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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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Species in the family or subfamily Astroblepidae: [ 84 ] records


acostai, Astroblepus Ardila Rodríguez [C. A.] 2011:6, Figs. 3b, 4, 6b, 7b, 8, 9b, 10a [Universidad Metropolitana de Barranquilla; ref. 32731] Departamento de Códoba, Minicipio de Tierralta, Quebrada Tuis Tuis, parte alta del río Sinú, elevation 260 meters. Holotype: CAR 437. Paratypes: CAR 433 (5), ICNMHN 17843 (2). •Valid as Astroblepus acostai Ardila Rodríguez 2011 -- (Ardila Rodríguez 2012: [5] [ref. 32734], Ardila Rodríguez 2014:10 [ref. 33721], Ardila Rodríguez 2015:132 [ref. 34163], Ardila Rodríguez 2015:3 [ref. 34412], Ardila Rodríguez 2016:8 [ref. 34889], DoNascimiento et al. 2017:74 [ref. 35633]). Current status: Valid as Astroblepus acostai Ardila Rodríguez 2011. Astroblepidae. Distribution: Caribbean drainage, Colombia. Habitat: freshwater.

ardiladuartei, Astroblepus Ardila Rodríguez [C. A.] 2015:129, Figs. 2C, 3C [Revista de la Asociación Colombiana de Ciencias Biológicas v. 27 (no. 1); ref. 34163] Quebrada Sucia, afluente del río Suratá, Municipio de Suratá, Departamento de Santander, Colombia. Holotype: CAR680. Paratypes: CAR, IAvH. Type catalog: DoNascimiento et al. 2016:408 [ref. 34787]. •Valid as Astroblepus ardiladuartei Ardila Rodríguez 2015 -- (Ardila Rodríguez 2016:8 [ref. 34889], DoNascimiento et al. 2017:74 [ref. 35633]). Current status: Valid as Astroblepus ardiladuartei Ardila Rodríguez 2015. Astroblepidae. Distribution: Río Suratá, Municipio de Suratá, Departamento de Santander, Colombia. Habitat: freshwater.

ardilai, Astroblepus Ardila Rodríguez [C. A.] 2012:[3], Fig. 1, 3A, 4A, 5A, 6A, 7A, 13 [Peces del Departamento de Santander - Colombia. No. 5; ref. 32734] Departmento de Santander, municipio de Floridabanca, quebrada Los Palmitos, afluente de la quebrada La Ruitoca, cuenca alta del Río Lebrija, Colombia, elevation 925 meters. Holotype: CAR 619. Paratypes: CAS; ICNMHN 18326 (4); IMCN. Type catalog: Mojica & Agudelo-Zamora 2018:27 [ref. 36127]. •Valid as Astroblepus ardilai Ardila Rodríguez 2012 -- (Ardila Rodríguez 2014:10 [ref. 33721], Ardila Rodríguez 2014:6 [ref. 33776], Ardila Rodríguez 2015:3 [ref. 34412], DoNascimiento et al. 2017:74 [ref. 35633]). Current status: Valid as Astroblepus ardilai Ardila Rodríguez 2012. Astroblepidae. Distribution: Colombia. Habitat: freshwater.

bellezaensis, Astroblepus Ardila Rodríguez [C. A.] 2015:125, Figs. 2A, 3A [Revista de la Asociación Colombiana de Ciencias Biológicas v. 27 (no. 1); ref. 34163] Quebrada La Quitaz, vereda Cachipayal, Municipio La Belleza, Departamento de Santander, Colombia. Holotype: CAR 625. Paratypes: CAR, IAvH. Type catalog: DoNascimiento et al. 2016:408 [ref. 34787]. •Valid as Astroblepus bellezaensis Ardila Rodríguez 2015 -- (Ardila Rodríguez 2016:8 [ref. 34889], DoNascimiento et al. 2017:74 [ref. 35633]). Current status: Valid as Astroblepus bellezaensis Ardila Rodríguez 2015. Astroblepidae. Distribution: Vereda Cachipayal, Municipio La Belleza, Departamento de Santander, Colombia. Habitat: freshwater.

boulengeri, Arges Regan [C. T.] 1904:310 [Transactions of the Zoological Society of London v. 17 (pt 3, no. 1); ref. 3621] Canelos, eastern Ecuador. Syntypes: (3) BMNH 1890.6.13.12-13 (2). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:63 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Astroblepus boulengeri (Regan 1904) -- (Ovchynnyk 1967:37 [ref. 37559], Burgess 1989:448 [ref. 12860], Schaefer in Reis et al. 2003:313 [ref. 27061], Ferraris 2007:63 [ref. 29155], Barriga Salazar 2014:111 [ref. 35745]). Current status: Valid as Astroblepus boulengeri (Regan 1904). Astroblepidae. Distribution: South America: upper Amazon River basin (Ecuador). Habitat: freshwater.

brachycephalus, Arges Günther [A.] 1859:92 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1859 (pt 1); ref. 18209] Andes of western Ecuador. Syntypes: BMNH 1858.7.25.37-40 (4) Guayaquil. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:63 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Astroblepus brachycephalus (Günther 1859) -- (Schaefer in Reis et al. 2003:313 [ref. 27061], Ferraris 2007:63 [ref. 29155], Barriga Salazar 2014:111 [ref. 35745], Jiménez-Prado et al. 2015:242 [ref. 34894]). Current status: Valid as Astroblepus brachycephalus (Günther 1859). Astroblepidae. Distribution: Coastal Pacific drainages of Ecuador. Habitat: freshwater.

cacharas, Astroblepus Ardila Rodríguez [C. A.] 2011:25, Figs. 2-8 [Dahlia (Revista de la Asociación Colombiana de Ictiólogos, ACICTIOS). v. 11; ref. 31411] Municipio de Cáchira, Quebrada La Escolta, Sector La Escolta, afluente de la parte alta del Río Cáchira, 7°44'47"N, 73°03'04'W, Departamento de Norte de Santander, Colombia. Holotype: CAR 460. Paratypes: CAR 430 (26), 431 (51); CAR 420 (3); CIUA 1971 (3); ICNHN NI 17367 (5). •Valid as Astroblepus cacharas Ardila Rodríguez 2011 -- (Ardila Rodríguez 2014:10 [ref. 33721], Ardila Rodríguez 2015:132 [ref. 34163], Ardila Rodríguez 2015:3 [ref. 34412], Ardila Rodríguez 2016:8 [ref. 34889], DoNascimiento et al. 2017:74 [ref. 35633]). Current status: Valid as Astroblepus cacharas Ardila Rodríguez 2011. Astroblepidae. Distribution: Magdalena River basin, Colombia. Habitat: freshwater.

cajamarcaensis, Astroblepus Ardila Rodríguez [C. A.] 2013:9, Fig. 7 [Universidad Metropolitana de Barranquilla; ref. 33722] Departamento de Cajamarca. Caserío Toldopata, río Grande, Perú, elevation 3282 meters. Holotype: MUSM 46923. Paratypes: CAR, MUSM. •Valid as Astroblepus cajamarcaensis Ardila Rodríquez 2013 -- (Ardila Rodríguez 2014:3 [ref. 33721] with parentheses around author, Ardila Rodríguez 2014:5 [ref. 33776]). Current status: Valid as Astroblepus cajamarcaensis Ardila Rodríguez 2013. Astroblepidae. Distribution: Andes of Peru. Habitat: freshwater.

caquetae, Astroblepus Fowler [H. W.] 1943:246, Figs. 23-25 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 95; ref. 1443] Río Orteguasa, Florencia, Caquetá, Colombia. Holotype: ANSP 70506. Paratypes: ANSP 70507-08 (2). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:22 [ref. 13621], Ferraris 2007:63 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Astroblepus caquetae Fowler 1943 -- (Burgess 1989:448 [ref. 12860], Schaefer in Reis et al. 2003:313 [ref. 27061], Ferraris 2007:63 [ref. 29155], Ardila Rodríguez 2012:[5] [ref. 32734], Ardila Rodríguez 2014:5 [ref. 33776], Barriga Salazar 2014:111 [ref. 35745], Ardila Rodríguez 2015:3 [ref. 34412], DoNascimiento et al. 2017:74 [ref. 35633]). Current status: Valid as Astroblepus caquetae Fowler 1943. Astroblepidae. Distribution: Upper Amazon River basin, Colombia and Ecuador. Habitat: freshwater.

chapmani, Cyclopium Eigenmann [C. H.] 1912:13 [Indiana University Studies No. 16 [sic No. 8]; ref. 1228] Boquia, Colombia. Holotype: FMNH 56071 [ex CM 4863]. Paratypes: (5, CM and IU) CAS 64658 [ex IU 12708a-c] (3), FMNH 50672 (2). Type catalog: Henn 1928:82 [ref. 12305], Ibarra & Stewart 1987:30 [ref. 12367], Ferraris 2007:63 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Astroblepus chapmani (Eigenmann 1912) -- (Burgess 1989:448 [ref. 12860], Schaefer in Reis et al. 2003:313 [ref. 27061], Ferraris 2007:63 [ref. 29155], Ardila Rodríguez 2011:32 [ref. 31411], Ardila Rodríguez 2014:10 [ref. 33721], Ardila Rodríguez 2015:133 [ref. 34163], Ardila Rodríguez 2015:3 [ref. 34412], Ardila Rodríguez 2016:9 [ref. 34889], DoNascimiento et al. 2017:74 [ref. 35633]). Current status: Valid as Astroblepus chapmani (Eigenmann 1912). Astroblepidae. Distribution: Magdalena River basin, Colombia. Habitat: freshwater.

