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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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Species in the family or subfamily Anthiadidae: [ 338 ] records


aculeatum, Plectropoma Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1830:523 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 6; ref. 996] "Banc des Aiguilles" [not Agulhas Bank, southern Africa]; actual is almost certainly Brazil. Holotype: MNHN 0000-7675. Type catalog and locality information: Bauchot et al. 1984:20 [ref. 19232]. See Heemstra 2010:60 [ref. 30720] for recent remarks on the type locality. •Synonym of Acanthistius brasilianus (Cuvier 1828) -- (Heemstra 2010:60 [ref. 30720], Parenti & Randall 2020:6 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Synonym of Acanthistius brasilianus (Cuvier 1828). Anthiadidae. Habitat: marine.

addisi, Naurua Smith [J. L. B.] 1955:348, Fig. 4 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 12) v. 8 (no. 89) (art. 42); ref. 4097] Aldabra Island, western Indian Ocean, 9°30'S, 46°15'E. Holotype: SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 161. Paratypes: SAIAB [formerly RUSI] (3, not researched) •Valid as Luzonichthys addisi (Smith 1955) -- (Heemstra & Randall 1986:513 [ref. 5667]). •Synonym of Luzonichthys waitei (Fowler 1931) -- (Randall & McCosker 1992:14 [ref. 20204], Parenti & Randall 2020:18 [ref. 37354], Heemstra & Heemstra 2022:90 [ref. 39746]). Current status: Synonym of Luzonichthys waitei (Fowler 1931). Anthiadidae. Habitat: marine.

affinis, Caprodon Tanaka [S.] 1924:611, Pl. 148 (fig. 408) [Figures and descriptions of the fishes of Japan v. 33; ref. 14916] Tokyo market, Japan. Holotype (unique): ZUMT 11755. Type catalog: Anderson 2018:11 [ref. 36146]. •Status uncertain, in Caprodon -- (Anderson & Heemstra 2012:23 [ref. 31956]). •Valid as Caprodon affinis -- (Anderson 2018:11 [ref. 36146] with uncertain distribution). •Synonym of Caprodon schlegelii (Günther 1859) -- (Parenti & Randall 2020:11 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Synonym of Caprodon schlegelii (Günther 1859). Anthiadidae. Distribution: Northwestern Pacific: Japan [if valid]. Habitat: marine.

affinis, Franzia Tanaka [S.] 1915:566 [Dobutsugaku Zasshi = Zoological Magazine Tokyo v. 27 (no. 325); ref. 4324] Nagasaki fish market, Japan. Holotype (unique): ZUMT 6579. •Synonym of Pseudanthias squamipinnis (Peters 1855) -- (Randall & Pyle 2001:34 [ref. 25690], Parenti & Randall 2020:41 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Synonym of Pseudanthias squamipinnis (Peters 1855). Anthiadidae. Habitat: marine.

ahiahiata, Plectranthias Shepherd [B.], Phelps [T. A. Y.], Pinheiro [H. T.], Pérez-Matus [A.] & Rocha [L. A.] 2018:107, Figs. 1-3 [ZooKeys No. 762; ref. 35955] Hanga Piko, Rapa Nui, Chile, 27°9'12"S, 109°26'52"W, depth 83 meters. Holotype (unique): CAS 244172. •Valid as Plectranthias ahiahiata Shepherd, Phelps, Pinheiro, Pérez-Matus & Rocha 2018 -- (Parenti & Randall 2020:23 [ref. 37354], Anderson 2022:569 [ref. 39757]). Current status: Valid as Plectranthias ahiahiata Shepherd, Phelps, Pinheiro, Pérez-Matus & Rocha 2018. Anthiadidae. Distribution: Southeastern Pacific: Rapa Nui (Easter Island, Chile). Habitat: marine.

albofasciatus, Anthias Fowler [H. W.] & Bean [B. A.] 1930:309 [Bulletin of the United States National Museum No. 100, v. 10; ref. 1477] China Sea southeast of Hong Kong, Albatross station D.5308, 21°54'N, 115°42'E, depth 62 fathoms. Holotype (unique): USNM 89988. Type catalog: Anderson 2018:35 [ref. 36146]. •Valid as Pseudanthias albofasciatus (Fowler & Bean 1930) -- (Heemstra & Randall 1999:2470 [ref. 24815], Randall & Pyle 2001:34 [ref. 25690], Anderson 2018:35 [ref. 36146]). •Synonym of Tosana niwae Smith & Pope 1906 -- (Gill et al. 2019:573 [ref. 36768], Parenti & Randall 2020:45 [ref. 37354], Gill et al. 2021:63 [ref. 38405], Anderson 2022:567 [ref. 39757], Anderson 2022:572 [ref. 39757]). Current status: Synonym of Tosana niwae Smith & Pope 1906. Anthiadidae. Habitat: marine.

alcocki, Plectranthias Bineesh [K. K.], Gopalakrishnan [A.] & Jena [J. K.] in Bineesh, Akhilesh, Gopalakrishnan & Jena 2014:492, Figs. 2-4 [Zootaxa 3785 (no. 3); ref. 33319] Off Kollam, Kerala coast, India, southeastern Arabian Sea, depth 180-320 meters. Holotype: CMFRIGB 31.139.30.10. Paratypes: CMFRIGB 31.139.20.10.1 (1). Type catalog: Anderson 2018:25 [ref. 36146]. •Valid as Plectranthias alcocki Bineesh, Gopalakrishnan & Jena 2014 -- (Allen & Walsh 2015:83 [ref. 33954], Gill & Psomadakis 2018:531 [ref. 36054], Anderson 2018:25 [ref. 36146], Parenti & Randall 2020:23 [ref. 37354], Akhilesh et al. 2021:54 [ref. 38701], Heemstra & Heemstra 2022:95 [ref. 39746]). Current status: Valid as Plectranthias alcocki Bineesh, Gopalakrishnan & Jena 2014. Anthiadidae. Distribution: Indian Ocean: Kerala (southwest coast of India). Habitat: marine.

algeriensis, Aylopon Guichenot [A.] 1868:84 [5] [Annales de la Société Linnéenne du Département de Maine-et-Loire v. 10; ref. 1936] Algeria, western Mediterranean Sea. Syntypes: MNHN 0000-4318 (4). Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1984:10 [ref. 19232]. On p. 5 of separate. •Synonym of Anthias anthias (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Anderson & Heemstra 2012:69 [ref. 31956], Parenti & Randall 2020:8 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Synonym of Anthias anthias (Linnaeus 1758). Anthiadidae. Habitat: marine.

alleni, Plectranthias Randall [J. E.] 1980:113, Fig. 2 [Micronesica v. 16 (no. 1); ref. 6717] Off southwestern Western Australia, 29°09'S, 113°55'E, depth 103 meters. Holotype: WAM P.25625-001. Paratypes: AMS I.20125-001 (1); ANSP 136750 (1); BMNH 1978.2.27 (3); BPBM 21093-96 (2, 2, 7, 1); CAS 40799 (1); MNHN 1978-0082 (1); SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 933 (1); USNM 218368 (3); WAM P.23309-001 (1), P.23322-001 (1), P.23323-001 (1), P.23325-001 to P.23330-001 (10), 23334-001 (1). Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1984:18 [ref. 19232], Böhlke 1984:154 [ref. 13621], Hutchins & Smith 1991:19 [ref. 19335], Moore et al. 2008:20 [ref. 30117], Anderson 2018:25 [ref. 36146]. •Valid as Plectranthias alleni Randall 1980 -- (Paxton et al. 1989:506 [ref. 12442], Randall 1996:117 [ref. 23194], Hutchins 2001:30 [ref. 25847], Allen et al. 2006:989 [ref. 29078], Anderson 2018:25 [ref. 36146], Parenti & Randall 2020:23 [ref. 37354], Gill et al. 2021:34 [ref. 38105]). Current status: Valid as Plectranthias alleni Randall 1980. Anthiadidae. Distribution: Southeastern Indian Ocean: southern Western Australia. Habitat: marine.

altipinnatus, Plectranthias Katayama [M.] & Masuda [H.] 1980:185, Fig. 1 [Japanese Journal of Ichthyology v. 27 (no. 3); ref. 8708] Izu Peninsula, Japan, depth 40 meters. Holotype (unique): ZUMT 54242. Type catalog: Anderson 2018:25 [ref. 36146]. •Valid as Plectranthias altipinnatus Katayama & Masuda 1980 -- (Katayama in Masuda et al. 1984:134 [ref. 6441], Randall & Shimizu 1994:109 [ref. 21441], Randall 1996:120 [ref. 23194], Nakabo 2000:695 [ref. 25086], Nakabo 2002:695 [ref. 26001], Allen & Walsh 2015:83 [ref. 33954], Anderson 2018:25 [ref. 36146], Wada et al. 2020:10 [ref. 37270], Parenti & Randall 2020:24 [ref. 37354], Shepherd et al. 2020:150 [ref. 37583], Gill et al. 2021:65 [ref. 38105], Fricke 2021:36 [ref. 38400]). Current status: Valid as Plectranthias altipinnatus Katayama & Masuda 1980. Anthiadidae. Distribution: Northwestern Pacific: Japan. Habitat: marine.

altipinnis, Rabaulichthys Allen [G. R.] 1984:48, Fig. 1 [Revue française d'Aquariologie Herpétologie v. 11 (no. 2); ref. 6242] Off Nordup Village, about 4 kilometers east of Rabaul, New Britain Island, Bismarck Archipelago, about 4°11'S, 152°12'E, depth 35 meters. Holotype: WAM P.28179-001. Paratypes: KFRS F.5365.01 (2), WAM P.28180-001 (3). Type catalog: Hutchins & Smith 1991:20 [ref. 19335], Moore et al. 2008:21 [ref. 30117], Anderson 2018:49 [ref. 36146]. •Valid as Rabaulichthys altipinnis Allen 1984 -- (Heemstra & Randall 1999:2470 [ref. 24815], Masuda & Randall 2001:77 [ref. 25247], Randall & Walsh 2010:205 [ref. 31598], Allen & Erdmann 2012:303 [ref. 31980], Anderson 2018:49 [ref. 36146], Parenti & Randall 2020:42 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Valid as Rabaulichthys altipinnis Allen 1984. Anthiadidae. Distribution: Western Pacific: West Papua (Indonesia), Papua New Guinea and Coral Sea. Habitat: marine.

altus, Anthias Smith [J. L. B.] 1961:363, Fig. 2 [Ichthyological Bulletin, Department of Ichthyology, Rhodes University No. 21; ref. 18464] Off Lamu, Kenya, depth 43 fathoms. Holotype: SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 170. Paratypes: SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 957 (1). •Valid as Anthias altus Smith 1961 -- (Evseenko 1996:727 [ref. 24666]). •Synonym of Pseudanthias cooperi (Regan 1902) -- (Randall & Pyle 2001:34 [ref. 25690], Heemstra & Akhilesh 2012:138 [ref. 32094], Parenti & Randall 2020:34 [ref. 37354], Heemstra & Heemstra 2022:106 [ref. 39746]). Current status: Synonym of Pseudanthias cooperi (Regan 1902). Anthiadidae. Habitat: marine.

amoenus, Rosanthias Tanaka [S.] 1917:198 [Dobutsugaku Zasshi = Zoological Magazine Tokyo v. 29 (no. 345); ref. 4330] Tanabe, Wakayama Prefecture, Japan. Holotype (unique): ZUMT 8468 (lost). Species originally spelled amaenus due to a typesetting error when first published in Japanese in above reference, spelling corrected to amoenus when later illustrated and described in more detail in English and Japanese in Tanaka 1918:503, Pl. 136 (fig. 379) [ref. 6073]. •Synonym of Pseudanthias elongatus (Franz 1910) -- (Randall & Pyle 2001:34 [ref. 25690], Parenti & Randall 2020:35 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Synonym of Pseudanthias elongatus (Franz 1910). Anthiadidae. Habitat: marine.

analis, Selenanthias Tanaka [S.] 1918:516, Pl. 138 (fig. 385) [Figures and descriptions of the fishes of Japan v. 29; ref. 4331] Tokyo fish market, Japan. Holotype (unique): ZUMT 8458. Type catalog: Anderson 2018:51 [ref. 36146]. •Valid as Selenanthias analis Tanaka 1918 -- (Katayama in Masuda et al. 1984:133 [ref. 6441], Yamakawa in Okamura et al. 1985:465, 666 [ref. 8056], Allen & Swainston 1988:54 [ref. 25477], Paxton et al. 1989:507 [ref. 12442], Lee 1990:21 [ref. 19830], Randall 1995:47 [ref. 22074], Allen 1997:82 [ref. 23977], Heemstra & Randall 1999:2471 [ref. 24815], Nakabo 2000:696 [ref. 25086], Randall in Randall & Lim 2000:611 [ref. 25122], Hutchins 2001:30 [ref. 25847], Shinohara et al. 2001:321 [ref. 25995], Nakabo 2002:696 [ref. 26001], Shinohara et al. 2005:431 [ref. 28370], Allen et al. 2006:996 [ref. 29078], Fricke et al. 2011:387 [ref. 31242], Larson et al. 2013:103 [ref. 32988], Anderson 2018:51 [ref. 36146], Fricke et al. 2019:126 [ref. 36673], Parenti & Randall 2020:44 [ref. 37354], Gill et al. 2021:105 [ref. 38105], Mochizuki et al. 2021:48 [ref. 38974]). Current status: Valid as Selenanthias analis Tanaka 1918. Anthiadidae. Distribution: Southeastern Indian Ocean, western Pacific: Philippines north to southern Japan, south to northwestern Australia and New Caledonia. Habitat: marine.

annepatrice, Tosanoides Pyle [R. L.], Greene [B. D.], Copus [J. M.] & Randall [J. E.] 2018:141, Figs. 1-5 [ZooKeys No. 786; ref. 36180] Ngaruangl Atoll, Kayangel State, Republic of Palau, 8.14733°N, 134.61763°E, depth 115 meters. Holotype: BPBM 40848. Paratypes: BPBM, CAS, USNM. In Table I with incorrect holotype number. •Valid as Tosanoides annepatrice Pyle, Greene, Copus & Randall 2018 -- (Allen & Walsh 2019:33 [ref. 36524], Parenti & Randall 2020:45 [ref. 37354], Anderson 2022:575 [ref. 39757]). Current status: Valid as Tosanoides annepatrice Pyle, Greene, Copus & Randall 2018. Anthiadidae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Ngaruangl Atoll (Palau). Habitat: marine.

annulatum, Plectropoma Günther [A.] 1859:158 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 1; ref. 1961] Port Jackson, New South Wales, Australia. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1855.9.19.174. Type catalog: Anderson 2018:15 [ref. 36146]. Also listed was Plate XI. fig. B, but on preface p. vi it is stated, "The Plates referred to, and executed by Mr. Ford, will be published as a separate volume." •Valid as Ellerkeldia annulata (Günther 1859) -- (Paxton et al. 1989:504 [ref. 12442]). •Valid as Hypoplectrodes annulatus (Günther 1859) -- (Kuiter 1993:135 [ref. 23929], Gomon et al. 1994:536 [ref. 22532], Kuiter 1997:112 [ref. 25488], Heemstra & Randall 1999:2469 [ref. 24815], Johnson 1999:730 [ref. 25471], Allen et al. 2006:985 [ref. 29078], Roberts & Gomon 2008:543 [ref. 30641], Anderson 2018:15 [ref. 36146], Parenti & Randall 2020:14 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Valid as Hypoplectrodes annulatus (Günther 1859). Anthiadidae. Distribution: Southwestern Pacific: southern Queensland south to Wilson's Promontory (Victoria, Australia). Habitat: marine.

anthiam, Labrum Forster [J. R.] in Lichtenstein (ex Banks) 1844:155 [Descriptiones animalium quae in itinere ad Maris Australis; ref. 17531] No types known. Name only, apparently intended for Labrus anthias Linnaeus (see index on p. 420) and not an independent species description. Name in a list of species observed by J. Banks in Otahaitee [Tahiti] during the previous expedition. Not available. •Uncertain in genus Pseudanthias Bleeker 1871. Nomen Nudum. Anthiadidae.

anthias, Labrus Linnaeus [C.] 1758:282 [Systema Naturae, Ed. X v. 1; ref. 2787] Southern Europe [Mediterranean Sea]. No types known. Based on multiple sources, including the "Labrus totus rubescens ..." of Artedi 1738:54 [ref. 30349], which is based on multiple pre-Linnaean sources from Greece, Italy and France (Mediterranean Sea), and on the "Anthea quartus Rondeletii" of Catesby 1743:25, Pl. 25 [ref. 774] from the Bahamas; currently restricted to the eastern Atlantic species. Misspelled antias by Cabrera y Corro, Pérez & Hänseler 1817:6 [ref. 17319], see Graells 1887:180 [ref. 30438]. •Valid as Anthias anthias (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Tortonese 1973:356 [ref. 7192], Tortonese in Whitehead et al. 1986:781 [ref. 13676], Maugé 1990:707 [ref. 17126], Bianchi & Carpenter in Bianchi et al. 1993:155 [ref. 25472], Santos et al. 1997:80 [ref. 23531], Arruda 1997:79 [ref. 24952], Uiblein et al. 1999:65 [ref. 24045], Afonso et al. 1999:72 [ref. 25466], Anderson & Baldwin 2000:371 [ref. 24574], Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:78 [ref. 26753], Golani 2005:35 [ref. 37112], Anderson 2006:415 [ref. 28870], Fricke et al. 2007:79 [ref. 29533], Wirtz et al. 2007:29 [ref. 30263], Lipej & Dulčić 2010:41 [ref. 36649], Anderson & Heemstra 2012:69 [ref. 31956], Wirtz et al. 2013:122 [ref. 32972], Heemstra & Anderson in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2380 [ref. 34618], Anderson et al. 2017:75 [ref. 35505], Anderson 2018:7 [ref. 36146], Almeida & Alves 2019:272 [ref. 37509], Artüz & Fricke 2019:556 [ref. 36612], Carneiro et al. 2019:242 [ref. 37250], Elbaraasi et al. 2019:96 [ref. 36864], Reiner 2019:166 [ref. 38139], Bañón et al. 2020:3 [ref. 38888], Bariche & Fricke 2020:84 [ref. 37515], Kovačić et al. 2020:40 [ref. 37519], Parenti & Randall 2020:8 [ref. 37354], Bañón & Maño 2021:81 [ref. 38887], Golani 2021:39 [ref. 38303], González-Lorenzo et al. 2021:145 [ref. 38374], Kovačić et al. 2021:77 [ref. 39014], Fermon et al. 2022:287 [ref. 39448]). Current status: Valid as Anthias anthias (Linnaeus 1758). Anthiadidae. Distribution: Mediterranean Sea; Sea of Marmara; eastern Atlantic: Galicia (Spain) south to Namibia, including Azores (Portugal), Madeira (Portugal), Canary Islands (Spain), Cape Verde Islands, and São Tomé and Principe. Habitat: marine.

anthioides, Plectropoma Günther [A.] 1872:655 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1871 (pt 3) (art. 1) (for 21 Nov. 1871); ref. 1997] Manado, Sulawesi, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1871.7.20.49. Type catalog: Anderson 2018:25 [ref. 36146]. •Valid as Plectranthias anthioides (Günther 1872) -- (Randall 1980:116 [ref. 6717], Randall 1996:118 [ref. 23194], Heemstra & Randall 1999:2470 [ref. 24815], Anderson 2018:25 [ref. 36146], Parenti & Randall 2020:24 [ref. 37354], Tang et al. 2020:518 [ref. 37536]). Current status: Valid as Plectranthias anthioides (Günther 1872). Anthiadidae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Sulawesi (Indonesia) and Taiwan. Habitat: marine.

aphrodite, Tosanoides Pinheiro [H. T.], Rocha [C. R.] & Rocha [L. A.] 2018:108, Figs. 1-4 [ZooKeys No. 786; ref. 36158] Saint Paul Rocks, Brazil, 00°56'N, 029°22'W, depth 120 meters. Holotype: CIUFES 3444. Paratypes: BPBM, CAS, MZUSP, USNM, ZUEC. •Valid as Tosanoides aphrodite Pinheiro, Rocha & Rocha 2018 -- (Allen & Walsh 2019:33 [ref. 36524], Parenti & Randall 2020:45 [ref. 37354], Anderson 2022:575 [ref. 39757], Carvalho-Filho 2023:113 [ref. 40480]). Current status: Valid as Tosanoides aphrodite Pinheiro, Rocha & Rocha 2018. Anthiadidae. Distribution: Southwestern Atlantic: Saint Paul Rocks (Brazil). Habitat: marine.

apiomycter, Anatolanthias Anderson [W. D., Jr.], Parin [N. V.] & Randall [J. E.] 1990:924, Figs. 1-2 [Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington v. 103 (no. 4); ref. 15469] Southeastern Pacific, Nazca Ridge, 25°41.7'S, 85°23.7'W, depth 160-168 meters. Holotype: USNM 309202. Paratypes: ZIN 49471 (1). Type catalog: Anderson 2018:7 [ref. 36146]. •Valid as Anatolanthias apiomycter Anderson, Parin & Randall 1990 -- (Pequeño 1997:83 [ref. 23536], Rojas M. & Pequeño 1998:176 [ref. 23775], Anderson & Baldwin 2000:379 [ref. 24574], Anderson & Heemstra 2012:120 [ref. 31956], Anderson 2018:7 [ref. 36146], Shepherd et al. 2019:25 [ref. 36755], Parenti & Randall 2020:7 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Valid as Anatolanthias apiomycter Anderson, Parin & Randall 1990. Anthiadidae. Distribution: Southeastern Pacific: Nazca Ridge endemic. Habitat: marine.

aplodactylus, Anthias Bleeker [P.] 1858:3 [Acta Societatis Regiae Scientiarum Indo-Neêrlandicae v. 3 (art. 14); ref. 13958] Ambon Island, Molucca Islands (Maluku), Indonesia. Holotype (unique): RMNH 5457. Type catalog: Anderson 2018:12 [ref. 36146]. The spelling haplodactylus is an unjustified emendation of Dactylanthias aplodactylus Bleeker 1871 by Boulenger 1893. •Valid as Dactylanthias aplodactylus (Bleeker 1858) -- (Heemstra & Randall 1999:2469 [ref. 24815] as haplodactylus, Randall 2007:83 [ref. 28979], Anderson 2018:12 [ref. 36146], Parenti & Randall 2020:12 [ref. 37354], Pogonoski & Gill 2021:426 [ref. 38140], Anderson 2022:568 [ref. 39757]). Current status: Valid as Dactylanthias aplodactylus (Bleeker 1858). Anthiadidae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Maldives east to Tuamotu Archipelago (French Polynesia). Habitat: marine.

ardens, Franzia Jordan [D. S.] & Thompson [W. F.] 1914:251, Pl. 30 (fig. 1) [Memoirs of the Carnegie Museum v. 6 (no. 4); ref. 2543] Misaki, Japan. Holotype: FMNH 57509 [ex CM 6451]. Type catalog: Henn 1928:92 [ref. 12305], Ibarra & Stewart 1987:36 [ref. 12367]. •Synonym of Pseudanthias squamipinnis (Peters 1855) -- (Randall & Pyle 2001:34 [ref. 25690], Parenti & Randall 2020:41 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Synonym of Pseudanthias squamipinnis (Peters 1855). Anthiadidae. Habitat: marine.

armatus, Serranus Castelnau [F. L.] 1875:7 [Official Record, containing Introduction, Catalogues, Official Awards of the Commissioners, Report and Recommendations of the Experts, and Essays and Statistics on the Social and Economic Resources of the Colony of Victoria.; ref. 768] Swan River, Western Australia. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1984:45 [ref. 19232]. Originally as Serranus? armatus. •Valid as Epinephelides armatus (Castelnau 1875) -- (Paxton et al. 1989:505 [ref. 12442], Gomon et al. 1994:533 [ref. 22532], Kuiter 1997:106 [ref. 25488], Hutchins 2001:262 [ref. 25841], Hutchins 2001:29 [ref. 25847], Allen et al. 2006:985 [ref. 29078], Roberts & Gomon 2008:540 [ref. 30641], Anderson 2018:13 [ref. 36146], Hoschke et al. 2019:155 [ref. 36626], Parenti & Randall 2020:12 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Valid as Epinephelides armatus (Castelnau 1875). Anthiadidae. Distribution: Southeastern Indian Ocean: Western Australia endemic. Habitat: brackish, marine.

asperilinguis, Anthias Günther [A.] 1859:89 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 1; ref. 1961] South America. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1974.10.4.1. Type catalog: Anderson 2018:7 [ref. 36146], Parenti & Randall 2020:8 [ref. 37354]. Also listed was Plate VIII, but on preface p. vi it is stated, "The Plates referred to, and executed by Mr. Ford, will be published as a separate volume." •Valid as Anthias asperilinguis Günther 1859 -- (Anderson & Heemstra 1980:79 [ref. 5434], Katayama & Amaoka 1986:216 [ref. 6680], Cervigón 1991:374 [ref. 24472], Cervigón 1992:424 [ref. 23827], Anderson & Baldwin 2000:372 [ref. 24574], Heemstra et al. 2003:1330 [ref. 27060], Moura & Menezes in Menezes et al. 2003:75 [ref. 27192], Anderson & Heemstra 2012:73 [ref. 31956], Lins Oliveira et al. 2015:145 [ref. 37485], Anderson et al. 2017:76 [ref. 35505], Anderson 2018:7 [ref. 36146], Pinheiro et al. 2018:113 [ref. 36158], Klautau et al. 2020:9 [ref. 37903], Parenti & Randall 2020:8 [ref. 37354], Carvalho-Filho 2023:113 [ref. 40480]). Current status: Valid as Anthias asperilinguis Günther 1859. Anthiadidae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: Venezuela and the Guianas south to northeastern Brazil and Saint Paul's Rocks, including Caribbean Sea. Habitat: marine.

aurantia, Lepidoperca Roberts [C. D.] 1989:580, Fig. 8 [Journal of Natural History v. 23 (no. 3); ref. 12486] Off northwest coast of South Island, 40°48.8'S, 171°24.6'E, New Zealand, depth 267-273 meters. Holotype: NMNZ P.14799. Paratypes: AMS I.23991-001 (2); BMNH 1984.24.4.? (1); NMNZ P.14800 (8), P.14801 (1, skeleton), P.10459 (1); WAM P.28301-001 (2). Plus additional non-type material: AIM 2511 (1); NMNZ (13 lots, 22). Type catalog: Hardy 1990:10 [ref. 18942], Moore et al. 2008:20 [ref. 30117], Anderson 2018:17 [ref. 36146]. •Valid as Lepidoperca aurantia Roberts 1989 -- (Aizawa & Matsuura in Amaoka et al. 1990:254 [ref. 16024], Duffy & Ahyong 2015:113 [ref. 36167], Roberts 2015:1193 [ref. 34193], Anderson 2018:17 [ref. 36146], Parenti & Randall 2020:16 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Valid as Lepidoperca aurantia Roberts 1989. Anthiadidae. Distribution: Southwestern Pacific: New Zealand to Kermadec Islands. Habitat: marine.

aureorubens, Pronotogrammus Longley [W. H.] 1935:88 [Carnegie Institution of Washington Year Book No. 34; ref. 13714] South of Tortugas, Florida, U.S.A. Holotype: USNM 101320. Type catalog: Anderson 2018:9 [ref. 36146]. •Valid as Pronotogrammus aureorubens Longley 1935 -- (Baldwin 1990:924 [ref. 21029]). •Valid as Hemanthias aureorubens (Longley 1935) -- (Robins & Ray 1986:145 [ref. 23100], Bullock & Smith 1991:17 [ref. 36591], Cervigón 1991:372 [ref. 24472], Boschung 1992:107 [ref. 23239], Cervigón 1992:424 [ref. 23827], Heemstra et al. 2003:1350 [ref. 27060], Moore et al. 2003:225 [ref. 27076], Roa-Varón et al. 2003:15 [ref. 27814], Nelson et al. 2004:128 [ref. 27807], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:153 [ref. 28815]). •Valid as Baldwinella aureorubens (Longley 1935) -- (Anderson & Heemstra 2012:110 [ref. 31956], Page et al. 2013:131 [ref. 32708], Anderson 2018:9 [ref. 36146], Parenti & Randall 2020:10 [ref. 37354], Carvalho-Filho 2023:113 [ref. 40480]). Current status: Valid as Baldwinella aureorubens (Longley 1935). Anthiadidae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: Massachusetts (U.S.A.) south to Venezuela and French Guiana, including Gulf of Mexico and Caribbean Sea. Habitat: marine.

aurulentus, Anthias (Mirolabrichthys) Randall [J. E.] & McCosker [J. E.] 1982:67, Fig. 9 [Journal of Aquariculture v. 2 (no. 3); ref. 8559] Off wreck of 'V. Lindenbank', outer ocean reef 1.5 miles northwest of English Harbor, Tabuaeran [= Fanning Island], Line Islands, central Pacific. Holotype: BPBM 26546. Paratypes: AMS I.22467-001 (1), BMNH 1980.5.20.1 (1), BPBM 26547 (1), CAS 48098 (1), USNM 227296 (1). Type catalog: Anderson 2018:36 [ref. 36146]. •Valid as Pseudanthias aurulentus (Randall & McCosker 1982) -- (Heemstra & Randall 1999:2470 [ref. 24815], Randall & Pyle 2001:34 [ref. 25690], Mundy et al. 2010:61 [ref. 31155], Anderson 2018:36 [ref. 36146], Parenti & Randall 2020:32 [ref. 37354], Victor et al. 2020:14 [ref. 37807]). •Valid as Pyronotanthias aurulentus (Randall & McCosker 1982) -- (Gill 2022:58 [ref. 38980], Galbraith et al. 2024:7 [ref. 40930]). Current status: Valid as Pyronotanthias aurulentus (Randall & McCosker 1982). Anthiadidae. Distribution: Western and central Pacific: Coral Sea (Australia); Line Islands (Kiribati). Habitat: marine.

australis, Stigmatonotus Peters [W. (C. H.)] 1877:838 [Monatsberichte der Königlichen Preussischen Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Berlin 1876; ref. 3454] Dirk Hartog Island, Western Australia, depth 3 fathoms. Holotype (unique): ZMB 9811. •Status uncertain -- (Anderson 2018:52 [ref. 36146], Parenti & Randall 2020:130 [ref. 37354]). •Valid as Hypoplectrodes australis (Peters 1877) -- (Gill 2023:557 [ref. 40225]). Current status: Valid as Hypoplectrodes australis (Peters 1877). Anthiadidae. Distribution: Southeastern Indian Ocean: Western Australia endemic. Habitat: marine.

azumanus, Pseudanthias Jordan [D. S.] & Richardson [R. E.] 1910:470 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 37 (no. 1714); ref. 2494] Tokyo Bay, Japan. Syntypes: NMW 42378-79 (1, 3). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:70 [ref. 12291]. Replacement name for Anthias japonicus Döderlein 1883, preoccupied by Anthias japonicus Bloch 1793. •Synonym of Plectranthias kelloggi (Jordan & Evermann 1903), but a valid subspecies azumanus (Jordan & Richardson 1910) -- (Amaoka in Okamura et al. 1982:219, 373 [ref. 8256], Katayama in Masuda et al. 1984:134 [ref. 6441], Yamakawa in Okamura et al. 1985:465, 666 [ref. 8056], Nakabo 2000:696 [ref. 25086], Shinohara et al. 2001:321 [ref. 25995], Nakabo 2002:696 [ref. 26001], Shinohara et al. 2005:431 [ref. 28370], Shinohara et al. 2014:259 [ref. 33330], Okamoto & Motomura 2017:51 [ref. 35248], Parenti & Randall 2020:27 [ref. 37354], Sonoyama et al. 2020:55 [ref. 37637], Wada et al. 2020:9 [ref. 37270], Koeda et al. 2021:6 [ref. 38857]). •Synonym of Plectranthias kelloggi (Jordan & Evermann 1903) -- (Randall 1980:104 [ref. 6717], Shen & Lin 1984:19 [ref. 13822], Lee 1990:16 [ref. 19830]). •Valid as Plectranthias azumanus (Jordan & Richardson 1910) -- (Gill et al. 2021:38 [ref. 38105], Wada et al. 2022:25 [ref. 39599], Anderson 2022:569 [ref. 39757]). Replacement Name. Current status: Valid as Plectranthias azumanus (Jordan & Richardson 1910). Anthiadidae. Distribution: Eastern Indian Ocean, western Pacific: Taiwan to southern Japan; Western Australia. Habitat: marine.

baccheti, Dactylanthias Randall [J. E.] 2007:84, Figs. 2-3 [aqua, International Journal of Ichthyology v. 12 (no. 2) (for 2006); ref. 28979] Takaroa Atoll, 14°30'S, 144°58'W, Tuamotu Archipelago, depth 200-250 meters. Holotype (unique): BPBM 40412. Type catalog: Anderson 2018:12 [ref. 36146]. •Valid as Dactylanthias baccheti Randall 2007 -- (Anderson 2018:12 [ref. 36146], Parenti & Randall 2020:12 [ref. 37354]). •Synonym of Dactylanthias aplodactylus (Bleeker 1858) -- (Pogonoski & Gill 2021:426 [ref. 38140], Anderson 2022:568 [ref. 39757]). Current status: Synonym of Dactylanthias aplodactylus (Bleeker 1858). Anthiadidae. Habitat: marine.

barroi, Plectranthias Fourmanoir [P.] 1982:60, Fig. 2 [Cybium 3e série. Bulletin de la Société Française d'Ichtyologie v. 6 (no. 4); ref. 8483] Chesterfield Islands, Coral Sea, 19°40'S, 158°31'E, depth 300 meters. Holotype: MNHN 1979-0431. Paratypes: MNHN 1979-0432 (3), 1981-1441 (1). Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1984:19 [ref. 19232], Anderson 2018:52 [ref. 36146]. •Valid as Plectranthias barroi Fourmanoir 1982 -- (Randall & Shimizu 1994:109 [ref. 21441]). •Valid as Selenanthias barroi (Fourmanoir 1982) -- (Heemstra & Randall 1999:2471 [ref. 24815], Fricke et al. 2011:387 [ref. 31242], Anderson 2018:51 [ref. 36146], Parenti & Randall 2020:44 [ref. 37354], Gill et al. 2021:107 [ref. 38105]). Current status: Valid as Selenanthias barroi (Fourmanoir 1982). Anthiadidae. Distribution: Southwestern Pacific: Chesterfield Islands (New Caledonia) and Coral Sea (Australia). Habitat: marine.

bartlettorum, Anthias (Mirolabrichthys) Randall [J. E.] & Lubbock [R.] 1981:20, Figs. 15-16 [Contributions in Science (Los Angeles) No. 333; ref. 6912] Outer reef off Enubuj Islet at southern end of atoll, Kwajalein Atoll, Marshall Islands, western Pacific, depth 8-10 meters. Holotype: BPBM 17981. Paratypes: AMS I.19218-001 (1); BMNH 1976.9.30.1 (1); BPBM 19969 (2), 20449 (1); CAS 37889 (1); LACM 35906-1 (1); MNHN 1976-0125 (1); USNM 216495 (1). Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1984:9 [ref. 19232], Anderson 2018:36 [ref. 36146]. •Valid as Pseudanthias bartlettorum (Randall & Lubbock 1981) -- (Myers 1999:107 [ref. 23965], Heemstra & Randall 1999:2470 [ref. 24815], Randall & Pyle 2001:34 [ref. 25690], Randall et al. 2004:12 [ref. 27624], Randall 2005:139 [ref. 28239], Allen & Erdmann 2012:289 [ref. 31980], Anderson 2018:36 [ref. 36146], Parenti & Randall 2020:32 [ref. 37354]). •Valid as Nemanthias bartlettorum (Randall & Lubbock 1981) -- (Gill 2022:55 [ref. 38980], Balisco et al. 2023:5 [ref. 39932]). Current status: Valid as Nemanthias bartlettorum (Randall & Lubbock 1981). Anthiadidae. Distribution: Western and central Pacific: Palawan (Philippines), Papua New Guinea and Palau east to Phoenix Islands (Kiribati) and Line Islands (Kiribati). Habitat: marine.

bauchotae, Plectranthias Randall [J. E.] 1980:118, Fig. 4 [Micronesica v. 16 (no. 1); ref. 6717] Banc de l'Etoile, 25°54'S, 44°36'E, south of Madagascar, depth 140-180 meters. Holotype (unique): MNHN 1978-0084. Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1984:19 [ref. 19232], Anderson 2018:25 [ref. 36146]. •Valid as Plectranthias bauchotae Randall 1980 -- (Katayama & Yamamoto 1986:389 [ref. 6716], Randall 1996:118 [ref. 23194], Heemstra & Randall 2009:6 [ref. 30535], Allen & Walsh 2015:83 [ref. 33954], Fricke et al. 2018:156 [ref. 35805], Anderson 2018:25 [ref. 36146], Parenti & Randall 2020:24 [ref. 37354], Heemstra & Heemstra 2022:96 [ref. 39746]). Current status: Valid as Plectranthias bauchotae Randall 1980. Anthiadidae. Distribution: Western Indian Ocean: Eastern Cape and KwaZulu-Natal (South Africa), Madagascar and Saya de Malha Bank. Habitat: marine.

bennetti, Plectranthias Allen [G. R.] & Walsh [F.] 2015:85, Figs. 1-4 [Journal of the Ocean Science Foundation v. 16; ref. 33954] Northwestern section of western part of Holmes Reefs, 16°24.327'S, 147°49.442'E, Coral Sea, Australia, depth 63 meters. Holotype (unique): QM I.39334. Non-types: One specimen sold to Japanese marine aquarium trade. Type catalog: Anderson 2018:26 [ref. 36146]. •Valid as Plectranthias bennetti Allen & Walsh 2015 -- (Anderson 2018:26 [ref. 36146], Parenti & Randall 2020:24 [ref. 37354], Shepherd et al. 2020:156 [ref. 37583], Gill et al. 2021:46 [ref. 38105]). Current status: Valid as Plectranthias bennetti Allen & Walsh 2015. Anthiadidae. Distribution: Southwestern Pacific: Coral Sea (Australia). Habitat: marine.

bennetti, Tosanoides Allen [G. R.] & Walsh [F.] 2019:27, Figs. 1-4A [aqua, International Journal of Ichthyology v. 25 (no. 1); ref. 36524] Northwestern section of western part of Holmes Reefs, Coral Sea, Australia, 16°31.3'S, 147°49.0'E, depth 150 meters. Holotype: QM I.40881. Paratypes: AMS, QM, WAM. •Valid as Tosanoides bennetti Allen & Walsh 2019 -- (Parenti & Randall 2020:45 [ref. 37354], Anderson 2022:575 [ref. 39757]). Current status: Valid as Tosanoides bennetti Allen & Walsh 2019. Anthiadidae. Distribution: Southwestern Pacific: western Coral Sea (Australia). Habitat: marine.

bicolor, Anthias (Mirolabrichthys) Randall [J. E.] 1979:4, Figs. 1-3 [Contributions in Science (Los Angeles) No. 302; ref. 12314] Waianae coast off Pokai Bay, Oahu Island, Hawaiian Islands, depth 33.5 meters. Holotype: BPBM 10146. Paratypes: AMS I.18721-001 (1), I.19218-001 (1); ANSP 134235 (1); BMNH 1976.3.15.1 (1); BPBM 10141-42 (1, 4), 10145 (1), 10173 (4), 13344 (3), 15498 (1), 15877 (4), 17959 (1), 18833 (1), 19916 (1), 19924 (2), 19930 (1); CAS 35678 (1); LACM 35579-1 (1); MNHN 1974-48 (1), 1975-1139 (1); USNM 215284 (1). Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1984:9 [ref. 19232], Böhlke 1984:154 [ref. 13621], Anderson 2018:36 [ref. 36146]. •Valid as Mirolabrichthys bicolor (Randall 1979) -- (Katayama in Masuda et al. 1984:138 [ref. 6441]). •Valid as Pseudanthias bicolor (Randall 1979) -- (Randall et al. 1990:91 [ref. 15987], Allen 1997:92 [ref. 23977], Kuiter 1997:116 [ref. 25488], Randall et al. 1997:91 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:107 [ref. 23965], Fricke 1999:206 [ref. 24106], Heemstra & Randall 1999:2470 [ref. 24815], Nakabo 2000:705 [ref. 25086], Randall in Randall & Lim 2000:610 [ref. 25122], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:197 [ref. 25191], Randall & Pyle 2001:34 [ref. 25690], Nakabo 2002:705 [ref. 26001], Allen & Adrim 2003:32 [ref. 26830], Myers & Donaldson 2003:620 [ref. 27495], Randall 2005:139 [ref. 28239], Mundy 2005:343 [ref. 28379], Allen et al. 2006:992 [ref. 29078], Randall 2007:194 [ref. 30952], Motomura et al. 2010:100 [ref. 31256], Fricke et al. 2011:386 [ref. 31242], Allen & Erdmann 2012:290 [ref. 31980], Heemstra & Akhilesh 2012:124, 127 [ref. 32094], Fricke et al. 2014:64 [ref. 33932], Pinault et al. 2015:255 [ref. 33652], Anderson 2018:36 [ref. 36146], Parenti & Randall 2020:33 [ref. 37354], Heemstra & Heemstra 2022:103 [ref. 39746]). •Valid as Nemanthias bicolor (Randall 1979) -- (Gill 2022:55 [ref. 38980]). Current status: Valid as Nemanthias bicolor (Randall 1979). Anthiadidae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Mascarenes (La Réunion, Mauritius, Rodrigues), Maldives and Chagos Archipelago east to Hawaiian Islands (U.S.A.), north to southern Japan, south to New Caledonia. Habitat: marine.

bilaticlavia, Plectranthias Paulin [C. D.] & Roberts [C. D.] 1987:13, Fig. 1 [National Museum of New Zealand Records v. 3 (no. 2); ref. 9090] Off Bells Flat, Raoul Island, Kermadec Islands. Holotype: NMNZ P.14024. Paratypes: NMNZ P.20264 (1), NZOI P697 (1). Type catalog: Hardy 1990:10 [ref. 18942], Anderson 2018:26 [ref. 36146]. •Valid as Plectranthias bilaticlavia Paulin & Roberts 1987 -- (Paulin et al. 1989:175 [ref. 24556], Anderson & Randall 1991:340 [ref. 18968], Randall & Shimizu 1994:109 [ref. 21441], Randall 1996:118 [ref. 23194], Allen & Walsh 2015:83 [ref. 33954], Roberts 2015:1197 [ref. 34193], Anderson 2018:26 [ref. 36146], Parenti & Randall 2020:24 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Valid as Plectranthias bilaticlavia Paulin & Roberts 1987. Anthiadidae. Distribution: Southwestern Pacific: Kermadec Islands (New Zealand). Habitat: marine.

bimaculatus, Anthias Smith [J. L. B.] 1955:339, Fig. 1 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 12) v. 8 (no. 89) (art. 42); ref. 4097] Bay of Bocage, 14°10'S, 40°50'E, Mozambique, western Indian Ocean. Holotype: SAIAB 47. Paratypes: (3) SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 958-959 (2, 2). Type catalog: Anderson 2018:36 [ref. 36146]. •Valid as Anthias bimaculatus Smith 1955 -- (Heemstra & Randall 1986:511 [ref. 5667]). •Valid as Pseudanthias bimaculatus (Smith 1955) -- (Randall & Hutomo 1988 [ref. 6679], Allen 1997:92 [ref. 23977], Fricke 1999:206 [ref. 24106], Heemstra & Randall 1999:2470 [ref. 24815], Ida & Sakaue 2001:267 [ref. 25544], Randall & Pyle 2001:34 [ref. 25690], Allen & Adrim 2003:32 [ref. 26830], Fricke et al. 2009:48 [ref. 30213], Allen & Erdmann 2012:290 [ref. 31980], Heemstra & Akhilesh 2012:127, 130 [ref. 32094], Anderson 2018:36 [ref. 36146], Fricke et al. 2018:157 [ref. 35805], Parenti & Randall 2020:33 [ref. 37354], Akhilesh et al. 2021:55 [ref. 38701], Heemstra & Heemstra 2022:103 [ref. 39746]). Current status: Valid as Pseudanthias bimaculatus (Smith 1955). Anthiadidae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: East Africa (Mozambique), Aldabra (Seychelles), Madagascar, western Mascarenes (La Réunion), Maldives; Indonesia; New Caledonia; probably more widespread. Habitat: marine.

bimarginatus, Pseudanthias Randall [J. E.] 2011:80, Pl. 1A-C [Smithiana, Publications in Aquatic Biodiversity, Bulletin No. 13; ref. 31328] North Malé Atoll, lagoon, east side of Furana Island, Maldives, depth 48 meters. Holotype: BPBM 34697. Paratypes: BPBM 41006 (1), SAIAB 86490 (2), USNM 398058 (1). Type catalog: Anderson 2018:37 [ref. 36146]. •Valid as Pseudanthias bimarginatus Randall 2011 -- (Allen & Erdmann 2012:291 [ref. 31980], Heemstra & Akhilesh 2012:126, 132 [ref. 32094], Anderson 2018:37 [ref. 36146], Tea et al. 2020:3 [ref. 37258], Parenti & Randall 2020:33 [ref. 37354], Durville et al. 2021:311 [ref. 38802], Heemstra & Heemstra 2022:104 [ref. 39746]). •Valid as Pyronotanthias bimarginatus (Randall 2011) -- (Gill 2022:58 [ref. 38980]). Current status: Valid as Pyronotanthias bimarginatus (Randall 2011). Anthiadidae. Distribution: Indian Ocean: KwaZulu-Natal (South Africa); western Mascarenes (La Réunion, Mauritius); Maldives east to Sumatra (Indonesia). Habitat: marine.

bitaeniatus, Anthias Kotthaus [A.] 1973:19, Fig. 289 [Meteor Forschungsergebnisse. Reihe D, Biologie No. 16; ref. 7572] East of Mumbai, Arabian Sea, 18°61'N, 70°39'E to 18°54'N, 70°41.3'E, depth 86-93 meters. Holotype (unique): ZMH 5126 [ex IOES 164]. Type catalog: Wilkens & Dohse 1993:416 [ref. 21161]. •Synonym of Pseudanthias townsendi (Boulenger 1897) -- (Randall & Pyle 2001:34 [ref. 25690]). • Probably a synonym of Paeudanthias conspicuus (Heemstra 1973) -- (Heemstra & Akhilesh 2012:137 [ref. 32094], Parenti & Randall 2020:34 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Synonym of Pseudanthias conspicuus (Heemstra 1973). Anthiadidae. Habitat: marine.

borbonius, Serranus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1828:263 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 2; ref. 997] Réunion, western Mascarenes, southwestern Indian Ocean. Holotype (?): MNHN 0000-0983. Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1984:25 [ref. 19232], Anderson 2018:21 [ref. 36146]. •Valid as Holanthias borbonius (Valenciennes 1828) -- (Katayama in Masuda et al. 1984:135 [ref. 6441], Heemstra & Randall 1986:513 [ref. 5667], Shen et al. 1986:67 [ref. 13818], Lee 1990:10 [ref. 19830], Fricke 1999:201 [ref. 24106], Heemstra & Randall 1999:2469 [ref. 24815], Kon et al. 2000:75 [ref. 24483], Nakabo 2000:699 [ref. 25086], Randall in Randall & Lim 2000:610 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2002:699 [ref. 26001], Myers & Donaldson 2003:620 [ref. 27495], Kimura et al. in Kimura & Matsuura 2003:54 [ref. 27510]). •Valid as Odontanthias borbonius (Valenciennes 1828) -- (Randall & Heemstra 2006:9 [ref. 28602], Fricke et al. 2009:48 [ref. 30213], White 2011:22 [ref. 31494], Fricke et al. 2018:155 [ref. 35805], Anderson 2018:21 [ref. 36146], Parenti & Randall 2020:20 [ref. 37354], Zajonz et al. 2020:506 [ref. 37997], Mochizuki et al. 2021:48 [ref. 38974], Furuhashi & Motomura 2022:8 [ref. 39607], Heemstra & Heemstra 2022:92 [ref. 39746], Mori et al. 2023:[2] 126 [ref. 40373]). Current status: Valid as Odontanthias borbonius (Valenciennes 1828). Anthiadidae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: KwaZulu-Natal (South Africa), Mozambique, Comoros, Madagascar and western Mascarenes (La Réunion, Mauritius) east to Guam, Palau and Papua New Guinea, north to southern Japan and Ogasawara Islands (Japan). Habitat: marine.

