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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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Species in the family or subfamily Anablepidae: [ 30 ] records


alternimaculata, Fitzroyia lineata Fowler [H. W.] 1940:57, Figs. 12-13 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 92; ref. 1436] Monte Bello, Tarija, Bolivia. Holotype: ANSP 68833. Paratypes: ANSP 68834 (1), ANSP 68835-36 (2). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:116 [ref. 13621]. •Valid as Jenynsia alternimaculata (Fowler 1940) -- (Ghedotti & Weitzman 1995:946 [ref. 21893], Ghedotti & Weitzman 1996:8 [ref. 22676], Ghedotti 1998:579 [ref. 23861], Ghedotti 2000:38 [ref. 27228], Ghedotti et al. 2001:732 [ref. 25450], Lucinda et al. 2002:38 [ref. 26063], Ghedotti in Reis et al. 2003:583 [ref. 27061], López et al. 2003:71 [ref. 27366], Menni 2004:86 [ref. 28131], Aguilera & Mirande 2005:34 [ref. 28572], Aguilera et al. 2013:571 [ref. 32916], Sarmiento et al. 2014:187 [ref. 35004], Mirande & Koerber 2015:53 [ref. 35117], Aguilera et al. 2019:S1 Appendix [ref. 36817], Huber 2019:12 [ref. 36941]). Current status: Valid as Jenynsia alternimaculata (Fowler 1940). Anablepidae: Anablepinae. Distribution: Upper reaches of Paraná River tributaries: Argentina, Bolivia and Paraguay. Habitat: freshwater.

anableps, Anableps Meuschen [F. C.] 1778:36 [Museum Gronovianum; ref. 17682] Not available, published in a rejected work (Opinion 260). •In the synonymy of Anableps anableps (Linnaeus 1758). Suppressed. Anablepidae: Anablepinae.

anableps, Cobitis Linnaeus [C.] 1758:303 [Systema Naturae, Ed. X v. 1; ref. 2787] India [in error, possibly Suriname]. Syntype: ZMUC 417 (1). Type information: Wheeler 1989:216 [ref. 21873]. Based on pre-Linnaean sources, including the Anableps of Artedi (ex Seba) 1738:25 [ref. 30578] and 1738:43 [ref. 30349], and Gronow 1754:12, Pl. 1, figs. 1-3 [ref. 20783]. •Valid as Anableps anableps (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Parenti 1981:501 [ref. 7066], Cervigón 1992:254 [ref. 23827], Keith et al. 2000:52 [ref. 24547], Camargo & Isaac 2001:140 [ref. 27639], Ghedotti & Wiley 2003:1153 [ref. 27019], Ghedotti in Reis et al. 2003:583 [ref. 27061], Perez et al. 2017:1 [ref. 35239], Marceniuk et al. 2017:39 [ref. 35324], Huber 2019:9 [ref. 36941]). Current status: Valid as Anableps anableps (Linnaeus 1758). Anablepidae: Anablepinae. Distribution: Brazil, French Guiana, Guyana, Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago, and Venezuela. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

coarctatus, Anableps Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1846:266, Pl. 540 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 18; ref. 1011] Cayenne, French Guiana. Syntypes: MNHN B-0938 (2). Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1950:32 [ref. 19576]. •Synonym of Anableps microlepis Müller & Troschel 1844 -- (Ghedotti in Reis et al. 2003:583 [ref. 27061], Huber 2019:10 [ref. 36941]). Current status: Synonym of Anableps microlepis Müller & Troschel 1844. Anablepidae: Anablepinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

darwini, Jenynsia Amorim [P. F.] 2018:[12], Figs. 3, 4b, 6, 7 [Journal of Fish Biology v. 92 (no. 5); ref. 35838] Garça Lagoon, Município de Quissamã, Rio de Janeiro State, Brazil, 22°12'38"S; 41°28'51"W. Holotype: UFRJ 11063. Paratypes: CICCAA, UFRJ. •Valid as Jenynsia darwini Amorim 2018 -- (Huber 2019:12 [ref. 36941]). Current status: Valid as Jenynsia darwini Amorim 2018. Anablepidae: Anablepinae. Distribution: Coastal drainages in north-eastern Rio de Janeiro State, between Grussaí Lagoon and Imboassíca Lagoon, Brazil. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