chimborazoi, Cyclopium Fowler [H. W.] 1915:241, Fig. 11 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 67; ref. 1392] Junction of Chanchan and Chiguancay rivers, Chimborazo, Ecuador. Holotype (unique): ANSP 43523. Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:22 [ref. 13621], Ferraris 2007:63 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Astroblepus chimborazoi (Fowler 1915) -- (Schaefer in Reis et al. 2003:313 [ref. 27061], Ferraris 2007:63 [ref. 29155], Barriga Salazar 2014:111 [ref. 35745], Jiménez-Prado et al. 2015:244 [ref. 34894]). Current status: Valid as Astroblepus chimborazoi (Fowler 1915). Astroblepidae. Distribution: Pacific coastal drainages of Ecuador. Habitat: freshwater.

chinchaoensis, Astroblepus Ardila Rodríguez [C. A.] 2014:6, Fig. 7 [Universidad Metropolitana de Barranquilla; ref. 33721] Departamento de Huánuco. Provincia Huánuco, Distrito Chinchao. Quebrada Saria, Perú, elevation 1100 meters. Holotype: MUSM 46924. Paratypes: CAR, MUSM. •Valid as Astroblepus chinchaoensis Ardila Rodríguez 2014. Current status: Valid as Astroblepus chinchaoensis Ardila Rodríguez 2014. Astroblepidae. Distribution: Andes of Peru. Habitat: freshwater.

chotae, Arges Regan [C. T.] 1904:313, Pl. 21 (fig. 5) [Transactions of the Zoological Society of London v. 17 (pt 3, no. 1); ref. 3621] Chota Valley, northern Ecuador. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1898.11.4.22. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:63 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Astroblepus chotae (Regan 1904) -- (Ovchynnyk 1967:37 [ref. 37559], Burgess 1989:448 [ref. 12860], Galvis et al. 1997:98 [ref. 23651], Schaefer in Reis et al. 2003:313 [ref. 27061], Ferraris 2007:63 [ref. 29155], Barriga Salazar 2014:111 [ref. 35745], Ardila Rodríguez 2015:3 [ref. 34412], Jiménez-Prado et al. 2015:246 [ref. 34894], DoNascimiento et al. 2017:74 [ref. 35633]). Current status: Valid as Astroblepus chotae (Regan 1904). Astroblepidae. Distribution: South America: Colombia, Ecuador, Peru and Venezuela. Habitat: freshwater.

cirratus, Arges Regan [C. T.] 1912:670 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1912 (pt 3) (art. 36); ref. 14862] Río Condoto, Río San Juan, Colombia. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1912.3.2.7. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:64 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Astroblepus cirratus (Regan 1912) -- (Schaefer in Reis et al. 2003:313 [ref. 27061], Ferraris 2007:64 [ref. 29155], Ardila Rodríguez 2011:32 [ref. 31411], Ardila Rodríguez 2014:10 [ref. 33721], Ardila Rodríguez 2015:133 [ref. 34163], Ardila Rodríguez 2015:3 [ref. 34412], Ardila Rodríguez 2016:9 [ref. 34889], DoNascimiento et al. 2017:74 [ref. 35633]). Current status: Valid as Astroblepus cirratus (Regan 1912). Astroblepidae. Distribution: Pacific coastal drainage, San Juan River basin, Colombia. Habitat: freshwater.

curitiensis, Astroblepus Ardila Rodríguez [C. A.] 2015:8, Figs. 3C, 4, 6 [Barranquilla, Departamento del Atlántico No. 7; ref. 34412] Departamento de Santander, Quebrada Curití, Sector Pescaderito, Cuenca río Fonce, Colombia, elevation 1441 meters. Holotype: CAR 540. Paratypes: CAR, ICNMHN, MBUCV, MPUJ. •Valid as Astroblepus curitiensis Ardila Rodríguez 2015 -- (DoNascimiento et al. 2017:74 [ref. 35633]). Current status: Valid as Astroblepus curitiensis Ardila Rodríguez 2015. Astroblepidae. Distribution: Colombia. Habitat: freshwater.

cyclopum, Pimelodus Humboldt [F. H. A. von] 1805:24, Pl. 6 [Voyage de Humboldt et Bonpland v. 1 (Title page 1811); ref. 21426] Subterranean waters in Andes of Quito (basin of Río Esmeraldas), Ecuador. No types known. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:64 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Astroblepus cyclopus (Humboldt 1805) -- (Ovchynnyk 1967:37 [ref. 37559], Burgess 1989:448 [ref. 12860], Nico 2001:142 [ref. 25828], Román-Valencia 2001:657 [ref. 27072], Schaefer in Reis et al. 2003:313 [ref. 27061], Ferraris 2007:64 [ref. 29155], Barriga Salazar 2014:111 [ref. 35745], Ardila Rodríguez 2015:133 [ref. 34163], Ardila Rodríguez 2015:3 [ref. 34412], Jiménez-Prado et al. 2015:248 [ref. 34894], Ardila Rodríguez 2016:9 [ref. 34889], see DoNascimiento et al. 2017:[16] [ref. 35679]). Current status: Valid as Astroblepus cyclopus (Humboldt 1805). Astroblepidae. Distribution: South America: Ecuador and ?Colombia. Habitat: freshwater.

dux, Astroblepus Posada [A.] 1909:295 [Los peces del norte de Colombia; ref. 5005] Medellin, Colombia. No types known. Originally genus Asteroblepus. •Not treated in Reis et al. 2003. Current status: Valid as Astroblepus dux Posada 1909. Astroblepidae. Habitat: freshwater.

eigenmanni, Arges Regan [C. T.] 1904:312, Pl. 21 (fig. 3) [Transactions of the Zoological Society of London v. 17 (pt 3, no. 1); ref. 3621] Ecuador. Syntypes: (several) BMNH 1892.5.14.1-8 (now 7) Cayambe. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:64 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Astroblepus eigenmanni (Regan 1904) -- (Schaefer in Reis et al. 2003:313 [ref. 27061], Ferraris 2007:64 [ref. 29155], Barriga Salazar 2014:111 [ref. 35745], Jiménez-Prado et al. 2015:250 [ref. 34894]). Current status: Valid as Astroblepus eigenmanni (Regan 1904). Astroblepidae. Distribution: Pacific coastal drainages of Ecuador. Habitat: freshwater.

festae, Arges Boulenger [G. A.] 1898:9 [Bollettino dei Musei di Zoologia ed Anatomia Comparata della R. Università di Torino v. 13 (no. 329); ref. 14677] Gualaquiza Valley, eastern Ecuador. Syntypes: BMNH 1898.11.4.23-29 (7); MZUT 1486 (1), 1497 (3). Type catalog: Tortonese 1940:138 [ref. 21559], Ferraris 2007:64 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Astroblepus festae (Boulenger 1898) -- (Ovchynnyk 1967:37 [ref. 37559], Burgess 1989:449 [ref. 12860], Schaefer in Reis et al. 2003:313 [ref. 27061], Ferraris 2007:64 [ref. 29155], Barriga Salazar 2014:111 [ref. 35745]). Current status: Valid as Astroblepus festae (Boulenger 1898). Astroblepidae. Distribution: South America: upper Marañón River basin (southern Ecuador). Habitat: freshwater.

fissidens, Arges Regan [C. T.] 1904:316 [Transactions of the Zoological Society of London v. 17 (pt 3, no. 1); ref. 3621] Andes of Ecuador. Syntypes: BMNH 1887.1.7.2 (1), 1889.2.1.4397 (1). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:64 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Astroblepus fissidens (Regan 1904) -- (Ovchynnyk 1967:37 [ref. 37559], Burgess 1989:449 [ref. 12860], Schaefer in Reis et al. 2003:313 [ref. 27061], Ferraris 2007:64 [ref. 29155], Barriga Salazar 2014:111 [ref. 35745], Jiménez-Prado et al. 2015:252 [ref. 34894]). Current status: Valid as Astroblepus fissidens (Regan 1904). Astroblepidae. Distribution: South America: Andes of Ecuador. Habitat: freshwater.

floridablancaensis, Astroblepus Ardila Rodríguez [C. A.] 2016:4, Figs. 1, 3-6 [Peces del Departamento de Santander - Colombia. no. 8; ref. 34888] Departamento de Santander, quebrada Guayanas, afluente del río Aranzoque, Cuenca alta del río Lebrija, vereda Guayanas, municipio de Floridablanca, Colombia, altitude 925 meters. Holotype: CAR 660. Paratypes: CAR, IAvH. •Valid as Astroblepus floridablancaensis Ardila Rodríguez 2016 -- (DoNascimiento et al. 2017:74 [ref. 35633]). Current status: Valid as Astroblepus floridablancaensis Ardila Rodríguez 2016. Astroblepidae. Distribution: Colombia. Habitat: freshwater.

floridaensis, Astroblepus Ardila Rodríguez [C. A.] 2013:6, Fig. 6.1 [Universidad Metropolitana de Barranquilla; ref. 33722] Departamento del Amazonas, Bongará, Jazan, Pedro Ruíz, CCA del río Utcubamba, río a la Florida (Quebrada Florida), a 500 metros de la confluencia con el río Utcubamba, Perú, elevation 1000 meters. Holotype: MUSM 46916. Paratypes: CAR, MUSM. •Valid as Astroblepus floridaensis Ardila Rodríguez 2013 -- (Ardila Rodríguez 2014:3 [ref. 33721] with parentheses around author, Ardila Rodríguez 2014:5 [ref. 33776]). Current status: Valid as Astroblepus floridaensis Ardila Rodríguez 2013. Astroblepidae. Distribution: Andes of Peru. Habitat: freshwater.

formosus, Astroblepus Fowler [H. W.] 1945:10, Figs. 1-2 [Notulae Naturae (Philadelphia) No. 159; ref. 13141] Río Ucayali basin, near Tarma, Acobamba, Peru, elevation 2900 meters. Holotype: ANSP 71647. Paratypes: ANSP 71650-69 (20). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:22 [ref. 13621], Ferraris 2007:64 [ref. 29155]. •Status uncertain -- (Burgess 1989:449 [ref. 12860]). •Valid as Astroblepus formosus Fowler 1945 -- (Ortega & Vari 1986:18 [ref. 9708], Schaefer in Reis et al. 2003:313 [ref. 27061], Ferraris 2007:64 [ref. 29155], Ardila Rodríguez 2014:3 [ref. 33721] with parentheses around author). Current status: Valid as Astroblepus formosus Fowler 1945. Astroblepidae. Distribution: Upper Ucayali River basin, Peru. Habitat: freshwater.