boulengeri, Anthias Heemstra [P. C.] 1973:206, Fig. 2 [Copeia 1973 (no. 2); ref. 55] Muscat, Oman, Gulf of Oman, Arabian Sea, northwestern Indian Ocean. Lectotype: BMNH 1889.4.15.15. Paralectotypes: BMNH 1889.4.15.16 (1). Type catalog: Anderson 2018:50 [ref. 36146]. Replacement name for Anthias formosus Boulenger 1889, preoccupied by Anthias formosus Bloch 1792. •Valid as Sacura boulengeri (Heemstra 1973) -- (Heemstra & Randall 1979:3 [ref. 6938], Randall 1995:124 [ref. 22896], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S104 [ref. 27377], Thomas et al. 2008:70 [ref. 37359], Psomadakis et al. 2015:202 [ref. 34104], Motomura et al. 2017:295 [ref. 35530], Anderson 2018:50 [ref. 36146], Parenti & Randall 2020:43 [ref. 37354], Zajonz et al. 2020:507 [ref. 37997], Akhilesh et al. 2021:56 [ref. 38701], Heemstra & Heemstra 2022:113 [ref. 39746], Peinemann et al. 2022:[2] 295 [ref. 40966]). Replacement Name. Current status: Valid as Sacura boulengeri (Heemstra 1973). Anthiadidae. Distribution: Red Sea; northwestern Indian Ocean: Oman east Pakistan and southwest coast of India. Habitat: marine.

brasilianum, Plectropoma Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1828:397 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 2; ref. 997] 15°S, 35°E [incorrect], east of Ilheus, Bahia State, Brazil. Syntypes: MNHN 0000-4540 (1), 0000-6407 (2). Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1984:20 [ref. 19232], Anderson 2018:5 [ref. 36146]. •Valid as Acanthistius brasilianus (Cuvier 1828) -- (Cousseau & Perrotta 2000:94 [ref. 25942], López et al. 2002:65 [ref. 26808], Moura & Menezes in Menezes et al. 2003:75 [ref. 27192], Irigoyen et al. 2008:53 [ref. 29703], Heemstra 2010:60 [ref. 30720], Mabragaña et al. 2011:table S2 [ref. 31800], Anderson & Heemstra 2012:13 [ref. 31956], Nión et al. 2016:46 [ref. 35565], Anderson 2018:5 [ref. 36146], Parenti & Randall 2020:6 [ref. 37354], Carvalho-Filho 2023:112 [ref. 40480]). Current status: Valid as Acanthistius brasilianus (Cuvier 1828). Anthiadidae. Distribution: Southwestern Atlantic: Rio de Janeiro (Brazil) south to northern Argentina. Habitat: brackish, marine.

brevipes, Anthias sacer Bellotti [C.] 1879:36 [4] [Atti della Società Italiana di Scienze Naturali di Milano v. 22; ref. 16779] Nice, France, northwestern Mediterranean Sea. Holotype: MSNM (destroyed in 1943). Type catalog: Conci & Michelangeli 1974:219 [ref. 21560]. On p. 4 of separate. •Questionably a synonym of Anthias anthias (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Anderson & Heemstra 2012:69 [ref. 31956]). •Synonym of Anthias anthias (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Parenti & Randall 2020:8 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Synonym of Anthias anthias (Linnaeus 1758). Anthiadidae. Habitat: marine.

brochata, Lepidoperca Katayama [M.] & Fujii [E.] 1982:247, Fig. 6 [Japanese Journal of Ichthyology v. 29 (no. 3); ref. 8465] Southeastern Australia, 34°51.7'S, 151°07.5'E, depth 236 meters. Holotype: NSMT-P 21438. Paratypes: AMS I.23359-001 (1); NSMT-P 21439-42 (1, 1, 1, 1); ZUMT 54320 (1). Type catalog: Anderson 2018:17 [ref. 36146]. •Valid as Lepidoperca brochata Katayama & Fujii 1982 -- (Paxton et al. 1989:505 [ref. 12442], Roberts 1989:586 [ref. 12486], Allen et al. 2006:987 [ref. 29078], Anderson 2018:17 [ref. 36146], Parenti & Randall 2020:16 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Valid as Lepidoperca brochata Katayama & Fujii 1982. Anthiadidae. Distribution: Southwestern Pacific: New South Wales (Australia). Habitat: marine.

caesiopercula, Anthias pulchellus Whitley [G. P.] 1951:398 [Records of the Australian Museum v. 22 (no. 4); ref. 4715] 5 1/4 miles northeast of Cape Moreton, Queensland, Australia, depth 92 meters. Lectotype: AMS E.2878. Paralectotypes: AMS E.2879 (12). Type catalog: Anderson 2018:17 [ref. 36146]. Lectotype selected by Roberts 1989:567 [ref. 12486]. •Valid as Anthias caesiopercula Whitley 1951 -- (Paxton et al. 1989:501 [ref. 12442]). •Valid as Lepidoperca caesiopercula (Whitley 1951) -- (Roberts 1989:567 [ref. 12486], Allen et al. 2006:987 [ref. 29078], Anderson 2018:17 [ref. 36146], Parenti & Randall 2020:16 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Valid as Lepidoperca caesiopercula (Whitley 1951). Anthiadidae. Distribution: Southwestern Pacific: Queensland (Australia). Habitat: marine.

calloura, Pseudanthias Ida [H.] & Sakaue [J.] 2001:263, Figs. 1-5 [Ichthyological Research v. 48 (no. 3); ref. 25544] Southwestern reef of Koror Island, Palau Islands, central Pacific, rocky drop-off at depth of 56 meters. Holotype: NSMT-P 57228. Paratypes: NSMT-P 57229-30 (1, 1). Type catalog: Anderson 2018:37 [ref. 36146]. •Valid as Pseudanthias calloura Ida & Sakaue 2001 -- (Motomura et al. 2010:119 [ref. 31101], Anderson 2018:37 [ref. 36146], Parenti & Randall 2020:33 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Valid as Pseudanthias calloura Ida & Sakaue 2001. Anthiadidae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Palau. Habitat: marine.

canariensis, Aylopon Guichenot [A.] 1868:84 [5] [Annales de la Société Linnéenne du Département de Maine-et-Loire v. 10; ref. 1936] Canary Islands. and Madeira. Syntypes: MNHN 0000-4316 (2) Madeira, 0000-4317 (1) Canary I. Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1984:10 [ref. 19232]. On p. 5 of separate. •Synonym of Anthias anthias (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Maugé 1990:707 [ref. 17126], Anderson & Heemstra 2012:69 [ref. 31956], Parenti & Randall 2020:8 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Synonym of Anthias anthias (Linnaeus 1758). Anthiadidae. Habitat: marine.

carberryi, Nemanthias Smith [J. L. B.] 1954:4, Fig. 2 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 12) v. 7 (no. 73) (art. 1); ref. 4090] Malindi, Kenya, western Indian Ocean. Holotype: SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 153. Paratypes: (9) Some of SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 963 (19), 964 (48). Type catalog: Anderson 2018:21 [ref. 36146]. •Valid as Nemanthias carberryi Smith 1954 -- (Heemstra & Randall 1986:514 [ref. 5667], Winterbottom et al. 1989:27 [ref. 13251], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S104 [ref. 27377], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:160 [ref. 28072], Fricke et al. 2013:257 [ref. 32706], Anderson 2018:21 [ref. 36146], Fricke et al. 2018:155 [ref. 35805], Parenti & Randall 2020:20 [ref. 37354], Gill 2022:55 [ref. 38980], Heemstra & Heemstra 2022:92 [ref. 39746]). Current status: Valid as Nemanthias carberryi Smith 1954. Anthiadidae. Distribution: Western Indian Ocean: Aliwal Shoal and KwaZulu-Natal (South Africa) and East Africa (Mozambique, Tanzania, Kenya) east to Seychelles, Madagascar, Maldives and Chagos Archipelago. Habitat: marine.

cardinalis, Hypoplectrodes Allen [G. R.] & Randall [J. E.] 1990:45 [Revue française d'Aquariologie Herpétologie v. 17 (no. 2); ref. 15982] Off Beacon Island, Wallabi Group, Houtman Abrolhos Islands, Western Australia, depth 3-4 meters. Holotype: WAM P.25314-003. Paratypes: AMS I.18476-001 (1), USNM 214701 (1), WAM P.25226-001 (1), WAM P.25311-007 (2). Type catalog: Moore et al. 2008:19 [ref. 30117], Anderson 2018:15 [ref. 36146]. Replacement name for Ellerkeldia rubra Allen 1976, secondarily preoccupied in Hypoplectrodes by Scopularia rubra de Buen 1959. •Valid as Hypoplectrodes cardinalis Allen & Randall 1990 -- (Gomon et al. 1994:537 [ref. 22532], Kuiter 1997:112 [ref. 25488], Hutchins 2001:262 [ref. 25841], Hutchins 2001:30 [ref. 25847], Allen et al. 2006:986 [ref. 29078], Roberts & Gomon 2008:544 [ref. 30641], Anderson 2018:15 [ref. 36146], Hoschke et al. 2019:155 [ref. 36626], Parenti & Randall 2020:14 [ref. 37354]). •Synonym of Hypoplectrodes australis (Peters 1877) -- (Gill 2023:557 [ref. 40225]). Replacement Name. Current status: Synonym of Hypoplectrodes australis (Peters 1877). Anthiadidae. Habitat: marine.

carlsoni, Pseudanthias Randall [J. E.] & Pyle [R. L.] 2001:20, Figs. 1-4 [Raffles Bulletin of Zoology v. 49 (no. 1); ref. 25690] Yanutha Reef, southern end of No Name Pass, ocean side, 18°24'30"S, 177°56'E, Fiji, depth 37-46 meters. Holotype: BPBM 38665. Paratypes: AMS I.39906-001 (1), BMNH 2000.1.6.1 (1), BPBM 30630 (1), CAS 210368 (1), NSMT-P 58835 (1), ZRC 45768 (2), USNM 359477(2). •Valid as Pseudanthias carlsoni Randall & Pyle 2001 -- (Randall et al. 2004:12 [ref. 27624], Randall 2005:140 [ref. 28239], Allen & Erdmann 2008:144 [ref. 29480]). •Synonym of Pseudanthias engelhardi (Allen & Starck 1982) -- (Motomura et al. 2010:119 [ref. 31101], Allen & Erdmann 2012:292 [ref. 31980], Parenti & Randall 2020:35 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Synonym of Pseudanthias engelhardi (Allen & Starck 1982). Anthiadidae. Habitat: marine.

carpenteri, Meganthias Anderson [W. D., Jr.] 2006:405, Figs. 1- 2, 3A-B, 5B [Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington v. 119 (no. 3); ref. 28870] Off Nigeria, eastern Atlantic. Holotype: USNM 386079. Paratypes: USNM 386080 (1). Type catalog: Anderson 2018:20 [ref. 36146]. •Valid as Meganthias carpenteri Anderson 2006 -- (Randall & Heemstra 2008:5 [ref. 29984], Akhilesh et al. 2009:1 [ref. 31046], White 2011:21 [ref. 32494], Anderson & Heemstra 2012:92 [ref. 31956], Heemstra & Anderson in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2397 [ref. 34618], Anderson 2018:20 [ref. 36146], Parenti & Randall 2020:19 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Valid as Meganthias carpenteri Anderson 2006. Anthiadidae. Distribution: Eastern Atlantic: Nigeria. Habitat: marine.

cataphracta, Lacepedia Castelnau [F. L.] 1873:43 [Proceedings of the Zoological and Acclimatisation Society of Victoria, Melbourne v. 2; ref. 758] Melbourne fish market, Victoria, Australia. Holotype (unique): MNHN A-5591 (skin). •Synonym of Caesioperca rasor (Richardson 1839) -- (Paxton et al. 1989:503 [ref. 12442], Allen et al. 2006:983 [ref. 29078], Parenti & Randall 2020:10 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Synonym of Caesioperca rasor (Richardson 1839). Anthiadidae. Habitat: marine.

caudalis, Holanthias Trunov [I. A.] 1976:263 [230], Fig. 1 [Voprosy Ikhtiologii v. 16 (no. 2) (art. 97); ref. 8648] Near Ascension Island, southeastern Atlantic. Holotype: AtlantNIRO 33. Paratypes: AtlantNIRO 33 (1). Type catalog: Anderson 2018:14 [ref. 36146]. Description on p. 230 of English translation. •Valid as Holanthias caudalis Trunov 1976 -- (Maugé 1990:707 [ref. 17126], Anderson 2006:415 [ref. 28870], Anderson & Heemstra 2012:88 [ref. 31956], Wirtz et al. 2014:5 [ref. 33516], Heemstra & Anderson in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2394 [ref. 34618], Anderson 2018:14 [ref. 36146], Parenti & Randall 2020:14 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Valid as Holanthias caudalis Trunov 1976. Anthiadidae. Distribution: Southern central Atlantic: Ascension Island. Habitat: marine.

caudalis, Pseudanthias Kamohara [T.] & Katayama [M.] 1959:1, Fig. 1 [Reports of the Usa Marine Biological Station v. 6 (no. 1); ref. 11923] Kashiwajima, Kochi Prefecture, Japan. Holotype: BSKU 7492. Paratypes: BSKU 8205 (1). Type catalog: Kamohara 1961:3 [ref. 19282], Anderson 2018:37 [ref. 36146]. •Valid as Pseudanthias caudalis Kamohara & Katayama 1959 -- (Katayama in Masuda et al. 1984:137 [ref. 6441], Nakabo 2000:705 [ref. 25086], Randall & Pyle 2001:34 [ref. 25690], Nakabo 2002:705 [ref. 26001], Shao et al. 2008:248 [ref. 29952], Randall 2007:195 [ref. 30952], Anderson 2018:37 [ref. 36146], Parenti & Randall 2020:33 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Valid as Pseudanthias caudalis Kamohara & Katayama 1959. Anthiadidae. Distribution: Northwestern Pacific: Honshu (Japan) to Ogasawara Islands. Habitat: marine.

caudicinctus, Holanthias Heemstra [P. C.] & Randall [J. E.] 1986:513, Pl. 34 (fig. 166.11 a,b) [Smiths' Sea Fishes; ref. 5667] Off Kenya, depth 140-300 meters. Holotype: Shown in Pl. 34. Paratypes: BPBM 30637 (3); CAS 57164 (2); SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 24183-85 (1, 3, 1); USNM 272104 (3), 273881 (1). Type catalog: Anderson 2018:22 [ref. 36146]. Was to have appeared in Heemstra & Randall "1986" in the Ichth. Bull. Rhodes Univ., but that work apparently not published; species name dates to reference as given above. See Randall & Heemstra 2006:11 [ref. 28602]. •Valid as Holanthias caudicinctus Heemstra & Randall 1986. •Valid as Odontanthias caudicinctus (Heemstra & Randall 1986) -- (Randall & Heemstra 2006:10 [ref. 28602], White 2011:22 [ref. 31494], Anderson 2018:22 [ref. 36146], Parenti & Randall 2020:20 [ref. 37354], Zajonz et al. 2020:506 [ref. 37997], Heemstra & Heemstra 2022:93 [ref. 39746]). Current status: Valid as Odontanthias caudicinctus (Heemstra & Randall 1986). Anthiadidae. Distribution: Western Indian Ocean: Eastern Cape and KwaZulu-Natal (South Africa) north to Kenya. Habitat: marine.

cauoh, Odontanthias Carvalho-Filho [A.], Macena [B. C. L.] & Nunes [D. M.] 2016:586, Figs. 2-3 [Zootaxa 4139 (no. 4); ref. 34589] São Pedro and São Paulo Archipelago, floating near the surface near rocks, Brazil, 0°55'N, 29°21'W. Holotype (unique): MZUSP 111260. Type catalog: Anderson 2018:22 [ref. 36146]. •Valid as Odontanthias cauoh Carvalho-Filho, Macena & Nunes 2016 -- (Anderson et al. 2017:92 [ref. 35505], Anderson 2018:22 [ref. 36146], Parenti & Randall 2020:20 [ref. 37354], Carvalho-Filho 2023:113 [ref. 40480]). Current status: Valid as Odontanthias cauoh Carvalho-Filho, Macena & Nunes 2016. Anthiadidae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: Saint Peter and Saint Paul Archipelago (Brazil) endemic. Habitat: marine.

cephalotes, Othos Castelnau [F. L.] 1875:44 [Official Record, containing Introduction, Catalogues, Official Awards of the Commissioners, Report and Recommendations of the Experts, and Essays and Statistics on the Social and Economic Resources of the Colony of Victoria.; ref. 768] Swan River, Western Australia. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. •Synonym of Othos dentex (Cuvier 1828) -- (Paxton et al. 1989:506 [ref. 12442], Allen et al. 2006:989 [ref. 29078], Parenti & Randall 2020:22 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Synonym of Othos dentex (Cuvier 1828). Anthiadidae. Habitat: marine.

charleneae, Pseudanthias Allen [G. R.] & Erdmann [M. V.] 2008:140, Figs. 1-3 [aqua, International Journal of Ichthyology v. 13 (nos 3-4); ref. 29480] Gayebi Reef, 2°08.246'S, 135°11.729'E, Tydeman Reefs, Cenderawasih Bay, Papua Province, Indonesia, depth 56 meters. Holotype (unique): NCIP 6322. Type catalog: Anderson 2018:37 [ref. 36146]. •Valid as Pseudanthias charleneae Allen & Erdmann 2008 -- (Motomura et al. 2010:119 [ref. 31101], Allen & Erdmann 2012:291 [ref. 31980], Anderson 2018:37 [ref. 36146], Parenti & Randall 2020:33 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Valid as Pseudanthias charleneae Allen & Erdmann 2008. Anthiadidae. Distribution: Eastern Indian Ocean, western Pacific: Bali and West Papua (Indonesia). Habitat: marine.

cheirospilos, Anthias Bleeker [P.] 1857:36 [Acta Societatis Regiae Scientiarum Indo-Neêrlandicae v. 2 (art. 7); ref. 356] Ambon Island, Molucca Islands, Indonesia. Syntypes: RMNH 5454 (2). Spelling chirospilus in Bleeker 1872: Pl. 288 (fig. 1) [Perc Pl. 10] [ref. 4861] is an unjustified emendation. •Synonym of Pseudanthias squamipinnis (Peters 1855) -- (Randall & Pyle 2001:34 [ref. 25690], Parenti & Randall 2020:41 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Synonym of Pseudanthias squamipinnis (Peters 1855). Anthiadidae. Habitat: marine.

chrysostictus, Anthias Günther [A.] 1872:655, Pl. 56 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1871 (pt 3) (art. 1) (for 21 Nov. 1871); ref. 1997] Manado, Sulawesi, Indonesia. Syntypes: BMNH 1871.7.20.142-143 (2). Type catalog: Anderson 2018:22 [ref. 36146]. •Valid as Holanthias chrysostictus (Günther 1872) -- (Lee 1990:10 [ref. 19830], Heemstra & Randall 1999:2469 [ref. 24815], Myers & Donaldson 2003:616 [ref. 27495] dated 1871). •Valid as Odontanthias chrysostictus (Günther 1872) -- (Randall & Heemstra 2006:11 [ref. 28602], White 2011:22 [ref. 31494], Anderson 2018:22 [ref. 36146], Parenti & Randall 2020:20 [ref. 37354], Zajonz et al. 2020:506 [ref. 37997], Gumanao et al. 2022:134 [ref. 39933]). Current status: Valid as Odontanthias chrysostictus (Günther 1872). Anthiadidae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Philippines and eastern Indonesia east to Mariana Islands, north to Japan. Habitat: marine.

chungchowensis, Plectranthias Shen [S.-C.] & Lin [W.-W.] 1984:4, Fig. 1 [Taiwan Museum Special Publications Series No. 4; ref. 13822] Chungchou, Taiwan. Holotype: NTUM 03721. Paratypes: NTUM 03724 (1), 04463 (1). Type catalog: Ho & Shao 2011:42 [ref. 31432]. •Synonym of Plectranthias whiteheadi Randall 1980 -- (Lee 1990:19 [ref. 19830], Randall & Shimizu 1994:109 [ref. 21441], Heemstra & Randall 1999:2470 [ref. 24815], Randall in Randall & Lim 2000:610 [ref. 25122], Ho & Shao 2011:42 [ref. 31432], Parenti & Randall 2020:30 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Synonym of Plectranthias whiteheadi Randall 1980. Anthiadidae. Habitat: marine.

cichlops, Serranus Bleeker [P.] 1853:245 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 4 (no. 2); ref. 12580] Priaman (Pariaman), Sumatra, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): RMNH 5460. Type catalog: Anderson 2018:37 [ref. 36146]. •Valid as Pseudanthias cichlops (Bleeker 1853) -- (Katayama in Masuda et al. 1984:136 [ref. 6441], Heemstra & Randall 1999:2470 [ref. 24815], Randall & Pyle 2001:34 [ref. 25690], Allen & Adrim 2003:32 [ref. 26830], Anderson 2018:37 [ref. 36146], Parenti & Randall 2020:33 [ref. 37354], Akhilesh et al. 2021:55 [ref. 38701]). Current status: Valid as Pseudanthias cichlops (Bleeker 1853). Anthiadidae. Distribution: Eastern Indian Ocean, western Pacific: Sumatra east to Philippines, north to southern Japan, south to New Caledonia. Habitat: marine.

cinctum, Plectropoma Günther [A.] 1859:162 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 1; ref. 1961] Norfolk Island. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1855.9.19.1381. Type catalog: Anderson 2018:5 [ref. 36146], Parenti & Randall 2020:6 [ref. 37354]. Also listed was Plate XIII. fig. A, but on preface p. vi it is stated, "The Plates referred to, and executed by Mr. Ford, will be published as a separate volume." •Valid as Acanthistius cinctus (Günther 1859) -- (Paxton et al. 1989:489 [ref. 12442], Paulin et al. 1989:174 [ref. 24556], Francis 1993:160 [ref. 25479], Hoese & Bray 2006:1031 [ref. 29000], Heemstra 2010:60 [ref. 30720], Duffy & Ahyong 2015:113 [ref. 36167], Roberts 2015:1182 [ref. 34193], Anderson 2018:5 [ref. 36146], Parenti & Randall 2020:6 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Valid as Acanthistius cinctus (Günther 1859). Anthiadidae. Distribution: Southwestern Pacific: Australia to northern New Zealand, Lord Howe Island, Norfolk Island, Kermadec Islands. Habitat: marine.

cirrhitoides, Plectranthias Randall [J. E.] 1980:121, Fig. 5 [Micronesica v. 16 (no. 1); ref. 6717] Cave in reef, southwestern side of Karapoo Iti Islet at southern end of Rapa Island, French Polynesia, depth 60 feet. Holotype: BPBM 15066. Paratypes: BPBM 15067 (1), USNM 212177 (1). Type catalog: Anderson 2018:26 [ref. 36146]. •Valid as Plectranthias cirrhitoides Randall 1980 -- (Randall 1996:121 [ref. 23194], Heemstra & Randall 1999:2470 [ref. 24815], Randall 2005:138 [ref. 28239], Allen & Walsh 2015:83 [ref. 33954], Gill et al. 2016:355 [ref. 34957], Anderson 2018:26 [ref. 36146], Parenti & Randall 2020:24 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Valid as Plectranthias cirrhitoides Randall 1980. Anthiadidae. Distribution: South Pacific: Rapa endemic. Habitat: marine.

clavatus, Plectranthias Wada [H.] & Senou [H.] 2024:114, Figs. 1-2C, 3-4 [Bulletin of the Kanagawa Prefectural Museum (Natural Science) No. 53; ref. 40988] Southeast of Sagami Bay, Okinoyama Bank Chain, Japan, depth 200 meters. Holotype: KPM 13878. Paratypes: FAKU, KPM, ZUMT. Plus additional non-type material. •Valid as Plectranthias clavatus Wada & Senou 2024. Current status: Valid as Plectranthias clavatus Wada & Senou 2024. Anthiadidae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Sagami Bay and Hachijo-jima Island, Izu Islands, Japan, Guam, and probably Shoho Sea Mount, Nishi-Shichito Ridge, southern Japan. Habitat: marine.

coatsii, Caesioperca Regan [C. T.] 1913:237, Pl. 6 (fig. 1) [Transactions of the Royal Society of Edinburgh v. 49 (pt 2, no. 2); ref. 3651] 40°20'S, 9°56'30'W, off Gough Island, southern Atlantic, depth 100 fathoms. Syntypes: (several) BMNH 1912.7.1.72-76 (5, now 4), NMSZ 1921.143.374 (3 lots, 13). Type catalog: Herman et al. 1990:2 [ref. 20727], Anderson 2018:17 [ref. 36146]. •Valid as Lepidoperca coatsii (Regan 1913) -- (Roberts 1989:586 [ref. 12486], Collette & Parin 1991:11 [ref. 19110], Andrew et al. 1995:19 [ref. 38009], Anderson 2006:415 [ref. 28870], Anderson & Heemstra 2012:20 [ref. 31956], Anderson 2018:17 [ref. 36146], Parenti & Randall 2020:16 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Valid as Lepidoperca coatsii (Regan 1913). Anthiadidae. Distribution: Southern-central Atlantic: Tristan da Cunha Group, Gough Island; Southern Indian Ocean: Saint Paul and Amsterdam Islands, Austral Seamount. Habitat: marine.

connelli, Anthias Heemstra [P. C.] & Randall [J. E.] 1986:511, Pl. 33 (fig. 166.4 a,b) [Smiths' Sea Fishes; ref. 5667] Off Brighton Beach, south of Durban, KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa, southwestern Indian Ocean, wreck at 23 meters depth. Lectotype: SAIAB 10571. Paralectotypes: BPBM 24764 (3); CAS 57165 (2); SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 458 (1), 10527 (1), 10572 (1); SAM 30453 (2); USNM 285752 (6). Type catalog: Anderson 2018:37 [ref. 36146]. Lectotype designated by Heemstra & Akhilesh 2012:134 [ref. 32094]. Was to have appeared in Heemstra & Randall "1986" in the Ichth. Bull. Rhodes Univ., but that work apparently not published; species name dates to reference as given above. •Valid as Pseudanthias connelli (Heemstra & Randall 1986) -- (Randall & Pyle 2001:34 [ref. 25690], Heemstra & Akhilesh 2012:124, 134 [ref. 32094], Anderson 2018:37 [ref. 36146], Parenti & Randall 2020:34 [ref. 37354], Heemstra & Heemstra 2022:105 [ref. 39746]). Current status: Valid as Pseudanthias connelli (Heemstra & Randall 1986). Anthiadidae. Distribution: Southwestern Indian Ocean: KwaZulu-Natal (South Africa) north to southern Mozambique. Habitat: marine.

conspicuus, Anthias Heemstra [P. C.] 1973:200, Fig. 1 [Copeia 1973 (no. 2); ref. 55] Off Diu, India, Arabian Sea, 20°23'N, 70°00'E, depth 71 meters. Holotype: USNM 205864. Paratypes: FMNH 70651 (12); USNM 205862-63 (1, 1). Type catalog: Ibarra & Stewart 1987:9 [ref. 12367], Anderson 2018:38 [ref. 36146]. •Valid as Pseudanthias conspicuus (Heemstra 1973) -- (Randall & Pyle 2001:34 [ref. 25690] as conspicuous, Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S104 [ref. 27377], Heemstra & Akhilesh 2012:125, 136 [ref. 32094], Psomadakis et al. 2015:202 [ref. 34104] as cf. conspicuus, Anderson 2018:38 [ref. 36146], Eagderi et al. 2019:110 [ref. 37020], Parenti & Randall 2020:34 [ref. 37354], Akhilesh et al. 2021:55 [ref. 38701], Heemstra & Heemstra 2022:105 [ref. 39746]). Current status: Valid as Pseudanthias conspicuus (Heemstra 1973). Anthiadidae. Distribution: Northwestern Indian Ocean: Somalia and Persian Gulf east to west coast of India. Habitat: marine.

cooperi, Anthias Regan [C. T.] 1902:273 [The Fauna and Geography of the Maldive and Laccadive Archipelagoes. Being the Account of the Work Carried on and of the Collections Made by an Expedition During the Years 1899 and 1900 v. 1, pt 3; ref. 14336] Haddummati Atoll, Maldives, Indian Ocean, depth 40 fathoms. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1901.12.31.15. Type catalog: Anderson 2018:38 [ref. 36146]. •Valid as Anthias cooperi Regan 1902 -- (Heemstra & Randall 1986:511 [ref. 5667], Allen & Swainston 1988:54 [ref. 25477], Paxton et al. 1989:501 [ref. 12442]). •Valid as Pseudanthias cooperi (Regan 1902) -- (Randall et al. 1990:91 [ref. 15987], Kuiter 1993:138 [ref. 23929], Allen 1997:82 [ref. 23977], Kuiter 1997:116 [ref. 25488], Randall et al. 1997:91 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:107 [ref. 23965], Fricke 1999:206 [ref. 24106], Heemstra & Randall 1999:2470 [ref. 24815], Nakabo 2000:701 [ref. 25086], Randall in Randall & Lim 2000:610 [ref. 25122], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:197 [ref. 25191], Ida & Sakaue 2001:267 [ref. 25544], Randall & Pyle 2001:34 [ref. 25690], Hutchins 2001:262 [ref. 25841], Hutchins 2001:30 [ref. 25847], Nakabo 2002:701 [ref. 26001], Allen & Adrim 2003:32 [ref. 26830], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S104 [ref. 27377], Myers & Donaldson 2003:620 [ref. 27495], Randall et al. 2004:12 [ref. 27624], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:161 [ref. 28072], Randall 2005:140 [ref. 28239], Allen et al. 2006:992 [ref. 29078], Fricke et al. 2009:48 [ref. 30213], Fricke et al. 2011:386 [ref. 31242], Allen & Erdmann 2012:291 [ref. 31980], Heemstra & Akhilesh 2012:127, 138 [ref. 32094], Larson et al. 2013:103 [ref. 32988], Anderson 2018:38 [ref. 36146], Fricke et al. 2018:157 [ref. 35805], Zajonz et al. 2019:69 [ref. 36871], Fujiwara et al. 2020:33 [ref. 38631], Parenti & Randall 2020:34 [ref. 37354], Tea et al. 2020:3 [ref. 37258], Akhilesh et al. 2021:55 [ref. 38701], Durville et al. 2021:311 [ref. 38802], Heemstra & Heemstra 2022:106 [ref. 39746], Balisco et al. 2023:5 [ref. 39932]). Current status: Valid as Pseudanthias cooperi (Regan 1902). Anthiadidae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Aliwal Shoal (South Africa), East Africa, Socotra (Yemen), Seychelles, Madagascar and western Mascarenes (La Réunion, Mauritius) east to Line Islands (Kiribati), Tonga and Samoa, north to Kagoshima Prefecture (southern Japan), south to Western Australia, New South Wales (Australia) and New Caledonia. Habitat: marine.

coronatus, Hypoplectrodes Roberts [C. D.] in Roberts, Stewart & Struthers (eds) 2015:1189, Fig. 166.8 [ ref. 34193] Great Barrier Island (Aotea Island), Hauraki Gulf, Australia. •Was to appear in Roberts 2015 in Zootaxa (Roberts 2015:S105 [ref. 34193]). It did not appear there. Not available. Nomen Nudum. Current status: Unknown. Anthiadidae.

cruentus, Plectranthias Gill [A. C.] & Roberts [C. D.] 2020:561, Figs. 1-2 [Zootaxa 4750 (no. 4); ref. 37380] Off Ball’s Pyramid, Lord Howe Island, Australia, 31°49.11'S, 159°20.74'E - 31°49.44'S, 159°20.39'E, depth 86 - 89 meters. Holotype: AMS I.42725-007. Paratypes: AMS I.12854 (1), NMNZ P.039081 (1), NMNZ P.061156 (1). Plus a non-type specimen. •Valid as Plectranthias cruentus Gill & Roberts 2020 -- (Gill et al. 2021:51 [ref. 38105], Anderson 2022:570 [ref. 39757]). Current status: Valid as Plectranthias cruentus Gill & Roberts 2020. Anthiadidae. Distribution: Western Pacific: southeastern Queensland (Australia), Lord Howe Island (Australia). Habitat: marine.

cuvierii, Serranus Smith [A.] 1832:20 [The South African Quarterly Journal No. 5, for Oct.1831; ref. 30409] Southeast coast of Australia, particularly Algoa Bay [Cape Province, South Africa]. No types known. Predates Serranus marginatus Lowe 1834; not used as valid after 1899; therefore reversal of priority according to ICZN Art. 23.9 in favor of Epinephelus marginatus (Lowe 1834). But Heemstra 2010:60 [ref. 30720] regards the species as a nomen dubium, probably in Acanthistius. •Nomen dubium in Acanthistius -- (Heemstra 2010:61 [ref. 30720] dated 1831). Parenti & Randall 2020:130 [ref. 37354] Nomen Dubium. Anthiadidae. Habitat: marine.

cyanostigma, Plectropoma Günther [A.] 1859:161 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 1; ref. 1961] Australian seas. Syntypes: (6) BMNH 1846.10.22.1 (right half skin), 1847.6.17.3 (right half skin), 1847.6.17.22 (right half skin), 1848.10.25.7 (1, stuffed), 1848.10.25.8 (right half skin). Also listed was Plate XII, but on preface p. vi it is stated, "The Plates referred to, and executed by Mr. Ford, will be published as a separate volume." Apparently not preoccupied by Plectropoma cyanostigma Bleeker 1845 (not available), replaced by Plectropoma ocellatum Günther 1859. •Objective synonym of Acanthistius ocellatus (Günther 1859) -- (Paxton et al. 1989:489 [ref. 12442], Hoese & Bray 2006:1032 [ref. 29000]). •Incertae sedis in Percoidei based on placement of ocellatus -- (Smith & Craig 2007:45 [ref. 29042]). •Synonym of Acanthistius ocellatus (Günther 1859) -- (Parenti & Randall 2020:6 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Synonym of Acanthistius ocellatus (Günther 1859). Anthiadidae. Habitat: marine.

cyprinoides, Holanthias Katayama [M.] & Amaoka [K.] 1986:213, Fig. 1 [Japanese Journal of Ichthyology v. 33 (no. 3); ref. 6680] Southwest of Pagalu Island [Annobón Island], Gulf of Guinea, 3°01'S, 0°46'E, depth 260-261 meters. Holotype: HUMZ 100019. Paratypes: HUMZ 100018 (1, not found in 1997), 100020 (1, not found in 1997), 100136 (1), 100137 (1, not found in 1997). Type catalog: Anderson 2018:8 [ref. 36146]. •Valid as Anthias cyprinoides (Katayama & Amaoka 1986) -- (Anderson & Baldwin 2000:372 [ref. 24574], Anderson 2006:416 [ref. 28870], Anderson & Heemstra 2012:74 [ref. 31956], Heemstra & Anderson in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2382 [ref. 34618], Anderson et al. 2017:76 [ref. 35505], Anderson 2018:8 [ref. 36146], Parenti & Randall 2020:9 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Valid as Anthias cyprinoides (Katayama & Amaoka 1986). Anthiadidae. Distribution: Eastern Atlantic: southwest of Annobón Island, Gulf of Guinea. Habitat: marine.

dampieriensis, Tosana Gill [A. C.], Pogonoski [J. J.], Johnson [J. W.] & Tea [Y.-K.] 2021:69, Figs. 8-10 [Zootaxa 4996 (no. 1); ref. 38405] Western Australia, Australia, 18°25.52'S, 120°05.92'E - 18°26.20'S, 120°06.50'E, depth 103 - 105 meters. Holotype: NMV A.29686-007. Paratypes: (2) CSIRO. •Valid as Tosana dampieriensis Gill, Pogonoski, Johnson & Tea 2021 -- (Anderson 2022:574 [ref. 39757]). Current status: Valid as Tosana dampieriensis Gill, Pogonoski, Johnson & Tea 2021. Anthiadidae. Distribution: Eastern Indian Ocean: Western Australia. Habitat: marine.

delissii, Serranus Bennett [E. T.] 1831:126 [Proceedings of the Committee of Science and Correspondence of the Zoological Society of London 1830-31 (pt 1); ref. 16794] Mauritius, Mascarenes, southwestern Indian Ocean. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1852.9.13.106. •Synonym of Holanthias borbonius (Valenciennes 1828) -- (authors). •Synonym of Epinephelus flavocaeruleus [sic flavocoeruleus] (Lacepède 1802) -- (Fricke 1999:186 [ref. 24106]). •Synonym of Odontanthias borbonius (Valenciennes 1828) -- (Randall & Heemstra 2006:9 [ref. 28602], Parenti & Randall 2020:20 [ref. 37354], Heemstra & Heemstra 2022:92 [ref. 39746]). Current status: Synonym of Odontanthias borbonius (Valenciennes 1828). Anthiadidae. Habitat: marine.

delsolari, Hemanthias Chirichigno F. [N.] 1974:289, 336, Fig. 558 [Informes, Especiales, Instituto del Mar del Perú. Callao No. 44; ref. 22760] Máncora and Talara, coast of Peru. •Synonym of Hemanthias signifer (Garman 1899) -- (Heemstra in Fischer et al. 1995:1598 [ref. 22830], Anderson & Heemstra 2012:55 [ref. 31956], Parenti & Randall 2020:13 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Synonym of Hemanthias signifer (Garman 1899). Anthiadidae. Habitat: marine.

dentex, Plectropoma Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1828:394 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 2; ref. 997] King George Sound, Western Australia. Holotype (unique): MNHN 0000-7678. Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1984:20 [ref. 19232], Anderson 2018:24 [ref. 36146]. •Valid as Othos dentex (Cuvier 1828) -- (Paxton et al. 1989:506 [ref. 12442], Kuiter 1993:134 [ref. 23929], Gomon et al. 1994:545 [ref. 22532], Kuiter 1997:102 [ref. 25488], Hutchins 2001:262 [ref. 25841], Hutchins 2001:30 [ref. 25847], Allen et al. 2006:989 [ref. 29078], Roberts & Gomon 2008:548 [ref. 30641], Anderson 2018:24 [ref. 36146], Hoschke et al. 2019:155 [ref. 36626], Parenti & Randall 2020:22 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Valid as Othos dentex (Cuvier 1828). Anthiadidae. Distribution: Southeastern Indian Ocean: Victoria, South Australia and Western Australia. Habitat: marine.

dimidius, Hypoplectrodes Roberts [C. D.] in Roberts, Stewart & Struthers (eds) 2015:1190, Fig. 166.9 [ ref. 34193] Mokohinau Islands, Northland, New Zealand. •Was to appear in Roberts 2015 in Zootaxa (Roberts 2015:S105 [ref. 34193]). It did not appear there. Not available. Nomen Nudum. Current status: Unknown. Anthiadidae.

dispar, Mirolabrichthys Herre [A. W. C. T.] 1955:224 [Copeia 1955 (no. 3); ref. 11050] Gizo Island, Solomon Islands. Holotype: UW 10628 (49 mm). Paratypes: UW 10628 (5, with holotype). Type catalog: Anderson 2018:38 [ref. 36146]. •Valid as Mirolabrichthys dispar Herre 1955 -- (Heemstra 1973:208 [ref. 55], Katayama in Masuda et al. 1984:138 [ref. 6441]). •Valid as Anthias dispar (Herre 1955) -- (Allen & Starck 1982:47 [ref. 8518], Paxton et al. 1989:401 [ref. 12442]). •Valid as Pseudanthias dispar (Herre 1955) -- (Randall et al. 1990:92 [ref. 15987], Allen 1997:92 [ref. 23977], Kuiter 1997:118 [ref. 25488], Randall et al. 1997:92 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:107 [ref. 23965], Heemstra & Randall 1999:2470 [ref. 24815], Allen 2000:87 [ref. 37268], Nakabo 2000:705 [ref. 25086], Randall in Randall & Lim 2000:610 [ref. 25122], Randall & Pyle 2001:34 [ref. 25690], Hutchins 2001:262 [ref. 25841], Hutchins 2001:30 [ref. 25847], Suzuki 2001:115 [ref. 26143], Nakabo 2002:705 [ref. 26001], Allen & Adrim 2003:32 [ref. 26830], Randall et al. 2004:12 [ref. 27624], Randall 2005:141 [ref. 28239], Allen et al. 2006:992 [ref. 29078], Allen & Erdmann 2012:292 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2014:64 [ref. 33932], Koeda et al. 2016:28 [ref. 35333], Anderson 2018:38 [ref. 36146], Fricke et al. 2019:123 [ref. 36673], Parenti & Randall 2020:34 [ref. 37354]). •Valid as Nemanthias dispar (Herre 1955) -- (Gill 2022:55 [ref. 38980]). Current status: Valid as Nemanthias dispar (Herre 1955). Anthiadidae. Distribution: Eastern Indian Ocean, western Pacific: Christmas Island (Indian Ocean) east to Line Islands, Fiji and Samoa, north to southern Japan, south to northern Australia. Habitat: marine.

dorsomaculatus, Odontanthias Katayama [M.] & Yamamoto [E.] 1986:387, Fig. 1 [Japanese Journal of Ichthyology v. 32 (no. 4); ref. 6716] Saya de Malha Bank, western Indian Ocean, 10°43'S, 61°19'E, depth 120 meters. Holotype: HUMZ 74194. Paratypes: HUMZ 73951 (1). Type catalog: Anderson 2018:22 [ref. 36146]. •Valid as Odontanthias dorsomaculatus Katayama & Yamamoto 1986 -- (Randall & Heemstra 2006:13 [ref. 28602], White 2011:22 [ref. 31494], Anderson 2018:22 [ref. 36146], Parenti & Randall 2020:21 [ref. 37354], Heemstra & Heemstra 2022:93 [ref. 39746]). Current status: Valid as Odontanthias dorsomaculatus Katayama & Yamamoto 1986. Anthiadidae. Distribution: Western Indian Ocean: Saya de Malha Bank endemic. Habitat: marine.

duplicidentatus, Anthias Miranda Ribeiro [A. de] 1903:169 [26] [Boletim Sociedade Nacional Agricultura, Rio de Janeiro [Lavoura] 1903 (nos 4-7); ref. 3709] East-southeast of Ilha Rasa, off coast of Brazil. Holotype (unique): MNRJ (apparently lost). On p. 26 of separate. •Synonym of Holanthias martinicensis (Guichenot 1868) -- (Anderson & Heemstra 1980:82 [ref. 5434]). •Synonym of Pronotogrammus martinicensis (Guichenot 1868) -- (Carvalho-Filho et al. 2009:38 [ref. 30412], Anderson & Heemstra 2012:99 [ref. 31956], Parenti & Randall 2020:31 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Synonym of Pronotogrammus martinicensis (Guichenot 1868). Anthiadidae. Habitat: marine.

earlei, Luzonichthys Randall [J. E.] 1981:14, Fig. 4 [Freshwater and Marine Aquarium v. 4 (1981, no. 9); ref. 5549] Off Maile Point, Waianae coast, Oahu Island, Hawaiian Islands, depth 55 meters. Holotype: BPBM 22754. Paratypes: AMS I.22166-001 (1); BMNH 1981.3.18.3 (1); BPBM 19926 (10), 22607 (1), 22706 (1), 22755 (4); CAS 48093 [not 58093] (1); MNHN 1981-0859 (1); SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 512 (1); USNM 226552 (1). Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1984:18 [ref. 19232], Anderson 2018:19 [ref. 36146]. •Valid as Luzonichthys earlei Randall 1981 -- (Randall & McCosker 1992:5 [ref. 20204], Myers 1999:106 [ref. 23965], Heemstra & Randall 1999:2469 [ref. 24815], Mundy 2005:341 [ref. 28379], Randall 2007:191 [ref. 30952], Allen & Erdmann 2012:286 [ref. 31980], Copus et al. 2015:2 [ref. 33771], Anderson 2018:19 [ref. 36146], Shepherd et al. 2019:24 [ref. 36755], Parenti & Randall 2020:17 [ref. 37354], Heemstra & Heemstra 2022:89 [ref. 39746]). Current status: Valid as Luzonichthys earlei Randall 1981. Anthiadidae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Comoros; Maldives; Christmas Island (eastern Indian Ocean); Micronesia and Marshall Islands east to Hawaiian Islands (U.S.A.). Habitat: marine.

elaine, Plectranthias Heemstra [P. C.] & Randall [J. E.] 2009:7, Fig. 2 [Smithiana, Publications in Aquatic Biodiversity, Bulletin v. 10; ref. 30535] Off Qolora River, Eastern Cape Province, 32°38.2'S, 28°27.6'E, South Africa, depth 114 meters. Holotype: SAIAB 28200. Type catalog: Anderson 2018:26 [ref. 36146]. •Valid as Plectranthias elaine Heemstra & Randall 2009 -- (Allen & Walsh 2015:83 [ref. 33954], Anderson 2018:26 [ref. 36146], Parenti & Randall 2020:24 [ref. 37354]). •Synonym of Plectranthias bauchotae Randall 1980 -- (Heemstra & Heemstra 2022:96 [ref. 39746]). Current status: Synonym of Plectranthias bauchotae Randall 1980. Anthiadidae. Distribution: Southwestern Indian Ocean: Eastern Cape and KwaZulu-Natal (South Africa) [if valid]. Habitat: marine.

elizabethae, Odontanthias Fowler [H. W.] 1923:380 [Occasional Papers of the Bernice Pauahi Bishop Museum of Polynesian Ethnology and Natural History v. 8 (no. 7); ref. 1398] Honolulu, Oahu Island, Hawaiian Islands. Holotype: BPBM 3404. Paratypes: BPBM 3405 (1). Type catalog: Anderson 2018:22 [ref. 36146] •Valid as Holanthias elizabethae Fowler 1923 -- (Mundy 2005:341 [ref. 28379]). •Valid as Odontanthias elizabethae Fowler 1923 -- (Randall & Heemstra 2006:14 [ref. 28602], Randall 2007:192 [ref. 30952], White 2011:22 [ref. 31494], Anderson 2018:22 [ref. 36146], Parenti & Randall 2020:21 [ref. 37354], Zajonz et al. 2020:506 [ref. 37997], Gill & Tang 2022:153 [ref. 39826]). Current status: Valid as Odontanthias elizabethae Fowler 1923. Anthiadidae. Distribution: Central Pacific: Johnston Atoll and Hawaiian Islands. Habitat: marine.

elongatus, Anthias Franz [V.] 1910:39, Pl. 6 (fig. 51) [Abhandlungen der math.-phys. Klasse der K. Bayer Akademie der Wissenschaften v. 4 (Suppl.) (no. 1); ref. 1481] Yokohama, Japan. Syntypes: ZSM [old collection] (31) destroyed in WW II. Type catalog: Neumann 2006:280 [ref. 28925], Anderson 2018:38 [ref. 36146]. •Valid as Anthias elongatus Franz 1910 -- (Lee 1990:5 [ref. 19830]). •Valid as Pseudanthias elongatus (Franz 1910) -- (Katayama in Masuda et al. 1984:136 [ref. 6441], Nakabo 2000:704 [ref. 25086], Randall in Randall & Lim 2000:610 [ref. 25122], Randall & Pyle 2001:34 [ref. 25690], Suzuki 2001:114 [ref. 26143], Nakabo 2002:704 [ref. 26001], Choi et al. 2003:310, 594 [ref. 26218], Fricke et al. 2011:386 [ref. 31242], Anderson 2018:38 [ref. 36146], Parenti & Randall 2020:34 [ref. 37354], Sonoyama et al. 2020:56 [ref. 37637], Gill et al. 2021:49 [ref. 38405]). Current status: Valid as Pseudanthias elongatus (Franz 1910). Anthiadidae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Taiwan to Korea and Japan; New Caledonia. Habitat: marine.

elongatus, Plectranthias Wu [K.-Y.], Randall [J. E.] & Chen [J.-P.] 2011:248, Fig. 1 [Zoological Studies v. 50 (no. 2); ref. 31227] Hsing-Ta Harbor, Kaohsiung, southwestern Taiwan, 22°412.566'N, 119°54.085'E, depth 243 meters. Holotype (unique): NMMST P01301. Type catalog: Anderson 2018:26 [ref. 36146]. •Valid as Plectranthias elongatus Wu, Randall & Chen 2011 -- (Okamoto et al. 2012:55 [ref. 32087], Allen & Walsh 2015:83 [ref. 33954], Gill et al. 2016:355 [ref. 34957], Okamoto & Motomura 2017:51 [ref. 35248], Anderson 2018:26 [ref. 36146], Wada et al. 2020:10 [ref. 37270], Parenti & Randall 2020:24 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Valid as Plectranthias elongatus Wu, Randall & Chen 2011. Anthiadidae. Distribution: Northwestern Pacific: Taiwan and Japan. Habitat: marine.

emma, Pseudanthias Gill [A. C.] & Psomadakis [P. N.] 2018:526, Fig. 1 [Zootaxa 4455 (no. 3); ref. 36054] Off Tanintharyi coast, Myanmar, Andaman Sea, Indian Ocean, 11°39.96'N, 97°16.16'E, depth 105 meters. Holotype (unique): SAIAB 203722. •Valid as Pseudanthias emma Gill & Psomadakis 2018 -- (Psomadakis et al. 2020:396 [ref. 37272], Parenti & Randall 2020:35 [ref. 37354], Anderson 2022:573 [ref. 39757]). Current status: Valid as Pseudanthias emma Gill & Psomadakis 2018. Anthiadidae. Distribution: Northeastern Indian Ocean: Myanmar endemic. Habitat: marine.