diphyes, Jenynsia Lucinda [P. H. F.], Ghedotti [M. J.] & da Graça [W. J.] 2006:616, Fig. 2 [Copeia 2006 (no. 4); ref. 28893] Córrego Passo do Aterrado, afluent to Rio Jordão, Reserva do Iguaçu, 25°45'23"S, 52°03'23"W, Rio Iguaçu drainage, Paraná, Brazil. Holotype: MCP 38892. Paratypes: ANSP 182255 (12); MCP 23479 (27); MHNCI 11426 (6); MNRJ 21544 (3), 28721 (25); MZUSP 88324 (26); NUP 606 (32), 607 (14), 610 (5), 2354 (2 c&s), 2373 (2 c&s), 2375 (2 c&s), 2376 (4 c&s); UNT 3325 (16), 3326 (14), 3327 (7), 3328 (6). •Valid as Jenynsia diphyes Lucinda, Ghedotti & da Graça 2006 -- (Aguilera et al. 2013:571 [ref. 32916], Huber 2019:12 [ref. 36941], Reis et al. 2020:473 [ref. 38364]). Current status: Valid as Jenynsia diphyes Lucinda, Ghedotti & da Graça 2006. Anablepidae: Anablepinae. Distribution: South America: Iguaçu River basin (southern Brazil). Habitat: freshwater.

dovii, Haplochilus Günther [A.] 1866:316 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 6; ref. 1983] Punta Arena, Costa Rica. Syntypes: BMNH 1865.7.20.29-30 (2). •Valid as Oxyzygonectes dovii (Günther 1866) -- (Parenti 1981:504 [ref. 7066], Bussing 1987:117 [ref. 22927], Bussing 1998:166 [ref. 24179], Ghedotti 2000:38 [ref. 27228], Lazara 2001:243 [ref. 25711], Ghedotti in Reis et al. 2003:584 [ref. 27061], Angulo et al. 2013:995 [ref. 33194], Angulo et al. 2020:6 [ref. 37425]). Current status: Valid as Oxyzygonectes dovii (Günther 1866). Anablepidae: Oxyzygonectinae. Distribution: Central America: Pacific drainages of Nicaragua, Costa Rica and Panama. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

dowei, Anableps Gill [T. N.] 1861:4 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 13; ref. 17543] El Salvador. Holotype (unique): USNM 6048. Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:18 [ref. 13621], Smith 2018:68 [ref. 36061]. Originally as dowei which appears to be intentional and not an inadvertent error. Named after Captain John M. Dow, so probably dowii was meant, possibly corrected by the printer or typesetter (Huber 2019:10 [ref. 36941]). In nineteenth century contemporary papers spelled dowii. Species name also seen as dowi or dovii. lANSP 6982 and USNM 8005 (3) are not types. Likely the holotype is the remaining specimen in USNM 6048 (D. G. Smith, pers. comm. 7/22/2011) •Valid as Anableps dowii Gill 1861 (also seen as dowei or dowi) -- (Parenti 1981:501 [ref. 7066], Villa 1982:143 [ref. 36708], Espinosa Pérez et al. 1993:44 [ref. 22290], Ghedotti 2000:38 [ref. 27228], Ghedotti in Reis et al. 2003:583 [ref. 27061], Nelson et al. 2004:103 [ref. 27807], Miller 2006:209 [ref. 28615], Matamoros et al. 2009:15 [ref. 31241], McMahan et al. 2013:447 [ref. 32422], Page et al. 2013:108 [ref. 32708], Romero-Berny et al. 2018:90 [ref. 35859], González-Murcia et al. 2019:296 [ref. 36544], Huber 2019:10 [ref. 36941]). Current status: Valid as Anableps dowii Gill 1861. Anablepidae: Anablepinae. Distribution: Pacific slope of Central America: Mexico to Nicaragua: El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, and Nicaragua. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

