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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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Species in the family or subfamily Bryconidae: [ 94 ] records


acuminatus, Catabasis Eigenmann [C. H.] & Norris [A. A.] 1900:358 [Revista do Museu Paulista v. 4; ref. 1264] Rio Tietê, São Paulo, Brazil [incorrect, probably Rio Paraíba do Sul basin]. Holotype (unique): CAS 11894 [ex IU 9262]. Type locality is in error -- see Lima in Reis et al. 2003:176 [ref. 27061] and Lima 2017:42 [ref. 35071]. •Valid as Brycon acuminatus (Eigenmann & Norris 1900) -- (Howes 1982:4 [ref. 14201], Malabarba 1998:76 [ref. 23840], Lima & Costa 2000:159 [ref. 24439]). •Synonym of Brycon insignis Steindachner 1877 -- (Lima in Reis et al. 2003:176 [ref. 27061], Lima 2017:36 [ref. 35071]). Current status: Synonym of Brycon insignis Steindachner 1877. Bryconidae: Bryconinae. Habitat: freshwater.

acutus, Brycon Böhlke [J. E.] 1958:67, Pl. 4 (fig. 1) [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 110; ref. 12050] Near the mouth of Río Quinindé, Ecuador, elevation 60 meters. Holotype: CAS-SU 49757. Paratypes: ANSP 75929 (1); CAS-SU 49758-59 (1, 1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:42 [ref. 13621]. •Valid as Brycon acutus Böhlke 1958 -- (Ovchynnyk 1967:27 [ref. 37559]). •Synonym of Brycon alburnus (Günther 1860) -- (Howes 1982:6 [ref. 14201], Lima in Reis et al. 2003:175 [ref. 27061]). Current status: Synonym of Brycon alburnus (Günther 1860). Bryconidae: Bryconinae. Habitat: freshwater.

affinis, Salminus Steindachner [F.] 1880:80 [28], Pl. 7 (figs. 2-2a) [Denkschriften der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften in Wien, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe. v. 42; ref. 14403] Cauca River, Colombia. Lectotype: NMW 78042.2. Paralectotypes: (several) NMW 56855 (1), 77149-50 (1, 1), 78402.1 and .3 (2) On p. 28 of separate. Lectotype listed by Lima & Britski 2007:243 [ref. 29276] •Valid as Salminus affinis Steindachner 1880 -- (Ovchynnyk 1967:30 [ref. 37559], Ortega & Vari 1986:9 [ref. 9708], Géry & Lauzanne 1990:123 [ref. 20140], Lima in Reis et al. 2003:156 [ref. 27061], Lima & Britski 2007:242 [ref. 29276], Barriga S. 2012:108 [ref. 35745], Abe et al. 2014:9 [ref. 35462], DoNascimiento et al. 2017:63 [ref. 35633]). Current status: Valid as Salminus affinis Steindachner 1880. Bryconidae: Salmininae. Distribution: South America: Magdalena River basin and Santiago River basin (Colombia and Ecuador). Habitat: freshwater.

alburnus, Chalceus Günther [A.] 1860:419 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1859 (pt 3) (art. 7); ref. 18210] Western Andes of Ecuador. Syntypes: BMNH 1860.6.16.167 (1), 1860.6.16.180 (1), 1860.6.16.201-202 (2), 1860.6.16.204 (1). •Valid as Brycon alburnus (Günther 1860) -- (Ovchynnyk 1967:27 [ref. 37559], Howes 1982:6 [ref. 14201], Ortega & Vari 1986:7 [ref. 9708], Lima in Reis et al. 2003:174 [ref. 27061], Barriga Salazar 2014:108 [ref. 35745], Jiménez-Prado et al. 2015:162 [ref. 34894]). Current status: Valid as Brycon alburnus (Günther 1860). Bryconidae: Bryconinae. Distribution: South America: Ecuador. Habitat: freshwater.

amazonicus, Chalceus Agassiz [L.] in Spix & Agassiz 1829:68, Pl. 35 [Selecta genera et species piscium quos in itinere per Brasiliam; ref. 13] Rio Trombetas, igarapé Caxipacoré, Amazon River basin, Pará, Brazil, circa 0°34'S, 56°45'W. Neotype: INPA 3415. Name first published in Cuvier 1829 [ref. 995]. As Characinus amazonicus on plate. Neotype designated by Lima 2017:122, 124 [ref. 35071] with discussion of the original type locality. See also Koerber 2021:93 [ref. 38172]. •Valid as Brycon amazonicus (Agassiz 1829) -- (Howes 1982:9 [ref. 14201], Lima in Reis et al. 2003:175 [ref. 27061], Lima 2004:282 [ref. 27858], Sarmiento et al. 2014:44, 184 [ref. 35004], Lima 2017:112 [ref. 35071], DoNascimiento et al. 2017:62 [ref. 35633], Careaga et al. 2020:75 [ref. 37774], Koerber 2021:92, 93 [ref. 38172]). Current status: Valid as Brycon amazonicus (Agassiz 1829). Bryconidae: Bryconinae. Distribution: South America: Amazon River and its main tributaries (Brazil, Peru and Bolivia); Orinoco River basin (Colombia, Guyana and Venezuela). Introduced in southeastern and central Brazil. Habitat: freshwater.

argenteus, Brycon Meek [S. E.] & Hildebrand [S. F.] 1913:84 [Field Museum of Natural History, Publications, Zoölogical Series v. 10 (no. 8); ref. 12295] Río Aruza, Aruza, Panama. Holotype: FMNH 7588. Paratypes: FMNH 12263-98 (total 168 spec.); probable paratypes: USNM 78471 (13). Type catalog: Ibarra & Stewart 1987:19 [ref. 12367], Vari & Howe 1991:9 [ref. 19022]. Description based on more than one specimen, only holotype specified. •Valid as Brycon argenteus Meek & Hildebrand 1913 -- (Howes 1982:9 [ref. 14201], Lima in Reis et al. 2003:175 [ref. 27061], Angulo & Gracian-Negrete 2013:263 [ref. 32959], DoNascimiento et al. 2017:62 [ref. 35633]). Current status: Valid as Brycon argenteus Meek & Hildebrand 1913. Bryconidae: Bryconinae. Distribution: Pacific and Atlantic slopes: Panama and Colombia. Habitat: freshwater.

atrocaudatus, Chalceus Kner [R.] 1863:227, "Fig. 14" (unpublished) [Sitzungsberichte der Königlich Bayerischen Akademie der Wissenschaften zu München 1863, v. 2; ref. 5002] Western slopes of Andes, Ecuador. Holotype (unique): ZSM 143 [old collection] destroyed in WWII. Type catalog: Neumann 2006:268-269 [ref. 28925]. Also appeared as new in Kner & Steindachner 1864:44, Pl. 4 (fig. 3) [ref. 2649]. •Valid as Brycon atrocaudatus (Kner 1863) -- (Ovchynnyk 1967:28 [ref. 37559], Howes 1982:9 [ref. 14201], Ortega & Vari 1986:7 [ref. 9708], Lima in Reis et al. 2003:175 [ref. 27061], Barriga Salazar 2014:108 [ref. 35745], Jiménez-Prado et al. 2015:164 [ref. 34894]). Current status: Valid as Brycon atrocaudatus (Kner 1863). Bryconidae: Bryconinae. Distribution: South America: Ecuador and Peru. Habitat: freshwater.

auratus, Salmo Larrañaga [D. A.] 1923:378 [Escritos de Don Dámaso Antonio Larrañaga v. 2; ref. 22561] Uruguay. Original as Salmo (dorado) auratus; corresponds to Salmo 27-radiatus on p. 388. Appeared as Salmo auratus vel 27-radiatus in Devincenzi 1925:314, 322 [ref. 20322]; Devincenzi treated as a synonym of Salminus maxillosus Valenciennes 1850. •Synonym of Salminus brasiliensis (Cuvier 1816) -- (Lima in Reis et al. 2003:156 [ref. 27061], Litz & Koerber 2014:12 [ref. 33622], Mirande & Koerber 2015:20 [ref. 35117], Koerber et al. 2017:32 [ref. 35267]). Current status: Synonym of Salminus brasiliensis (Cuvier 1816). Bryconidae: Salmininae. Habitat: freshwater.

bahiensis, Brycon Günther [A.] 1864:334 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 5; ref. 1974] Bahia, Brazil. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1862.11.23.26. •Valid as Brycon bahiensis Günther 1864 -- (Howes 1982:10 [ref. 14201]). •Synonym of Brycon opalinus (Cuvier 1819) -- (Lima in Reis et al. 2003:177 [ref. 27061], Lima 2017:67 [ref. 35071]). Current status: Synonym of Brycon opalinus (Cuvier 1819). Bryconidae: Bryconinae. Habitat: freshwater.

behreae, Brycon Hildebrand [S. F.] 1938:278, Fig. 5 [Field Museum of Natural History, Publications, Zoölogical Series v. 22 (no. 4); ref. 12363] Río Chiriquí del Tire, above Caldera, Pacific slope, western Panama. Holotype: CAS 5582. Paratypes: CAS 61205 (3); FMNH 69523 (1); USNM 109205 [ex CAS] (3), 109206 [ex CAS] (1). Type catalog: Ibarra & Stewart 1987:19 [ref. 12367], Vari & Howe 1991:9 [ref. 19022]. No paratypes were designated but original description gives counts and measurements for 21 additional specimens form the type locality and 22 other specimens from a second locality -- they would be paratypes. •Valid as Brycon behreae Hildebrand 1938 -- (Howes 1982:11 [ref. 14201], Bussing 1987:74 [ref. 22927], Bussing 1998:90 [ref. 24179], Lima in Reis et al. 2003:175 [ref. 27061], Angulo et al. 2013:991 [ref. 33194], Angulo & Gracian-Negrete 2013:264 [ref. 32959], Angulo et al. 2020:5 [ref. 37425]). Current status: Valid as Brycon behreae Hildebrand 1938. Bryconidae: Bryconinae. Distribution: Central America: Pacific and Atlantic slopes of Panama, Pacific slope of Costa Rica. Habitat: freshwater.

bicolor, Brycon Pellegrin [J.] 1909:12 [Bulletin du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle (Série 1) v. 15 (no. 1); ref. 14396] Río Orinoco, Venezuela. Syntypes: MNHN 1887-0746 to 0748 (3). Type catalog: Bertin 1948:16 [ref. 19577]. •Valid as Brycon bicolor Pellegrin 1909 -- (Howes 1982:11 [ref. 14201], Moscó Morales 1988:8 [ref. 20066], Taphorn 1992:128 [ref. 23654], Géry & Mahnert 1992:802 [ref. 27146], Lima in Reis et al. 2003:175 [ref. 27061]). •Synonym of Brycon falcatus Müller & Troschel 1844 -- (Lima 2017:143 [ref. 35071], see DoNascimiento et al. 2017:[13] [ref. 35679]). Current status: Synonym of Brycon falcatus Müller & Troschel 1844. Bryconidae: Bryconinae. Habitat: freshwater.