frenatus, Astroblepus Eigenmann [C. H.] 1918:676 [Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society v. 56 (no. 7); ref. 12304] Quebrada de San Joaquín, Santander, Colombia. Holotype: FMNH 58384 [ex CM 7380]. Type catalog: Henn 1928:82 [ref. 12305], Ibarra & Stewart 1987:11 [ref. 12367], Ferraris 2007:64 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Astroblepus frenatus Eigenmann 1918 -- (Burgess 1989:449 [ref. 12860], Galvis et al. 1997:99 [ref. 23651], Schaefer in Reis et al. 2003:313 [ref. 27061], Ferraris 2007:64 [ref. 29155], Ardila Rodríguez 2011:31 [ref. 31411], Ardila Rodríguez 2012:[5] [ref. 32734], Ardila Rodríguez 2014:10 [ref. 33721], Ardila Rodríguez 2015:132 [ref. 34163], Ardila Rodríguez 2015:3 [ref. 34412], Ardila Rodríguez 2016:9 [ref. 34889], DoNascimiento et al. 2017:74 [ref. 35633]). Current status: Valid as Astroblepus frenatus Eigenmann 1918. Astroblepidae. Distribution: Magdalena River basin, Colombia. Habitat: freshwater.

grixalvii, Astroblepus Humboldt [F. H. A. von] 1805:19, Pl. 7 [Voyage de Humboldt et Bonpland, Deuxième partie v. 1; ref. 2278] Río Palacé, near Popayan, Magdalena River drainage, southwestern Colombia. No types known. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:64 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Astroblepus grixalvii Humboldt 1805 -- (Ovchynnyk 1967:37 [ref. 37559], Ortega & Vari 1986:18 [ref. 9708], Burgess 1989:449 [ref. 12860], Nico 2001:147 [ref. 25828], Schaefer in Reis et al. 2003:313 [ref. 27061], Ferraris 2007:64 [ref. 29155], Ardila Rodríguez 2011:31 [ref. 31411], Ardila Rodríguez 2014:10 [ref. 33721], Barriga Salazar 2014:111 [ref. 35745] as cf. grixalvii, Ardila Rodríguez 2015:132 [ref. 34163], Ardila Rodríguez 2015:3 [ref. 34412], Jiménez-Prado et al. 2015:254 [ref. 34894], Ardila Rodríguez 2016:8 [ref. 34889], DoNascimiento et al. 2017:74 [ref. 35633]). Current status: Valid as Astroblepus grixalvii Humboldt 1805. Astroblepidae. Distribution: South America: Colombia and Ecuador. Habitat: freshwater.

guentheri, Stygogenes Boulenger [G. A.] 1887:348 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 5) v. 19 (no. 113); ref. 17018] Colombia. Syntypes: BMNH 1880.2.26.18-25 (8). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:64 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Astroblepus guentheri (Boulenger 1887) -- (Burgess 1989:449 [ref. 12860], Schaefer in Reis et al. 2003:313 [ref. 27061], Ferraris 2007:64 [ref. 29155], Ardila Rodríguez 2011:31 [ref. 31411], Ardila Rodríguez 2014:10 [ref. 33721], Ardila Rodríguez 2015:132 [ref. 34163], Ardila Rodríguez 2015:3 [ref. 34412], Ardila Rodríguez 2016:8 [ref. 34889], DoNascimiento et al. 2017:74 [ref. 35633]). Current status: Valid as Astroblepus guentheri (Boulenger 1887). Astroblepidae. Distribution: Cauca and Magdalena River basins, Colombia. Habitat: freshwater.

heterodon, Arges Regan [C. T.] 1908:799, Pl. 49 (fig. 2, 2a&b) [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1907 (pt 4); ref. 14333] Jimenez, western Colombia. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1908.5.29.80. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:64 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Astroblepus heterodon (Regan 1908) -- (Burgess 1989:449 [ref. 12860], Schaefer in Reis et al. 2003:313 [ref. 27061], Ferraris 2007:64 [ref. 29155], Ardila Rodríguez 2015:3 [ref. 34412], DoNascimiento et al. 2017:74 [ref. 35633]). Current status: Valid as Astroblepus heterodon (Regan 1908). Astroblepidae. Distribution: Pacific coastal drainages, Colombia. Habitat: freshwater.

hidalgoi, Astroblepus Ardila Rodríguez [C. A.] 2013:3, Fig. 1 [Universidad Metropolitana de Barranquilla; ref. 33722] Departamento del Amazonas, Bongará, Jazan, Pedro Ruíz, CCA del río Utcubamba, río Tingo, tributario del río Utcubamba, Perú, elevation 9957 meters. Holotype: MUSM 46915. Paratypes: CAR, MUSM. •Valid as Astroblepus hidalgoi Ardila Rodríguez 2013 -- (Ardila Rodríguez 2014:3 [ref. 33721] with parentheses around author, Ardila Rodríguez 2014:5 [ref. 33776]). Current status: Valid as Astroblepus hidalgoi Ardila Rodríguez 2013. Astroblepidae. Distribution: Andes of Peru. Habitat: freshwater.

homodon, Arges Regan [C. T.] 1904:309, Pl. 21 (fig. 1) [Transactions of the Zoological Society of London v. 17 (pt 3, no. 1); ref. 3621] Villeta, Colombia, elevation 3500 feet. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1902.5.15.27. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:64 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Astroblepus homodon (Regan 1904) -- (Burgess 1989:449 [ref. 12860], Schaefer in Reis et al. 2003:314 [ref. 27061], Ferraris 2007:64 [ref. 29155], Ardila Rodríguez 2011:31 [ref. 31411], Ardila Rodríguez 2014:10 [ref. 33721], Ardila Rodríguez 2015:132 [ref. 34163], Ardila Rodríguez 2015:3 [ref. 34412], Ardila Rodríguez 2016:8 [ref. 34889], DoNascimiento et al. 2017:74 [ref. 35633]). Current status: Valid as Astroblepus homodon (Regan 1904). Astroblepidae. Distribution: Magdalena River basin, Colombia. Habitat: freshwater.

huallagaensis, Astroblepus Ardila Rodríguez [C. A.] 2013:7, Fig. 6.2 [Universidad Metropolitana de Barranquilla; ref. 33722] Departamento de Huánuco, Chinchao, CCA, río Huallaga, Perú, elevation 997 meters. Holotype: MUSM 46918. Paratypes: CAR, MUSM. •Valid as Astroblepus huallagaensis Ardila Rodríguez 2013 -- (Ardila Rodríguez 2014:3 [ref. 33721] with parentheses around author. Ardila Rodríguez 2014:5 [ref. 33776]). Current status: Valid as Astroblepus huallagaensis Ardila Rodríguez 2013. Astroblepidae. Distribution: Andes of Peru. Habitat: freshwater.

humboldtii, Cyclopium Swainson [W.] 1839:305 [The natural history and classification v. 2; ref. 4303] Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:64 [ref. 29155]. Based on Pimelodus cyclopium of authors. •Synonym of Astroblepus cyclopus (Humbolt 1805) -- (Schaefer in Reis et al. 2003:313 [ref. 27061], Ferraris 2007:64 [ref. 29155]). Current status: Synonym of Astroblepus cyclopus (Humboldt 1805). Astroblepidae. Habitat: freshwater.

humboldtii, Stygogenes Günther [A.] 1864:223 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 5; ref. 1974] No locality [Azores in error]. Syntypes: (4) BMNH 1855.6.26.14 (1?). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:64 [ref. 29155]. •Synonym of Astroblepus cyclopus (Humboldt 1805) -- (Schaefer in Reis et al. 2003:313 [ref. 27061], Ferraris 2007:64 [ref. 29155]). Current status: Synonym of Astroblepus cyclopus (Humboldt 1805). Astroblepidae. Habitat: freshwater.

itae, Astroblepus Ardila Rodríguez [C. A.] 2011:6, Figs. 2, 3a, 6a, 7a, 9a [Universidad Metropolitana de Barranquilla; ref. 32731] Departamento de norte de Santander, Municipio de Cáchira, Quebrada La Amoladera -- Vereda Ramírez, affluenta de la parte alta del río Cáchira, elevation 2035 meters. Holotype: CAR 555. Paratypes: CAR 431 (31), 433 (15), 435 (14); ICNMHN 17844 (2). •Valid as Astroblepus itae Ardila Rodríguez 2011 -- (Ardila Rodríguez 2014:10 [ref. 33721], Ardila Rodríguez 2015:132 [ref. 34163], Ardila Rodríguez 2015:3 [ref. 34412], Ardila Rodríguez 2016:8 [ref. 34889], DoNascimiento et al. 2017:74 [ref. 35633]). Current status: Valid as Astroblepus itae Ardila Rodríguez 2011. Astroblepidae. Distribution: Colombia. Habitat: freshwater.

jimenezae, Astroblepus Ardila Rodríguez [C. A.] 2013:7, Figs. 3A-5A, 7 [Universidad Metropolitana de Barranquilla; ref. 33713] Departamento de Antioquia, municipio de Urrao, Río Calles, Vereda Calles, cuenca de río Atrato, 6°31'26.1"N, 76°15'13.2"W, Colombia, elevation 1404 meters. Holotype: CAR 470. Paratypes: CAR, CIUA, MBUCV. •Valid as Astroblepus jimenezae Ardila Rodríguez 2013 -- (Ardila Rodríguez 2014:5 [ref. 33776], Ardila Rodríguez 2015:3 [ref. 34412], DoNascimiento et al. 2017:74 [ref. 35633]). Current status: Valid as Astroblepus jimenezae Ardila Rodríguez 2013. Astroblepidae. Distribution: Colombia. Habitat: freshwater.

