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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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Species in the family or subfamily Bryconidae: [ 95 ] records


acuminatus, Catabasis Eigenmann [C. H.] & Norris [A. A.] 1900:358 [Revista do Museu Paulista v. 4; ref. 1264] Rio Tietê, São Paulo, Brazil [incorrect, probably Rio Paraíba do Sul basin]. Holotype (unique): CAS 11894 [ex IU 9262]. Type locality is in error -- see Lima in Reis et al. 2003:176 [ref. 27061] and Lima 2017:42 [ref. 35071]. •Valid as Brycon acuminatus (Eigenmann & Norris 1900) -- (Howes 1982:4 [ref. 14201], Malabarba 1998:76 [ref. 23840], Lima & Costa 2000:159 [ref. 24439]). •Synonym of Brycon insignis Steindachner 1877 -- (Lima in Reis et al. 2003:176 [ref. 27061], Lima 2017:36 [ref. 35071]). Current status: Synonym of Brycon insignis Steindachner 1877. Bryconidae: Bryconinae. Habitat: freshwater.

acutus, Brycon Böhlke [J. E.] 1958:67, Pl. 4 (fig. 1) [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 110; ref. 12050] Near the mouth of Río Quinindé, Ecuador, elevation 60 meters. Holotype: CAS-SU 49757. Paratypes: ANSP 75929 (1); CAS-SU 49758-59 (1, 1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:42 [ref. 13621]. •Valid as Brycon acutus Böhlke 1958 -- (Ovchynnyk 1967:27 [ref. 37559]). •Synonym of Brycon alburnus (Günther 1860) -- (Howes 1982:6 [ref. 14201], Lima in Reis et al. 2003:175 [ref. 27061]). Current status: Synonym of Brycon alburnus (Günther 1860). Bryconidae: Bryconinae. Habitat: freshwater.

affinis, Salminus Steindachner [F.] 1880:80 [28], Pl. 7 (figs. 2-2a) [Denkschriften der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften in Wien, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe. v. 42; ref. 14403] Cauca River, Colombia. Lectotype: NMW 78042.2. Paralectotypes: (several) NMW 56855 (1), 77149-50 (1, 1), 78402.1 and .3 (2) On p. 28 of separate. Lectotype listed by Lima & Britski 2007:243 [ref. 29276] •Valid as Salminus affinis Steindachner 1880 -- (Ovchynnyk 1967:30 [ref. 37559], Ortega & Vari 1986:9 [ref. 9708], Géry & Lauzanne 1990:123 [ref. 20140], Lima in Reis et al. 2003:156 [ref. 27061], Lima & Britski 2007:242 [ref. 29276], Barriga S. 2012:108 [ref. 35745], Abe et al. 2014:9 [ref. 35462], DoNascimiento et al. 2017:63 [ref. 35633]). Current status: Valid as Salminus affinis Steindachner 1880. Bryconidae: Salmininae. Distribution: South America: Magdalena River basin and Santiago River basin (Colombia and Ecuador). Habitat: freshwater.

alburnus, Chalceus Günther [A.] 1860:419 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1859 (pt 3) (art. 7); ref. 18210] Western Andes of Ecuador. Syntypes: BMNH 1860.6.16.167 (1), 1860.6.16.180 (1), 1860.6.16.201-202 (2), 1860.6.16.204 (1). •Valid as Brycon alburnus (Günther 1860) -- (Ovchynnyk 1967:27 [ref. 37559], Howes 1982:6 [ref. 14201], Ortega & Vari 1986:7 [ref. 9708], Lima in Reis et al. 2003:174 [ref. 27061], Barriga Salazar 2014:108 [ref. 35745], Jiménez-Prado et al. 2015:162 [ref. 34894]). Current status: Valid as Brycon alburnus (Günther 1860). Bryconidae: Bryconinae. Distribution: South America: Ecuador. Habitat: freshwater.

amazonicus, Chalceus Agassiz [L.] in Spix & Agassiz 1829:68, Pl. 35 [Selecta genera et species piscium quos in itinere per Brasiliam; ref. 13] Rio Trombetas, igarapé Caxipacoré, Amazon River basin, Pará, Brazil, circa 0°34'S, 56°45'W. Neotype: INPA 3415. Name first published in Cuvier 1829 [ref. 995]. As Characinus amazonicus on plate. Neotype designated by Lima 2017:122, 124 [ref. 35071] with discussion of the original type locality. See also Koerber 2021:93 [ref. 38172]. •Valid as Brycon amazonicus (Agassiz 1829) -- (Howes 1982:9 [ref. 14201], Lima in Reis et al. 2003:175 [ref. 27061], Lima 2004:282 [ref. 27858], Sarmiento et al. 2014:44, 184 [ref. 35004], Lima 2017:112 [ref. 35071], DoNascimiento et al. 2017:62 [ref. 35633], Careaga et al. 2020:75 [ref. 37774], Koerber 2021:92, 93 [ref. 38172]). Current status: Valid as Brycon amazonicus (Agassiz 1829). Bryconidae: Bryconinae. Distribution: South America: Amazon River and its main tributaries (Brazil, Peru and Bolivia); Orinoco River basin (Colombia, Guyana and Venezuela). Introduced in southeastern and central Brazil. Habitat: freshwater.

argenteus, Brycon Meek [S. E.] & Hildebrand [S. F.] 1913:84 [Field Museum of Natural History, Publications, Zoölogical Series v. 10 (no. 8); ref. 12295] Río Aruza, Aruza, Panama. Holotype: FMNH 7588. Paratypes: FMNH 12263-98 (total 168 spec.); probable paratypes: USNM 78471 (13). Type catalog: Ibarra & Stewart 1987:19 [ref. 12367], Vari & Howe 1991:9 [ref. 19022]. Description based on more than one specimen, only holotype specified. •Valid as Brycon argenteus Meek & Hildebrand 1913 -- (Howes 1982:9 [ref. 14201], Lima in Reis et al. 2003:175 [ref. 27061], Angulo & Gracian-Negrete 2013:263 [ref. 32959], DoNascimiento et al. 2017:62 [ref. 35633]). Current status: Valid as Brycon argenteus Meek & Hildebrand 1913. Bryconidae: Bryconinae. Distribution: Pacific and Atlantic slopes: Panama and Colombia. Habitat: freshwater.

atrocaudatus, Chalceus Kner [R.] 1863:227, "Fig. 14" (unpublished) [Sitzungsberichte der Königlich Bayerischen Akademie der Wissenschaften zu München 1863, v. 2; ref. 5002] Western slopes of Andes, Ecuador. Holotype (unique): ZSM 143 [old collection] destroyed in WWII. Type catalog: Neumann 2006:268-269 [ref. 28925]. Also appeared as new in Kner & Steindachner 1864:44, Pl. 4 (fig. 3) [ref. 2649]. •Valid as Brycon atrocaudatus (Kner 1863) -- (Ovchynnyk 1967:28 [ref. 37559], Howes 1982:9 [ref. 14201], Ortega & Vari 1986:7 [ref. 9708], Lima in Reis et al. 2003:175 [ref. 27061], Barriga Salazar 2014:108 [ref. 35745], Jiménez-Prado et al. 2015:164 [ref. 34894]). Current status: Valid as Brycon atrocaudatus (Kner 1863). Bryconidae: Bryconinae. Distribution: South America: Ecuador and Peru. Habitat: freshwater.

auratus, Salmo Larrañaga [D. A.] 1923:378 [Escritos de Don Dámaso Antonio Larrañaga v. 2; ref. 22561] Uruguay. Original as Salmo (dorado) auratus; corresponds to Salmo 27-radiatus on p. 388. Appeared as Salmo auratus vel 27-radiatus in Devincenzi 1925:314, 322 [ref. 20322]; Devincenzi treated as a synonym of Salminus maxillosus Valenciennes 1850. •Synonym of Salminus brasiliensis (Cuvier 1816) -- (Lima in Reis et al. 2003:156 [ref. 27061], Litz & Koerber 2014:12 [ref. 33622], Mirande & Koerber 2015:20 [ref. 35117], Koerber et al. 2017:32 [ref. 35267]). Current status: Synonym of Salminus brasiliensis (Cuvier 1816). Bryconidae: Salmininae. Habitat: freshwater.

bahiensis, Brycon Günther [A.] 1864:334 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 5; ref. 1974] Bahia, Brazil. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1862.11.23.26. •Valid as Brycon bahiensis Günther 1864 -- (Howes 1982:10 [ref. 14201]). •Synonym of Brycon opalinus (Cuvier 1819) -- (Lima in Reis et al. 2003:177 [ref. 27061], Lima 2017:67 [ref. 35071]). Current status: Synonym of Brycon opalinus (Cuvier 1819). Bryconidae: Bryconinae. Habitat: freshwater.

behreae, Brycon Hildebrand [S. F.] 1938:278, Fig. 5 [Field Museum of Natural History, Publications, Zoölogical Series v. 22 (no. 4); ref. 12363] Río Chiriquí del Tire, above Caldera, Pacific slope, western Panama. Holotype: CAS 5582. Paratypes: CAS 61205 (3); FMNH 69523 (1); USNM 109205 [ex CAS] (3), 109206 [ex CAS] (1). Type catalog: Ibarra & Stewart 1987:19 [ref. 12367], Vari & Howe 1991:9 [ref. 19022]. No paratypes were designated but original description gives counts and measurements for 21 additional specimens form the type locality and 22 other specimens from a second locality -- they would be paratypes. •Valid as Brycon behreae Hildebrand 1938 -- (Howes 1982:11 [ref. 14201], Bussing 1987:74 [ref. 22927], Bussing 1998:90 [ref. 24179], Lima in Reis et al. 2003:175 [ref. 27061], Angulo et al. 2013:991 [ref. 33194], Angulo & Gracian-Negrete 2013:264 [ref. 32959], Angulo et al. 2020:5 [ref. 37425]). Current status: Valid as Brycon behreae Hildebrand 1938. Bryconidae: Bryconinae. Distribution: Central America: Pacific and Atlantic slopes of Panama, Pacific slope of Costa Rica. Habitat: freshwater.

bicolor, Brycon Pellegrin [J.] 1909:12 [Bulletin du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle (Série 1) v. 15 (no. 1); ref. 14396] Río Orinoco, Venezuela. Syntypes: MNHN 1887-0746 to 0748 (3). Type catalog: Bertin 1948:16 [ref. 19577]. •Valid as Brycon bicolor Pellegrin 1909 -- (Howes 1982:11 [ref. 14201], Moscó Morales 1988:8 [ref. 20066], Taphorn 1992:128 [ref. 23654], Géry & Mahnert 1992:802 [ref. 27146], Lima in Reis et al. 2003:175 [ref. 27061]). •Synonym of Brycon falcatus Müller & Troschel 1844 -- (Lima 2017:143 [ref. 35071], see DoNascimiento et al. 2017:[13] [ref. 35679]). Current status: Synonym of Brycon falcatus Müller & Troschel 1844. Bryconidae: Bryconinae. Habitat: freshwater.