bolivarensis, Othonophanes Dahl [G.] 1943:216 [2], Fig. [Förhandlingar / Kungliga Fysiografiska Sällskapets i Lund = Proceedings of the Royal Physiographic Society at Lund v. 12 (no. 18); ref. 13198] Pool connected to Río Batatal, tributary to Río San Jorge, Magdalena system, Ayapel, Bolivar, Colombia, elevation about 800 meters. Holotype (unique): ZMUL. On p. 2 of separate. •Synonym of Brycon moorei Steindachner 1878 -- (Howes 1982:14, 36 [ref. 14201], Lima in Reis et al. 2003:177 [ref. 27061]). Current status: Synonym of Brycon moorei Steindachner 1878. Bryconidae: Bryconinae. Habitat: freshwater.

brasiliensis, Hydrocynus Cuvier [G.] 1816:167 [Le Règne Animal v. 2; ref. 993] Brazil. Holotype (unique): MNHN A-8555 (dry). Type catalog: Géry & Lauzanne 1990:117 [ref. 20140]. Name in footnote, tied to description in text above and to plate 10 (fig. 2) of vol. 4. •Valid as Salminus brasiliensis (Cuvier 1816) -- (Géry & Lauzanne 1990:123 [ref. 20140], Chang & Ortega 1995:5 [ref. 24302], Lima in Reis et al. 2003:156 [ref. 27061], López et al. 2003:19 [ref. 27366], Menni 2004:74 [ref. 28131], Lima & Britski 2007:242 [ref. 29276], Mirande 2010:478 [ref. 31006], Abe et al. 2014:9 [ref. 35462], Barriga Salazar 2014:108 [ref. 35745], Litz & Koerber 2014:12 [ref. 33622], Mattox et al. 2014:103 [ref. 33524], Sarmiento et al. 2014:52, 185 [ref. 35004], Mirande & Koerber 2015:20 [ref. 35117], Bertaco et al. 2016:412 [ref. 34561], Reis et al. 2016:14 [ref. 34496], Nión et al. 2016:30 [ref. 35565] with author as Valenciennes 1850, Koerber et al. 2017:32 [ref. 35267], Dickens 2019:161 [ref. 37135], Reis et al. 2020:457 [ref. 38364]). Current status: Valid as Salminus brasiliensis (Cuvier 1816). Bryconidae: Salmininae. Distribution: South America: Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Ecuador, Paraguay and Uruguay. Habitat: freshwater.

brevicauda, Brycon Günther [A.] 1864:335 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 5; ref. 1974] Rio Jocintins [= Tocantins] and Rio Capin [= Capim], Pará State, Brazil. Syntypes: BMNH 1849.11.8.48-49 (2), 1842.4.20.13 (right half skin). •Valid as Brycon brevicauda Günther 1864 -- (Howes 1982:14 [ref. 14201]). •Synonym of Brycon falcatus Müller & Troschel 1844 -- (Lima in Reis et al. 2003:176 [ref. 27061], Lima 2017:143 [ref. 35071]). Current status: Synonym of Brycon falcatus Müller & Troschel 1844. Bryconidae: Bryconinae. Habitat: freshwater.

brevidens, Hydrocyon Cuvier [G.] 1819:364, Pl. 27 (fig. 1) [Mémoires du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris (N. S.) (Série A) Zoologie v. 5; ref. 1017] Brazil. Holotype (unique): MNHN A-8555 (dry). Type catalog: Géry & Lauzanne 1990:117 [ref. 20140]. •Objective synonym of Salminus brasiliensis (Cuvier 1816) -- (Lima in Reis et al. 2003:156 [ref. 27061], Litz & Koerber 2014:12 [ref. 33622], Mirande & Koerber 2015:20 [ref. 35117], Koerber et al. 2017:32 [ref. 35267]). Current status: Synonym of Salminus brasiliensis (Cuvier 1816). Bryconidae: Salmininae. Habitat: freshwater.

capito, Brycon Cope [E. D.] 1872:261 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 23; ref. 921] Río Ambyiacu, Peru. Holotype (unique): ANSP 8058. Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:44 [ref. 13621]. •Valid as Brycon capito Cope 1872 -- (Howes 1982:14 [ref. 14201], Ortega & Vari 1986:7 [ref. 9708]). •Synonym of Brycon cephalus (Günther 1869) -- (Lima in Reis et al. 2003:175 [ref. 27061]). •Synonym of Brycon amazonicus (Agassiz 1829) -- (Lima 2017:112 [ref. 35071]). Current status: Synonym of Brycon amazonicus (Agassiz 1829). Bryconidae: Bryconinae. Habitat: freshwater.

carpophaga, Chalceus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1850:252 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 22; ref. 1014] Essequibo River, Guyana [in error, probably from the Amacuro River system, Guyana]. Lectotype: MNHN A-9832. Paralectotypes: MNHN 0098 (1), A-8615 (1). Type catalog: Bertin 1948:15 [ref. 19577]. Lectotype selected by Géry & Mahnert 1992:816 [ref. 27146]. MNHN A-8615 is apparently not this species (Géry & Mahnert 1992:816 [ref. 27146], Lima 2017:88 [ref. 35071]). •Valid as Brycon carpophaga (Valenciennes 1850) -- (Howes 1982:15 [ref. 14201] as carpophagus, Géry & Mahnert 1992:816 [ref. 27146] as carpophagus). •Synonym of Brycon amazonicus (Agassiz 1829) -- (Lima in Reis et al. 2003:175 [ref. 27061], Lima 2017:112 [ref. 35071] as Spix & Agassiz). Current status: Synonym of Brycon amazonicus (Agassiz 1829). Bryconidae: Bryconinae. Habitat: freshwater.

cephalus, Megalobrycon Günther [A.] 1869:423, Fig. 1 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1869 (pt 2); ref. 5780] Upper Amazon, Peru. Syntypes: BMNH 1869.5.21.1 (1), 1869.5.21.2 (1). •Valid as Brycon cephalus (Günther 1869) -- (Howes 1982:18 [ref. 14201], Ortega & Vari 1986:7 [ref. 9708], Géry & Mahnert 1992:802 [ref. 27146], Malabarba 1998:76 [ref. 23840], Lima in Reis et al. 2003:175 [ref. 27061], Barriga Salazar 2014:108 [ref. 35745], Sarmiento et al. 2014:44, 184 [ref. 35004]). •Synonym of Brycon amazonicus (Agassiz 1829) -- (Lima 2017:112 [ref. 35071], see DoNascimiento et al. 2017:[13] [ref. 35679]). Current status: Synonym of Brycon amazonicus (Agassiz 1829). Bryconidae: Bryconinae. Habitat: freshwater.

chagrensis, Chalcinopsis Kner [R.] 1863:226, "Fig. 13" (unpublished) [Sitzungsberichte der Königlich Bayerischen Akademie der Wissenschaften zu München 1863, v. 2; ref. 5002] Río Chagres, Panama. Syntypes: NMW 22106 (1), 62661 (2); ZSM no. 3, 16, 47, 129, 234 [old collection] (orig. 5?) destroyed in WWII. Type catalog: Neumann 2006:269 [ref. 28925]. Also appeared as new in Kner & Steindachner 1864:42, Pl. 5 (fig. 3) [ref. 2649]. •Valid as Brycon chagrensis (Kner 1863) -- (Howes 1982:20 [ref. 14201], Bussing 1998:92 [ref. 24179], Lima in Reis et al. 2003:175 [ref. 27061], Angulo & Gracian-Negrete 2013:264 [ref. 32959]). Current status: Valid as Brycon chagrensis (Kner 1863). Bryconidae: Bryconinae. Distribution: Charges River basin, Atlantic slope of Panama. Habitat: freshwater.

coquenani, Brycon Steindachner [F.] 1915:37 [23], Pl. 1 (figs. 1-2) [Denkschriften der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften in Wien, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Klasse. v. 93; ref. 4244] Río Coquenan [Rio Kukenan], Venezuela. Lectotype: NMW 62702. Paralectotypes: (10) NMW 62703. On p. 23 of separate; also in Steindachner 1917 [ref. 15259]. Species not listed in earlier abstract [ref. 18909]. Lectotype selected by Lima 2017:35 [ref. 35071]. •Valid as Brycon coquenani Steindachner 1915 -- (Howes 1982:20 [ref. 14201], Moscó Morales 1988:7 [ref. 20066], Lima in Reis et al. 2003:175 [ref. 27061], Lima 2017:33 [ref. 35071] dated 1917). Current status: Valid as Brycon coquenani Steindachner 1915. Bryconidae: Bryconinae. Distribution: Upper Caroní River, Orinoco River basin, Bolivar, Venezuela. Habitat: freshwater.

costaricensis, Brycon Angulo [A.] & Gracian-Negrete [J. M.] 2013:258, Fig. 2 [Zootaxa 3731 (no. 2); ref. 32959] Atlantic slope, Heredia, Sarapiquí drainage, La Virgen de Sarapiquí, Río Sarapiquí, at the Tirimbina Biological Reserve, 10°24'56.84"N, 84°07'18.70"W, Costa Rica, altitude 149 meters. Holotype: UCR 2936-1. Paratypes: UCR (17 lots, 50 specimens). Type catalog: Angulo et al. 2015:370 [ref. 35212]. •Valid as Brycon costaricensis Angulo & Gracian-Negrete 2013 -- (Angulo et al. 2013:991 [ref. 33194], Angulo 2021:13 [ref. 38913]). Current status: Valid as Brycon costaricensis Angulo & Gracian-Negrete 2013. Bryconidae: Bryconinae. Distribution: Central America: Atlantic slope (Costa Rica and Nicaragua). Habitat: freshwater.

coxeyi, Brycon Fowler [H. W.] 1943:3, Fig. 2 [Notulae Naturae (Philadelphia) No. 119; ref. 13202] Río Paztaza, near mouth of Río Topo, Hacienda Mascota, Província Tungurahua, Ecuador, approximately 1°25'S, 78°11'W. Holotype (unique): ANSP 70156. Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:45 [ref. 13621]. •Valid as Brycon coxeyi Fowler 1943 -- (Ovchynnyk 1967:28 [ref. 37559], Howes 1982:20 [ref. 14201], Lima in Reis et al. 2003:175 [ref. 27061], Barriga Salazar 2014:108 [ref. 35745], Lima 2017:21 [ref. 35071]). Current status: Valid as Brycon coxeyi Fowler 1943. Bryconidae: Bryconinae. Distribution: South America: upper Río Marañon basin (Ecuador and Peru). Habitat: freshwater.

