribué d'après son organisation; ref. 4980] Greenland. Unneeded new replacement name for Cottus monopterygius Bloch 1786. •Synonym of Aspidophoroides monopterygius (Bloch 1786) -- (Sheiko 1993:72 [ref. 21227], Sheiko & Mecklenburg 2004:8 [ref. 27591]). Current status: Synonym of Aspidophoroides monopterygius (Bloch 1786). Agonidae: Anoplagoninae. Habitat: marine.

guentherii, Aspidophoroides Bean [T. H.] 1885:74 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 8 (no. 487); ref. 14441] Alaska, U.S.A. Holotype: USNM 37032. Paratypes or additional material: USNM 37033 (4). Originally as güntherii. •Synonym of Ulcina olrikii (Lütken 1877) -- (Kanayama 1991:86 [ref. 19261], Sheiko 1993:86 [ref. 21227], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:552 [ref. 25968], Parin et al. 2002:S103 [ref. 28300], Sheiko & Mecklenburg 2004:8 [ref. 27591]). •Synonym of Aspidophoroides olrikii Lütken 1877 -- (Mecklenburg et al. 2016:107 [ref. 34440]). Current status: Synonym of Aspidophoroides olrikii Lütken 1877. Agonidae: Anoplagoninae. Habitat: marine.

hamlini, Podothecus Jordan [D. S.] & Gilbert [C. H.] in Jordan & Evermann 1898:2056 [Bulletin of the United States National Museum No. 47; ref. 2444] Shana Village, Iturup Island, Kuril Islands, 45°14'00"N, 147°52'30'E, Albatross station 3653, depth 18 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 48251 [not CAS-SU 5662]. Paratypes: CAS-SU 5662 (1). Also appeared in Jordan & Gilbert 1899:472, Pl. 71 [ref. 2478]. See Sheiko & Mecklenburg 2004:13 [ref. 27591] for type information and mixup of types and of type designations. •Synonym of Podothecus gilberti (Collette 1895) -- (Lindberg & Krasyukova 1987:332 [ref. 15964]). •Synonym of Podothecus veternus Jordan & Starks 1895 -- (Sheiko 1993:81 [ref. 21227], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:542 [ref. 25968]). •Valid as Podothecus hamlini Jordan & Gilbert 1898 -- (Kanayama 1991:77 [ref. 19324], Kanayama 1991:51 [ref. 19261], Nakabo 2000:654 [ref. 25086], Nakabo 2002:654 [ref. 26001], Choi et al. 2003:273, 582 [ref. 26218], Parin et al. 2002:S101 [ref. 28300], Sheiko & Mecklenburg 2004:13 [ref. 27591], Sheiko & Fedorov 2010:64 [ref. 38118], Parin et al. 2014:294 [ref. 33547], Mecklenburg et al. 2016:123 [ref. 34440], Dyldin & Orlov 2022:56 [ref. 38972]). Current status: Valid as Podothecus hamlini Jordan & Gilbert 1898. Agonidae: Agoninae. Distribution: Northwestern Pacific: southern Okhotsk Sea and northern Sea of Japan. Habitat: marine.

hemilepidotus, Cottus Tilesius [W. G. von] 1811:262 [Mémoires de l'Académie Impériale des Sciences de Sankt Pétersbourg (5e Série) v. 3; ref. 4408] Sea of Okhotsk and Bering Sea, Alaska, U.S.A. Syntypes: MNHN 0000-7155 (1) Kamchatka. •Valid as Hemilepidotus hemilepidotus (Tilesius 1811) -- (Bolin 1944:17 [ref. 6379], Peden 1979:24 [ref. 24080], Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:170 [ref. 9277], Matarese et al. 1989:374 [ref. 26885], McAllister 1990:197 [ref. 14674], Sheiko & Fedorov 2000:27 [ref. 25650], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:435 [ref. 25968], Parin et al. 2002:S75 [ref. 28300], Tokranov et al. 2003:300 [ref. 26972], Nelson et al. 2004:120 [ref. 27807], Love et al. 2005:87 [ref. 37547], Page et al. 2013:123 [ref. 32708], Parin et al. 2014:250 [ref. 33547], Pietsch & Orr 2015:40 [ref. 34694], Kells et al. 2016:172 [ref. 35888], Burton & Lea 2019:66 [ref. 37205], Love et al. 2021:129 [ref. 39279]). Current status: Valid as Hemilepidotus hemilepidotus (Tilesius 1811). Agonidae: Hemitripterinae. Distribution: North Pacific: southeastern Kamchatka (Russia) north to southern Bering Sea, Aleutian and Commander Islands; then south to central California (U.S.A.). Habitat: marine.

hispidus, Cottus Bloch [M. E.] & Schneider [J. G.] 1801:63, Pl. 13 [M. E. Blochii, Systema Ichthyologiae; ref. 471] New York, U.S.A. Holotype (unique): ZMB 773 (stuffed, missing). Type catalog: Paepke & Fricke 1992:282 [ref. 19946], Paepke 1999:67 [ref. 24282]. •Synonym of Hemitripterus americanus (Gmelin 1789) -- (Paepke 1999:67 [ref. 24282], Mecklenburg 2003:2 [ref. 27294]). Current status: Synonym of Hemitripterus americanus (Gmelin 1789). Agonidae: Hemitripterinae. Habitat: marine.

hubbsi, Tilesina Freeman [H. W.] 1951:22, Fig. 1 [Stanford Ichthyological Bulletin v. 4 (no. 1); ref. 12890] Sea of Japan, off Siberia, Russia, about 38°N. Holotype (unique): UMMZ 158503. •Valid as Tilesina hubbsi Freeman 1951 -- (Lindberg & Krasyukova 1987:315 [ref. 15964]). •Synonym of Tilesina gibbosa Schmidt 1904 -- (Kanayama 1991:109 [ref. 19261], Sheiko 1993:85 [ref. 21227], Parin et al. 2002:S103 [ref. 28300], Sheiko & Mecklenburg 2004:19 [ref. 27591], Parin et al. 2014:298 [ref. 33547]) Current status: Synonym of Tilesina gibbosa Schmidt 1904. Agonidae: Brachyopsinae. Habitat: marine.

iburia, Occa Jordan [D. S.] & Starks [E. C.] 1904:585, Fig. 6 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 27 (no. 1365); ref. 10665] Tomakomai, Iburi, Hokkaido, Japan. Holotype: CAS-SU 7730. Paratypes: Sapporo Mus. (1, whereabouts unknown). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:133 [ref. 12291]. •Valid as Occella iburia (Jordan & Starks 1904) -- (Kanayama in Masuda et al. 1984:331 [ref. 6441], Lindberg & Krasyukova 1987:307 [ref. 15964], Kanayama 1991:103 [ref. 19261], Sheiko 1993:78 [ref. 21227], Shinohara et al. 1996:177 [ref. 26605], Nakabo 2000:658 [ref. 25086], Nakabo 2002:658 [ref. 26001], Sheiko & Mecklenburg 2004:17 [ref. 27591], Sheiko & Fedorov 2010:91 [ref. 38118], Shinohara et al. 2014:253 [ref. 33330]). Current status: Valid as Occella iburia (Jordan & Starks 1904). Agonidae: Brachyopsinae. Distribution: Western North Pacific: southern Okhotsk Sea to Pacific coast of northern Japan. Habitat: marine.

impi, Occella Gruchy [C. G.] 1970:1109, Fig. 1 [Journal of the Fisheries Research Board of Canada v. 27 (no. 6); ref. 7745] Mouth of the Skonun River, McIntyre Bay, Graham Island, Queen Charlotte Islands, British Columbia, Canada, 54°02'N, 132°00'W. Holotype (unique): NMC 60-283. •Valid as Occella impi Gruchy 1970 -- (McAllister 1990:206 [ref. 14674], Kanayama 1991:108 [ref. 19261], Sheiko 1993:77 [ref. 21227]). •Synonym of Stellerina xyosterna (Jordan & Gilbert 1880) -- (Mecklenburg et al. 2002:534 [ref. 25968], Sheiko & Mecklenburg 2004:18 [ref. 27591]). Current status: Synonym of Stellerina xyosterna (Jordan & Gilbert 1880). Agonidae: Brachyopsinae. Habitat: marine.

indicus, Cottus Bonnaterre [J. P.] 1788:68, Pl. 87 (fig. 367) [Tableau encyclopédique et méthodique des trois règnes de la nature... Ichthyologie; ref. 4940] Tranquebar [Tharangambadi], India [error for Greenland]. Unneeded new replacement name for Cottus monopterygius Bloch 1786. •Synonym of Aspidophoroides monopterygius (Bloch 1786) -- (Kanayama 1991:88 [ref. 19261], Sheiko 1993:71 [ref. 21227], Sheiko & Mecklenburg 2004:8 [ref. 27591]). Current status: Synonym of Aspidophoroides monopterygius (Bloch 1786). Agonidae: Anoplagoninae. Habitat: marine.

inermis, Aspidophoroides Günther [A.] 1860:524 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 2; ref. 1963] Vancouver Island, British Columbia, Canada. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1860.8.24.8. •Valid as Anoplagonus inermis (Günther 1860) -- (Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:186 [ref. 9277], McAllister 1990:205 [ref. 14674], Kanayama 1991:92 [ref. 19261], Sheiko 1993:71 [ref. 21227], Busby 1998:65 [ref. 25508], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:554 [ref. 25968], Sheiko & Mecklenburg 2004:7 [ref. 27591], Nelson et al. 2004:122 [ref. 27807], Love et al. 2005:96 [ref. 37547], Sheiko & Fedorov 2010:24 [ref. 38118], Page et al. 2013:125 [ref. 32708], Pietsch & Orr 2015:46 [ref. 34694], Kells et al. 2016:198 [ref. 35888], Love et al. 2021:128 [ref. 39279]). Current status: Valid as Anoplagonus inermis (Günther 1860). Agonidae: Anoplagoninae. Distribution: Northeastern Pacific: Aleutian Islands (U.S.A.) south to northern California (U.S.A.). Habitat: marine.

infraspinatus, Xeneretmus Gilbert [C. H.] 1904:262, Pl. 27 [Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences (Series 3) v. 3 (no. 9); ref. 12422] Off Cape Flattery, Washington, U.S.A., Albatross station 3673, 48°21'45"N, 124°50'30"W, depth 77 fathoms. Holotype: CAS-SU 7930. Paratypes: CAS-SU 69652 (1). •Valid as Asterotheca infraspinata (Gilbert 1904) -- Gilbert 1915: 344 [ref. 1632]. •Valid as Bathyagonus infraspinatus (Gilbert 1904) -- (Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:187 [ref. 9277], McAllister 1990:205 [ref. 14674], Kanayama 1991:77 [ref. 19261], Sheiko 1993:73 [ref. 21227], Busby 1998:48 [ref. 25508], Imamura & Kitagawa 1999:108 [ref. 24208], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:548 [ref. 25968], Sheiko & Mecklenburg 2004:5 [ref. 27591], Nelson et al. 2004:122 [ref. 27807], Love et al. 2005:96 [ref. 37547], Sheiko & Fedorov 2010:20 [ref. 38118], Page et al. 2013:125 [ref. 32708], Pietsch & Orr 2015:48 [ref. 34694], Kells et al. 2016:200 [ref. 35888], Love et al. 2021:128 [ref. 39279]). Current status: Valid as Bathyagonus infraspinatus (Gilbert 1904). Agonidae: Bathyagoninae. Distribution: Northeastern Pacific: southeastern Bering Sea south to northern California (U.S.A.). Habitat: marine.

japonicus, Cottus Pallas [P. S.] (ex Steller) 1769:30, Pl. 5 (figs. 1-3) [Spicilegia Zoologica v. 1 (fasc. 7); ref. 20848] Kuril Islands. Holotype (unique): ZIN (apparently lost). Original spelling of name is Cottvs iaponicvs (historical typeset, equals Cottus japonicus). Based on manuscript description by G. W. Steller. Percis is evidently feminine, so japonica is correct. •Valid as Percis japonica (Pallas 1769) -- (Kanayama in Amaoka et al. 1983:291, 340 [ref. 8379], Kanayama in Masuda et al. 1984:331 [ref. 6441], Lindberg & Krasyukova 1987:280 [ref. 15964], Maeda & Amaoka 1988:58 [ref. 12616], Kanayama 1991:27 [ref. 19261], Sheiko 1993:79 [ref. 21227], Sokolovskaya et al. 1998:10 [ref. 24670], Busby 1998:16 [ref. 25508], Nakabo 2000:659 [ref. 25086], Sheiko & Fedorov 2000:30 [ref. 25650], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:530 [ref. 25968], Nakabo 2002:659 [ref. 26001], Choi et al. 2003:273, 582 [ref. 26218], Parin et al. 2002:S100 [ref. 28300], Fedorov et al. 2003:90 [ref. 27579], Sheiko & Mecklenburg 2004:3 [ref. 27591], Love et al. 2005:98 [ref. 37547], Glubokov & Orlov 2008:426 [ref. 31013], Sheiko & Fedorov 2010:16 [ref. 38118], Shinohara et al. 2011:46 [ref. 31715], Page et al. 2013:126 [32708], Shinohara et al. 2014:253 [ref. 33330], Parin et al. 2014:293 [ref. 33547], Mecklenburg & Steinke 2015:164 [ref. 34033], Pietsch & Orr 2015:49 [ref. 34694], Tohkairin et al. 2015:8 [ref. 35331], Mecklenburg et al. 2016:114 [ref. 34440], Kells et al. 2016:204 [ref. 35888], Mecklenburg et al. 2018:260 [ref. 36370], Love et al. 2021:131 [ref. 39279], Dyldin & Orlov 2022:60 [ref. 38972]). Current status: Valid as Percis japonica (Pallas 1769). Agonidae: Hypsagoninae. Distribution: North Pacific and margin of Arctic Region: Sea of Japan and Sea of Okhotsk north to northern Bering Sea, then east to Gulf of Alaska. Habitat: marine.