jurubidae, Astroblepus Fowler [H. W.] 1944:237, Figs. 10-13 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 96; ref. 1452] Clear brook, tributary to Río Jurubidá, Nuquí, Colombia. Holotype: ANSP 71431. Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:22 [ref. 13621], Ferraris 2007:65 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Astroblepus jurubidae Fowler 1944 -- (Schaefer in Reis et al. 2003:314 [ref. 27061], Ferraris 2007:65 [ref. 29155], Ardila Rodríguez 2015:3 [ref. 34412] as jorubidae, DoNascimiento et al. 2017:74 [ref. 35633]). Current status: Valid as Astroblepus jurubidae Fowler 1944. Astroblepidae. Distribution: Pacific coastal drainages, Colombia. Habitat: freshwater.

labialis, Astroblepus Pearson [N. E.] 1937:95, Pl. 13 (fig. 4) [Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences (Series 4) v. 23 (no. 7); ref. 12297] Balsas, Upper Amazon, Peru. Syntypes: CAS 64617 [ex IU 17653] (7) Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:65 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Astroblepus labialis Pearson 1937 -- (Ortega & Vari 1986:18 [ref. 9708], Burgess 1989:449 [ref. 12860], Schaefer in Reis et al. 2003:314 [ref. 27061], Ferraris 2007:65 [ref. 29155], Barriga Salazar 2014:111 [ref. 35745] as cf. labialis, Ardila Rodríguez 2014:3 [ref. 33721] with parentheses around author). Current status: Valid as Astroblepus labialis Pearson 1937. Astroblepidae. Distribution: Peru and ?Ecuador. Habitat: freshwater.

latidens, Astroblepus Eigenmann [C. H.] 1918:674 [Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society v. 56 (no. 7); ref. 12304] Piperel, eastern slope of Andes of Colombia. Holotype: FMNH 58366 [ex CM 7362]. Paratypes: (23) CAS 64659 [ex IU 13678] (2), 64689 [ex IU 13679] (9); some of FMNH 58367-71 (5, 3, 10, 10, 3), 69816 (9). Additional material (55): CAS 64690 [ex IU 13677] (4), 64691 [x IU 13681] (9). Type catalog: Henn 1928:82 [ref. 12305], Ibarra & Stewart 1987:11 [ref. 12367], Ferraris 2007:65 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Astroblepus latidens Eigenmann 1918 -- (Burgess 1989:449 [ref. 12860], Schaefer in Reis et al. 2003:314 [ref. 27061], Ferraris 2007:65 [ref. 29155], Ardila Rodríguez 2011:31 [ref. 31411], Ardila Rodríguez 2014:10 [ref. 33721], Ardila Rodríguez 2015:132 [ref. 34163] as latindens, Ardila Rodríguez 2015:3 [ref. 34412], Ardila Rodríguez 2016:9 [ref. 34889], DoNascimiento et al. 2017:74 [ref. 35633]). Current status: Valid as Astroblepus latidens Eigenmann 1918. Astroblepidae. Distribution: Upper Meta River basin and Suarez River basin, Colombia. Habitat: freshwater.

longiceps, Astroblepus Pearson [N. E.] 1924:15, Pl. 2 (fig. 5) [Indiana University Studies v. 11 (no. 64); ref. 3396] Río Colorado, Lower Bopi system, Bolivia. Holotype: CAS 64618 [ex IU 17357]. Paratypes: CAS 64619 [ex IU 17357] (orig. 12, now 9), UMMZ 66508 (3). Additional original material: CAS 46988 [ex IU 15069; now combined with IU 17548] (46). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:65 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Astroblepus longiceps Pearson 1924 -- (Ortega & Vari 1986:18 [ref. 9708], Burgess 1989:449 [ref. 12860], Schaefer in Reis et al. 2003:314 [ref. 27061], Ferraris 2007:65 [ref. 29155], Ardila Rodríguez 2014:3 [ref. 33721] with parentheses around author, Ardila Rodríguez 2014:5 [ref. 33776], Sarmiento et al. 2014:139, 189 [ref. 35004]). Current status: Valid as Astroblepus longiceps Pearson 1924. Astroblepidae. Distribution: Upper Madeira River basin: Bolivia and Peru. Habitat: freshwater.

longifilis, Arges Steindachner [F.] 1882:177 [Anzeiger der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften in Wien, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftlichen Klasse v. 19 (no. 19); ref. 20487] Río Huambo and River de Totora at Chirimoto, Upper Amazon, Peru. Syntypes: (4) NMW. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:65 [ref. 29155]. Species later illustrated and described in more detail in Steindachner 1882:19, Pl. 5 (figs. 3-3b) [ref. 14353]. •Valid as Astroblepus longifilis (Steindachner 1882) -- (Ovchynnyk 1967:37 [ref. 37559], Ortega & Vari 1986:18 [ref. 9708], Burgess 1989:449 [ref. 12860], Cardona & Guerao 1994:21 [ref. 22093], Schaefer in Reis et al. 2003:314 [ref. 27061], Ferraris 2007:65 [ref. 29155], Ardila Rodriguez 2011:32 [ref. 31411], Ardila Rodriguez 2012:[4] [ref. 32734], Ardila Rodríguez 2014:3 [ref. 33721], Ardila Rodríguez 2014:5 [ref. 33776], Barriga Salazar 2014:111 [ref. 35745], Ardila Rodríguez 2015:133 [ref. 34163], Jiménez-Prado et al. 2015:256 [ref. 34894], Ardila Rodríguez 2016:9 [ref. 34889], see DoNascimiento et al. 2017:[16] [ref. 35679]). Current status: Valid as Astroblepus longifilis (Steindachner 1882). Astroblepidae. Distribution: South America: ?Colombia, Peru and Ecuador. Habitat: freshwater.

mancoi, Astroblepus Eigenmann [C. H.] in Myers 1928:85 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 10) v. 2 (no. 7); ref. 3100] Río Comberciato, Urubamba, Upper Amazon, Peru, elevation 1800 feet. Syntypes: CAS 64620 [ex IU 13747] (5); MCZ 30969-70 (11, 3). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:65 [ref. 29155]. Author is C. H. Eigenmann. Type (holotype) apparently not distinguishable in MCZ material. •Valid as Astroblepus mancoi Eigenmann 1928 -- (Ortega & Vari 1986:18 [ref. 9708], Burgess 1989:449 [ref. 12860], Schaefer in Reis et al. 2003:314 [ref. 27061], Ferraris 2007:65 [ref. 29155], Ardila Rodríguez 2011:31 [ref. 31411] as cf. mancoi from Colombia, Ardila Rodríguez 2014:3 [ref. 33721] with parentheses around author, Ardila Rodríguez 2016:8 [ref. 34889] as cf. mancoi). Current status: Valid as Astroblepus mancoi Eigenmann 1928. Astroblepidae. Distribution: Upper Ucayali River basin, Peru. Habitat: freshwater.

mariae, Cyclopium Fowler [H. W.] 1919:125, Pl. 8 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 71; ref. 15211] Brook near small village of Choachi, 25 kilometers east of Bogota, Colombia, elevation 1800 meters. Holotype: ANSP 49368. Paratypes: ANSP 49369-84 (16). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:22 [ref. 13621], Ferraris 2007:65 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Astroblepus mariae (Fowler 1919) -- (Burgess 1989:449 [ref. 12860], Schaefer in Reis et al. 2003:314 [ref. 27061], Ferraris 2007:65 [ref. 29155], Ardila Rodríguez 2015:3 [ref. 34412], DoNascimiento et al. 2017:74 [ref. 35633], Urbano-Bonilla et al. 2018:74 [ref. 35773]). Current status: Valid as Astroblepus mariae (Fowler 1919). Astroblepidae. Distribution: Upper Meta River basin, Colombia. Habitat: freshwater.

marmoratus, Arges Regan [C. T.] 1904:314, Pl. 21 (fig. 6) [Transactions of the Zoological Society of London v. 17 (pt 3, no. 1); ref. 3621] St. Augustin, Andes of Colombia, elevation 5000 feet. Syntypes: BMNH 1899.8.21.10-11 (2). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:65 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Astroblepus marmoratus (Regan 1904) -- (Schaefer in Reis et al. 2003:314 [ref. 27061], Ferraris 2007:65 [ref. 29155], Ardila Rodríguez 2011:31 [ref. 31411], Ardila Rodríguez 2014:10 [ref. 33721], Ardila Rodríguez 2015:132 [ref. 34163], Ardila Rodríguez 2015:3 [ref. 34412], Ardila Rodríguez 2016:9 [ref. 34889], DoNascimiento et al. 2017:74 [ref. 35633]). Current status: Valid as Astroblepus marmoratus (Regan 1904). Astroblepidae. Distribution: Upper Orinoco River basin, Colombia. Habitat: freshwater.

martinezi, Astroblepus Ardila Rodríguez [C. A.] 2013:3, Figs. 1A-5a [Universidad Metropolitana de Barranquilla; ref. 33713] Departamento de Córdoba, municipio de Tierralta, quebrada La Oscurana, afluente del río Tay, cuenca alya del río Sinú, Colombia, elevation 400-680 meters. Holotype: CAR 550. Paratypes: CAR, MBUCV. •Valid as Astroblepus martinezi Ardila Rodríguez 2013 as martinese -- (Ardila Rodríguez 2013:5 [ref. 33776], Ardila Rodríguez 2015:3 [ref. 34412], DoNascimiento et al. 2017:75 [ref. 35633]). Current status: Valid as Astroblepus martinezi Ardila Rodríguez 2013. Astroblepidae. Distribution: Colombia. Habitat: freshwater.

mendezi, Astroblepus Ardila Rodríguez [C. A.] 2014:5, Figs. 1-3, 5 [Universidad Metropolitana de Barranquilla; ref. 33776] Provincia de Panamá, río Piedras, arriba del río Chagres, Panamá. Holotype: CAS 664. Paratypes: CAR, STRI. •Valid as Astroblepus mendezi Ardila Rodríguez 2014. Current status: Valid as Astroblepus mendezi Ardila Rodríguez 2014. Astroblepidae. Distribution: Panama. Habitat: freshwater.