cuvieri, Salminus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1850:56 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 22; ref. 1014] São Francisco, Rio de Janeiro, Minas Gerais, Brazil. Holotype (unique): MNHN A-8555 (dry). Type catalog: Géry & Lauzanne 1990:117 [ref. 20140]. •Objective synonym of Salminus brasiliensis (Cuvier 1816) -- (Britski 2001:21 [ref. 26046], Lima in Reis et al. 2003:156 [ref. 27061], Litz & Koerber 2014:12 [ref. 33622], Mirande & Koerber 2015:20 [ref. 35117], Koerber et al. 2017:32 [ref. 35267]). Current status: Synonym of Salminus brasiliensis (Cuvier 1816). Bryconidae: Salmininae. Habitat: freshwater.

dentex, Brycon Günther [A.] 1860:240 [8] [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1860 (pt 2) (art. 8); ref. 18211] Esmeraldas, 0°59'N, 79°42'W, western Ecuador. Syntypes: BMNH 1860.6.16.156-159 (4), SMNS 762 (1). Type catalog: Fricke 1995:8 [ref. 28100], Fricke 2005:25 [ref. 29864]. On p. 8 of separate. •Valid as Brycon dentex Günther 1860 -- (Ovchynnyk 1967:28 [ref. 37559], Howes 1982:21 [ref. 14201], Ortega & Vari 1986:7 [ref. 9708], Lima in Reis et al. 2003:176 [ref. 27061], Barriga Salazar 2014:108 [ref. 35745], Jiménez-Prado et al. 2015:166 [ref. 34894], DoNascimiento et al. 2017:62 [ref. 35633]). Current status: Valid as Brycon dentex Günther 1860. Bryconidae: Bryconinae. Distribution: South America: Pacific slope (Ecuador and Colombia). Habitat: freshwater.

deuterodon, Chilobrycon Géry [J.] & de Rham [P.] 1981:8, Figs. 3-5 [Revue française d'Aquariologie Herpétologie v. 8 (no. 1); ref. 1600] Small tributary of Río Tumbès, dried up as pools by end of dry seasons, Río Trapazol, Tumbès Dept., northern Peru. Holotype: MHNG 2045.13. Paratypes: Géry Coll. 0824 (6), MNHN 1981-0626 (2). Type catalog: Weber 1998:7 [ref. 23532]. •Valid as Chilobrycon deuterodon Géry & de Rham 1981 -- (Ortega & Vari 1986:8 [ref. 9708], Lima in Reis et al. 2003:179 [ref. 27061], Abe et al. 2014:9 [ref. 35462], Barriga Salazar 2014:108 [ref. 35745]). Current status: Valid as Chilobrycon deuterodon Géry & de Rham 1981. Bryconidae: Bryconinae. Distribution: Pacific slope of northern Peru and Ecuador. Habitat: freshwater.

devillei, Chalceus Castelnau [F. L.] 1855:69, Pl. 36 (fig. 2) [Animaux nouveaux or rares v. 2; ref. 766] Bahia, Brazil. Holotype (unique): MNHN 4517. Type catalog: Bertin 1948:15 [ref. 19577]. •Valid as Brycon devillei (Castelnau 1855) -- (Howes 1982:24 [ref. 14201], Lima & Costa 2000:157 [ref. 24439], Lima in Reis et al. 2003:176 [ref. 27061], Lima 2017:51 [ref. 35071], Silva et al. 2020:5 [ref. 37809]). Current status: Uncertain as Brycon devillei (Castelnau 1855). Bryconidae: Bryconinae. Distribution: South America: Bahia State (Brazil) endemic. Habitat: freshwater.

dulcis, Brycon Lima [F. C. T.] & Vieira [F.] in Lima 2017:53, Figs. 6C, 30-31 [Zootaxa 4222 (no. 1); ref. 35071] Lago Dom Helvécio, Rio Doce State Park, rio Doce system, Marliéria, Minas Gerais, Brazil, 19°46'S, 42°36'W. Holotype: MZUSP 58911. Paratypes: LISDEBE, MNRJ, MZUSP, ZUEC. Plus non-type material. •Valid as Brycon dulcis Lima & Vieira 2017 -- (Rodrigues et al. 2021:147 [ref. 38829]). Current status: Valid as Brycon dulcis Lima & Vieira 2017. Bryconidae: Bryconinae. Distribution: South America: middle and lower Rio Doce and Rio São José basin (Minas Gerais and Espírito Santo, eastern Brazil). Habitat: freshwater.

ecuadoriensis, Brycon Eigenmann [C. H.] & Henn [A. W.] in Eigenmann 1918:687 [Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society v. 56 (no. 7); ref. 12304] Río Barranca Alta at Narnjito, western Ecuador. Holotype (unique): CAS 39436 [ex IU 13470]. •Synonym of Brycon atrocaudatus (Kner 1863), but probably a distinct species -- (Howes 1982:25 [ref. 14201]). •Synonym of Brycon atrocaudatus (Kner 1863) -- (Howes 1982:9 [ref. 14201], Lima in Reis et al. 2003:175 [ref. 27061]). Current status: Synonym of Brycon atrocaudatus (Kner 1863). Bryconidae: Bryconinae. Habitat: freshwater.

erythropterum, Megalobrycon Cope [E. D.] 1872:263, Pl. 10 (fig. 2) [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 23; ref. 921] Río Ambyiacu, Peru. Holotype: ANSP (not found). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:45 [ref. 13621]. •Valid as Brycon erythropterum (Cope 1872) -- (Howes 1982:25 [ref. 14201], Ortega & Vari 1986:7 [ref. 9708], Géry & Mahnert 1992:803 [ref. 27146]). •Synonym of Brycon cephalus (Günther 1869) -- (Lima in Reis et al. 2003:175 [ref. 27061]). •Synonym of Brycon hilarii (Valenciennes 1850) -- (Lima 2017:98 [ref. 35071], Koerber et al. 2017:3 [ref. 35632] as erythropterus). Current status: Synonym of Brycon hilarii (Valenciennes 1850). Bryconidae: Bryconinae. Habitat: freshwater.

erythrura, Brycon Fowler [H. W.] 1941:191, Fig. 101 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 93; ref. 1437] Rio Jaguaribe, Orós, Ceará, Brazil. Holotype: ANSP 69608. Paratypes: ANSP 69609-17 (9), Géry coll. [ex ANSP 69618] (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:45 [ref. 13621]. •Valid as Brycon erythrura Fowler 1941 -- (Howes 1982:26 [ref. 14201]). •Synonym of Salminus hilarii Valenciennes 1850 -- (Lima in Reis et al. 2003:156 [ref. 27061], Mirande & Koerber 2015:20 [ref. 35117]). Current status: Synonym of Salminus hilarii Valenciennes 1850. Bryconidae: Salmininae. Habitat: freshwater.

falcatus, Brycon Müller [J.] & Troschel [F. H.] 1844:90 [Archiv für Naturgeschichte v. 10 (pt 1); ref. 3070] Guyana and Suriname. Syntypes: ZMB 3601-03 (2, 1, 1). Also appeared in Müller & Troschel 1845:15, Pl. 4 (fig. 1a) [ref. 3071]. •Valid as Brycon falcatus Müller & Troschel 1844 -- (Howes 1982:26 [ref. 14201], Moscó Morales 1988:7 [ref. 20066], Planquette et al. 1996:226 [ref. 22818], Malabarba 1998:76 [ref. 23840], Lima in Reis et al. 2003:176 [ref. 27061], Lima 2004:282 [ref. 27858], Mirande 2010:483 [ref. 31006], Phillip et al. 2013:16 [ref. 32896], Barriga Salazar 2014:108 [ref. 35745], Sarmiento et al. 2014:44, 184 [ref. 35004], Lima 2017:142 [ref. 35071], DoNascimiento et al. 2017:63 [ref. 35633], Urbano-Bonilla et al. 2018:86 [ref. 35773]). Current status: Valid as Brycon falcatus Müller & Troschel 1844. Bryconidae: Bryconinae. Distribution: Rivers draining the Brazilian and Guyana shields, western Amazon and Orinoco River basins: Bolivia, Peru, Brazil, Ecuador, Colombia, French Guiana, Guyana, Suriname and Venezuela. Habitat: freshwater.

ferox, Brycon Steindachner [F.] 1877:583 [25], Pl. 4 (figs. 2, 2a) [Sitzungsberichte der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften. Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe v. 74 (1. Abth.); ref. 4224] Rio Mucuri, southeastern Brazil. Lectotype: NMW 62930. Paralectotypes: NMW 62937 (2). On p. 25 of separate. Figure numbers incorrectly given as 1 and 1a, see Steindachner 1879:50 [ref. 4228]. Lectotype selected by Lima 2017:62 [ref. 35071]. •Questionably the same as Brycon acuminatus (Eigenmann & Norris 1900) -- (Howes 1982:4, 28 [ref. 14201]). •Valid as Brycon ferox Steindachner 1877 -- (Lima & Costa 2000:157 [ref. 24439], Lima in Reis et al. 2003:176 [ref. 27061], Lima 2017:58 [ref. 35071], Silva et al. 2020:5 [ref. 37809], Rodrigues et al. 2021:147 [ref. 38829]). Current status: Valid as Brycon ferox Steindachner 1877. Bryconidae: Bryconinae. Distribution: South America: coastal drainages from the do Frades River (Bahia) to Barra Seca (Espiritu Santo). eastern Brazil. Habitat: freshwater.

flavicolis, Chalceus Posada [A.] 1909:303 [Los peces del norte de Colombia; ref. 5005] Río Cauca, Colombia. No types known. •Species inquirenda in Characidae, subfamily Bryconinae -- (Lima in Reis et al. 2003:178 [ref. 27061]). Bryconidae: Bryconinae. Habitat: freshwater.

fowleri, Brycon Dahl [G.] 1955:19 [Revista Linneana v. 1 (no. 1); ref. 19186] Chibogadó, Colombia. Holotype: whereabouts unknown. Paratypes: whereabouts unknown. •Valid as Brycon fowleri Dahl 1955 -- (Howes 1982:26 [ref. 14201], Lima in Reis et al. 2003:176 [ref. 27061], DoNascimiento et al. 2017:63 [ref. 35633]). Current status: Valid as Brycon fowleri Dahl 1955. Bryconidae: Bryconinae. Distribution: Sinu River basin, Colombia. Habitat: freshwater.

franciscanus, Salminus Lima [F. C. T.] & Britski [H. A.] 2007:238, Figs. 1-3 [Neotropical Ichthyology v. 5 (no. 3); ref. 29276] Stream tributary to rio das Velhas, at Igreja Quebrada. near Jaguara, 19°27'S, 43°57'W, Pedro Leopoldo, Minas Gerais State, Brazil. Holotype: MZUSP 89625. Paratypes: BMNH 1924.12.16.6 (1), 1924.6.2.2 (1), MNRJ, MZUSP and UFPB. Plus non-type material. •Valid as Salminus franciscanus Lima & Britski 2007 -- (Abe et al. 2014:9 [ref. 35462], Reis et al. 2016:14 [ref. 34496], Silva et al. 2020:5 [ref. 37809]). Current status: Valid as Salminus franciscanus Lima & Britski 2007. Bryconidae: Salmininae. Distribution: South America: São Francisco River basin (Brazil). Habitat: freshwater.