bolivarensis, Othonophanes Dahl [G.] 1943:216 [2], Fig. [Förhanglingar / Klungl. Fysiografiska sällskapet i Lund = Proceedings of the Royal Physiographic Society at Lund. v. 12 (no. 18); ref. 13198] Pool connected to Río Batatal, tributary to Río San Jorge, Magdalena system, Ayapel, Bolivar, Colombia, elevation about 800 meters. Holotype (unique): ZMUL. On p. 2 of separate. •Synonym of Brycon moorei Steindachner 1878 -- (Howes 1982:14, 36 [ref. 14201], Lima in Reis et al. 2003:177 [ref. 27061]). Current status: Synonym of Brycon moorei Steindachner 1878. Bryconidae: Bryconinae. Habitat: freshwater.

brasiliensis, Hydrocynus Cuvier [G.] 1816:167 [Le Règne Animal v. 2; ref. 993] Brazil. Holotype (unique): MNHN A-8555 (dry). Type catalog: Géry & Lauzanne 1990:117 [ref. 20140]. Name in footnote, tied to description in text above and to plate 10 (fig. 2) of vol. 4. •Valid as Salminus brasiliensis (Cuvier 1816) -- (Géry & Lauzanne 1990:123 [ref. 20140], Chang & Ortega 1995:5 [ref. 24302], Lima in Reis et al. 2003:156 [ref. 27061], López et al. 2003:19 [ref. 27366], Menni 2004:74 [ref. 28131], Lima & Britski 2007:242 [ref. 29276], Mirande 2010:478 [ref. 31006], Abe et al. 2014:9 [ref. 35462], Barriga Salazar 2014:108 [ref. 35745], Litz & Koerber 2014:12 [ref. 33622], Mattox et al. 2014:103 [ref. 33524], Sarmiento et al. 2014:52, 185 [ref. 35004], Mirande & Koerber 2015:20 [ref. 35117], Bertaco et al. 2016:412 [ref. 34561], Reis et al. 2016:14 [ref. 34496], Nión et al. 2016:30 [ref. 35565] with author as Valenciennes 1850, Koerber et al. 2017:32 [ref. 35267], Dickens 2019:161 [ref. 37135], Reis et al. 2020:457 [ref. 38364]). Current status: Valid as Salminus brasiliensis (Cuvier 1816). Bryconidae: Salmininae. Distribution: South America: Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Ecuador, Paraguay and Uruguay. Habitat: freshwater.

brevicauda, Brycon Günther [A.] 1864:335 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 5; ref. 1974] Rio Jocintins [= Tocantins] and Rio Capin [= Capim], Pará State, Brazil. Syntypes: BMNH 1849.11.8.48-49 (2), 1842.4.20.13 (right half skin). •Valid as Brycon brevicauda Günther 1864 -- (Howes 1982:14 [ref. 14201]). •Synonym of Brycon falcatus Müller & Troschel 1844 -- (Lima in Reis et al. 2003:176 [ref. 27061], Lima 2017:143 [ref. 35071]). Current status: Synonym of Brycon falcatus Müller & Troschel 1844. Bryconidae: Bryconinae. Habitat: freshwater.

brevidens, Hydrocyon Cuvier [G.] 1819:364, Pl. 27 (fig. 1) [Mémoires du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris (N. S.) (Série A) Zoologie v. 5; ref. 1017] Brazil. Holotype (unique): MNHN A-8555 (dry). Type catalog: Géry & Lauzanne 1990:117 [ref. 20140]. •Objective synonym of Salminus brasiliensis (Cuvier 1816) -- (Lima in Reis et al. 2003:156 [ref. 27061], Litz & Koerber 2014:12 [ref. 33622], Mirande & Koerber 2015:20 [ref. 35117], Koerber et al. 2017:32 [ref. 35267]). Current status: Synonym of Salminus brasiliensis (Cuvier 1816). Bryconidae: Salmininae. Habitat: freshwater.

capito, Brycon Cope [E. D.] 1872:261 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 23; ref. 921] Río Ambyiacu, Peru. Holotype (unique): ANSP 8058. Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:44 [ref. 13621]. •Valid as Brycon capito Cope 1872 -- (Howes 1982:14 [ref. 14201], Ortega & Vari 1986:7 [ref. 9708]). •Synonym of Brycon cephalus (Günther 1869) -- (Lima in Reis et al. 2003:175 [ref. 27061]). •Synonym of Brycon amazonicus (Agassiz 1829) -- (Lima 2017:112 [ref. 35071]). Current status: Synonym of Brycon amazonicus (Agassiz 1829). Bryconidae: Bryconinae. Habitat: freshwater.

carpophaga, Chalceus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1850:252 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 22; ref. 1014] Essequibo River, Guyana [in error, probably from the Amacuro River system, Guyana]. Lectotype: MNHN A-9832. Paralectotypes: MNHN 0098 (1), A-8615 (1). Type catalog: Bertin 1948:15 [ref. 19577]. Lectotype selected by Géry & Mahnert 1992:816 [ref. 27146]. MNHN A-8615 is apparently not this species (Géry & Mahnert 1992:816 [ref. 27146], Lima 2017:88 [ref. 35071]). •Valid as Brycon carpophaga (Valenciennes 1850) -- (Howes 1982:15 [ref. 14201] as carpophagus, Géry & Mahnert 1992:816 [ref. 27146] as carpophagus). •Synonym of Brycon amazonicus (Agassiz 1829) -- (Lima in Reis et al. 2003:175 [ref. 27061], Lima 2017:112 [ref. 35071] as Spix & Agassiz). Current status: Synonym of Brycon amazonicus (Agassiz 1829). Bryconidae: Bryconinae. Habitat: freshwater.

cephalus, Megalobrycon Günther [A.] 1869:423, Fig. 1 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1869 (pt 2); ref. 5780] Upper Amazon, Peru. Syntypes: BMNH 1869.5.21.1 (1), 1869.5.21.2 (1). •Valid as Brycon cephalus (Günther 1869) -- (Howes 1982:18 [ref. 14201], Ortega & Vari 1986:7 [ref. 9708], Géry & Mahnert 1992:802 [ref. 27146], Malabarba 1998:76 [ref. 23840], Lima in Reis et al. 2003:175 [ref. 27061], Barriga Salazar 2014:108 [ref. 35745], Sarmiento et al. 2014:44, 184 [ref. 35004]). •Synonym of Brycon amazonicus (Agassiz 1829) -- (Lima 2017:112 [ref. 35071], see DoNascimiento et al. 2017:[13] [ref. 35679]). Current status: Synonym of Brycon amazonicus (Agassiz 1829). Bryconidae: Bryconinae. Habitat: freshwater.

chagrensis, Chalcinopsis Kner [R.] 1863:226, "Fig. 13" (unpublished) [Sitzungsberichte der Königlich Bayerischen Akademie der Wissenschaften zu München 1863, v. 2; ref. 5002] Río Chagres, Panama. Syntypes: NMW 22106 (1), 62661 (2); ZSM no. 3, 16, 47, 129, 234 [old collection] (orig. 5?) destroyed in WWII. Type catalog: Neumann 2006:269 [ref. 28925]. Also appeared as new in Kner & Steindachner 1864:42, Pl. 5 (fig. 3) [ref. 2649]. •Valid as Brycon chagrensis (Kner 1863) -- (Howes 1982:20 [ref. 14201], Bussing 1998:92 [ref. 24179], Lima in Reis et al. 2003:175 [ref. 27061], Angulo & Gracian-Negrete 2013:264 [ref. 32959]). Current status: Valid as Brycon chagrensis (Kner 1863). Bryconidae: Bryconinae. Distribution: Charges River basin, Atlantic slope of Panama. Habitat: freshwater.

coquenani, Brycon Steindachner [F.] 1915:37 [23], Pl. 1 (figs. 1-2) [Denkschriften der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften in Wien, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Klasse. v. 93; ref. 4244] Río Coquenan [Rio Kukenan], Venezuela. Lectotype: NMW 62702. Paralectotypes: (10) NMW 62703. On p. 23 of separate; also in Steindachner 1917 [ref. 15259]. Species not listed in earlier abstract [ref. 18909]. Lectotype selected by Lima 2017:35 [ref. 35071]. •Valid as Brycon coquenani Steindachner 1915 -- (Howes 1982:20 [ref. 14201], Moscó Morales 1988:7 [ref. 20066], Lima in Reis et al. 2003:175 [ref. 27061], Lima 2017:33 [ref. 35071] dated 1917). Current status: Valid as Brycon coquenani Steindachner 1915. Bryconidae: Bryconinae. Distribution: Upper Caroní River, Orinoco River basin, Bolivar, Venezuela. Habitat: freshwater.

costaricensis, Brycon Angulo [A.] & Gracian-Negrete [J. M.] 2013:258, Fig. 2 [Zootaxa 3731 (no. 2); ref. 32959] Atlantic slope, Heredia, Sarapiquí drainage, La Virgen de Sarapiquí, Río Sarapiquí, at the Tirimbina Biological Reserve, 10°24'56.84"N, 84°07'18.70"W, Costa Rica, altitude 149 meters. Holotype: UCR 2936-1. Paratypes: UCR (17 lots, 50 specimens). Type catalog: Angulo et al. 2015:370 [ref. 35212]. •Valid as Brycon costaricensis Angulo & Gracian-Negrete 2013 -- (Angulo et al. 2013:991 [ref. 33194]). Current status: Valid as Brycon costaricensis Angulo & Gracian-Negrete 2013. Bryconidae: Bryconinae. Distribution: Costa Rica and Nicaragua. Habitat: freshwater.

coxeyi, Brycon Fowler [H. W.] 1943:3, Fig. 2 [Notulae Naturae (Philadelphia) No. 119; ref. 13202] Río Paztaza, near mouth of Río Topo, Hacienda Mascota, Província Tungurahua, Ecuador, approximately 1°25'S, 78°11'W. Holotype (unique): ANSP 70156. Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:45 [ref. 13621]. •Valid as Brycon coxeyi Fowler 1943 -- (Ovchynnyk 1967:28 [ref. 37559], Howes 1982:20 [ref. 14201], Lima in Reis et al. 2003:175 [ref. 27061], Barriga Salazar 2014:108 [ref. 35745], Lima 2017:21 [ref. 35071]). Current status: Valid as Brycon coxeyi Fowler 1943. Bryconidae: Bryconinae. Distribution: South America: upper Río Marañon basin (Ecuador and Peru). Habitat: freshwater.