engelhardi, Anthias Allen [G. R.] & Starck [W. A., II] 1982:48, Figs. 2-3 [Revue française d'Aquariologie Herpétologie v. 9 (no. 2); ref. 8518] Escape Reef, Great Barrier Reef, depth 58 meters. Holotype: AMS I.22632-005. Paratypes: AMS I.22629-003 (1), I.22632-011 (1); WAM P.27483-001 (1). Type catalog: Hutchins & Smith 1991:18 [ref. 19335], Moore et al. 2008:19 [ref. 30117], Anderson 2018:39 [ref. 36146]. Species epithet in honor of the late Charles Engelhard and his family; the correct species epithet would have been engelhardorum. •Valid as Anthias engelhardi Allen & Starck 1982 -- (Paxton et al. 1989:501 [ref. 12442]). •Valid as Pseudanthias engelhardi (Allen & Starck 1982) -- (Randall et al. 1990:92 [ref. 15987], Randall et al. 1997:92 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:107 [ref. 23965], Randall & Pyle 2001:34 [ref. 25690], Allen et al. 2006:992 [ref. 29078], Fricke et al. 2011:386 [ref. 31242], Allen & Erdmann 2012:292 [ref. 31980], Anderson 2018:39 [ref. 36146], Parenti & Randall 2020:35 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Valid as Pseudanthias engelhardi (Allen & Starck 1982). Anthiadidae. Distribution: Southwestern Pacific: Great Barrier Reef (Queensland, Australia), Papua New Guinea, and Loyalty Islands (New Caledonia) to Fiji and Tonga. IUCN (2016): LC. Habitat: marine.

eos, Pronotogrammus Gilbert [C. H.] 1890:62 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 13 (no. 797); ref. 1623] Gulf of California, Mexico, 24°30'15"N, 110°29'W, Albatross station 2996, depth 112 fathoms. Lectotype: CAS-SU 229 [now at CAS]. Paralectotypes: CAS-SU 69848 [now at CAS] [ex SU 229] (1); USNM 44387 (1), 46550 (3), 125366 [ex USBF] (2). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:70 [ref. 12291], Anderson 2018:9 [ref. 36146]. Lectotype selected by Anderson & Heemstra 2012:113 [ref. 31956]. •Valid as Pronotogrammus eos Gilbert 1890 -- (Matsuura in Uyeno et al. 1983:313 [ref. 14275], Baldwin 1990:925 [ref. 21029], Bussing & López S. 1994:96 [ref. 23101], Heemstra in Fischer et al. 1995:1611 [ref. 22830], Grove & Lavenberg 1997:338 [ref. 24023], Anderson & Baldwin 2000:379 [ref. 24574], Nelson et al. 2004:129 [ref. 27807], Palacios-Salgado & Ramírez-Valdez 2011:95 [ref. 37124], Page et al. 2013:132 [ref. 32708]). •Valid as Baldwinella eos (Gilbert 1890) -- (Anderson & Heemstra 2012:112 [ref. 31956], Robertson et al. 2017:84 [ref. 35676], Anderson 2018:9 [ref. 36146], Parenti & Randall 2020:10 [ref. 37354], Love et al. 2021:147 [ref. 39279]). Current status: Valid as Baldwinella eos (Gilbert 1890). Anthiadidae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific: Gulf of California (Mexico) south to Colombia, including Cocos Island (Costa Rica). Habitat: marine.

evansi, Anthias Smith [J. L. B.] 1954:1, Fig. 1 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 12) v. 7 (no. 73) (art. 1); ref. 4090] Shimoni, Kenya, western Indian Ocean. Holotype: SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 125. Paratypes: SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 38094 (6 not 5). Type catalog: Anderson 2018:39 [ref. 36146]. •Valid as Anthias evansi Smith 1954 -- (Heemstra 1973:207 [ref. 55], Heemstra & Randall 1986:512 [ref. 5667], Fricke 1999:207 [ref. 24106]). •Valid as Pseudanthias evansi (Smith 1954) -- (Allen 2000:87 [ref. 37268], Randall & Pyle 2001:34 [ref. 25690], Allen & Adrim 2003:32 [ref. 26830], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S104 [ref. 27377], Heemstra et al. 2004:3319 [ref. 27945], Fricke et al. 2009:48 [ref. 30213], Motomura in Motomura & Satapoomin 2009:93 [ref. 30492], Caratini & Soriano 2011:6 [ref. 39915], Allen & Erdmann 2012:293 [ref. 31980], Heemstra & Akhilesh 2012:125, 141 [ref. 32094], Fricke et al. 2013:257 [ref. 32706], Anderson 2018:39 [ref. 36146], Fricke et al. 2018:157 [ref. 35805], Zajonz et al. 2019:69 [ref. 36871], Parenti & Randall 2020:35 [ref. 37354], Akhilesh et al. 2021:55 [ref. 38701], Durville et al. 2021:311 [ref. 38802], Heemstra & Heemstra 2022:106 [ref. 39746]). •Valid as Mirolabrichthys evansi (Smith 1954) -- (Winterbottom et al. 1989:27 [ref. 13251], Gill 2022:52 [ref. 38980]). Current status: Valid as Mirolabrichthys evansi (Smith 1954). Anthiadidae. Distribution: Indian Ocean: KwaZulu-Natal (South Africa), East Africa, Socotra (Yemen), Seychelles, Aldabra (Seychelles), Comoros, Madagascar, Mascarenes (La Réunion, Mauritius, Rodrigues), Maldives and Chagos Archipelago east to Cocos-Keeling Island and Christmas Islands (Australia), north to Andaman Sea and western Sumatra (Indonesia). Habitat: marine.

exsul, Plectranthias Heemstra [P. C.] & Anderson [W. D., Jr.] 1983:632, Figs. 1-2 [Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington v. 96 (no. 4); ref. 8334] North of Robinson Crusoe Island, Juan Fernández Islands, 33°37'S, 78°49'W. Holotype: ANSP 127843. Paratypes: BPBM 27978 (1), MCZ 52520 (2), USNM 176577 (1), ZMMU P-16022. Type catalog: Vasil'eva et al. 2001:81 [ref. 25714], Anderson 2018:26 [ref. 36146]. Paratypes from the Nazca Ridge are now identified as P. nazcae. •Valid as Plectranthias exsul Heemstra & Anderson 1983 -- (Pequeño 1989:59 [ref. 14125], Anderson & Randall 1991:341 [ref. 18968], Randall & Shimizu 1994:109 [ref. 21441], Randall 1996:117 [ref. 23194], Rojas & Pequeño 1998:49 [ref. 23540], Rojas & Pequeño 1998:185 [ref. 23775], Anderson & Baldwin 2000:380 [ref. 24574], Pequeño & Sáez 2000:32 [ref. 24590], Anderson & Baldwin 2002:233 [ref. 25898], Anderson 2008:435 [ref. 29940], Dyer & Westneat 2010:605 [ref. 31446], Anderson & Heemstra 2012:37 [ref. 31956], Allen & Walsh 2015:83 [ref. 33954], Shepherd et al. 2018:112 [ref. 35955], Anderson 2018:26 [ref. 36146], Parenti & Randall 2020:25 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Valid as Plectranthias exsul Heemstra & Anderson 1983. Anthiadidae. Distribution: Southeastern Pacific: Juan Fernández Islands and questionably from Desventuradas Islands. Habitat: marine.

extensa, Anthias rasor var. Klunzinger [C. B.] 1872:17 [Archiv für Naturgeschichte v. 38 (pt. 1); ref. 2623] Hobson's Bay, Victoria, Australia. Syntypes: SMNS 1559 [incl. old catalog number 1566] (2). Type catalog: Fricke 1992:17 [ref. 20296], Fricke 2005:58 [ref. 29864]. As Anthias extensus in Klunzinger 1880:339, Pl. 2 [ref. 2624]. •Synonym of Caesioperca rasor (Richardson 1839) -- (Paxton et al. 1989:503 [ref. 12442], Allen et al. 2006:983 [ref. 29078], Parenti & Randall 2020:10 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Synonym of Caesioperca rasor (Richardson 1839). Anthiadidae. Habitat: marine.

fairchildi, Scorpis Hector [J.] 1875:241 [Transactions and Proceedings of the New Zealand Institute v. 7 (art. 34); ref. 18269] Bay of Plenty, New Zealand. No types known. •Status uncertain -- (Anderson & Heemstra 2012:23 [ref. 31956]). •Synonym of Caprodon longimanus (Günther 1859) -- (Rojas & Pequeño 1998:177 [ref. 23775], Dyer & Westneat 2010:605 [ref. 31446], Anderson & Heemstra 2012:27 [ref. 31956], Parenti & Randall 2020:11 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Synonym of Caprodon longimanus (Günther 1859). Anthiadidae. Habitat: marine.

fasciata, Franzia Kamohara [T.] 1955:3, Fig. 1 [Research Reports of Kôchi University v. 3 (no. 26); ref. 12652] Okinoshima, Kochi Prefecture, Japan. Holotype (unique): BSKU 3032. Type catalog: Kamohara 1961:3 [ref. 19282]. •Valid as Anthias fasciata (Kamohara 1955) -- (Allen & Starck 1982:49 [ref. 8518] dated 1954, Paxton et al. 1989:501 [ref. 12442], Lee 1990:6 [ref. 19830]). •Synonym of Pseudanthias gibbosus (Klunzinger 1884) -- (Heemstra & Akhilesh 2012:142 [ref. 32094] for Red Sea populations only, Gill & Psomadakis 2018:530 [ref. 36054], Golani & Fricke 2018:66 [ref. 36273] for Red Sea populations, Fricke et al. 2019:123 [ref. 36673], Parenti & Randall 2020:36 [ref. 37354]). •Valid as Pseudanthias fasciatus (Kamohara 1955) -- (Katayama in Masuda et al. 1984:136 [ref. 6441], Kao & Lin 1986:80 [ref. 39481], Randall et al. 1990:93 [ref. 15987], Krupp & Paulus 1991:388 [ref. 20209], Kuiter 1993:140 [ref. 23929], Goren & Dor 1994:28 [ref. 25356], Allen 1997:92 [ref. 23977], Kuiter 1997:116 [ref. 25488], Randall et al. 1997:93 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:107 [ref. 23965], Heemstra & Randall 1999:2470 [ref. 24815], Nakabo 2000:704 [ref. 25086], Randall in Randall & Lim 2000:610 [ref. 25122], Ida & Sakaue 2001:267 [ref. 25544], Randall & Pyle 2001:34 [ref. 25690], Nakabo 2002:704 [ref. 26001], Allen & Adrim 2003:32 [ref. 26830], Randall et al. 2004:12 [ref. 27624], Allen et al. 2006:992 [ref. 29078], Motomura et al. 2010:123 [ref. 31101], Motomura et al. 2010:100 [ref. 31256], Allen & Erdmann 2012:293 [ref. 31980], Akhilesh et al. 2021:55 [ref. 38701], Anderson 2018:39 [ref. 36146], Murase et al. 2023:39 [ref. 40935]). Current status: Valid as Pseudanthias fasciatus (Kamohara 1955). Anthiadidae. Distribution: Eastern Indian Ocean, western Pacific: Indonesia east to Tonga, north to southern Japan, south to Queensland (Australia). Habitat: marine.

ferrugineus, Plectranthias Gill [A. C.], Pogonoski [J. J.], Moore [G. I.] & Johnson [J. W.] 2021:52, Fig. 17 [Zootaxa 4918 (no. 1); ref. 38105] North of Dampier Archipelago, Western Australia, Australia, 19°26.78'S, 116°41.51'E to 19°26.97'S, 116°41.37'E, depth 103 - 106 meters. Holotype: CSIRO H8289-02. Paratypes: AMS, CSIRO, NMV, NTM, WAM. Plus additional non-type material. •Valid as Plectranthias ferrugineus Gill, Pogonoski, Moore & Johnson 2021 -- (Koeda et al. 2021:[7] [ref. 38721], Anderson 2022:570 [ref. 39757]). Current status: Valid as Plectranthias ferrugineus Gill, Pogonoski, Moore & Johnson 2021. Anthiadidae. Distribution: Eastern Indian Ocean: Northwest Shelf (Western Australia) to Arafura Sea (Northern Territory, Australia). Habitat: marine.

fijiensis, Plectranthias Raj [U.] & Seeto [J.] 1983:15, Fig. 1 [Japanese Journal of Ichthyology v. 30 (no. 1); ref. 8285] Suva Barrier Reef, Fiji Islands, 18°12'S, 178°25'E, depth 293 meters. Holotype (unique): USP 4392. Type catalog: Anderson 2018:27 [ref. 36146]. •Valid as Plectranthias fijiensis Raj & Seeto 1983 -- (Randall & Shimizu 1994:109 [ref. 21441], Randall & Hoese 1995:333 [ref. 21929], Randall 1996:117 [ref. 23194], Allen & Walsh 2015:83 [ref. 33954], Anderson 2018:27 [ref. 36146], Parenti & Randall 2020:25 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Valid as Plectranthias fijiensis Raj & Seeto 1983. Anthiadidae. Distribution: Southwestern Pacific: Fiji endemic. Habitat: marine.

filamenta, Lepidoperca Roberts [C. D.] 1987:83 [Memoirs of the National Museum of Victoria v. 48 (no. 1); ref. 17722] West of Eucla, Great Australian Bight, 32°20'S, 128°00"E, Western Australia, depth 128-220 meters. Holotype: AMS I.12339. Paratypes: AMS E.2356-61 (1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1), E.2489 (1), I.12335-38 (1, 1, 1, 1), 12340 (1); WAM P.26804-001 (2). Type catalog: Hutchins & Smith 1991:19 [ref. 19335], Moore et al. 2008:20 [ref. 30117], Anderson 2018:17 [ref. 36146]. •Valid as Lepidoperca filamenta Roberts 1987 -- (Roberts 1989:572 [ref. 12486], Gomon et al. 1994:542 [ref. 22532], Hutchins 2001:30 [ref. 25847], Allen et al. 2006:987 [ref. 29078], Roberts & Gomon 2008:546 [ref. 30641], Anderson 2018:17 [ref. 36146], Parenti & Randall 2020:16 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Valid as Lepidoperca filamenta Roberts 1987. Anthiadidae. Distribution: Southeastern Indian Ocean: South Australia and Western Australia. Habitat: marine.

filamentosus, Tosanoides Kamohara [T.] 1953:3, Fig. 3 [Research Reports of Kôchi University v. 2 (no. 11); ref. 2553] Okinoshima, Kochi Prefecture, Japan. Holotype (unique): BSKU 1908. Type catalog: Kamohara 1961:3 [ref. 19282], Anderson 2018:53 [ref. 36146]. •Valid as Tosanoides filamentosus Kamohara 1953 -- (Katayama in Masuda et al. 1984:135 [ref. 6441], Nakabo 2000:696 [ref. 25086], Nakabo 2002:696 [ref. 26001], Mundy 2005:344 [ref. 28379], Pyle et al. 2016:174 [ref. 35003], Anderson 2018:53 [ref. 36146], Pinheiro et al. 2018:112 [ref. 36158], Pyle et al. 2018:150 [ref. 36180], Allen & Walsh 2019:33 [ref. 36524], Parenti & Randall 2020:45 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Valid as Tosanoides filamentosus Kamohara 1953. Anthiadidae. Distribution: Northwestern Pacific: Japan. Habitat: marine.

filiferus, Meganthias Randall [J. E.] & Heemstra [P. C.] 2008:6, Figs. 1-2 [Phuket Marine Biological Center Research Bulletin v. 68; ref. 29984] Off southwest coast of Thailand, Andaman Sea, depth 150 meters on bottom long line. Holotype (unique): PMBC 10034. Type catalog: Anderson 2018:20 [ref. 36146]. •Valid as Meganthias filiferus Randall & Heemstra 2008 -- (Akhilesh et al. 2009:1 [ref. 31046], White 2011:21 [ref. 31494], Anderson 2018:20 [ref. 36146], Parenti & Randall 2020:19 [ref. 37354], Zajonz et al. 2020:505 [ref. 37997], Akhilesh et al. 2021:54 [ref. 38701], Heemstra & Heemstra 2022:91 [ref. 39746]). Current status: Valid as Meganthias filiferus Randall & Heemstra 2008. Anthiadidae. Distribution: Indian Ocean: southwest coast of India east to Andaman Sea coast of Thailand. Habitat: marine.

flagris, Odontanthias Yoshino [T.] & Araga [C.] in Masuda, Araga & Yoshino 1975:219, Pl. 51 (fig. b) [Coastal fishes of southern Japan; ref. 2902] Off Okinawa Island, Ryukyu Islands, Japan. Holotype: SMBL F73147 [not seen at FAKU]. Paratypes: SMBL 73148-55 (8) [not seen at FAKU]. Type catalog: Anderson 2018:23 [ref. 36146]. •Valid as Holanthias flagris (Yoshino & Araga 1975) -- (Nakabo 2000:698 [ref. 25086], Nakabo 2002:698 [ref. 26001]). •Valid as Odontanthias flagris Yoshino & Araga 1975 -- (Katayama in Masuda et al. 1984:135 [ref. 6441], Randall & Heemstra 2006:15 [ref. 28602], White 2011:22 [ref. 31494], Peristiwady 2012:8 [ref. 39958], Anderson 2018:23 [ref. 36146], Parenti & Randall 2020:21 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Valid as Odontanthias flagris Yoshino & Araga 1975. Anthiadidae. Distribution: Northwestern Pacific: southern Sulawsi (Indonesia), Ryukyu Islands (Japan), Ogasawara Islands (Japan). Habitat: marine.

flammeus, Plectranthias Williams [J. T.], Delrieu-Trottin [E.] & Planes [S.] 2013:170, Figs. 2, 4 [Zootaxa 3647 (no. 1); ref. 32703] Nuku Hiva, Uea, west coast, on rock wall dropping to rubble and sand slope, Marquesas, French Polynesia, 10°28.29'S, 138°40.674'W, depth 20-40 meters. Holotype: USNM 409013. Paratypes: MNHN 2013-0001 [ex. USNM 409014] (1); USNM 409019 (1), 409425 (1). Type catalog: Anderson 2018:27 [ref. 36146]. •Valid as Plectranthias flammeus Williams, Delrieu-Trottin & Planes 2013 -- (Allen & Walsh 2015:83 [ref. 33954], Delrieu-Trottin et al. 2015:5 [ref. 33988], Gill et al. 2016:355 [ref. 34957], Anderson 2018:27 [ref. 36146], Parenti & Randall 2020:25 [ref. 37354], Fricke 2021:36 [ref. 38400]). Current status: Valid as Plectranthias flammeus Williams, Delrieu-Trottin & Planes 2013. Anthiadidae. Distribution: South Pacific: Marquesas Islands (French Polynesia). Habitat: marine.

flavicauda, Pseudanthias Randall [J. E.] & Pyle [R. L.] 2001:23, Figs. 5-8 [Raffles Bulletin of Zoology v. 49 (no. 1); ref. 25690] Beqa (Mbengga) Island, ocean side, Fiji, depth 61 meters. Holotype: BPBM 33921. Paratypes: AMS I.39907-001 (1); BMNH 2000.1.6.2 (1); BPBM 37209 (1), 38667-68 (1, 3); CAS 210369 (1); USNM 359478 (1). Type catalog: Anderson 2018:39 [ref. 36146]. •Valid as Pseudanthias flavicauda Randall & Pyle 2001 -- (Myers & Donaldson 2003:620 [ref. 27495] with author as Randall (not this species, is tequila), Randall et al. 2004:12 [ref. 27624], Randall 2005:141 [ref. 28239], Fricke et al. 2011:386 [ref. 31242], Gill et al. 2017:72 [ref. 35653], Anderson 2018:39 [ref. 36146], Parenti & Randall 2020:35 [ref. 37354], Victor et al. 2020:12 [ref. 37807], Galbraith et al. 2024:6 [ref. 40930]). Current status: Valid as Pseudanthias flavicauda Randall & Pyle 2001. Anthiadidae. Distribution: Southwestern Pacific: Coral Sea (Australia); Fiji. Habitat: marine.

flavofasciatus, Tosanoides Katayama [M.] & Masuda [H.] 1980:51, Figs. 1-3 [Japanese Journal of Ichthyology v. 27 (no. 1); ref. 8707] Off Izu-Oshima, Japan, 34°47'N, 139°24'E, depth 50 meters. Holotype: ZUMT 54241. Paratypes: FSFL EE814 (1), NSMT-P 22994 [ex Kanayama coll. 5744] (1). Type catalog: Anderson 2018:53 [ref. 36146]. •Valid as Tosanoides flavofasciatus Katayama & Masuda 1980 -- (Katayama in Masuda et al. 1984:135 [ref. 6441], Yamakawa in Okamura et al. 1985:463, 665 [ref. 8056], Heemstra & Randall 1999:2471 [ref. 24815], Nakabo 2000:697 [ref. 25086], Nakabo 2002:697 [ref. 26001], Pyle et al. 2016:174 [ref. 35003], Anderson 2018:53 [ref. 36146], Pinheiro et al. 2018:113 [ref. 36158], Pyle et al. 2018:150 [ref. 36180], Allen & Walsh 2019:33 [ref. 36524], Parenti & Randall 2020:46 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Valid as Tosanoides flavofasciatus Katayama & Masuda 1980. Anthiadidae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Japan; Tonga Ridge. Habitat: marine.

flavoguttatus, Anthias (Mirolabrichthys) Katayama [M.] & Masuda [H.] 1980:187, Figs. 2-3 [Japanese Journal of Ichthyology v. 27 (no. 3); ref. 8708] Coast of Izu-Oshima, Japan, depth 50 meters. Holotype: ZUMT 54243. Paratypes: NSMT-P 19137-38 (1, 1); ZUMT 54244 (1). Type catalog: Anderson 2018:39 [ref. 36146]. •Valid as Mirolabrichthys flavoguttatus (Katayama & Masuda 1980) -- (Katayama in Masuda et al. 1984:137 [ref. 6441]). •Valid as Pseudanthias flavoguttatus (Katayama & Masuda 1980) -- (Myers 1999:108 [ref. 23965], Nakabo 2000:707 [ref. 25086], Randall & Pyle 2001:34 [ref. 25690], Nakabo 2002:707 [ref. 26001], Allen & Adrim 2003:32 [ref. 26830], Randall et al. 2005:131 [ref. 28745], Allen & Erdmann 2012:294 [ref. 31980], Anderson 2018:39 [ref. 36146], Parenti & Randall 2020:35 [ref. 37354], Victor et al. 2020:13 [ref. 37807]). •Valid as Pyronotanthias flavoguttatus (Katayama & Masuda 1980) -- (Gill 2022:58 [ref. 38980]). Current status: Valid as Pyronotanthias flavoguttatus (Katayama & Masuda 1980). Anthiadidae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Christmas Island (Indian Ocean), Indonesia, Palau, Philippines, Marshall and Mariana Islands and to Japan. Habitat: marine.

foresti, Plectranthias Fourmanoir [P.] 1977:269, Fig. 2 [Cahiers du Pacifique No. 20; ref. 7247] Off southwestern Luzon, Philippines, 14°01'N, 120°16'E, depth 183-185 meters. Holotype: MNHN 1976-0377. Paratypes: BPBM 20873 (2). Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1984:19 [ref. 19232], Anderson 2018:27 [ref. 36146]. •Valid as Plectranthias foresti Fourmanoir 1977 -- (Randall 1980:124 [ref. 6717], Randall 1996:122 [ref. 23194], Heemstra & Randall 1999:2470 [ref. 24815], Fricke et al. 2011:385 [ref. 31242], Bineesh et al. 2014:494 [ref. 33319], Fricke et al. 2015:6 [ref. 33930], Allen & Walsh 2015:83 [ref. 33954], Gill et al. 2016:355 [ref. 34957], Anderson 2018:27 [ref. 36146], Parenti & Randall 2020:25 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Valid as Plectranthias foresti Fourmanoir 1977. Anthiadidae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Philippines. Habitat: marine.

formosus, Anthias Boulenger [G. A.] 1889:238 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1889 (pt 2); ref. 14491] Muscat, Oman, Gulf of Oman, Arabian Sea, northwestern Indian Ocean. Lectotype: BMNH 1889.4.15.15. Paralectotypes: BMNH 1889.4.15.16 (1). Objectively invalid; preoccupied by Anthias formosus Bloch 1792, replaced by Anthias boulengeri Heemstra 1973. Lectotype selected by Heemstra & Randall 1979:3 [ref. 6938]. •Objective synonym of Sacura boulengeri (Heemstra 1973) -- (Heemstra & Randall 1979:3 [ref. 6938], Parenti & Randall 2020:43 [ref. 37354]). 1°Homonym. Current status: Synonym of Sacura boulengeri (Heemstra 1973). Anthiadidae. Habitat: marine.

fourmanoiri, Plectranthias Randall [J. E.] 1980:125, Fig. 7 [Micronesica v. 16 (no. 1); ref. 6717] Coral head in lagoon off marine pier at northern end of Enewetak Island, Marshall Islands, depth 50 feet. Holotype: BPBM 17242. Paratypes: ANSP 128436 (1); BMNH 1974.8.8.1 (1); BPBM 9263 (1), 9608 (1), 13925 (2), 15068 (1), 17466 (1); CAS 30867 (1); MNHN 1971-0133 (1); USNM 212176 (1); WAM P.26085-029 (1), P.26113-004 (2), P.26126-005 (1) Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1984:19 [ref. 19232], Böhlke 1984:154 [ref. 13621], Hutchins & Smith 1991:19 [ref. 19335], Moore et al. 2008:20 [ref. 30117], Anderson 2018:27 [ref. 36146]. •Valid as Plectranthias fourmanoiri Randall 1980 -- (Randall 1996:121 [ref. 23194], Myers 1999:106 [ref. 23965], Heemstra & Randall 1999:2470 [ref. 24815], Randall 1999:12 [ref. 25829], Allen 2000:87 [ref. 37268], Allen & Adrim 2003:32 [ref. 26830], Myers & Donaldson 2003:620 [ref. 27495], Randall 2005:138 [ref. 28239], Fricke et al. 2011:385 [ref. 31242], Allen & Erdmann 2012:288 [ref. 31980], Allen & Walsh 2015:83 [ref. 33954], Anderson 2018:27 [ref. 36146], Wada et al. 2020:10 [ref. 37270], Parenti & Randall 2020:25 [ref. 37354], Gill et al. 2021:59 [ref. 38105]). Current status: Valid as Plectranthias fourmanoiri Randall 1980. Anthiadidae. Distribution: Eastern Indian Ocean, western Pacific: Christmas Island (Australia) and Indonesia east to Pitcairn Islands, north to Japan. Habitat: marine.

fronticinctus, Anthias Günther [A.] 1868:226, Pl. 18 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1868 (pt 2) (art. 4) (for 26 Mar. 1868); ref. 1991] St. Helena Island, South Atlantic (15°58'S, 5°43'W). Lectotype: BMNH 1867.10.8.40. Paralectotypes: BMNH 1867.12.26.16 (1). Type catalog: Anderson 2018:14 [ref. 36146]. Described in the genus Anthias but then Günther stated that this species may be regarded as the type of a distinct generic division (Holanthias), distinguished from Anthias by its convex caudal fin; this seems to be covered by Art. 11.9.3.6 (and 15.1 and 51.3.3), and the original genus should be regarded as Anthias. Lectotype selected by Anderson & Heemstra 2012:90 [ref. 31956]. •Valid as Holanthias fronticinctus (Günther 1868) -- (Edwards & Glass 1987:636 [ref. 9166], Maugé 1990:708 [ref. 17126], Evseenko 1996:727 [ref. 24666] as fronticinetus, Anderson 2006:415 [ref. 28870], Motomura et al. 2010:114 [ref. 31256], Anderson & Heemstra 2012:89 [ref. 31956], Wirtz et al. 2014:6 [ref. 33516], Heemstra & Anderson in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2395 [ref. 34618], Anderson 2018:14 [ref. 36146], Brown et al. 2019:177 [ref. 36444], Parenti & Randall 2020:14 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Valid as Holanthias fronticinctus (Günther 1868). Anthiadidae. Distribution: Southern central Atlantic: Bonaparte seamont (130 km west of Saint Helena), Saint Helena, Ascension Island, Grattan seamount (260 km southeast of Ascension Island). Habitat: marine.

fucinus, Anthias Randall [J. E.] & Ralston [S.] 1985:222, Figs. 1-4 [Pacific Science v. 38 (no. 3); ref. 12313] Southwestern end of Penguin Bank, 20°52.4'N, 157°39.3'W, Hawaiian Islands, depth 170 meters. Holotype: BPBM 28622. Paratypes: AMS I.24334-001 (1); BMNH 1983.12.22.3 (1); BPBM 28123 (1), 28350 (1), 29265 (3), 29267 (2); CAS 54302 (1); NSMT-P 22995 (1); ROM 43016 (1); SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 19798 (1); USNM 264611 (1). Type catalog: Anderson 2018:40 [ref. 36146]. •Valid as Pseudanthias fucinus (Randall & Ralston 1985) -- (Chave & Mundy 1994:367 [ref. 22375], Randall & Pyle 2001:34 [ref. 25690], Mundy 2005:343 [ref. 28379], Randall 2007:194 [ref. 30952], Anderson 2018:40 [ref. 36146], Parenti & Randall 2020:35 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Valid as Pseudanthias fucinus (Randall & Ralston 1985). Anthiadidae. Distribution: Central Pacific: Johnston Atoll and Hawaiian Islands. Habitat: marine.

furcatus, Holanthias Pellegrin [J.] 1935:51 [Bulletin du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle (Série 2) v. 7 (no. 1); ref. 22810] Réunion, western Mascarenes, southwestern Indian Ocean. Syntypes: MNHN 1934-0272 (1, dry), Mus. Levallois-Perret (1, not found). Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1984:15-16 [ref. 19232]. •Synonym of Holanthias natalensis (Fowler 1925) -- (Heemstra & Randall 1986:513 [ref. 5667] as furcatus, Fricke 1999:202 [ref. 24106]). •Synonym of Meganthias natalensis (Fowler 1925) -- (Randall & Heemstra 2006:29 [ref. 28602], Parenti & Randall 2020:19 [ref. 37354], Heemstra & Heemstra 2022:91 [ref. 39746]). Current status: Synonym of Meganthias natalensis (Fowler 1925). Anthiadidae. Habitat: marine.

fuscipinnis, Anthias Jenkins [O. P.] 1901:389, Fig. 3 [Bulletin of the U. S. Fish Commission v. 19 (1899); ref. 2340] Honolulu, Oahu Island, Hawaiian Islands. Holotype: USNM 49695. Paratypes: CAS-SU 6113 (2). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:69 [ref. 12291], Anderson 2018:23 [ref. 36146]. •Valid as Holanthias fuscipinnis (Jenkins 1901) -- (Mundy 2005:341 [ref. 28379]). •Valid as Odontanthias fuscipinnis (Jenkins 1901) -- (Randall & Heemstra 2006:17 [ref. 28602], Randall 2007:192 [ref. 30952], White 2011:22 [ref. 31494], Anderson 2018:23 [ref. 36146], Parenti & Randall 2020:21 [ref. 37354]), Current status: Valid as Odontanthias fuscipinnis (Jenkins 1901). Anthiadidae. Distribution: Central Pacific: Johnston Atoll and Hawaiian Islands. Habitat: marine.

fuscus, Acanthistius Regan [C. T.] 1913:368, Pl. 55 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1913 (pt 3); ref. 3652] Easter Island, southeastern Pacific. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1913.12.7.1. Type catalog: Anderson 2018:5 [ref. 36146], Parenti & Randall 2020:6 [ref. 37354]. •Valid as Acanthistius fuscus Regan 1913 -- (Rojas M. & Pequeño 1998:172 [ref. 23775], Pequeño 1989:59 [ref. 14125], Anderson & Baldwin 2000:380 [ref. 24574], Heemstra 2010:60 [ref. 30720], Anderson & Heemstra 2012:13 [ref. 31956], Anderson 2018:5 [ref. 36146], Parenti & Randall 2020:6 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Valid as Acanthistius fuscus Regan 1913. Anthiadidae. Distribution: Southeastern Pacific: Easter Island and Sala y Gómez Island. Habitat: marine.

gardineri, Xenanthias Regan [C. T.] 1908:223, Pl. 28 (fig. 1) [The Transactions of the Linnean Society of London. Second Series. Zoology v. 12 (pt 3); ref. 3634] Amirante Islands, Seychelles, Indian Ocean, depth 25-35 fathoms. Lectotype: BMNH 1908.3.23.62. Paralectotypes: BMNH 1908.3.23.63-66 (4). Type catalog: Anderson 2018:27 [ref. 36146]. Lectotype selected by Randall 1980:130 [ref. 6717]. •Valid as Plectranthias gardineri (Regan 1908) -- (Randall 1980:129 [ref. 6717], Randall & Shimizu 1994:114 [ref. 21441], Randall 1996:120 [ref. 23194], Heemstra & Randall 2009:8 [ref. 30535], Williams et al. 2013:172 [ref. 32703], Allen & Walsh 2015:83 [ref. 33954], Anderson 2018:27 [ref. 36146], Parenti & Randall 2020:25 [ref. 37354], Heemstra & Heemstra 2022:96 [ref. 39746]). Current status: Valid as Plectranthias gardineri (Regan 1908). Anthiadidae. Distribution: Western Indian Ocean: Seychelles, Amirante Islands (Seychelles). Habitat: marine.

garrupellus, Plectranthias Robins [C. R.] & Starck [W. A., II] 1961:295, Fig. 7a [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 113 (no. 11); ref. 3789] Western North Atlantic, southeast of Daytona Beach, Florida, U.S.A., 28°52'N, 80°05'W, depth 65 fathoms [119 meters]. Holotype: ANSP 95129. Paratypes: ANSP 94416 (1), FMNH 65811 (1), UF 204523 [ex UMML 4523] (1), USNM 197392 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:154 [ref. 13621], Ibarra & Stewart 1987:67 [ref. 12367], Anderson 2018:28 [ref. 36146]. •Valid as Plectranthias garrupellus Robins & Starck 1961 -- (Randall 1980:130 [ref. 6717], Robins & Ray 1986:145 [ref. 23100], Baldwin 1990:939 [ref. 21029], Bullock & Smith 1991:27 [ref. 36591], Randall & Shimizu 1994:109 [ref. 21441], Randall 1996:119 [ref. 23194], Claro et al. 2000:22 [ref. 26458], Heemstra et al. 2003:1363 [ref. 27060], Roa-Varón et al. 2003:16 [ref. 27814], Nelson et al. 2004:129 [ref. 27807], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:173 [ref. 28815], Wu et al. 2011:247 [ref. 31227], Anderson & Heemstra 2012:40 [ref. 31956], Page et al. 2013:132 [ref. 32708], Allen & Walsh 2015:83 [ref. 33954], Lins Oliveira et al. 2015:150 [ref. 37485], Anderson 2018:28 [ref. 36146], Parenti & Randall 2020:25 [ref. 37354], Carvalho-Filho 2023:113 [ref. 40480] as garrupelus). Current status: Valid as Plectranthias garrupellus Robins & Starck 1961. Anthiadidae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: North Carolina (U.S.A.) south to Rio Grande do Norte (Brazil), including Caribbean Sea and Gulf of Mexico. Habitat: marine.

georgei, Anthias Allen [G. R.] 1976:28, Fig. 2 [Journal of the Royal Society of Western Australia v. 59 (pt 1); ref. 7332] About 40 nautical miles west of Bernier Island, Western Australia, 24°59'S, 112°27'E, depth 71 fathoms (130 meters). Holotype: WAM P.25205-001. Paratypes: WAM P.25205-002 (2). Type catalog: Hutchins & Smith 1991:18 [ref. 19335], Moore et al. 2008:19 [ref. 30117], Anderson 2018:40 [ref. 36146]. •Valid as Anthias georgei Allen 1976 -- (Paxton et al. 1989:502 [ref. 12442]). •Questionably the same as Pseudanthias rubrolineatus (Fourmanoir & Rivaton 1979) -- (Motomura et al. 2010:119 [ref. 31101]). •Valid as Pseudanthias georgei (Allen 1976) -- (Randall & Pyle 2001:34 [ref. 25690], Hutchins 2001:30 [ref. 25847], Allen et al. 2006:993 [ref. 29078], Anderson 2018:40 [ref. 36146], Parenti & Randall 2020:36 [ref. 37354], Wada et al. 2021:110 [ref. 38530]). Current status: Valid as Pseudanthias georgei (Allen 1976). Anthiadidae. Distribution: Eastern Indian Ocean: off Western Australia. Habitat: marine.

gibbosus, Anthias (Pseudanthias) Klunzinger [C. B.] 1884:9 [Die Fische des Rothen Meeres; ref. 2625] Al-Qusair, Red Sea Governorate, Egypt, Red Sea. Syntypes: SMNS 3482 (2, not found). Type catalog: Fricke 1992:17 [ref. 20296], Fricke 2005:58 [ref. 29864], Anderson 2018:40 [ref. 36146]. •Synonym of Anthias squamipinnis (Peters 1855) -- (Dor 1984:103 [ref. 29757]). •Synonym of Pseudanthias squamipinnis (Peters 1855) -- (Randall & Pyle 2001:34 [ref. 25690]). •Valid as Pseudanthias gibbosus (Klunzinger 1884) -- (Heemstra & Akhilesh 2012:126, 142 [ref. 32094], Gill & Psomadakis 2018:530 [ref. 36054], Anderson 2018:40 [ref. 36146], Golani & Fricke 2018:66 [ref. 36273], Psomadakis et al. 2020:397 [ref. 37272], Parenti & Randall 2020:36 [ref. 37354], Akhilesh et al. 2021:55 [ref. 38701], Heemstra & Heemstra 2022:107 [ref. 39746]). Current status: Valid as Pseudanthias gibbosus (Klunzinger 1884). Anthiadidae. Distribution: Red Sea; Indian Ocean: northern Eastern Cape and KwaZulu-Natal (South Africa) north to Mozambique; Myanmar. Habitat: marine.

gordensis, Anthias Wade [C. B.] 1946:225, Pl. 32 [Allan Hancock Pacific Expedition 1932-40, Los Angeles v. 9 (no. 8); ref. 13136] Inner Gorda Bank, Cape San Lucas, Baja California, Mexico, depth 70-78 fathoms. Holotype: LACM 21714 [ex AHF 924]. Paratypes: LACM 21713 [ex AHF 925] (1). •Synonym of Pronotogrammus multifasciatus Gill 1863 -- (Heemstra in Fischer et al. 1995:1612 [ref. 22830], Grove & Lavenberg 1997:338 [ref. 24023], McCosker et al. 1997:24 [ref. 22816], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:353 [ref. 24555], Thomson et al. 2000:78 [ref. 25640], Anderson & Heemstra 2012:105 [ref. 31956], Parenti & Randall 2020:32 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Synonym of Pronotogrammus multifasciatus Gill 1863. Anthiadidae. Habitat: marine.

gracilis, Anthias Franz [V.] 1910:38, Pl. 6 (fig. 47) [Abhandlungen der math.-phys. Klasse der K. Bayer Akademie der Wissenschaften v. 4 (Suppl.) (no. 1); ref. 1481] Dzushi, Japan, depth 80 meters. Syntypes: ZSM [old collection] (3) destroyed in WWII. Type catalog: Neumann 2006:280 [ref. 28925]. •Synonym of Tosana niwae Smith & Pope 1906 -- (Parenti & Randall 2020:45 [ref. 37354], Gill et al. 2021:63 [ref. 38405]). Current status: Synonym of Tosana niwae Smith & Pope 1906. Anthiadidae. Habitat: marine.

grahami, Odontanthias Randall [J. E.] & Heemstra [P. C.] 2006:17, Figs. 1H, 7, Pl. IVB [Indo-Pacific Fishes No. 38; ref. 28602] Off northern New South Wales, 28°27'S, 153°50'E to 28°24S, 153°49'E, depth 126-130 meters. Holotype (unique): AMS I.32142-010. Type catalog: Anderson 2018:23 [ref. 36146]. •Valid as Odontanthias grahami Randall & Heemstra 2006 -- (White 2011:22 [ref. 31494], Anderson 2018:23 [ref. 36146], Gill & Russell 2019:182 [ref. 36578], Parenti & Randall 2020:21 [ref. 37354]). •Synonym of Odontanthias xanthomaculatus (Fourmanoir & Rivaton 1979) -- (Gill & Tang 2022:146 [ref. 39826]). Current status: Synonym of Odontanthias xanthomaculatus (Fourmanoir & Rivaton 1979). Anthiadidae. Habitat: marine.

grahami, Plectranthias Gill [A. C.], Pogonoski [J. J.], Moore [G. I.] & Johnson [J. W.] 2021:63, Fig. 22 [Zootaxa 4918 (no. 1); ref. 38105] East of Bulli, Tasman Sea, New South Wales, Australia, 34°18'S, 151°26'E, depth 457 - 485 meters. Holotype (unique): AMS I.18855-003. •Valid as Plectranthias grahami Gill, Pogonoski, Moore & Johnson 2021 -- (Anderson 2022:570 [ref. 39757]). Current status: Valid as Plectranthias grahami Gill, Pogonoski, Moore & Johnson 2021. Anthiadidae. Distribution: Southwestern Pacific: Tasman Sea (New South Wales, Australia). Habitat: marine.

guntheri, Neoanthias Castelnau [F. L.] 1879:367 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 3 (pt 4); ref. 764] Port Jackson, New South Wales, Australia. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1984:42 [ref. 19232]. Mandatory correction of species epithet to guentheri. •Status uncertain -- (Anderson & Heemstra 2012:23 [ref. 31956]). •Synonym of Caprodon longimanus (Günther 1859) -- (Paxton et al. 1989:504 [ref. 12442], Rojas M. & Pequeño 1998:45 [ref. 23540], Rojas M. & Pequeño 1998:177 [ref. 23775], Allen et al. 2006:984 [ref. 29078], Dyer & Westneat 2010:605 [ref. 31446], Parenti & Randall 2020:11 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Synonym of Caprodon longimanus (Günther 1859). Anthiadidae. Habitat: marine.

hangapiko, Pseudanthias Shepherd [B.], Pinheiro [H. T.], Phelps [T. A. Y.], Pérez-Matus [A.] & Rocha [L. A.] 2021:4, Figs. 1-3 [ZooKeys No. 1054; ref. 38559] Hanga Piko, Rapa Nui (Easter Island), Chile, 27°9'12"S, 109°26'52"W. Holotype: CAS 247252. Paratypes: CAS 247254 (1), USNM 443821 (1). •Valid as Pseudanthias hangapiko Shepherd, Pinheiro, Phelps, Pérez-Matus & Rocha 2021 -- (Anderson 2022:573 [ref. 39757]). Current status: Valid as Pseudanthias hangapiko Shepherd, Pinheiro, Phelps, Pérez-Matus & Rocha 2021. Anthiadidae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific: Rapa Nui (Easter Island, Chile). Habitat: marine.

haplodactylus, Dactylanthias Boulenger [G. A.] 1895:333 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum 2nd edition v. 1; ref. 537] •Unjustified emendation of Anthias aplodactylus Bleeker 1858. •Synonym of Dactylanthias aplodactylus (Bleeker 1858) -- (Randall 2007:83 [ref. 28979]). Unjustified Emend.. Current status: Synonym of Dactylanthias aplodactylus (Bleeker 1858). Anthiadidae. Habitat: marine.

hawaiiensis, Anthias (Pseudanthias) ventralis Randall [J. E.] 1979:9, Figs. 5-6 [Contributions in Science (Los Angeles) No. 302; ref. 12314] Off northern side at base of drop-off, Moku Manu, Oahu Island, Hawaiian Islands, depth 49 meters. Holotype: BPBM 10560. Paratypes: AMS I.18720-001 (1); ANSP 134236 (1); BMNH 1976.3.15.2 (1); BPBM 15058-59 (1, 3), 10172 (1), 10561 (7); CAS 35679 (1); LACM 35578-1 (1), MNHN 1974-0017 (1); USNM 215285 (1). Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1984:10 [ref. 19232], Böhlke 1984:155 [ref. 13621], Anderson 2018:40 [ref. 36146]. The author states, Anthias (Pseudanthias) ventralis hawiiensis new species and subspecies (p. 9) and on p. 12 Anthias (Pseudanthias) ventralis ventralis new subspecies. The new taxa he is describing are the new species ventralis and the new subspecies hawaiiensis. The types of the subspecies hawaiiensis are not the types of the nominate subspecies ventralis. We regard the types on p. 9 as being the types of the subspecies hawaiiensis and the types of ventralis ventralis on p. 12 as the types of the new species ventralis. •Valid as Pseudanthias hawaiiensis (Randall 1979) -- (Randall 2005:146 [ref. 28239], Mundy 2005:343 [ref. 28379], Randall 2007:195 [ref. 30952], Anderson 2018:40 [ref. 36146], Parenti & Randall 2020:36 [ref. 37354], Shepherd et al. 2021:10 [ref. 38559]). Current status: Valid as Pseudanthias hawaiiensis (Randall 1979). Anthiadidae. Distribution: Central Pacific: Johnston Atoll and Hawaiian Islands. Habitat: marine.

hectori, Scorpis Hutton [F. W.] 1872:4, Pl. 1 (fig. 4) [Fishes of New Zealand (Hutton); ref. 2287] Milford Sound, New Zealand. Holotype (unique): presumed lost. Type catalog: Russell 1996:226 [ref. 22562]. •Synonym of Caesioperca lepidoptera (Forster 1801) -- (Parenti & Randall 2020:10 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Synonym of Caesioperca lepidoptera (Forster 1801). Anthiadidae. Habitat: marine.

heemstrai, Pseudanthias Schuhmacher [H.], Krupp [F.] & Randall [J. E.] 1989:339, Figs. 1-3, Pls. 1-9 [Fauna of Saudi Arabia v. 10; ref. 13857] In front of Marine Science Station, 12 kilometers south of Aqaba, Jordan, 29°45'N, 34°58'E, Red Sea, depth 20 meters. Holotype: SMF 23176. Paratypes: BMNH 1989.10.11.1 (1); BPBM 28867 (8); SMF 23177 (5). Non-types: BPBM 17787 (1), 7888 (3); SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 26175 (1). Type catalog: Anderson 2018:40 [ref. 36146]. •Valid as Pseudanthias heemstrai Schuhmacher, Krupp & Randall 1989 -- (Krupp & Paulus 1991:388 [ref. 20210], Goren & Dor 1994:28 [ref. 25356], Randall & Pyle 2001:34 [ref. 25690], Heemstra & Akhilesh 2012:125, 145 [ref. 32094], Anderson 2018:40 [ref. 36146], Bogorodsky & Randall 2018:[16] 254 [ref. 36492], Golani & Fricke 2018:66 [ref. 36273], Parenti & Randall 2020:36 [ref. 37354], Heemstra & Heemstra 2022:107 [ref. 39746]). Current status: Valid as Pseudanthias heemstrai Schuhmacher, Krupp & Randall 1989. Anthiadidae. Distribution: Red Sea; northwestern Indian Ocean: Gulf of Aden (Djibouti). Habitat: marine.

helenae, Plectranthias Randall [J. E.] 1980:131, Fig. 10 [Micronesica v. 16 (no. 1); ref. 6717] Off northern shore of Oahu Island, 21°43'36" - 21°40'N, 158°04'06" - 158°07'18"W, Hawaiian Islands, depth 65-92 fathoms [119-168 meters]. Holotype: BPBM 13957. Paratypes: BPBM 21091 (1), CAS 40803 (1), USNM 218367 (1). Type catalog: Anderson 2018:28 [ref. 36146]. •Valid as Plectranthias helenae Randall 1980 -- (Lee 1990:15 [ref. 19830], Randall 1996:119 [ref. 23194], Randall in Randall & Lim 2000:610 [ref. 25122], Chen & Shao 2002:64 [ref. 25977], Mundy 2005:341 [ref. 28379], Randall 2007:192 [ref. 30952], Wu et al. 2011:253 [ref. 31227], Allen & Walsh 2015:83 [ref. 33954], Anderson 2018:28 [ref. 36146], Wada et al. 2018:[6] [ref. 36335], Parenti & Randall 2020:26 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Valid as Plectranthias helenae Randall 1980. Anthiadidae. Distribution: Western and central Pacific: Taiwan, Johnston Atoll, Hawaiian Islands. Habitat: marine.

helenensis, Anthias Katayama [M.] & Amaoka [K.] 1986:215, Fig. 2 [Japanese Journal of Ichthyology v. 33 (no. 3); ref. 6680] North of Saint Helena Island, southern central Atlantic, 11°37'S, 5°13'W, depth 163-460 meters. Holotype: HUMZ 100156. Paratypes: HUMZ 100157-63 (1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1) with 100158 and 100163 headless. Type catalog: Anderson 2018:8 [ref. 36146]. •Valid as Anthias helenensis Katayama & Amaoka 1986 -- (Anderson & Baldwin 2000:372 [ref. 24574], Anderson 2006:416 [ref. 28870], Anderson & Heemstra 2012:75 [ref. 31956], Heemstra & Anderson in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2383 [ref. 34618], Anderson et al. 2017:76 [ref. 35505], Parenti & Randall 2020:9 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Valid as Anthias helenensis Katayama & Amaoka 1986. Anthiadidae. Distribution: Southern central Atlantic: north of Saint Helena. Habitat: marine.