gouldingi, Brycon Lima [F. C. T.] 2004:280, Figs. 1-2 [Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 15 (no. 3); ref. 27858] Parauapebas, Igarapé de Boa Vista, tributary of River Itacaiúnas, Serra dos Carajás, about 5°52'S, 50°29'W, Pará, Brazil. Holotype: MZUSP 61400. Paratypes: FMNH 112957 (1); INPA 16247 (1), 16367 (1), 16370 (1), 16376 (3), 16379 (1), 16393 (1); MCP 34184 (1); MZUSP 18050 (1), 18069 (2, 1 c&s), 18078 (2), 18090 (1), 18100 (1), 18196 (1), 31449 (1), 56808 (3), 56948 (1), 56949 (3), 57033 (28), 58044 (1), 61399 (1); USNM 374028 (1). Plus non-type material. •Valid as Brycon gouldingi Lima 2004 -- (Lima 2017:129 [ref. 35071]). Current status: Valid as Brycon gouldingi Lima 2004. Bryconidae: Bryconinae. Distribution: Tocantins River basin, Brazil. Habitat: freshwater.

guatemalensis, Brycon Regan [C. T.] 1908:168 [Biologia Centrali-Americana; ref. 18482] Guatemala. Syntypes: (6) BMNH 1864.1.26.226-229 (4), 1865.4.29.40 (1), 1869.1.26.387 (1), ?1869.2.23.8 (1). •Valid as Brycon guatemalensis Regan 1908 -- (Howes 1982:29 [ref. 14201], Villa 1982:103 [ref. 36708], Bussing 1987:75 [ref. 22927], Espinosa Pérez et al. 1993:25 [ref. 22290], Greenfield & Thomerson 1997:76 [ref. 22947], Bussing 1998:92 [ref. 24179], Lima in Reis et al. 2003:176 [ref. 27061], Nelson et al. 2004:81 [ref. 27807], Miller 2006:157 [ref. 28615], Matamoros et al. 2009:9 [ref. 31241], Page et al. 2013:81 [ref. 32708], Angulo & Gracian-Negrete 2013:263 [ref. 32959]). Current status: Valid as Brycon guatemalensis Regan 1908. Bryconidae: Bryconinae. Distribution: Atlantic slope from Mexico to eastern Panama; Pacific slope in Choluteca River basin of Honduras: Belize, Costa Rica, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua and Panama. Habitat: freshwater.

henni, Brycon Eigenmann [C. H.] 1913:26 [Indiana University Studies No. 18; ref. 1229] Caldas, Colombia. Holotype: FMNH 56384 [ex CM 5152]. Paratypes: (110, CM and IU) CAS 18536 (15), 39495-98 (5, 3, 4, 24); FMNH 56341-46 (6, 15, 3, 4, 25, 22), 69556 (22), 75147 (4); USNM 79169 (3). Additional material: CAS 39499 (21) and perhaps some at FMNH (from Cartago) and more at CAS. Type catalog: Henn 1928:60 [ref. 12305], Ibarra & Stewart 1987:19 [ref. 12367], Vari & Howe 1991:9 [ref. 19022]. •Valid as Brycon henni Eigenmann 1913 -- (Howes 1982:30 [ref. 14201], Lima in Reis et al. 2003:176 [ref. 27061], DoNascimiento et al. 2017:63 [ref. 35633]). Current status: Valid as Brycon henni Eigenmann 1913. Bryconidae: Bryconinae. Distribution: Trans-Andean river basins of Colombia. Habitat: freshwater.

hilarii, Chalceus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1850:246 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 22; ref. 1014] Rio São Francisco, Brazil [probably in error, possibly from the Rio Paraguai basin]. Lectotype: MNHN A.8616. Lectotype selected by Géry & Mahnert 1992:815 [ref. 27146]. •Valid as Brycon hilarii (Valenciennes 1850) -- (Howes 1982:31 [ref. 14201], Géry & Mahnert 1992:814 [ref. 27146], Lima in Reis et al. 2003:176 [ref. 27061], Lima 2004:282 [ref. 27858], Sarmiento et al. 2014:44, 184 [ref. 35004], Lima 2017:98 [ref. 35071], Koerber et al. 2017:26 [ref. 35267], Koerber et al. 2017:3 [ref. 35632], DoNascimiento et al. 2017:63 [ref. 35633], Dickens 2019:161 [ref. 37135], Koerber et al. 2019:3 [ref. 36736], Mirande & Koerber 2020:2 [ref. 37594], Reis et al. 2020:457 [ref. 38364]). Current status: Valid as Brycon hilarii (Valenciennes 1850). Bryconidae: Bryconinae. Distribution: South America: Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay, Peru, Ecuador and Colombia. Habitat: freshwater.

hilarii, Salminus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1850:64 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 22; ref. 1014] Rio São Francisco, Brazil. Lectotype: MNHN A-8658 (dry) [?A-8616]. Paralectotypes: MNHN A-8658 (1, dry), A-9893 (1, dry), A-9394 (1, dry), B-8557 (1, dry). Type catalog: Géry & Lauzanne 1990:117 [ref. 20140], Bertin 1948:14-15 [ref. 19577] with some differences from Géry & Lauzanne. Lectotype selected by Géry & Lauzanne 1990:117 [ref. 20140] but they indicate the lectotype was designated by Géry 1980 (not researched). •Valid as Salminus hilarii Valenciennes 1850 -- (Ortega & Vari 1986:9 [ref. 9708], Géry & Lauzanne 1990:122 [ref. 20140], Taphorn 1992:321 [ref. 23654], Britski 2001:21 [ref. 26046], Lima in Reis et al. 2003:156 [ref. 27061], López et al. 2003:19 [ref. 27366], Menni 2004:74 [ref. 28131], Lima & Britski 2007:242 [ref. 29276], Sarmiento et al. 2014:52, 185 [ref. 35004], Abe et al. 2014:9 [ref. 35462], Mirande & Koerber 2015:20 [ref. 35117], DoNascimiento et al. 2017:63 [ref. 35633], Reis et al. 2020:457 [ref. 38364], Silva et al. 2020:5 [ref. 37809]). Current status: Valid as Salminus hilarii Valenciennes 1850. Bryconidae: Salmininae. Distribution: South America: Amazon and Orinoco river basin (Argentina, Brazil, Colombia, Bolivia, Ecuador, Peru and Venezuela). Habitat: freshwater.

howesi, Brycon Lima [F. C. T.] 2017:47, Figs. 2, 28-29 [Zootaxa 4222 (no. 1); ref. 35071] The confluence of Rio Jequitinhonha with rio Araçuaí, below village of Itira, Araçuaí, Minas Gerais, Brazil, 16°45'S, 42°0'W. Holotype: MZUSP 103075. Paratypes: ANSP, MCP, MZUEL, MZUSP, ZUEC. Plus non-type material. •Valid as Brycon howesi Lima 2017. Current status: Valid as Brycon howesi Lima 2017. Bryconidae: Bryconinae. Distribution: Rio Jequitinhonha basin, Minas Gerais, Brazil. Habitat: freshwater.

insignis, Brycon Steindachner [F.] 1877:587 [29], Pl. 4 (figs. 1, 1a) [Sitzungsberichte der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften. Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe v. 74 (1. Abth.); ref. 4224] Rio Parahyba at Campos and Mendez, Brazil. Lectotype: NMW 62925. Paralectotypes: NMW. On p. 29 of separate. Figure numbers incorrectly given as 2 and 2a, see Steindachner 1879:50 [ref. 4228]. Lectotype selected by Lima 2017:41 [ref. 35071]. •Questionably a synonym of Brycon devillei (Castelnau 1855) -- (Howes 1982:24, 32 [ref. 14201]). •Valid as Brycon insignis Steindachner 1877 -- (Lima & Costa 2000:157 [ref. 24439], Lima in Reis et al. 2003:176 [ref. 27061], Lima 2017:36 [ref. 35071], Rodrigues et al. 2021:147 [ref. 38829]). Current status: Valid as Brycon insignis Steindachner 1877. Bryconidae: Bryconinae. Distribution: South America: Paraíba do Sul River basin and coastal drainages (Rio de Janeiro), Rio Itabopoana (Espiritu Santo, Brazil). Habitat: freshwater.

iquitensis, Brycon siebenthalae Nakashima [S.] 1941:69, Fig. [Boletín del Museo de Historia Natural "Javier Prado" v. 5 (no. 16); ref. 13189] Iquitos, Amazon system, Peru. Types: ?MHNJP [= MUSM], lost. •Status uncertain -- (Howes 1982:44 [ref. 14201]). •Synonym of Brycon cephalus (Günther 1869) -- (Lima in Reis et al. 2003:175 [ref. 27061]). •Synonym of Brycon amazonicus (Agassiz 1829) -- (Lima 2017:113 [ref. 35071]). Current status: Synonym of Brycon amazonicus (Agassiz 1829). Bryconidae: Bryconinae. Habitat: freshwater.

iquitensis, Holobrycon Nakashima [S.] 1941:72, Fig. [Boletín del Museo de Historia Natural "Javier Prado" v. 5 (no. 16); ref. 13189] Iquitos, Amazon system, Peru. Types lost. •Valid with question as Brycon iquitensis (Nakashima 1941) -- (Howes 1982:32 [ref. 14201]). •Synonym of Salminus hilarii Valenciennes 1850 -- (Lima in Reis et al. 2003:156 [ref. 27061] with question, Mirande & Koerber 2015:20 [ref. 35117]). Current status: Synonym of Salminus hilarii Valenciennes 1850. Bryconidae: Salmininae. Habitat: freshwater.

juanensis, Brycon Rendahl [H.] 1941:10, Figs. 2-3 [Arkiv för Zoologi v. 33 A (pt. 1) (no. 4); ref. 12983] Río San Juan at Cabeceras, Pacific slope of Colombia. Holotype: NRM 10688. Paratypes: NRM 36594 (1). Originally 2 specimens; larger of the two referred to as "Typexemplar" and regarded as the holotype. •Synonym of Brycon meeki Eigenmann & Hildebrand 1918 -- (Howes 1982:32, 34 [ref. 14201], Lima in Reis et al. 2003:177 [ref. 27061]). Current status: Synonym of Brycon meeki Eigenmann & Hildebrand 1918. Bryconidae: Bryconinae. Habitat: freshwater.