eigenmanni, Fitzroyia Haseman [J. D.] 1911:385, Pl. 82 [Annals of the Carnegie Museum v. 7 (nos 3-4) (19); ref. 2048] Creek near Serrinha Paraná, Rio Iguassu, Brazil. Holotype: FMNH 69527 [ex CM 2866]. Paratypes: (4) FMNH 69528 (2, mixed with 8 topotypes). Type catalog: Henn 1928:87 [ref. 12305], Ibarra & Stewart 1987:36 [ref. 12367]. •Valid as Jenynsia eigenmanni (Haseman 1911) -- (Ghedotti & Weitzman 1995:946 [ref. 21893], Ghedotti & Weitzman 1996:20 [ref. 22676], Ghedotti 1998:579 [ref. 23861], Ghedotti et al. 2001:732 [ref. 25450], López et al. 2002:59 [ref. 26808], Ghedotti in Reis et al. 2003:583 [ref. 27061], Aguilera & Mirande 2005:34 [ref. 28572], Lucinda et al. 2006:617 [ref. 28893], Aguilera et al. 2013:571 [ref. 32916], Huber 2019:13 [ref. 36941], Reis et al. 2020:473 [ref. 38364]). Current status: Valid as Jenynsia eigenmanni (Haseman 1911). Anablepidae: Anablepinae. Distribution: South America: upper Iguaçu River basin (southern Brazil). Habitat: freshwater.

eirmostigma, Jenynsia Ghedotti [M. J.] & Weitzman [S. H.] 1995:940, Fig. 1 [Copeia 1995 (no. 4); ref. 21893] Rio Grande do Sul, Rio Manoel Leao, Município de Cambará do Sul, near São José dos Ausentes, Brazil. Holotype: MZUSP 47625. Paratypes: KU 23867 (4); MCP 17425 (2); MZUSP 47626 (1); USNM 300249 (3), 320291-93 (16, 3, 10). •Valid as Jenynsia eirmostigma Ghedotti & Wietzman 1995 -- (Ghedotti & Weitzman 1996:20 [ref. 22676], Ghedotti 1998:579 [ref. 23861], Ghedotti et al. 2001:732 [ref. 25450], Ghedotti in Reis et al. 2003:583 [ref. 27061], Aguilera & Mirande 2005:34 [ref. 28572], Lucinda et al. 2006:616 [ref. 28893], Aguilera et al. 2013:571 [ref. 32916], Bertaco et al. 2016:423 [ref. 34561], Aguilera et al. 2019:S1 Appendix [ref. 36817], Huber 2019:13 [ref. 36941]). Current status: Valid as Jenynsia eirmostigma Ghedotti & Weitzman 1995. Anablepidae: Anablepinae. Distribution: Upper Uruguay and Jacui River basins, southeastern Brazil. Habitat: freshwater.

elongatus, Anableps Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1846:267, Pl. 541 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 18; ref. 1011] Cayenne, French Guiana. Holotype (unique): MNHN B-0937. Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1950:32 [ref. 19576]. •Synonym of Anableps microlepis Müller & Troschel 1844 -- (Ghedotti in Reis et al. 2003:583 [ref. 27061], Huber 2019:10 [ref. 36941]). Current status: Synonym of Anableps microlepis Müller & Troschel 1844. Anablepidae: Anablepinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

gronovii, Anableps Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1846:252, Pls. 538-539 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 18; ref. 1011] Cayenne, French Guiana. Holotype (unique): MNHN B-0936. Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1950:32 [ref. 19576]. •Synonym of Anableps anableps (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Ghedotti in Reis et al. 2003:583 [ref. 27061], Huber 2019:10 [ref. 36941]). Current status: Synonym of Anableps anableps (Linnaeus 1758). Anablepidae: Anablepinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

heckelii, Xiphophorus Weyenbergh [H.] 1874:292, Pls. 1-2 (= figs. 1-31) [Verslagen en Mededeelingen der Koninklijke Akademie van Wetenschappen. Afdeeling Natuurkunde (Ser. 2) v. 8; ref. 17835] La Plata [? probably Río Primero, Cordoba], Argentina. Syntypes: MSNG 33704 (4). Type catalog: Tortonese 1963:314 [ref. 10351]. Species is described in more detail in Weyenbergh 1877:17, Pl. 4 [ref. 14248]. •Species inquirenda in Poeciliidae -- (Lucinda in Reis et al. 2003:575 [ref. 27061]). •Synonym of Jenynsia multidentata (Jenyns 1842) -- (Koerber & Azpelicueta 2009:52 [ref. 30112], Litz & Koerber 2014:32 [ref. 33622], Mirande & Koerber 2015:53 [ref. 35117]). •Synonym of Jenynsia lineata (Jenyns 1842) -- (Amorim 2018:[11] [ref. 35838], Huber 2019:13 [ref. 36941]). Current status: Synonym of Jenynsia lineata (Jenyns 1842). Anablepidae: Anablepinae. Habitat: freshwater.