hensleyi, Odontanthias Anderson [W. D., Jr.] & García-Moliner [G.] 2012:26, Fig. 1 [aqua, International Journal of Ichthyology v. 18 (no. 1); ref. 31761] Mona Passage, off west coast of Puerto Rico, 18°07'N, 67°40'W, depth 338 meters. Holotype: USNM 400888. Paratypes: UPRM 3793 (1), 3794 (1), 3809 (1). Type catalog: Anderson 2018:8 [ref. 36146]. •Valid as Odontanthias hensleyi Anderson & García-Moliner 2012 -- (Anderson & Heemstra 2012:96 [ref. 31956], Carvalho-Filho et al. 2016:585 [ref. 34589]). •Valid as Anthias hensleyi (Anderson & García-Moliner 2012) -- (Anderson et al. 2017:76, 92 [ref. 35505], Anderson 2018:8 [ref. 36146], Parenti & Randall 2020:9 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Valid as Anthias hensleyi (Anderson & García-Moliner 2012). Anthiadidae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: Mona Passage, between Puerto Rico and the Dominican Republic. Habitat: marine.

hinano, Plectranthias Shepherd [B.], Phelps [T. A. Y.], Pinheiro [H. T.], Rocha [C. R.] & Rocha [L. A.] 2020:153, Figs. 4, 5A [ZooKeys No. 941; ref. 37583] Tahiti, Society Islands, French Polynesia, 17°29'27"S, 149°28'01"W, depth 98 meters. Holotype: CAS 247195. Paratype: USNM 445723 (1). •Valid as Plectranthias hinano Shepherd, Phelps, Pinheiro, Rocha & Rocha 2020 -- (Gill et al. 2021:47 [ref. 38105], Anderson 2022:570 [ref. 39757]). Current status: Valid as Plectranthias hinano Shepherd, Phelps, Pinheiro, Rocha & Rocha 2020. Anthiadidae. Distribution: South Pacific: Society Islands (French Polynesia). Habitat: marine.

hispanus, Aylopon Guichenot [A.] 1868:81 [2] [Annales de la Société Linnéenne du Département de Maine-et-Loire v. 10; ref. 1936] Algésiras Bay, Spain, eastern Atlantic. Holotype (unique): MNHN 0000-4315. Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1984:10-11 [ref. 19232]. On p. 2 of separate. •Synonym of Anthias anthias (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Anderson & Heemstra 2012:69 [ref. 31956], Parenti & Randall 2020:8 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Synonym of Anthias anthias (Linnaeus 1758). Anthiadidae. Habitat: marine.

hiva, Pseudanthias Randall [J. E.] & Pyle [R. L.] 2001:25, Figs. 9-11 [Raffles Bulletin of Zoology v. 49 (no. 1); ref. 25690] Hiva Oa, northwestern side of Tepuhiaatuna Point, Marquesas Islands, depth 20 meters. Holotype: BPBM 12223. Paratypes AMS I.39908-00 1(1), I.33909-001 (1); BPBM 11792 (1), 11861 (5), 11929 (4), 38530 (3), 38671 (1); CAS 210370-71(1. 1); MNHN 2000-3 (1), 2000-4 (1); NSMT-P 58836 (1); USNM 359479-80 (1, 1). Type catalog: Anderson 2018:41 [ref. 36146]. •Valid as Pseudanthias hiva Randall & Pyle 2001 -- (Randall 2005:142 [ref. 28239], Williams et al. 2013:76 [ref. 32703], Delrieu-Trottin et al. 2015:5 [ref. 33988], Anderson 2018:41 [ref. 36146], Parenti & Randall 2020:36 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Valid as Pseudanthias hiva Randall & Pyle 2001. Anthiadidae. Distribution: South Pacific: Marquesas Islands (French Polynesia). Habitat: marine.

huchtii, Anthias Bleeker [P.] 1857:38 [Acta Societatis Regiae Scientiarum Indo-Neêrlandicae v. 2 (art. 7); ref. 356] Ambon Island, Molucca Islands, Indonesia. Syntypes: (6) ?BMNH 1880.4.21.50 (1), ?NMV 46523 (1), RMNH 5453 (some or all of 6). Type catalog: Anderson 2018:41 [ref. 36146]. •Valid as Anthias huchtii Bleeker 1857 -- (Allen & Starck 1982:49 [ref. 8518], Paxton et al. 1989:502 [ref. 12442]). •Valid as Pseudanthias huchtii (Bleeker 1857) -- (Randall et al. 1990:93 [ref. 15987], Allen 1997:90 [ref. 23977], Kuiter 1997:114 [ref. 25488], Randall et al. 1997:93 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:108 [ref. 23965], Heemstra & Randall 1999:2470 [ref. 24815], Randall in Randall & Lim 2000:610 [ref. 25122], Allen 2000:98 [ref. 25868], Randall & Pyle 2001:34 [ref. 25690], Hutchins 2001:262 [ref. 25841], Hutchins 2001:30 [ref. 25847], Allen & Adrim 2003:32 [ref. 26830], Kimura et al. in Kimura & Matsuura 2003:55 [ref. 27510], Allen et al. 2006:993 [ref. 29078], Allen & Erdmann 2012:294 [ref. 31980], Williams et al. 2013:179 [ref. 32703], Fricke et al. 2014:64 [ref. 33932], Anderson 2018:41 [ref. 36146], Fricke et al. 2019:124 [ref. 36673], Parenti & Randall 2020:36 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Valid as Pseudanthias huchtii (Bleeker 1857). Anthiadidae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Eastern Indonesia east to Palau and Solomon Islands, north to Philippines, south to northern Australia and Vanuatu. Habitat: marine.

huntii, Plectropoma Hector [J.] 1875:240, Pl. 10 (fig. 1) [Transactions and Proceedings of the New Zealand Institute v. 7 (art. 34); ref. 18269] Chatham Islands, off New Zealand. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. •Valid as Ellerkeldia huntii (Hector 1875) -- (Paulin et al. 1989:175 [ref. 24556]). •Valid as Hypoplectrodes huntii (Hector 1875) -- (Paulin & Roberts 1992:139 [ref. 24625], Roberts 2015:1191 [ref. 34193], Anderson 2018:15 [ref. 36146], Parenti & Randall 2020:15 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Valid as Hypoplectrodes huntii (Hector 1875). Anthiadidae. Distribution: Southwestern Pacific: New Zealand endemic. Habitat: marine.

hutomoi, Anthias Allen [G. R.] & Burhanuddin [A. I.] 1976:46, Fig. 1 [Marine Research in Indonesia No. 16; ref. 7333] Seram, Seleman Bay, Maluku Islands, Indonesia, depth 54 meters. Holotype: LON NCIP 3493. Paratypes: LON NCIP 3494-3499 (6), WAM P.25199-001 (4). Type catalog: Hutchins & Smith 1991:18 [ref. 19335], Moore et al. 2008:19 [ref. 30117], Anderson 2018:41 [ref. 36146]. •Valid as Pseudanthias hutomoi (Allen & Burhanuddin 1976) -- (Randall & Hutomo 1988:671 [ref. 6679], Senou & Imai 1998:5 [ref. 24385], Heemstra & Randall 1999:2470 [ref. 24815], Allen 2000:98 [ref. 25868], Randall & Pyle 2001:34 [ref. 25690], Allen & Adrim 2003:32 [ref. 26830], Myers & Donaldson 2003:620 [ref. 27495], Allen & Erdmann 2012:295 [ref. 31980], Anderson 2018:41 [ref. 36146], Parenti & Randall 2020:37 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Valid as Pseudanthias hutomoi (Allen & Burhanuddin 1976). Anthiadidae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Brunei and Indonesia east to Philippines and Papua New Guinea. Habitat: marine.

hypselosoma, Pseudanthias Bleeker [P.] 1877:3 [Processen-verbaal van de gewone vergaderingen der Koninklijke Akademie van Wetenschappen; Afdeeling Natuurkunde 1877-1878 (no. 4); ref. 17115] New Guinea. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. Described in more detail in Bleeker 1878:58 [ref. 456] Pl. 2 (fig. 2). •Valid as Pseudanthias hypselosoma Bleeker 1877 (often seen as 1878) -- (Randall et al. 1990:94 [ref. 15987], Kuiter 1993:131 [ref. 23929], Allen 1997:92 [ref. 23977], Kuiter 1997:114 [ref. 25488], Randall et al. 1997:94 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:108 [ref. 23965], Heemstra & Randall 1999:2470 [ref. 24815], Nakabo 2000:703 [ref. 25086], Randall in Randall & Lim 2000:610 [ref. 25122], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:198 [ref. 25191], Allen 2000:98 [ref. 25868], Ida & Sakaue 2001:267 [ref. 25544], Randall & Pyle 2001:34 [ref. 25690], Nakabo 2002:703 [ref. 26001], Allen & Adrim 2003:32 [ref. 26830], Randall et al. 2004:12 [ref. 27624], Randall 2005:142 [ref. 28239], Allen et al. 2006:993 [ref. 29078], Fricke et al. 2011:386 [ref. 31242], Allen & Erdmann 2012:295 [ref. 31980], Heemstra & Akhilesh 2012:125, 146 [ref. 32094], Fricke et al. 2014:64 [ref. 33932], Motomura et al. 2015:20 [ref. 34709], Anderson 2018:41 [ref. 36146], Fricke et al. 2019:124 [ref. 36673], Parenti & Randall 2020:37 [ref. 37354], Akaike et al. 2021:21 [ref. 38809], Akhilesh et al. 2021:55 [ref. 38701], Heemstra & Heemstra 2022:108 [ref. 39746]). Current status: Valid as Pseudanthias hypselosoma Bleeker 1877. Anthiadidae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Maldives east to Samoa and Palau, north to Kagoshima Prefecture (southern Japan), south to Queensland (Australia). Habitat: marine.

igneus, Hypoplectrodes Roberts [C. D.] in Roberts, Stewart & Struthers (eds) 2015:1192, Fig. 166.11 [ ref. 34193] L'Esperance Rock, Kermadec Islands, New Zealand. Holotype: NMNZ P.050481. •Was to appear in Roberts 2015 in Zootaxa (Roberts 2015:S105 [ref. 34193]). It did not appear there. Not available. Nomen Nudum. Current status: Unknown. Anthiadidae.

ignitus, Anthias (Mirolabrichthys) Randall [J. E.] & Lubbock [R.] 1981:18, Fig. 12 [Contributions in Science (Los Angeles) No. 333; ref. 6912] Lagoon reef, Villingili Island, North Male Atoll, Maldives, western Indian Ocean, depth 25 meters. Holotype: BPBM 18858. Paratypes: AMS I.19219-001 (1); BMNH 1976.9.30.8 (1), 1977.5.11.5-6 (2); CAS 37888 (1); LACM 35905-1 (1); USNM 216494 (1). Type catalog: Anderson 2018:42 [ref. 36146]. •Valid as Pseudanthias ignitus (Randall & Lubbock 1981) -- (Randall & Pyle 2001:34 [ref. 25690], Allen & Adrim 2003:32 [ref. 26830], Randall 2005:141 [ref. 28239], Motomura in Motomura & Satapoomin 2009:93 [ref. 30492], Allen & Erdmann 2012:296 [ref. 31980], Heemstra & Akhilesh 2012:124, 148 [ref. 32094], Anderson 2018:42 [ref. 36146], Parenti & Randall 2020:37 [ref. 37354], Akhilesh et al. 2021:56 [ref. 38701], Rajan et al. 2021:6 [ref. 39508], Heemstra & Heemstra 2022:108 [ref. 39746]). •Valid as Nemanthias ignitus (Randall & Lubbock 1981) -- (Gill 2022:55 [ref. 38980]). Current status: Valid as Nemanthias ignitus (Randall & Lubbock 1981). Anthiadidae. Distribution: Indian Ocean: Lakshadweep Islands (India) and Maldives east to Sumatra (Indonesia). Habitat: marine.

imeldae, Mirolabrichthys Burgess [W. E.] 1977:39, Figs. [Tropical Fish Hobbyist v. 25 (no. 10); ref. 7236] Philippines. Holotype: USNM 216923. Paratypes: USNM 216922 (2). •Synonym of Pseudanthias lori (Lubbock & Randall 1976) -- (Randall & Pyle 2001:34 [ref. 25690], Parenti & Randall 2020:37 [ref. 37354]). •Synonym of Pyronotanthias lori (Lubbock & Randall 1976). Current status: Synonym of Pyronotanthias lori (Lubbock & Randall 1976). Anthiadidae. Habitat: marine.

immaculatus, Giganthias Katayama [M.] 1954:57, Fig. 1 [Japanese Journal of Ichthyology v. 3 (no. 2); ref. 5619] Izu-Oshima, Japan. Holotype: NSMT-P 18654 [ex Katayama Fish Coll. 1534]. Paratypes: K.F.C. 1535 (1). Type catalog: Anderson 2018:13 [ref. 36146]. •Valid as Giganthias immaculatus Katayama 1954 -- (Katayama in Masuda et al. 1984:132 [ref. 6441], Kao & Lin 1986:77 [ref. 39481], Lee 1990:64 [ref. 19830], Nakabo 2000:733 [ref. 25086], Randall in Randall & Lim 2000:610 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2002:733 [ref. 26001], White & Dharmadi 2012:65 [ref. 31746], Peristiwady et al. 2014:104 [ref. 35217], Anderson 2018:13 [ref. 36146], Parenti & Randall 2020:13 [ref. 37354], Nakashimada & Motomura 2022:61 [ref. 39955]). Current status: Valid as Giganthias immaculatus Katayama 1954. Anthiadidae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Indonesia and Taiwan north to Izu Islands (Japan). Habitat: marine.

imperator, Perca Günther [A.] 1859:88 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 1; ref. 1961] Name on specimen listed under Anthias sacer, not available. Evidently a name in synoymy and not available; from Madeira. Nomen Nudum. Anthiadidae.

inermis, Plectranthias Randall [J. E.] 1980:135, Fig. 11 [Micronesica v. 16 (no. 1); ref. 6717] Southwestern side of Caban Island, Batangas, Luzon Island, Philippines [Verde Island Passage, South China Sea, western Pacific, ca. 13°41'N 120°50'E], depth 30 meters. Holotype: BPBM 22468. Paratypes: BMNH 1978.2.27 (2); BPBM 20324 (1), 21087 (2), 22460 (3); CAS 40800 (1); NCIP 3768-3769 (2); USNM 210121 (1); WAM P.26121-001 (2), P.26125-008 (1). Type catalog: Hutchins & Smith 1991:20 [ref. 19335], Moore et al. 2008:20 [ref. 30117], Anderson 2018:28 [ref. 36146]. •Valid as Plectranthias inermis Randall 1980 -- (Heemstra 1997:140 [ref. 23064], Randall 1996:119 [ref. 23194], Heemstra & Randall 1999:2470 [ref. 24815], Allen 2000:87 [ref. 37268], Allen & Adrim 2003:32 [ref. 26830], Heemstra & Randall 2009:9 [ref. 30535], Allen & Erdmann 2012:288 [ref. 31980], Williams et al. 2013:172 [ref. 32703], Bineesh et al. 2014:494 [ref. 33319], Fricke et al. 2014:63 [ref. 33932], Allen & Walsh 2015:83 [ref. 33954], Gill et al. 2016:355 [ref. 34957], Anderson 2018:28 [ref. 36146], Fricke et al. 2019:121 [ref. 36673], Tea et al. 2020:3 [ref. 37258], Parenti & Randall 2020:26 [ref. 37354], Shepherd et al. 2020:150 [ref. 37583], Gill et al. 2021:65 [ref. 38105], Fricke 2021:36 [ref. 38400], Heemstra & Heemstra 2022:96 [ref. 39746]). Current status: Valid as Plectranthias inermis Randall 1980. Anthiadidae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Mascarenes (Mauritius); Christmas Island (Australia) and Indonesia east to Philippines, Fiji and New Ireland (Papua New Guinea). Habitat: marine.

inornata, Lepidoperca Regan [C. T.] 1914:15 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 8) v. 13 (no. 73); ref. 3661] Off North Cape [Cape North], North Island, New Zealand (ca. 34°20'S, 173°00'E), depth 70 fathoms (128 meters). Holotype (unique): BMNH 1913.12.4.20. Type catalog: Anderson 2018:18 [ref. 36146]. •Valid as Lepidoperca inornata Regan 1914 -- (Roberts 1989:578 [ref. 12486], Paulin et al. 1989:176 [ref. 24556], Roberts 2015:1194 [ref. 34193], Anderson 2018:18 [ref. 36146], Parenti & Randall 2020:16 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Valid as Lepidoperca inornata Regan 1914. Anthiadidae. Distribution: Southwestern Pacific: New Zealand, Wanganella Bank, Kermadec Ridge and offshore banks. Habitat: marine.

intermedius, Xenanthias Kotthaus [A.] 1973:26, Fig. 293 [Meteor Forschungsergebnisse. Reihe D, Biologie No. 16; ref. 7572] Off Socotra, Arabian Sea, 11°33.9'N, 52°54'E to 11°38'N, 52°52'E, Meteor station 102, depth 290-190 meters. Holotype: ZMH 5132 [ex IOES 167a]. Paratypes: ZMH 5133 [ex IOES 167b] (1). Type catalog: Wilkens & Dohse 1993:417 [ref. 21161], Anderson 2018:28 [ref. 36146]. •Valid as Plectranthias intermedius (Kotthaus 1973) -- (Randall 1980:138 [ref. 6717], Randall 1996:116 [ref. 23194], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S104 [ref. 27377], Zajonz 2006:25 [ref. 29414], Heemstra & Randall 2009:10 [ref. 30535], Bineesh et al. 2014:494 [ref. 33319], Allen & Walsh 2015:83 [ref. 33954], Anderson 2018:28 [ref. 36146], Zajonz et al. 2019:104 [ref. 36871], Parenti & Randall 2020:26 [ref. 37354], Heemstra & Heemstra 2022:97 [ref. 39746]). Current status: Valid as Plectranthias intermedius (Kotthaus 1973). Anthiadidae. Distribution: Northwestern Indian Ocean: Socotra (Yemen) endemic. Habitat: marine.

ivicae, Aylopon Guichenot [A.] 1868:81 [2] [Annales de la Société Linnéenne du Département de Maine-et-Loire v. 10; ref. 1936] [Iviça] Ibiza, Baleares Islands, Spain; Malta, Mediterranean Sea. Syntypes: MNHN 0000-4313 (1) Iviça, 0000-4314 (1) Malta. Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1984:11 [ref. 19232]. On p. 2 of separate. •Synonym of Anthias anthias (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Anderson & Heemstra 2012:69 [ref. 31956], Parenti & Randall 2020:8 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Synonym of Anthias anthias (Linnaeus 1758). Anthiadidae. Habitat: marine.

jamesoni, Hypoplectrodes Ogilby [J. D.] 1908:16 [Proceedings of the Royal Society of Queensland v. 21; ref. 3286] Woody Point, Moreton Bay, Queensland, Australia. Holotype: QM I.1537. Paratypes: AMS I.9494 (1). Type catalog: Anderson 2018:15 [ref. 36146]. •Valid as Ellerkeldia jamesoni (Ogilby 1908) -- (Paxton et al. 1989:504 [ref. 12442]). •Valid as Hypoplectrodes jamesoni Ogilby 1908 -- (Kuiter 1993:136 [ref. 23929], Heemstra & Randall 1999:2469 [ref. 24815], Johnson 1999:730 [ref. 25471], Allen et al. 2006:986 [ref. 29078], Anderson 2018:15 [ref. 36146], Parenti & Randall 2020:15 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Valid as Hypoplectrodes jamesoni Ogilby 1908. Anthiadidae. Distribution: Southwestern Pacific: southern Queensland south to Sydney (New South Wales, Australia). Habitat: marine.

japonicus, Anthias Döderlein [L.] in Steindachner & Döderlein 1883:49 [Anzeiger der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Wien, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe v. 20 (no. 7) (for 8 Mar. 1883); ref. 20489] Tokyo, Japan. Syntypes: ?BMNH 1891.5.26.1 (1), MZS 1180 (1); NMW 42378-79 (1, 3), ?ZMB 12058 (1). Species illustrated and described in more detail in Steindachner & Döderlein 1883:227 [p. 19 of separate] Pl. 3 (fig. 2) [ref. 4246]. Type information (MZS, ZMB) from Amaoka & Fujii 1999:154, 161 [ref. 26515]. •Permanently invalid, preoccupied by Anthias japonicus Bloch 1793, replaced by Pseudanthias azumanus Jordan & Richardson 1910. •Same as Plectranthias kelloggi (Jordan & Evermann 1903) -- (Randall 1980:104 [ref. 6717], Parenti & Randall 2020:27 [ref. 37354]). •Synonym of Plectranthias azumanus (Jordan & Richardson 1910) -- (Gill et al. 2021:44 [ref. 38105]). 1°Homonym. Current status: Synonym of Plectranthias azumanus (Jordan & Richardson 1910). Anthiadidae. Habitat: marine.

japonicus, Paracirrhites Steindachner [F.] in Steindachner & Döderlein 1883:25 [Denkschriften der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften in Wien, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe. v. 48 (1. Abth.); ref. 4247] Japan. Holotype (unique): NMW. Species not listed in earlier abstract [ref. 20490]. •Valid as Isobuna japonica (Steindachner 1883) -- (Randall 1963:394 [ref. 3599]). •Valid as Plectranthias japonicus (Steindachner 1883) -- (Randall 1980:139 [ref. 6717], Katayama in Masuda et al. 1984:134 [ref. 6441], Shen & Lin 1984:20 [ref. 13822], Allen & Swainston 1988:54 [ref. 25477], Paxton et al. 1989:506 [ref. 12442], Lee 1990:15 [ref. 19830], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:243 [ref. 27969], Randall 1996:116 [ref. 23194], Allen 1997:82 [ref. 23977] dated 1884, Chen et al. 1997:52 [ref. 26476] dated 1884, Heemstra & Randall 1999:2470 [ref. 24815], Nakabo 2000:696 [ref. 25086], Randall in Randall & Lim 2000:610 [ref. 25122], Hutchins 2001:30 [ref. 25847], Chen & Shao 2002:64 [ref. 25977], Shinohara et al. 2001:321 [ref. 25995], Nakabo 2002:696 [ref. 26001], Choi et al. 2003:310, 593 [ref. 26218], Allen et al. 2006:990 [ref. 29078], Wu et al. 2011:252 [ref. 31227], Larson et al. 2013:102 [ref. 32988], Allen & Walsh 2015:83 [ref. 33954], Okamoto & Motomura 2017:51 [ref. 35248], Anderson 2018:29 [ref. 36146], Parenti & Randall 2020:26 [ref. 37354], Wada et al. 2020:9 [ref. 37270], Shepherd et al. 2020:159 [ref. 37583], Gill et al. 2021:67 [ref. 38105]). Current status: Valid as Plectranthias japonicus (Steindachner 1883). Anthiadidae. Distribution: Southeastern Indian Ocean, western Pacific: southern Indonesia, Philippines north to Taiwan and Japan; Northern Territory and Arafura Sea (Australia). Habitat: marine.

joanae, Acanthistius Heemstra [P. C.] 2010:61, Figs. 1-5 [Zootaxa No. 2352; ref. 30720] Off Umdloti, KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa, southwestern Indian Ocean, depth 80 meters. Holotype: SAIAB 26401. Paratypes: (many) BPBM, SAIAB, SAM, USNM. Type catalog: Anderson 2018:5 [ref. 36146], Parenti & Randall 2020:6 [ref. 37354]. •Valid as Acanthistius joanae Heemstra 2010 -- (Anderson 2018:5 [ref. 36146], Parenti & Randall 2020:6 [ref. 37354], Heemstra & Heemstra 2022:88 [ref. 39746]). Current status: Valid as Acanthistius joanae Heemstra 2010. Anthiadidae. Distribution: Southwestern Indian Ocean: Eastern Cape and KwaZulu-Natal (South Africa) north to southern Mozambique. Habitat: marine.

jothyi, Plectranthias Randall [J. E.] 1996:122, Fig. 1 [Micronesica v. 29 (no. 2); ref. 23194] Strait of Malacca, off northern part of west coast of Peninsular Malaysia, depth 180-400 meters. Holotype (unique): BPBM 30230. Type catalog: Anderson 2018:29 [ref. 36146] •Valid as Plectranthias jothyi Randall 1996 -- (Heemstra & Randall 1999:2470 [ref. 24815], Randall in Randall & Lim 2000:610 [ref. 25122], Allen & Walsh 2015:83 [ref. 33954], Anderson 2018:29 [ref. 36146], Parenti & Randall 2020:26 [ref. 37354], Tang et al. 2020:518 [ref. 37536]). Current status: Valid as Plectranthias jothyi Randall 1996. Anthiadidae. Distribution: Eastern Indian Ocean: Malaysia. Habitat: marine.

kamii, Plectranthias Randall [J. E.] 1980:141, Fig. 14 [Micronesica v. 16 (no. 1); ref. 6717] Naha fish market, Okinawa Island, Ryukyu Islands, Japan. Holotype: BPBM 19636. Paratypes: BPBM 5845 (1), USNM 219329 (1). Type catalog: Anderson 2018:29 [ref. 36146]. •Synonym of Plectranthias anthioides (Günther 1872) -- (Lee 1990:13 [ref. 19830], Heemstra & Randall 1999:2470 [ref. 24815]). •Valid as Plectranthias kamii Randall 1980 -- (Katayama in Masuda et al. 1984:134 [ref. 6441], Shen & Lin 1984:9 [ref. 13822], Randall 1996:118 [ref. 23194], Nakabo 2000:695 [ref. 25086], Randall in Randall & Lim 2000:610 [ref. 25122], Chen & Shao 2002:64 [ref. 25977], Nakabo 2002:695 [ref. 26001], Myers & Donaldson 2003:620 [ref. 27495], Randall et al. 2005:120 [ref. 28745], Wu et al. 2011:253 [ref. 31227], Motomura et al. 2010:99 [ref. 31256], Fricke et al. 2011:385 [ref. 31242], Allen & Walsh 2015:83 [ref. 33954], Motomura et al. 2015:20 [ref. 34709], Koeda et al. 2016:28 [ref. 35333], Okamoto & Motomura 2017:51 [ref. 35248], Anderson 2018:29 [ref. 36146], Peristiwady et al. 2019:74 [ref. 36694], Wada et al. 2020:11 [ref. 37270], Parenti & Randall 2020:26 [ref. 37354], Tang et al. 2020:512 [ref. 37536], Gill et al. 2021:68 [ref. 38105], Furuhashi & Motomura 2022:8 [ref. 39607], Wada & Senou 2024:121 [ref. 40988]). Current status: Valid as Plectranthias kamii Randall 1980. Anthiadidae. Distribution: East Indian Ocean - Central Pacific: Indonesia, Lord Howe Island, Christmas Island, Coral Sea (Australia) east to Mariana Islands, Society Islands, New Caledonia, north to Taiwan and southern Japan. Habitat: marine.

kashiwae, Leptanthias Tanaka [S.] 1918:525, Pl. 138 (fig. 387) [Figures and descriptions of the fishes of Japan v. 29; ref. 4331] Kashiwajima, Kochi Prefecture, Japan. Holotype (unique): ZUMT 8459 (lost). •Valid as Anthias kashiwae (Tanaka 1918) -- (Allen & Starck 1982:50 [ref. 8518]). •Valid as Pseudanthias kashiwae (Tanaka 1918) -- (Katayama in Masuda et al. 1984:137 [ref. 6441], Fricke 1999:207 [ref. 24106], Heemstra & Randall 1999:2470 [ref. 24815]). •Synonym of Pseudanthias cooperi (Regan 1902) -- (Randall in Randall & Lim 2000:610 [ref. 25122], Randall & Pyle 2001:34 [ref. 25690], Randall 2005:140 [ref. 28239], Heemstra & Akhilesh 2012:138 [ref. 32094], Parenti & Randall 2020:34 [ref. 37354], Heemstra & Heemstra 2022:106 [ref. 39746]). Current status: Synonym of Pseudanthias cooperi (Regan 1902). Anthiadidae. Habitat: marine.

katayamai, Holanthias Randall [J. E.], Maugé [A. L.] & Plessis [Y. B.] 1979:16, Fig. 1 [Japanese Journal of Ichthyology v. 26 (no. 1); ref. 8794] Northwest of Haputu Point, Guam, Mariana Islands, western Pacific, depth 177 meters. Holotype: BPBM 8527. Paratypes: BPBM 5848 (1), MNHN 1978-0136 (1), URB 78-0148 (1). Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1984:16 [ref. 19232], Anderson 2018:23 [ref. 36146]. •Synonym of Holanthias chrysostictus (Günther 1872) -- (Lee 1990:10 [ref. 19830], Heemstra & Randall 1999:2469 [ref. 24815], Myers & Donaldson 2003:620 [ref. 27495]). •Valid as Holanthias katayamai Randall, Maugé & Plessis 1979 -- (Katayama in Masuda et al. 1984:135 [ref. 6441], Nakabo 2000:699 [ref. 25086], Randall in Randall & Lim 2000:610 [ref. 25122], Shinohara et al. 2001:321 [ref. 25995], Nakabo 2002:699 [ref. 26001]). •Valid as Odontanthias katayamai (Randall, Maugé & Plessis 1979) -- (Randall & Heemstra 2006:20 [ref. 28602], White 2011:22 [ref. 31494], Anderson 2018:23 [ref. 36146], Parenti & Randall 2020:21 [ref. 37354], Furuhashi & Motomura 2022:8 [ref. 39607], Matsumoto et al. 2022: 75 [ref. 39913]) Current status: Valid as Odontanthias katayamai (Randall, Maugé & Plessis 1979). Anthiadidae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Taiwan east to Mariana Islands, north to Kagoshima Prefecture (southern Japan). Habitat: marine.

kelloggi, Anthias Jordan [D. S.] & Evermann [B. W.] 1903:179 [Bulletin of the U. S. Fish Commission v. 22 (1902); ref. 2450] Off Kailua, Hawaiian Islands. Holotype: USNM 50642. Paratypes: CAS-SU 7460 (1), USNM 125630 [ex USFC 2711] (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:69 [ref. 12291], Anderson 2018:29 [ref. 36146]. •Valid as Zalanthias kelloggi (Jordan & Evermann 1903) -- (Smith & Craig 2007:45 [ref. 29042] in family Serranidae). •Valid as Plectranthias kelloggi (Jordan & Evermann 1903) -- (Randall 1980:145 [ref. 6717], Amaoka in Okamura et al. 1982:219, 373 [ref. 8256] as valid subspecies azumanus, Shen & Lin 1984:19 [ref. 13822], Lee 1990:16 [ref. 19830], Randall 1996:116 [ref. 23194], Heemstra & Randall 1999:2470 [ref. 24815], Randall in Randall & Lim 2000:610 [ref. 25122], Chen & Shao 2002:64 [ref. 25977], Choi et al. 2003:310, 593 [ref. 26218], Shinohara et al. 2005:431 [ref. 28370], Mundy 2005:342 [ref. 28379] with subspecies, Randall 2007:193 [ref. 30952], Fricke et al. 2011:386 [ref. 31242], Wu et al. 2011:252 [ref. 31227], Allen & Walsh 2015:83 [ref. 33954], Anderson 2018:29 [ref. 36146], Kim et al. 2020:115 [ref. 39118], Parenti & Randall 2020:27 [ref. 37354], Kim et al. 2021:130 [ref. 39117], Anderson 2022:570 [ref. 39757]). Current status: Valid as Plectranthias kelloggi (Jordan & Evermann 1903). Anthiadidae. Distribution: Western and central Pacific: Okinawa Trough, Kyushu-Palau Ridge, southern Korea, Japan, Ogasawara Islands (Japan) and Hawaiian Islands (U.S.A.). Habitat: marine.

kingyo, Holanthias Kon [T.], Yoshino [T.] & Sakurai [Y.] 2000:75, Fig. 1 [Ichthyological Research v. 47 (no. 1); ref. 24483] Houzan-sone, off Miyako Island, Okinawa, Japan. Holotype: URM-P 18748. Paratypes: URM-P 28315 (1). Type catalog: Anderson 2018:20 [ref. 36146]. •Valid as Holanthias kingyo Kon, Yoshino & Sakurai 2000 -- (Nakabo 2000:698 [ref. 25086], Nakabo 2002:698 [ref. 26001]). •Valid as Meganthias kingyo (Kon, Yoshino & Sakurai 2000) -- (Randall & Heemstra 2006:29 [ref. 28602], Randall & Heemstra 2008:5 [ref. 29984], Akhilesh et al. 2009:1 [ref. 31046], White 2011:21 [ref. 32494], Anderson 2018:20 [ref. 36146], Parenti & Randall 2020:19 [ref. 37354], Zajonz et al. 2020:506 [ref. 37997], Wada et al. 2020:1 [ref. 38511]). Current status: Valid as Meganthias kingyo (Kon, Yoshino & Sakurai 2000). Anthiadidae. Distribution: Northwestern Pacific: Okinawa and Tokara Islands (Ryukyu Islands, southern Japan). Habitat: marine.

kiomeamea, Luzonichthys Shepherd [B.], Pinheiro [H. T.], Phelps [T. A. Y.], Pérez-Matus [A.] & Rocha [L. A.] 2019:19, Figs. 1-4 [Journal of the Ocean Science Foundation v. 33; ref. 36755] Hanga Piko, Rapa Nui (Easter Island), -27.15333°, -109.44778°, depth 83 meters. Holotype (unique): CAS 244640. •Valid as Luzonichthys kiomeamea Shepherd, Pinheiro, Phelps, Pérez-Matus & Rocha 2019 -- (Parenti & Randall 2020:18 [ref. 37354], Anderson 2022:568 [ref. 39757]). Current status: Valid as Luzonichthys kiomeamea Shepherd, Pinheiro, Phelps, Pérez-Matus & Rocha 2019. Anthiadidae. Distribution: South Pacific: Rapa Nui (Easter Island, Chile). Habitat: marine.

klausewitzi, Plectranthias Zajonz [U.] 2006:21, Figs. 2-3 [aqua, International Journal of Ichthyology v. 12 (no. 1); ref. 29414] Northwest of Perim Island, Strait of Perim, Yemen, southern Red Sea, 12°43.7'N, 43°15.0'E, depth 228-235 meters. Holotype: SMF 29279. Paratypes: (6) SMF 29294 (5); SAIAB 65098 (1). Type catalog: Anderson 2018:29 [ref. 36146]. •Valid as Plectranthias klausewitzi Zajonz 2006 -- (Heemstra & Randall 2009:10 [ref. 30535], Allen & Walsh 2015:83 [ref. 33954], Anderson 2018:29 [ref. 36146], Bogorodsky & Randall 2018:[23] 261 [ref. 36492], Golani & Fricke 2018:65 [ref. 36273], Parenti & Randall 2020:27 [ref. 37354], Heemstra & Heemstra 2022:97 [ref. 39746]). Current status: Valid as Plectranthias klausewitzi Zajonz 2006. Anthiadidae. Distribution: Red Sea endemic. Habitat: marine.

knappi, Plectranthias Randall [J. E.] 1996:126, Fig. 2 [Micronesica v. 29 (no. 2); ref. 23194] Southwest of Caruruan Pt., 11°38'00"N, 123°52'38"E, Visayan Sea between northern Negros and Masbate Island, Philippines, depth 89.7 meters. Holotype (unique): USNM 219865. Type catalog: Anderson 2018:30 [ref. 36146]. •Valid as Plectranthias knappi Randall 1996 -- (Heemstra & Randall 1999:2470 [ref. 24815], Randall in Randall & Lim 2000:611 [ref. 25122], Allen & Walsh 2015:83 [ref. 33954], Anderson 2018:30 [ref. 36146], Parenti & Randall 2020:27 [ref. 37354], Gill et al. 2021:87 [ref. 38105]). Current status: Valid as Plectranthias knappi Randall 1996. Anthiadidae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Philippines. Habitat: marine.

koehleri, Anthias Curtiss [A.] 1938:92 [A short zoology of Tahiti in the Society islands; ref. 18057] Lagoon near Tautira, Tahiti, Society Islands. No types known. •Incertae sedis -- (Parenti & Randall 2020:128 [ref. 37354]). Anthiadidae. Habitat: marine.

kojii, Plectranthias Koeda [K.], Muto [N.] & Wada [H.] 2021:[2], Figs. 1-3 [Ichthyological Research v. 69 (no. 3); ref. 38721] Off Hamahiga-jima Island, near coast of Okinawa-jima Island, Ryukyu Archipelago, Japan, depth 150 meters. Holotype (unique): ZUMT 62001 [ex KBF-I 1486]. Named after Koji Abe and Koji Wada, so the specific name mandatorily changed to kojiorum (ICZN Art. 31.1.2). See erratum. •Valid as Plectranthias kojii Koeda, Muto & Wada 2021 -- (Anderson 2022:570 [ref. 39757]). •Valid as Plectranthias kojiorum Koeda, Muto & Wada 2021. Current status: Valid as Plectranthias kojiorum Koeda, Muto & Wada 2021. Anthiadidae. Distribution: Northwestern Pacific: Okinawa, Ryukyu Islands (Japan). Habitat: marine.

krasyukovae, Caprodon Kharin [V. E.] in Kharin & Dudarev 1983:23, Fig. 1 [Voprosy Ikhtiologii v. 23 (no. 1); ref. 9102] Western Pacific, 25°15.0'S, 159°43.3'E, depth 55 meters. Holotype: ZIN 45346. Type catalog: Anderson 2018:11 [ref. 36146]. •Status uncertain -- (Anderson & Heemstra 2012:23 [ref. 31956]). •Valid as Caprodon krasyukovae Kharin 1983 -- (Francis 1993:160 [ref. 25479], Allen et al. 2006:984 [ref. 29078], Anderson 2018:11 [ref. 36146], Parenti & Randall 2020:11 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Valid as Caprodon krasyukovae Kharin 1983. Anthiadidae. Distribution: Southwestern Pacific: Queensland and New South Wales (Australia), Lord Howe Island. Habitat: marine.

lamillai, Plectranthias Rojas M. [J. R.] & Pequeño [G.] 1998:203 [Scientia Marina v. 62 (no. 3); ref. 23541] Rey de Bastos Sector, Isla Alejandro Selkirk, 33°46'S, 80°46'W, Juan Fernández Archipelago, depth 180-200 meters. Holotype (unique): MNHNC P.7055. •Valid as Plectranthias lamillai Rojas M. & Pequeño 1998 -- (Rojas M. & Pequeño 1998:187 [ref. 23775], Rojas M. & Pequeño 1998:48 [ref. 23540], Pequeño & Sáez 2000:32 [ref. 24590]). •Synonym of Plectranthias exsul Heemstra & Anderson 1983 -- (Anderson & Baldwin 2000:381 [ref. 24574], Anderson & Baldwin 2002:233 [ref. 25898], Anderson 2008:435 [ref. 29940], Dyer & Westneat 2010:605 [ref. 31446], Anderson & Heemstra 2012:37 [ref. 31956], Parenti & Randall 2020:25 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Synonym of Plectranthias exsul Heemstra & Anderson 1983. Anthiadidae. Habitat: marine.

lasti, Plectranthias Randall [J. E.] & Hoese [D. F.] 1995:332, Fig. 3 [Records of the Australian Museum v. 47 (no. 3); ref. 21929] 175 kilometers north of Port Hedland, 18°32'S, 118°17'E, Northwest Shelf, Western Australia. Holotype: AMS I.22807-056. Paratypes: CSIRO H 651-02 (1). Type catalog: Anderson 2018:30 [ref. 36146]. •Valid as Plectranthias lasti Randall & Hoese 1995 -- (Randall 1996:117 [ref. 23194], Heemstra & Randall 1999:2470 [ref. 24815], Allen et al. 2006:990 [ref. 29078], Allen & Walsh 2015:83 [ref. 33954], Anderson 2018:30 [ref. 36146], Parenti & Randall 2020:27 [ref. 37354], Gill et al. 2021:72 [ref. 38105]). Current status: Valid as Plectranthias lasti Randall & Hoese 1995. Anthiadidae. Distribution: Eastern Indian Ocean, southwestern Pacific: northern Western Australia and Queensland (Australia). Habitat: marine.

latus, Serranocirrhitus Watanabe [M.] 1949:18, Figs. 1-2 [Bulletin of the Biogeographical Society of Japan v. 14 (no. 4) (for Apr. 1949); ref. 6581] Itoman, Okinawa Island, Ryukyu Islands, Japan. Holotype (unique): TUFIL W.1301 (whereabouts unknown). Type catalog: Anderson 2018:52 [ref. 36146] •Valid as Serranocirrhitus latus Watanabe 1949 -- (Allen & Starck 1982:52 [ref. 8518], Katayama in Masuda et al. 1984:135 [ref. 6441], Shen & Lin 1984:10 [ref. 13822], Paxton et al. 1989:508 [ref. 12442], Randall et al. 1990:99 [ref. 15987], Allen 1997:96 [ref. 23977], Kuiter 1997:120 [ref. 25488], Randall et al. 1997:99 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:109 [ref. 23965], Heemstra & Randall 1999:2471 [ref. 24815], Nakabo 2000:697 [ref. 25086], Randall in Randall & Lim 2000:611 [ref. 25122], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:203 [ref. 25191], Nakabo 2002:697 [ref. 26001], Allen & Adrim 2003:32 [ref. 26830], Randall et al. 2004:12 [ref. 27624], Randall 2005:147 [ref. 28239], Allen et al. 2006:996 [ref. 29078], Motomura et al. 2010:101 [ref. 31256], Fricke et al. 2011:387 [ref. 31242], Allen & Erdmann 2012:303 [ref. 31980], Koeda et al. 2016:29 [ref. 35333], Anderson 2018:52 [ref. 36146], Parenti & Randall 2020:44 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Valid as Serranocirrhitus latus Watanabe 1949. Anthiadidae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Indonesia east to Palau, Solomon Islands and Fiji, north to southern Japan, south to Queensland (Australia). Habitat: marine.

leai, Epinephelides Ogilby [J. D.] 1899:170 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 24 (pt 1); ref. 3279] Pelsart Island, Houtman Abrolhos, Western Australia. Holotype (unique): AMS I.4917. •Synonym of Epinephelides armatus (Castelnau 1875) -- (Paxton et al. 1989:505 [ref. 12442], Allen et al. 2006:985 [ref. 29078], Parenti & Randall 2020:12 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Synonym of Epinephelides armatus (Castelnau 1875). Anthiadidae. Habitat: marine.

lepidolepis, Anthias Bleeker [P.] 1857:37 [Acta Societatis Regiae Scientiarum Indo-Neêrlandicae v. 2 (art. 7); ref. 356] Ambon Island, Molucca Islands, Indonesia. Syntypes: (3) RMNH 4555 (2 or 3 of 3). •Synonym of Pseudanthias squamipinnis (Peters 1855) -- (Randall & Pyle 2001:34 [ref. 25690], Parenti & Randall 2020:41 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Synonym of Pseudanthias squamipinnis (Peters 1855). Anthiadidae. Habitat: marine.

lepidopterus, Epinephelus Forster [J. R.] in Bloch & Schneider 1801:302 [M. E. Blochii, Systema Ichthyologiae; ref. 471] New Zealand seas. No types known. Type catalog: Anderson 2018:10 [ref. 36146]. Based on description in manuscript by Forster (Johann Reinhold Forster, 1729-1798, German explorer and naturalist of Cook's second voyage). •Valid as Caesioperca lepidoptera (Forster 1901) -- (Paxton et al. 1989:503 [ref. 12442], Paulin et al. 1989:176 [ref. 24556], Aizawa & Matsuura in Amaoka et al. 1990:251 [ref. 16024], Kuiter 1993:137 [ref. 23929], Gomon et al. 1994:531 [ref. 22532], Kuiter 1997:120 [ref. 25488], Hutchins 2001:29 [ref. 25847], Allen et al. 2006:983 [ref. 29078], Roberts & Gomon 2008:538 [ref. 30641], Roberts 2015:1183 [ref. 34193], Anderson 2018:10 [ref. 36146], Parenti & Randall 2020:10 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Valid as Caesioperca lepidoptera (Forster 1801). Anthiadidae. Distribution: Southwestern Pacific: Australia and New Zealand. Habitat: marine.

leptus, Anthiasicus Ginsburg [I.] 1952:91, Fig. 4 [Journal of the Washington Academy of Sciences v. 42 (no. 3); ref. 1805] Off Dauphin Island, Alabama, U.S.A., 29°14'30"N, 88°09'30"W, Albatross station 2378, depth 68 fathoms. Holotype (unique): USNM 134189. Type catalog: Anderson 2018:14 [ref. 36146]. •Valid as Hemanthias leptus (Ginsburg 1952) -- (Bullock & Godcharles 1982:53 [ref. 39762], Matsuura in Uyeno et al. 1983:314 [ref. 14275], Robins & Ray 1986:144 [ref. 23100], Baldwin 1990:925 [ref. 21029], Bullock & Smith 1991:19 [ref. 36591], Cervigón 1991:369 [ref. 24472], Boschung 1992:107 [ref. 23239], Cervigón 1992:424 [ref. 23827], Heemstra et al. 2003:1350 [ref. 27060], Nelson et al. 2004:128 [ref. 27807], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:154 [ref. 28815], Anderson & Heemstra 2012:48 [ref. 31956], Page et al. 2013:132 [ref. 32708], Anderson 2018:13 [ref. 36146], Parenti & Randall 2020:13 [ref. 37354], Carvalho-Filho 2023:113 [ref. 40480]). Current status: Valid as Hemanthias leptus (Ginsburg 1952). Anthiadidae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: North Carolina (U.S.A.) south to Tobago, Guyana, and Suriname, including Gulf of Mexico and Caribbean Sea. Habitat: marine.

leucozonus, Anthias (Pseudanthias) Katayama [M.] & Masuda [H.] 1982:393, Fig. 1 [Japanese Journal of Ichthyology v. 28 (no. 4); ref. 8464] Izu Peninsula, Japan, depth 40 meters. Holotype: ZUMT 54295. Paratypes: NSMT-P 54296 (1). Type catalog: Anderson 2018:42 [ref. 36146]. •Valid as Pseudanthias leucozonus (Katayama & Masuda 1982) -- (Katayama in Masuda et al. 1984:136 [ref. 6441], Senou & Mishiku 1994:2 [ref. 24342], Nakabo 2000:702 [ref. 25086], Randall & Pyle 2001:34 [ref. 25690], Nakabo 2002:702 [ref. 26001], Anderson 2018:42 [ref. 36146], Parenti & Randall 2020:37 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Valid as Pseudanthias leucozonus (Katayama & Masuda 1982). Anthiadidae. Distribution: Northwestern Pacific: Japan. Habitat: marine.

longimanus, Anthias Günther [A.] 1859:94 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 1; ref. 1961] No locality stated [Indian or Australian Seas, apparently Australia, western Pacific]. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1857.6.13.116 (stuffed). Type catalog: Anderson 2018:11 [ref. 36146]. Also listed was Plate VII. fig. B, but on preface p. vi it is stated, "The Plates referred to, and executed by Mr. Ford, will be published as a separate volume." •Valid as Caprodon longimanus (Günther 1859) -- (Paxton et al. 1989:504 [ref. 12442], Pequeño 1989:59 [ref. 14125], Paulin et al. 1989:176 [ref. 24556], Aizawa & Matsuura in Amaoka et al. 1990:252 [ref. 16024], Kuiter 1993:136 [ref. 23929], Francis 1993:160 [ref. 25479], Pequeño & Lamilla 1996:25 [ref. 23035], Kuiter 1997:120 [ref. 25488], Rojas M. & Pequeño 1998:44 [ref. 23540], Rojas M. & Pequeño 1998:177 [ref. 23775], Anderson & Baldwin 2000:380 [ref. 24574], Pequeño & Sáez 2000:32 [ref. 24590], Mundy 2005:340 [ref. 28379], Allen et al. 2006:984 [ref. 29078], Randall 2007:191 [ref. 30952], Dyer & Westneat 2010:605 [ref. 31446], Anderson & Heemstra 2012:25 [ref. 31956], Duffy & Ahyong 2015:113 [ref. 36167], Roberts 2015:1184 [ref. 34193], Anderson 2018:11 [ref. 36146], Parenti & Randall 2020:11 [ref. 37354], Akhilesh et al. 2021:49 [ref. 38701]). Current status: Valid as Caprodon longimanus (Günther 1859). Anthiadidae. Distribution: Pacific, antitropical; Hawaiian Islands; New South Wales (Australia) to Kermadec Islands and northern New Zealand; Easter Island, Sala y Gomez Ridge, Nazca Ridge, Desventuradas Islands, Juan Fernández (southeastern Pacific). Habitat: marine.