juradoensis, Brycon Fowler [H. W.] 1944:232, Figs. 5-6 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 96; ref. 1452] Río Juradó, Chocó Province, Colombia. Holotype: ANSP 71426. Paratypes: ANSP 71427-29 (3). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:49 [ref. 13621]. •Synonym of Brycon meeki Eigenmann & Hildebrand 1918 -- (Howes 1982:32, 34 [ref. 14201], Lima in Reis et al. 2003:177 [ref. 27061]). Current status: Synonym of Brycon meeki Eigenmann & Hildebrand 1918. Bryconidae: Bryconinae. Habitat: freshwater.

labiatus, Brycon Steindachner [F.] 1879:195 [Anzeiger der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Wien, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe v. 16 (no. 18) (for 17 July 1879); ref. 20479] Río Cauca, Colombia. Holotype (unique): NMW. Species later described in more detail in Steindachner 1879:188 [p. 70 in separate] [ref. 4229]. •Valid as Brycon labiatus Steindachner 1879 -- (Howes 1982:32 [ref. 14201], Lima in Reis et al. 2003:177 [ref. 27061], DoNascimiento et al. 2017:63 [ref. 35633]). Current status: Valid as Brycon labiatus Steindachner 1879. Bryconidae: Bryconinae. Distribution: Magdalena River basin, Colombia. Habitat: freshwater.

labrosus, Chalceus Jardine [W.] in Schomburgk 1841:212, Pl. 13 (fig. 1) [The Natural history of fishes of Guiana; ref. 18707] Río Paduiri, Guyana [probably Rio Padauari, middle Rio Negro basin, Amazonas, Brazil]. No types known. Declared nomen oblitum by Lima 2017:155 [ref. 35071]. •Questionably a senior synonym of Brycon falcatus Müller & Troschel 1844 -- (Howes 1982:26 [ref. 14201]). •Species inquirenda in Characidae, subfamily Bryconinae -- (Lima in Reis et al. 2003:178 [ref. 27061]). Nomen Oblitum. Current status: Synonym of Brycon falcatus Müller & Troschel 1844. Bryconidae: Bryconinae. Habitat: freshwater.

lineatus, Brycon Steindachner [F.] 1866:19 [Anzeiger der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftlichen Classe v. 3; ref. 21713] Río de la Plata, Argentina. Holotype (unique): NMW 62943. Species first described in the abstract above, later illustrated and described in more detail in Steindachner 1866:211 [p. 4 of separate], Pl. 2 [ref. 14059]; also appeared in English in Steindachner 1866:312 [ref. 21712]. The true holotype specimen is lost, Lima 2017:96 [ref. 35071]. •Synonym of Brycon orbignyanus (Valenciennes 1850) -- (Howes 1982:32 [ref. 14201], Géry & Mahnert 1992:807 [ref. 27146], Lima in Reis et al. 2003:177 [ref. 27061], Litz & Koerber 2014:10 [ref. 33622], Mirande & Koerber 2015:17 [ref. 35117], Lima 2017:90 [ref. 35071], Koerber et al. 2017:26 [ref. 35267]). Current status: Synonym of Brycon orbignyanus (Valenciennes 1850). Bryconidae: Bryconinae. Habitat: freshwater.

longiceps, Brycon Steindachner [F.] 1879:150 [Anzeiger der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Wien, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe v. 16 (no. 15) (for 19 June 1879); ref. 20478] Bolivar, Río Orinoco, Venezuela. Syntypes: (several) NMW 62944 (3). Species later illustrated and described in more detail in Steindachner 1879:156 [p. 8 in separate], Pl. 1 (fig. 5) [ref. 18782]. •Valid as Brycon longiceps Steindachner 1879 -- (Howes 1982:32 [ref. 14201], Moscó Morales 1988:8 [ref. 20066]). •Synonym of Brycon amazonicus (Agassiz 1829) -- (Lima in Reis et al. 2003:175 [ref. 27061], Lima 2017:112 [ref. 35071]). Current status: Synonym of Brycon amazonicus (Agassiz 1829). Bryconidae: Bryconinae. Habitat: freshwater.

lundii, Brycon Lütken [C. F.] (ex Reinhardt) 1875:135 [9] [Oversigt over det Kongelige Danske Videnskabernes Selskabs Forhandlinger og dets Medlemmers Arbeider (Kjøbenhavn) 1874 (no. 3); ref. 2856] Rio das Velhas, Brazil. Syntypes: ZMUC 227 Lagoa Santa, ZMUC 228-229 (skulls), ZMUC 232 Rio das Velhas. Type catalog: Nielsen 1974:44 [ref. 9588]. On p. 9 of separate. Also described in Lütken 1875:221 (and p. XV of summary) [ref. 19674]. •Valid but may be same as Brycon orthotaenia Günther 1864 -- (Howes 1982:33 [ref. 14201], Géry & Mahnert 1992:817 [ref. 27146]). •Synonym of Brycon orthotaenia Günther 1864 -- (Britski 2001:21 [ref. 26046], Lima in Reis et al. 2003:178 [ref. 27061], Lima 2017:83 [ref. 35071]). Current status: Synonym of Brycon orthotaenia Günther 1864. Bryconidae: Bryconinae. Habitat: freshwater.

matrincham, Salmo Kner [R.] (ex Natterer) 1860:12 [4] [Denkschriften der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften in Wien, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe. v. 18; ref. 7130] On p. 4 of separate. Not available, name mentioned in passing under Chalceus carpophaga Valenciennes; from Irisanga, Brazil. •Questionably in the synonymy of Brycon carpophaga (Valenciennes 1850) -- (Howes 1982:16 [ref. 14201]). •In the synonymy of Brycon orbignyanus (Valenciennes 1850) -- (Lima 2017:90 [ref. 35071]). Nomen Nudum. Current status: Synonym of Brycon orbignyanus (Valenciennes 1850). Bryconidae: Bryconinae.

matrinchao, Brycon Fowler [H. W.] 1941:192, Fig. 102 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 93; ref. 1437] Rio Parnahyba, Therezina, Piauhy, Brazil [in error, probably from the Amazon basin]. Holotype (unique): ANSP 69619. Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:50 [ref. 13621]. •Questionably a synonym of Brycon brevicauda Günther 1864 -- (Howes 1982:14, 33 [ref. 14201]). •Synonym of Brycon falcatus Müller & Troschel 1844 -- (Lima in Reis et al. 2003:176 [ref. 27061], Lima 2017:143 [ref. 35071]). Current status: Synonym of Brycon falcatus Müller & Troschel 1844. Bryconidae: Bryconinae. Habitat: freshwater.

maxillosus, Salminus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1850:62 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 22; ref. 1014] Amazonas, Brazil. Holotype (unique): MNHN A-8550 (dry). Type catalog: Géry & Lauzanne 1990:117 [ref. 20140]. Spelled maxiliosus by Bertoni 1914:13 [ref. 16813]. •Valid as Salminus maxillosus Valenciennes 1850 -- (Ortega & Vari 1986:9 [ref. 9708], Haro et al. 1996:6 [ref. 25004], Miquelarena et al. 1997:68 [ref. 23469], Gómez & Chebez 1996:49 [ref. 23791], Sverlij et al. 1998:17 [ref. 27632] dated 1840, Britski et al. 1999:50 [ref. 24147], Butí & Cancino 1999:71 [ref. 25277]). •Synonym of Salminus brasiliensis (Cuvier 1816) -- (Géry & Lauzanne 1990:122 [ref. 20140], Lima in Reis et al. 2003:156 [ref. 27061], Litz & Koerber 2014:12 [ref. 33622], Mirande & Koerber 2015:20 [ref. 35117], Koerber et al. 2017:32 [ref. 35267]). Current status: Synonym of Salminus brasiliensis (Cuvier 1816). Bryconidae: Salmininae. Habitat: freshwater.

medemi, Brycon Dahl [G.] 1960:461, Fig. [Caldasia v. 8 (no. 39); ref. 9310] Quebrada La Noche, upper Río Atrato, western Colombia. Holotype: ICNMHN 41. Paratypes: (6) ICNMHN 73 (2). Type catalog: Cala 1981:2 [ref. 23525], Mojica & Agudelo-Zamora 2018:8 [ref. 36127]. Four additional ICNMHN paratypes lost according to Mojica & Agudelo-Zamora 2018:8 [ref. 36127]. •Valid as Brycon medemi Dahl 1960 -- (Howes 1982:33 [ref. 14201], Lima in Reis et al. 2003:177 [ref. 27061], DoNascimiento et al. 2017:63 [ref. 35633]). Current status: Valid as Brycon medemi Dahl 1960. Bryconidae: Bryconinae. Distribution: Atrato River basin, Colombia. Habitat: freshwater.

meeki, Brycon Eigenmann [C. H.] & Hildebrand [S. F.] in Eigenmann 1918:688 [Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society v. 56 (no. 7); ref. 12304] Río San Juan, Río Dagua, Río Patia, western Colombia [Lectotype from Barbacoas, Colombia]. Lectotype: CAS 13467 [ex IU 13467]. Paralectotypes: [all CAS ex IU] CAS 13460 (2), 18542 (9), 18537 (25), 54945 (33), 61208-15 (2, 12 33, 38, 1, 1, 40, 13), 61217-18 (24, 24); CAS-SU 22761 (4); USNM 280489 (12); MBUCV. Type catalog: Vari & Howe 1991:9 [ref. 19022]. Lectotype selected by Eigenmann 1922:322 [ref. 1243]. Moreira in Reis et al. 2003:177 [ref. 27061] indicates that Eschmeyer 1998 was incorrect in stating that Eigenmann designated a lectotype; Eigenmann did establish the lectotype on p. 322 [not 232] in the caption to Pl. 23. •Valid as Brycon meeki Eigenmann & Hildebrand 1918 -- (Howes 1982:34 [ref. 14201], Malabarba 1998:76 [ref. 23840], Lima in Reis et al. 2003:177 [ref. 27061], Mirande 2010:483 [ref. 31006], DoNascimiento et al. 2017:63 [ref. 35633]). Current status: Valid as Brycon meeki Eigenmann & Hildebrand 1918. Bryconidae: Bryconinae. Distribution: Trans-Andean river basins in Colombia. Habitat: freshwater.

melanopterum, Megalobrycon Cope [E. D.] 1872:262, Pl. 13 (fig. 1) [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 23; ref. 921] Río Ambyiacu, Peru. Lectotype: ANSP 8035. Paralectotype: ANSP 8036 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:51 [ref. 13621]. Type selected by Fowler 1907:447 [ref. 1374]. •Valid as Brycon melanopterus (Cope 1872) -- (Howes 1982:32, 34 [ref. 14201], Ortega & Vari 1986:7 [ref. 9708], Géry & Mahnert 1992:802 [ref. 27146], Lima in Reis et al. 2003:177 [ref. 27061], Lima 2004:282 [ref. 27858], Sarmiento et al. 2014:44, 184 [ref. 35004], Lima 2017:134 [ref. 35071] dated 1871, DoNascimiento et al. 2017:63 [ref. 35633]). Current status: Valid as Brycon melanopterus (Cope 1872). Bryconidae: Bryconinae. Distribution: Amazon River basin: Colombia, Ecuador, Peru and Brazil. Habitat: freshwater.