micrescens, Astroblepus grixalvii Eigenmann [C. H.] 1918:677 [Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society v. 56 (no. 7); ref. 12304] Quebrada de Agua Larga, western slope of the eastern Andes, north of Bogotá, Colombia. Holotype: FMNH 58376 [ex CM 7372]. Paratypes: (25) CAS 64692 [ex IU 13686] (11), FMNH 58377 [ex CM 7373] (11). Plus additional material at CAS and FMNH; most or all at FMNH (41, 9 localities). Type catalog: Henn 1928:82 [ref. 12305], Ibarra & Stewart 1987:11 [ref. 12367] but wrongly with all as paratypes, Ferraris 2007:65 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Astroblepus micrescens Eigenmann 1918 -- (Burgess 1989:449 [ref. 12860], Schaefer in Reis et al. 2003:314 [ref. 27061], Ferraris 2007:65 [ref. 29155], Ardila Rodríguez 2011:31 [ref. 31411], Ardila Rodríguez 2014:10 [ref. 33721], Ardila Rodríguez 2015:133 [ref. 34163], Ardila Rodríguez 2015:3 [ref. 34412], Ardila Rodríguez 2016:9 [ref. 34889], DoNascimiento et al. 2017:75 [ref. 35633]). Current status: Valid as Astroblepus micrescens Eigenmann 1918. Astroblepidae. Distribution: Magdalena River basin, Colombia. Habitat: freshwater.

mindoense, Cyclopium Regan [C. T.] 1916:80 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 8) v. 18 (no. 103); ref. 15065] Mindo, western Ecuador. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1916.8.1.1. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:65 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Astroblepus mindoense (Regan 1916) -- (Ovchynnyk 1967:37 [ref. 37559], Burgess 1989:449 [ref. 12860]). •Valid as Astroblepus mindoensis (Regan 1916) -- (Schaefer in Reis et al. 2003:314 [ref. 27061], Ferraris 2007:65 [ref. 29155], Barriga Salazar 2014:112 [ref. 35745], Ardila Rodríguez 2015:133 [ref. 34163], Jiménez-Prado et al. 2015:258 [ref. 34894], Ardila Rodríguez 2016:9 [ref. 34889]). Current status: Valid as Astroblepus mindoensis (Regan 1916). Astroblepidae. Distribution: South America: Pacific coastal drainages (Ecuador). Habitat: freshwater.

mojicai, Astroblepus Ardila Rodríguez [C. A.] 2015:128, Figs. 2B, 3B [Revista de la Asociación Colombiana de Ciencias Biológicas v. 27 (no. 1); ref. 34163] Río Peje afluente Nambí, afluente río Telembí, Municipio de Barbacoas, Departamento de Narino, Colombia. Holotype: ICNMHN 19162 [ex CAR 670]. Paratypes: CAR; ICMHN 17469 (11). Type catalog: Mojica & Agudelo-Zamora 2018:27 [ref. 36127]. •Valid as Astroblepus mojicai Ardila Rodríguez 2015 -- (Ardila Rodríguez 2016:8 [ref. 34889], DoNascimiento et al. 2017:75 [ref. 35633]). Current status: Valid as Astroblepus mojicai Ardila Rodríguez 2015. Astroblepidae. Distribution: Río Telembí, Municipio de Barbacoas, Departamento de Narino, Colombia. Habitat: freshwater.

moyanensis, Astroblepus Ardila Rodríguez [C. A.] 2014:7, Figs. 3B, 8 [Universidad Metropolitana de Barranquilla; ref. 33721] Departamento de Cajamarca. Cajabamba. Distrito Cachachi. Río Condebamba, quebrada moyán. a 400 metros del Cacerío Moyán Alto. Río Marañón. Perú, elevation 2600 meters. Holotype: MSUM 46917. Paratypes: CAR, MUsM. •Valid as Astroblepus moyanensis Ardila Rodríguez 2014. Current status: Valid as Astroblepus moyanensis Ardila Rodríguez 2014. Astroblepidae. Distribution: Andes of Peru. Habitat: freshwater.

nettoferreirai, Astroblepus Ardila Rodríguez [C. A.] 2015:130, Figs. 2D, 4A [Revista de la Asociación Colombiana de Ciencias Biológicas v. 27 (no. 1); ref. 34163] Quebrada NN, Vereda Sailán, Municipio la Belleza, Departamento de Santander, Colombia. Holotype: CAR 675. Paratypes: CAR; IAvH; ICN-MHN 19384 [ex CAR 551] (3). Type catalog: DoNascimiento et al. 2016:408 [ref. 34787], Mojica & Agudelo-Zamora 2018:27 [ref. 36127]. •Valid as Astroblepus nettoferreirai Ardila Rodríguez 2015 -- (Ardila Rodríguez 2016:8 [ref. 34889], DoNascimiento et al. 2017:75 [ref. 35633]). Current status: Valid as Astroblepus nettoferreirai Ardila Rodríguez 2015. Astroblepidae. Distribution: Vereda Sailán, Municipio la Belleza, Departamento de Santander, Colombia. Habitat: freshwater.

nicefori, Astroblepus Myers [G. S.] 1932:137 [Copeia 1932 (no. 3); ref. 12431] Sonsón, Antioquia, Colombia. Holotype: CAS-SU 24796. Paratypes: USNM 94178 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:46 [ref. 12291], Ferraris & Vari 1992:10 [ref. 19771], Ferraris 2007:65 [ref. 29155]. Originally as nicéfori. •Valid as Astroblepus nicefori Myers 1932 -- (Burgess 1989:449 [ref. 12860], Schaefer in Reis et al. 2003:314 [ref. 27061], Ferraris 2007:65 [ref. 29155], Ardila Rodríguez 2015:3 [ref. 34412], DoNascimiento et al. 2017:75 [ref. 35633]). Current status: Valid as Astroblepus nicefori Myers 1932. Astroblepidae. Distribution: Magdalena River basin and Cauca River basin, Colombia. Habitat: freshwater.

onzagaensis, Astroblepus Ardila Rodríguez [C. A.] 2015:10, Figs. 3D, 7 [Barranquilla, Departamento del Atlántico No. 7; ref. 34412] Departamento de Santander, Río Onzaga, Municipio de Onzaga, Colombia, elevation 1953 meters. Holotype: CAR 604. Paratypes: CAR. •Valid as Astroblepus onzagaensis Ardila Rodríguez 2015 -- (DoNascimiento et al. 2017:75 [ref. 35633]). Current status: Valid as Astroblepus onzagaensis Ardila Rodríguez 2015. Astroblepidae. Distribution: Colombia. Habitat: freshwater.

orientalis, Arges Boulenger [G. A.] 1903:601 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 7) v. 11 (no. 66) (art. 81); ref. 15014] Albirregas and Milla rivers above Merida, Venezuela, elevation 3500 meters. Syntypes: (numerous) BMNH 1903.6.30.81-89 (9), USNM 133142 [ex BMNH 1903.6.30.90] (1). Type catalog: Ferraris & Vari 1992:10 [ref. 19771], Ferraris 2007:65 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Astroblepus orientalis (Boulenger 1903) -- (Burgess 1989:449 [ref. 12860], Schaefer in Reis et al. 2003:314 [ref. 27061], Ferraris 2007:65 [ref. 29155], Ardila Rodríguez 2014:10 [ref. 33721], Ardila Rodríguez 2014:5 [ref. 33776], Ardila Rodríguez 2015:133 [ref. 34163], Ardila Rodríguez 2015:13 [ref. 34412], Ardila Rodríguez 2016:9 [ref. 34889], DoNascimiento et al. 2017:75 [ref. 35633]). Current status: Valid as Astroblepus orientalis (Boulenger 1903). Astroblepidae. Distribution: Lake Maracaibo drainage, Venezuela and Colombia. Habitat: freshwater.

ortegai, Astroblepus Ardila Rodríguez [C. A.] 2012:[2], Figs. 1, 3a, 4b, 5a [Universidad Metropolitana de Barranquilla; ref. 32733] Departamento de Cajamarca, río Cañaris, Peru. Holotype: CAR 560. Paratypes: CAR 558 (5 of 17), 559 (5 of 11). •Valid as Astroblepus ortegai Ardila Rodríguez 2012 -- (Ardila Rodríguez 2014:3 [ref. 33721] with parentheses around author, Ardila Rodríguez 2014:5 [ref. 33776], Ardila Rodríguez 2015:133 [ref. 34163], Ardila Rodríguez 2015:13 [ref. 34412], Ardila Rodríguez 2016:9 [ref. 34889]). Current status: Valid as Astroblepus ortegai Ardila Rodríguez 2012. Astroblepidae. Distribution: Peru. Habitat: freshwater.

peruanus, Arges Steindachner [F.] 1876:601 [51], Pl. 9 (figs. 3-6) [Sitzungsberichte der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften. Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe v. 72 (1. Abth.); ref. 18772] Amable Maria, Peru. Syntypes: (several) NMW 16974 (3). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:66 [ref. 29155]. On p. 51 of separate. •Valid as Astroblepus peruanus (Steindachner 1876) -- (Ortega & Vari 1986:18 [ref. 9708], Burgess 1989:449 [ref. 12860], Schaefer in Reis et al. 2003:314 [ref. 27061] dated 1876, Ferraris 2007:66 [ref. 29155] dated 1876, Barriga Salazar 2014:112 [ref. 35745], Ardila Rodríguez 2014:3 [ref. 33721] as peruanos). Current status: Valid as Astroblepus peruanus (Steindachner 1876). Astroblepidae. Distribution: Peru and Ecuador. Habitat: freshwater.