japonicus, Neohemilepidotus Sakamoto [K.] 1932:4, Fig. 2 [Journal of the Imperial Fisheries Institute v. 27 (no. 1); ref. 3860] Northern Japan. Holotype: whereabouts unknown. Paratypes: (1) whereabouts unknown. •Valid as Neohemilepidotus japonicus Sakamoto 1932 -- (Watanabe 1958 [ref. 21357], Watanabe 1960:45 [ref. 11959], Lindberg & Krasyukova 1987:182 [ref. 15964] but as pacificus by mistake and not japonicus). •Synonym of Melletes papilio Bean 1880 -- (Parin et al. 2002:S79 [ref. 28300]). •Synonym of Hemilepidotus papilio (Bean 1880) -- (Peden 1979:41 [ref. 24080], Parin et al. 2014:252 [ref. 33547], Dyldin & Orlov 2017:64 [ref. 35138]). Current status: Synonym of Hemilepidotus papilio (Bean 1880). Agonidae: Hemitripterinae. Habitat: marine.

jordani, Agonomalus Schmidt [P. Yu.] 1904:130, Pl. 3 (fig. 1a-1d) [Fishes of the eastern seas of the Russian Empire; ref. 3946] Cape Gamova, Bight Chogu-chien-dogu, Emperor Harbor, northwestern Japan Sea; Aniva Bay, Tikhmenevskiy Road in Terpeniya Bay, southern Okhotsk Sea, Russia. Syntypes: ZIN 12865-66 (2, lost in flood in 1924), 12867-69 (3). Agonomalus jordani Schmidt 1904 is a junior subjective synonym and junior primary homonym of Agonomalus jordani Jordan & Starks 1904. •Synonym and homonym of Agonomalus jordani Jordan & Starks 1904 -- (Sheiko & Mecklenburg 2004:2 [ref. 27591], Parin et al. 2014:283 [ref. 33547]). Current status: Synonym of Agonomalus jordani Jordan & Starks 1904. Agonidae: Hypsagoninae. Habitat: marine.

jordani, Agonomalus Jordan [D. S.] & Starks [E. C.] 1904:581, Fig. 3 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 27 (no. 1365); ref. 10665] Shiraoi, Hokkaido, Japan. Syntypes: CAS-SU 7731 (1, described syntype, missing), CAS-SU 7940 (3); USNM 51444 (1). Probably dates to Jordan & Starks 1904 (23 Feb.) as above, also in Schmidt (Oct.) 1904:130, Pl. 3 (figs. 1a-d) [ref. 3946]. Types are Jordan's specimens; Schmidt's specimens are ZISP 12865-69. •Valid as Hypsagonus jordani (Jordan & Starks 1904) -- (Kanayama 1991:23 [ref. 19261], Sokolovskaya et al. 1998:10 [ref. 24670], Nakabo 2000:660 [ref. 25086] with author as Schmidt, Nakabo 2002:660 [ref. 26001] with author as Schmidt, Choi et al. 2003:272, 580 [ref. 26218] with author as Schmidt). •Valid as Agonomalus jordani Jordan & Starks 1904 -- (Kanayama in Masuda et al. 1984:331 [ref. 6441], Lindberg & Krasyukova 1987:287 [ref. 15964], Maeda & Amaoka 1988:62 [ref. 12616], Sheiko 1993:67 [ref. 21227], Parin et al. 2002:S95 [ref. 28300], Sheiko & Mecklenburg 2004:2 [ref. 27591], Sheiko & Fedorov 2010:8 [ref. 38118], Parin et al. 2014:283 [ref. 33547], Dyldin et al. 2021:73 [ref. 38804], Dyldin & Orlov 2022:60 [ref. 38972]). Current status: Valid as Agonomalus jordani Jordan & Starks 1904. Agonidae: Hypsagoninae. Distribution: Northwestern Pacific: southern Okhotsk Sea to southern Japan Sea and Pacific coast of northern Japan. Habitat: marine.

jordani, Hemilepidotus Bean [T. H.] 1881:153 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 4 (no. 210); ref. 223] Iliuliuk [Ilyulyuk], Unalaska Island, Aleutian Islands, Alaska, U.S.A. Lectotype: USNM 27598. Paralectotype: USNM 201606 [ex 27598] (1). Non-type: MNHN 1896-0477 [ex USNM] (1) station 3333. Lectotype established (as figured specimen) in caption to Pl. 290, p. 3291 in Jordan & Evermann 1900 [ref. 2446] if figured specimen is identifiable. •Valid as Hemilepidotus jordani Bean 1881 -- (Peden 1979:32 [ref. 24080], Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:171 [ref. 9277], Yabe in Masuda et al. 1984:324 [ref. 6441], Matarese et al. 1989:376 [ref. 26885], Shinohara et al. 1996:176 [ref. 26605] but corrected to gilberti with insert, Nakabo 2000:631 [ref. 25086], Sheiko & Fedorov 2000:27 [ref. 25650], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:436 [ref. 25968], Nakabo 2002:631 [ref. 26001], Parin et al. 2002:S76 [ref. 28300], Tokranov et al. 2003:300 [ref. 26972], Fedorov et al. 2003:70 [ref. 27579], Nelson et al. 2004:120 [ref. 27807], Mecklenburg et al. 2011:122 [ref. 31212], Page et al. 2013:123 [ref. 32708], Parin et al. 2014:251 [ref. 33547], Mecklenburg & Steinke 2015:114 [ref. 34033], Mecklenburg et al. 2016:63 [ref. 34440], Kells et al. 2016:174 [ref. 35888], Mecklenburg et al. 2018:201 [ref. 36370], Love et al. 2021:129 [ref. 39279], Dyldin & Orlov 2022:45 [ref. 38972]). Current status: Valid as Hemilepidotus jordani Bean 1881. Agonidae: Hemitripterinae. Distribution: North Pacific and margin of adjacent Arctic Region: northern Hokkaido (Japan) and Sea of Okhotsk north to southern Bering Sea, then south to southeastern Alaska (U.S.A.). Habitat: marine.

kasawae, Iburiella Jordan [D. S.] & Hubbs [C. L.] 1925:291, Pl. 11 (fig. 1) [Memoirs of the Carnegie Museum v. 10 (no. 2); ref. 2486] Tomakomai, near Mororan, Japan. Holotype: FMNH 58796 [ex CM 7906]. Paratypes: (1). Type catalog: Henn 1928:94 [ref. 12305], Böhlke 1953:133 [ref. 12291], Ibarra & Stewart 1987:49 [ref. 12367]. Named after Masunosuke Kawasa, but mistakenly spelled Kawaza in the dedication. Originally as kasawae; named after a man, but the correction to kasawai is not appropriate [Art. 31.1.1]. Bailey & Gruchy 1970:982, footnote [ref. 6508] did not need to emend the ending to ai. The spelling kasawai has not achieved the status of prevailing usage. We suggest regarding the original spelling as correct and use the name kasawae. This is a change from the recommendation in the 1998 printed version of the Catalog of Fishes based on an interpretation of the former Code. •Valid as Occella kazawai (Jordan & Hubbs 1925) -- (Bailey & Gruchy 1970:982 [ref. 6508]). •Valid as Occella kasawai (Jordan & Hubbs 1925) -- (Kanayama in Masuda et al. 1984:332 [ref. 6441], Lindberg & Krasyukova 1987:309 [ref. 15964], Kanayama 1991:106 [ref. 19261], Nakabo 2000:658 [ref. 25086], Nakabo 2002:658 [ref. 26001], Parin et al. 2002:S99 [ref. 28300], Sheiko & Mecklenburg 2004:17 [ref. 27591], Sheiko & Fedorov 2010:91 [ref. 38118], Parin et al. 2014:291 [ref. 33547]). •Valid as Occella kasawae (Jordan & Hubbs 1925) -- (Sheiko 1993:78 [ref. 21227], Dyldin & Orlov 2022:59 [ref. 38972]). Current status: Valid as Occella kasawae (Jordan & Hubbs 1925). Agonidae: Brachyopsinae. Distribution: Northwestern Pacific: southern Okhotsk Sea to Pacific coast of Hokkaido. Habitat: marine.

knipowitschi, Sarritor leptorhynchus Lindberg [G. U.] & Andriashev [A. P.] in Andriashev 1937:315 [Issled. Morey SSSR, Leningrad v. 25; ref. 20242] Near Browton Bay, northeastern Korea. Lectotype: ZIN 12314. Paralectotypes: ZIN 12310 (7), 12311-13 (3), 12325 (1), 12874 (2), 19035-47 (2, 1, 1, 1, 3, 6, 5, 2, 6, 1, 1, 1, 1), 19050 (1), 25191-92 (1, 1), 29486 (2), 49538 (1). Type catalog: Sheiko & Fedorov 2010:76 [ref. 38118]. See Sheiko & Mecklenburg 2004:14 [ref. 27591] for publication details. Lectotype established in Lindberg & Andriashev 1950 [ref. 26668]. •Synonym of Leptagonus leptorhynchus (Gilbert 1893) -- (Kanayama 1991:42 [ref. 19261]). •Synonym of Sarritor leptorhynchus (Gilbert 1893), but a valid subspecies as described -- (Lindberg & Krasyukova 1987:339 [ref. 15964], Sheiko 1993:83 [ref. 21227]). •Valid as Sarritor knipowitschi Lindberg & Andriashev 1937 -- (Parin et al. 2002:S102 [ref. 28300], Sheiko & Mecklenburg 2004:14 [ref. 27591], Sheiko & Fedorov 2010:76 [ref. 38118], Parin et al. 2014:296 [ref. 33547], Dyldin & Orlov 2022:57 [ref. 38972]). Current status: Valid as Sarritor knipowitschi Lindberg & Andriashev 1937. Agonidae: Agoninae. Distribution: Northwestern Pacific: southern Okhotsk Sea and northern Japan Sea. Habitat: marine.

kuronumai, Occa (Iburina) Freeman [H. W.] 1951:24, Fig. 2 [Stanford Ichthyological Bulletin v. 4 (no. 1); ref. 12890] Sea of Japan, close to Niigata, Japan. Holotype: UMMZ 160733. Paratypes: CAS-SU 16724 (1); UMMZ 158486 (1), 158488-89 (1, 1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:133 [ref. 12291]. •Valid as Occella kuronumai (Freeman 1951) -- (Kanayama in Masuda et al. 1984:331 [ref. 6441], Lindberg & Krasyukova 1987:310 [ref. 15964], Kanayama 1991:104 [ref. 19261], Sheiko 1993:78 [ref. 21227], Nakabo 2000:658 [ref. 25086], Nakabo 2002:658 [ref. 26001], Sheiko & Mecklenburg 2004:17 [ref. 27591], Sheiko & Fedorov 2010:91 [ref. 38118], Shinohara et al. 2014:253 [ref. 33330]). Current status: Valid as Occella kuronumai (Freeman 1951). Agonidae: Brachyopsinae. Distribution: Northwestern Pacific: Japan Sea off coast of northern Honshu, Japan. Habitat: marine.

laevigatus, Agonus Tilesius [W. G. von] 1813:436 [Mémoires de l'Académie Impériale des Sciences de Saint Pétersbourg v. 4 (for 1811); ref. 13413] Terpeniya Bay, Sakhalin Island. Syntypes: (not saved). Type catalog: Blanc & Hureau 1968:55 [ref. 20738] as loevigatus (but see below). Appeared as Agonus laevigatus Segalinesis n. sp.; regarded as a new replacement name for Agonus segaliensis Tilesius 1809. Specimen MNHN 7301 (dry), regarded as holotype of Agonus laevigatus Tilesius 1813 (Valenciennes in Cuvier 1840 [ref. 4980], Blanc & Hureau 1968 [ref. 20738]), is actually a syntype of Agonus dodecaedron Tilesius 1813 (Svetovidov 1978:28 [ref. 6025]). •Synonym of Brachyopsis segaliensis (Tilesius 1809) -- (Kanayama 1991:112 [ref. 19261], Sheiko 1993:74 [ref. 21227], Parin et al. 2002:S97 [ref. 28300], Sheiko & Mecklenburg 2004:15 [ref. 27591], Parin et al. 2014:287 [ref. 33547], Dyldin & Orlov 2017:69 [ref. 35138]). Current status: Synonym of Brachyopsis segaliensis (Tilesius 1809). Agonidae: Brachyopsinae. Habitat: marine.