melanoxanthus, Brycon Kner [R.] (ex Heckel) 1860:12 [4] [Denkschriften der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften in Wien, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe. v. 18; ref. 7130] On p. 4 of separate. Not available, name mentioned in passing under Chalceus orbignyanus Valenciennes. •In the synonymy of Brycon orbignyanus (Valenciennes 1850) -- (Howes 1982:34 [ref. 14201]). •Questionably in the synonymy of Brycon hilarii (Valenciennes 1850) -- (Lima in Reis et al. 2003:176 [ref. 27061]). •In the synonymy of Brycon hilarii (Valenciennes 1850) -- (Lima 2017:98 [ref. 35071]). Nomen Nudum. Current status: Synonym of Brycon hilarii (Valenciennes 1850). Bryconidae: Bryconinae.

microlepis, Brycon Perugia [A.] 1897:149 [3] [Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Genova (Serie 2) v. 18; ref. 3436] Bahia Negra, Chaco Borale, Río Paraguay, Paraguay. Holotype (unique): MSNG 36916. Type catalog: Tortonese 1961:183 [ref. 10343]. On p. 3 of separate. •Valid as Brycon microlepis Perugia 1897 -- (Howes 1982:34 [ref. 14201], Géry & Mahnert 1992:803 [ref. 27146], Gómez & Chebez 1996:48 [ref. 23791], Britski et al. 1999:27 [ref. 24147], Menni 2004:74 [ref. 28131]). •Synonym of Brycon hilarii (Valenciennes 1850) -- (Lima in Reis et al. 2003:176 [ref. 27061], Lima 2017:98 [ref. 35071], Koerber et al. 2017:26 [ref. 35267], Koerber et al. 2017:3 [ref. 35632]). Current status: Synonym of Brycon hilarii (Valenciennes 1850). Bryconidae: Bryconinae. Habitat: freshwater.

moorei, Brycon Steindachner [F.] 1878:91 [Anzeiger der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Wien, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe v. 15 (no. 12) (for 9 May 1878); ref. 20476] Cienaga, Río Magdalena, Colombia. Syntypes: (several) NMW. Species later illustrated and described in more detail in Steindachner 1879:58 [p. 42 of separate], Pl. 5 (figs. 2-2b) [ref. 4227]. •Valid as Brycon moorei Steindachner 1878 -- (Howes 1982:36 [ref. 14201], Lima in Reis et al. 2003:177 [ref. 27061], DoNascimiento et al. 2017:63 [ref. 35633]). Current status: Valid as Brycon moorei Steindachner 1878. Bryconidae: Bryconinae. Distribution: Magdalena River basin, Colombia. Habitat: freshwater.

nattereri, Brycon Günther [A.] (ex Kner) 1864:334 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 5; ref. 1974] Irisanga, Brazil [= Brazil, São Paulo, Oriçanga (now Estiva Gerbi, 22°16'S, 46°57'W), rio Grande basin on ref. 35071]. Holotype (unique): NMW 16396. Based on Chalceus opalinus of Kner 1860:10 [ref. 7130]. •Valid as Brycon nattereri Günther 1864 -- (Howes 1982:36 [ref. 14201], Géry & Mahnert 1992:814 [ref. 27146], Lima in Reis et al. 2003:177 [ref. 27061], Lima 2004:286 [ref. 27858], Lima 2017:75 [ref. 35071], Koerber et al. 2017:27 [ref. 35267] needs verification for Paraguay, Reis et al. 2020:457 [ref. 38364]). Current status: Valid as Brycon nattereri Günther 1864. Bryconidae: Bryconinae. Distribution: South America: upper Paraná, upper Tocantins and upper São Francisco River basins (Brazil). Habitat: freshwater.

obscurus, Brycon Hildebrand [S. F.] 1938:283, Fig. 6 [Field Museum of Natural History, Publications, Zoölogical Series v. 22 (no. 4); ref. 12363] Creek in El Valle, Pacific slope of Panama. Holotype: USNM 106512. Paratypes: FMNH 36651-52 (2); USNM 109207 (3). Type catalog: Ibarra & Stewart 1987:19 [ref. 12367], Vari & Howe 1991:9 [ref. 19022]. •Valid as Brycon obscurus Hildebrand 1938 -- (Howes 1982:36 [ref. 14201], Lima in Reis et al. 2003:177 [ref. 27061], Angulo & Gracian-Negrete 2013:263 [ref. 32959]). Current status: Valid as Brycon obscurus Hildebrand 1938. Bryconidae: Bryconinae. Distribution: Pacific and Atlantic slope of Panama. Habitat: freshwater.

oligolepis, Brycon Regan [C. T.] 1913:462 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 8) v. 12 (no. 71); ref. 3656] Río Condot and western Ecuador. Syntypes: (9) BMNH 11.26.30-31 (2), 1894.4.28.167 (1), 1902.5.27.50 (1), 1913.10.1.8-9 (2), 1914.5.28.5 (1). Howes 1982:38 [ref. 14201] "restricted" the type locality but did not select a lectotype. •Valid as Brycon oligolepis Regan 1913 -- (Howes 1982:37 [ref. 14201], Lima in Reis et al. 2003:177 [ref. 27061], Barriga Salazar 2014:108 [ref. 35745], Jiménez-Prado et al. 2015:168 [ref. 34894] with authorship as Fowler 1945, DoNascimiento et al. 2017:63 [ref. 35633]). Current status: Valid as Brycon oligolepis Regan 1913. Bryconidae: Bryconinae. Distribution: Colombia and Ecuador. Habitat: freshwater.

opalinus, Chalceus Cuvier [G.] 1819:351, Pl. 26 (fig. 1) [Mémoires du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris (N. S.) (Série A) Zoologie v. 5; ref. 1017] Rio de Janeiro State, Brazil [probably rio Paraíba do Sul, Andrade Pinto, 22°14'S, 43°25'W]. Holotype (unique): MNHN A-8613 (dry). Type catalog: Bertin 1948:14 [ref. 19577]. •Valid as Brycon opalinus (Cuvier 1819) -- (Howes 1982:38 [ref. 14201], Géry & Mahnert 1992:813 [ref. 27146], Lima in Reis et al. 2003:177 [ref. 27061], Lima 2017:67 [ref. 35071], see DoNascimiento et al. 2017:[13] [ref. 35679], Rodrigues et al. 2021:147 [ref. 38829]). Current status: Valid as Brycon opalinus (Cuvier 1819). Bryconidae: Bryconinae. Distribution: South America: Paraíba do Sul River and Doce River basin (Rio de Janeiro) and Rio Itapemirim (Espírito Santo, eastern Brazil). Habitat: freshwater.

orbignyanus, Chalceus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1850:249 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 22; ref. 1014] Buenos Aires, Argentina. Lectotype: MNHN A-9835 (larger specimen). Paralectotypes: MNHN A-9835 [same number as lectotype] (1). Type catalog: Bertin 1948:15 [ref. 19577]. Lectotype selected by Géry & Mahnert 1992:807 [ref. 27146]. •Valid as Brycon orbignyanus (Valenciennes 1850) -- (Howes 1982:38 [ref. 14201], Géry & Mahnert 1992:806 [ref. 27146], Gómez & Chebez 1996:48 [ref. 23791] as orbygnianus, Sverlij et al. 1998:16 [ref. 27632], Lima in Reis et al. 2003:177 [ref. 27061], López et al. 2003:18 [ref. 27366] as orbygnianus, Lima 2004:282 [ref. 27858] as orbignianus, Menni 2004:74 [ref. 28131] as orbygnianus, Mirande 2010:483 [ref. 31006], Barriga Salazar 2014:108 [ref. 35745], Litz & Koerber 2014:10 [ref. 33622], Mirande & Koerber 2015:17 [ref. 35117], Bertaco et al. 2016:411 [ref. 34561], Nión et al. 2016:28 [ref. 35565] dated 1849, Koerber et al. 2017:26 [ref. 35267], Lima 2017:90 [ref. 35071], Reis et al. 2020:457 [ref. 38364]). Current status: Valid as Brycon orbignyanus (Valenciennes 1850). Bryconidae: Bryconinae. Distribution: South America: Argentina, Paraguay, Brazil, Ecuador and Uruguay. Habitat: freshwater.

orbignyanus, Salminus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1850:65 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 22; ref. 1014] Buenos Aires, Argentina; affluents of Río Parana, Uruguay. Holotype (unique): MNHN A-8551 (dry). Type catalog: Géry & Lauzanne 1990:117 [ref. 20140]. •Valid as Salminus orbignyanus Valenciennes 1850 -- (Malabarba 1989:138 [ref. 14217]). •Synonym of Salminus brasiliensis (Cuvier 1816) -- (Géry & Lauzanne 1990:122 [ref. 20140], Lima in Reis et al. 2003:156 [ref. 27061], Litz & Koerber 2014:12 [ref. 33622], Mirande & Koerber 2015:20 [ref. 35117], Koerber et al. 2017:32 [ref. 35267]). Current status: Synonym of Salminus brasiliensis (Cuvier 1816). Bryconidae: Salmininae. Habitat: freshwater.

orthotaenia, Brycon Günther [A.] 1864:335 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 5; ref. 1974] Rio Cipo, Brazil. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1861.5.16,71 (half skin). •Valid as Brycon orthotaenia Günther 1864 -- (Howes 1982:38 [ref. 14201], Géry & Mahnert 1992:817 [ref. 27146], Lima in Reis et al. 2003:177 [ref. 27061], Lima 2004:282 [ref. 27858], Lima 2017:82 [ref. 35071], Silva et al. 2020:5 [ref. 37809]). Current status: Valid as Brycon orthotaenia Günther 1864. Bryconidae: Bryconinae. Distribution: South America: São Francisco River basin (Brazil). Habitat: freshwater.

paraputanga, Salmo Kner [R.] (ex Natterer) 1860:12 [4] [Denkschriften der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften in Wien, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe. v. 18; ref. 7130] On p. 4 of separate. Not available, name mentioned in passing under Chalceus orbignyanus Valenciennes; from Rio Guapore, Brazil. •In the synonymy of Brycon hilarii (Valenciennes 1850) -- (Lima 2017:98 [ref. 35071]). Nomen Nudum. Current status: Synonym of Brycon hilarii (Valenciennes 1850). Bryconidae: Bryconinae.

pellegrini, Brycon Holly [M.] 1929:208 [Anzeiger der Akademie der Wissenschaften in Wien, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe v. 66 (no. 17) (for 4 July 1929); ref. 16089] Amazon, Manaos [Manaus], western Brazil. Holotype (unique): NMW 8963. •Possibly a synonym of Brycon cephalus (Günther 1869) -- (Howes 1982:41 [ref. 14201]). •Synonym of Brycon amazonicus (Agassiz 1829) -- (Lima in Reis et al. 2003:175 [ref. 27061], Lima 2017:113 [ref. 35071]). Current status: Synonym of Brycon amazonicus (Agassiz 1829). Bryconidae: Bryconinae. Habitat: freshwater.