lineata, Lebias Jenyns [L.] 1842:116, Pl. 22 (figs. 2, 2a) [The zoology of the voyage of H. M. S. Beagle; ref. 2344] Laguna del Diario, 34°54'S, 55°00'W, in Maldonado, Uruguay. Syntypes: BMNH 1843.2.8.43 (3), BMNH 1917.7.14.20-23 (4). See Calviño 2007:40 [ref. 29380] for information on the type locality. •Valid as Jenynsia lineata (Jenyns 1842) -- (Malabarba 1989:160 [ref. 14217], Ghedotti & Weitzman 1995:17 [ref. 21893] with wrong holotype, Haro et al. 1996:6 [ref. 25004], Ghedotti 1998:579 [ref. 23861], Butí 1998:310 [ref. 25279], Ghedotti et al. 2001:732 [ref. 25450], Lucinda et al. 2002:38 [ref. 26063], Ghedotti in Reis et al. 2003:584 [ref. 27061], Aguilera & Mirande 2005:34 [ref. 28572], Lucinda et al. 2006:619 [ref. 28893], Aguilera et al. 2013:571 [ref. 32916], Litz & Koerber 2014:32 [ref. 33622], Bertaco et al. 2016:423 [ref. 34561], Nión et al. 2016:43 [ref. 35565], Amorim 2018:[10] [ref. 35838], Koerber et al. 2019:10 [ref. 36736], Aguilera et al. 2019:S1 Appendix [ref. 36817], Huber 2019:13 [ref. 36941], Koerber et al. 2020:9 [ref. 37480]). Current status: Valid as Jenynsia lineata (Jenyns 1842). Anablepidae: Anablepinae. Distribution: South America: Paraná River basin and widely distributed in coastal habitats (northern Argentina, Uruguay and southern Brazil); introduced in Chile (Maipo River area). Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

lineatus, Anableps Gronow [L. T.] in Gray 1854:192 [Catalogue of fish collected and described by Laurence Theodore Gronow; ref. 1911] Probably Suriname. Holotype (unique): ZMUC 417. Type information: Wheeler 1989:216 [ref. 21873]. •Synonym of Anableps anableps (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Ghedotti in Reis et al. 2003:583 [ref. 27061], Huber 2019:11 [ref. 36941]). Current status: Synonym of Anableps anableps (Linnaeus 1758). Anablepidae: Anablepinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

luxata, Jenynsia Aguilera [G.], Mirande [J. M.], Calviño [P. A.] & Lobo [L. F.] 2013:567, Figs. 1-3 [Neotropical Ichthyology v. 11 (no. 3); ref. 32916] Tucumán, Burruyacu city, a small unnamed stream, río Tajamar basin, 26°30’13.47°S, 64°44’8.75"W, Argentina. Holotype: CI-FML 5464. Paratypes: Al 234 (4); CI-FLM 5465 (2, c&s), 5466 (12, 3 c&s); MACN-Ict 9749 (5) •Valid as Jenynsia luxata Aguilera, Mirande, Calviño & Lobo 2013 -- (Koerber 2014:12 [ref. 33621], Mirande & Koerber 2015:53 [ref. 35117], Aguilera et al. 2019:S1 Appendix [ref. 36817], Huber 2019:13 [ref. 36941]). Current status: Valid as Jenynsia luxata Aguilera, Mirande, Calviño & Lobo 2013. Anablepidae: Anablepinae. Distribution: Tajamar River basin, Tucumán, Argentina. Habitat: freshwater.