cuvieri, Salminus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1850:56 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 22; ref. 1014] São Francisco, Rio de Janeiro, Minas Gerais, Brazil. Holotype (unique): MNHN A-8555 (dry). Type catalog: Géry & Lauzanne 1990:117 [ref. 20140]. •Objective synonym of Salminus brasiliensis (Cuvier 1816) -- (Britski 2001:21 [ref. 26046], Lima in Reis et al. 2003:156 [ref. 27061], Litz & Koerber 2014:12 [ref. 33622], Mirande & Koerber 2015:20 [ref. 35117], Koerber et al. 2017:32 [ref. 35267]). Current status: Synonym of Salminus brasiliensis (Cuvier 1816). Bryconidae: Salmininae. Habitat: freshwater.

dentex, Brycon Günther [A.] 1860:240 [8] [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1860 (pt 2) (art. 8); ref. 18211] Esmeraldas, 0°59'N, 79°42'W, western Ecuador. Syntypes: BMNH 1860.6.16.156-159 (4), SMNS 762 (1). Type catalog: Fricke 1995:8 [ref. 28100], Fricke 2005:25 [ref. 29864]. On p. 8 of separate. •Valid as Brycon dentex Günther 1860 -- (Ovchynnyk 1967:28 [ref. 37559], Howes 1982:21 [ref. 14201], Ortega & Vari 1986:7 [ref. 9708], Lima in Reis et al. 2003:176 [ref. 27061], Barriga Salazar 2014:108 [ref. 35745], Jiménez-Prado et al. 2015:166 [ref. 34894], DoNascimiento et al. 2017:62 [ref. 35633]). Current status: Valid as Brycon dentex Günther 1860. Bryconidae: Bryconinae. Distribution: South America: Pacific slope (Ecuador and Colombia). Habitat: freshwater.

deuterodon, Chilobrycon Géry [J.] & de Rham [P.] 1981:8, Figs. 3-5 [Revue française d'Aquariologie Herpétologie v. 8 (no. 1); ref. 1600] Small tributary of Río Tumbès, dried up as pools by end of dry seasons, Río Trapazol, Tumbès Dept., northern Peru. Holotype: MHNG 2045.13. Paratypes: Géry Coll. 0824 (6), MNHN 1981-0626 (2). Type catalog: Weber 1998:7 [ref. 23532]. •Valid as Chilobrycon deuterodon Géry & de Rham 1981 -- (Ortega & Vari 1986:8 [ref. 9708], Lima in Reis et al. 2003:179 [ref. 27061], Abe et al. 2014:9 [ref. 35462], Barriga Salazar 2014:108 [ref. 35745]). Current status: Valid as Chilobrycon deuterodon Géry & de Rham 1981. Bryconidae: Bryconinae. Distribution: Pacific slope of northern Peru and Ecuador. Habitat: freshwater.

devillei, Chalceus Castelnau [F. L.] 1855:69, Pl. 36 (fig. 2) [Animaux nouveaux or rares v. 2; ref. 766] Bahia, Brazil. Holotype (unique): MNHN 4517. Type catalog: Bertin 1948:15 [ref. 19577]. •Valid as Brycon devillei (Castelnau 1855) -- (Howes 1982:24 [ref. 14201], Lima & Costa 2000:157 [ref. 24439], Lima in Reis et al. 2003:176 [ref. 27061], Lima 2017:51 [ref. 35071], Silva et al. 2020:5 [ref. 37809]). Current status: Valid as Brycon devillei (Castelnau 1855). Bryconidae: Bryconinae. Distribution: South America: Bahia State (Brazil) endemic. Habitat: freshwater.

dulcis, Brycon Lima [F. C. T.] & Vieira [F.] in Lima 2017:53, Figs. 6C, 30-31 [Zootaxa 4222 (no. 1); ref. 35071] Lago Dom Helvécio, Rio Doce State Park, rio Doce system, Marliéria, Minas Gerais, Brazil, 19°46'S, 42°36'W. Holotype: MZUSP 58911. Paratypes: LISDEBE, MNRJ, MZUSP, ZUEC. Plus non-type material. •Valid as Brycon dulcis Lima & Vieira 2017. Current status: Valid as Brycon dulcis Lima & Vieira 2017. Bryconidae: Bryconinae. Distribution: Middle and lower Rio Dulcis basin, eastern Brazil. Habitat: freshwater.

ecuadoriensis, Brycon Eigenmann [C. H.] & Henn [A. W.] in Eigenmann 1918:687 [Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society v. 56 (no. 7); ref. 12304] Río Barranca Alta at Narnjito, western Ecuador. Holotype (unique): CAS 39436 [ex IU 13470]. •Synonym of Brycon atrocaudatus (Kner 1863), but probably a distinct species -- (Howes 1982:25 [ref. 14201]). •Synonym of Brycon atrocaudatus (Kner 1863) -- (Howes 1982:9 [ref. 14201], Lima in Reis et al. 2003:175 [ref. 27061]). Current status: Synonym of Brycon atrocaudatus (Kner 1863). Bryconidae: Bryconinae. Habitat: freshwater.

erythropterum, Megalobrycon Cope [E. D.] 1872:263, Pl. 10 (fig. 2) [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 23; ref. 921] Río Ambyiacu, Peru. Holotype: ANSP (not found). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:45 [ref. 13621]. •Valid as Brycon erythropterum (Cope 1872) -- (Howes 1982:25 [ref. 14201], Ortega & Vari 1986:7 [ref. 9708], Géry & Mahnert 1992:803 [ref. 27146]). •Synonym of Brycon cephalus (Günther 1869) -- (Lima in Reis et al. 2003:175 [ref. 27061]). •Synonym of Brycon hilarii (Valenciennes 1850) -- (Lima 2017:98 [ref. 35071], Koerber et al. 2017:3 [ref. 35632] as erythropterus). Current status: Synonym of Brycon hilarii (Valenciennes 1850). Bryconidae: Bryconinae. Habitat: freshwater.

erythrura, Brycon Fowler [H. W.] 1941:191, Fig. 101 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 93; ref. 1437] Rio Jaguaribe, Orós, Ceará, Brazil. Holotype: ANSP 69608. Paratypes: ANSP 69609-17 (9), Géry coll. [ex ANSP 69618] (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:45 [ref. 13621]. •Valid as Brycon erythrura Fowler 1941 -- (Howes 1982:26 [ref. 14201]). •Synonym of Salminus hilarii Valenciennes 1850 -- (Lima in Reis et al. 2003:156 [ref. 27061], Mirande & Koerber 2015:20 [ref. 35117]). Current status: Synonym of Salminus hilarii Valenciennes 1850. Bryconidae: Salmininae. Habitat: freshwater.

falcatus, Brycon Müller [J.] & Troschel [F. H.] 1844:90 [Archiv für Naturgeschichte v. 10 (pt 1); ref. 3070] Guyana and Suriname. Syntypes: ZMB 3601-03 (2, 1, 1). Also appeared in Müller & Troschel 1845:15, Pl. 4 (fig. 1a) [ref. 3071]. •Valid as Brycon falcatus Müller & Troschel 1844 -- (Howes 1982:26 [ref. 14201], Moscó Morales 1988:7 [ref. 20066], Planquette et al. 1996:226 [ref. 22818], Malabarba 1998:76 [ref. 23840], Lima in Reis et al. 2003:176 [ref. 27061], Lima 2004:282 [ref. 27858], Mirande 2010:483 [ref. 31006], Phillip et al. 2013:16 [ref. 32896], Barriga Salazar 2014:108 [ref. 35745], Sarmiento et al. 2014:44, 184 [ref. 35004], Lima 2017:142 [ref. 35071], DoNascimiento et al. 2017:63 [ref. 35633], Urbano-Bonilla et al. 2018:86 [ref. 35773]). Current status: Valid as Brycon falcatus Müller & Troschel 1844. Bryconidae: Bryconinae. Distribution: Rivers draining the Brazilian and Guyana shields, western Amazon and Orinoco River basins: Bolivia, Peru, Brazil, Ecuador, Colombia, French Guiana, Guyana, Suriname and Venezuela. Habitat: freshwater.

ferox, Brycon Steindachner [F.] 1877:583 [25], Pl. 4 (figs. 2, 2a) [Sitzungsberichte der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften. Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe v. 74 (1. Abth.); ref. 4224] Rio Mucuri, southeastern Brazil. Lectotype: NMW 62930. Paralectotypes: NMW 62937 (2). On p. 25 of separate. Figure numbers incorrectly given as 1 and 1a, see Steindachner 1879:50 [ref. 4228]. Lectotype selected by Lima 2017:62 [ref. 35071]. •Questionably the same as Brycon acuminatus (Eigenmann & Norris 1900) -- (Howes 1982:4, 28 [ref. 14201]). •Valid as Brycon ferox Steindachner 1877 -- (Lima & Costa 2000:157 [ref. 24439], Lima in Reis et al. 2003:176 [ref. 27061], Lima 2017:58 [ref. 35071], Silva et al. 2020:5 [ref. 37809]). Current status: Valid as Brycon ferox Steindachner 1877. Bryconidae: Bryconinae. Distribution: South America: Mucuri River basin (eastern Brazil). Habitat: freshwater.

flavicolis, Chalceus Posada [A.] 1909:303 [Los peces del norte de Colombia; ref. 5005] Río Cauca, Colombia. No types known. •Species inquirenda in Characidae, subfamily Bryconinae -- (Lima in Reis et al. 2003:178 [ref. 27061]). Bryconidae: Bryconinae. Habitat: freshwater.

fowleri, Brycon Dahl [G.] 1955:19 [Revista Linneana v. 1 (no. 1); ref. 19186] Chibogadó, Colombia. Holotype: whereabouts unknown. Paratypes: whereabouts unknown. •Valid as Brycon fowleri Dahl 1955 -- (Howes 1982:26 [ref. 14201], Lima in Reis et al. 2003:176 [ref. 27061], DoNascimiento et al. 2017:63 [ref. 35633]). Current status: Valid as Brycon fowleri Dahl 1955. Bryconidae: Bryconinae. Distribution: Sinu River basin, Colombia. Habitat: freshwater.

franciscanus, Salminus Lima [F. C. T.] & Britski [H. A.] 2007:238, Figs. 1-3 [Neotropical Ichthyology v. 5 (no. 3); ref. 29276] Stream tributary to rio das Velhas, at Igreja Quebrada. near Jaguara, 19°27'S, 43°57'W, Pedro Leopoldo, Minas Gerais State, Brazil. Holotype: MZUSP 89625. Paratypes: BMNH 1924.12.16.6 (1), 1924.6.2.2 (1), MNRJ, MZUSP and UFPB. Plus non-type material. •Valid as Salminus franciscanus Lima & Britski 2007 -- (Abe et al. 2014:9 [ref. 35462], Reis et al. 2016:14 [ref. 34496], Silva et al. 2020:5 [ref. 37809]). Current status: Valid as Salminus franciscanus Lima & Britski 2007. Bryconidae: Salmininae. Distribution: South America: São Francisco River basin (Brazil). Habitat: freshwater.