pesu, Brycon Müller [J.] & Troschel [F. H.] 1845:16, 30, Pl. 7 (fig. 1) [Horae Ichthyologicae Nos 1 & 2; ref. 3071] Guiana. Holotype: ZMB 3605. •Valid as Holobrycon pesu (Müller & Troschel 1845) -- (authors). •Valid as Brycon pesu Müller & Troschel 1845 -- (Howes 1982:41 [ref. 14201], Ortega & Vari 1986:7 [ref. 9708], Planquette et al. 1996:228 [ref. 22818], Malabarba 1998:76 [ref. 23840], Lima in Reis et al. 2003:178 [ref. 27061], Lima 2004:286 [ref. 27858], Mirande 2010:482 [ref. 31006], Barriga Salazar 2014:108 [ref. 35745], Sarmiento et al. 2014:44, 184 [ref. 35004], DoNascimiento et al. 2017:63 [ref. 35633], Silvano et al. 2020:63 [ref. 38133]). Current status: Valid as Brycon pesu Müller & Troschel 1845. Bryconidae: Bryconinae. Distribution: South America: Amazon and Orinoco river basins (Brazil, Colombia, Bolivia, Ecuador, French Guiana, Guyana, Peru, Suriname and Venezuela). Habitat: freshwater.

petrosus, Brycon Meek [S. E.] & Hildebrand [S. F.] 1913:84 [Field Museum of Natural History, Publications, Zoölogical Series v. 10 (no. 8); ref. 12295] Upper Río Chagres, Panama. Holotype: FMNH 7589. Paratypes: FMNH 12299-340 (88, 19 lots), 32017 (1); ?USNM 78495 (1). Type catalog: Ibarra & Stewart 1987:19 [ref. 12367], Vari & Howe 1991:9 [ref. 19022]. Only holotype cited but description based on more than one specimen. •Valid as Brycon petrosus Meek & Hildebrand 1913 -- (Howes 1982:42 [ref. 14201], Lima in Reis et al. 2003:178 [ref. 27061], Angulo & Gracian-Negrete 2013:263 [ref. 32959]). Current status: Valid as Brycon petrosus Meek & Hildebrand 1913. Bryconidae: Bryconinae. Distribution: Atlantic and Pacific slopes of Panama. Habitat: freshwater.

piabanha, Megalobrycon Miranda Ribeiro [A. de] 1902:255 [v. 6 (nos. 7-8); ref. 3710] Rio Pomba, rio Paraíba do Sul basin, Brazil. Holotype (unique): MNRJ not found. Renamed piabagna in Miranda Ribeiro 1906:7 and illustrated (unnumbered pl.) [ref. 17761]. •Synonym of Brycon insignis Steindachner 1877 -- (Lima in Reis et al. 2003:176 [ref. 27061], Lima 2017:36 [ref. 35071]). Current status: Synonym of Brycon insignis Steindachner 1877. Bryconidae: Bryconinae. Habitat: freshwater.

pirapitinga, Salmo Kner [R.] (ex Natterer) 1860:10 [2] [Denkschriften der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften in Wien, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe. v. 18; ref. 7130] On p. 2 of separate. Not available, name mentioned in passing under Chalceus opalinus Cuvier; from Irisanga. •Not the same species as Brycon pirapitinga Magalhães 1931:168 [ref. 21136] -- (Lima 2017:73, 75 [ref. 35071]). Nomen Nudum. Current status: Synonym of Brycon nattereri Günther 1864. Bryconidae: Bryconinae.

piraputanga, Salmo Kner [R.] (ex Natterer) 1860:11 [3] [Denkschriften der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften in Wien, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe. v. 18; ref. 7130] On p. 3 of separate. Not available, name mentioned in passing under Chalceus hilarii Valenciennes (Rio Cujaba, Salto Theotono). Nomen Nudum. Current status: Synonym of Brycon hilarii (Valenciennes 1850). Bryconidae.

polylepis, Brycon Moscó Morales [J.] 1988:9, Figs. 2, 3, 5 [Anartia No. 1; ref. 20066] Río Yasa, tributary to Río Negro, Maracaibo basin, Sierra de Perijá, Estado Zulia, Venezuela. Holotype: MBLUZ 1273. Paratypes: MBLUZ 219 (1), 358 (2), 787 (1), 1260 (1), 1275 (8); MBUCV-V-15094 (2). Type catalog: Provenzano et al. 1998:4 [ref. 24196]. •Valid as Brycon polylepis Moscó Morales 1988 -- (Lima in Reis et al. 2003:178 [ref. 27061], Lima 2004:286 [ref. 27858], Lima 2017:27 [ref. 35071], DoNascimiento et al. 2017:63 [ref. 35633]). Current status: Valid as Brycon polylepis Moscó Morales 1988. Bryconidae: Bryconinae. Distribution: Orinoco River basin: Venezuela, Colombia, Peru and Brazil. Habitat: freshwater.

posadae, Brycon Fowler [H. W.] 1945:103, Fig. 5 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 97; ref. 1454] Ricaurte, on the Río Guebo, tributary of Río Mira, Nariño Dept., Pacific Slope of Colombia, elevation 3000 feet. Holotype: ANSP 71695. Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:53 [ref. 13621]. •Valid as Brycon posadae Fowler 1945 -- (Ovchynnyk 1967:28 [ref. 37559], Howes 1982:42 [ref. 14201], Lima in Reis et al. 2003:178 [ref. 27061], Barriga Salazar 2014:108 [ref. 35745], Jiménez-Prado et al. 2015:170 [ref. 34894], DoNascimiento et al. 2017:63 [ref. 35633]). Current status: Valid as Brycon posadae Fowler 1945. Bryconidae: Bryconinae. Distribution: South America: Pacific slope (Colombia and Ecuador). Habitat: freshwater.

reinhardti, Brycon Lütken [C. F.] 1875:134 [8] [Oversigt over det Kongelige Danske Videnskabernes Selskabs Forhandlinger og dets Medlemmers Arbeider (Kjøbenhavn) 1874 (no. 3); ref. 2856] Rio das Velhas, Minas Gerais State, Brazil. Syntypes: BMNH 1878.1.10.36 (1); MNHN 0000-9589 [ex ZMUC] (1); NMW 59761 (2); SMNS 2049 (1); USNM 44955 (1); ZMB 9194 (1); ZMUC 216 (1), 222 (1), 224 (1), 225 (1). Type catalog: Bertin 1948:15-16 [ref. 19577], Nielsen 1974:45 [ref. 9588], Fricke 1995:8 [ref. 28100], Fricke 2005:26 [ref. 29864]. On p. 8 of separate. Also described in Lütken 1875:221 (and p. XV of summary) [ref. 19674]. •Valid as Brycon reinhardti Lütken 1875 -- (Howes 1982:42 [ref. 14201], Lima & Costa 2000:159 [ref. 24439], Britski 2001:21 [ref. 26046]). •Synonym of Brycon nattereri Günther 1864 -- (Lima in Reis et al. 2003:177 [ref. 27061], Lima 2017:75 [ref. 35071]). Current status: Synonym of Brycon nattereri Günther 1864. Bryconidae: Bryconinae. Habitat: freshwater.

rodopterus, Chalceus Posada [A.] 1909:303 [Los peces del norte de Colombia; ref. 5005] Medellín, Colombia. Apparently independent of Chalceus rodopterus Valenciennes 1850, as name is followed by "(A. P-A.)". •Possibly a synonym of Brycon orbignyanus (Valenciennes 1850) -- (Howes 1982:43 [ref. 14201]). •Synonym of Brycon orbignyanus (Valenciennes 1850) -- (Géry & Mahnert 1992:806 [ref. 27146]). •Synonym of Brycon rubricauda Steindachner 1879 -- (Lima in Reis et al. 2003:178 [ref. 27061]). Current status: Synonym of Brycon rubricauda Steindachner 1879. Bryconidae: Bryconinae. Habitat: freshwater.

rodopterus, Chalceus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1850:249 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 22; ref. 1014] Buenos Aires, Argentina. Syntypes: MNHN A-9834 (2, poor condition). Type catalog: Bertin 1948:15 [ref. 19577]. •Synonym of Brycon orbignyanus (Valenciennes 1850) -- (Lima in Reis et al. 2003:177 [ref. 27061], Litz & Koerber 2014:10 [ref. 33622], Mirande & Koerber 2015:17 [ref. 35117], Lima 2017:90 [ref. 35071], Koerber et al. 2017:26 [ref. 35267]). Current status: Synonym of Brycon orbignyanus (Valenciennes 1850). Bryconidae: Bryconinae. Habitat: freshwater.

rubricauda, Brycon Steindachner [F.] 1879:195 [Anzeiger der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Wien, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe v. 16 (no. 18) (for 17 July 1879); ref. 20479] Río Cauca, Colombia. Holotype (unique): NMW. Species later described in more detail in Steindachner 1879:188 [p. 70 in separate] [ref. 4229]. •Valid as Brycon rubricauda Steindachner 1879 -- (Howes 1982:43 [ref. 14201], Lima in Reis et al. 2003:178 [ref. 27061], DoNascimiento et al. 2017:63 [ref. 35633]). Current status: Valid as Brycon rubricauda Steindachner 1879. Bryconidae: Bryconinae. Distribution: Magdalena River basin, Colombia. Habitat: freshwater.

scapularis, Brycon Fowler [H. W.] 1911:502, Fig. 3 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 63; ref. 1384] Affluent of the Río Chimbo near Bucay, Guayas Province, western Ecuador. Holotype (unique): ANSP 39105. Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:53 [ref. 13621]. •Synonym of Brycon atrocaudatus (Kner 1863) -- (Howes 1982:9, 44 [ref. 14201], Lima in Reis et al. 2003:175 [ref. 27061]). Current status: Synonym of Brycon atrocaudatus (Kner 1863). Bryconidae: Bryconinae. Habitat: freshwater.

schomburgkii, Brycon Müller [J.] & Troschel [F. H.] 1844:91 [Archiv für Naturgeschichte v. 10 (pt 1); ref. 3070] Guyana. Holotype (unique): ZMB 3604. Also appeared in Müller & Troschel 1845:16, Pl. 6 (fig. 2a) [ref. 3071]. Possibility of syntypes needs research. •Synonym of Brycon falcatus Müller & Troschel 1844 -- (Howes 1982:26, 44 [ref. 14201], Lima in Reis et al. 2003:176 [ref. 27061], Lima 2017:143 [ref. 35071]). Current status: Synonym of Brycon falcatus Müller & Troschel 1844. Bryconidae: Bryconinae. Habitat: freshwater.