latifrons, Xenochirus Gilbert [C. H.] 1890:92 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 13 (no. 797); ref. 1623] Off San Diego, California, U.S.A., Albatross station 2935, 32°44'30"N, 117°23'00"W, depth 124 fathoms. Lectotype: USNM 43091. Paralectotypes: BMNH 1896.2.10.25 (1); CAS 50702 [ex IU 6874] (3); MCZ 27853 [ex USNM 46602] (1); MNHN 1896-0192 [ex USNM 46602] (1); NMW 12124 (1); USNM 46602 (6 or 8), 46603 (1), 46605 (2), 46608 (1), 46611 (1); UW; ZIN 13693 (1); ZMB 13939 [ex USNM 46602] (1); ZMUO J1364 (1). Type catalog: Blanc & Hureau 1968:57 [ref. 20738], Pethon 1969:9 [ref. 19268], Paepke & Fricke 1992:286 [ref. 19946]. Lectotype selected by Leipertz 1985:33 [ref. 5243]. •Valid as Xeneretmus latifrons (Gilbert 1890) -- (Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:189 [ref. 9277], Matarese et al. 1989:462 [ref. 26885], McAllister 1990:206 [ref. 14674], Kanayama 1991:80 [ref. 19261] with genus as Xenertmus, Sheiko 1993:87 [ref. 21227], Busby 1998:52 [ref. 25508], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:550 [ref. 25968], Sheiko & Mecklenburg 2004:6 [ref. 27591], Love et al. 2005:99 [ref. 37547], Sheiko & Fedorov 2010:22 [ref. 38118], Page et al. 2013:126 [ref. 32708], Pietsch & Orr 2015:50 [ref. 34694], Kells et al. 2016:206 [ref. 35888], Burton & Lea 2019:70 [ref. 37205], Love et al. 2021:132 [ref. 39279]). Current status: Valid as Xeneretmus latifrons (Gilbert 1890). Agonidae: Bathyagoninae. Distribution: Northeastern Pacific: British Columbia (Canada) south to Pacific coast of northern Baja California (Mexico). Habitat: marine.

leiops, Xeneretmus Gilbert [C. H.] 1915:348, Pl. 17 (fig. 11 [not 10]) [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 48 (no. 2075); ref. 1632] Off Santa Catalina Island, southern California, U.S.A., Albatross station 4410, depth 178-195 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 75813. Paratypes: CAS-SU 22988 (1). •Valid as Xeneretmus leiops Gilbert 1915 -- (Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:190 [ref. 9277], Peden & Jamieson 1988:493 [ref. 12864], McAllister 1990:206 [ref. 14674], Kanayama 1991:82 [ref. 19261] with genus as Xenertmus, Sheiko 1993:87 [ref. 21227], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:549 [ref. 25968], Sheiko & Mecklenburg 2004:6 [ref. 27591], Love et al. 2005:99 [ref. 37547], Sheiko & Fedorov 2010:22 [ref. 38118], Maslenikov et al. 2013:13 [ref. 37947], Page et al. 2013:126 [ref. 32708], Pietsch & Orr 2015:50 [ref. 34694], Kells et al. 2016:349 [ref. 35888], Burton & Lea 2019:70 [ref. 37205], Love et al. 2021:132 [ref. 39279]). Current status: Valid as Xeneretmus leiops Gilbert 1915. Agonidae: Bathyagoninae. Distribution: Northeastern Pacific: northern Gulf of Alaska (U.S.A.) south to southern California (U.S.A.). Habitat: marine.

leptorhynchus, Odontopyxis Gilbert [C. H.] 1896:437 [United States Commission of Fish and Fisheries, Report of the Commissioner v. 19 (for 1893) (art. 6); ref. 1628] Alaska Peninsula, U.S.A., 53°23'30"N, 163°29'00"W, Albatross station 3267, depth 32 fathoms. Lectotype: USNM 48727. Paralectotypes: BMNH 1896.7.23.153 (1); MCZ 28362 (1); MNHN 1896-0514 (1) station 3259; NMW 85972 (1); CAS-SU 2993 (2), 3017 (6); USNM 53049 (1); ZMUO J1353 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:134 [ref. 12291], Pethon 1969:9 [ref. 19268], Blanc & Hureau 1968:56 [ref. 20738]. Lectotype established by Jordan & Evermann 1898:2076 [ref. 2444]. Original spelling of species should have been leptorhyncha -- see Sheiko & Mecklenburg 2004:15 [ref. 27591]. •Valid as Leptagonus leptorhynchus (Gilbert 1896) -- (Kanayama 1991:42 [ref. 19261], Sokolovskaya et al. 1998:10 [ref. 24670], Busby 1998:24 [ref. 25508], Nakabo 2000:655 [ref. 25086], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:539 [ref. 25, Page et al. 2013:126 [ref. 32708]968], Nakabo 2002:655 [ref. 26001], Nelson et al. 2004:122 [ref. 27807], Shinohara et al. 2011:45 [ref. 31715], Page et al. 2013:126 [ref. 32708], Shinohara et al. 2014:253 [ref. 33330], Tohkairin et al. 2015:8 [ref. 35331]). •Valid as Sarritor leptorhynchus (Gilbert 1896) -- (Kanayama in Masuda et al. 1984:332 [ref. 6441], Maeda & Amaoka 1988:100 [ref. 12616], Sheiko 1993:83 [ref. 21227], Kim et al. 1993:23 [ref. 22288], Shinohara et al. 1996:177 [ref. 26605], Sheiko & Fedorov 2000:31 [ref. 25650], Choi et al. 2003:273, 583 [ref. 26218], Parin et al. 2002:S102 [ref. 28300], Sheiko & Mecklenburg 2004:15 [ref. 27591], Love et al. 2005:98 [ref. 37547], Glubokov & Orlov 2008:426 [ref. 31013], Sheiko & Fedorov 2010:80 [ref. 38118], Parin et al. 2014:297 [ref. 33547], Kells et al. 2016:206 [ref. 35888], Kim et al. 2020:107 [ref. 39118], Sonoyama et al. 2020:92 [ref. 37637], Love et al. 2021:132 [ref. 39279]). Current status: Valid as Sarritor leptorhynchus (Gilbert 1896). Agonidae: Agoninae. Distribution: North Pacific: Sea of Japan (Korea, Japan, Russia), Pacific coast of northern Japan and Sea of Okhotsk north to southern Bering Sea, then east to northern Gulf of Alaska (U.S.A.). Habitat: marine.

lisiza, Aspidophorus Lacepède [B. G. E.] 1801:221, 225 [Histoire naturelle des poissons (Lacepède) v. 3; ref. 2710] Nagasaki, Japan; Kuril Islands. No types known. Unneeded replacement name for Cottus japonicus Pallas 1769. Also appeared in Sonnini 1803:265, 271 (vol. 8) [ref. 30473]. •Synonym of Percis japonica (Pallas 1769) [some as japonicus] -- (Kanayama 1991:27 [ref. 19261], Sheiko 1993:79 [ref. 21227], Parin et al. 2002:S100 [ref. 28300], Sheiko & Mecklenburg 2004:3 [ref. 27591], Parin et al. 2014:293 [ref. 33547]). Replacement Name. Current status: Synonym of Percis japonica (Pallas 1769). Agonidae: Hypsagoninae. Habitat: marine.

lisiza, Cottus Lindberg [G. U.] & Krasyukova [Z. V.] 1987:280 [Fishes of the Sea of Japan and adjacent parts of Okhotsk and Yellow Sea. Part 5.; ref. 15964] Bonnaterre 1788:67, Pl. 38 (fig. 150) [ref. 4940] used the vernacular name "Le Lisiza" for Cottus japonicus Pallas 1769, and the name Cottus lisiza does not appear in that work. Later workers used the name Cottus lisiza as a name in synonymy attributed to Bonnaterre 1788. Earliest use of the name not researched (see Sheiko & Mecklenburg 2004:22 [ref. 27591]). •In the synonymy of Percis japonica (Pallas 1769) -- (Lindberg & Krasyukova 1987:280 [ref. 15964] as japonicus, Kanayama 1991:27 [ref. 19261] as japonicus). •In the synonymy of Percis japonica (Pallas 1769) -- (Sheiko & Mecklenburg 2004:22 [ref. 27591] with author as Kanayama 1991). Current status: Synonym of Percis japonica (Pallas 1769). Agonidae: Hypsagoninae.

loricatus, Phalangistes Pallas [P. S.] 1814:114, [Pl. 19] [Zoographia Rosso-Asiatica v. 3; ref. 3351] Near Kamchatka and surrounding islands, Russia. Syntypes: ZMB (3, lost). This name appeared first as a nomen nudum in the synonymy of Agonus dodecaedron Tilesius 1813:440 [ref. 13413]. Plate 19 was never published (Svetovidov 1978:7, 28 [ref. 6025]). •In the synonymy of Occella dodecaedron (Tilesius 1813) -- (Lindberg & Krasyukova 1987:304 [ref. 15964], Kanayama 1991:101 [ref. 19261], Sheiko 1993:77 [ref. 21227], Parin et al. 2002:S99 [ref. 28300], Sheiko & Mecklenburg 2004:22 [ref. 27591], Parin et al. 2014:290 [ref. 33547], Dyldin & Orlov 2017:70 [ref. 35138]). Nomen Nudum. Current status: Synonym of Occella dodecaedron (Tilesius 1813). Agonidae: Brachyopsinae.

malarmoides, Aspidophorus Eudes-Deslongchamps [E.] 1853:167, Pl. 10 (figs. 1-3) [Mémoires de la Société Linnéenne de Normandie. v. 9; ref. 21237] "Terre-Neuve"[ Newfoundland], North Atlantic. Holotype (unique): lost. As malarmoïdes originally. See Sheiko & Mecklenburg 2004:12 [ref. 27591] for type information. •Synonym of Leptagonus decagonus (Bloch & Schneider 1801) -- (Lindberg 1973:605 [ref. 7220], Lindberg & Krasyukova 1987:342 [ref. 15964], Kanayama 1991:37 [ref. 19261], Sheiko 1993:76 [ref. 21227], Sheiko & Mecklenburg 2004:12 [ref. 27591]). Current status: Synonym of Leptagonus decagonus (Bloch & Schneider 1801). Agonidae: Agoninae. Habitat: marine.

marmoratus, Hemitripterus Bean [T. H.] 1890:43 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 13 (no. 795); ref. 229] Off Sitkalidak Island, Alaska, U.S.A., 57°N, 153°18'W, *Albatross* station 2855, depth 69 fathoms. Syntypes: USNM 45371 (2). Objectively invalid; preoccupied by Hemitripterus marmoratus Ayres 1854, replaced by Ulca bolini Myers 1934. •Synonym of Hemitripterus bolini (Myers 1934) -- (Parin et al. 2002:S91 [ref. 28300], Mecklenburg 2003:3 [ref. 27294], Parin et al. 2014:281 [ref. 33547]). 1°Homonym. Current status: Synonym of Hemitripterus bolini (Myers 1934). Agonidae: Hemitripterinae. Distribution: North Pacific: Bering Sea to northern California and to northern Kuril Islands. Habitat: marine.

matsuii, Percis Matsubara [K.] 1936:355, Fig. 1 [Annotationes Zoologicae Japonenses v. 15 (no. 3); ref. 13719] Owase fish market, Mie Prefecture, Japan. Neotype: FAKU [FRSKU] 4632. Neotype designated by Kanayama 1991:31 [ref. 19261]. •Valid as Percis matsuii Matsubara 1936 -- (Kanayama in Amaoka et al. 1983:340 [ref. 8379], Kanayama in Masuda et al. 1984:331 [ref. 6441], Lindberg & Krasyukova 1987:286 [ref. 15964], Kanayama 1991:29 [ref. 19261], Sheiko 1993:80 [ref. 21227], Nakabo 2000:659 [ref. 25086], Shinohara et al. 2001:319 [ref. 25995], Nakabo 2002:659 [ref. 26001], Sheiko 1993:79 [ref. 21227], Sheiko & Mecklenburg 2004:4 [ref. 27591], Sheiko & Fedorov 2010:19 [ref. 38118]). Current status: Valid as Percis matsuii Matsubara 1936. Agonidae: Hypsagoninae. Distribution: Northwestern Pacific: Pacific coast of southern Japan. Habitat: marine.