maculata, Jenynsia Regan [C. T.] 1906:154 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 7) v. 18 (no. 104); ref. 15710] Cachi, Salta, Argentina, elevation 2300 meters, 25.101S, 66.183W. Lectotype: BMNH 1906.5.31.62. Paralectotypes: BMNH 1906.5.31.63-71 (20). Lectotype selected by Huber 2019:14 [ref. 36941]. •Valid as Jenynsia maculata Regan 1906 -- (Parenti 1981:501 [ref. 7066], Ghedotti & Weitzman 1995:946 [ref. 21893], Ghedotti & Weitzman 1996:20 [ref. 22676], Ghedotti 1998:579 [ref. 23861], Ghedotti et al. 2001:732 [ref. 25450], Lucinda et al. 2002:38 [ref. 26063], López et al. 2002:61 [ref. 26808], Ghedotti in Reis et al. 2003:584 [ref. 27061], López et al. 2003:71 [ref. 27366], Menni 2004:86 [ref. 28131], Aguilera & Mirande 2005:30 [ref. 28572], Lucinda et al. 2006:619 [ref. 28893], Aguilera et al. 2013:571 [ref. 32916], Mirande & Koerber 2015:53 [ref. 35117], Aguilera et al. 2019:S1 Appendix [ref. 36817], Huber 2019:13 [ref. 36941]). Current status: Valid as Jenynsia maculata Regan 1906. Anablepidae: Anablepinae. Distribution: Upper Salado River drainage, Salta, Argentina. Habitat: freshwater.

microlepis, Anableps Müller [J.] & Troschel [F. H.] 1844:36 [Bericht über die zur Bekanntmachung geeigneten Verhandlungen der Königlichen Preussischen Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Berlin 1844; ref. 19738] Guyana. No types known. Type catalog: Paepke & Seegers 1986:172 [ref. 19981]. •Valid as Anableps microlepis Müller & Troschel 1844 -- (Parenti 1981:501 [ref. 7066], Cervigón 1991:210 [ref. 24472], Cervigón 1992:254 [ref. 23827], Keith et al. 2000:52 [ref. 24547], Camargo & Isaac 2001:140 [ref. 27639], Ghedotti & Wiley 2003:1153 [ref. 27019], Ghedotti in Reis et al. 2003:583 [ref. 27061], Marceniuk et al. 2017:39 [ref. 35324], Huber 2019:11 [ref. 36941]). Current status: Valid as Anableps microlepis Müller & Troschel 1844. Anablepidae: Anablepinae. Distribution: Brazil, French Guiana, Guyana, Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago, and Venezuela. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

multidentata, Lebias Jenyns [L.] 1842:117, Pl. 22 (figs. 3, 3a) [The zoology of the voyage of H. M. S. Beagle; ref. 2344] Montevideo, Uruguay. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1917.7.14.24. •Valid as Jenynsia multidentata (Jenyns 1842) -- (Ghedotti & Weitzman 1996:13 [ref. 22676], Ghedotti 1998:579 [ref. 23861], Ghedotti et al. 2001:732 [ref. 25450], Lucinda et al. 2002:38 [ref. 26063], López et al. 2002:64 [ref. 26808], Ghedotti in Reis et al. 2003:584 [ref. 27061], López et al. 2003:71 [ref. 27366], Menni 2004:86 [ref. 28131], Aguilera & Mirande 2005:30 [ref. 28572], Lucinda et al. 2006:619 [ref. 28893], Quezada-Romegialli et al. 2009:233 [ref. 31213], Mabragaña et al. 2011:table S2 [ref. 31800], Aguilera et al. 2013:571 [ref. 32816], Aguilera et al. 2013:571 [ref. 32916], Di Dario et al. 2013:263 [ref. 37503], Fabiano et al. 2014:8 [ref. 33530], Litz & Koerber 2014:32 [ref. 33622], Mirande & Koerber 2015:53 [ref. 35117], Bertaco et al. 2016:423 [ref. 34561], Nión et al. 2016:43 [ref. 35565]). •Synonym of Jenynsia lineata (Jenyns 1842) -- (Ghedotti & Weitzman 1995:939 [ref. 21893], Amorim 2018:[11] [ref. 35838], Huber 2019:15 [ref. 36941], Mirande & Koerber 2020:2 [ref. 37594]). Current status: Synonym of Jenynsia lineata (Jenyns 1842). Anablepidae: Anablepinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