gouldingi, Brycon Lima [F. C. T.] 2004:280, Figs. 1-2 [Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 15 (no. 3); ref. 27858] Parauapebas, Igarapé de Boa Vista, tributary of River Itacaiúnas, Serra dos Carajás, about 5°52'S, 50°29'W, Pará, Brazil. Holotype: MZUSP 61400. Paratypes: FMNH 112957 (1); INPA 16247 (1), 16367 (1), 16370 (1), 16376 (3), 16379 (1), 16393 (1); MCP 34184 (1); MZUSP 18050 (1), 18069 (2, 1 c&s), 18078 (2), 18090 (1), 18100 (1), 18196 (1), 31449 (1), 56808 (3), 56948 (1), 56949 (3), 57033 (28), 58044 (1), 61399 (1); USNM 374028 (1). Plus non-type material. •Valid as Brycon gouldingi Lima 2004 -- (Lima 2017:129 [ref. 35071]). Current status: Valid as Brycon gouldingi Lima 2004. Bryconidae: Bryconinae. Distribution: Tocantins River basin, Brazil. Habitat: freshwater.

guatemalensis, Brycon Regan [C. T.] 1908:168 [Biologia Centrali-Americana; ref. 18482] Guatemala. Syntypes: (6) BMNH 1864.1.26.226-229 (4), 1865.4.29.40 (1), 1869.1.26.387 (1), ?1869.2.23.8 (1). •Valid as Brycon guatemalensis Regan 1908 -- (Howes 1982:29 [ref. 14201], Villa 1982:103 [ref. 36708], Bussing 1987:75 [ref. 22927], Espinosa Pérez et al. 1993:25 [ref. 22290], Greenfield & Thomerson 1997:76 [ref. 22947], Bussing 1998:92 [ref. 24179], Lima in Reis et al. 2003:176 [ref. 27061], Nelson et al. 2004:81 [ref. 27807], Miller 2006:157 [ref. 28615], Matamoros et al. 2009:9 [ref. 31241], Page et al. 2013:81 [ref. 32708], Angulo & Gracian-Negrete 2013:263 [ref. 32959]). Current status: Valid as Brycon guatemalensis Regan 1908. Bryconidae: Bryconinae. Distribution: Atlantic slope from Mexico to eastern Panama; Pacific slope in Choluteca River basin of Honduras: Belize, Costa Rica, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua and Panama. Habitat: freshwater.

henni, Brycon Eigenmann [C. H.] 1913:26 [Indiana University Studies No. 18; ref. 1229] Caldas, Colombia. Holotype: FMNH 56384 [ex CM 5152]. Paratypes: (110, CM and IU) CAS 18536 (15), 39495-98 (5, 3, 4, 24); FMNH 56341-46 (6, 15, 3, 4, 25, 22), 69556 (22), 75147 (4); USNM 79169 (3). Additional material: CAS 39499 (21) and perhaps some at FMNH (from Cartago) and more at CAS. Type catalog: Henn 1928:60 [ref. 12305], Ibarra & Stewart 1987:19 [ref. 12367], Vari & Howe 1991:9 [ref. 19022]. •Valid as Brycon henni Eigenmann 1913 -- (Howes 1982:30 [ref. 14201], Lima in Reis et al. 2003:176 [ref. 27061], DoNascimiento et al. 2017:63 [ref. 35633]). Current status: Valid as Brycon henni Eigenmann 1913. Bryconidae: Bryconinae. Distribution: Trans-Andean river basins of Colombia. Habitat: freshwater.

hilarii, Chalceus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1850:246 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 22; ref. 1014] Rio São Francisco, Brazil [probably in error, possibly from the Rio Paraguai basin]. Lectotype: MNHN A.8616. Lectotype selected by Géry & Mahnert 1992:815 [ref. 27146]. •Valid as Brycon hilarii (Valenciennes 1850) -- (Howes 1982:31 [ref. 14201], Géry & Mahnert 1992:814 [ref. 27146], Lima in Reis et al. 2003:176 [ref. 27061], Lima 2004:282 [ref. 27858], Sarmiento et al. 2014:44, 184 [ref. 35004], Lima 2017:98 [ref. 35071], Koerber et al. 2017:26 [ref. 35267], Koerber et al. 2017:3 [ref. 35632], DoNascimiento et al. 2017:63 [ref. 35633], Dickens 2019:161 [ref. 37135], Koerber et al. 2019:3 [ref. 36736], Mirande & Koerber 2020:2 [ref. 37594], Reis et al. 2020:457 [ref. 38364]). Current status: Valid as Brycon hilarii (Valenciennes 1850). Bryconidae: Bryconinae. Distribution: South America: Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay, Peru, Ecuador and Colombia. Habitat: freshwater.

hilarii, Salminus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1850:64 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 22; ref. 1014] Rio São Francisco, Brazil. Lectotype: MNHN A-8658 (dry) [?A-8616]. Paralectotypes: MNHN A-8658 (1, dry), A-9893 (1, dry), A-9394 (1, dry), B-8557 (1, dry). Type catalog: Géry & Lauzanne 1990:117 [ref. 20140], Bertin 1948:14-15 [ref. 19577] with some differences from Géry & Lauzanne. Lectotype selected by Géry & Lauzanne 1990:117 [ref. 20140] but they indicate the lectotype was designated by Géry 1980 (not researched). •Valid as Salminus hilarii Valenciennes 1850 -- (Ortega & Vari 1986:9 [ref. 9708], Géry & Lauzanne 1990:122 [ref. 20140], Taphorn 1992:321 [ref. 23654], Britski 2001:21 [ref. 26046], Lima in Reis et al. 2003:156 [ref. 27061], López et al. 2003:19 [ref. 27366], Menni 2004:74 [ref. 28131], Lima & Britski 2007:242 [ref. 29276], Sarmiento et al. 2014:52, 185 [ref. 35004], Abe et al. 2014:9 [ref. 35462], Mirande & Koerber 2015:20 [ref. 35117], DoNascimiento et al. 2017:63 [ref. 35633], Reis et al. 2020:457 [ref. 38364], Silva et al. 2020:5 [ref. 37809]). Current status: Valid as Salminus hilarii Valenciennes 1850. Bryconidae: Salmininae. Distribution: South America: Amazon and Orinoco river basin (Argentina, Brazil, Colombia, Bolivia, Ecuador, Peru and Venezuela). Habitat: freshwater.

howesi, Brycon Lima [F. C. T.] 2017:47, Figs. 2, 28-29 [Zootaxa 4222 (no. 1); ref. 35071] The confluence of Rio Jequitinhonha with rio Araçuaí, below village of Itira, Araçuaí, Minas Gerais, Brazil, 16°45'S, 42°0'W. Holotype: MZUSP 103075. Paratypes: ANSP, MCP, MZUEL, MZUSP, ZUEC. Plus non-type material. •Valid as Brycon howesi Lima 2017. Current status: Valid as Brycon howesi Lima 2017. Bryconidae: Bryconinae. Distribution: Rio Jequitinhonha basin, Minas Gerais, Brazil. Habitat: freshwater.

insignis, Brycon Steindachner [F.] 1877:587 [29], Pl. 4 (figs. 1, 1a) [Sitzungsberichte der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften. Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe v. 74 (1. Abth.); ref. 4224] Rio Parahyba at Campos and Mendez, Brazil. Lectotype: NMW 62925. Paralectotypes: NMW. On p. 29 of separate. Figure numbers incorrectly given as 2 and 2a, see Steindachner 1879:50 [ref. 4228]. Lectotype selected by Lima 2017:41 [ref. 35071]. •Questionably a synonym of Brycon devillei (Castelnau 1855) -- (Howes 1982:24, 32 [ref. 14201]). •Valid as Brycon insignis Steindachner 1877 -- (Lima & Costa 2000:157 [ref. 24439], Lima in Reis et al. 2003:176 [ref. 27061], Lima 2017:36 [ref. 35071]). Current status: Valid as Brycon insignis Steindachner 1877. Bryconidae: Bryconinae. Distribution: Paraíba do Sul River basin and coastal drainages in Rio de Janeiro State, Brazil. Habitat: freshwater.

iquitensis, Brycon siebenthalae Nakashima [S.] 1941:69, Fig. [Boletín del Museo de Historia Natural "Javier Prado" v. 5 (no. 16); ref. 13189] Iquitos, Amazon system, Peru. Types: ?MHNJP [= MUSM], lost. •Status uncertain -- (Howes 1982:44 [ref. 14201]). •Synonym of Brycon cephalus (Günther 1869) -- (Lima in Reis et al. 2003:175 [ref. 27061]). •Synonym of Brycon amazonicus (Agassiz 1829) -- (Lima 2017:113 [ref. 35071]). Current status: Synonym of Brycon amazonicus (Agassiz 1829). Bryconidae: Bryconinae. Habitat: freshwater.

iquitensis, Holobrycon Nakashima [S.] 1941:72, Fig. [Boletín del Museo de Historia Natural "Javier Prado" v. 5 (no. 16); ref. 13189] Iquitos, Amazon system, Peru. Types lost. •Valid with question as Brycon iquitensis (Nakashima 1941) -- (Howes 1982:32 [ref. 14201]). •Synonym of Salminus hilarii Valenciennes 1850 -- (Lima in Reis et al. 2003:156 [ref. 27061] with question, Mirande & Koerber 2015:20 [ref. 35117]). Current status: Synonym of Salminus hilarii Valenciennes 1850. Bryconidae: Salmininae. Habitat: freshwater.

juanensis, Brycon Rendahl [H.] 1941:10, Figs. 2-3 [Arkiv för Zoologi v. 33 (Häfte 1) A (no. 4); ref. 12983] Río San Juan at Cabeceras, Pacific slope of Colombia. Holotype: NRM 10688. Paratypes: NRM 36594 (1). Originally 2 specimens; larger of the two referred to as "Typexemplar" and regarded as the holotype. •Synonym of Brycon meeki Eigenmann & Hildebrand 1918 -- (Howes 1982:32, 34 [ref. 14201], Lima in Reis et al. 2003:177 [ref. 27061]). Current status: Synonym of Brycon meeki Eigenmann & Hildebrand 1918. Bryconidae: Bryconinae. Habitat: freshwater.

juradoensis, Brycon Fowler [H. W.] 1944:232, Figs. 5-6 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 96; ref. 1452] Río Juradó, Chocó Province, Colombia. Holotype: ANSP 71426. Paratypes: ANSP 71427-29 (3). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:49 [ref. 13621]. •Synonym of Brycon meeki Eigenmann & Hildebrand 1918 -- (Howes 1982:32, 34 [ref. 14201], Lima in Reis et al. 2003:177 [ref. 27061]). Current status: Synonym of Brycon meeki Eigenmann & Hildebrand 1918. Bryconidae: Bryconinae. Habitat: freshwater.