monopterygius, Cottus Bloch [M. E.] 1786:156, Pl. 178 (figs. 1-2) [Naturgeschichte der ausländischen Fische v. 2; ref. 465] Tranquebar, India [error for Greenland]. Lectotype: ZMB 717. Paralectotypes: (1). Type catalog: Paepke & Fricke 1992:286 [ref. 19946], Paepke 1999:43 [ref. 24282]. On p. 126 of Bloch's Ichthyologie, v. 5 [ref. 21381]. Lectotype selected by Paepke 1999:43 [ref. 24282], also locality correction. Incorrect original spelling monopterigius appears in caption to figs.; first reviser Sheiko 1993:71 [ref. 21227] selected monopterygius. Incorrect original spelling monopterigius appears in caption to figs.; first reviser Sheiko 1993:71 [ref. 21227] elected monopterygius. See Sheiko & Mecklenburg 2004:8 [ref. 27591] for information on types. •Valid as Aspidophoroides monopterygius (Bloch 1786) -- (Robins & Ray 1986:284 [ref. 23100], Scott & Scott 1988:514 [ref. 25518], McAllister 1990:205 [ref. 14674], Kanayama 1991:88 [ref. 19261], Sheiko 1993:71 [ref. 21227], Kanayama in Okamura et al. 1995:171 [ref. 22531], Busby 1998:62 [ref. 25508], Nakabo 2000:661 [ref. 25086], Klein-MacPhee in Collette & Klein-MacPhee 2002:361 [ref. 26158], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:553 [ref. 25968], Nakabo 2002:661 [ref. 26001], Moore et al. 2003:223 [ref. 27076], Sheiko & Mecklenburg 2004:8 [ref. 27591], Nelson et al. 2004:122 [ref. 27807], Love et al. 2005:96 [ref. 37547], Møller et al. 2010:53 [ref. 31169], Sheiko & Fedorov 2010:33 [ref. 38118], Page et al. 2013:125 [ref. 32708], Shinohara et al. 2014:252 [ref. 33330], Parin et al. 2014:285 [ref. 33547], Mecklenburg & Steinke 2015:164 [ref. 34033], Tohkairin et al. 2015:8 [ref. 35331], Afonso et al. 2016:53, 102 [ref. 36199], Kells et al. 2016:198 [ref. 35888], Mecklenburg et al. 2016:103 [ref. 34440], Mecklenburg et al. 2018:248 [ref. 36370], Kim et al. 2020:107 [ref. 39118], Love et al. 2021:128 [ref. 39279]). Current status: Valid as Aspidophoroides monopterygius (Bloch 1786). Agonidae: Anoplagoninae. Distribution: Arctic Ocean, North Pacific, and northwestern Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

mozinoi, Agonomalus Wilimovsky [N. J.] & Wilson [D. E.] 1979:73, Fig. 1 [Syesis v. 11; ref. 8767] Little Beach, Ucluelet Inlet, 48°51'N, 125°37'W, Vancouver Island, British Columbia, Canada. Holotype: UBC 72-89. Paratypes: CAS 40716 (1); BCPM 976-1363 (1); UBC 64-454 (1), 72-89 (1), 77-62 to 66 (5); UCLA 63-256 (3), 63-259 (1), 64-82 (1). •Valid as Hypsagonus mozinoi (Wilimovsky & Wilson 1979) -- (Kanayama 1991:15 [ref. 19261], Busby 1998:10 [ref. 25508], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:532 [ref. 25968], Nelson et al. 2004:122 [ref. 27807], Page et al. 2013:126 [ref. 32708]). •Valid as Agonomalus mozinoi Wilimovsky & Wilson 1979 -- (Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:185 [ref. 9277], Matarese et al. 1989:458 [ref. 26885], McAllister 1990:204 [ref. 14674], Sheiko 1993:68 [ref. 21227], Sheiko & Mecklenburg 2004:2 [ref. 27591], Love et al. 2005:96 [ref. 37547], Sheiko & Fedorov 2010:10 [ref. 38118], Kells et al. 2016:198 [ref. 35888], Burton & Lea 2019:69 [ref. 37205], Love et al. 2021:127 [ref. 39279]). Current status: Valid as Agonomalus mozinoi Wilimovsky & Wilson 1979. Agonidae: Hypsagoninae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific: northern British Columbia (Canada) south to central California (U.S.A.). Habitat: marine.

niger, Aspidophorus Krøyer [H. N.] 1845:238 [Naturhistorisk Tidsskrift (Kjøbenhavn) (n. s.) v. 1; ref. 2689] Valparaiso, Chile. Syntypes: ZMUC 58 (1), ZMUC (1, lost). Type catalog: Nielsen 1974:82 [ref. 9588]. •Synonym of Agonopsis chiloensis (Jenyns 1840) -- (Kanayama 1991:66 [ref. 19261], Sheiko 1993:68 [ref. 21227], Sheiko & Mecklenburg 2004:10 [ref. 27591]). Current status: Synonym of Agonopsis chiloensis (Jenyns 1840). Agonidae: Agoninae. Habitat: marine.

nigripinnis, Bathyagonus Gilbert [C. H.] 1890:89 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 13 (no. 797); ref. 1623] Coast of Washington, U.S.A., Albatross station 3073, 47°28'00"N, 125°15'00"W, depth 477 fathoms. Syntypes: ?BMNH 1900.9.29.221 (1); CAS-SU 2530 (3); MCZ 27921 [ex USNM 46613] (1); USNM 43088 (1), 46613 (3). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:133 [ref. 12291]. •Valid as Bathyagonus nigripinnis Gilbert 1890 -- (Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:187 [ref. 9277], McAllister 1990:205 [ref. 14674], Kanayama 1991:66 [ref. 19261], Sheiko 1993:73 [ref. 21227], Busby 1998:37 [ref. 25508], Imamura & Kitagawa 1999:105 [ref. 24208], Nakabo 2000:656 [ref. 25086], Sheiko & Fedorov 2000:30 [ref. 25650], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:545 [ref. 25968], Nakabo 2002:656 [ref. 26001], Parin et al. 2002:S96 [ref. 28300], Sheiko & Mecklenburg 2004:5 [ref. 27591], Nelson et al. 2004:122 [ref. 27807], Love et al. 2005:96 [ref. 37547], Sheiko & Fedorov 2010:20 [ref. 38118], Page et al. 2013:126 [ref. 32708], Parin et al. 2014:286 [ref. 33547], Pietsch & Orr 2015:48 [ref. 34694], Kells et al. 2016:200 [ref. 35888], Love et al. 2021:128 [ref. 39279]). Current status: Valid as Bathyagonus nigripinnis Gilbert 1890. Agonidae: Bathyagoninae. Distribution: North Pacific: northern Japan and northern Kuril Islands north to northern Bering Sea, then south to northern California (U.S.A.). Habitat: marine.

occidentalis, Anoplagonus Lindberg [G. U.] 1950:303, Fig. 2 [Issled. Dal'nevost. Morei SSSR v. 2; ref. 20240] Moneron Island near southwestern Sakhalin Island. Lectotype: ZIN 12895. Paralectotypes: ZIN 12290 (1), 18069 (1), 49535 [ex ZIN 12295] (1). Type catalog: Sheiko & Fedorov 2010:24 [ref. 38118]. Lectotype selected by Sheiko 1993:71 [ref. 21227]. •Valid as Anoplagonus occidentalis Lindberg 1950 -- (Kanayama in Masuda et al. 1984:333 [ref. 6441], Lindberg & Krasyukova 1987:350 [ref. 15964], Maeda & Amaoka 1988:117 [ref. 12616], Kanayama 1991:93 [ref. 19261], Sheiko 1993:71 [ref. 21227], Shinohara et al. 1996:177 [ref. 26605], Sokolovskaya et al. 1998:10 [ref. 24670], Nakabo 2000:661 [ref. 25086], Nakabo 2002:661 [ref. 26001], Choi et al. 2003:272, 580 [ref. 26218], Parin et al. 2002:S96 [ref. 28300], Sheiko & Mecklenburg 2004:7 [ref. 27591], Sheiko & Fedorov 2010:24 [ref. 38118], Shinohara et al. 2014:252 [ref. 33330], Parin et al. 2014:284 [ref. 33547], Kim et al. 2020:105 [ref. 39118], Dyldin & Orlov 2022:58 [ref. 38972]). Current status: Valid as Anoplagonus occidentalis Lindberg 1950. Agonidae: Anoplagoninae. Distribution: Northwestern Pacific: southern Okhotsk Sea to Sea of Japan (Korea, Japan, Russia) and Pacific coast of northern Japan. Habitat: marine.

occidentalis, Bothragonus Lindberg [G. U.] 1935:1223, Figs. 1-2 [Izvestija Akademii Nauk Soiuza Sovetskikh Sotsialisticheskikh Respublik, VII Serija, Otdelenie Matematischeskikh i Estestvennykh Nauk, Moskwa, Leningrad = Bulletin de l'Académie des Sciences de 'Union des Républiques Soviétiques Socialistes, VII Série, Classe des Sciences Mathématiques et Naturelles 1935 (no. 1); ref. 13712] Off Petrov Island, Sea of Japan, 42°52'N, 133°50'E, depth 35 meters. Holotype: ZIN 25104. Paratypes: ZIN 25105 (1). Type catalog: Sheiko & Fedorov 2010:23 [ref. 38118]. •Valid as Bothragonus occidentalis Lindberg 1935 -- (Sheiko 1983:19 [ref. 37041], Kanayama in Masuda et al. 1984:332 [ref. 6441], Maeda & Amaoka 1988:104 [ref. 12616], Kanayama 1991:71 [ref. 19261], Sheiko 1993:74 [ref. 21227], Sokolovskaya et al. 1998:10 [ref. 24670], Nakabo 2000:661 [ref. 25086], Nakabo 2002:661 [ref. 26001], Nakabo 2002:661 [ref. 26001], Parin et al. 2002:S97 [ref. 28300], Sheiko & Mecklenburg 2004:6 [ref. 27591], Sheiko & Fedorov 2010:23 [ref. 38118], Parin et al. 2014:286 [ref. 33547], Dyldin & Orlov 2022:61 [ref. 38972]). Current status: Valid as Bothragonus occidentalis Lindberg 1935. Agonidae: Bothragoninae. Distribution: Northwestern Pacific: southern Okhotsk Sea to northern Sea of Japan and Pacific coast of Hokkaido (Japan). Habitat: marine.

occidentalis, Sarritor frenatus Lindberg [G. U.] & Andriashev [A. P.] in Andriashev 1937:315 [Issled. Morey SSSR, Leningrad v. 25; ref. 20242] Western Kamchatka and Okhotsk Sea, Russia. Lectotype: ZIN 25701. Paralectotypes: ZIN 27964 (1), 32700 (1). Type catalog: Sheiko & Fedorov 2010:73 [ref. 38118]. Lectotype selected by Sheiko 1993:83 [ref. 21227]. See Sheiko & Mecklenburg 2004:14 [ref. 27591] for publication details. •Synonym of Sarritor frenatus (Gilbert 1896) -- (Sheiko 1993:82 [ref. 21227], Sheiko & Fedorov 2000:30 [ref. 25650], Parin et al. 2002:S102 [ref. 28300], Sheiko & Mecklenburg 2004:14 [ref. 27591], Sheiko & Fedorov 2010:73 [ref. 38118], Parin et al. 2014:296 [ref. 33547]). Current status: Synonym of Sarritor frenatus (Gilbert 1896). Agonidae: Agoninae. Habitat: marine.

oculofasciatus, Blepsias Girard [C. F.] 1858:202 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 9 (no. 15) (for 1857); ref. 1811] Fort Steilacoom, Puget Sound, Washington, U.S.A. Holotype: USNM 512. •Valid as Nautichthys oculofasciatus (Girard 1858) -- (Bolin 1944:102 [ref. 6379], Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:176 [ref. 9277], Matarese et al. 1989:452 [ref. 26885], McAllister 1990:200 [ref. 14674], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:511 [ref. 25968], Mecklenburg 2003:3 [ref. 27294], Nelson et al. 2004:122 [ref. 27807], Love et al. 2005:94 [ref. 37547], Maslenikov et al. 2013:12 [ref. 37947], Page et al. 2013:125 [ref. 32708], Pietsch & Orr 2015:46 [ref. 34694], Kells et al. 2016:196 [ref. 35888], Burton & Lea 2019:69 [ref. 37205], Love et al. 2021:131 [ref. 39279]). Current status: Valid as Nautichthys oculofasciatus (Girard 1858). Agonidae: Hemitripterinae. Distribution: Northeastern Pacific: eastern Aleutian Islands (Alaska, U.S.A.) south to southern California (U.S.A.). Habitat: marine.

olrikii, Aspidophoroides Lütken [C. F.] 1877:385 [96 of summary], Figs. 1-3 (p. 32) [Videnskabelige Meddelelser fra den Naturhistoriske Forening i Kjøbenhavn, Aaret 1876-1877; ref. 17566] Greenland Sea, Hellefiskebankerne, depth 32 fathoms. Syntypes: (4) ZMB 12842 [ex ZMUC] (1), ZMUC 123-125 (3, stomach contents). Type catalog: Nielsen 1974:82 [ref. 9588]. Nielsen 1974:108 [ref. 9588] provides correct date of publication of Lütken's original description. Incorrect subsequent spellings olriki and olricki are not in prevailing usage and are not available (Art. 33.3.1). •Valid as Ulcina olrikii (Lütken 1877) [often as olriki] -- (Lindberg 1973:606 [ref. 7220], Andriashev in Whitehead et al. 1986:1267 [ref. 13677], McAllister 1990:205 [ref. 14674], Kanayama 1991:86 [ref. 19261] as olriki, Sheiko 1993:86 [ref. 21227], Kanayama in Okamura et al. 1995:173 [ref. 22531], Busby 1998:59 [ref. 25508], Sheiko & Fedorov 2000:31 [ref. 25650], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:552 [ref. 25968], Parin et al. 2002:S103 [ref. 28300], Sheiko & Mecklenburg 2004:8 [ref. 27591], Love et al. 2005:98 [ref. 37547], Mecklenburg et al. 2007:178 [ref. 29448], Møller et al. 2010:54 [ref. 31169], Sheiko & Fedorov 2010:34 [ref. 38118], Dolgov 2013:919 [ref. 33112]). •Valid as Aspidophoroides olrikii Lütken 1877 -- (Robins & Ray 1986:284 [ref. 23100] as olricki, Scott & Scott 1988:515 [ref. 25518] as olriki, Mecklenburg et al. 2011:125 [ref. 31212], Page et al. 2013:125 [ref. 32708], Mecklenburg et al. 2014:145 [ref. 33463], Parin et al. 2014:285 [ref. 33547], Mecklenburg & Steinke 2015:164 [ref. 34033], Afonso et al. 2016:53, 103 [ref. 36199], Kells et al. 2016:200 [ref. 35888], Mecklenburg et al. 2016:105 [ref. 34440], Mecklenburg et al. 2018:248 [ref. 36370], Love et al. 2021:128 [ref. 39279], Chernova et al. 2022:6 [ref. 39177]). Current status: Valid as Aspidophoroides olrikii Lütken 1877. Agonidae: Anoplagoninae. Distribution: Arctic Ocean, North Pacific, and northwestern Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

pacificus, Leptagonus decagonus Schmidt [P. Yu.] 1950:184, 315 [Trudy Tichookeanskogo Komiteta, Akademija Nauk S.S.S.R. v. 6; ref. 12471] Cape Navarin and Anadyr Gulf, Bering Sea; northern Sakhalin Island, Cape Enkan (near Ayan) and western Kamchatka, Okhotsk Sea; De Kastri Bay, Sea of Japan. Syntypes: ZIN 20683 (1), 24170 (3), 25246-47 (1 lost, 1), 27683 (1), 27687 (5), 28972-73 (5, 3). Type catalog: Sheiko & Fedorov 2010:48 [ref. 38118]. See Sheiko & Mecklenburg 2004:12 [ref. 27591] for type informaiton. •Synonym of Leptagonus decagonus (Bloch & Schneider 1801), but a valid subspecies as described -- (Sheiko 1993:76 [ref. 21227]). •Synonym of Leptagonus decagonus (Bloch & Schneider 1801) -- (Sheiko & Fedorov 2000:30 [ref. 25650], Parin et al. 2002:S98 [ref. 28300], Sheiko & Mecklenburg 2004:12 [ref. 27591], Sheiko & Fedorov 2010:48 [ref. 38118] with question, Parin et al. 2014:290 [ref. 33547]). Current status: Synonym of Leptagonus decagonus (Bloch & Schneider 1801). Agonidae: Agoninae. Habitat: marine.