longimanus, Pteranthias Weber [M.] 1913:209, Fig. 54 [Die Fische der Siboga-Expedition; ref. 4602] Paternoster Island, East Indies, Siboga station 315, depth 36 meters. Lectotype: ZMA 113364. Paralectotypes: (7) SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 818 [ex ZMA 100477] (1); ZMA 100475-78 (1, 1, 2, 1). Type catalog: Anderson 2018:30 [ref. 36146]. Lectotype selected by Randall 1980:149 [ref. 6717]. •Valid as Plectranthias longimanus (Weber 1913) -- (Randall 1980:148 [ref. 6717], Katayama in Masuda et al. 1984:134 [ref. 6441], Heemstra & Randall 1986:514 [ref. 5667], Paxton et al. 1989:507 [ref. 12442], Winterbottom et al. 1989:28 [ref. 13251], Lee 1990:17 [ref. 19830], Randall et al. 1990:90 [ref. 15987], Collette & Parin 1991:10 [ref. 19110], Randall 1996:120 [ref. 23194], Randall et al. 1997:90 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:106 [ref. 23965], Heemstra & Randall 1999:2470 [ref. 24815], Nakabo 2000:694 [ref. 25086], Randall in Randall & Lim 2000:610 [ref. 25122], Chen & Shao 2002:64 [ref. 25977], Nakabo 2002:694 [ref. 26001], Allen & Adrim 2003:32 [ref. 26830], Lobel & Lobel 2004:70 [ref. 27576], Randall et al. 2004:12 [ref. 27624], Randall 2005:138 [ref. 28239], Allen et al. 2006:990 [ref. 29078], Heemstra & Randall 2009:11 [ref. 30535], Fricke et al. 2011:386 [ref. 31242], Wu et al. 2011:252 [ref. 31227], Allen & Erdmann 2012:288 [ref. 31980], Williams et al. 2013:172 [ref. 32703], Fricke et al. 2014:63 [ref. 33932], Allen & Walsh 2015:83 [ref. 33954], Koeda et al. 2016:28 [ref. 35333], Anderson 2018:30 [ref. 36146], Fricke et al. 2018:156 [ref. 35805], Fricke et al. 2019:121 [ref. 36673], Parenti & Randall 2020:27 [ref. 37354], Prokofiev 2020:33 [27] [ref. 37917], Shepherd et al. 2020:159 [ref. 37583], Wada et al. 2020:9 [ref. 37270], Gill et al. 2021:77 [ref. 38105], Heemstra & Heemstra 2022:98 [ref. 39746]). Current status: Valid as Plectranthias longimanus (Weber 1913). Anthiadidae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Aliwal Shoal (South Africa), East Africa (Mozambique, Tanzania, Kenya), Seychelles, Comoros, Madagascar and Chagos Archipelago east to Marshall Islands, Fiji and Tonga, north to southern Japan and Ogasawara Islands (Japan), south to Australia (Timor Sea, Great Barrier Reef, Coral Sea, southern Queensland) and New Caledonia. Habitat: marine.

longipinnis, Tosana Gill [A. C.], Pogonoski [J. J.], Johnson [J. W.] & Tea [Y.-K.] 2021:63, Figs. 6-7 [Zootaxa 4996 (no. 1); ref. 38405] Swains Reef, Queensland, Australia, 22°17.27'S, 153°17.70'E - 22°11.11'S, 153°13.47'E, depth 190 - 192 meters. Holotype: CSIRO H 7276-06. Paratypes: (41) AMS, CSIRO, QM. •Valid as Tosana longipinnis Gill, Pogonoski, Johnson & Tea 2021 -- (Anderson 2022:574 [ref. 39757]). Current status: Valid as Tosana longipinnis Gill, Pogonoski, Johnson & Tea 2021. Anthiadidae. Distribution: Southwestern Pacific: western Coral Sea and Tasman Sea (Australia). Habitat: marine.

lori, Anthias Lubbock [R.] & Randall [J. E.] in Fourmanoir & Laboute 1976:287, Fig. [ ref. 19314] Point Mackau, Maré Island, Loyalty Islands, depth 50 meters. Holotype: MNHN 1976-0001. Paratypes: AMS 18563-001 [ex BPBM 13998] (1); ANSP; BMNH 1976.9.30.2-3 (2), 1976.9.30.4 (1), 1976.9.30.5 (1), 1976.9.30.6-7 (2); BPBM 8437 (1), 8597 (1), 9629 (2), 13998 (3), 14026 (1), 14997 (1); LACM 35552-1 (1); WAM P.25493-001 (1); USNM 215263 (1). Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1984:9 [ref. 19232], Böhlke 1984:155 [ref. 13621], Hutchins & Smith 1991:18 [ref. 19335], Moore et al. 2008:19 [ref. 30117], Anderson 2018:42 [ref. 36146]. Appeared first as above, then in Randall & Lubbock 1981:14 [ref. 6912]; specimens listed as types in Randall & Lubbock are not types. •Valid as Mirolabrichthys lori (Lubbock & Randall 1976) -- (Katayama in Masuda et al. 1984:137 [ref. 6441]). •Valid as Anthias lori Lubbock & Randall 1976 -- (Allen & Starck 1982:50 [ref. 8518], Paxton et al. 1989:502 [ref. 12442]). •Valid as Pseudanthias lori (Lubbock & Randall 1976) -- (Randall & Lubbock 1981:14 [ref. 6912], Randall et al. 1990:94 [ref. 15987], Allen 1997:90 [ref. 23977], Kuiter 1997:118 [ref. 25488], Randall et al. 1997:94 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:108 [ref. 23965], Heemstra & Randall 1999:2470 [ref. 24815], Allen 2000:87 [ref. 37268], Nakabo 2000:707 [ref. 25086], Randall in Randall & Lim 2000:610 [ref. 25122], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:199 [ref. 25191], Randall & Pyle 2001:34 [ref. 25690], Hutchins 2001:262 [ref. 25841], Hutchins 2001:30 [ref. 25847], Nakabo 2002:707 [ref. 26001], Allen & Adrim 2003:32 [ref. 26830] dated to 1981, Randall et al. 2004:12 [ref. 27624], Randall 2005:142 [ref. 28239], Allen et al. 2006:993 [ref. 29078], Motomura et al. 2010:100 [ref. 31256], Fricke et al. 2011:386 [ref. 31242], Allen & Erdmann 2012:296 [ref. 31980], Anderson 2018:42 [ref. 36146], Parenti & Randall 2020:37 [ref. 37354], Victor et al. 2020:12 [ref. 37807]). •Valid as Pyronotanthias lori (Lubbock & Randall 1976) -- (Gill 2022:58 [ref. 38980]). Current status: Valid as Pyronotanthias lori (Lubbock & Randall 1976). Anthiadidae. Distribution: Eastern Indian Ocean, western Pacific: Christmas Island, Malaysia and Indonesia, east to Palau and Tuamotu Islands, Yaeyama, Japan, south to northern Australia. Habitat: marine.

louisi, Anthias Bean [T. H.] 1912:124 [Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington v. 25; ref. 232] Argus Bank, Bermuda (stomach content). Holotype (unique): AMNH 7308. •Synonym of Holanthias martinicensis (Guichenot 1868) -- (Anderson & Heemstra 1980:82 [ref. 5434]). •Synonym of Pronotogrammus martinicensis (Guichenot 1868) -- (Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:217 [ref. 25013], Anderson & Heemstra 2012:99 [ref. 31956], Parenti & Randall 2020:31 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Synonym of Pronotogrammus martinicensis (Guichenot 1868). Anthiadidae. Habitat: marine.

lunulatus, Anthias Kotthaus [A.] 1973:20, Fig. 290 [Meteor Forschungsergebnisse. Reihe D, Biologie No. 16; ref. 7572] Somali Basin, Somalia, western Indian Ocean, 7°43.3'N, 49°57.5'E to 7°45.2'N 49°59'E, depth 72-41 meters. Holotype: ZMH 5127 [ex IOES 161a]. Paratypes: ZMH 5128 [ex IOES 161b] (1). Type catalog: Wilkens & Dohse 1993:416 [ref. 21161], Anderson 2018:42 [ref. 36146]. •Valid as Anthias lunulatus Kotthaus 1973 -- (Dor 1984:103 [ref. 29757], Heemstra & Randall 1986:512 [ref. 5667], Goren & Dor 1994:28 [ref. 25356], Fricke 1999:174 [ref. 24106]). •Valid as Pseudanthias lunulatus (Kotthaus 1973) -- (Randall & Pyle 2001:34 [ref. 25690], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S104 [ref. 27377], Allen & Erdmann 2012:297 [ref. 31980], Heemstra & Akhilesh 2012:125, 149 [ref. 32094], Anderson 2018:42 [ref. 36146], Golani & Fricke 2018:66 [ref. 36273], Parenti & Randall 2020:37 [ref. 37354], Heemstra & Heemstra 2022:108 [ref. 39746]). Current status: Valid as Pseudanthias lunulatus (Kotthaus 1973). Anthiadidae. Distribution: Red Sea; Indian Ocean: KwaZulu-Natal (South Africa), Somalia, Maldives, Mascarenes (Mauritius), and Bali (Indonesia). Habitat: marine.

luzonensis, Anthias (Pseudanthias) Katayama [M.] & Masuda [H.] 1983:340, Figs. 1-2 [Japanese Journal of Ichthyology v. 29 (no. 4); ref. 8326] Off Batangas, Luzon Island, Philippines. Holotype: NSMT-P21435. Paratypes: NSMT-P 21436 (1). Type catalog: Anderson 2018:42 [ref. 36146]. •Valid as Anthias luzonenesis Katayama & Masuda 1983 -- (Paxton et al. 1989:502 [ref. 12442], Lee 1990:7 [ref. 19830]). •Valid as Pseudanthias luzonensis (Katayama & Masuda 1983) -- (Randall et al. 1990:95 [ref. 15987], Allen 1997:92 [ref. 23977], Kuiter 1997:116 [ref. 25488], Randall et al. 1997:95 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:108 [ref. 23965], Heemstra & Randall 1999:2470 [ref. 24815], Randall in Randall & Lim 2000:610 [ref. 25122], Ida & Sakaue 2001:267 [ref. 25544], Randall & Pyle 2001:34 [ref. 25690], Allen & Adrim 2003:32 [ref. 26830], Allen et al. 2006:993 [ref. 29078], Allen & Erdmann 2012:297 [ref. 31980], Anderson 2018:42 [ref. 36146], Parenti & Randall 2020:38 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Valid as Pseudanthias luzonensis (Katayama & Masuda 1983). Anthiadidae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Indonesia east to Vanuatu and Fiji, north to Taiwan and Ryukyu Islands, south to northern Australia. Habitat: marine.

maccullochi, Ellerkeldia Whitley [G. P.] 1929:110, Pl. 30 (fig. 3) [Records of the Australian Museum v. 17 (no. 3); ref. 4665] Maroubra, New South Wales, Australia. Holotype (unique): AMS I.12472. Type catalog: Anderson 2018:16 [ref. 36146]. •Valid as Ellerkeldia maccullochi Whitley 1929 -- (Paxton et al. 1989:504 [ref. 12442]). •Valid as Hypoplectrodes maccullochi (Whitley 1929) -- (Kuiter 1993:136 [ref. 23929], Gomon et al. 1994:538 [ref. 22532], Kuiter 1997:112 [ref. 25488], Heemstra & Randall 1999:2469 [ref. 24815], Johnson 1999:730 [ref. 25471], Allen et al. 2006:986 [ref. 29078], Roberts & Gomon 2008:544 [ref. 30641], Anderson 2018:16 [ref. 36146], Parenti & Randall 2020:15 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Valid as Hypoplectrodes maccullochi (Whitley 1929). Anthiadidae. Distribution: Southwestern Pacific: southern Queensland, New South Wales, Victoria and Tasmania (Australia). Habitat: marine.

macracanthus, Trachypoma Günther [A.] 1859:167 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 1; ref. 1961] Norfolk Island. Syntypes: BMNH 1855.9.19.40-41 (2), 1855.9.19.208-209 (2). Type catalog: Anderson 2018:53 [ref. 36146]. Also listed was Plate III. fig. B, but on preface p. vi it is stated, "The Plates referred to, and executed by Mr. Ford, will be published as a separate volume." •Valid as Trachypoma macracanthus Günther 1859 -- (Paxton et al. 1989:500 [ref. 12442], Pequeño 1989:60 [ref. 14125], Paulin et al. 1989:174 [ref. 24556], Kuiter 1993:127 [ref. 23929], Francis 1993:160 [ref. 25479], Pequeño & Lamilla 1996:28 [ref. 23035], Kuiter 1997:100 [ref. 25488], Rojas & Pequeño 1998:190 [ref. 23775], Anderson & Baldwin 2000:380 [ref. 24574], Pequeño & Lamilla 2000:434 [ref. 24906], Allen et al. 2006:996 [ref. 29078], Anderson & Heemstra 2012:16 [ref. 31956], Duffy & Ahyong 2015:113 [ref. 36167], Roberts 2015:1199 [ref. 34193], Anderson 2018:53 [ref. 36146], Parenti & Randall 2020:46 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Valid as Trachypoma macracanthus Günther 1859. Anthiadidae. Distribution: South Pacific: eastern Australia, New Zealand and Kermadec Islands east to Easter Island and Desventuradas Islands off Chile. Habitat: marine.

maculatus, Hypoplectrodes nigroruber Whitley [G. P.] 1965:106, Fig. 3 [Australian Zoologist v. 13 (pt 2); ref. 9267] Tuggerah, New South Wales, Australia. Holotype: AMS IB.886. Paratypes: AMS I.9953 (1). Anthiadidae. Habitat: marine.

maculatus, Plectranthias Fourmanoir [P.] 1982:58, Fig. 1 [Cybium 3e série. Bulletin de la Société Française d'Ichtyologie v. 6 (no. 4); ref. 8483] Philippines, 14°01'N, 120°17.1'E, depth 174 meters. Holotype: MNHN 1981-1438. Paratypes: MNHN 1981-1439 (1). Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1984:19 [ref. 19232]. Listed as a new species in Fourmanoir 1985:31 [ref. 8092], but described first as above. •Valid as Plectranthias maculatus Fourmanoir 1982 -- (Randall & Shimizu 1994:109 [ref. 21441]). •Synonym of Selenanthias analis Tanaka 1918 -- (Heemstra & Randall 1999:2471 [ref. 24815], Parenti & Randall 2020:44 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Synonym of Selenanthias analis Tanaka 1918. Anthiadidae. Habitat: marine.

maculicauda, Serranops Regan [C. T.] 1914:15 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 8) v. 13 (no. 73); ref. 3661] Off North Cape, Aupori Peninsula, North Island, ca. 34°23'S, 173°01'E, New Zealand, depth 128 meters (70 fathoms). Lectotype: BMNH 1913.12.4.12-19 (83 mm SL). Paralectotypes: BMNH 1913.12.4.12-19 (8). Type catalog: Anderson 2018:30 [ref. 36146]. Lectotype selected by Randall 1980:152 [ref. 6717]. •Valid as Plectranthias maculicauda (Regan 1914) -- (Randall 1980:151 [ref. 6717], Paxton et al. 1989:507 [ref. 12442], Paulin et al. 1989:175 [ref. 24556], Randall 1996:117 [ref. 23194], Allen et al. 2006:990 [ref. 29078], Allen & Walsh 2015:83 [ref. 33954], Roberts 2015:1198 [ref. 34193], Anderson 2018:30 [ref. 36146], Parenti & Randall 2020:27 [ref. 37354], Gill et al. 2021:80 [ref. 38105]). Current status: Valid as Plectranthias maculicauda (Regan 1914). Anthiadidae. Distribution: Southwestern Pacific: New South Wales (Australia); North Island (New Zealand). Habitat: marine.

maekawa, Plectranthias Wada [H.], Senou [H.] & Motomura [H.] 2018:270, Figs. 1, 2a [Ichthyological Research v. 66 (no. 2); ref. 36335] Off Gaja-jima island, Tokara Islands, Ryukyu Islands, Kagoshima Prefecture, Japan, 29°53ʹ04ʺN, 129°37ʹ11ʺE, depth 170 meters. Holotype: KAUM-I 110114. Paratypes: KAUM-I. •Valid as Plectranthias maekawa Wada, Senou & Motomura 2018 -- (Wada et al. 2020:11 [ref. 37270], Parenti & Randall 2020:28 [ref. 37354], Koeda et al. 2021:[8] [ref. 38721], Anderson 2022:571 [ref. 39757]). Current status: Valid as Plectranthias maekawa Wada, Senou & Motomura 2018. Anthiadidae. Distribution: Northwestern Pacific: Tokara Islands, Ryukyu Islands (Japan). Habitat: marine.

maene, Anthias Curtiss [A.] 1938:87 [A short zoology of Tahiti in the Society islands; ref. 18057] Lagoon near Tautira, Tahiti, Society Islands. No types known. •Incertae sedis -- (Parenti & Randall 2020:128 [ref. 37354]). Anthiadidae. Habitat: marine.

magna, Lepidoperca Katayama [M.] & Fujii [E.] 1982:250, Fig. 7 [Japanese Journal of Ichthyology v. 29 (no. 3); ref. 8465] Norfolk Ridge, southern Pacific, 29°35'S, 168°05.8'E, depth 308 meters. Holotype: NSMT-P 21443. Paratypes: AMS I.23358-001 (1), NSMT-P 21444-50 (7, 1 ea.), ZUMT 54319 (1). Type catalog: Anderson 2018:18 [ref. 36146]. •Valid as Lepidoperca magna Katayama & Fujii 1982 -- (Paxton et al. 1989:505 [ref. 12442], Roberts 1989:586 [ref. 12486], Paulin et al. 1989:176 [ref. 24556], Aizawa & Matsuura in Amaoka et al. 1990:253 [ref. 16024], Allen et al. 2006:988 [ref. 29078], Roberts 2015:1195 [ref. 34193], Anderson 2018:18 [ref. 36146], Parenti & Randall 2020:17 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Valid as Lepidoperca magna Katayama & Fujii 1982. Anthiadidae. Distribution: Southwestern Pacific: eastern Australia to Norfolk Ridge, south to New Zealand. Habitat: marine.

manadensis, Anthias Bleeker [P.] 1856:39 [Acta Societatis Regiae Scientiarum Indo-Neêrlandicae v. 1 (6); ref. 352] Manado, Sulawesi, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): RMNH 5456. Type catalog: Anderson 2018:43 [ref. 36146]. •Valid as Pseudanthias manadensis (Bleeker 1856) -- (Randall & Pyle 2001:34 [ref. 25690], Anderson 2018:43 [ref. 36146], Parenti & Randall 2020:38 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Valid as Pseudanthias manadensis (Bleeker 1856). Anthiadidae. Distribution: Western Pacific: eastern Indonesia and Papua New Guinea. Habitat: marine.

marcia, Pseudanthias Randall [J. E.] & Hoover [J. P.] 1993:47, Figs. 1-5 [Revue française d'Aquariologie Herpétologie v. 20 (no. 2); ref. 21009] Off Rahah Bay, southwestern coast of Oman, 16°57.0'N, 54°49.2'E, depth 14 meters. Holotype: BPBM 35457. Paratypes: BMNH 1993.7.22.1 (1), BPBM 35455-56 (1, 2), SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 525 (1), USNM 320765 (1). Type catalog: Anderson 2018:43 [ref. 36146]. •Valid as Pseudanthias marcia Randall & Hoover 1993 -- (Randall 1995:123 [ref. 22896], Randall & Pyle 2001:34 [ref. 25690], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S104 [ref. 27377], Nair 2008:99 [ref. 37707], Heemstra & Akhilesh 2012:124, 151 [ref. 32094], Anderson 2018:43 [ref. 36146], Zajonz et al. 2019:69 [ref. 36871], Parenti & Randall 2020:38 [ref. 37354], Akhilesh et al. 2021:56 [ref. 38701], Silambarasan et al. 2021:[4] [ref. 38784], Heemstra & Heemstra 2022:109 [ref. 39746]). Current status: Valid as Pseudanthias marcia Randall & Hoover 1993. Anthiadidae. Distribution: Northwestern Indian Ocean: Gulf of Aden (Djibouti), Socotra (Yemen) and Oman east to Kerala and Visakhapatnam (India). Habitat: marine.

margaritaceus, Anthias Hilgendorf [F. M.] 1879:78 [Sitzungsberichte der Gesellschaft Naturforschender Freunde zu Berlin 1879; ref. 18288] Tokyo Bay, Japan. Holotype: ZMB 10603 (1). Hilgendorf specimen: BMNH 1891.5.26.2 (1). Type catalog: Anderson 2018:51 [ref. 36146]. Correct spelling of species when in Sacura not researched. •Valid as Sacura margaritacea (Hilgendorf 1879) -- (Heemstra & Randall 1979:4 [ref. 6938], Katayama in Masuda et al. 1984:135 [ref. 6441], Lee 1990:20 [ref. 19830], Nakabo 2000:700 [ref. 25086], Randall in Randall & Lim 2000:611 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2002:700 [ref. 26001], Choi et al. 2003:310, 594 [ref. 26218], Fricke et al. 2011:387 [ref. 31242], Shinohara et al. 2011:49 [ref. 31715], Iwatsubo et al. 2011:19 [ref. 32400], Motomura et al. 2017:295 [ref. 35530], Anderson 2018:50 [ref. 36146], Kim et al. 2020:115 [ref. 39118], Parenti & Randall 2020:43 [ref. 37354], Sonoyama et al. 2020:56 [ref. 37637], Zajonz et al. 2020:507 [ref. 37997], Akhilesh et al. 2021:56 [ref. 38701]). Current status: Valid as Sacura margaritacea (Hilgendorf 1879). Anthiadidae. Distribution: Western Pacific:Taiwan to Korea and Japan; New Caledonia. Habitat: marine.

martinicensis, Aylopon Guichenot [A.] 1868:85 [6] [Annales de la Société Linnéenne du Département de Maine-et-Loire v. 10; ref. 1936] Off Martinique Island, West Indies. Lectotype: MNHN 0000-4319. Paralectotypes: MNHN B-2767 [or 2667] [ex MNHN 0000-4319] (3). Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1984:11 [ref. 19232], Anderson 2018:35 [ref. 36146]. On p. 6 of separate. Lectotype selected by Anderson & Heemstra 1980:82 [ref. 5434]. •Valid as Ocyanthias martinicensis (Guichenot 1868) -- (Matsuura in Uyeno et al. 1983:312 [ref. 14275]). •Valid as Holanthias martinicensis (Guichenot 1868) -- (Anderson & Heemstra 1980:82 [ref. 5434], Robins & Ray 1986:145 [ref. 23100], Dennis & Bright 1988:6 [ref. 39782], Bullock & Smith 1991:25 [ref. 36591], Boschung 1992:107 [ref. 23239], Cervigón 1991:375 [ref. 24472], Cervigón 1992:425 [ref. 23827]). •Valid as Pronotogrammus martinicensis (Guichenot 1868) -- (Baldwin 1990:930 [ref. 21029], Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:217 [ref. 25013], Claro et al. 2000:22 [ref. 26458] as martinicaensis, Heemstra et al. 2003:1364 [ref. 27060], Moura & Menezes in Menezes et al. 2003:77 [ref. 27192], Nelson et al. 2004:129 [ref. 27807], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:174 [ref. 28815], Carvalho-Filho et al. 2009:29 [ref. 30412], Anderson & Heemstra 2012:100 [ref. 31956], Page et al. 2013:133 [ref. 32708], Lins Oliveira et al. 2015:151 [ref. 37485], Pinheiro et al. 2015:12 [ref. 34324], Anderson et al. 2017:74 [ref. 35505], Anderson 2018:35 [ref. 36146], Parenti & Randall 2020:31 [ref. 37354], Pimentel et al. 2020:6 [ref. 38051], Robertson et al. 2020:162 [ref. 38098], Carvalho-Filho et al. in Marceniuk et al. 2021:530 [ref. 38945], Carvalho-Filho 2023:112 [ref. 40480]). Current status: Valid as Pronotogrammus martinicensis (Guichenot 1868). Anthiadidae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: North Carolina (U.S.A.) and Bermuda south to São Paulo (Brazil), including Gulf of Mexico, Caribbean Sea and Fernando de Noronha Archipelago (Brazil). Habitat: marine.

maugei, Plectranthias Randall [J. E.] 1980:152, Fig. 18 [Micronesica v. 16 (no. 1); ref. 6717] Off Tuléar, 23°36'03"S, 43°32'05"E, Madagascar, depth 250 meters. Holotype: MNHN 1978-0083. Paratypes: BPBM 21157 (1), MNHN 1978-0184 (1). Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1984:19 [ref. 19232], Anderson 2018:30 [ref. 36146]. •Valid as Plectranthias maugei Randall 1980 -- (Randall 1996:122 [ref. 23194], Heemstra & Randall 2009:12 [ref. 30535], Bineesh et al. 2014:494 [ref. 33319], Allen & Walsh 2015:83 [ref. 33954], Gill et al. 2016:355 [ref. 34957], Anderson 2018:30 [ref. 36146], Fricke et al. 2018:156 [ref. 35805], Parenti & Randall 2020:28 [ref. 37354], Heemstra & Heemstra 2022:98 [ref. 39746]). Current status: Valid as Plectranthias maugei Randall 1980. Anthiadidae. Distribution: Western Indian Ocean: southwestern Madagascar endemic. Habitat: marine.

mauritianus, Aylopon Guichenot [A.] 1868:86 [7] [Annales de la Société Linnéenne du Département de Maine-et-Loire v. 10; ref. 1936] Réunion, western Mascarenes, southwestern Indian Ocean; Mauritius, Mascarenes, southwestern Indian Ocean. Syntypes: MNHN 0000-4320 (1, dry) Réunion, MNHN 0000-4322 (1, dry) Mauritius. Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1984:11 [ref. 19232]. On p. 7 of separate. •Synonym of Holanthias borbonius (Valenciennes 1828) -- (Heemstra & Randall 1986:513 [ref. 5667], Fricke 1999:202 [ref. 24106]). •Synonym of Odontanthias borbonius (Valenciennes 1828) -- (Randall & Heemstra 2006:9 [ref. 28602], Parenti & Randall 2020:20 [ref. 37354], Heemstra & Heemstra 2022:92 [ref. 39746]). Current status: Synonym of Odontanthias borbonius (Valenciennes 1828). Anthiadidae. Habitat: marine.

mcgroutheri, Plectranthias Gill [A. C.], Pogonoski [J. J.], Moore [G. I.] & Johnson [J. W.] 2021:81, Fig. 34 [Zootaxa 4918 (no. 1); ref. 38105] North West Shelf, 190 km northwest of Port Hedland, Australia, 19°01'S, 117°12'E, depth 200 - 202 meters. Holotype: AMS I.22828-010. Paratypes: AMS, CSIRO, NMV, WAM. •Valid as Plectranthias mcgroutheri Gill, Pogonoski, Moore & Johnson 2021 -- (Anderson 2022:571 [ref. 39757]). Current status: Valid as Plectranthias mcgroutheri Gill, Pogonoski, Moore & Johnson 2021. Anthiadidae. Distribution: Eastern Indian Ocean: northern Western Australia Habitat: marine.

mcmichaeli, Dactylanthias Whitley [G. P.] 1962:3, Fig. 1 [North Queensland Naturalist v. 30 (no. 131); ref. 6585] Lihou Atoll, Coral Sea. Holotype (unique): AMS IB.4907. •Synonym of Serranocirrhitus latus Watanabe 1949 -- (Randall 2005:147 [ref. 28239], Allen et al. 2006:996 [ref. 29078], Fricke et al. 2011:387 [ref. 31242], Parenti & Randall 2020:44 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Synonym of Serranocirrhitus latus Watanabe 1949. Anthiadidae. Habitat: marine.

megalepis, Anthias Günther [A.] 1880:37, Pl. 16 (fig. E) [Report on the shore fishes procured during the voyage of H. M. S. Challenger in the years 1873-1876 v. 1 (pt 6); ref. 2011] Kai Islands, Challenger station 192, Indonesia, Banda Sea, depth 129 fathoms. Lectotype: BMNH 1879.5.14.180. Paralectotypes: BMNH 1890.2.26.28 (1), 1975.1.41.1 (1, ex BMNH 1879.5.14.180; now holotype of Plectranthias whiteheadi Randall 1980). Type catalog: Anderson 2018:31 [ref. 36146]. Lectotype selected by Randall 1980:157 [ref. 6717]. •Valid as Plectranthias megalepis (Günther 1880) -- (Randall 1996:121 [ref. 23194], Heemstra & Randall 1999:2470 [ref. 24815], Allen & Walsh 2015:83 [ref. 33954], Gill et al. 2016:355 [ref. 34957], Anderson 2018:31 [ref. 36146], Matsunuma & Tashiro 2020:151 [ref. 37726], Parenti & Randall 2020:28 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Valid as Plectranthias megalepis (Günther 1880). Anthiadidae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Kai Islands (Maluku, Indonesia). Habitat: marine.

megalophthalmus, Plectranthias Fourmanoir [P.] & Randall [J. E.] 1979:316, Fig. 1 [Micronesica v. 15 (nos 1-2); ref. 8834] South of Isle of Pines, New Caledonia, depth 360 meters. Holotype (unique): BPBM 22486. Type catalog: Anderson 2018:31 [ref. 36146]. •Valid as Plectranthias megalophthalmus Fourmanoir & Randall 1979 -- (Allen & Swainston 1988:54 [ref. 25477], Paxton et al. 1989:507 [ref. 12442], Randall & Hoese 1995:333 [ref. 21929], Randall 1996:116 [ref. 23194], Allen 1997:82 [ref. 23977], Heemstra & Randall 1999:2470 [ref. 24815], Hutchins 2001:30 [ref. 25847], Allen et al. 2006:990 [ref. 29078], Fricke et al. 2011:386 [ref. 31242], Allen & Walsh 2015:83 [ref. 33954], Anderson 2018:31 [ref. 36146], Parenti & Randall 2020:28 [ref. 37354], Gill et al. 2021:87 [ref. 38105]). Current status: Valid as Plectranthias megalophthalmus Fourmanoir & Randall 1979. Anthiadidae. Distribution: Southwestern Pacific: New Caledonia and Coral Sea, Australia. Habitat: marine.

melanesius, Plectranthias kelloggi Randall [J. E.] 1980:148 [Micronesica v. 16 (no. 1); ref. 6717] Isle of Pines, New Caledonia, depth 360 meters. Holotype: BPBM 22484. Paratypes: BPBM 21067 (1), 22485 (4). •Synonym of Plectranthias kelloggi (Jordan & Evermann 1903) -- (Fricke et al. 2011:386 [ref. 31242], Parenti & Randall 2020:27 [ref. 37354]). •Valid as Plectranthias melanesius Randall 1980 -- (Gill et al. 2021:89 [ref. 38105], Anderson 2022:571 [ref. 39757]). Current status: Valid as Plectranthias melanesius Randall 1980. Anthiadidae. Distribution: Western Pacific: New Caledonia, Tasman Sea and Queensland (Australia). Habitat: marine.

menezesi, Anthias Anderson [W. D., Jr.] & Heemstra [P. C.] 1980:80, Figs. 4-5 [Copeia 1980 (no. 1); ref. 5434] Off southern Brazil, 33°38'S, 51°04'W, depth 215 meters. Holotype: MZUSP 11765. Paratypes: ISH 1732-1968 (2), 1044-1966 (4), 1600-1966 (1); MZUSP 11766-67 (1, 1), 12609-10 (1, 1); USNM 216270-71 (1, 1). Type catalog: Krefft 1987:85 [ref. 20751], Anderson 2018:8 [ref. 36146]. •Valid as Anthias menezesi Anderson & Heemstra 1980 -- (Moura & Menezes in Menezes et al. 2003:75 [ref. 27192], Anderson & Heemstra 2012:76 [ref. 31956], Pinheiro et al. 2015:12 [ref. 34324], Nión et al. 2016:46 [ref. 35565] dated 1990, Anderson et al. 2017:76 [ref. 35505], Anderson 2018:8 [ref. 36146], Parenti & Randall 2020:9 [ref. 37354], Koerber 2023:43 [ref. 40486], Carvalho-Filho 2023:113 [ref. 40480]). Current status: Valid as Anthias menezesi Anderson & Heemstra 1980. Anthiadidae. Distribution: Southwestern Atlantic: southern Brazil. Records from Uruguay are erroneous (Koerber 2023:43 [ref. 40486]). Habitat: marine.

mica, Pseudanthias Allen [G. R.] & Erdmann [M. V.] 2012:1106, Figs 1-3 [Reef fishes of the East Indies.; ref. 31980] Suangi, southwestern Lembata Island, Sawu Sea, 8°34.111'S, 123°13.452'E, Indonesia, depth 52 meters. Holotype: MZB 20600. Paratypes: MZB 20601 (1), WAM P.33406-002 (3). Type catalog: Anderson 2018:43 [ref. 36146]. •Valid as Pseudanthias mica Allen & Erdmann 2012 -- (Allen & Erdmann 2012:298 [ref. 31980], Williams et al. 2013:176 [ref. 32703], Anderson 2018:43 [ref. 36146], Parenti & Randall 2020:38 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Valid as Pseudanthias mica Allen & Erdmann 2012. Anthiadidae. Distribution: Eastern Indian Ocean: Sawu Sea (Indonesia). Habitat: marine.

microlepis, Naurua Smith [J. L. B.] 1955:345, Fig. 3 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 12) v. 8 (no. 89) (art. 42); ref. 4097] Aldabra Island, 9°30'S, 46°15'E, western Indian Ocean. Holotype (unique): SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 168. Type catalog: Anderson 2018:19 [ref. 36146]. •Valid as Luzonichthys microlepis (Smith 1955) -- (Heemstra & Randall 1986:513 [ref. 5667], Randall & McCosker 1992:8 [ref. 20204], Copus et al. 2015:2 [ref. 33771], Anderson 2018:19 [ref. 36146], Parenti & Randall 2020:18 [ref. 37354], Heemstra & Heemstra 2022:90 [ref. 39746]). Current status: Valid as Luzonichthys microlepis (Smith 1955). Anthiadidae. Distribution: Western Indian Ocean: Aldabra (Seychelles), Saint Brandon's Shoals (Cargados Carajos) and Agalega Islands (Mauritius). Habitat: marine.

mitsukurii, Sayonara Smith [H. M.] & Pope [T. E. B.] 1906:469, Fig. 3 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 31 (no. 1489); ref. 4058] Kagoshima, Japan. Holotype (unique): USNM 55617. •Synonym of Plectranthias japonicus (Steindachner 1883) -- (Randall 1980:139 [ref. 6717], Parenti & Randall 2020:26 [ref. 37354], Gill et al. 2021:67 [ref. 38105]). Current status: Synonym of Plectranthias japonicus (Steindachner 1883). Anthiadidae. Habitat: marine.

mooreanus, Anthias Herre [A. W. C. T.] 1935:405 [Field Museum of Natural History, Publications, Zoölogical Series v. 18 (no. 12); ref. 2109] Moorea Island, Society Islands. Holotype (unique): FMNH 17325. Type catalog: Ibarra & Stewart 1987:9 [ref. 12367], Anderson 2018:43 [ref. 36146]. •Valid as Pseudanthias mooreanus (Herre 1935) -- (Heemstra & Randall 1999:2470 [ref. 24815], Randall 1999:12 [ref. 25829], Randall & Pyle 2001:34 [ref. 25690], Randall 2005:143 [ref. 28239], Anderson 2018:43 [ref. 36146], Parenti & Randall 2020:38 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Valid as Pseudanthias mooreanus (Herre 1935). Anthiadidae. Distribution: South Pacific: Society, Tuamotu and Pitcairn islands. Habitat: marine.

moretonensis, Plectranthias Gill [A. C.], Pogonoski [J. J.], Moore [G. I.] & Johnson [J. W.] 2021:93, Fig. 38 [Zootaxa 4918 (no. 1); ref. 38105] East of Stradbroke Island, Queensland, Australia, 27°27.37'S, 153°39'E, depth 77 meters. Holotype (unique): AMS I.35797-004. •Valid as Plectranthias moretonensis Gill, Pogonoski, Moore & Johnson 2021 -- (Anderson 2022:571 [ref. 39757]). Current status: Valid as Plectranthias moretonensis Gill, Pogonoski, Moore & Johnson 2021. Anthiadidae. Distribution: Southwestern Pacific: southern Queensland (Australia). Habitat: marine.

morgansi, Pelontrus Smith [J. L. B.] 1961:365, Fig. 3 [Ichthyological Bulletin, Department of Ichthyology, Rhodes University No. 21; ref. 18464] Off Lamu, Kenya, western Indian Ocean, depth about 40 fathoms. Holotype: SAIAB 134. Paratypes: SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 806 (1). Type catalog: Anderson 2018:31 [ref. 36146]. •Valid as Plectranthias morgansi (Smith 1961) -- (Heemstra & Randall 1986:514 [ref. 5667], Randall 1996:120 [ref. 23194], Zajonz 2006:25 [ref. 29414], Heemstra & Randall 2009:12 [ref. 30535], Allen & Walsh 2015:83 [ref. 33954], Gill et al. 2016:355 [ref. 34957], Anderson 2018:31 [ref. 36146], Parenti & Randall 2020:28 [ref. 37354], Heemstra & Heemstra 2022:98 [ref. 39746]). Current status: Valid as Plectranthias morgansi (Smith 1961). Anthiadidae. Distribution: Western Indian Ocean: Eastern Cape and KwaZulu-Natal (South Africa) and East Africa (Kenya) east to Nazareth Bank (Mascarene Ridge). Habitat: marine.

mortoni, Anthias Macleay [W.] 1883:253 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 8 (pt 2); ref. 17587] Pitt Bay, Moresby Island, New Guinea. Syntypes: AMS I.9223-25 (1, 1, 1). •Synonym of Pseudanthias huchtii (Bleeker 1857) -- (Randall et al. 1990:93 [ref. 15987], Randall & Pyle 2001:34 [ref. 25690], Parenti & Randall 2020:36 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Synonym of Pseudanthias huchtii (Bleeker 1857). Anthiadidae. Habitat: marine.

multifasciatus, Pronotogrammus Gill [T. N.] 1863:81 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 15; ref. 1679] Cape San Lucas, Baja California, Mexico. Holotype (unique): USNM 2762. Type catalog: Anderson 2018:35 [ref. 36146]. •Valid as Pronotogrammus multifasciatus Gill 1863 -- (Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:201 [ref. 9277], Jones et al. 1985:116 [ref. 11577], Anderson & Rosenblatt 1989 [ref. 20111], Baldwin 1990:925 [ref. 21029], Bussing & López S. 1994:96 [ref. 23101], Heemstra in Fischer et al. 1995:1612 [ref. 22830], Grove & Lavenberg 1997:338 [ref. 24023], McCosker et al. 1997:24 [ref. 22816], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:353 [ref. 24555], Anderson & Baldwin 2000:379 [ref. 24574], Thomson et al. 2000:78 [ref. 25640], Nelson et al. 2004:129 [ref. 27807], Love et al. 2005:112 [ref. 37547], McCosker & Rosenblatt 2010:191 [ref. 30957], Anderson & Heemstra 2012:105 [ref. 31956], Page et al. 2013:133 [ref. 32708], Fourriére et al. 2016:444 [ref. 34668], Del Moral-Flores et al. 2016:608 [ref. 34923], Kells et al. 2016:224 [ref. 35888], Anderson 2018:35 [ref. 36146], Sánchez-Jiménez et al. 2018:7 [ref. 36248], Parenti & Randall 2020:32 [ref. 37354], Love et al. 2021:149 [ref. 39279], Siccha-Ramirez et al. 2023:326 [ref. 40816]). Current status: Valid as Pronotogrammus multifasciatus Gill 1863. Anthiadidae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific: California (U.S.A.) south to Peru, including Gulf of California (Mexico), Cocos Island (Costa Rica) and Galapagos Islands (Ecuador). Habitat: marine.

mundulus, Anthias Johnson [J. Y.] 1890:452 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1890 (pt 2) (art. 5) (for 3 June 1890); ref. 14496] Madeira. Syntypes: BMNH 1890.5.31.2-3 (2). •Synonym of Anthias anthias (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Anderson & Heemstra 2012:69 [ref. 31956], Parenti & Randall 2020:8 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Synonym of Anthias anthias (Linnaeus 1758). Anthiadidae. Habitat: marine.

myersi, Selenanthias Randall [J. E.] 1995:48, Fig. 1 [Cybium v. 19 (no. 1); ref. 22074] South China Sea, off Vietnam, 15°40'N, 109°25'30"E, depth 110-200 meters. Holotype: CAS 53554. Paratypes: BPBM 30360 (1), USNM 276253 (2). Type catalog: Anderson 2018:52 [ref. 36146]. •Valid as Selenanthias myersi Randall 1995 -- (Heemstra & Randall 1999:2471 [ref. 24815], Randall in Randall & Lim 2000:611 [ref. 25122], Myers & Donaldson 2003:620 [ref. 27495], Anderson 2018:52 [ref. 36146], Parenti & Randall 2020:44 [ref. 37354], Gill et al. 2021:106 [ref. 38105]). Current status: Valid as Selenanthias myersi Randall 1995. Anthiadidae. Distribution: Western Pacific: South China Sea. Habitat: marine.

myriaster, Plectropoma Steindachner [F.] 1866:50 [Anzeiger der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftlichen Classe v. 3 (no. 7); ref. 20460] Port Jackson, New South Wales, Australia. Syntypes: NMW 38909 (2). Appeared first in the abstract as above, then in Steindachner 1866:426, [p. 3 of separate] Pl. 1 (fig. 3) [ref. 4210]. •Synonym of Acanthistius ocellatus (Günther 1859) -- (Paxton et al. 1989:489 [ref. 12442], Hoese & Bray 2006:1032 [ref. 29000], Parenti & Randall 2020:6 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Synonym of Acanthistius ocellatus (Günther 1859). Anthiadidae. Habitat: marine.

nanus, Plectranthias Randall [J. E.] 1980:159, Fig. 22 [Micronesica v. 16 (no. 1); ref. 6717] Reef off northwestern side of Cocos Island, Guam, Mariana Islands, western Pacific, depth 29-36.5 meters. Holotype: BPBM 7279. Paratypes: AMS I.17902-001 (2); ANSP 128434-35 (2, 1), 128437 (2), 128454 (5); BMNH 1974.8.8.2 (1); BPBM 6345 (2), 6928 (1), 8068 (1), 8132 (2), 8444 (1), 9768 (1), 9905 (1), 12283 (3), 13909 (1), 13926 (3), 14042 (1), 16542 (4), 16744 (2), 16847 (1), 16891 (2), 17027 (1), 17181 (1), 17701 (3); CAS 24405 (1); MNHN 1974-83 (1); SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 3646 (2); USNM 212228 (2); WAM P.26090-002 (1), P. 26122-003 (2). Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1984:19 [ref. 19232], Böhlke 1984:155 [ref. 13621], Hutchins & Smith 1991:20 [ref. 19335], Moore et al. 2008:20 [ref. 30117], Anderson 2018:31 [ref. 36146]. •Valid as Plectranthias nanus Randall 1980 -- (Paxton et al. 1989:507 [ref. 12442], Lee 1990:17 [ref. 19830], Randall et al. 1990:90 [ref. 15987], Randall 1994:261 [ref. 21644], Randall 1996:120 [ref. 23194], Kuiter 1997:112 [ref. 25488], Randall et al. 1997:90 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:106 [ref. 23965], Heemstra & Randall 1999:2470 [ref. 24815], Randall 1999:12 [ref. 25829], Allen 2000:87 [ref. 37268], Randall in Randall & Lim 2000:610 [ref. 25122], Randall & Earle 2000:12 [ref. 25806], Chen & Shao 2002:64 [ref. 25977], Myers & Donaldson 2003:620 [ref. 27495], Lobel & Lobel 2004:70 [ref. 27576], Randall et al. 2004:12 [ref. 27624], Randall 2005:138 [ref. 28239], Mundy 2005:342 [ref. 28379], Allen et al. 2006:991 [ref. 29078], Randall 2007:193 [ref. 30952], Heemstra & Randall 2009:13 [ref. 30535], Fricke et al. 2011:386 [ref. 31242], Wu et al. 2011:252 [ref. 31227], Allen & Erdmann 2012:289 [ref. 31980], Williams et al. 2013:172 [ref. 32703], Bineesh et al. 2014:496 [ref. 33319], Fricke et al. 2014:63 [ref. 33932], Allen & Walsh 2015:83 [ref. 33954], Delrieu-Trottin et al. 2015:5 [ref. 33988], Anderson 2018:31 [ref. 36146], Golani & Fricke 2018:65 [ref. 36273], Parenti & Randall 2020:28 [ref. 37354], Wada et al. 2020:9 [ref. 37270], Gill et al. 2021:95 [ref. 38105], Heemstra & Heemstra 2022:99 [ref. 39746]). Current status: Valid as Plectranthias nanus Randall 1980. Anthiadidae. Distribution: Red Sea; Indo-West Pacific: Christmas Island and Cocos Keeling Islands (Australia), Great Barrier Reef (Queensland, Australia) and Coral Sea (Australia) east to Hawaiian Islands (U.S.A.), Line Islands (Kiribati), Marquesas Islands (French Polynesia) and Pitcairn Group, north to Japan, south to New Caledonia and Tonga. Habitat: marine.

natalensis, Sacura Fowler [H. W.] 1925:226, Fig. 2 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 77; ref. 5570] KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa, southwestern Indian Ocean, depth 25 fathoms. Holotype (unique): ANSP 93154. Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:155 [ref. 13621], Anderson 2018:21 [ref. 36146]. •Valid as Holanthias natalensis (Fowler 1925) -- (Heemstra & Randall 1986:513 [ref. 5667], Fricke 1999:202 [ref. 24106], Kon et al. 2000:78 [ref. 24483]). •Valid as Meganthias natalensis (Fowler 1925) -- (Randall & Heemstra 2006:29 [ref. 28602], Anderson 2006:412 [ref. 28870], Randall & Heemstra 2008:8 [ref. 29984], Fricke et al. 2009:48 [ref. 30213], Akhilesh et al. 2009:1 [ref. 31046], White 2011:21 [ref. 31494], Fricke et al. 2018:155 [ref. 35805], Anderson 2018:21 [ref. 36146], Parenti & Randall 2020:19 [ref. 37354], Zajonz et al. 2020:502 [ref. 37997], Anderson 2022:568 [ref. 39757], Heemstra & Heemstra 2022:91 [ref. 39746]). Current status: Valid as Meganthias natalensis (Fowler 1925). Anthiadidae. Distribution: Southwestern Indian Ocean: Eastern Cape and KwaZulu-Natal (South Africa) and East Africa to Socotra (Yemen), Seychelles, Madagascar, Walters Shoals and western Mascarenes (La Réunion, Mauritius). Habitat: marine.

nazcae, Plectranthias Anderson [W. D., Jr.] 2008:430, Figs. 1-2 [Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington v. 121 (no. 4); ref. 29940] Nazca Ridge, 25°43'S, 85°22'W, southeastern Pacific, depth 185-200 meters. Holotype: USNM 312926. Paratypes: BPBM 27978 (1), 29400 (1); USNM 312927 (1); ZMMU P-16022 (1). Type catalog: Anderson 2018:31 [ref. 36146]. Specimens from Nazca Ridge earlier identified as exsul are nazcae. •Valid as Plectranthias nazcae Anderson 2008 -- (Anderson & Heemstra 2012:42 [ref. 31956], Allen & Walsh 2015:83 [ref. 33954], Shepherd et al. 2018:112 [ref. 35955], Anderson 2018:31 [ref. 36146], Parenti & Randall 2020:29 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Valid as Plectranthias nazcae Anderson 2008. Anthiadidae. Distribution: Southeastern Pacific: Nazca Ridge. Habitat: marine.

nicaeensis, Aylopon Guichenot [A.] 1868:83 [4] [Annales de la Société Linnéenne du Département de Maine-et-Loire v. 10; ref. 1936] Nice, France, northwestern Mediterranean Sea. Syntypes: MNHN 0226 (3). Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1984:11 [ref. 19232]. On p. 4 of separate. •Synonym of Anthias anthias (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Anderson & Heemstra 2012:69 [ref. 31956], Parenti & Randall 2020:8 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Synonym of Anthias anthias (Linnaeus 1758). Anthiadidae. Habitat: marine.