obscurus, Xiphophorus Weyenbergh [H.] 1877:273, 278 [Boletín de la Academia Nacional de Ciencias (Córdoba) v. 2 (no. 3); ref. 30113] Cruz del Eje, Province of Córdoba (30°43'S, 64°48'W), Argentina. Lectotype: MSNG 33705 (male). Paralectotypes: MSNG 54297 [ex MSNG 33705] (1); 54298 [ex MSNG 33705] (1, poor condition, Parodontidae sp.). Type catalog: Tortonese 1963:314 [ref. 10351]. Lectotype selected by Koerber & Azpelicueta 2009:56 [ref. 30112]. Appeared later in Weyenbergh 1877:18, Pl. 4 (figs. 17-18) [ref. 14248] -- see Koerber & Azpelicueta 2011:1 [ref. 31158]. •Species inquirenda in Poeciliidae -- (Lucinda in Reis et al. 2003:575 [ref. 27061]). •Valid as Jenynsia obscura (Weyenbergh 1877) -- (Koerber & Azpelicueta 2009:54 [ref. 30112], Koerber 2011:7 [ref. 31122], Aguilera et al. 2013:571 [ref. 32916], Koerber 2014:12 [ref. 33621], Mirande & Koerber 2015:53 [ref. 35117], Aguilera et al. 2019:S1 Appendix [ref. 36817], Huber 2019:15 [ref. 36941], Lacoste et al. 2020:[2] [ref. 37834]). Current status: Valid as Jenynsia obscura (Weyenbergh 1877). Anablepidae: Anablepinae. Distribution: South America: Córdoba and Catamarca (Argentina). Habitat: freshwater.

onca, Jenynsia Lucinda [P. H. F.], Reis [R. E.] & Quevedo [R.] 2002:35, Figs. 2-3 [Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 13 (no. 1); ref. 26063] Rio Inhacundá about 500 meters upstream of pottery, 29°32'27"S, 55°07'45"W, São Francisco de Assis, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Holotype: MCP 26478. Paratypes: MCP 23113 (4, 1 c&s), 24488 (2), 24489 (8), 26763 (3), 26831 (1), 27461 (9), 28110 (8), 28111 (4); MZUSP 70015 (4); UFRGS 1566 (7), 1567 (6); USNM 365794 (4). Plus additional non-type material. •Valid as Jenynsia onca Lucinda, Reis & Quevedo 2002 -- (Ghedotti in Reis et al. 2003:584 [ref. 27061], Aguilera & Mirande 2005:29 [ref. 28572], Lucinda et al. 2006:619 [ref. 28893], Aguilera et al. 2013:571 [ref. 32916], Litz & Koerber 2014:32 [ref. 33622], Bertaco et al. 2016:423 [ref. 34561], Nión et al. 2016:43 [ref. 35565] as onça, Huber 2019:15 [ref. 36941]). Current status: Valid as Jenynsia onca Lucinda, Reis & Quevedo 2002. Anablepidae: Anablepinae. Distribution: Ibicuí River basin in Brazil and Negro River basin in Uruguay. Habitat: freshwater.

punctata, Poecilia Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1846:133 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 18; ref. 1011] Montevideo, Uruguay. Holotype (unique): MNHN B-0935. Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1950:30 [ref. 19576]. •Synonym of Jenynsia multidentata (Jenyns 1842) -- (Ghedotti in Reis et al. 2003:584 [ref. 27061], Litz & Koerber 2014:32 [ref. 33622], Mirande & Koerber 2015:53 [ref. 35117]). •Synonym of Jenynsia lineata (Jenyns 1842) -- (Amorim 2018:[11] [ref. 35838], Huber 2019:15 [ref. 36941]). Current status: Synonym of Jenynsia lineata (Jenyns 1842). Anablepidae: Anablepinae. Habitat: freshwater.