pacificus, Neohemilepidotus Watanabe [M.] 1958:15, Fig. 9 [Studies of Japanese cottid fishes; ref. 21357] A mistake for Hemilepidotus japonicus (Sakamoto 1932) and not a new species description (Peden 1977:41 [ref. 24080]); see Hemilepidotus japonicus Sakamoto 1932. •In the synonymy of Hemilepidotus papilio (Bean 1880) -- (Peden 1979:41 [ref. 24080], Nakabo 2002:1525 [ref. 26001] with wrong author). Misspelling. Current status: Synonym of Hemilepidotus papilio (Bean 1880). Agonidae: Hemitripterinae. Habitat: marine.

papilio, Melletes Bean [T. H.] 1880:354 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 2 (no. 100); ref. 222] Saint Paul Island, Pribilof Group, Bering Sea, Alaska, U.S.A. Holotype (unique): USNM 23751. •Valid as Melletes papilio Bean 1880 -- (Lindberg & Krasyukova 1987:183 [ref. 15964], Sheiko & Fedorov 2000:28 [ref. 25650], Parin et al. 2002:S79 [ref. 28300], Tokranov et al. 2003:300 [ref. 26972], Fedorov et al. 2003:74 [ref. 27579]). •Valid as Hemilepidotus (Melletes) papilio (Bean 1880) -- (Mecklenburg et al. 2007:176 [ref. 29448]). •Valid as Hemilepidotus papilio (Bean 1880) -- (Peden 1979:41 [ref. 24080], Yabe in Masuda et al. 1984:324 [ref. 6441], Nakabo 2000:631 [ref. 25086], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:431 [ref. 25968], Nakabo 2002:631 [ref. 26001], Nelson et al. 2004:120 [ref. 27807], Love et al. 2005:87 [ref. 37547], Mecklenburg et al. 2011:122 [ref. 31212], Page et al. 2013:123 [ref. 32708], Shinohara et al. 2014:250 [ref. 33330], Parin et al. 2014:251 [ref. 33547], Mecklenburg & Steinke 2015:164 [ref. 34033], Tohkairin et al. 2015:7 [ref. 35331], Mecklenburg et al. 2016:65 [ref. 34440], Kells et al. 2016:174 [ref. 35888], Dyldin & Orlov 2017:64 [ref. 35138], Mecklenburg et al. 2018:203 [ref. 36370], Dyldin et al. 2021:64 [ref. 38804], Love et al. 2021:129 [ref. 39279], Dyldin & Orlov 2022:45 [ref. 38972]). Current status: Valid as Hemilepidotus papilio (Bean 1880). Agonidae: Hemitripterinae. Distribution: North Pacific and adjacent Arctic Region: northern Hokkaido (Japan) and Sea of Okhotsk north to western Bering Sea and Chukchi Sea, east to western Aleutian Islands (U.S.A.). Habitat: brackish, marine.

pentacanthus, Xenochirus Gilbert [C. H.] 1890:91 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 13 (no. 797); ref. 1623] Coast of Washington, U.S.A., Albatross station 3076, 47°46'00"N, 125°10'00"W, depth 178 fathoms. Syntypes: BMNH 1900.9.29.213 (1); CAS-SU 250 (5); MCZ 27852 [ex USNM 46609] (1); USNM 43090 (1), 46609 (4). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:134 [ref. 12291]. •Valid as Asterotheca pentacantha (Gilbert 1890) -- Gilbert 1915: 344 [ref. 1632]. •Valid as Bathyagonus pentacanthus (Gilbert 1890) -- (Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:187 [ref. 9277], McAllister 1990:205 [ref. 14674], Kanayama 1991:74 [ref. 19261], Sheiko 1993:73 [ref. 21227], Busby 1998:40 [ref. 25508], Imamura & Kitagawa 1999:108 [ref. 24208], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:546 [ref. 25968], Sheiko & Mecklenburg 2004:5 [ref. 27591], Nelson et al. 2004:122 [ref. 27807], Love et al. 2005:96 [ref. 37547], Sheiko & Fedorov 2010:21 [ref. 38118], Maslenikov et al. 2013:13 [ref. 37947], Page et al. 2013:126 [ref. 32708], Pietsch & Orr 2015:48 [ref. 34694], Kells et al. 2016:200 [ref. 35888], Burton & Lea 2019:69 [ref. 37205], Love et al. 2021:128 [ref. 39279]). Current status: Valid as Bathyagonus pentacanthus (Gilbert 1890). Agonidae: Bathyagoninae. Distribution: Northeastern Pacific: western Aleutians and Gulf of Alaska south to southern California (U.S.A.). Habitat: marine.

peristethus, Podothecus Gill [T. N.] 1861:259 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 13; ref. 12597] Simeahmoo, Washington Territory, U.S.A. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. •Synonym of Podothecus accipenserinus (Tilesius 1813) -- (Kanayama 1991:46 [ref. 19261] as peristesus, Sheiko 1993:80 [ref. 21227], Sheiko & Mecklenburg 2004:12 [ref. 27591], Mecklenburg et al. 2007:177 [ref. 29448]). Current status: Synonym of Podothecus accipenserinus (Tilesius 1813). Agonidae: Agoninae. Habitat: marine.

pribilovius, Nautiscus Jordan [D. S.] & Gilbert [C. H.] in Jordan & Evermann 1898:2019 [Bulletin of the United States National Museum No. 47; ref. 2444] Off St. George Island, Pribilof Islands, Bering Sea, *Albatross* station 3635, depth 23 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 48237. Paratypes: (many). Also appeared in Jordan & Gilbert 1899:468, Pl. 59 [ref. 2478]. •Valid as Nautichthys pribilovius (Jordan & Gilbert 1898) -- (Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:177 [ref. 9277], Yabe in Masuda et al. 1984:323 [ref. 6441], Lindberg & Krasyukova 1987:169 [ref. 15964], Sokolovskaya et al. 1998:10 [ref. 24670], Nakabo 2000:627 [ref. 25086], Sheiko & Fedorov 2000:29 [ref. 25650], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:512 [ref. 25968], Nakabo 2002:627 [ref. 26001], Parin et al. 2002:S91 [ref. 28300], Mecklenburg 2003:3 [ref. 27294], Fedorov et al. 2003:85 [ref. 27579], Nelson et al. 2004:122 [ref. 27807], Love et al. 2005:94 [ref. 37547], Mecklenburg et al. 2007:177 [ref. 29448], Mecklenburg et al. 2011:125 [ref. 31212], Maslenikov et al. 2013:12 [ref. 37947], Page et al. 2013:125 [ref. 32708], Shinohara et al. 2014:251 [ref. 33330], Parin et al. 2014:282 [ref. 33547], Mecklenburg & Steinke 2015:164 [ref. 34033], Mecklenburg et al. 2016:95 [ref. 34440], Kells et al. 2016:196 [ref. 35888], Dyldin & Orlov 2017:69 [ref. 35138], Mecklenburg et al. 2018:234 [ref. 36370], Kim et al. 2020:105 [ref. 39118], Dyldin et al. 2021:70 [ref. 38804], Love et al. 2021:131 [ref. 39279], Dyldin & Orlov 2022:54 [ref. 38972]). Current status: Valid as Nautichthys pribilovius (Jordan & Gilbert 1898). Agonidae: Hemitripterinae. Distribution: North Pacific and adjacent Arctic: Sea of Japan and Sea of Okhotsk north to Bering Sea and Chukchi Sea, then south to southeastern Alaska (U.S.A.). Habitat: brackish, marine.

proboscidalis, Aspidophorus Valenciennes [A.] 1858:1040 [Comptes Rendus Hebdomadaires des Séances de l'Académie des Sciences v. 47; ref. 17871] Port of Emperor Nicholas [Sovetskaya, Gavan', northern Primorye], Tatar Strait, Japan Sea. Holotype (unique): MNHN 0000-4305. Type catalog: Blanc & Hureau 1968:55 [ref. 20738]. •Valid as Hypsagonus proboscidalis (Valenciennes 1858) -- (Kanayama 1991:21 [ref. 19261], Sokolovskaya et al. 1998:10 [ref. 24670], Nakabo 2000:660 [ref. 25086], Nakabo 2002:660 [ref. 26001], Choi et al. 2003:272, 581 [ref. 26218]). •Valid as Agonomalus proboscidalis (Valenciennes 1858) -- (Kanayama in Masuda et al. 1984:331 [ref. 6441], Lindberg & Krasyukova 1987:291 [ref. 15964], Maeda & Amaoka 1988:62 [ref. 12616], Sheiko 1993:67 [ref. 21227], Kim et al. 1993:23 [ref. 22288], Parin et al. 2002:S95 [ref. 28300], Sheiko & Mecklenburg 2004:2-3 [ref. 27591], Sheiko & Fedorov 2010:10 [ref. 38118], Parin et al. 2014:283 [ref. 33547], Kim et al. 2020:105 [ref. 39118], Dyldin et al. 2021:73 [ref. 38804], Dyldin & Orlov 2022:60 [ref. 38972]). Current status: Valid as Agonomalus proboscidalis (Valenciennes 1858). Agonidae: Hypsagoninae. Distribution: Northwestern Pacific: southern Okhotsk Sea to southern Sea of Japan (Korea, Japan, Russia) and Pacific coast of northern Japan. Habitat: marine.

purpurea, Scorpaena Mitchill [S. L.] 1818:245 [American Monthly Magazine and Critical Review v. 2 (no. 4) (art. 1); ref. 17774] Off Block Island, New York, U.S.A., Atlantic. No types known. •Synonym of Hemitripterus americanus (Gmelin 1789) -- (Mecklenburg 2003:3 [ref. 27294]). Current status: Synonym of Hemitripterus americanus (Gmelin 1789). Agonidae: Hemitripterinae. Habitat: marine.

quadricornis, Aspidophorus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1829:221, Pl. 80 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 4; ref. 998] Kamchatka, Russia. Holotype (unique): BMNH 2007.12.7.1 (very poor condition). Type catalog: Blanc & Hureau 1968:61 [ref. 20738], Sheiko & Fedorov 2010:12 [ref. 38118]. Author is correctly Valenciennes; see Sheiko & Mecklenburg 2004:3 [ref. 27591] for comments on authorship. •Valid as Hypsagonus quadricornis (Valenciennes 1829) [as Cuvier 1829]-- (Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:188 [ref. 9277], Kanayama in Masuda et al. 1984:331 [ref. 6441], Lindberg & Krasyukova 1987:295 [ref. 15964], McAllister 1990:205 [ref. 14674], Kanayama 1991:17 [ref. 19261], Sheiko 1993:74 [ref. 21227], Busby 1998:13 [ref. 25508], Nakabo 2000:660 [ref. 25086], Sheiko & Fedorov 2000:30 [ref. 25650], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:531 [ref. 25968], Nakabo 2002:660 [ref. 26001], Choi et al. 2003:272, 581 [ref. 26218], Parin et al. 2002:S98 [ref. 28300], Sheiko & Mecklenburg 2004:3 [ref. 27591], Nelson et al. 2004:122 [ref. 27807], Love et al. 2005:97 [ref. 37547], Sheiko & Fedorov 2010:12 [ref. 38118], Mecklenburg et al. 2011:125 [ref. 31212], Shinohara et al. 2011:45 [ref. 31715], Maslenikov et al. 2013:13 [ref. 37947], Page et al. 2013:126 [ref. 32708], Shinohara et al. 2014:252 [ref. 33330], Parin et al. 2014:289 [ref. 33547], Mecklenburg & Steinke 2015:164 [ref. 34033], Pietsch & Orr 2015:49 [ref. 34694], Mecklenburg et al. 2016:108 [ref. 34440], Kells et al. 2016:202 [ref. 35888], Mecklenburg et al. 2018:250 [reg. 36370], Kim et al. 2020:107 [ref. 39118], Love et al. 2021:130 [ref. 39279]). Current status: Valid as Hypsagonus quadricornis (Valenciennes 1829). Agonidae: Hypsagoninae. Distribution: North Pacific and Arctic areas: southern Chukchi Sea to northern Okhotsk Sea, northern Kuril Islands, Sea of Japan (Korea), and Puget Sound, Washington. Habitat: marine.