labiatus, Brycon Steindachner [F.] 1879:195 [Anzeiger der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Wien, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe v. 16 (no. 18) (for 17 July 1879); ref. 20479] Río Cauca, Colombia. Holotype (unique): NMW. Species later described in more detail in Steindachner 1879:188 [p. 70 in separate] [ref. 4229]. •Valid as Brycon labiatus Steindachner 1879 -- (Howes 1982:32 [ref. 14201], Lima in Reis et al. 2003:177 [ref. 27061], DoNascimiento et al. 2017:63 [ref. 35633]). Current status: Valid as Brycon labiatus Steindachner 1879. Bryconidae: Bryconinae. Distribution: Magdalena River basin, Colombia. Habitat: freshwater.

labrosus, Chalceus Jardine [W.] in Schomburgk 1841:212, Pl. 13 (fig. 1) [The Natural history of fishes of Guiana; ref. 18707] Río Paduiri, Guyana [probably Rio Padauari, middle Rio Negro basin, Amazonas, Brazil]. No types known. Declared nomen oblitum by Lima 2017:155 [ref. 35071]. •Questionably a senior synonym of Brycon falcatus Müller & Troschel 1844 -- (Howes 1982:26 [ref. 14201]). •Species inquirenda in Characidae, subfamily Bryconinae -- (Lima in Reis et al. 2003:178 [ref. 27061]). Nomen Oblitum. Current status: Synonym of Brycon falcatus Müller & Troschel 1844. Bryconidae: Bryconinae. Habitat: freshwater.

lineatus, Brycon Steindachner [F.] 1866:19 [Anzeiger der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftlichen Classe v. 3; ref. 21713] Río de la Plata, Argentina. Holotype (unique): NMW 62943. Species first described in the abstract above, later illustrated and described in more detail in Steindachner 1866:211 [p. 4 of separate], Pl. 2 [ref. 14059]; also appeared in English in Steindachner 1866:312 [ref. 21712]. The true holotype specimen is lost, Lima 2017:96 [ref. 35071]. •Synonym of Brycon orbignyanus (Valenciennes 1850) -- (Howes 1982:32 [ref. 14201], Géry & Mahnert 1992:807 [ref. 27146], Lima in Reis et al. 2003:177 [ref. 27061], Litz & Koerber 2014:10 [ref. 33622], Mirande & Koerber 2015:17 [ref. 35117], Lima 2017:90 [ref. 35071], Koerber et al. 2017:26 [ref. 35267]). Current status: Synonym of Brycon orbignyanus (Valenciennes 1850). Bryconidae: Bryconinae. Habitat: freshwater.

longiceps, Brycon Steindachner [F.] 1879:150 [Anzeiger der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Wien, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe v. 16 (no. 15) (for 19 June 1879); ref. 20478] Bolivar, Río Orinoco, Venezuela. Syntypes: (several) NMW 62944 (3). Species later illustrated and described in more detail in Steindachner 1879:156 [p. 8 in separate], Pl. 1 (fig. 5) [ref. 18782]. •Valid as Brycon longiceps Steindachner 1879 -- (Howes 1982:32 [ref. 14201], Moscó Morales 1988:8 [ref. 20066]). •Synonym of Brycon amazonicus (Agassiz 1829) -- (Lima in Reis et al. 2003:175 [ref. 27061], Lima 2017:112 [ref. 35071]). Current status: Synonym of Brycon amazonicus (Agassiz 1829). Bryconidae: Bryconinae. Habitat: freshwater.

lundii, Brycon Lütken [C. F.] (ex Reinhardt) 1875:135 [9] [Oversigt over det Kongelige Danske Videnskabernes Selskabs Forhandlinger og dets Medlemmers Arbeider (Kjøbenhavn) 1874 (no. 3); ref. 2856] Rio das Velhas, Brazil. Syntypes: ZMUC 227 Lagoa Santa, ZMUC 228-229 (skulls), ZMUC 232 Rio das Velhas. Type catalog: Nielsen 1974:44 [ref. 9588]. On p. 9 of separate. Also described in Lütken 1875:221 (and p. XV of summary) [ref. 19674]. •Valid but may be same as Brycon orthotaenia Günther 1864 -- (Howes 1982:33 [ref. 14201], Géry & Mahnert 1992:817 [ref. 27146]). •Synonym of Brycon orthotaenia Günther 1864 -- (Britski 2001:21 [ref. 26046], Lima in Reis et al. 2003:178 [ref. 27061], Lima 2017:83 [ref. 35071]). Current status: Synonym of Brycon orthotaenia Günther 1864. Bryconidae: Bryconinae. Habitat: freshwater.

matrincham, Salmo Kner [R.] (ex Natterer) 1860:12 [4] [Denkschriften der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften in Wien, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe. v. 18; ref. 7130] On p. 4 of separate. Not available, name mentioned in passing under Chalceus carpophaga Valenciennes; from Irisanga, Brazil. •Questionably in the synonymy of Brycon carpophaga (Valenciennes 1850) -- (Howes 1982:16 [ref. 14201]). •In the synonymy of Brycon orbignyanus (Valenciennes 1850) -- (Lima 2017:90 [ref. 35071]). Nomen Nudum. Current status: Synonym of Brycon orbignyanus (Valenciennes 1850). Bryconidae: Bryconinae.

matrinchao, Brycon Fowler [H. W.] 1941:192, Fig. 102 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 93; ref. 1437] Rio Parnahyba, Therezina, Piauhy, Brazil [in error, probably from the Amazon basin]. Holotype (unique): ANSP 69619. Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:50 [ref. 13621]. •Questionably a synonym of Brycon brevicauda Günther 1864 -- (Howes 1982:14, 33 [ref. 14201]). •Synonym of Brycon falcatus Müller & Troschel 1844 -- (Lima in Reis et al. 2003:176 [ref. 27061], Lima 2017:143 [ref. 35071]). Current status: Synonym of Brycon falcatus Müller & Troschel 1844. Bryconidae: Bryconinae. Habitat: freshwater.

maxillosus, Salminus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1850:62 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 22; ref. 1014] Amazonas, Brazil. Holotype (unique): MNHN A-8550 (dry). Type catalog: Géry & Lauzanne 1990:117 [ref. 20140]. Spelled maxiliosus by Bertoni 1914:13 [ref. 16813]. •Valid as Salminus maxillosus Valenciennes 1850 -- (Ortega & Vari 1986:9 [ref. 9708], Haro et al. 1996:6 [ref. 25004], Miquelarena et al. 1997:68 [ref. 23469], Gómez & Chebez 1996:49 [ref. 23791], Sverlij et al. 1998:17 [ref. 27632] dated 1840, Britski et al. 1999:50 [ref. 24147], Butí & Cancino 1999:71 [ref. 25277]). •Synonym of Salminus brasiliensis (Cuvier 1816) -- (Géry & Lauzanne 1990:122 [ref. 20140], Lima in Reis et al. 2003:156 [ref. 27061], Litz & Koerber 2014:12 [ref. 33622], Mirande & Koerber 2015:20 [ref. 35117], Koerber et al. 2017:32 [ref. 35267]). Current status: Synonym of Salminus brasiliensis (Cuvier 1816). Bryconidae: Salmininae. Habitat: freshwater.

medemi, Brycon Dahl [G.] 1960:461, Fig. [Caldasia v. 8 (no. 39); ref. 9310] Quebrada La Noche, upper Río Atrato, western Colombia. Holotype: ICNMHN 41. Paratypes: (6) ICNMHN 73 (2). Type catalog: Cala 1981:2 [ref. 23525], Mojica & Agudelo-Zamora 2018:8 [ref. 36127]. Four additional ICNMHN paratypes lost according to Mojica & Agudelo-Zamora 2018:8 [ref. 36127]. •Valid as Brycon medemi Dahl 1960 -- (Howes 1982:33 [ref. 14201], Lima in Reis et al. 2003:177 [ref. 27061], DoNascimiento et al. 2017:63 [ref. 35633]). Current status: Valid as Brycon medemi Dahl 1960. Bryconidae: Bryconinae. Distribution: Atrato River basin, Colombia. Habitat: freshwater.

mediterraneus, Salmo Gilbertoni [P. P.] et al. 2010 Still researching: GIBERTONI P.P., PENSERINI M., ESPOSITO S., LEONZIO C., RADI M., QUERCI G., 2010. Ipotesi di distribuzione originaria delle popolazioni di salmonidi nativi per le acque italiane. Atti del XII congresso AIIAD, S. Michele dell'Adige (Tn), 6-7 giugno 2008. Studi Trentini di Scienze Naturali – Acta Biologica. •Nomen nudum -- (Bianco 2013:4 [ref. 32897]). Bryconidae: Salmininae.

meeki, Brycon Eigenmann [C. H.] & Hildebrand [S. F.] in Eigenmann 1918:688 [Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society v. 56 (no. 7); ref. 12304] Río San Juan, Río Dagua, Río Patia, western Colombia [Lectotype from Barbacoas, Colombia]. Lectotype: CAS 13467 [ex IU 13467]. Paralectotypes: [all CAS ex IU] CAS 13460 (2), 18542 (9), 18537 (25), 54945 (33), 61208-15 (2, 12 33, 38, 1, 1, 40, 13), 61217-18 (24, 24); CAS-SU 22761 (4); USNM 280489 (12); MBUCV. Type catalog: Vari & Howe 1991:9 [ref. 19022]. Lectotype selected by Eigenmann 1922:322 [ref. 1243]. Moreira in Reis et al. 2003:177 [ref. 27061] indicates that Eschmeyer 1998 was incorrect in stating that Eigenmann designated a lectotype; Eigenmann did establish the lectotype on p. 322 [not 232] in the caption to Pl. 23. •Valid as Brycon meeki Eigenmann & Hildebrand 1918 -- (Howes 1982:34 [ref. 14201], Malabarba 1998:76 [ref. 23840], Lima in Reis et al. 2003:177 [ref. 27061], Mirande 2010:483 [ref. 31006], DoNascimiento et al. 2017:63 [ref. 35633]). Current status: Valid as Brycon meeki Eigenmann & Hildebrand 1918. Bryconidae: Bryconinae. Distribution: Trans-Andean river basins in Colombia. Habitat: freshwater.

melanopterum, Megalobrycon Cope [E. D.] 1872:262, Pl. 13 (fig. 1) [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 23; ref. 921] Río Ambyiacu, Peru. Lectotype: ANSP 8035. Paralectotype: ANSP 8036 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:51 [ref. 13621]. Type selected by Fowler 1907:447 [ref. 1374]. •Valid as Brycon melanopterus (Cope 1872) -- (Howes 1982:32, 34 [ref. 14201], Ortega & Vari 1986:7 [ref. 9708], Géry & Mahnert 1992:802 [ref. 27146], Lima in Reis et al. 2003:177 [ref. 27061], Lima 2004:282 [ref. 27858], Sarmiento et al. 2014:44, 184 [ref. 35004], Lima 2017:134 [ref. 35071] dated 1871, DoNascimiento et al. 2017:63 [ref. 35633]). Current status: Valid as Brycon melanopterus (Cope 1872). Bryconidae: Bryconinae. Distribution: Amazon River basin: Colombia, Ecuador, Peru and Brazil. Habitat: freshwater.