nicholsi, Anthias Firth [F. E.] 1933:158, Fig. [Copeia 1933 (no. 4); ref. 16484] East by south of Chesapeake Light Vessel, off Virginia, U.S.A., depth 40-50 fathoms (73-91 meters). Holotype: USNM 92936. Paratypes: AMNH 12337 (1), 20933 [ex USNM] (1); USNM (1 or 2). Type catalog: Anderson 2018:8 [ref. 36146]. •Valid as Anthias nicholsi Firth 1933 -- (Robins & Ray 1986:144 [ref. 23100], Scott & Scott 1988:362 [ref. 25518], McAllister 1990:138 [ref. 14674], Baldwin 1990:927 [ref. 21029], Bullock & Smith 1991:14 [ref. 36591], Boschung 1992:104 [ref. 23239], Cervigón 1992:424 [ref. 23827], Anderson & Baldwin 2000:371 [ref. 24574], Schmitter-Soto et al. 2000:156 [ref. 27754], Klein-MacPhee in Collette & Klein-MacPhee 2002:391 [ref. 26158], Heemstra et al. 2003:1331 [ref. 27060], Moore et al. 2003:225 [ref. 27076], Moura & Menezes in Menezes et al. 2003:75 [ref. 27192], Nelson et al. 2004:126 [ref. 27807], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:129 [ref. 28815], Anderson & Heemstra 2012:78 [ref. 31956], Page et al. 2013:131 [ref. 32708], Anderson et al. 2017:75 [ref. 35505], Anderson 2018:8 [ref. 36146], Klautau et al. 2020:9 [ref. 37903], Parenti & Randall 2020:9 [ref. 37354], Carvalho-Filho 2023:113 [ref. 40480]). Current status: Valid as Anthias nicholsi Firth 1933. Anthiadidae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: Nova Scotia (Canada) and east coast of U.S.A. south to Brazil, including Gulf of Mexico and Caribbean Sea. Habitat: marine.

nigrorubrum, Plectropoma Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1828:402 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 2; ref. 997] King George Sound, Western Australia. Lectotype: MNHN 0000-7776 (poor condition). Paralectotypes: MNHN 1988-0799 (1). Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1984:21 [ref. 19232], Anderson 2018:16 [ref. 36146]. Originally as nigro-rubrum, correction mandatory. Lectotype selected by Anderson & Heemstra 1989:1005 [ref. 13526]. •Valid as Hypoplectrodes nigrorubrum (Cuvier 1828) -- (Paxton et al. 1989:505 [ref. 12442]). •Valid as Hypoplectrodes nigroruber (Cuvier 1828) -- (Anderson & Heemstra 1989:1005 [ref. 13526], Kuiter 1993:135 [ref. 23929], Gomon et al. 1994:539 [ref. 22532], Kuiter 1997:112 [ref. 25488], Hutchins 2001:262 [ref. 25841], Hutchins 2001:30 [ref. 25847], Allen et al. 2006:986 [ref. 29078], Roberts & Gomon 2008:545 [ref. 30641], Anderson 2018:16 [ref. 36146], Hoschke et al. 2019:155 [ref. 36626], Parenti & Randall 2020:15 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Valid as Hypoplectrodes nigroruber (Cuvier 1828). Anthiadidae. Distribution: Southeastern Indian Ocean, southwestern Pacific: New South Wales (Australia) to southern Australia and Houtman Abrolhos (Western Australia). Habitat: marine.

niwae, Tosana Smith [H. M.] & Pope [T. E. B.] 1906:470, Fig. 4 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 31 (no. 1489); ref. 4058] Urado Bay, Tosa, southern Japan. Holotype (unique): USNM 55618. Type catalog: Anderson 2018:52 [ref. 36146]. •Valid as Tosana niwae Smith & Pope 1906 -- (Katayama in Masuda et al. 1984:135 [ref. 6441], Randall 1995:125 [ref. 22896], Carpenter et al. 1997:146 [ref. 23922], Heemstra & Randall 1999:2471 [ref. 24815], Nakabo 2000:700 [ref. 25086], Randall in Randall & Lim 2000:611 [ref. 25122], Shinohara et al. 2001:321 [ref. 25995], Nakabo 2002:700 [ref. 26001], Anderson 2018:52 [ref. 36146], Gill et al. 2019:573 [ref. 36768], Parenti & Randall 2020:45 [ref. 37354], Gill et al. 2021:63 [ref. 38405], Hashimoto et al. 2021:6 [ref. 38637], Anderson 2022:574 [ref. 39757]). Current status: Valid as Tosana niwae Smith & Pope 1906. Anthiadidae. Distribution: Western Pacific: southern China north to Kagoshima Prefecture (southern Japan). Habitat: marine.

nobilis, Anthias Franz [V.] 1910:38, Pl. 6 (fig. 44) [Abhandlungen der math.-phys. Klasse der K. Bayer Akademie der Wissenschaften v. 4 (Suppl.) (no. 1); ref. 1481] Misaki, Japan. Syntypes: ZSM [old collection] (3) destroyed in WWII. Type catalog: Neumann 2006:280-281 [ref. 28925]. •Valid as Pseudanthias nobilis (Franz 1910) -- (Randall & Pyle 2001:34 [ref. 25690], Anderson 2018:43 [ref. 36146], Parenti & Randall 2020:38 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Valid as Pseudanthias nobilis (Franz 1910). Anthiadidae. Distribution: Northwestern Pacific: Japan. Habitat: marine.

noeli, Anthias Anderson [W. D., Jr.] & Baldwin [C. C.] 2000:372, Figs. 1, 3 [Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington v. 113 (no. 2); ref. 24574] Seamount southeast of Isla San Cristobal, Galápagos Islands, 1°06.48'S, 89°06.70'W, depth 202 meters. Holotype: USNM 353113. Paratypes: ANSP 177770 (3); CAS 86573 (1), 86807 (1), 201896 (1); GMBL 95-34 (1); HBOM 107:08471 (1); UF 110990 (2); USNM 351333-35 (2, 2, 2). Type catalog: Anderson 2018:9 [ref. 36146]. •Valid as Anthias noeli Anderson & Baldwin 2000 -- (Béarez & Jiménez Prado 2003:109 [ref. 37318], McCosker & Rosenblatt 2010:191 [ref. 30957], Anderson & Heemstra 2012:82 [ref. 31956], Anderson et al. 2017:76 [ref. 35505], Anderson 2018:9 [ref. 36146], Sánchez-Jiménez et al. 2018:7 [ref. 36248], Parenti & Randall 2020:9 [ref. 37354], Vera et al. 2023:4 [ref. 40310]). Current status: Valid as Anthias noeli Anderson & Baldwin 2000. Anthiadidae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific: continental Ecuador south to northern Peru, including Galápagos Islands (Ecuador) and Cocos Island (Costa Rica). Habitat: marine.

normanby, Plectranthias Fricke [R.] 2021:30, Figs. 1-3 [FishTaxa v. 20; ref. 38400] Milne Bay Province, east of Normanby Island, Solomon Sea, Papua New Guinea, 9°49.12'S, 151°34.73'E - 9°48.78'S, 151°34.05'E, depth 105 - 175 meters. Holotype (unique): NTUM 17216. Plus additional non-type material. •Valid as Plectranthias normanby Fricke 2021 -- (Anderson 2022:571 [ref. 39757]). Current status: Valid as Plectranthias normanby Fricke 2021. Anthiadidae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Solomon Sea (Papua New Guinea). Habitat: marine.

obama, Tosanoides Pyle [R. L.], Greene [B. D.] & Kosaki [R. K.] 2016:168, Figs. 1-6 [ZooKeys No. 641; ref. 35003] Kure Atoll, northwestern Hawaiian Islands, 28.4938°N, 178.2879°W, depth 90 meters. Holotype: BPBM 41315. Paratype: BPBM. Type catalog: Anderson 2018:53 [ref. 36146]. •Valid as Tosanoides obama Pyle, Greene & Kosaki 2016 -- (Anderson 2018:53 [ref. 36146], Pinheiro et al. 2018:112 [ref. 36158], Pyle et al. 2018:150 [ref. 36180], Allen & Walsh 2019:33 [ref. 36524], Parenti & Randall 2020:46 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Valid as Tosanoides obama Pyle, Greene & Kosaki 2016. Anthiadidae. Distribution: Central Pacific: Hawaiian Islands. Habitat: marine.

occidentalis, Lepidoperca Whitley [G. P.] 1951:398 [Records of the Australian Museum v. 22 (no. 4); ref. 4715] Between Cape Naturaliste and Geraldton, Western Australia, depth 20-100 fathoms. Holotype: AMS E.2493. Paratypes: AMS I.12400 (1), I.12494 (1), I.28926-001 [ex AMS E.2493] (1). Type catalog: Anderson 2018:18 [ref. 36146]. •Valid as Lepidoperca occidentalis Whitley 1951 -- (Paxton et al. 1989:506 [ref. 12442], Roberts 1989:586 [ref. 12486], Gomon et al. 1994:543 [ref. 22532], Hutchins 2001:30 [ref. 25847], Allen et al. 2006:988 [ref. 29078], Roberts & Gomon 2008:547 [ref. 30641], Anderson 2018:18 [ref. 36146], Parenti & Randall 2020:17 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Valid as Lepidoperca occidentalis Whitley 1951. Anthiadidae. Distribution: Southeastern Indian Ocean: South Australia and Western Australia. Habitat: marine.

ocellatum, Plectropoma Günther [A.] 1859:504 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 1; ref. 1961] Australian seas. Syntypes: (6) BMNH 1846.10.22.1 (right half skin), 1847.6.17.3 (right half skin), 1847.6.17.22 (right half skin), 1848.10.25.7 (1, stuffed), 1848.10.25.8 (right half skin). Type catalog: Anderson 2018:5 [ref. 36146]. Replacement name for Plectropoma cyanostigma Günther 1859, preoccupied by Plectropoma cyanostigma Bleeker 1845. •Valid as Acanthistius ocellatus (Günther 1859) but incertae sedis in Percoidei -- (Smith & Craig 2007:45 [ref. 29042], Hoese & Bray 2006:1032 [ref. 29000], Roberts & Gomon 2008:536 [ref. 30641], Heemstra 2010:60 [ref. 30720], Anderson 2018:5 [ref. 36146]). •Valid as Acanthistius ocellatus (Günther 1859) -- (Paxton et al. 1989:489 [ref. 12442], Kuiter 1993:128 [ref. 23929], Francis 1993:160 [ref. 25479], Gomon et al. 1994:528 [ref. 22532], Kuiter 1997:102 [ref. 25488], Heemstra & Randall 1999:2469 [ref. 24815], Johnson 1999:729 [ref. 25471], Parenti & Randall 2020:6 [ref. 37354]). Replacement Name. Current status: Valid as Acanthistius ocellatus (Günther 1859). Anthiadidae. Distribution: Southwestern Pacific: New South Wales (Australia) and Lord Howe Island. Habitat: marine.

olivaceus, Anthias (Pseudanthias) Randall [J. E.] & McCosker [J. E.] 1982:59, Figs. 6-8 [Journal of Aquariculture v. 2 (no. 3); ref. 8559] Outside reef east of Avaavaroa Pass, Rarotonga, Cook Islands, depth 33.5 meters. Holotype: BPBM 13907. Paratypes: AMS I.22165-001 [ex BPBM 7520](2); BMNH 1981.3.18.1-2 (2); BPBM 7570 (8), 13094 (1), 14030 (2), 19572 (2), 26533 (1); CAS 42080 (5), 48006-07 (5, 1); MNHN 1981-0858 (2); SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 511 (2); USNM 226551 (2). Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1984:9 [ref. 19232], Anderson 2018:44 [ref. 36146]. •Valid as Pseudanthias olivaceus (Randall & McCosker 1982) -- (Heemstra & Randall 1999:2470 [ref. 24815], Ida & Sakaue 2001:267 [ref. 25544], Randall & Pyle 2001:34 [ref. 25690], Randall 2005:143 [ref. 28239], Anderson 2018:44 [ref. 36146], Parenti & Randall 2020:38 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Valid as Pseudanthias olivaceus (Randall & McCosker 1982). Anthiadidae. Distribution: South Pacific: Cook Islands. Habitat: marine.

ornatus, Anthias Fourmanoir [P.] 1955:213, Fig. 8 [Mémoires de l'Institut Scientifique de Madagascar. Série A, Biologie Animale v. 9; ref. 12271] Great Comore and Anjouan islands, Comoro Islands. Holotype: SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 48. Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1984:38 [ref. 19232]. •Synonym of Holanthias borbonius (Valenciennes 1828) -- (Heemstra & Randall 1986:513 [ref. 5667]). •Synonym of Odontanthias borbonius (Valenciennes 1828) -- (Randall & Heemstra 2006:9 [ref. 28602], Parenti & Randall 2020:20 [ref. 37354], Heemstra & Heemstra 2022:92 [ref. 39746]). Current status: Synonym of Odontanthias borbonius (Valenciennes 1828). Anthiadidae. Habitat: marine.

oumati, Pseudanthias Williams [J. T.], Delrieu-Trottin [E.] & Planes [S.] 2013:175, Fig. 9 [Zootaxa 3647 (no. 1); ref. 32703] Fatu Hiva, south of Baie Hanavave (Baie des Vierges) at tip of Pointe Matautu, Marquesas, French Polynesia, 10°28'17.40''S, 138°40'40.44''W, depth 50-55 meters. Holotype (unique): USNM 409433. Type catalog: Anderson 2018:44 [ref. 36146]. •Valid as Pseudanthias oumati Williams, Delrieu-Trottin & Planes 2013 -- (Delrieu-Trottin et al. 2015:5 [ref. 33988], Gill et al. 2017:72 [ref. 35653], Anderson 2018:44 [ref. 36146], Parenti & Randall 2020:38 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Valid as Pseudanthias oumati Williams, Delrieu-Trottin & Planes 2013. Anthiadidae. Distribution: South Pacific: Marquesas Islands (French Polynesia). Habitat: marine.

pallidus, Plectranthias Randall [J. E.] & Hoese [D. F.] 1995:330, Fig. 2 [Records of the Australian Museum v. 47 (no. 3); ref. 21929] Off Townsville, 17°58'30"S, 147°00'30"E, Queensland, Australia, depth 220 meters. Holotype (unique): AMS I.25800-005. Type catalog: Anderson 2018:32 [ref. 36146]. •Valid as Plectranthias pallidus Randall & Hoese 1995 -- (Randall 1996:119 [ref. 23194], Heemstra & Randall 1999:2470 [ref. 24815], Allen et al. 2006:991 [ref. 29078], Allen & Walsh 2015:83 [ref. 33954], Anderson 2018:32 [ref. 36146], Parenti & Randall 2020:29 [ref. 37354]). •Synonym of Plectranthias retrofasciatus Fourmanoir & Randall 1979 -- (Gill et al. 2021:97 [ref. 38105], Anderson 2022:571 [ref. 39757]). Current status: Synonym of Plectranthias retrofasciatus Fourmanoir & Randall 1979. Anthiadidae. Habitat: marine.

pannuceus, Anthias Tanaka [S.] 1922:584, Pl. 145 (fig. 402) [Figures and descriptions of the fishes of Japan v. 32; ref. 4334] Tokyo market, Japan. Holotype: ZUMT 9960. Paratypes: whereabouts unknown. •Synonym of Odontanthias rhodopeplus (Günther 1872) -- (Randall & Heemstra 2006:21 [ref. 28602], Parenti & Randall 2020:21 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Synonym of Odontanthias rhodopeplus (Günther 1872). Anthiadidae. Habitat: marine.

paralourgus, Pseudanthias Gill [A. C.], Pogonoski [J. J.], Johnson [J. W.] & Tea [Y.-K.] 2021:53, Fig. 2 [Zootaxa 4996 (no. 1); ref. 38405] Off Cape Moreton, Queensland, Australia, 27°03'S, 153°33'E, depth 110 - 114 meters. Holotype: QM I.38668. Paratypes: (4) QM. •Valid as Pseudanthias paralourgus Gill, Pogonoski, Johnson & Tea 2021 -- (Anderson 2022:573 [ref. 39757]). Current status: Valid as Pseudanthias paralourgus Gill, Pogonoski, Johnson & Tea 2021. Anthiadidae. Distribution: Southwestern Pacific: southern Queensland (Australia) Habitat: marine.

pardalotus, Acanthistius Hutchins [J. B.] 1981:493, Figs. 1B, 2 [Records of the Western Australian Museum v. 8 (pt 4); ref. 5583] Rock pool at mouth of Murchison River, Kalbarri, 27°42'S, 114°12'E, Western Australia. Holotype: WAM P.5113-001. Paratypes: AMS I.21432-001 (1); BMNH 1980.3.24.1 (1); WAM P.3784-001 (1), P.4465-001 (1), P.4502-001 (1), P.4791-001 (1), P.4792-001 (1), P.5577-001 (1), P.5777-001 (1), P.14532-001 (1), P.14533-001 (1), P.16775-001 (1), P.26664-004 (1), P.26825-001 (2). Type catalog: Hutchins & Smith 1991:17 [ref. 19335], Moore et al. 2008:19 [ref. 30117], Anderson 2018:6 [ref. 36146]. •Valid as Acanthistius pardalotus Hutchins 1981 -- (Paxton et al. 1989:489 [ref. 12442], Hutchins 2001:262 [ref. 25841], Hutchins 2001:29 [ref. 25847], Hoese & Bray 2006:1032 [ref. 29000], Heemstra 2010:60 [ref. 30720], Anderson 2018:6 [ref. 36146], Hoschke et al. 2019:155 [ref. 36626], Parenti & Randall 2020:6 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Valid as Acanthistius pardalotus Hutchins 1981. Anthiadidae. Distribution: Southeastern Indian Ocean: Western Australia endemic. Habitat: marine.

parini, Plectranthias Anderson [W. D., Jr.] & Randall [J. E.] 1991:336, Figs. 1, 2A [Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington v. 104 (no. 2); ref. 18968] Sala y Gómez Ridge, southeastern Pacific, 25°02.6'S, 97°29.2'W, depth 260-272 meters. Holotype (unique): USNM 312925. Type catalog: Anderson 2018:32 [ref. 36146]. •Valid as Plectranthias parini Anderson & Randall 1991 -- (Randall & Shimizu 1994:109 [ref. 21441], Randall 1996:117 [ref. 23194], Pequeño 1997:83 [ref. 23536], Rojas & Pequeño 1998:49 [ref. 23540], Rojas & Pequeño 1998:189 [ref. 23775], Anderson & Baldwin 2000:380 [ref. 24574], Anderson 2008:435 [ref. 29940], Anderson & Heemstra 2012:44 [ref. 31956], Allen & Walsh 2015:83 [ref. 33954], Shepherd et al. 2018:112 [ref. 35955], Anderson 2018:32 [ref. 36146], Parenti & Randall 2020:29 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Valid as Plectranthias parini Anderson & Randall 1991. Anthiadidae. Distribution: Southeastern Pacific: Sala y Gómez Ridge and Easter Island. Habitat: marine.

parva, Sacura Heemstra [P. C.] & Randall [J. E.] 1979:9, Fig. 2; Pl. 4 [The J.L.B Smith Institute of Ichthyology Special Publication No. 20; ref. 6938] Dillon Shoals, Timor Sea, 11°S, 124°E, depth 130 meters. Holotype: WAM P.24785-001. Paratypes: WAM P.26459-001 (1). Type catalog: Hutchins & Smith 1991:20 [ref. 19335], Moore et al. 2008:21 [ref. 30117], Anderson 2018:51 [ref. 36146]. •Valid as Sacura parva Heemstra & Randall 1979 -- (Allen & Swainston 1988:60 [ref. 25477], Allen 1997:94 [ref. 23977], Heemstra & Randall 1999:2471 [ref. 24815], Allen et al. 2006:996 [ref. 29078], Motomura et al. 2017:295 [ref. 35530], Anderson 2018:51 [ref. 36146], Parenti & Randall 2020:43 [ref. 37354], Zajonz et al. 2020:507 [ref. 37997]). Current status: Valid as Sacura parva Heemstra & Randall 1979. Anthiadidae. Distribution: Eastern Indian Ocean: Western Australia including Timor Sea. Habitat: marine.

parvirostris, Anthias (Mirolabrichthys) Randall [J. E.] & Lubbock [R.] 1981:6, Fig. 2 [Contributions in Science (Los Angeles) No. 333; ref. 6912] Outer reef slope on western side, Alite Reef, off Malaita, Solomon Islands, western Pacific, depth 60 meters. Holotype: BPBM 15605. Paratypes: BMNH 1976.9.30.10 (1), 1979.1.3.1 (1); BPBM 20448 (6); CAS 37886 (1); LACM 35904-1 (1); USNM 216490 (1). Type catalog: Anderson 2018:44 [ref. 36146]. •Valid as Pseudanthias parvirostris (Randall & Lubbock 1981) -- (Kudo et al. 1996:2 [ref. 24362], Myers 1999:108 [ref. 23965], Fricke 1999:207 [ref. 24106], Heemstra & Randall 1999:2470 [ref. 24815], Nakabo 2000:706 [ref. 25086], Randall & Pyle 2001:34 [ref. 25690], Nakabo 2002:706 [ref. 26001], Allen & Adrim 2003:32 [ref. 26830], Randall 2011:82 [ref. 31328], Allen & Erdmann 2012:298 [ref. 31980], Iwatsubo et al. 2011:18 [ref. 32400], Anderson 2018:44 [ref. 36146], Parenti & Randall 2020:39 [ref. 37354]). •Valid as Pyronotanthias parvirostris (Randall & Lubbock 1981) -- (Gill 2022:58 [ref. 38980]). Current status: Valid as Pyronotanthias parvirostris (Randall & Lubbock 1981). Anthiadidae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Mauritius (Mascarenes); Indonesia east to Palau, north to southern Japan, south to Western Australia and Solomon Islands. Habitat: marine.

pascalus, Entonanthias Jordan [D. S.] & Tanaka [S.] 1927:385, Pl. 34 (fig. 2) [Annals of the Carnegie Museum v. 17 (nos 3-4) (12); ref. 2537] Naha market, Okinawa, Japan. Holotype: FMNH 59184 [ex CM 8327]. Paratypes: CAS-SU 23680 (1). Type catalog: Henn 1928:92 [ref. 12305], Böhlke 1953:69 [ref. 12291], Ibarra & Stewart 1987:34 [ref. 12367], Anderson 2018:44 [ref. 36146]. •Synonym of Mirolabrichthys tuka Herre & Montalban 1927, but a valid subspecies -- (Heemstra 1973:208 [ref. 55]). •Valid as Anthias pascalus (Jordan & Tanaka 1927) -- (Paxton et al. 1989:502 [ref. 12442], Allen & Starck 1982:51 [ref. 8518], Lee 1990:5 [ref. 19830]). •Valid as Pseudanthias pascalus (Jordan & Tanaka 1927) -- (Randall et al. 1990:95 [ref. 15987], Allen 1997:92 [ref. 23977], Kuiter 1997:118 [ref. 25488], Randall et al. 1997:95 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:108 [ref. 23965], Heemstra & Randall 1999:2470 [ref. 24815], Nakabo 2000:706 [ref. 25086], Randall in Randall & Lim 2000:610 [ref. 25122] as pascalis, Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:199 [ref. 25191], Randall & Pyle 2001:34 [ref. 25690], Suzuki 2001:115 [ref. 26143], Nakabo 2002:706 [ref. 26001], Allen & Adrim 2003:32 [ref. 26830], Myers & Donaldson 2003:620 [ref. 27495], Lobel & Lobel 2004:70 [ref. 27576], Randall et al. 2004:12 [ref. 27624], Randall 2005:141 [ref. 28239], Randall 2005:144 [ref. 28239], Allen et al. 2006:994 [ref. 29078], Motomura et al. 2010:100 [ref. 31256], Fricke et al. 2011:386 [ref. 31242], Allen & Erdmann 2012:299 [ref. 31980], Koeda et al. 2016:29 [ref. 35333], Anderson 2018:44 [ref. 36146], Fujiwara et al. 2020:33 [ref. 38631], Parenti & Randall 2020:39 [ref. 37354], Akaike et al. 2021:21 [ref. 38809]). •Valid as Mirolabrichthys pascalus (Jordan & Tanaka 1927) -- (Katayama in Masuda et al. 1984:137 [ref. 6441], Gill 2022:52 [ref. 38980]). Current status: Valid as Mirolabrichthys pascalus (Jordan & Tanaka 1927). Anthiadidae. Distribution: Western and South Pacific: Indonesia east to Society Islands and Tuamotu Islands, north to Kagoshima Prefecture (southern Japan), south to Great Barrier Reef (Australia) and New Caledonia. Habitat: marine.

patachonica, Plectropoma Jenyns [L.] 1840:11 [The zoology of the voyage of H. M. S. Beagle; ref. 2344] Rio de la Plata mouth (depth 40 fathoms) and Patagonia coast, 38°S, 55°W. Syntypes: BMNH 1917.7.14.34-35 (2), 1917.7.25.4 (1, dry, on wood). Type catalog: Anderson 2018:6 [ref. 36146], Parenti & Randall 2020:7 [ref. 37354]. •Valid as Acanthistius patachonicus (Jenyns 1840) -- (Nakamura in Nakamura et al. 1986:196 [ref. 14235], Moura & Menezes in Menezes et al. 2003:75 [ref. 27192], Irigoyen et al. 2008:54 [ref. 29703], Anderson & Heemstra 2012:13 [ref. 31956], Nión et al. 2016:46 [ref. 35565] dated 1842, Anderson 2018:6 [ref. 36146], Parenti & Randall 2020:7 [ref. 37354], Carvalho-Filho 2023:112 [ref. 40480]). Current status: Valid as Acanthistius patachonicus (Jenyns 1840). Anthiadidae. Distribution: Southwestern Atlantic: São Paulo (Brazil) south to Comodoro Rivadavia (Argentina). Habitat: marine.

paxtoni, Acanthistius Hutchins [J. B.] & Kuiter [R. H.] 1982:128, Fig. 1 [Records of the Western Australian Museum v. 10 (pt 2); ref. 5373] Seal Rocks, 32°26'S, 152°32'E, New South Wales, Australia, depth 64 meters. Holotype: AMS I.21555-001. Paratypes: AMS I.16997-001 (1). Type catalog: Anderson 2018:6 [ref. 36146], Parenti & Randall 2020:7 [ref. 37354]. •Valid as Acanthistius paxtoni Hutchins & Kuiter 1982 -- (Paxton et al. 1989:489 [ref. 12442], Kuiter 1993:128 [ref. 23929], Hutchins 2001:29 [ref. 25847], Hoese & Bray 2006:1032 [ref. 29000], Heemstra 2010:60 [ref. 30720], Anderson 2018:6 [ref. 36146], Parenti & Randall 2020:7 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Valid as Acanthistius paxtoni Hutchins & Kuiter 1982. Anthiadidae. Distribution: Southwestern Pacific: New South Wales (Australia). Habitat: marine.

peaolopesi, Glaucosoma Smith [J. L. B.] 1939:216, Fig. 1 [Transactions of the Royal Society of South Africa v. 27 (pt 3); ref. 17223] Between Delagoa Bay and Inhambane, Mozambique, western Indian Ocean. Holotype (unique): Now MHNMM [Museu Alvarez da Castro] (dry). •Synonym of Holanthias natalensis (Fowler 1925) -- (Heemstra & Randall 1986:513 [ref. 5667]). •Synonym of Meganthias natalensis (Fowler 1925) -- (Randall & Heemstra 2006:29 [ref. 28602], Parenti & Randall 2020:19 [ref. 37354], Heemstra & Heemstra 2022:91 [ref. 39746]). Current status: Synonym of Meganthias natalensis (Fowler 1925). Anthiadidae. Habitat: marine.

pectoralis, Franzia Tanaka [S.] 1917:268 [Dobutsugaku Zasshi = Zoological Magazine Tokyo v. 29; ref. 4332] Tanabe, Wakayama Prefecture, Japan. Holotype (unique): ZUMT 9896. •Synonym of Pseudanthias squamipinnis (Peters 1855) -- (Randall & Pyle 2001:34 [ref. 25690], Parenti & Randall 2020:41 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Synonym of Pseudanthias squamipinnis (Peters 1855). Anthiadidae. Habitat: marine.

pelicieri, Plectranthias Randall [J. E.] & Shimizu [T.] 1994:109, Figs. 1-2 [Japanese Journal of Ichthyology v. 41 (no. 2); ref. 21441] Mauritius, Mascarenes, southwestern Indian Ocean, depth 50-70 meters. Holotype: BPBM 34646. Paratypes: BPBM 35420 (1); NSMT-P 45179-80 (1, 1); SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 37015 (1); USNM 325539 (1). Type catalog: Anderson 2018:32 [ref. 36146]. •Valid as Plectranthias pelicieri Randall & Shimizu 1994 -- (Senou & Yunokawa 1995:4 [ref. 24357], Randall 1996:121 [ref. 23194], Heemstra 1997:143 [ref. 23064], Fricke 1999:203 [ref. 24106], Parenti & Randall 2000:23 [ref. 24943], Nakabo 2000:694 [ref. 25086], Nakabo 2002:694 [ref. 26001], Heemstra & Randall 2009:13 [ref. 30535], Fricke et al. 2015:6 [ref. 33930], Allen & Walsh 2015:83 [ref. 33954], Anderson 2018:32 [ref. 36146], Wada et al. 2020:10 [ref. 37270], Gill & Roberts 2020:565 [ref. 37380], Parenti & Randall 2020:29 [ref. 37354], Matsunuma et al. 2021:45 [ref. 38940], Heemstra & Heemstra 2022:99 [ref. 39746]). Current status: Valid as Plectranthias pelicieri Randall & Shimizu 1994. Anthiadidae. Distribution: Southwestern Indian Ocean: KwaZulu-Natal (South Africa), Mascarenes (Mauritius); western Pacific: Izu Islands and Ryukyu Islands (Japan); New Caledonia. Habitat: marine.

pennanti, Holocentrus Suckow [G. A.] 1799:535 [Naturgeschichte der Thiere v. 4, pt. 1; ref. 18858] Gibraltar, western Mediterranean Sea. No types known. Based in part on Bloch 1792:422, Pl. 9 (fig. 1) [ref. 14112] with additional description. See Perca pennanti. •Synonym of Anthias anthias (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Parenti & Randall 2020:8 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Synonym of Anthias anthias (Linnaeus 1758). Anthiadidae. Habitat: marine.

pennanti, Perca Cuvier [G.] (ex Bloch) 1828:255 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 2; ref. 997] Gibraltar. No types known. Name only; not available. Appeared in a footnote, in the synonymy of Serranus anthias. Based on "Der Pennantsche Barsch" of Bloch 1792:422 Pl. 9, fig. 1 [ref. 14112]. See Holocentrus pennanti Suckow 1799. •In the synonymy of Anthias anthias (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Parenti & Randall 2020:8 [ref. 37354]). Nomen Nudum. Current status: Synonym of Anthias anthias (Linnaeus 1758). Anthiadidae.

pennanti, Perca Günther [A.] 1859:88 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 1; ref. 1961] Name only; not available. Appeared in the synonymy of Anthias sacer and credited to Bloch 1792 [ref. 14112]. The name does not appear as such in Bloch 1792; only the common name of "Pennantsche Barsch", a description (p. 422), and figure (Pl. 9, fig. 1). See Perca pennanti Bloch in Cuvier 1828. See Holocentrus pennanti Suckow 1799. •In the synonymy of Anthias anthias (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Parenti & Randall 2020:8 [ref. 37354]). Nomen Nudum. Current status: Synonym of Anthias anthias (Linnaeus 1758). Anthiadidae.

peruanus, Anthias (Hemanthias) Steindachner [F.] 1875:378 [4] [Sitzungsberichte der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften. Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe v. 70 (1. Abth.); ref. 4219] Paita, Peru. Lectotype: MCZ 10232 (248 mm SL). Paralectotypes: MCZ 166564 [ex 10232] (1), NMW 42406 (1). Type catalog: Anderson 2018:14 [ref. 36146]. On p. 4 of separate. Lectotype selected by Anderson & Heemstra 2012:53 [ref. 31956]. •Valid as Hemanthias peruanus (Steindachner 1875) -- (Hiyama in Kumada 1937:40 [ref. 39147] as Hemianthias peruanus, Pequeño 1989:59 [ref. 14125], Bussing & López S. 1994:96 [ref. 23101], Heemstra in Fischer et al. 1995:1597 [ref. 22830], De La Cruz Agüero et al. 1997:286 [ref. 24545], Grove & Lavenberg 1997:336 [ref. 24023], Rojas M. & Pequeño 1998:180 [ref. 23775], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:353 [ref. 24555], Anderson & Baldwin 2000:379 [ref. 24574], Thomson et al. 2000:77 [ref. 25640], Nelson et al. 2004:128 [ref. 27807], Love et al. 2005:111 [ref. 37547], McCosker & Rosenblatt 2010:191 [ref. 30957] with genus as Hemianthis, Anderson & Heemstra 2012:52 [ref. 31956], Kells et al. 2016:222 [ref. 35888], Anderson 2018:14 [ref. 36146], Parenti & Randall 2020:13 [ref. 37354], Love et al. 2021:148 [ref. 39279], Siccha-Ramirez et al. 2023:317 [ref. 40816], Vela-Espinosa et al. 2023:9 [ref. 40981]). Current status: Valid as Hemanthias peruanus (Steindachner 1875). Anthiadidae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific: Pacific coast of Baja California Sur (Mexico) south to Peru, including Gulf of California (Mexico) and Galapagos Islands (Ecuador). Habitat: marine.

perumali, Holanthias Talwar [P. K.] 1976:362, Fig. [Journal of Natural History v. 10 (no. 4); ref. 7395] Arabian Sea off Quilon, 9°N, 76°E, India, depth 300 meters. Holotype: ZSI F6566/2. Paratypes: ZSI F6567/2 (1), 6568/2 (4). See Das 2003:376 [ref. 27706]. •Valid as Holanthias perumali Talwar 1976 -- (Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S104 [ref. 27377]). •Synonym of Odontanthias rhodopeplus (Günther 1872) -- (Randall & Heemstra 2006:21 [ref. 28602], Parenti & Randall 2020:21 [ref. 37354]). •Valid as Odontanthias perumali (Talwar 1976) -- (Zajonz et al. 2020:505 [ref. 37997], Akhilesh et al. 2021:54 [ref. 38701], Karuppiah et al. 2023:[2] [ref. 40554]). Current status: Valid as Odontanthias perumali (Talwar 1976). Anthiadidae. Distribution: Northwestern Indian Ocean: India. Habitat: marine.

pictilis, Anthias Randall [J. E.] & Allen [G. R.] 1978:34, Figs. 1-2 [Revue française d'Aquariologie Herpétologie v. 5 (no. 2); ref. 8795] Southeastern side of North Rock, Lord Howe Island, depth 25-30.5 meters. Holotype: BPBM 14811. Paratypes: AMS I.17365-010 [sic] (1), I.17366-021 (12 or 66), I.17466-013 (1); ANSP 138769 (1); BMNH 1977.11.21.1 (1); BPBM 20856 (13); CAS 40396 (1), MNHN 1977-0761 (1); QM I.14498 (3); RMNH 27663 (1); USNM 217906 (2); WAM P.25939-001 (3). Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1984:9 [ref. 19232], Böhlke 1984:156 [ref. 13621], Hutchins & Smith 1991:18 [ref. 19335], Moore et al. 2008:19 [ref. 30117], Anderson 2018:45 [ref. 36146]. •Valid as Anthias pictilis Randall & Allen 1978 -- (Allen & Starck 1982:52 [ref. 8518], Paxton et al. 1989:502 [ref. 12442], Kuiter 1993:140 [ref. 23929]). •Valid as Pseudanthias pictilis (Randall & Allen 1978) -- (Randall et al. 1990:94 [ref. 15987], Francis 1993:160 [ref. 25479], Randall et al. 1997:96 [ref. 25919], Heemstra & Randall 1999:2470 [ref. 24815], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:200 [ref. 25191], Randall & Pyle 2001:34 [ref. 25690], Randall et al. 2004:12 [ref. 27624], Randall 2005:144 [ref. 28239], Allen et al. 2006:994 [ref. 29078], Fricke et al. 2011:386 [ref. 31242], Anderson 2018:45 [ref. 36146], Parenti & Randall 2020:39 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Valid as Pseudanthias pictilis (Randall & Allen 1978). Anthiadidae. Distribution: South Pacific: Middleton Reef (Australia), Lord Howe Island, Norfolk Island, New Caledonia, Tonga. Habitat: marine.

pictum, Plectropoma Tschudi [J. J. von] 1846:5 [Untersuchungen über die Fauna Peruana; ref. 4469] Coast of middle Peru; market at Valparaíso, Chile. Syntypes: (several) ZMB 290 (1). Type catalog: Kottelat 1987:50 [ref. 25858] with ZMB 290 as holotype, Anderson 2018:6 [ref. 36146], Parenti & Randall 2020:7 [ref. 37354]. •Valid as Acanthistius pictus (Tschudi 1846) -- (Rojas & Pequeño 1998:174 [ref. 23775], Pequeño 1989:59 [ref. 14125], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:349 [ref. 24555], Anderson & Baldwin 2000:380 [ref. 24574], Béarez & Jiménez Prado 2003:109 [ref. 37318], Heemstra 2010:60 [ref. 30720], Anderson & Heemstra 2012:13 [ref. 31956], Anderson 2018:6 [ref. 36146], Parenti & Randall 2020:7 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Valid as Acanthistius pictus (Tschudi 1846). Anthiadidae. Distribution: Southeastern Pacific: Ecuador, Peru and Chile. Habitat: marine.

pillai, Pseudanthias Heemstra [P. C.] & Akhilesh [K. V.] 2012:152, Figs. 39-40 [aqua, International Journal of Ichthyology v. 18 (no. 3); ref. 32094] Off Charakkadu, 10°30'N, 75°24'E, Kerala, India, depth 150-200 meters. Holotype: SAIAB 86517. Paratypes: SAIAB 97562 (1). Type catalog: Anderson 2018:45 [ref. 36146]. Type locality and depth from electronic version; printed version gives incorrect type locality as 'Charakkadu' and depth as '175-200 m.' •Valid as Pseudanthias pillai Heemstra & Akhilesh 2012 -- (Krishna et al. 2017:214 [ref. 35669], Gill & Psomadakis 2018:528 [ref. 36054], Anderson 2018:45 [ref. 36146], Akhilesh et al. 2020:137 [ref. 37976], Parenti & Randall 2020:39 [ref. 37354], Psomadakis et al. 2020:397 [ref. 37272], Akhilesh et al. 2021:56 [ref. 38701], Heemstra & Heemstra 2022:109 [ref. 39746], Anderson 2022:573 [ref. 39757]). Current status: Valid as Pseudanthias pillai Heemstra & Akhilesh 2012. Anthiadidae. Distribution: Indian Ocean: Ratnagiri (southwest coast of India) and east coast of India east to Myanmar. Habitat: marine.

pleurotaenia, Anthias Bleeker [P.] 1857:34 [Acta Societatis Regiae Scientiarum Indo-Neêrlandicae v. 2 (art. 7); ref. 356] Ambon Island, Molucca Islands, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): RMNH 5452. Type catalog: Anderson 2018:45 [ref. 36146]. •Synonym of Anthias taeniatus Klunzinger 1884 -- (Dor 1984:104 [ref. 29757]). •Valid as Anthias pleurotaenia Bleeker 1857 -- (Allen & Starck 1982:52 [ref. 8518], Paxton et al. 1989:502 [ref. 12442], Randall & Allen 1989:77 [ref. 13389], Lee 1990:7 [ref. 19830]). •Valid as Pseudanthias pleurotaenia (Bleeker 1857) -- (Katayama in Masuda et al. 1984:136 [ref. 6441], Randall et al. 1990:96 [ref. 15987], Allen 1997:92 [ref. 23977], Kuiter 1997:116 [ref. 25488], Randall et al. 1997:96 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:108 [ref. 23965], Heemstra & Randall 1999:2470 [ref. 24815], Nakabo 2000:702 [ref. 25086], Randall in Randall & Lim 2000:611 [ref. 25122], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:200 [ref. 25191], Allen 2000:98 [ref. 25868], Ida & Sakaue 2001:267 [ref. 25544], Randall & Pyle 2001:34 [ref. 25690], Hutchins 2001:262 [ref. 25841], Hutchins 2001:30 [ref. 25847], Nakabo 2002:702 [ref. 26001], Allen & Adrim 2003:32 [ref. 26830], Myers & Donaldson 2003:620 [ref. 27495], Randall et al. 2004:12 [ref. 27624], Randall 2005:145 [ref. 28239], Allen et al. 2006:994 [ref. 29078], Motomura et al. 2010:100 [ref. 31256], Fricke et al. 2011:387 [ref. 31242], Allen & Erdmann 2012:299 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2014:64 [ref. 33932], Anderson 2018:45 [ref. 36146], Fricke et al. 2019:124 [ref. 36673], Parenti & Randall 2020:39 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Valid as Pseudanthias pleurotaenia (Bleeker 1857). Anthiadidae. Distribution: Western Pacific and southeastern Indian Ocean: Indonesia east to Marshall Islands and Samoa, north to Ryukyu Islands, south to northern Australia and New Caledonia. Habitat: marine.

polygonius, Plectranthias Shepherd [B.], Phelps [T. A. Y.], Pinheiro [H. T.], Rocha [C. R.] & Rocha [L. A.] 2020:148, Figs. 1, 2A [ZooKeys No. 941; ref. 37583] Tahiti, French Polynesia, 17°29'27"S, 149°28'01"W, depth 105 meters. Holotype: CAS 247193. Paratype: USNM 445722 (1). •Valid as Plectranthias polygonius Shepherd, Phelps, Pinheiro, Rocha & Rocha 2020 -- (Anderson 2022:572 [ref. 39757]). Current status: Valid as Plectranthias polygonius Shepherd, Phelps, Pinheiro, Rocha & Rocha 2020. Anthiadidae. Distribution: Central and southern Pacific: Marshall Islands; French Polynesia. Habitat: marine.

preopercularis, Planctanthias Fowler [H. W.] 1935:385, Figs. 18-19 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 87; ref. 1421] Washed ashore, KwaZulu-Natal coast, South Africa, southwestern Indian Ocean. Holotype: ANSP 63916 (with paratypes). Paratypes: ANSP 63917-31 (15). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:156 [ref. 13621]. •Synonym of Anthias cooperi Regan 1902 -- (Heemstra & Randall 1986:511 [ref. 5667]). •Synonym of Pseudanthias cooperi (Regan 1902) -- (Heemstra & Akhilesh 2012:138 [ref. 32094], Parenti & Randall 2020:34 [ref. 37354], Heemstra & Heemstra 2022:106 [ref. 39746]). Current status: Synonym of Pseudanthias cooperi (Regan 1902). Anthiadidae. Habitat: marine.

privitera, Pseudanthias Randall [J. E.] & Pyle [R. L.] 2001:28, Fig. 12 [Raffles Bulletin of Zoology v. 49 (no. 1); ref. 25690] Rarotonga, western side, off Matavera, Cook Islands, depth 116 meters. Holotype: BPBM 38669. Paratypes: AMS I.39928-001 (1), BPBM 38670 (1), CAS 210375 (1), USNM 359481 (1). Type catalog: Anderson 2018:45 [ref. 36146]. •Valid as Pseudanthias privitera Randall & Pyle 2001 -- (Anderson 2018:45 [ref. 36146], Parenti & Randall 2020:39 [ref. 37354], Victor et al. 2020:14 [ref. 37807]). •Valid as Pyronotanthias privitera (Randall & Pyle 2001) -- (Gill 2022:58 [ref. 38980]). Current status: Valid as Pyronotanthias privitera (Randall & Pyle 2001). Anthiadidae. Distribution: South Pacific: Cook Islands endemic. Habitat: marine.

pulchellus, Anthias Waite [E. R.] 1899:77, Pl. 12 [Memoirs of the Australian Museum, Sydney v. 4 (pt 1); ref. 4557] Off Wollongong (34°26'S, 151°04'E), New South Wales, Australia, depth 100-103 meters. Lectotype: AMS I.3848. Paralectotypes: AMS I.3846-47 (1, 1), I.4040 (1). Type catalog: Anderson 2018:18 [ref. 36146]. Lectotype selected by Roberts 1989:563 [ref. 12486]. •Valid as Anthias pulchellus Waite 1899 -- (Paxton et al. 1989:502 [ref. 12442]). •Valid as Lepidoperca pulchella (Waite 1899) -- (Roberts 1989:562 [ref. 12486], Gomon et al. 1994:544 [ref. 22532], Allen et al. 2006:988 [ref. 29078], Roberts & Gomon 2008:547 [ref. 30641], Anderson 2018:18 [ref. 36146], Parenti & Randall 2020:17 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Valid as Lepidoperca pulchella (Waite 1899). Anthiadidae. Distribution: Southwestern Pacific: New South Wales and Victoria (Australia) [reports from New Zealand in error]. Habitat: marine.

pulcher, Anthias Döderlein [L.] in Steindachner & Döderlein 1883:227 [19] [Denkschriften der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften in Wien, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe. v. 47 (pt 1); ref. 4246] Japan. Syntypes: (4) NMW. On p. 19 of separate. •Synonym of Sacura margaritacea (Hilgendorf 1879) -- (Heemstra & Randall 1979:4 [ref. 6938]). Current status: Synonym of Sacura margaritacea (Hilgendorf 1879). Anthiadidae. Habitat: marine.

pulcherrimus, Anthias Heemstra [P. C.] & Randall [J. E.] 1986:512, Pl. 33 (fig. 166.8 a,b) [Smiths' Sea Fishes; ref. 5667] Mauritius, west coast off Wolmar, 56 m depth. Lectotype: SAIAB 86492. Paralectotypes: BPBM 16375 (1), 16378 (2), 22541 (1), 34647 (4); ROM 87931 (2); SAIAB 7773 (1), 17260 (2). Type catalog: Anderson 2018:45 [ref. 36146]. Was to have appeared in Heemstra & Randall "1986" in the Ichth. Bull. Rhodes Univ., but that work apparently not published; species name dates to reference as given above. Lectotype selected by Heemstra & Akhilesh 2012:154 [ref. 32094]. •Valid as Pseudanthias pulcherrimus (Heemstra & Randall 1986) -- (Fricke 1999:207 [ref. 24106], Randall & Pyle 2001:34 [ref. 25690], Fricke et al. 2009:49 [ref. 30213], Allen & Erdmann 2012:300 [ref. 31980], Heemstra & Akhilesh 2012:126, 154 [ref. 32094], Williams et al. 2013:176 [ref. 32703], Gill et al. 2017:72 [ref. 35653], Fricke et al. 2018:157 [ref. 35805], Anderson 2018:45 [ref. 36146], Tea et al. 2020:3 [ref. 37258], Parenti & Randall 2020:40 [ref. 37354], Akhilesh et al. 2021:56 [ref. 38701], Durville et al. 2021:311 [ref. 38802], Heemstra & Heemstra 2022:110 [ref. 39746]). Current status: Valid as Pseudanthias pulcherrimus (Heemstra & Randall 1986). Anthiadidae. Distribution: Indian Ocean: Aliwal Shoal and KwaZulu-Natal (South Africa), Madagascar, Seychelles and western Mascarenes (La Réunion, Mauritius) east to Maldives, Chagos Archipelago and Andaman Islands. Habitat: marine.

purpuralepis, Plectranthias Tang [C.-N.], Lai [N.-W.] & Ho [H.-C.] 2020:509, Figs. 1A, 2-4, 5A, 6A, 7A, 8, [Zootaxa 4780 (no. 3); ref. 37536] Three Northern Islands [from Keelung fish market], northern Taiwan, northwestern Pacific, circa 25.4 - 25.6°N, 121.9 - 122.0°E, depth probably 200 meters or more. Holotype: NMMST P002339. Paratypes: NMMBP, NMMST. •Valid as Plectranthias purpuralepis Tang, Lai & Ho 2020 -- (Anderson 2022:572 [ref. 39757]). Current status: Valid as Plectranthias purpuralepis Tang, Lai & Ho 2020. Anthiadidae. Distribution: Western Pacific: northern Taiwan endemic. Habitat: marine.

randalli, Anthias Lubbock [R.] & Allen [G. R.] 1978:260, Figs. 1-2 [Records of the Western Australian Museum v. 6 (pt 2); ref. 8914] Large cave on vertical drop-off, Baring, Olango Island, Cebu Strait, Philippines. Holotype: BMNH 1977.1.21.1. Paratypes: AMS I.19756-001 (1); BMNH 1976.1.21.2-3 (1, 1); BPBM 9532 (1), 19983 (2); MHNG 1551.39 (1); RMNH 28182 [ex WAM P25239-002] (2); USNM 217534 (1); WAM P25233-007 (6), P.25239-002 (8), P.25628-001 (3). Type catalog: Hutchins & Smith 1991:18 [ref. 19335], Moore et al. 2008:19 [ref. 30117], Anderson 2018:46 [ref. 36146]. •Valid as Pseudanthias randalli (Lubbock & Allen 1978) -- (Katayama in Masuda et al. 1984:137 [ref. 6441], Allen 1997:92 [ref. 23977], Myers 1999:108 [ref. 23965], Heemstra & Randall 1999:2470 [ref. 24815], Nakabo 2000:704 [ref. 25086], Randall in Randall & Lim 2000:611 [ref. 25122], Randall & Pyle 2001:34 [ref. 25690], Nakabo 2002:704 [ref. 26001], Allen & Adrim 2003:32 [ref. 26830], Randall et al. 2004:12 [ref. 27624], Mundy 2005:344 [ref. 28379], Fricke et al. 2011:387 [ref. 31242], Williams et al. 2013:176 [ref. 32703], Gill et al. 2017:72 [ref. 35653], Anderson 2018:46 [ref. 36146], Fricke et al. 2019:125 [ref. 36673], Parenti & Randall 2020:40 [ref. 37354], Durville et al. 2021:311 [ref. 38802] as cf. randalli). Current status: Valid as Pseudanthias randalli (Lubbock & Allen 1978). Anthiadidae. Distribution: Eastern Indian Ocean, western and central Pacific: Indonesia east to Marshall Islands and perhaps Johnston Atoll, north to Ryukyu Islands, south to New Caledonia. Habitat: marine.