ritteri, Xeneretmus Gilbert [C. H.] 1915:350, Pl. 17 (fig. 10 [not 11]) [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 48 (no. 2075); ref. 1632] Off San Diego, California, U.S.A., Albatross station 4366, depth 176-181 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 75814. Paratypes: CAS-SU 22303 (4), 22980 (1). •Valid as Xeneretmus ritteri Gilbert 1915 -- (Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:190 [ref. 9277], Kanayama 1991:83 [ref. 19261] with genus as Xenertmus, Sheiko 1993:87 [ref. 21227], Sheiko & Mecklenburg 2004:6 [ref. 27591], Love et al. 2005:99 [ref. 37547], Sheiko & Fedorov 2010:22 [ref. 38118], Page et al. 2013:126 [ref. 32708], Love et al. 2021:132 [ref. 39279]). Current status: Valid as Xeneretmus ritteri Gilbert 1915. Agonidae: Bathyagoninae. Distribution: Northeastern Pacific: southern California (U.S.A.) south to Pacific coast of central Baja California (Mexico); northern Gulf of California (Mexico). Habitat: marine.

robustus, Nautichthys Peden [A. E.] 1970:2, Figs. 1-2 [Publications in Biological Oceanography, National Museum Natural Science Canada No. 2; ref. 22188] Attu Island, Aleutian Islands, Alaska, U.S.A. Holotype: USNM 204495 [ex BC 63-1004]. Paratypes: BC63-359 (1), 63-1010 (1), 64-477 (2); USNM 103649 (2). •Valid as Nautichthys robustus Peden 1970 -- (Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:177 [ref. 9277], McAllister 1990:201 [ref. 14674], Sheiko & Fedorov 2000:29 [ref. 25650], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:513 [ref. 25968], Parin et al. 2002:S91 [ref. 28300], Mecklenburg 2003:3 [ref. 27294], Nelson et al. 2004:122 [ref. 27807], Love et al. 2005:94 [ref. 37547], Page et al. 2013:125 [ref. 32708], Parin et al. 2014:283 [ref. 33547], Mecklenburg et al. 2016:96 [ref. 34440] see remarks, Kells et al. 2016:196 [ref. 35888], Love et al. 2021:131 [ref. 39279]). Current status: Valid as Nautichthys robustus Peden 1970. Agonidae: Hemitripterinae. Distribution: Northeastern Pacific: Aleutian Islands (U.S.A.) and southeastern Gulf of Alaska (U.S.A.) south to northern Washington (U.S.A.). Habitat: marine.

rostratus, Agonus Tilesius [W. G. von] 1813:448, Pl. 14 (figs. 1-3) [Mémoires de l'Académie Impériale des Sciences de Saint Pétersbourg v. 4 (for 1811); ref. 13413] Aaniwa Bay, Sakhalin Island, Kuril Islands. Syntypes: ZIN 5597 (1), others unknown. Type catalog: Svetovidov 1978:29 [ref. 6025], Sheiko & Fedorov 2010:84 [ref. 38118]. •Valid as Brachyopsis rostratus (Tilesius 1813) -- (Kanayama in Masuda et al. 1984:332 [ref. 6441], Nakabo 2000:657 [ref. 25086] as rostratua, Nakabo 2002:657 [ref. 26001] as rostratua). •Synonym of Brachyopsis segaliensis (Tilesius 1809) -- (Lindberg & Krasyukova 1987:315 [ref. 15964], Maeda & Amaoka 1988:77 [ref. 12616], Kanayama 1991:112 [ref. 19261], Sheiko 1993:74 [ref. 21227], Sheiko & Fedorov 2000:30 [ref. 25650], Parin et al. 2002:S97 [ref. 28300], Sheiko & Mecklenburg 2004:15 [ref. 27591], Sheiko & Fedorov 2010:84 [ref. 38118], Parin et al. 2014:287 [ref. 33547], Dyldin & Orlov 2017:69 [ref. 35138]). Current status: Synonym of Brachyopsis segaliensis (Tilesius 1809). Agonidae: Brachyopsinae. Habitat: marine.

rufa, Scorpaena Mitchill [S. L.] 1818:245 [American Monthly Magazine and Critical Review v. 2 (no. 4) (art. 1); ref. 17774] New York, U.S.A., Atlantic. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. •Synonym of Hemitripterus americanus (Gmelin 1789) -- (Mecklenburg 2003:3 [ref. 27294]). Current status: Synonym of Hemitripterus americanus (Gmelin 1789). Agonidae: Hemitripterinae. Habitat: marine.

sachi, Draciscus Jordan [D. S.] & Snyder [J. O.] 1901:379, Pl. 19 [Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences (Series 3) v. 2 (nos 7-8); ref. 2503] Bay of Aomori, Japan. Holotype (unique): CAS-SU 6431 (dry). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:133 [ref. 12291]. •Valid as Podothecus sachi (Jordan & Snyder 1901) -- (Kanayama in Masuda et al. 1984:332 [ref. 6441], Lindberg & Krasyukova 1987:325 [ref. 15964], Maeda & Amaoka 1988:86 [ref. 12616], Kanayama 1991:57 [ref. 19261], Sheiko 1993:82 [ref. 21227], Shinohara et al. 1996:177 [ref. 26605], Sokolovskaya et al. 1998:10 [ref. 24670], Nakabo 2000:654 [ref. 25086], Nakabo 2002:654 [ref. 26001], Choi et al. 2003:273, 582 [ref. 26218], Parin et al. 2002:S101 [ref. 28300], Sheiko & Mecklenburg 2004:13 [ref. 27591], Sheiko & Fedorov 2010:64 [ref. 38118], Shinohara et al. 2014:253 [ref. 33330], Parin et al. 2014:294 [ref. 33547], Tohkairin et al. 2015:8 [ref. 35331], Dyldin & Orlov 2022:57 [ref. 38972]). Current status: Valid as Podothecus sachi (Jordan & Snyder 1901). Agonidae: Agoninae. Distribution: Northwestern Pacific: southern Okhotsk Sea to northern Japan Sea and Pacific coast of northern Japan. Habitat: marine.

schoneveldii, Cataphractus Fleming [J.] 1828:216 [A history of British animals; ref. 1339] Unneeded new replacement name for Cottus cataphractus Linnaeus 1758. •Synonym of Agonus cataphractus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Lindberg 1973:605 [ref. 7220] as schoneweldi, Kanayama 1991:61 [ref. 19261], Sheiko & Mecklenburg 2004:11 [ref. 27591]). Current status: Synonym of Agonus cataphractus (Linnaeus 1758). Agonidae: Agoninae. Habitat: marine.

segaliensis, Agonus Tilesius [W. G. von] 1809:216, Pl. 14 [Mémoires de la Société impériale des naturalistes de Moscou v. 2 (art. 20); ref. 4406] Terpeniya Bay, Sakhalin Island. Syntypes: (not saved). Schmidt 1950:187 [ref. 12471] describes the nomenclatural history and arranges the sequence of junior synonyms of B. segaliensis. •Valid as Brachyopsis segaliensis (Tilesius 1809) -- (Lindberg & Krasyukova 1987:315 [ref. 15964], Kanayama 1991:112 [ref. 19261], Sheiko 1993:74 [ref. 21227], Sokolovskaya et al. 1998:10 [ref. 24670], Sheiko & Fedorov 2000:30 [ref. 25650], Choi et al. 2003:272, 580 [ref. 26218], Parin et al. 2002:S97 [ref. 28300], Sheiko & Mecklenburg 2004:15 [ref. 27591], Sheiko & Fedorov 2010:84 [ref. 38118], Parin et al. 2014:287 [ref. 33547], Dyldin & Orlov 2017:69 [ref. 35138], Dyldin et al. 2021:71 [ref. 38804], Dyldin & Orlov 2022:58 [ref. 38972]). Current status: Valid as Brachyopsis segaliensis (Tilesius 1809). Agonidae: Brachyopsinae. Distribution: Northwestern Pacific: southern Okhotsk Sea to northern Japan Sea and Pacific coast of northern Japan. Habitat: brackish, marine.

sertorii, Paragonus Miranda Ribeiro [A. de] 1918:788 [4], 3 figs. [Revista do Museu Paulista v. 10; ref. 3724] "ao largo de Santos Costas do Brasil" [locality may be in error]. Holotype (unique): DZSASP [now MZUSP] (not found). Type catalog: Britski 1969:200 [ref. 12401]. On p. 4 of separate. •Synonym of Agonus cataphractus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Kanayama 1991:61 [ref. 19261], Sheiko 1993:70 [ref. 21227], Sheiko & Mecklenburg 2004:11 [ref. 27591]). Current status: Synonym of Agonus cataphractus (Linnaeus 1758). Agonidae: Agoninae. Habitat: marine.

severus, Agonomalus Gratzianov [V. I.] 1907:338 [Trudy Otdela Ichtiologii Imperatorskago Russkago Obshchestva Akklimatizacii Zivotnych' i Rastenii. v. 4; ref. 1871] Shiraoi, Hokkaido, Japan. Syntypes: CAS-SU 7731 (1, described syntype, missing), CAS-SU 7940 (3); USNM 51444 (1). Unneeded new name for Agonomalus jordani of Jordan & Starks, 1904:581 [ref. 10665], not of Schmidt. •Synonym of Agonomalus jordani Jordan & Starks 1904 -- (Sheiko 1993:68 [ref. 21227], Parin et al. 2002:S95 [ref. 28300], Sheiko & Mecklenburg 2004:2 [ref. 27591], Parin et al. 2014:283 [ref. 33547]). Current status: Synonym of Agonomalus jordani Jordan & Starks 1904. Agonidae: Hypsagoninae. Habitat: marine.

sinensis, Hemitripterus Sauvage [H.-E.] 1873:53 [Nouvelles Archives du Muséum d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris v. 9 (pt 2, Bulletin); ref. 18661] China seas [perhaps in error]. Holotype (unique): MNHN 0000-6924. Type catalog: Blanc & Hureau 1968:53 [ref. 20738]. See Mecklenburg et al. 2002:505, 508 [ref. 25968] and Mecklenburg 2003:3 [ref. 27294] for information on type locality. •Synonym of Hemitripterus villosus (Pallas 1814) -- (Mecklenburg 2003:3 [ref. 27294]). Current status: Synonym of Hemitripterus villosus (Pallas 1814). Agonidae: Hemitripterinae. Habitat: marine.

spinosissimus, Aspidophorus Krøyer [H. N.] 1845:250 [Naturhistorisk Tidsskrift (Kjøbenhavn) (n. s.) v. 1; ref. 2689] Greenland. Holotype: ZMUC 55 (lost). Type catalog: Nielsen 1974:82 [ref. 9588]. •Synonym of Leptagonus decagonus (Bloch & Schneider 1801) -- (Lindberg 1973:605 [ref. 7220], Lindberg & Krasyukova 1987:342 [ref. 15964], Kanayama 1991:37 [ref. 19261], Sheiko 1993:75 [ref. 21227], Sheiko & Mecklenburg 2004:12 [ref. 27591]). Current status: Synonym of Leptagonus decagonus (Bloch & Schneider 1801). Agonidae: Agoninae. Habitat: marine.

spinosus, Hemilepidotus Ayres [W. O.] 1854:166 [The Pacific [newspaper] v. 3 and 4 (thru no. 6); ref. 157] San Francisco Bay, California, U.S.A. Possible syntypes: BMNH 1863.10.9.103-104 (2?) from Ayres. Originally as Hemilepidotus ? spinosus. Appeared first as above on 25 Aug.; also as Calycilepidotus spinosus in Ayres 1855:76 [ref. 159]. •Valid as Hemilepidotus spinosus Ayres 1854 -- (Peden 1979:18 [ref. 24080], Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:171 [ref. 9277], Matarese et al. 1989:378 [ref. 26885], McAllister 1990:197 [ref. 14674], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:432 [ref. 25968], Tokranov et al. 2003:300 [ref. 26972], Nelson et al. 2004:120 [ref. 27807], Love et al. 2005:87 [ref. 37547], Page et al. 2013:123 [ref. 32708], Pietsch & Orr 2015:40 [ref. 34694], Kells et al. 2016:174 [ref. 35888], Burton & Lea 2019:66 [ref. 37205], Love et al. 2021:130 [ref. 39279]). Current status: Valid as Hemilepidotus spinosus Ayres 1854. Agonidae: Hemitripterinae. Distribution: Northeastern Pacific: Kachemak Bay, northern Gulf of Alaska (U.S.A.) south to southern California (U.S.A.). Habitat: marine.

stegophthalmus, Agonus Tilesius [W. G. von] 1813:427, Pl. 12 (figs. 1-3) [Mémoires de l'Académie Impériale des Sciences de Saint Pétersbourg v. 4 (for 1811); ref. 13413] Terpeniya Bay, Sakhalin Island. Holotype (unique): not saved. •Synonym of Percis japonica (Pallas 1769) [some as japonicus] -- (Lindberg & Krasyukova 1987:280 [ref. 15964], Kanayama 1991:27 [ref. 19261], Sheiko 1993:79 [ref. 21227], Parin et al. 2002:S100 [ref. 28300], Sheiko & Mecklenburg 2004:3 [ref. 27591], Parin et al. 2014:293 [ref. 33547]). Current status: Synonym of Percis japonica (Pallas 1769). Agonidae: Hypsagoninae. Habitat: marine.