siebenthalae, Brycon Eigenmann [C. H.] 1912:372, Pl. 54 (fig. 3) [Memoirs of the Carnegie Museum v. 5 (no. 1); ref. 1227] Mud Creek, Aruka River, Guyana. Holotype (unique): FMNH 53353 [ex CM 1819]. Type catalog: Henn 1928:60 [ref. 12305], Ibarra & Stewart 1987:19 [ref. 12367]. •Status uncertain -- (Howes 1982:44 [ref. 14201]). •Synonym of Brycon amazonicus (Agassiz 1829) -- (Lima in Reis et al. 2003:175 [ref. 27061], Lima 2017:112 [ref. 35071]). Current status: Synonym of Brycon amazonicus (Agassiz 1829). Bryconidae: Bryconinae. Habitat: freshwater.

sinuensis, Brycon moorei Dahl [G.] 1955:18, Fig. [Revista Linneana v. 1 (no. 1); ref. 19186] "Specimens from Lorica, Cereté, Betancí, Tierra Alta and the mouth of Nain." Syntypes: lost. •Synonym of Brycon moorei Steindachner 1878, but a valid subspecies as described -- (Howes 1982:36 [ref. 14201]). •Valid as Brycon sinuensis Dahl 1955 -- (Lima in Reis et al. 2003:178 [ref. 27061], DoNascimiento et al. 2017:63 [ref. 35633]). Current status: Valid as Brycon sinuensis Dahl 1955. Bryconidae: Bryconinae. Distribution: Sinu River basin, Colombia. Habitat: freshwater.

stolzmanni, Brycon Steindachner [F.] 1879:152 [Anzeiger der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Wien, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe v. 16 (no. 15) (for 19 June 1879); ref. 20478] Chota, Río Marañon, Amazon system, Peru. Lectotype: NMW 62731. Paralectotype: (1) NMW. Species later illustrated and described in more detail in Steindachner 1879:170 [p. 22 in separate], Pl. 2 (figs. 6-6b) [ref. 18782]. Lectotype selected by Lima 2017:21 [ref. 35071]. •Valid as Brycon stolzmanni Steindachner 1879 -- (Howes 1982:44 [ref. 14201], Ortega & Vari 1986:7 [ref. 9708], Lima in Reis et al. 2003:178 [ref. 27061], Barriga Salazar 2014:108 [ref. 35745] as cf. stolzmanni, Lima 2017:17 [ref. 35071]). Current status: Valid as Brycon stolzmanni Steindachner 1879. Bryconidae: Bryconinae. Distribution: Peru and ?Ecuador. Habitat: freshwater.

striatulus, Chalcinopsis Kner [R.] 1863:226, "Fig. 12" (unpublished) [Sitzungsberichte der Königlich Bayerischen Akademie der Wissenschaften zu München 1863, v. 2; ref. 5002] Panama. Syntypes: ZSM no. 15, 117, 200, 204, 206 [old collection] (5) destroyed in WWII. Type catalog: Neumann 2006:269 [ref. 28925]. Also appeared as new in Kner & Steindachner 1864:38, Pl. 5 (fig. 2) [ref. 2649]. •Valid as Brycon striatulus (Kner 1863) -- (Ovchynnyk 1967:28 [ref. 37559], Howes 1982:44 [ref. 14201], Bussing 1998:92 [ref. 24179], Lima in Reis et al. 2003:178 [ref. 27061], Angulo & Gracian-Negrete 2013:263 [ref. 32959], DoNascimiento et al. 2017:63 [ref. 35633]). Current status: Valid as Brycon striatulus (Kner 1863). Bryconidae: Bryconinae. Distribution: South America: Pacific slope (Panama, Colombia, Ecuador). Habitat: freshwater.

stuebelii, Brycon Steindachner [F.] 1882:176 [Anzeiger der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften in Wien, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftlichen Klasse v. 19 (no. 19); ref. 20487] Iquitos, Upper Amazon River, Peru. Holotype (unique): MTD F 380. Type catalog: Zarske 2003:16 [ref. 27474]. Species originally spelled as Stübelii but correction is mandatory; later illustrated and described in more detail in Steindachner 1882:13, Pl. 1 (fig. 1) [ref. 14353]. •Valid as Brycon stuebelii Steindachner 1882 -- (Howes 1982:45 [ref. 14201], Ortega & Vari 1986:7 [ref. 9708] as stubelii). •Synonym of Brycon falcatus Müller & Troschel 1844 -- (Lima in Reis et al. 2003:176 [ref. 27061], Lima 2017:143 [ref. 35071] as stübelli). Current status: Synonym of Brycon falcatus Müller & Troschel 1844. Bryconidae: Bryconinae. Habitat: freshwater.

tovari, Brycon Dahl [G.] 1960:465, Fig. [Caldasia v. 8 (no. 39); ref. 9310] Mouth of Río Sandó, tributary to Río Baudó, western Colombia. Holotype: ICNMHN 110. Paratypes: ICNMHN 67 (4) (lost according to Mojica & Agudelo-Zamora 2018:10 [ref. 36127]). Type catalog: Cala 1981:2 [ref. 23525], Mojica & Agudelo-Zamora 2018:10 [ref. 36127]. •Possibly a synonym of Brycon meeki Eigenmann & Hildebrand 1918 -- (Howes 1982:44 [ref. 14201]). •Synonym of Brycon meeki Eigenmann & Hildebrand 1918 -- (Lima in Reis et al. 2003:177 [ref. 27061]). Current status: Synonym of Brycon meeki Eigenmann & Hildebrand 1918. Bryconidae: Bryconinae. Habitat: freshwater.

travassosi, Brycon Amaral Campos [A.] 1950:141, Fig. 1 [Papéis Avulsos do Departamento de Zoologia, Secretaria da Agricultura, São Paulo v. 9 (no. 10); ref. 12932] Bodoquena River, Mato Grosso, Brazil [locality in error, probably from the rio Paraná at Porto Cabral]. Holotype: MZUSP [ex DZSASP] 3811. Type catalog: Britski 1969:202 [ref. 12401], Oyakawa 1996:453 [ref. 23140]. •Possibly a synonym of Brycon orbignyanus (Valenciennes 1850) -- (Howes 1982:44 [ref. 14201]). •Synonym of Brycon orbignyanus (Valenciennes 1850) -- (Géry & Mahnert 1992:811 [ref. 27146], Lima in Reis et al. 2003:177 [ref. 27061], Litz & Koerber 2014:10 [ref. 33622] with author as Campos, Mirande & Koerber 2015:17 [ref. 35117] with author as Campos, Lima 2017:91 [ref. 35071], Koerber et al. 2017:26 [ref. 35267] with author as Campos). Current status: Synonym of Brycon orbignyanus (Valenciennes 1850). Bryconidae: Bryconinae. Habitat: freshwater.

unicolor, Brycon Moscó Morales [J.] 1988:16, Fig.4, 5 [Anartia No. 1; ref. 20066] Centro de Aprendizaje Agropecuaria "Don Bosco", Carrasquero, Estado Zulia, Venezuela. Holotype (unique): MBLUZ 1254. •Valid as Brycon unicolor Moscó Morales 1988 -- (Lima in Reis et al. 2003:178 [ref. 27061]). Current status: Valid as Brycon unicolor Moscó Morales 1988. Bryconidae: Bryconinae. Distribution: Lake Maracaibo basin, Venezuela. Habitat: freshwater.

vermelha, Brycon Lima [F. C. T.] & Castro [R. M. C.] 2000:156, Figs. 1-2 [Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 11 (no. 2); ref. 24439] Rio Mucuri, about 9 kilometers west of village of Presidente Pena, along a dirt road on Fazenda Gavião, 17°42'S, 40°58'W [ca. 17°37'S, 40°55'W on ref. 35071, p.46], município de Carlos Chagas, Minas Gerais State, Brazil. Holotype: MZUSP 53303. Paratypes: MZUSP 53304 (1), USNM 320481 (1). •Valid as Brycon vermelha Lima & Castro 2000 -- (Lima in Reis et al. 2003:178 [ref. 27061], Lima 2017:43 [ref. 35071]). Current status: Valid as Brycon vermelha Lima & Castro 2000. Bryconidae: Bryconinae. Distribution: Mucuri River basin and some small coastal drainages to the Itabapoana River, Brazil. Habitat: freshwater.

vonoi, Brycon Lima [F. C. T.] 2017:63, Figs. 36-37 [Zootaxa 4222 (no. 1); ref. 35071] Rio Pardo, Fazenda Tabatinga, Taiobeiras, Minas Gerais, Brazil, circa 15°43'S, 42°14'W. Holotype: MZUSP 58297. Paratypes: ANSP, MCNIP, MCP, MNRJ, MZUSP, ZUEC. Plus additional non-type material. •Valid as Brycon vonoi Lima 2017 -- (Silva et al. 2020:5 [ref. 37809]). Current status: Valid as Brycon vonoi Lima 2017. Bryconidae: Bryconinae. Distribution: South America: Rio Pardo basin (eastern Brazil). Habitat: freshwater.

wheatlandii, Henochilus Garman [S.] 1890:49 [1], Pl. 1 [Bulletin of the Essex Institute v. 22; ref. 1536] Santa Clara, Rio Mucuri, Bahia, Brazil. Holotype (unique): MCZ 21109. On p. 1 of separate. •Valid as Henochilus wheatlandii Garman 1890 -- (Vieira et al. 2000:201 [ref. 25043], Lima in Reis et al. 2003:179 [ref. 27061], Castro et al. 2004:498 [ref. 27916], Abe et al. 2014:9 [ref. 35462], Silva et al. 2020:5 [ref. 37809]). Current status: Valid as Henochilus wheatlandii Garman 1890. Bryconidae: Bryconinae. Distribution: South America: Mucuri and Doce River basins (Brazil). Habitat: freshwater.

whitei, Brycon Myers [G. S.] & Weitzman [S. H.] 1960:99, Fig. 1 [Stanford Ichthyological Bulletin v. 7 (no. 4); ref. 9584] Los Micos, northern end of the Cordillera Macarena, eastern Colombia, 3°20'N, 73°56'W. Holotype: CAS-SU 48818. Paratypes: CAS-SU 48817 [not CAS-SU 44817] (1). •Valid as Brycon whitei Myers & Weitzman 1960 -- (Howes 1982:46 [ref. 14201], Moscó Morales 1988:8 [ref. 20066], Taphorn 1992:131 [ref. 23654], Lima in Reis et al. 2003:178 [ref. 27061], Lima 2004:282 [ref. 27858], Lima 2017:108 [ref. 35071], DoNascimiento et al. 2017:63 [ref. 35633], Urbano-Bonilla et al. 2018:86 [ref. 35773]). Current status: Valid as Brycon whitei Myers & Weitzman 1960. Bryconidae: Bryconinae. Distribution: Orinoco River basin: Colombia and Venezuela. Habitat: freshwater.


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