randalli, Odontanthias White [W. T.] 2011:22, Figs. 1-2 [Zootaxa No. 3015; ref. 31494] Tanjung fish landing site, 8°45'S, 116°35'E, Lombok, East Nusa Tenggara, Indonesia. Holotype: MZB 20010. Paratypes: CSIRO H 7217-01 (1), 7218-01 (1), 7219-01 (1), 7219-02 (1), 7220-01 (1), 7221-01 (1); MZB 20011-14 (1 ea.). Type catalog: Anderson 2018:23 [ref. 36146]. •Valid as Odontanthias randalli White 2011 -- (Anderson & Garcia-Moliner 2012:26 [ref. 31761], Anderson 2018:23 [ref. 36146], Parenti & Randall 2020:21 [ref. 37354], Zajonz et al. 2020:506 [ref. 37997], Gumanao et al. 2022:134 [ref. 39933]). Current status: Valid as Odontanthias randalli White 2011. Anthiadidae. Distribution: Eastern Indian Ocean, western Pacific: Lombok (Indonesia); Philippines. Habitat: marine.

randalli, Plectranthias Fourmanoir [P.] & Rivaton [J.] 1980:27, Fig. [Revue française d'Aquariologie Herpétologie v. 7 (no. 1); ref. 8720] Chesterfield Islands, Coral Sea, ca. 28 km east of Ile Longue, western South Pacific, 19°40'S, 158°31'E, depth 300 meters. Holotype (unique): MNHN 1979-0430. Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1984:19 [ref. 19232], Anderson 2018:32 [ref. 36146]. •Valid as Plectranthias randalli Fourmanoir & Rivaton 1980 -- (Lin et al. 1994:175 [ref. 21512], Randall & Shimizu 1994:109 [ref. 21441], Randall 1996:117 [ref. 23194], Chen & Shao 2002:64 [ref. 25977], Wu et al. 2011:252 [ref. 31227], Fricke et al. 2011:386 [ref. 31242], Allen & Walsh 2015:83 [ref. 33954], Anderson 2018:32 [ref. 36146], Parenti & Randall 2020:29 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Valid as Plectranthias randalli Fourmanoir & Rivaton 1980. Anthiadidae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Taiwan; Chesterfield Islands (New Caledonia). Habitat: marine.

rasor, Serranus Richardson [J.] 1839:95 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1839 (pt 7); ref. 3732] Port Arthur, Tasmania, Australia. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. Type catalog: Anderson 2018:10 [ref. 36146]. Also described in Richardson 1842:73 Pl. 4 (fig. 1) [ref. 13097]. •Valid as Caesioperca rasor (Richardson 1839) -- (Paxton et al. 1989:503 [ref. 12442], Kuiter 1993:137 [ref. 23929], Gomon et al. 1994:532 [ref. 22532], Kuiter 1997:120 [ref. 25488], Hutchins 2001:262 [ref. 25841], Hutchins 2001:29 [ref. 25847], Allen et al. 2006:983 [ref. 29078], Roberts & Gomon 2008:539 [ref. 30641], Anderson 2018:10 [ref. 36146], Parenti & Randall 2020:10 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Valid as Caesioperca rasor (Richardson 1839). Anthiadidae. Distribution: Southeastern Indian Ocean, southwestern Pacific: southern Western Australia east to Victoria and Tasmania (Australia). Habitat: marine.

regalis, Anthias (Mirolabrichthys) Randall [J. E.] & Lubbock [R.] 1981:23, Figs. 17-18 [Contributions in Science (Los Angeles) No. 333; ref. 6912] Northeast of Matahuma Point, Fatu Hiva, Marquesas Islands, depth 40 feet (12 meters). Holotype: BPBM 11686. Paratypes: AMS I.19220-001 (1); BMNH 1976.9.30.11 (1); BPBM 11026 (5), 11811 (8), 12442 (9), 12751 (1); CAS 37887 (1); LACM 35903-1 (1); MNHN 1976-0124 (1); USNM 216496 (1). Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1984:9 [ref. 19232], Anderson 2018:46 [ref. 36146]. •Valid as Pseudanthias regalis (Randall & Lubbock 1981) -- (Heemstra & Randall 1999:2470 [ref. 24815], Randall & Pyle 2001:34 [ref. 25690], Randall & Earle 2000:12 [ref. 25806], Randall 2005:145 [ref. 28239], Williams et al. 2013:76 [ref. 32703], Delrieu-Trottin et al. 2015:5 [ref. 33988], Anderson 2018:46 [ref. 36146], Parenti & Randall 2020:40 [ref. 37354]). •Valid as Nemanthias regalis (Randall & Lubbock 1981) -- (Gill 2022:55 [ref. 38980]). Current status: Valid as Nemanthias regalis (Randall & Lubbock 1981). Anthiadidae. Distribution: South Pacific: Marquesas Islands (French Polynesia). Habitat: marine.

retrofasciatus, Plectranthias Fourmanoir [P.] & Randall [J. E.] 1979:318, Fig. 2 [Micronesica v. 15 (nos 1-2); ref. 8834] Gazelle Pass, near northwestern tip of Grande Terre, Province Nord, New Caledonia, depth 200 meters. Holotype (unique): BPBM 22487. Type catalog: Anderson 2018:32 [ref. 36146]. •Valid as Plectranthias retrofasciatus Fourmanoir & Randall 1979 -- (Randall 1980:166 [ref. 6717], Randall 1996:119 [ref. 23194], Heemstra & Randall 1999:2470 [ref. 24815], Fricke et al. 2011:386 [ref. 31242], Allen & Walsh 2015:83 [ref. 33954], Anderson 2018:32 [ref. 36146], Parenti & Randall 2020:29 [ref. 37354], Gill et al. 2021:97 [ref. 38105], Anderson 2022:572 [ref. 39757]). Current status: Valid as Plectranthias retrofasciatus Fourmanoir & Randall 1979. Anthiadidae. Distribution: Eastern Indian Ocean, western Pacific: Java, Lombok, Sulawesi (Indonesia), New Caledonia, Great Barrier Reef and Queensland (Australia). Habitat: marine.

rhodopeplus, Anthias Günther [A.] 1872:654, Pl. 55 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1871 (pt 3) (art. 1) (for 21 Nov. 1871); ref. 1997] Manado, Sulawesi, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1871.7.20.49. Type catalog: Anderson 2018:24 [ref. 36146] •Valid as Holanthias rhodopeplus (Günther 1872) -- (Heemstra & Randall 1999:2469 [ref. 24815], Nakabo 2000:697 [ref. 25086], Randall in Randall & Lim 2000:610 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2002:697 [ref. 26001], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S104 [ref. 27377]). •Valid as Odontanthias rhodopeplus (Günther 1872) -- (Katayama in Masuda et al. 1984:135 [ref. 6441], Kao & Lin 1986:79 [ref. 39481], Lee 1990:11 [ref. 19830], Randall & Heemstra 2006:21 [ref. 28602], White 2011:22 [ref. 31494], Gill & Psomadakis 2018:531 [ref. 36054], Anderson 2018:24 [ref. 36146], Psomadakis et al. 2020:395 [ref. 37272], Parenti & Randall 2020:21 [ref. 37354], Akhilesh et al. 2021:54 [ref. 38701], Heemstra & Heemstra 2022:94 [ref. 39746]). Current status: Valid as Odontanthias rhodopeplus (Günther 1872). Anthiadidae. Distribution: Eastern Indian Ocean, western Pacific: Myanmar east to eastern Indonesia, north to southern Japan; possibly Gulf of Aden. Habitat: marine.

richardsonii, Anthias Günther [A.] 1869:429 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1869 (pt 2); ref. 18190] Tasmania, Australia. Syntypes: BMNH 1869.2.24.28-29 (2?). •Synonym of Caesioperca lepidoptera (Forster 1801) -- (Paxton et al. 1989:503 [ref. 12442], Allen et al. 2006:983 [ref. 29078], Parenti & Randall 2020:10 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Synonym of Caesioperca lepidoptera (Forster 1801). Anthiadidae. Habitat: marine.

richardsonii, Plectropoma Günther [A.] 1862:391 [1], Pl. 38 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1861 (pt 3) (art. 1); ref. 18179] Fremantle, Western Australia. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1861.5.18.14. On p. 1 of separate. •Synonym of Othos dentex (Cuvier 1828) -- (Paxton et al. 1989:506 [ref. 12442], Allen et al. 2006:989 [ref. 29078], Parenti & Randall 2020:22 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Synonym of Othos dentex (Cuvier 1828). Anthiadidae. Habitat: marine.

rissoi, Aylopon Guichenot [A.] 1868:82 [3] [Annales de la Société Linnéenne du Département de Maine-et-Loire v. 10; ref. 1936] Nice, France, northwestern Mediterranean Sea. Holotype (unique): MNHN 0000-4216. Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1984:11 [ref. 19232]. On p. 3 of separate. •Synonym of Anthias anthias (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Anderson & Heemstra 2012:69 [ref. 31956], Parenti & Randall 2020:8 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Synonym of Anthias anthias (Linnaeus 1758). Anthiadidae. Habitat: marine.

robertsi, Plectranthias Randall [J. E.] & Hoese [D. F.] 1995:328, Fig. 1 [Records of the Australian Museum v. 47 (no. 3); ref. 21929] Off Hinchinbrook Island, Queensland, Australia, depth 320-356 meters. Holotype: AMS I.20968-003. Paratypes: AMS I.25800-007 (6), I.25801-013 (2); BPBM 35053 (1); CSIRO H 682-01 (1), H 690-01 (3), H 691-01 (1), H 719-12 to -17 (6); NTM S.11746-028 (5), 11747-023 (5); QM I.20024 (1); USNM 319773 (2). Type catalog: Anderson 2018:32 [ref. 36146]. •Valid as Plectranthias robertsi Randall & Hoese 1995 -- (Randall 1996:118 [ref. 23194], Heemstra & Randall 1999:2470 [ref. 24815], Allen et al. 2006:991 [ref. 29078], Allen & Walsh 2015:83 [ref. 33954], Anderson 2018:32 [ref. 36146], Parenti & Randall 2020:29 [ref. 37354], Gill et al. 2021:102 [ref. 38105]). Current status: Valid as Plectranthias robertsi Randall & Hoese 1995. Anthiadidae. Distribution: Southwestern Pacific: Queensland and Coral Sea (Australia). Habitat: marine.

robustus, Luzonichthys Fourmanoir [P.] 1977:267, Fig. 1 [Cahiers du Pacifique No. 20; ref. 7247] Northwestern tip of Maré, Loyalty Islands, depth 50 meters. Holotype: MNHN 1976-0376. Paratypes: BPBM 19963 (1), MNHN 1977-0205 (3), 1992-0001 and 0002 [ex MNHN 1977-0205] (1, 1). Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1984:18 [ref. 19232]. •Paratypes involve more than one species -- (Randall & McCosker 1992:14, 16 [ref. 20204]). •Synonym of Luzonichthys waitei (Fowler 1931) -- (Randall & McCosker 1992:14 [ref. 20204], Fricke & Kulbicki 2006:327 [ref. 28867], Parenti & Randall 2020:18 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Synonym of Luzonichthys waitei (Fowler 1931). Anthiadidae. Habitat: marine.

ruber, Franzia Tanaka [S.] 1917:268 [Dobutsugaku Zasshi = Zoological Magazine Tokyo v. 29; ref. 4332] Tanabe, Wakayama Prefecture, Japan. Syntypes: ZUMT 9906 (1), described syntype lost. •Synonym of Pseudanthias squamipinnis (Peters 1855) -- (Randall & Pyle 2001:34 [ref. 25690], Parenti & Randall 2020:41 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Synonym of Pseudanthias squamipinnis (Peters 1855). Anthiadidae. Habitat: marine.

rubra, Ellerkeldia Allen [G. R.] 1976:24, Fig. 1 [Journal of the Royal Society of Western Australia v. 59 (pt 1); ref. 7332] Off Beacon Island, Wallabi Group, Houtman Abrolhos Islands, Western Australia, depth 3-4 meters. Holotype: WAM P.25314-003. Paratypes: AMS I.18476-001 (1); USNM 214701 (1); WAM P.25226-001 (1), P.25311-007 (2). Type catalog: Hutchins & Smith 1991:18 [ref. 19335], Moore et al. 2008:19 [ref. 30117]. Subjectively invalid; secondarily preoccupied by Scopularia rubra de Buen 1959, replaced by Hypoplectrodes cardinalis Allen & Randall 1990. •Valid as Ellerkeldia rubra Allen 1976 -- (Paxton et al. 1989:505 [ref. 12442]). •Objective synonym of Hypoplectrodes cardinalis Allen & Randall 1990 -- (Gomon et al. 1994:538 [ref. 22532], Allen et al. 2006:985 [ref. 29078], Parenti & Randall 2020:14 [ref. 37354]). •Synonym of Hypoplectrodes australis (Peters 1877) -- (Gill 2023:557 [ref. 40225]). 2°Homonym. Current status: Synonym of Hypoplectrodes australis (Peters 1877). Anthiadidae. Habitat: marine.

rubra, Scopularia de Buen [F.] 1959:95, Fig. 14 [Revista de Biologia Marina, Valparaiso v. 9 (nos 1-3); ref. 696] Cumberland Bay, Más a Tierra Island, Juan Fernández Islands. Holotype: EMBC 123 (apparently lost). Paratypes: EMBC 124 (1). •Valid as Ellerkeldia rubra (de Buen 1959) -- (Pequeño 1989:59 [ref. 14125]). •Synonym of Hypoplectrodes semicinctum (Valenciennes 1833) -- (Anderson & Heemstra 1989:1010 [ref. 13526], Pequeño & Lamilla 1996:25 [ref. 23035], Rojas M. & Pequeño 1998:44 [ref. 23540], Rojas M. & Pequeño 1998:183 [ref. 23775], Dyer & Westneat 2010:605 [ref. 31446], Anderson & Heemstra 2012:31 [ref. 31956], Parenti & Randall 2020:15 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Synonym of Hypoplectrodes semicinctum (Valenciennes 1833). Anthiadidae. Habitat: marine.

rubrifasciatus, Plectranthias Fourmanoir [P.] & Randall [J. E.] 1979:321, Fig. 3 [Micronesica v. 15 (nos 1-2); ref. 8834] Off Bulari Pass, south of Nouméa, Grande Terre, Province Sud, New Caledonia, depth 100 meters. Holotype (unique): BPBM 22513. Type catalog: Anderson 2018:33 [ref. 36146]. •Valid as Plectranthias rubrifasciatus Fourmanoir & Randall 1979 -- (Randall 1980:167 [ref. 6717], Randall 1996:119 [ref. 23194], Heemstra & Randall 1999:2470 [ref. 24815], Randall et al. 2002:156 [ref. 26192], Myers & Donaldson 2003:616 [ref. 27495], Fricke et al. 2011:386 [ref. 31242], Allen & Walsh 2015:83 [ref. 33954], Fricke et al. 2015:7 [ref. 33930], Anderson 2018:33 [ref. 36146], Parenti & Randall 2020:29 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Valid as Plectranthias rubrifasciatus Fourmanoir & Randall 1979. Anthiadidae. Distribution: South Pacific: New Caledonia; Tuamotu Archipelago (French Polynesia). Habitat: marine.

rubrizonatus, Anthias Randall [J. E.] 1983:35, Figs. 5-8 [Freshwater and Marine Aquarium v. 6 (no. 9); ref. 6022] Southwestern side of Savo Island [Central Province], Solomon Islands, western Pacific, depth 46 meters. Holotype: BPBM 15590. Paratypes: AMS I.22915-001 (2); BMNH 1982.7.27.31-36 (6); BPBM 15572 (3), 15881 (1), 16987 (2); CAS 50933 (1); NSMT-P 21412 (1); ROM 40323 (2); SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 17147 (1); USNM 235346 (1); WAM P.27647-001 (1). Type catalog: Hutchins & Smith 1991:18 [ref. 19335], Moore et al. 2008:19 [ref. 30117], Anderson 2018:46 [ref. 36146]. •Valid as Anthias rubrizonatus Randall 1983 -- (Chen et al. 1997:53 [ref. 26476]). •Valid as Pseudanthias rubrizonatus (Randall 1983) -- (Allen & Swainston 1988:60 [ref. 25477], Randall et al. 1990:97 [ref. 15987], Ho et al. 1993:7 [ref. 22789], Kuiter 1993:139 [ref. 23929], Allen 1997:94 [ref. 23977], Kuiter 1997:114 [ref. 25488], Randall et al. 1997:97 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:109 [ref. 23965], Heemstra & Randall 1999:2470 [ref. 24815], Nakabo 2000:703 [ref. 25086], Randall in Randall & Lim 2000:611 [ref. 25122], Sadovy & Cornish 2000:90 [ref. 25480], Ida & Sakaue 2001:267 [ref. 25544], Randall & Pyle 2001:34 [ref. 25690], Hutchins 2001:30 [ref. 25847], Nakabo 2002:703 [ref. 26001], Allen & Adrim 2003:32 [ref. 26830], Allen et al. 2006:994 [ref. 29078], Motomura in Motomura & Satapoomin 2009:94 [ref. 30492], Fricke et al. 2011:387 [ref. 31242], Allen & Erdmann 2012:301 [ref. 31980], Motomura et al. 2017:92 [ref. 35490], Anderson 2018:46 [ref. 36146], Parenti & Randall 2020:40 [ref. 37354], Psomadakis et al. 2020:397 [ref. 37272], Sonoyama et al. 2020:56 [ref. 37637], Akhilesh et al. 2021:56 [ref. 38701], Murase et al. 2023:39 [ref. 40935]). Current status: Valid as Pseudanthias rubrizonatus (Randall 1983). Anthiadidae. Distribution: Eastern Indian Ocean, western Pacific: Myanmar, Andaman Sea, Indonesia and Western Australia east to Philippines and Fiji, north to central Japan, south to Queensland (Australia), Western Australia and Loyalty Islands (New Caledonia). Habitat: marine.

rubrolineatus, Anthias Fourmanoir [P.] & Rivaton [J.] 1979:413, Fig. 7 [Cahiers de l'Indo-Pacifique v. 1 (no. 4); ref. 8833] Leleizour Island, northwest of New Caledonia, depth 400 meters. Holotype (unique): MNHN 1978-0686. Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1984:10 [ref. 19232], Anderson 2018:46 [ref. 36146]. •Synonym of Pseudanthias fasciatus (Kamohara 1954) -- (Heemstra & Randall 1999:2470 [ref. 24815]). •Valid as Pseudanthias rubrolineatus (Fourmanoir & Rivaton 1979) -- (Randall & Pyle 2001:34 [ref. 25690], Motomura et al. 2010:120 [ref. 31101], Fricke et al. 2011:387 [ref. 31242], Anderson 2018:46 [ref. 36146], Parenti & Randall 2020:40 [ref. 37354], Wada et al. 2021:107 [ref. 38530]). Current status: Valid as Pseudanthias rubrolineatus (Fourmanoir & Rivaton 1979). Anthiadidae. Distribution: Western Pacific: New Caledonia; Ryukyu Islands (Japan). Habitat: marine.

rubromaculatus, Anthias Borets [L. A.] 1982:68, Fig. [Biologiya Morya (Vladivostok) v. 1982 (no. 3); ref. 8507] Milwaukee Seamount, 32°01'N, 173°08'W, Hawaiian Ridge, depth 350-360 meters. Holotype: ZIN 45853. Paratypes: [ex Mus. Fisheries Inst. Vladyvostok 72d] (5, whereabouts unknown). •Synonym of Plectranthias kelloggi (Jordan & Evermann 1903), subspecies kelloggi -- (Mundy 2005:342 [ref. 28379]). •Synonym of Plectranthias kelloggi (Jordan & Evermann 1903) -- (Parenti & Randall 2020:27 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Synonym of Plectranthias kelloggi (Jordan & Evermann 1903). Anthiadidae. Habitat: marine.

ryukyuensis, Plectranthias Wada [H.], Suzuki [T.], Senou [H.] & Motomura [H.] 2020:2, Figs. 1-5 [Ichthyological Research v. 67 (no. 2); ref. 37270] Off Hamahiga-jima island, Okinawa Islands, Ryukyu Islands, Okinawa Prefecture, Japan, depth 190 meters. Holotype: KPM-NI 50196. Paratypes: KAUM-I 132499 (1) [ex KPM-NI 50195], URB 15117 (2). •Valid as Plectranthias ryukyuensis Wada, Suzuki, Senou & Motomura 2020 -- (Parenti & Randall 2020:30 [ref. 37354], Gill et al. 2021:57 [ref. 38105], Koeda et al. 2021:[7] [ref. 38721], Anderson 2022:572 [ref. 39757]). Current status: Valid as Plectranthias ryukyuensis Wada, Suzuki, Senou & Motomura 2020. Anthiadidae. Distribution: Northwestern Pacific: Ryukyu Islands (Japan). Habitat: marine.

sacer, Anthias Bloch [M. E.] 1792:99, Pl. 315 [Naturgeschichte der ausländischen Fische v. 6; ref. 470] Mediterranean Sea. Holotype (unique): ZMB 8720 (stuffed). Type catalog: Paepke 1999:133 [ref. 24282]. Based in part on Labrus anthias Linnaeus 1758. On p. 86 of Bloch's Ichthyologie, v. 9 [ref. 21381]. •Synonym of Anthias anthias (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Tortonese 1973:356 [ref. 7192], Tortonese in Whitehead et al. 1986:781 [ref. 13676], Maugé 1990:707 [ref. 17126], Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:78 [ref. 26753], Anderson & Heemstra 2012:69 [ref. 31956], Parenti & Randall 2020:8 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Synonym of Anthias anthias (Linnaeus 1758). Anthiadidae. Habitat: marine.

sagamiensis, Zacallanthias Katayama [M.] 1964:28, Figs. 1-4 [Bulletin of the Faculty of Education Yamaguchi University v. 13 (pt 2) (1963); ref. 5620] Off Nagai, Kanagawa Prefecture, Japan, depth 66-75 meters. Holotype: LICPP 1325. Paratypes: LICPP 677 (1), 799 (1), 899 (1), 940 (1), 966 (1), 1205 (1), 1397 (1), 1472 (1), 1532 (1), 1644-1 (1), 1644-2 (1). Type catalog: Anderson 2018:33 [ref. 36146]. •Valid as Plectranthias sagamiensis (Katayama 1964) -- (Randall 1980:168 [ref. 6717], Katayama in Masuda et al. 1984:134 [ref. 6441], Randall 1996:121 [ref. 23194], Heemstra & Randall 1999:2470 [ref. 24815], Nakabo 2000:695 [ref. 25086], Nakabo 2002:695 [ref. 26001], Iwamoto & McCosker 2014:290 [ref. 33298], Allen & Walsh 2015:89 [ref. 33954], Gill et al. 2016:355 [ref. 34957], Okamoto & Motomura 2017:51 [ref. 35248], Anderson 2018:33 [ref. 36146], Gill & Psomadakis 2018:530 [ref. 36054], Wada et al. 2020:10 [ref. 37270], Parenti & Randall 2020:30 [ref. 37354], Shepherd et al. 2020:159 [ref. 37583], Gill et al. 2021:58 [ref. 38105], Koeda et al. 2021:[7] [ref. 38721]). Current status: Valid as Plectranthias sagamiensis (Katayama 1964). Anthiadidae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Philippines north to Japan. Habitat: marine.

salmopunctatus, Anthias Lubbock [R.] & Edwards [A. J.] 1981:139, Fig. 2 [Journal of Fish Biology v. 18 (no. 2); ref. 8578] Steep rock face with crevices, southwestern side of Belmonte Islet, Saint Paul's Rocks, mid-Atlantic Ridge, 0°55'N, 29°21'W. Holotype: MZUSP 14596. Paratypes: BMNH 1980.1.22.2 (1), SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 985 (1), SMF 15678 (1). Type catalog: Anderson 2018:12 [ref. 36146]. •Valid as Anthias salmopunctatus Lubbock & Edwards 1981 -- (Feitoza et al. 2003:68 [ref. 26943], Moura & Menezes in Menezes et al. 2003:75 [ref. 27192], Vaske et al. 2005:78 [ref. 36155], Luiz et al. 2007:1283 [ref. 29076]). •Valid as Choranthias salmopunctatus (Lubbock & Edwards 1981) -- (Anderson & Heemstra 2012:61 [ref. 31956], Heemstra & Anderson in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2386 [ref. 34618], Anderson 2018:12 [ref. 36146], Parenti & Randall 2020:11 [ref. 37354], Carvalho-Filho 2023:113 [ref. 40480]). Current status: Valid as Choranthias salmopunctatus (Lubbock & Edwards 1981). Anthiadidae. Distribution: Central Atlantic Ocean: Saint Paul's Rocks (Saint Peter and Saint Paul Archipelago). Habitat: marine.

sanguinea, Sacura Motomura [H.], Yoshida [T.] & Vilasri [V.] 2017:291, Figs. 1-2 [Zootaxa 4306 (no. 2); ref. 35530] Andaman Sea, Thailand, 09°56'N, 98°35'E. Holotype: THNHM-F 14852. Paratypes: KAUM. Type catalog: Anderson 2018:51 [ref. 36146]. •Valid as Sacura sanguinea Motomura, Yoshida & Vilasri 2017 -- (Gill & Psomadakis 2018:534 [ref. 36054], Anderson 2018:51 [ref. 36146], Psomadakis et al. 2020:398 [ref. 37272], Parenti & Randall 2020:43 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Valid as Sacura sanguinea Motomura, Yoshida & Vilasri 2017. Anthiadidae. Distribution: Northeastern Indian Ocean: Myanmar to Andaman Sea coast of Thailand. Habitat: marine.

satsumae, Sayonara Jordan [D. S.] & Seale [A.] 1906:145, Fig. 3 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 30 (no. 1445); ref. 2496] Yamagawa, near Kagoshima, Satsuma Province [Kagoshima Prefecture], Japan. Holotype (unique): CAS-SU 9259. Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:70 [ref. 12291]. •Valid as Sayonara satsumae Jordan & Seale 1906 -- (Paxton et al. 1989:507 [ref. 12442]). •Synonym of Plectranthias japonicus (Steindachner 1883) -- (Randall 1980:139 [ref. 6717], Shen & Lin 1984:20 [ref. 13822], Lee 1990:15 [ref. 19830], Choi et al. 2003:593 [ref. 26218], Parenti & Randall 2020:26 [ref. 37354], Gill et al. 2021:67 [ref. 38105]). Current status: Synonym of Plectranthias japonicus (Steindachner 1883). Anthiadidae. Habitat: marine.

schlegelii, Anthias Günther [A.] 1859:93 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 1; ref. 1961] Nagasaki, Japan. Holotype (unique): RMNH D 279. Type catalog: Anderson 2018:11 [ref. 36146]. Based on Caprodon of Temminck & Schlegel, 1843:64, Pl. 30 [ref. 4370] and Richardson 1846:235 [ref. 3742]. •Status uncertain -- (Anderson & Heemstra 2012:23 [ref. 31956]). •Valid as Caprodon schlegelii (Günther 1859) -- (Katayama in Masuda et al. 1984:134 [ref. 6441], Yamakawa in Okamura et al. 1985:473, 670 [ref. 8056], Paxton et al. 1989:504 [ref. 12442], Lee 1990:9 [ref. 19830] as schlegeli, Heemstra & Randall 1999:2469 [ref. 24815], Nakabo 2000:693 [ref. 25086], Randall in Randall & Lim 2000:609 [ref. 25122], Hutchins 2001:29 [ref. 25847], Shinohara et al. 2001:321 [ref. 25995], Nakabo 2002:693 [ref. 26001], Choi et al. 2003:309, 589 [ref. 26218] as schlegeli, Mundy 2005:340 [ref. 28379], Allen et al. 2006:984 [ref. 29078], Randall 2007:191 [ref. 30952], Fricke et al. 2011:383 [ref. 31242], Shinohara et al. 2011:48 [ref. 31715], Shinohara et al. 2014:259 [ref. 33330], Anderson 2018:11 [ref. 36146], Hoschke et al. 2019:155 [ref. 36626], Kim et al. 2020:113 [ref. 39118], Parenti & Randall 2020:11 [ref. 37354], Sonoyama et al. 2020:53 [ref. 37637], Koeda et al. 2021:6 [ref. 38857]). Current status: Valid as Caprodon schlegelii (Günther 1859). Anthiadidae. Distribution: Southeastern Indian Ocean, western Pacific, antitropical: Western Australia; eastern Australia to Chesterfield and Loyalty Islands (New Caledonia); Taiwan to southern Sea of Japan (Korea, Japan). Habitat: marine.

seaver, Luzonichthys Copus [J. M.], Ka'apu-Lyons [C. A.] & Pyle [R. L.] 2015:3, Fig. 1 [Biodiversity Data Journal 3.e4902; ref. 33771] Western Pacific Ocean, Micronesia, Caroline Islands, Senyavin (Pohnpei) Islands, southwest end of Ahnd (Ant) Atoll, depth 90-100 meters. Holotype: BPBM 41205. Paratypes: BPBM. Type catalog: Anderson 2018:19 [ref. 36146]. "For the Seaver family" was added by mistake; named Seaver (for the Seaver Institute for Marine Research), as a noun in apposition (email R. Pyle, 28 June 2015). •Valid as Luzonichthys seaver Copus, Ka'apu-Lyons & Pyle 2015 -- (Anderson 2018:19 [ref. 36146], Shepherd et al. 2019:24 [ref. 36755], Parenti & Randall 2020:18 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Valid as Luzonichthys seaver Copus, Ka'apu-Lyons & Pyle 2015. Anthiadidae. Distribution: Western Pacific Ocean: Caroline Islands (Federated States of Micronesia). Habitat: marine.

sebastoides, Serranus Castelnau [F. L.] 1861:3 [Mémoire sur les poissons de l'Afrique australe; ref. 767] Algoa Bay, 33°58'54"S, 25°41'42"E, South Africa, southwestern Indian Ocean [Algoa Bay and Simon's Bay = False Bay]. Neotype: SAIAB 85233. Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1984:48 [ref. 19232], Anderson 2018:6 [ref. 36146], Parenti & Randall 2020:7 [ref. 37354]. Original as sebastoïdes. Neotype selected by Heemstra 2010:64 [ref. 30720]; original 2 syntypes lost. •Valid as Acanthistius sebastoides (Castelnau 1861) -- (Heemstra & Randall 1986:510 [ref. 5667], Bianchi & Carpenter in Bianchi et al. 1993:155 [ref. 25472], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:159 [ref. 28072], Heemstra 2010:64 [ref. 30720], Anderson & Heemstra 2012:13 [ref. 31956], Anderson 2018:6 [ref. 36146], Parenti & Randall 2020:7 [ref. 37354], Heemstra & Heemstra 2022:89 [ref. 39746]). Current status: Valid as Acanthistius sebastoides (Castelnau 1861). Anthiadidae. Distribution: Southeastern Atlantic, southwestern Indian Ocean: Namibia south to Cape of Good Hope (South Africa), then north to Maputo (southern Mozambique). Habitat: marine.

sechurae, Holanthias Barton [O.] 1947:2, Fig. 2 [American Museum Novitates No. 1350; ref. 13079] Off Talara, Peru, depth 250 feet. Holotype: AMNH 17082. Paratypes: AMNH 17083 (1). •Valid as Anthias sechurae (Barton 1947) -- (Evseenko 1996:727 [ref. 24666]). •Synonym of Pronotogrammus multifasciatus Gill 1863 -- (Heemstra in Fischer et al. 1995:1612 [ref. 22830], McCosker et al. 1997:24 [ref. 22816], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:353 [ref. 24555], Anderson & Heemstra 2012:105 [ref. 31956], Parenti & Randall 2020:32 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Synonym of Pronotogrammus multifasciatus Gill 1863. Anthiadidae. Habitat: marine.

semicinctum, Plectropoma Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1833:442 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 9; ref. 1002] Juan Fernández Islands. Holotype (unique): MNHN 0000-7777. Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1984:21 [ref. 19232], Anderson 2018:16 [ref. 36146]. •Valid as Gilbertia semicincta (Valenciennes 1833) -- (Pequeño 1989:59 [ref. 14125]). •Valid as Plectropoma semicinctum Valenciennes 1833 -- (Anderson & Heemstra 1989:1010 [ref. 13526], Allen & Randall 1990:45 [ref. 15982]). •Valid as Hypoplectrodes semicinctum (Valenciennes 1833) -- (Pequeño & Lamilla 1996:26 [ref. 23035], Pequeño 1997:83 [ref. 23536], Rojas M. & Pequeño 1998:46 [ref. 23540], Rojas M. & Pequeño 1998:182 [ref. 23775], Anderson & Baldwin 2000:380 [ref. 24574], Pequeño & Sáez B. 2000:32 [ref. 24590], Pequeño & Lamilla 2000:434 [ref. 24906], Meléndez C. & Cornejo C. 2001:68 [ref. 26163], Dyer & Westneat 2010:605 [ref. 31446], McCosker & Rosenblatt 2010:191 [ref. 30957], Anderson & Heemstra 2012:31 [ref. 31956], Anderson 2018:16 [ref. 36146], Parenti & Randall 2020:15 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Valid as Hypoplectrodes semicinctum (Valenciennes 1833). Anthiadidae. Distribution: Southeastern Pacific: Juan Fernandez Islands, Desventuradas Islands (Chile); record from Easter Island probably erroneous. Habitat: marine.

serratospinosus, Giganthias White [W. T.] & Dharmadi [no initials] 2012:63, Figs. 1-3 [Zootaxa No. 3161; ref. 31746] Tanjung Luar fish landing site, Lombok, East Nusa Tenggara, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): MZB 20015. Type catalog: Anderson 2018:13 [ref. 36146]. •Valid as Giganthias serratospinosus White & Dharmadi 2012 -- (Anderson 2018:13 [ref. 36146], Parenti & Randall 2020:13 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Valid as Giganthias serratospinosus White & Dharmadi 2012. Anthiadidae. Distribution: Eastern Indian Ocean: Lombok (Indonesia). Habitat: marine.

serratum, Plectropoma Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1828:399 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 2; ref. 997] King George Sound, Western Australia. Holotype: MNHN 0000-7789. Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1984:22 [ref. 19232], Anderson 2018:7 [ref. 36146]. •Valid as Acanthistius serratus (Cuvier 1828) -- (Paxton et al. 1989:489 [ref. 12442], Gomon et al. 1994:530 [ref. 22532], Hutchins 2001:262 [ref. 25841], Hutchins 2001:29 [ref. 25847], Hoese & Bray 2006:1032 [ref. 29000], Roberts & Gomon 2008:537 [ref. 30641], Heemstra 2010:60 [ref. 30720], Anderson 2018:7 [ref. 36146], Hoschke et al. 2019:155 [ref. 36626], Parenti & Randall 2020:7 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Valid as Acanthistius serratus (Cuvier 1828). Anthiadidae. Distribution: Southeastern Indian Ocean: Western Australia, South Australia. Habitat: marine.

sheni, Plectranthias Chen [J.-P.] & Shao [K.-T.] 2002:64, Figs. 1-2 [Zoological Studies v. 41 (no. 1); ref. 25977] Chungchou fish market, Kaohsiung, southwestern Taiwan. Holotype: NTUM 03723. Paratypes: ASIZT 056173 (1); NTUM 06425 (1), 07006 (1), 08690 (1). Type catalog: Ho & Shao 2011:42 [ref. 31432], Anderson 2018:33 [ref. 36146]. •Valid as Plectranthias sheni Chen & Shao 2002 -- (Wu et al. 2011:253 [ref. 31227], Ho & Shao 2011:42 [ref. 31432], Allen & Walsh 2015:83 [ref. 33954], Anderson 2018:33 [ref. 36146], Wada et al. 2020:11 [ref. 37270], Parenti & Randall 2020:30 [ref. 37354], Tang et al. 2020:512 [ref. 37536], Matsumoto et al. 2022: 79 [ref. 39913]). Current status: Valid as Plectranthias sheni Chen & Shao 2002. Anthiadidae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Taiwan north to Japan. Habitat: marine.

sheni, Pseudanthias Randall [J. E.] & Allen [G. R.] 1989:74, Figs. 1-5 [Revue française d'Aquariologie Herpétologie v. 15 (no. 3) [for 1988]; ref. 13389] Northeastern end of Mermaid Reef, 17°02'S, 119°38'E, Rowley Shoals, Western Australia, depth 46 meters. Holotype: WAM P.29660-001. Paratypes: BMNH 1988.2.1.1 (1); BPBM 31983-86 (2, 1, 2, 2); CAS 62327 (1); USNM 292906 (1); WAM P.27668-001 (1). Type catalog: Hutchins & Smith 1991:20 [ref. 19335], Moore et al. 2008:20 [ref. 30117], Anderson 2018:46 [ref. 36146]. •Valid as Pseudanthias sheni Randall & Allen 1989 -- (Heemstra & Randall 1999:2470 [ref. 24815], Ida & Sakaue 2001:267 [ref. 25544], Randall & Pyle 2001:34 [ref. 25690], Hutchins 2001:262 [ref. 25841], Hutchins 2001:30 [ref. 25847], Randall 2005:145 [ref. 28239], Allen et al. 2006:994 [ref. 29078], Anderson 2018:46 [ref. 36146], Parenti & Randall 2020:40 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Valid as Pseudanthias sheni Randall & Allen 1989. Anthiadidae. Distribution: Eastern Indian Ocean: Western Australia (Rowley Shoals, Scott Reef). Habitat: marine.

signifer, Centristhmus Garman [S.] 1899:48, Pl. 69 (fig. 5) [Memoirs of the Museum of Comparative Zoology v. 24; ref. 1540] Off Panama Bay, vicinity of 7°40'00"N, 79°17'54"W. Lectotype: MCZ 28771. Paralectotypes: MCZ 166565 [ex MCZ 28771] (1), 28772(1): USNM 120402 [ex MCZ 28771] (1), 153596 [ex. MCZ 28772] (1). Type catalog: Anderson 2018:14 [ref. 36146]. Lectotype selected by Anderson & Heemstra 2012:56 [ref. 31956]. •Valid as Hemanthias signifer (Garman 1899) -- (Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:199 [ref. 9277], Baldwin 1990:936 [ref. 21029], Allen & Robertson 1994:110 [ref. 22193], Bussing & López S. 1994:96 [ref. 23101], Heemstra in Fischer et al. 1995:1598 [ref. 22830], De La Cruz Agüero et al. 1997:287 [ref. 24545], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:353 [ref. 24555], Anderson & Baldwin 2000:379 [ref. 24574], Thomson et al. 2000:77 [ref. 25640], Nelson et al. 2004:128 [ref. 27807], Love et al. 2005:111 [ref. 37547], Anderson & Heemstra 2012:55 [ref. 31956], Page et al. 2013:132 [ref. 32708], Kells et al. 2016:222 [ref. 35888], Robertson et al. 2017:84 [ref. 35676], Anderson 2018:14 [ref. 36146], Parenti & Randall 2020:13 [ref. 37354], Love et al. 2021:148 [ref. 39279], Siccha-Ramirez et al. 2023:318 [ref. 40816]). Current status: Valid as Hemanthias signifer (Garman 1899). Anthiadidae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific: southern California (U.S.A.) south to Peru, including Gulf of California (Mexico). Habitat: marine.

smithvanizi, Anthias (Mirolabrichthys) Randall [J. E.] & Lubbock [R.] 1981:9, Figs. 7, 8 [Contributions in Science (Los Angeles) No. 333; ref. 6912] Outer reef slope on western side, Alite Reef, off Malaita, Solomon Islands, depth 60 meters. Holotype: BPBM 15606. Paratypes: AMS I.18093-001 (2); ANSP 134016 (4), 134046-49 (4), 134050 (49); BPBM 9632 (3), 15592 (1), 15726 (2), 18389 (8), 18434 (1), 19269 (5 of 9), 19694 (5); BMNH 1976.9.30.12-15 (4); CAS 34718 [ex BPBM 19269] (4 of 9); LACM 35553-1 (8); USNM 215264 (4), 215964 (14); WAM P.25492-001 (4). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:156 [ref. 13621], Hutchins & Smith 1991:18 [ref. 19335], Moore et al. 2008:19 [ref. 30117], Anderson 2018:47 [ref. 36146]. •Valid as Mirolabrichthys smithvanizi (Randall & Lubbock 1981) -- (Katayama in Masuda et al. 1984:138 [ref. 6441]). •Valid as Anthias smithvanizi Randall & Lubbock 1981 -- (Allen & Starck 1982:53 [ref. 8518], Paxton et al. 1989:502 [ref. 12442]). •Valid as Pseudanthias smithvanizi (Randall & Lubbock 1981) -- (Randall et al. 1990:97 [ref. 15987], Allen 1997:90 [ref. 23977], Kuiter 1997:118 [ref. 25488], Randall et al. 1997:97 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:109 [ref. 23965], Heemstra & Randall 1999:2470 [ref. 24815], Allen 2000:87 [ref. 37268], Nakabo 2000:706 [ref. 25086], Randall in Randall & Lim 2000:611 [ref. 25122], Randall & Pyle 2001:34 [ref. 25690], Hutchins 2001:30 [ref. 25847], Nakabo 2002:706 [ref. 26001], Allen & Adrim 2003:32 [ref. 26830], Allen et al. 2006:995 [ref. 29078], Allen & Erdmann 2012:301 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2014:65 [ref. 33932], Anderson 2018:47 [ref. 36146], Fricke et al. 2019:125 [ref. 36673], Parenti & Randall 2020:40 [ref. 37354]). •Valid as Pyronotanthias smithvanizi (Randall & Lubbock 1981) -- (Gill 2022:58 [ref. 38980]). Current status: Valid as Pyronotanthias smithvanizi (Randall & Lubbock 1981). Anthiadidae. Distribution: Eastern Indian Ocean, western Pacific Pacific: Christmas Island and Cocos-Keeling Islands (Indian Ocean) east to Marshall and Phoenix islands, north to Ryukyu Islands, south to Queensland (Australia). Habitat: marine.

speciosa, Sacura Heemstra [P. C.] & Randall [J. E.] 1979:8, Pl. 3 [The J.L.B Smith Institute of Ichthyology Special Publication No. 20; ref. 6938] Manado Bay, Sulawesi, Indonesia, depth 150 meters. Holotype (unique): BPBM 22494. Type catalog: Anderson 2018:51 [ref. 36146]. •Valid as Sacura speciosa Heemstra & Randall 1979 -- (Heemstra & Randall 1999:2471 [ref. 24815], Motomura et al. 2017:295 [ref. 35530], Anderson 2018:51 [ref. 36146], Parenti & Randall 2020:43 [ref. 37354], Zajonz et al. 2020:507 [ref. 37997]). Current status: Valid as Sacura speciosa Heemstra & Randall 1979. Anthiadidae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Sulawesi (Indonesia). Habitat: marine.

squamipinnis, Serranus (Anthias) Peters [W. (C. H.)] 1855:429 [Bericht über die zur Bekanntmachung geeigneten Verhandlungen der Königlichen Preussischen Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Berlin 1855; ref. 3449] Mozambique, 15°S, western Indian Ocean. Holotype: ZMB 258. Type catalog: Anderson 2018:47 [ref. 36146]. Also described as new in Peters 1855:236 [ref. 13448]. •Valid as Franzia squamipinnis (Peters 1855) -- (Katayama in Masuda et al. 1984:136 [ref. 6441]). •Valid as Anthias squamipinnis (Peters 1855) -- (Allen & Starck 1982:52 [ref. 8518], Dor 1984:103 [ref. 29757], Heemstra & Randall 1986:512 [ref. 5667], Paxton et al. 1989:503 [ref. 12442], Winterbottom et al. 1989:27 [ref. 13251], Lee 1990:4 [ref. 19830]). •Valid as Pseudanthias squamipinnis (Peters 1855) -- (Randall et al. 1990:98 [ref. 15987], Kuiter 1993:139 [ref. 23929], Francis 1993:160 [ref. 25479], Goren & Dor 1994:28 [ref. 25356], Allen 1997:92 [ref. 23977], Kuiter 1997:114 [ref. 25488], Randall et al. 1997:98 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:109 [ref. 23965], Fricke 1999:208 [ref. 24106], Heemstra & Randall 1999:2470 [ref. 24815], Allen 2000:87 [ref. 37268], Nakabo 2000:701 [ref. 25086], Randall in Randall & Lim 2000:611 [ref. 25122], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:201 [ref. 25191], Allen 2000:98 [ref. 25868], Shinohara et al. 2000:177 [ref. 25987], Ida & Sakaue 2001:267 [ref. 25544], Randall & Pyle 2001:34 [ref. 25690], Hutchins 2001:263 [ref. 25841], Hutchins 2001:30 [ref. 25847], Nakabo 2002:701 [ref. 26001], Choi et al. 2003:310, 594 [ref. 26218], Allen & Adrim 2003:32 [ref. 26830], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S104 [ref. 27377], Kimura et al. in Kimura & Matsuura 2003:55 [ref. 27510], Randall et al. 2004:12 [ref. 27624], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:160 [ref. 28072], Randall 2005:146 [ref. 28239], Allen et al. 2006:995 [ref. 29078], Fricke et al. 2009:49 [ref. 30213], Motomura in Motomura & Satapoomin 2009:94 [ref. 30492], Motomura et al. 2010:101 [ref. 31256], Caratini & Soriano 2011:14 [ref. 39915], Fricke et al. 2011:387 [ref. 31242], Allen & Erdmann 2012:302 [ref. 31980], Heemstra & Akhilesh 2012:126, 156 [ref. 32094], Williams et al. 2013:179 [ref. 32703], Fricke et al. 2013:257 [ref. 32706], Fricke et al. 2014:65 [ref. 33932], Motomura et al. 2015:20 [ref. 34709], Koeda et al. 2016:29 [ref. 35333], Anderson 2018:47 [ref. 36146], Fricke et al. 2018:157 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:66 [ref. 36273], Eagderi et al. 2019:110 [ref. 37020], Fricke et al. 2019:125 [ref. 36673], Zajonz et al. 2019:69 [ref. 36871], Bariche & Fricke 2020:138 [ref. 37515], Kim et al. 2020:115 [ref. 39118], Parenti & Randall 2020:41 [ref. 37354], Sonoyama et al. 2020:56 [ref. 37637], Akhilesh et al. 2021:56 [ref. 38701], Durville et al. 2021:311 [ref. 38802], Dewa et al. 2022:17 [ref. 40001], Heemstra & Heemstra 2022:110 [ref. 39746], Murase et al. 2023:39 [ref. 40935]). Current status: Valid as Pseudanthias squamipinnis (Peters 1855). Anthiadidae. Distribution: Red Sea; Indo-West Pacific: KwaZulu-Natal, straying to Eastern Cape (South Africa), East Africa, Persian Gulf, Socotra (Yemen), Seychelles, Aldabra (Seychelles), Comoros, Madagascar, Agalega Islands (Mauritius) and western Mascarenes (La Réunion, Mauritius) east to Society Islands (French Polynesia), north to southern Korea and central Japan, south to Western Australia, New Caledonia, Lord Howe Island (Australia) and Tonga. Habitat: marine.

squirei, Rabaulichthys Randall [J. E.] & Walsh [F.] 2010:207, Figs. 1A-D [Memoirs of the Queensland Museum | Nature. v. 55 (no. 1); ref. 31598] Flinders Reef, north end, 17°24'01"S, 148°25'03"E, Coral Sea, depth 54 meters. Holotype: QM I.38237. Paratypes: BPBM 40978 (2); QM I.38420 (4), I.38441 (1); USNM 395918 (2); WAM P.33113-001 (2). Type catalog: Anderson 2018:50 [ref. 36146]. •Valid as Rabaulichthys squirei Randall & Walsh 2010 -- (Fricke et al. 2015:8 [ref. 33930], Anderson 2018:50 [ref. 36146], Parenti & Randall 2020:42 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Valid as Rabaulichthys squirei Randall & Walsh 2010. Anthiadidae. Distribution: Southwestern Pacific: Coral Sea off Queensland, Australia, and New Caledonia. Habitat: marine.

stepanenkoi, Pacificogramma Kharin [V. E.] 1983:116, Fig. [Izvestiia Tikhookeanskogo Nauchno-Issledovatel'skogo Instituta Rybnogo Khoziaistva i Okeanografii [Proceedings, Pacific Research Institute of Fisheries and Oceanography, TINRO, Moskva] v. 107; ref. 6258] Uncle Sam Bank, 24°54'N, 112°34'W, Baja California Sur, Mexico, depth 110-115 meters. Holotype: ZIN 45987. Paratypes: ZIN 45987a (2). •Synonym of Pronotogrammus multifasciatus Gill 1863 -- (Anderson & Rosenblatt 1989 [ref. 20111], Heemstra in Fischer et al. 1995:1612 [ref. 22830], Anderson & Heemstra 2012:99 [ref. 31956], Parenti & Randall 2020:32 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Synonym of Pronotogrammus multifasciatus Gill 1863. Anthiadidae. Habitat: marine.