pygogramma, Jenynsia Boulenger [G. A.] 1902:336 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 7) v. 9 (no. 53) (art. 56); ref. 14847] Endorheic Rio Cruz del Eje, Province of Córdoba (30°43'S, 64°48'W), La Plata basin, Argentina, elevation 600 meters. Syntypes: BMNH 1902.5.22.72-81 (21). •Valid as Jenynsia pygogramma Boulenger 1902 -- (Parenti 1981:501 [ref. 7066], Ghedotti & Weitzman 1995:945 [ref. 21893], Ghedotti & Weitzman 1996:20 [ref. 22676], Ghedotti 1998:579 [ref. 23861], Ghedotti et al. 2001:731 [ref. 25450], Lucinda et al. 2002:38 [ref. 26063], López et al. 2002:61 [ref. 26808], Ghedotti in Reis et al. 2003:584 [ref. 27061], López et al. 2003:71 [ref. 27366], Menni 2004:86 [ref. 28131], Aguilera & Mirande 2005:30 [ref. 28572], Lucinda et al. 2006:619 [ref. 28893]). •Synonym of Jenynsia obscura (Weyenbergh 1877) -- (Koerber & Azpelicueta 2009:54 [ref. 30112], Koerber 2014:12 [ref. 33621], Mirande & Koerber 2015:53 [ref. 35117], Huber 2019:16 [ref. 36941]). Current status: Synonym of Jenynsia obscura (Weyenbergh 1877). Anablepidae: Anablepinae. Habitat: freshwater.

sanctaecatarinae, Jenynsia Ghedotti [M. J.] & Weitzman [S. H.] 1996:3, Figs. 1, 2A [Occasional Papers of the Museum of Natural History, The University of Kansas No. 179; ref. 22676] Rio Pique off road between Meleiro and Aranagua, Morro Cortado, Santa Catarina, Brazil. Holotype: MZUSP 26511. Paratypes: MZUSP 50059-60 (3), USNM 300398 (2). •Valid as Jenynsia sanctaecatarinae Ghedotti & Weitzman 1996 -- (Ghedotti 1998:579 [ref. 23861], Ghedotti et al. 2001:732 [ref. 25450], Lucinda et al. 2002:38 [ref. 26063], Ghedotti in Reis et al. 2003:584 [ref. 27061], Lucinda et al. 2006:619 [ref. 28893], Aguilera et al. 2013:571 [ref. 32916], Amorim 2018:[6] [ref. 35838], Aguilera et al. 2019:S1 Appendix [ref. 36817], Huber 2019:16 [ref. 36941]). Current status: Valid as Jenynsia sanctaecatarinae Ghedotti & Weitzman 1996. Anablepidae: Anablepinae. Distribution: Araranguá River basin, Santa Catarina, Brazil. Habitat: freshwater.

sulfurica, Jenynsia Aguilera [G.], Terán [G. E.], Mirande [J. M.], Alonso [F.], Rometsch [S.], Meyer [A.] & Torres-Dowdall [J.] 2019:3, Figs. 1-4 [PLoS ONE v. 14 (no. 7): e0218810; ref. 36817] Laguna La Quinta, thermal system at western flank of the Santa Bárbara hills, Santa Bárbara department, Jujuy Province, northwestern Argentina, 23˚53'3.03"S, 64˚28'2.74"W. Holotype: CI-FML 7286. Paratypes: CI-FML 7287 (19), IBIGEO-I 465 (10). •Valid as Jenynsia sulfurica Aguilera, Terán, Mirande, Alonso, Rometsch, Meyer & Torres-Dowdall 2019 -- (Huber 2019:16 [ref. 36941], Mirande & Koerber 2020:2 [ref. 37594]). Current status: Valid as Jenynsia sulfurica Aguilera, Terán, Mirande, Alonso, Rometsch, Meyer & Torres-Dowdall 2019. Anablepidae: Anablepinae. Distribution: South America: Laguna La Quinta, Jujuy Province (northwestern Argentina). Habitat: freshwater.

surinamensis, Anableps Lacepède [B. G. E.] 1803:25, 26 [Histoire naturelle des poissons (Lacepède) v. 5; ref. 4930] Suriname. No types known. •Synonym of Anableps anableps (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Ghedotti in Reis et al. 2003:583 [ref. 27061], Huber 2019:11 [ref. 36941]). Current status: Synonym of Anableps anableps (Linnaeus 1758). Anablepidae: Anablepinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

tetrophthalmus, Anableps Bloch [M. E.] 1794:7, Pl. 361 [Naturgeschichte der ausländischen Fische v. 8; ref. 463] Suriname. Syntypes: ZMB 3498-3500 (2, 1, 1). Type catalog: Paepke & Seegers 1986:172 [ref. 19981], Paepke 1999:44 [ref. 24282]. On p. 5 of Bloch's Ichthyologie, v. 11 [ref. 21381]. •Synonym of Anableps anableps (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Paepke 1999:44 [ref. 24282], Ghedotti in Reis et al. 2003:583 [ref. 27061], Huber 2019:11 [ref. 36941]). Current status: Synonym of Anableps anableps (Linnaeus 1758). Anablepidae: Anablepinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