phelpsi, Astroblepus Schultz [L. P.] 1944:283, Pl. 7 (fig. D) [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 94 (no. 3172); ref. 3959] Río Cobre above its mouth near La Grita, tributary of Río Quinta, Catatumbo system, Venezuela. Holotype: USNM 121126. Paratypes: (all orig. USNM 121127) ANSP (20); Dahl (5); MCZ 37265 (20); UMMZ 141942 [ex USNM 121127] (20); ZMA 102121 (9, ?orig. 10). Type catalog: Ferraris & Vari 1992:10 [ref. 19771], Ferraris 2007:66 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Astroblepus phelpsi Schultz 1944 -- (Burgess 1989:449 [ref. 12860], Schaefer in Reis et al. 2003:314 [ref. 27061], Ferraris 2007:66 [ref. 29155], Ardila Rodríguez 2014:10 [ref. 33721], Ardila Rodríguez 2015:133 [ref. 34163], Ardila Rodríguez 2015:13 [ref. 34412], Ardila Rodríguez 2016:9 [ref. 34889]). Current status: Valid as Astroblepus phelpsi Schultz 1944. Astroblepidae. Distribution: Lake Maracaibo drainage, Venezuela. Habitat: freshwater.

pholeter, Astroblepus Collette [B. B.] 1962:311, Figs. 1-2 [Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington v. 75; ref. 5863] Jumandi cave in Latas, 4 kilometers north of Archidona, Napo Province, eastern Ecuador, 0°20'S to 0°40'S, 77°50"W. Holotype: USNM 196623. Paratypes: FMNH 63855 (1), USNM 196671 (2). Type catalog: Ibarra & Stewart 1987:12 [ref. 12367], Ferraris & Vari 1992:10 [ref. 19771], Ferraris 2007:66 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Astroblepus pholeter Collette 1962 -- (Ovchynnyk 1967:37 [ref. 37559], Burgess 1989:449 [ref. 12860], Cardona & Guerao 1994:21 [ref. 22093], Romero & Paulson 2001:29 [ref. 26040], Schaefer in Reis et al. 2003:314 [ref. 27061], Proudlove 2006:155 [ref. 28992], Ferraris 2007:66 [ref. 29155], Barriga Salazar 2014:112 [ref. 35745]). Current status: Valid as Astroblepus pholeter Collette 1962. Astroblepidae. Distribution: South America: Napo River basin (Ecuador). Habitat: freshwater.

pirrense, Cyclopium Meek [S. E.] & Hildebrand [S. F.] 1913:83 [Field Museum of Natural History, Publications, Zoölogical Series v. 10 (no. 8); ref. 12295] Río Cana at Cana, Panama. Holotype: FMNH 7586. Paratypes: AMS IA.8092 (1); CAS 64699 [ex IU 14011] (1); FMNH 26677-82 (7), 26683-709 (27), 55234 (1); USNM 78376 (20), 78377 (7 not 6), 81924 (6). Type catalog: Ibarra & Stewart 1987:30 [ref. 12367], Ferraris & Vari 1992:10 [ref. 19771] with remarks, Ferraris 2007:66 [ref. 29155]. Species named after Serranía de Pirre, a mountain range, and is therefore an adjective; ending is pirrensis when classified in the masculine genus Astroblepus. Probable paratypes; original description specifically cited only type (=holotype) but is based on more than one specimen collected at type locality. USNM ledger cites 21 (USNM 78376) and 7 (USNM 78377) specimens, 1 unaccounted for in both lots. •Status uncertain -- (Burgess 1989:449 [ref. 12860]). •Valid as Astroblepus pirrense (Meek & Hildebrand 1913) -- (Ardila Rodríguez 2012:[5] [ref. 32734], Ardila Rodríguez 2013:9 [ref. 33713], Ardila Rodríguez 2014:5 [ref. 33776]). •Valid as Astroblepus pirrensis (Meek & Hildebrand 1913) -- (Schaefer in Reis et al. 2003:314 [ref. 27061], Ferraris 2007:66 [ref. 29155], Ardila Rodriguez 2012:[7] [ref. 32733]). Current status: Valid as Astroblepus pirrensis (Meek & Hildebrand 1913). Astroblepidae. Distribution: Central America: Cana River basin (Panama). Habitat: freshwater.

pradai, Astroblepus Ardila Rodríguez [C. A.] 2015:7, Fig. 3B, 5 [Barranquilla, Departamento del Atlántico No. 7; ref. 34412] Departmento de Santander, Quebrada El Hato, Municipio de Guapotá, Colombia, elevation 1530 meters. Holotype: CAR 490. Paratypes: CAR, MBUCV-V, MPUJ. •Valid as Astroblepus pradai Ardila Rodríguez 2015 -- (DoNascimiento et al. 2017:75 [ref. 35633]). Current status: Valid as Astroblepus pradai Ardila Rodríguez 2015. Astroblepidae. Distribution: Colombia. Habitat: freshwater.

praeliorum, Astroblepus Allen [W. R.] in Eigenmann & Allen 1942:169, Pl. 13 (figs. 6-7) [Fishes of western South America; ref. 1246] Upper Mantaro and Huallaga basins, Peru. Syntypes: CAS 7509 [IU 17823] (4), 16114 [IU 17822] (82), 16115 [IU 17829] (2), 47068 [IU 17821] (now 10), 47069 [IU 17824] (1). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:66 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Astroblepus praeliorum Allen 1942 -- (Ortega & Vari 1986:18 [ref. 9708], Burgess 1989:449 [ref. 12860], Schaefer in Reis et al. 2003:314 [ref. 27061], Ferraris 2007:66 [ref. 29155], Ardila Rodríguez 2014:3 [ref. 33721] with parentheses around author, Ardila Rodríguez 2014:5 [ref. 33776] as praeliorum). Current status: Valid as Astroblepus praeliorum Allen 1942. Astroblepidae. Distribution: Upper Marañón River basin, Peru. Habitat: freshwater.

prenadilla, Brontes Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1840:343, Pl. 444-445 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 15; ref. 1008] Rivulets descending from Cotopaxi, Ecuador, elevation 5000 meters. Syntypes: MNHN A-4227 (1), 5164 (1). Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1950:76 [ref. 19575], Ferraris 2007:66 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Astroblepus prenadillus (Valenciennes 1840) -- (Schaefer in Reis et al. 2003:315 [ref. 27061], Ferraris 2007:66 [ref. 29155], Barriga Salazar 2014:112 [ref. 35745]). Current status: Valid as Astroblepus prenadillus (Valenciennes 1840). Astroblepidae. Distribution: Andes of Ecuador. Habitat: freshwater.

putumayoensis, Astroblepus Ardila Rodríguez [C. A.] 2015:131, Figs. 2E, 4B [Revista de la Asociación Colombiana de Ciencias Biológicas v. 27 (no. 1); ref. 34163] Río Rumiyaco, afluente del río Mocoa, Municipio de Mocoa, Departamento del Putumayo, Colombia. Holotype: CAR 605. Paratypes: CAR; IAvH; ICN-MHN 19386 [ex CAR 600] (3). Type catalog: DoNascimiento et al. 2016:408 [ref. 34787], Mojica & Agudelo-Zamora 2018:27 [ref. 36127]. •Valid as Astroblepus putumayoensis Ardila Rodríguez 2015 -- (Ardila Rodríguez 2016:8 [ref. 34889], DoNascimiento et al. 2017:75 [ref. 35633]). Current status: Valid as Astroblepus putumayoensis Ardila Rodríguez 2015. Astroblepidae. Distribution: Río Mocoa, Municipio de Mocoa, Departamento del Putumayo, Colombia. Habitat: freshwater.

quispei, Astroblepus Ardila Rodríguez [C. A.] 2012:[4], Fig. 3B, 4C, 5B, 7 [Universidad Metropolitana de Barranquilla; ref. 32733] Departamento de Huánuco, Huánuco, Chinchao, CCA, río Huallaga, Quebrada Lluto, Peru, depth 992 meters. Holotype: CAR 578. Paratypes: CAR 579 (3 or 9), 564 (1); MUSM 41047 (1), 41057 (2). •Valid as Astroblepus quispei Ardila Rodríguez 2012 -- (Ardila Rodríguez 2012:[5] [ref. 32734], Ardila Rodríguez 2014:3 [ref. 33721] with parentheses around author, Ardila Rodríguez 2014:5 [ref. 33776], Ardila Rodríguez 2015:133 [ref. 34163], Ardila Rodríguez 2015:13 [ref. 34412], Ardila Rodríguez 2016:9 [ref. 34889]). Current status: Valid as Astroblepus quispei Ardila Rodríguez 2012. Astroblepidae. Distribution: Peru. Habitat: freshwater.

regani, Arges Pellegrin [J.] 1909:518 [Bulletin du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle (Série 1) v. 15 (no. 8); ref. 14591] Río Cariyacu, tributary of Río del Angel, Río Mira basin of Pacific slope, Ecuador, elevation 3100 meters. Syntypes: MNHN 1903-0108 to 0110 (1, 1, 4). Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1950:76 [ref. 19575], Ferraris 2007:66 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Astroblepus regani (Pellegrin 1909) -- (Schaefer in Reis et al. 2003:315 [ref. 27061], Ferraris 2007:66 [ref. 29155], Barriga Salazar 2014:112 [ref. 35745], Jiménez-Prado et al. 2015:260 [ref. 34894]). Current status: Valid as Astroblepus regani (Pellegrin 1909). Astroblepidae. Distribution: Ecuador. Habitat: freshwater.

rengifoi, Astroblepus Dahl [G.] 1960:459, Fig. [Caldasia v. 8 (no. 39); ref. 9310] Small brook, tributary to Río Atrato, about 6 kilometers above town of El Carmen de Atrato, western Colombia. Holotype: not researched. Paratypes: (1). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:66 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Astroblepus rengifoi Dahl 1960 -- (Schaefer in Reis et al. 2003:315 [ref. 27061], Ferraris 2007:66 [ref. 29155], Ardila Rodríguez 2015:3 [ref. 34412], DoNascimiento et al. 2017:75 [ref. 35633]). Current status: Valid as Astroblepus rengifoi Dahl 1960. Astroblepidae. Distribution: Atrato River basin, Colombia. Habitat: freshwater.