melanoxanthus, Brycon Kner [R.] (ex Heckel) 1860:12 [4] [Denkschriften der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften in Wien, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe. v. 18; ref. 7130] On p. 4 of separate. Not available, name mentioned in passing under Chalceus orbignyanus Valenciennes. •In the synonymy of Brycon orbignyanus (Valenciennes 1850) -- (Howes 1982:34 [ref. 14201]). •Questionably in the synonymy of Brycon hilarii (Valenciennes 1850) -- (Lima in Reis et al. 2003:176 [ref. 27061]). •In the synonymy of Brycon hilarii (Valenciennes 1850) -- (Lima 2017:98 [ref. 35071]). Nomen Nudum. Current status: Synonym of Brycon hilarii (Valenciennes 1850). Bryconidae: Bryconinae.

microlepis, Brycon Perugia [A.] 1897:149 [3] [Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Genova (Serie 2) v. 18; ref. 3436] Bahia Negra, Chaco Borale, Río Paraguay, Paraguay. Holotype (unique): MSNG 36916. Type catalog: Tortonese 1961:183 [ref. 10343]. On p. 3 of separate. •Valid as Brycon microlepis Perugia 1897 -- (Howes 1982:34 [ref. 14201], Géry & Mahnert 1992:803 [ref. 27146], Gómez & Chebez 1996:48 [ref. 23791], Britski et al. 1999:27 [ref. 24147], Menni 2004:74 [ref. 28131]). •Synonym of Brycon hilarii (Valenciennes 1850) -- (Lima in Reis et al. 2003:176 [ref. 27061], Lima 2017:98 [ref. 35071], Koerber et al. 2017:26 [ref. 35267], Koerber et al. 2017:3 [ref. 35632]). Current status: Synonym of Brycon hilarii (Valenciennes 1850). Bryconidae: Bryconinae. Habitat: freshwater.

moorei, Brycon Steindachner [F.] 1878:91 [Anzeiger der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Wien, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe v. 15 (no. 12) (for 9 May 1878); ref. 20476] Cienaga, Río Magdalena, Colombia. Syntypes: (several) NMW. Species later illustrated and described in more detail in Steindachner 1879:58 [p. 42 of separate], Pl. 5 (figs. 2-2b) [ref. 4227]. •Valid as Brycon moorei Steindachner 1878 -- (Howes 1982:36 [ref. 14201], Lima in Reis et al. 2003:177 [ref. 27061], DoNascimiento et al. 2017:63 [ref. 35633]). Current status: Valid as Brycon moorei Steindachner 1878. Bryconidae: Bryconinae. Distribution: Magdalena River basin, Colombia. Habitat: freshwater.

nattereri, Brycon Günther [A.] (ex Kner) 1864:334 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 5; ref. 1974] Irisanga, Brazil [= Brazil, São Paulo, Oriçanga (now Estiva Gerbi, 22°16'S, 46°57'W), rio Grande basin on ref. 35071]. Holotype (unique): NMW 16396. Based on Chalceus opalinus of Kner 1860:10 [ref. 7130]. •Valid as Brycon nattereri Günther 1864 -- (Howes 1982:36 [ref. 14201], Géry & Mahnert 1992:814 [ref. 27146], Lima in Reis et al. 2003:177 [ref. 27061], Lima 2004:286 [ref. 27858], Lima 2017:75 [ref. 35071], Koerber et al. 2017:27 [ref. 35267] needs verification for Paraguay, Reis et al. 2020:457 [ref. 38364]). Current status: Valid as Brycon nattereri Günther 1864. Bryconidae: Bryconinae. Distribution: South America: upper Paraná and São Francisco River basins (Brazil). Habitat: freshwater.

obscurus, Brycon Hildebrand [S. F.] 1938:283, Fig. 6 [Field Museum of Natural History, Publications, Zoölogical Series v. 22 (no. 4); ref. 12363] Creek in El Valle, Pacific slope of Panama. Holotype: USNM 106512. Paratypes: FMNH 36651-52 (2); USNM 109207 (3). Type catalog: Ibarra & Stewart 1987:19 [ref. 12367], Vari & Howe 1991:9 [ref. 19022]. •Valid as Brycon obscurus Hildebrand 1938 -- (Howes 1982:36 [ref. 14201], Lima in Reis et al. 2003:177 [ref. 27061], Angulo & Gracian-Negrete 2013:263 [ref. 32959]). Current status: Valid as Brycon obscurus Hildebrand 1938. Bryconidae: Bryconinae. Distribution: Pacific and Atlantic slope of Panama. Habitat: freshwater.

oligolepis, Brycon Regan [C. T.] 1913:462 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 8) v. 12 (no. 71); ref. 3656] Río Condot and western Ecuador. Syntypes: (9) BMNH 11.26.30-31 (2), 1894.4.28.167 (1), 1902.5.27.50 (1), 1913.10.1.8-9 (2), 1914.5.28.5 (1). Howes 1982:38 [ref. 14201] "restricted" the type locality but did not select a lectotype. •Valid as Brycon oligolepis Regan 1913 -- (Howes 1982:37 [ref. 14201], Lima in Reis et al. 2003:177 [ref. 27061], Barriga Salazar 2014:108 [ref. 35745], Jiménez-Prado et al. 2015:168 [ref. 34894] with authorship as Fowler 1945, DoNascimiento et al. 2017:63 [ref. 35633]). Current status: Valid as Brycon oligolepis Regan 1913. Bryconidae: Bryconinae. Distribution: Colombia and Ecuador. Habitat: freshwater.

opalinus, Chalceus Cuvier [G.] 1819:351, Pl. 26 (fig. 1) [Mémoires du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris (N. S.) (Série A) Zoologie v. 5; ref. 1017] Rio de Janeiro, Brazil [probably rio Paraíba do Sul, Andrade Pinto, 22°14'S, 43°25'W]. Holotype (unique): MNHN A-8613 (dry). Type catalog: Bertin 1948:14 [ref. 19577]. •Valid as Brycon opalinus (Cuvier 1819) -- (Howes 1982:38 [ref. 14201], Géry & Mahnert 1992:813 [ref. 27146], Lima in Reis et al. 2003:177 [ref. 27061], Lima 2017:67 [ref. 35071], see DoNascimiento et al. 2017:[13] [ref. 35679]). Current status: Valid as Brycon opalinus (Cuvier 1819). Bryconidae: Bryconinae. Distribution: Paraíba do Sul River and Doce River basin, eastern Brazil. Habitat: freshwater.

orbignyanus, Chalceus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1850:249 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 22; ref. 1014] Buenos Aires, Argentina. Lectotype: MNHN A-9835 (larger specimen). Paralectotypes: MNHN A-9835 [same number as lectotype] (1). Type catalog: Bertin 1948:15 [ref. 19577]. Lectotype selected by Géry & Mahnert 1992:807 [ref. 27146]. •Valid as Brycon orbignyanus (Valenciennes 1850) -- (Howes 1982:38 [ref. 14201], Géry & Mahnert 1992:806 [ref. 27146], Gómez & Chebez 1996:48 [ref. 23791] as orbygnianus, Sverlij et al. 1998:16 [ref. 27632], Lima in Reis et al. 2003:177 [ref. 27061], López et al. 2003:18 [ref. 27366] as orbygnianus, Lima 2004:282 [ref. 27858] as orbignianus, Menni 2004:74 [ref. 28131] as orbygnianus, Mirande 2010:483 [ref. 31006], Barriga Salazar 2014:108 [ref. 35745], Litz & Koerber 2014:10 [ref. 33622], Mirande & Koerber 2015:17 [ref. 35117], Bertaco et al. 2016:411 [ref. 34561], Nión et al. 2016:28 [ref. 35565] dated 1849, Koerber et al. 2017:26 [ref. 35267], Lima 2017:90 [ref. 35071], Reis et al. 2020:457 [ref. 38364]). Current status: Valid as Brycon orbignyanus (Valenciennes 1850). Bryconidae: Bryconinae. Distribution: South America: Argentina, Paraguay, Brazil, Ecuador and Uruguay. Habitat: freshwater.

orbignyanus, Salminus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1850:65 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 22; ref. 1014] Buenos Aires, Argentina; affluents of Río Parana, Uruguay. Holotype (unique): MNHN A-8551 (dry). Type catalog: Géry & Lauzanne 1990:117 [ref. 20140]. •Valid as Salminus orbignyanus Valenciennes 1850 -- (Malabarba 1989:138 [ref. 14217]). •Synonym of Salminus brasiliensis (Cuvier 1816) -- (Géry & Lauzanne 1990:122 [ref. 20140], Lima in Reis et al. 2003:156 [ref. 27061], Litz & Koerber 2014:12 [ref. 33622], Mirande & Koerber 2015:20 [ref. 35117], Koerber et al. 2017:32 [ref. 35267]). Current status: Synonym of Salminus brasiliensis (Cuvier 1816). Bryconidae: Salmininae. Habitat: freshwater.

orthotaenia, Brycon Günther [A.] 1864:335 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 5; ref. 1974] Rio Cipo, Brazil. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1861.5.16,71 (half skin). •Valid as Brycon orthotaenia Günther 1864 -- (Howes 1982:38 [ref. 14201], Géry & Mahnert 1992:817 [ref. 27146], Lima in Reis et al. 2003:177 [ref. 27061], Lima 2004:282 [ref. 27858], Lima 2017:82 [ref. 35071], Silva et al. 2020:5 [ref. 37809]). Current status: Valid as Brycon orthotaenia Günther 1864. Bryconidae: Bryconinae. Distribution: South America: São Francisco River basin (Brazil). Habitat: freshwater.

paraputanga, Salmo Kner [R.] (ex Natterer) 1860:12 [4] [Denkschriften der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften in Wien, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe. v. 18; ref. 7130] On p. 4 of separate. Not available, name mentioned in passing under Chalceus orbignyanus Valenciennes; from Rio Guapore, Brazil. •In the synonymy of Brycon hilarii (Valenciennes 1850) -- (Lima 2017:98 [ref. 35071]). Nomen Nudum. Current status: Synonym of Brycon hilarii (Valenciennes 1850). Bryconidae: Bryconinae.

pellegrini, Brycon Holly [M.] 1929:208 [Anzeiger der Akademie der Wissenschaften in Wien, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe v. 66 (no. 17) (for 4 July 1929); ref. 16089] Amazon, Manaos [Manaus], western Brazil. Holotype (unique): NMW 8963. •Possibly a synonym of Brycon cephalus (Günther 1869) -- (Howes 1982:41 [ref. 14201]). •Synonym of Brycon amazonicus (Agassiz 1829) -- (Lima in Reis et al. 2003:175 [ref. 27061], Lima 2017:113 [ref. 35071]). Current status: Synonym of Brycon amazonicus (Agassiz 1829). Bryconidae: Bryconinae. Habitat: freshwater.