tucumana, Jenynsia Aguilera [G.] & Mirande [J. M.] 2005:33, Figs. 2-3 [Zootaxa No. 1096; ref. 28572] Río Vipos, 26°28'S, 65°20"W, 5 kilometers from Ruta Nacional 9, Departo Trancas, Upper Río Salí basin, Province of Tucumán, northwestern Argentina. Holotype: CI-FML 3828. Paratypes: ANSP 180781 (6), CI-FML 3829 (4), 3840 (2 c&s): AI 163 (6). Plus non-type material. •Valid as Jenynsia tucumana Aguilera & Mirande 2005 -- (Lucinda et al. 2006:619 [ref. 28893], Koerber 2011:7 [ref. 31122], Aguilera et al. 2013:571 [ref. 32916], Koerber 2014:12 [ref. 33621], Mirande & Koerber 2015:53 [ref. 35117], Aguilera et al. 2019:S1 Appendix [ref. 36817], Huber 2019:16 [ref. 36941]). Current status: Valid as Jenynsia tucumana Aguilera & Mirande 2005. Anablepidae: Anablepinae. Distribution: Upper Salí River basin, northwestern Argentina. Habitat: freshwater.

unitaenia, Jenynsia Ghedotti [M. J.] & Weitzman [S. H.] 1995:943, Fig. 5 [Copeia 1995 (no. 4); ref. 21893] Rio Faxinalzinho at Mae dos Homens near Praia Grande, Município de Praia Grande, Santa Catarina, Brazil. Holotype: MZUSP 47615. Paratypes: KU 23865-66 (10, 15); MCP 17419-25 (10, 17, 17, 33, 32, 26, 10); MZUSP 26510 (4), 47616-24 (9, 10, 10, 19, 18, 33, 34, 33, 24); USNM 300238 (34), 300241 (34), 300243-45 (10, 10, 67), 300250 (10), 300297-99 (15, 18, 26), 326070 (5), 326104 (3). •Valid as Jenynsia unitaenia Ghedotti & Weitzman 1995 -- (Ghedotti & Weitzman 1996:20 [ref. 22676], Ghedotti 1998:579 [ref. 23861], Ghedotti et al. 2001:732 [ref. 25450], Ghedotti in Reis et al. 2003:584 [ref. 27061], Aguilera & Mirande 2005:34 [ref. 28572], Lucinda et al. 2006:616 [ref. 28893], Aguilera et al. 2013:571 [ref. 32916], Bertaco et al. 2016:423 [ref. 34561], Amorim 2018:[6] [ref. 35838], Aguilera et al. 2019:S1 Appendix [ref. 36817], Huber 2019:16 [ref. 36941]). Current status: Valid as Jenynsia unitaenia Ghedotti & Weitzman 1995. Anablepidae: Anablepinae. Distribution: Coastal rivers of southern Brazil. Habitat: freshwater.

weitzmani, Jenynsia Ghedotti [M. J.], Meisner [A. D.] & Lucinda [P. H. F.] 2001:728, Figs. 1-2 [Copeia 2001 (no. 3); ref. 25450] Tributary of rio Pinheiros near Anitápolis, 7 kilometers from road SC-407, about 27°54'S, 49°07'W, Santa Catarina State, Brazil. Holotype: MCP 25559. Paratypes: MCP 17615 (24, 2 c&s), USNM 361060 (4). •Valid as Jenynsia weitzmani Ghedotti, Meisner & Lucinda 2001 -- (Ghedotti in Reis et al. 2003:584 [ref. 27061], Aguilera & Mirande 2005:29 [ref. 28572], Lucinda et al. 2006:616 [ref. 28893], Aguilera et al. 2013:571 [ref. 32916], Huber 2019:16 [ref. 36941]). Current status: Valid as Jenynsia weitzmani Ghedotti, Meisner & Lucinda 2001. Anablepidae: Anablepinae. Distribution: Tubarão River basin, Brazil. Habitat: freshwater.