retropinna, Arges Regan [C. T.] 1908:800, Pl. 48 (fig. 2) [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1907 (pt 4); ref. 14333] Jimenez, western Colombia. Syntypes: BMNH 1908.5.29.81-82 (2). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:66 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Astroblepus retropinnus (Regan 1908) -- (Burgess 1989:449 [ref. 12860], Schaefer in Reis et al. 2003:315 [ref. 27061], Ferraris 2007:66 [ref. 29155], Ardila Rodríguez 2015:3 [ref. 34412] as retropinna, DoNascimiento et al. 2017:75 [ref. 35633]). Current status: Valid as Astroblepus retropinnus (Regan 1908). Astroblepidae. Distribution: Dagua River basin and Pacific coastal drainage, Colombia. Habitat: freshwater.

riberae, Astroblepus Cardona [L.] & Guerao [G.] 1994:21, Fig. 1 [Mémoires de Biospéologie No. 21; ref. 22093] Ninabamba caves, 6°19'48"S, 78°30'36"W, Río Reque basin, Cajamarca region, Peru. Holotype: UMBZ. Other material: UMBZ (10). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:66 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Astroblepus riberae Cardona & Guerao 1994 -- (Burgess & Finley 1996:170 [ref. 22901], Romero & Paulson 2001:29 [ref. 26040], Schaefer in Reis et al. 2003:315 [ref. 27061], Proudlove 2006:157 [ref. 28992], Ferraris 2007:66 [ref. 29155], Ardila Rodríguez 2014:3 [ref. 33721] with parentheses around author, Ardila Rodríguez 2014:5 [ref. 33776]). Current status: Valid as Astroblepus riberae Cardona & Guerao 1994. Astroblepidae. Distribution: Reque River basin and Pacific coastal drainage of Peru. Habitat: freshwater.

rivasae, Astroblepus Ardila Rodríguez [C. A.] 2018:3, Figs. 1-3, 4B, 5A-D [Peces del Departamento del Chocó, Barranquilla No. 2; ref. 36328] Quebrada Doña Josefa, cuenca del río Atrato, municipio de Yuto, Departamento del Chocó, Colombia, elevation 311 meters. Holotype: CAR 620. Paratypes: CAR, IAvH-P. •Valid as Astroblepus rivasae Ardila Rodríguez 2018. Current status: Valid as Astroblepus rivasae Ardila Rodríguez 2018. Astroblepidae. Distribution: Upper Atrato River basin, Chocó, Colombia. Habitat: freshwater.

rosei, Astroblepus Eigenmann [C. H.] 1922:55 [Memoirs of the Carnegie Museum v. 9 (no. 1); ref. 1243] Río Jequetepeque at Llallán, Pacific slope of Peru. Syntypes: CAS 64649 [ex IU 15152] (11), FMNH 58640 [ex CM 7668a] (1). Type catalog: Ibarra & Stewart 1987:12 [ref. 12367], Ferraris 2007:66 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Astroblepus rosei Eigenmann 1922 -- (Ortega & Vari 1986:18 [ref. 9708], Burgess 1989:449 [ref. 12860], Schaefer in Reis et al. 2003:315 [ref. 27061], Ferraris 2007:66 [ref. 29155], Ardila Rodriguez 2012:[7] [ref. 32733], Ardila Rodríguez 2012:[5] [ref. 32734], Ardila Rodríguez 2013:9 [ref. 33713], Ardila Rodríguez 2014:3 [ref. 33721] with parentheses around author, Ardila Rodríguez 2014:5 [ref. 33776], Ardila Rodríguez 2015:133 [ref. 34163], Ardila Rodríguez 2015:13 [ref. 34412], Ardila Rodríguez 2016:9 [ref. 34889], see DoNascimiento et al. 2017:[17] [ref. 35679]). Current status: Valid as Astroblepus rosei Eigenmann 1922. Astroblepidae. Distribution: Pacific coastal drainages of Cajamarca, Peru and ? Colombian Andes. Habitat: freshwater.

sabalo, Arges Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1840:335, Pl. 444-445 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 15; ref. 1008] Río Apurimac, north of Cusco, Peru. Holotype (unique): MNHN A-4226. Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1950:76 [ref. 19575], Ferraris 2007:67 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Astroblepus sabalo (Valenciennes 1840) -- (Ortega & Vari 1986:18 [ref. 9708], Burgess 1989:449 [ref. 12860], Schaefer in Reis et al. 2003:315 [ref. 27061], Ferraris 2007:67 [ref. 29155], Ardia Rodríguez 2014:3 [ref. 33721]). Current status: Valid as Astroblepus sabalo (Valenciennes 1840). Astroblepidae. Distribution: Upper Ucayali River basin, Peru. Habitat: freshwater.

santanderensis, Astroblepus cyclopus var. Eigenmann [C. H.] 1918:675 [Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society v. 56 (no. 7); ref. 12304] Quebrada do Guapota, Río Suarez drainage, Colombia, depth 1000-2000 meters. Lectotype: FMNH 58433 [ex CM 7430]. Paralectotypes: CAS 47001 [ex IU 13741] (3), 47002 [ex IU 13682] (9), 60163 [ex IU 13740] (2), 64696 [ex IU 13683] (3), 64697 [ex IU 13684] (4), 64698 [ex IU 13685] (4); FMNH 58372-75 (10, 3, 4, 4), 58427-28 (3, 2), 58431-32 (2, 2). Type catalog: Henn 1928:82 [ref. 12305], Ibarra & Stewart 1987:11 [ref. 12367], Ferraris 2007:67 [ref. 29155]. Lectotype selected by Henn 1928:82 [ref. 12305]. •See Nico 2001:145 [ref. 25828]. •Valid as Astroblepus santanderensis Eigenmann 1918 -- (Schaefer in Reis et al. 2003:315 [ref. 27061], Ferraris 2007:67 [ref. 29155], Ardila Rodríguez 2011:31 [ref. 31411], Ardila Rodríguez 2014:10 [ref. 33721], Ardila Rodríguez 2015:133 [ref. 34163], Ardila Rodríguez 2015:3 [ref. 34412], Ardila Rodríguez 2016:9 [ref. 34889], DoNascimiento et al. 2017:75 [ref. 35633]). Current status: Valid as Astroblepus santanderensis Eigenmann 1918. Astroblepidae. Distribution: Magdalena River basin and Suarez River basin, Colombia. Habitat: freshwater.

simonsii, Arges Regan [C. T.] 1904:317, Pl. 21 (fig. 9) [Transactions of the Zoological Society of London v. 17 (pt 3, no. 1); ref. 3621] Huaras, Peru, elevation 10700 feet. Syntypes: BMNH 1900.6.20.51-55 (5). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:67 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Astroblepus simonsii (Regan 1904) -- (Ortega & Vari 1986:18 [ref. 9708], Burgess 1989:449 [ref. 12860], Schaefer in Reis et al. 2003:315 [ref. 27061], Ferraris 2007:67 [ref. 29155], Ardila Rodríguez 2012:[5] [ref. 32734], Ardila Rodríguez 2013:9 [ref. 33713], Ardila Rodríguez 2014:3 [ref. 33721], Ardila Rodríguez 2014:5 [ref. 33776], Barriga Salazar 2014:112 [ref. 35745], Ardila Rodríguez 2015:133 [ref. 34163], Ardila Rodríguez 2015:13 [ref. 34412], Jiménez-Prado et al. 2015:262 [ref. 34894], Ardila Rodríguez 2016:9 [ref. 34889]). Current status: Valid as Astroblepus simonsii (Regan 1904). Astroblepidae. Distribution: Peru and Ecuador. Habitat: freshwater.

stuebeli, Arges Wandolleck [B.] 1916:158, Figs. 1-4 [Zoologischer Anzeiger v. 47; ref. 15083] Lake Titicaca, Peru/Bolivia. Syntypes: (3) MTD F977 (1). Non-types?: MTD F4639-87 (49). Type catalog: Zarske 2003:25 [ref. 27474] with genus as Agres, Ferraris 2007:67 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Astroblepus stuebeli (Wandolleck 1916) -- (Ortega & Vari 1986:18 [ref. 9708], Burgess 1989:449 [ref. 12860], Schaefer in Reis et al. 2003:315 [ref. 27061], Ferraris 2007:67 [ref. 29155], Ardila Rodríguez 2014:3 [ref. 33721] as stubeli, Reis et al. 2016:18 [ref. 34496]). Current status: Valid as Astroblepus stuebeli (Wandolleck 1916). Astroblepidae. Distribution: Lake Titicaca River basin: Bolivia and Peru. Habitat: freshwater.

supramollis, Astroblepus Pearson [N. E.] 1937:94, Pl. 13 (fig. 3) [Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences (Series 4) v. 23 (no. 7); ref. 12297] Balsas, Peru. Syntypes: CAS 47012 [ex IU 17650] (389), 47015 [ex IU 17652] (36), 47022 [ex IU 17651] (31). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:67 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Astroblepus supramollis Pearson 1937 -- (Ortega & Vari 1986:18 [ref. 9708], Burgess 1989:449 [ref. 12860], Schaefer in Reis et al. 2003:315 [ref. 27061], Ferraris 2007:67 [ref. 29155], Ardila Rodríguez 2014:3 [ref. 33721] with parentheses around author, Barriga Salazar 2014:112 [ref. 35745]). Current status: Valid as Astroblepus supramollis Pearson 1937. Astroblepidae. Distribution: Peru and Ecuador. Habitat: freshwater.