pesu, Brycon Müller [J.] & Troschel [F. H.] 1845:16, 30, Pl. 7 (fig. 1) [Horae Ichthyologicae Nos 1 & 2; ref. 3071] Guiana. Holotype: ZMB 3605. •Valid as Holobrycon pesu (Müller & Troschel 1845) -- (authors). •Valid as Brycon pesu Müller & Troschel 1845 -- (Howes 1982:41 [ref. 14201], Ortega & Vari 1986:7 [ref. 9708], Planquette et al. 1996:228 [ref. 22818], Malabarba 1998:76 [ref. 23840], Lima in Reis et al. 2003:178 [ref. 27061], Lima 2004:286 [ref. 27858], Mirande 2010:482 [ref. 31006], Barriga Salazar 2014:108 [ref. 35745], Sarmiento et al. 2014:44, 184 [ref. 35004], DoNascimiento et al. 2017:63 [ref. 35633], Silvano et al. 2020:63 [ref. 38133]). Current status: Valid as Brycon pesu Müller & Troschel 1845. Bryconidae: Bryconinae. Distribution: South America: Amazon and Orinoco river basins (Brazil, Colombia, Bolivia, Ecuador, French Guiana, Guyana, Peru, Suriname and Venezuela). Habitat: freshwater.

petrosus, Brycon Meek [S. E.] & Hildebrand [S. F.] 1913:84 [Field Museum of Natural History, Publications, Zoölogical Series v. 10 (no. 8); ref. 12295] Upper Río Chagres, Panama. Holotype: FMNH 7589. Paratypes: FMNH 12299-340 (88, 19 lots), 32017 (1); ?USNM 78495 (1). Type catalog: Ibarra & Stewart 1987:19 [ref. 12367], Vari & Howe 1991:9 [ref. 19022]. Only holotype cited but description based on more than one specimen. •Valid as Brycon petrosus Meek & Hildebrand 1913 -- (Howes 1982:42 [ref. 14201], Lima in Reis et al. 2003:178 [ref. 27061], Angulo & Gracian-Negrete 2013:263 [ref. 32959]). Current status: Valid as Brycon petrosus Meek & Hildebrand 1913. Bryconidae: Bryconinae. Distribution: Atlantic and Pacific slopes of Panama. Habitat: freshwater.

piabanha, Megalobrycon Miranda Ribeiro [A. de] 1902:255 [v. 6 (nos. 7-8); ref. 3710] Rio Pomba, rio Paraíba do Sul basin, Brazil. Holotype (unique): MNRJ not found. Renamed piabagna in Miranda Ribeiro 1906:7 and illustrated (unnumbered pl.) [ref. 17761]. •Synonym of Brycon insignis Steindachner 1877 -- (Lima in Reis et al. 2003:176 [ref. 27061], Lima 2017:36 [ref. 35071]). Current status: Synonym of Brycon insignis Steindachner 1877. Bryconidae: Bryconinae. Habitat: freshwater.

pirapitinga, Salmo Kner [R.] (ex Natterer) 1860:10 [2] [Denkschriften der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften in Wien, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe. v. 18; ref. 7130] On p. 2 of separate. Not available, name mentioned in passing under Chalceus opalinus Cuvier; from Irisanga. •Not the same species as Brycon pirapitinga Magalhães 1931:168 [ref. 21136] -- (Lima 2017:73, 75 [ref. 35071]). Nomen Nudum. Current status: Synonym of Brycon nattereri Günther 1864. Bryconidae: Bryconinae.

piraputanga, Salmo Kner [R.] (ex Natterer) 1860:11 [3] [Denkschriften der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften in Wien, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe. v. 18; ref. 7130] On p. 3 of separate. Not available, name mentioned in passing under Chalceus hilarii Valenciennes (Rio Cujaba, Salto Theotono). Nomen Nudum. Current status: Synonym of Brycon hilarii (Valenciennes 1850). Bryconidae.

polylepis, Brycon Moscó Morales [J.] 1988:9, Figs. 2, 3, 5 [Anartia No. 1; ref. 20066] Río Yasa, tributary to Río Negro, Maracaibo basin, Sierra de Perijá, Estado Zulia, Venezuela. Holotype: MBLUZ 1273. Paratypes: MBLUZ 219 (1), 358 (2), 787 (1), 1260 (1), 1275 (8); MBUCV-V-15094 (2). Type catalog: Provenzano et al. 1998:4 [ref. 24196]. •Valid as Brycon polylepis Moscó Morales 1988 -- (Lima in Reis et al. 2003:178 [ref. 27061], Lima 2004:286 [ref. 27858], Lima 2017:27 [ref. 35071], DoNascimiento et al. 2017:63 [ref. 35633]). Current status: Valid as Brycon polylepis Moscó Morales 1988. Bryconidae: Bryconinae. Distribution: Orinoco River basin: Venezuela, Colombia, Peru and Brazil. Habitat: freshwater.

posadae, Brycon Fowler [H. W.] 1945:103, Fig. 5 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 97; ref. 1454] Ricaurte, on the Río Guebo, tributary of Río Mira, Nariño Dept., Pacific Slope of Colombia, elevation 3000 feet. Holotype: ANSP 71695. Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:53 [ref. 13621]. •Valid as Brycon posadae Fowler 1945 -- (Ovchynnyk 1967:28 [ref. 37559], Howes 1982:42 [ref. 14201], Lima in Reis et al. 2003:178 [ref. 27061], Barriga Salazar 2014:108 [ref. 35745], Jiménez-Prado et al. 2015:170 [ref. 34894], DoNascimiento et al. 2017:63 [ref. 35633]). Current status: Valid as Brycon posadae Fowler 1945. Bryconidae: Bryconinae. Distribution: South America: Pacific slope (Colombia and Ecuador). Habitat: freshwater.

reinhardti, Brycon Lütken [C. F.] 1875:134 [8] [Oversigt over det Kongelige Danske Videnskabernes Selskabs Forhandlinger og dets Medlemmers Arbeider (Kjøbenhavn) 1874 (no. 3); ref. 2856] Rio das Velhas, Minas Gerais State, Brazil. Syntypes: BMNH 1878.1.10.36 (1); MNHN 0000-9589 [ex ZMUC] (1); NMW 59761 (2); SMNS 2049 (1); USNM 44955 (1); ZMB 9194 (1); ZMUC 216 (1), 222 (1), 224 (1), 225 (1). Type catalog: Bertin 1948:15-16 [ref. 19577], Nielsen 1974:45 [ref. 9588], Fricke 1995:8 [ref. 28100], Fricke 2005:26 [ref. 29864]. On p. 8 of separate. Also described in Lütken 1875:221 (and p. XV of summary) [ref. 19674]. •Valid as Brycon reinhardti Lütken 1875 -- (Howes 1982:42 [ref. 14201], Lima & Costa 2000:159 [ref. 24439], Britski 2001:21 [ref. 26046]). •Synonym of Brycon nattereri Günther 1864 -- (Lima in Reis et al. 2003:177 [ref. 27061], Lima 2017:75 [ref. 35071]). Current status: Synonym of Brycon nattereri Günther 1864. Bryconidae: Bryconinae. Habitat: freshwater.

rodopterus, Chalceus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1850:249 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 22; ref. 1014] Buenos Aires, Argentina. Syntypes: MNHN A-9834 (2, poor condition). Type catalog: Bertin 1948:15 [ref. 19577]. •Synonym of Brycon orbignyanus (Valenciennes 1850) -- (Lima in Reis et al. 2003:177 [ref. 27061], Litz & Koerber 2014:10 [ref. 33622], Mirande & Koerber 2015:17 [ref. 35117], Lima 2017:90 [ref. 35071], Koerber et al. 2017:26 [ref. 35267]). Current status: Synonym of Brycon orbignyanus (Valenciennes 1850). Bryconidae: Bryconinae. Habitat: freshwater.

rodopterus, Chalceus Posada [A.] 1909:303 [Los peces del norte de Colombia; ref. 5005] Medellín, Colombia. Apparently independent of Chalceus rodopterus Valenciennes 1850, as name is followed by "(A. P-A.)". •Possibly a synonym of Brycon orbignyanus (Valenciennes 1850) -- (Howes 1982:43 [ref. 14201]). •Synonym of Brycon orbignyanus (Valenciennes 1850) -- (Géry & Mahnert 1992:806 [ref. 27146]). •Synonym of Brycon rubricauda Steindachner 1879 -- (Lima in Reis et al. 2003:178 [ref. 27061]). Current status: Synonym of Brycon rubricauda Steindachner 1879. Bryconidae: Bryconinae. Habitat: freshwater.

rubricauda, Brycon Steindachner [F.] 1879:195 [Anzeiger der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Wien, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe v. 16 (no. 18) (for 17 July 1879); ref. 20479] Río Cauca, Colombia. Holotype (unique): NMW. Species later described in more detail in Steindachner 1879:188 [p. 70 in separate] [ref. 4229]. •Valid as Brycon rubricauda Steindachner 1879 -- (Howes 1982:43 [ref. 14201], Lima in Reis et al. 2003:178 [ref. 27061], DoNascimiento et al. 2017:63 [ref. 35633]). Current status: Valid as Brycon rubricauda Steindachner 1879. Bryconidae: Bryconinae. Distribution: Magdalena River basin, Colombia. Habitat: freshwater.

scapularis, Brycon Fowler [H. W.] 1911:502, Fig. 3 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 63; ref. 1384] Affluent of the Río Chimbo near Bucay, Guayas Province, western Ecuador. Holotype (unique): ANSP 39105. Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:53 [ref. 13621]. •Synonym of Brycon atrocaudatus (Kner 1863) -- (Howes 1982:9, 44 [ref. 14201], Lima in Reis et al. 2003:175 [ref. 27061]). Current status: Synonym of Brycon atrocaudatus (Kner 1863). Bryconidae: Bryconinae. Habitat: freshwater.

schomburgkii, Brycon Müller [J.] & Troschel [F. H.] 1844:91 [Archiv für Naturgeschichte v. 10 (pt 1); ref. 3070] Guyana. Holotype (unique): ZMB 3604. Also appeared in Müller & Troschel 1845:16, Pl. 6 (fig. 2a) [ref. 3071]. Possibility of syntypes needs research. •Synonym of Brycon falcatus Müller & Troschel 1844 -- (Howes 1982:26, 44 [ref. 14201], Lima in Reis et al. 2003:176 [ref. 27061], Lima 2017:143 [ref. 35071]). Current status: Synonym of Brycon falcatus Müller & Troschel 1844. Bryconidae: Bryconinae. Habitat: freshwater.