sterletus, Averruncus Gilbert [C. H.] in Jordan & Evermann 1898:2071 [Bulletin of the United States National Museum No. 47; ref. 2444] Off Avalon, Coronado Island, southern California, U.S.A., Albatross station 3662, depth 47 fathoms. Holotype (unique): USNM 48878. Author is C. H. Gilbert. Also appeared as new in Gilbert 1899:27, Pl. 2 [ref. 21322]. •Valid as Agonopsis sterletus (Gilbert 1898) -- (Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:185 [ref. 9277], Kanayama 1991:65 [ref. 19261], Castro-Aguirre et al. 1993:93 [ref. 21807], Sheiko 1993:69 [ref. 21227], De La Cruz Agüero et al. 1997:50 [ref. 24545], Sheiko & Mecklenburg 2004:10 [ref. 27591], Nelson et al. 2004:122 [ref. 27807], Love et al. 2005:96 [ref. 37547], Sheiko & Fedorov 2010:43 [ref. 38118], Page et al. 2013:125 [ref. 32708], Kells et al. 2016:198 [ref. 35888], Burton & Lea 2019:69 [ref. 37205], Love et al. 2021:127 [ref. 39279]). Current status: Valid as Agonopsis sterletus (Gilbert 1898). Agonidae: Agoninae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific: central California (U.S.A.) south to Pacific coast of southern Baja California Sur (Mexico). Habitat: marine.

sturioides, Paragonus Guichenot [A.] 1869:202, Pl. 12 (fig. 3) [Nouvelles Archives du Muséum d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris v. 5 (fasc. 3); ref. 1952] China. Holotype (unique): MNHN 0000-2109. Type catalog: Blanc & Hureau 1968:57 [ref. 20738]. •Synonym of Podothecus gilberti (Collett 1895) -- (Lindberg & Krasyukova 1987:332 [ref. 15964]). •Valid as Podothecus sturioides (Guichenot 1869) -- (Kanayama 1991:53 [ref. 19261], Sheiko 1993 [ref. 21225], Sheiko 1993:80 [ref. 21227], Sokolovskaya et al. 1998:10 [ref. 24670], Nakabo 2000:655 [ref. 25086], Sheiko & Fedorov 2000:30 [ref. 25650], Nakabo 2002:655 [ref. 26001], Choi et al. 2003:273, 582 [ref. 26218], Parin et al. 2002:S101 [ref. 28300], Fedorov et al. 2003:90 [ref. 27579], Sheiko & Mecklenburg 2004:13 [ref. 27591], Parin et al. 2014:295 [ref. 33547], Dyldin et al. 2021:70 [ref. 38804], Dyldin & Orlov 2022:57 [ref. 38972]). Current status: Valid as Podothecus sturioides (Guichenot 1869). Agonidae: Agoninae. Distribution: Northwestern Pacific: southeastern Kamchatka to northern Japan Sea and Pacific coast of northern Japan. Habitat: marine.

superciliosus, Aspidophorus Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1829:215 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 4; ref. 998] Kuril Islands, Japan; Sakhalin Island. No types known. Type catalog: Blanc & Hureau 1968:61 [ref. 20738]. Unneeded replacement name for Cottus japonicus Cuvier in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1829:215 [ref. 998]. •Synonym of Percis japonica (Pallas 1769) [Some as japonicus] -- (Lindberg & Krasyukova 1987:280 [ref. 15964], Kanayama 1991:27 [ref. 19261], Sheiko 1993:79 [ref. 21227], Parin et al. 2002:S100 [ref. 28300], Sheiko & Mecklenburg 2004:4 [ref. 27591], Parin et al. 2014:293 [ref. 33547]). Current status: Synonym of Percis japonica (Pallas 1769). Agonidae: Hypsagoninae. Habitat: marine.

swanii, Hypsagonus Steindachner [F.] 1876:192 [144], Pl. 4 [Sitzungsberichte der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften. Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe v. 74 (1. Abth.); ref. 4225] Port Townsend, Puget Sound, Washington, U.S.A. Holotype (unique): NMW 22371. On p. 144 of separate. •Valid as Bothragonus swanii (Steindachner 1876) -- (Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:187 [ref. 9277], Matarese et al. 1989:460 [ref. 26885], McAllister 1990:205 [ref. 14674] as swani, Kanayama 1991:69 [ref. 19261], Sheiko 1993:73 [ref. 21227], Busby 1998:34 [ref. 25508] as swani, Mecklenburg et al. 2002:543 [ref. 25968], Sheiko & Mecklenburg 2004:7 [ref. 27591], Nelson et al. 2004:122 [ref. 27807], Love et al. 2005:97 [ref. 37547], Sheiko & Fedorov 2010:23 [ref. 38118], Page et al. 2013:126 [ref. 32708], Pietsch & Orr 2015:48 [ref. 34694], Kells et al. 2016:202 [ref. 35888], Burton & Lea 2019:69 [ref. 37205], Love et al. 2021:129 [ref. 39279]). Current status: Valid as Bothragonus swanii (Steindachner 1876). Agonidae: Bothragoninae. Distribution: Northeastern Pacific: Gulf of Alaska south to central California (U.S.A.). Habitat: marine.

thompsoni, Podothecus Jordan [D. S.] & Gilbert [C. H.] in Jordan & Evermann 1898:2060 [Bulletin of the United States National Museum No. 47; ref. 2444] Off Shana Bay, Iturup Island, Kuril Islands, 45°14'N, 147°52'30"E, Albatross station 3653, depth 18 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 48252 [ex CAS-SU] [not CAS-SU 5657]. Paratypes: CAS-SU 5657 [not 5667] (1), 16505 [ex CAS-SU 5657] (2). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:134 [ref. 12291]. Appeared first as above, then in Jordan & Gilbert 1899:473, Pl. 72 [ref. 2478]. Holotype at USNM, not at SU; it is the drawn specimen in Pl. 72 [ref. 2478] (see Sheiko & Mecklenburg 2004:11 [ref. 27591]). •Valid as Podothecus thompsoni Jordan & Gilbert 1898 -- (Kanayama in Masuda et al. 1984:332 [ref. 6441], Lindberg & Krasyukova 1987:328 [ref. 15964], Maeda & Amaoka 1988:62 [ref. 12616], Sheiko 1993:81 [ref. 21227], Sokolovskaya et al. 1998:10 [ref. 24670]). •Valid as Freemanichthys thompsoni (Jordan & Gilbert 1898) -- (Kanayama 1991:34 [ref. 19261], Nakabo 2000:655 [ref. 25086], Sheiko & Fedorov 2000:30 [ref. 25650], Nakabo 2002:655 [ref. 26001], Choi et al. 2003:272, 580 [ref. 26218], Parin et al. 2002:S97 [ref. 28300], Sheiko & Fedorov 2010:44 [ref. 38118], Shinohara et al. 2011:44 [ref. 31715], Shinohara et al. 2014:252 [ref. 33330], Parin et al. 2014:288 [ref. 33547], Tohkairin et al. 2015:8 [ref. 35331], Kim et al. 2020:107 [ref. 39118], Dyldin et al. 2021:70 [ref. 38804], Dyldin & Orlov 2022:56 [ref. 38972]). Current status: Valid as Freemanichthys thompsoni (Jordan & Gilbert 1898). Agonidae: Agoninae. Distribution: Northwestern Pacific: southern Okhotsk Sea to northern Japan Sea and Pacific coast of northern Japan and South Korea. Habitat: marine.

tilesii, Hemilepidotus Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1829:276, Pl. 85 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 4; ref. 998] Kamchatka, Russia. Lectotype: MNHN 0000-7155. Type catalog: Blanc & Hureau 1968:52 [ref. 20738] with 7155 as holotype; based on literature sources and one specimen; MNHN 7155 designated lectotype by Eschmeyer 1998:1679 [ref. 23416]. Apparently based on Cottus hemilepidotus Tilesius and Cottus trachurus Pallas. Type information: Svetovidov 1978:24 [ref. 6025] with 7155 as holotype. •Synonym of Hemilepidotus hemilepidotus (Tilesius 1811) -- (Bolin 1944:17 [ref. 6379], Peden 1979:24 [ref. 24080], Parin et al. 2002:S76 [ref. 28300], Parin et al. 2014:250 [ref. 33547]). Current status: Synonym of Hemilepidotus hemilepidotus (Tilesius 1811). Agonidae: Hemitripterinae. Habitat: marine.

tokubire, Podothecus Ishikawa [C.] in Jordan & Starks 1904:592 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 27 (no. 1365); ref. 10665] Hokkaido, Japan. Holotype (unique): NSMT M818 (stuffed, lost). Also appeared as new in Jordan & Starks 1904:592 [ref. 10665] on 23 Feb., above on 8 Feb. •Synonym of Podothecus sachi (Jordan & Snyder 1901) -- (Lindberg & Krasyukova 1987:325 [ref. 15964], Kanayama 1991:57 [ref. 19261], Sheiko 1993:82 [ref. 21227], Parin et al. 2002:S101 [ref. 28300], Sheiko & Mecklenburg 2004:13 [ref. 27591], Parin et al. 2014:294 [ref. 33547]). Current status: Synonym of Podothecus sachi (Jordan & Snyder 1901). Agonidae: Agoninae. Habitat: marine.

trachurus, Cottus Pallas [P. S.] 1814:138 [Zoographia Rosso-Asiatica v. 3; ref. 3351] Kuril Islands. Lectotype: ZMB 4755. Type information: Svetovidov 1978:26 [ref. 6025]. Lectotype selected by Svetovidov 1978:26 [ref. 6025]. •In part (Kuriles) a synonym of Hemilepidotus gilberti Jordan & Starks 1904 -- (Peden 1979:36 [ref. 24080]). •Synonym of Hemilepidotus hemilepidotus (Tilesius 1811) -- (Bolin 1944:17 [ref. 6379], Peden 1979:24 [ref. 24080] as in part, Parin et al. 2002:S76 [ref. 28300], Parin et al. 2014:250 [ref. 33547]). Current status: Synonym of Hemilepidotus hemilepidotus (Tilesius 1811). Agonidae: Hemitripterinae. Habitat: marine.

tranquebar, Aspidophoroides Lacepède [B. G. E.] 1801:227, 228 [Histoire naturelle des poissons (Lacepède) v. 3; ref. 2710] Tranquebar [Tharangambadi], India [error for Greenland]. Unneeded new replacement name for Cottus monopterygius Bloch 1786. Also appeared in Sonnini 1803:274, 275 (vol. 8) [ref. 30473]. •Synonym of Aspidophoroides monopterygius (Bloch 1786) -- (Kanayama 1991:88 [ref. 19261], Sheiko 1993:72 [ref. 21227], Sheiko & Mecklenburg 2004:8 [ref. 27591]). Replacement Name. Current status: Synonym of Aspidophoroides monopterygius (Bloch 1786). Agonidae: Anoplagoninae. Habitat: marine.

triacanthus, Xenochirus Gilbert [C. H.] 1890:91 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 13 (no. 797); ref. 1623] Coast of California, U.S.A., Albatross station 2893, 34°12'30"N, 120°32'30"W, depth 145 fathoms. Lectotype: USNM 43089. Paralectotypes: MCZ 27922 [ex USNM 46601] (1), USNM 43089 (1), 46601 (2), 46606 (1), 125577 (5). Lectotype selected by Leipertz 1985:36 [ref. 5243]. •Valid as Xeneretmus triacanthus (Gilbert 1890) -- (Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:190 [ref. 9277], McAllister 1990:206 [ref. 14674], Kanayama 1991:79 [ref. 19261] with genus as Xenertmus, Sheiko 1993:86 [ref. 21227], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:551 [ref. 25968], Sheiko & Mecklenburg 2004:6 [ref. 27591], Love et al. 2005:99 [ref. 37547], Sheiko & Fedorov 2010:23 [ref. 38118], Page et al. 2013:126 [ref. 32708], Pietsch & Orr 2015:50 [ref. 34694], Kells et al. 2016:206 [ref. 35888], Burton & Lea 2019:70 [ref. 37205], Love et al. 2021:132 [ref. 39279]). Current status: Valid as Xeneretmus triacanthus (Gilbert 1890). Agonidae: Bathyagoninae. Distribution: Northeastern Pacific: northern British Columbia (Canada) south to Pacific coast of northern Baja California (Mexico). Habitat: marine.

trilobus, Blepsias Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1829:375, Pl. 90 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 4; ref. 998] Gulf of Avatscha and Port of Avatscha, Penshin Sea, Mouth of the Utka River. Syntypes: MNHN A-5417 (1, dry) Kamtchatka, ZMB 8781 (1, dry). Type catalog: Blanc & Hureau 1968:49 [ref. 20738] with MNHN A.5417 incorrectly as holotype. We regard this as an unneeded replacement name for Trachinus cirrhosus Pallas 1814. Type information: Svetovidov 1978:28 [ref. 6025]. •Synonym of Blepsias cirrhosus (Pallas 1814) -- (Bolin 1944:99 [ref. 6379], Lindberg & Krasyukova 1987:261 [ref. 15964], Parin et al. 2002:S90 [ref. 28300], Mecklenburg 2003:2 [ref. 27294], Parin et al. 2014:280 [ref. 33547], Dyldin & Orlov 2017:68 [ref. 35138]). Replacement Name. Current status: Synonym of Blepsias cirrhosus (Pallas 1814). Agonidae: Hemitripterinae. Habitat: marine.