stigmapteron, Emmelanthias Smith [J. L. B.] 1955:342, Fig. 2 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 12) v. 8 (no. 89) (art. 42); ref. 4097] Pekweni (33°25'S, 27°15'E), east of Port Alfred, South Africa, western Indian Ocean. Holotype (unique): SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 141. •Synonym of Nemanthias carberryi Smith 1954 -- (Heemstra & Randall 1986:514 [ref. 5667], Parenti & Randall 2020:20 [ref. 37354], Heemstra & Heemstra 2022:92 [ref. 39746]). Current status: Synonym of Nemanthias carberryi Smith 1954. Anthiadidae. Habitat: marine.

stigmaticus, Rabaulichthys Randall [J. E.] & Pyle [R. M.] 1989:2, Figs. 1-2 [The J.L.B Smith Institute of Ichthyology Special Publication No. 47; ref. 14121] East side of reef north of Bathala Island, Ari Atoll, Maldives, western Indian Ocean, depth 35 meters. Holotype: BPBM 32751. Paratypes: BPBM 32752 (1), SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 28149 (1), USNM 298470 (1). Type catalog: Anderson 2018:50 [ref. 36146]. •Valid as Rabaulichthys stigmaticus Randall & Pyle 1989 -- (Pethiyagoda 1994:15 [ref. 21458], Fricke 1999:208 [ref. 24106], Masuda & Randall 2001:77 [ref. 25247], Randall & Walsh 2010:205 [ref. 31598], Anderson 2018:50 [ref. 36146], Parenti & Randall 2020:43 [ref. 37354], Heemstra & Heemstra 2022:112 [ref. 39746]). Current status: Valid as Rabaulichthys stigmaticus Randall & Pyle 1989. Anthiadidae. Distribution: Indian Ocean: Madagascar, Mascarenes (Mauritius), Maldives, Sri Lanka. Habitat: marine.

suzukii, Rabaulichthys Masuda [H.] & Randall [J. E.] 2001:78, Figs. 1-4 [Ichthyological Research v. 48 (no. 1); ref. 25247] West coast of Izu Peninsula off Osezaki, Shizuoka Prefecture, Honshu, Japan, depth 5 meters. Holotype: NSMT-P 59400. Paratypes: BPBM 38715 (1), IOP 3585 (1). Type catalog: Anderson 2018:50 [ref. 36146]. •Valid as Rabaulichthys suzukii Masuda & Randall 2001 -- (Randall & Walsh 2010:205 [ref. 31598], Anderson 2018:50 [ref. 36146], Parenti & Randall 2020:43 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Valid as Rabaulichthys suzukii Masuda & Randall 2001. Anthiadidae. Distribution: Northwestern Pacific: Izu Peninsula (Japan). Habitat: marine.

taeniatus, Anthias (Pseudanthias) Klunzinger [C. B.] 1884:9, Pl. 3 (fig. 2) [Die Fische des Rothen Meeres; ref. 2625] Al-Qusair, Red Sea Governorate, Egypt, Red Sea. Lectotype: SMNS 3447. Type catalog: Fricke 1992:17-18 [ref. 20296] as syntypes; see his comment on lectotype designation; Fricke 2005:58 [ref. 29864], Anderson 2018:47 [ref. 36146]. Lectotype established by Dor 1984:104 [ref. 29757] (on Heemstra selection) if not designated earlier. •Valid as Anthias taeniatus Klunzinger 1884 -- (Dor 1984:104 [ref. 29757]). •Valid as Pseudanthias taeniatus (Klunzinger 1884) -- (Randall & Pyle 2001:34 [ref. 25690], Randall 2005:140 [ref. 28239], Heemstra & Akhilesh 2012:125, 158 [ref. 32094], DiBattista et al. 2015:19 [ref. 35706], Anderson 2018:47 [ref. 36146], Bogorodsky & Randall 2018:[4] 242 [ref. 36492], Golani & Fricke 2018:66 [ref. 36273], Parenti & Randall 2020:41 [ref. 37354], Akhilesh et al. 2021:56 [ref. 38701], Heemstra & Heemstra 2022:111 [ref. 39746]). Current status: Valid as Pseudanthias taeniatus (Klunzinger 1884). Anthiadidae. Distribution: Red Sea; northwestern Indian Ocean: Gulf of Aden. Habitat: marine.

taeniatus, Luzonichthys Randall [J. E.] & McCosker [J. E.] 1992:10, Pl. 1B, Fig. 3 [Indo-Pacific Fishes No. 21; ref. 20204] Kadola Island, 5°22'S, 127°46'E, Panyu Group, Lucipara Islands, Banda Sea, Indonesia, depth 40 meters. Holotype: BPBM 32336. Paratypes: BPBM 35037 (1), CAS 62527 (1), USNM 323627 (1). Type catalog: Anderson 2018:19 [ref. 36146]. •Valid as Luzonichthys taeniatus Randall & McCosker 1992 -- (Goren & Dor 1994:28 [ref. 25356], Heemstra & Randall 1999:2469 [ref. 24815], Allen & Adrim 2003:32 [ref. 26830], Allen & Erdmann 2012:287 [ref. 31980], Copus et al. 2015:2 [ref. 33771], Anderson 2018:19 [ref. 36146], Parenti & Randall 2020:18 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Valid as Luzonichthys taeniatus Randall & McCosker 1992. Anthiadidae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Banda Sea, Indonesia. Habitat: marine.

taira, Pseudanthias Schmidt [P. Yu.] 1931:37, Pl. 3 (fig. 2) [Transactions of the Pacific Committee of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR. v. 1; ref. 3937] Kominato, Amami-Oshima Island, Ryukyu Islands, Japan. Syntypes: ZIN 23235 (4). Type catalog: Anderson 2018:47 [ref. 36146]. Appeared as name only in Schmidt 1930:514 [ref. 18734]. •Valid as Pseudanthias taira Schmidt 1931 -- (Katayama in Masuda et al. 1984:137 [ref. 6441], Nakabo 2000:700 [ref. 25086], Nakabo 2002:700 [ref. 26001], Anderson 2018:47 [ref. 36146], Parenti & Randall 2020:41 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Valid as Pseudanthias taira Schmidt 1931. Anthiadidae. Distribution: Northwestern Pacific: Japan. Habitat: marine.

takasei, Plectranthias Gill [A. C.], Tea [Y.-K.] & Senou [H.] 2016:350, Figs. 1-5 [Zootaxa 4205 (no. 4); ref. 34957] Honshu, Sagami Bay, E of Izu Peninsula, Izu Oceanic Park, Japan, depth 52 meters. Holotype: KPM-NI 21068. Paratypes: KPMI-NI 21286. Type catalog: Anderson 2018:33 [ref. 36146]. •Valid as Plectranthias takasei Gill, Tea & Senou 2016 -- (Anderson 2018:33 [ref. 36146], Wada et al. 2020:10 [ref. 37270], Parenti & Randall 2020:30 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Valid as Plectranthias takasei Gill, Tea & Senou 2016. Anthiadidae. Distribution: Northwestern Pacific: Japan. Habitat: marine.

tapui, Holanthias Randall [J. E.], Maugé [A. L.] & Plessis [Y. B.] 1979:20, Fig. 3 [Japanese Journal of Ichthyology v. 26 (no. 1); ref. 8794] About 1/3 mile offshore from Vairao fringing reef, southern coast of Tahiti, Society Islands, depth 300 meters. Holotype: MNHN 1978-0459. Paratypes: BPBM 17345 (1), SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 4680 (1). Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1984:16 [ref. 19232], Anderson 2018:24 [ref. 36146]. •Valid as Holanthias tapui Randall, Maugé & Plessis 1979 -- (Heemstra & Randall 1999:2469 [ref. 24815]). •Valid as Odontanthias tapui (Randall, Maugé & Plessis 1979) -- (Randall & Heemstra 2006:22 [ref. 28602], White 2011:22 [ref. 31494], Anderson 2018:24 [ref. 36146], Parenti & Randall 2020:22 [ref. 37354], Zajonz et al. 2020:506 [ref. 37997]). Current status: Valid as Odontanthias tapui (Randall, Maugé & Plessis 1979). Anthiadidae. Distribution: South Pacific: Society Islands. Habitat: marine.

tasmanica, Lepidoperca Norman [J. R.] 1937:54, Fig. 2 [B. A. N. Z. Antarctic research expedition 1929-1931 v. 1 (pt 2); ref. 15294] Off eastern Tasmania, Australia. Holotype: BMNH 1937.9.21.13. Paratypes: BMNH 1937.9.21.15-24 (10). Type catalog: Anderson 2018:18 [ref. 36146]. •Valid as Lepidoperca tasmanica Norman 1937 -- (Paxton et al. 1989:506 [ref. 12442], Roberts 1989:574 [ref. 12486], Allen et al. 2006:988 [ref. 29078], Roberts & Gomon 2008:546 [ref. 30641], Roberts 2015:1196 [ref. 34193], Anderson 2018:18 [ref. 36146], Parenti & Randall 2020:17 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Valid as Lepidoperca tasmanica Norman 1937. Anthiadidae. Distribution: Southwestern Pacific: Tasmania (Australia) and New Zealand including offshore banks. Habitat: marine.

tautiranus, Anthias Curtiss [A.] 1938:85 [A short zoology of Tahiti in the Society islands; ref. 18057] Lagoon near Tautira, Tahiti, Society Islands. No types known. See also Curtiss 1944:26 [ref. 12574]. •Incertae sedis -- (Parenti & Randall 2020:128 [ref. 37354]). Anthiadidae. Habitat: marine.

taylori, Plectranthias Randall [J. E.] 1980:170, Fig. 26 [Micronesica v. 16 (no. 1); ref. 6717] Western side off distillation plant, Canton Island, Phoenix Islands, Kiribati, ca. 2°46'33''S 43°33'00''W, depth 183 meters. Holotype: BPBM 22489. Paratypes: USNM 219328 (1). Type catalog: Anderson 2018:33 [ref. 36146]. •Valid as Plectranthias taylori Randall 1980 -- (Randall 1996:116 [ref. 23194], Heemstra & Randall 1999:2470 [ref. 24815], Allen & Walsh 2015:83 [ref. 33954], Anderson 2018:33 [ref. 36146], Parenti & Randall 2020:30 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Valid as Plectranthias taylori Randall 1980. Anthiadidae. Distribution: Central Pacific: Phoenix Islands (Kiribati). Habitat: marine.

tenuis, Anthias Nichols [J. T.] 1920:60 [Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington v. 33; ref. 3173] Bermuda. Holotype: AMNH 7310. Paratypes: AMNH 7311 (1). Type catalog: Anderson 2018:12 [ref. 36146]. •Valid as Anthias tenuis Nichols 1920 -- (Bullock & Godcharles 1982:53 [ref. 39762], Baldwin 1990:936 [ref. 21029], Bullock & Smith 1991:15 [ref. 36591], Cervigón 1991:373 [ref. 24472], Cervigón 1992:424 [ref. 23827], Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:204 [ref. 25013], Heemstra et al. 2003:1332 [ref. 27060], Nelson et al. 2004:126 [ref. 27807], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:130 [ref. 28815]). •Valid as Choranthias tenuis (Nicols 1920) -- (Anderson & Heemstra 2012:63 [ref. 31956], Page et al. 2013:131 [ref. 32708], Smith-Vaniz & Collette 2013:171 [ref. 32953], Anderson 2018:12 [ref. 36146], Parenti & Randall 2020:12 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Valid as Choranthias tenuis (Nichols 1920). Anthiadidae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: Bermuda and North Carolina (U.S.A.) southward, including Gulf of Mexico and Caribbean Sea. Habitat: marine.

tequila, Pseudanthias Gill [A. C.], Tea [Y.-K.] & Senou [H.] 2017:68, Figs. 1-3, 4A-B, 5-6 [Zootaxa 4341 (no. 1); ref. 35653] Japan, Ogasawara Islands, Chichi-jima Islands, Ototo-jima Island, depth 40 meters. Holotype: KPM-NI 3759. Paratypes: KPM-NI. Type catalog: Anderson 2018:47 [ref. 36146]. •Valid as Pseudanthias tequila Gill, Tea & Senou 2017 -- (Anderson 2018:47 [ref. 36146], Parenti & Randall 2020:41 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Valid as Pseudanthias tequila Gill, Tea & Senou 2017. Anthiadidae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Ogasawara Islands, Mariana Islands. Habitat: marine.

theresae, Anthias Curtiss [A.] 1938:90 [A short zoology of Tahiti in the Society islands; ref. 18057] Lagoon near Tautira, Tahiti, Society Islands. No types known. •Incertae sedis -- (Parenti & Randall 2020:128 [ref. 37354]). Anthiadidae. Habitat: marine.

thompsoni, Caesioperca Fowler [H. W.] 1923:379 [Occasional Papers of the Bernice Pauahi Bishop Museum of Polynesian Ethnology and Natural History v. 8 (no. 7); ref. 1398] Honolulu, Oahu Island, Hawaiian Islands. Holotype (unique): BPBM 3376. Type catalog: Anderson 2018:48 [ref. 36146]. •Valid as Pseudanthias thompsoni (Fowler 1923) -- (Randall & Pyle 2001:34 [ref. 25690], Mundy 2005:344 [ref. 28379], Randall 2007:195 [ref. 30952], Anderson 2018:48 [ref. 36146], Parenti & Randall 2020:41 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Valid as Pseudanthias thompsoni (Fowler 1923). Anthiadidae. Distribution: Western and central Pacific: Ogasawara Islands, Hawaiian Islands. Habitat: marine.

timanoa, Pseudanthias Victor [B. C.], Teitelbaum [A.] & Randall [J. E.] 2020:8, Figs. 1-8 [Journal of the Ocean Science Foundation v. 36; ref. 37807] Mbere Reef, Grande Terre, New Caledonia, France, -22.3526°, 166.2362°. Holotype: MNHN 2020-0175. Paratypes: BPBM 41379 (6), CAS 247237 (9), SIO 20-17 (5). •Valid as Pyronotanthias timanoa (Victor, Teitelbaum & Randall 2020) -- (Gill 2022:58 [ref. 38980], Anderson 2022:574 [ref. 39757]). Current status: Valid as Pyronotanthias timanoa (Victor, Teitelbaum & Randall 2020). Anthiadidae. Distribution: Southwest Pacific: Grande Terre (New Caledonia) endemic. Habitat: marine.

tonsor, Serranus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1828:262 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 2; ref. 997] Brazil. No types known. Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1984:48 [ref. 19232]. •Unidentifiable -- (Anderson & Heemstra 1980:85 [ref. 5434]). Parenti & Randall 2020:130 [ref. 37354] Anthiadidae. Habitat: marine.

townsendi, Anthias Boulenger [G. A.] 1897:420 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 6) v. 20 (no. 119) (art. 49); ref. 14628] Mekran coast, Iran. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1897.9.22.1. Type catalog: Anderson 2018:48 [ref. 36146]. •Valid as Pseudanthias townsendi (Boulenger 1897) -- (Randall 1995:124 [ref. 22896], Carpenter et al. 1997:146 [ref. 23922], Randall & Pyle 2001:34 [ref. 25690], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S104 [ref. 27377], Heemstra & Akhilesh 2012:125, 159 [ref. 32094], Psomadakis et al. 2015:202 [ref. 34104], Anderson 2018:48 [ref. 36146], Eagderi et al. 2019:110 [ref. 37020], Zajonz et al. 2019:69 [ref. 36871], Parenti & Randall 2020:41 [ref. 37354], Akhilesh et al. 2021:56 [ref. 38701], Heemstra & Heemstra 2022:111 [ref. 39746]). Current status: Valid as Pseudanthias townsendi (Boulenger 1897). Anthiadidae. Distribution: Western Indian Ocean: Socotra (Yemen), Gulf of Oman, Persian Gulf, Arabian Sea. Habitat: marine.

truncatus, Anthias (Pseudanthias) Katayama [M.] & Masuda [H.] 1983:142, Figs. 1-3 [Japanese Journal of Ichthyology v. 30 (no. 2); ref. 8327] Zamami Island, Kerama Islands, Okinawa, Japan, depth 18 meters. Holotype: NSMT-P 21793. Paratypes: NSMT-P 21794-95 (1, 1), 21796-803 (8, 1 ea.). •Valid as Pseudanthias truncatus (Katayama & Masuda 1983) -- (Katayama in Masuda et al. 1984:137 [ref. 6441]). •Valid as Anthias truncatus Katayama & Masuda 1983 -- (Shen et al. 1986:66 [ref. 13818], Paxton et al. 1989:503 [ref. 12442], Lee 1990:8 [ref. 19830]). •Synonym of Pseudanthias hypselosoma Bleeker 1877 -- (Randall et al. 1990:94 [ref. 15987], Heemstra & Randall 1999:2470 [ref. 24815], Randall in Randall & Lim 2000:610 [ref. 25122], Randall & Pyle 2001:34 [ref. 25690], Randall 2005:142 [ref. 28239], Parenti & Randall 2020:37 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Synonym of Pseudanthias hypselosoma Bleeker 1877. Anthiadidae. Habitat: marine.

tuhara, Anthias Curtiss [A.] 1938:86 [A short zoology of Tahiti in the Society islands; ref. 18057] Lagoon near Tautira, Tahiti, Society Islands. No types known. See also Curtiss 1944:26 [ref. 12574]. •Incertae sedis -- (Parenti & Randall 2020:128 [ref. 37354]). •Synonym of Lutjanus gibbus (Forsskål 1775) -- (R. Fricke, pers. comm., 19 Apr. 2020). Anthiadidae. Habitat: marine.

tuka, Mirolabrichthys Herre [A. W. C. T.] & Montalban [H. R.] in Herre 1927:413, Pl. 1 [Philippine Journal of Science v. 32 (no. 3); ref. 2102] Maricaban Island, Philippines. Holotype: BSMP (apparently destroyed). Paratypes: BSMP (3) apparently destroyed. •Valid as Anthias tuka (Herre & Montalban 1927) -- (Allen & Starck 1982:53 [ref. 8518], Paxton et al. 1989:503 [ref. 12442]). •Valid as Pseudanthias tuka (Herre & Montalban 1927) -- (Randall et al. 1990:98 [ref. 15987], Allen 1997:92 [ref. 23977], Kuiter 1997:118 [ref. 25488], Randall et al. 1997:98 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:109 [ref. 23965], Heemstra & Randall 1999:2470 [ref. 24815], Randall in Randall & Lim 2000:611 [ref. 25122], Allen 2000:98 [ref. 25868], Randall & Pyle 2001:34 [ref. 25690], Hutchins 2001:263 [ref. 25841], Hutchins 2001:30 [ref. 25847], Allen & Adrim 2003:32 [ref. 26830], Randall 2005:144 [ref. 28239], Allen et al. 2006:995 [ref. 29078], Shao et al. 2008:248 [ref. 29952], Allen & Erdmann 2012:302 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2014:65 [ref. 33932], Anderson 2018:48 [ref. 36146], Fricke et al. 2019:126 [ref. 36673], Parenti & Randall 2020:42 [ref. 37354]). •Valid as Mirolabrichthys tuka Herre & Montalban 1927 -- (Heemstra 1973:208 [ref. 55], Gill 2022:52 [ref. 38980]). Current status: Valid as Mirolabrichthys tuka Herre & Montalban 1927. Anthiadidae. Distribution: Southeastern Indian Ocean, western Pacific: Indonesia east to Philippines and Solomon Islands, north to southern Japan, south to northern Australia. Habitat: marine.

ui, Mustelichthys Tanaka [S.] 1917:198 [Dobutsugaku Zasshi = Zoological Magazine Tokyo v. 29 (no. 345); ref. 4330] Tanabe, Wakayama Prefecture, Japan. Holotype (unique): ZUMT 9957. •Synonym of Tosana niwae Smith & Pope 1906 -- (Parenti & Randall 2020:45 [ref. 37354], Gill et al. 2021:63 [ref. 38405] with question). Current status: Synonym of Tosana niwae Smith & Pope 1906. Anthiadidae. Habitat: marine.

unicolor, Caprodon Katayama [M.] 1975:13, Fig. 1 [Japanese Journal of Ichthyology v. 22 (no. 1); ref. 7432] Midway Island, northern Pacific, 28°55'N, 179°38'W, depth 170 meters. Holotype: NSMT-P 18221. Paratypes: Katayama's Fish Coll. 5516 (2, apparently lost). Type catalog: Anderson 2018:11 [ref. 36146]. •Synonym of Caprodon longimanus (Günther 1859) -- (Mundy 2005:340 [ref. 28379]). •Status uncertain -- (Anderson & Heemstra 2012:23 [ref. 31956]). •Valid as Caprodon unicolor Katayama 1975 -- (Randall 2007:190 [ref. 30952], Anderson 2018:11 [ref. 36146], Parenti & Randall 2020:11 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Valid as Caprodon unicolor Katayama 1975. Anthiadidae. Distribution: Central Pacific: off Hawaiian Archiplago (Midway, Pearl and Hermes Reefs, O'ahu), Habitat: marine.

unimaculatus, Anthias Tanaka [S.] 1917:199 [Dobutsugaku Zasshi = Zoological Magazine Tokyo v. 29 (no. 345); ref. 4330] Tanabe, Wakayama Prefecture, Japan. Holotype (unique): apparently lost, not specimen now in ZUMT 9961. Species described as above in Japanese, later illustrated and described in more detail in English and Japanese in Tanaka 1922:588, Pl. 145 (fig. 403) [ref. 4334]. •Valid as Holanthias unimaculatus (Tanaka 1917) -- (Heemstra & Randall 1999:2469 [ref. 24815], Nakabo 2000:699 [ref. 25086], Randall in Randall & Lim 2000:610 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2002:699 [ref. 26001]). •Valid as Odontanthias unimaculatus (Tanaka 1917) -- (Katayama in Masuda et al. 1984:134 [ref. 6441], Yamakawa in Okamura et al. 1985:467, 667 [ref. 8056], Kao & Lin 1986:78 [ref. 39481], Lee 1990:12 [ref. 19830], Randall & Heemstra 2006:23 [ref. 28602], White 2011:22 [ref. 31494], Motomura et al. 2017:90 [ref. 35490], Anderson 2018:24 [ref. 36146], Parenti & Randall 2020:22 [ref. 37354], Zajonz et al. 2020:507 [ref. 37997], Hashimoto et al. 2021:9 [ref. 38766], Matsumoto et al. 2022: 77 [ref. 39913]). Current status: Valid as Odontanthias unimaculatus (Tanaka 1917). Anthiadidae. Distribution: Northwestern Pacific: eastern Indonesia, Philippines, Taiwan, and Japan. Habitat: marine.

unimarginatus, Pseudanthias Randall [J. E.] 2011:82, Pl. 2A, B [Smithiana, Publications in Aquatic Biodiversity, Bulletin No. 13; ref. 31328] West coast, reef about 2 miles north of Flic en Flac, Mauritius, depth 53 meters. Holotype (unique): BPBM 22924. Type catalog: Anderson 2018:48 [ref. 36146]. •Valid as Pseudanthias unimarginatus Randall 2011 -- (Heemstra & Akhilesh 2012:126, 161 [ref. 32094], Anderson 2018:48 [ref. 36146], Parenti & Randall 2020:42 [ref. 37354], Heemstra & Heemstra 2022:112 [ref. 39746]). •Valid as Pyronotanthias unimarginatus (Randall 2011) -- (Gill 2022:58 [ref. 38980]). Current status: Valid as Pyronotanthias unimarginatus (Randall 2011). Anthiadidae. Distribution: Western Indian Ocean: KwaZulu-Natal (South Africa); Mascarenes (Mauritius). Habitat: marine.

venator, Pseudanthias Snyder [J. O.] 1911:529 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 40 (no. 1836); ref. 4152] Kagoshima, Japan. Holotype: USNM 68230. Type catalog: Anderson 2018:49 [ref. 36146]. •Valid as Pseudanthias venator Snyder 1911 -- (Randall & Hutomo 1988:671 [ref. 6679], Nakabo 2000:703 [ref. 25086], Randall & Pyle 2001:34 [ref. 25690], Nakabo 2002:703 [ref. 26001], Anderson 2018:49 [ref. 36146], Parenti & Randall 2020:42 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Valid as Pseudanthias venator Snyder 1911. Anthiadidae. Distribution: Northwestern Pacific: Japan. Habitat: marine.

ventralis, Anthias (Pseudanthias) ventralis Randall [J. E.] 1979:12, Fig. 7 [Contributions in Science (Los Angeles) No. 302; ref. 12314] Patch reef on northern side off Gannet Ridge, Pitcairn Island, depth 40-44 meters. Holotype: BPBM 16883. Paratypes: BMNH 1976.3.25.1 (1); BPBM 13530 (8), 19895 (1); LACM 35586-1 (1); USNM 215289 (1). Type catalog: Anderson 2018:49 [ref. 36146]. See status notes under Anthias (P.) ventralis hawaiiensis. •Valid as Anthias ventralis Randall 1979 -- (Allen & Starck 1982:54 [ref. 8518], Paxton et al. 1989:503 [ref. 12442]). •Valid as Pseudanthias ventralis (Randall 1979), subspecies ventralis (Randall 1979) -- (Nakabo 2000:700 [ref. 25086], Nakabo 2002:700 [ref. 26001], Myers & Donaldson 2003:620 [ref. 27495], Randall et al. 2004:12 [ref. 27624], Randall 2005:146 [ref. 28239], Allen et al. 2006:995 [ref. 29078], Fujiwara et al. 2020:33 [ref. 38631]). •Valid as Pseudanthias ventralis (Randall 1979) -- (Randall et al. 1990:99 [ref. 15987], Senou & Suzuki 1993:2 [ref. 24322], Allen 1997:92 [ref. 23977], Randall et al. 1997:99 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:109 [ref. 23965], Heemstra & Randall 1999:2470 [ref. 24815], Randall 1999:12 [ref. 25829], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:202 [ref. 25191], Randall & Pyle 2001:34 [ref. 25690], Lobel & Lobel 2004:70 [ref. 27576], Fricke et al. 2011:387 [ref. 31242], Anderson 2018:49 [ref. 36146], Parenti & Randall 2020:42 [ref. 37354], Shepherd et al. 2021:9 [ref. 38559]). Current status: Valid as Pseudanthias ventralis (Randall 1979). Anthiadidae. Distribution: Western and central Pacific: Mariana Ids, Marshall Ids, Kahoshima Prefecture (southern Japan), Ogasawara Islands, Great Barrier Reef, New Caledonia, Tuamotu Archipelago, Pitcairn Group. Habitat: marine.

vexillarius, Plectranthias Randall [J. E.] 1980:173, Fig. 27 [Micronesica v. 16 (no. 1); ref. 6717] Gulf of Oman (23°43'-46'N, 58°23'E), depth 49-63 meters. Holotype (unique): USNM 213545. Type catalog: Anderson 2018:34 [ref. 36146]. •Valid as Plectranthias vexillarius Randall 1980 -- (Randall 1995:123 [ref. 22896], Randall 1996:121 [ref. 23194], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S104 [ref. 27377], Heemstra & Randall 2009:14 [ref. 30535], Bineesh et al. 2014:494 [ref. 33319], Anderson 2018:34 [ref. 36146], Parenti & Randall 2020:30 [ref. 37354], Heemstra & Heemstra 2022:100 [ref. 39746]). Current status: Valid as Plectranthias vexillarius Randall 1980. Anthiadidae. Distribution: Northwestern Indian Ocean: Gulf of Oman endemic. Habitat: marine.

vivanus, Anthias Jordan [D. S.] & Swain [J.] 1885:544 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 7 (no. 465); ref. 10649] Snapper banks off Pensacola, Florida, U.S.A. (stomach content). Holotype (unique): USNM 36942. Type catalog: Anderson 2018:10 [ref. 36146]. •Valid as Hemanthias vivanus (Jordan & Swain 1885) -- (Robins & Ray 1986:145 [ref. 23100], Scott & Scott 1988:364 [ref. 25518], McAllister 1990:139 [ref. 14674], Baldwin 1990:920 [ref. 21029], Bullock & Smith 1991:22 [ref. 36591], Cervigón 1991:370 [ref. 24472], Boschung 1992:107 [ref. 23239], Cervigón 1992:425 [ref. 23827], Heemstra et al. 2003:1351 [ref. 27060], Moore et al. 2003:225 [ref. 27076], Moura & Menezes in Menezes et al. 2003:76 [ref. 27192] dated 1884, Nelson et al. 2004:128 [ref. 27807], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:155 [ref. 28815]). •Valid as Baldwinella vivanus (Jordan & Swain 1885) -- (Anderson & Heemstra 2012:114 [ref. 31956], Page et al. 2013:131 [ref. 32708], Lins Oliveira et al. 2015:146 [ref. 37485], Anderson 2018:10 [ref. 36146], Parenti & Randall 2020:10 [ref. 37354], Robertson et al. 2020:162 [ref. 38098], Carvalho-Filho 2023:113 [ref. 40480]). Current status: Valid as Baldwinella vivanus (Jordan & Swain 1885). Anthiadidae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: Delaware (U.S.A.) and Bahamas south to southern Brazil, including Gulf of Mexico and Caribbean Sea. Habitat: marine.

vizagensis, Pseudanthias Krishna [N. M.], Rao [V. G.] & Venu [D.] 2017:213, Figs. 1A-E, 2 [Journal of Experimental Zoology of India v. 20 (no. 1); ref. 35669] Off Visakhapatnam, Andhra Pradesh, India (17°10'N, 18°10'E [in error 83°10'E ?]), depth 180 meters. Holotype: not defined. Syntypes (44). Type catalog: Anderson 2018:49 [ref. 36146]. Authors list 44 specimens as holotype. This is incorrect. We treat one specimen as a holotype, but no description is available. Holotype is at the Department of Marine Living Resources Museum, Andhra University, Visakhapatnam and Andhra Pradesh, India. •Possible a synonym of Pseudanthias pillai Heemstra & Akhilesh 2012 -- (Gill & Psomadakis 2018:528 [ref. 36054]). •Valid as Pseudanthias vizagensis Krishna, Rao & Venu 2017 -- (Anderson 2018:49 [ref. 36146]). •Synonym of Pseudanthias pillai Heemstra & Akhilesh 2012 -- (Akhilesh et al. 2020:137 [ref. 37976], Parenti & Randall 2020:39 [ref. 37354], Anderson 2022:573 [ref. 39757]). Current status: Synonym of Pseudanthias pillai Heemstra & Akhilesh 2012. Anthiadidae. Habitat: marine.

waitei, Mirolabrichthys Fowler [H. W.] 1931:228, Fig. 16 [Bulletin of the United States National Museum No. 100, v. 11; ref. 1407] Port Maricaban, Luzon Island, Philippines. Holotype: USNM 89997. Paratypes: (32) USNM 323542 (8 or 7), 329439 (1). Type catalog: Anderson 2018:19 [ref. 36146]. Randall & McCosker 1992:14 [ref. 20204] designated a lectotype, but the figure, which is labeled as type, is identifiable from its size and must be considered the holotype. •Valid as Luzonichthys waitei (Fowler 1931) -- (Allen & Starck 1982:55 [ref. 8518], Paxton et al. 1989:506 [ref. 12442], Katayama & Masuda 1990 [ref. 20454], Randall et al. 1990:90 [ref. 15987], Randall & McCosker 1992:14 [ref. 20204], Allen 1997:92 [ref. 23977], Kuiter 1997:118 [ref. 25488], Randall et al. 1997:90 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:106 [ref. 23965], Heemstra & Randall 1999:2469 [ref. 24815], Allen 2000:87 [ref. 37268], Nakabo 2000:692 [ref. 25086], Randall in Randall & Lim 2000:610 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2002:692 [ref. 26001], Allen & Adrim 2003:32 [ref. 26830], Randall 2005:137 [ref. 28239], Allen et al. 2006:988 [ref. 29078], Fricke et al. 2011:385 [ref. 31242], Allen & Erdmann 2012:287 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2014:63 [ref. 33932], Copus et al. 2015:2 [ref. 33771], Anderson 2018:19 [ref. 36146], Shepherd et al. 2019:24 [ref. 36755], Parenti & Randall 2020:18 [ref. 37354], Durville et al. 2021:311 [ref. 38802], Heemstra & Heemstra 2022:90 [ref. 39746], Mulochau et al. 2022:267 [ref. 39073]). Current status: Valid as Luzonichthys waitei (Fowler 1931). Anthiadidae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Seychelles, Aldabra (Seychelles), Saint Brandons Shoals (Cargados Carajos), Agalega Islands (Mauritius), western Mascarenes (La Pérouse Seamount and La Réunion) and Chagos Archipelago east to Philippines and Papua New Guinea, north to Japan, south to northern Australia and Solomon Islands. Habitat: marine.

waitei, Naurua Whitley [G. P.] & Colefax [A. N.] 1938:290, Fig. 1 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 63 (pts 3-4) (nos. 277-278); ref. 4736] Nauru, Gilbert Islands. Holotype: AMS I.6680. Paratypes: AMS I.21031-001 [ex AMS I.6680, not 21032-001] (7). Subjectively invalid; secondarily preoccupied by Mirolabrichthys waitei when both are in Luzonichthys; replaced by Naurua whitleyi Smith 1955. •Synonym of Luzonichthys whitleyi (Smith 1955) -- (Randall & McCosker 1992:15 [ref. 20204], Parenti & Randall 2020:18 [ref. 37354]). 2°Homonym. Current status: Synonym of Luzonichthys whitleyi (Smith 1955). Anthiadidae. Habitat: marine.

wassi, Odontanthias Randall [J. E.] & Heemstra [P. C.] 2006:24, Figs. 1M, 6, 10, Pl. VIC [Indo-Pacific Fishes No. 38; ref. 28602] Ofu Island, off village, American Samoa, depth about 100 meters. Holotype (unique): BPBM 39373. Type catalog: Anderson 2018:24 [ref. 36146]. •Valid as Odontanthias wassi Randall & Heemstra 2006 -- (White 2011:22 [ref. 31494], Anderson 2018:24 [ref. 36146], Parenti & Randall 2020:22 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Valid as Odontanthias wassi Randall & Heemstra 2006. Anthiadidae. Distribution: Southwestern Pacific: American Samoa. Habitat: marine.

wheeleri, Plectranthias Randall [J. E.] 1980:175, Figs. 28-29 [Micronesica v. 16 (no. 1); ref. 6717] Manado Bay, Sulawesi, Indonesia, depth 100 meters. Holotype: BPBM 22401. Paratypes: BMNH 1890.2.26.28 (1). Type catalog: Anderson 2018:34 [ref. 36146]. •Valid as Plectranthias wheeleri Randall 1980 -- (Allen & Swainston 1988:54 [ref. 25477], Paxton et al. 1989:507 [ref. 12442], Lee 1990:18 [ref. 19830], Randall 1996:119 [ref. 23194], Allen 1997:82 [ref. 23977], Heemstra & Randall 1999:2470 [ref. 24815], Randall in Randall & Lim 2000:610 [ref. 25122], Hutchins 2001:30 [ref. 25847], Chen & Shao 2002:64 [ref. 25977], Allen & Adrim 2003:32 [ref. 26830], Allen et al. 2006:991 [ref. 29078], Fricke et al. 2011:386 [ref. 31242], Wu et al. 2011:253 [ref. 31227], Allen & Walsh 2015:83 [ref. 33954], Anderson 2018:34 [ref. 36146], Wada et al. 2018:278 [ref. 36335], Wada et al. 2020:11 [ref. 37270], Parenti & Randall 2020:30 [ref. 37354], Gill et al. 2021:87 [ref. 38105], Matsumoto et al. 2022: 81 [ref. 39913]). Current status: Valid as Plectranthias wheeleri Randall 1980. Anthiadidae. Distribution: Eastern Indian Ocean, western Pacific: Indonesia north to Taiwan and Japan, south to New Caledonia. Habitat: marine.

whiteheadi, Plectranthias Randall [J. E.] 1980:179, Fig. 30 [Micronesica v. 16 (no. 1); ref. 6717] Banda Sea, 5-6°S, 132-133°E, Kai Islands, Indonesia, depth 236 meters. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1975.1.14.1. Type catalog: Anderson 2018:34 [ref. 36146]. •Valid as Plectranthias whiteheadi Randall 1980 -- (Lee 1990:19 [ref. 19830], Randall 1996:118 [ref. 23194], Heemstra & Randall 1999:2470 [ref. 24815], Randall in Randall & Lim 2000:610 [ref. 25122], Chen & Shao 2002:64 [ref. 25977], Ho & Shao 2011: 42 [ref. 31432], Wu et al. 2011:253 [ref. 31227], Allen & Walsh 2015:83 [ref. 33954], Anderson 2018:34 [ref. 36146], Parenti & Randall 2020:30 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Valid as Plectranthias whiteheadi Randall 1980. Anthiadidae. Distribution: Eastern Indian Ocean, western Pacific: Kai Islands (Maluku, Indonesia); Taiwan. Habitat: marine.

whitleyi, Naurua Smith [J. L. B.] 1955:345 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 12) v. 8 (no. 89) (art. 42); ref. 4097] Nauru, Gilbert Islands, Kiribati. Holotype: AMS I.6680. Paratypes: AMS I.21031-001 [ex AMS I.6680, not 21032-001] (7). Type catalog: Anderson 2018:20 [ref. 36146]. Replacement name for Naurua waitei Whitley & Colefax 1938, secondarily preoccupied in Luzonichthys by Mirolabrichthys waitei Fowler 1931. •Valid as Luzonichthys whitleyi (Smith 1955) -- (Randall & McCosker 1992:15 [ref. 20204], Myers 1999:106 [ref. 23965], Heemstra & Randall 1999:2469 [ref. 24815], Senou & Morishita 2003:2 [ref. 27350], Randall 2005:137 [ref. 28239], Allen & Erdmann 2012:287 [ref. 31980], Copus et al. 2015:2 [ref. 33771], Anderson 2018:20 [ref. 36146], Parenti & Randall 2020:18 [ref. 37354]). Replacement Name. Current status: Valid as Luzonichthys whitleyi (Smith 1955). Anthiadidae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Christmas Island (Indian Ocean), Loyalty Islands, east to Caroline, Phoenix and Line Islands. Habitat: marine.

williamsi, Luzonichthys Randall [J. E.] & McCosker [J. E.] 1992:17, Pl. 2D, Fig. 4 [Indo-Pacific Fishes No. 21; ref. 20204] Bagaat Islet, 20°37'18"S, 166°16'08"E, Ouvéa Atoll, Loyalty Islands, depth 21.5 meters. Holotype: USNM 322225. Paratypes: BPBM 35038 (1), MNHN 1992-0942 (1). Type catalog: Anderson 2018:20 [ref. 36146]. •Valid as Luzonichthys williamsi Randall & McCosker 1992 -- (Heemstra & Randall 1999:2469 [ref. 24815], Randall 2005:137 [ref. 28239], Fricke et al. 2011:385 [ref. 31242], Copus et al. 2015:2 [ref. 33771], Anderson 2018:20 [ref. 36146], Parenti & Randall 2020:19 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Valid as Luzonichthys williamsi Randall & McCosker 1992. Anthiadidae. Distribution: Southwestern Pacific: Loyalty Islands (New Caledonia). Habitat: marine.

wilsoni, Ellerkeldia Allen [G. R.] & Moyer [J. T.] 1980:329, Figs. 1-2 [Japanese Journal of Ichthyology v. 26 (no. 4); ref. 6925] Off Dunsborough, Geographe Bay, Western Australia, about 33°35'S, 115°08'E, depth 16 meters. Holotype: WAM P.26531-010. Paratypes: AMS I.20233-010 (4); WAM P.26531-011 (2), P.26532-001 (5), P.26533-001 (1). Type catalog: Hutchins & Smith 1991:18 [ref. 19335], Moore et al. 2008:19 [ref. 30117], Anderson 2018:16 [ref. 36146]. •Valid as Ellerkeldia wilsoni Allen & Moyer 1980 -- (Paxton et al. 1989:505 [ref. 12442]). •Valid as Hypoplectrodes wilsoni (Allen & Moyer 1980) -- (Gomon et al. 1994:540 [ref. 22532], Kuiter 1997:112 [ref. 25488], Hutchins 2001:262 [ref. 25841], Hutchins 2001:30 [ref. 25847], Allen et al. 2006:987 [ref. 29078], Roberts & Gomon 2008:545 [ref. 30641], Anderson 2018:16 [ref. 36146], Hoschke et al. 2019:155 [ref. 36626], Parenti & Randall 2020:15 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Valid as Hypoplectrodes wilsoni (Allen & Moyer 1980). Anthiadidae. Distribution: Southeastern Indian Ocean: Western Australia endemic. Habitat: marine.

winniensis, Pteranthias Tyler [J. C.] 1966:2, Fig. 1 [Notulae Naturae (Philadelphia) No. 389; ref. 9084] Saint Joseph Atoll, Amirante Group, Seychelles, western Indian Ocean, 5°26'S, 53°22'E, depth 50-90 feet [15-27 meters]. Holotype (unique): ANSP 103583. Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:156 [ref. 13621], Anderson 2018:34 [ref. 36146]. •Valid as Plectranthias winniensis (Tyler 1966) -- (Randall 1980:182 [ref. 6717], Dor 1984:104 [ref. 29757], Heemstra & Randall 1986:515 [ref. 5667], Paxton et al. 1989:507 [ref. 12442], Randall et al. 1990:91 [ref. 15987], Goren & Dor 1994:28 [ref. 25356], Randall 1996:120 [ref. 23194], Heemstra 1997:144 [ref. 23064], Randall et al. 1997:91 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:106 [ref. 23965], Fricke 1999:203 [ref. 24106], Heemstra & Randall 1999:2470 [ref. 24815], Randall 1999:12 [ref. 25829], Lobel & Lobel 2004:70 [ref. 27576], Randall et al. 2004:12 [ref. 27624], Randall 2005:139 [ref. 28239], Mundy 2005:342 [ref. 28379], Allen et al. 2006:991 [ref. 29078], Randall 2007:193 [ref. 30952], Heemstra & Randall 2009:15 [ref. 30535], Fricke et al. 2011:386 [ref. 31242], Allen & Erdmann 2012:289 [ref. 31980], Williams et al. 2013:172 [ref. 32703], Bineesh et al. 2014:496 [ref. 33319], Fricke et al. 2014:63 [ref. 33932], Allen & Walsh 2015:83 [ref. 33954], Anderson 2018:34 [ref. 36146], Golani & Fricke 2018:65 [ref. 36273], Shepherd et al. 2018:112 [ref. 35955], Parenti & Randall 2020:31 [ref. 37354], Wada et al. 2020:10 [ref. 37270], Shepherd et al. 2020:159 [ref. 37583], Akhilesh et al. 2021:54 [ref. 38701], Durville et al. 2021:311 [ref. 38802], Gill et al. 2021:103 [ref. 38105], Heemstra & Heemstra 2022:100 [ref. 39746], Mulochau et al. 2022:267 [ref. 39073]). Current status: Valid as Plectranthias winniensis (Tyler 1966). Anthiadidae. Distribution: Red Sea; Indo-West Pacific: Aliwal Shoal and KwaZulu-Natal (South Africa), East Africa, Seychelles, Comoros, Madagascar, Mascarenes (La Réunion, Mauritius, Rodrigues) east to Hawaiian Islands (U.S.A.) and Tuamotu Archipelago (French Polynesia), north to southern Japan, south to Great Barrier Reef (Queensland, Australia), New Caledonia and Tonga. Habitat: marine.

woodsi, Anthias Anderson [W. D., Jr.] & Heemstra [P. C.] 1980:74, Figs. 1-2 [Copeia 1980 (no. 1); ref. 5434] Off Dry Tortugas, Florida, U.S.A., 24°23'N, 83°22'W, depth 347 meters. Holotype: FMNH 70709. Paratypes: FMNH 70710 (1), 83708 (1); GMBL 76-245 (1); UF 201781 [ex UMML 1781] (1), 230332-37 [ex UMML 30332-37] (1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1); USNM 218882 (1). Type catalog: Ibarra & Stewart 1987:9 [ref. 12367], Anderson 2018:9 [ref. 36146]. •Valid as Anthias woodsi Anderson & Heemstra 1980 -- (Katayama & Amaoka 1986:218 [ref. 6680], Baldwin 1990:929 [ref. 21029], Anderson & Baldwin 2000:372 [ref. 24574], Heemstra et al. 2003:1333 [ref. 27060], Nelson et al. 2004:126 [ref. 27807], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:131 [ref. 28815], Anderson & Heemstra 2012:84 [ref. 31956], Page et al. 2013:131 [ref. 32708], Anderson et al. 2017:75 [ref. 35505], Anderson 2018:9 [ref. 36146], Parenti & Randall 2020:9 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Valid as Anthias woodsi Anderson & Heemstra 1980. Anthiadidae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: North Carolina to Florida (U.S.A.); possibly north to Virginia (U.S.A.). Habitat: marine.

xanthomaculatus, Anthias Fourmanoir [P.] & Rivaton [J.] 1979:414, Fig. 8 [Cahiers de l'Indo-Pacifique v. 1 (no. 4); ref. 8833] Bulari Pass, south of Nouméa, New Caledonia, depth 200 meters. Holotype (unique): MNHN 1978-0477. Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1984:10 [ref. 19232], Anderson 2018:49 [ref. 36146]. •Valid as Pseudanthias xanthomaculatus (Fourmanoir & Rivaton 1979) -- (Heemstra & Randall 1999:2470 [ref. 24815], Randall & Pyle 2001:34 [ref. 25690], Fricke et al. 2011:387 [ref. 31242], Anderson 2018:49 [ref. 36146]). •Valid as Odontanthias xanthomaculatus (Fourmanoir & Rivaton 1979) -- (Gill & Russell 2019:182 [ref. 36578], Parenti & Randall 2020:22 [ref. 37354], Zajonz et al. 2020:505 [ref. 37997], Anderson 2022:569 [ref. 39757], Gill & Tang 2022:146 [ref. 39826]). Current status: Valid as Odontanthias xanthomaculatus (Fourmanoir & Rivaton 1979). Anthiadidae. Distribution: Southwestern Pacific: southern Coral Sea and northern Tasman Sea. Habitat: marine.

xanthomaculatus, Plectranthias Wu [K.-Y.], Randall [J. E.] & Chen [J.-P.] 2011:250, Fig. 2 [Zoological Studies v. 50 (no. 2); ref. 31227] Hsing-Ta Harbor, Kaohsiung, southwestern Taiwan, 22°42.64'N, 119°51.70'E, depth 200-223 meters. Holotype (unique): NMMST P01302. Type catalog: Anderson 2018:34 [ref. 36146]. •Valid as Plectranthias xanthomaculatus Wu, Randall & Chen 2011 -- (Allen & Walsh 2015:83 [ref. 33954], Gill et al. 2016:355 [ref. 34957], Okamoto & Motomura 2017:48 [ref. 35248], Anderson 2018:34 [ref. 36146], Wada et al. 2020:11 [ref. 37270], Parenti & Randall 2020:31 [ref. 37354]). •Possibly a synonym of Plectranthias lasti Randall & Hoese 1995 -- (Gill et al. 2021:72 [ref. 38105]). Current status: Valid as Plectranthias xanthomaculatus Wu, Randall & Chen 2011. Anthiadidae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Taiwan and Ryukyu Islands (Japan). Habitat: marine.

yamakawai, Plectranthias Yoshino [T.] 1972:53, Figs. 1B, 3 [Japanese Journal of Ichthyology v. 19 (no. 2); ref. 7659] Okinawa Island, Ryukyu Islands, Japan. Holotype: FAKU 44565. Paratypes: FAKU 44566-68 (3), Yamakawa's coll. 6978 (1), 6980 (1). Type catalog: Anderson 2018:34 [ref. 36146]. •Valid as Plectranthias yamakawai Yoshino 1972 -- (Randall 1980:184 [ref. 6717], Katayama in Masuda et al. 1984:134 [ref. 6441], Lee 1990:19 [ref. 19830], Randall 1996:118 [ref. 23194], Nakabo 2000:695 [ref. 25086], Randall in Randall & Lim 2000:610 [ref. 25122], Chen & Shao 2002:64 [ref. 25977], Nakabo 2002:695 [ref. 26001], Motomura et al. 2010:99 [ref. 31256], Wu et al. 2011:253 [ref. 31227], Allen & Walsh 2015:83 [ref. 33954], Okamoto & Motomura 2017:51 [ref. 35248], Anderson 2018:34 [ref. 36146], Wada et al. 2020:11 [ref. 37270], Parenti & Randall 2020:31 [ref. 37354], Gill et al. 2021:72 [ref. 38105], Cababe-Barnuevo et al. 2022:300 [ref. 39847]). Current status: Valid as Plectranthias yamakawai Yoshino 1972. Anthiadidae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Philippines and Taiwan north to Japan; Samoa. Habitat: marine.


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