siebenthalae, Brycon Eigenmann [C. H.] 1912:372, Pl. 54 (fig. 3) [Memoirs of the Carnegie Museum v. 5 (no. 1); ref. 1227] Mud Creek, Aruka River, Guyana. Holotype (unique): FMNH 53353 [ex CM 1819]. Type catalog: Henn 1928:60 [ref. 12305], Ibarra & Stewart 1987:19 [ref. 12367]. •Status uncertain -- (Howes 1982:44 [ref. 14201]). •Synonym of Brycon amazonicus (Agassiz 1829) -- (Lima in Reis et al. 2003:175 [ref. 27061], Lima 2017:112 [ref. 35071]). Current status: Synonym of Brycon amazonicus (Agassiz 1829). Bryconidae: Bryconinae. Habitat: freshwater.

sinuensis, Brycon moorei Dahl [G.] 1955:18, Fig. [Revista Linneana v. 1 (no. 1); ref. 19186] "Specimens from Lorica, Cereté, Betancí, Tierra Alta and the mouth of Nain." Syntypes: lost. •Synonym of Brycon moorei Steindachner 1878, but a valid subspecies as described -- (Howes 1982:36 [ref. 14201]). •Valid as Brycon sinuensis Dahl 1955 -- (Lima in Reis et al. 2003:178 [ref. 27061], DoNascimiento et al. 2017:63 [ref. 35633]). Current status: Valid as Brycon sinuensis Dahl 1955. Bryconidae: Bryconinae. Distribution: Sinu River basin, Colombia. Habitat: freshwater.

stolzmanni, Brycon Steindachner [F.] 1879:152 [Anzeiger der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Wien, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe v. 16 (no. 15) (for 19 June 1879); ref. 20478] Chota, Río Marañon, Amazon system, Peru. Lectotype: NMW 62731. Paralectotype: (1) NMW. Species later illustrated and described in more detail in Steindachner 1879:170 [p. 22 in separate], Pl. 2 (figs. 6-6b) [ref. 18782]. Lectotype selected by Lima 2017:21 [ref. 35071]. •Valid as Brycon stolzmanni Steindachner 1879 -- (Howes 1982:44 [ref. 14201], Ortega & Vari 1986:7 [ref. 9708], Lima in Reis et al. 2003:178 [ref. 27061], Barriga Salazar 2014:108 [ref. 35745] as cf. stolzmanni, Lima 2017:17 [ref. 35071]). Current status: Valid as Brycon stolzmanni Steindachner 1879. Bryconidae: Bryconinae. Distribution: Peru and ?Ecuador. Habitat: freshwater.

striatulus, Chalcinopsis Kner [R.] 1863:226, "Fig. 12" (unpublished) [Sitzungsberichte der Königlich Bayerischen Akademie der Wissenschaften zu München 1863, v. 2; ref. 5002] Panama. Syntypes: ZSM no. 15, 117, 200, 204, 206 [old collection] (5) destroyed in WWII. Type catalog: Neumann 2006:269 [ref. 28925]. Also appeared as new in Kner & Steindachner 1864:38, Pl. 5 (fig. 2) [ref. 2649]. •Valid as Brycon striatulus (Kner 1863) -- (Ovchynnyk 1967:28 [ref. 37559], Howes 1982:44 [ref. 14201], Bussing 1998:92 [ref. 24179], Lima in Reis et al. 2003:178 [ref. 27061], Angulo & Gracian-Negrete 2013:263 [ref. 32959], DoNascimiento et al. 2017:63 [ref. 35633]). Current status: Valid as Brycon striatulus (Kner 1863). Bryconidae: Bryconinae. Distribution: South America: Pacific slope (Panama, Colombia, Ecuador). Habitat: freshwater.

stuebelii, Brycon Steindachner [F.] 1882:176 [Anzeiger der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften in Wien, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftlichen Klasse v. 19 (no. 19); ref. 20487] Iquitos, Upper Amazon River, Peru. Holotype (unique): MTD F 380. Type catalog: Zarske 2003:16 [ref. 27474]. Species originally spelled as Stübelii but correction is mandatory; later illustrated and described in more detail in Steindachner 1882:13, Pl. 1 (fig. 1) [ref. 14353]. •Valid as Brycon stuebelii Steindachner 1882 -- (Howes 1982:45 [ref. 14201], Ortega & Vari 1986:7 [ref. 9708] as stubelii). •Synonym of Brycon falcatus Müller & Troschel 1844 -- (Lima in Reis et al. 2003:176 [ref. 27061], Lima 2017:143 [ref. 35071] as stübelli). Current status: Synonym of Brycon falcatus Müller & Troschel 1844. Bryconidae: Bryconinae. Habitat: freshwater.

tovari, Brycon Dahl [G.] 1960:465, Fig. [Caldasia v. 8 (no. 39); ref. 9310] Mouth of Río Sandó, tributary to Río Baudó, western Colombia. Holotype: ICNMHN 110. Paratypes: ICNMHN 67 (4) (lost according to Mojica & Agudelo-Zamora 2018:10 [ref. 36127]). Type catalog: Cala 1981:2 [ref. 23525], Mojica & Agudelo-Zamora 2018:10 [ref. 36127]. •Possibly a synonym of Brycon meeki Eigenmann & Hildebrand 1918 -- (Howes 1982:44 [ref. 14201]). •Synonym of Brycon meeki Eigenmann & Hildebrand 1918 -- (Lima in Reis et al. 2003:177 [ref. 27061]). Current status: Synonym of Brycon meeki Eigenmann & Hildebrand 1918. Bryconidae: Bryconinae. Habitat: freshwater.

travassosi, Brycon Amaral Campos [A.] 1950:141, Fig. 1 [Papéis Avulsos do Departamento de Zoologia, Secretaria da Agricultura, São Paulo v. 9 (no. 10); ref. 12932] Bodoquena River, Mato Grosso, Brazil [locality in error, probably from the rio Paraná at Porto Cabral]. Holotype: MZUSP [ex DZSASP] 3811. Type catalog: Britski 1969:202 [ref. 12401], Oyakawa 1996:453 [ref. 23140]. •Possibly a synonym of Brycon orbignyanus (Valenciennes 1850) -- (Howes 1982:44 [ref. 14201]). •Synonym of Brycon orbignyanus (Valenciennes 1850) -- (Géry & Mahnert 1992:811 [ref. 27146], Lima in Reis et al. 2003:177 [ref. 27061], Litz & Koerber 2014:10 [ref. 33622] with author as Campos, Mirande & Koerber 2015:17 [ref. 35117] with author as Campos, Lima 2017:91 [ref. 35071], Koerber et al. 2017:26 [ref. 35267] with author as Campos). Current status: Synonym of Brycon orbignyanus (Valenciennes 1850). Bryconidae: Bryconinae. Habitat: freshwater.

unicolor, Brycon Moscó Morales [J.] 1988:16, Fig.4, 5 [Anartia No. 1; ref. 20066] Centro de Aprendizaje Agropecuaria "Don Bosco", Carrasquero, Estado Zulia, Venezuela. Holotype (unique): MBLUZ 1254. •Valid as Brycon unicolor Moscó Morales 1988 -- (Lima in Reis et al. 2003:178 [ref. 27061]). Current status: Valid as Brycon unicolor Moscó Morales 1988. Bryconidae: Bryconinae. Distribution: Lake Maracaibo basin, Venezuela. Habitat: freshwater.

vermelha, Brycon Lima [F. C. T.] & Castro [R. M. C.] 2000:156, Figs. 1-2 [Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 11 (no. 2); ref. 24439] Rio Mucuri, about 9 kilometers west of village of Presidente Pena, along a dirt road on Fazenda Gavião, 17°42'S, 40°58'W [ca. 17°37'S, 40°55'W on ref. 35071, p.46], município de Carlos Chagas, Minas Gerais State, Brazil. Holotype: MZUSP 53303. Paratypes: MZUSP 53304 (1), USNM 320481 (1). •Valid as Brycon vermelha Lima & Castro 2000 -- (Lima in Reis et al. 2003:178 [ref. 27061], Lima 2017:43 [ref. 35071]). Current status: Valid as Brycon vermelha Lima & Castro 2000. Bryconidae: Bryconinae. Distribution: Mucuri River basin, Brazil. Habitat: freshwater.

vonoi, Brycon Lima [F. C. T.] 2017:63, Figs. 36-37 [Zootaxa 4222 (no. 1); ref. 35071] Rio Pardo, Fazenda Tabatinga, Taiobeiras, Minas Gerais, Brazil, circa 15°43'S, 42°14'W. Holotype: MZUSP 58297. Paratypes: ANSP, MCNIP, MCP, MNRJ, MZUSP, ZUEC. Plus additional non-type material. •Valid as Brycon vonoi Lima 2017 -- (Silva et al. 2020:5 [ref. 37809]). Current status: Valid as Brycon vonoi Lima 2017. Bryconidae: Bryconinae. Distribution: South America: Rio Pardo basin (eastern Brazil). Habitat: freshwater.

wheatlandii, Henochilus Garman [S.] 1890:49 [1], Pl. 1 [Bulletin of the Essex Institute v. 22; ref. 1536] Santa Clara, Rio Mucuri, Bahia, Brazil. Holotype (unique): MCZ 21109. On p. 1 of separate. •Valid as Henochilus wheatlandii Garman 1890 -- (Vieira et al. 2000:201 [ref. 25043], Lima in Reis et al. 2003:179 [ref. 27061], Castro et al. 2004:498 [ref. 27916], Abe et al. 2014:9 [ref. 35462], Silva et al. 2020:5 [ref. 37809]). Current status: Valid as Henochilus wheatlandii Garman 1890. Bryconidae: Bryconinae. Distribution: South America: Mucuri and Doce River basins (Brazil). Habitat: freshwater.

whitei, Brycon Myers [G. S.] & Weitzman [S. H.] 1960:99, Fig. 1 [Stanford Ichthyological Bulletin v. 7 (no. 4); ref. 9584] Los Micos, northern end of the Cordillera Macarena, eastern Colombia, 3°20'N, 73°56'W. Holotype: CAS-SU 48818. Paratypes: CAS-SU 48817 [not CAS-SU 44817] (1). •Valid as Brycon whitei Myers & Weitzman 1960 -- (Howes 1982:46 [ref. 14201], Moscó Morales 1988:8 [ref. 20066], Taphorn 1992:131 [ref. 23654], Lima in Reis et al. 2003:178 [ref. 27061], Lima 2004:282 [ref. 27858], Lima 2017:108 [ref. 35071], DoNascimiento et al. 2017:63 [ref. 35633], Urbano-Bonilla et al. 2018:86 [ref. 35773]). Current status: Valid as Brycon whitei Myers & Weitzman 1960. Bryconidae: Bryconinae. Distribution: Orinoco River basin: Colombia and Venezuela. Habitat: freshwater.