tripterygius, Cottus Bloch [M. E.] & Schneider [J. G.] 1801:63, Pl. 13 [M. E. Blochii, Systema Ichthyologiae; ref. 471] Nova Scotia, Canada. No types known. •Synonym of Hemitripterus americanus (Gmelin 1789) -- (Mecklenburg 2003:3 [ref. 27294]). Current status: Synonym of Hemitripterus americanus (Gmelin 1789). Agonidae: Hemitripterinae. Habitat: marine.

trispinosus, Odontopyxis Lockington [W. N.] 1880:328 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 2 (no. 97); ref. 2815] San Francisco markets, California, U.S.A. Holotype: USNM 23504. Paratypes: (2). Species epithet originally trispinosus, must be changed to trispinosa to agree in gender with the genus. •Valid as Odontopyxis trispinosa Lockington 1880 -- (Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:188 [ref. 9277], McAllister 1990:206 [ref. 14674], Kanayama 1991:84 [ref. 19261], Sheiko 1993:78 [ref. 21227], Busby 1998:55 [ref. 25508], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:544 [ref. 25968], Sheiko & Mecklenburg 2004:5 [ref. 27591], Nelson et al. 2004:123 [ref. 27807], Love et al. 2005:97 [ref. 37547], Sheiko & Fedorov 2010:21 [ref. 38118], Page et al. 2013:126 [ref. 32708], Pietsch & Orr 2015:49 [ref. 34694], Kells et al. 2016:204 [ref. 35888], Burton & Lea 2019:70 [ref. 37205], Love et al. 2021:131 [ref. 39279]). Current status: Valid as Odontopyxis trispinosa Lockington 1880. Agonidae: Bathyagoninae. Distribution: Northeastern Pacific: Gulf of Alaska (U.S.A.) south to Pacific coast of central Baja California (Mexico). Habitat: marine.

ventricosus, Blepsias Eschscholtz [J. F. von] 1829:4, Pl. 13 [Zoologischer Atlas, enthaltend Abbildungen und Beschreibungen neuer Thierarten, ...; ref. 17461] Norfolk Sound [= Sitka Sound] and Sitka, Alaska. No types known. •Synonym of Hemilepidotus hemilepidotus (Tilesius 1811) -- (Bolin 1944:17 [ref. 6379], Peden 1979:24 [ref. 24080]). Current status: Synonym of Hemilepidotus hemilepidotus (Tilesius 1811). Agonidae: Hemitripterinae. Habitat: marine.

verrucosus, Brachyopsis Lockington [W. N.] 1880:60 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 3 (no. 122); ref. 17551] Drake's Bay near San Francisco, California, U.S.A., depth 10 fathoms. Syntypes: MCZ 26893 [ex USNM 27184] (1), USNM 27184 (orig. 25, now 7 -- 6 + 1 skeleton), RMNH 11520 [ex USNM] (1), ZMB 11611 [ex USNM] (1), ZMUC [ex USNM] 27184 (7?), plus others. Type catalog: Paepke & Fricke 1992:286 [ref. 19946]. •Valid as Occella verrucosa (Lockington 1880) -- (Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:188 [ref. 9277], McAllister 1990:206 [ref. 14674], Sheiko 1993:77 [ref. 21227], Page et al. 2013:126 [ref. 32708]). •Valid as Chesnonia verrucosa (Lockington 1880) -- (Kanayama 1991:97 [ref. 19261], Busby 1998:71 [ref. 25508], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:535 [ref. 25968], Sheiko & Mecklenburg 2004:16 [ref. 27591], Nelson et al. 2004:122 [ref. 27807], Love et al. 2005:97 [ref. 37547], Sheiko & Fedorov 2010:88 [ref. 38118], Pietsch & Orr 2015:48 [ref. 34694], Kells et al. 2016:202 [ref. 35888], Burton & Lea 2019:69 [ref. 37205], Love et al. 2021:129 [ref. 39279]). Current status: Valid as Chesnonia verrucosa (Lockington 1880). Agonidae: Brachyopsinae. Distribution: Northeastern Pacific: southeastern Bering Sea south to central California (U.S.A.). Habitat: marine.

veternus, Podothecus Jordan [D. S.] & Starks [E. C.] 1895:819, Pl. 89 [Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences (Series 2) v. 5; ref. 2522] Robin [Tyuleniy] Island, Terpeniya Bay, Sakhalin Island. Holotype (unique): CAS-SU 4823. Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:134 [ref. 12291]. •Valid as Podothecus veternus Jordan & Starks 1895 -- (Lindberg & Krasyukova 1987:337 [ref. 15964], Kanayama 1991:49 [ref. 19261], Sheiko 1993:81 [ref. 21227], Sokolovskaya et al. 1998:10 [ref. 24670], Sheiko & Fedorov 2000:30 [ref. 25650], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:542 [ref. 25968], Choi et al. 2003:273, 582 [ref. 26218], Parin et al. 2002:S101 [ref. 28300], Fedorov et al. 2003:91 [ref. 27579], Sheiko & Mecklenburg 2004:14 [ref. 27591], Love et al. 2005:98 [ref. 37547], Mecklenburg et al. 2007:177 [ref. 29448], Sheiko & Fedorov 2010:65 [ref. 38118], Mecklenburg et al. 2011:125 [ref. 31212], Page et al. 2013:126 [32708], Shinohara et al. 2014:253 [ref. 33330], Parin et al. 2014:295 [ref. 33547], Mecklenburg & Steinke 2015:164 [ref. 34033], Mecklenburg et al. 2016:122 [ref. 34440], Kells et al. 2016:204 [ref. 35888], Mecklenburg et al. 2018:263 [ref. 36370], Love et al. 2021:132 [ref. 39279], Dyldin & Orlov 2022:57 [ref. 38972]). Current status: Valid as Podothecus veternus Jordan & Starks 1895. Agonidae: Agoninae. Distribution: North Pacific and adjacent Arctic Region: Sea of Japan and Sea of Okhotsk north to northern Bering Sea and Chukchi Sea. Habitat: marine.

villosus, Cottus Pallas [P. S.] (ex Steller) 1814:129 [Zoographia Rosso-Asiatica v. 3; ref. 3351] Cape Kronotski; Kamchatka; mouth of Icha River, western Kamchatka, Russia. No types known. Based on manuscript description by Georg Wilhelm Steller (1709-1746). •Valid as Hemitripterus villosus (Pallas 1814) -- (Watanabe 1960:107 [ref. 11959], Yabe in Masuda et al. 1984:323 [ref. 6441], Lindberg & Krasyukova 1987:256 [ref. 15964], Matarese et al. 1989:452 [ref. 26885], Kim & Youn 1992:69 [ref. 22287] as Hemisitripterus, Cheng & Zhou 1997:434 [ref. 26385] dated 1811, Sokolovskaya et al. 1998:10 [ref. 24670], Nakabo 2000:627 [ref. 25086], Zemnukhov et al. 2001:420 [ref. 25412], Sheiko & Fedorov 2000:29 [ref. 25650], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:508 [ref. 25968], Nakabo 2002:627 [ref. 26001], Choi et al. 2003:271, 579 [ref. 26218], Parin et al. 2002:S91 [ref. 28300], Mecklenburg 2003:3 [ref. 27294], Fedorov et al. 2003:84 [ref. 27579], Love et al. 2005:94 [ref. 37547], Shinohara et al. 2011:44 [ref. 31715], Shinohara et al. 2014:251 [ref. 33330], Parin et al. 2014:281 [ref. 33547], Tohkairin et al. 2015:6 [ref. 35331], Dyldin & Orlov 2017:68 [ref. 35138], Kim et al. 2020:105 [ref. 39118], Sonoyama et al. 2020:89 [ref. 37637], Dyldin et al. 2021:69 [ref. 38804], Love et al. 2021:130 [ref. 39279], Dyldin & Orlov 2022:54 [ref. 38972]). Current status: Valid as Hemitripterus villosus (Pallas 1814). Agonidae: Hemitripterinae. Distribution: Northwestern Pacific: Sea of Japan (Korea, Japan, Russia) and Sea of Okhotsk north to western Bering Sea and Karaginskiy Islands and Commander Islands (Russia); one possible record from western Gulf of Alaska. Habitat: brackish, marine.

vulsus, Agonus Jordan [D. S.] & Gilbert [C. H.] 1880:330 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 3 (no. 162); ref. 18354] Off Point Reyes, California, U.S.A. (obtained at San Francisco market). Lectotype: USNM 27756. Paralectotypes: (9, not saved). Lectotype established (as figured specimen) in Jordan & Starks 1895:821, Pl. 90 [ref. 2522] -- see Sheiko & Mecklenburg 2004:10 [ref. 27591]. •Valid as Agonopsis vulsa (Jordan & Gilbert 1880) -- (Lea & Dempster 1982:249 [ref. 14236], Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:186 [ref. 9277], McAllister 1990:204 [ref. 14674], Kanayama 1991:63 [ref. 19261], Sheiko 1993:69 [ref. 21227], Busby 1998:31 [ref. 25508], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:540 [ref. 25968], Sheiko & Mecklenburg 2004:10 [ref. 27591], Nelson et al. 2004:122 [ref. 27807], Love et al. 2005:96 [ref. 37547], Sheiko & Fedorov 2010:43 [ref. 38118], Page et al. 2013:125 [ref. 32708], Pietsch & Orr 2015:46 [ref. 34694], Kells et al. 2016:198 [ref. 35888], Burton & Lea 2019:69 [ref. 37205], Love et al. 2021:127 [ref. 39279]). Current status: Valid as Agonopsis vulsa (Jordan & Gilbert 1880). Agonidae: Agoninae. Distribution: Northeastern Pacific: northern Gulf of Alaska (U.S.A.) south to southern California (U.S.A.). Habitat: marine.

xyosternus, Brachyopsis Jordan [D. S.] & Gilbert [C. H.] 1880:152 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 3 (no. 135); ref. 10583] Santa Cruz beach, Monterey Bay, California, U.S.A. Holotype: USNM (not found). Type catalog: Blanc & Hureau 1968:56 [ref. 20738] with A.3278 as holotype, Zarske 2003:31 [ref. 27474], but see Sheiko & Mecklenburg 2004:18 [ref. 27591]. The species xyosterna dates to 2 July 1880 and predates annae Steindachner published after 15 July 1880. See Sheiko & Mecklenburg 2004:18 [ref. 27591] for type information. •Valid as Stellerina xyosterna (Jordan & Gilbert 1880) -- (Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:189 [ref. 9277], Peden & Jamieson 1988:493 [ref. 12864], McAllister 1990:206 [ref. 14674], Kanayama 1991:95 [ref. 19261], Sheiko 1993:84 [ref. 21227], Busby 1998:68 [ref. 25508], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:534 [ref. 25968], Sheiko & Mecklenburg 2004:18 [ref. 27591], Love et al. 2005:98 [ref. 37547], Sheiko & Fedorov 2010:98 [ref. 38118], Page et al. 2013:126 [ref. 32708], Pietsch & Orr 2015:50 [ref. 34694], Kells et al. 2016:206 [ref. 35888], Burton & Lea 2019:70 [ref. 37205], Love et al. 2021:132 [ref. 39279]). Current status: Valid as Stellerina xyosterna (Jordan & Gilbert 1880). Agonidae: Brachyopsinae. Distribution: Northeastern Pacific: Gulf of Alaska (U.S.A.) south to Pacific coast of Baja California Sur (Mexico). Habitat: marine.

xystes, Podothecus Snyder [J. O.] 1911:541 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 40 (no. 1836); ref. 4152] Nagaoka, Niigata Prefecture, Honshu, Japan. Holotype (unique): CAS-SU 20702. Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:134 [ref. 12291]. •Synonym of Podothecus sachi (Jordan & Snyder 1901) -- (Lindberg & Krasyukova 1987:326 [ref. 15964], Kanayama 1991:57 [ref. 19261], Sheiko 1993:82 [ref. 21227], Parin et al. 2002:S101 [ref. 28300], Sheiko & Mecklenburg 2004:13 [ref. 27591], Parin et al. 2014:294 [ref. 33547]). Current status: Synonym of Podothecus sachi (Jordan & Snyder 1901). Agonidae: Agoninae. Habitat: marine.

zapus, Hemilepidotus Gilbert [C. H.] & Burke [C. V.] 1912:54, Figs. 10, 10a [Bulletin of the Bureau of Fisheries v. 30 (Doc. 754) (for 1910); ref. 1634] Near Attu Island, Bering Sea, Albatross station 4782, depth 57-59 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 74374. Paratypes: CAS-SU 22493 (3); USNM 70866-67 (9, 1), 70881 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:129 [ref. 12291]. •Valid as Hemilepidotus zapus Gilbert & Burke 1912 -- (Peden 1979:28 [ref. 24080], Matarese et al. 1989:380 [ref. 26885], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:434 [ref. 25968], Parin et al. 2002:S76 [ref. 28300], Tokranov et al. 2003:299 [ref. 26972], Nelson et al. 2004:120 [ref. 27807], Love et al. 2005:87 [ref. 37547], Mecklenburg et al. 2011:122 [ref. 31212], Page et al. 2013:123 [ref. 32708], Parin et al. 2014:252 [ref. 33547], Love et al. 2021:130 [ref. 39279]). Current status: Valid as Hemilepidotus zapus Gilbert & Burke 1912. Agonidae: Hemitripterinae. Distribution: North Pacific: northern Kuril Islands; Aleutian Islands to southwestern Gulf of Alaska (U.S.A.). Habitat: marine.


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