taczanowskii, Arges Boulenger [G. A.] 1890:451, Pl. 41 (fig. 1) [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1890 (pt 3); ref. 17034] Amable Maria, Andes, Peru. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1875.10.14.19. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:67 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Astroblepus taczanowskii (Boulenger 1890) -- (Ortega & Vari 1986:18 [ref. 9708], Burgess 1989:449 [ref. 12860], Schaefer in Reis et al. 2003:315 [ref. 27061], Ferraris 2007:67 [ref. 29155], Ardila Rodríguez 2014:3 [ref. 33721] as taczanowiskii). Current status: Valid as Astroblepus taczanowskii (Boulenger 1890). Astroblepidae. Distribution: Upper Ucayali River basin, Peru. Habitat: freshwater.

tamboensis, Astroblepus Ardila Rodríguez [C. A.] 2014:3, Figs. 1, 3B [Universidad Metropolitana de Barranquilla; ref. 33721] Departamento de Huánuco. Huánuco. Chaglia, cuenca del río Huallaga, río Tambo, Perú. Holotype: MUSM 46919. Paratypes: CAR, MUSM. •Valid as Astroblepus tamboensis Ardila Rodríguez 2014. Current status: Valid as Astroblepus tamboensis Ardila Rodríguez 2014. Astroblepidae. Distribution: Andes of Peru. Habitat: freshwater.

theresiae, Arges Steindachner [F.] 1907:228 [Anzeiger der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Wien, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Klasse v. 44 (no. 12) (for 10 May 1907); ref. 18796] Andes Mountains at Cayendelet, Ecuador. Syntypes: (several) NMW 48091 (10), 48092 (7); ZSM 7856 (1). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:67 [ref. 29155], Neumann 2011:238 [ref. 31652]. •Valid as Astroblepus theresiae (Steindachner 1907) -- (Burgess 1989:449 [ref. 12860], Schaefer in Reis et al. 2003:315 [ref. 27061], Ferraris 2007:67 [ref. 29155], Barriga Salazar 2014:112 [ref. 35745], Jiménez-Prado et al. 2015:264 [ref. 34894]). Current status: Valid as Astroblepus theresiae (Steindachner 1907). Astroblepidae. Distribution: Pacific coastal drainages of Ecuador. Habitat: freshwater.

trifasciatum, Cyclopium Eigenmann [C. H.] 1912:14 [Indiana University Studies No. 16 [sic No. 8]; ref. 1228] Caldas, Colombia. Holotype: FMNH 56076 [ex CM 4868]. Paratypes: (61, CM and IU) AMNH 18667 [ex IU 12711] (1); CAS 64716-17 [ex IU 12711-12] (11, 7), ?64718 (17); FMNH 56077-78 (31, 9); USNM 79198 (2). Type catalog: Henn 1928:82 [ref. 12305], Ibarra & Stewart 1987:30 [ref. 12367], Ferraris & Vari 1992:10 [ref. 19771], Ferraris 2007:67 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Astroblepus trifasciatum (Eigenmann 1912) -- (Burgess 1989:449 [ref. 12860]). •Valid as Astroblepus trifasciatus (Eigenmann 1912) -- (Schaefer in Reis et al. 2003:315 [ref. 27061], Ferraris 2007:67 [ref. 29155], Ardila Rodríguez 2011:31 [ref. 31411], Ardila Rodríguez 2014:9 [ref. 33721], Ardila Rodríguez 2014:5 [ref. 33776], Ardila Rodríguez 2015:132 [ref. 34163], Ardila Rodríguez 2015:3 [ref. 34412], Ardila Rodríguez 2016:9 [ref. 34889], DoNascimiento et al. 2017:75 [ref. 35633]). Current status: Valid as Astroblepus trifasciatus (Eigenmann 1912). Astroblepidae. Distribution: Dagua River basin and Pacific coastal drainages of Colombia; also Magdalena and Cauca River basins, Colombia. Habitat: freshwater.

ubidiai, Cyclopium Pellegrin [J.] 1931:114, Fig. 1 [Revue Suisse de Zoologie v. 38 (no. 8); ref. 16323] Lake St. Paul, near Otavalo, Imbabura Province, Ecuador, elevation 2600 meters. Syntypes: MNHN 1930-0172 and 0173 (1, 1). Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1950:76 [ref. 19575], Ferraris 2007:67 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Astroblepus ubidiai (Pellegrin 1931) -- (Ovchynnyk 1967:37 [ref. 37559], Burgess 1989:449 [ref. 12860], Schaefer in Reis et al. 2003:315 [ref. 27061], Ferraris 2007:67 [ref. 29155], Barriga Salazar 2014:112 [ref. 35745], Jiménez-Prado et al. 2015:266 [ref. 34894]). Current status: Valid as Astroblepus ubidiai (Pellegrin 1931). Astroblepidae. Distribution: South America: Ecuador. Habitat: freshwater.

unifasciatum, Cyclopium Eigenmann [C. H.] 1912:15 [Indiana University Studies No. 16 [sic No. 8]; ref. 1228] Caldas, Colombia. Holotype: FMNH 56079 [ex CM 4871]. Paratypes: (70, CM and IU) CAS 64718 [ex IU 12713] (17); FMNH 56080 (17), 69817 (37); USNM 79199 (3). Type catalog: Henn 1928:82 [ref. 12305], Ibarra & Stewart 1987:30 [ref. 12367], Ferraris & Vari 1992:10 [ref. 19771], Ferraris 2007:67 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Astroblepus unifasciatus (Eigenmann 1912) -- (Burgess 1989:449 [ref. 12860], Schaefer in Reis et al. 2003:315 [ref. 27061], Ferraris 2007:67 [ref. 29155], Ardila Rodríguez 2015:3 [ref. 34412], DoNascimiento et al. 2017:75 [ref. 35633]). Current status: Valid as Astroblepus unifasciatus (Eigenmann 1912). Astroblepidae. Distribution: Dagua River basin and Pacific coastal drainages, Colombia; also Magdalena and Cauca River basins, Colombia. Habitat: freshwater.

vaillanti, Arges Regan [C. T.] 1904:312 [Transactions of the Zoological Society of London v. 17 (pt 3, no. 1); ref. 3621] Huamani Peak, Ecuador, elevation 10700 feet. Syntypes: BMNH 1897.2.16.2-4 [ex MNHN] (3). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:67 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Astroblepus vaillanti (Regan 1904) -- (Schaefer in Reis et al. 2003:315 [ref. 27061], Ferraris 2007:67 [ref. 29155], Barriga Salazar 2014:112 [ref. 35745]). Current status: Valid as Astroblepus vaillanti (Regan 1904). Astroblepidae. Distribution: Pacific coastal drainages of Ecuador. Habitat: freshwater.

vanceae, Cyclopium Eigenmann [C. H.] 1913:421, Pl. 32 (fig. 2) [Annals of the Carnegie Museum v. 8 (nos 3/4) (art. 16); ref. 11114] Small brook southeast of Tarma, Queta, Peru. Holotype: FMNH 56066 [ex CM 4856]. Paratypes: CM 4857 (1) whereabouts unknown, not at FMNH. Type catalog: Henn 1928:82 [ref. 12305], Ibarra & Stewart 1987:30 [ref. 12367], Ferraris 2007:67 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Astroblepus vanceae (Eigenmann 1913) -- (Ortega & Vari 1986:18 [ref. 9708], Burgess 1989:449 [ref. 12860], Schaefer in Reis et al. 2003:315 [ref. 27061], Ferraris 2007:67 [ref. 29155], Ardila Rodríguez 2014:3 [ref. 33721], Barriga Salazar 2014:112 [ref. 35745]). Current status: Valid as Astroblepus vanceae (Eigenmann 1913). Astroblepidae. Distribution: Peru and Ecuador. Habitat: freshwater.

ventrale, Cyclopium Eigenmann [C. H.] 1912:15 [Indiana University Studies No. 16 [sic No. 8]; ref. 1228] Caldas, Colombia. Holotype: FMNH 56074 [ex CM 4866]. Paratypes: (8 + 13 non-types) AMNH 18666 [ex IU 12710] (1); CAS 47013 [ex CM 4865, IU 12709] (7, now 3), 47014 [ex CM 4867a-g, IU 12710a-g] (14, now 5); FMNH 56073 (4), 56075 (11). Type catalog: Henn 1928:83 [ref. 12305], Ibarra & Stewart 1987:30 [ref. 12367], Ferraris 2007:68 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Astroblepus ventralis (Eigenmann 1912) -- (Schaefer in Reis et al. 2003:316 [ref. 27061], Ferraris 2007:68 [ref. 29155], Ardila Rodríguez 2015:3 [ref. 34412], DoNascimiento et al. 2017:75 [ref. 35633]). Current status: Valid as Astroblepus ventralis (Eigenmann 1912). Astroblepidae. Distribution: Dagua River basin and Pacific coastal drainages, Colombia. Habitat: freshwater.

verai, Astroblepus Ardila Rodríguez [C. A.] 2015:4, Figs. 1, 3A [Barranquilla, Departamento del Atlántico No. 7; ref. 34412] Departamento de Santander, Quebrada del Medio, afluente del río Chucurí, Vereda Chanchón, Municipio de San Vicente de Chucurí, Colombia, elevation 692 meters. Holotype: CAR 659. Paratypes: CAR, MPUJ. •Valid as Astroblepus verai Ardila Rodríguez 2015 -- (DoNascimiento et al. 2017:75 [ref. 35633]). Current status: Valid as Astroblepus verai Ardila Rodríguez 2015. Astroblepidae. Distribution: Colombia. Habitat: freshwater.

whymperi, Arges Boulenger [G. A.] 1890:451, Pl. 41 (fig. 2) [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1890 (pt 3); ref. 17034] Milligalli, Andes of Ecuador, on Pacific Slope. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1887.1.7.1. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:68 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Astroblepus whymperi (Boulenger 1890) -- (Schaefer in Reis et al. 2003:316 [ref. 27061], Ferraris 2007:68 [ref. 29155], Barriga Salazar 2014:112 [ref. 35745], Jiménez-Prado et al. 2015:270 [ref. 34894]). Current status: Valid as Astroblepus whymperi (Boulenger 1890). Astroblepidae. Distribution: Ecuador. Habitat: freshwater.